Hoʻohui ka noiʻi hou i ka hōʻike e hōʻoki ka glyphosate mauʻu i ka homone

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Ke hoʻohui nei ka noiʻi hou i nā hōʻike hopohopo i nā hopohopo e pili ana ka weedkilling hoʻohana ākea glyphosate kemika loaʻa paha i ka hiki ke hoʻopilikia i nā homone kanaka.

I kahi pepa i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Kimimepera kapaʻia ʻO Glyphosate a me nā ʻano nui o ka endocrine disruptor: He loiloi, he ʻekolu o ka poʻe ʻepekema i kuhi ua ʻike ʻia he glyphosate he ʻewalu o nā ʻano koʻikoʻi he ʻumi e pili pū ana hoʻohaunaele endocrine i nā kemika . Ua aʻo aku naʻe nā mea kākau, pono nō naʻe nā noiʻi cohort prospective e pono e hoʻomaopopo pono i nā hopena o glyphosate ma ka ʻōnaehana endocrine kanaka.

ʻO nā mea kākau, ʻo Juan Munoz, Tammy Bleak a me Gloria Calaf, ua pili kēlā me kēia me ke Kulanui o Tarapacá ma Chile, i kā lākou pepa ka loiloi mua e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike mīkini ma glyphosate ma ke ʻano he endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC).

Hōʻike kekahi o nā hōʻike e hiki iā Roundup, ʻo Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide, hiki ke hoʻololi i ka biosynthesis o nā hormones moekolohe, e like me ka mea noiʻi.

Hiki paha i nā EDC ke mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana pale maʻi.

ʻO ka pepa hou ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki o ka assortment o holoholona hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i hōʻike i nā hōʻike glyphosate i nā hopena i nā mea hānau a hoʻoweliweli i ka momona.

ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kūʻai ʻia i nā ʻāina he 140. Hoʻokomo ʻia ma ke kālepa ma 1974 e Monsanto Co, ka kemika ka mea hana i nā huahana makemake nui ʻia e like me Roundup a me nā haneli mau mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mea kūʻai aku, nā kaona, nā pono hana, nā mahiʻai, nā mea hana kolepa, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe a puni ka honua.

ʻO Dana Barr, ʻO kahi polofesa ma ke Kula ʻo Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana he "endocrine" ka mea nāna e hoʻopilikia i nā waiwai. "

"ʻAʻole ia he mea i manaʻo ʻole ʻia ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻana o kekahi o nā ʻano like o ka glyphosate me nā endocrine e hoʻopau ana i nā pesticides; Eia nō naʻe, pili nui ia no ka hoʻohana ʻo glyphosate ma mua o nā pesticides ʻē aʻe, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Barr, nāna e alakaʻi i kahi papahana ma loko o kahi keʻena noiʻi hōʻikeʻike kanaka i loaʻa kālā ʻia e National National i mālama ʻia ma Emory. "Hoʻohana ʻia ka Glyphosate ma nā mea kanu he nui a ma nā noi noho he nui e like me ka hōʻuluʻulu a me nā hōʻike kumulative hiki ke nui."

ʻO Phil Landrigan, ka luna o ka Global Observatory ma Pollution a me ke olakino, a me kahi polofesa o ka biology
ma ke Kulanui ʻo Bosetona, i ʻōlelo ʻia ua huki pū ʻia ka loiloi i nā "hōʻike ikaika" ʻo ka glyphosate kahi mea hoʻopukapuka endocrine.

"Kūlike ka hōʻike me kahi hui nui o nā puke e hōʻike ana he nui nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka glyphosate - nā hopena i hoʻokahuli i ko Monsanto noho lōʻihi ʻana. Hōʻike ʻia ke glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kemikala maikaʻi me ka ʻole o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ke olakino kanaka, "wahi a Landrigan.

He kumuhana hopohopo nā EDC mai ka makahiki 1990 ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kahi moʻo o nā puke i manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau kemika i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia i nā pesticides, solvent solvents, plastic, detergents, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i hiki ke hoʻohaunaele i nā pilina ma waena o nā homone a me kā lākou mau pane.

Hoʻomaopopo ka poʻe ʻepekema i nā pono hana he ʻumi o nā ʻākena e hoʻololi i ka hana hormone, e kuhikuhi ana i kēia mau mea he ʻumi "ʻano nui" o nā endocrine-disruptor. ʻO nā ʻano he ʻumi penei:

Hiki iā EDC ke:

  • Hoʻololi ʻia ka hormonone hoʻololi o nā pae e holo nei o nā hormoni
  • Hoʻopili i nā hoʻololi i ka metabolism o ka hormone a me ka ʻae
  • Hoʻololi i ka hopena o ka hana ʻana o ka hōmona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻono pane pane-ʻone
  • Hōʻike ʻikepili receptor hormone
  • Nā mea loaʻa homone antagonize
  • Hana pū a i ʻole hoʻoulu i nā mea loaʻa nā homone
  • Hoʻololi hōʻailona hōʻailona i nā hunaola pane-hormon
  • Hoʻopili i nā hoʻololi epigenetic i nā hana hana hormone a i ʻole nā ​​ʻono pane pane-ʻone
  • ʻO ke synthesist hormon alter
  • Lawe ka hormone alter ma o nā membrane cell

Ua haʻi nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i kahi loiloi o ka ʻikepili mīkini ʻike ʻia ua hui ka glyphosate i nā ʻano kī āpau me ka ʻokoʻa o ʻelua: "No glyphosate, ʻaʻohe hōʻike e pili ana me ka antagonistic hiki o nā hormonal receptor," wahi a lākou. Pēlā nō hoʻi, "ʻaʻohe hōʻike o ka hopena o ka hopena i ka hormonal a me ka ʻae ʻana," e like me nā mea kākau.

Ua nānā nui ka noiʻi ʻana i nā makahiki he hala i hala aku nei i nā loulou i loaʻa ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL.) I ka makahiki 2015, ka International Agency for the Research on Cancer glyphosate ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

ʻOi aku ma kahi o 100,000 poʻe ua hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻino glyphosate a ka hui i hoʻokumu iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e hoʻomohala iā NHL.

Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi kūloko āpau ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make. Ua nalowale ʻo Monsanto ʻekolu o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo a ua hoʻohana ka mea nona Kelemania ʻo Bayer AG i ka makahiki a me ka hapa i hala ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoponopono ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ma waho o ka ʻaha.

Ua hoʻomaopopo nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i ke ʻano o ka glyphosate ma nā wahi a pau, e ʻōlelo ana "ka hoʻohana nui" ʻana o ka kemika "i alakaʻi ʻia i kahi pālahalaha ākea," e like me ka piʻi ʻana o nā hōʻike i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka ʻai kanaka o ka mea make mauʻu ma o ka meaʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi inā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka nui o ke koena glyphosate i loaʻa i nā meaʻai e lawa ai ka palekana, ʻaʻole "hiki iā lākou ke kāpae" i kahi "pilikia" i ka poʻe e ʻai ana i nā meaʻai i loko o ka kemikū, ke ʻano hoʻi me nā hua a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe. nā meaʻai i hoʻokumu ʻia, i loaʻa pinepine nā pae kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​huahana iʻa.

Hōʻike nā palapala aupuni a US i nā koena glyphosate i ʻike ʻia ma nā ʻano meaʻai like ʻole, me ka meli meaola, a granola a me nā pahū.

Ua hōʻike pū kekahi nā kānaka noiʻi aupuni ʻo Kanada i nā koena glyphosate i nā meaʻai. Hoʻokahi hōʻike i hoʻopuka ʻia ma 2019 e nā ʻepekema mai nā Laboratory Laboratory Agri-Food a Kanada ma ke Keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ululāʻau ʻo Alberta i loaʻa he glyphosate ma 197 o 200 mau laʻana o ka meli a lākou i nānā ai.

ʻOiai nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate i ke olakino kanaka, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana i ka papaʻai, ua kūpaʻa mau nā luna hoʻomalu o US i ka palekana o ka lāʻau. ʻO ka Mālama ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i loaʻa ʻole "i kekahi pilikia o ke olakino kanaka mai ke kū ʻana i ka glyphosate. ”

Hoʻonui ka nānā ʻana no ka olakino hoʻohua

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Ke ʻimi nei ʻo Bayer AG e hōʻemi i nā hopohopo no ka Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides i kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, he mau nīnau hou e hāpai nei i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hopena o ka kemika i ke olakino hānau.

Hōʻike kahi ʻano o nā noiʻi holoholona i kēia kauwela e hōʻike ana ka hōʻike glyphosate i nā mea hānau a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i ka momona. hoʻopau hoʻopau endocrine. Hoʻopili paha ka endocrine disrupting chemicals i mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau ʻana a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana immune immune.

i ka pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala in ʻO ka Molecular a me ka Cellular Endocrinology, ʻehā mau mea noiʻi mai Argentina ua ʻōlelo e kūʻē nā noiʻi i nā hōʻoiaʻiʻo a ka US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e palekana ana ka glyphosate.

Hele mai ka noiʻi hou e like me Bayer e hoʻāʻo nei e noho ʻoi aku ma mua o 100,000 mau hoʻopiʻi i lawe ʻia mai i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e nā poʻe e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka ʻike ʻana i ka Monsanto's Roundup a me nā huahana herbicide e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu iā lākou i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka lāhui holoʻokoʻa ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make.

Ua loaʻa iā Bayer ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup i ka wā kūʻai ʻo Monsanto i ka 2018, ma mua iki o ka mua o nā lanakila lanakila ʻekolu no nā mea hoʻopiʻi.

Ua hele mai nā haʻawina i ka wā e hana ai nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai aku e hoʻomaopopo pono pehea e hōʻemi ai i kā lākou hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate ma o ka papaʻai. A hoʻopaʻa haʻawina paʻi ʻia ʻAukake 11 ʻike ma hope o ka hoʻololi ʻana i kahi papaʻai meaola no kekahi mau lā wale nō, hiki i ka poʻe ke ʻoki i nā pae o ka glyphosate i loaʻa i ko lākou mimi ma mua o 70 pākēneka. No ka mea, ua loaʻa i nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo nā keiki i ke aʻo ʻana he kiʻekiʻe ko lākou kiʻekiʻe o ka glyphosate i kā lākou mimi ma mua o ka poʻe mākua. ʻIke nā mākua a me nā keiki ʻelua i nā kulu nui i mua o ka pesticide ma hope o ka loli o ka papaʻai.

ʻO Glyphosate, ka mea hana ma Roundup, ka mea hoʻohana nui i ka nāhelehele i ka honua. Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kanu ahonui-glyphosate-tolerant i nā makahiki 1990 e paipai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī pololei i nā glyphosate ma luna o nā māla holoʻokoʻa o nā mea kanu, e luku ana i nā nāhelehele akā ʻaʻole nā ​​mea kanu i loli ʻia. ʻO ka hoʻohana ākea o ka glyphosate, e nā mahiʻai a me nā mea hale, nā pono hana a me nā hui lehulehu, ua ulu nui ka hopohopo i nā makahiki ma muli o ka nui a me nā makaʻu e pili ana i ka mea e hiki ke hana i ke olakino a me ke olakino. ʻIke pinepine ʻia ka kemika i ka meaʻai a me ka wai a me ka mimi kanaka.

Wahi a nā kānaka ʻepekema Argentina, ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi o nā hopena i hōʻike ʻia o ka glyphosate i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā noi holoholona hou ma muli o ke kū ʻana i nā lāʻau kiʻekiʻe; akā aia he hōʻike hou e hōʻike ana hiki i ka hoʻowalewale ʻana o ka lāʻau liʻiliʻi hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka wahine reproductive tract, me nā hopena ma ka momona. Ke hōʻike ʻia nā holoholona i ka glyphosate ma mua o ka wā ʻōpio, ʻike ʻia nā loli i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā ovarian follicle a me ka uterus, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻepekema. Hoʻohui ʻia, ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau make i hana ʻia me ka glyphosate i ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana i hiki ke hoʻololi i ka ulu ʻana o nā keiki. Hoʻohui ʻia ia āpau e hōʻike i ka glyphosate a me ka glyphosate-based herbicides he endocrine disruptor, hoʻopau ka poʻe noiʻi.

ʻO ka ʻepekema mahiʻai ʻo Don Huber, polofesa emeritus mai ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue, i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonui ka noiʻi hou i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka palena papaha o ka poino e pili ana i nā glyphosate a me nā gicphosate-based herbicides a hāʻawi i kahi "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ākea i kā mākou moʻomeheu i kēia manawa. "

Ua ao aku ʻo Huber no nā makahiki he nui e hāʻawi ana paha ʻo Monsanto Roundup i nā pilikia momona i nā holoholona.

ʻekahi aʻo koʻikoʻi paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele i Iulai i ka puke pai Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, hoʻoholo i ka glyphosate a i ʻole glyphosate-based herbicides i hoʻohoka i nā "target hormonal a me uterine molekiola" i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻiole hāpai.

ʻO kahi aʻo ʻokoʻa i kēia manawa i paʻiʻia ma ka puke pai Noxicology a me Applac Pharmacology i hoʻopili ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui ʻo Iowa State i nānā i ka hōʻike glyphosate i nāʻiole. Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka hōʻike haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i ka glyphosate "e hoʻololi i ka proteine ​​ovarian" (kahi o nā protein i hōʻike ʻia i kahi ʻano cell a meaola paha) a "e hopena paha i ka hana ovarian. I kahi pepa pili mai nā mea noiʻi ʻelua o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Iowa a me hoʻokahi mea kākau ʻē aʻe, i paʻiʻia Toxicology hoʻohua, Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā lākou ka hopena endocrine i nā ʻiole i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate.  

Nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Georgia i hōʻike ʻia ma ka puke pai ʻEpekema holoholona a holoholona ʻO ka ʻai ʻana e nā holoholona o nā hua palaoa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā koena glyphosate i mea e hiki ai ke hōʻeha i nā holoholona, ​​e like me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Ma muli o ka loiloi moʻokalaleo, ʻike ʻia nā lāʻau herbicides glyphosate e like me "nā mea hoʻohua hānau, me ka nui o nā hopena ma nā ʻōnaehana hānau kāne a me nā wahine," i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

ʻO nā hopena weliweli ʻike ʻia i ka hipa. ʻO kahi noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai Ka Hoʻopilikia'Āina nānā i nā hopena o ka hōʻike glyphosate i ka ulu ʻana o ka uterus i nā keiki hipa wahine. Ua ʻike lākou i nā loli a lākou i ʻōlelo ai e hoʻopili i ka olakino hānau wahine o nā hipa a hōʻike i nā lāʻau ʻōpala glyphosate e hana nei ma ke ʻano he disruptor endocrine.

Hoʻopuka pū ʻia ma Ka Hoʻopilikia'Āina, nā ʻepekema mai Finelani a me Sepania i ʻōlelo i he pepa hou ua hana lākou i ka hoʻokolohua wā lōʻihi mua loa o nā hopena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka glyphosate "sub-toxic" ma nā manuʻai manu. Ua hoʻokolohua lākou e hōʻike i nā kohu wahine a me nā kāne i nā lāʻau make-glyphosate mai nā makahiki he 10 a hiki i ka 52 pule.

Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hiki i nā gicphosate herbicides ke "hoʻololi i nā ala physiological nui, ke kūlana antioxidant, testosterone, a me ka microbiome" akā ʻaʻole lākou i ʻike i nā hopena i ka hana hou. ʻ saidlelo lākou ʻaʻole paha e ʻike mau ʻia nā hopena o ka glyphosate me ka “kuʻuna, keu hoʻi i ka wā pōkole, ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻona, a ʻaʻole hiki i nā hoʻokolohua ke hopu pono i nā pilikia…”

ʻO Glyphosate a me Neonicotinoids

kekahi o nā aʻo hou loa ke nānā nei i nā hopena glyphosate i ke olakino i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina i ka Ka Nūpepa International o ka noiʻi kaiapuni a me ka olakino lehulehu.  Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka glyphosate a me nā insecticides thiacloprid a me imidacloprid, he mau mea hoʻopukapuka endocrine paha lākou.

ʻO nā insecticides kahi ʻāpana o ka neonicotinoid papa o nā kemika a aia i waena o nā insecticides i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua nānā lākou i ka hopena o ka glyphosate a me nā neonicotinoids ʻelua ma nā pahuhopu koʻikoʻi ʻelua o ka ʻōnaehana endocrine: ʻO Aromatase, ka ʻenemona kuleana no ka biosynthesis estrogen, a me ka alpha receptor alpha, ka protein nui e hāpai ana i ka hōʻailona ʻana o ka estrogen.

Ua huikau kā lākou hopena. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua kāohi ka mea pepehi mauʻu i ka hana aromatase akā ʻo ka pāpā he "hapa a nāwaliwali hoʻi." ʻO ka mea nui i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ka glyphosate i ka hana estrogen. Ua "kūlike" nā hopena me ka papahana loiloi e mālama ʻia e US Environmental Protection Agency, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia "ʻaʻole he hōʻike hōʻoiaʻiʻo o ka pilina kūpono me ke ala estrogen no glyphosate," wahi a lākou.

ʻIke nā kānaka noiʻi i ka hana estrogenic me ka imidacloprid a me thiacloprid, akā ma nā kiʻekiʻe i ʻoi aku ma mua o nā pae pesticide i ana ʻia i nā mea olaola kanaka. Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi "ʻaʻole pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia nā lāʻau haʻahaʻa o kēia mau pesticides i mea ʻole," akā, no ka mea, ʻo kēia mau pesticides, a me nā endocrine e hoʻopau ana i nā kemika, "e hoʻoulu ʻia i ka hopena estrogenic āpau."

Ua hiki mai nā ʻike like ʻole e like me ka nui o nā ʻāina a me nā wahi a puni ka honua e loiloi inā ʻaʻole e hoʻokiki a pāpā paha i ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides glyphosate.

He ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i Kaleponi noho aliʻi i ka mahina i hala aia he "nui" hōʻike e glyphosate, a me nā mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe i nā huahana Roundup, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.