Hoʻonui ka nānā ʻana no ka olakino hoʻohua

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Ke ʻimi nei ʻo Bayer AG e hōʻemi i nā hopohopo no ka Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides i kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, he mau nīnau hou e hāpai nei i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hopena o ka kemika i ke olakino hānau.

Hōʻike kahi ʻano o nā noiʻi holoholona i kēia kauwela e hōʻike ana ka hōʻike glyphosate i nā mea hānau a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i ka momona. hoʻopau hoʻopau endocrine. Hoʻopili paha ka endocrine disrupting chemicals i mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau ʻana a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana immune immune.

i ka pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala in ʻO ka Molecular a me ka Cellular Endocrinology, ʻehā mau mea noiʻi mai Argentina ua ʻōlelo e kūʻē nā noiʻi i nā hōʻoiaʻiʻo a ka US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e palekana ana ka glyphosate.

Hele mai ka noiʻi hou e like me Bayer e hoʻāʻo nei e noho ʻoi aku ma mua o 100,000 mau hoʻopiʻi i lawe ʻia mai i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e nā poʻe e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka ʻike ʻana i ka Monsanto's Roundup a me nā huahana herbicide e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu iā lākou i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka lāhui holoʻokoʻa ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make.

Ua loaʻa iā Bayer ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup i ka wā kūʻai ʻo Monsanto i ka 2018, ma mua iki o ka mua o nā lanakila lanakila ʻekolu no nā mea hoʻopiʻi.

Ua hele mai nā haʻawina i ka wā e hana ai nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai aku e hoʻomaopopo pono pehea e hōʻemi ai i kā lākou hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate ma o ka papaʻai. A hoʻopaʻa haʻawina paʻi ʻia ʻAukake 11 ʻike ma hope o ka hoʻololi ʻana i kahi papaʻai meaola no kekahi mau lā wale nō, hiki i ka poʻe ke ʻoki i nā pae o ka glyphosate i loaʻa i ko lākou mimi ma mua o 70 pākēneka. No ka mea, ua loaʻa i nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo nā keiki i ke aʻo ʻana he kiʻekiʻe ko lākou kiʻekiʻe o ka glyphosate i kā lākou mimi ma mua o ka poʻe mākua. ʻIke nā mākua a me nā keiki ʻelua i nā kulu nui i mua o ka pesticide ma hope o ka loli o ka papaʻai.

ʻO Glyphosate, ka mea hana ma Roundup, ka mea hoʻohana nui i ka nāhelehele i ka honua. Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kanu ahonui-glyphosate-tolerant i nā makahiki 1990 e paipai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī pololei i nā glyphosate ma luna o nā māla holoʻokoʻa o nā mea kanu, e luku ana i nā nāhelehele akā ʻaʻole nā ​​mea kanu i loli ʻia. ʻO ka hoʻohana ākea o ka glyphosate, e nā mahiʻai a me nā mea hale, nā pono hana a me nā hui lehulehu, ua ulu nui ka hopohopo i nā makahiki ma muli o ka nui a me nā makaʻu e pili ana i ka mea e hiki ke hana i ke olakino a me ke olakino. ʻIke pinepine ʻia ka kemika i ka meaʻai a me ka wai a me ka mimi kanaka.

Wahi a nā kānaka ʻepekema Argentina, ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi o nā hopena i hōʻike ʻia o ka glyphosate i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā noi holoholona hou ma muli o ke kū ʻana i nā lāʻau kiʻekiʻe; akā aia he hōʻike hou e hōʻike ana hiki i ka hoʻowalewale ʻana o ka lāʻau liʻiliʻi hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka wahine reproductive tract, me nā hopena ma ka momona. Ke hōʻike ʻia nā holoholona i ka glyphosate ma mua o ka wā ʻōpio, ʻike ʻia nā loli i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā ovarian follicle a me ka uterus, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻepekema. Hoʻohui ʻia, ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau make i hana ʻia me ka glyphosate i ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana i hiki ke hoʻololi i ka ulu ʻana o nā keiki. Hoʻohui ʻia ia āpau e hōʻike i ka glyphosate a me ka glyphosate-based herbicides he endocrine disruptor, hoʻopau ka poʻe noiʻi.

ʻO ka ʻepekema mahiʻai ʻo Don Huber, polofesa emeritus mai ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue, i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonui ka noiʻi hou i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka palena papaha o ka poino e pili ana i nā glyphosate a me nā gicphosate-based herbicides a hāʻawi i kahi "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ākea i kā mākou moʻomeheu i kēia manawa. "

Ua ao aku ʻo Huber no nā makahiki he nui e hāʻawi ana paha ʻo Monsanto Roundup i nā pilikia momona i nā holoholona.

ʻekahi aʻo koʻikoʻi paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele i Iulai i ka puke pai Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, hoʻoholo i ka glyphosate a i ʻole glyphosate-based herbicides i hoʻohoka i nā "target hormonal a me uterine molekiola" i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻiole hāpai.

ʻO kahi aʻo ʻokoʻa i kēia manawa i paʻiʻia ma ka puke pai Noxicology a me Applac Pharmacology i hoʻopili ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui ʻo Iowa State i nānā i ka hōʻike glyphosate i nāʻiole. Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka hōʻike haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i ka glyphosate "e hoʻololi i ka proteine ​​ovarian" (kahi o nā protein i hōʻike ʻia i kahi ʻano cell a meaola paha) a "e hopena paha i ka hana ovarian. I kahi pepa pili mai nā mea noiʻi ʻelua o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Iowa a me hoʻokahi mea kākau ʻē aʻe, i paʻiʻia Toxicology hoʻohua, Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā lākou ka hopena endocrine i nā ʻiole i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate.  

Nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Georgia i hōʻike ʻia ma ka puke pai ʻEpekema holoholona a holoholona ʻO ka ʻai ʻana e nā holoholona o nā hua palaoa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā koena glyphosate i mea e hiki ai ke hōʻeha i nā holoholona, ​​e like me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Ma muli o ka loiloi moʻokalaleo, ʻike ʻia nā lāʻau herbicides glyphosate e like me "nā mea hoʻohua hānau, me ka nui o nā hopena ma nā ʻōnaehana hānau kāne a me nā wahine," i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

ʻO nā hopena weliweli ʻike ʻia i ka hipa. ʻO kahi noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai Ka Hoʻopilikia'Āina nānā i nā hopena o ka hōʻike glyphosate i ka ulu ʻana o ka uterus i nā keiki hipa wahine. Ua ʻike lākou i nā loli a lākou i ʻōlelo ai e hoʻopili i ka olakino hānau wahine o nā hipa a hōʻike i nā lāʻau ʻōpala glyphosate e hana nei ma ke ʻano he disruptor endocrine.

Hoʻopuka pū ʻia ma Ka Hoʻopilikia'Āina, nā ʻepekema mai Finelani a me Sepania i ʻōlelo i he pepa hou ua hana lākou i ka hoʻokolohua wā lōʻihi mua loa o nā hopena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka glyphosate "sub-toxic" ma nā manuʻai manu. Ua hoʻokolohua lākou e hōʻike i nā kohu wahine a me nā kāne i nā lāʻau make-glyphosate mai nā makahiki he 10 a hiki i ka 52 pule.

Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hiki i nā gicphosate herbicides ke "hoʻololi i nā ala physiological nui, ke kūlana antioxidant, testosterone, a me ka microbiome" akā ʻaʻole lākou i ʻike i nā hopena i ka hana hou. ʻ saidlelo lākou ʻaʻole paha e ʻike mau ʻia nā hopena o ka glyphosate me ka “kuʻuna, keu hoʻi i ka wā pōkole, ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻona, a ʻaʻole hiki i nā hoʻokolohua ke hopu pono i nā pilikia…”

ʻO Glyphosate a me Neonicotinoids

kekahi o nā aʻo hou loa ke nānā nei i nā hopena glyphosate i ke olakino i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina i ka Ka Nūpepa International o ka noiʻi kaiapuni a me ka olakino lehulehu.  Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka glyphosate a me nā insecticides thiacloprid a me imidacloprid, he mau mea hoʻopukapuka endocrine paha lākou.

ʻO nā insecticides kahi ʻāpana o ka neonicotinoid papa o nā kemika a aia i waena o nā insecticides i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua nānā lākou i ka hopena o ka glyphosate a me nā neonicotinoids ʻelua ma nā pahuhopu koʻikoʻi ʻelua o ka ʻōnaehana endocrine: ʻO Aromatase, ka ʻenemona kuleana no ka biosynthesis estrogen, a me ka alpha receptor alpha, ka protein nui e hāpai ana i ka hōʻailona ʻana o ka estrogen.

Ua huikau kā lākou hopena. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua kāohi ka mea pepehi mauʻu i ka hana aromatase akā ʻo ka pāpā he "hapa a nāwaliwali hoʻi." ʻO ka mea nui i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ka glyphosate i ka hana estrogen. Ua "kūlike" nā hopena me ka papahana loiloi e mālama ʻia e US Environmental Protection Agency, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia "ʻaʻole he hōʻike hōʻoiaʻiʻo o ka pilina kūpono me ke ala estrogen no glyphosate," wahi a lākou.

ʻIke nā kānaka noiʻi i ka hana estrogenic me ka imidacloprid a me thiacloprid, akā ma nā kiʻekiʻe i ʻoi aku ma mua o nā pae pesticide i ana ʻia i nā mea olaola kanaka. Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi "ʻaʻole pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia nā lāʻau haʻahaʻa o kēia mau pesticides i mea ʻole," akā, no ka mea, ʻo kēia mau pesticides, a me nā endocrine e hoʻopau ana i nā kemika, "e hoʻoulu ʻia i ka hopena estrogenic āpau."

Ua hiki mai nā ʻike like ʻole e like me ka nui o nā ʻāina a me nā wahi a puni ka honua e loiloi inā ʻaʻole e hoʻokiki a pāpā paha i ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides glyphosate.

He ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i Kaleponi noho aliʻi i ka mahina i hala aia he "nui" hōʻike e glyphosate, a me nā mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe i nā huahana Roundup, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.