Pehea ʻo Tamar Haspel e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post

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ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi mea kākau moʻolelo manuahi nāna e kākau nei i nā kolamu meaʻai no ka Wakinekona Post mai ka lā ʻOkakopa 2013. Hoʻolaha pinepine kāna mau kolamu a pale i nā huahana ʻoihana pesticide, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā uku e kamaʻilio ma nā hanana kūlike i ka ʻoihana, a i kekahi manawa mai nā hui ʻoihana. ʻO kēia hana a nā mea nūpepa e loaʻa nei nā uku mai nā hui ʻoihana, i ʻike ʻia ʻo "buckraking," e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka objectivity.

ʻO kahi loiloi o nā kolamu Haspel's Washington Post e hoʻohuli i nā hopohopo hou. I nā hanana he nui, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel a wehewehe piha paha i nā pili o kāna ʻoihana, i ka hilinaʻi i nā noi slanted, nā ʻike i wae ʻia e nā cherry e kākoʻo i nā kūlana o ka ʻoihana, a i ʻole i kuhikuhi i nā hoʻolaha kūwaho ʻole. E ʻike i kā mākou loiloi kumu no nā palapala. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hakakā kālā Agrichemical o ka hoihoi

"ʻ speaklelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai au," Haspel i kākau ma kahi kamaʻilio pūnaewele 2015 mālama ʻia e ka Wakinekona Post, i ka pane ʻana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Ua haʻi ʻo Haspel ua hōʻike ʻo ia i kāna mau ʻōlelo i kamaʻilio ʻia nona pūnaewele pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​hui e hoʻolako kālā iā ia, a he aha ka nui a lākou e hāʻawi ai.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua, Ua kākau ʻo Haspel, "No ka mea ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

E like me ka Nā kūlana a me nā loina o Wakinekona, ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe nūpepa ke ʻae i nā makana, nā huakaʻi manuahi, ka mālama makemake ʻana a i ʻole ke ʻae manuahi ʻana mai nā kumuwaiwai nūhou, a "pono ​​e hana i nā hana āpau e noho i ka lehulehu, e noho ma waho o ke kahua, e hōʻike i ka nūhou, ʻaʻole e hana i ka nūhou." ʻAʻole pili kēia mau lula i nā freelancer, akā waiho ka pepa iā ia i nā luna hoʻoponopono e hoʻoholo.

ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o Haspel ʻo Joe Yonan Ua'ōleloʻo ia ʻoluʻolu ʻo ia me kā Haspel hoʻokokoke ʻana i nā hana haʻi ʻōlelo i uku ʻia a loaʻa iā ia he "kaulike kūpono."

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Pākuʻi ʻo Pro GMO

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Haspel i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i March 2013 i ka Huffington Post ("E hele Frankenfish! No ke aha mākou e pono ai iā GM Salmon"). ʻO kāna hope loa moʻo o nā ʻatikala no Huffington Post kia nui ʻia ma nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i nā pilikia o Glyphosate a Hānai holoholona GMO, hoʻopaʻapaʻa kue i ka lepili GMO hoʻolaha, a hoʻolaha i ka ʻoihana pesticide-kālā kālā ʻia pūnaewele Nā Pane GMO. ʻO kēlā pūnaewele ʻāpana o kahi kālā miliona-miliona ka papahana pili i ka lehulehu e hakakā i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia i ka hopena o nā hoʻolaha e lepili i nā GMO.

HuffPo Iulai 2013: ʻO kahi laʻana o pehea Haspel i hoʻolaha ai i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana me ke ʻano ʻole. Nā laʻana hou aʻe ma lalo. 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna kolamu meaʻai "Unearthed" i kēlā me kēia mahina ma ka Wakinekona Post ma hope koke iho, ma ʻOkakopa 2013, me kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i "he aha ia a ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo”E pili ana i nā GMO. Ua hoʻohiki ʻo ia e "ʻeli hohonu e hoʻāʻo e ʻike i ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā mea ʻaʻole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kā mākou lako meaʻai." Ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mea heluhelu e noʻonoʻo "ʻo wai ka mea āu e hilinaʻi ai" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO a ʻike i kekahi mau hui i hala ʻole i kāna hōʻike kūlike ʻole; ʻo ka Union of Scientist hopohopo i waena o lākou.

ʻO kolamu aʻe a Haspel, “GMO kahi kū hoʻokahi: Ma kahi e ʻae ai nā mea kākoʻo a me nā mea kūʻē, ”hāʻawi i ka laulā o nā kuanaʻike mai ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Eia nō naʻe, i nā kolamu e hiki mai ana, kākaʻikahi ka Haspel ʻōlelo ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoihoi o ka lehulehu a hoʻoliʻiliʻi loa i kahi i nā kumuwaiwai olakino ma mua o nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana. 'Quoteslelo pinepineʻo ia i nā poʻe loea i ka "ʻike ʻike maka" e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā olakino a me nā pilikia palekana. I kekahi mau hanana, Haspel hoka e hōʻike a i ʻole wehewehe piha i nā pilina ʻoihana i nā kumuwaiwai i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā GMO, nā pesticides a i ʻole nā ​​meaʻai meaola.

ʻO ke kolamu 'neʻe' ʻai 'hana ʻenehana

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o ka bias ʻo Haspel's Ianuari 2016 kolamu, "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kupaianaha e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai." Kūkākūkā ʻo ia ʻo ka poʻe e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka ʻenekinia genetona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai - ka "neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai" - he ʻāpana palena ʻole ia o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i nīnau i nā nīnauele me nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino, kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​hui kaulike e manaʻo iā lākou iho he ʻāpana o ka neʻe o ka meaʻai

Ua kiʻi ʻo Haspel i ke kolamu me ʻelua mau pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a Ketchuma, ke keʻena pili lehulehu e holo i ka pūnaewele pesticide-funded website GMO Answers. ʻOiai ʻo ia e wehewehe iā Ketchum ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana PR e "hana nui me ka ʻoihana meaʻai," ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka hope: ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Ketchum e kahi hui kalepa e hoʻololi i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua haʻi pū kekahi ʻo ia i kā Ketchum moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ke lele nei no Rusia a alakaʻi ʻana i ke kiu kue i nā hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ke kolu o nā kumuwaiwai no kāna kolamu kahi ana kelepona makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki i alakaʻi ʻia e William Hallman, kahi loiloi manaʻo lehulehu mai Rutgers nāna i hōʻike mai mālama ʻole ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. I hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua, ua hui pū ʻo Hallman lāua ʻo Haspel ma kahi aupuni i kākoʻo ʻia panela e kūkākūkā i nā GMO me Eric Sachs o Monsanto.

Nā laulima me nā hui milo ʻoihana

ʻO ko Tamar Haspel pili aloha no, a me nā hana pū ʻana me, nā mea pāʻani nui o ka ʻoihana pili kaiaulu i nā hana pili lehulehu e hāpai i nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i kāna kumuhana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha ma luna aʻe ʻike ʻia ma ka homepage o STATS / Sense About Science, e wehewehe nei i nā STATS ma ke ʻano he "waiwai" i kāna hōʻike ʻana. Ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe iā STATS ma ke ʻano he pale-huahana “hoʻouka kaua disinformation”Hoʻohana nā hana paka i ka hana kānalua e pili ana i ka pilikia kemika. Ua hana nui nā STAT i ka “politika kinipōpō paʻakikī o ka hoʻoponopono kemika” a me nā hana a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka bisphenol-A, e like me ke hōʻike nei i ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

A 2016 moʻolelo ma The Intercept ua wehewehe ʻia ka pili paka o STATS a me Sense About Science, i hui ʻia i ka makahiki 2014, a me ke kuleana o kēia mau pūʻulu e hoʻokuʻi nei i nā manaʻo ʻoihana e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A 2015 lehulehu pili palapala hoʻolālā kapa ʻia ʻo Sense About Science i waena o nā “nā hoa hana ʻoihana ”Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna huakaʻi e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization e hōʻino i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o glyphosate.

ʻO nā hanana spinic ʻoihana Agrichemical

I Iune 2014, ʻo Haspel a Lālā “kumu” ma kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka hana kālā-ʻoihana pesticide i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui mua o ka ʻoihana i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma kāna Hoʻolālā 2015 PR.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project kahi ma mua papahana o STATS, a ʻo Academics Review ka hoʻonohonoho me ke kōkua o Monsanto i hōʻino i nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e mālama ʻana i ka ʻoihana hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Haspel i hele aku i manaʻo ʻia e "hōʻano hou i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO," e like me ka papahana Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker e pili ana i ka hanana i Ka Holomua, "Ua hāʻawi malū ʻoihana i kahi ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā mea ʻino o glyphosate ... ”

ʻO nā mākaukau i kamaʻilio ʻia me nā ʻōnaehana spin hui i loiloi i nā palapala hoʻomoana boot ma ke noi a Thacker. "He mau mea kaumaha kēia," wahi a Naomi Oreskes, polofesa o ka mōʻaukala ʻepekema ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard. "Ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe i nā hua o GMO he pono, pono, a ʻaʻole lawa ka makaʻu e hōʻoia i ka lepili ʻana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Marion Nestle, ke polofesa no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai, ke aʻo ʻana i ka meaʻai, a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York, "Inā hele ka poʻe nūpepa i nā ʻaha kūkā e uku ʻia lākou e hele, pono lākou e kānalua loa mai ka hoʻomaka.

ʻO Cami Ryan, kahi limahana hoʻomoana kīpaku nāna i hana ma hope no Monsanto, i kākau ʻia ma ka loiloi loiloi i makemake ai nā poʻe komo, "More Haspel-ish, Ropeik-ish kau." ʻO David Ropeik kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike maka pilikia nona ka komo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Bayer a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, a ʻo wai ʻo Haspel hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu i kahi kolamu āna i kākau ai e pili ana i ka glyphosate.

Nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio biotech i hoʻolako kālā

I Mei 2015, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel ma kahi “ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology”Ma ke Kulanui o Florida. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēia hanana e Kevin Folta, he polofesa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ka pilina o ke aupuni a hooikaika lobbying. Ua hoʻokomo pū ʻo Folta iā Haspel i kahi ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia kamaʻilio biotech." ʻO ka pilikia, wahi a Folta, ma muli o ke kāohi o nā activists i ka "kaohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ma ka ʻAoʻao 4, Ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Folta kahi hanana e hōʻike ʻia nā polofesa UF me "nā ʻelele ʻoihana, nā loea nūpepa no ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema (e like me Tamar Haskel [sic], Amy Harmon), a me nā loea i ka ʻike maka maka a me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me Dan Kahan)."

Monsanto kālā i ke noi, ke kāhea nei iā ia "kahi ala 3-ʻaoʻao maikaʻi loa e hoʻomohala i ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo e nānā nei mākou e hoʻomohala." (ʻO ke kālā ma hope hâʻawi wale i kahi hale waiho ʻai ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kumu kālā.)

I ʻApelila 2015, Folta i kākau aku ai iā Haspel me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka ʻana, "E uhi mākou i nā kumukūʻai a me kahi honorary, nā mea a pau e pono ai. ʻO nā mea ʻepekema, nā kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu. "

Ua pane ʻo Haspel, "Aia nō wau i loko," a ua hāʻawi hou ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo mai kekahi panela hou "kamaʻilio ʻepekema" i hoʻololi i ka manaʻo o kekahi e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He hiki nō ke hele i ke ala, akā ua maopopo iaʻu ma o nā kamaʻilio ʻana a kekahi me kekahi kanaka," i kākau ai ʻo Haspel iā Folta.

ka papahana mālama no ka lā kamaʻilio o Florida i helu ʻia nā mea ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he Haspel, Folta, ʻekolu mau kumu ʻē aʻe o ka UF, ka limahana ʻo Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe a me nā ʻelele mai Biofortified a Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono (ʻelua mau hui hou aku i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto nā hoa hana ʻoihana i kāna papahana PR e pale aku i ka glyphosate). I kekahi leka uila iā Folta, Ua hauʻoli ʻo Haspel e pili ana i ka hui ʻana me Crowe, “Ke nānā nei i mua i kēia. (Ua makemake wau e launa me Vance Crowe - hauʻoli loa wau e hiki ana ʻo ia i laila.) ”

Nā nīnau etika a me ka hōʻike

I Kepakemapa 2015, hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times Folta i kahi moʻolelo ʻaoʻao mua na Eric Lipton e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā pūʻulu ʻoihana i nā kālaiʻike e hakakā i ke kaua lepili GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kālā a Folta iā Monsanto, a e ʻōlelo ākea ana ʻo Folta ʻaʻohe ona pili me Monsanto.

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel iā Folta i kekahi mau mahina ma hope mai, "Minamina loa wau i ka mea āu i hele ai, a kaumaha loa ia i ka wā o ka naʻau ʻino, ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao i uhi i nā pilikia maoli - ma ka ʻepekema a me ka moakaka, nā mea nui ʻelua." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel e hana pū ana ʻo ia me ka National Press Foundation e hoʻomohala i nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoihoi no nā mea nūhou kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Haspel kahi 2015 hoa no ka National Press Foundation (kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana, me ʻO Bayer lāua ʻo DuPont). I loko o kahi ʻatikala ua kākau ʻo ia no NPF e pili ana nā loina no nā freelancers, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Haspel i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ʻana a wehewehe i kāna mau pae hoʻohālikelike no ke kamaʻilio ʻana i nā hanana inā pili wale nā ​​mea hoʻopukapuka ʻole ʻoihana a me nā manaʻo like ʻole - nā pae i kū ʻole ʻia e nā hanana biotech literacy. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hoʻolaha ma kona pūnaewele ʻaʻole hōʻike pololei i ka nā ʻaha kūkā a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā o ke kahua hoʻomoana literacy biotech 2014. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā hanana literacy biotech.

Loiloi kumu: hōʻike hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pesticides

ʻO kahi loiloi kumu o ʻekolu o nā kolamu Washington Post a Tamar Haspel e pili ana i ke kumuhana o nā pesticides i loaʻa he mau mea e pili ana i nā laʻana o nā kumuwaiwai pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻia, nā haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me nā hōʻike ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i lawelawe ʻia e kākoʻo i nā leka pesticide ʻoihana pesticides ʻaʻole hopohopo a ʻAʻole waiwai nui ke aloha. Uhi ka loiloi kumu i kēia mau kolamu ʻekolu:

  • "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka meaola no kou olakino? ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo, nā hua manu, nā huahana a me nā iʻa ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “ʻO ka kemiko ʻo Monsanto kaukaʻi. Pehea ka weliweli? ” ('Okakopa 2015)
  • "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides" (E 21, 2018)

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana; ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i nā pili ʻoihana

I nā kolamu ʻekolu a pau i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia loiloi kumu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka pili o ka pesticide ʻoihana o nā kumu waiwai nui i hoʻowahāwahā i ka pilikia o nā pesticides. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā pilina ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i kāna kolamu mai ʻAukake 2018 i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia loiloi.

I loko o kāna hōʻike 2018 e pili ana i ka "ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides," hāʻawi ʻo Haspel i nā mea heluhelu i "ka manaʻo o ka nui o ka makaʻu" mai nā hōʻike pesticide pino. he hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka makaʻu o ka ʻai ʻana i nā pesticides mai ka meaʻai a inu i ka waina. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel he ʻehā o nā mea kākau ʻelima o ke aʻo ʻana i hana ʻia e Bayer Crop Science, kekahi o nā mea hana pesticide nui loa o ka honua.

ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia i haʻi aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu i ke aʻo kumu i loaʻa i kahi kele hewa i hoʻoponopono hou ʻia (ʻoiai ʻo kāna kolamu e pili ana i nā aʻo kumu a me ka hoʻoponopono pololei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ka haʻawina i nā hōʻike pesticide mai ka meaʻai e like me ka inu ʻana i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia ʻehiku makahiki. Ua hoʻoponopono nā mea kākau i kēlā me kēia aniani o ka waina i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina. ʻO kēlā wale nō kekahi o nā hewa i loko o ka pepa, e like me ka a leka i ka puke pai mai nā ʻepekema nāna i wehewehe i ke aʻo ʻana he "simplistic loa a kuhi hewa hoʻi."

E hoʻokuʻu i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena synergistic o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides he nui, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i kekahi like mai kahi mea kākau pili ʻole ʻo Bayer wale nō o ka noiʻi hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka waina. A ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia “a 2008 moʻolelo"I hana i ka loiloi like." ʻO Alan Boobis lāua ʻo Angelo Moretto nā mea kākau o kēlā hōʻike 2008 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi hakakā hoʻowahāwahā i ka 2016 no ka mea ua alakaʻi lākou i kahi UN panel i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi i ka manawa like e like me kā lākou mau kūlana alakaʻi i ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui kōkua ʻole i loaʻa nui nā makana mai ka ʻoihana pesticide.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka makaʻu o glyphosate, ʻo ka "kemikala Monsanto kaukaʻi," ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai me nā pilina pesticide āna i hōʻike ʻole ai. ʻO nā kumuwaiwai ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i kākau i nā pepa e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto (aʻo wai ʻo Monsanto ke hoʻolaha nei ma ke ʻano he kumu); a ʻO David Ropeik, he kākāʻōlelo ʻike ʻike pilikia i loaʻa kahi ʻoihana PR nona ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow, DuPont a me Bayer.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana inā he koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi pilikia i ke olakino, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka kānalua e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā organophosphates, kahi papa o nā pesticides e pili ana poino neurological i nā keiki. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a manual ka mea i loaʻa "ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo nui nā noiʻi epidemiological i kekahi pesticide e like me ka mea e pili ana i nā hopena ulu neurological maikaʻi ʻole i nā pēpē a me nā keiki." ʻO ka mea kākau nui ka ʻO Carol Burns, he ʻepekema ma Dow Chemical Company, kekahi o nā mea hana nui o nā organophosphates o ka ʻāina; ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka pili.

Ua hoʻohana pū kēlā kolamu i ka ʻoihana ʻona helehelena i loko ʻo Carl Winter ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana no ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, e pili ana i nā loiloi pilikia o EPA. ʻO Monsanto nō ka paipai ʻana i kā Winter hana i kēlā manawa i nā helu kamaʻilio, a ʻo Winter hoʻi i lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka mea haʻaheo i loko o kahi blog post i kekahi mau mahina ma mua e pili ana i ka uhi nūhou anti-organic i ʻōlelo i kā lākou kāne, "Kauka aʻoaʻo ACSH ʻo Kauka Carl Winter."

Kuhi hewa ʻia me ka hōʻike ʻana ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana i ka meaʻai meaola, ua hoʻohana ʻo Haspel i kahi pepa 2012 e ka American Academy of Pediatrics ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili e hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna paio e hāʻawi ʻole ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola i nā pono olakino, a ʻaʻole ʻo ia i haʻi aku i ka poʻe heluhelu i ka piha o ka noiʻi a me kāna nā hopena. ʻO ka Pepa AAP ua hōʻike i ka laulā o nā ʻike ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ka hōʻeha i nā keiki mai nā hōʻike ākea a me nā maʻi mau i nā pesticides like ʻole. Ua hoʻopau ʻia, "Pono e kaupalena ʻia nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides i ka wā hiki." Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka "hōʻemi koke ʻana o ka urinary excretion of pesticide metabolites" i nā keiki e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai. Ua hoʻopuka pū kekahi ʻo AAP ʻōlelo paipai aʻoaʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā keiki i nā pesticides.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Haspel i kēlā ʻano pōʻaiapili āpau a hōʻike wale nō i ka hōʻike AAP, "ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka organophosphate a me nā pilikia neurological i loaʻa i loko o kekahi mau noiʻi akā ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" maopopo ʻole "ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola. pili. '”

I loko o kāna kolamu o ka makahiki 2018 e pili ana i nā huaʻai meaola, ua hōʻike hewa ʻo Haspel i ke ʻano o ka pesticide chlorpyrifos “he kumu ia o ke kaua ma waena o nā hui kaiaulu, makemake lākou e pāpā ʻia, a me ka EPA, ʻaʻole pēlā” - akā ʻaʻole naʻe ia i hoʻomaopopo i ka poʻe heluhelu i ke kī kuhikuhi: ʻo ka EPA ua paipai e pāpā chlorpyrifos ma muli o ke kau ʻana i nā hōʻike e hiki ai i ka prenatal hōʻike ke hiki loaʻa nā hopena mau loa i ka lolo o nā keiki. Ua hoʻohuli ke ʻoihana i ka papa ma hope wale nō o ka Hoʻopilikia ʻo Trump EPA.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna hana hoʻopunipuni "nā hui kaiaulu vs EPA" hoʻohālikelike me kahi loulou i kahi New York Times ʻaoʻao palapala ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i kahi pōʻaiapili e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo EPA, ma mua o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka moʻolelo NYT i hōʻike ʻia ma ka hopena o ka ʻoihana ma hope o ka hoʻoholo EPA e ʻae iā chlorpyrifos.

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻaelike kekahi i kekahi 

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Haspel i kāna paio e pili ana nā hōʻike pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi mea hopohopo ʻole me kahi ʻano hōʻike hoʻopunipuni āna i hoʻohana ai i nā manawa ʻē aʻe: e hōʻike ana i ka ʻaelike ma waena o nā kumuwaiwai i kapa ʻole ʻia nā inoa.

I kēia hihia, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā pae pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai "haʻahaʻa loa" a "ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hopohopo iā lākou," e like me nā keʻena aupuni o US "(me nā mea ʻona ʻino i kamaʻilio pū me aʻu i nā makahiki i hala aku nei." ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia "ʻaʻole manaʻo ka poʻe āpau" i kēlā mau hōʻike aupuni, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā kumu kūlike ʻole a nānā ʻole i ka Hōʻike ka American Academy of Pediatrics ua paipai i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides, āna i ʻōlelo ai ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i kāna kolamu 2014. Ma kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai manaʻo like, e hōʻike ana i kēlā me kēia "ʻepekema" āna i kamaʻilio pū ai me ia i ʻōlelo ʻia, a hiki i ka wā i kū mai ai nā nīnau hou, "ua ʻike ʻia ka glyphosate no kona palekana."

Ua nalowale nā ​​ʻikepili pili 

Ua hala ʻo Haspel i ka nui o nā ʻike pili i kāna "kiʻi i ka lalo o ia" e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o nā pesticides a me nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaola. ʻO nā ʻōlelo hou a nā hui olakino koʻikoʻi a me nā ʻepekema āna i nalo ai:

Nā manaʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kā Haspel hōʻike

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.