Pani ka ʻoihana pesticide ʻoihana PR CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife

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ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI), kahi hana nui pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia ʻelua mau makahiki i hala aku nei e ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, ua pani ʻia. Ua hoʻokūpaʻa ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo ma o ka leka uila ʻana ua hemo ʻo CBI i ka hopena o ka makahiki 2019, a me kāna mau waiwai, me ke kikowaena o nā pane GMO, ua hoʻoneʻe ʻia i CropLife International.

Ka hoʻolaha ma mua mai GMOAnswers.com

Ke hoʻolaha nei ʻo CBI i nā ʻike ʻoihana a me nā hui mua ma o kāna ʻaoʻao Facebook, kona papahana hae GMO Nā Pane, kahi hoʻolaha kālepa e hoʻonui ana i nā leo o nā kālaiʻike e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i kēia manawa e ʻōlelo ana kāna kālā mai CropLife, ka hui kalepa kūwaho no nā ʻoihana pesticide.

GMOAnswers.com Wehewehe pūnaewele i kēia manawa, "E like me ka 2020, he papahana ʻo GMO Answers o CropLife International." Hoʻomaopopo pū ka pūnaewele i ka mōʻaukala o ka hui "ma ke ʻano he huakaʻi i hana ʻia e The Council for Biotechnology Information, nona nā lālā i komo pū me BASF, Bayer, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont, Monsanto Company a me Syngenta."

E ʻike i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo hou me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā hana o ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology a me nā pane GMO

"Hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka haʻi waha"

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI ma kahi o $ 28 miliona ma kāna mau pale pale huahana mai 2014-2019, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. (Kau ʻia nā palapala ʻauhau a me nā palapala kākoʻo hou aku ma aneʻi.)

Hōʻike nā ʻauhau ʻauhau i ke kuleana koʻikoʻi ʻo nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu - ʻoiai nā kālaiʻike, nā mea lapaʻau a me nā mahiʻai - pāʻani i nā hana pale pale o nā pesticide a me nā hui hua nui loa o ka honua. Kahi laina i CBI's Palapala ʻauhau 2015 no $ 1.4 miliona i hoʻolilo ʻia ma ʻAkau ʻAmelika Hema: "Ua kiaʻi ʻo Kanada i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo a ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu (nā mahiʻai, nā kālaiʻike, nā mea ʻai) e aʻo i ka pāpāho a me ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā pono o ag biotech. Ma Mekiko, nā palapala palapala ʻauhau, CBI "mālama i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻaha kūkā no nā haumāna, nā mahiʻai, a me nā kālaiʻike" a "hana pū ʻia me nā hui grower, kālaiʻike, a me ke kaulahao meaʻai e hoʻonui ai i ka ʻae ʻia" o GMO Ua hoʻokumu ʻo CBI i nā ʻōlelo pōkole no ka regulʻĀina. ”

ʻO kā CBI koina kumukūʻai, ma mua o $ 14 miliona mai ka 2013, no ʻO ka paʻa pili lehulehu e holo i nā pane GMO, kahi e paipai ai i nā leo a me nā ʻike o ka poʻe loea "kūʻokoʻa", he nui nā mea pili i ka ʻoihana pesticide. ʻOiai hōʻike ʻo GMO Nā Pane i kāna kālā ʻoihana, kāna ua emi nā hana ma mua o ka aniani moakaka.

ʻO nā hui ʻē aʻe i kālā ʻia e CBI i komo pū me ka Global Farmer's Network a me Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui ʻole nāna i hoʻonohonoho i kahi moʻo o "Nā kahua hoʻomoana" ma nā kula nui loa e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻolaha a lobby no GMO a me nā pesticides.

CBI pū kekahi ua hana i kahi puke pena a nā keiki e hana ai ke hoʻolaha nei i nā manaʻo ʻoihana ma ka biotechnology. ʻO ka pili no ka puke, a me kahi pūnaewele WhyBiotech.com i hoʻokumu ʻia e CBI, i kēia manawa hoʻohuli i kahi hui kālepa no nā mea hana a me nā mea hāʻawi i nā cannabinoids i loaʻa i ka hemp.

Backstory: Ke hoʻololi nei i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma GMO

ka Ua wehewehe ʻia ka backstory o CBI i 2001 e ka mea loiloi ʻoihana pili lehulehu Paul Paul Holmes, mea hoʻokumu o PRovoke (ʻo ka Holmes Report ma mua): i ka makahiki 1999, ʻehiku mau hui pesticide / seed a me kā lākou mau hui kalepa "i hui like ma ke ʻano he hui hui a hoʻomohala i kahi papahana ʻike lehulehu i alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana" i "Hoʻohālikelike i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka biotechnology meaʻai." E hoʻomohala ʻo CBI i nā kuʻikahi ma waena o ka 'kaulahao' meaʻai āpau… e nānā i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā pono o ka biotechnology meaʻai, ”i hōʻike ʻo Holmes.

"E hoʻokūkū ana ka hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻino ʻole ʻia o nā meaʻai biotech, e ke koʻikoʻi ʻana i ka hoʻāʻo nui ʻana o nā meaʻai biotech," a "e kūkulu ʻia i mea e pane ai i nā nīnau a me nā hopohopo mai ka lehulehu a pane i nā hōʻike hewa a me nā" scare-tactics "e nā mea kūʻē biotechnology. , "Wahi a Holmes. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia e loaʻa ka ʻike i ka lehulehu “ʻaʻole ma ka ʻoihana biotechnology wale nō, akā ma o nā ʻano ʻenehana, ʻepekema, aupuni a kūʻokoʻa hoʻi, nā kumuwaiwai ʻaoʻao ʻekolu.”

Hoʻolaha pū ʻia ka evolution o ʻelua mau makahiki o CBI i ka hoʻohui ʻia o ka mana i ka pesticide / GMO ʻoihana. Hoʻokumu nā lālā o CBI ʻO BASF, Dow Chemical, DuPont, Monsanto, Novartis, nā huahana Zeneca Ag, ʻo Aventis CropScience, ʻo ka American Crop Protection Association (ʻo CropLife i kēia manawa) a me BIO.

Ua hui ʻia nā hui ʻehiku i ʻehā: Ua lawe ʻia ʻo Aventis a me Monsanto e ʻO Bayer; Ua lilo ʻo Dow Chemical a me DuPont i Dow / DuPont a wili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai i ʻO Corteva Agriscience; ʻO Novartis lāua ʻo Zenica (i hui pū ʻia me Astra) i hui pū ʻia ma lalo o ka hae o Syngenta (kahi i loaʻa iā ChemChina); ʻoiai BASF loaʻa nui nā waiwai mai Bayer.

Nāʻike hou

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo CBI

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo nā pane GMO

He pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e nānā ai i nā mākaukau

Nā pepa ʻoi aʻe mai US Pono e ʻike: Ke nānā nei i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

ʻO US Right to Know kahi pūʻulu noiʻi noiʻi noiʻi waiwai ʻole e hana ana i nā ʻimi noiʻi wāwahi e hōʻike ai i ka hopena o ka ikaika o ka meaʻai a me ka ʻoihana kemika i ka meaʻai a mākou e ʻai ai a hānai ai i kā mākou keiki. 

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: nā hana PR pesticide PR 

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ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia i ʻApelila 2000 e ʻehiku mau hui kemika / hua alakaʻi alakaʻi a me kā lākou mau hui kalepa e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hana i ka pane ʻana i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pōʻaiapuni o nā meaʻai genetically engineered, a i ʻōlelo ʻia kona manaʻo nui ke hoʻomohala nei i nā kuʻikahi ma waena o ke kaulahao meaʻai e paipai i nā mea kanu GMO ("ag biotech") he mea maikaʻi.

Ua pani ʻo CBI i ka hale kūʻai ma 2019 a ua loli i kāna mau waiwai - me ka paepae kālepa Nā pane GMO, holo ʻia e Ketchum PR firm - ma luna o CropLife International, ka hui kālepa kūwaho no nā ʻoihana pesticide. ʻIke, Hoʻopiʻi ka pūʻulu hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide key CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife, USRTK (2020)

Palapala ʻauhau CBI: kau ʻia i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI i $ 28 miliona ma mua o 2014-2019, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau (ʻike 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018) ma nā papahana e paipai ana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini. E like me i kākau ʻia ma kāna palapala ʻauhau 2015, CBI i ka nānā nui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā haʻi waha o ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu - ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai a me nā mea lapaʻau - e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO.

ʻO nā papahana i uku kālā ʻia e CBI i loko o nā pane GMO (ma o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu o Ketchum); Review Review, he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana; ʻO nā kahua hoʻomoana Biotech Literacy Project i mālama ʻia ma nā kula kiʻekiʻe (ma o Academics Review) a me ka Global Farmer Network.

Nā pane a GMO / Ketchum

Nā pane GMO a Paena pūnaewele a me ka hoʻouka kaua pili lehulehu e hoʻohana i nā leo o nā kālaiʻike a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI i $ 14.4 miliona ma ka pilina pili lehulehu ma Ketchum ma waena o 2014-2019 e holo i ka salvo PR, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau.

Hōʻike ʻo GMO Answers i kāna kālā ʻenehana ma kona pūnaewele a ʻōlelo e paipai ia i nā manaʻo o nā loea kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, ua ʻike ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona e kākau ʻia ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO i hāʻawi ʻia e nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" (e ʻike i ka uhi ma New York Times a Forbes). Hōʻike pū ʻia nā pane GMO i nā palapala Monsanto PR ma ke ʻano he hoa hana i ka hoʻāʻo o ka ʻoihana e pale aku i nā gicphosate-based Roundup herbicides mai nā manaʻo maʻi ʻaʻai, a i e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi noiʻi hoihoi o ka lehulehu ninaninau ʻia e US Right to know e wehe i nā pilina huna ma waena o nā ʻoihana pesticide a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai ana i nā huahana mahiʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana o ke kūkulu ʻana o GMO Answers i ka mana me nā mea kūkala nūhou nui, e ʻike e hōʻike nei ma Huffington Post e pili ana pehea Ketchum nā kaula i mahi ʻia me ka mea kākau puke ʻo Wakinekona Post ʻo Tamar Haspel. ʻO Haspel kahi ka mea hoʻolaha mua o nā pane GMO, a ma hope ua komo i ka CBI-kālā kālā Pāhana Biotech heluhelu hanana leka uila. A loiloi kumu o nā kolamu Haspel i alakaʻi ʻia e USRTK ua loaʻa he mau laʻana o nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā ʻike kuhi hewa i loko o kāna ʻatikala e pili ana i nā pesticides.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he holomua holomua ma 2014 i ka wā papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kahi wikiō i hana ʻia no ka makana, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum i ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke e pāpālua i ka lipine pālahalaha maikaʻi o nā GMO," a ua hoʻomanaʻo lākou "e nānā pono i ke kamaʻilio" ʻana ma Twitter kahi i "kaulike maikaʻi ʻia ai 80% o ka launa pū ʻana me nā mea hōʻemi." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, aka o makou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

Pili hōʻike:

Monsanto pepa i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2019 e hōʻike pehea i hui pū ai ʻo Monsanto me nā pane GMO.

Ke waiho ʻo USRTK iā FOIA e noiʻi i nā pilina ʻoihana me nā kālaiʻike, Ua hakakā ʻo Monsanto.

Nānā ʻImi

Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i $ 650,000 i ke kālā i Nānā ʻImi, kahi pono ʻole nāna i koi ua loaʻa ʻaʻohe kālā hui. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui e Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign, a ʻo David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know mōakāka ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o nā luna ʻo Monsanto a me ka luna o ke kamaʻilio mua o ka ʻoihana ʻO Jay Byrne. Ua kūkākūkā ka hui e hoʻohana ana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai, e loaʻa ana nā kōkua ʻoihana a hūnā i nā manamana lima o Monsanto.

Pili hōʻike: Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola, na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2017)

Hoʻolālā nā papahana Biotech Literacy Project i nā hanana

Ua hoʻonui ʻo CBI ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma ʻelua “Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project"I mālama ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis ma 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Ua hoʻolilo ʻia ke kālā ma o ka loiloi ʻia e Academics, nāna i hoʻonohonoho pū i nā ʻaha kūkā me nā Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui ʻē aʻe e kōkua iā Monsanto me nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa lākou.

ʻO ka lā ʻekolu hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā hanana hoʻomoana nā haumāna, nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa i ke kamaʻilio a me nā hana lobbying e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, a he mau pahuhopu kālaiʻāina e kāpae i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka US.

Pili hōʻike:  Flacking for GMOs: Pehea e kanu ai ka ʻoihana biotech i ka pāpaho maikaʻi - a hoʻonāwaliwali i nā loiloi, na Paul Thacker, The Progressive (2017)

Pale aku nā hui 'hui' o Monsanto iā Roundup

ʻOiai ʻo GMO Answers, Academics Review a me Genetic Literacy Project i ʻōlelo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa lākou i ka mana o ka ʻoihana, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hui ʻekolu i kahi Nā palapala ʻo Monsanto PR ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" i komo ka ʻoihana i kāna mau hana i pale aku i nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides mai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Palapala Monsanto PR kūkākūkā i nā hoʻolālā e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO ka puke kala no nā keiki no GMO

CBI pū kekahi ua hana i kahi puke pena a nā keiki e hana ai e paipai i nā GMO. ʻO ka pili no ka puke, a me ka pūnaewele WhyBiotech.com i hoʻokumu ʻia e CBI, i kēia manawa hoʻohuli i kahi hui kālepa no nā mea hana a me nā mea hāʻawi i nā cannabinoids i loaʻa i ka hemp.

Nā kuleana pili pono iā US e ʻike

ʻO GMO Answers kahi mea mālama PR pilikia no nā GMO a me nā pesticides (hōʻano 2020)

Hoʻopiʻi ka pūʻulu hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide key CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife (2020)

ʻO Monsanto ka hoʻokūkū kūʻē iā US Right to Know (2019)

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hōʻeha i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa (2019)

Nānā Hou: ʻO ka hana ʻana i kahi hui ʻo Monsanto Front (2018)

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika (2018)

Pehea e alakaʻi hewa ai ʻo Tamar Haspel i nā mea heluhelu o ka Washington Post a loiloi kumu o nā kolamu pesticide a Haspel (2018)

ʻO kā Russia paʻa ʻo PR ʻo Ketchum e holo i ka salvo ʻoihana PR ma GMO (2015)

ʻO GMO Answers kahi hoʻolaha a me PR Campaign no nā Pesticide Company

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Kiʻi hou i nā:

ketchum gmo pane

Nā Pane GMO uku ʻia ma ke ʻano he kolamu kahi e hiki ai i nā mea kūʻai ke loaʻa pololei nā pane mai ka poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, a ʻo kekahi poʻe nūpepa e lawe ia mea me he kumu kaulike ʻole. Akā ʻo ka pūnaewele kahi pono ʻoihana kūʻai aku ʻoihana pono e wili i nā GMO i kahi kukui maikaʻi.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā pane a GMO kahi mea hana propaganda hoʻopilikia pilikia i nele i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Ua hana ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hoʻohuli ai i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu no GMOs. Ma hope koke iho o ka hahau ʻana o Monsanto a me kāna mau mea kōkua i ka hana balota 2012 e kapa inoa i nā GMO ma Kaleponi, ʻo Monsanto Ho'olaha i nā māla e hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu e hoʻoponopono hou i ka inoa o GMO. Ua hoʻolimalima lākou i ka ʻoihana pili aupuni ʻo FleishmanHillard (nona ʻo Omnicom) no kahi hoʻouka kaua ʻehiku.

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ka firm PR Ketchum (nona pū ʻo Omnicom) e ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto, BASF, Bayer, Dow, Dupont a me Syngenta - e hana iā GMOAnswers.com. Ua hoʻohiki ka pūnaewele i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leo i hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia o nā mea i kapa ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa."

Akā pehea ke kūʻokoʻa o kēlā poʻe loea?

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka pūnaewele i nā kikoʻī e kamaʻilio pono e haʻi i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a nānā ʻole paha i nā pilikia olakino a me ka nohona. ʻO kahi laʻana, ke nīnau ʻia inā e hāpai ana nā GMO i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides, hāʻawi ka pūnaewele i kahi no convolulate, ʻoiai me ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻike o nā hoa. ʻae, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo lākou nō.

"Hoʻomākaukau Roundup" Ua hoʻonui nā huahana GMO i ka glyphosate, a kino kanaka make paha, by haneli miliona mau paona. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kahi hoʻolālā GMO / pesticide hou e pili ana i ka dicamba i ka luku ʻia o nā mea kanu soybean a puni ka US, a ke hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo FDA i kēia makahiki no pākolu ʻia ka hoʻohana o 2,4-D, kahi lāʻau make make ʻona kahiko, ma muli o nā mea kanu GMO hou i ʻenekinia e kūʻē iā ia. ʻAʻohe mea e hopohopo ai kēia mau mea āpau, e like me nā pane a GMO.

Pane ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana me nā ʻōlelo wahaheʻe e like me "kēlā me kēia hui olakino alakaʻi i ka honua kū i hope o ka palekana o nā GMO." ʻAʻole i loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻōlelo i kau inoa ʻia e nā ʻepekema 300, nā kauka a me nā kālaiʻike e ʻōlelo nei aia he "ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO,”A ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā mākou nā pane i nā nīnau a mākou i kau ai e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo.

Ua hele mai nā hiʻohiʻona e ʻike i kēlā Ua kākau ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO ua kau inoa ʻia e "nā loea kūʻokoʻa."

Papa inoa ʻia no ka makana PR hoʻokele kūpilikiʻi

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻike hou aʻe he kaʻa wili ka pūnaewele: ma 2014, ʻO GMO Nā Pane papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management."

A ʻo ka firm PR i hana i nā GMO Answers i kaena aʻe e pili ana i ka mana o ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo. I loko o kahi wikiō i kau ʻia i ka pūnaewele CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum no ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke i pālua ka pāpaho ʻana o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, akā ʻo mākou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

No ke aha e hilinaʻi ai ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i kahi kaʻa kālepa i hoʻolālā ʻia e Ketchum ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. Ketchum, a hiki i ka 2016 ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia, ua hoʻopili ʻia i nā hana spionage kūʻē i nā nonprofits hopohopo e pili ana iā GMOs. ʻAʻole pololei kahi moʻolelo e hāʻawi iā ia iho e hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers kahi mea kūʻai aku i hoʻokumu ʻia a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā GMO, manaʻo mākou he pāʻani kūpono ke nīnau: ʻO ia anei nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" nāna i hōʻaiʻē i ka pūnaewele - ʻo kekahi o lākou e hana nei no nā kula nui a uku ʻia e nā ʻauhau. - kūʻokoʻa maoli a hana i ka pono o ka lehulehu? A i ʻole ke hana pū nei lākou i ka hui me nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu e kōkua i ke kūʻai aku i ka lehulehu i kahi moʻolelo wili?

I ka ʻimi ʻana i kēia mau pane, kuleana ʻo US e ʻike waiho i nā noi Freedom of Information Act e ʻimi nei i ka leka a nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu i kākau no GMOAnswers.com a i hana paha ma nā hana hoʻoikaika GMO ʻē aʻe. He noi ʻiʻī ka FOIA e uhi ʻole i ka ʻike pilikino a i ʻole ka ʻikepili, akā e ʻimi e hoʻomaopopo i nā pilina ma waena o nā polopeka, nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻai aku nei i nā GMO, kā lākou mau hui kālepa a me nā PR a me nā ʻoihana lobbying i hoʻolimalima ʻia e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a hakakā i ka lepili no laila mālama mākou i ka pouli e pili ana i ka mea a mākou e ʻai nei.

E hāhai i nā hopena o ka Pono ʻo US e ʻike hoʻokolokolo ma aneʻi.

E nānā i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā mea pāʻani i ka hana kemika i nā hana pili lehulehu.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kōkua i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke kuleana e ʻike ai i nā noiʻi e ke hana nei i kahi manawaleʻa ʻauhau hiki i kēia lā

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Ua hōʻike ʻo Reuters ua hoʻoponopono ʻo IARC i nā mea i loaʻa he moʻolelo wahaheʻe ia

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Kiʻi hou i nā: Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Reuters Reporter, Roundup Trial Tracker (ʻApelila 25, 2019)
Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters, ʻōlelo e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (ʻOkakopa 24, 2017)

ʻO ka lā kumu o ka pou: ʻOkakopa 20, 2017

Ke hoʻomau nei iā ia moʻohelu o ka hōʻike hōʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ua hōʻea hou ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i ke keʻena maʻi ʻaʻai me kahi ʻOkakopa 19, 2017 moʻolelo ke koi nei i nā ʻepekema ua hoʻoponopono i kahi palapala kikoʻī ma mua o ka hoʻopuka ʻana i kā lākou loiloi hope loa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. ʻO ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, ka hui kālepa ʻoihana kemika, i hoʻopuka koke ʻia a nūʻike hoʻōla e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo, e koi ana iā ia e "hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate" a me ke koi ʻana i nā mea hana kulekele e "hana kūʻē iā IARC no ka hoʻohana hewa ʻana i ka ʻikepili."

Ua haʻi ʻia ka moʻolelo a Kelland i kahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana ua hoʻohana ʻia nā lālā IARC a kekeʻe i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema akā ʻaʻole hiki ke haʻi i ka nui o nā hōʻike i puka aʻe mai Nā palapala ponoʻī a Monsanto ma o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻaha i kauoha ʻia e hōʻike ai i nā ala a ka hui i hana ai e hana a hoʻololi i ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he hala.

ʻAʻole hiki i ka moʻolelo ke haʻi aku i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi IARC i hōʻemi ʻia ka hana kālā a Monsanto i lawa ʻole ka ʻike maka e kū ai i nā kūlana o IARC. A ʻoiai ʻo Kelland i ʻōlelo i kahi noi iole me 1983 a me kahi hoʻopaʻa iole kahi a IARC i kū ʻole ai i ka manaʻo me nā kānaka noiʻi maoli, ua hōʻole ʻo ia i ka hōʻike ʻana he mau haʻawina kēia i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka ʻiole 1983, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lālā o ka lāʻau ʻona ʻEPA ʻaʻole i ʻae i nā mea noiʻi a Monsanto no ka mea, ʻo ka ikaika o ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa, e like me nā palapala EPA. ʻLelo lākou i loko o nā memo he nui ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia ka manaʻo hoʻopaʻapaʻa a Monsanto a manaʻo ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo lākou i ka glyphosate e lilo i carcinogen.

Ma ka haʻalele ʻana i kēia mau ʻike koʻikoʻi, a me ka wili ʻana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe kokoke i loko, ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi ʻatikala e lawelawe maikaʻi ana iā Monsanto, akā ua alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e hilinaʻi nei i nā nūhou hilinaʻi ʻia no ka ʻike pololei. ʻO kahi mea hoʻoikaika wale e lawe ʻia mai kā Kelland moʻolelo ʻo ia kēia manawa ua ʻae ʻo ia iā Monsanto i hāʻawi iā ia i ka ʻike.

Nā moʻolelo e pili ana a me nā palapala:

Reuters vs. UN Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?

Na Stacy Malkan

Mai kā lākou hoʻolaha ʻo ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka," kahi kime o nā ʻepekema honua ma ka pūʻulu noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization. hoʻouka mae e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea pani.

i ka ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao moʻo i kapa ʻia ʻo "The Monsanto Papers," ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde (6/1/17) ua wehewehe ʻia ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaua ʻo ka pilikua pesticide ma luna o ka ʻepekema, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "To save glyphosate, the firm [Monsanto] undertook to harm the United Nations agency against cancer by all way."

Me ʻelua mau scoops i hānai ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me kahi hōʻike kūikawā, i hoʻoikaika ʻia e kāna hōʻike kuʻi maʻamau, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Kelland i kahi kahawai o ka hōʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka WHO Agency International for Research on Cancer (IARC), e hōʻike nei i ka hui a me nā ʻepekema ʻaʻole pili a kūpono ʻole, a pae i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi a kāohi ʻia i ka ʻike i kā lākou hoʻoholo ʻana. Hoʻokahi mea kaua i ka arsenal o ka ʻoihana ka hōʻike o ʻO Kate Kelland, he koa kūpuna Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo ma Lādana.

ʻAʻole mālama ka pūʻulu ʻepekema IARC i kahi noiʻi hou, akā ua loiloi i nā makahiki o ka noiʻi a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana he palena palena ʻole o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā kānaka mai nā hōʻike honua maoli i glyphosate a "lawa" hōʻike o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā noiʻi ma holoholona. Ua hoʻopau ʻo IARC aia he hōʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity no glyphosate wale nō, a me glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia i nā formulated e like me ka Monsanto's Roundup brand o ka lāʻau make, nona ka hoʻohana i hoʻonui nui ʻia e like me kā Monsanto i kūʻai aku ai. ua hoʻololi ʻia nā laha ʻohi e "mākaukau Roundup."

Akā i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo IARC, ua nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, a ua kau i ka manaʻo ma nā ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo ana i nā hana a me nā loiloi a ka ʻepekema i ka ʻimi ʻana e hōʻemi i kā lākou kālailai. Ua hilinaʻi nui kāna hōʻike ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana; loaʻa nā hewa i Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono; a hōʻike i ka ʻike cherry-i wae ʻia ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili mai nā palapala āna i hāʻawi ʻole ai i kāna poʻe heluhelu.

Ke hāpai nei i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna kumumanaʻo ma ke ʻano he mea ʻepekema reporter nā pilina o Kelland i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele (SMC), kahi hui PR nonprofit PR kontroversial ma UK e hoʻopili i nā ʻepekema me nā mea kūkala nūhou, a loaʻa iā ia poloka nui loa o ke kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana, me nā makemake o ka ʻoihana kemika.

SMC, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema, "I hoʻouka ʻia i ka makahiki 2002 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e hōʻemi i nā moʻolelo nūhou e hoʻoulu ʻia e nā hui e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, e like me kāna hōʻike hoʻokumu. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo SMC no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā wahi a me nā pilikia olakino kanaka o kekahi mau huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea, e like me mea ʻimi noiʻi he nui nā mea i aʻo i ka hui.

Kelland's bias ma ke aloha i ka hui ua maopopo, e like me ia e hōʻike nei i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō a me ka SMC hōʻike hoʻolaha, hele mau Nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC, ʻōlelo ma Nā papa hana SMC a hui aku nā hālāwai ma India e kūkākūkā e kūkulu ana i kahi keʻena SMC ma aneʻi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland a me kāna mau hoʻoponopono ma Reuters e pane i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna pilina me SMC, a i ʻole i nā loiloi kikoʻī e pili ana i kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Fiona Fox, ka luna o SMC, ʻaʻole i hana pū kāna hui me Kelland ma kāna mau moʻolelo IARC a i ʻole hāʻawi i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻoi aku i nā mea i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha nūhou a SMC. Akaka, eia nō naʻe, ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate a me ka IARC aniani i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe loea SMC a me nā hui ʻoihana e pili ana i kēlā mau kumuhana.

Lawe ʻo Reuters i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema

Ma ka Iune 14, 2017, Reuters paʻiʻia hōʻike kūikawā e Kelland e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Aaron Blair, kahi epidemiologist mai ka US National Cancer Institute a me ka noho o ka IARC panela ma glyphosate, no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā ʻikepili koʻikoʻi mai kāna loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai.

Ua hele ka moʻolelo a Kelland a hiki i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka ʻike i manaʻo ʻia e hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate carcinogenic paha. Eia naʻe ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia akā he wahi liʻiliʻi o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma o kahi papahana lōʻihi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Ke Ola Ola Ola (AHS). Ua paʻi ʻia kahi anamanaʻo o kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate mai ka AHS a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, akā ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia kahi loiloi hou o ka ʻike i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, no ka mea ke kāhea nei nā lula ʻo IARC i ka hilinaʻi wale i ka ʻike i paʻi ʻia.

ʻO kā Kelland palapala kākau a Blair i kāohi ai i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i kūlike ʻole me nā palapala kumu i hoʻokumu ai ʻo ia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hāʻawi aku i nā mea heluhelu i nā loulou i kekahi o kēlā mau palapala, no laila ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke hōʻoia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā hoʻopiʻi no lākou iho. Ua hoʻolaha ākea ʻia kāna mau ʻōlelo hoʻopahūpahū, ua hana hou ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma nā nūhou ʻē aʻe (e like me ʻO Jones Jones) a hoʻouna koke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana lobbying e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā palapala kumu maoli, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka mea ma mua Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo a me kēia manawa ke alakaʻi noiʻi o US Right to Know (ka hui nonprofit kahi aʻu e hana pū ai), waiho ʻia nā hewa a me nā hapa he nui i kā Kelland ʻāpana.

Hāʻawi ke kālailai i mau laʻana o nā kuleana nui i ka ʻatikala a Kelland, me kahi ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e Blair, ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao 300. ka waiho ʻana o Blair alakaʻi ʻia e nā loio o Monsanto, a i ʻole nā ​​palapala kumu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike hōʻike wae a ka waiho ʻana o Blair i nānā ʻole i ka mea i kūʻē i kāna palapala thesis — ʻo kahi laʻana, nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pili o glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me kā Gillam i kākau ai i loko o kahi Huffington Post 'atikala (6 / 18 / 17).

Ua wehewehe pololei ʻole ʻo Kelland i kā Blair waiho ʻana a me nā mea e pili ana ma ke ʻano he “palapala ʻaha,” e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa lākou i ka lehulehu; ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole lākou i waiho ʻia i ka ʻaha, a ua kiʻi ʻia paha mai nā loio a me nā hope. (Loaʻa nā palapala i nā loio i pili i ka hihia, a ua ʻōlelo nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole lākou i hāʻawi iā Kelland.)

Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono i nā hewa i loko o ka ʻāpana, e like me ka hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe e pili ana i ke kumu o nā palapala kumu a me kahi wehewehe kūpono ʻole o kahi kumu nui, statistician Bob Tarone, ma ke ʻano "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua loaʻa iā Tarone loaʻa i kahi uku kūkākūkā mai Monsanto no kāna mau hana e hōʻino i ka IARC.

I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi a USRTK e hoʻoponopono a haʻalele paha i ka ʻatikala Kelland, Reuters Ua kākau ʻo Mike Williams ka luna hoʻoponopono honua ma kahi leka uila ʻo Iune 23:

Ua nānā mākou i ka ʻatikala a me ka hōʻike ʻana i hoʻokumu ʻia ai. ʻO kēlā hōʻike i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka waihona āu e kuhikuhi ai, akā ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia. ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Kate Kelland, ua launa pū me nā poʻe āpau i haʻi ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, a ua aʻo i nā palapala ʻē aʻe. I ka mālamalama o kēlā loiloi, ʻaʻole mākou e noʻonoʻo he pololei ʻole ka ʻatikala a i ʻole e hōʻoia i ka haʻalele ʻana.

Ua hōʻole ʻo Williams e haʻi i ka haʻi wahaheʻe ʻana i nā "palapala ʻaha" a i ʻole ka wehewehe kūpono ʻole o Tarone ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa.

Mai ia manawa, ka mea hana lobbying Reuters ua hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto ua ulu nā wāwae a holo ʻāhiu. He 24 Iune ho'oponopono ma ka ʻO St. Louis Post Dispatch hoʻohui hewa ma luna o ka hōʻike hoʻopunipuni ʻē. Ma ke kau waena o Iulai, e hoʻohana ana nā blog nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau i ka Reuters moʻolelo e hoʻopiʻi ai iā IARC o hoʻopunipuni i nā ʻauhau ʻauhau US, ke wānana nei nā pūnaewele nūhou pro-ʻoihana ka moʻolelo.ke kui hope loa i ka pahu kupapaʻu”O nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa e pili ana i glyphosate, a pūʻulu nūhou ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni e hoʻolaha ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo ma Facebook me kahi poʻo poʻomanaʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻo IARC ua ʻae nā ʻepekema i kahi uhi.

Hoʻouka Bacon

ʻAʻole kēia ʻo ka manawa mua a Kelland i hilinaʻi ai iā Bob Tarone ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna mau pili ʻoihana, i kahi ʻatikala e kūʻē nei iā IARC.

Ma ʻApelila 2016 hoʻokolokolo kūikawā na Kelland, "ʻO wai e ʻōlelo he maikaʻi ʻole ʻo Bacon?," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he hui huikau i maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻepekema. Kūkulu nui ʻia ka ʻāpana ma luna o nā ʻōlelo mai Tarone, ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia nā pili o ka ʻoihana, a hoʻokahi mea nānā inoa ʻole.

"ʻIke maikaʻi ʻole ʻia nā ʻano hana o ka IARC," "ʻaʻole lawelawe maikaʻi i ka lehulehu," nele i ka ʻepekema koʻikoʻi i kekahi manawa, "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no ka ʻepekema," "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no nā keʻena hoʻokele" a hana ka lehulehu "kahi hana hewa," i ʻōlelo nā loiloi.

ʻO ke ʻoihana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Tarone, "naif, inā ʻaʻole ʻepekema" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i hoʻonui ʻia me nā huapalapala nui i kahi poʻo inoa.

Hana ʻo Tarone no ka ʻoihana kākoʻo Ke KeʻenaʻOihana Epidemiology International, a ua pili pū me a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kelepona paʻalima, kālā kālā ʻia ma ka ʻāpana e ka ʻoihana kelepona paʻalima, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i nā kelepona paʻalima, kūlike ʻole ʻimi kālā kālā kūʻokoʻa o ka pukana like.

ʻO nā loiloi ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo bacon a Kelland ʻo Paulo Boffetta, kahi mea ʻepekema ex-IARC i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nāna i kākau i kahi pepa e pale ana i ka asbestos ʻoiai pū kekahi. ka loaʻa kālā ʻana e pale aku ai ka ʻoihana asbestos i ka ʻaha; lāua ʻo Geoffrey Kabat, ka mea hoʻokahi hoʻokaʻawaleʻia me kahi ʻepekema ʻimi kālā-ʻoihana paka e kākau he pepa pale ʻana i ka uahi lua.

Hoʻokau pū ʻo Kabat ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), a hui pūʻulu mua. ʻO ka lā ka Reuters Kaulana ka moʻolelo, Kau ʻo ACSH i kahi mea blog (4 / 16 / 17) kaena ʻana ua hoʻohana ʻo Kelland i kāna kākāʻōlelo ʻo Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻino ai iā IARC.

[E nānā i ka pilina pili ma Malaki 2019: ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

ʻO ka pilina o ka ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, a me kā lākou mōʻaukala o ke kū ʻana i nā kūlana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema mainstream, me he mea lā, no ka mea ua hui pū ʻia ka hōʻike bacon IARC me kahi Kelland. 'atikala e pili ana i glyphosate ka mea i ahewa ʻia ʻo ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo IARC ʻo Chris Portier no ka pili ma muli o kona pili ʻana me kahi hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ka mōʻī hoʻopaʻapaʻa o ka hoihoi i lawelawe i mea e hōʻino ai i kahi leka, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Portier a kau inoa ʻia e 94 ʻepekema, i ho'ākāka 'ia nā "kīnā koʻikoʻi" i ka loiloi' ana i nā pilikia o ka European Union i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻo Portier, a me ka ʻepekema maikaʻi / ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole, ʻū aʻe i loko ʻoihana olakino Nā kahawai PR i ka lā hoʻokahi i hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻatikala Kelland.

Pahu aku ʻo IARC i hope

I ʻOkakopa 2016, i kekahi scoop kū hoʻokahi, Hōʻike ʻo Kelland iā IARC ma ke ʻano he hui malū i noi aku i kona poʻe ʻepekema e kāohi i nā palapala e pili ana i ka loiloi glyphosate. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma nā leka i hāʻawi ʻia iā Kelland e a hui kānāwai pro-ʻoihana.

I ka pane, ua lawe ʻo IARC i ke kapuwai ʻokoʻa o ke kau ʻana i nā nīnau a Kelland a me nā nā pane a lākou i hoʻouna aku ai iā ia, nāna i hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili i waiho ʻia ma waho o ka Reuters moʻolelo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo IARC ua noi aku nā loio a Monsanto i nā ʻepekema e huli i nā palapala kikoʻī a me nā palapala kūkā, a i ka nānā ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē nei iā Monsanto, "ua ʻoluʻolu ʻole ka ʻepekema e hoʻokuʻu ana i kēia mau mea, a manaʻo kekahi ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia lākou." Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ua kū like lākou i ka kaomi like i ka wā i hala e hoʻokuʻu i nā palapala kope e kākoʻo i nā hana kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka asbestos a me ka paka, a aia kahi hoʻāʻo e huki i nā palapala IARC i loko o ka hoʻopiʻi PCB.

ʻAʻole haʻi ka moʻolelo i kēlā mau laʻana, a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo e pili ana i nā palapala ʻepekema kikoʻī e pau ana i nā hoʻopiʻi, akā ua kaumaha kēia ʻāpana i nā loiloi a IARC, e wehewehe nei ma ke ʻano he hui "i kūlike ʻole me nā ʻepekema o ka honua," ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa "me nā loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai e" hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā olakino pono ʻole. "

He "Agendas malu" ʻo IARC a he "hoʻomakeʻaka" kāna mau hana, e like me ka ʻōlelo a kekahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo.

Ua kākau ʻo IARC i ka pane (ke koʻikoʻi i ke kumu):

ʻO ka ʻatikala na Reuters ukali i kahi ʻano o nā hōʻike kūlike akā kuhi hewa hoʻi e pili ana i ka Polokalamu IARC Monographs ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o ka pāpāho e hoʻomaka ana ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

ʻO IARC kekahi kaomi ʻia i hope ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike e pili ana iā Blair, e hōʻike ana i ka hakakā o ka hoihoi me kāna kumuwaiwai ʻo Tarone a me ka wehewehe ʻana ʻaʻole manaʻo ka papahana loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC i nā ʻike i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia, a "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu i kāna loiloi i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia i nā hōʻike pāpāho," akā ma ka "ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana a me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūpono āpau e pili ana i ka lehulehu, e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa, kūʻokoʻa i nā kuleana pono. ”

Haʻiʻolelo agena PR

Ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻEpekema — kahi a Kelland Ua'ōleloʻo ia ua hoʻohuli i kāna hōʻike ʻana - ua hāʻawi ʻia i nā hoihoi, a ua hoʻohewa ʻia no ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā keʻena aupuni, nā kumu a me nā kula nui.

Ma nā helu āpau, pili ka mana o SMC i ke ʻano o ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho i kekahi mau moʻolelo ʻepekema, e kiʻi pinepine nei iā ia manaʻo loea mau ʻōlelo i nā moʻolelo pāpāho a me ka uhi kaʻa me kāna nūpepa paʻi.

E like me kā Kelland i wehewehe ai i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō, "Ma ka hopena o kahi ʻōlelo pōkole, maopopo ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka moʻolelo a me ke kumu o ka nui."

ʻO ia ke kiko o ka hana SMC: e hōʻailona i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i nā moʻolelo a i ʻole nā ​​haʻawina e pono ai ka nānā ʻana, a pehea lākou e pono ai.

I kekahi manawa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka poʻe loea SMC i ka makaʻu a hāʻawi i nā hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā huahana kontroversial a i ʻole ʻenehana. ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe noiʻi i kā SMC mau hana media ma kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a nā mea hana ʻenekinia.

ʻAi ʻia nā hoʻouka SMC i kekahi manawa i ka hana lobbying. A 2013 Nature 'atikala (7 / 10 / 13) ho'ākāka pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo SMC i ke kai eʻe i ka uhi pāpāho o nā embryo holoholona / kanaka hybrid mai nā hopohopo pili pono a i ko lākou mea nui ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi noiʻi - a pēlā i hoʻopau ai i nā lula aupuni.

ʻO ka mea noiʻi pāpāho i hoʻolimalima ʻia e SMC e kālailai i ka pono o kēlā hoʻouka kaua, ʻo Andy Williams o ke Kulanui ʻo Cardiff, i hele mai e ʻike i ke ʻano SMC me he mea lā pilikia, hopohopo paha ia. hoʻopaʻapaʻa hoʻopaʻapaʻa. ʻO Williams ho'ākāka ʻia nā haʻi'ōlelo SMC e like me ka mālama paʻa ʻana i nā hanana e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo hoʻohuli.

Ma ke kumuhana o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate, hāʻawi ʻo SMC i kahi moʻolelo moakāka i kāna mau nūpepa.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC, e like me Nā loea SMC, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokomo i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi," i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka "loiloi ʻiʻihi koho" a me nā hōʻike e "ʻike ʻia he lahilahi" a "ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka nui i kēlā ʻano kūlana kiʻekiʻe." Monsanto a me kekahi hana pūʻulu paipai i nā puanaʻī.

Ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike o ka poʻe loea SMC o nā loiloi weliweli i mālama ʻia e ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) a me ka European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), ka mea i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka glyphosate o nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai kanaka.

Ka hopena a EFSA ua "ʻoi aku ka ʻepekema, pragmatic a kaulike" ma mua o ko IARC, a ʻo ka Hoike a ECHA he pahuhopu, kūʻokoʻa, ākea a "ʻepekema kūpono."

Ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i Reuters ʻū aʻe i nā poʻomanaʻo ʻoihana kākoʻo, a i kekahi manawa hoʻohana i nā loea like, e like me a Nowemapa 2015 moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu i hāʻawi aku ai nā ʻoihana ʻĀulopa i nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate. Ua haʻi pololei kāna moʻolelo i nā loea ʻelua mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu SMC, a laila hōʻuluʻulu lākou i ko lākou mau manaʻo:

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hana ʻia ʻo IARC me ke kahakaha ʻana i kekahi mea i kekahi mau ʻano, akā ʻo ka mea kakaikahi, hiki ke hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ka poʻe. ʻO EFSA, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, hopohopo me nā pōʻino o ke ola maoli a inā, i ka hihia o glyphosate, aia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ai ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā kūlana maʻamau, hāʻawi ka pesticide i kahi pilikia kūpono ʻole i ke olakino kanaka a i ʻole ke kaiapuni.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i ʻelua mau pane pōkole mai nā mea hoʻokele kaiāulu: ua kapa ʻo Greenpeace i ka loiloi EFSA "whitewash," a ʻo Jennifer Sass mai ka ʻAoʻao Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūlohelohe i ʻōlelo ʻo IARC "he ʻoi aku ka ikaika, ka ʻepekema pale a me nā kaʻina lehulehu e pili ana i kahi kōmike kūwaho o nā loea ʻoihana ʻole. . ” (An ʻLelo NRDC ma glyphosate kau ia i kēia ala: "Ua Pololei ʻo IARC, Loaʻa iā EFSA mai Monsanto.")

Ua ukali ka moʻolelo o Kelland i nā ʻōlelo a ka hui kaiapuni me "nā mea loiloi o IARC… e ʻōlelo nei he mea lapuwale ke ʻano o ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana no nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻaʻa nei e hoʻohana i kāna ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i ke ola maoli," a ua hoʻopau ʻia me nā huaʻōlelo a kahi ʻepekema nāna "e hōʻike i ka hoihoi he hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā no Monsanto. ”

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hoʻopiʻi pro-ʻoihana o ka SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Hoʻolohe pono mākou i nā loiloi a pau mai nā kaiāulu ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​mea nūhou nūhou e hana ana no ka pāpāho UK, akā ʻaʻole mākou e loaʻa ka hōʻino no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hōʻole mākou i ka uku no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana, a ke hōʻike nei kā mākou hana i nā hōʻike a me nā ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema kaulana o 3,000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema kontroversial loa, ke manaʻo piha nei mākou i ka hōʻino mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream.

Nā hakakā hakakā a ka poʻe loea

ʻAʻole hōʻike mau ka poʻe loea ʻepekema i kā lākou hakakā hakakā o ka hoihoi i nā nūhou i hoʻopuka ʻia e SMC, a i ʻole i ko lākou kūlana kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai e like me glyphosate.

Hāʻawi ka loea SMC pinepine ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau biokimia ma Imperial College London, i nā manaʻo ma SMC i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma aspartame ("ʻAʻole hopohopo"), glyphosate i ka mimi (ʻaʻohe hopohopo), insecticides a me nā kīnā hānau ("Premature to draw concensions"), waiʻona, ʻO ka palaoa GMO, nā metala, papaʻai rodentʻai a oi.

ka Hoʻoholo a ECHA ʻaʻole kēlā carly gosphosate i kahi carcinogen "e hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia," e like me Boobis, a ʻo ka Hoʻoholo ʻo IARC ʻo ia paha he carcinogenic "ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka pīhoihoi nui," no ka mea ʻaʻole ia i noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻohana ai nā pesticides i ka honua maoli.

ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻo Boobis i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka hoʻokuʻu IARC a i ʻole kekahi o nā hoʻokuʻu SMC mua e hāpai ana i kāna mau ʻōlelo. Akā ua hoʻonāukiuki ʻo ia i hoʻohenehene hakakā-o-ka hoihoi i ka wā i haki ai ka nūhou ua paʻa ʻo ia i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), a pūʻulu kākoʻo ʻoihana, i ka manawa like hui pū ʻo ia me ka hui o ka UN i loaʻa ka glyphosate ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokau i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. (ʻO Boobis i kēia manawa noho o ka Papa Kahu ILSI, a hope pelekikena ad interim o ILSI / ʻEulopa.)

Ua loaʻa iā ILSI nā hāʻawi kālā ʻeono mai Monsanto a me CropLife International, ka hui kālepa pesticide. ʻO Professor Angelo Moretto, ʻo ia ka mea i alakaʻi i ka hui UN ma glyphosate me Boobis, i mālama pū ʻia kūlana alakaʻi ma ILSI. Akā ka panela hai aku ʻaʻohe hakakā o ka hoihoi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland i hōʻike e pili ana i kēlā mau paio, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia kākau e pili ana nā hopena o nā "loea UN" nāna i kala i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua hoʻohana hou ʻo ia i kahi ʻōlelo Boobis mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu kaomi SMC no kahi ʻatikala e pili ana ʻiʻo puaʻa ʻIlani. (Ua haʻahaʻa ka makaʻu i nā mea kūʻai.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka SMC hakakā o ke kulekele hoʻolaha hōʻike hoihoi, a no ke aha i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ai ka pili o Boobis 'ISLI i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Nīnau aku mākou i nā mea noiʻi a pau a mākou e hoʻohana ai e hoʻolako i kā lākou COI a hoʻomohana e hana i kēlā mau mea i ka poʻe nūpepa. E kūlike me nā kulekele COI ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokolokolo i kēlā me kēia COI, ʻoiai mākou e hoʻokipa nei i ka poʻe nūpepa e hana pēlā.

ʻAʻole hiki ke kiʻi ʻia ʻo Boobis no ka ʻōlelo, akā haʻi akuʻo ia kahu, "ʻO kaʻu kuleana ma ILSI (a ʻelua o kāna mau lālā) he lālā lālā o ka lehulehu a he poʻo hoʻi no kā lākou mau papa o nā kahu, nā kūlana i uku ʻole ʻia."

Akā ʻo ka hakakā "ua hoʻonāukiuki i ka hoʻohewa huhū mai nā MEP ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā NGO," ka kahu ua hōʻike ʻia, "ua hoʻonui ʻia e ka hōʻike a ka [UN panel] hoʻokuʻu i ʻelua mau lā ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o EU i ka balota ma glyphosate, a he piliona kālā ia i ka ʻoihana."

A pēlā pū me ka pūnaewele ulana o ka mana e pili ana i nā ʻoihana, nā loea ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ke pāʻani nei ma ke kahua honua ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto. alo i nā hoʻopiʻi ma luna o ka kemika ma muli o ke koi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻimi e hoʻopau i kahi Hana ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer.

I kēia manawa, i ka US, e like me Bloomberg hoike i ka lā 13 o Iulai: “ʻO ke Killer Weed Nui o ka Honua ke Kumu Ka maʻi ʻaʻai? E hoʻoholo ʻo EPA o Trump. ”

Nā ʻelele Reuters e hoʻouna ʻia ma o kēia pūnaewele (aiʻole ma Twitter: @Raiuiona). E ʻoluʻolu e hoʻomanaʻo i ka kamaʻilio mahalo ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

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UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

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Paipai ka Science Media Center i nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema

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ʻO ka Science Media Center (SMC) kahi hui PR nonprofit PR i hoʻomaka ʻia ma UK i loaʻa i kāna poloka nui loa o kālā mai ka ʻoihana nā hui. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, Monsanto, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā hui media, nā keʻena aupuni, nā hoʻokumu a me nā kula nui. Ke hoʻolaha nei ka hiʻohiʻona SMC a puni ka honua a ua nui ka mana i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho o ka ʻepekema, i kekahi manawa i nā ala e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā makaʻi o nā huahana kontroversial a ʻenehana paha. Hōʻike kēia pepa pono i ka mōʻaukala SMC, ke akeakamai, ke ana hoʻohālike kālā, nā hana a me nā hōʻike mai ka poʻe loiloi i ʻōlelo ʻo SMC ke hāʻawi nei i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana, hōʻole kahi ʻano SMC.

e pili pū ana:

Mea nui nui

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Science Media Center ma 2002 i ka pane ʻana i ka "frenzies media ma luna o MMR, nā mea kanu GM a me nā noiʻi holoholona" e kōkua i nā nūhou e hōʻike pono i ka ʻepekema mainstream, e like me ka pepa pono o ka hui.

i kona hōʻike hoʻokumu, Wehewehe ʻo Science Media Center i ka pehea i haku ʻia ai e kamaʻilio:

  • e ulu ana ka "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka manaʻo o ka ʻepekema i ka lehulehu
  • kahi hāʻule o ka mahalo i ka luna a me ka loea
  • kahi kaiāulu kūpilikiʻi kūwaho a me ka uhi pāpāho alarmist a
  • ʻo nā "papa hana pāpāho ʻoi loa" i hoʻohana ʻia e nā kaiaulu NGO e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua.

SMC kūʻokoʻa i kaʻana like i ka palapala hoʻohui like ʻoiai ke hana mua ʻia nei ma Kanada, Australia, New Zealand, Kelemania a me Iapana, a ke hoʻolālā ʻia nei ʻo SMCs ma Palukela a me ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona SMC ka mea nui i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A nāʻike media o nā nūpepa UK ma 2011 a me 2012 i ʻike ka hapanui o nā mea nūpepa nāna i hoʻohana i nā lawelawe SMC ʻaʻole ʻimi i nā kuanaʻike hou aku no kā lākou mau moʻolelo. Hāpai ka hui i ka mana politika. I ka makahiki 2007, ua hoʻōki ʻo SMC i kahi pāpā i hāpai ʻia no nā embryo hybrid kanaka / holoholona me kāna pāʻoihana media e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻana mai nā hopohopo pili i nā pono o nā embryos ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea noiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻokikina ʻana nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema, a no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā pilikia o ke kaiapuni a me ke olakino kanaka o nā huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea. Ua hōʻike nā hōʻike i ka hana a SMC e pahu i ka leka uila ʻoihana kākoʻo a kāpae i nā manaʻo kūʻē i nā kumuhana e like me kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a Nā GMO.

I loko o kahi leka uila, ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele SMC ʻo Fiona Fox ʻaʻole kūlike kāna hui no ka ʻoihana: mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hoʻowahāwahā mākou i ka uku no ka ʻohana ʻoihana pro a hōʻike kā mākou hana i ka hōʻike a me ka ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema koʻikoʻi 3000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema loa kontroversial manaʻo nui mākou i ka hoʻohewa mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream. "

Nā ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka Pūnaewele ʻApekema ʻEpekema

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā mea noiʻi e pili ana i ka mana a me ka laha ʻole o ka Pūnaewele ʻAilana ʻEpekema (hoʻohui ʻia i hoʻonui ʻia i nā huaʻōlelo ma lalo):

  • "Nā Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema ... ua lilo mea koʻikoʻi, akā nā mea pāʻani kontroversial i ka honua o ka journalism. ʻOiai manaʻo kekahi mau mea nūhou he mea kōkua lākou, manaʻo kekahi poʻe he līkū lākou i ke aupuni a me nā ʻepekema ʻoihana. " Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia
  • "Ke hilinaʻi nei i ka mea āu e noi ai, (Luna Hoʻokele SMC) Ke mālama nei paha ʻo Fiona Fox i ka puke pai ʻepekema a i ʻole ke luku ʻana iā ia." ʻO Ewen Callway, Nature
  • "ʻO kahi hōʻemi hōʻemi o nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema UK i kaomi manawa ʻole e hele hou i ke kula a ʻeli no nā moʻolelo. Hele lākou i nā haʻi ʻōlelo i hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ma ka SMC… ʻO ka ua ʻeha ka maikaʻi o ka hōʻike ʻepekema a me ka pololei o ka ʻike i loaʻa i ka lehulehu, e hoʻohuli i ka hiki i ka lehulehu ke hoʻoholo i nā pilikia. ” ʻO Connie St. Louis, Ke Kulanui o Lādana ma Lādana, ma CJR
  • "ʻAʻole ka pilikia e hoʻolaha lākou i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā lākou e ʻōlelo nei, akā ʻo lākou paipai i ka ʻepekema kākoʻo pāʻoihana. " ʻO David Miller, Ke Kulanui o Bath, ma SciDev
  • "No ka poʻe i makapō ʻole ʻia e ka SMA's aura makaʻu, ʻike ʻia ʻo kāna hana hūnā e hōʻoia i ka poʻe nūpepa a me ka pāpāho e hōʻike i nā mea ʻepekema a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau wale nō i kahi ala kūlike i ke 'kulekele' a ke aupuni a me ka ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i nīnau ʻia. " Malcolm Hooper, Kulanui o Sunderland, pepa ma CFS / ME
  • «Maopopo lea ka ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e hoʻolaulaha i ka ʻenehana Biotec a me ke kelepona ʻana. ” ʻO ka pepa Don Maisch ma nā kelepona paʻalima
  • "The ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā haiki o, ma ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. " Paul Mobbs, Nā ʻimi noiʻi kaiāulu ʻo Mobbs
  • "ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, naif politika mau, ʻike ʻole ʻole ʻia e ʻae ʻia i kāna mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi kāhuna politika ʻano ʻē a kolohe hoʻi. " ʻO George Monbiot, ke kahu

ʻO ke kālā kālā ʻepekema Pūnaewele ʻo Science

ʻO kā SMC hapa nui o ke kālā, ma kahi o 30%, hele mai nā hui a me nā hui kālepa. ʻO nā mea kālā e like me ʻAukake 2016 i hui pū ʻia me ka laulā o ke kemika, biotechnology, nukelea, ʻai, lāʻau lapaʻau, kelekaʻaʻike a me nā pono hana hoʻonaninani. ʻO nā mea kālā ʻoihana Agrichemical i hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, BASF, CropLife International, BioIndustry Association a me ka Chemical Industries Association. Mea kālā mua ua hoʻokomo iā Monsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola a me Kraft. Loaʻa iā SMC ke kālā kālā mai kekahi mau pūʻulu, aupuni a me nā hui aʻo.

SMC wahi a ia nā makana pāpale mai kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole ke kula i 5% o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e "pale mai ka mana kūpono ʻole" - hana ʻia nā hoʻokoe no nā makana nui aʻe mai ka Wellcome Trust a me ke aupuni UK. Keʻena no ka ʻoihana, ikaika a me nā ʻoihana papahana.

Mōʻaukala SMC: “Ke Kuhina Nui ʻoiaʻiʻo o Pelekane”

Ma ka hopena o 1990, ua pili ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻepekema a me ka media i kahi wāwahi, wehewehe i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō. "Ma kahi o ka manawa o ka BSE, MMR, nā mea kanu GM, aia he manaʻo maoli o kēia awawa ma waena o nā ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fox i loko o ka wikiō. Ua hana ʻia ʻo SMC "e kōkua i ka hoʻohou hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema e ka hana ʻana e paipai i ke kaʻina kaulike, pololei a kūpono hoʻi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa," e like me kāna kūkākūkā kūkākūkā.

Aia nā palapala hoʻokumu SMC i:

  • Pepeluali 2000 Hoike komite o na Haku Haku ho'ākāka i kahi "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka pilina o ke kaiāulu me ka ʻepekema, a paipai i kahi hana hou i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho.
  • Kepakemapa 2000 “Code o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa / alakaʻi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Na ka Royal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) e paipai i nā alakaʻi no ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema e kūʻē i" ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea i ʻike ʻia he "moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli" kūpono ʻole a me nā mea e hāʻawi nei i nā manaʻolana wahaheʻe i nā maʻi nui. "
  • 2002 Hōʻike Kūkākūkā SMC wehewehe i ke kaʻina ninaninau me nā mea kuleana mai ke aupuni, ʻoihana a me nā pāpāho nāna i hoʻomaopopo pehea e "lawe ai ʻo SMC i ke ala i kiola ʻia e nā Haku… o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻepekema i ka nūhou."

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa koke ka hana SMC. Ua wānana ka mea kākau ʻo Tom Wakeford i ka makahiki 2001 e lilo ʻo SMC i “Kuhina ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo Britain no ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e haʻaheo ai ko George Orwell mau aliʻi hana wahaheʻe.” Ua kākau ʻo ia i loko Ka Luna, "Ua hoʻoholo ka poʻe kiʻekiʻe o ke Aupuni, Royal Society a me Royal Institution i ko lākou waiwai waiwai nui e pono ai ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke Kaʻina Hana: "Kuhi ka Code i nā mea nūpepa e kūkākūkā me nā loea i ʻae ʻia, kahi papa kuhikuhi malū e hāʻawi ʻia i nā" mea kākau inoa i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia me nā palapala hōʻoiaʻiʻo. "

ʻO kā SMC papahana mua - kahi hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni BBC i hōʻike ʻia i nā hua i hana ʻia i loko o kahi kukui maikaʻi ʻole. Ua wehewehe nā ʻatikala iā SMC ma ke ʻano he “pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui kemika nui ”e hana nei "Kahi ʻano o ka hui rebuttal wikiwiki a Mandelsonian"A hoʻohana" kekahi o nā ʻenehana wili clumsiest o New Labor i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino (ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni) ma mua. ”

ʻO Dick Taverne a me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - kahi hana lobby e hoʻololi hou i nā ʻike o ka ʻepekema - i hoʻokumu ʻia ma UK ma 2002 me ka SMC ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Lord Dick Taverne a me nā mea e pili ana i ka SMC. ʻO Lord Taverne kahi SMC Lālā lālā aʻoaʻo a me ia hana pū ʻia ke Kaʻina Hoʻohana SIRC.

He moʻolelo 2016 i Ka-puni na Liza Gross i wehewehe iā Sense About Science a me kāna mau alakaʻi ma ke ʻano he “kahu ponoʻī no ka 'epekema kani'” nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana. Ua wehewehe ʻo Gross i kā Taverne mau ʻoihana paka a me nā hana PR ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ka hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobacco. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana pono ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana a "e ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe." I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema nāna e ʻōlelo kūʻē i nā lula i nele i ka mea haʻi waha ʻole ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994.

Ma waena o kāna papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

Ua wehe ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana o ka wā lōʻihi hui hana kemika ʻo Trevor Butterworth, a me nā hoapili me ka Cornates Alliance i uku kālā ʻia e Gates, a Pūʻulu hoʻolaha GMO.

Nā aʻa Komunista Revolutionary

ʻO nā luna hoʻokumu a me nā luna o ka Science Media Center a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - Luna Hoʻokele SMC Fiona Fox a me SAS Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Tracey Brown - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēlā mau pūʻulu, ua pili pili ʻia ma o ka Revolutionary Communist Party, kahi hui splinter Trotskyist i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka hopena o 1970s ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a ka sociologist. ʻO Frank Ferudi, e like me ka mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Jonathan Matthews, ʻO Zac Goldsmith a ʻO Don Maisch.

ʻO ka hui splinter o Ferudi RCP i komo i loko Noho Marxism, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea i ʻapo i ke kapitalism, individualism a hoʻolahalaha i kahi ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i ka poʻe kaiāulu. e like me kā Monbiot. (Ferudi pane i kēia ʻāpana.) A Ka'ōlelo hoʻopuka e pili ana i kahi hanana LM i ka makahiki 1999 i wehewehe ʻia i ka pūnaewele me he "kūʻē kūʻē i ka hema" (i nā huaʻōlelo a Furedi) me ka manaʻo honua e manaʻo ana ka ʻaoʻao hema "ʻaʻole ia he kumu politika" a ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe i ka mākeke.

"ʻO kekahi o nā ʻāpana ʻē o ka politika kā kēia au ka mana o nā ʻēheu hema hema i holo aku i ka ʻākau," kākau ʻo Monbiot i loko o kahi 2003 kikokikona e wehewehe nei i nā pilina ma waena o Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center, nā poʻe i pili me kēlā mau hana a me nā loulou i ka pūnaewele LM:

"He kuhi wale paha kēia a pau? Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole pēlā. Akā ʻaʻole maʻalahi e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu o kēia hanana. Ke nānā nei mākou i kahi hui e makemake ana i ka mana nona iho, a i ʻole kekahi ma hope o kahi hoʻolālā politika, kahi o kēia keʻehi waena. ʻO ka mea e hiki ai iaʻu ke ʻōlelo aʻe, ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naif politika mau ia, me ka ʻike ʻole ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau pono e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi pūnaewele politika ʻano ʻē a moʻomeheu hoʻi. Ma mua loa o ke kūkulu hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema a me ka lāʻau lapaʻau, hiki i ka ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni o kēia hui ke hoʻopau hope loa iā ia. ”

Tactics

ʻO ka SMC ma UK wahi āna kahi waihona pūnaewele me 2700 mau loea a ʻoi aku ma mua o 1200 mau luna paʻi, a me nā papa inoa leka me nā mea kākau moʻolelo he 300 e kū ana i kēlā me kēia puka nūhou nui o UK. Hoʻohana ʻo SMC i ʻekolu mau hana nui e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻepekema, e like me kāna kiʻi wikiō:

  1. ʻO ka pane wikiwiki i ka wāwahi ʻana i nā nūhou me nā ʻōlelo manaʻo: Ke haki ka moʻolelo ʻepekema, "i loko o nā minuke he mau leka uila SMC i loko o nā pahu leta o kēlā me kēia mea kamaʻilio aupuni e hāʻawi nei i ka poʻe loea," wahi a Fox.
  2. Ke kiʻi mua ʻana i nā mea kūkala nūhou me ka noiʻi hou. Ua loaʻa iā SMC "ke kuleana kūpono e pili ana i 10-15 mau puke pai ʻepekema ma mua o ka hāpai ʻana o ka embargo" i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomākaukau i nā ʻōlelo mua mai nā poʻe loea ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hōʻailona ana inā he kūpono nā noi hou a pehea lākou e pono ai.
  3. Ke hoʻonohonoho nei ma kahi o 100 kaomi puʻupuʻu kahi makahiki i "hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi" ma ka nui o nā kumuhana ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa e like me ka nukelea neoneo, biotechnology a me nā maʻi e kū nei.

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻohuli a me ka hoʻokalakiko

Ua hōʻike kekahi mau mea noiʻi a me nā kālaiʻike i ka mea a lākou e ʻōlelo nei ʻo ka hoʻokūkū pro-ʻoihana o SMC i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa, a me ka nui o ka hilinaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe nūpepa i ka manaʻo loea o SMC e hoʻopaʻa i nā moʻolelo ʻepekema.

Ka nele i nā kuanaʻike like ʻole

Ua loiloi ʻo Professor Connie St. Louis o ke Kulanui o City, Lākana, i ka hopena o SMC i ka hōʻike ʻepekema ma nā nūpepa ʻāina he 12 ma 2011 a me 2012, a loaʻa:

  • ʻAʻole hoʻohana ʻo 60% o nā ʻatikala e uhi ana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
  • 54% o nā "hōʻike manaʻo loea" i hāʻawi ʻia e SMC i ka haʻihaʻi nūhou i loko o ka manawa i uhi ʻia i loko o ka nūhou
    • I kēia mau moʻolelo, ʻaʻole hoʻohana ʻo 23% i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
    • ʻO kēlā mau mea i hana, 32% wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai kūwahi i hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo kūʻē i ka mea i hāʻawi ʻia e ka loea i ka hopena SMC.

"He nui aku nā mea nūpepa ma mua o ka pono e hoʻohana wale nei i nā loea mai ka SMC a ʻaʻole e nīnau i nā kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa," hoʻopau ʻo St.

ʻAʻole ʻepekema mau ka poʻe loea

Ua kālailai ʻo David Miller, polopeka o ka sociology mai ke Kulanui o Bath, UK, i ka ʻikepili SMC ma ka pūnaewele a ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act, a hōʻike ʻia:

  • ʻAʻole kekahi o ka 20 o ka poʻe akamai he nui loa i haʻi ʻia ma SMC ʻaʻole he ʻepekema, e like me ka wehewehe ʻana ma ka loaʻa ʻana i kahi PhD a me ka hana ʻana ma kahi keʻena noiʻi a i ʻole kahi kaiāulu ʻike kiʻekiʻe, akā he poʻe lobbyist no a me nā CEO o nā hui ʻoihana.
  • ʻAʻole i hōʻike piha loa ʻia nā kumuwaiwai kālā ma ka pūnaewele.
  • ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia no ka makemake o SMC i kahi mea leʻaleʻa, akā ua makemake ia i nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a me nā kumuhana i uhi ʻia "e hōʻike i nā mea nui a kā lākou mea kālā."

"Inā ʻōlelo ʻoe e ʻōlelo i nā ʻepekema a hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lobbyist a me nā NGO, eia ka nīnau: pehea ʻoe e koho ai i nā lobbyists a i ʻole nā ​​NGO e loaʻa? No ke aha ʻoe i loaʻa ʻole ai i nā lobbyist e kūʻē nei i ka hoʻokolohua kūlohelohe a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o Greenpeace e hōʻike nei i ko lākou manaʻo ma mua o ke kūlana bioindustry? Hōʻike maoli kēlā i nā ʻano bias e hana nei, "wahi a Miller.

Lanakila ka wili rautaki ma luna o nā embryos hybrid kanaka / holoholona

I ka 2006, i ka wā a ke aupuni UK i manaʻo ai e pāpā ana i nā ʻepekema mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā embryos hybrid kanaka-holoholona, ​​ua hoʻohui like ka SMC i nā hana e hoʻohuli i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho mai nā hopohopo a me ka mea nui o nā embryos hybrid ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū SMC "he lanakila lanakila ma nā pilina pāpāho" a "kuleana nui no ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ke kai eʻe o nā embryo hybrid kanaka," e like me kā Andy Williams, he mea noiʻi nūhou ma ke Kulanui o Cardiff, UK, nāna i alakaʻi i kālailai ma ka ʻaoʻao o SMC a me nā mea kākoʻo kaiāulu.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Williams:

  • Ma mua o 60% o nā kumuwaiwai i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me nā mea kūkala olakino - nā mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC - i kākoʻo i ka noiʻi, a hoʻokahi hapahā wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai i kūʻē iā ia.
  • Ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, ua kamaʻilio ka poʻe nūpepa ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC i nā ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻemi a ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea kūʻē.

"Ua hopohopo ʻo Williams i kēia manawa no ka hana a SMC i alakaʻi ai i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e hāʻawi i ka mahalo nui i nā ʻepekema, a na ia mea i kāohi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa," Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala kūlohelohe. He nīnauele me Williams i ʻO SciDevNet hōʻike pūʻulu:

"ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e wehewehe ai i nā ʻōlelo pōkole [SMC media briefing] koʻikoʻi he manawa kūpono ia na ka ʻepekema e wehewehe i ka ʻepekema i kā lākou ʻōlelo ponoʻī, akā - koʻikoʻi - ma ke ala kūlike ʻole a waiwai ʻole hoʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. Akā nānā kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia mau hanana i mālama nui ʻia e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo persuasive, ua hoʻohui ʻo ia, a ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia lākou e hoʻopaʻa i ka hopena o ka pāpāho no nā ʻepekema e pili ana. Ua hānai ʻia nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema loea i ka "kōkua kālā ʻike" e ka SMC a ʻoi aku paha ka nui o ka manaʻo ma mua o nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo i nā kumu pro-hybridisation, i ʻōlelo ʻo Williams.

Paipai i ka ʻike ʻoihana ma fracking

E like me ka Pepeluali 2015 ka nānā ʻana pāpāho alakaʻi ʻia e Paul Mobbs o Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, ua hāʻawi ʻo SMC i nā ʻōlelo loea he nui e pili ana i ka fracking ma waena o 2012-2015, akā ʻo ka lima o nā ʻepekema i hoʻomalu i ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka mai nā kula me nā pilina kālā me ka ʻoihana wahie fossil a i ʻole nā ​​papahana noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

"Ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā ʻololī o, i ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ke kūlana ʻoihana o ka poʻe e pili ana, a ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia me nā kūmole i nā hōʻike e hōʻoia i ko lākou pono. A ʻo kēia, ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ka pāpāho me ka nīnau ʻole. ”

"I ka hihia o ka shale gas, ʻaʻole hāʻawi ka SMC i kahi ʻike kaulike o nā hōʻike i loaʻa, a me nā kānalua ʻole, i nā hopena o ka aila a me ka ʻaila kū ʻole. Ke hāʻawi nei ia i nā ʻōlelo mai nā mea ʻepekema e hōʻike nui ana i kahi manaʻo o 'UK hoʻokumu', e nānā ʻole i ke kino holoʻokoʻa o nā hōʻike i loaʻa i kēia pilikia mai USA, ʻAukekulia a me Kanada. "

Ke hōʻino nei i ka maʻi luhi maʻi maʻi 

A Kōpana 2013 na Malcolm Hooper, Polofesa Emeritus o Medicinal Chemistry, University of Sunderland, UK, i hoʻopiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā manaʻo o kekahi mau kauka lapaʻau, me ka hōʻole ʻole e hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema biomedical a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka "ideology a me ka propaganda o nā hui hoihoi" i loko o kāna pāpāho. hana i ka maʻi luhi mau loa / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Hōʻike ka pepa a Hooper e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o ka SMC a me nā mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa CFS / ME me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana ʻinikua, a hāʻawi i nā hōʻike o ka mea a Hooper i hōʻike ai e like me ka hoʻouka kaua a SMC e hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe me CFS / ME, a me kāna mau hana e hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka PACE nā hopena hoʻokolokolo i ka pāpāho. Pau ʻo ia, "ʻO kahi hui e hana i nā ʻano ʻepekema ākea loa ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa i kahi kuleana kūpono e hōʻike i ka ʻepekema."

No nā ʻike SMC, ʻike Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo 2018 ma CFS / ME "ka maʻi a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa."

ʻO ka palekana kelepona paʻalima a me nā mea kōkua telecom

A Kōpana 2006 na Don Maisch, PhD, "hāpai i nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi no ke kūlike ʻole o ke kuhi SMC i ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema ke hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe loea e pili ana i nā pilikia hakakā inā he kuleana kekahi o ka SMC." Nānā ka pepa Maisch i nā kamaʻilio SMC e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka uila uila a me ka palekana kelepona paʻalima, a hāʻawi i ka mea āna i kapa ai he "moʻolelo uncensored o ke ʻano SMC o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema."

"ʻIke ʻia ka papahana o ka SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e paipai i ka ʻenehana ʻo Biotec a me nā telecommunications. Hōʻike paha kēia i ke kumu e hiki ai i ka poʻe me ka ʻole o ka māka maoli i ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema e kiʻi i nā kūlana i lilo i maka lehulehu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema Pelekane. Hoʻomaopopo pū ia ke kumu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema a me ka hoʻokumu olakino o UK, e ʻike nei i kahi ʻāpana nui o ke kālā ʻepekema e loaʻa mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, he mau hoa makemake e ʻae i nā ʻoihana PR me kahi papahana i hoʻoholo mua ʻia e kamaʻilio no lākou a lanakila i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni no ka pono o ka lehulehu. . ”

Ke pale nei iā GMO

E like me ka mea i iho mai ma luna, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻaoʻao ʻepekema ʻelua a me kāna hui kaikuahine ʻo Sense About Science me nā papahana e pale ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Hāʻawi pinepine ʻo SMC i ka poʻe loea e loiloi i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. ʻO nā laʻana me:

I ka 2016, ua hoʻoneʻe ka ʻepekema i nā kūʻē loea o SMC a lākou i kuhi hewa ai i kā lākou hana ma GMO ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i alakaʻi ʻia e Michael Antoniou, PhD, poʻo o ka Gene Expression and Therapy Group, King's College London School of Medicine, a paʻi ʻia ma Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohana 'ana i ka pelekikena mole e hoʻohālikelike i ka mānoanoa o GMO i kona ʻaoʻao non-GM a hōʻike ʻia ʻo ka huaʻōla GM a me GM ʻole "ʻaʻole like iki." Ua hoʻopuka ʻo SMC i kahi nā hopena loea hoʻowahāwahā i ke aʻo ʻana, a ʻaʻole e ʻae i nā mea kākau e pane a hoʻoponopono paha i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o SMC, e like me nā mea kākau noiʻi.

"ʻAʻole pololei kēia mau manaʻo [i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka hoʻokuʻu SMC] a no laila hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i kā mākou pepa. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia mākou ʻaʻole ia ka kulekele o ka Science Media Center e kau ai i nā pane, e like me kā mākou, i nā ʻōlelo a ke komisina / kau ma kā lākou pūnaewele, "wahi a Antoniou. Nā mea kākau hoʻopaʻa haʻawina Kau ʻia kā lākou pane ma aneʻi.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Rebeka Wilce ka mea kākau moʻolelo i PR Nānā i ka 2014 ma kekahi mau laʻana o ka pro-GMO bias ma nā kamaʻilio SMC. Ua kākau ʻo ia:

Kāhea ʻo SMC iā ia iho i wahi kikowaena haʻiʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa no nā pilikia ʻepekema. Eia nō naʻe, nīnau ka poʻe loiloi i kona kūʻokoʻa mai ka ʻoihana GMO - me ka ʻōlelo a ka hui e hāʻawi wale ana kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole nā ​​mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe i ʻelima pākēneka o ka loaʻa kālā o ka hui. e hoʻolako i nā wili GMO hou aʻe ma aneʻi.

ʻO SMC alakaʻi ʻia ka pane i kahi noi 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā tumors i nā holoholona lab i hānai ʻia nā GMO i kahi noiʻi hānai wā lōʻihi. Ua hōʻino ākea ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma ka nūpepa, ua unuhi ʻia e ka puke pai mua a hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻē aʻe.

ʻO Media Coverage

ʻO Columbia Journalism Review ʻekolu ʻāpana moʻo, Iune 2013, "Nā Pūnaewele ʻApekema Pūnaewele a me ka Press"

Nature, na Ewen Callaway, Iulai 2013, "Pūnaewele ʻepekema: Ke kikowaena o ka nānā; Hoʻoholo ʻo Fiona Fox a me kāna Science Media Center e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka paʻi paʻi o Britain. Ke hoʻolaha nei ke k aroundkohu a puni ka honua ”

Nature, na Colin Macilwain, "ʻElua mau lāhui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e kahi kumu maʻamau: ʻO nā hoʻolālā e hoʻohālikelike i ko Britain Media Science Center ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiha ʻia me ka makaʻu"

Maikaʻi, na Stacy Malkan, Iulai 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?"

ʻO SciDevNet, na Mićo Tatalović, Mei 2014, "ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka UK Media Science Center no ka hoʻokuke ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana" Center lamb

Nānā PR, na Rebekah Wilke, ʻApelila 2014, "Hoʻolaha ka Science Media Center Pro-GMO Line"

Ma ka hui pili Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema:

ʻO ke kuʻina, na Liza Gross, Nowemapa 2016, "Kanalua kanalua: Pehea nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'epekema kani' e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana."

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema-USA Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Trevor Butterworth Spins ʻEpekema no ka ʻOihana

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hoʻouka aku i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

ʻO Monsanto Spin Doctors Target Target Scientist Ka maʻi maʻi i Flawed Reuters Story

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I loko o kahi hoʻokahuli pāʻoihana i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia a hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā hoa aloha i kēia pule i kahi pōkā pahū ma luna o nā mea kūʻē e ʻimi nei e hōʻoia i ka mea aloha a ka hui ʻo Roundup herbicide ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

A moʻolelo i hoʻolaha ākea i paʻi ʻia i ka lā 14 o Iune i loko o ka nūhou o ka honua ʻO Reuters (kahi aʻu i hana ai ma mua) ua kau ʻia ka mea i ʻike ʻia he moʻolelo scandalos o ka ʻike huna a me kahi ʻepekema ʻūlū, nā hōʻike "kū hoʻokahi" i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka moʻolelo i hiki ke hoʻololi i kahi kūlana koʻikoʻi 2015 i pili. ʻO Monsanto's Roundup i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a nā nalu i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē iā Monsanto.

He blockbuster ia o kahi moʻolelo, a ua hana hou ʻia e nā hui nūhou a puni ka hona, i hoʻokau ʻia e nā hoʻolaha paʻi mai nā hui i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto a pu ʻia e nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e like me ka American Chemistry Council.

Ua hewa a kuhi hewa hoʻi i nā ʻano koʻikoʻi.

Kākau ʻia e ka mea kākau moʻolelo o Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland, nona ka moʻolelo o nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā pono ʻoihana mea mahiʻai, ua hoʻopiʻi ka ʻāpana i kahi epidemiologist kiʻekiʻe mai ka US National Cancer Institute no ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema "koʻikoʻi" me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e like me hana pū lākou āpau i ka loiloi ʻana i ka glyphosate lāʻau make no ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Ua loiloi kēlā hui i kahi hui ākea o ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate a hoʻoholo ʻia i Malaki o 2015 e hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka pesticide ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. Inā paha i ʻike ka hui i kēia ʻike nalowale, he ʻokoʻa paha ka hopena, e like me kā Reuters.

Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka moʻolelo i ka manawa kūpono glyphosate a me Roundup i waenakonu o ka hoʻopiʻi nui ʻana ma United States a ma lalo o ka loiloi ʻia e US a me nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa. Ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o IARC, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Monsanto e ka poʻe he nui aʻe ma mua o ka 1,000 ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa nāna i koi ʻo lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL) mai ka hōʻike ʻana i ka Roundup glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia a Monsanto a hiki i ka hui a me nā hihia ke hoʻomaka e hele hoʻokolokolo i kēia makahiki aʻe. ʻO Roundup ka mea kanu lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a lawe mai i mau piliona kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki no Monsanto. Koi ka hui i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia o ka IARC pono ʻole a hōʻoia ʻia e palekana ka kemika e nā makahiki he umi o ka noiʻi.

No laila, he moʻolelo nui ia i kuhi i nā helu nui no Monsanto i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka palekana glyphosate. Akā ʻo ka ʻeli ʻana i loko o ka sourcing a me ke ʻano wae o ka ʻāpana Reuters e akāka ai ʻaʻole wale ka hemahema o ka moʻolelo, akā he ʻāpana ia o kahi hana hoʻomau a hana pono ʻia e Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hōʻino i kā IARC hana.

Aia ma loko o ka moʻolelo i ʻelua mau hewa maoli i ʻike ʻia e hele i ka hilinaʻi o kāna kumuhana. ʻO ka moʻolelo i ʻōlelo ʻia he "palapala ʻaha" ma ke ʻano he kumu kumu inā ʻaʻole i waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha a no laila ʻaʻole i loaʻa ākea nā nūpepa a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o ka lehulehu e komo. ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i nā loulou i nā palapala āna i kuhikuhi ai akā akāka akāka ka ʻike nui ʻia o kāna ʻike ma luna o kahi waiho mai o Aaron Blair, ka epidemiologist National Cancer Institute i alakaʻi i ka hui hana ʻo IARC ma glyphosate, a me nā leka uila e pili ana a me nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe. Ua loaʻa iā Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ke kaʻina hana no ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup e kali nei i ka ʻaha pekelala ma Kapalakiko. Ma ka helu ʻana i nā palapala o ka ʻaha, ua hōʻalo ʻo Kelland i ka kamaʻilio ʻana inā paha ʻaʻole i hānai ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea kōkua iā ia i nā moʻolelo iā ia. A ma muli o ka hāʻawi ʻole o ka ʻatikala i kahi loulou i ka waiho ʻana o Blair, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike i ke kūkākūkā piha ʻana o ka noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​manaʻo he nui e Blair o kekahi mau noiʻi ʻē aʻe e hōʻike ana i nā loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ke hāʻawi nei au i ka waihona Eia, a e hōʻike ana ua noi wau a loaʻa iā ia mai nā loio i pili i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Kelland moʻolelo.

ʻO ka lua, pili ka moʻolelo i kekahi manaʻo anti-IARC o kahi ʻepekema ʻo Bob Tarone a kuhikuhi iā ia ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa", kekahi "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland iā Tarone me ka ʻōlelo ʻana he loiloi a piha ʻole ka loiloi a IARC o ka glyphosate. Koe, e like me ka ka ʻikepili i hāʻawi ʻia e IARC, Mamao loa ʻo Tarone mai ke kūʻokoʻa ʻana iā Monsanto; Ua ʻike ʻo Tarone i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he kūkākūkā uku ʻo ia iā Monsanto, a kahi ʻāpana i ʻōlelo ʻia e Reuters a kākau ʻia e Tarone i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ma kahi puke ʻepekema ʻEulopa e nānā hou ʻia nei e hōʻike i ka hakakā o Tarone o ka hoihoi, e like me ka IARC, i ʻōlelo ai e kamaʻilio pū ana me kēlā puke pai.

Akā ʻoi aku ka mea nui aʻe ma mua o nā hewa ʻo ke ʻano o ke koho ʻana i ka moʻolelo i ka huki ʻana mai ka waiho ʻana o Blair. ʻAʻole nānā ka moʻolelo i nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pilina glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua kau ʻia ma ka ʻike o Blair. hoʻokahi noiʻi noiʻi ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia ke holomua nei nō kēlā. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka moʻolelo i ka kuhi manaʻo inā paha ua hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻikepili a paʻi ʻia i ka manawa e loiloi ʻia e IARC a me nā manaʻo hou e Blair, i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kahi loio Monsanto, inā ua pau a inā ua paʻi ʻia hiki ke kōkua i ka pale nā ʻike ʻē aʻe IARC i ʻike ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā pilina maʻi ʻaʻai maikaʻi.

ʻO kēlā noiʻi, ʻāpana o kahi papahana hoʻomau nui e nā mea noiʻi aupuni o US i kapa ʻia ʻo Ke Ola Ola Ola, komo pū me nā haneli he nui o nā noiʻi a me nā makahiki o ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā hopena pesticide i nā mahiʻai. ʻO Blair, ka mea i hoʻomaha loa mai ka National Cancer Institute ma 2007, ʻaʻole ia i alakaʻi i kēlā noiʻi akā he ʻāpana o kahi kime ʻepekema i ka makahiki 2013 e kālailai ana i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka hoʻohana pesticide a me ka pilikia o ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka ʻikepili kikoʻī i ka glyphosate i ka pili i ka NHL akā i ka hana ʻana e paʻi i kahi pepa e pili ana i nā ʻikepili āpau a ka hui i hōʻiliʻili ai, ua hoʻoholo lākou e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka nānā ʻana i nā insecticides a ma 2014 ua hoʻopuka i kahi pepa ma ia hana. ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻia ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate a me NHL, a ʻōlelo kekahi mau ʻepekema kamaʻāina i ka hana ʻaʻole i alualu ʻia ka lōʻihi o ka manawa e ka poʻe akā hāʻawi ʻia ka NHL he 20 a ʻoi paha mau makahiki e hoʻomohala ai. ʻO kahi hōʻuluʻulu o ka ʻikepili ma mua e nā mea noiʻi AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i paʻiʻia ma 2005 a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC. Akā ma muli o ka paʻi ʻole ʻia o ka ʻike hou ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC.

Wahi a Blair, ʻo ka hoʻoholo e kaupalena i ka hana i paʻi ʻia i nā insecticides e hana i ka ʻikepili i hiki ke mālama ʻia a ua hana maikaʻi ʻia ma mua o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o IARC e nānā ana i glyphosate ma 2015.

"ʻO ke kānāwai ke nānā wale ʻoe i nā mea i paʻi ʻia," haʻi mai ʻo Blair iaʻu i kēia pule ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka moʻolelo Reuters. "He aha lā inā e hāwanawana ka poʻe āpau i nā mea a lākou i ʻike ai ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia a hoʻoholo ʻia e pili ana i kēlā?" Ua hōʻoia ʻo IARC ʻaʻole ia e noʻonoʻo i ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻole ʻia. I kāna waihona, ʻōlelo ʻo Blair ʻaʻohe mea i hoʻololi i kona manaʻo e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me ka NHL.

ʻO ka Epidemiologist a me ka ʻepekema o ke Kulanui o Toronto ʻo John McLaughlin, ka mea i noho ma ka hui hana glyphosate no IARC me Blair, i ʻōlelo mai iaʻu i loko o kahi leka i kēia pule i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā hana i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e Reuters i hoʻololi ʻole i kāna ʻike i ka pono o ka IARC. hopena ma glyphosate kekahi.

Waiho pū ʻia hoʻi ma waho o ka moʻolelo Reuters - ka waihona a me kahi kope kope o ka hoʻopaʻa noiʻi ʻana e hōʻike nei aia he mau hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena o ka AHS ma muli o nā pūʻulu "ʻano liʻiliʻi" o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia. A ʻo ka mea nui hoʻi, ua haʻalele ka hōʻike Reuters i kā Blair kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana no ka North American Pooled Project, kahi i komo ai, a aia pū kekahi ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me ka NHL akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi ia iā Monsanto. A sinopsis o kēlā papahana ua hōʻike ʻia i ka International Society for Environmental Epidemiology ma 2015 i hōʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate no ʻelima mau makahiki a hoʻonui i ka nui o ka loaʻa o ka NHL, a ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka makaʻikaʻi no nā poʻe i mālama i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau lā o ka makahiki. ʻO kēlā ʻikepili, e like me ka ʻikepili AHS hou, ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.

"I ka heluhelu ʻia ʻana o kā transcript palapala waiho kālā a Dr. Blair, hōʻike ia ʻaʻole i mālama hewa ʻia kahi mea mai IARC," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka loio o ka Plaintiffs ʻo Aimee Wagstaff. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻohana ana ʻo Monsanto i nā ʻāpana o ka waiho kālā e "hoʻonui i kāna papahana i ka pāpāho."

I ka epidemiologist ʻo Peter Infante, ka mea i lilo ma mua o 20 mau makahiki e alakaʻi ana i kahi ʻāpana ʻailakino ma ka ʻOihana Hoʻokele a me ka Health Administration a ua kālailai ʻia kahi kino o ka noiʻi epidemiology e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hōʻike no ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema Environmental Agency (EPA) i Kēkēmapa. unuhi ʻia i ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ko Monsanto kūlana i makemake nui ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻole.

"He mau noiʻi ʻē aʻe kāu e hōʻike ana i ka pane o ka lāʻau," ua haʻi ʻo ia iaʻu. "ʻAʻole kēia aʻo olakino mahiʻai i ka pae gula. No glyphosate a me NHL ʻaʻole lākou i ukali i ka manawa lōʻihi o ka poʻe. ʻOiai inā ua paʻi ʻia ka ʻikepili a noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC aia ia i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o nā hopena noiʻi ʻē aʻe. "

A ʻo ka mea hope loa, i kahi hoʻokae ʻē, ʻaʻole hōʻike ka moʻolelo e pili ana ʻo Kelland iā ia iho i ka pili paʻa loa iā Monsanto a me nā hoa aloha. Ua kōkua ʻo Kelland i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, kahi hui nona ka pahuhopu e hoʻopili i kekahi mau ʻepekema e like me Tarone me nā mea nūpepa e like me Kelland, a loaʻa ka poloka nui o nā kālā mai nā ʻoihana e hoʻopili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, ko Monsanto hoa hui pū me Bayer AG, DuPont a me ka lobbyist ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻo CropLife International. Kelland ʻike ʻia i he wikiō hoʻolaha no SMC e hoʻokani nei i ka hui a kākau i kahi moʻolelo e paʻi ana i ka SMC i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kahi Hōʻike hoʻolaha SMC.

Ma ke ʻano he mea nūhou ʻo Reuters no 17 mau makahiki (1998-2015) maopopo iaʻu ka waiwai o kahi "kū hoʻokahi." ʻO ka nui o nā scoops e loaʻa ai kahi mea kākau, ʻo nā helu bonus hou a mahalo kiʻekiʻe mai nā luna hoʻoponopono. He ʻōnaehana ia i ʻike ʻia i nā keʻena nūhou he nui a hana nui ia ke paipai ʻia i ka journalism investigative dogged. Akā ʻike ʻo nā ʻoihana ikaika e like me Monsanto i ka makemake o ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e pae i waho o ka ʻāina a ʻike i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka mea i makemake ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa me ka hoʻohiki o ka exclusivity hiki ke lawelawe maikaʻi i kā lākou pilina pili lehulehu. E hāhai i ka moʻolelo i hānai lima ʻia me kahi hoʻokuʻu nūhou mai kahi puka i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana a kāhea i kahi hoʻokolokolo mai ka hui ʻoihana American Chemistry Council a he gula gula kāu.

ʻO ka mea āu ʻole ka ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻO ka hakakā o ka hoihoi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana ʻo Cloud Glyphosate

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Na Carey Gillam

Ua hala iki aku ia i hoʻokahi makahiki mai ko ka World Health Organization (WHO) ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai i ke keiki punahele a ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO ka hui, ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i hoʻolaha aku i ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make (glyphosate) i hoʻohana nui ʻia e ka honua.

Mai ia manawa, ʻo Monsanto Co., ka mea e huki ana i ka hapakolu o kāna $ 15 biliona i loaʻa kālā makahiki mai kāna huahana huaʻai lāʻau Roundly branded glyphosate, (a me ka hapa nui o ke koena mai nā ʻenehana kanu ahonui-glyphosate-tolerant) i kahi mikiona e hoʻopau i ka ʻIke ʻIARC. Ma o ka pūʻali koa koa i komo pū me nā luna ʻoihana, nā loea pili i ka lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema o ke kulanui lehulehu, ua kāhea ka ʻoihana e pāpā i kā IARC hana ma glyphosate.

Pehea e kūleʻa ʻole ai kēlā mau hoʻoikaika ʻana he nīnau ākea ia. Akā manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau pane ma hope o ka hālāwai i mālama ʻia i kēia pule ma Geneva, Switzerland. An "Hui ʻepekema loea kūwaho" ʻike ʻia ʻo JMPR ke nānā nei i kā IARC hana ma glyphosate, a ke manaʻo ʻia nei nā hopena e hāʻawi i nā mea hoʻokele a puni ka honua i alakaʻi no ka pehea e ʻike ai i ka glyphosate.

ʻO ka hui, i ʻike kūhelu ʻia ʻo ka Hui Joint FAO-WHO ma nā Pesticide Residues (JMPR), lawelawe pū ʻia e ka Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) a me WHO. Hui pinepine ʻo JMPR e nānā i nā koena a me nā ʻanalike o nā pesticides, e koho ai i nā koena koena kiʻekiʻe, a me ka nānā ʻana i ka ʻikepili toxological a kuhi i nā ʻai i kēlā me kēia lā (ADI) no nā kānaka.

Ma hope o ka hālāwai o kēia pule, e hoʻomaka ana e holo mai Mei 9-13, manaʻo ʻia e hoʻopuka ʻo JMPR i kahi moʻo ʻōlelo e hele aku i ka FAO / WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Codex Alimentarius e FAO a hoʻomohala ka World Health Organization i nā kaulike kaulike o ka honua ma ke ʻano he mea e pale aku ai i ke olakino mea kūʻai aku a paipai i nā hana kaulike i ke kālepa meaʻai.

Ka hālāwai hele mai ʻoiai e hakakā ana nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US me kā lākou loiloi ponoʻī a pehea e pane ai i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC. Hele mai nō ʻo ia e like me kā Monsanto nānā ʻana no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kāna mau koi no ka palekana glyphosate.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Glyphosate i kahi lynchpin no ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā lāʻau make o ka hui akā no kāna mau ʻanoʻano genetically i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka pīpī ʻia me ka glyphosate. Ke pale aku nei ka ʻoihana iā ia iho kekahi mau hoʻokolokolo kahi a ka poʻe mahiʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ʻōlelo ai ua ʻaelike lākou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i pili i ka glyphosate a ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto, akā hūnā, i nā pilikia. A, kahi ʻōlelo hōʻeuʻeu o kā IARC papa inoa glyphosate hiki ke kōkua i ka ʻoihana i kona hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka mokuʻāina ʻo Kaleponi, ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻoki i ka mokuʻāina mai ka hāhai ʻana i ka hoʻonohonoho IARC me kahi inoa like.

Aia i ka hopena o ka JMPR, e hoʻoholo ka Codex i nā hana e pili ana i ka glyphosate, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka haʻi ʻōlelo o WHO ʻo Tarik Jasarevic.

"ʻO kā JMPR hana e alakaʻi i ka loiloi no ka mahiʻai a me ka loiloi ʻana i nā pōʻino olakino i nā mea kūʻai mai nā koena i loaʻa i ka meaʻai," i ʻōlelo ʻo Jasarevic

Ke nānā pono ʻia nei ka hopena o ka hālāwai JMPR e kekahi mau kaiaulu a me nā hui e makemake ana e ʻike i nā kūlana palekana hou no glyphosate. A ʻaʻole me ka hopohopo ʻole. ʻO ka hui ʻana, ʻo ia hoʻi ka ʻAha Kūkākūkā Kūlohelohe Kūlohelohe a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, ua hōʻike ʻo ia i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka ʻaha aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo loea. ʻIke ʻia kekahi mau pilikino i ka pili kālā a me ka ʻoihana iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana kemika, e like me ka hui ʻana.

ʻO ka hoʻohuihui hōʻike kikoʻī i nā hopohopo me nā pili lālā i ka mea ʻole International Life Science Institute (ILSI), i kālā kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, nā meaʻai a me nā lāʻau. ʻO kā Institute papa kahu komo pū nā luna mai Monsanto, Syngenta, DuPont, Nestle a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, ʻoiai ʻo kāna papa inoa o nā lālā a me nā hui kākoʻo e komo pū me kēlā a me nā mea hou aku nā hopohopo no ka ʻai a puni ka honua.

Nā palapala ILSI kūloko, i loaʻa ʻia e kahi noi palapala lehulehu mokuʻāina, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO kahi palapala i hōʻike ʻia he papa inoa hāʻawi nui ʻo ILSI 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka nui o nā hāʻawi o $ 2.4 miliona, me ka ʻoi aku o $ 500,000 pākahi mai CropLife International a mai Monsanto.

"Nui ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻohuli hewa ʻole ʻia ke kōmike e nā ʻoihana pesticide āpau a me Monsanto- ka mea hana nui loa o glyphosate ma ka honua," i haʻi aku ai ka hui ʻana iā WHO i kahi leka i ka makahiki i hala.

ʻO Alan Boobis kekahi loea ʻo ia ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau pono lāʻau biochemical a me ka luna o ke keʻena ʻona ma ke kumu o ka lāʻau lapaʻau ma Imperial College London. He lālā ʻo ia a he luna hoʻomalu i hala o ka papa lunakiaʻi o ILSI, pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa a me ka noho o ILSI.

ʻO kekahi lālā ʻo Angelo Moretto, Luna Hoʻokele o ka International Center for Pesticides and Health Risks Prevention at "Luigi Sacco" Hospital of the ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, in Milan, Italia. Ua ʻōlelo ka hui ʻana ua pili ʻo Moretto i nā papahana like ʻole me ILSI a ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he lālā o ke kime hoʻokele no kahi papahana ILSI e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā hōʻike kemika i uku kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai i hoʻopili pū ʻia me Monsanto.

ʻO Aldert Piersma kekahi, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka National Institute for Public Health and the Environment in the Netherlands a he kākāʻōlelo no nā papahana o Ke Keʻena Ola Ola Ola o ILSI.

I nā āpau ʻo ka papa inoa o nā loea JMPR he 18. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Jasarevic ua koho ʻia ka papa inoa o ka poʻe loea mai kahi hui o kēlā me kēia kanaka i hōʻike i ka hoihoi i ke komo ʻana, a ʻo nā mea āpau he "kūʻokoʻa a koho ʻia e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka ʻepekema, a me ko lākou ʻike i ke kahua o ka loiloi i ka pilikia o ka pesticide."

ʻO Aaron Blair, he ʻepekema emeritus ma National Cancer Institute a me ka luna o ka hui IARC nāna i hana i ka papa glyphosate, ua pale aku i ka hana a IARC ma ke ʻano o ka loiloi ʻepekema piha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻohe ona hopohopo e kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka loiloi o JMPR o kā IARC hana.

"Manaʻo wau e hōʻike ka loiloi e ka hui FAO / WHO hui pū i nā kumu no kā lākou loiloi, ʻo ia ka mea koʻikoʻi no ka nūpepa a me ka lehulehu," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ke kali nei ka honua.