ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hopohopo olakino ʻē aʻe

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ʻO Glyphosate, kahi herbicide synthetic i patentia i ka 1974 e ka Hui Monsanto a i hana ʻia a kūʻai ʻia e nā hui he nui i nā huahana he haneli, ua pili pū ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hopohopo olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻO Glyphosate ka mea i ʻike nui ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana i nā lāʻau make inoa ʻo Roundup-branded, a me ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana ʻia me "Roundup Ready" nā meaola i hoʻoponopono maoli ʻia (GMO).

ʻO ka tolerance Herbicide ka mea i hoʻomake nui ʻia me ka GMO i hana ʻia i loko o nā mea kanu meaʻai, me kekahi 90% o ke kulina a me 94% o nā soybeans i ka US i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i nā lāʻau make, e like me ka ʻikepili USDA. A 2017 like ʻike ʻia ua hoʻonui ʻia ka ʻike ʻana o ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ka glyphosate 500 pakeneka mai ka Roundup Ready GMO i hoʻolako ʻia i ka US ma 1996. Eia kekahi mau ʻike nui e pili ana i ka glyphosate:

Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

E like me ka Pepeluali Fepuari 2016, ʻo glyphosate ka ʻo ka pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia: "I ka US, ʻaʻohe pesticide i hele mai kahi kokoke i ka hoʻohana nui a hoʻolaha ākea." Loaʻa nā loaʻa ma:

  • Ua noi nā ʻAmelika i 1.8 miliona mau tona o glyphosate mai kona hoʻolauna ʻana i ka makahiki 1974.
  • Ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa 9.4 miliona mau tona o ka kemika i pīpī ʻia ma nā kahua - lawa pono e kāpīpī kokoke i ka hapalua paona o Roundup ma kēlā me kēia ʻeka e mahi ʻia ana o ka honua.
  • Ma ke ao holoʻokoʻa, ua piʻi aʻe ka hoʻohana glyphosate ma kahi o 15 mau pā mai ka hoʻopuka ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu ʻo Roundup Ready GMO.

Nā ʻōlelo mai nā ʻepekema a me nā lawelawe mālama olakino 

Nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO nā palapala ʻepekema a me nā hopena hoʻoholo e pili ana i nā glyphosate a me nā gicphosate-based herbicides e hōʻike nei i kahi hui o nā hopena, e hana ana i ka palekana o ka lāʻau make i kumuhana i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui ʻia. 

Ma 2015, ka ʻO ka 'Oihana Kuleana International o ka World Health Organization no ka Research on Cancer (IARC) glyphosate ʻike ʻia e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka”Ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā makahiki o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema. Ua ʻike ka kime o nā ʻepekema kūwaho he hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Nā keʻena US: I ka manawa o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana IARC, ke alakaʻi nei ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i kahi loiloi hoʻopaʻa inoa. ʻO ke Kōmike loiloi i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e EPA (CARC) hoʻopuka i kahi hōʻike i Kepakemapa 2016 Ke hoʻopau nei i ka glyphosate "ʻaʻole ia he carcinogenic i nā kānaka" ma nā lāʻau e pili ana i ke olakino kanaka. I Kēkēmapa 2016, ua hoʻākoakoa ka EPA i kahi Panel Aʻoaʻo ʻepekema e nānā i ka hōʻike; nā lālā i mahele ʻia i kā lākou loiloi i kā EPA hana, me kekahi mau mea i loaʻa i ka EPA i hala i ke ʻano o ka loiloi ʻana i kekahi noiʻi. Hoʻohui ʻia, ua hoʻoholo ke Keʻena ʻo EPA o ka noiʻi a me ke kūkulu ʻana i ka Office of Pesticide Programs a ka EPA ʻaʻole i hahai pono i nā ʻōmole kūpono i loko o kāna loiloi o glyphosate, a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua hiki ke manaʻo ʻia he mau kākoʻo e kākoʻo ana i kahi hōʻike "carinogen" a "a manaʻo" paha o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka carcinogenicity. Eia naʻe ka EPA hoʻopuka ʻia kahi hōʻike kikoʻī ma glyphosate i ka lāʻo Dekemaba 2017 e hoʻomau ana i ka paʻa ʻana ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic ka kemikala. I ʻApelila 2019, ka EPA hōʻoia hou i kona kūlana ʻaʻole pilikia kēlā glyphosate i ke olakino lehulehu. Akā ma mua o kēlā mahina, ua hōʻike ka US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) he mau loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Wahi a ka hōʻike kikoʻī mai ATSDR, "He nui nā noiʻi i hōʻike i nā lakio pōpilikia i ʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi no nā hui ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me ka makaʻu o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a i ʻole myeloma lehulehu." 

Ua hoʻopuka ka EPA i kahi Hoʻoholo Manaʻo Manaʻo Kākoʻo Kūmau i Ianuali 2020 me ka ʻike hou e pili ana i kona kūlana ma glyphosate. 

Hui PūʻAina: ka ʻO ka Mana palekana palekana Kai ʻEulopa a me ka Ka Hui Kūmole Europa ua ʻōlelo ʻaʻole paha he gākana kino ka glyphosate i kānaka. A Hōʻike 2017 e nā hui kaiapuni a me nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopaʻapaʻa i ka hilinaʻi kūpono ʻole o nā mea hoʻokele i ka noiʻi i kuhikuhi ʻia a hana ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika. A 2019 like ua ʻike ʻo Kelemania Federal Institute no ka hōʻike loiloi ʻikepili ma glyphosate, ka mea i loaʻa ʻole kahi pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā ʻāpana o ka ʻōlelo plagiarized mai nā noi a Monsanto. I Pepeluali 2020, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike ʻepekema 24 i waiho ʻia i nā luna hoʻomalu Kelemania e hōʻoia i ka palekana o glyphosate mai kahi keʻena nui Kelemania ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka hoʻopunipuni a me nā hana hewa ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka hui hui ʻana o WHO / FAO ma nā koena Pesticide i hoʻoholo i ka 2016 ʻaʻole hiki i kēlā glyphosate ke waiho i kahi makaʻi kanesa i nā kānaka mai ka hōʻike ʻana ma o ka papaʻai, akā ua hōʻino ʻia kēia ʻike e kipi o ka hoihoi hopohopo ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka noho a me ka luna noho o ka hui i paʻa i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui i kālā kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me kekahi o kāna hui lobbying.

Kaleponi OEHHA: Ma Malaki 28, 2017, ua hōʻoia ka Office of Protection Environmental Protection Agency o Kaleponi e hana ia hoʻohui glyphosate i ka Palapala Kauoha Kaleponi 65 papa inoa o nā kemika i ʻike ʻia e lilo ai ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Monsanto e pale i ka hana akā ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka hihia. I kekahi hihia ʻokoʻa, ua ʻike ka ʻaha ʻaʻole hiki i Kaleponi ke koi aku i nā ʻōlelo a ka maʻi ʻaʻai no nā huahana i loaʻa ka glyphosate. Ma Iune 12, 2018, ua hōʻole kahi ʻaha ʻĀpana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka noi a ka Loio Kuhina Kaleponi no ka ʻaha e noonoo hou i ka hoʻoholo. Ua ʻike ka ʻaha he hiki wale iā Kaleponi ke koi aku i ka haʻiʻōlelo kalepa e hōʻike ana i ka "ʻike maoli a me ka pili ʻole o ka ʻike," a ʻaʻole i hōʻoia ʻia ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity glyphosate.

Ke aʻo olakino mahiʻai: Ua loaʻa i kahi aupuni lōʻihi o US i kākoʻo ʻia e ka cohort prospective cohort no nā ʻohana mahiʻai ma Iowa a me North Carolina ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi pilina ma waena o ka hoʻohana glyphosate a me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma, akā ua hōʻike nā kānaka noiʻi "ma waena o nā mea noi i ka quartile hōʻike kiʻekiʻe loa, aia kekahi hoʻonui i ka makaʻu o ka myeloid leukemia (AML) i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mea hoʻohana ʻole… ” i hoʻolaha ʻia i ka hopena o 2017.

ʻO nā noiʻi hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hopohopo olakino ʻē aʻe 

Cancer

Ka hoʻohaunaele Endocrine, ka momona a me nā hopohopo hānau 

ʻO ka maʻi maʻi 

  • ʻO kahi noi 2017 e pili ana i nā hōʻike glyphosate mau loa, haʻahaʻa loa maʻi maʻi ʻona ʻona ʻona ʻole i nāʻiole. Wahi a nā kānaka noiʻi, ʻo nā hopena "hōʻike ʻia ka ʻai mau ʻana o nā pae haʻahaʻa loa o kahi GBH formulate (Roundup), ma nā ʻano like glyphosate e like me ia, e pili ana i nā hoʻololi o ka proteome ate a me ka metabolome," nā biomarkers no NAFLD.

Hoʻohaunaele Microbiome

  • November 2020 ka pepa i ka Pai no e hopohopo hōʻike e pili ana i ka 54 pākēneka o nā laha i ke kumu o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i "hiki ke maʻalahi" i ka glyphosate. Me kahi "mahele nui" o nā koʻohune i loko o ka ʻōpū microbiome i maʻalahi ʻia i ka glyphosate, ʻo ka lawe ʻana o glyphosate "e loli loa i ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau i kā lākou pepa. 
  • A 2020 Nānā moʻokalaleo o nā hopena o glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome Panina ia, "ʻO ke koena glyphosate ma luna o ka meaʻai e hiki ai ke kumu i ka dysbiosis, no ka mea ʻoi aku ke kūpaʻa o nā pathogens oportunistic i ka glyphosate ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka bacteria bacteria." Ke hoʻomau nei ka pepa, "ʻO Glyphosate kahi mea hoʻonāukiuki kūpilikiʻi loa i ka etiology o kekahi mau mokuʻāina e pili ana i ka dysbiosis, e like me ka maʻi celiac, ka maʻi ʻōpū a me ka maʻi hanu huhū. He hopena paha kā Glyphosate no ke olakino noʻonoʻo, e like me ka hopohopo a me ke kaumaha, ma o ka loli ʻana i ka microbiome ʻōpū.
  • Ua mālama ʻia kahi noi no ka ʻiole 2018 e ka Ramazzini Institute e hōʻike ana i nā hōʻike haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i Roundup ma nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he palekana loa ua hoʻololi i ka microbiota ʻōpū i kekahi o nā ʻīlio ʻiole.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi ʻē aʻe ma 2018 i ke kiʻekiʻe o nā glyphosate kiʻekiʻe i lawelawe ʻia i nā ʻiole i hoʻohaunaele i ka ʻōpū microbiota a hana i nā ʻano hopohopo a me ke kaumaha.

Nā hopena piʻina ʻino a me nā butterflies mōʻī

ʻO nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa

Ma mua o ka 42,000 poʻe i waiho i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē iā Monsanto Company (ʻo Bayer i kēia manawa) e ʻōlelo nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka lāʻau make i Roundup i mea iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL), a ua uhi ʻo Monsanto i nā pilikia. Ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka hana ʻike, ua huli ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona o nā ʻaoʻao o nā moʻolelo kūloko. O mākou ke kau nei i kēia mau pepa Monsanto i ka wā e loaʻa ai. No nā nūhou a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i ke kānāwai e hoʻomau nei, e ʻike iā Carey Gillam's Pūnaewele Hoʻokolohua Roundup. ʻO nā hoʻokolokolo mua ʻekolu i pau i nā makana nui i nā mea hoʻopiʻi no ke kuleana a me nā pohō, me nā jure e hoʻoholo ana he mea kōkua nui ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele a Monsanto i mea e hoʻomohala iā NHL. Hoʻopiʻi ʻo Bayer i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo. 

Ka mana o Monsanto i ka noiʻi: I Malaki 2017, ua wehe ka luna kānāwai pekelala i kekahi o nā palapala Monsanto kūloko hāpai i nā nīnau hou e pili ana i kā Monsanto mana i ka hana EPA a pili i nā mea hoʻokele noiʻi e hilinaʻi ai. Hōʻike nā palapala i nā hoʻopiʻi lōʻihi a Monsanto e pili ana i ka palekana o glyphosate a me Roundup mai hilinaʻi pono i ka ʻepekema kani e like me ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻoihana, akā naʻe nā hana e hoʻopololei i ka ʻepekema

Nā ʻike hou aʻe e pili ana i ka hoʻopilikia ʻepekema

Ua hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻepekema ʻo Sri Lankan i kahi makana no ke kūʻokoʻa AAAS no ka noiʻi maʻi maʻi ʻōpū

Ua hāʻawi aku ka AAAS i ʻelua ʻepekema Lankan, ʻo Dr. ʻO Channa Jayasumana lāua ʻo Sarath Gunatilake, ka ʻO ka makana 2019 no ke kūʻokoʻa ʻepekema a me ke kuleana no kā lākou hana e "ʻimi i ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi puʻuwai maʻi ma lalo o nā pilikia." Ua hōʻike nā ʻepekema he hana nui ka glyphosate i ka lawe ʻana i nā metala kaumaha i nā puʻupaʻa o ka poʻe e inu ana i ka wai i hoʻohaumia ʻia, a hiki i ka nui o nā maʻi maʻi maʻi ma nā kaiāulu mahiʻai. ʻIke pepa i loko  ʻO SpringerPlus (2015), ʻO BMC Nefrology (2015), Ka Ola Ola (2015), International Journal of Environmental Research a me Health Health (2014). ʻO ka makana AAAS i hala hoʻokuʻuʻia ma waena o kahi hoʻoulu kūʻē kūʻē mai nā mea kōkua pesticide e hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ka hana a ka ʻepekema. Ma hope o ka loiloi, ʻo ka AAAS hoʻihoʻi hou i ka makana

Desiccation: kahi kumu hou aʻe o ka hōʻike papaʻai 

Hoʻohana kekahi mau mahiʻai i ka glyphosate ma nā mea kanu ʻole GMO e like me ka palaoa, ka bale, ka ʻoka, a me ka lihi e hoʻomaloʻo i ka hua i mua o ka ʻohi ʻana i mea e wikiwiki ai ka ʻohi. Kēia hana, ʻike ʻia ʻo desiccation, paha he kumu waiwai nui o ka hōʻike papaʻai i glyphosate.

ʻO Glyphosate i ka meaʻai: Huki ʻo US i kona mau wāwae i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana

Ua hoʻokuʻu mālie ka USDA i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻomaka e hoʻāʻo i nā meaʻai no nā koena o glyphosate ma 2017. ʻO nā palapala kūloko kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua hoʻolālā ke keʻena e hoʻomaka i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana ma kahi o 300 mau laʻana o ka syrup kānana no glyphosate i ʻApelila 2017. Akā ua pepehi ka ʻoihana i ka papahana ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana. Ua hoʻomaka ka US Food and Drug Administration i kahi papahana hoʻāʻo palena palena i ka 2016, akā piha ka hana me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me nā pilikia kūloko a ʻo ka papahana ka hoʻomaha ʻia i Kepakemapa 2016. Loaʻa i nā ʻoihana ʻelua i nā papahana e hoʻāʻo i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā meaʻai no nā koena pesticide akā ua haʻalele pinepine lāua i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no ka glyphosate.

Ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana, loaʻa kahi chemist o FDA pae weliweli o glyphosate i nā laʻana he nui o ka meli US, nā pae i kū ʻole i ke ʻenehana no ka mea ʻaʻohe ʻae i hoʻokumu ʻia no ka meli e ka EPA. Eia kahi recap o nā nūhou e pili ana i ka glyphosate i loaʻa i ka meaʻai.

Nā pesticides i kā mākou meaʻai: Aia i hea ka ʻike palekana?

Hōʻike kaʻikepili USDA mai 2016 i nā pae pesticide i hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma 85% o ʻoi aku ma mua o 10,000 mau meaʻai i laʻana, nā mea āpau mai nā ʻalalā i nā hua waina i nā pīni ʻōmaʻomaʻo. Wahi a ke aupuni ʻaʻohe mea iki e pili ana i ke ola olakino, akā ʻōlelo kekahi ʻepekema ʻaʻohe mea iki e kākoʻo ai i kēlā hoʻopiʻi. E nānā “Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Inā ʻaʻole palekana ʻo "palekana": ʻImi ʻepekema o ke koena pesticide i nā meaʻai e ulu; nīnau ʻia nā pale hoʻomalu, ”Na Carey Gillam (11/2018).

Hoʻopili ʻia ʻo Aspartame i ke kaupaona, hoʻonui i ka makemake a me ka momona

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ʻEpekema e pili ana i ke kaupaona loaʻa + nā pilikia pili i ka nui
ʻEpekema ʻenehana
ʻO ka "Diet" Ke Kūʻai hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni?
Nā Manaʻo ʻepekema

ʻO Aspartame, ka hulu kō a kaulana loa o ka honua, i loaʻa i loko o nā tausani o nā kō-kō, kō-kō a me nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo “diet” a me nā meaʻai. Eia naʻe nā hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa pepa e hoʻopili i ka aspartame i ke kaupaona, hoʻonui i ka makemake, diabetes, derabement metabolic a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka momona.

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana i kēia kumuwaiwai. E ʻike pū i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, Aspartame: Nā Makahiki Makahiki o ka ʻEpekema e hōʻike i nā olakino olakino koʻikoʻi, me ka ʻike e pili ana i nā loiloi i nānā ʻia e nā hoa e pili ana i ka aspartame i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, maʻi maʻi maʻi, maʻi Alzheimer, nā hahau, ka hopu ʻana i nā maʻi, a me nā poʻo hina.

Hoʻoponopono pololei

  • ʻO Aspartame - kālepa ʻia ʻo NutraSweet, Kaulike, Sugar Twin a me AminoSweet - ʻo ia ka mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni i hoʻohana ʻia e ka honua. Loaʻa ka kemika i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu he mau kaukani nā huahana, e like me Diet Coke a me Diet Pepsi, gum-sugar, candy, condiment a me nā wikamina.
  • Ua loaʻa iā FDA wahi a aspartame "palekana no ka heluna lehulehu ma lalo o kekahi mau ʻano." Ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema he nui ka Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻae ʻia o ka FDA ma luna o ka ʻikepili kānalua a pono e noʻonoʻo hou ʻia.
  • Ua mālama ʻia he mau hanana he nui i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o mau makahiki aspartame i nā pilikia olakino koʻikoʻi.

ʻO Aspartame, Kaumaha Loaʻa + Loaʻa e pili ana i nā pilikia 

ʻElima mau loiloi o ka ʻepekema moʻokalaleo e pili ana i nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino e hōʻike ʻaʻole hāʻawi lākou i ka lilo ʻana o ke kaupaona, a no ka mea paha he kumu ia e loaʻa ai ke kaumaha.

  • A 2017 meta analysis o ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i nā mea ʻono hana, i paʻi ʻia i loko o ka Ka PepaʻAiā Leka o ka Huilepaʻiʻo Canada, ʻaʻohe hōʻike maopopo e pili ana i nā pono pohō kaumaha no nā mea hoʻonaninani hoʻowalewale i nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia, a ua hōʻike ʻia e pili ana nā loiloi cohort i nā mea ʻono hana me ka "hoʻonui i ke kaupaona a me ka pūhaka, a me nā hanana kiʻekiʻe o ka momona, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes a me ka maʻi puʻuwai hanana. ”ike no hoi
    • "ʻAʻole kōkua nā mea hoʻonanea i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi kaumaha a alakaʻi ʻia i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā paona," na Catherine Caruso, STAT (7.17.2017)
    • "No ke aha i inu ai kahi mea maʻi puʻuwai i kāna sodaʻai hope loa," na Harlan Krumholz, Puka Puka Puka (9.14.2017)
    • "Makemake kēia cardiologist i kona ʻohana e ʻokiʻoki i ka sodaʻai. E pono anei i kāu? na David Becker, MD, Philly Enquirer (9.12.2017)
  • A 2013 Nā kuʻuna i ka Endocrinology a me Metabolism ʻike ka ʻatikala loiloi "hōʻiliʻili ʻia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i nā mea kūʻai pinepine pinepine i kēia mau mea kō i kū i ka nui o ka loaʻa o ke kaumaha, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, a me ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi," a ʻo "ka hoʻohana pinepine ʻana i nā meaʻono ikaika nui ke loaʻa ka hopena hopena o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic. ”2
  • A 2009 Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali ʻike ka ʻatikala loiloi i ka "hoʻohui o NNS [nonenutritive sweeteners] i nā papaʻai ʻaʻohe waiwai no ka pohō kaumaha a hoʻemi ʻia paha ka loaʻa o ke kaupaona me ka ʻole o ka palena o ka ikehu. Aia kekahi mau manaʻo hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana i ka hoʻokomo ʻia ʻana o NNS i ka papaʻai e paipai ai i ka lawe ʻana i ka ikehu a hāʻawi i ka momona. ”3
  • A 2010 ʻO Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ka hopena o ka loiloi ʻana i nā puke e pili ana i nā mea ʻono hoʻopunipuni i hoʻoholo ʻia, "ʻimi nā noiʻi noiʻi i hiki i nā mea ʻono hana kuʻi ke kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha."4
  • A 2010 Ka Nūpepa International o ka nui o nā keiki Kākoʻo ka ʻatikala loiloi, "ʻO ka ʻikepili mai ka nui, nā noiʻi epidemiologic e kākoʻo i ke ola o kahi hui ma waena o ka inu ʻana me ka mea inu a me ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha i nā keiki."5

Hōʻike nā hōʻike Epidemiological e hoʻopili ʻia nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono i ka loaʻa kaumaha. O kahi laʻana:

  • ka Ke aʻo naʻau o San Antonio "Ua nānā i kahi pilina maikaʻi, hopena pane-maikaʻi ma waena o AS [hana ʻono] me ka inu inu a me ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha kau lōʻihi." Eia kekahi, ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ka ʻai ʻana ma mua o 21 mau mea inu momona i hana ʻia i kēlā me kēia pule - hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka poʻe i pau ʻole, "pili pū ʻia me ka ʻaneʻane pālua ʻia ʻana o ka momona a ka momona paha."6
  • ʻO kahi aʻo ʻana i ka inu mea inu ma waena o nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio i piha i ka makahiki 6-19 i paʻi ʻia ma International Journal of Food Food and Nutrition ua loaʻa "pili maikaʻi ka BMI me ka ʻai ʻana o nā mea inu carbonated."7
  • ʻO kahi makahiki he ʻelua mau makahiki o 164 mau keiki i paʻi ʻia i loko o ka Ka Nupepa o ke Kulanuiʻo NutritionʻAmelika ʻike ʻo "Hoʻonui ka nui o ka ʻai soda ka nui o ka nui o ke kaupaona a me nā kumuhana i loaʻa ke kaupaona ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā kumuhana kaupaona maʻamau. ʻO ka baseline BMI Z-score a me ka makahiki 2 ka ʻai sodaʻai i wānana ʻia ma 83.1% o ka ʻokoʻa ma ka makahiki 2 BMI Z-helu. ” Ua ʻike pū ʻia ʻo ia ka "ʻai inu soda ka mea inu wale i pili me ka helu 2 BMI Z-helu, a ʻoi aku ka nui o ka ʻai ma nā kumuhana kaumaha a me nā kumuhana i loaʻa ka paona i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā kumuhana kaupaona maʻamau i ʻelua mau makahiki."8
  • ka Ke ulu nei ʻo US i kēia lā ke aʻo ʻana i nā keiki he 10,000 a ʻoi ka nui o 9-14 mau makahiki i loaʻa, no nā keikikāne, ʻo ka lawe ʻana i ka soda soda “e pili nui me nā hana kaupaona.”9
  • Ke aʻoʻo 2016 ma ka Ka Papa Kakauho o kaʻOihana ua hōʻike i ka loaʻa ʻana he ʻehiku mau mea like ʻole e hōʻike ana i nā hui nui me ka momona o ka ʻōpū i nā wahine, me ka lawe ʻana i ka aspartame.10
  • ʻO ka poʻe e ʻai mau i nā mea hoʻonaninani a me ka makaʻu i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka "loaʻa nui o ke kaupaona, ka maʻi metabolic, ʻano diabetes he 2, a me nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpio,"11 e like me ka loiloi 2013 Purdue ma luna o 40 mau makahiki i paʻi ʻia ma Nā hana i Endocrinology & Metabolism

Hōʻike like kekahi mau ʻano noiʻi ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole hāʻawi nā mea hoʻonanea i ka pohō kaumaha. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻaʻole kākoʻo nā noiʻi intervenal i ka manaʻo e hana nā mea hoʻonaninani hana i ka pohō kaumaha. Wahi a ka ʻO Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ka loiloi ʻana i nā puke ʻepekema, "ʻo ka ʻae mai nā noiʻi hoʻokolohua e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole kōkua nā mea hoʻonaninani hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi ke hoʻohana wale ʻia."12

Hōʻike pū kekahi mau noiʻi e hoʻonui nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka makemake, i hiki ke hāpai i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha. ʻO kahi laʻana, ka ʻO Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ua ʻike ʻia "ua ʻike ʻia nā hoʻokolohua Preload i ka ʻono o ka ʻono, i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kō a i ʻole nā ​​mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, hoʻonui i ka makemake o ke kanaka."13

Hōʻike nā haʻawina e pili ana i nā rodents i ka ʻai ʻana o nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono hiki ke alakaʻi i ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaʻai keu. Wahi a ka ʻO ka loiloi ʻo Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, "Hoʻohui like ʻole ma waena o ka ʻono momona a me ka ʻike caloric hiki ke alakaʻi i ka ʻai nui ʻana a me ke kaulike ikehu maikaʻi." Hoʻohui ʻia, e like me ka ʻatikala like, "nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono, kūpono no ka mea he mea ʻono ia, paipai i ka ʻono a me ka hilinaʻi i ke kō."14

Ke aʻoʻo 2014 ma ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Ola Nui ua loaʻa ʻo "ʻO nā mākua kaumaha a momona hoʻi o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e inu i nā mea inu papaʻai ma mua o ka poʻe mākua olakino olakino, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka nui o nā calorie mai nā meaʻai paʻa - ma nā pāʻina a me nā mea ʻai māmā - ma mua o nā mākua kaupaona a me nā momona i inu i ka SSB a ʻai i ka huina like o ka nui o nā calorie e like me ke kaumaha a me nā mākua ākea e inu SSBs. "15

A 2015 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina o nā mākua ma ka Ka Nupepa o ka Society Geriatric Society loaʻa "I loko o kahi pānaʻi pane pane-pane," ʻo ka "hoʻonui ʻana i ka DSI [kaʻai ʻana i ka soda] me ka piʻi ʻana o ka momona o ka ʻōpū ..."16

ʻO kahi noi nui 2014 i paʻi ʻia ma Nature ʻike i ka "ʻai ʻana o ka NAS i hoʻohana mau ʻia [non-calorical sweetener] hoʻomohala i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka glucose intolerance ma o ka hoʻokomo ʻana i nā loli a me nā hana i ka microbiota ʻōpū. pili ka hopena i kā mākou hopena NAS, ka dysbiosis a me nā pono ʻole o ka metabolic ... Hōʻike kā mākou mea i loaʻa iā NAS ua hāʻawi pololei paha i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ke ahulau kikoʻī a lākou i manaʻo ai e hakakā. ”17

Diabetes a me ka Metabolic Derangement

Wāwahi ʻo Aspartame i kekahi ʻāpana i ka phenylalanine, kahi mea hoʻopilikia i ka hana o ka enzyme ʻōpū alkaline phosphatase (IAP) i hōʻike mua ʻia e pale aku ai i ka maʻi metabolic, kahi hui o nā ʻōuli e pili ana i ka maʻi diabetes 2 a me ka maʻi maʻi maʻi. Wahi a kahi noi 2017 ma Pili ʻOihana Pilikino, Nutr a me Metabolism, nāʻiole e loaʻa ana i ka aspartame i kā lākou wai inu i loaʻa ka nui o ke kaumaha a hoʻomohala i nā ʻōuli ʻē aʻe o ka metabolic syndrome ma mua o nā holoholona i hānai ʻia i nā ʻanoʻai like ʻole nele i ka aspartame. Hoʻopau ke aʻo ʻana, "hiki ke kāohi ʻia nā hopena pale IAP e pili ana i ka maʻi metabolic e phenylalanine, kahi metabolite o aspartame, e wehewehe ana paha i ka hemahema o ke kaupaona ʻana i manaʻo ʻia a me nā hoʻomaikaʻi metabolic e pili ana i nā mea inu."18

  • E nānā i kekahi: Hoʻokuʻu kaomi lehulehu Mass ma ke aʻo ʻana, “E pale paha ʻo Aspartame, ʻaʻole e paipai, ka pohō ʻana o ke kaupaona ʻana ma ke ālai ʻana i ka hana a ka enzyme ʻōpū”

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻai mau ana i nā mea ʻono hana hoʻopunipuni i ka makaʻu nui o ka "loaʻa nui o ke kaupaona ʻana, ka maʻi metabolic, ʻano diabetes he 2, a me nā maʻi puʻuwai," e like me ka loiloi 2013 Purdue ma kahi o 40 mau makahiki i paʻi ʻia ma Nā hana i Endocrinology & Metabolism.19

I loko o kahi noiʻi i ukali ʻia ma hope o 66,118 mau wahine ma mua o 14 mau makahiki, ua hoʻohui ʻia nā mea inu ʻono a me nā mea inu ʻono i hana ʻia me ka pilikia o ka maʻi diabetes Type 2. "Ua ʻike ʻia kekahi mau hanana maikaʻi ikaika ma ka hopena ʻo T2D ma waena o ka quartile o ka inu no nā ʻano mea inu ʻelua ... ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi hui no 100% inu wai huaʻai," i hōʻike ʻia i ka noiʻi 2013 i paʻi ʻia ma Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali.20

ʻO Intestinal Dysbiosis, Metabolic Derangement a me ka momona

Hiki i nā mea hoʻonaninani hiki ke hoʻoulu i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o glucose ma o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiota ʻōpū, e like me a Ke aʻo 2014 ma ʻAno. Ua kākau nā kānaka noiʻi, "pili kā mākou hopena i ka ʻai ʻana o NAS [non-calorical sweetener] ʻai, dysbiosis a me nā mea pono ʻole o ka metabolic, no laila ke noi nei e hoʻoponopono hou ʻia ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o NAS ... Hōʻike kā mākou mea i loaʻa ua kōkua pololei ʻo NAS i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka maʻi kūpilikiʻi [momona] ua manaʻo ʻia lākou e hakakā. ”21

  • E nānā pū kekahi: "Hiki i nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻoniʻoni ke hoʻololi i kā mākou bacteria i nā ala weliweli," na Ellen Ruppel Shell, ʻAmelika ʻEpekema (4.1.2015)

Ke aʻo 'ia nei he 2016 Nā Nūhou Physiology i noi ʻia a me ka Metabolism ua hōʻike ʻia, "Ua hoʻohuli nui ka loaʻa ʻana o Aspartame i ka pilina ma waena o ka helu nui o ke kino (BMI) a me ke ahonui glucose ... ʻo ka ʻai ʻana o ka aspartame e pili pū me nā hōʻino e pili ana i ka momona ma ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana o ka glucose."22

Wahi a kahi moʻo ʻiole 2014 ma PLOS ONE, "Ua hoʻokiʻekiʻe ka aspartame i nā pae kō glucose a me kahi hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua i hōʻike iā aspartame e hōʻino i ka haʻalele ʻana o ka glucose stimulate i ka insulin ... Ua hōʻike ka nānā ʻana i ka fecal o ka haku mele bacteria i ka aspartame e hoʻonui i ka nui o nā koʻohune…"23

ʻEpekema ʻenehana

ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia nā loiloi hou i kahi loulou ma waena o nā mea hoʻonanea a me ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha. ʻAʻole ʻelua mau noi kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia.

  • A 2014 Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali Ua hoʻopau ka meta-analysis "ʻO nā ʻike mai nā noiʻi nānā i hōʻike ʻole i kahi pilina ma waena o LCS [mea hoʻoliʻiliʻi calorie haʻahaʻa] i loaʻa a me ke kaumaha o ke kino a i ʻole ka momona momona a me kahi hui maikaʻi maikaʻi me BMI [body mass index]; Eia nō naʻe, nā ʻikepili mai nā RCT [ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka hoʻāʻo hoʻokolohua], e hāʻawi ana i ke kūlana kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa o ka hōʻike no ka nānā ʻana i nā hopena hopena o ka LCS e lawe ai, e hōʻike i ka pani ʻana i nā koho LCS no kā lākou mana calorie maʻamau nā hopena i kahi kaupaona hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa. mea hana papaʻai e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ke kūlike me ka pohō a me nā hoʻolālā mālama kaumaha. " "Ua loaʻa i nā mea kākau ke kālā e alakaʻi ai i kēia noiʻi mai ka North American Branch o ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI)."24

ʻO ka International Life Science Institute, kahi nonprofit e hana i ka ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana meaʻai, he mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa i waena o nā poʻe loea olakino lehulehu ma muli o ke kālā kālā ʻana mai nā hui kemika, nā meaʻai a me nā mea lapaʻau a me nā paio kūpono o ka hoihoi, e like me ka 2010 ʻatikala ma Kūlohelohe.25 E nānā pū kekahi: Pono ʻo US e ʻike pepa pono e pili ana i ka International Life Science Institute.

A moʻo o nā moʻolelo i paʻi ʻia ma UPI i ka makahiki 1987 e ka mea noiʻi noiʻi Greg Gordon wehewehe i ke komo ʻana o ILSI i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i ka noiʻi ʻana ma luna o ka aspartame i nā noiʻi e kākoʻo paha i ka palekana o ka mea ʻono.

  • Ke aʻoʻo 2014 ma ka puke pai ʻO Obesity ua hoʻāʻo ka wai e kūʻē i nā mea inu momona no ka papahana hoʻoliʻiliʻi kaumaha he 12 mau pule, ke loaʻa nei "ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka wai ma mua o nā wai inu NNS [non-nutritive sweetened] no ka pohō kaumaha i ka wā o ka papahana hoʻohaʻahaʻa kaumaha maʻamau āpau." Ua "uku piha ʻia ke aʻo ʻana e ka American Beverage Association,"26 ʻo ia ka pūʻulu lobbying nui no ka ʻoihana soda.

Aia kekahi hōʻike ikaika i ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o nā noi kālā kālā i nā noiʻi biomedical ma mua o ka mea i kālā kūʻokoʻa ʻia. A 2016 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma PLOS Hoʻokahi na Daniele Mandrioli, ʻo Cristin Kearns lāua ʻo Lisa Bero i nānā i ka pilina ma waena o nā hopena noiʻi a me ka makaʻu ʻole o ka hoʻowahāwahā, ke kākoʻo kākoʻo a me nā hakakā kālā a ka mea kākau o ka hoihoi i nā loiloi o nā hopena o nā mea inu momona i hana ʻia ma nā hopena kaupaona.27 Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi, "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o nā hopena i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana mea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni ma mua o nā loiloi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ... a me nā hopena maikaʻi." ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia nā hakakā kālā o ka hoihoi i 42% o nā loiloi, a me nā loiloi i hana ʻia e nā mea kākau me nā hakakā kālā o ka hoihoi me ka ʻoihana meaʻai (inā i hōʻike ʻia a ʻaʻole paha) i loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi loa no ka ʻoihana ma mua o nā loiloi i hana ʻia e nā mea kākau me ka ʻole nā hakakā kālā o ka hoihoi. 

A 2007 PLOS ʻImi lāʻau ma ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka noiʻi biomedical i ʻike ʻia “ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e pili ana i ka meaʻai e hiki ai ke hoʻokau i nā hopena ma ke ʻano o nā huahana kākoʻo, me nā hopena koʻikoʻi no ke olakino lehulehu… ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā manawa i nā pono kālā o nā mea kākoʻo ma mua o nā ʻatikala me ka ʻole kālā-pili kālā. ʻO kahi hoihoi nui, ʻaʻole kekahi o nā noi intervensi me nā kākoʻo ʻoihana āpau i hopena maikaʻi ʻole ... ”28

ʻO ka "Diet" Ke Kūʻai hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni?

I ʻApelila 2015, ua noi ʻo US Right to Know i ka FederalʻIliahi Komikina (FTC) a me ka ʻO kaʻai a me ka lāʻauʻai lāʻau (FDA) e noiʻi i ke kālepa ʻana a me nā hana hoʻolaha o nā huahana "ʻai" i loaʻa kahi kemika e pili ana i ka loaʻa kaumaha.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa mākou ʻo ka huaʻōlelo "ʻai" e like me ka hoʻopunipuni, wahaheʻe a alakaʻi hewa ʻole i ka ʻāpana 5 o ke Federal Commission Commission Act a me ka ʻāpana 403 o ka Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. Ua hōʻole nā ​​ʻoihana i kēia manawa e hana i ka haʻi ʻana i ka nele o nā kumuwaiwai a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe (e nānā FDA a FTC nā pane).

"Minamina ia ʻaʻole hana ka FTC e kāohi i nā hoʻopunipuni o ka ʻoihana soda" ʻai ". Loulou nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hoʻopili i nā mea ʻono hana i ke kaupaona, ʻaʻole i ka pohō, "wahi a Gary Ruskin, ka luna hui o US Right to Know "Ke manaʻoʻiʻo nei wau e iho ana ka soda 'diet' i ka mōʻaukala US ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopunipuni nui loa nā mea kūʻai aku."

Hōʻike hou:

Hoʻokuʻu a me nā pou kaomi ʻo USRTK:

Nā Manaʻo ʻepekema 

[1] Azad, Meghan B., et al. Nā meaʻono nonnutritive a me ke olakino cardiometabolic: kahi loiloi ʻōnaehana a me nā aniani-aniani o nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia a me nā noi cohort prospective. KEKAHI Lulai 17, 2017 mahuka ana. 189 ʻaʻole. 28 doi: 10.1503 / cmaj.161390 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[2] Swithers SE, "Hana nā mea hoʻonaninani i hana i ka hopena Counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā Metabolic Derangement." Nā Trends i Endocrinology a me Metabolism, Iulai 10, 2013. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431-41. PMID: 23850261. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[3] Mattes RD, Popkin BM, "Nonnutritive Sweetener Consump in Human: Effects on Appetite and Food Intake. A me kā lākou putative hana." Ka Nūpepa ʻAmelika o ka Nutrical Clinical, Kekemapa 3, 2008. 2009 Ian; 89 (1): 1-14. PMID: 19056571. (Haawina)

[4] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[5] Brown RJ, de Banate MA, Rother KI, "Sweeteners Artific: kahi loiloi ʻōnaehana o nā hopena Metabolic i ka wā ʻōpio." Ka Nūpepa' oflelo Hawaiʻi o nā keiki nui, 2010 Aug; 5 (4): 305-12. PMID: 20078374. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[6] Fowler SP, Williams K, Resendez RG, Hunt KJ, Hazuda HP, Stern MP. "Ke wahie nei i ka maʻi maʻi nui? Hoʻohana ʻia ka inu inu ʻona me ka loaʻa o ke kaupaona lōʻihi. ” Obesity, 2008 Aug; 16 (8): 1894-900. PMID: 18535548. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[7] Forshee RA, Storey ML, "Huina inu inu piha a me nā koho inu inu i waena o nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio." Ka Nūpepa'Āina o ka Science Science a me ka Nutr. 2003 Jul; 54 (4): 297-307. PMID: 12850891. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[8] Blum JW, Jacobsen DJ, Donnelly JE, "Nā kumu inu inu mea inu ma nā kula haʻahaʻa o ke kula haʻahaʻa i nā makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki." Pai o ka American College of Nutr, 2005 Apr; 24 (2): 93- 8. PMID: 15798075. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[9] Berkey CS, Rockett HR, Kahua AE, Gillman MW, Colditz GA. "Hoʻololi nā mea inu i hoʻohui ʻia me ke kō a me nā ʻōpio." ʻO Obes Res. 2004 Mei; 12 (5): 778-88. PMID: 15166298. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[10] W Wulaningsih, M Van Hemelrijck, KK Tsilidis, I Tzoulaki, C Patel a me S Rohrmann. "Ke noiʻi ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea ola e like me nā mea e hoʻoholo ai i ka momona o ka ʻōpū: kahi noiʻi ākea." Ka Nūpepa' Obiwi Nui o ka Nūhou (2017) 41, 340–347; doi: 10.1038 / ijo.2016.203; paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele 6 Kekemapa 2016 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[11] ʻO Susan E. Swithers, "Hana nā mea hoʻonaninani i nā hopena counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic." ʻO Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431–441.

[12] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[13] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[14] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[15] ʻO Bleich SN, ʻo Wolfson JA, ʻo Vine S, ʻo Wang YC, "Kaʻai ʻana i ka mea inu-inu a me ka ʻai ʻana o Caloric ma waena o nā mākua o ʻAmelika, ma ke ʻano a me ke kaupaona o ke kino." Ka Nūpepa ʻAmelika o ke olakino lehulehu, Ianuali 16, 2014. 2014 Malaki; 104 (3): e72-8. PMID: 24432876. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[16] ʻO Fowler S, ʻo Williams K, ʻo Hazuda H, "Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo Diet Soda Intake me nā piʻi lōʻihi i ke kaʻe o ka pūhaka ma kahi hui biethnic o nā ʻelemakule kahiko: Ke aʻo ʻana a San Antonio no ka ʻelemakule." Pai o ka American Geriatrics Society, Malaki 17, 2015. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[17] ʻO Suez J. et al., "Hoʻokalakupua nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka hoʻowalewale ʻia e ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka Microbiota Gut." Kūlohelohe, Kepakemapa 17, 2014. 2014 ʻOkakopa 9; 514 (7521): 181-6. PMID: 25231862 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[18] Gul SS, Hamilton AR, Munoz AR, Phupitakphol T, Liu W, Hyoju SK, Economopoulos KP, Morrison S, Hu D, Zhang W, Gharedaghi MH, Huo H, Hamarneh SR, Hodin RA. "Hoʻohālikelike paha ka pāpā ʻana o ka ʻōpū ʻōpū ʻōpū i ka phalphasease alalona pehea e hāpai ai ka aspartame i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose a me ka momona i nāʻiole." ʻOihana Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017 Ian; 42 (1): 77-83. hana: 10.1139 / apnm-2016-0346. Epub 2016 Nov 18. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[19] ʻO Susan E. Swithers, "Hoʻokumu nā mea ʻono hana i ka hopena counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic." ʻO Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431–441. (Haawina)

[20] ʻO Guy Fagherazzi, A Vilier, D Saes Sartorelli, M Lajous, B Balkau, F Clavel-Chapelon. "ʻO ka inu ʻana i nā mea inu ʻono a me ke kō a me nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole i ʻike ʻia ma ka Etude Epidémiologique auprès des femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de lʻEduction Nationale – ʻEulopa ʻosplelo Pelekikena Prospective Investigation i ka cohort maʻi ʻaʻai a me Nutr." ʻO Am J Clin Nutr. 2, Ian 2013; hana: 30 / ajcn.10.3945 ajcn.112.050997. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo/Haawina)

[21] ʻO Suez J et al. "Hoʻokomo nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose e ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiota ʻōpū." Kūlohelohe. 2014 ʻOkakopa 9; 514 (7521). PMID: 25231862. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[22] Kuk JL, Brown RE. "Pili ka lawe ʻana o ka aspartame me ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose i kēlā me kēia kanaka me ka momona." ʻOihana Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Jul; 41 (7): 795-8. hana: 10.1139 / apnm-2015-0675. Epub 2016 Mei 24. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[23] Palmnäs MSA, Cowan TE, Bomhof MR, Su J, Reimer RA, Vogel HJ, et al. (2014) Ka Hana Haʻahaʻa Aspartame Hoʻohana ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa iā Gut Microbiota-Host Metabolic Interactions i ka Diet-Induced Obese Rat. PLoS ONE 9 (10): e109841. (Haawina)

[24] ʻO Miller PE, Perez V, "ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ke kaumaha o ke kino a me ka haku mele: kahi Meta-Analysis o nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia a me nā noi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻōpio mua." Ka Nūpepa ʻAmelika o ka Nutrical Clinical, Iune 18, 2014. 2014 Sep; 100 (3): 765-77. PMID: 24944060. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[25] ʻO Declan Butler, "Hōʻole ka ʻĀina Meaʻai i ka ʻIla Kūʻē. Kūlohelohe, ʻOkakopa 5, 2010. (Haawina)

[26] Peters JC et al., "Nā hopena o ka wai a me nā mea inu ʻono ʻole Nutritive i ka lilo o ke kaupaona i loko o kahi Polokalamu Lapaʻau Līkaumaha 12-Week." ʻO Obesity, 2014 Jun; 22 (6): 1415-21. PMID: 24862170. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[27] Mandrioli D, Kearns C, Bero L. "Ka pilina ma waena o nā hopena noiʻi a me ka hopena o ka bias, ke kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻana, a me nā mea hakakā kālā a ka mea kākau kālā o ka hoihoi i nā loiloi o nā hopena o nā mea inu ʻono i hana ʻia ma nā hopena kaupaona. ” PLOS Hoʻokahi, Kepakemapa 8, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162198

[28] Liʻiliʻi LI, Ebbeling CB, Goozner M, Wypij D, Ludwig DS. "Ka pilina ma waena o ke kumu kālā a me ka hopena ma waena o nā ʻatikala ʻepekema e pili ana i ka meaʻai." PLOS Lapaʻau, 2007 Ian; 4 (1): e5. PMID: 17214504. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

Ua hōʻike ʻo Reuters ua hoʻoponopono ʻo IARC i nā mea i loaʻa he moʻolelo wahaheʻe ia

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Kiʻi hou i nā: Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Reuters Reporter, Roundup Trial Tracker (ʻApelila 25, 2019)
Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters, ʻōlelo e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (ʻOkakopa 24, 2017)

ʻO ka lā kumu o ka pou: ʻOkakopa 20, 2017

Ke hoʻomau nei iā ia moʻohelu o ka hōʻike hōʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ua hōʻea hou ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i ke keʻena maʻi ʻaʻai me kahi ʻOkakopa 19, 2017 moʻolelo ke koi nei i nā ʻepekema ua hoʻoponopono i kahi palapala kikoʻī ma mua o ka hoʻopuka ʻana i kā lākou loiloi hope loa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. ʻO ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, ka hui kālepa ʻoihana kemika, i hoʻopuka koke ʻia a nūʻike hoʻōla e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo, e koi ana iā ia e "hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate" a me ke koi ʻana i nā mea hana kulekele e "hana kūʻē iā IARC no ka hoʻohana hewa ʻana i ka ʻikepili."

Ua haʻi ʻia ka moʻolelo a Kelland i kahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana ua hoʻohana ʻia nā lālā IARC a kekeʻe i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema akā ʻaʻole hiki ke haʻi i ka nui o nā hōʻike i puka aʻe mai Nā palapala ponoʻī a Monsanto ma o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻaha i kauoha ʻia e hōʻike ai i nā ala a ka hui i hana ai e hana a hoʻololi i ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he hala.

ʻAʻole hiki i ka moʻolelo ke haʻi aku i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi IARC i hōʻemi ʻia ka hana kālā a Monsanto i lawa ʻole ka ʻike maka e kū ai i nā kūlana o IARC. A ʻoiai ʻo Kelland i ʻōlelo i kahi noi iole me 1983 a me kahi hoʻopaʻa iole kahi a IARC i kū ʻole ai i ka manaʻo me nā kānaka noiʻi maoli, ua hōʻole ʻo ia i ka hōʻike ʻana he mau haʻawina kēia i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka ʻiole 1983, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lālā o ka lāʻau ʻona ʻEPA ʻaʻole i ʻae i nā mea noiʻi a Monsanto no ka mea, ʻo ka ikaika o ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa, e like me nā palapala EPA. ʻLelo lākou i loko o nā memo he nui ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia ka manaʻo hoʻopaʻapaʻa a Monsanto a manaʻo ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo lākou i ka glyphosate e lilo i carcinogen.

Ma ka haʻalele ʻana i kēia mau ʻike koʻikoʻi, a me ka wili ʻana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe kokoke i loko, ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi ʻatikala e lawelawe maikaʻi ana iā Monsanto, akā ua alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e hilinaʻi nei i nā nūhou hilinaʻi ʻia no ka ʻike pololei. ʻO kahi mea hoʻoikaika wale e lawe ʻia mai kā Kelland moʻolelo ʻo ia kēia manawa ua ʻae ʻo ia iā Monsanto i hāʻawi iā ia i ka ʻike.

Nā moʻolelo e pili ana a me nā palapala:

Reuters vs. UN Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?

Na Stacy Malkan

Mai kā lākou hoʻolaha ʻo ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka," kahi kime o nā ʻepekema honua ma ka pūʻulu noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization. hoʻouka mae e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea pani.

i ka ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao moʻo i kapa ʻia ʻo "The Monsanto Papers," ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde (6/1/17) ua wehewehe ʻia ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaua ʻo ka pilikua pesticide ma luna o ka ʻepekema, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "To save glyphosate, the firm [Monsanto] undertook to harm the United Nations agency against cancer by all way."

Me ʻelua mau scoops i hānai ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me kahi hōʻike kūikawā, i hoʻoikaika ʻia e kāna hōʻike kuʻi maʻamau, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Kelland i kahi kahawai o ka hōʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka WHO Agency International for Research on Cancer (IARC), e hōʻike nei i ka hui a me nā ʻepekema ʻaʻole pili a kūpono ʻole, a pae i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi a kāohi ʻia i ka ʻike i kā lākou hoʻoholo ʻana. Hoʻokahi mea kaua i ka arsenal o ka ʻoihana ka hōʻike o ʻO Kate Kelland, he koa kūpuna Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo ma Lādana.

ʻAʻole mālama ka pūʻulu ʻepekema IARC i kahi noiʻi hou, akā ua loiloi i nā makahiki o ka noiʻi a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana he palena palena ʻole o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā kānaka mai nā hōʻike honua maoli i glyphosate a "lawa" hōʻike o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā noiʻi ma holoholona. Ua hoʻopau ʻo IARC aia he hōʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity no glyphosate wale nō, a me glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia i nā formulated e like me ka Monsanto's Roundup brand o ka lāʻau make, nona ka hoʻohana i hoʻonui nui ʻia e like me kā Monsanto i kūʻai aku ai. ua hoʻololi ʻia nā laha ʻohi e "mākaukau Roundup."

Akā i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo IARC, ua nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, a ua kau i ka manaʻo ma nā ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo ana i nā hana a me nā loiloi a ka ʻepekema i ka ʻimi ʻana e hōʻemi i kā lākou kālailai. Ua hilinaʻi nui kāna hōʻike ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana; loaʻa nā hewa i Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono; a hōʻike i ka ʻike cherry-i wae ʻia ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili mai nā palapala āna i hāʻawi ʻole ai i kāna poʻe heluhelu.

Ke hāpai nei i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna kumumanaʻo ma ke ʻano he mea ʻepekema reporter nā pilina o Kelland i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele (SMC), kahi hui PR nonprofit PR kontroversial ma UK e hoʻopili i nā ʻepekema me nā mea kūkala nūhou, a loaʻa iā ia poloka nui loa o ke kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana, me nā makemake o ka ʻoihana kemika.

SMC, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema, "I hoʻouka ʻia i ka makahiki 2002 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e hōʻemi i nā moʻolelo nūhou e hoʻoulu ʻia e nā hui e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, e like me kāna hōʻike hoʻokumu. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo SMC no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā wahi a me nā pilikia olakino kanaka o kekahi mau huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea, e like me mea ʻimi noiʻi he nui nā mea i aʻo i ka hui.

Kelland's bias ma ke aloha i ka hui ua maopopo, e like me ia e hōʻike nei i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō a me ka SMC hōʻike hoʻolaha, hele mau Nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC, ʻōlelo ma Nā papa hana SMC a hui aku nā hālāwai ma India e kūkākūkā e kūkulu ana i kahi keʻena SMC ma aneʻi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland a me kāna mau hoʻoponopono ma Reuters e pane i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna pilina me SMC, a i ʻole i nā loiloi kikoʻī e pili ana i kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Fiona Fox, ka luna o SMC, ʻaʻole i hana pū kāna hui me Kelland ma kāna mau moʻolelo IARC a i ʻole hāʻawi i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻoi aku i nā mea i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha nūhou a SMC. Akaka, eia nō naʻe, ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate a me ka IARC aniani i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe loea SMC a me nā hui ʻoihana e pili ana i kēlā mau kumuhana.

Lawe ʻo Reuters i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema

Ma ka Iune 14, 2017, Reuters paʻiʻia hōʻike kūikawā e Kelland e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Aaron Blair, kahi epidemiologist mai ka US National Cancer Institute a me ka noho o ka IARC panela ma glyphosate, no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā ʻikepili koʻikoʻi mai kāna loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai.

Ua hele ka moʻolelo a Kelland a hiki i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka ʻike i manaʻo ʻia e hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate carcinogenic paha. Eia naʻe ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia akā he wahi liʻiliʻi o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma o kahi papahana lōʻihi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Ke Ola Ola Ola (AHS). Ua paʻi ʻia kahi anamanaʻo o kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate mai ka AHS a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, akā ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia kahi loiloi hou o ka ʻike i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, no ka mea ke kāhea nei nā lula ʻo IARC i ka hilinaʻi wale i ka ʻike i paʻi ʻia.

ʻO kā Kelland palapala kākau a Blair i kāohi ai i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i kūlike ʻole me nā palapala kumu i hoʻokumu ai ʻo ia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hāʻawi aku i nā mea heluhelu i nā loulou i kekahi o kēlā mau palapala, no laila ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke hōʻoia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā hoʻopiʻi no lākou iho. Ua hoʻolaha ākea ʻia kāna mau ʻōlelo hoʻopahūpahū, ua hana hou ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma nā nūhou ʻē aʻe (e like me ʻO Jones Jones) a hoʻouna koke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana lobbying e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā palapala kumu maoli, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka mea ma mua Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo a me kēia manawa ke alakaʻi noiʻi o US Right to Know (ka hui nonprofit kahi aʻu e hana pū ai), waiho ʻia nā hewa a me nā hapa he nui i kā Kelland ʻāpana.

Hāʻawi ke kālailai i mau laʻana o nā kuleana nui i ka ʻatikala a Kelland, me kahi ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e Blair, ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao 300. ka waiho ʻana o Blair alakaʻi ʻia e nā loio o Monsanto, a i ʻole nā ​​palapala kumu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike hōʻike wae a ka waiho ʻana o Blair i nānā ʻole i ka mea i kūʻē i kāna palapala thesis — ʻo kahi laʻana, nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pili o glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me kā Gillam i kākau ai i loko o kahi Huffington Post 'atikala (6 / 18 / 17).

Ua wehewehe pololei ʻole ʻo Kelland i kā Blair waiho ʻana a me nā mea e pili ana ma ke ʻano he “palapala ʻaha,” e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa lākou i ka lehulehu; ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole lākou i waiho ʻia i ka ʻaha, a ua kiʻi ʻia paha mai nā loio a me nā hope. (Loaʻa nā palapala i nā loio i pili i ka hihia, a ua ʻōlelo nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole lākou i hāʻawi iā Kelland.)

Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono i nā hewa i loko o ka ʻāpana, e like me ka hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe e pili ana i ke kumu o nā palapala kumu a me kahi wehewehe kūpono ʻole o kahi kumu nui, statistician Bob Tarone, ma ke ʻano "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua loaʻa iā Tarone loaʻa i kahi uku kūkākūkā mai Monsanto no kāna mau hana e hōʻino i ka IARC.

I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi a USRTK e hoʻoponopono a haʻalele paha i ka ʻatikala Kelland, Reuters Ua kākau ʻo Mike Williams ka luna hoʻoponopono honua ma kahi leka uila ʻo Iune 23:

Ua nānā mākou i ka ʻatikala a me ka hōʻike ʻana i hoʻokumu ʻia ai. ʻO kēlā hōʻike i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka waihona āu e kuhikuhi ai, akā ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia. ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Kate Kelland, ua launa pū me nā poʻe āpau i haʻi ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, a ua aʻo i nā palapala ʻē aʻe. I ka mālamalama o kēlā loiloi, ʻaʻole mākou e noʻonoʻo he pololei ʻole ka ʻatikala a i ʻole e hōʻoia i ka haʻalele ʻana.

Ua hōʻole ʻo Williams e haʻi i ka haʻi wahaheʻe ʻana i nā "palapala ʻaha" a i ʻole ka wehewehe kūpono ʻole o Tarone ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa.

Mai ia manawa, ka mea hana lobbying Reuters ua hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto ua ulu nā wāwae a holo ʻāhiu. He 24 Iune ho'oponopono ma ka ʻO St. Louis Post Dispatch hoʻohui hewa ma luna o ka hōʻike hoʻopunipuni ʻē. Ma ke kau waena o Iulai, e hoʻohana ana nā blog nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau i ka Reuters moʻolelo e hoʻopiʻi ai iā IARC o hoʻopunipuni i nā ʻauhau ʻauhau US, ke wānana nei nā pūnaewele nūhou pro-ʻoihana ka moʻolelo.ke kui hope loa i ka pahu kupapaʻu”O nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa e pili ana i glyphosate, a pūʻulu nūhou ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni e hoʻolaha ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo ma Facebook me kahi poʻo poʻomanaʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻo IARC ua ʻae nā ʻepekema i kahi uhi.

Hoʻouka Bacon

ʻAʻole kēia ʻo ka manawa mua a Kelland i hilinaʻi ai iā Bob Tarone ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna mau pili ʻoihana, i kahi ʻatikala e kūʻē nei iā IARC.

Ma ʻApelila 2016 hoʻokolokolo kūikawā na Kelland, "ʻO wai e ʻōlelo he maikaʻi ʻole ʻo Bacon?," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he hui huikau i maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻepekema. Kūkulu nui ʻia ka ʻāpana ma luna o nā ʻōlelo mai Tarone, ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia nā pili o ka ʻoihana, a hoʻokahi mea nānā inoa ʻole.

"ʻIke maikaʻi ʻole ʻia nā ʻano hana o ka IARC," "ʻaʻole lawelawe maikaʻi i ka lehulehu," nele i ka ʻepekema koʻikoʻi i kekahi manawa, "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no ka ʻepekema," "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no nā keʻena hoʻokele" a hana ka lehulehu "kahi hana hewa," i ʻōlelo nā loiloi.

ʻO ke ʻoihana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Tarone, "naif, inā ʻaʻole ʻepekema" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i hoʻonui ʻia me nā huapalapala nui i kahi poʻo inoa.

Hana ʻo Tarone no ka ʻoihana kākoʻo Ke KeʻenaʻOihana Epidemiology International, a ua pili pū me a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kelepona paʻalima, kālā kālā ʻia ma ka ʻāpana e ka ʻoihana kelepona paʻalima, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i nā kelepona paʻalima, kūlike ʻole ʻimi kālā kālā kūʻokoʻa o ka pukana like.

ʻO nā loiloi ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo bacon a Kelland ʻo Paulo Boffetta, kahi mea ʻepekema ex-IARC i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nāna i kākau i kahi pepa e pale ana i ka asbestos ʻoiai pū kekahi. ka loaʻa kālā ʻana e pale aku ai ka ʻoihana asbestos i ka ʻaha; lāua ʻo Geoffrey Kabat, ka mea hoʻokahi hoʻokaʻawaleʻia me kahi ʻepekema ʻimi kālā-ʻoihana paka e kākau he pepa pale ʻana i ka uahi lua.

Hoʻokau pū ʻo Kabat ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), a hui pūʻulu mua. ʻO ka lā ka Reuters Kaulana ka moʻolelo, Kau ʻo ACSH i kahi mea blog (4 / 16 / 17) kaena ʻana ua hoʻohana ʻo Kelland i kāna kākāʻōlelo ʻo Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻino ai iā IARC.

[E nānā i ka pilina pili ma Malaki 2019: ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

ʻO ka pilina o ka ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, a me kā lākou mōʻaukala o ke kū ʻana i nā kūlana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema mainstream, me he mea lā, no ka mea ua hui pū ʻia ka hōʻike bacon IARC me kahi Kelland. 'atikala e pili ana i glyphosate ka mea i ahewa ʻia ʻo ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo IARC ʻo Chris Portier no ka pili ma muli o kona pili ʻana me kahi hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ka mōʻī hoʻopaʻapaʻa o ka hoihoi i lawelawe i mea e hōʻino ai i kahi leka, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Portier a kau inoa ʻia e 94 ʻepekema, i ho'ākāka 'ia nā "kīnā koʻikoʻi" i ka loiloi' ana i nā pilikia o ka European Union i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻo Portier, a me ka ʻepekema maikaʻi / ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole, ʻū aʻe i loko ʻoihana olakino Nā kahawai PR i ka lā hoʻokahi i hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻatikala Kelland.

Pahu aku ʻo IARC i hope

I ʻOkakopa 2016, i kekahi scoop kū hoʻokahi, Hōʻike ʻo Kelland iā IARC ma ke ʻano he hui malū i noi aku i kona poʻe ʻepekema e kāohi i nā palapala e pili ana i ka loiloi glyphosate. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma nā leka i hāʻawi ʻia iā Kelland e a hui kānāwai pro-ʻoihana.

I ka pane, ua lawe ʻo IARC i ke kapuwai ʻokoʻa o ke kau ʻana i nā nīnau a Kelland a me nā nā pane a lākou i hoʻouna aku ai iā ia, nāna i hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili i waiho ʻia ma waho o ka Reuters moʻolelo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo IARC ua noi aku nā loio a Monsanto i nā ʻepekema e huli i nā palapala kikoʻī a me nā palapala kūkā, a i ka nānā ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē nei iā Monsanto, "ua ʻoluʻolu ʻole ka ʻepekema e hoʻokuʻu ana i kēia mau mea, a manaʻo kekahi ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia lākou." Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ua kū like lākou i ka kaomi like i ka wā i hala e hoʻokuʻu i nā palapala kope e kākoʻo i nā hana kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka asbestos a me ka paka, a aia kahi hoʻāʻo e huki i nā palapala IARC i loko o ka hoʻopiʻi PCB.

ʻAʻole haʻi ka moʻolelo i kēlā mau laʻana, a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo e pili ana i nā palapala ʻepekema kikoʻī e pau ana i nā hoʻopiʻi, akā ua kaumaha kēia ʻāpana i nā loiloi a IARC, e wehewehe nei ma ke ʻano he hui "i kūlike ʻole me nā ʻepekema o ka honua," ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa "me nā loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai e" hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā olakino pono ʻole. "

He "Agendas malu" ʻo IARC a he "hoʻomakeʻaka" kāna mau hana, e like me ka ʻōlelo a kekahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo.

Ua kākau ʻo IARC i ka pane (ke koʻikoʻi i ke kumu):

ʻO ka ʻatikala na Reuters ukali i kahi ʻano o nā hōʻike kūlike akā kuhi hewa hoʻi e pili ana i ka Polokalamu IARC Monographs ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o ka pāpāho e hoʻomaka ana ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

ʻO IARC kekahi kaomi ʻia i hope ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike e pili ana iā Blair, e hōʻike ana i ka hakakā o ka hoihoi me kāna kumuwaiwai ʻo Tarone a me ka wehewehe ʻana ʻaʻole manaʻo ka papahana loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC i nā ʻike i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia, a "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu i kāna loiloi i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia i nā hōʻike pāpāho," akā ma ka "ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana a me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūpono āpau e pili ana i ka lehulehu, e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa, kūʻokoʻa i nā kuleana pono. ”

Haʻiʻolelo agena PR

Ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻEpekema — kahi a Kelland Ua'ōleloʻo ia ua hoʻohuli i kāna hōʻike ʻana - ua hāʻawi ʻia i nā hoihoi, a ua hoʻohewa ʻia no ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā keʻena aupuni, nā kumu a me nā kula nui.

Ma nā helu āpau, pili ka mana o SMC i ke ʻano o ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho i kekahi mau moʻolelo ʻepekema, e kiʻi pinepine nei iā ia manaʻo loea mau ʻōlelo i nā moʻolelo pāpāho a me ka uhi kaʻa me kāna nūpepa paʻi.

E like me kā Kelland i wehewehe ai i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō, "Ma ka hopena o kahi ʻōlelo pōkole, maopopo ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka moʻolelo a me ke kumu o ka nui."

ʻO ia ke kiko o ka hana SMC: e hōʻailona i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i nā moʻolelo a i ʻole nā ​​haʻawina e pono ai ka nānā ʻana, a pehea lākou e pono ai.

I kekahi manawa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka poʻe loea SMC i ka makaʻu a hāʻawi i nā hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā huahana kontroversial a i ʻole ʻenehana. ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe noiʻi i kā SMC mau hana media ma kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a nā mea hana ʻenekinia.

ʻAi ʻia nā hoʻouka SMC i kekahi manawa i ka hana lobbying. A 2013 Nature 'atikala (7 / 10 / 13) ho'ākāka pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo SMC i ke kai eʻe i ka uhi pāpāho o nā embryo holoholona / kanaka hybrid mai nā hopohopo pili pono a i ko lākou mea nui ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi noiʻi - a pēlā i hoʻopau ai i nā lula aupuni.

ʻO ka mea noiʻi pāpāho i hoʻolimalima ʻia e SMC e kālailai i ka pono o kēlā hoʻouka kaua, ʻo Andy Williams o ke Kulanui ʻo Cardiff, i hele mai e ʻike i ke ʻano SMC me he mea lā pilikia, hopohopo paha ia. hoʻopaʻapaʻa hoʻopaʻapaʻa. ʻO Williams ho'ākāka ʻia nā haʻi'ōlelo SMC e like me ka mālama paʻa ʻana i nā hanana e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo hoʻohuli.

Ma ke kumuhana o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate, hāʻawi ʻo SMC i kahi moʻolelo moakāka i kāna mau nūpepa.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC, e like me Nā loea SMC, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokomo i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi," i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka "loiloi ʻiʻihi koho" a me nā hōʻike e "ʻike ʻia he lahilahi" a "ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka nui i kēlā ʻano kūlana kiʻekiʻe." Monsanto a me kekahi hana pūʻulu paipai i nā puanaʻī.

Ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike o ka poʻe loea SMC o nā loiloi weliweli i mālama ʻia e ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) a me ka European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), ka mea i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka glyphosate o nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai kanaka.

Ka hopena a EFSA ua "ʻoi aku ka ʻepekema, pragmatic a kaulike" ma mua o ko IARC, a ʻo ka Hoike a ECHA he pahuhopu, kūʻokoʻa, ākea a "ʻepekema kūpono."

Ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i Reuters ʻū aʻe i nā poʻomanaʻo ʻoihana kākoʻo, a i kekahi manawa hoʻohana i nā loea like, e like me a Nowemapa 2015 moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu i hāʻawi aku ai nā ʻoihana ʻĀulopa i nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate. Ua haʻi pololei kāna moʻolelo i nā loea ʻelua mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu SMC, a laila hōʻuluʻulu lākou i ko lākou mau manaʻo:

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hana ʻia ʻo IARC me ke kahakaha ʻana i kekahi mea i kekahi mau ʻano, akā ʻo ka mea kakaikahi, hiki ke hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ka poʻe. ʻO EFSA, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, hopohopo me nā pōʻino o ke ola maoli a inā, i ka hihia o glyphosate, aia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ai ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā kūlana maʻamau, hāʻawi ka pesticide i kahi pilikia kūpono ʻole i ke olakino kanaka a i ʻole ke kaiapuni.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i ʻelua mau pane pōkole mai nā mea hoʻokele kaiāulu: ua kapa ʻo Greenpeace i ka loiloi EFSA "whitewash," a ʻo Jennifer Sass mai ka ʻAoʻao Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūlohelohe i ʻōlelo ʻo IARC "he ʻoi aku ka ikaika, ka ʻepekema pale a me nā kaʻina lehulehu e pili ana i kahi kōmike kūwaho o nā loea ʻoihana ʻole. . ” (An ʻLelo NRDC ma glyphosate kau ia i kēia ala: "Ua Pololei ʻo IARC, Loaʻa iā EFSA mai Monsanto.")

Ua ukali ka moʻolelo o Kelland i nā ʻōlelo a ka hui kaiapuni me "nā mea loiloi o IARC… e ʻōlelo nei he mea lapuwale ke ʻano o ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana no nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻaʻa nei e hoʻohana i kāna ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i ke ola maoli," a ua hoʻopau ʻia me nā huaʻōlelo a kahi ʻepekema nāna "e hōʻike i ka hoihoi he hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā no Monsanto. ”

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hoʻopiʻi pro-ʻoihana o ka SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Hoʻolohe pono mākou i nā loiloi a pau mai nā kaiāulu ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​mea nūhou nūhou e hana ana no ka pāpāho UK, akā ʻaʻole mākou e loaʻa ka hōʻino no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hōʻole mākou i ka uku no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana, a ke hōʻike nei kā mākou hana i nā hōʻike a me nā ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema kaulana o 3,000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema kontroversial loa, ke manaʻo piha nei mākou i ka hōʻino mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream.

Nā hakakā hakakā a ka poʻe loea

ʻAʻole hōʻike mau ka poʻe loea ʻepekema i kā lākou hakakā hakakā o ka hoihoi i nā nūhou i hoʻopuka ʻia e SMC, a i ʻole i ko lākou kūlana kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai e like me glyphosate.

Hāʻawi ka loea SMC pinepine ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau biokimia ma Imperial College London, i nā manaʻo ma SMC i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma aspartame ("ʻAʻole hopohopo"), glyphosate i ka mimi (ʻaʻohe hopohopo), insecticides a me nā kīnā hānau ("Premature to draw concensions"), waiʻona, ʻO ka palaoa GMO, nā metala, papaʻai rodentʻai a oi.

ka Hoʻoholo a ECHA ʻaʻole kēlā carly gosphosate i kahi carcinogen "e hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia," e like me Boobis, a ʻo ka Hoʻoholo ʻo IARC ʻo ia paha he carcinogenic "ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka pīhoihoi nui," no ka mea ʻaʻole ia i noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻohana ai nā pesticides i ka honua maoli.

ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻo Boobis i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka hoʻokuʻu IARC a i ʻole kekahi o nā hoʻokuʻu SMC mua e hāpai ana i kāna mau ʻōlelo. Akā ua hoʻonāukiuki ʻo ia i hoʻohenehene hakakā-o-ka hoihoi i ka wā i haki ai ka nūhou ua paʻa ʻo ia i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), a pūʻulu kākoʻo ʻoihana, i ka manawa like hui pū ʻo ia me ka hui o ka UN i loaʻa ka glyphosate ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokau i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. (ʻO Boobis i kēia manawa noho o ka Papa Kahu ILSI, a hope pelekikena ad interim o ILSI / ʻEulopa.)

Ua loaʻa iā ILSI nā hāʻawi kālā ʻeono mai Monsanto a me CropLife International, ka hui kālepa pesticide. ʻO Professor Angelo Moretto, ʻo ia ka mea i alakaʻi i ka hui UN ma glyphosate me Boobis, i mālama pū ʻia kūlana alakaʻi ma ILSI. Akā ka panela hai aku ʻaʻohe hakakā o ka hoihoi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland i hōʻike e pili ana i kēlā mau paio, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia kākau e pili ana nā hopena o nā "loea UN" nāna i kala i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua hoʻohana hou ʻo ia i kahi ʻōlelo Boobis mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu kaomi SMC no kahi ʻatikala e pili ana ʻiʻo puaʻa ʻIlani. (Ua haʻahaʻa ka makaʻu i nā mea kūʻai.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka SMC hakakā o ke kulekele hoʻolaha hōʻike hoihoi, a no ke aha i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ai ka pili o Boobis 'ISLI i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Nīnau aku mākou i nā mea noiʻi a pau a mākou e hoʻohana ai e hoʻolako i kā lākou COI a hoʻomohana e hana i kēlā mau mea i ka poʻe nūpepa. E kūlike me nā kulekele COI ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokolokolo i kēlā me kēia COI, ʻoiai mākou e hoʻokipa nei i ka poʻe nūpepa e hana pēlā.

ʻAʻole hiki ke kiʻi ʻia ʻo Boobis no ka ʻōlelo, akā haʻi akuʻo ia kahu, "ʻO kaʻu kuleana ma ILSI (a ʻelua o kāna mau lālā) he lālā lālā o ka lehulehu a he poʻo hoʻi no kā lākou mau papa o nā kahu, nā kūlana i uku ʻole ʻia."

Akā ʻo ka hakakā "ua hoʻonāukiuki i ka hoʻohewa huhū mai nā MEP ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā NGO," ka kahu ua hōʻike ʻia, "ua hoʻonui ʻia e ka hōʻike a ka [UN panel] hoʻokuʻu i ʻelua mau lā ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o EU i ka balota ma glyphosate, a he piliona kālā ia i ka ʻoihana."

A pēlā pū me ka pūnaewele ulana o ka mana e pili ana i nā ʻoihana, nā loea ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ke pāʻani nei ma ke kahua honua ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto. alo i nā hoʻopiʻi ma luna o ka kemika ma muli o ke koi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻimi e hoʻopau i kahi Hana ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer.

I kēia manawa, i ka US, e like me Bloomberg hoike i ka lā 13 o Iulai: “ʻO ke Killer Weed Nui o ka Honua ke Kumu Ka maʻi ʻaʻai? E hoʻoholo ʻo EPA o Trump. ”

Nā ʻelele Reuters e hoʻouna ʻia ma o kēia pūnaewele (aiʻole ma Twitter: @Raiuiona). E ʻoluʻolu e hoʻomanaʻo i ka kamaʻilio mahalo ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

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UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

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Hoʻopiʻi kā CDC New CDC koho i nā pilina paʻa iā Coca Cola

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E nānā i kekahi:

  • New York Times, na Sheila Kaplan, 7/22/2017: "Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka hakakā ʻo Obesity"
  • Forbes, ʻĀpana 2 na Rob Waters, "ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena"

Na Rob Waters

Mahele 1 o nā moʻolelo 2 

No nā makahiki he nui, ua ʻimi ʻo The Coca-Cola Company, ka mea kūʻai aku i nā mea inu momona nui loa o ka honua, e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino a me ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilina me nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā luna, e like me ke keʻena olakino olakino lehulehu o ka ʻāina, nā Centers for Disease Control a me ka Kāohi (CDC).

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa i ke keʻena ʻo Trump ua koho ʻia i aliʻi CDC hou, ʻO Kauka Brenda Fitzgerald, ka mea, ma ke ʻano he komikina olakino lehulehu no Georgia no ʻeono mau makahiki i hala, i hana pū me Coke e holo i kahi papahana e kūʻē i ka momona o nā keiki. ʻO Coca-Cola KO + 0.00% hāʻawi he $ 1 miliona iā SOPA KUMU, ka mea e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino i nā kula akā hāmau e pili ana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka inu soda, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia e nā noiʻi he nui ke kō ʻana o ke kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ke ʻano wai, he mea kalaiwa ia no ka momona a me ka maʻi kō, a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai.

Ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou 2013, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Fitzgerald iā Coke no kāna “makana hāʻawi manawaleʻa. ” Ua kākau ʻo ia i commentary e pili ana i ke ahulau obesity no kā Coca-Cola pūnaewele e hōʻike nei i ka pono e "hoʻoneʻe i kā mākou haumāna." A i kahi nīnauele me a kahua kīwī kūloko, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau mea nui. ʻO Georgia SHAPE, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea āu e ʻai ai" -ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo iki e pili ana i ka mea pono ʻole.

E holo ʻē aʻe ke keʻena ʻo Fitzgerald i nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me Coca-Cola. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia mau pilina i loko o nā leka uila i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā luna o Coke, nā luna o ka CDC a me kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe mai nā kula nui a me nā ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana me Coke, Nestlé, Mars Inc. a me Mondelez, i ʻike ʻia ma mua ʻo Kraft. ʻO nā leka uila, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka CDC no ka pane ʻana i nā noi a nā lehulehu i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, he kamaʻilio, kekahi manawa maʻalahi, aloha pinepine a huhū a makemake pinepine hoʻi.

i ka ʻOkakopa 2015 leka uila, Barbara Bowman, kahi luna CDC i haʻalele mai ia manawa, hāʻawi i kāna mahalo i ka luna mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Alex Malaspina no kahi ʻaina ahiahi hou. "He manawa maikaʻi loa kā mākou i nā pō Pōʻaono, mahalo nui, e Alex, no kou hoʻokipa."

Ma kahi leka uila 2015 ʻē aʻe i kahi hui ʻepekema, ua loaʻa i nā poʻe āpau nā kālā noiʻi mai Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe i kākoʻo ʻia me nā ʻoihana, noi ʻo Malaspina no "nā manaʻo e pili ana pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale" i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ke kōmike o ka poʻe loea e aʻoaʻo nei i ke aupuni US. . Makemake ke kōmike i ke aupuni e koi aku i nā poʻe ʻAmelika e hōʻemi i kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me ka sodium. Ma kāna leka uila, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau manaʻo "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻepekema."

A iloko palapala ʻē aʻe, Kākau ʻo Coca-Cola Rhona Applebaum i kahi luna o ka CDC a me kahi kanaka noiʻi University of Louisiana State e alakaʻi nei i kahi noi nui e pili ana i ka momona o nā keiki. Ua aʻo wale ʻo ia e hōʻole ana ʻo Mekiko e komo i ke aʻo ʻana ma muli o ke kālā ʻana a Coke iā ia, a ua pee ʻo ia. "No laila inā lawe nā ʻepekema maikaʻi i $$$ mai Coke – he aha – ua hana hewa lākou?" kākau ʻo ia.

'No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio nei me CDC?'

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi ʻano o nā ala a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana ai i nā pilina me nā luna olakino a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i nā mea hana politika a me nā mea nūpepa. Loaʻa nā hana i ke kumu kūʻai o ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi i nīnau i ka pono o nā pilina ma waena o Coke a me CDC.

"No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio pū ana me CDC? No ke aha kekahi laina o ke kamaʻilio ʻana? ” i nīnau aku ai ʻo Robert Lustig, he endocrinologist pediatric ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ʻo Kapalakiko nāna i noiʻi i nā hopena o ke kō i nā keiki a me nā mākua. "Kūpono ʻole ka launa ʻana a maopopo ke hoʻāʻo nei lākou e hoʻohana ia mea e hoʻokau i ka mana ma luna o kahi keʻena aupuni."

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila ʻaʻole i kamaʻilio pololei ʻia i kekahi ma CDC, akā ua hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hoʻolohe i nā noi palapala lehulehu. Hōʻike kēia i kekahi mau luna o ka CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i bcc: nā kope makapō paha.

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi nānā i ka pūnaewele puni honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e Malaspina, kahi pelekikena hope poʻokela o nā ʻoihana kūwaho ma Coca-Cola. Aia i loko o ka pūnaewele:

  • ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), kahi hui honua nona nā lālā, e like me kona pūnaewele "ʻO nā hui mai ka meaʻai, nā mahiʻai, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana kākoʻo." ʻO Coca-Cola i waena o nā kumu waiwai kālā o ILSI a ʻo Malaspina kona pelekikena hoʻokumu. A palapala moʻohelu kālā i loaʻa e US Right to Know e ʻōlelo nei ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola iā ILSI $ 167,000 ma 2012 a me 2013.
  • ʻO ka International Food Information Council (IFIC), kahi pono ʻole ʻo Wakinekona i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kālepa e like me Coca-Cola, ka American Beverage Association, ka Hershey Company a me Cargill Inc. Wahi a kāna pūnaewele, hana ʻo IFIC e "kamaʻilio kūpono i ka ʻepekema. -ʻikepili pili "e pili ana i ka meaʻai a" kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā mea nūpepa e kākau e pili ana i ke olakino, meaʻai a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai. "
  • Kahi hui o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema me kahi mōʻaukala o ka mālama ʻana i nā noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a i ʻole ILSI.

ʻO Malaspina, ka mea i pili mau me Coca-Cola a me ILSI ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, puka i loko o nā leka uila ma ke ʻano he kumu nui e hoʻopili ana i ka pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka Nā'ōleloʻo 2015 o ke Kōmike aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo alakaʻi, mahalo ʻo ia i ka hana a ka ʻAha ʻAi Meaʻai e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e pili ana iā lākou.

'E hele mai ana no ka ʻoihana'

Ua kāhea wale aku ka ʻAha Kūkā me kahi mau nūpepa 40 e hōʻino i nā ʻōlelo a ke kōmike, a IFIC i nānā aku ai he "hoʻomāinoino" ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me kaʻuala. Ma hope o ke kāhea ʻana o ka pāpāho, ua kaena nā lunamakaʻāinana IFIC i kahi memo kūloko e pili ana i ka uhi ʻana o kekahi mau nūpepa. Loaʻa iā Malaspina kahi kope o ka memo a hāʻawi i mua i kāna mau hoapili ma Coke a me kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

"Ke hele mai nei ʻo IFIC no ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo Malaspina.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no ka CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i loko o kahi leka uila e hana pū ana kāna ʻoihana me nā ʻāpana pilikino no ka mea ʻo nā hui lehulehu-pilikino e holomua i ka misiona a CDC no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻAmelika. Mālama ʻo CDC, ke hana pū mākou me nā lālā pilikino, he puʻukū maikaʻi mākou no nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou a mālama i kā mākou ʻepekema kūpaʻa ma ke komo ʻana i kahi hakakā o ke kaʻina loiloi hoihoi manaʻo ʻia e ikaika a mālamalama hoʻi ia. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā pili kālā a me nā pilina kānalua ma waena o Coca-Cola, nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike a me ka CDC i nā hōʻike he nui i nā makahiki ʻelua i hala.

'Pūnaewele Balance Energy'

I ka 2015, ka New York Times a ma hope ka Associated Press ua hōʻike ʻo Rhona Applebaum, ka luna olakino a me ka ʻepekema nui o Coke, i hoʻonohonoho i nā hāʻawi i ke Kulanui o Colorado a me ke Kulanui o South Carolina e hoʻomaka i kahi hui nonprofit, ka Global Energy Balance Network, ka mea e "hoʻopili i ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kumu" i nā kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka momona.

ʻO ka pahuhopu ka pahu ʻana i ka manaʻo ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaupaona ka mea pili i ka lawa ʻole o ka hana kino a ka poʻe e like me kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō a me nā calorie. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā, ua hemo ka pūnaewele hoʻoliʻiliʻi ikehu a ua hoʻolaha ke Kulanui o Colorado e hoʻihoʻi ʻia he $ 1 miliona iā Coke. Ua hoʻomaha ʻo Applebaum ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Barbara Bowman kūkala i kona hoʻomaha loa mai ka CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana a US Right to Know ua aʻo ʻo ia iā Malaspina e pili ana i nā ala e hoʻohuli ai i ka World Health Organization a me kāna Luna Hoʻokele-General ʻo Margaret Chan. ʻO ka WHO i hoʻopuka aku nei kulekele ke koi nei i ka hōʻemi loa ʻana i ke kō, a ua manaʻo ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau mea he "hoʻoweliweli i kā mākou ʻoihana."

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Michael Pratt, he kākāʻōlelo no ka olakino honua ma ka CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotional, ua alakaʻi i ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a he kākāʻōlelo no ILSI.

'E ʻoi aku kā mākou hana'

I ʻAukake 2015, ʻelua mau pule ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times, ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Coca-Cola a me ka luna nui ʻo Muhtar Kent ʻae ʻia i loko o kahi Wall Street Journal op-ed i kapa ʻia ʻo "E Hana Maikaʻi ʻOi" ʻo kā ke kālā kālā kālā a ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema, i nā manawa he nui, "lawelawe wale ai e huikau a hilinaʻi ʻole hoʻi." Ua hōʻike ka hui ma hope mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 138 miliona i ke kālā ma waho o nā mea noiʻi a me nā papahana olakino a hana i kahi “mäliko”Ka papa inoa pūnaewele i nā mea e loaʻa ana i kāna kālā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola Kākoʻo ʻo ia i kēia manawa i nā ʻōlelo a ka WHO i makemake ai ʻo Malaspina e hōʻino - e kaupalena ka poʻe i kā lākou lawe ʻana i ke kō i 10% o nā calorie a lākou e ʻai ai i kēlā me kēia lā. "Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēlā pahuhopu ke hoʻomohala i kā mākou papa hana ʻoihana e lilo i hui inu inu piha," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Coca-Cola, ʻo Katherine Schermerhorn, i kahi leka uila.

Ua hoʻohiki ʻo Coca-Cola e hāʻawi i kahi ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o ke kumukūʻai o nā noiʻi ʻepekema. E hoʻololi paha kēlā i ka hopena o nā noi? Kūpono nā mea loiloi ʻo Coca-Cola, ke hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā haʻawina i mālama mua ʻia e Coke i hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole o nā kō a me nā mea inuʻai. E nānā pono ana au i ka lā ʻapōpō ma kekahi o nā haʻawina a Coke i kālā ai - a laila hāʻawi ʻia i kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

ʻO Rob Waters kahi mea kākau olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Berkeley, Kaleponi a me kahi mea noiʻi noiʻi no US Right to Know. Ua puka mua kēia moʻolelo i Forbes ma Iulai 10.

CDC SPIDER: hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe ʻepekema no ka hopena o ka ʻoihana ma ke keʻena olakino

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Na Carey Gillam

ʻO nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hana o loko o ka US Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC) e piʻi nei i loko o nā mahina i hala aku nei ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o nā ʻaoʻao hui ʻoluʻolu. I kēia manawa ua hōʻike kahi hui ʻepekema ʻoi aku ka nui o ka ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe i kahi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka ʻaha aupuni pekelala e hoʻohuli ʻia e nā ʻoihana a me nā pono politika i nā ala a nā poʻe ʻauhau hoʻololi pōkole.

ʻO kahi hui e kapa iā lākou iho ʻo CDC Scientists Preservation Integrity, Diligence and Ethics in Research, a i ʻole CDC SPIDER, ua kau i kahi papa inoa o nā hoʻopiʻi ma ke kākau ʻana i kahi leka i ka CDC Luna Nui o nā limahana a hāʻawi ʻia he kope o ka leka i ka hui kiaʻi lehulehu US kuleana e ʻike (USRTK). Ua koho nā lālā o ka hui e faila inoa ʻole i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka makaʻu i ka hoʻopaʻi.

"Me he mea lā e hoʻohuli ʻia ana kā mākou nuʻukia e nā ʻaoʻao i waho a me nā makemake kolohe ... a ʻo ka manaʻo nui o ka ʻAhaʻāina no kā mākou ʻoihana e keʻakeʻa ʻia nei e kekahi o ko mākou mau alakaʻi. ʻO ka mea e hopohopo nui nei iā mākou, ʻo ia ke lilo nei i mea maʻamau a ʻaʻole ia he ʻokoʻa kūikawā, ”i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka leka. "ʻO kēia mau hana kānalua a me nā hana ʻole e hoʻoweliweli e hoʻoweliweli i ko mākou hilinaʻi a me ko mākou kūlana ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi hilinaʻi i ke olakino lehulehu."

Kuhi ka hoʻopiʻi i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe i kahi "uhi" o ka hana maikaʻi ʻole o kahi papahana olakino wahine i kapa ʻia ʻo Screening and Evaluation Integrated for Woman Across the Nation, a i ʻole WISEWOMAN. Hāʻawi ka papahana i nā lawelawe pale maʻamau e kōkua i nā wahine 40 a 64 mau makahiki e hōʻemi i kā lākou mau pilikia no ka maʻi puʻuwai, a paipai i nā ola olakino. Hoʻolako kālā ʻo CDC i kēia manawa i nā polokalamu 21 WISEWOMAN ma o nā mokuʻāina a me nā ʻohana ʻohana. Wahi a ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi aia kahi hana i hoʻohui ʻia i loko o ka CDC e kuhi hewa ʻole i ka ʻikepili i hāʻawi ʻia i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo a ua ʻike ʻia e pili ana ka papahana i ka nui o nā wahine ma mua o ka maoli.

"Ua hoʻololi ʻia nā wehewehe ʻana a 'kuke' ʻia ka ʻike i nā hopena ma mua o kā lākou," i ʻōlelo ai ka hoʻopiʻi. "ʻO kahi 'loiloi kūloko' e pili ana i nā limahana ma CDC a ua kāohi nui ʻia nā mea i loaʻa ai no laila ʻaʻole e ʻike ka poʻe media a me / a i ʻole nā ​​limahana o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo i nā pilikia."
Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua leka nei, ʻo Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro, kahi Democrat mai Connecticut, ʻo ia nō he mea kākoʻo i ka papahana, ua noi aku iā CDC e pili ana i ka ʻikepili. ʻO kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no kāna keʻena, ua hōʻoia ʻia e like me ka nui.

Hoʻopiʻi pū ka hoʻopiʻi i nā kumuwaiwai i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻolaʻa ʻia i nā papahana home no ʻAmelika ke kuhikuhi ʻia nei e hana i nā pilikia olakino a me nā noiʻi.

A ke ʻōlelo nei ka hoʻopiʻi ma ke ʻano "hoʻopilikia" i nā pilina ma waena o ka mea inu ʻoluʻolu ʻo Coca-Cola Co., kahi hui hoʻolaha i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola, a me ʻelua mau luna kiʻekiʻe o ka CDC - ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman nāna i kuhikuhi i ka CDC's Division for Heart Disease a ʻO ka pale ʻana i ka hahau a hiki i ka hoʻomaha ʻana i Iune, a me Kauka Michael Pratt, Kākoʻo ʻoi loa no ka Health Health ma ka National Center for Chronic Disease Prevent and Health Promotional (NCCDPHP) ma ka CDC.

Bowman, hoʻomaha ma hope o nā hōʻike o ka mea a ka hoʻopiʻi i kapa ai he pilina "kaulike" me Coca-Cola a me ka pūʻulu hoihoi nonprofit i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Coca-Cola i kapa ʻia ʻo International Life Science Institute (ILSI). ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) nā noi a USRTK i hōʻike ʻia i kāna kuleana CDC, e kamaʻilio mau ana ʻo Bowman me - a hāʻawi i ke alakaʻi i - kahi alakaʻi nui Coca-Cola e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i nā luna olakino honua e pili ana i ke kulekele kō a me nā mea inu mea.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia hoʻi nā leka uila He moʻolelo ko Pratt o ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ke kōkua ʻana i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka noiʻi i loaʻa kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola ʻoiai e hana ʻia ana e ka CDC. Ke hana pū nei ʻo Pratt me ILSI, ka mea e kākoʻo ana i ka papahana o nā mea inu a me nā mea ʻai, ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma o FOIA. ʻO nā pepa noiʻi i hui pū ʻia e Pratt i uku hapa ʻia e Coca-Cola, a ua loaʻa iā Pratt kālā kālā e hele i nā hanana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana.

I ka mahina i hala, Pratt lawe i kahi kūlana ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi San Diego Institute no ka Health Health. ʻO ka mahina aʻe, ke hui pū nei ʻo ILSI me ka UCSD e hoʻopaʻa i kahi hālāwai kūkā e pili ana i ka "hana kaulike o ka ikehu," i hoʻolālā ʻia no Nowemapa 30 a i Kekemapa 1 o kēia makahiki. ʻO kekahi o nā mea hoʻoponopono kekahi ʻepekema CDC ʻē aʻe, ʻo Janet Fulton, ke poʻokela o ka CDC's Physical Action and Health Branch. Aia ʻo Pratt i ka haʻalele makahiki mai ka CDC i kona wā i San Diego, e like me ka CDC.

Kūpono ke kolamu i ka leka uila o ka "koena ikehu" a Coca-Cola e hoʻokuke nei. ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu i lawe ʻia i kō a me nā mea inu ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka momona a i ʻole nā ​​pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻo ka hemahema o ka hoʻoikaika kino ka mea hewa mua, hele ka manaʻo.

Ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka papaʻai meaʻai ka pīhoihoi nā pilina no ka mea ʻo ka misiona a ka CDC ke pale nei i ke olakino lehulehu, akā naʻe kokoke kekahi mau luna o ka CDC me kahi ʻoihana, e ʻōlelo nā noiʻi, ua hoʻopili ʻia i ma kahi o 180,000 ka make i kēlā me kēia makahiki ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, me 25,000 ma United States. Manaʻo ʻia ka CDC e pane nei i ka piʻi ʻana o ka helu momona ma waena o nā keiki, ʻaʻole e holomua i nā pono inu mea inu.

ʻAʻole e kamaʻilio ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC ʻo Kathy Harben i ka mea a ke keʻena e hana nei, inā he mea, e pane ana i ka hoʻopiʻi a SPIDER, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻohana ana ka ʻoihana i kahi "piha piha o nā kānāwai etika pekelala, nā lula, a me nā kulekele" i pili i nā mea āpau. nā limahana pekelala. "

"Mālama nui ʻo CDC i kāna kuleana e mālama i nā lula o ka loina, e hoʻomaopopo i nā limahana e pili ana iā lākou, a hana i nā hana e kūpono ai i kēlā me kēia manawa a mākou e aʻo ai i ka hoʻokō ʻole o nā limahana," wahi a Harben. "Hāʻawi mākou i kahi hoʻomaʻamaʻa maʻamau e kamaʻilio me nā limahana i ka pehea e hoʻokō ai i nā koi a me ka hōʻalo i nā hana hewa."

Pau ka hoʻopiʻi a ka hui SPIDER me kahi noi no ka hoʻokele CDC e hoʻoponopono i nā mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia. e "hana i ka mea kūpono."

E lana ka manaʻo e hoʻolohe mai ana kekahi.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma Huffington Post

He aha nā mea e hana nei ma ka CDC? Pono e pono ke nānā pono i ka Ethics Agency

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ʻO nā luna ma nā Centres for Disease Control a me Prevent ka lima i piha i kēia mau lā. Ua pā ikaika ka maʻi ʻApelika i ka poʻe ʻAmelika, e hāpai ana i nā pilikia no ka maʻi puʻuwai, ka hahau, ʻano diabetes he 2 a me kekahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO ka momona momona ka pilikia nui.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo World Health Organization (WHO) Luna Hoʻokele Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Margaret Chan ʻo ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā mea inu momona piha kō i mea kōkua nui i ka piʻi ʻana o ka nui momona ma waena o nā keiki, e ʻōlelo ana i nā mea i kapu ʻia ma ka inu ʻana i ka wai momona.

ʻOiai ua kūʻē nui ka ʻoihana inu, ua hala kekahi mau kūlanakauhale o US, a i ʻole ke hoʻāʻo nei e hala, nā ʻauhau ma nā sosa sugary e hoʻonāwaliwali i ka ʻai ʻana. Mai Berkeley, Kaleponi i lilo i kūlanakauhale mua ma ʻAmelika e ʻauhau i kahi ʻauhau soda i ka makahiki 2014, ua emi iho ka ʻai ma mua o 20 pākēneka ma kekahi mau wahi o ke kūlanakauhale i kahi hōʻike paʻi ʻia ʻAukake 23 e ka American Journal of Public Health. Hoʻopili ʻia kahi ʻauhau soda Mekiko me kahi kulu like o ke kūʻai mai ʻana me ka soda, e like me noiʻi paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki. Manaʻo kekahi e ʻoliʻoli nui ʻia nā hana e ka CDC. A ʻoiai, ma mua o kēia makahiki kahi hōʻike noiʻi CDC i ʻōlelo ʻia e pono ai nā hana kolohe e hōʻoia ai i ka poʻe ʻAmelika e ʻokiʻoki i nā mea inu momona.

Akā ma hope o nā hanana, hōʻike nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana ma mua o ka hōʻoki ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, nā luna kiʻekiʻe ma waena o ka ʻO ka CDC National Center no ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi maʻi a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ke olakino ke ʻoluʻolu nei i ka mea inu mea nui ʻo Coca-Cola a me kāna mau mea kōkua ʻoihana, ʻoiai i kekahi mau manawa ke kōkua nei i ka ʻoihana ke kuhi nei ʻaʻole hewa ka sodas.

Ma ka liʻiliʻi he hoʻokahi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kūloko e pili ana i ka ʻoihana i waiho ʻia i kēia mahina, e like me ke kumu i loko o ka CDC. A ke hele nei paha nā mea ʻē aʻe ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema i loko o ka CDC e hoʻāʻo nei e kūʻē i kahi moʻomeheu e mahi ana i nā pilina pili loa me nā pono ʻoihana.

ʻO ka nānā hou ʻana o ka loiloi ʻo ia nā pilina ma waena o Michael Pratt, Kūkā aʻoaʻo no Global Health i ka CDC kahi maʻi pale maʻi, a me ka hua mele a Coca-Cola - ka hui hoihoi ʻoihana nonprofit i kapa ʻia ʻo International Life Science Institute (ILSI.) Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ISLI e ʻO Coca-Cola ʻepekema a me nā alakaʻi o nā mea pili kānāwai Alex Malaspina ma 1978, a ke hoʻomau nei i ke kākoʻo no ka papahana o nā mea inu a me nā ʻoihana meaʻai. ʻIke kekahi ma ke kaiāulu ʻepekema iā ILSI ma mua o kahi hui mua i manaʻo ʻia e holomua i nā pono o kēlā mau ʻoihana me ka nānā iki ʻole i ka pono o ka lehulehu.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻike nui ʻia ke kālā a me ka mana o ILSI ma ka CDC, a ʻo kā Pratt hana me ka ILSI kahi laʻana nui loa. Hōʻike nā palapala i ka lōʻihi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o Pratt a me ke kōkua ʻana i ke noiʻi alakaʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a me ILSI.

Hoʻokahi mea i ka piko o ka papahana no Coca-Cola a me ILSI ke loaʻa nei ka ʻae no ka manaʻo o ke kaulike ikehu. Ma mua o ka nānā ʻana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻai o nā meaʻai kō a me nā mea inu e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i ka momona a me nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe, pono ka poʻe hana kulekele e nānā i ka hemahema o ka hoʻoikaika kino ma ke ʻano he mea hewa mua, wahi a ka ʻoihana. Manaʻo ʻia kēlā ʻano wili kime mai nā ʻoihana e loaʻa kālā i kēlā mau meaʻai momona a me nā mea inu. Ke pale nei lākou i kā lākou loaʻa kālā.

Akā ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo pehea e hiki ai i ka CDC ke kau inoa ma ka pili o Pratt i ka hana ʻoihana. ʻO kēia limahana lehulehu, kuhi paha i kahi uku uku kālā a ka mea ʻauhau, ua hoʻolilo ia i mau makahiki i hala e hana ana i nā ʻano hana a kokoke i ka ʻoihana: Ua kākau ʻo ia i kahi Ke aʻo olakino a me ka meaʻai maikaʻi ʻo Latin America a me nā pepa e pili ana i kālā kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a me ILSI; ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano hecientific "aʻoaʻo" i ka ILSI ʻAmelika Hema, e lawelawe ana ma ke kōmike ILSI no ka "koena ikehu a me ka nohona hana."

A hiki i ka nānā ʻana o kāna mau hana, ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka ʻO ka Papa Kālā Kālā Research Foundation ʻo ILSI (ua wehe ʻia kāna bio mai ka pūnaewele ma mua o kēia mahina). Ua lawelawe ʻo Pratt ma ke ʻano he kākāʻōlelo no an ke ao holoʻokoʻa o ka momona keiki i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola. A no ka makahiki i hala aku nei a ʻoi paha, ua kū ʻo ia i kahi kūlana ma ke ʻano he polofesa ma ke Kula Nui ʻo Emory, he kulanui noiʻi pilikino ma Atlanta i loaʻa miliona miliona kālā mai nā hui Coca-Cola.

Wahi a ka CDC ua pau kā Pratt hana manawa ma Emory. Akā i kēia manawa ua hele ʻo Pratt i ke Kulanui o San Diego (UCSD) e lilo i kuleana no ka Luna Hoʻokele o ka UCSD Institute for Health Health. A me ke kuʻina ʻole - ʻaʻole paha - ke hui pū nei ʻo ISLI me ka UCSD ma a “Hui kūkā kū hoʻokahi” pili i ka "hana kaulike ikehu" i hoʻolālā ʻia no Nowemapa 30 a i Kekemapa 1 o kēia makahiki. ʻO kekahi o nā mea hoʻoponopono kekahi ʻepekema CDC ʻē aʻe, ʻo Janet Fulton, ke poʻokela o ka CDC's Physical Action and Health Branch.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i kā Pratt hana no kēia mau kuleana ʻē aʻe ma waho, a nīnau inā ua loaʻa iā ia ka ʻae a me ka ʻae kūpono no nā hana, ua haʻi wale ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC ʻo Kathy Harben e hana ana ʻo Pratt i kāna hana ma UCSD i ka wā hoʻomaha makahiki mai ka CDC. Inā makemake ka lehulehu e ʻike inā ua hōʻike pono ʻo Pratt i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi a loaʻa nā ʻae no kāna hana waho, pono mākou e faila i kahi noi Freedom o ka ʻIkepili, i ʻōlelo ʻo Harben.

ʻAʻole ia he manaʻo hoʻohiki kūikawā i hāʻawi ʻia i nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia mai nei e ka CDC e pili ana i nā pili o nā limahana iā Coca-Cola i huli wale ʻia ma hope o ka hōʻeleʻele ʻana o ka nui o nā kamaʻilio. ʻO kēlā mau leka uila e pili ana i ka hoa hana mua o Pratt ʻo Dr. Barbara Bowman, ʻo ia ka luna o ka CDC's Division for Heart Disease a me ka Stroke Prevent a hiki i ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana i kēia kauwela ma waena o ka nānā ʻana o kāna pili iā Coca-Cola. He mea kōkua ʻo Bowman i ke kōkua ʻana i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i nā kālā CDC i kahi pāhana hānai a ILSI e hana pū nei me ka US Department of Agriculture e hoʻomohala i kahi “database ʻai mea inoa”.

ʻO nā kamaʻilio leka uila i kiʻi ʻia ʻaʻole i hana hou ʻia e hōʻike ana ʻo Bowman, kahi Coca-Cola nutrisyista mua, mālama i kahi pilina pili loa me ka ʻoihana a me ILSI ke kū ʻana i ke kūlana ma ka CDC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hauʻoli ʻo Bowman e kōkua i ka ʻoihana inu e hoʻoulu i ka politika me ka World Health Organisation (WHO) ʻoiai e hoʻāʻo e paʻi i ke kānāwai no nā mea inu momona momona. Ua hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio mau e pili ana iā ILSI a me nā makemake o nā mea inu. Ua "hoʻomaha" ʻo Bowman i ka hopena o Iune ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o kēlā mau leka uila.

He moʻolelo ko ka ILSI o ka hana ʻana e komo i loko o nā ʻoihana olakino lehulehu. He hōʻike na ke kākāʻōlelo i ka WHO ʻike ua hoʻokomo ʻo ILSI i ka hui me nā ʻepekema, kālā a me ka noiʻi e loaʻa ai ka makemake no nā huahana ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolālā. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā hana paka a WHO ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana paka.

No laila e hopohopo paha ka lehulehu? ʻ sayslelo ka CDC ʻaʻole. Akā ʻo mākou ma ka hui mea kūʻai US kuleana e ʻike i ka manaʻo he pane koʻikoʻi. ʻO ka nuʻukia o ka CDC ka pale ʻana i ke olakino lehulehu, a he pilikia no nā luna ʻoihana e hana pū me kahi hoihoi ʻoihana e hōʻike i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi olakino o kāna huahana. Ke ulu nei nā nīnau e pili ana i nā kuʻikahi a me nā hana a kekahi mau luna CDC, a ʻo ka manawa kēia i loaʻa i ka lehulehu ka pane.

(Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i The Hill - http://www.thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/healthcare/293482-what-is-going-on-at-the-cdc-health-agency-ethics-need-scrutiny)

ʻIke hou ʻia nā kaula Coca-Cola i loko o nā kikowaena o US no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi

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I Iune, ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, kahi luna kiʻekiʻe ma waena o nā Centers for Disease Control and Prevent, haʻalele haʻalele i ka ʻoihana, ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana e hōʻike ana e kamaʻilio mau ana ʻo ia me - a hāʻawi i ke alakaʻi i - kahi alakaʻi nui Coca-Cola e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i nā luna olakino honua e pili ana i nā mea pili i ka kō a me ka mea inu.

I kēia manawa, manaʻo hou aʻe nā leka uila e pili like ka pili o kahi luna koa CDC kahiko i ka pilikua inu palupalu o ka honua. ʻO Michael Pratt, Kūkākūkā Kākoʻo no ka Health Global ma ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevention and Health Promotional ma ka CDC, kahi moʻolelo o ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ke kōkua ʻana i nā noiʻi alakaʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola. Hana pū ʻo Pratt me kahi hui hoihoi ʻoihana hui ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola i kapa ʻia ʻo International Life Science Institute (ILSI), nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi ʻana o Freedom of Information.

ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Pratt i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna hana, e hoʻopili ana i kahi kūlana ma ke ʻano he polofesa ma Emory University, he kulanui noiʻi pilikino ma Atlanta i loaʻa miliona miliona kālā mai ka Coca-Cola Foundation a ʻoi aʻe ma mua o $ 100 miliona mai ke alakaʻi kaulana loa o Coca-Cola ʻo Robert W. Woodruff a ʻo ko Woodruff kaikuaʻana ʻo George. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo kā Coca-Cola kākoʻo kālā no Emory ikaika loa i ke kulanui ʻōlelo ma kāna pūnaewele ia "manaʻo ʻole ʻia he ʻuhane kula ʻilihuna e inu i nā lama kopa ʻē aʻe ma ka pā kula."

Ua haʻi aku ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC ʻo Kathy Harben iā Pratt ma kahi "manawa hana" i ke Kulanui ʻo Emory akā ua pau kāna hana ma Emory "a ua hoʻi hou ʻo ia ma luna o nā limahana ma CDC." Hōʻike mau nā pūnaewele ʻo Emory University iā Pratt e like me ke ʻano i hāʻawi ʻia ma ke ʻano he polopeka ma laila.

Nānā ʻole, noiʻi e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ʻo US Right to Know e hōʻike ana iā Pratt kekahi luna kiʻekiʻe o ka CDC kiʻekiʻe me nā pili kokoke iā Coca-Cola. A ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka papaʻai meaʻai no ka mea ʻo ka misiona a ka CDC ke pale nei i ke olakino lehulehu, pilikia ia no nā luna ʻoihana e hana pū me kahi hoihoi ʻoihana e hōʻike i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o nā pilikia olakino o kāna huahana.

"Weliweli kēia mau hoʻopili ʻana no ka mea kōkua lākou i ka hāʻawi i ke kūpono i ka wili ʻana o ka ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e Andy Bellatti, he mea mālamaʻai a me ka mea hoʻokumu o Dietitians no Professional Integrity.

ʻO kahi leka nui a Coca-Cola e kāohi nei "Koena ikehu."ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu i lawe ʻia i kō a me nā mea inu ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka momona a i ʻole nā ​​pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻo ka hemahema o ka hoʻoikaika kino ka mea hewa mua, hele ka manaʻo. "Ke māhuahua nei ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka momona a me ka momona ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, a ʻoiai nā kumu he nui i pili, ʻo ke kumu kumu i ka hapanui o nā hihia ke kaulike ʻole ma waena o nā calorie i pau a me nā calorie i lilo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola ma kāna pūnaewele.

"ʻIke nui ka ʻoihana soda i ka pale ʻana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana mai nā hopena olakino maikaʻi maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea inu kō a me nā hana kino," wahi a Bellatti.

Hele mai ka leka uila i kahi manawa ke koi nei nā luna olakino olakino ākea e hana i ka ʻai kō a me nā mea inu, a ke hoʻokō nei kekahi mau kūlanakauhale i nā ʻauhau i hoʻohui ʻia i nā soda e hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻai ʻana. Ke hakakā nei ʻo Coca-Cola i kekahi ʻāpana ma o ka hāʻawi kālā ʻana no nā ʻepekema a me nā hui i kākoʻo i ka ʻoihana me ka noiʻi a me nā hōʻike ʻike.

ʻO kā Pratt hana me ka ʻoihana e kūpono i loko o kēlā hana leka. ʻO ka makahiki i hala ua kākau pū ʻo ia kahi noiʻi olakino a me ka meaʻai Lākina Latin Americaa me nā pepa e pili ana i kālā kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a me ILSI e noiʻi i nā papaʻai o kēlā me kēia kanaka ma nā ʻāina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a e hoʻokumu i kahi waihona no ke aʻo ʻana i ka “pili paʻakikī e kū nei ma waena o ka palaka ʻole o ka ikehu, ka momona a me nā maʻi maʻi e pili pū ana…” ʻo Pratt kekahi e hana nei. ma ke ʻano he "aʻoaʻo" ʻepekema iā ILSI ʻAmelika Hema, e lawelawe ana ma ke kōmike ILSI no ka "koena ikehu a me ka nohona hana." A he lālā ʻo ia no ka ʻO ka Papa Kālā Kālā Research Foundation ʻo ILSI. Ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ma kahi aʻo honua o ka momona keiki i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola.

ʻO ko ILSI lālā ʻAmelika Hema, nona nā lālā e pili ana iā Coca-Cola, PepsiCo Inc., Dr Pepper Snapple Group a ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻelua mau kakini mau mea ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, nā mokuʻāina ʻo ia ka holomua o ka "ʻike a me ka noi ʻana o ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka nutritional a palekana o ka lako meaʻai. ” Akā manaʻo kekahi mau ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa a me nā mea hana ʻoihana mea ʻai i ka ILSI kahi hui mua i manaʻo ʻia e holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola ʻepekema a me nā alakaʻi o ka hoʻoponopono alakaʻi Alex Malaspina i ka makahiki 1978. He pilina lōʻihi loa ko ILSI me ka World Health Organisation, e hana pū ana me kekahi manawa me kāna Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a me ka WHO International Agency. no ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka papahana o ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana kimia.

aka, he hōʻike na ke kākāʻōlelo iā WHO ua ʻike ʻo ILSI e hoʻokomo ana iā WHO a me FAO me nā ʻepekema, kālā a me nā noiʻi e loaʻa ai ka makemake no nā huahana ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolālā. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohiolo i nā hana kaohi paka WHO ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana paka.

Hoʻokahi ʻApelila 2012 hoʻololi leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi a Freedom of Information e hōʻike iā Pratt ma ke ʻano he pōʻai o nā polopeka e kamaʻilio pū ana me Rhona Applebaum, a laila ʻo ka luna ʻepekema a me nā luna hoʻomalu o Coca-Cola, e pili ana i nā pilikia e loaʻa ka launa ʻana ma kahi noiʻi ma Mekiko mai ka National Institute of Health Public. ʻAʻole makemake ka Institute e "pāʻani kinipōpō ma muli o ka mea nāna i kākoʻo i ke aʻo ʻana," e like me ka leka uila a Peter Katzmarzyk, he polofesa ʻepekema hoʻoikaika kino ma ka Pennington Biomedical Research Center ma ke Kulanui o Louisiana State, i hoʻouna ʻia i ka hui. Ua pale aku ʻo Appelbaum i ke kūpaʻa o ka noiʻi a hōʻike i ka huhū i ke kūlana, ke kākau ʻana "No laila inā lawe ka ʻepekema maikaʻi iā $$$ mai Coke - he aha? - ua hanaʻino lākou? ʻOiai ke holomua nei lākou i ka pono o ka lehulehu? ” I ka pānaʻi leka uila a Pratt i hāʻawi aku ai i ke kōkua

Hōʻike nā leka uila i kā Pratt kamaʻilio ʻana me Applebaum, ʻo ia ka mea i lawelawe i kahi manawa ma ke ʻano he pelekikena ʻo ILSI, i hoʻomau ʻia ma waena o 2014, me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka hana no “Exercise is Medicine,” ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi hana i 2007 na Coca-Cola a no ia mea He lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo Pratt.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Applebaum i ka ʻoihana ma 2015 ma hope o ka Pūnaewele Balance Energy Energy ua kōkua ʻo ia e hoʻokumu i lalo o ka nānā ākea ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi i ka mea ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o kahi hui hoʻolaha Coca-Cola. Ua ninini ʻo Coca-Cola ma kahi o $ 1.5 miliona i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka hui, me kahi makana he $ 1 miliona i ke Kulanui o Colorado. Akā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola pili i ka hui i kahi ʻatikala ma The New York Times, a ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema a me nā luna olakino lehulehu i hoʻopiʻi i ka pūnaewele o "peddling science scientist," ua hoʻihoʻi ke kulanui i ke kālā iā Coca-Cola. ʻO ka pūnaewele ua hoʻopau ʻia i ka hopena o 2015 ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila i hōʻike nui ʻia ka hana a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana i ka pūnaewele e hoʻohuli i ka noiʻi ʻepekema i nā mea inu momona.

Kūleʻa nui ʻo Coca-Cola i nā makahiki i hala aku nei i ka hana ʻana e pale i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka inu ʻana i nā mea inu me ka nui o ke kō a me nā loulou ma waena o nā mea inu momona a me nā maʻi ʻē aʻe. Ua hōʻike ʻo The New York Times i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻae ka luna nui o Coke, ʻo Muhtar Kent, ua lilo ka ʻoihana aneane he $ 120 miliona mai ka makahiki 2010 e uku no ka noiʻi olakino olakino a me nā pilina me nā hui olakino nui a me nā hui kaiāulu e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻōpona.

ʻO Marion Nestle, he polofesa no ka meaʻai pono, nā haʻawina meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York a me ka mea kākau o "Soda Politics," i ʻōlelo ʻia ke hana pū nā luna o ka CDC me ka ʻoihana, aia ka hakakā o ka hoihoi hoihoi e noʻonoʻo ai ka CDC.

"Ke holo nei nā luna o nā keʻena olakino lehulehu i ka makaʻu o ka cooptation, hopu ʻana, a i ʻole kūʻē o ka hoihoi ke pili pono lākou me nā ʻoihana nona ka hana e kūʻai aku i nā huahana meaʻai, me ka nānā ʻole i nā hopena o ia huahana i ke olakino," wahi a Nestle.

Pili nā pilina o Pratt iā Coca-Cola a me ILSI me nā mea i ʻike ʻia me Bowman. ʻO Bowman, nāna i alakaʻi i ka CDC's Division no ka maʻi puʻuwai a me ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ahulau, ua hana mua ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he nutristiano nui loa no Coca-Cola a ma hope ma ke CDC hui pū ʻia kahi puke o kahi puke i kapa ʻia ʻo Present Knowledge in Nutrite ma ke ʻano “kahi paʻi o ka International Life Science Institute."Ua hōʻike nā leka uila ma waena o Bowman a me Malaspina i nā kamaʻilio mau e pili ana iā ILSI a me nā makemake o nā mea inu.

I ko Bowman noho ʻana, i Mei 2013, ua kono ʻo ILSI a me nā mea hoʻonohonoho ʻē aʻe iā Bowman a me ka CDC i komo i kahi papahana Ua hana pū ʻia ʻo ILSI me ka US Department of Agriculture e hoʻomohala i kahi “database hōʻaiʻē inoa”. E uku ʻia nā kumukūʻai huakaʻi no Bowman e ILSI, i ʻōlelo ʻia i ke kono. Ua ʻae ʻo Bowman e komo a hāʻawi ka CDC i ke kālā, ma ka liʻiliʻi he $ 25,000, ua hōʻoia ʻo Harben, e kākoʻo i ka papahana database. ʻO ke kōmike hoʻokele lālā he 15 mau lālā no ka papahana i mālama ʻia i ʻeono mau ʻelele ILSI, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala.

Ua hana ʻo Bowman lāua ʻo Pratt ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Ursula Bauer, ka luna o ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevent and Health Promotional. Ma hope o ke kuleana pono o US e ʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana i ka pili o Bowman iā ILSI a me Coca-Cola, pale aku ʻo Bauer i ka pilina. i kahi leka uila i kāna mau limahana, ʻ sayinglelo ana "ʻaʻole ia he mea maʻamau no Barbara - a i ʻole kekahi o mākou- e kūlike me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i like ka hoihoi i kā mākou wahi o ka hana ..."

Akā, Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bowman kahi hoʻomaha loa i manaʻo ʻole ʻia mai CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o nā leka uila. Ua hōʻole mua ʻo CDC ua haʻalele ʻo ia i ua ʻoihana nei, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo Harben i kēia pule no ka mea ua liuliu ka manawa e "hana" i ka hoʻololi a Bowman i ka hoʻomaha loa.

Hāpai nā pilina i nā nīnau pili e pili ana i kahi kokoke loa ke hana pū nā luna lehulehu me nā pono ʻoihana e hiki ke hakakā me nā makemake o ka lehulehu.

ʻO Yoni Freedhoff, MD, he loea kōkua no ka lāʻau lapaʻau ʻohana ma ke Kulanui o Ottawa a me ka mea hoʻokumu o ka Bariatric Medical Institute, ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia he pilikia maoli ke pili loa nā luna olakino lehulehu me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

"A hiki i ko mākou ʻike ʻana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o nā hakakā o ka hoihoi me ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu, aia kahi kokoke i kēia mau hakakā e hoʻohuli i ke ʻano a me ka ikaika o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a me nā papahana i nā ala e ʻoluʻolu ai i nā ʻoihana nāna nā huahana e hāʻawi i ka ukana. o ka maʻi ʻo ia mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo like a me nā papahana i manaʻo ʻia e kamaʻilio, "wahi a Freedhoff.

(Ua puka mua ka pou ma Ka Huffington Post )

E hāhai iā Carey Gillam ma Twitter:

ʻO ke keʻena kūhelu kūhelu CDC ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻana o Coca-Cola i ka mālamalama

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ʻO Barbara bio pic (1)

Na Carey Gillam

He alakaʻi kūpuna i loko o ka -Oaio? A no ka mai a me ka Makuahine Kāohi Ua hoʻolaha ʻo ia i kona haʻalele koke ʻana mai ka ʻoihana i ka Pōʻahā, ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka maopopo ʻana ke hāʻawi nei ʻo ia i alakaʻi i kahi alakaʻi nui Coca-Cola e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i nā luna olakino o ka honua e pili ana i nā mea pili i ka kō a me ka mea inu.

Ma kāna kūlana ma CDC, ua komo ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o ka CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevent, i loko o nā hanana kulekele olakino no ka ʻāpana i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka hāʻawi ʻana i "alakaʻi olakino lehulehu." Ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ka CDC ma 1992.

ʻO ka luna o Bowman, ʻo Ursula Bauer, Luna Hoʻokele, National Center for Prevent Disease Prevent and Health Promotional, ua hoʻouna aku i kahi leka uila i nā limahana ma hope o kaʻu moʻolelo 28 Iune i kēia blog hōʻike i nā pili Coca-Cola. I kēlā leka uila, ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ia i ka pololei o ka hōʻike, a ʻoiai ʻo ia i pale aku i nā hana a Bowman, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka "ʻike e lawe ʻia paha e kekahi poʻe heluhelu mai ka ʻatikala ʻaʻole kūpono." Ua aʻo aku ʻo ia i nā limahana e hōʻalo i nā hana like, me ka ʻōlelo ʻana i ke kūlana "he hoʻomanaʻo nui ia no ka ʻōlelo kahiko inā ʻaʻole mākou e makemake e ʻike ma ka ʻaoʻao mua o ka nūpepa a laila ʻaʻole pono mākou e hana."

Ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka puka ʻana o Bowman ma o nā leka uila i loko. Ua haʻi ʻo Bowman i nā hoa hana i kahi leka uila CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i ka Pōʻalima ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e haʻalele i ka "hopena o ka mahina i hala." ʻAʻole ʻo ia i kuhikuhi iki i nā hōʻike e pili ana i kāna pili me Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​mea hopohopo ʻē aʻe.

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Bauer i kahi leka uila ʻokoʻa mahalo iā Bowman hana me CDC. "Ua lawelawe ʻo Barbara me ke ʻano ʻokoʻa a he hoa ikaika, hana hou, hoʻolaʻa a kākoʻo hoʻi. E haʻo nui ʻia ʻo ia e ko mākou kikowaena a me CDC, ”i ʻōlelo ʻo Bauer i ka leka uila.

ʻO ko Bowman haʻalele ʻana i hele mai i ka manawa a nā nīnau e pili ana iā Bowman a me kāna ʻoihana e ʻīlio nei i ka ʻoihana, e like me nā kumu i loko o ka CDC. Ma waho aʻe o nā nīnau e pili ana i ka pili iā Coca-Cola, ka mea e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻihoʻi i nā kulekele e hoʻoponopono ana a i ʻole ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā mea inu momona, aia kekahi mau nīnau e pili ana i ka pono a me ka maopopo o kahi papahana i kapa ʻia WiseWahine, ka mea e hāʻawi ai i nā wahine haʻahaʻa, loaʻa ʻole i ka poʻe i inikua ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​insinsured me ka loiloi ʻana i nā maʻi kūpilikiʻi mau o ka maʻi, nā papahana nohona, a me nā lawelawe i hāʻawi ʻia i mea e pale aku ai i ka maʻi maʻi maʻi. Hele mai ka haʻalele i kahi lā ma hope o ka hui aʻu e hana nei - Pono ʻo US e ʻike - waiho ʻia i kahi FOIA ʻē aʻe e ʻimi nei i kahi kamaʻilio hou.

Ua hala nā pilina o Coca-Cola i hala he mau makahiki no Bowman, a hoʻopaʻa iā ia i ka luna kiʻekiʻe mua o Coca-Cola a me ka mea hoʻolālā ʻo Alex Malaspina. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Malaspina, me ke kōkua a Coca-Cola, i ka hui ʻoihana hoʻopaʻapaʻa International Life Science Institute (ILSI). Ua hana mua ʻo Bowman i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he nutristiano kiʻekiʻe loa no Coca-Cola, e like me nā kumuwaiwai, a ua kākau ʻo ia i kahi puke o ka puke i kapa ʻia ʻo Present Knowledge in Nutrite ma ke ʻano he "Kahi paʻi o ka International Life Science Institute."

Ua kāhea ʻia ka kaulana o ILSI i mau manawa no nā hoʻolālā i hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻāʻo e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i nā pilikia pili i ke olakino.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā kamaʻilio leka uila e US Right to Know ma o ka mokuʻāina Freedom of information i hōʻike ʻia ua hauʻoli ʻo Bowman e kōkua iā Malaspina, ʻo ia ka alakaʻi mua o ka ʻepekema a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana a Coca-Cola, a me ka ʻoihana inu mea kanu i ka politika me ka World Health Organization. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila iā Malaspina, e hōʻike ana i nā makemake o Coca-Cola a me ISLI, e hoʻopiʻi nei no ka hāʻawi ʻana o ka World Health Organization i kahi poʻohiwi anu ʻo ILSI. Aia i loko o nā leka uila nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka hopohopo e pili ana i kā Coca-Cola hou Coca-Cola Life, ʻono loa ʻia me stevia, a me nā loiloi i loko ona he kō a ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o ka palena o ka lā i koi ʻia e WHO.

Ua hele mai nā kamaʻilio e like me ka hana ʻana o ka mea inu inu mai kahi papa o nā hana a puni ka honua e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka ʻai ʻana i nā mea inu momona ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā loulou i ka momona a me ka maʻi maʻamau ʻo 2.

Ua hele mai kahi hōʻeha koʻikoʻi i Iune i ka wā i haʻi aku ai ka Luna Hoʻokele o ka World Health Organisation (WHO) ʻo Margaret Chan ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā mea inu momona kō piha i mea kōkua nui i ka piʻi ʻana o ke keiki momona a puni ka honua, keu hoʻi i nā ʻāina kūkulu. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo WHO i kahi kulekele kō hou i Malaki 2015, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chan i nā kapu no ka inu ʻana i ka wai momona.

Ua hoʻokō ʻo Mekiko i kāna ʻauhau soda ponoʻī ma 2014, a he nui nā kūlanakauhale ma ka US a me ka honua holoʻokoʻa e noʻonoʻo nei i kēlā mau kapu a i ʻole disincentives, e like me nā ʻauhau i hoʻohui ʻia, ʻoiai ua hana ʻē aʻe kekahi. Ua hoʻopili ka ʻauhau soda Mekiko me ke kulu o nā kūʻai soda, e like me ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki.

Ua haʻi aku ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i kēia pule i ka hōʻike ʻole o nā leka uila i kahi hakakā a pilikia paha. Akā ʻo Robert Lustig, Kumu o Pediatrics ma ka Māhele o Endocrinology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ILSI he "pūʻulu mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai." A kuhikuhi ʻo ia ʻaʻole e kū ka CDC i ke kaohi ʻana i ka ʻai kō, ʻoiai ka hopohopo o ka WHO e pili ana i nā loulou i ka maʻi.

Hōʻike nā pānaʻi leka uila ua hana ʻo Bowman ma mua o ka pane wale ʻana i nā nīnau mai Malaspina. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i nā leka uila a me nā ʻike i hoʻouna ʻia i loaʻa iā ia mai nā hui ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā leka uila a Bowman me Malaspina i loaʻa a hoʻouna ʻia ma o kāna moʻokāki leka pilikino, ʻoiai ma ka liʻiliʻi o kekahi o nā kamaʻilio, ua hāʻawi ʻo Bowman i ka ʻike mai kāna leka uila CDC i kāna moʻokāki leka pilikino ma mua o ka hāʻawi ʻana iā Malaspina.

He pilina lōʻihi a loihi ʻo ILSI me ka World Health Organization, e hana pū ana i hoʻokahi manawa me kāna Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a me WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer and the International Program on Chemical Safe.

aka, he hōʻike na ke kākāʻōlelo iā WHO ua ʻike ʻo ILSI e hoʻokomo ana iā WHO a me FAO me nā ʻepekema, kālā a me nā noiʻi e loaʻa ai ka makemake no nā huahana ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolālā. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā hana paka a WHO ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua haʻalele mamao ʻo WHO iā ia iho mai ILSI. Akā ʻo nā nīnau e pili ana i ka mana ILSI i kupu hou i kēia puna ke pili ʻepekema me ILSI ua komo i loko o ka loiloi o ka controversial herbicide glyphosate, e hoʻopuka nei i kahi hoʻoholo i makemake ʻia iā Monsanto Co. a me ka ʻoihana pesticide.

E hāhai iā Carey Gillam ma Twitter: www.kauwewe.com/careygillam

(Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma The Huffington Post http://www.huffingtonpost.com/carey-gillam/cdc-official-exits-agency_b_10760490.html)