Hōʻike nā Email i nā mea paʻi ʻepekema i loaʻa i nā pepa e pili ana i ka palekana Herbicide e pono e huki ʻia ma muli o Monsanto Meddling.

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Hoʻohui malū e Monsanto i kahi papa pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai ʻepekema Nā loiloi koʻikoʻi ma Toxicology ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokolokolo ʻia e kahi mea noiʻi e ʻike ma ka liʻiliʻi he ʻekolu o nā pepa e pono ai e hoʻihoʻi ʻia, e like me nā moʻo'ōlelo o ka puke pai i loko. Ua hōʻole ka mea hoʻoponopono nūhou i ka haʻalele ʻana i nā pepa, kahi i hōʻike ʻole ai i ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai me nā lāʻau make o ka hui, e ʻōlelo ana he hiki i ka retraction ke hopena i ka hoʻokolokolo Roundup mua loa o ke kauwela a hōʻeha i ka inoa o nā mea kākau, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila.

Ua loaʻa nā kamaʻilio nūpepa ma o ka loaʻa ʻana e nā loio e kū ana i kahi mau kaukani mau kānaka hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto ma luna o nā koi ʻana o nā hui ʻoihana glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ua uhi ʻo Monsanto i nā hōʻike o nā pilikia.

ʻAʻole like nā leka uila Monsanto kūloko i ka mālamalama e hōʻike nei i ka hana a ka hui agrochemical o nā puke ʻepekema e pili ana i kāna lāʻau make, kēia mau leka uila i kikoʻī i ke kaua o loko i loko o kahi hale paʻi ʻepekema nui e pili ana i ka pehea e kū ai i ka pale huna a Monsanto. Ua loaʻa lākou ma ke ʻano he waihona o Roger McClellan, ka luna hoʻoponopono lōʻihi loa o ka puke pai i nānā ʻia e nā hoa Critical Reviews in Toxicology (CRT.)

Ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa i nīnau ʻia e CRT i Kepakemapa 2016 ma ke ʻano he “Loiloi Kūʻokoʻa ” o ka hiki ke loaʻa ka carcinogenic o ka glyphosate o ka mea make a nāhelehele, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide a me nā mana ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā pepa ʻelima i paʻi ʻia ma ke ʻāpana o ka loiloi i kūʻē kūʻē i nā hopena o ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a ma 2015 i ʻike ʻia ai he glyphosate kahi kino kanaka kanesa paha. Ua hoʻoholo nā mea kākau 16 o nā pepa i ke kaupaona o nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ʻaʻole hiki i ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele ke hoʻoweliweli i kekahi kanaka.

Ma ka hopena o nā pepa i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau i ka manuahi o kā lākou hopena i ko Monsanto komo ʻana. Ma ka wehewehe ʻana i ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia o ka hana, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ka ʻāpana o ka hoihoi e ʻōlelo ana:

Ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā ʻōlelo i ka hāʻule o 2017 ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana o nā moʻoʻōlelo o Monsanto e hōʻike nei i ke komo nui ʻana e nā ʻepekema Monsanto i ke kākau ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o nā pepa a me ke komo pū ʻana o kahi ʻoihana i ke koho ʻana i nā mea kākau. Hoʻohui ʻia, hōʻike nā moʻolelo kūloko i nā uku pololei i ʻelua mau mea i kapa ʻia he mea kākau kūʻokoʻa. He ʻaelike ko Monsanto me ka mea kākau ʻo Larry Kier, ʻo kahi laʻana, e uku ana iā ia i $ 27,400 e hana ma nā pepa.

I ka pane ʻana i kēlā mau hōʻike a me nā nīnau mai nā nūhou, ka mea hoʻopuka CRT  Pūʻulu ʻo Taylor & Francis  ua hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻokolokolo ma ka hāʻule o 2017. Ua hōʻike nā kamaʻilio hou i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma hope o ka hala ʻana o nā mahina e nīnau ana i nā mea kākau e pili ana i ka hui ʻana o nā pepa, ua hui ʻia kahi hui o nā loio a me nā loina e nā loea i hui pū ʻia e Taylor & Francis e hūnā nā mea kākau i ke komo pololei ʻana o Monsanto. i nā pepa, a ua hana me ka ʻike. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole i hōʻike piha kekahi o nā mea kākau i ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka nīnau mua ʻana a Taylor & Francis i ka wā o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana, e hōʻike ana nā leka uila.

ʻO ka hopena ʻumi wale nō e hoʻihoʻi i 3 o nā ʻatikala; kikoʻī ka hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo, epidemiology a me nā genotoxicity pepa, ”ʻo Taylor & Francis 'Charles Whalley i kākau aku ai iā McClellan ma Mei 18, 2018. ʻO Whalley ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke paʻi a me nā puke olakino olakino i kēlā manawa.

Hōʻike nā leka uila kūloko iā McClellan i hōʻole i ka manaʻo o ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana, e ʻōlelo ana ua manaʻoʻiʻo ʻo ia he "ʻepekema maikaʻi nā pepa" a hana ʻia "me ka ʻole o ka mana kūwaho" mai Monsanto. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i kahi retraction e hōʻino ai i ka inoa o nā mea kākau, ka puke pai a me kona kūlana ponoʻī.

"ʻAʻole hiki iaʻu ke ʻae i ke noi no ka hoʻihoʻi āu i hāʻawi ai i kāu memo o Mei 18th, Ua kākau ʻo McClellan i ka pane.  I loko o kahi mau leka uila ua kau ʻo McClellan i kāna mau manaʻo kūʻē i ka haʻalele ʻana, e ʻōlelo ana "ʻO ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana i nā pepa e hana ʻino ʻole i nā ʻaoʻao he nui e like me, ka hapa nui o nā mea a pau, nā mea kākau, ka Journal, ka mea hoʻopuka a me nā limahana nui e like me ʻoe a, me ka hoʻohui , ʻo wau i kaʻu kuleana ma ke ʻano he ʻEpekema ʻEpekema o CRT. ”

i ka leka uila i hana ʻia June 5, 2018, Ua haʻi ʻo McClellan ua ʻike ʻo ia he "hoihoi" ko Monsanto i ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o nā pepa a ua ʻike pono ʻo ia i nā pilina o Monsanto, e like me nā ʻaelike uku pānaʻi, me nā mea kākau, a ua māʻona nō naʻe nā pepa "ʻepekema maikaʻi."

"I koʻu manaʻo loea, ʻo nā pepa Glyphosate ʻelima nā ʻāpana ʻepekema o ka hana e hōʻike maopopo ana i ke kaʻina hana i hoʻohana ʻia e loiloi ai i ka hōʻike IARC a hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka weliweli ʻē aʻe," i kākau ʻo McClellan. "Kuhi ʻepekema nā leo ʻelima. He mea hōʻeha ia i nā loina ʻepekema a me kaʻu mau kūlana ponoʻī o ka pono ʻepekema e ʻae i ka haʻalele ʻana i kekahi o nā pepa Glyphosate a pau paha ... ”

Ua hoʻokahuli ʻo Whalley i hope, e ʻōlelo ana ua maopopo leʻa ka hewa o nā mea kākau o nā "lawehala a me ka uhaʻi ʻana i nā loina o ka paʻi ʻana," a ʻoi loa ka hewa e hiki ai ke haʻalele. ʻO nā "haki o nā loina hoʻopuka a mākou i ʻike ai ma kēia hihia he mau haki ākea o nā kūlana kūpono a me ka maopopo i wehewehe ʻia, a ʻaʻole i pili i ke kuhi hewa ʻana i nā kikoʻī a i ʻole ka nuance," Whalley i kākau aku ai iā McClellan. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua loiloi ka mea paʻi i nā alakaʻi mai ke Kōmike no nā Ethics Publication (COPE) ma mua o ka hoʻoholo ʻana. "He hōʻike ka hoʻomaha ʻana e hana nei nā kulekele hoʻoponopono, ʻaʻole no ka holo pono ʻole," kākau ʻo ia.

Ua paio ʻo Whalley lāua ʻo McClellan no ka retraction no kekahi mau mahina, e hōʻike ana nā moʻolelo. I hoʻokahi Iulai 22, 2018 leka uila Ua kuhikuhi ʻo McClellan i ka ka hoʻokolokolo mua iā Monsanto ma luna o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup i kēlā manawa no laila ua kūkākūkā nui ʻia nā kūkala nūhou e pili ana i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana mai ka wā ʻo Johnson vs. Monsanto e hoʻokolokolo ʻia ana ma Kapalakiko. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ma kahi o ka huki hou ʻana i nā pepa, hoʻoponopono pololei lākou i ka ʻāpana ma ka hopena o nā pepa kahi a nā mea kākau e hōʻike ai i nā hakakā kūʻē.

"Koi aku wau iā ʻoe e ʻae i kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hoʻopuka i nā ʻōlelo hoʻolaha i hoʻoponopono ʻia a hoʻonui ʻia a haʻalele i ke ʻano" we gotcha "me Retraction o nā pepa," kākau ʻo McClellan iā Whalley i ka leka uila o Iulai 2018. "ʻAʻole wau e ʻae i kuʻu inoa loaʻa maikaʻi e hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia e nā hana kū ʻole a capricious a haʻi."

"I kēia hihia, pono mākou e hoʻāʻo e kū like i ka ʻaelike ma kahi hopena kaulike i kūpono iā FAIR i nā mea kākau, ka mea hoʻopuka, nā mea heluhelu CRT, ka lehulehu a me aʻu ma ke ʻano he luna hoʻoponopono a me ka papa hoʻoponopono CRT. ʻAʻole pono mākou e hele i kahi ala e hoʻoholo ai i nā mea lanakila a me nā eo ma nā hihia kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka mea i ʻae ʻia e hōʻike i nā puke i nānā ʻia e nā hoa, "i kākau ai ʻo McClellan.

ʻAʻole ʻo McClellan a me Whalley i pane i kahi noi no ka manaʻo e pili ana i kēia ʻatikala.

Ua manaʻo nui ʻia ka moʻo CRT glyphosate no ka hōʻike ākea ʻia ʻana o kāna ʻike e nā nūhou a puni ka honua a kanalua i ka pono o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC. Ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa i kahi manawa koʻikoʻi ʻoiai e kū ana ʻo Monsanto i nā kānalua e nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa e pili ana i ka ʻae ʻana i ka glyphosate e noho ma ka mākeke a ulu ulu ʻole i nā mākeke US pū kekahi. Ua "komo ākea" ʻia ka moʻo 2016, me kekahi o nā pepa i ke kaʻina i kiʻi ʻia "ma mua o 13,000 manawa," e like me ka palapala a ka puke pai kūloko.

Ua waiho ʻia ka mea nui o nā pepa iā Monsanto i loko o kahi palapala pilikino i kau ʻia ma ka lā 11 o Mei 2015, kahi a nā ʻepekema Monsanto i ʻōlelo ai e pili ana i nā hoʻolālā "ghost-kākau" e hāʻawi ai i ka hilinaʻi i nā pepa "kūʻokoʻa" a ka hui i makemake ai e hana a laila e hoʻopuka ʻia e CRT. Monsanto i kūkala i ka 2015 e hoʻolimalima ana ʻo Intertek Scientific & Regulate Consultancy e hui pū i kahi panela o nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa e nānā i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha. Akā ua hoʻohiki ka hui ʻaʻole e pili i ka loiloi.

ʻOiai ʻo Monsanto ke komo ʻana i hōʻike ʻia i 2017 ʻaʻole i hana ʻo Taylor & Francis i kahi hana ākea a hiki i Kepakemapa 2018 ʻoiai ka hakakā a ka mea paʻi a me ka mea hoʻoponopono e pili ana i ka pilikia retraction. Ua lanakila ʻo McClellan i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a ʻaʻole i hana ʻia i hope. Hōʻike nā leka uila kūloko ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Whalley i nā mea kākau he 16 o nā pepa glyphosate o ka hoʻoholo e paʻi wale i nā hoʻoponopono i nā ʻatikala a hōʻano hou i nā hoʻolaha o ka hoihoi i ka hope o nā pepa. ʻAukake 31, 2018 'ōlelo ka leka uila:

            "Ua hoʻomaopopo mākou, ʻoiai nā noi no ka hōʻike piha ʻana, ʻo nā ʻōlelo mahalo a me ka ʻllelo Hoʻākāka o ka hoihoi ʻaʻole i hōʻike piha i ka pili o Monsanto a i kāna mau limahana a i ʻole nā ​​mea hana i ka mea kākau o nā ʻatikala. E like me ka mea i kuhikuhi ʻia i kā mākou memo mua iā ʻoe, pili pololei kēia i nā ʻōlelo i:

           'ʻAʻole kekahi o nā limahana ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​loio i loiloi i kekahi o ka Panel Expert nā palapala kākau ma mua o ka waiho ʻana i ka puke pai. ' a ʻo ia 'Hana ʻia ka poʻe loea loea e, a hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā i, lntertek, a ʻaʻole i hoʻopili pololei ʻia e ka Hui Monsanto. ' 

          "Mai nā ʻike āu i hāʻawi mai ai iā mākou, manaʻoʻiʻo mākou ʻaʻole i pololei kekahi o kēia mau ʻōlelo i ka manawa o ka waiho ʻana. Kūʻē kēia i nā ʻōlelo hoʻolaha āu i hana ai ma ka waiho ʻana a me nā palapala hoʻokō āu i hana ai i loko o ka ʻAoʻao Publishing Agreements e pili ana i kou hoʻokō ʻana i nā kulekele a Taylor & Francis. I mea e hoʻolako ai i ka transparency pono i kā mākou poʻe heluhelu, e hoʻolaha mākou i nā hoʻoponopono i kāu mau ʻatikala e hoʻohou i kā lākou mau hoʻomaikaʻi a me ka ʻlelo Hoʻolaha o nā manaʻo hoihoi e like me nā mea āu i hāʻawi ai.

I Kepakemapa o 2018 ua hōʻano hou ʻia nā pepa e lawe i kahi "Expression of Concern" a me nā mea hou i ka hōʻoia a me ka hoʻolaha o nā makemake. Akā ʻoiai ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ka pili o Monsanto, ua kuleana ʻia nā pepa me ka huaʻōlelo “kūʻokoʻa.”

Ua haʻalele ʻo Whalley iā Taylor & Francis i ʻOkakopa o 2018.

Ua hoʻopilikia ka mālama ʻana o ka puke pai i kekahi mea ʻepekema ʻē aʻe.

"ʻO kā McClellan mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ke kumu i haʻalele ʻole ai ʻo ia i ka pepa he disingenuous, mālama iā ia iho, a hana hewa i ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono ʻana," wahi a Sheldon Krimsky, he loea ʻo Tufts University a me kahi hoa o ka Hastings Center, kahi keʻena noiʻi bioethics kūʻokoʻa. ʻO Krimsky kekahi mea hoʻoponopono no ka puke pai ʻo Taylor & Francis i kapa ʻia ʻo “Accountability in Research.”

ʻO Nathan Donley, kahi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe i hana ʻia e ka Pūnaewele Nonprofit no Biological Diversity i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka puka ʻole o ka puke pai i kahi moʻo ʻole o ka transparency. "ʻO kēia kekahi o nā hanana hilahila loa i ka paʻi ʻepekema aʻu i ʻike maka ai," wahi a Donley. "ʻO ka mea a mākou e koe nei kahi hōʻike o ka hopohopo i ʻole e heluhelu kekahi a me kahi kuhi hewa ʻole he" kūʻokoʻa "kēia. He lanakila kēia na ka mea pāʻani mana loa i ka ʻoihana pesticide, akā ua loaʻa ia ma ke kumu kūʻai o ka loina i ka ʻepekema. "

Kaomi ma aneʻi e heluhelu i nā ʻaoʻao 400-plus o nā leka uila.  

Hōʻike ka SF Roundup Case i ka mea nui o ke kūʻokoʻa i nā hōʻike ʻepekema

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Ua hoʻopuka mua ʻia kēiaarticleicleʻO SanFranciscoChronicle.

Na Nathan Donley lāua ʻo Carey Gillam

ʻEkolu mau pule i hala mai ke kiure o Kapalakiko Loaʻa ʻO ke kū ʻana i ka Monsanto's Roundup hericicides i hāʻawi aku i ke kahu kula ʻo Dewayne “Lee” Johnson i ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi a hāʻawi ʻia he $ 289 miliona i loko o nā pohō i ka makuakāne he 46 ona makahiki. A i loko o kēlā manawa, ua ʻike pinepine mākou i nā ʻōlelo a ka pilikua pesticide a me nā mea kōkua i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua hewa ke kiure a palekana ka mea pepehi nāhelehele o ke koho no nā miliona o ʻAmelika.

ʻO Monsanto Hope Pelekikena Scott Partridge 'ōlelo hou ka mantra kamaʻāina: He mau haneli o nā noiʻi ʻepekema, a me nā loiloi e nā keʻena hoʻokele ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, e like me ka US Environmental Protection Agency, ua ʻike ʻia ʻo glyphosate - ka mea hana ma Roundup - ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO ka mea hou a Monsanto, ʻo Bayer AG, i hele hou aku. Ua haʻi aku ʻo CEO ʻo Bayer Werner Baumann i nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā he "hewa" wale nō ke kiure a e hana ʻo Bayer e hōʻoia i ka pau ʻole o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā huahana make nāhelehele. "Kūkulu ʻoi aku ma mua o 800 ʻepekema hoʻopaʻa haʻawina a me nā loiloi" i ka palekana glyphosate, haʻi ʻo ia i nā mea hoʻopukapuka.

Paʻa ʻole ʻia, kani nā makaʻi kamaʻilio ʻia me ke akahele e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia.

Akā i ke ala o ka makana a ke kiure, nui ka poʻe ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e ʻāpī nei i ka pesticide ma kā lākou mauʻu mauʻu a me nā māla no nā makahiki he kānalua i kēlā mau ʻōlelo hōʻoluʻolu. A me ke kumu kūpono.

Haʻalele nā ​​hōʻoia ʻoihana o ka palekana i hoʻokahi huaʻōlelo nui - kahi ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi nui i kēlā me kēia mea e makemake e hoʻoholo pono e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana iā Roundup a me nā haneli he nui o nā gicphosate-based herbicides ma ka mākeke.

"Kūʻokoʻa kēlā huaʻōlelo," e like me "nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa a me nā loiloi."

E like me ka mea i waiho ʻia i ka hoʻokolokolo, aia ka waiwai he nui o nā hōʻike, ka hapa nui o loko o kā Monsanto mau palapala ponoʻī, e kikoʻī ana i ka nui o ka noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka palekana o Roundup i hoʻonohonoho ʻia a / a i hoʻohuli ʻia e Monsanto a me kāna mau mea ʻenehana kemika. .

Akā ua hōʻike maoli kahi noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i ke kumu o ka hopohopo. E like me ka hoʻohana Roundup ma nā mahiʻai US, nā lau nahele noho a me nā māla ua hui mai kahi o 40 miliona mau paona i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā makahiki 1990 a ʻaneʻane 300 miliona mau paona i nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā makaʻi o ka kemika i nā noiʻi loiloi ʻia e nā hoa.

ʻO ia kēlā mau hana kūʻokoʻa a loiloi ʻia e nā hoa i hōʻoia i ka lima noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization e hoʻoholo i kēlā glyphosate kahi kino kanaka make paha. I ke ala o kēlā WHO loaʻa, Ua hoʻohui ʻo Kaleponi i ka glyphosate i ka papa inoa o ka mokuʻāina o nā maʻi kemika.

ʻO ka pane a Monsanto i ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o 2015 i ka ʻepekema hou. An "Kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa" o glyphosate i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻepekema loiloi hou ʻia e ka decrying the IARC classification. ʻAʻole kapa ʻia ka loiloi i ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa, akā ua haʻi ʻia ʻaʻohe limahana o Monsanto i komo i ka kākau ʻana i ia mea. Akā ʻo nā leka uila kūloko o ka ʻoihana, huli ʻia i ka loaʻa e pili ana i ka hihia, ua hōʻike ʻia he ʻepekema Monsanto i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo me ka hakakā hoʻoponopono a loiloi i ka loiloi ma mua o kona paʻi ʻia.

ʻO ia wale nō kekahi o nā laʻana he nui i kikoʻī ʻia i nā palapala i hūnā ʻole ʻia o nā hana like, i kuhikuhi ʻia e nā limahana ponoʻī o Monsanto ma ke ʻano “kākau ʻuhane. "

Ua pili ka ʻEPA me Monsanto ma luna o nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa, e haʻi nei ʻaʻole hiki i ka pesticide ke kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ma ka hana ʻana pēlā, ua nānā ʻole ka ʻoihana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua hōʻike ʻia kāna Office of Research and Development hoʻoluhi me ka lawelawe ʻana o ka EPA i ka loiloi glyphosate, e like me ka a ʻaoʻao aʻoaʻo ʻepekema i hoʻākoakoa ʻia e ka ʻoihana e nānā i ka loiloi.

ʻAʻole paha he mea kupanaha, ua hoʻokomo pū ʻia nā hōʻike hoʻokolokolo palapala e kikoʻī ana i ka mea hiki ke wehewehe wale ʻia ma ke ʻano he launa pū ʻana ma waena o Monsanto a me kekahi mau luna o ka EPA.

Ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka poʻe ʻAmelika mai kā lākou mea hoʻoponopono, nona ka mea nui e waiho i ka olakino o ka lehulehu ma mua o ka loaʻa kālā o nā ʻoihana.

Ma kahi o ka manawa, ua makemake ʻia kahi kāne koa e make ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ke kiure o 12 mau makaʻāinana maʻamau e kū aʻe a kū i mua o ka pahuhopu o ka nānā paʻakikī ʻana i nā ʻike ʻepekema a kāhea ʻia no ka hoʻoponopono.

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻOihana ʻoihana Agrichemical ʻOihana Hoʻolālā

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ʻO Drew Kershen, polopeka emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai, kahi pili pili loa o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kūkākūkā ʻo ia no ʻaʻala o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia me nā holoholona a me kue i ka transparency. Ua hoʻokani nui ʻo Kershen i nā hana hoʻolauleʻa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā hui i mua e hoʻokipa no nā pono ʻoihana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Kershen i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

ʻO nā pilina ʻoihana Agrichemical a me ke alakaʻi o ka hui mua

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic / Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema

ʻO Kershen a ka lālā o ka papa o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua i hui pū me Monsanto e hana i ka pilina lehulehu no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia i genetically, a hana ʻaʻole hōʻike pono kāna kālā. Hōʻike nā palapala i ka Genetic Literacy Project:

He lālā papa ʻo Kershen o ka Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema, ka 501 (c) (3) hui makua o ka Genetic Literacy Project. Kuhikuhi ʻia nā mea ʻelua e ʻO Jon Entine, kahi pili aloha PR lōʻihi loa o ka ʻoihana kemika.

Wahi a Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2015, ʻO Jon Entine a me ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema i mālama i ka mana o ka Helu Heluhelu Helu (STATS), kahi hui i pili mua me ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) a me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. Ua pelu ʻia nā hana no STATS i Sense About Science USA, a kaʻana like i ka helu wahi o ka moʻolelo me ka Pāhana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema.

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o STATS, CMPA a me Sense About Science i hana ka pilina lehulehu no ka ʻoihana paka a ʻaʻole kēia mau hui he arbiters kūʻokoʻa o ka ʻepekema, e like me ka 2016 hoʻokolokolo ma The Intercept.

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i nā pepa ʻo USRTK ma ʻO Jon Entine a me Genetic Literacy Project a Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS.

Kakauolelo o ka ʻOihana Hoʻolaha Review mua

ʻO Kershen ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka papa o nā luna hoʻomalu o Academics Review, e like me kāna Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2016. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia he loiloi kūʻokoʻa nā loiloi Academics, akā ua loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know hōʻike he hui mua ia hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei.

ʻO Kershen kahi loiloi no kahi hōʻike 2014 e ka Academics Review i hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika; ka nūʻike hoʻōla no ka mea ua hōʻike ka hōʻike he hana ia na nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau ʻo ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Academics Review ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui nonprofit i kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta. Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i kahi huina o $ 600,000 i ka loiloi ʻĀkana i 2014 a 2015-2016.

No ke aha i holoi ʻia ai ʻo Forbes i kahi ʻatikala Drew Kershen

Kershen mea kākau i kākau ʻia i mau ʻatikala i holoi ʻia e Forbes a me Project Syndicate ma hope o kāna mea kākau, Ua paʻa ʻo Henry Miller me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi kolamu i kākau ʻia e Monsanto e like me kāna hana ponoʻī ma Forbes. ʻO ka New York Times hōʻike i ka hōʻino ghostwriting ma 2017.

Ua kākau pū ʻo Kershen lāua ʻo Miller i mau ʻatikala na Slate, ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, ka ʻOihana Hoover a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (kahi ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūʻulu mua) e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i ka lepili ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically, e hoʻouka nei i nā poʻe loea o ka ʻoihana, a e ʻōlelo nei "ke ʻeha nei ka poʻe ʻilihune o ka honua a make makehewa ʻole" ma muli o ke "rula gratuitous i koi ʻia e nā mea hoʻouka."

Nā Pane GMO

ʻO Kershen kahi "Luna ʻelele" no nā pane GMO, a pūnaewele a me ka pūnaewele PR no nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ʻo ia hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui ma o ka Council for Biotechnology Information, a holo ʻia e ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu lehulehu Ketchum.

Hoʻopili ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi Transparency e kāpae i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka lehulehu

ʻO kekahi mau palapala i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, i hōʻike i nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o nā ʻoihana a me nā hui mua, i loaʻa mua ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom o ka ʻIkepili e Pono ʻo US e ʻike. Ua komo ʻo Kershen i nā hoʻopiʻi e hoʻāʻo e hōʻoki i ka hoʻolaha hou ʻana, ma ke ʻano he Freedom of the Press Foundation i hōʻike ʻia ma Pepeluali 2018.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai, e ʻike i ka ʻAoʻao ʻimi noiʻi ʻo USRTK.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Henry Miller iā Forbes no Monsanto Ghostwriting Scandal

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Hoʻohou: I ʻAukake o 2018, ua haʻalele ʻo Miller i kāna perch o ʻelua mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he hoa ma ka Hoover Institution no nā kumu i ʻike ʻole ʻia. He kāne makua ʻo ia i kēia manawa me ka Pacific Research Institute, kahi pahu manaʻo kālā ʻia e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e pili ana i nā Koch Brothers ia paipai i ka skepticism ʻepekema aniau a ʻimi e hoʻopau i nā hoʻoponopono kaiapuni.

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi luna o ka FDA ma mua a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology o FDA; He moʻolelo lōʻihi kāna e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā pale olakino lehulehu a me nā kūlana ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream. Ua koi ʻo Kauka Miller i ka nikotine "ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa iā ʻoe," wahi a nā pae haʻahaʻa o ka pāhawewe ʻana e pono ai ke olakino, a kāhea ʻia ka hoʻāla hou ʻana o ka DDT insecticide. ʻO ia paha ka mea hoʻolaha a hoʻolaha ʻoi loa i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini, e kākau ana no ka Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Forbes a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe.

I ʻAukake 2017, ua kāpae ʻo Forbes i nā kolamu āpau i kākau ʻia a i kākau ʻia e Miller i ka hopena o nā hōʻike i kākau ʻia e Monsanto i kahi kolamu a Miller i paʻi ai ma lalo o kona inoa ponoʻī ma Forbes.

Ua waiho ʻia e Forbes i ka palapala ʻuhane na Monsanto

MaʻAukake 1, 2017, ka Ua hōʻike ʻo New York Times:

"Hōʻike nā palapala i noi aku ʻo Henry I. Miller iā Monsanto e kākau i kahi ʻatikala nona i hōʻike nui ʻia ma lalo o kona inoa ma ka pūnaewele ʻo Forbes ma 2015. Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua pau ka pilina me Mr. ʻO Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

ka nā leka uila ma waena o Miller lāua ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs hōʻike i ka hana like ʻana o nā ʻoihana a me nā mea kākau e paipai i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio hui i nā ala i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i nā luna hoʻoponopono a i ʻole ka lehulehu.

I nā leka uila, ua noi ʻo Sachs iā Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate. Pane maila ʻo Miller, "ʻO wau inā hiki iaʻu ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe." Ua hāʻawi ʻo Sachs i ka mea āna i kapa ai he kikoʻī "ʻano paʻakikī", āna i hōʻike ai iā Miller ma ke ʻano he "hoʻomaka maikaʻi no kāu kilokilo." Ua ʻike ʻia ke kikoʻī i kekahi mau lā ma hope, ua loli ʻole, ma kēia Forbes kolamu i kū mai ma lalo o ka inoa o Miller.

Wahi a Retraction Watch, Forbes ua kāpae ka hana a Miller no ka mea ua haki ia i nā kānāwai Fobes.com e hōʻike nei nā mea hāʻawi i nā paio hoihoi paha a paʻi wale i kā lākou palapala kumu. "I ka hiki ʻana mai i ko mākou manaʻo ua uhaʻi ʻo Mr. Miller i kēia mau huaʻōlelo, ua wehe mākou i kāna mau pou āpau mai Forbes.com a ua hoʻopau i ko mākou pilina me ia," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Mia Carbonell, VP kiʻekiʻe o nā kamaʻilio honua ma Forbes.

Ua wehe pū ʻo Forbes i nā ʻatikala i hui pū ʻia e Miller a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻenehana ʻē aʻe ʻO Julie Kelly, Kavin Senapathy a Bruce Chassy.

Ua hoʻohui ʻo Project Syndicate i ka leka o kēia hoʻoponopono i ka piko o nā ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Miller (a ma hope holoi ʻia nā kolamu a pau):

Ua hāpai ʻia nā kūʻē kūʻē e pili ana i ke kūʻokoʻa a me ka pono o nā ʻōlelo a Henry Miller i kākau ai no Project Syndicate a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe; i kikoʻī ʻo Monsanto, ma kahi o Miller, i hoʻolālā i kekahi o lākou. E hoʻomaopopo ka poʻe heluhelu i kēia hakakā kūʻē o ka hoihoi, inā i ʻike ʻia ia i ka manawa i ʻae ʻia ai nā ʻōlelo a Miller, he kumu ia no ka hōʻole ʻana iā lākou.

Kapa ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hiki i ka Monsanto PR palapala

He palapala PR Monsanto ho'ākāka i nā manaʻo o ka hui e "pale i ka hoʻoponopono a me ka FTO o Roundup" ma o ka hōʻino ʻana i kahi hōʻike a kahi ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka hoʻolālā e wehewehe ana i ka mua o waho i hiki ke hāʻawi ʻia: “Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller.” Nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times hōʻike ua noi aku kahi luna Monsanto iā Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a hāʻawi iā ia i kahi kikoʻī a Miller i kau nui ʻole ai ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī ma Forbes.

heluhelu mai o hou aʻe e pili ana i ka hoʻolālā PR Monsanto e hōʻino i ka IARC ma aneʻi.

Ke kālā a me ka pitch ʻana i kāna lawelawe PR

ʻO ka ʻOihana Hoover, kahi a Miller e noho nei ma ke ʻano he hoa, ua loaʻa kālā mai nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana, me Exxon Mobil a me ka American Chemistry Council, a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau - Sarah Scaife Foundation, Searle Freedom Trust, Lynde a me Harry Bradley Foundation, Charles Koch Foundation, Donors Trust - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka hōʻole ʻepekema hōʻole a me na no hoi pahu aku i ka deregulation ma waena o ka hoʻokele waiwai.

Miller hoʻokumu i kāna ʻoihana PR lawelawe i kahi 1998 "Hoʻolālā Hana Hoʻolaha i ka ʻEpekema Leo i ka Health, Environmental and Biotechnology Policy." ʻO ka palapala i kau ʻia ma ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF, e wehewehe ana i nā uku a Miller no ke kākau ʻana i nā ʻatikala, $ 5,000- $ 15,000, a ua hāpai ʻia kahi papahana “ʻepekema a me ka kamaʻilio pōpilikia” i hoʻonui ʻia e hoʻopili i nā haʻiʻōlelo, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka pūnaewele a me ka paʻi ʻana i puke. (Kumu: «Nā Papahana Monsanto »: la bataille de lʻinformation, na Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel ma Le Monde, Iune 2, 2017.)

ʻO ka hoaaloha a me ka mea kahu o ka hui mua ʻo ACSH

ʻO Miller he “makamaka a me longtime kahu"O ka ʻAha ʻAmelika o ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he"mea kuhikuhi”O kēlā hui. ʻO ACSH kahi hui pūʻulu mua Hāʻawi i kāna lawelawe i nā ʻoihana no ka pale huahana, e like me kahi 2012 kulu hoʻolālā kālā.

Ke pale nei i ka ʻoihana paka

Ma ka 1994 ʻO ka memo hoʻolālā APCO Associates PR e kōkua iā Phillip Morris e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hoʻokūkū honua e hakakā i nā kānāwai paka, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Henry Miller he "kākoʻo nui" o kēia mau ʻoihana pro-paka.

I ka makahiki 2012, ua kākau ʻo Miller ʻo “nikotine… ʻo ia ʻaʻole maikaʻi ʻole iā ʻoe i nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia e ka paka a i ʻole nā ​​huahana uahi ʻole. "

Hōʻole i ka loli

ʻO Miller he lālā o ka "ʻaha aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema" o ka George C. Marshall Institute, ka mea i kaulana no kona aila a me ka ʻaila hōʻole kālā ʻoihana o ke aniau hoʻololi.

ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka pāhawewe nukelea paha he "maikaʻi nāu"

I ka makahiki 2011, ma hope o ke kahe ʻana o ke kai eʻe a me ka pāhawewe ʻana o Iapana ma nā hale mana nukelea o Fukushima, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Miller i Forbes e "kēlā… i hōʻike ʻia i nā pae haʻahaʻa o ka pāhawewe pōmaikaʻi ʻia mai ia. ” Nīnau ʻo ia ma Project Syndicate, "Hiki i ka radiation maikaʻi iā ʻoe?"

Ke pale nei i ka ʻoihana pesticide 

Ua pale aku ʻo Miller i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides neonicotinoid i hoʻopiʻi nui ʻia a koi ʻia ma ka Wall Street Journal e "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo nā heluna meli ʻaʻole e emi nei. "

Ua loaʻa iā Miller pinepine ua hakakā no ka hoʻolauna hou ʻana o DDT, kahi pesticide pesticide i pāpā ʻia i United States mai ka manawa ʻo 1972, i pili i ka hānau mua a me ka hōʻino ʻana o ka momona i nā wahine.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika

Ua kākau ʻo Miller i nā hōʻeha he nui i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, me “The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture” (Forbes), "ʻAʻole hiki ke mahiʻai mahiʻai" (Wall Street Pai) a me "The Dirty Truth About Organic Produce" (Newsweek). Ua hōʻole ʻo Newsweek e hōʻike i nā hakakā o ka makemake o Miller; kahi ʻatikala Newsweek 2018 na Miller e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika hoʻopuni ʻia e nā hoʻolaha Bayer.

ʻO ka haʻi ʻōlelo a Miller e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, e like me ka nui o kāna mau ʻepekema koi, aia ma waho loa o ka ʻepekema mainstream a me ka manaʻo maʻamau. I Mei 2017, Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Miller, "ʻO ka mahiʻai meaola i ke kaiapuni kahi puhipaka i ka olakino kanaka."

Ke pale nei i ka ʻoihana lula

Miller hoʻopakele ka endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA), i pāpā ʻia ma ʻEulopa a me Kanada no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻōmole pēpē.

Pākuʻi ʻia kā Mill-prolific pro-ʻoihana palapala

ʻO Jayson Lusk lāua ʻo Henry I. Miller, “Pono mākou i ka palaoa GMO. " New York Times, Pepeluali 2, 2014. ʻO Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Gregory Conko, “He manaʻo Soggy ʻo General Mills no Cheerios. " Wall Street Pai, Ianuali 20, 2014. ʻO Henry I. Miller, “ʻO ka Hypocrisy Mea ʻai a GM. " Wall Street Pai, Nowemapa 28, 2012. ʻO Henry I. Miller, “ʻAʻole hiki ke mahiʻai mahiʻai. " Wall Street Pai, Mei 15, 2014. ʻO Henry I. Miller, “ʻOi aku ka ʻai no ke kulu. " Polokalamu ʻlelo, ʻAukake 7, 2014. ʻO Henry Miller, “Kaleponi ʻO Anti-GMO Hysteria. " ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, 31 Malaki 2014. ʻO Henry I. Miller, “ʻO Genetic Engineering a me ka hakakā ʻana me ka Ebola. " Wall Street Pai, ʻAukake 25, 2014. ʻO Henry I. Miller, “E Kiola ʻia ʻo Bill Salabela Label. " Keka inoa Orange County, ʻApelila 4, 2011. ʻO Henry I. Miller, “ʻO GE Label ʻO ke kumukūʻai kiʻekiʻe. " Kapalakiko Chronicle, Kepakemapa 7, 2012. ʻO Gregory Conko lāua ʻo Henry Miller, “ʻO ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically is a los Proposition. " Forbes, Kepakemapa 12, 2012. ʻO Gregory Conko lāua ʻo Henry I. Miller, “ʻO kahi manaʻo nalo ma ka lepili ʻana i ka meaʻai. " Keka inoa Orange County, ʻOkakopa 11, 2012. ʻO Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​“Honi nā ʻepekema i kahi ʻiole ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻenekinia hoʻopunipuni. " Forbes, Kepakemapa 25, 2012. ʻO Jay Byrne lāua ʻo Henry I. Miller, “ʻO nā mole o ka Anti-Genetic Engineering Movement? E hāhai i ke kālā!" Forbes,ʻOkakopa 22, 2012.

Ua wehe ʻia nā ʻatikala a Miller mai Forbes mai: ʻO Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Julie Kelly, "Pehea ka mahiʻai meaola i ulu ʻia mai ka Mea Hana Mīkini a i ke Emepaea ʻino," Forbes, Dec. 2, 2015; ʻO Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Julie Kelly, "Pono e hānai ʻia ma lalo o nā kākoʻo kālā pekelala no ka mahiʻai meaola." Forbes, Iulai 12, 2017; ʻO Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Julie Kelly, "ʻOi aku ke aupuni a me nā kōkua i ka mahiʻai meaola: E hāhai i ke kālā," Forbes, Sepatemaba 23, 2015.

Nā ʻatikala e pili ana iā Miller 

"Hōʻole kekahi mau Cheerlead GMO i ka Huliau" - ʻO Jones Jones

"Pro-ʻEpekema GMO a me nā Boosters Kemika i Kāko ʻia e nā Hōʻole Manaʻo Kūʻai" - ʻO ʻEkōlani

"DDT a me Malaria: Ke hoʻonohonoho pololei nei i nā moʻolelo" - ʻOihana Pūnaewele Pesticide

"Huki ʻia ʻo TV Ad Against Food Labeling Initiative" - Los Angeles Times

"Koi ʻo Stanford Ad i Anti-Prop 37 Hoʻololi Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha" - Nā Nūhou o Palo Alto

Nā ʻĀina ʻoihana Kemika

Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻo USRTK i kahi moʻo e pili ana i nā mea kākau a me nā hui PR e hilinaʻi ana ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hana i ka kānalua e pili ana i ka ʻepekema e hāpai i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana pilikia a hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā pale olakino kaiapuni.
No ke aha ʻoe i hilinaʻi ʻole ai iā Henry I. Miller
- No ke aha i holoi ai ʻo Forbes i kekahi ʻatikala Kavin Senapathy
- Hoʻomaʻa ʻo Julie Kelly i ka Propaganda no ka ʻOihana Kemika
ʻO ka American Council on Science and Health kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mua
ʻO Jon Entine o ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: ʻO kā Messenger Messenger ʻoihana Kemika
ʻO Trevor Butterworth / ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema Spins Science no ka ʻOihana
- Pākuʻi paha ʻo Science Media Center i nā ʻike ʻoihana?

E hāhai i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK o Big Food a me kāna mau hui mua: https://usrtk.org/our-investigations/