ʻO Val Giddings: ʻOihana kiʻekiʻe no ka Agrichemical ʻoihana

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ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he mea nui i ka hana ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻē i ka ʻike transparency a me ka palekana no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know a kau ʻia i ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika kuhikuhi ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua a hoʻokani i ke kī ma hope o nā hanana i nā hana ʻē aʻe e kāpae i ka papa hana deregulatory o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO Kauka Giddings kahi pelekikena pelekikena ma ka ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), kahi hui kālepa no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaola. I kēia manawa ke holo nei ʻo ia i ke keʻena kūkā ʻo PrometheusAB, a he hoa nui ʻo ia ma ka Technology Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

He pahu noʻonoʻo ʻo ITIF i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole, telecom, kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā ʻoihana biotech, i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia no ke kūʻē nei i ka “neutrality net"A ke hāpai nei i ka papahana o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. ʻO ka hui neʻe i ka biotechnology i ka 2011 me Dr. Giddings. ʻO nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e lawelawe nei ma ke ʻano he "noho noho hanohano" o ITIF, me US Reps Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Darrell Issa (R-CA) a me nā Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT) a ʻO Chris Coons (D-DE), ʻike ʻia ke kākoʻo a kōkua ʻana i nā hana paka i hoʻohana ʻia e Kauka Giddings e holomua i nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kuke ʻia i mua ka pūʻulu ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana he kuleana nui ʻo Dr. Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua i koi wahaheʻe he kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e lawe ana i nā kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai a e hoʻāʻo nei e hūnā i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā kī ʻē aʻe ʻO Jay Byrne, he luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui ma Monsanto; Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign; a ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ka luna o ke kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Monsanto.

Kuhi wahaheʻe nā kālaiʻike nā koi ma kāna pūnaewele ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i ke kālā ʻoihana a i ʻole noi i nā kālā no nā hana kikoʻī. akā e like me nā palapala ʻauhau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā no ka Review Academics mai ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua. BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont a me Syngenta / ChemChina.

Ka papa kuhikuhi o nā hanana nui no ka Nānā ʻInikino:

Malaki 11, 2010: ʻO Byrne lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Review Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻokumu i nā loiloi o GMO a me nā pesticides me ke kōkua mai a Dr. Giddings. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne hiki iā lāua a me Kauka Giddings ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana i ka papahana "i ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a pēlā ka waiwai) o nā mea hāʻawi / nā mea nona mua ..." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomohala ana ʻo ia no Monsanto kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻokau:

Malaki 24, 2010:  ʻO Kauka Chassy ee ka Pūnaewele Nānā Manaʻo me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo poʻokela ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia, me nā kāne ʻelua i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he puʻukū.

Nūpepa 23, 2010: Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui ʻoihana paha "pony i luna" no ka Academics Review e hōʻole he pepa nāna i hoʻohalahala i ka soy.

  • "Makemake wau e hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi kākoʻo mahalo iā ia," i kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Dr. Chassy.
  • Pane akula ʻo Chassy ma kahi ʻāpana, "Pili au i ka makemake o kā mākou mau hoaaloha ma Monsanto e kākau i ka mea hōʻole a uku mai iā mākou e kau."
  • Ua kākau ʻo Giddings, "manaʻo wau e mākaukau paha ka poʻe soybean e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i kahi ʻāpana e kākau inoa i kahi rebuttal ... Inā hana mākou i kēia kūpono hiki iā mākou ke leverage i ka Brand AcaRev ma aneʻi."

I hoʻokahi pule ma hope, Ua nīnau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs inā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i ka pepa soy, a haʻi iā Sachs: "E hoʻokipa ana ka Papa Soybean a US i kahi noi mai aʻu a me Graham Brookes e pane i ka ʻāpana." (Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha i kau ʻia a pane mai Chassy a me Brookes ma 2012 me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i nā mea kālā.)

Nūpepa 30, 2010: Ma ke kūkaʻi leka uila ʻana me Kauka Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto hiki iā ia ke kōkua i ka hoʻoikaika i ka pesticide a me GMO. nā hui kālepa ʻoihana e kākoʻo i ka Review Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Sachs.

ʻAukake 2011: Waiho mai o Kauka Giddings he noi i ka ʻO ka hui kālepa kālepa i hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻoihana mahiʻai CBI no ka papahana: "ʻo ka mea a mākou e hana ai i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, he hana pololei ia o ke kākoʻo a mākou e hāpai ai," i kākau ʻo ia i ka Luna Hoʻokele CBI ʻo Ariel Gruswich, i kahi leka uila i kope ʻia iā Dr. Chassy a me ka ʻohana. Ua koi aku ʻo Gruswich i nā kāne e hui pū i kā lākou kelepona ʻana me kāna hui: "Manaʻo maoli wau ʻo ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai iā ʻoukou āpau e hoʻonui ai i ka likelika o ke kākoʻo ma waena o nā ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka CBI i hāʻawi kālā ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Review Academics $ 650,000 mai 2014 i 2016 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻepekema."

ʻApelila 2014: Ua paʻi ʻia kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua nei i ka ʻoihana meaola ma ke ʻano he scam marketing, a i koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi. E nānā: “Ua loaʻa nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua a pau i ka meaʻai meaola, ” na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post

ʻO nā ʻepekema hoʻomaʻamaʻa i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana, nā mea nūpepa pehea e wili ai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides  

Ma kahi o $ 300,000 o ke kālā ʻoihana kemika i kōkua ai ʻo Dr. Giddings e hōʻiliʻili no ka Academics Review e uku no ʻelua mau ʻaha kūkā i kapa ʻia ʻo Nā kahua hoʻomoana "Biotech Literacy Project", i mālama ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida i 2014 a ʻO UC Davis i ka 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Nā kahua hoʻomoana - i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a me kahi hui o mua ʻoihana,  Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hoʻomaʻamaʻa nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e refame i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

E nānā: “Ke haki nei no nā GMO: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā Media maikaʻi - a me nā Crourism Discourages, "Na Paul Thacker, ʻO ka holomua

Deregulate GMOs: "puhi i ka mea āpau mea i luna"

I nā leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 2015, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings me kekahi mau kālaiʻike i kahi hoʻolālā e kākau ʻelima mau puke pai e paio nei no ka pono o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ʻoihana biotech. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings e pono e hopu i nā pepa, "ka mea aʻu e kapa aku ai iā Henry's" Blow the all damn thing up "hoʻopaʻapaʻa, kahi hihia aʻu e manaʻo nei e hana ʻia." Ua wehewehe ʻo Polopeka loio ʻo University of Arizona ʻo Gary Marchant, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka pānaʻi leka uila, "ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka pepa 1 ka mea e pohā ai ke kumuhana āpau."

ʻO Alan McHughen, he mea aʻo ʻāpana lehulehu ma UC Riverside a "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pāʻoihana marketing marketing Nā pane a GMO, hāʻawi ʻia e kākau i ka pepa 1. ʻO Henry Miller, MD, 'ōleloʻo ia hiki iā ia ke kōkua akā ua nui loa kāna papa i mea kākau mua. (I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua kau ʻo Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ia ka New York Times i hōʻikeʻia ma hope ua kau ʻia e Ghostanto.)

ʻO kekahi poʻe i kope ʻia ma ka leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa puke pai ʻO Drew Kershen o ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai; ʻO Guy Cardineau, ʻO Yvonne Stevens a ʻO Lauren Burkhart o ke Kulanui Moku'āina ʻo ʻAlikona; ʻO Steven Strauss o ke Kulanui ʻo Oregon State; ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida; ʻO Shane Morris o Nā Kūlana Kūlana Kanada; ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; ʻO Joanna Saksona o ke Kula Kanawai Komohana o Kaleponi; a ʻO Thomas Reddick o ka Global Environmental Ethics Council.

ʻO ka leka uila ʻepekema hoʻohui e kūʻē iā Seralini hoʻopaʻa

I Kepakemapa 2012, ʻo Kauka Giddings hoʻohui i kahi leka ʻepekema ʻepekema e koi ana iā Wallace Hayes, ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, e noʻonoʻo hou i kahi pepa Kepakemapa 2012 e ka mea noiʻi Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini nāna i hōʻike i nā tumors i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka papaʻai o ka palaoa GM kolamu Roundup-tolerant. Ua huki ʻia ka pepa i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope a paʻi hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.

I mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka hōʻailona ma ka leka, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Giddings iā AgBioChatter - kahi papa inoa pilikino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me kā lākou mau hana PR. hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO kekahi polofesa i kau inoa i ka leka, ʻo Chris Leaver, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia "e hana ana ma hope o nā hōʻike ma o Sense About Science" e pili ana i ka noi Séralini. ʻO Sense About Science kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi of ʻepekema wili no ka pono o nā pono ʻoihana.

Nā hōʻailona o ka palapala i Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino he ʻO Robert Wager, Alda Lerayer, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, Nīnau, ʻO Steve Strauss, ʻO Chris Leaver, ʻO Shanthu Shantharam, ʻO Ingo Potrykus, ʻO Marc Fellous, ʻO Moises Burachik, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, ʻO CS Prakash, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Kent Bradford, Selim Cetiner, Alan McHughen, ʻO Luis De Stefano-Beltrán, Bruce Chassy, Salbah Al-Momin, ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin, Klaus Ammann, Ronald Herring, Lucia de Souza.

Pili: “Nā leka uila i hoʻokumu ʻole ʻia: ua pili ʻo Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa GMO, " Retraction Watch

Kūkulu ʻia nā mea mahiʻai "mommy" maikaʻi e kau i nā GMO

I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me kahi lobbyist Monsanto e pili ana i ka pehea e lanakila ai i nā neʻe lepili ʻana o GMO ma Colorado a me Oregon i ka makahiki 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Giddings ʻo nā mea mahiʻai maikaʻi nā "mommy" maikaʻi nā ʻelele maikaʻi loa e hōʻalo i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia i nā genetically "ʻO ka mea e koi ai ke kūlana kahi lumi o nā kīwī kīwī e hōʻike nei i nā wahine ʻōpio maikaʻi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā mahiʻai mommy, e wehewehe nei no ke aha ʻo nā meaʻai biotech i ʻoi aku ka palekana & ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka mōʻaukala o ag a kūpono i ke kākoʻo, "ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Lisa Drake, ke alakaʻi a Monsanto no nā hana aupuni.

I Kepakemapa 2015 ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao New York Times moʻolelo, ʻekolu manawa lanakila ʻO Pulitzer Prize lanakila ʻO Eric Lipton i wehewehe i nā leka uila:

"In kēia hoʻolōʻihi leka uila, kekahi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻikei kiʻi ʻia e kōkua iā Monsanto e pahu i kāna nīnau no ka nīnau inā he ʻelele maikaʻi loa lākou. ʻ suggestlelo ʻelua e holo ʻo Monsanto i mau hoʻolaha kīwī e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai ma kahi. Pane ka loio loio Monsanto i ka hōʻike balota e hōʻike ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua holo mua ka ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha TV e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai wahine. ”

E nānā: “Ua kāinoa ʻoihana ʻoihana i nā mea kālaiʻike i ke kaua lepili GMO, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, ”Na Eric Lipton, Ka New York Times.

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola

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Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i ka Huffington Post.

Na Stacy Malkan

I ka wā i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ai kahi hui kaulana ʻole nonprofit i kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai meaola i ʻApelila 2014, ua hele a lōʻihi ka hui e hoʻokau i kona kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO 30-ʻaoʻao hoike by Nānā ʻImi, i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "waiwai ʻole e alakaʻi ʻia e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa i ka mahiʻai a me nā ʻepekema meaʻai," ʻike ʻia e hoʻopunipuni ʻia ana nā mea kūʻai aku i ka hoʻolilo kālā hou aku no nā meaʻai meaola ma muli o nā hana hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni a ka ʻoihanaola.

Pākuʻi ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo nūhou pāʻoihana: “Wehe ʻia nā meaola!” (Nūhou Brownfield) a me "ʻOihana Uihana e hoʻonui ʻia ana e ka hoʻopunipuni ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku" (Ka Nūhou ʻenehana palekana palekana meaʻai), ke kuhi nei i nā mea i loaʻa ʻia e nā loea kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia.

"Ua kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kūwaho o ka ʻepekema mahiʻai kūʻokoʻa, nā ʻepekema meaʻai, nā loea hoʻokele waiwai a me nā loio mai nā hui kūwaho i mahalo nui ʻia," e like me kā ka hui nūʻike hoʻōla.

Inā ʻaʻole maopopo ka kikoʻī e pili ana i ke kūʻokoʻa, pau ka hoʻolaha nūhou i kēia memo: "ʻAʻohe hakakā o ka nānā ʻana o ka Academics Review e pili ana i kēia paʻi, a me nā kumukūʻai pili āpau i uku ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kā mākou kālā laulā me ka ʻole o kekahi kikoʻī. mana a mea kuhikuhi paha.

ʻO ka mea i haʻi ʻole ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike, ka hoʻokuʻu nūhou a i ʻole ma ka pūnaewele: ʻO nā luna hoʻomalu no Monsanto Co., ka mea nāna e mālama i nā mahiʻai a me nā hua i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered genetically, a me nā mea kōkua nui ʻo Monsanto, e hana nei i ka ʻohi kālā ʻana no ka Review Academics, hana pū ʻia me ka hoʻolālā. a kūkākūkā pū nō hoʻi i nā hoʻolālā e hūnā i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know ma o nā noi a ke Aupuni Freedom of Information (FOIA).

Maopopo ke kumu o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻoihana meaola: pāpā ʻia nā hua a me nā kemika o Monsanto mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mahiʻai meaola, a ʻo kahi ʻāpana nui o ka leka ʻana a Monsanto ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna huahana ma mua o nā meaola i mea hana e hoʻonui ai i ka hanaʻai honua.

Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala i kā Message a Monsanto 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia a loiloi ʻia e "ʻelua polofesa kūʻokoʻa ... ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ka honua," Bruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino, a me David Tribe, Ph.D., haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne. . ʻO lākou koi ana ʻo ka hui "ʻae wale i nā makana palena ʻole mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole."

Eia naʻe ʻelua mau leka uila i ka makahiki 2010 e hōʻike ana i nā hoʻolālā e loaʻa kālā kālā no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

I ka 11 Malaki 2010 hoʻokaʻaʻike email me Chassy, ​​Jay Byrne, ke poʻo o ka kamaʻilio ma Monsanto e holo nei i kēia manawa PR a me ka hale noiʻi noiʻi mākeke, hāʻawi ʻia e hana ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā ʻoihana no ka Review Academics.

Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Chassy i kona hoihoi i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻokanika i loko o nā leka uila. "Makemake wau e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waenakonu o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic ..." kākau ʻo ia, "ʻAʻohe oʻu kālā."

Pane maila ʻo Byrne,

"ʻĀ, ʻōlelo wau e hana mua mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau) ma mua a me ka wikiwiki. Ua noi wau iā Val [Giddings, pelekikena hope o BIO, ka ʻahahui kālepa ʻoihana biotech] e hui ʻo ia a ʻoiai wau ma DC i kēia pule aʻe e hiki ai iā mākou (ʻaʻole ma o ka leka uila) ke kiʻi i kahi kiʻi maopopo o nā koho. no ka lawe ʻana i ka papahana Review Academic Review a me nā manawa kūpono i mua. ʻO ke "Center for Consumer Freedom" (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi i kēia kālā a hiki i ka ʻoi loa. "

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Center for Consumer Freedom e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo “Kauka ʻino"A me ka"mōʻī o nā hui mua a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā pono ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui leo ʻole.

"Manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou," i haʻi aku ʻo Byrne iā Chassy.

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa “manawa kūpono” o nā pahuhopu i komo i loko o ka poʻe, nā hui a me nā ʻike koʻikoʻi o GMO a me Monsanto: Vandana Shiva, Andrew Kailrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, kā Michael Pollan puke “In Defense of ʻO ka meaʻai, "nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni" ʻAi, Inc "a me" The World Wahi a Monsanto, "a me ke" kumuhana kea i nā wahi pōpilikia āpau o ag-biotech (i waho o ke keʻa / haumia, nā pi, nā pepeiao, palekana kanaka, a pēlā aku ...) . ”

"ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi, ua kākau ʻo Byrne, me ka hoʻohui pū ʻana:

ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi.

"Manaʻo wau hiki iā Val a hiki iaʻu ke ʻike a lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kūpono (ʻaʻole aʻo) nā kaʻa kalepa e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻohui i kēia mau mea me ka papahana ma ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a no laila waiwai) o nā mea kōkua nui / nā mea nona… Manaʻo wau hiki i kā mākou lumi kuke lumi kuke ma aneʻi ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kiaʻi puka (i kekahi mau manawa lawe i nā ʻauhau) no nā pane kūpono, hilinaʻi ʻia, nā inoculation a me nā hana proactive e hoʻohana nei i kēia papahana papahana ...

"Maikaʻi ke kani iaʻu," i pane aku ʻo Chassy. “Maopopo iaʻu e hōʻike mai ʻoe iaʻu i kāu mea e kūkākūkā ai.”

i ka hoʻololi leka uila me Chassy i kākau ʻia ma Nowemapa 30, 2010, ʻo Eric Sachs, kahi mea pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka hana no Monsanto, i kūkākūkā e ʻike i ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e "waiho ana iā Monsanto ma hope."

Ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy:

"ʻO ʻoe a me aʻu e pono e kamaʻilio hou e pili ana i ka" loiloi i kālaiʻike "pūnaewele a me ka manaʻo. Manaʻo wau aia kahi ala i kahi hana e pane maikaʻi ai i nā hopohopo ʻepekema a me nā hoʻopiʻi. Ua kaʻana like wau me Val i nehinei. Mai kuʻu kuanaʻike ʻo ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana loea a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane. Ua kūkākūkā ʻoe me ʻoe i kēia i ka wā ma mua. Ua wehewehe ʻo Val i ka ʻanuʻu ʻekahi e hoʻokumu ana i kahi kūlana 501 (c) 3 no ka loaʻa kālā ʻole e kōkua ai i ka hōʻiliʻili kālā. Maopopo kēlā akā he mea hou aku. Ua kūkākūkā wau me Jerry Steiner i kēia lā (Kālā Hoʻokele Monsanto) a hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻoulu ʻana iā CLI / BIO / CBI a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kākoʻo. E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike. "

E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike.

Pili ʻo CLI / BIO / CBI i ʻekolu mau hui kālepa ʻoihana - Crop Life International, ka Biotechnology Innovation Organization a me ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa.

Ua pane aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs, "ʻAe, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka loiloi ʻo Academics. Manaʻo wau aia mākou ma ka ʻaoʻao like. ”

Ke nīnau pololei ʻia e pili ana i ke kālā, ua pane ʻo Chassy ma o ka leka uila: "ʻAʻole noi a ʻae paha ka loiloi Academics i nā kālā mai kekahi kumu no ka noiʻi kikoʻī a i ʻole nā ​​hana ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā huahana, nā lawelawe a me nā ʻoihana. ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hoʻopili ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike ʻole i kahi loaʻa kālā ma 2012 a ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka palapala IRS 990s no 2013 a 2014 (ʻānō i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele). Hōʻike kēlā mau palapala i $ 419,830 i nā loaʻa kālā akā ʻaʻole i pili kahi ʻike e pili ana i nā mea hāʻawi. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Chassy i nā noi e hāʻawi i kēlā ʻike.

ʻO ka Press Press "Kūʻokoʻa" Attack on Organic

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi ʻana i ka Academics Marketing i loko o ʻApelila 2014 i kahi kolepa paʻa o ka pāheka ʻoihana kālepa e hōʻike nei i nā mea i loaʻa i nā "noiʻi kūʻokoʻa".

• "Ua komo ka ʻoihana ʻAi Meaola i loko o ka hōʻike hōʻike koi 'Multisade Decade Public Disinformation Campaign" (Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai)

• "Hōʻike: ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Loaʻa 25 mau makahiki o ka ulu wikiwiki ʻana ma o ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻopunipuni" (Nuhou Palekana Mea ʻai)

• "Kahi hoʻopiʻi weliweli o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola" (Hoard's Dairyman)

• "Ke hoʻohana nei i ka makaʻu ma ke ʻano he hokona" (Nūhou Pāʻoihana ʻAi)

I ka New York Post, Ua kūkulu ʻo Naomi Schaffer Riley i kahi hihia kūʻē iā "tyranny of the organic mommy mafia" ka mea i hoʻopunipuni ʻia e nā hana kalepa disingenuous o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. ʻO kāna mau kumuwaiwai ka hōʻike o ka Academics Review a me Julie Gunlock, ka mea kākau o kahi puke e pili ana i ka "moʻomeheu hoʻoweliweli."

ʻAʻole i haʻi aku ʻo Riley iā Gunlock, a ʻo Riley ponoʻī nō hoʻi luna mau hoa ma ka Independent Women Forum, kahi hui nā kālā nui na Donors Trust, ka mea i hoʻouka ʻoihana hui panakō ma nā ʻuniona, nā kula lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema aniau.

I ka Nā inoa o Des Moines, ʻO John R. Block, kahi mea kākau o ka mahiʻai ma mua o ʻAmelika e hana nei no kahi keʻena loio e lobbies no nā pono agribusiness, i hōʻike ʻia ma ka “blockbuster report” na Academics Review a me nā mea i loaʻa i ka ʻā huna a ka ʻenehana ke kūleʻa i ke kūleʻa ʻo “marketing black. ”

ka hui pūʻulu mua ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, ka mea loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a ma kahi a Chassy e lawelawe ai ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ʻepekema, ua hoʻokau i ke kumuhana "ʻeleʻele kūʻai" i nā ʻatikala na ka pelekikena o ACSH. Lākana Hank a ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa Hoover Institute i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he waha ʻōlelo i nā pāʻoihana no ka hoʻāʻo e pepehi i ka lepili GMO ma Kaleponi, a ʻo Monsanto ka kēpau kēpau.

Miller, ka mea i lōʻihi kona mōʻaukala o ka hana ʻana kūpono ʻole nā ​​koi ʻepekema i ke kākoʻo o nā pono ʻoihana, ua hoʻohana pū ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi ʻo Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kumu no ka hoʻouka kauaola i Newsweek a me ka ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, a koi ma ka Wall Street Pai ʻaʻole kūpaʻa kēlā mahiʻai ʻokanika.

Holo nā poʻomanaʻo anti-organic like me nā kahawai PR ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā Pane GMO, a pūnaewele puni honua kūʻai hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai nui ʻEono (a ma hea Chassy a Nā lāhui lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa"), paipai i nā manaʻo i nā meaola ʻaʻohe ʻoi aku ke olakinoʻaʻole maikaʻi no ke kaiapuni he polokalamu kālepa wale nō - ʻoiai, ʻo ka mea kupanaha, ua hoʻokumu ʻo PR firm e holo nei i nā pane GMO i kahi hui kūikawā ma Kapalakiko e hoʻāʻo ai kālā ma ka makeke kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka waha ʻōlelo kiʻekiʻe o Monsanto, ʻO Robb Fraleyno hoi pinepine trashes ka ke aloha hana on kona Twitter ʻai.

Hele ka lehulehu i ke kahe kālā; Hele mālie ka hōʻike loiloi 

Ma Malaki 2016, ua hōʻike ʻo Monica Eng no WBEZ ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana ua uku ʻo Monsanto iā Professor Bruce Chassy ma mua o $ 57,000 ma kahi o 23 mau mahina e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO - kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka lehulehu.

Wahi a ka noiʻi a Eng, ʻo ke kālā he ʻāpana o $ 5.1 miliona ma ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i hoʻouna ʻia e Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

"ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Chassy i kāna pili kālā me Monsanto e pili ana i nā mokuʻāina a i ʻole ke kula nui e ʻimi ana i nā hakakā kūlia paha," i hōʻike aku ai ʻo Eng.

"Hōʻike hou nā palapala i ke kuhikuhi ʻana o Chassy a me ke kula nui iā Monsanto e waiho i nā uku ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation, kahi kino nona nā moʻolelo i pale ʻia mai ka nānā lehulehu ʻana. He hiki nō i ke kahua ke lawe i kālā pilikino a hāʻawi aku iā ia i kekahi kanaka ma ke ʻano he 'uku kulanui' - hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai ka hōʻike ʻana.

I Ianuali 2016, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka luna noiʻi o US Right to Know, haʻi ʻia ma nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i kahe mai he mau haneli haneli mau kālā mai Monsanto a i ke Kulanui o ʻIlino “ʻoiai ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e kūʻē i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia i nā genetically (GMO) - ʻoiai lākou e kū ana ma ke ʻano he kula kūʻokoʻa no kahi ʻaha lehulehu. ”

"ʻO ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae ʻia i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻahuʻula i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o kahi pale o ka ʻike kūʻokoʻa, a liʻiliʻi, inā he mea, e hōʻike ākea i ka pili o hope." .

ka i ka leka hope ma ka Pūnaewele Nānā ʻImi, ma ka lā 2 Kepakemapa 2015, kahi blog e Chassy e wehewehe ana e hoʻolaha ʻia kekahi o kāna mau leka uila ma muli o nā noi a FOIA o US Right to Know, kahi āna i hōʻike ai he hōʻeha i kāna 40 mau makahiki o ʻepekema lehulehu, ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ke kākoʻo kālā mai ka ʻāpana pilikino no ka noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana he "kūpono, maʻa mau a pono e hoʻonui i ka pono o ka lehulehu," i kākau ʻo Chassy. "Pono ia kākoʻo, a ma kaʻu mau ʻike āpau a pau, aniani moakaka a hana ʻia ma lalo o nā kulekele kūpili koʻikoʻi o nā keʻena lehulehu e pōmaikaʻi nei mai nā ʻāpana pilikino a i ʻole nā ​​hāʻawi kālā pilikino."

I ʻekolu mau lā ma hope mai, ua hoʻolaha mua ʻia kekahi o nā leka uila a Chassy i kahi ʻaoʻao mua New York Times ʻatikala na ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻelua Pulitzer Prize ʻo Eric Lipton. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā Chassy i kahi kālā no kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma 2011 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo."

Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy iā Lipton ʻo ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai Monsanto "ua kōkua ʻo ia e hāpai i kona leo ma o ka huakaʻi ʻana, kahi pūnaewele āna i hana ai a me nā mea ʻē aʻe."

Ke kiʻi mau nei i ka Press ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa 

ʻOiai nā hōʻike i nā leka uila a me ka hōʻike ʻana o kā Chassy pili kālā iā Monsanto, ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Review a me kāna hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olaola i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me nā wehewehe āpau e koi ana i ke kūʻokoʻa.

A ʻoliʻoli mau ʻo Chassy i ka uhi kaomi ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa" ma GMO. I Mei 2016, ʻelua kaʻawale hui pu Press moʻolelo Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy e pili ana i kēlā kumuhana. ʻAʻole kekahi moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i kā Chassy pili pili kālā lehulehu i kēia manawa iā Monsanto.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai ʻo US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke lanakila, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society 2007).