ʻIke ʻia kahi loiloi Roundup i nā loulou i nā pilikia olakino kanaka

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(Hoʻohou ʻia Pepeluali 17, e hoʻohui nei i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana no ke aʻo ʻana)

A pepa ʻepekema hou ke nānā nei i nā hopena olakino hiki ke loaʻa i nā lāʻau herbicides Roundup i loaʻa nā pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka nāhelehele e luku ana i ka glyphosate kemika a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i kahi ʻano o ka amino acid i ʻike ʻia he kumu pilikia ia no ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi.

Ua hoʻoholo nā mea noiʻi i kā lākou mau hoʻoholo ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻiole hāpai a me kā lākou mau keiki hānau hou e glyphosate a me Roundup ma o ka wai inu. ʻLelo lākou ua nānā kikoʻī ʻia lākou i nā hopena o nā gicphosate-based herbicides (GBH) i nā metabolites urinary a me nā pilina me ka microbiome ʻōpū i nā holoholona.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua ʻike lākou i kahi hoʻonui nui o kahi amino acid i kapa ʻia ʻo homocysteine ​​i loko o nā pēpē ʻiole kāne i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate a me Roundup.

"Hāʻawi kā mākou noiʻi i nā hōʻike mua e hōʻike i ka GBH i hoʻohana mau ʻia, i kahi manawa hōʻike kanaka e ʻae ʻia i kēia manawa, hiki iā ia ke hoʻololi i nā metabolites mimi i loko o nā mākua ʻelole a me nā ʻīlio," i ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi.

ʻO ka pepa, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Low-dose expose of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota," i kākau ʻia e ʻelima mau kānaka noiʻi e pili pū ana me ke Kula Lapaʻau Icahn ma Mount Sinai ma New York a ʻehā mai ka Ramazzini Institute. ma Bologna, ʻItalia. Ua paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Nā ʻIpekema ʻEpekema Pepeluali 5

Ua ʻae nā mea kākau i nā palena he nui me kā lākou hoʻopaʻa haʻawina, e like me ka nui o ka laʻana, akā ua hōʻike lākou i kā lākou hana i hōʻike ʻia "ʻo ka hana haʻahaʻa a me ka wā mua i ka glyphosate a i ʻole Roundup i hoʻololi nui i nā biomarkers mimi metabolomic he nui, i nā pā a me nā keiki."

ʻO ke aʻo ka mua ma nā loli metabolomic urinary i hoʻokomo ʻia e nā gicphosate-based herbicides ma nā dosis i manaʻo ʻia he palekana i nā kānaka, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

Hahai ka pepa i ka paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala o he aʻo ma ka puke pai Nā Manaʻo Ola Ola i loaʻa i ka glyphosate a me kahi huahana Roundup hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka microbiome ʻōpū i nā ala i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole. Ua komo pū kekahi ʻepekema mai ka Ramazzini Institute i kēlā noiʻi.

ʻO Robin Mesnage, kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala aku nei i ka Environmental Health Perspectives, i hoʻopuka i ka pilikia me ka pono o ka pepa hou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻikepili i nā ʻokoʻa i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā holoholona i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate a me nā mea i hōʻike ʻole ʻia - nā holoholona hoʻomalu - hiki ke ʻike ʻia e like me nā ʻike i haku ʻia.

"Ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka ʻikepili ʻikepili i ka hopena e hoʻohaunaele ka glyphosate i ka metabolome mimi a me ka microbiota ʻōpū o nā holoholona i hōʻike ʻole ʻia," wahi a Mesnage. "E huikau wale kēia aʻo ʻana i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

Nā noiʻi hou loa ma glyphosate a me Roundup i loaʻa i kahi ʻano hopohopo.

ʻO Bayer, ka mea i hoʻoilina iā Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide brand a me kāna glyphosate-tolerant genetically engineered portfolio i ka wā i kūʻai ai i ka ʻoihana ma 2018, e hoʻomau i ka nui o ka ʻepekema noiʻi i nā makahiki he XNUMX e hōʻoia ana ʻaʻole kumu ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka glyphosate. ʻAʻole manaʻo ka US Environmental Protection Agency a me nā kino ʻē aʻe i nā kino hoʻonohonoho kūwaho hoʻi i nā huahana glyphosate e carcinogenic.

Akā ʻo ka International Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia kahi loiloi o ka noiʻi ʻepekema i loaʻa ka nui o nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate kahi carcinogen kanaka paha.

Ua nalowale ʻo Bayer ʻekolu o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe i hōʻino i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke kū ʻana i nā lāʻau make a Monsanto, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer i ka makahiki i hala e uku ana he $ 11 biliona no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ma mua o 100,000 mau koi like.

 

 

ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Coca-Cola a me ka CDC

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Milbank Quarterly: Kūpono ʻo Public me Private: Kamaʻilio ma waena o Coca-Cola a me ka CDC, na Nason Maani Hessari, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee a me David Stuckler (1.29.19)

Panina: "ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa iā mākou e hoʻohana ana i nā noi a FOIA e hōʻike ana i nā hana a Coca-Cola e hoʻolauna i ka CDC e holomua i nā pahuhopu ma mua o ke olakino, e hoʻopili ana i ka World Health Organization. Hāʻawi kā mākou ʻike i kahi hiʻohiʻona laha ʻole o nā ala e hoʻāʻo ai nā makemake ʻoihana e hoʻohuli i nā limahana olakino lehulehu i kā lākou ʻōlelo ponoʻī, 'a hōʻike lākou i kahi pono no nā kulekele e akāka ai i ka pale ʻana i nā pilina me nā mea hana i nā huahana ʻino. "

Hoʻolaha ʻo USRTK News: Hōʻike nā haʻawina i nā hana a Coca-Cola e hoʻohuli i ka CDC ma kaʻai a me ka momona (1.29.19)

ka Pono ʻo US e ʻike i ka ʻOihana ʻĀina ʻAi, i loaʻa nā leka uila ʻo Coca-Cola me ka CDC, kau ʻia ma ka manuahi, ʻimi ʻia UCSF Pūnaewele ʻImi Mea Hana Mea Meaʻai.

Kāhea ʻo Congresswomen no ka hoʻokolokolo

Kau Nūhou: ʻO Pingree, DeLauro iā HHS Luna Nānā Nui: Ninaninau iā Coca-Cola's Lobbying o CDC (2.4.19)

Palapala iā HHS Luna Nānā Nui Daniel Levinson (2.4.19)

Kahale Nale: Makemake ʻelua mau kuhina i kahi hoʻokolokolo no ka pilina kekee a CDC me Coca-Cola, na Nicole Karlis (2.5.19)

ʻO ka nūhou e pili ana i ka Milbank Quarterly study

Wakinekona Post: Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ʻo Coca-Cola i ka ʻaoʻao a ka ʻoihana Soda e hoʻoulu ai i nā luna olakino, na Paige Winfield Cunningham (1.29.19)

Associated Press: ʻIke ʻia ka ʻoihana meaʻai ma luna o ke olakino lehulehu, na Candace Choi (1.29.19)

politico: Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Coca-Cola e hoʻohuli i ka CDC ma ka noiʻi a me ke kulekele, nā mokuʻāina hōʻike hou, na Jesse Chase-Lubitz (1.29.19)

CNN: Mālama nā leka uila kahiko i nā kuhi hou i kā Coca-Cola a me kā CDC pili i ka hakakā. na Jacqueline Howard (1.29.19)

BMJ: ʻO Coca-Cola a me ka momona: hōʻike ka hōʻike i nā hana e hoʻohuli i nā kikowaena US no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi, na Gareth Iacobucci (1.30.19)

Kahale Nale: Hōʻike nā leka uila hou e hana ana nā limahana CDC i ke koho a Coca-Cola, na Nicole Karlis (2.1.19)

Makuahine Jones: Haʻawina: Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o Coca-Cola e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino honua. na Kari Sonde (2.1.19)

Ka Nūpepa Kumukānāwai ʻo Atlanta: ʻO Coke a me CDC, nā kiʻi o Atlanta, kaʻana like i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, na Alan Judd (2.6.19)

Ka puke pai e pili pū ana me nā ʻatikala nūhou

BMJ: Hoʻopilikia nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka mikiona o ka ʻoihana olakino lehulehu, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā ʻepekema, na Jeanne Lenzer (10.24.16)

ʻEpekema: Makemake nā luna kānāwai o US i nā hoʻokumu ʻo NIH a me CDC e ʻōlelo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā mea hāʻawi, na Jeffrey Mervis (6.29.18)

BMJ: Nā kikowaena no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana: ka pale ʻana i ka maikaʻi pilikino? Na Jeanne Lenzer (5.15.15)

ʻAno Imi: Hāʻawi ʻo Firm i ke aupuni e ʻaʻa i ka noiʻi Pesticide, na Sheila Kaplan (3.1.11)

BMJ: Ua hoʻopiʻi ka ʻaha olakino lehulehu o US no ka hoʻokuʻu ʻole ʻana i nā leka uila mai Coca-Cola, na Martha Rosenberg (2.28.18)

ʻO San Diego Union Tribune: Hoʻolimalima ʻo UCSD i ka mea noiʻi olakino kōkua Coke i kālā ʻia, na Morgan Cook (9.29.16)

ʻO ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka mana o Coca-Cola

Ka Nūpepa o Epidemiology a me ke olakino kaiāulu: ʻO nā ʻepekema ʻepekema a me kā Coca-Cola 'kaua' me ke kaiāulu olakino lehulehu: ʻike mai kahi palapala ʻoihana kūloko, na Pepita Barlow, Paulo Serôdio, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee a me David Stuckler (3.14.18)

ʻO ke olakino lehulehu. Pehea e hoʻopili ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hōʻike a me ka manaʻo - pololei mai ka waha o ka lio, na Gary Sacks, Boyd A. Swinburn, Adrian J. Cameron a me Gary Ruskin (9.13.17)

Nā Nūhou Ola Ola: ʻO kā Coca-Cola “kaua” me ke kaiāulu olakino lehulehu, na Gary Ruskin (4.3.18)

BMJ: ʻO ka mana malū a Coca-Cola i ka poʻe loea olakino a me ka ʻepekema, na Paul Thacker (4.5.17)

politico: Ua kālepa aku ke luna olakino poʻokela o Trump i ka waihona paka i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka anti-ulaula, na Sarah Karlin-Smith lāua ʻo Brianna Ehley (1.30.18)

Ka New York Times: Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka Fight Obesity, na Sheila Kaplan (7.22.17)

Associated Press: Hōʻike nā leka uila i kā Coke kuleana i ka hui anti-obesity, na Candice Choi (11.24.15) a me Nā ʻāpana mai nā leka uila ma waena o Coke a me Global Energy Balance Network

Ka New York Times: ʻO nā ʻepekema kālā Coca-Cola nāna i hoʻololi i ka hewa no ka momona nui mai nā papaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, na Anahad O'Connor (8.9.15)

Nā ʻatikala nūhou na US Pono e ʻike i nā limahana

ʻO Hill: He aha ka hana ma ka CDC? Pono e nānā pono ʻia nā loina o nā ʻoihana olakino, na Carey Gillam (8.27.16)

ʻO Huffington Post: ʻIke hou ʻia nā kaula Coca-Cola i loko o nā kikowaena o US no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi, na Carey Gillam (8.1.16)

ʻO Huffington Post: ʻO ke keʻena kūhelu kūhelu CDC ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻana o Coca-Cola i ka mālamalama, na Carey Gillam (6.30.16)

ʻO Huffington Post: ʻIke ʻia ka ʻinu inu mea hoaaloha ma loko o ke keʻena olakino o US, na Carey Gillam (6.28.16)

Moehena: ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena, na Rob Waters (7.11.17)

Moehena: Koho ʻo Trump i poʻo CDC i hui pū ʻia me Coke, nā pilina paʻa loa o ka Agency Boosting To Soda Giant, na Rob Waters (7.10.17)

ʻO US Right to Know kahi mea hoʻopiʻi i kahi hoʻopiʻi FOIA e pili ana iā CDC

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei ʻo CrossFit a me US Right to Know i ka ʻOihana Ola a me nā lawelawe kanaka e ʻimi nei i nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu a ka Foundation for the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Foundation) a me ka Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (NIH Foundation) i hōʻike ʻole ai i ka ʻike pili e like me ke kānāwai. (10.4.18)

Hoʻoikaika ʻo Coca-Cola / ILSI ma CDC ma Kina

Ka New York Times: Pehea Chummy ʻO Giant Food Giants a me nā luna olakino olakino o Kina? Kaʻana like lākou i nā keʻena, na Andrew Jacobs (1.9.19)

Ka Nūpepa o ke Kaupapa Ola Ola Hoʻoikaika ka ʻoihana ʻo Soda i ka ʻepekema momona a me nā kulekele ma Kina, na Susan Greenhalgh (1.9.19)

BMJ: Ke mālama nei iā Kina no Coke: pehea ka Coca-Cola i hoʻokino ai i ka ʻepekema momona a me ke kulekele ma Kina, na Susan Greenhalgh (1.9.19)

BMJ: Ka mana huna o nā ʻoihana, na Martin McKee, Sarah Steele lāua ʻo David Stuckler (1.9.19)

Nā pūʻulu palapala CDC FOIA

(1) CDC Bowman Malaspina

(2) ʻO CDC Janet Collins

(3) ʻO CDC Culbertson Ryan Liburd Galuska

(4) ʻO CDC Bowman Stokes 2018

Nā pepa'ē aʻe

(1) Palapala CDC SPIDER

(2) ʻEkolu mau leka uila Barbara Bowman

AgBioChatter: Kahi mau ʻoihana, Hoʻolālā Kālā Hoʻolālā i nā GMO, Pesticides

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ʻO AgBioChatter kahi papa inoa leka uila pilikino i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea kōkua e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO nā lālā papa inoa e pili ana i nā ʻenehana ʻoihana pro-ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu.

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi "Academics (AgBioChatter)" ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" ma ka papahana pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻokani pū kekahi mau kula ʻo AgBioChatter i nā kuleana nui i nā hui ʻē aʻe ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino i ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity, me Nā Pane GMO, Biofortified, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Nānā ʻImi a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

Ka Ike: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

ʻO nā leka uila AgBioChatter i hoʻopili ʻia ma lalo - me nā palapala ʻē aʻe i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike a ua hoʻokipa ʻia ma UCSF Pūnaewele ʻImiʻImi Mea Hana - hāʻawi i nā laʻana he nui e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana o nā pūʻulu ʻepekema a me nā hui ʻoihana i nā ala huna e kāpae i ka leka uila ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma waena o nā paepae like ʻole e hana i ka kānalua e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pilikia o ka pesticides a me GMO

Nā wahi pāpāho a puni ka honua ua hōʻike e pili ana i kēia mau hana ma hope o ke kahua e paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a kūʻē i nā kānāwai.

Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hana no ka transparency

Ua loaʻa iā US Right to Know kekahi mau leka uila AgBioChatter ma 2016 a me 2017 ma o kahi noi palapala lehulehu. I Iulai 2017, kuleana o US e ʻike hoʻopiʻi ʻia ke Kulanui o Florida no kāna hana ʻole e hoʻokuʻu i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu, e like me nā palapala mai ka AgBioChatter forum.

Ma Malaki 2018, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia kahi luna kānāwai o Florida i kēia hihia, e ʻōlelo ana ʻo nā leka uila ʻo AgBioChatter "he hana pilikino pilikino i hānau ʻia mai (Kevin Folta) ponoʻī ponoʻī" ʻaʻole ka ʻoihana kulanui lehulehu. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka ke alo o nā palapala.

Pākuʻi paʻi pili

  • ʻO ke keʻena o ka Press Foundation, "Pehea e hoʻopau ai nā ʻoihana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana iā lākou iho," na Camille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • Ka hua'ōlelo New York Times, "ʻOihana ʻĀina i Kākau ʻia i nā Haumāna i ke kaua inoa inoa ʻana o GMO, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton; a waihona leka uila, "Hana pū kekahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • Hoʻololi hou, "Ke hele nei kekahi mea iʻa ma waena o ke Kulanui o Florida a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai? He kuleana ko nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike, ”na Daniel Ross, Alternet (2/13/18)

ʻAoʻao papa inoa AgBioChatter

ka Loaʻa nā leka uila AgBioChatter ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina (142 ʻaoʻao) hōʻike i nā limahana ʻoihana a me nā limahana ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻohui i nā manaʻo e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā loiloi ʻoihana, a me ka pale ʻana i nā noi Freedom of Information Act no ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu.

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui o nā leka uila (a me ke kuleana o ka lālā papa inoa ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto) e ʻike i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻouka iā lākou. ʻO Mehmet Oz kekahi, Vandana Shiva, Don Huber, Consumers Union a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kekahi kumuhana ʻē aʻe i loko o nā leka uila AgBioChatter ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā noiʻi ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā GMO a me nā pesticides ma ke ʻano he "agenda-driven," ʻoiai nā noiʻi e hōʻike maikaʻi nei e pili ana i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai he "ʻepekema pro."

ʻOihana, ʻoihana hana pū kekahi 

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kēia lā ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu, nā kālaiʻike, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea kūkākūkā a me nā mea lawelawe PR i komo i ka papa inoa ʻo "Chatter".

ʻO nā mea i ʻike ʻia e helu ʻia ma lalo nei me kā lākou pili i kekahi Nā pūʻulu "hoa hana" inoa i loko o ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻokani i kahi ʻūlā kūʻē i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC. No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia mau pūʻulu, e ʻike i kā mākou pepa pono:

Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻia ma lalo nā pilina i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua e loaʻa kālā kālā i paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a hoʻouka i nā loiloi.

Hāʻawi nā loulou i ka waihona Genetic Literacy Project i kahi ʻano o ka leka maʻamau, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e kēia mau pūʻulu mua a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā loiloi, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka hana hewa a kūʻē i nā hana transparency.

Nā lālā papa inoa ʻo AgBioChatter 

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana aia nā poʻe aʻe ma ka papa inoa AgBioChatter e like me nā lā i nā leka uila.

Andrew Apel, ʻoihana ahupuaʻa kākāʻōlelo a me ka hoʻoponopono mua o ka nūhou ʻoihana biotech ʻo AgBiotech Reporter

ʻO Graham Brooks, ʻO ka Economist Economist, ʻo PG Economics Ltd, UK

ʻO Jay Byrne, ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto; pelekikena o v-Fluence Kūkaʻina ʻoihana pili lehulehu

Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, ʻO Professor Emeritus o ka palekana palekana a me nā ʻepekema Nutritional, Ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign

ʻO Jon Entine, Luna Hoʻokele o Genetic Literacy Project, Monsanto "hoa hana"

Kevin Folta, PhD, ʻO Polofesa a me Lunahoʻomalu, ʻOihana ʻepekema Hortikultural, University of Florida

ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, ʻoihana aʻoaʻo, ʻo VP mua o ka hui ʻoihana BIO

  • ʻ Seniorpio makua ma Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (kālā ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai)
  • Kōkua i ke kūkulu ʻana i ka Manaʻo ʻImiʻike e like me he hui mua o Monsanto
  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives

ʻO Andy Hedgecock, ʻO DuPont Pioneer ka luna mua o nā hana ʻepekema

ʻO Drew Kershen, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Kulanui o Oklahoma, Kulanui o ke Kānāwai

ʻO Marcel Kuntz, PhD, luna noiʻi ma CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, Palani 

  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives 

ʻO Chris Leaver, PhD, ʻO Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, Kulanui o Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻepekema a me nā kuleana hoʻoponopono

ʻO Robert McGregor, Luna Hoʻokele Kālā, ʻO Prince Edward ʻAilana, Kanada

ʻO Alan McHughen, PhD, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Kaleponi

ʻO Henry Miller, MD, hoa ma Hoover Institution, ke keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA ma mua

ʻO Vivian Moses, PhD, ʻO Diabetes a me Nutritional Science Division, King's College London

Piero Morandini, PhD, mea kōkua noiʻi, Kulanui o Milana

Wayne Parrott, PhD, ʻO Polofesa, Crop Breeding and Genetics, Kulanui o Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, Polofesa, Plant Genetics, Genomics a me Biotechnology College o nā mahi mahiʻai, nā hana kaiapuni a me nā meaʻai, Tuskegee University

ʻO Cami Ryan, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi ʻepekema ʻepekema, kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Kanada

ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi kaiapuni, pili kaiāulu a me ka hoʻokele waiwai

  • Nā Pane GMO Profile
  • Kōkua kau ʻia Nānā ʻImi ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi

ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, ʻO nā Genetics Animal a me Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis

Karl Haro von Mogel, PhD, ʻO Biofortified alakaʻi o ka ʻepekema a me ka media   

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.

ʻO Biofortified Aids Chemical ʻoihana PR & Nā Hana Lobbying

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ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., i kapa ʻia ʻo “Biofortified, "He hui nonprofit e hana pū me ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā mea kōkua i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying e pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia me nā genetically, a hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā a me nā mea nūpepa nā mea pili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa a me nā mea kākau blog i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Biofortified'shui i kā mākou poʻe loea”Pili ʻaoʻao i ka pili pili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana o mua o ka ʻoihana.

Eia nā laʻana o ka lobbying i hoʻopili ʻia i ka ʻoihana a me nā hana pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana iā Biofortified a me kāna mau alakaʻi.

Pale aku ka poʻe ʻōpio "Biofortified" i nā pesticides

I ka makahiki 2013, ʻo ka Hui Hoʻonui ʻIa o Hawaiʻi Crop (HCIA) - kahi hui kālepa ʻeleu Ua hoʻolālā ʻo DowDuPont, Monsanto a me nā Hartung Brothers - i kahi huakaʻi ʻoluʻolu i Kauai no nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e kūʻē i kahi ʻaha kaiāulu e hoʻomaikaʻi ai. hōʻikeʻike lehulehu o ka hoʻohana pesticide a koi ʻia i nā ʻāpana buffer pesticide a puni nā kula, nā haukapila a me nā wahi lehulehu. Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know, ua kuhikuhi aku ka luna hoʻomalu o ka HCIA i nā mea kākoʻo ʻehā i kono ʻia i ka huakaʻi hele e like me ke keikikāne "Biofortified." ʻO lākou:

Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻo Renee Kester, ka mea alakaʻi i ka papahana lobby HCIA, i leka uila i nā kāne ʻehā ma Iulai 11, 2013 (ʻaoʻao 10) e hoʻomaikaʻi aku iā lākou "no nā kākoʻo āu i hāʻawi mai ai iā mākou ma aneʻi ma Hawaii e pili ana i kā mākou kaua kaua ʻahaʻōlelo hou" a e hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i kā lākou loaʻa e hele i kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe kānāwai. ʻO Alicia Muluafiti, ka luna hoʻokō o HCIA, a laila leka uila i ka hui (palapala 9) e pili ana i ka pono o ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā hoʻolālā pōkole a me nā wā lōʻihi “e hoʻohana ana i nā keiki kāne Biofortified”:

More 'ikepili:

  • New York Times, "Hana pū kahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech: He huakaʻi i Hawaii e hōʻike ai, uku ʻia e ka ʻoihana" (ʻaoʻao 23) (9/5/2015)
  • Nānā GM, "Pehea ka pale ʻana o ke Keikikāne Biofortified 'i nā mea huna a nā ʻoihana pesticide ma Hawaii" (9/27/2015)

Palapala ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma Monsanto PR doc  

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko ʻike iā Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo kahi ʻaoʻao loea IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e lilo carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka palapala PR Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i kāna "papa hoʻomākaukau" no ka IARC cancer report. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma “Tier 2,” me Nānā Hou ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Kuhi pinepine ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa, akā e like me ka manaʻo a ka Monsanto plan a me nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe, hana lākou ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e pale i nā pono ʻoihana. (Hoʻohou: Ma ʻOkakopa 2018, Biofortified kau ʻia a olelo mai Monsanto e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole kālā a hui pū paha ka ʻoihana me lākou.)

Kūpono ka transparency a me ka mokuʻāina FOIA i nā noi

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Biofortified, me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, he Palapala noi no Malaki 2015 ke kūʻē nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka State Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e nānā i nā loulou ma waena o nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Kuleana e ʻike ai ma o kā FOIA mokuʻāina noi mau laʻana he nui o nā kālaiʻike e hana nei i nā ala hūnā me nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR e kōkua i ka papa hana lobbying a me nā leka uila ʻoihana - e laʻa me ka palapala e wehewehe nei i nā kumu o ka hōʻike mua o ka Academics, a me nā mea i kūkākūkā e pili ana i nā "keiki kāne biofortified" huakaʻi huakaʻi i Hawaii. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know i kēia manawa i kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Library, USRTK Hōʻiliʻili Agrichemical. Ua hoʻokumu nā palapala i ka honua holoʻokoʻa hoʻolaha pūnaewele e pili ana i ka transparency i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā pilikia o ke olakino a me nā kaiapuni o nā pesticides a me GMO.

ʻO nā hoʻouka kaua kūlike a Biofortified i ka poʻe loiloi

ʻO kahi pēpē hū e pani ana i ka palaoa GMO ʻo Frank N. Foode ka mascot o Biofortified.

ʻO ka lālā hoʻokumu hoʻokumu biofortified ʻo David Tribe i hoʻokumu pū ʻia Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi ʻoihana, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know. I hoʻokahi leka uila, ʻO Jay Byrne, kahi luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto, ua kūkākūkā i kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e kūkulu nei no Monsanto.

Malaki e kūʻē nei i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka Hoʻololi (ʻO MAMyths), kahi papahana o Biofortified, i kuhi ʻia kekahi o nā hui a me nā kānaka i kapa ʻia ma ka papa inoa o Byrne - no ka laʻana, ua komo ka hui i kahi kūʻē iā Vandana Shiva a ua alakaʻi ʻia a hoʻāʻo ʻole e kāpae kahi hanana e hōʻike nei iā Vani Hari, ka "Food Babe," i kākoʻo ʻia e ka Center for Food Safe.

ʻO MAMyths co-hoʻokumu Kavin Senapathy he mau ʻatikala holoi ʻia e Forbes ma hope o ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻO kāna mea kākau, ʻo Henry Miller, i paʻi i kahi kolamu i Forbes i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he hoa ma ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻouka i ka IARC cancer panel.

ʻO Senapathy ka mea kākau inoa o 2015 buke e pili ana iā Hari, "The Fear Babe," e hōʻike nei i mua i kākau ʻia e ka lālā o ka papa Biofortified ʻo Kevin Folta, kahi e wehewehe ai i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ma ke ʻano he "pūʻulu hoʻoweliweli maikaʻi".

ʻO Senapathy lāua ʻo Haro von Mogel e ʻike ʻia ma ka Kiʻi paʻi hoʻolaha GMO Hoʻolālā Meaʻai.

Nā hana pili

GENERA Pūnaeweleʻikepili he papa inoa o nā noiʻi e "hōʻike i ka poʻe i ka nui o ka noiʻi i mālama ʻia ma nā mea kanu ʻenekini," e like me ka NPP ma ka pūnaewele Biofortified. Ua hoʻomaka mua ʻia ka papa inoa e David Tribe, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu pū ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto. Hoʻolaha mua no GENERA hoʻopiʻi kuhi hewa e hōʻike iā "ʻoi aku ma mua o 600 nā hōʻike i nānā ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema i nā palapala ʻepekema e palapala ana i ka palekana āpau a me ke olakino olakino o nā meaʻai GM a me nā hānai." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hapa nui o kēlā mau noiʻi i nā pilikia palekana. Ua kāpae ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha kūpono ʻole, a ma kahi o ka hapakolu o nā haʻawina.

Ke kikowaena no nā hoa pili pono meaʻai me Monsanto

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ʻO ka Center for Food Integrity (CFI), ʻo ia ka Grow America Project, kahi hui nonprofit 501 (c) (4) i hoʻolako ʻia e hana i ka noiʻi, lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu e "loaʻa ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai" no nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai, Including ʻO DowDuPont, Monsanto, Cargill, Costco, ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Hershey, Kroger a me nā hui kālepa no ka ʻiʻo, ka waiū a me ka soybeans.

I nā makahiki ʻelima mai 2012-2016, Ua hoʻohana ʻo CFI i $ 23,225,098 ma ke ʻano kūʻai aku a me ka leka uila like ʻole nā papahana e paipai i ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā ʻoihana e kūkulu i ka hilinaʻi i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, pesticides, additives meaʻai a me nā antibiotic i kaʻiʻo.

ʻO ka lima 501 (c) (3) o CFI, ka Foundation no ka Pono Pono, noiʻi kālā e hoʻomaopopo i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā leka e hoʻāʻo i ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai aku, me kahi kālā hoʻolilo o $ 823,167 mai 2012-2016. Nā mea kākoʻo ma 2012 hui pū ʻia ʻo Monsanto Company, CropLife America a me ka US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance.

"ʻOihana hoa hana" i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a Monsanto ma ka paneli maʻi ʻo IARC

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi i ka Center for Food Integrity ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Papa inoa ka papa hana Monsanto ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu. Ua helu ʻia ʻo CFI ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i loaʻa kālā i ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a me ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai.

Wahi a ka palapala, he ʻāpana kēia o nā hui "Stakeholder Engagement" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" e hāʻawi i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate a "e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema me nā manaʻo kuhi ʻia e ka papa kuhikuhi" o ka maʻi ʻaʻai kūʻokoʻa. panela.

E nānā i ka launa pū ʻana o East / CMA me Monsanto a me ka papahana Genetic Literacy

ʻO ka CEO o ka Center for Food Integrity, ʻo Charlie Arnot, ʻo ia nō hoʻi ʻo CEO o E nana Hikina (CMA ma mua), kahi PR a me ke keʻena kamaʻilio no ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai. ʻAelike ʻo CFI me Look East no nā lawelawe hoʻokele papahana, e like me nā ʻano ʻauhau.

Hana pū ʻo Arnot's PR firm me Monsanto, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike. Ma 2014, ua kī ʻo Monsanto iā CMA i "Kālepa" a hoʻolaha kahi mahele o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo pro-GMO i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto i nā polopeka a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e paʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project - me ka hōʻike ʻole o ka hana a Monsanto ma hope o nā hōʻike, ma ke ʻano he Ua hōʻike ʻo Boston Globe.

ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino iā IARC, a loaʻa iā ia ke kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, e like me kā GLP Mea 'Ano hou a pololei ʻole ka “ʻaoʻao transparency.”

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻOihana ʻoihana Agrichemical ʻOihana Hoʻolālā

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ʻO Drew Kershen, polopeka emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai, kahi pili pili loa o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kūkākūkā ʻo ia no ʻaʻala o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia me nā holoholona a me kue i ka transparency. Ua hoʻokani nui ʻo Kershen i nā hana hoʻolauleʻa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā hui i mua e hoʻokipa no nā pono ʻoihana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Kershen i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

ʻO nā pilina ʻoihana Agrichemical a me ke alakaʻi o ka hui mua

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic / Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema

ʻO Kershen a ka lālā o ka papa o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua i hui pū me Monsanto e hana i ka pilina lehulehu no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia i genetically, a hana ʻaʻole hōʻike pono kāna kālā. Hōʻike nā palapala i ka Genetic Literacy Project:

He lālā papa ʻo Kershen o ka Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema, ka 501 (c) (3) hui makua o ka Genetic Literacy Project. Kuhikuhi ʻia nā mea ʻelua e ʻO Jon Entine, kahi pili aloha PR lōʻihi loa o ka ʻoihana kemika.

Wahi a Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2015, ʻO Jon Entine a me ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema i mālama i ka mana o ka Helu Heluhelu Helu (STATS), kahi hui i pili mua me ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) a me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. Ua pelu ʻia nā hana no STATS i Sense About Science USA, a kaʻana like i ka helu wahi o ka moʻolelo me ka Pāhana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema.

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o STATS, CMPA a me Sense About Science i hana ka pilina lehulehu no ka ʻoihana paka a ʻaʻole kēia mau hui he arbiters kūʻokoʻa o ka ʻepekema, e like me ka 2016 hoʻokolokolo ma The Intercept.

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i nā pepa ʻo USRTK ma ʻO Jon Entine a me Genetic Literacy Project a Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS.

Kakauolelo o ka ʻOihana Hoʻolaha Review mua

ʻO Kershen ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka papa o nā luna hoʻomalu o Academics Review, e like me kāna Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2016. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia he loiloi kūʻokoʻa nā loiloi Academics, akā ua loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know hōʻike he hui mua ia hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei.

ʻO Kershen kahi loiloi no kahi hōʻike 2014 e ka Academics Review i hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika; ka nūʻike hoʻōla no ka mea ua hōʻike ka hōʻike he hana ia na nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau ʻo ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Academics Review ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui nonprofit i kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta. Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i kahi huina o $ 600,000 i ka loiloi ʻĀkana i 2014 a 2015-2016.

No ke aha i holoi ʻia ai ʻo Forbes i kahi ʻatikala Drew Kershen

Kershen mea kākau i kākau ʻia i mau ʻatikala i holoi ʻia e Forbes a me Project Syndicate ma hope o kāna mea kākau, Ua paʻa ʻo Henry Miller me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi kolamu i kākau ʻia e Monsanto e like me kāna hana ponoʻī ma Forbes. ʻO ka New York Times hōʻike i ka hōʻino ghostwriting ma 2017.

Ua kākau pū ʻo Kershen lāua ʻo Miller i mau ʻatikala na Slate, ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, ka ʻOihana Hoover a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (kahi ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūʻulu mua) e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i ka lepili ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically, e hoʻouka nei i nā poʻe loea o ka ʻoihana, a e ʻōlelo nei "ke ʻeha nei ka poʻe ʻilihune o ka honua a make makehewa ʻole" ma muli o ke "rula gratuitous i koi ʻia e nā mea hoʻouka."

Nā Pane GMO

ʻO Kershen kahi "Luna ʻelele" no nā pane GMO, a pūnaewele a me ka pūnaewele PR no nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ʻo ia hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui ma o ka Council for Biotechnology Information, a holo ʻia e ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu lehulehu Ketchum.

Hoʻopili ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi Transparency e kāpae i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka lehulehu

ʻO kekahi mau palapala i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, i hōʻike i nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o nā ʻoihana a me nā hui mua, i loaʻa mua ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom o ka ʻIkepili e Pono ʻo US e ʻike. Ua komo ʻo Kershen i nā hoʻopiʻi e hoʻāʻo e hōʻoki i ka hoʻolaha hou ʻana, ma ke ʻano he Freedom of the Press Foundation i hōʻike ʻia ma Pepeluali 2018.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai, e ʻike i ka ʻAoʻao ʻimi noiʻi ʻo USRTK.

Wahi a Monsanto, palekana kāna pesticides. I kēia manawa, makemake kahi ʻaha e ʻike i ka hōʻoia

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ʻO nā hanana o kēia pule e hōʻailona i ka manawa mua e hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻepekema e hōʻoia i kekahi mau pesticides ma lalo o ka hoʻohiki no nā mea āpau e ʻike.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ke Kahu.

Na Carey Gillam

Ma ka Lāhina, kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo hoʻokolokolo ma Kapalakiko e hoʻohuli i kahi kukui ākea i ka ʻepekema e hoʻopuni ana i ka palekana o kekahi o nā pesticides i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kahi kemika weedkilling i kapa ʻia ʻo glyphosate i pili i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ʻike pinepine ʻia i kā mākou meaʻai a me ka wai, ʻoiai i kā mākou nā wai o ke kino ponoʻī. Hāʻawi ʻia i ke olakino ākea a me nā hopena pili i pili i ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēia pesticide, e lawelawe maikaʻi ʻia mākou e hoʻolohe.

Ma ke ʻano he mea hana i ka Roundup branded a Monsanto a me nā haneli he nui o nā lāʻau ʻino, hōʻike ʻia ka glyphosate Billia mau dala i nā loaʻa makahiki no Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe, a hoʻohana nui ʻia e nā mahiʻai i mea kōkua i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. Makemake pū ʻia ia e nā kūlanakauhale no ka mālama ʻana i nā pāka lehulehu a me nā kahua pāʻani me ka nāhelehele ʻole, a e nā mea hale e makemake i kahi lau nahele maikaʻi. Akā ua manaʻo ʻia ka kemika a kino kanaka make paha e ka poʻe loea o ka World Health Organization i nā maʻi ʻaʻai i 2015 i kahi ʻike i hoʻomaka ʻia nalu o ka hoʻopiʻi kuleana kūʻē iā Monsanto.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ka palekana - a i ʻole nele paha - o kēia pesticide kaulana i ʻike ʻia ma ka honua a hāpai i ke kaua propaganda me kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo nei ua hōʻike hewa nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo ʻepekema. Wahi a ka poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻaʻi iā Monsanto "ʻUhane" i kākau ʻia nā loiloi noiʻi, hoʻohuli hewa i nā mea hoʻokele a hana i nā hui mua e koi wahaheʻe i ka palekana glyphosate. ʻO Monsanto, i kēia manawa, ʻāpono i nā noiʻi he nui e nā ʻepekema honua kīnā ʻole a me ka hoʻoulu politika, a ke ʻōlelo nei nā noiʻi ʻoihana e hōʻike palekana i ka huahana ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia.

ʻO nā hanana o kēia pule e hōʻailona i ka manawa mua e ʻike ʻia ke kino o ka noiʻi, kekahi e ʻohiʻohi lepo ana i loko o nā puke ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​faila hui pilikino.

ʻAʻole ia he hana palaualelo. Pili ke ola maoli i kēia a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ākea e pili ana i nā pōʻino pesticide i ko mākou olakino. Hoʻokahi i loko o kēlā me kēia kāne ʻelua a hoʻokahi ma kēlā me kēia wahine ʻekolu i kēia manawa e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ko lākou ola a ke piʻi aʻe nei nā maʻi ʻaʻai kamaliʻi.

I nā keiki, hoʻopili ʻia ka hōʻike pesticide ʻaʻole wale i maʻi maʻi pediatric, akā e hoʻēmi i ka hana noʻonoʻo, a me nā pilikia o ka lawena. I nā mākua, pili nā pesticides i non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, leukemia, lolo, prostate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai ʻē aʻe. Ma mua o 3,000 mau mea hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopiʻi ana iā Monsanto e hōʻike i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka Roundly glyphosate-based Roundup i hoʻokumu iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o ko lākou ʻohana e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Monsanto e hoʻohuli i ka luna kānāwai o US iā Vince Chhabria e hoʻolei i ka hoʻopiʻi, a ua ʻimi ʻo ia e hūnā i nā palapala kūloko i koi ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka loaʻa ʻana. Akā ua kauoha ʻo Chhabria e hoʻolohe i kēia hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo hoʻopaʻa wikiō ʻia a kaʻana like i ka lehulehu ma ka pūnaewele. A iā ia ʻae ʻia ka ʻae no nā mea hoʻopiʻi e ʻimi i loko o ka hale hāmama e like me nā mea e like me ka palapala ʻuhane o ka ʻepekema a me a controversial 1983 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hōʻike nā ʻepekema ʻo EPA i kēlā manawa i ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa o glyphosate.

Ua kāhea ka ʻaha i nā hanana 5-9 Malaki ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema hebedoma" no ka mea ʻo nā hōʻike wale nō e hōʻike ʻia ai nā loea i ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā epidemiologists, nā mea ʻawahia a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ua kāhea ʻia e kālailai i ka noiʻi kūpono. ʻAʻole e kanikau nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai e huki i nā aho o ka puʻuwai; nā ʻaoʻao kūʻē wale e hōʻike nei i ka ʻepekema i kahi luna kānāwai nāna e hoʻoholo inā hiki i nā hoʻopiʻi ke neʻe i mua.

E hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna pale, ka hui a me nā ʻenehana ʻenehana kemika i e hana ana e hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hōʻike nei i ka pilikia. Ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā hana i ka wā i komo ai nā lālā o ke Kōmike no ka ʻepekema, kahi a me ka ʻenehana i mālama ʻia i Wakinekona i ka lā 6 Pepeluali e hoʻolele i nā hoʻopiʻi a Monsanto e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer's (IARC) i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen, a e hoʻoweliweli hoʻi i ka lawe ʻana i ke kālā mai ke kino ʻepekema.

ʻO ka hana a ke kōmike - ke hoʻololi pono nei i ke kaua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kaua i ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai mahalo ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Monsanto, me ka lobbyist CropLife ʻAmelika a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Kaleponi e hoʻōki i nā mea hoʻoponopono kaiapuni mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kanesa no nā huahana glyphosate, a ma ka 26 Pepeluali lākou lanakila i ke kanawai ke ālai nei i kēlā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo.

ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o glyphosate kahi hiʻohiʻona hope loa o ka hana pinepine ʻana o ka ʻoihana e nānā pono ʻole i ka ʻike ʻepekema o ka hōʻino, akā i ka hōʻino ʻana i ka ʻepekema hōʻeha. I ka makahiki i hala aku nei, no ka laʻana, ua kūleʻa maikaʻi ʻo Dow Chemical i ke alakaʻi o ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i kāpae i nā ʻōlelo aʻo mai kona akeakamai ponoʻī (a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) e pili ana i ka noiʻi nui e hoʻopaʻa ana i kahi pesticide Dow pono i kapa ʻia ʻo chlorpyrifos i nā pilikia ulu lolo i nā keiki.

ʻO ka hāʻawi lehulehu ʻana i ka hōʻike mākaukau ma Kapalakiko e pili ana i ka pesticide palahalaha a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i kahi manawa kūpono e hoʻokaʻawale i ka ʻepekema mai ka milo. E nānā ana paha mākou āpau.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

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UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

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