ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

Aspartame: Nā Makahiki Makahiki o ka ʻEpekema e hōʻike i nā olakino olakino koʻikoʻi

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Moʻolelo Lōʻihi o nā hopohopo
Nā ʻepekema ʻepekema nui ma Aspartame
ʻO nā hana PR ʻoihana
Nā Manaʻo ʻepekema

Nā mea nui e pili ana i ka Diet Soda Chemical 

He aha ka Aspartame?

  • ʻO Aspartame ka mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni hoʻohana nui ʻia o ka honua. Kūʻai ʻia aku ʻo ia e like me NutraSweet, Equal, Sugar Twin a me AminoSweet.
  • Aia ʻo Aspartame ma mua o 6,000 huahana, me Diet Coke a me Diet Pepsi, Kool Aid, Crystal Light, Tango a me nā mea inu ʻono noʻeau ʻē aʻe; nā huahana Jell-O manuahi kō ʻole; Trident, Dentyne a me nā mana ʻē aʻe o ka gum-free sugar; nā candies ʻoʻoleʻa kō; nā mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a ʻaʻ ʻole kō e like me nā ketchup a me nā ʻaʻahu; nā kauka lāʻau a nā keiki, nā wikamina a me nā kulu hā.
  • ʻO Aspartame kahi kemika synthetic i haku ʻia o nā amino acid phenylalanine a me aspartic acid, me kahi ester methyl. Ke hoʻopau ʻia, haki ka methyl ester i methanol, a hiki ke hoʻolilo ʻia i formaldehyde.

Hāpai nā Kūkākūkā he mau makahiki e pili ana iā Aspartame

Ma muli o ka ʻae ʻia ʻana o aspartame ma 1974, ua hāpai nā ʻepekema ʻelua o ka FDA a me nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena olakino hiki a me nā hemahema i ka ʻepekema i waiho ʻia i ka FDA e ka mea hana, ʻo GD Searle. (Ua kūʻai ʻo Monsanto iā Searle i ka makahiki 1984).

I ka 1987, ua paʻi ʻo UPI i kahi mau ʻatikala noiʻi na Gregory Gordon e hōʻike nei e pili ana i kēia mau hopohopo, e like me nā noiʻi mua e pili ana i ka aspartame i nā pilikia olakino, ka maikaʻi maikaʻi ʻole o ka noiʻi kālā i loaʻa i ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi ai i kāna ʻae ʻia, a me nā pilina pili puka ma waena o nā luna o FDA a me ka ʻoihana meaʻai. ʻO Gordon's series kahi waiwai nui no kēlā me kēia e ʻimi nei e hoʻomaopopo i ka mōʻaukala o aspartame / NutraSweet:

Flaws i ka loiloi ʻana o ka Mana Maluhia o ʻEulopa

Ma Iulai 2019 pepa ma ka Waihona Palapala Ola, ua hāʻawi nā kānaka noiʻi ma ke Kulanui o Sussex i kahi anamanaʻo kikoʻī o ka loiloi palekana EFSA's 2013 o aspartame a ua ʻike ʻia ua hōʻemi ʻia ka panela me he mea lā ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia i kēlā me kēia 73 o nā haʻawina i hōʻike i ka ʻino, a hoʻohana i nā pae lax ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e ʻae he 84% kūpono o nā noi ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi hōʻike o ka hōʻino. "Hāʻawi ʻia i nā hemahema o kā EFSA hōʻike loiloi weliweli o ka aspartame, a me nā hemahema o nā loiloi kūpilikiʻi kūpilikiʻi kūlohelohe mua o aspartame, he mea maʻa mau loa ka hoʻopau ʻana e ʻae ʻia ka palekana," hoʻopau ʻia ke aʻo ʻana.

ike Ka pane a EFSA a me ka ukali e nā mea noiʻi ʻo Erik Paul Millstone lāua ʻo Elizabeth Dawson i ka waihona o ka Health Public, No ke aha i hoʻoliʻiliʻi ai ʻo EFSA i kāna ADI no aspartame a paipai paha e hoʻohana hou ʻole ʻia kāna hoʻohana? Hōʻike hou:

  • "Pono e pāpā ʻia nā mea hoʻonaninani kaulana loa o ka honua, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā loea. Ua kāhea nā mea loea palekana i ka meaʻai no ka mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni i hoʻohana nui ʻia, aspartame, e pāpā ʻia ma UK a me nā nīnau no ke aha i manaʻo ʻia he ʻoluʻolu ia i ka mua. Nūpepa Mea Hou Meaʻai (11.11.2020) 
  • "'E kāpae ʻia ke kūʻai aku ʻana o aspartame': hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo EFSA no ka bias i ka loiloi palekana," na Katy Askew, Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai (7.27.2019)

Nā hopena olakino a me nā noi nui ma Aspartame 

ʻOiai nā noiʻi he nui, ua kākoʻo kekahi o lākou ʻoihana, ʻaʻohe pilikia me ka aspartame, he nui o nā noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui i hoʻopili i ka aspartame i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā pilikia olakino, e like me:

Cancer

I loko o ka noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai piha loa i kēia lā ma aspartame, ʻekolu mau aʻo ola i mālama ʻia e ka Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center o ka Ramazzini Institute, hāʻawi mau i ka hōʻike o ka carcinogenicity i nā rodents i hōʻike ʻia i ka lāʻau.

  • ʻO Aspartame "kahi māhoe carcinogenic multipotential, ʻoiai ma kahi o kēlā me kēia lā o ka… ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka lawe ʻia o kēlā me kēia lā," e like me ka 2006 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka ʻiole ola i Nā Manaʻo Ola Ola.1
  • Ua loaʻa kahi noiʻi ukali i ka makahiki 2007 i ka piʻi ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi i loko o kekahi o nā ʻiole. "Nā hualoaʻa ... hōʻoia a hoʻokūpaʻa i ka hōʻike hoʻokolohua mua loa o ka [aspartame] multipotential carcinogenicity ma kahi pae ma kahi kokoke i ka ʻai o kēlā me kēia lā no nā kānaka ... ke hoʻomaka ke ola ʻana i ke ola i ka wā o ke fetal life, ua hoʻonui ʻia nā hopena carcinogenic," i kākau nā mea noiʻi. i loko o Nā Manaʻo Ola Ola.2
  • ʻO nā hopena o kahi noiʻi ola 2010 "e hōʻoia i ka [aspartame] kahi mea hana carcinogenic i nā pūnaewele he nui i nā rodents, a ua hoʻokomo ʻia kēia hopena i nā ʻano ʻelua, nā ʻiole (kāne a wahine) a me nāʻiole (kāne)," i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe noiʻi. Ka Nupepa ʻAmelika o ka Lapaʻau Hana.3

Ua hōʻike nā kānaka noiʻi Harvard ma 2012 i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o ka lawe ʻana o aspartame a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka pilikia o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a me nā myeloma he nui i nā kāne, a no ka leukemia i nā kāne a me nā wahine. ʻO nā hopena "mālama i ka hopena o kahi hopena maikaʻi ʻole ... ma nā maʻi ʻūlū koho" akā "ʻaʻole e ʻae i ka hoʻoholo ʻana ma waho o kahi manawa he wehewehe," i kākau nā mea noiʻi i ka Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali.4

I loko o kahi manaʻo 2014 i Ka Nupepa ʻAmelika o ka Lapaʻau Hana, ua kākau nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo Maltoni Center i nā noiʻi i waiho ʻia e GD Searle no ka ʻae ʻia o ka mākeke “ʻaʻole e hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo ʻepekema kūpono no ka palekana [aspartame]. I ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, nā hopena hou o ke ola ʻana o ke ola kino olaola i nāʻiole a me nāʻiole i paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke pai i nānā ʻia e nā hoa, a me kahi noiʻi epidemiological e hiki mai ana, e hāʻawi i nā hōʻike kūpaʻa o ka hiki i ka carcinogenic [aspartame]. Ma ke kumu o nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā hopena carcinogenic kūpono… a me ka loiloi hou ʻana i ke kūlana o nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho kūwaho e pono ai e noʻonoʻo ʻia he mea nui o ke olakino lehulehu. "5

Brain hikoko

I ka makahiki 1996, ua hōʻike nā kānaka noiʻi i ka Ka Nupepa o Neuropathology & Neurology Hoʻokolohua ma nā hōʻike epidemiological e pili ana i ka hoʻolauna ʻana o aspartame i ka hoʻonui ʻana i kahi ʻano kūpikipiki o nā tumors lolo malignant. "Hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e pili pili ana i nā tumors lolo, ʻo ka aspartame mea hoʻonaninani he moho hoʻohiki e wehewehe i ka piʻi hou ʻana o ka hanana a me ke ʻano o ka maʻi ʻōpū o ka lolo.6

  • Ua haʻi ʻia e Neuros Scientist ʻo Kauka John Olney, ka mea kākau o ke aʻo ʻana 60 mau minuke i ka makahiki 1996: "Ua nui ka piʻi ʻana o ka hanana o nā puʻuwai lolo malignant (i loko o ʻekolu a ʻelima mau makahiki ma hope o ka ʻae ʻia o ka aspartame) ... lawa pono ke kumu e manaʻo ai i ka aspartame e pono e hōʻoia hou ʻia. Pono ʻo FDA e hoʻoponopono hou iā ia, a i kēia manawa, pono e hana ʻo FDA. ”

Ua loaʻa nā ʻike mua i ka aspartame i nā makahiki 1970 i ka ʻike o nā tumors lolo i loko o nā holoholona laboratory, akā ʻo kēlā mau noiʻi ʻaʻole i ukali ʻia.

ʻO ka maʻi Cardiovascular 

A 2017 meta-analysis o ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i nā mea ʻono hana, i paʻi ʻia i loko o ka Ka PepaʻAiā Leka o ka Huilepaʻiʻo Canada, ʻaʻohe hōʻike maopopo e pili ana i nā pono pohō kaumaha no nā mea hoʻonaninani hoʻowalewale i nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia, a ua hōʻike ʻia e pili ana nā loiloi cohort i nā mea ʻono hana me ka "hoʻonui i ke kaupaona a me ka pūhaka, a me nā hanana kiʻekiʻe o ka momona, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes a me ka maʻi puʻuwai hanana. ”7 E nānā i kekahi:

  • "ʻAʻole kōkua nā mea hoʻonanea i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi kaumaha a alakaʻi ʻia i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā paona," na Catherine Caruso, STAT (7.17.2017)
  • "No ke aha i inu ai kahi mea maʻi puʻuwai i kāna sodaʻai hope loa," na Harlan Krumholz, Puka Puka Puka (9.14.2017)
  • "Makemake kēia cardiologist i kona ʻohana e ʻokiʻoki i ka sodaʻai. E pono anei i kāu? na David Becker, MD, Philly Enquirer (9.12.2017)

 He pepa 2016 ma Physiology & Hana ua hōʻike ʻia, "aia kahi hui like ʻana ma waena o nā hopena mai ka noiʻi holoholona a me nā helu nui o ka nānā ʻana i nā wā lōʻihi i nā kānaka, i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hoʻonui nui ʻana o ke kaupaona, adiposity, incidence of obesity, cardiometabolic risk, a me ka make paha ma waena o nā kānaka me ka maʻi mau, hōʻike i kēlā me kēia lā i nā mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa calorie haʻahaʻa - a pīhoihoi kēia mau hopena. "8

ʻO nā wahine i ʻai i nā mea inu iʻoi aku ma mua o ʻelua mau inu inu i kēlā me kēia lā "ua ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hopena o ka hanana [maʻi maʻi maʻi] ... Ka Buke Helu o ke Olakino Lapaʻau Launa.9

Hahau, Dementia a ʻO ka maʻi o Alzheimer

ʻO ka poʻe e inu nei i ka soda ʻai i kēlā me kēia lā ʻaneʻane ʻekolu mau manawa e hoʻomohala i ka hahau a me ka dementia e like me ka poʻe i ʻai ia pule i kēlā me kēia pule a ʻoi iki paha. Ua komo kēia i kahi kiʻekiʻe o ka maʻi ischemic stroke, kahi i ʻauʻa ʻia ai nā kīʻaha koko i loko o ka lolo, a ʻo Alzheimer ka maʻi dementia, ke ʻano maʻamau o ka dementia, i hōʻike ʻia 2017 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Stroke.10

  • E nānā i kekahi: Ke Kula Kaiapuni Kula Nui o Boston o ke aʻo ʻana e ka neurologist ʻo Matthew Pase, "ʻO ka ʻai ʻana i kēlā me kēia lā ʻo Sodas, nā wai huaʻai a me nā Sodas sweetening ʻona e hoʻopili i ka lolo."
  • "Loulou nā loulou i ka sodaʻai i mea e ʻoi aku ai ke kiʻekiʻe o ka maʻi ahulau, dementia," na Fred Barbash, ʻO Washington Post (4.21.2017)

I ke kino, ka methyl ester i aspartame metabolize i loko metanola a laila hiki ke hoʻohuli ʻia i formaldehyde, i pili i ka maʻi ʻo Alzheimer. Ua aʻo ʻia kahi ʻaoʻao ʻelua i ka makahiki 2014 i ka Ka Nūpepa o ka maʻiʻo Alzheimer hoʻohui i ka methanol mau loa i ka nalowale hoʻomanaʻo ʻana a me nā ʻōuli o ka maʻi ʻo Alzheimer i nāʻiole a me nā mōʻī.

  • "Ua hōʻike ʻia nā ʻiole ʻai like ʻole me ka ethanol [M] me nā ʻōuli AD-like… Ua hoʻohui kēia mau mea i ka nui o nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka formaldehyde i ka maʻi o [Alzheimer] maʻi." (Part 1)11
  • "ʻO ka hānai ʻana o ka etanol ka mea i hana i nā hoʻololi kūlohelohe lōʻihi a hoʻomau e pili ana i ka maʻi o [Alzheimer]… Kākoʻo kēia mau hopena i kahi kino e ulu nei i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka methanol a me kāna metabolite formaldehyde i [ka maʻi ʻo Alzheimer]." (Part 2)12

Ka hopu

"Aspartame ʻike ʻia e hoʻonui i ka nui o ka nalu ʻo EEG spike i nā keiki me ka hopu ʻole ʻia. Pono e aʻo hou e hoʻokumu inā loaʻa kēia hopena ma nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me nā ʻano hopu ʻē aʻe, "e like me kahi noiʻi 1992 i ʻO ke olakino.13

ʻO Aspartame "kahi hana e hāpai ana i ka hopu ʻana i nā hiʻohiʻona holoholona i hoʻohana ākea ʻia e ʻike ai i nā mea hoʻohui e pili ana… ka hopena hopu," e like me kahi noi 1987 i Nā Manaʻo Ola Ola.14

ʻO nā mahele aspartame kiʻekiʻe loa "hiki paha ke hoʻopili i ka likelike o ka hopu ʻana i ka simptomless akā maʻalahi ka poʻe," e like me kahi noiʻi 1985 i ʻO ka Lancet. Hoʻomaopopo ka noiʻi i ʻekolu mau mākua olakino olakino i loaʻa i ka maʻi nui i nā wā ke hoʻopau lākou i nā kaona kiʻekiʻe o ka aspartame.15

ʻO Neurotoxicity, Pōʻino lolo a me nā maʻi Mood

Ua hoʻopili ʻia ʻo Aspartame i nā pilikia pili i ka lawena a me ka noʻonoʻo me ka pilikia o ke aʻo ʻana, ka ʻeha poʻo, ka hopu ʻana, ka migraines, nā ʻano huhū, ka pīhoihoi, ke kaumaha, a me ka hiamoe ʻole, ua kākau nā mea noiʻi o kahi noi 2017 ma ʻO Neuroscience Nutritional. "Pono e hoʻokokoke me ka akahele ma muli o ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka aspartame ma muli o nā hopena e hiki ai i ke olakino neurobeh behavioral."16

"Ua hoʻololi maoli ka aspartame waha i ka lawena, kūlana anti-oxidant a me morphology o ka hippocampus i nāʻiole; no paha, hoʻonāukiuki paha ia i ka neurogenesis mākua hippocampal, "i hōʻike ʻia i kahi noi 2016 ma ʻO Neurobiology o ke aʻo ʻana a me ka hoʻomanaʻo.17 

"Ma mua, ua hōʻike ʻia hiki i ka ʻai ʻana o aspartame ke hana i nā haunaele neurological a me nā lawena i nā poʻe pilikino. ʻO nā poʻo poʻo, ka hiamoe a me ka hopu ʻana kekahi o nā hopena neurological i loaʻa, "e like me kahi noi 2008 i ka ʻO ka European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. "Hāʻawi ʻia [W] i ke komo ʻana o ka ingartartame ingests i loko o ke pathogenesis o kekahi mau maʻi noʻonoʻo ... a i loko nō hoʻi o ka aʻo ʻana a me ka hana naʻau."18 

"(N) nā hōʻailona Eurological, me ke aʻo ʻana a me nā kaʻina hana hoʻomanaʻo, pili paha i ka kiʻekiʻe a i ʻole nā ​​mea ʻawaʻawa o ka mea hoʻomomona [aspartame] metabolites," i ʻōlelo ʻia kahi noiʻi 2006 i ʻĀina noiʻi lāʻau.19

"Hiki iā Aspartame ke hoʻopōʻino i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hoʻomanaʻo a hōʻino hoʻi i nā neurons hypothalamic i nāʻiole mākua," e like me kahi noiʻi mice 2000 i paʻi ʻia ma Nā Palapala Toxicology.20

"(I) ʻike nā makaʻāina me nā maʻi maʻi i ʻano koʻikoʻi loa i kēia mea hoʻoheheʻe ʻino a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia heluna kanaka e pono e hoʻonāwaliwali," e like me kahi noi 1993 i ka Ka Nūpepa o ka Psychiatry Biological.21

ʻO nā lāʻau kiʻekiʻe o ka aspartame "hiki ke hana i nā hoʻololi neurochemical nui i nāʻiole," i hōʻike ʻia kahi noi ma 1984 i Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali.22

Ua hōʻike nā hoʻokolohua i ka hōʻino o ka lolo i nāʻiole pēpē ma hope o ka waha o ka aspartate, a e hōʻike ana he "ʻawaʻawa ka aspartate i ka ʻiole pēpē ma nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o ka lawe ʻana o ka waha," i hōʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi ma 1970. Nature.23

He wāwae a me Migraines

"ʻO Aspartame, kahi mea hoʻowalewale dietetic, e hoʻonāukiuki paha i ka ʻeha o ke poʻo i kekahi mau kanaka maʻalahi. Ma aneʻi, wehewehe mākou i ʻekolu mau hihia o nā wahine ʻōpio me ka migraine i hōʻike i ko lākou ʻeha poʻo i hiki ke hoʻonāukiuki ʻia e ka nau ʻana i ka kāpili kō ʻole i loaʻa ka aspartame, "e like me ka pepa 1997 i Puke Pai Headache.24

ʻO kahi hoʻokolokolo hoʻokalakupua e hoʻohālikelike ana i ka aspartame a me kahi placebo i paʻi ʻia ma 1994 i ʻO ke olakino, "Hāʻawi i nā hōʻike i, i waena o nā kānaka me nā maʻi poʻo ponoʻī i hōʻike ʻia iā lākou iho ma hope o ke komo ʻana o ka aspartame, kahi subset o kēia hui e hōʻike hou aku i nā poʻo hina ke hoʻāʻo ʻia ma lalo o nā kūlana i kāohi ʻia. ʻIke ʻia e maʻalahi paha kekahi poʻe i ka maʻi poʻo i hoʻokumu ʻia e aspartame a makemake paha e kaupalena i kā lākou ʻai ʻana. "25

ʻO kahi ana ʻana o nā mea maʻi he 171 ma ka Hale Mīkini Lapaʻau Lapaʻau ʻo Montefiore i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka poʻe maʻi me ka migraine “ua hōʻike ʻia ka aspartame ma ke ʻano he piʻi ʻekolu manawa ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o nā ʻano ʻeha ʻeha ʻē aʻe ... ”1989 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Puke Pai Headache.26

Hoʻohālikelike kahi hoʻokolokolo kūlike e hoʻohālikelike ana i ka aspartame a me kahi placebo ma ke alapine a me ka ikaika o ka migraines. Puke Pai Headache.27

Hoʻoiho i nā hana hōʻino

ʻO ka ʻai ʻana ma mua o ʻelua mau lawelawe i kēlā me kēia lā o ka soda momona i hoʻopili ʻia "e pili ana me ka hoʻonui pālua he 2 no ka emi ʻana o ka hana hakuʻala ma nā wahine," e like me kahi noi 2011 i ka Ka Nūpepa Lapaʻau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa o Nephrology.28

Loaʻa Kālā, Hoʻonui i ka Appetite a me nā pilikia e pili ana i ka nui

Loulou kekahi mau noiʻi i ka aspartame i ke kaupaona, hoʻonui i ka makemake, diabetes, derabement metabolic a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka momona. E ʻike i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo: ʻO ka Diet Soda Chemical i hoʻopili ʻia i ke Kaumaha.

Ke hoʻopili nei kēia ʻepekema i ka aspartame i ke kaupaona ʻana a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka momona e hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ke kūpono o ke kūʻai ʻana i nā huahana aspartame-i loaʻa he "ʻai" a i ʻole kōkua kōkua kaumaha. I ka makahiki 2015, ua noi ʻo USRTK i ka FederalʻIliahi Komikina a FDA e nānā i nā hana kūʻai aku a me nā hoʻolaha ʻana o nā huahana "ʻai" i loaʻa kahi kemika i hoʻopili ʻia i ka loaʻa kaumaha. E ʻike nūhou pili uhi, pane mai FTC, a pane mai FDA.

Diabetes a me ka Metabolic Derangement

Wāwahi ʻo Aspartame i kahi ʻāpana i ka phenylalanine, kahi mea hoʻopilikia i ka hana o ka enzyme ʻōpū alkaline phosphatase (IAP) i hōʻike mua ʻia e pale aku ai i ka maʻi metabolic (kahi hui o nā ʻōuli e pili ana i ka maʻi diabetes type 2 a me ka maʻi maʻi maʻi) e like me kahi noi ma 2017 i Pili ʻOihana Pilikino, Nutr a me Metabolism. I kēia noi ʻana, ua loaʻa nā ʻiole i loaʻa i ka aspartame i kā lākou wai inu i ka nui o ke kaupaona a hoʻomohala i nā ʻōuli ʻē aʻe o ka metabolic syndrome ma mua o nā holoholona i hānai ʻia i nā papaʻai like nele i ka aspartame. Hoʻopau ke aʻo ʻana, "ʻo nā hopena pale IAP e pili ana i ka maʻi metabolic e pāpā ʻia e phenylalanine, kahi metabolite o aspartame, e wehewehe ana paha i ka nele o ke kaupaona ʻana i manaʻo ʻia a me nā hoʻomaikaʻi metabolic e pili ana i nā mea inu."29

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻai mau ana i nā mea ʻono hana hoʻopunipuni i ka makaʻu nui o ka "loaʻa nui o ke kaupaona ʻana, ka maʻi metabolic, ʻano diabetes he 2, a me nā maʻi puʻuwai," e like me ka loiloi 2013 Purdue ma kahi o 40 mau makahiki i paʻi ʻia ma Nā hana i Endocrinology & Metabolism.30

I loko o kahi noiʻi i ukali ʻia ma hope o 66,118 mau wahine ma mua o 14 mau makahiki, ua pili nā mea inu kō a me nā mea inu ʻono i hana ʻia me ka pilikia o ka maʻi diabetes Type 2. "Ua ʻike ʻia kekahi mau hana maikaʻi maikaʻi ma ka hopena T2D ma waena o nā quartiles o ka hoʻohana ʻana no nā ʻano mea inu ʻelua ... ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi hui no 100% inu wai huaʻai, ”i hōʻike ʻia ma ka noi 2013 i paʻi ʻia ma Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali.31

ʻO Intestinal Dysbiosis, Metabolic Derangement a me ka momona

Hiki i nā mea hoʻonaninani hiki ke hoʻoulu i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o glucose ma o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiota ʻōpū, e like me a Ke aʻo 2014 ma ʻAno. Ua kākau nā kānaka noiʻi, "pili kā mākou hopena i ka ʻai ʻana o NAS [non-calorical sweetener] ʻai, dysbiosis a me nā mea pono ʻole o ka metabolic, no laila ke noi nei e hoʻoponopono hou ʻia ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o NAS ... Hōʻike kā mākou mea i loaʻa ua kōkua pololei ʻo NAS i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka maʻi kūpilikiʻi [momona] ua manaʻo ʻia lākou e hakakā. ”32

  • E nānā pū kekahi: "Hiki i nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻoniʻoni ke hoʻololi i kā mākou bacteria i nā ala weliweli," na Ellen Ruppel Shell, ʻAmelika ʻEpekema (4.1.2015)

Ke aʻo 'ia nei he 2016 Nā Nūhou Physiology i noi ʻia a me ka Metabolism ua hōʻike ʻia, "Ua hoʻohuli nui ka loaʻa ʻana o Aspartame i ka pilina ma waena o ka helu nui o ke kino (BMI) a me ke ahonui glucose ... ʻo ka ʻai ʻana o ka aspartame e pili pū me nā hōʻino e pili ana i ka momona ma ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana o ka glucose."33

Wahi a kahi moʻo ʻiole 2014 ma PLOS ONE, "Ua hoʻokiʻekiʻe ka aspartame i nā pae kō glucose a me kahi hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua i hōʻike iā aspartame e hōʻino i ka haʻalele ʻana o ka glucose stimulate i ka insulin ... Ua hōʻike ka nānā ʻana i ka fecal o ka haku mele bacteria i ka aspartame e hoʻonui i ka nui o nā koʻohune…"34

 Nā Abnormalities o ka hāpaiʻana: hānau mua o ka wā hānau 

Wahi a kahi hui pūʻulu 2010 o 59,334 Denemaka wahine hāpai i paʻi ʻia i loko o ka Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali, "Aia kahi hui ma waena o ka lawe ʻana i nā mea inu momona a me nā wai ʻole noncarbonated a me ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka makaʻi o ka lawe mua ʻana." Ua pau ke aʻo ʻana, "ʻO ka lawe ʻana i kēlā me kēia lā o nā mea inu momona momona i hoʻonui ʻia ka makaʻu o ka lawe mua ʻana."35

  • E nānā hoʻi: "Downing Diet Soda i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka hānau mua ʻole," na Anne Harding, Reuters (7.23.2010)

ʻO nā pēpē momona

Hoʻopili ʻia ka inu mea inu me ka mea inu i ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana i ka papa inoa nui o ke kino no nā pēpē, e like me kahi noi 2016 i Nā Jedia Pediatrics. "I ko mākou ʻike, hāʻawi mākou i ka hōʻike kanaka mua loa i ka ʻai ʻana o ka makuahine i nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka wā hāpai e hoʻohuli i ka BMI pēpē," i kākau ai nā mea noiʻi.36

  • E nānā pū kekahi: "ʻO Diet Soda i ka hāpai ʻana e pili ana i nā pēpē momona," na Nicholas Bakalar, New York Times (5.11.2016)

ʻO Menarche mua

ʻO ka National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study i ukali i nā kaikamahine 1988 no 10 mau makahiki e nānā i nā hui e kū nei ma waena o ka ʻai ʻana o ke kō a me nā kō ʻole i caffeine ʻia - a me nā mea inu momona a me nā menarche mua. "ʻO ka ʻai ʻana o nā mea inu momona momona caffeine a ʻoluʻolu hoʻi e pili pono me ka makaʻu o nā menarche mua i kahi cohort o ʻAmelika ʻAmelika a me nā kaikamahine Caucasian," i pau i ka noi i paʻi ʻia ma 2015 i Ka Nūpepa o ka ʻAi Lapaʻau ʻAmelika.37

Pōʻino Sperm

"Ua ʻike ʻia kahi hōʻemi nui o ka hana spermame o nā holoholona i mālama ʻia aspartame ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka kaohi a me ka MTX kaohi," e like me kahi noi 2017 i ka Ka Palapala'Ōiwi Aupuni o kaʻIke. "… Hōʻike kēia mau hopena i hiki i nā metabolite aspartame ke lilo i mea kōkua no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ke koʻikoʻi oxidative i ka epididymal sperm."38

ʻO ka hōʻino a me ka make ʻana o Glutathione

Ua paʻi ʻia kahi noi iole ma 2017 ma ʻO Biology Redox ua hōʻike ʻia, "ʻO ka lawelawe pinepine ʻana o aspartame… ua hōʻeha ʻia ka ate a me ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi ʻia o nā pae hepatic o ka glutathione i hoʻemi ʻia, glutathione oxidized, γ-glutamylcysteine, a me ka hapa nui o nā metabolites o ke ala trans-sulphuration ..."39

Ua paʻi ʻia kahi noi iole ma 2017 ma Nānāʻau Nutrition ʻike ʻia, "Loaʻa i ka inu inu a aspartame paha i hyperglycemia a me hypertriacylglycerolemia… Ua ʻike ʻia kekahi mau hoʻololi cytoarchitecture i ke akepaʻa, e like me ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa, infiltration, nekrosis, a me fibrosis, me ka aspartame. Hōʻike kēia mau ʻike i ka lawe lōʻihi ʻana o ka inu momona a i ʻole aspartame-i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka hōʻino hepatic ma o ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka hyperglycemia, ka hōʻiliʻili lipid, a me ke koʻikoʻi oxidative me ke komo pū ʻana o adipocytokines. "40

Ka akahele no nā heluna kanaka maʻalahi

He hōʻike moʻokalaleo 2016 e pili ana i nā mea ʻono hana kuʻi i ka ʻO India Journal of Pharmacology ua hōʻike ʻia, “aia kekahi manaʻo paʻa ʻole nā hōʻike e kākoʻo i ka hapa nui o kā lākou hoʻohana a me kekahi mau noiʻi hou ʻana e hōʻike nei i kēia mau pōmaikaʻi i hoʻokumu mua ʻia ... ʻaʻole paha ia he ʻoiaʻiʻo. " ʻO nā heluna kūpono e like me nā wahine hāpai a lactating, nā keiki, nā diabetic, migraine, a me nā mea maʻi epilepsy "pono ​​e hoʻohana i kēia huahana me ke akahele loa."41

ʻO nā hana PR ʻoihana a me nā pūʻulu mua 

Mai ka hoʻomaka, GD Searle (ma hope ʻo Monsanto a me ka NutraSweet Company) hoʻolauna i nā hana PR mehana e kūʻai aku i ka aspartame ma ke ʻano he huahana palekana. I ʻOkakopa 1987, Gregory Gordon i hōʻike ʻia ma UPI:

"Ua uku aku ka NutraSweet Co. a $ 3 miliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki no ka hana 100-kanaka i nā pilina lehulehu e nā keʻena ʻo Chicago o Burson Marsteller, kahi limahana o ka New York PR firm i ʻōlelo ai. Ua ʻōlelo ka limahana ua hoʻolimalima ʻo Burson Marsteller i nā ʻepekema a me nā kauka he nui, he $ 1,000 mau i kēlā me kēia lā, e pale aku i ka mea momona ma nā nīnauele nūhou a me nā kolamu lehulehu. Ua hōʻole ʻo Burson Marsteller e kūkākūkā i kēia mau mea. ”

Hōʻike nā hōʻike hou e pili ana i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka uku ʻana o nā ʻoihana inu e like me Coca-Cola i nā ʻelele o ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu, e like me nā kauka a me nā ʻepekema, e paipai i kā lākou huahana a hoʻololi i ka hewa ke hoʻopaʻa nā ʻepekema i kā lākou huahana i nā pilikia olakino koʻikoʻi.

E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Anahad O'Connor i ka New York Times, Candice Choi i ka hui pu Press, a me nā mea i loaʻa mai ka Nānā ʻo USRTK e pili ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻoihana kō a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

Nā ʻatikala nūhou e pili ana i nā pāʻina PR ʻoihana soda:

Nā moʻolelo kūkala nūhou e pili ana i aspartame:

Nā Pepa Pono ʻo USRTK

Nā hōʻike ma nā pūʻulu mua a me nā hoʻolaha PR

Nā Manaʻo ʻepekema

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[2] Soffritti M, Belpoggi F, Tibaldi E, Esposti DD, Lauriola M. "ʻO ke ola ākea i nā lāʻau haʻahaʻa o ka aspartame e hoʻomaka ana i ke ola prenatal e hoʻonui i nā hopena maʻi ʻaʻai i nāʻiole." ʻIke Ola ʻOhana. 2007 Sep; 115 (9): 1293-7. PMID: 17805418. (Haawina)

[3] Soffritti M et al. "Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Aspartame i ka hānai, hoʻomaka prenatally ma o ke ola, hoʻonāukiuki i nā maʻi ʻaʻai o ke akepaʻa a me ka akemāmā i nā ʻiole Swiss kāne." ʻO Am J Ind Med. 2010 Kekemapa; 53 (12): 1197-206. PMID: 20886530. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[4] ʻO Schernhammer ES, Bertrand KA, Birmann BM, Sampson L, Willett WC, Feskanich D., "Kaʻai ʻana i nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻono - a me ka soda i loaʻa i ke kō a me ka makaʻu o ka lymphoma a me ka leukemia i nā kāne a me nā wahine." ʻO Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec; 96 (6): 1419-28. PMID: 23097267. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[5] Soffritti M1, Padovani M, Tibaldi E, Falcioni L, Manservisi F, Belpoggi F., "Nā hopena carcinogenic o ka aspartame: Ka pono nui no ka loiloi hou ʻana i ka hoʻokele." ʻO Am J Ind Med. 2014 ʻAropa; 57 (4): 383-97. hana: 10.1002 / ajim.22296. Epub 2014 Ian 16. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[6] Olney JW, Farber NB, Spitznagel E, Robins LN. "Ke hoʻonui nei i nā helu tumo lolo: aia kekahi loulou i aspartame?" ʻO J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1996 Nov; 55 (11): 1115-23. PMID: 8939194. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[7] Azad, Meghan B., et al. Nā meaʻono nonnutritive a me ke olakino cardiometabolic: kahi loiloi ʻōnaehana a me nā aniani-aniani o nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia a me nā noi cohort prospective. KEKAHI Lulai 17, 2017 mahuka ana. 189 ʻaʻole. 28 doi: 10.1503 / cmaj.161390 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[8] ʻO Fowler SP. Hoʻohana ka mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa-calorie a me ke kaulike ikehu: Nā hopena mai nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua i nā holoholona, ​​a me nā noiʻi prospective nui i nā kānaka. ʻO Physiol Behav. 2016 ʻOkakopa 1; 164 (Pt B): 517-23. hana: 10.1016 / j.physbeh.2016.04.047. Epub 2016 Apr 26. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[9] Vyas A et al. "Ka inu inu ʻana i ka papaʻai a me ka hopena o nā hanana Cardiovascular: kahi hōʻike mai ka Initiative Health Women." J Gen Intern Med. 2015 ʻApel; 30 (4): 462-8. hana: 10.1007 / s11606-014-3098-0. Epub 2014 Dec 17. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[10] ʻO Matthew P. Pase, PhD; ʻO Jayandra J. Himali, PhD; Alexa S. Beiser, PhD; Hugo J. Aparicio, MD; ʻO Claudia L. Satizabal, PhD; Ramachandran S. Vasan, MD; Sudha Seshadri, MD; Paul F. Jacques, DSc. "ʻO nā mea inu kō a me nā mea ʻono i hana ʻono ʻia a me nā pōʻino o ka maʻi ahulau a me Dementia. Ka Haʻawina Cohort Prospective. ” Hahau. 2017 ʻApelila; STROKEAHA.116.016027 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[11] Yang M et al. "ʻO ka maʻi o Alzheimer a me ka ʻino o ka methanol (ʻāpana 1): ʻO ka hānai ʻana o ka methanol mau loa i alakaʻi ʻia i nā hemahema hoʻomanaʻo a me ka Tau Hyperphosphorylation ma nāʻiole." ʻO J Alzheimers Dis. 2014 Apr 30. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[12] Yang M et al. "ʻO ka maʻi ʻo Alzheimer a me ka ʻino o Methanol (ʻĀpana 2): Nā haʻawina mai ʻehā Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) ʻo Fed Methanol mau." ʻO J Alzheimers Dis. 2014 Apr 30. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[13] Camfield PR, Camfield CS, Dooley JM, Gordon K, Jollymore S, Weaver DF. "Hoʻonui ka Aspartame i ka EEG spike-nalu hoʻokuʻu i nā keiki me ka epilepsy absent generalised: kahi papa hoʻomalu makapō makapō." Neurology. 1992 Mei; 42 (5): 1000-3. PMID: 1579221. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[14] Maher TJ, Wurtman RJ. "Nā hopena neurologic paha o aspartame, kahi mea hoʻohui meaʻai i hoʻohana ākea ʻia." ʻIke Ola ʻOhana. 1987 Nov; 75: 53-7. PMID: 3319565. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[15] Wurtman RJ. "Aspartame: hiki i ka hopena o ka hopu ʻana i ka susceptibility." Lancet. 1985 Nov 9; 2 (8463): 1060. PMID: 2865529. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[16] Choudhary AK, Lee YY. "Nā hōʻailona Neurophysiological a me aspartame: He aha ka pilina?" Nutr Neurosci. 2017 Feb 15: 1-11. hana: 10.1080 / 1028415X.2017.1288340. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[17] Onaolapo AY, Onaolapo OJ, Nwoha PU. "Aspartame a me ka hippocampus: Hōʻike i kahi alakaʻi bi-directional, dose / dependant a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka morphological i nāʻiole." Neurobiol Koʻo Mem. 2017 Mar; 139: 76-88. hana: 10.1016 / j.nlm.2016.12.021. Epub 2016 Dec 31. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[18] ʻO Humphries P, Pretorius E, Naudé H. "Nā hopena a pololei ʻole o nā cellular o ka aspartame ma ka lolo." ʻO Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr; 62 (4): 451-62. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[19] Tsakiris S, Giannoulia-Karantana A, Simintzi I, Schulpis KH. "Ka hopena o nā metabolite aspartame i ka hana acetylcholinesterase membrane erythrocyte kanaka." ʻO Pharmacol Res. 2006 Ian; 53 (1): 1-5. PMID: 16129618. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[20] Pāka CH mā. "Hoʻopilikia ka glutamate a me ka aspartate i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hoʻomanaʻo a hōʻino hoʻi i nā neurons hypothalamic i nāʻiole mākua." ʻO Toxicol Lett. 2000 Mei 19; 115 (2): 117-25. PMID: 10802387. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[21] Walton RG, Hudak R, Green-Waite R. "Nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ka aspartame: ʻaʻa makapō makapō makapō i nā mea maʻi mai kahi lāhui nawaliwali." ʻO J. Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Jul 1-15; 34 (1-2): 13-7. PMID: 8373935. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[22] Yokogoshi H, Roberts CH, Caballero B, Wurtman RJ. "Nā hopena o ka aspartame a me ka hoʻokele glucose i ka pae o ka lolo a me ka plasma o nā amino acid kūlike ʻole a me ka lolo 5-hydroxyindoles." ʻO Am J Clin Nutr. 1984 Jul; 40 (1): 1-7. PMID: 6204522. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[23] Olney JW, Ho OL. "Ka poino o ka lolo ma nāʻiole pēpē e pili ana i ka waha o ka Glutamate, Aspartate a i ʻole Cysteine." Kūlohelohe. 1970 Aug 8; 227 (5258): 609-11. PMID: 5464249. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

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[25] Van den Eeden SK, Koepsell TD, Longstreth WT Jr, van Belle G, Daling JR, McKnight B. "Hoʻokomo ʻia ka aspartame a me nā poʻo hina: kahi hoʻāʻo crossover randomized." Neurology. 1994ʻOkakopa; 44 (10): 1787-93. PMID: 7936222. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

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[27] Koehler SM, Glaros A. "ʻO ka hopena o ka aspartame i ka maʻi migraine." ʻEha poʻo. 1988 Pepeluali; 28 (1): 10-4. PMID: 3277925. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[28] ʻO Julie Lin lāua ʻo Gary C. Curhan. "ʻO nā hui o ke kō a me ka Soda ʻoluʻolu ʻimi hoʻopunipuni me Albuminuria a me nā hana hakuʻala e hōʻole i nā wahine." ʻO Clin J Am Soc Nefrol. 2011 Ian; 6 (1): 160-166. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[29] Gul SS, Hamilton AR, Munoz AR, Phupitakphol T, Liu W, Hyoju SK, Economopoulos KP, Morrison S, Hu D, Zhang W, Gharedaghi MH, Huo H, Hamarneh SR, Hodin RA. "Hoʻohālikelike paha ka pāpā ʻana o ka ʻōpū ʻōpū i ka phalphasease alkal i loko o ka ʻōpū pehea e hāpai ai ka aspartame i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose a me ka momona i nāʻiole. ʻOihana Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017 Ian; 42 (1): 77-83. hana: 10.1139 / apnm-2016-0346. Epub 2016 Nov 18. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[30] ʻO Susan E. Swithers, "Hoʻokumu nā mea ʻono hana i ka hopena counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic." ʻO Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431–441. (Haawina)

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[32] ʻO Suez J et al. "Hoʻokomo nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose e ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiota ʻōpū." Kūlohelohe. 2014 ʻOkakopa 9; 514 (7521). PMID: 25231862. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[33] Kuk JL, Brown RE. "Pili ka lawe ʻana o ka aspartame me ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose i kēlā me kēia kanaka me ka momona." ʻOihana Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Jul; 41 (7): 795-8. hana: 10.1139 / apnm-2015-0675. Epub 2016 Mei 24. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[34] Palmnäs MSA, Cowan TE, Bomhof MR, Su J, Reimer RA, Vogel HJ, et al. (2014) Ka Hana Haʻahaʻa Aspartame Hoʻohana ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa iā Gut Microbiota-Host Metabolic Interactions i ka Diet-Induced Obese Rat. PLoS ONE 9 (10): e109841. (Haawina)

[35] Halldorsson TI, Strøm M, Petersen SB, Olsen SF. "ʻO ka lawe ʻana i nā mea inu momona a me ka makaʻu o ka lawe mua ʻia: kahi noi cohort prospective ma 59,334 mau wahine hāpai Denemaka." ʻO Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Sep; 92 (3): 626-33. PMID: 20592133. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[36] Meghan B. Azad, PhD; Atul K. Sharma, MSc, MD; Russell J. de Souza, RD, ScD; et al. "ʻO ka hui ma waena o ka inu ʻana o ka mea inu ʻono no ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana a me ke kino o ke kino o ke keiki." JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170 (7): 662-670. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[37] Mueller NT, Jacobs DR Jr, MacLehose RF, Demerath EW, Kelly SP, Dreyfus JG, Pereira MA. "ʻO ka ʻai ʻana o ka caffeine a me nā mea inu momona i hoʻopili ʻia e pili pū me ka makaʻu o ka menarche mua." ʻO Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Sep; 102 (3): 648-54. hana: 10.3945 / ajcn.114.100958. Epub 2015 Jul 15. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[38] ʻO Ashok I, Poornima PS, Wankhar D, Ravindran R, Sheeladevi R. "ʻO ke koʻikoʻi oxidative i hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā pohō ma ka sperm rat and attenuated antioxidant status on konsumsi of aspartame." ʻO Int J Impot Res. 2017 Apr 27. doi: 10.1038 / ijir.2017.17. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[39] ʻO Finamor I, Pérez S, Bressan CA, Brenner CE, Rius-Pérez S, Brittes PC, Cheiran G, Rocha MI, da Veiga M, Sastre J, Pavanato MA., "ʻO ka lawe ʻana i ka aspartame maʻi mau e hoʻololi i ka trans- ke ala sulphuration, glutathione depletion a me ka hōʻino o ke ake i nāʻiole. " ʻO Redox Biol. 2017 ʻAropa; 11: 701-707. hana: 10.1016 / j.redox.2017.01.019. Epub 2017 Feb 1. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo/Haawina)

[40] Lebda MA, Tohamy HG, El-Sayed YS. "ʻO ka mea inu palupalu lōhi a me ka lawe ʻana i ka aspartame i mea e hōʻino ai i ka hepatic ma o ka disregulation o adipositokine a me ka loli o ka lipid profile a me ke kūlana antioxidant. ʻO Nutr Res. 2017 Apr 19. pii: S0271-5317 (17) 30096-9. hana: 10.1016 / j.nutres.2017.04.002. [Epub ma mua o ka paʻi] (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[41] ʻO Sharma A, ʻo Amarnath S, ʻo Thulasimani M, ʻo Ramaswamy S. "ʻO nā mea hoʻonaninani i hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he hakahaka: palekana paha lākou?" ʻO Indian J Pharmacol 2016; 48: 237-40 (Haawina)

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

ʻO ka American Council on Science and Health kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

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Hoʻohou i Iulai 2019

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kāhea iā ia iho he "ʻahahui kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻohana-ʻepekema" a hoʻolaha pinepine nā hoʻolaha media i ka hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, nā palapala i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa hōʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ACSH kahi hui mua ʻoihana e noi kālā mai ka paka, kemika, cosmetic, pharmaceutical a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i pānaʻi no ka pale ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kā lākou huahana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna kālā.

Nā palapala nui:

Hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e pale aku i nā huahana Monsanto

Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻApelila 2019 Ua ʻae ʻo Monsanto e hoʻolako kālā iā ACSH ma 2015 a noi i ka hui e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research. ʻAe ʻo ACSH e hana pēlā, a ma hope hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke ʻano hehoʻopunipuni ʻepekema. ” Mālamalama nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi o ACSH i ke kālā ʻoihana a me nā hana e hōʻoluʻolu i kāna poʻe kālā. ʻO ka luna hoʻokele mua o ACSH ʻo Gil Ross (ʻo wai hoʻolimalima manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid) i kākau aku i kahi luna ʻo Monsanto, "I kēlā me kēia lā, hana nui mākou e hōʻoia i ko mākou waiwai i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto." Ua kākau ʻo Ross:

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kēlā Ua uku nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto iā ACSH ʻoiai ko lākou hōʻoluʻolu ʻole me ka hui. Ua alakaʻi ikaika ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein iā ACSH i kāna mau hoa hana, a hoʻouna iā lākou i nā loulou i nā ʻatikala 53 ACSH, ʻelua mau puke a me kahi loiloi pesticide āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL." Ua kākau ʻo Goldstein:

ʻO ka mea pāʻani nui i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha a Monsanto

He hoʻokolokolo lanakila lanakila na Le Monde i loko o Monsantokaua ma ka ʻepekema"E pale aku i ka glyphosate i kapa ʻia ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma waena o nā" pūnaewele hoʻolaha kaulana "i hana nui i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. I Mei 2017, hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi pōkole: "Hoʻomoe mālie ʻo Monsanto i ke kālā e 'manaʻo wai' e like me ka" Genetic Literacy Project "a me ka" American Council on Science and Health, "nā hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hoʻomālamalama i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua koho mua ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e paʻi i kahi papa o nā pepa pro-GMO i hāʻawi ʻia i nā polofesa e Monsanto a "kalepa ʻia" e kahi ʻo PR e paipai nui iā lākou ma ke ʻano kūʻokoʻa. Ua kākau ʻo Monsanto executive Eric Sachs i nā polopeka: "I mea e loaʻa ai ka hopena nui o nā pepa, ʻo ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hana pū nei me CMA Consulting e hoʻokele i kēia papahana. E hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i nā kulekele ma ka pūnaewele ACSH… E kūʻai aku nō hoʻi ʻo CMA a me ACSH i nā haʻiʻōlelo pili kulekele, e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pono kikoʻī o ka pāpāho, e like me nā op-ed, nā blog, nā haʻi ʻōlelo, nā hanana, nā webinar, a pēlā aku. ʻO ka ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa by Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic me ka hōʻike ʻole o kā Monsanto kuleana.

i ka Hoike mai ka Hale Ahaolelo o US, ua ʻimi nā kānaka noiʻi ʻahaʻōlelo i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto i nā "hui kālepa ʻoihana, e like me CropLife a me nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, e like me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo no nā haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

Hōʻike nā leka ACSH i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻolālā kālā hui-pale

A pū ʻia 2012 Hōʻuluʻulu kālā ACSH hoike e ʻO Jones Jones ua hōʻike ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ACSH mai kahi nui o nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana me kahi kālā kālā i ka leka ʻepekema ACSH e paipai - a ua hōʻike i ka noi ʻana o ACSH i nā hāʻawi kālā a nā hui no ka quid pro quo huahana-pale kaua. ʻO kahi laʻana, outlines ka palapala:

  • Nā hoʻolālā e hoʻokumu i ka Vinyl Institute nāna i "kākoʻo mua i ka hōʻike mālamalama a me ke olakino"
  • Hoʻolālā e hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana meaʻai no kahi hoʻolaha leka e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO
  • E hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana cosmetic e kūʻē i nā "pressulate pressures" mai ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
  • Nā hana i ka ʻaha paka a me nā ʻoihana e-uahi paka

Ua hōʻike ʻo Mother Jones, "ʻO nā mea hāʻawi a ACSH a me nā mea hiki ke kākoʻo ʻia e ka pūʻulu e ʻimi nei ʻo ia ka mea o wai ka ikehu, ka mahiʻai, nā mea hoʻonani, nā meaʻai, nā soda, nā mea kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā ʻoihana paka." Nā kikoʻī kālā:

  • ʻO nā mea hāʻawi ACSH i ka hapa lua o 2012 i komo pū me Chevron, Coca-Cola, ka Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation, Dr. Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropsains, Procter a me Gamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, a me Altria conglomerate paka. Ua alualu pū ka ACSH i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Pepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobako, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, ka Koch ʻohana Claude R. Lambe Foundation i mālama ʻia e ka ʻohana, ka Dow-pili Gerstacker Foundation, ka Bradley Foundation a me Searle Freedom. Hilinaʻi
  • ʻO Reynolds ʻAmelika a ʻo Phillip Morris International nā mea hāʻawi nui ʻelua i helu ʻia i nā palapala.

ʻO Syngenta kālā, pale Syngenta

Ma 2011, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kahi puke e pili ana i ka "chemophobia" i kākau ʻia e Jon Entine, ʻo ia ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻO ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kahi hui mua hana kēlā me Monsanto. Ua pale aku ka puke a ACSH o Entine i atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta, ka mea e loaʻa kālā ana iā ACSH.

A 2012 ʻAtikala ʻo Mother Jones wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka puke. ʻO ka ʻatikala na Tom Philpott, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e ka Center for Media and Democracy, e wehewehe ana Nā hana PR a Syngenta e kiʻi ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e wili i ka uhi media o atrazine.

I hoʻokahi leka uila mai 2009, Ua noi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hou aku - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki" - e hana i kahi pepa ʻoluʻolu atrazine a me ka "booklet friendly-book" e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻepekema.

ʻO ka leka uila mai ka limahana ASCH ʻo Gil Ross i Syngenta e pili ana i ka papahana atrazine i manaʻo ʻia.

I hoʻokahi makahiki a me ka hapa ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke me kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻano like ia me ka papahana a Ross i wehewehe ai i kāna noi leka uila iā Syngenta: "Ua ʻoluʻolu ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hoʻolaha i kahi puke hou a me ka hoa aloha, ka pepa kūlana pōkole" i ka pane ʻana i ka "makaʻu hilahila ʻole o nā kemika. Ua hōʻole ka mea kākau ʻo Jon Entine i ka pilina me Syngenta a haʻi iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Nā limahana ACSH

  • Ko ACSH mau lōʻihi “Luna Hoʻokele / Luna Hoʻokele" ʻO Kauka Gilbert Ross ua hoʻohewa ʻia i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻopunipuni i ka ʻōnaehana Medicaid ma mua o ka komo ʻana i ACSH. E ʻike i nā palapala o ka ʻaha e pili ana iā Dr. Ross 'mau manaʻo paʻa wahaheʻe a hoʻopaʻi, a me ka ʻatikala ma Mother Jones “ʻO Paging Kauka Ross”(2005). Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Ross he "kanaka hilinaʻi nui ʻole" e kahi luna kānāwai nāna i kākoʻo i ke kāpae ʻia ʻana o Kauka Ross mai Medicaid no 10 mau makahiki (e ʻike i ka mea hou Nā kūmole a pepa hoʻokolokolo).
  • I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2015, Lākana Hank lawe i ke alakaʻi ACSH mai kekahi hana naʻaupō peresidena (a hewahewa felon) Kauka Gilbert Ross. Campbell hana no nā ʻoihana hoʻomohala polokalamu ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka pūnaewele ʻEpekema 2.0 i ka makahiki 2006. I ka kāna puke 2012 me Alex Berezow, "Haʻalele ʻepekema ma hope: ʻike maikaʻi i nā fallacies a me ke ala ʻana o ka Anti Science hema," ua wehewehe ʻo Campbell i kāna moʻolelo: "ʻeono mau makahiki i hala aku nei ... ua hoʻoholo wau e makemake wau e kākau i ka ʻepekema ma ka Pūnaewele… me ka hoihoi ʻole a me ka manaʻo wale nō, ua hele au i ka honua nā poʻe kaulana e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana iaʻu i ka hana hou ʻana pehea e hana ʻia ai ka ʻepekema, a ua hana lākou no ka manuahi. " Ua haʻalele koke ʻo Campbell ma lalo o nā kūlana ʻike ʻole ʻia ma Kēkēmapa 2018. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana iā Campbell ma aneʻi.
  • ʻO ka mea kākau puke puke a Campbell, Alex Berezow, i keia manawa hope pelekikena o nā hihia ʻepekema ma ACSH. He hoʻoponopono hoʻokumu ʻo ia o Real Clear Science a aia ma ka papa hoʻoponopono o USA Today o nā mea kōkua akā ʻo USA Today ʻaʻole hōʻike i ka pili o ACSH o Berezow a i ʻole ke kālā hui ʻo ACSH me ka hoʻopiʻi pinepine (ʻike hou aʻe ma lalo).

Nā alakaʻi a me nā aʻoaʻo: ka pilina paka a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai  

ʻO ka ACSH papa kahuʻO Fred L. Smith Jr., hoʻokumu o ka hoʻokūkū ʻoihana Institute, he alakaʻi ka mea kākoʻo i ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai a kahi hui i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona mai Exxon Mobile a kaʻa kālā kālā pouli Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo.  ʻO Smith a me CEI kekahi moʻolelo o ka hakakā ʻana i nā kānāwai paka a me ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka, e like me nā palapala mai ka Pūʻulu ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. 

ʻO James Enstrom a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, ʻelua mau epidemiologists nāna i lawe ke kālā mai nā hui paka a kākau i nā noiʻi e pale ana i nā huahana paka, he mau pilina ACSH kekahi. He lālā ʻo Dr. Enstrom o ka ACSH papa kahu a lawelawe ʻo Kauka Kabat ma ka “papa olakino o nā aʻoaʻo ʻepekema". He ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ epehana ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ Pka ʻka ʻka ʻka ʻekepekika ʻelua e “kū lōkihi i ke kālā a me nā pilina hana me ka ʻoihana paka,” e like me a pepa ma ka BMJ Kāohi paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, he ukali kālailai ʻana i ka BMJ Kāohi Paka ua loaʻa i nā hoʻolaha a Enstrom a me Kabat "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi." Hoʻomaopopo ka pepa i nā pilina kālā ma waena o Enstrom a me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom.

Nā leka uila mai ka hiʻona 2014 e kūkākūkā ana ʻo Kauka Enstrom me ka manaʻo hoʻopale ʻepekema kaulana ʻo Fred Singer i hoʻouka a hōʻino i nā ʻepekema ʻelua i komo i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni “Nā mea kālepa o ke kanalua: Pehea ka lima o ka poʻe ʻepekema i hūnā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma nā pilikia mai ka uahi paka i ka hoʻomehana honua., "A inā e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōki i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kiʻi me ka hoʻopiʻi. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka blog DeSmog, “ʻO ka Paka Paka no ka Hire ʻO James Enstrom, Willie Soon a me nā Hōkū Deniers e hoʻouka nei i nā mea kālepa o ka kānalua.”(Malaki 2015).

ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi ma ka papa alakaʻi o ka hui makua o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna hana i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

Nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka ʻepekema 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino:

  • "ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i ka uahi lua me ka puʻuwai a i ʻole ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka naʻau." ʻO Winston-Salem Pai, 2012
  • "ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hoʻomehana honua." ACSH, 1998 (Greenpeace i ho'ākāka 'ia ACSH kahi "Koch Industries e hōʻole i ka hui mua")
  • "ʻAʻole i loaʻa kahi hihia o ke olakino e pili ana i ka hoʻohana ʻia, ʻae ʻia o nā pesticides i kēia ʻāina." Hale Waihona Puke Palapala Paka, UCSF, ka holomua o ka hui ʻepekema kani palapala palapala 9, 1995
  • "ʻAʻohe mea hōʻike e hōʻike ana ʻo BPA [bisphenol A] i nā huahana mea kūʻai mai o kēlā me kēia ʻano, e like me nā loaʻa kālā, hōʻino ʻia i ke olakino." ACSH, 2012
  • i ka mercury, he neurotoxin ikaika, "i ka iʻa iʻa iʻa ʻole e hōʻeha nā kānaka." ACSH, 2010.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka leka ʻana o ACSH ma ke kumuhana like, e hōʻole ana i ka makaʻu mai nā huahana i mea nui i ka kemika, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, a me ka hōʻeha pinepine ʻana i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai i ka hopohopo.

  • A 2016 "luna ʻepekema junk" lāʻau kū e ACSH hōʻole i ka hiki i nā kemika ke kumu i ka hoʻohaunaele endocrine; pale aku i ka e-kūka, ka vaping a me ka soda; a hoʻouka kaua i nā mea nūpepa a me ka Pai no ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika.

Hāʻawi ʻo USA I kēia lā iā ACSH i kahi anuu 

USA ke hoʻomau nei i ka paʻi kolamu e nā limahana o ACSH ʻo Hank Campbell lāua ʻo Alex Berezow me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kā lākou pili kālā i nā ʻoihana a lākou e pale ai i nā makemake. I Pepeluali 2017, 30 hui olakino, nohona, hana a me nā pono hoihoi o ka lehulehu ua kākau aku i nā luna hoʻoponopono o USA I kēia lā e noi ana i ka pepa e hoʻōki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi anuu o ka pono i ACSH a i ʻole ma ka liʻiliʻi e hāʻawi i nā hōʻike piha e pili ana i ka mea nāna e hoʻolilo kālā i ka hui.

Ua ʻōlelo ka leka:

  • "Ke kākau nei mākou e hōʻike i ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻomau ʻo USA Today i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā papahana ʻoihana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema nui. . ʻAʻole pono ʻo USA i kēia lā e kōkua i kēia hui e paipai i kāna ʻike wahaheʻe ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi, kūʻokoʻa hoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Pono i kāu poʻe heluhelu ka ʻike pololei e pili ana i ka mea a me wai kēia pūʻulu e kū nei, ʻoiai lākou e noʻonoʻo nei i ka ʻike o nā kolamu. "
  • “ʻAʻole kēia he mau ʻōlelo hōʻino. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā pūʻulu olakino i kākau inoa ʻia ma lalo, ke nānā aku nei i ka hana a ACSH i nā makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻopaʻa mākou i nā hanana a ka hui i hana ai hoʻonāwaliwali ʻepekema hoʻololi aniau, a hōʻole i nā hoʻoweliweli olakino e pili ana i nā huahana like ʻole, e like me uahi luakūpilikiʻipesticides a hanalima Nine Inch - nā mea āpau me ka ʻole o ka mōakāka e pili ana i nā kākoʻo ʻoihana. "
  • Hoʻomaopopo mākou i kēlā pili palapala i loaʻa e Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa kālā i ka ACSH mai ka paka, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā ʻoihana aila. Loaʻa i nā hui hoihoi o ka lehulehu hoike ua loaʻa iā ACSH ke kālā mai nā Koch Foundation ma waena o 2005-2011, a ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia palapala kūloko e hōʻike ana ua noi ʻo ACSH i $ 100,000 mai Syngenta i ka makahiki 2009 e kākau maikaʻi e pili ana i kāna huahana atrazine - kahi manawaleʻa e "kaʻawale a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala."
  • "I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou, manaʻo mākou he mea nui ia no nā paʻi e like me USA Today e hāhai i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe o nā loina nūhou a lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Nīnau aku mākou me ka mahalo iā ʻoe e hōʻole i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu hou aʻe i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a i ʻole ma ka mea liʻiliʻi e koi pono i kēlā me kēia mea e ʻike pono i ka hui ma ke ʻano he pūʻulu kākoʻo kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia. "

Ma Kēkēmapa 2017, USA I kēia lā ua hōʻole ʻo Bill Sternberg ka mea hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono e hōʻoki i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu ACSH a ua hāʻawi pinepine ka pepa i nā hōʻike kūpono ʻole ʻole no nā kolamu, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i ke kālā a ACSH mai nā ʻoihana a lākou e hoʻolaha ai ka papahana.

Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai - nā mea nui

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hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo


* ʻO GMA ka hui kālepa alakaʻi no ka ʻoihana meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole

* Hūnā ʻo GMA i ka papa inoa o nā lālā ʻoihana ponoʻī

Ua hewa ʻo GMA i ka hoʻolilo kālā

Kūʻē i ke kānāwai e hakakā ai me ka hoʻokauwā keiki

* Ma waho o ka hoʻopā: 93 pākēneka o ʻAmelika e kākoʻo i ka lepili GMO, akā kūʻē ʻo GMA iā ia

Kūʻē i ka lepili ʻai ponoʻī, kākoʻo i ka hoʻoponopono manawaleʻa

Kūkākūkā pālua ma ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka momona o ke keiki

Kākoʻo ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o rBST / rBGH i ka waiū, kahi hōmona i hana ʻia i kapu ʻia ma EU / Kanada

Kākoʻo hoʻopunipuni ʻia ka "grassroots" anti-ethanol

Hunahuna ʻo GMA i kahi papa inoa o nā ʻoihana lālā ʻoihana ponoʻī

ʻAʻole papa inoa ʻo GMA i kāna mau lālā lālā ma kāna pūnaewele. Eia ka papa inoa hou loa e loaʻa i ka lehulehu o ka [Nā lālā a GMA. Pūnaewele ʻo GMA ma o archive.org, i mālama ʻia 12/23/13]

ʻO kā Pelekikena Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻoi aku ma kahi o $ 2 Miliona o ka Makahiki

Mai Ianuali 2009, ua lawelawe ʻo Pamela Bailey ma ke ʻano he Pelekikena a Luna Nui hoʻi no ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai. Ma ʻApelila 2014, ua loaʻa iā Bailey $ 2.06 miliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki. [Hooko Aupuni, 4/14] Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bailey i ka makahiki 2018 e hoʻomaha ana ʻo ia ma hope o 10 mau makahiki ma ke poʻo o GMA. [ʻO Grocer Holomua, 2 / 12 / 2018]

Ua hewa ʻo GMA i ke kala kālā ʻole

I ʻOkakopa 2013, ua hoʻopiʻi ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona Wakinekona ʻo Bob Ferguson i kahi hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā GMA no ke kala kālā ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ka hoʻopiʻi ua hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻo GMA a ua hoʻohana ʻia he $ 7 miliona ma mua o ka pale ʻana i ka ʻike o kāna mau mea kōkua. [Hoʻolaha ka Loio Kuhina, 10 / 16 / 13]

I ka makahiki 2016, ua hewa ʻo GMA ma ke kala kālā ʻana a kauoha ʻia e uku i $ 18 miliona, ka mea i manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka uku kiʻekiʻe loa no ka hōʻino kālā kālā hoʻolaha ma ka moʻolelo o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. [Seattle PI, 11/2/2016]

Hōʻike ʻo GMA i nā mea hāʻawi ma lalo o ke kaomi, e hōʻike ana ma mua o $ 1 miliona kēlā me kēia mea mai Pepsi, Nestle, a me Coca-Cola

I ʻOkakopa 2013, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo GMA i kāna papa inoa o nā mea kālā ma lalo o ke kaomi, e hōʻike ana ʻo Pepsi, Nestle, a me Coca-Cola i hāʻawi ʻia i kēlā me kēia kālā ma mua o $ 1 miliona.

"Ua hōʻike ʻo ka Hui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai i ka Pōʻalima ua hāʻawi ʻo PepsiCo, Nestle USA a me Coca-Cola i nā makana i hūnā ʻia ma mua o $ 1 miliona i ka hoʻouka kaua e kūʻē i kahi hana Wakinekona e koi ai i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. Ua ʻae ka hui e hoʻolaha i ka lehulehu i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā mea hāʻawi i kāna huakaʻi anti-labeling ma hope o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻana i kēia hebedoma e ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona ʻo Bob Ferguson. " [ʻO ka Oregon, 10 / 18 / 13]

Hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo GMA no ka hūnā ʻana he mau miliona miliona ma mua o ka mea i manaʻoʻiʻo ʻole ʻia

I Nowemapa 2013, ua hoʻoponopono ka Loio Kuhina Ferguson i ka hoʻopiʻi mua e hoʻonui mai $ 7.2 miliona i $ 10.6 miliona o ka nui a GMA i ʻōlelo ai e hūnā. [ʻO ka Seattle Times, 11 / 20 / 13; Hoʻolaha ka loio Kuhina Nui, 11/20/13]

Filed Counter-Suit Ke ʻimi nei i nā Kānāwai Waiwai Campaign i koi ʻia e hōʻike i nā mea hāʻawi

I Ianuali 2014, ua pane ʻo GMA i ka hoʻopiʻi a ka Loio Wakinekona Wakinekona me kahi papa inoa e ʻimi ana e hōʻole ʻole i nā kānāwai o ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū o ka mokuʻāina e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā mea hāʻawi.

"Ma hope o ka hoʻowalewale ʻana e hoʻohuli i ka hopena o ka balota ma Initiative 522, ke hoʻokūkū nei ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai i kēia manawa i nā kānāwai hoʻokele waiwai o ka mokuʻāina. Ma Ianuali 3, ua pane ʻo GMA i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi ʻana a ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana iā GMA me kahi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi. Ua waiho pū kekahi ʻo GMA i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kīvila kūʻē iā Wakinekona Loio Kuhina Bob Ferguson. Ua koi ʻo GMA e pili pono ʻole ʻo Ferguson i nā kānāwai o Wakinekona a ʻaʻa i ke kumukānāwai o ke koi ʻana iā GMA e hoʻopaʻa inoa ma ke ʻano he kōmike kālaiʻāina ma mua o ka noi ʻana a me ka loaʻa ʻana o nā makana e kūʻē i ka Initiative 522, kahi ana e koi ai i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. " [Hoʻonā Heluheluʻo Seattle, 1 / 13 / 14]

Ua koi ʻia ʻo Law Law Claimed Law e koi ana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā mea hāʻawi

Wahi a kā countersuit a GMA e koi ʻia ana e hōʻike i nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa ma ke kumukānāwai.

"I loko o kāna hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi a me nā pono kīvila, ua koi ʻo GMA he kūʻē ʻole kēia mau mea i lalo e like me ka mea i noi ʻia ma kēia hihia: Wakinekona kānāwai e koi ana iā GMA e waiho i kahi kōmike politika ma mua o ka hōʻiliʻili kālā ʻana mai kona mau lālā no kahi hana politika kūikawā ma Wakinekona. Ko Wakinekona kānāwai e koi ana iā GMA e hōʻike i nā hui i kōkua i kāna waihona kālaiʻāina kūikawā a me ka nui a lākou e hāʻawi ai; a me ke kānāwai o Wakinekona e koi ana iā GMA e hoʻopaʻa i $ 10 i nā makana mai 10 mau kaʻawale i koho ʻia ma Wakinekona ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kāna kōmike politika ma mua o ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi kōmike kālaiʻāina ʻē aʻe. [Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ke keʻena o ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona Wakinekona, 1/13/14]

Ua hōʻole ʻo Judge i ka hana e haʻalele i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i Iune 2014

I ka mahina ʻo Iune 2014, ua hōʻole ka luna kānāwai ʻo Thurston County ʻo Christine Schiller i kahi noi mai GMA e hoʻopau i ka uku kala kālā e kū nei.

Ua hōʻole kahi luna kānāwai ʻo Thurston County i ka Pōʻalima i nā hana a ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai e hoʻopau i kahi hoʻopiʻi ma kahi a ka Loio Kuhina nui ʻo Bob Ferguson i hoʻopiʻi ai i ka hale hoʻokipa ma Wakinekona, DC ma muli o ka holoi kālā ʻana he miliona mau kālā i ke kaua o ka hāʻule hope loa. … Ua hōʻole ʻo Judge Christine Schaller i ke noi a ka ʻahahui e kāpae i ka hoʻopiʻi. "He mea nui ka hoʻoholo ʻana o kēia lā i kā mākou hana e paʻa ai ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai Meaʻai no ka hihia hūnā kālā hoʻopiʻi nui loa ma ka mōʻaukala Wakinekona," wahi a Ferguson. [Hoʻonā Heluheluʻo Seattle, 6 / 13 / 14]

Ua hoʻomau ʻia ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana o ka hihia a ka Loio Kuhina

Ma hope o ka hoʻoholo a Judge Schaller, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Loio Kuhina Bob Ferguson e hoʻomau ʻia ka hoʻokolokolo ʻia ʻana o ka hihia a GMA ma kāna kūpono.

"Ua hōʻole ʻo [Judge Christina] Schaller i ke noi e kāpae, e hoʻoholo ana i nā kānāwai o ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū o ka mokuʻāina e koi ana i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kahi kōmike politika a me nā hoʻolaha e pili ana i ke kumukānāwai i kēia hihia. E neʻe ana ka hihia i kāna kūlana kūpono. " [Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ke keʻena o ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona Wakinekona, 6/13/14]

ʻO ka bila i kūʻē ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā keiki hana e like me ke kauā ma nā māla ʻo Cacao

E like me ka ʻO Spokane Spokesman-Review, i ka makahiki 2001 ʻo ka GMA, a me ka ʻoihana kokoleka, i lobbied e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai i ka US Congress e hōʻike ana i nā hana hana keiki e like me nā kauā ma nā māla cacao ma ʻApelika. [ʻO Spokane Spokesman-Review, 8 / 1 / 01]

ʻO ka ʻōlelo i hāpai ʻia he pane ia i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻia e Knight Ridder i ʻike ʻia ua kūʻai ʻia a hoʻopunipuni ʻia kekahi mau keikikāne e like me 11 makahiki i ka hana kauā e ʻohiʻohi ai i nā pī koko ma Ivory Coast, kahi lāhui o ʻApelika Komohana e hāʻawi nei i ka 43 pākēneka o ka US koko. Ua manaʻo ka Mokuʻāina mokuʻāina he 15,000 mau kauā kamaliʻi e hana nei ma nā māla koko a Ivory Coast, nā pulupulu a me nā mahi kope. [ʻO Spokane Spokesman-Review, 8 / 1 / 01, Ka lawelawe noiʻi ʻo Congressional, 7/13/05]

Ma waho o GMA: 93 pākēneka o ko ʻAmelika e kākoʻo nei i ka lepili ʻana…

E like me ka New York Times i ka 2013, "Kākoʻo nui ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia a i ʻenekini ʻia hoʻi, e like me ka nūhou o New York Times i mālama ʻia i kēia makahiki, me 93 pakeneka o nā mea pane e ʻōlelo ana e ʻike pono ʻia nā meaʻai e like me ia." [New York Times, 7 / 27 / 13]

… Akā Kūʻē ʻo GMA i nā Kānana Lapaʻa Pono

I ka mahina ʻo Iune 2014, ua hoʻokūkū ʻo GMA a me ʻekolu mau ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai i ke kānāwai o Vermont e koi ana i nā lepili meaʻai e ʻike i nā huahana me nā mea GMO.

"I kēia lā, ua waiho ka hui ʻoihana mea kūʻai nui (GMA), me ka Snack Food Association, International Dairy Foods Association a me ka National Association of Manufacturers, i ka hoʻopiʻi ma ka ʻaha moku pekelala ma Vermont e hōʻaʻo ana i ke kānāwai GMO koi ʻia o ka mokuʻāina. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo GMA i kēia mau ʻōlelo aʻe e pili pū ana me ka waiho ʻana i ke kānāwai. ” [Hoʻolaha nūhou ʻo GMA, 6/13/14]

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Federal Ban ma nā Kānāwai Labeling o ka Mokuʻāina

I ʻApelila 2014, ua kākoʻo ʻo GMA i ka pāpā pekelala e pāpā i nā kānāwai mokuʻāina e koi i ka lepili GMO wajib.

"ʻO nā pilikua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai US ka mea i hoʻolilo he miliona i ka hakakā ʻana i nā hana a ka mokuʻāina e kauoha i nā lepili hou no nā mea i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically e lawe nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ko lākou poʻe kūʻē a koi ana i kahi kānāwai GMO pekelala. Akā ʻo ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai, ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻike ai i nā alakaʻi meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me ConAgra, PepsiCo a me Kraft, ʻaʻole pili pono i ka neʻe anti-GMO. Kākoʻo ia no kahi ʻoihana ʻoluʻolu, law me kahi kūlana pekelala manawaleʻa - kahi neʻe a nā mea hoʻoulu ʻai i ʻike ai he mana i hopu ʻia e kahi ʻoihana i hoʻāʻo e pepehi i nā hoʻomaka inoa inoa GMO i kēlā me kēia ala o ke ala. " [Politico, 1 / 7 / 14]

Hoʻokomo ʻia ka pila 2014 e pale aku i nā mokuʻāina mai ke koi ʻana i nā lepili GMO

I ʻApelila 2014, ua hoʻolauna ʻia kahi pila ma ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā ana i nā mokuʻāina mai ka hana ʻana i kā lākou mau kānāwai lepili GMO ponoʻī.

"ʻO kahi bila i hoʻolauna ʻia i ka Pōʻakolu e hoʻokau i ke aupuni pekelala i ka mālama ʻana i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā mea i hoʻoponopono ʻia me nā genetically, e pale ana i nā mokuʻāina mai ka hana ʻana i kā lākou mau koi ponoʻī e hoʻoponopono i nā mea hoʻohuihui. … Akā ua hoʻohiki nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai aku e hakakā me ke kānāwai, a lākou e ʻike ai he hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā hana e hoʻoholo i nā koho balota aupuni e kauoha ana i ka lepili ʻana o ka nui o nā huahana me nā mea i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically. " [USA I kēia lā, 4 / 9 / 14]

Ua kāhea ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena Pelekikena iā David e hoʻopau ana i ka Prop 37 “Single-Highest Priority”

I ka 2012, ua haʻi ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo Pam Bailey i ka lanakila ʻana i ka Prop 37 ka mea kiʻekiʻe loa a GMA no 2012.

"I loko o kahi kamaʻilio hou ʻana i ka ʻAhahui Soybean ʻAmelika (ʻo ka soy i ulu ʻia ma ka US ua hoʻololi ʻia), ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pelekikena ʻo Pamela Bailey ʻo ka Hui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Mea Nui ʻo ka lanakila ʻana i ka papahana" ʻo ia ka mea kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa no GMA i kēia makahiki. "Huffington Post, 7 / 30 / 12]

Kākoʻo i ka Voluntary, Not Mandatory, Food Labeling

2014: Hoʻomaka ʻo GMA a me Institute Institute Marketing Mea ʻai $ 50 Miliona Kaha Labeling Voluntary

I Malaki 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo GMA a me ka Institute Marketing Food i kahi hoʻolaha pāʻoihana $ 50 miliona no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana pono pilikino ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo "Facts Up Front".

"Ua mākaukau ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka luna hoʻokahi o ka noho aupuni ʻana o Obama me ka hoʻōla ʻia ʻana o kahi blitz media e hoʻolaha i kāna lepili ponoʻī i mua o nā pūʻulu meaʻai. ʻO ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai a me ka Institute Marketing Marketing, nā mea e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai nui a me nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻōwili i kahi papahana kūʻai kūlike, e hoʻolilo ana i $ 50 miliona, i ka Pōʻakahi e hoʻolaulaha i kā lākou 'Facts Up Front,' ka papahana manawaleʻa ponoʻī o ka ʻoihana. no ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻike pili kino i mua o nā pūʻulu meaʻai a me nā mea inu, POLITICO ua aʻo. ” [Politico, 3 / 1 / 14]

Kaomi ʻia ʻo GMA no ka Haʻawina Labeling Federal GMO Manaʻo Manaʻo

I ka makahiki 2014, ua kāhea aku ʻo GMA, me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻai ʻē aʻe i kahi hae lepili federal-volunteer federal-volly.

"ʻO nā pilikua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai US ka mea i hoʻolilo he miliona i ka hakakā ʻana i nā hana a ka mokuʻāina e kauoha i nā lepili hou no nā mea i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically e lawe nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ko lākou poʻe kūʻē a koi ana i kahi kānāwai GMO pekelala. Akā ʻo ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai, ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻike ai i nā alakaʻi meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me ConAgra, PepsiCo a me Kraft, ʻaʻole pili pono i ka neʻe anti-GMO. Kākoʻo ia no kahi ʻoihana ʻoluʻolu, law me kahi kūlana pekelala manawaleʻa - kahi neʻe a nā mea hoʻoulu ʻai i ʻike ai he mana i hopu ʻia e kahi ʻoihana i hoʻāʻo e pepehi i nā hoʻomaka inoa inoa GMO i kēlā me kēia ala o ke ala. " [Politico, 1 / 7 / 14]

Ke kamaʻilio pālua a GMA ma ka hoʻopau ʻana i ke keiki momona

Ua haʻaheo ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai Meaʻai i kāna "kūpaʻa e hana i kāna ʻāpana e kōkua ai i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka momona ma ʻAmelika - ʻo ka momona hoʻi o ka wā kamaliʻi." [Hoʻolaha Nūhou ʻo GMA, 12/16/09]

… Akā kūʻē i nā kapu no ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, Soda i nā kula

Wahi a kā Michele Simon puke Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, "Ke hoʻopaʻa nei ʻo GMA i nā moʻolelo kūʻē i kēlā me kēia bila mokuʻāina e pāpā ana i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai ʻole a me nā soda ma nā kula." [Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, ʻaoʻao 223]

 … A hana ʻia e hoʻokahuli i nā alakaʻi mālama pono kula kula ʻo Kaleponi, ke hoʻouna nei i ka pila e hoʻokahuli me ka Lobbying Minute hope loa

I ka makahiki 2004, ua holo pono ʻole nā ​​kulekele meaʻai no nā kula ʻo Kaleponi ma hope o ka lobbying minuke hope loa mai GMA.

"I ka mahina i hala iho nei, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Kaleponi e hoʻonoho i nā kulekele meaʻai i nā meaʻai i kūʻai ʻia aku ma waho o ka papahana ʻai pekelala. Akā mahalo i ka lobbying minuke hope loa na ka Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai o ʻAmelika (GMA), ua holo pono kēlā pila ma o ʻelima mau balota wale nō, me ke kākoʻo ʻana o 80 o nā hui kōkua ʻole. ʻElima mau hui wale nō i kūʻē i kēia ana - loaʻa kālā nā poʻe āpau i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole i nā keiki. ” [ʻO Michele Simon, Lawelawe Nūhou Pakipika, 9 / 3 / 04]

… A me nā Kūlana Kūʻai Kula Kūʻē Kūʻē ʻia i nā Aupuni ʻē aʻe

Wahi a ka puke Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, Ua kūʻē ʻo GMA i nā kulekele ʻai kino kula ma nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe, e like me Texas, Oregon, a me Kentucky.

"Ua ʻimi ʻia kahi huaʻōlelo ʻo" nā kula "ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele ma lalo o 126 hits, ka hapa nui o ia mau mea i waiho ʻia i kahi hōʻike a i ʻole he leka i waiho ʻia e kūʻē i kahi kulekele ʻai pili kula. Eia kekahi mau laʻana o nā poʻo inoa palapala: ʻO GMA Letter ma ke kūʻē ʻana iā Texas Kaʻaina a me nā Kaohi Mea inu, ʻO ka Leta a GMA ma ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pila no ke kaupalena ʻia ʻana o ke kula ʻo Oregon, nā palapala noi a GMA iā Veto o ka bila no nā Kula Kaiapuni ʻo Kentucky, a me ka palapala a GMA e kūʻē nei i ka pila no ka ʻai pono kula o Kaleponi. . ” [Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, ʻAoʻao 223]

… A ʻo nā Lobbyist a puni ka ʻāina e ʻimi nei e hoʻopau i ke kānāwai

Ma waho aʻe o kāna lobbying pekelala (i piʻi aku i $ 14 miliona i 2013), he mau lobbyist ʻo GMA a puni ka ʻāina e ʻimi nei e hōʻole i nā kānāwai e pāpā ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai. Ma lalo iho nei kekahi o kā lākou poʻe lobbyist mokuʻāina. [Ke kikowaena no nā politika, opensecrets.org, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/22/14; Ua pili nā kumuwaiwai o ka mokuʻāina ma lalo]

Lobbyist Moku'āina
Louis Finkel Hawaii
Kelsey Johnson Illinois
7 mau lobbyists me Rifkin, Livingston, Levitan & Silver Maryland
Kelsey Johnson Hawaii
ʻO Capitol Group Inc. New York

Ua ʻimi ʻo GMA e hoʻonāwaliwali i ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā lula lepili

I Kēkēmapa 2011, ua noi ʻo GMA i ka Food and Drug Administration e hoʻokau pono i nā lula lepili e pili ana i nā ʻike pono o ka meaʻai.

"Ua noi aku ʻoe i ka hana mana a ka FDA e pili ana i kekahi mau ʻano o nā rula o kona lepili ʻana i ka meaʻai i mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka papahana Nutrition Keys, ʻo ia hoʻi: [1] Hoʻohana o nā kiʻina Nutrition Key ʻehā (calories, momona momona, sodium. , a me ka huina nui o nā kō), hoʻokahi a i ʻole hele pū ʻia me ʻelua mau kiʻiona koho pono kīnā ʻole, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka momona polyunsaturated a me ka momona monounsaturated i ka papa Nutr Facts like e koi ʻia e 21 CFR 101.9 (c) (2) (iii) a me (iv) . [2] Hoʻohana o nā kiʻina Nutr Key ʻehā, me nā kiʻi ʻole i koho ʻia, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike hōʻike i koi ʻia e § 101.13 (h) ke ʻoi aku ka nui o ka meaʻai i ka meaʻai i nā kikoʻī o ka momona, momona momona, kolesterol, a sodium paha. . [3] Hoʻohana o nā kiʻina Nutrition Key ʻehā, kū hoʻokahi a i ʻole pū ʻia me ʻelua mau kiʻiona koho pono kiʻi, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka momona a me ka kolesterol ma kahi kokoke i ka ikona momona momona e like me ka mea i koi ʻia e § 101.62 (c) . ” [ʻO ka leka a FDA iā GMA, 12/13/11]

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Hormone i pāpā ʻia ma Kanada, EU e hoʻonui i ka hana waiū i nā bipi

I ka makahiki 1995, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMA ua ʻike ka Food & Drug Administration e "palekana loa" ka hormone synthetic rBST. [Kaomi paʻi a GMA, 4/25/95]

rBST / rBGH Papa ʻia ma EU, Kanada

pāpā ʻia ka rBST / rBGH mai nā huahana waiū ma ka European Union a me Kanada.

"ʻO ka hormonone ulu bovine ulu hou (rBGH) kahi hormone synthetic (i hana ʻia e ke kanaka) i kūʻai ʻia aku i nā mahiʻai waiū e hoʻonui i ka hana waiū i nā bipi. Ua hoʻohana ʻia ia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa mai ka wā i ʻāpono ʻia e ka Food and Drug Administration (FDA) i ka makahiki 1993, akā ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana ma ka European Union, Canada, a me kekahi mau ʻāina ʻē aʻe. " [Pūnaewele ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, kano]

ʻO Co-Plaintiff ma Vermont Lawsuit e pili ana i ka lepili ʻana no rBST / rBGH

Wahi a FindLaw.com, he mea hoʻopiʻi ʻo GMA ma IDFA vs. Amnestoy, kahi hihia e pili ana i ka lepili ʻana i nā huahana waiū i hana ʻia mai nā bipi i mālama ʻia me rBST / rBGH. [FindLaw.com, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/17/14; ʻAmelike ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻAi ʻAi Milina Wahine Ass'n v. Amestoy, Nānā Helu 876, Docket 95-7819, i hoʻoholo ʻia 8/8/96]

"ʻO Vermont's mandatory law label law lele i mua o ka hoʻoholo ʻana a FDA e palekana loa ka rBST a ʻaʻole pono e koi ʻia ka lepili koi," wahi a John Cady, pelekikena o NFPA. E hōʻike paha ke kānāwai i nā mea kūʻai aku i ka manaʻo hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka maikaʻi o ka waiū o nā bipi i kākoʻo ʻia e RBST. '"[Hoʻolaha nūpepa ʻo GMA, 4/25/95]

ʻO ka waiū lepili kūʻē i hana ʻia me ka Hormone ulu

E like me ka St. Louis Post-Dispatch, i ka makahiki 1993-94, ua kūʻē ʻo GMA i nā lepili e pili ana i nā huahana waiū i lawe ʻia mai nā bipi kau ʻia me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH) a Monsanto. [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 3/3/94]

Ua kue ʻo GMA iā Rula Labeling o Ohio i hahaki ʻia

Wahi a KeʻOihana Waiwai-USA, Ua kūʻē ʻo GMA a me nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i ke kānāwai lepili ʻo Ohio i hahau ʻia e ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi. [KeʻOihana Waiwai-USA, 4 / 25 / 08]

ʻO ka rula o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Ohio i nīnau ʻia i pāpā ʻia nā ʻōlelo e like me "rbGH Free," "rbST Free" a me "hormone free artificial," i manaʻo ʻia e hāʻawi i ka poʻe kūʻai i ka ʻike e pono ai e hana i nā koho koho. Ke kikowaena no ka palekana o ka meaʻai, 9 / 30 / 10

Kākoʻo anti-Ethanol Fake "Grassroots" hoʻopunipuni

I Mei 2008, ua hōʻike ʻo Sen. Chuck Grassley he hoʻolaha anti-ethanol i manaʻo ʻia he "mauʻu," i kākoʻo maoli ʻia e kahi hui PR i hoʻolimalima ʻia e GMA.

"Wahi a nā palapala ʻelua i kau ʻia ma luna o Sen. Charles Grassley's, R-IA, punaewele o ka ʻaha kūkā, ʻo ka" grassroots "anti-ethanol media blitz i hoʻopiʻi ʻia i kēia lā e piʻi nei nā kumukūʻai meaʻai i nā biofuels i kākoʻo ʻia e ka mahiʻai he mea hoʻopunipuni ia e like me astro-turf. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua wehewehe ʻo Grassley i nā hoa hana o ka Senate ma kāna palapala hōʻoia 15 Mei o ka bila mahiʻai hou, "Ua ʻike ʻia he $ 300,000, he ʻeono mau malama i mālama ʻia e kahi hui pili lehulehu ma Beltway ma hope o ka hoʻolaha smear, i hoʻolimalima ʻia e ka hui ʻoihana mea kūʻai." ” Nūhou ʻo Aberdeen, 5 / 30 / 08

Ua ʻimi ʻo GMA e lilo i ke pono no ka piʻi ʻana o nā kumukūʻai meaʻai

I kāna noi no nā noi, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMA ua manaʻoʻiʻo ia i ka piʻi ʻana o nā kumukūʻai meaʻai i hāʻawi ʻia i ka hui me kahi manawa kūpono e paʻi i ka etanol.

"Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo GMA i kahi hoʻouluulu 'ākea" lehulehu i nā mahina ʻelua i hala i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻi i nā mandan ethanol i hala i ka bila ikehu o ka makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻolimalima ka hui i ka Glover Park Group e holo i kahi mākaukau eono mahina, e like me ka noi a GMA no ka noi a me ka pane a Glover Park. 'Ua hoʻoholo ʻo GMA e piʻi ana nā kumukūʻai meaʻai… e hana i puka aniani e hoʻololi i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā pono o nā bio-fuels a me ka mandate,' e heluhelu ana i ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu ʻo RFP, kahi kope i loaʻa iā ia e Roll Call. ” [E kāhea i kahi, 5 / 14 / 08]

E wehe i ka leka i STAT: ʻO kēia ka manawa no nā Kūlana Transparency ʻoi aku ka ikaika

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E Rick Berke a me Gideon Gil,

I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou - a me ka ʻepekema ponoʻī - he mea nui ia no nā hoʻopuka olakino a ʻepekema e like me STAT e lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Kākau mākou e noi iā ʻoe e neʻe i mua ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi e hoʻoponopono i kahi pilikia koʻikoʻi i ka uhi ʻepekema: ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia nei nā mea heluhelu e nā ʻoihana e hoʻokuʻi nei i nā papahana kulekele ma o nā mea kākau PR e hoʻohālikelike nei i ke kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Ma Pepeluali 26, ua hōʻole ʻo STAT i kāna kuleana i ka lehulehu e hāʻawi i ka transparency ke hoʻopuka ʻia kahi manaʻo kolamu na Henry Miller, ʻoiai ua paʻa ʻo Miller i ka paʻi ʻana i ka hana a Monsanto-ghostwritten ma lalo o kona inoa ponoʻī ma Forbes.

Ma hope o ka New York Times Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻōlelo hōʻino a Miller i ʻAukake 2017, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Forbes iā Miller ma ke ʻano he kolamu a kāpae i kāna mau ʻatikala āpau no ka mea ua haki ʻo ia i ke kulekele a Forbes e koi ana i nā mea kākau manaʻo e hōʻike i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi, a e hoʻopuka wale i kā lākou hana ponoʻī - pono e hoʻohana pū kekahi kahi kulekele STAT. (Hoʻohou: Loaʻa i ka STAT ka hakakā o ka hoihoi kulekele hoʻolaha ma aneʻi a haʻi mai iā mākou ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻo Miller i nā hakakā.)

Ma hope o ka māhele ghostwriting, ua hoʻomau ka hana a Miller e hāpai i nā hae ʻulaʻula koʻikoʻi.

ʻO kāna kolamu hou e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika i Newsweek ua lawe ʻia me ka ʻike i hāʻawi ʻia e kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo Monsanto mua, ʻo Jay Byrne, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole ʻia kona pilina me Monsanto, a ua ukali loa ke kolamu a Miller i ka leka ʻana a Byrne i hana pū me Monsanto ʻoiai e hana pū ana e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua o nā kālaiʻike e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana, e like me leka uila wehe 'ia na US Pono e ʻike. I loko o kāna nūhou Newsweek, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Miller e hōʻino iā Danny Hakim, ka mea haʻi nūhou o New York Times nāna i hōʻike iā Miller's Monsanto ghostwriting scandal - me ka haʻi ʻole ʻana i ka hōʻino.

Ma waho aʻe o kēia mau hemahema hou o ka hōʻike ʻana i kāna mau hakakā hakakā, he a Miller lōʻihi, paʻa moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he pilina lehulehu a me kahi lobbying pani no nā ʻoihana.

Ma ka 1994 Memo hoʻolālā PR iā Phillip Morris, ua kapa ʻia ʻo APCO Associates iā Miller ma ke ʻano he "kākoʻo nui" i ka hoʻouka kaua honua e hakakā me nā kānāwai paka. I ka makahiki 1998, ʻo Miller hoʻokumu i kāna lawelawe PR i nā hui i loko o kahi "Plan Plan Promoting Sound Science in Health, Environmental and Biotechnology Policy." A 2015 Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i nā ʻepekema o ka IARC kanulau maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoʻopakele kūwaho mua loa: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

ʻO nā kuleana ʻoihana pū kekahi ma hope o ka manaʻo o Miller, i paʻi ʻia i kēia pule e STAT, ʻaʻole pono nā National Institutes of Health e hoʻolako kālā hou i nā noiʻi olakino integrative?

Mahalo no ka ʻatikala a Miller's STAT mai nā makemake o ʻO Jeff Stier, ka mea e hana nei no ka Koch-pili pili Koho Koho pili pili Koch, a Rhona Applebaum, ka luna mua o Coca-Cola nāna hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua e wili i ka ʻepekema ma ka momona, hana i ka ʻatikala me he mea lā e like me kahi ʻano o ka hui mua i kū i ka ʻāpana.

ʻAʻole ia ka manawa mua e haʻalele ai ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau me ka hoʻohana ʻana iā STAT e hāpai i kāna papahana politika a me nā kūʻai aku. I Ianuali i hala, ua ʻae ʻo STAT i ʻelua mau lālā o ka hui mua o ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) i opera ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia ke aupuni e hoʻokapu i nā kauka mai ke kuhikuhi ʻana iā OxyContin. Akā ʻaʻole ka ʻatikala i hōʻike e loaʻa iā ACSH kālā mai nā hui lāʻau a hoʻokumu i kāna lawelawe i nā ʻoihana i nā ʻaelike quid pro quo e pale aku i kā lākou huahana a me nā papahana kulekele.

I Kepakemapa, ua kiʻi hou ʻo STAT i kahi ʻatikala i paʻi ʻia ma lalo o ka inoa o ke kauka nāna i hoʻomaikaʻi i nā mea kūʻai aku i nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, ma hope o kā Kevin Lomangino kākau ʻana. i HealthNewsReview.org ua loaʻa i ke kauka he $ 200,000 mai nā ʻoihana lāʻau. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hoʻokolokolo ma kahi ʻo PR firm i kākau ʻia i ka ʻatikala a ke kauka.

"ʻO ka hoʻāʻo nui a pharma e hana ghostwrite ma STAT i hoʻopau maikaʻi ʻole - akā ʻaʻole lawa maikaʻi," i kuhikuhi ʻia e ka mea kākau puke kākau moʻolelo ʻo Charles Seife. i Slate. "Ua hoʻihoʻi ʻo STAT i ka moʻolelo, akā no nā kumu hewa a me ka ʻole o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka pilikia maoli."

ʻO ka manawa kēia no STAT e hoʻoponopono i ka pilikia, a lilo i ʻāpana o ka hopena i ka lawe ʻana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka maopopo i ka hōʻike ʻepekema. He kuleana ko ka lehulehu e ʻike i ka wā e kākau ai ka ʻuhane, a i ʻole ko lākou manamana lima nā mea āpau nā manaʻo o nā kālaiʻike e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa.

"E like me ka hoʻomaka ʻana o nā puke pai lapaʻau e hoʻopaʻa i nā lula e pili ana i nā paio o ka hoihoi, e koi ana i ka nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā kumu huna ma hope o kekahi mau ʻatikala noiʻi, pono e helu pū kekahi nā nūpepa," i kākau ʻo Seife ma Slate.

"Pono lākou e aʻo e hōʻoki i ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā leka o nā hui mua a winking i nā hana e like me ka kākau ʻana i ka ʻuhane i kā lākou ʻaoʻao hoʻoponopono. I ka pōkole, pono e ʻike ka pāpāho i kēlā me kēia manawa a lākou e ʻōlelo hou ai i kahi leka a ka puppet sock, hoʻohaʻahaʻa pono ia i ka hilinaʻi o ka puka. "

No ka hilinaʻi o STAT, a no ka hilinaʻi o kāna poʻe heluhelu, ke noi aku nei iā ʻoe e hoʻokō i kahi kulekele mōakāka a ikaika hoʻi e koi ai i nā mea kākau a pau e hōʻike piha e pili ana i nā hakakā hoihoi, e like me nā uku i loaʻa iā lākou mai nā ʻoihana, a me ka hana a lākou e hana ai ma hope. nā hiʻohiʻona me nā ʻoihana a i ʻole kā lākou ʻoihana PR e hoʻolaha i nā papahana ʻoihana.

me ka manao pono,
ʻO Stacy Malkan
ʻO Gary Ruskin
Nā Luna Hoʻokele, US kuleana e ʻike

Kiʻi hou: Eʻike mai Kevin Lomangino, luna hoʻoponopono o HealthNewsReview.org: “Mahalo no ke kāhea ʻana mai i kā mākou hana a me kēia pukana, aʻu e ʻae nei he mea nui. E maopopo, @statnews ua hoʻokūpaʻa i kā lākou mau kulekele COI / transparency i ka pane i kā mākou hōʻike ʻana e like me kā mākou i kākau ai ma aneʻi, "Lilo ʻo STAT i hui ʻekolu e hoʻoponopono i nā kulekele ma hope o kā mākou nānā ʻana. ” Eia nō naʻe, ma kēia hihia, ua hoka paha ka mea kākau i ka hōʻike ʻana i ke kuleana o nā ghostwriters i kāna hana i hala aku nei, no laila ʻaʻole maopopo iaʻu hiki i ka STAT ke hilinaʻi i kekahi hōʻoia āna i hāʻawi ai he kumu maoli ka ʻike. 

ʻO ka pane a USRTK: Hauʻoli mākou i ka ʻike ʻana i ka STAT paʻakikī i kāna kulekele COI akā pono lākou e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ka hihia Miller. ʻO waun hoʻohui i ka 2017 hoʻohenehene kākau ʻuhane, Ua loaʻa iā Miller nā hōʻike hewa hou a me ka ka wā lōʻihi o ka ʻoihana ʻoihana. E nānā pū aku i kā mākou pane i nā hoʻoponopono STAT e pili ana i kā lākou kulekele hōʻike COI. 

E hāhai i ka kuleana ʻo US e ʻike i nā hoʻokolokolo ma ke kau inoa ʻana no kā mākou nūpepa ʻaneʻi, a e ʻoluʻolu e noʻonoʻo e hana ana i kahi haʻawina e kākoʻo i kā mākou hōʻike ʻana.  

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Reuters ua hoʻoponopono ʻo IARC i nā mea i loaʻa he moʻolelo wahaheʻe ia

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Kiʻi hou i nā: Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Reuters Reporter, Roundup Trial Tracker (ʻApelila 25, 2019)
Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters, ʻōlelo e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (ʻOkakopa 24, 2017)

ʻO ka lā kumu o ka pou: ʻOkakopa 20, 2017

Ke hoʻomau nei iā ia moʻohelu o ka hōʻike hōʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ua hōʻea hou ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i ke keʻena maʻi ʻaʻai me kahi ʻOkakopa 19, 2017 moʻolelo ke koi nei i nā ʻepekema ua hoʻoponopono i kahi palapala kikoʻī ma mua o ka hoʻopuka ʻana i kā lākou loiloi hope loa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. ʻO ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, ka hui kālepa ʻoihana kemika, i hoʻopuka koke ʻia a nūʻike hoʻōla e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo, e koi ana iā ia e "hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate" a me ke koi ʻana i nā mea hana kulekele e "hana kūʻē iā IARC no ka hoʻohana hewa ʻana i ka ʻikepili."

Ua haʻi ʻia ka moʻolelo a Kelland i kahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana ua hoʻohana ʻia nā lālā IARC a kekeʻe i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema akā ʻaʻole hiki ke haʻi i ka nui o nā hōʻike i puka aʻe mai Nā palapala ponoʻī a Monsanto ma o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻaha i kauoha ʻia e hōʻike ai i nā ala a ka hui i hana ai e hana a hoʻololi i ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he hala.

ʻAʻole hiki i ka moʻolelo ke haʻi aku i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi IARC i hōʻemi ʻia ka hana kālā a Monsanto i lawa ʻole ka ʻike maka e kū ai i nā kūlana o IARC. A ʻoiai ʻo Kelland i ʻōlelo i kahi noi iole me 1983 a me kahi hoʻopaʻa iole kahi a IARC i kū ʻole ai i ka manaʻo me nā kānaka noiʻi maoli, ua hōʻole ʻo ia i ka hōʻike ʻana he mau haʻawina kēia i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka ʻiole 1983, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lālā o ka lāʻau ʻona ʻEPA ʻaʻole i ʻae i nā mea noiʻi a Monsanto no ka mea, ʻo ka ikaika o ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa, e like me nā palapala EPA. ʻLelo lākou i loko o nā memo he nui ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia ka manaʻo hoʻopaʻapaʻa a Monsanto a manaʻo ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo lākou i ka glyphosate e lilo i carcinogen.

Ma ka haʻalele ʻana i kēia mau ʻike koʻikoʻi, a me ka wili ʻana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe kokoke i loko, ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi ʻatikala e lawelawe maikaʻi ana iā Monsanto, akā ua alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e hilinaʻi nei i nā nūhou hilinaʻi ʻia no ka ʻike pololei. ʻO kahi mea hoʻoikaika wale e lawe ʻia mai kā Kelland moʻolelo ʻo ia kēia manawa ua ʻae ʻo ia iā Monsanto i hāʻawi iā ia i ka ʻike.

Nā moʻolelo e pili ana a me nā palapala:

Reuters vs. UN Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?

Na Stacy Malkan

Mai kā lākou hoʻolaha ʻo ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka," kahi kime o nā ʻepekema honua ma ka pūʻulu noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization. hoʻouka mae e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea pani.

i ka ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao moʻo i kapa ʻia ʻo "The Monsanto Papers," ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde (6/1/17) ua wehewehe ʻia ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaua ʻo ka pilikua pesticide ma luna o ka ʻepekema, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "To save glyphosate, the firm [Monsanto] undertook to harm the United Nations agency against cancer by all way."

Me ʻelua mau scoops i hānai ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me kahi hōʻike kūikawā, i hoʻoikaika ʻia e kāna hōʻike kuʻi maʻamau, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Kelland i kahi kahawai o ka hōʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka WHO Agency International for Research on Cancer (IARC), e hōʻike nei i ka hui a me nā ʻepekema ʻaʻole pili a kūpono ʻole, a pae i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi a kāohi ʻia i ka ʻike i kā lākou hoʻoholo ʻana. Hoʻokahi mea kaua i ka arsenal o ka ʻoihana ka hōʻike o ʻO Kate Kelland, he koa kūpuna Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo ma Lādana.

ʻAʻole mālama ka pūʻulu ʻepekema IARC i kahi noiʻi hou, akā ua loiloi i nā makahiki o ka noiʻi a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana he palena palena ʻole o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā kānaka mai nā hōʻike honua maoli i glyphosate a "lawa" hōʻike o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā noiʻi ma holoholona. Ua hoʻopau ʻo IARC aia he hōʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity no glyphosate wale nō, a me glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia i nā formulated e like me ka Monsanto's Roundup brand o ka lāʻau make, nona ka hoʻohana i hoʻonui nui ʻia e like me kā Monsanto i kūʻai aku ai. ua hoʻololi ʻia nā laha ʻohi e "mākaukau Roundup."

Akā i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo IARC, ua nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, a ua kau i ka manaʻo ma nā ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo ana i nā hana a me nā loiloi a ka ʻepekema i ka ʻimi ʻana e hōʻemi i kā lākou kālailai. Ua hilinaʻi nui kāna hōʻike ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana; loaʻa nā hewa i Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono; a hōʻike i ka ʻike cherry-i wae ʻia ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili mai nā palapala āna i hāʻawi ʻole ai i kāna poʻe heluhelu.

Ke hāpai nei i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna kumumanaʻo ma ke ʻano he mea ʻepekema reporter nā pilina o Kelland i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele (SMC), kahi hui PR nonprofit PR kontroversial ma UK e hoʻopili i nā ʻepekema me nā mea kūkala nūhou, a loaʻa iā ia poloka nui loa o ke kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana, me nā makemake o ka ʻoihana kemika.

SMC, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema, "I hoʻouka ʻia i ka makahiki 2002 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e hōʻemi i nā moʻolelo nūhou e hoʻoulu ʻia e nā hui e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, e like me kāna hōʻike hoʻokumu. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo SMC no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā wahi a me nā pilikia olakino kanaka o kekahi mau huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea, e like me mea ʻimi noiʻi he nui nā mea i aʻo i ka hui.

Kelland's bias ma ke aloha i ka hui ua maopopo, e like me ia e hōʻike nei i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō a me ka SMC hōʻike hoʻolaha, hele mau Nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC, ʻōlelo ma Nā papa hana SMC a hui aku nā hālāwai ma India e kūkākūkā e kūkulu ana i kahi keʻena SMC ma aneʻi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland a me kāna mau hoʻoponopono ma Reuters e pane i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna pilina me SMC, a i ʻole i nā loiloi kikoʻī e pili ana i kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Fiona Fox, ka luna o SMC, ʻaʻole i hana pū kāna hui me Kelland ma kāna mau moʻolelo IARC a i ʻole hāʻawi i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻoi aku i nā mea i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha nūhou a SMC. Akaka, eia nō naʻe, ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate a me ka IARC aniani i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe loea SMC a me nā hui ʻoihana e pili ana i kēlā mau kumuhana.

Lawe ʻo Reuters i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema

Ma ka Iune 14, 2017, Reuters paʻiʻia hōʻike kūikawā e Kelland e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Aaron Blair, kahi epidemiologist mai ka US National Cancer Institute a me ka noho o ka IARC panela ma glyphosate, no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā ʻikepili koʻikoʻi mai kāna loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai.

Ua hele ka moʻolelo a Kelland a hiki i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka ʻike i manaʻo ʻia e hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate carcinogenic paha. Eia naʻe ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia akā he wahi liʻiliʻi o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma o kahi papahana lōʻihi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Ke Ola Ola Ola (AHS). Ua paʻi ʻia kahi anamanaʻo o kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate mai ka AHS a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, akā ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia kahi loiloi hou o ka ʻike i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, no ka mea ke kāhea nei nā lula ʻo IARC i ka hilinaʻi wale i ka ʻike i paʻi ʻia.

ʻO kā Kelland palapala kākau a Blair i kāohi ai i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i kūlike ʻole me nā palapala kumu i hoʻokumu ai ʻo ia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hāʻawi aku i nā mea heluhelu i nā loulou i kekahi o kēlā mau palapala, no laila ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke hōʻoia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā hoʻopiʻi no lākou iho. Ua hoʻolaha ākea ʻia kāna mau ʻōlelo hoʻopahūpahū, ua hana hou ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma nā nūhou ʻē aʻe (e like me ʻO Jones Jones) a hoʻouna koke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana lobbying e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā palapala kumu maoli, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka mea ma mua Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo a me kēia manawa ke alakaʻi noiʻi o US Right to Know (ka hui nonprofit kahi aʻu e hana pū ai), waiho ʻia nā hewa a me nā hapa he nui i kā Kelland ʻāpana.

Hāʻawi ke kālailai i mau laʻana o nā kuleana nui i ka ʻatikala a Kelland, me kahi ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e Blair, ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao 300. ka waiho ʻana o Blair alakaʻi ʻia e nā loio o Monsanto, a i ʻole nā ​​palapala kumu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike hōʻike wae a ka waiho ʻana o Blair i nānā ʻole i ka mea i kūʻē i kāna palapala thesis — ʻo kahi laʻana, nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pili o glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me kā Gillam i kākau ai i loko o kahi Huffington Post 'atikala (6 / 18 / 17).

Ua wehewehe pololei ʻole ʻo Kelland i kā Blair waiho ʻana a me nā mea e pili ana ma ke ʻano he “palapala ʻaha,” e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa lākou i ka lehulehu; ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole lākou i waiho ʻia i ka ʻaha, a ua kiʻi ʻia paha mai nā loio a me nā hope. (Loaʻa nā palapala i nā loio i pili i ka hihia, a ua ʻōlelo nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole lākou i hāʻawi iā Kelland.)

Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono i nā hewa i loko o ka ʻāpana, e like me ka hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe e pili ana i ke kumu o nā palapala kumu a me kahi wehewehe kūpono ʻole o kahi kumu nui, statistician Bob Tarone, ma ke ʻano "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua loaʻa iā Tarone loaʻa i kahi uku kūkākūkā mai Monsanto no kāna mau hana e hōʻino i ka IARC.

I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi a USRTK e hoʻoponopono a haʻalele paha i ka ʻatikala Kelland, Reuters Ua kākau ʻo Mike Williams ka luna hoʻoponopono honua ma kahi leka uila ʻo Iune 23:

Ua nānā mākou i ka ʻatikala a me ka hōʻike ʻana i hoʻokumu ʻia ai. ʻO kēlā hōʻike i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka waihona āu e kuhikuhi ai, akā ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia. ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Kate Kelland, ua launa pū me nā poʻe āpau i haʻi ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, a ua aʻo i nā palapala ʻē aʻe. I ka mālamalama o kēlā loiloi, ʻaʻole mākou e noʻonoʻo he pololei ʻole ka ʻatikala a i ʻole e hōʻoia i ka haʻalele ʻana.

Ua hōʻole ʻo Williams e haʻi i ka haʻi wahaheʻe ʻana i nā "palapala ʻaha" a i ʻole ka wehewehe kūpono ʻole o Tarone ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa.

Mai ia manawa, ka mea hana lobbying Reuters ua hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto ua ulu nā wāwae a holo ʻāhiu. He 24 Iune ho'oponopono ma ka ʻO St. Louis Post Dispatch hoʻohui hewa ma luna o ka hōʻike hoʻopunipuni ʻē. Ma ke kau waena o Iulai, e hoʻohana ana nā blog nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau i ka Reuters moʻolelo e hoʻopiʻi ai iā IARC o hoʻopunipuni i nā ʻauhau ʻauhau US, ke wānana nei nā pūnaewele nūhou pro-ʻoihana ka moʻolelo.ke kui hope loa i ka pahu kupapaʻu”O nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa e pili ana i glyphosate, a pūʻulu nūhou ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni e hoʻolaha ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo ma Facebook me kahi poʻo poʻomanaʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻo IARC ua ʻae nā ʻepekema i kahi uhi.

Hoʻouka Bacon

ʻAʻole kēia ʻo ka manawa mua a Kelland i hilinaʻi ai iā Bob Tarone ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna mau pili ʻoihana, i kahi ʻatikala e kūʻē nei iā IARC.

Ma ʻApelila 2016 hoʻokolokolo kūikawā na Kelland, "ʻO wai e ʻōlelo he maikaʻi ʻole ʻo Bacon?," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he hui huikau i maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻepekema. Kūkulu nui ʻia ka ʻāpana ma luna o nā ʻōlelo mai Tarone, ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia nā pili o ka ʻoihana, a hoʻokahi mea nānā inoa ʻole.

"ʻIke maikaʻi ʻole ʻia nā ʻano hana o ka IARC," "ʻaʻole lawelawe maikaʻi i ka lehulehu," nele i ka ʻepekema koʻikoʻi i kekahi manawa, "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no ka ʻepekema," "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no nā keʻena hoʻokele" a hana ka lehulehu "kahi hana hewa," i ʻōlelo nā loiloi.

ʻO ke ʻoihana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Tarone, "naif, inā ʻaʻole ʻepekema" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i hoʻonui ʻia me nā huapalapala nui i kahi poʻo inoa.

Hana ʻo Tarone no ka ʻoihana kākoʻo Ke KeʻenaʻOihana Epidemiology International, a ua pili pū me a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kelepona paʻalima, kālā kālā ʻia ma ka ʻāpana e ka ʻoihana kelepona paʻalima, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i nā kelepona paʻalima, kūlike ʻole ʻimi kālā kālā kūʻokoʻa o ka pukana like.

ʻO nā loiloi ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo bacon a Kelland ʻo Paulo Boffetta, kahi mea ʻepekema ex-IARC i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nāna i kākau i kahi pepa e pale ana i ka asbestos ʻoiai pū kekahi. ka loaʻa kālā ʻana e pale aku ai ka ʻoihana asbestos i ka ʻaha; lāua ʻo Geoffrey Kabat, ka mea hoʻokahi hoʻokaʻawaleʻia me kahi ʻepekema ʻimi kālā-ʻoihana paka e kākau he pepa pale ʻana i ka uahi lua.

Hoʻokau pū ʻo Kabat ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), a hui pūʻulu mua. ʻO ka lā ka Reuters Kaulana ka moʻolelo, Kau ʻo ACSH i kahi mea blog (4 / 16 / 17) kaena ʻana ua hoʻohana ʻo Kelland i kāna kākāʻōlelo ʻo Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻino ai iā IARC.

[E nānā i ka pilina pili ma Malaki 2019: ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

ʻO ka pilina o ka ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, a me kā lākou mōʻaukala o ke kū ʻana i nā kūlana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema mainstream, me he mea lā, no ka mea ua hui pū ʻia ka hōʻike bacon IARC me kahi Kelland. 'atikala e pili ana i glyphosate ka mea i ahewa ʻia ʻo ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo IARC ʻo Chris Portier no ka pili ma muli o kona pili ʻana me kahi hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ka mōʻī hoʻopaʻapaʻa o ka hoihoi i lawelawe i mea e hōʻino ai i kahi leka, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Portier a kau inoa ʻia e 94 ʻepekema, i ho'ākāka 'ia nā "kīnā koʻikoʻi" i ka loiloi' ana i nā pilikia o ka European Union i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻo Portier, a me ka ʻepekema maikaʻi / ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole, ʻū aʻe i loko ʻoihana olakino Nā kahawai PR i ka lā hoʻokahi i hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻatikala Kelland.

Pahu aku ʻo IARC i hope

I ʻOkakopa 2016, i kekahi scoop kū hoʻokahi, Hōʻike ʻo Kelland iā IARC ma ke ʻano he hui malū i noi aku i kona poʻe ʻepekema e kāohi i nā palapala e pili ana i ka loiloi glyphosate. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma nā leka i hāʻawi ʻia iā Kelland e a hui kānāwai pro-ʻoihana.

I ka pane, ua lawe ʻo IARC i ke kapuwai ʻokoʻa o ke kau ʻana i nā nīnau a Kelland a me nā nā pane a lākou i hoʻouna aku ai iā ia, nāna i hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili i waiho ʻia ma waho o ka Reuters moʻolelo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo IARC ua noi aku nā loio a Monsanto i nā ʻepekema e huli i nā palapala kikoʻī a me nā palapala kūkā, a i ka nānā ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē nei iā Monsanto, "ua ʻoluʻolu ʻole ka ʻepekema e hoʻokuʻu ana i kēia mau mea, a manaʻo kekahi ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia lākou." Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ua kū like lākou i ka kaomi like i ka wā i hala e hoʻokuʻu i nā palapala kope e kākoʻo i nā hana kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka asbestos a me ka paka, a aia kahi hoʻāʻo e huki i nā palapala IARC i loko o ka hoʻopiʻi PCB.

ʻAʻole haʻi ka moʻolelo i kēlā mau laʻana, a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo e pili ana i nā palapala ʻepekema kikoʻī e pau ana i nā hoʻopiʻi, akā ua kaumaha kēia ʻāpana i nā loiloi a IARC, e wehewehe nei ma ke ʻano he hui "i kūlike ʻole me nā ʻepekema o ka honua," ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa "me nā loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai e" hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā olakino pono ʻole. "

He "Agendas malu" ʻo IARC a he "hoʻomakeʻaka" kāna mau hana, e like me ka ʻōlelo a kekahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo.

Ua kākau ʻo IARC i ka pane (ke koʻikoʻi i ke kumu):

ʻO ka ʻatikala na Reuters ukali i kahi ʻano o nā hōʻike kūlike akā kuhi hewa hoʻi e pili ana i ka Polokalamu IARC Monographs ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o ka pāpāho e hoʻomaka ana ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

ʻO IARC kekahi kaomi ʻia i hope ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike e pili ana iā Blair, e hōʻike ana i ka hakakā o ka hoihoi me kāna kumuwaiwai ʻo Tarone a me ka wehewehe ʻana ʻaʻole manaʻo ka papahana loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC i nā ʻike i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia, a "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu i kāna loiloi i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia i nā hōʻike pāpāho," akā ma ka "ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana a me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūpono āpau e pili ana i ka lehulehu, e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa, kūʻokoʻa i nā kuleana pono. ”

Haʻiʻolelo agena PR

Ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻEpekema — kahi a Kelland Ua'ōleloʻo ia ua hoʻohuli i kāna hōʻike ʻana - ua hāʻawi ʻia i nā hoihoi, a ua hoʻohewa ʻia no ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā keʻena aupuni, nā kumu a me nā kula nui.

Ma nā helu āpau, pili ka mana o SMC i ke ʻano o ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho i kekahi mau moʻolelo ʻepekema, e kiʻi pinepine nei iā ia manaʻo loea mau ʻōlelo i nā moʻolelo pāpāho a me ka uhi kaʻa me kāna nūpepa paʻi.

E like me kā Kelland i wehewehe ai i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō, "Ma ka hopena o kahi ʻōlelo pōkole, maopopo ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka moʻolelo a me ke kumu o ka nui."

ʻO ia ke kiko o ka hana SMC: e hōʻailona i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i nā moʻolelo a i ʻole nā ​​haʻawina e pono ai ka nānā ʻana, a pehea lākou e pono ai.

I kekahi manawa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka poʻe loea SMC i ka makaʻu a hāʻawi i nā hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā huahana kontroversial a i ʻole ʻenehana. ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe noiʻi i kā SMC mau hana media ma kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a nā mea hana ʻenekinia.

ʻAi ʻia nā hoʻouka SMC i kekahi manawa i ka hana lobbying. A 2013 Nature 'atikala (7 / 10 / 13) ho'ākāka pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo SMC i ke kai eʻe i ka uhi pāpāho o nā embryo holoholona / kanaka hybrid mai nā hopohopo pili pono a i ko lākou mea nui ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi noiʻi - a pēlā i hoʻopau ai i nā lula aupuni.

ʻO ka mea noiʻi pāpāho i hoʻolimalima ʻia e SMC e kālailai i ka pono o kēlā hoʻouka kaua, ʻo Andy Williams o ke Kulanui ʻo Cardiff, i hele mai e ʻike i ke ʻano SMC me he mea lā pilikia, hopohopo paha ia. hoʻopaʻapaʻa hoʻopaʻapaʻa. ʻO Williams ho'ākāka ʻia nā haʻi'ōlelo SMC e like me ka mālama paʻa ʻana i nā hanana e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo hoʻohuli.

Ma ke kumuhana o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate, hāʻawi ʻo SMC i kahi moʻolelo moakāka i kāna mau nūpepa.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC, e like me Nā loea SMC, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokomo i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi," i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka "loiloi ʻiʻihi koho" a me nā hōʻike e "ʻike ʻia he lahilahi" a "ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka nui i kēlā ʻano kūlana kiʻekiʻe." Monsanto a me kekahi hana pūʻulu paipai i nā puanaʻī.

Ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike o ka poʻe loea SMC o nā loiloi weliweli i mālama ʻia e ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) a me ka European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), ka mea i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka glyphosate o nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai kanaka.

Ka hopena a EFSA ua "ʻoi aku ka ʻepekema, pragmatic a kaulike" ma mua o ko IARC, a ʻo ka Hoike a ECHA he pahuhopu, kūʻokoʻa, ākea a "ʻepekema kūpono."

Ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i Reuters ʻū aʻe i nā poʻomanaʻo ʻoihana kākoʻo, a i kekahi manawa hoʻohana i nā loea like, e like me a Nowemapa 2015 moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu i hāʻawi aku ai nā ʻoihana ʻĀulopa i nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate. Ua haʻi pololei kāna moʻolelo i nā loea ʻelua mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu SMC, a laila hōʻuluʻulu lākou i ko lākou mau manaʻo:

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hana ʻia ʻo IARC me ke kahakaha ʻana i kekahi mea i kekahi mau ʻano, akā ʻo ka mea kakaikahi, hiki ke hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ka poʻe. ʻO EFSA, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, hopohopo me nā pōʻino o ke ola maoli a inā, i ka hihia o glyphosate, aia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ai ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā kūlana maʻamau, hāʻawi ka pesticide i kahi pilikia kūpono ʻole i ke olakino kanaka a i ʻole ke kaiapuni.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i ʻelua mau pane pōkole mai nā mea hoʻokele kaiāulu: ua kapa ʻo Greenpeace i ka loiloi EFSA "whitewash," a ʻo Jennifer Sass mai ka ʻAoʻao Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūlohelohe i ʻōlelo ʻo IARC "he ʻoi aku ka ikaika, ka ʻepekema pale a me nā kaʻina lehulehu e pili ana i kahi kōmike kūwaho o nā loea ʻoihana ʻole. . ” (An ʻLelo NRDC ma glyphosate kau ia i kēia ala: "Ua Pololei ʻo IARC, Loaʻa iā EFSA mai Monsanto.")

Ua ukali ka moʻolelo o Kelland i nā ʻōlelo a ka hui kaiapuni me "nā mea loiloi o IARC… e ʻōlelo nei he mea lapuwale ke ʻano o ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana no nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻaʻa nei e hoʻohana i kāna ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i ke ola maoli," a ua hoʻopau ʻia me nā huaʻōlelo a kahi ʻepekema nāna "e hōʻike i ka hoihoi he hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā no Monsanto. ”

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hoʻopiʻi pro-ʻoihana o ka SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Hoʻolohe pono mākou i nā loiloi a pau mai nā kaiāulu ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​mea nūhou nūhou e hana ana no ka pāpāho UK, akā ʻaʻole mākou e loaʻa ka hōʻino no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hōʻole mākou i ka uku no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana, a ke hōʻike nei kā mākou hana i nā hōʻike a me nā ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema kaulana o 3,000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema kontroversial loa, ke manaʻo piha nei mākou i ka hōʻino mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream.

Nā hakakā hakakā a ka poʻe loea

ʻAʻole hōʻike mau ka poʻe loea ʻepekema i kā lākou hakakā hakakā o ka hoihoi i nā nūhou i hoʻopuka ʻia e SMC, a i ʻole i ko lākou kūlana kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai e like me glyphosate.

Hāʻawi ka loea SMC pinepine ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau biokimia ma Imperial College London, i nā manaʻo ma SMC i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma aspartame ("ʻAʻole hopohopo"), glyphosate i ka mimi (ʻaʻohe hopohopo), insecticides a me nā kīnā hānau ("Premature to draw concensions"), waiʻona, ʻO ka palaoa GMO, nā metala, papaʻai rodentʻai a oi.

ka Hoʻoholo a ECHA ʻaʻole kēlā carly gosphosate i kahi carcinogen "e hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia," e like me Boobis, a ʻo ka Hoʻoholo ʻo IARC ʻo ia paha he carcinogenic "ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka pīhoihoi nui," no ka mea ʻaʻole ia i noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻohana ai nā pesticides i ka honua maoli.

ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻo Boobis i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka hoʻokuʻu IARC a i ʻole kekahi o nā hoʻokuʻu SMC mua e hāpai ana i kāna mau ʻōlelo. Akā ua hoʻonāukiuki ʻo ia i hoʻohenehene hakakā-o-ka hoihoi i ka wā i haki ai ka nūhou ua paʻa ʻo ia i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), a pūʻulu kākoʻo ʻoihana, i ka manawa like hui pū ʻo ia me ka hui o ka UN i loaʻa ka glyphosate ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokau i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. (ʻO Boobis i kēia manawa noho o ka Papa Kahu ILSI, a hope pelekikena ad interim o ILSI / ʻEulopa.)

Ua loaʻa iā ILSI nā hāʻawi kālā ʻeono mai Monsanto a me CropLife International, ka hui kālepa pesticide. ʻO Professor Angelo Moretto, ʻo ia ka mea i alakaʻi i ka hui UN ma glyphosate me Boobis, i mālama pū ʻia kūlana alakaʻi ma ILSI. Akā ka panela hai aku ʻaʻohe hakakā o ka hoihoi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland i hōʻike e pili ana i kēlā mau paio, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia kākau e pili ana nā hopena o nā "loea UN" nāna i kala i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua hoʻohana hou ʻo ia i kahi ʻōlelo Boobis mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu kaomi SMC no kahi ʻatikala e pili ana ʻiʻo puaʻa ʻIlani. (Ua haʻahaʻa ka makaʻu i nā mea kūʻai.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka SMC hakakā o ke kulekele hoʻolaha hōʻike hoihoi, a no ke aha i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ai ka pili o Boobis 'ISLI i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Nīnau aku mākou i nā mea noiʻi a pau a mākou e hoʻohana ai e hoʻolako i kā lākou COI a hoʻomohana e hana i kēlā mau mea i ka poʻe nūpepa. E kūlike me nā kulekele COI ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokolokolo i kēlā me kēia COI, ʻoiai mākou e hoʻokipa nei i ka poʻe nūpepa e hana pēlā.

ʻAʻole hiki ke kiʻi ʻia ʻo Boobis no ka ʻōlelo, akā haʻi akuʻo ia kahu, "ʻO kaʻu kuleana ma ILSI (a ʻelua o kāna mau lālā) he lālā lālā o ka lehulehu a he poʻo hoʻi no kā lākou mau papa o nā kahu, nā kūlana i uku ʻole ʻia."

Akā ʻo ka hakakā "ua hoʻonāukiuki i ka hoʻohewa huhū mai nā MEP ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā NGO," ka kahu ua hōʻike ʻia, "ua hoʻonui ʻia e ka hōʻike a ka [UN panel] hoʻokuʻu i ʻelua mau lā ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o EU i ka balota ma glyphosate, a he piliona kālā ia i ka ʻoihana."

A pēlā pū me ka pūnaewele ulana o ka mana e pili ana i nā ʻoihana, nā loea ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ke pāʻani nei ma ke kahua honua ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto. alo i nā hoʻopiʻi ma luna o ka kemika ma muli o ke koi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻimi e hoʻopau i kahi Hana ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer.

I kēia manawa, i ka US, e like me Bloomberg hoike i ka lā 13 o Iulai: “ʻO ke Killer Weed Nui o ka Honua ke Kumu Ka maʻi ʻaʻai? E hoʻoholo ʻo EPA o Trump. ”

Nā ʻelele Reuters e hoʻouna ʻia ma o kēia pūnaewele (aiʻole ma Twitter: @Raiuiona). E ʻoluʻolu e hoʻomanaʻo i ka kamaʻilio mahalo ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

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UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

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Paipai ka Science Media Center i nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema

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ʻO ka Science Media Center (SMC) kahi hui PR nonprofit PR i hoʻomaka ʻia ma UK i loaʻa i kāna poloka nui loa o kālā mai ka ʻoihana nā hui. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, Monsanto, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā hui media, nā keʻena aupuni, nā hoʻokumu a me nā kula nui. Ke hoʻolaha nei ka hiʻohiʻona SMC a puni ka honua a ua nui ka mana i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho o ka ʻepekema, i kekahi manawa i nā ala e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā makaʻi o nā huahana kontroversial a ʻenehana paha. Hōʻike kēia pepa pono i ka mōʻaukala SMC, ke akeakamai, ke ana hoʻohālike kālā, nā hana a me nā hōʻike mai ka poʻe loiloi i ʻōlelo ʻo SMC ke hāʻawi nei i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana, hōʻole kahi ʻano SMC.

e pili pū ana:

Mea nui nui

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Science Media Center ma 2002 i ka pane ʻana i ka "frenzies media ma luna o MMR, nā mea kanu GM a me nā noiʻi holoholona" e kōkua i nā nūhou e hōʻike pono i ka ʻepekema mainstream, e like me ka pepa pono o ka hui.

i kona hōʻike hoʻokumu, Wehewehe ʻo Science Media Center i ka pehea i haku ʻia ai e kamaʻilio:

  • e ulu ana ka "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka manaʻo o ka ʻepekema i ka lehulehu
  • kahi hāʻule o ka mahalo i ka luna a me ka loea
  • kahi kaiāulu kūpilikiʻi kūwaho a me ka uhi pāpāho alarmist a
  • ʻo nā "papa hana pāpāho ʻoi loa" i hoʻohana ʻia e nā kaiaulu NGO e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua.

SMC kūʻokoʻa i kaʻana like i ka palapala hoʻohui like ʻoiai ke hana mua ʻia nei ma Kanada, Australia, New Zealand, Kelemania a me Iapana, a ke hoʻolālā ʻia nei ʻo SMCs ma Palukela a me ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona SMC ka mea nui i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A nāʻike media o nā nūpepa UK ma 2011 a me 2012 i ʻike ka hapanui o nā mea nūpepa nāna i hoʻohana i nā lawelawe SMC ʻaʻole ʻimi i nā kuanaʻike hou aku no kā lākou mau moʻolelo. Hāpai ka hui i ka mana politika. I ka makahiki 2007, ua hoʻōki ʻo SMC i kahi pāpā i hāpai ʻia no nā embryo hybrid kanaka / holoholona me kāna pāʻoihana media e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻana mai nā hopohopo pili i nā pono o nā embryos ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea noiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻokikina ʻana nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema, a no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā pilikia o ke kaiapuni a me ke olakino kanaka o nā huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea. Ua hōʻike nā hōʻike i ka hana a SMC e pahu i ka leka uila ʻoihana kākoʻo a kāpae i nā manaʻo kūʻē i nā kumuhana e like me kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a Nā GMO.

I loko o kahi leka uila, ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele SMC ʻo Fiona Fox ʻaʻole kūlike kāna hui no ka ʻoihana: mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hoʻowahāwahā mākou i ka uku no ka ʻohana ʻoihana pro a hōʻike kā mākou hana i ka hōʻike a me ka ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema koʻikoʻi 3000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema loa kontroversial manaʻo nui mākou i ka hoʻohewa mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream. "

Nā ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka Pūnaewele ʻApekema ʻEpekema

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā mea noiʻi e pili ana i ka mana a me ka laha ʻole o ka Pūnaewele ʻAilana ʻEpekema (hoʻohui ʻia i hoʻonui ʻia i nā huaʻōlelo ma lalo):

  • "Nā Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema ... ua lilo mea koʻikoʻi, akā nā mea pāʻani kontroversial i ka honua o ka journalism. ʻOiai manaʻo kekahi mau mea nūhou he mea kōkua lākou, manaʻo kekahi poʻe he līkū lākou i ke aupuni a me nā ʻepekema ʻoihana. " Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia
  • "Ke hilinaʻi nei i ka mea āu e noi ai, (Luna Hoʻokele SMC) Ke mālama nei paha ʻo Fiona Fox i ka puke pai ʻepekema a i ʻole ke luku ʻana iā ia." ʻO Ewen Callway, Nature
  • "ʻO kahi hōʻemi hōʻemi o nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema UK i kaomi manawa ʻole e hele hou i ke kula a ʻeli no nā moʻolelo. Hele lākou i nā haʻi ʻōlelo i hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ma ka SMC… ʻO ka ua ʻeha ka maikaʻi o ka hōʻike ʻepekema a me ka pololei o ka ʻike i loaʻa i ka lehulehu, e hoʻohuli i ka hiki i ka lehulehu ke hoʻoholo i nā pilikia. ” ʻO Connie St. Louis, Ke Kulanui o Lādana ma Lādana, ma CJR
  • "ʻAʻole ka pilikia e hoʻolaha lākou i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā lākou e ʻōlelo nei, akā ʻo lākou paipai i ka ʻepekema kākoʻo pāʻoihana. " ʻO David Miller, Ke Kulanui o Bath, ma SciDev
  • "No ka poʻe i makapō ʻole ʻia e ka SMA's aura makaʻu, ʻike ʻia ʻo kāna hana hūnā e hōʻoia i ka poʻe nūpepa a me ka pāpāho e hōʻike i nā mea ʻepekema a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau wale nō i kahi ala kūlike i ke 'kulekele' a ke aupuni a me ka ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i nīnau ʻia. " Malcolm Hooper, Kulanui o Sunderland, pepa ma CFS / ME
  • «Maopopo lea ka ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e hoʻolaulaha i ka ʻenehana Biotec a me ke kelepona ʻana. ” ʻO ka pepa Don Maisch ma nā kelepona paʻalima
  • "The ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā haiki o, ma ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. " Paul Mobbs, Nā ʻimi noiʻi kaiāulu ʻo Mobbs
  • "ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, naif politika mau, ʻike ʻole ʻole ʻia e ʻae ʻia i kāna mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi kāhuna politika ʻano ʻē a kolohe hoʻi. " ʻO George Monbiot, ke kahu

ʻO ke kālā kālā ʻepekema Pūnaewele ʻo Science

ʻO kā SMC hapa nui o ke kālā, ma kahi o 30%, hele mai nā hui a me nā hui kālepa. ʻO nā mea kālā e like me ʻAukake 2016 i hui pū ʻia me ka laulā o ke kemika, biotechnology, nukelea, ʻai, lāʻau lapaʻau, kelekaʻaʻike a me nā pono hana hoʻonaninani. ʻO nā mea kālā ʻoihana Agrichemical i hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, BASF, CropLife International, BioIndustry Association a me ka Chemical Industries Association. Mea kālā mua ua hoʻokomo iā Monsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola a me Kraft. Loaʻa iā SMC ke kālā kālā mai kekahi mau pūʻulu, aupuni a me nā hui aʻo.

SMC wahi a ia nā makana pāpale mai kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole ke kula i 5% o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e "pale mai ka mana kūpono ʻole" - hana ʻia nā hoʻokoe no nā makana nui aʻe mai ka Wellcome Trust a me ke aupuni UK. Keʻena no ka ʻoihana, ikaika a me nā ʻoihana papahana.

Mōʻaukala SMC: “Ke Kuhina Nui ʻoiaʻiʻo o Pelekane”

Ma ka hopena o 1990, ua pili ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻepekema a me ka media i kahi wāwahi, wehewehe i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō. "Ma kahi o ka manawa o ka BSE, MMR, nā mea kanu GM, aia he manaʻo maoli o kēia awawa ma waena o nā ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fox i loko o ka wikiō. Ua hana ʻia ʻo SMC "e kōkua i ka hoʻohou hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema e ka hana ʻana e paipai i ke kaʻina kaulike, pololei a kūpono hoʻi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa," e like me kāna kūkākūkā kūkākūkā.

Aia nā palapala hoʻokumu SMC i:

  • Pepeluali 2000 Hoike komite o na Haku Haku ho'ākāka i kahi "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka pilina o ke kaiāulu me ka ʻepekema, a paipai i kahi hana hou i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho.
  • Kepakemapa 2000 “Code o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa / alakaʻi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Na ka Royal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) e paipai i nā alakaʻi no ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema e kūʻē i" ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea i ʻike ʻia he "moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli" kūpono ʻole a me nā mea e hāʻawi nei i nā manaʻolana wahaheʻe i nā maʻi nui. "
  • 2002 Hōʻike Kūkākūkā SMC wehewehe i ke kaʻina ninaninau me nā mea kuleana mai ke aupuni, ʻoihana a me nā pāpāho nāna i hoʻomaopopo pehea e "lawe ai ʻo SMC i ke ala i kiola ʻia e nā Haku… o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻepekema i ka nūhou."

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa koke ka hana SMC. Ua wānana ka mea kākau ʻo Tom Wakeford i ka makahiki 2001 e lilo ʻo SMC i “Kuhina ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo Britain no ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e haʻaheo ai ko George Orwell mau aliʻi hana wahaheʻe.” Ua kākau ʻo ia i loko Ka Luna, "Ua hoʻoholo ka poʻe kiʻekiʻe o ke Aupuni, Royal Society a me Royal Institution i ko lākou waiwai waiwai nui e pono ai ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke Kaʻina Hana: "Kuhi ka Code i nā mea nūpepa e kūkākūkā me nā loea i ʻae ʻia, kahi papa kuhikuhi malū e hāʻawi ʻia i nā" mea kākau inoa i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia me nā palapala hōʻoiaʻiʻo. "

ʻO kā SMC papahana mua - kahi hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni BBC i hōʻike ʻia i nā hua i hana ʻia i loko o kahi kukui maikaʻi ʻole. Ua wehewehe nā ʻatikala iā SMC ma ke ʻano he “pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui kemika nui ”e hana nei "Kahi ʻano o ka hui rebuttal wikiwiki a Mandelsonian"A hoʻohana" kekahi o nā ʻenehana wili clumsiest o New Labor i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino (ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni) ma mua. ”

ʻO Dick Taverne a me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - kahi hana lobby e hoʻololi hou i nā ʻike o ka ʻepekema - i hoʻokumu ʻia ma UK ma 2002 me ka SMC ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Lord Dick Taverne a me nā mea e pili ana i ka SMC. ʻO Lord Taverne kahi SMC Lālā lālā aʻoaʻo a me ia hana pū ʻia ke Kaʻina Hoʻohana SIRC.

He moʻolelo 2016 i Ka-puni na Liza Gross i wehewehe iā Sense About Science a me kāna mau alakaʻi ma ke ʻano he “kahu ponoʻī no ka 'epekema kani'” nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana. Ua wehewehe ʻo Gross i kā Taverne mau ʻoihana paka a me nā hana PR ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ka hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobacco. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana pono ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana a "e ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe." I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema nāna e ʻōlelo kūʻē i nā lula i nele i ka mea haʻi waha ʻole ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994.

Ma waena o kāna papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

Ua wehe ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana o ka wā lōʻihi hui hana kemika ʻo Trevor Butterworth, a me nā hoapili me ka Cornates Alliance i uku kālā ʻia e Gates, a Pūʻulu hoʻolaha GMO.

Nā aʻa Komunista Revolutionary

ʻO nā luna hoʻokumu a me nā luna o ka Science Media Center a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - Luna Hoʻokele SMC Fiona Fox a me SAS Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Tracey Brown - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēlā mau pūʻulu, ua pili pili ʻia ma o ka Revolutionary Communist Party, kahi hui splinter Trotskyist i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka hopena o 1970s ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a ka sociologist. ʻO Frank Ferudi, e like me ka mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Jonathan Matthews, ʻO Zac Goldsmith a ʻO Don Maisch.

ʻO ka hui splinter o Ferudi RCP i komo i loko Noho Marxism, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea i ʻapo i ke kapitalism, individualism a hoʻolahalaha i kahi ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i ka poʻe kaiāulu. e like me kā Monbiot. (Ferudi pane i kēia ʻāpana.) A Ka'ōlelo hoʻopuka e pili ana i kahi hanana LM i ka makahiki 1999 i wehewehe ʻia i ka pūnaewele me he "kūʻē kūʻē i ka hema" (i nā huaʻōlelo a Furedi) me ka manaʻo honua e manaʻo ana ka ʻaoʻao hema "ʻaʻole ia he kumu politika" a ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe i ka mākeke.

"ʻO kekahi o nā ʻāpana ʻē o ka politika kā kēia au ka mana o nā ʻēheu hema hema i holo aku i ka ʻākau," kākau ʻo Monbiot i loko o kahi 2003 kikokikona e wehewehe nei i nā pilina ma waena o Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center, nā poʻe i pili me kēlā mau hana a me nā loulou i ka pūnaewele LM:

"He kuhi wale paha kēia a pau? Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole pēlā. Akā ʻaʻole maʻalahi e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu o kēia hanana. Ke nānā nei mākou i kahi hui e makemake ana i ka mana nona iho, a i ʻole kekahi ma hope o kahi hoʻolālā politika, kahi o kēia keʻehi waena. ʻO ka mea e hiki ai iaʻu ke ʻōlelo aʻe, ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naif politika mau ia, me ka ʻike ʻole ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau pono e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi pūnaewele politika ʻano ʻē a moʻomeheu hoʻi. Ma mua loa o ke kūkulu hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema a me ka lāʻau lapaʻau, hiki i ka ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni o kēia hui ke hoʻopau hope loa iā ia. ”

Tactics

ʻO ka SMC ma UK wahi āna kahi waihona pūnaewele me 2700 mau loea a ʻoi aku ma mua o 1200 mau luna paʻi, a me nā papa inoa leka me nā mea kākau moʻolelo he 300 e kū ana i kēlā me kēia puka nūhou nui o UK. Hoʻohana ʻo SMC i ʻekolu mau hana nui e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻepekema, e like me kāna kiʻi wikiō:

  1. ʻO ka pane wikiwiki i ka wāwahi ʻana i nā nūhou me nā ʻōlelo manaʻo: Ke haki ka moʻolelo ʻepekema, "i loko o nā minuke he mau leka uila SMC i loko o nā pahu leta o kēlā me kēia mea kamaʻilio aupuni e hāʻawi nei i ka poʻe loea," wahi a Fox.
  2. Ke kiʻi mua ʻana i nā mea kūkala nūhou me ka noiʻi hou. Ua loaʻa iā SMC "ke kuleana kūpono e pili ana i 10-15 mau puke pai ʻepekema ma mua o ka hāpai ʻana o ka embargo" i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomākaukau i nā ʻōlelo mua mai nā poʻe loea ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hōʻailona ana inā he kūpono nā noi hou a pehea lākou e pono ai.
  3. Ke hoʻonohonoho nei ma kahi o 100 kaomi puʻupuʻu kahi makahiki i "hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi" ma ka nui o nā kumuhana ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa e like me ka nukelea neoneo, biotechnology a me nā maʻi e kū nei.

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻohuli a me ka hoʻokalakiko

Ua hōʻike kekahi mau mea noiʻi a me nā kālaiʻike i ka mea a lākou e ʻōlelo nei ʻo ka hoʻokūkū pro-ʻoihana o SMC i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa, a me ka nui o ka hilinaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe nūpepa i ka manaʻo loea o SMC e hoʻopaʻa i nā moʻolelo ʻepekema.

Ka nele i nā kuanaʻike like ʻole

Ua loiloi ʻo Professor Connie St. Louis o ke Kulanui o City, Lākana, i ka hopena o SMC i ka hōʻike ʻepekema ma nā nūpepa ʻāina he 12 ma 2011 a me 2012, a loaʻa:

  • ʻAʻole hoʻohana ʻo 60% o nā ʻatikala e uhi ana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
  • 54% o nā "hōʻike manaʻo loea" i hāʻawi ʻia e SMC i ka haʻihaʻi nūhou i loko o ka manawa i uhi ʻia i loko o ka nūhou
    • I kēia mau moʻolelo, ʻaʻole hoʻohana ʻo 23% i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
    • ʻO kēlā mau mea i hana, 32% wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai kūwahi i hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo kūʻē i ka mea i hāʻawi ʻia e ka loea i ka hopena SMC.

"He nui aku nā mea nūpepa ma mua o ka pono e hoʻohana wale nei i nā loea mai ka SMC a ʻaʻole e nīnau i nā kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa," hoʻopau ʻo St.

ʻAʻole ʻepekema mau ka poʻe loea

Ua kālailai ʻo David Miller, polopeka o ka sociology mai ke Kulanui o Bath, UK, i ka ʻikepili SMC ma ka pūnaewele a ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act, a hōʻike ʻia:

  • ʻAʻole kekahi o ka 20 o ka poʻe akamai he nui loa i haʻi ʻia ma SMC ʻaʻole he ʻepekema, e like me ka wehewehe ʻana ma ka loaʻa ʻana i kahi PhD a me ka hana ʻana ma kahi keʻena noiʻi a i ʻole kahi kaiāulu ʻike kiʻekiʻe, akā he poʻe lobbyist no a me nā CEO o nā hui ʻoihana.
  • ʻAʻole i hōʻike piha loa ʻia nā kumuwaiwai kālā ma ka pūnaewele.
  • ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia no ka makemake o SMC i kahi mea leʻaleʻa, akā ua makemake ia i nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a me nā kumuhana i uhi ʻia "e hōʻike i nā mea nui a kā lākou mea kālā."

"Inā ʻōlelo ʻoe e ʻōlelo i nā ʻepekema a hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lobbyist a me nā NGO, eia ka nīnau: pehea ʻoe e koho ai i nā lobbyists a i ʻole nā ​​NGO e loaʻa? No ke aha ʻoe i loaʻa ʻole ai i nā lobbyist e kūʻē nei i ka hoʻokolohua kūlohelohe a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o Greenpeace e hōʻike nei i ko lākou manaʻo ma mua o ke kūlana bioindustry? Hōʻike maoli kēlā i nā ʻano bias e hana nei, "wahi a Miller.

Lanakila ka wili rautaki ma luna o nā embryos hybrid kanaka / holoholona

I ka 2006, i ka wā a ke aupuni UK i manaʻo ai e pāpā ana i nā ʻepekema mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā embryos hybrid kanaka-holoholona, ​​ua hoʻohui like ka SMC i nā hana e hoʻohuli i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho mai nā hopohopo a me ka mea nui o nā embryos hybrid ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū SMC "he lanakila lanakila ma nā pilina pāpāho" a "kuleana nui no ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ke kai eʻe o nā embryo hybrid kanaka," e like me kā Andy Williams, he mea noiʻi nūhou ma ke Kulanui o Cardiff, UK, nāna i alakaʻi i kālailai ma ka ʻaoʻao o SMC a me nā mea kākoʻo kaiāulu.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Williams:

  • Ma mua o 60% o nā kumuwaiwai i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me nā mea kūkala olakino - nā mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC - i kākoʻo i ka noiʻi, a hoʻokahi hapahā wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai i kūʻē iā ia.
  • Ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, ua kamaʻilio ka poʻe nūpepa ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC i nā ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻemi a ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea kūʻē.

"Ua hopohopo ʻo Williams i kēia manawa no ka hana a SMC i alakaʻi ai i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e hāʻawi i ka mahalo nui i nā ʻepekema, a na ia mea i kāohi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa," Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala kūlohelohe. He nīnauele me Williams i ʻO SciDevNet hōʻike pūʻulu:

"ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e wehewehe ai i nā ʻōlelo pōkole [SMC media briefing] koʻikoʻi he manawa kūpono ia na ka ʻepekema e wehewehe i ka ʻepekema i kā lākou ʻōlelo ponoʻī, akā - koʻikoʻi - ma ke ala kūlike ʻole a waiwai ʻole hoʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. Akā nānā kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia mau hanana i mālama nui ʻia e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo persuasive, ua hoʻohui ʻo ia, a ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia lākou e hoʻopaʻa i ka hopena o ka pāpāho no nā ʻepekema e pili ana. Ua hānai ʻia nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema loea i ka "kōkua kālā ʻike" e ka SMC a ʻoi aku paha ka nui o ka manaʻo ma mua o nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo i nā kumu pro-hybridisation, i ʻōlelo ʻo Williams.

Paipai i ka ʻike ʻoihana ma fracking

E like me ka Pepeluali 2015 ka nānā ʻana pāpāho alakaʻi ʻia e Paul Mobbs o Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, ua hāʻawi ʻo SMC i nā ʻōlelo loea he nui e pili ana i ka fracking ma waena o 2012-2015, akā ʻo ka lima o nā ʻepekema i hoʻomalu i ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka mai nā kula me nā pilina kālā me ka ʻoihana wahie fossil a i ʻole nā ​​papahana noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

"Ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā ʻololī o, i ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ke kūlana ʻoihana o ka poʻe e pili ana, a ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia me nā kūmole i nā hōʻike e hōʻoia i ko lākou pono. A ʻo kēia, ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ka pāpāho me ka nīnau ʻole. ”

"I ka hihia o ka shale gas, ʻaʻole hāʻawi ka SMC i kahi ʻike kaulike o nā hōʻike i loaʻa, a me nā kānalua ʻole, i nā hopena o ka aila a me ka ʻaila kū ʻole. Ke hāʻawi nei ia i nā ʻōlelo mai nā mea ʻepekema e hōʻike nui ana i kahi manaʻo o 'UK hoʻokumu', e nānā ʻole i ke kino holoʻokoʻa o nā hōʻike i loaʻa i kēia pilikia mai USA, ʻAukekulia a me Kanada. "

Ke hōʻino nei i ka maʻi luhi maʻi maʻi 

A Kōpana 2013 na Malcolm Hooper, Polofesa Emeritus o Medicinal Chemistry, University of Sunderland, UK, i hoʻopiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā manaʻo o kekahi mau kauka lapaʻau, me ka hōʻole ʻole e hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema biomedical a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka "ideology a me ka propaganda o nā hui hoihoi" i loko o kāna pāpāho. hana i ka maʻi luhi mau loa / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Hōʻike ka pepa a Hooper e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o ka SMC a me nā mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa CFS / ME me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana ʻinikua, a hāʻawi i nā hōʻike o ka mea a Hooper i hōʻike ai e like me ka hoʻouka kaua a SMC e hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe me CFS / ME, a me kāna mau hana e hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka PACE nā hopena hoʻokolokolo i ka pāpāho. Pau ʻo ia, "ʻO kahi hui e hana i nā ʻano ʻepekema ākea loa ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa i kahi kuleana kūpono e hōʻike i ka ʻepekema."

No nā ʻike SMC, ʻike Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo 2018 ma CFS / ME "ka maʻi a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa."

ʻO ka palekana kelepona paʻalima a me nā mea kōkua telecom

A Kōpana 2006 na Don Maisch, PhD, "hāpai i nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi no ke kūlike ʻole o ke kuhi SMC i ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema ke hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe loea e pili ana i nā pilikia hakakā inā he kuleana kekahi o ka SMC." Nānā ka pepa Maisch i nā kamaʻilio SMC e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka uila uila a me ka palekana kelepona paʻalima, a hāʻawi i ka mea āna i kapa ai he "moʻolelo uncensored o ke ʻano SMC o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema."

"ʻIke ʻia ka papahana o ka SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e paipai i ka ʻenehana ʻo Biotec a me nā telecommunications. Hōʻike paha kēia i ke kumu e hiki ai i ka poʻe me ka ʻole o ka māka maoli i ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema e kiʻi i nā kūlana i lilo i maka lehulehu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema Pelekane. Hoʻomaopopo pū ia ke kumu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema a me ka hoʻokumu olakino o UK, e ʻike nei i kahi ʻāpana nui o ke kālā ʻepekema e loaʻa mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, he mau hoa makemake e ʻae i nā ʻoihana PR me kahi papahana i hoʻoholo mua ʻia e kamaʻilio no lākou a lanakila i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni no ka pono o ka lehulehu. . ”

Ke pale nei iā GMO

E like me ka mea i iho mai ma luna, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻaoʻao ʻepekema ʻelua a me kāna hui kaikuahine ʻo Sense About Science me nā papahana e pale ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Hāʻawi pinepine ʻo SMC i ka poʻe loea e loiloi i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. ʻO nā laʻana me:

I ka 2016, ua hoʻoneʻe ka ʻepekema i nā kūʻē loea o SMC a lākou i kuhi hewa ai i kā lākou hana ma GMO ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i alakaʻi ʻia e Michael Antoniou, PhD, poʻo o ka Gene Expression and Therapy Group, King's College London School of Medicine, a paʻi ʻia ma Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohana 'ana i ka pelekikena mole e hoʻohālikelike i ka mānoanoa o GMO i kona ʻaoʻao non-GM a hōʻike ʻia ʻo ka huaʻōla GM a me GM ʻole "ʻaʻole like iki." Ua hoʻopuka ʻo SMC i kahi nā hopena loea hoʻowahāwahā i ke aʻo ʻana, a ʻaʻole e ʻae i nā mea kākau e pane a hoʻoponopono paha i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o SMC, e like me nā mea kākau noiʻi.

"ʻAʻole pololei kēia mau manaʻo [i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka hoʻokuʻu SMC] a no laila hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i kā mākou pepa. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia mākou ʻaʻole ia ka kulekele o ka Science Media Center e kau ai i nā pane, e like me kā mākou, i nā ʻōlelo a ke komisina / kau ma kā lākou pūnaewele, "wahi a Antoniou. Nā mea kākau hoʻopaʻa haʻawina Kau ʻia kā lākou pane ma aneʻi.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Rebeka Wilce ka mea kākau moʻolelo i PR Nānā i ka 2014 ma kekahi mau laʻana o ka pro-GMO bias ma nā kamaʻilio SMC. Ua kākau ʻo ia:

Kāhea ʻo SMC iā ia iho i wahi kikowaena haʻiʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa no nā pilikia ʻepekema. Eia nō naʻe, nīnau ka poʻe loiloi i kona kūʻokoʻa mai ka ʻoihana GMO - me ka ʻōlelo a ka hui e hāʻawi wale ana kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole nā ​​mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe i ʻelima pākēneka o ka loaʻa kālā o ka hui. e hoʻolako i nā wili GMO hou aʻe ma aneʻi.

ʻO SMC alakaʻi ʻia ka pane i kahi noi 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā tumors i nā holoholona lab i hānai ʻia nā GMO i kahi noiʻi hānai wā lōʻihi. Ua hōʻino ākea ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma ka nūpepa, ua unuhi ʻia e ka puke pai mua a hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻē aʻe.

ʻO Media Coverage

ʻO Columbia Journalism Review ʻekolu ʻāpana moʻo, Iune 2013, "Nā Pūnaewele ʻApekema Pūnaewele a me ka Press"

Nature, na Ewen Callaway, Iulai 2013, "Pūnaewele ʻepekema: Ke kikowaena o ka nānā; Hoʻoholo ʻo Fiona Fox a me kāna Science Media Center e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka paʻi paʻi o Britain. Ke hoʻolaha nei ke k aroundkohu a puni ka honua ”

Nature, na Colin Macilwain, "ʻElua mau lāhui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e kahi kumu maʻamau: ʻO nā hoʻolālā e hoʻohālikelike i ko Britain Media Science Center ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiha ʻia me ka makaʻu"

Maikaʻi, na Stacy Malkan, Iulai 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?"

ʻO SciDevNet, na Mićo Tatalović, Mei 2014, "ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka UK Media Science Center no ka hoʻokuke ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana" Center lamb

Nānā PR, na Rebekah Wilke, ʻApelila 2014, "Hoʻolaha ka Science Media Center Pro-GMO Line"

Ma ka hui pili Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema:

ʻO ke kuʻina, na Liza Gross, Nowemapa 2016, "Kanalua kanalua: Pehea nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'epekema kani' e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana."

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema-USA Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Trevor Butterworth Spins ʻEpekema no ka ʻOihana

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hoʻouka aku i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa