Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hopohopo olakino ʻē aʻe

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ʻO Glyphosate, kahi herbicide synthetic i patentia i ka 1974 e ka Hui Monsanto a i hana ʻia a kūʻai ʻia e nā hui he nui i nā huahana he haneli, ua pili pū ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hopohopo olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻO Glyphosate ka mea i ʻike nui ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana i nā lāʻau make inoa ʻo Roundup-branded, a me ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana ʻia me "Roundup Ready" nā meaola i hoʻoponopono maoli ʻia (GMO).

ʻO ka tolerance Herbicide ka mea i hoʻomake nui ʻia me ka GMO i hana ʻia i loko o nā mea kanu meaʻai, me kekahi 90% o ke kulina a me 94% o nā soybeans i ka US i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i nā lāʻau make, e like me ka ʻikepili USDA. A 2017 like ʻike ʻia ua hoʻonui ʻia ka ʻike ʻana o ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ka glyphosate 500 pakeneka mai ka Roundup Ready GMO i hoʻolako ʻia i ka US ma 1996. Eia kekahi mau ʻike nui e pili ana i ka glyphosate:

Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

E like me ka Pepeluali Fepuari 2016, ʻo glyphosate ka ʻo ka pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia: "I ka US, ʻaʻohe pesticide i hele mai kahi kokoke i ka hoʻohana nui a hoʻolaha ākea." Loaʻa nā loaʻa ma:

  • Ua noi nā ʻAmelika i 1.8 miliona mau tona o glyphosate mai kona hoʻolauna ʻana i ka makahiki 1974.
  • Ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa 9.4 miliona mau tona o ka kemika i pīpī ʻia ma nā kahua - lawa pono e kāpīpī kokoke i ka hapalua paona o Roundup ma kēlā me kēia ʻeka e mahi ʻia ana o ka honua.
  • Ma ke ao holoʻokoʻa, ua piʻi aʻe ka hoʻohana glyphosate ma kahi o 15 mau pā mai ka hoʻopuka ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu ʻo Roundup Ready GMO.

Nā ʻōlelo mai nā ʻepekema a me nā lawelawe mālama olakino 

Nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO nā palapala ʻepekema a me nā hopena hoʻoholo e pili ana i nā glyphosate a me nā gicphosate-based herbicides e hōʻike nei i kahi hui o nā hopena, e hana ana i ka palekana o ka lāʻau make i kumuhana i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui ʻia. 

Ma 2015, ka ʻO ka 'Oihana Kuleana International o ka World Health Organization no ka Research on Cancer (IARC) glyphosate ʻike ʻia e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka”Ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā makahiki o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema. Ua ʻike ka kime o nā ʻepekema kūwaho he hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Nā keʻena US: I ka manawa o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana IARC, ke alakaʻi nei ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i kahi loiloi hoʻopaʻa inoa. ʻO ke Kōmike loiloi i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e EPA (CARC) hoʻopuka i kahi hōʻike i Kepakemapa 2016 Ke hoʻopau nei i ka glyphosate "ʻaʻole ia he carcinogenic i nā kānaka" ma nā lāʻau e pili ana i ke olakino kanaka. I Kēkēmapa 2016, ua hoʻākoakoa ka EPA i kahi Panel Aʻoaʻo ʻepekema e nānā i ka hōʻike; nā lālā i mahele ʻia i kā lākou loiloi i kā EPA hana, me kekahi mau mea i loaʻa i ka EPA i hala i ke ʻano o ka loiloi ʻana i kekahi noiʻi. Hoʻohui ʻia, ua hoʻoholo ke Keʻena ʻo EPA o ka noiʻi a me ke kūkulu ʻana i ka Office of Pesticide Programs a ka EPA ʻaʻole i hahai pono i nā ʻōmole kūpono i loko o kāna loiloi o glyphosate, a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua hiki ke manaʻo ʻia he mau kākoʻo e kākoʻo ana i kahi hōʻike "carinogen" a "a manaʻo" paha o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka carcinogenicity. Eia naʻe ka EPA hoʻopuka ʻia kahi hōʻike kikoʻī ma glyphosate i ka lāʻo Dekemaba 2017 e hoʻomau ana i ka paʻa ʻana ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic ka kemikala. I ʻApelila 2019, ka EPA hōʻoia hou i kona kūlana ʻaʻole pilikia kēlā glyphosate i ke olakino lehulehu. Akā ma mua o kēlā mahina, ua hōʻike ka US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) he mau loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Wahi a ka hōʻike kikoʻī mai ATSDR, "He nui nā noiʻi i hōʻike i nā lakio pōpilikia i ʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi no nā hui ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me ka makaʻu o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a i ʻole myeloma lehulehu." 

Ua hoʻopuka ka EPA i kahi Hoʻoholo Manaʻo Manaʻo Kākoʻo Kūmau i Ianuali 2020 me ka ʻike hou e pili ana i kona kūlana ma glyphosate. 

Hui PūʻAina: ka ʻO ka Mana palekana palekana Kai ʻEulopa a me ka Ka Hui Kūmole Europa ua ʻōlelo ʻaʻole paha he gākana kino ka glyphosate i kānaka. A Hōʻike 2017 e nā hui kaiapuni a me nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopaʻapaʻa i ka hilinaʻi kūpono ʻole o nā mea hoʻokele i ka noiʻi i kuhikuhi ʻia a hana ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika. A 2019 like ua ʻike ʻo Kelemania Federal Institute no ka hōʻike loiloi ʻikepili ma glyphosate, ka mea i loaʻa ʻole kahi pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā ʻāpana o ka ʻōlelo plagiarized mai nā noi a Monsanto. I Pepeluali 2020, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike ʻepekema 24 i waiho ʻia i nā luna hoʻomalu Kelemania e hōʻoia i ka palekana o glyphosate mai kahi keʻena nui Kelemania ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka hoʻopunipuni a me nā hana hewa ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka hui hui ʻana o WHO / FAO ma nā koena Pesticide i hoʻoholo i ka 2016 ʻaʻole hiki i kēlā glyphosate ke waiho i kahi makaʻi kanesa i nā kānaka mai ka hōʻike ʻana ma o ka papaʻai, akā ua hōʻino ʻia kēia ʻike e kipi o ka hoihoi hopohopo ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka noho a me ka luna noho o ka hui i paʻa i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui i kālā kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me kekahi o kāna hui lobbying.

Kaleponi OEHHA: Ma Malaki 28, 2017, ua hōʻoia ka Office of Protection Environmental Protection Agency o Kaleponi e hana ia hoʻohui glyphosate i ka Palapala Kauoha Kaleponi 65 papa inoa o nā kemika i ʻike ʻia e lilo ai ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Monsanto e pale i ka hana akā ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka hihia. I kekahi hihia ʻokoʻa, ua ʻike ka ʻaha ʻaʻole hiki i Kaleponi ke koi aku i nā ʻōlelo a ka maʻi ʻaʻai no nā huahana i loaʻa ka glyphosate. Ma Iune 12, 2018, ua hōʻole kahi ʻaha ʻĀpana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka noi a ka Loio Kuhina Kaleponi no ka ʻaha e noonoo hou i ka hoʻoholo. Ua ʻike ka ʻaha he hiki wale iā Kaleponi ke koi aku i ka haʻiʻōlelo kalepa e hōʻike ana i ka "ʻike maoli a me ka pili ʻole o ka ʻike," a ʻaʻole i hōʻoia ʻia ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity glyphosate.

Ke aʻo olakino mahiʻai: Ua loaʻa i kahi aupuni lōʻihi o US i kākoʻo ʻia e ka cohort prospective cohort no nā ʻohana mahiʻai ma Iowa a me North Carolina ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi pilina ma waena o ka hoʻohana glyphosate a me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma, akā ua hōʻike nā kānaka noiʻi "ma waena o nā mea noi i ka quartile hōʻike kiʻekiʻe loa, aia kekahi hoʻonui i ka makaʻu o ka myeloid leukemia (AML) i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mea hoʻohana ʻole… ” i hoʻolaha ʻia i ka hopena o 2017.

ʻO nā noiʻi hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hopohopo olakino ʻē aʻe 

Cancer

Ka hoʻohaunaele Endocrine, ka momona a me nā hopohopo hānau 

ʻO ka maʻi maʻi 

  • ʻO kahi noi 2017 e pili ana i nā hōʻike glyphosate mau loa, haʻahaʻa loa maʻi maʻi ʻona ʻona ʻona ʻole i nāʻiole. Wahi a nā kānaka noiʻi, ʻo nā hopena "hōʻike ʻia ka ʻai mau ʻana o nā pae haʻahaʻa loa o kahi GBH formulate (Roundup), ma nā ʻano like glyphosate e like me ia, e pili ana i nā hoʻololi o ka proteome ate a me ka metabolome," nā biomarkers no NAFLD.

Hoʻohaunaele Microbiome

  • November 2020 ka pepa i ka Pai no e hopohopo hōʻike e pili ana i ka 54 pākēneka o nā laha i ke kumu o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i "hiki ke maʻalahi" i ka glyphosate. Me kahi "mahele nui" o nā koʻohune i loko o ka ʻōpū microbiome i maʻalahi ʻia i ka glyphosate, ʻo ka lawe ʻana o glyphosate "e loli loa i ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau i kā lākou pepa. 
  • A 2020 Nānā moʻokalaleo o nā hopena o glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome Panina ia, "ʻO ke koena glyphosate ma luna o ka meaʻai e hiki ai ke kumu i ka dysbiosis, no ka mea ʻoi aku ke kūpaʻa o nā pathogens oportunistic i ka glyphosate ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka bacteria bacteria." Ke hoʻomau nei ka pepa, "ʻO Glyphosate kahi mea hoʻonāukiuki kūpilikiʻi loa i ka etiology o kekahi mau mokuʻāina e pili ana i ka dysbiosis, e like me ka maʻi celiac, ka maʻi ʻōpū a me ka maʻi hanu huhū. He hopena paha kā Glyphosate no ke olakino noʻonoʻo, e like me ka hopohopo a me ke kaumaha, ma o ka loli ʻana i ka microbiome ʻōpū.
  • Ua mālama ʻia kahi noi no ka ʻiole 2018 e ka Ramazzini Institute e hōʻike ana i nā hōʻike haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i Roundup ma nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he palekana loa ua hoʻololi i ka microbiota ʻōpū i kekahi o nā ʻīlio ʻiole.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi ʻē aʻe ma 2018 i ke kiʻekiʻe o nā glyphosate kiʻekiʻe i lawelawe ʻia i nā ʻiole i hoʻohaunaele i ka ʻōpū microbiota a hana i nā ʻano hopohopo a me ke kaumaha.

Nā hopena piʻina ʻino a me nā butterflies mōʻī

ʻO nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa

Ma mua o ka 42,000 poʻe i waiho i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē iā Monsanto Company (ʻo Bayer i kēia manawa) e ʻōlelo nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka lāʻau make i Roundup i mea iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL), a ua uhi ʻo Monsanto i nā pilikia. Ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka hana ʻike, ua huli ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona o nā ʻaoʻao o nā moʻolelo kūloko. O mākou ke kau nei i kēia mau pepa Monsanto i ka wā e loaʻa ai. No nā nūhou a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i ke kānāwai e hoʻomau nei, e ʻike iā Carey Gillam's Pūnaewele Hoʻokolohua Roundup. ʻO nā hoʻokolokolo mua ʻekolu i pau i nā makana nui i nā mea hoʻopiʻi no ke kuleana a me nā pohō, me nā jure e hoʻoholo ana he mea kōkua nui ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele a Monsanto i mea e hoʻomohala iā NHL. Hoʻopiʻi ʻo Bayer i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo. 

Ka mana o Monsanto i ka noiʻi: I Malaki 2017, ua wehe ka luna kānāwai pekelala i kekahi o nā palapala Monsanto kūloko hāpai i nā nīnau hou e pili ana i kā Monsanto mana i ka hana EPA a pili i nā mea hoʻokele noiʻi e hilinaʻi ai. Hōʻike nā palapala i nā hoʻopiʻi lōʻihi a Monsanto e pili ana i ka palekana o glyphosate a me Roundup mai hilinaʻi pono i ka ʻepekema kani e like me ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻoihana, akā naʻe nā hana e hoʻopololei i ka ʻepekema

Nā ʻike hou aʻe e pili ana i ka hoʻopilikia ʻepekema

Ua hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻepekema ʻo Sri Lankan i kahi makana no ke kūʻokoʻa AAAS no ka noiʻi maʻi maʻi ʻōpū

Ua hāʻawi aku ka AAAS i ʻelua ʻepekema Lankan, ʻo Dr. ʻO Channa Jayasumana lāua ʻo Sarath Gunatilake, ka ʻO ka makana 2019 no ke kūʻokoʻa ʻepekema a me ke kuleana no kā lākou hana e "ʻimi i ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi puʻuwai maʻi ma lalo o nā pilikia." Ua hōʻike nā ʻepekema he hana nui ka glyphosate i ka lawe ʻana i nā metala kaumaha i nā puʻupaʻa o ka poʻe e inu ana i ka wai i hoʻohaumia ʻia, a hiki i ka nui o nā maʻi maʻi maʻi ma nā kaiāulu mahiʻai. ʻIke pepa i loko  ʻO SpringerPlus (2015), ʻO BMC Nefrology (2015), Ka Ola Ola (2015), International Journal of Environmental Research a me Health Health (2014). ʻO ka makana AAAS i hala hoʻokuʻuʻia ma waena o kahi hoʻoulu kūʻē kūʻē mai nā mea kōkua pesticide e hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ka hana a ka ʻepekema. Ma hope o ka loiloi, ʻo ka AAAS hoʻihoʻi hou i ka makana

Desiccation: kahi kumu hou aʻe o ka hōʻike papaʻai 

Hoʻohana kekahi mau mahiʻai i ka glyphosate ma nā mea kanu ʻole GMO e like me ka palaoa, ka bale, ka ʻoka, a me ka lihi e hoʻomaloʻo i ka hua i mua o ka ʻohi ʻana i mea e wikiwiki ai ka ʻohi. Kēia hana, ʻike ʻia ʻo desiccation, paha he kumu waiwai nui o ka hōʻike papaʻai i glyphosate.

ʻO Glyphosate i ka meaʻai: Huki ʻo US i kona mau wāwae i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana

Ua hoʻokuʻu mālie ka USDA i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻomaka e hoʻāʻo i nā meaʻai no nā koena o glyphosate ma 2017. ʻO nā palapala kūloko kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua hoʻolālā ke keʻena e hoʻomaka i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana ma kahi o 300 mau laʻana o ka syrup kānana no glyphosate i ʻApelila 2017. Akā ua pepehi ka ʻoihana i ka papahana ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana. Ua hoʻomaka ka US Food and Drug Administration i kahi papahana hoʻāʻo palena palena i ka 2016, akā piha ka hana me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me nā pilikia kūloko a ʻo ka papahana ka hoʻomaha ʻia i Kepakemapa 2016. Loaʻa i nā ʻoihana ʻelua i nā papahana e hoʻāʻo i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā meaʻai no nā koena pesticide akā ua haʻalele pinepine lāua i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no ka glyphosate.

Ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana, loaʻa kahi chemist o FDA pae weliweli o glyphosate i nā laʻana he nui o ka meli US, nā pae i kū ʻole i ke ʻenehana no ka mea ʻaʻohe ʻae i hoʻokumu ʻia no ka meli e ka EPA. Eia kahi recap o nā nūhou e pili ana i ka glyphosate i loaʻa i ka meaʻai.

Nā pesticides i kā mākou meaʻai: Aia i hea ka ʻike palekana?

Hōʻike kaʻikepili USDA mai 2016 i nā pae pesticide i hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma 85% o ʻoi aku ma mua o 10,000 mau meaʻai i laʻana, nā mea āpau mai nā ʻalalā i nā hua waina i nā pīni ʻōmaʻomaʻo. Wahi a ke aupuni ʻaʻohe mea iki e pili ana i ke ola olakino, akā ʻōlelo kekahi ʻepekema ʻaʻohe mea iki e kākoʻo ai i kēlā hoʻopiʻi. E nānā “Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Inā ʻaʻole palekana ʻo "palekana": ʻImi ʻepekema o ke koena pesticide i nā meaʻai e ulu; nīnau ʻia nā pale hoʻomalu, ”Na Carey Gillam (11/2018).

Lohe ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i nā manaʻo hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka lilo ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo Roundup mua a Monsanto

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ʻO kahi ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka jure no Kaleponi e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka lāʻau make a Monsanto no ka maʻi maʻi o ke kahu kula ua hewa loa a kūlike ʻole me ke kānāwai, ua haʻi aku kahi loio Monsanto i kahi papa o nā luna kānāwai hoʻopiʻi i ka Poalua.

ʻO nā mea lāʻau hoʻomohala glyphosate a ka hui - i kapa nui ʻia ʻo Roundup - ke kākoʻo piha o ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a me "nā mea hoʻokele a puni ka honua," i haʻi aku ai ka loio ʻo David Axelrad i nā luna kānāwai me ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo o Kaleponi. Apana Hoopii Mua.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Axelrad ʻaʻohe kuleana o Monsanto e aʻoaʻo aku i kekahi e pili ana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai e manaʻo ʻia he maʻi ʻaʻai ka hāʻawi ʻia ʻana o ka ʻae o ke kānāwai no ka palekana o kāna mea hoʻomake nāhelehele

He "kūpono kūpono ʻole ia e hoʻokau iā Monsanto a hoʻopaʻi iā ia no kahi lepili huahana e hōʻike pono ʻole ana i ka hoʻoholo ʻana o ka EPA akā ʻo ka ʻaha kūkā ākea āpau ʻaʻole glyphosate i mea he carcinogenic," ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia i ka hoʻolohe ʻana i hoʻokahi hola. Ua mālama ʻia ka hana ma ke kelepona ma muli o ka palena o COVID-19 i ke komo ʻana i ka hale hoʻokolokolo.

Ua nīnau aku ʻo Justice Justice Sanchez i ka pono o kēlā hoʻopaʻapaʻa: "Loaʻa iā ʻoe nā haʻawina holoholona ... nā noiʻi ʻana i nā ʻano hana, nāu nā hihia hihia," i ʻōlelo ai ʻo ia e kamaʻilio ana i ka loio a Monsanto. "Aia kekahi mau mea, me he mea lā, ua paʻi ʻia nā loiloi loiloi ʻia e nā hoa… e hōʻike ana i ka pilina koʻikoʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me lymphoma. No laila ʻaʻole wau i ʻike e ʻae wau me ʻoe he ʻae like ka manaʻo. ʻOiaʻiʻo nō aia nā ʻaoʻao hoʻokele i kekahi ʻaoʻao. Akā he nui nā hōʻike ʻē aʻe ma kekahi. ”

Ua hoʻomaka ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi mai ka hoʻoholo jure 2018 ma San Francisco Superior Court nāna i kauoha iā Monsanto e uku iā $ 289 miliona iā Dewayne "Lee" Johnson, me $ 250 miliona no ka uku hoʻopaʻi.

Ua hoʻolilo ka luna kānāwai hoʻokolokolo ma ka hihia Johnson i ka makana i $ 78.5 miliona. Akā ʻo Monsanto hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo, e noi ana i ka ʻaha e hoʻokahuli paha i ka hoʻoholo hoʻokolokolo a komo i kahi hoʻokolokolo no Monsanto a i ʻole hoʻohuli a hana hou i ka hihia no ka hoʻokolokolo hou a i ʻole e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui i nā pohō. Johnson hoopii kuea e ʻimi nei i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻia o ka makana kiure piha.

ʻO Johnson kekahi o nā tausani he mau tausani o ka poʻe mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana iā Roundup a me nā lāʻau ʻino e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a ua lilo ka ʻoihana i mau makahiki he nui e uhi ana i nā pilikia.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Johnson i ke kūlana "makemake" no ka mea ua ʻōlelo nā kauka ua pōkole ke kali ʻana o kona ola a make paha ia i loko o 18 mau mahina o ka hoʻokolokolo. Ua hoʻohilahila ʻo Johnson i nā kauka a ua ola a hele i nā lāʻau maʻamau.

ʻO ka nalowale ʻana o Monsanto iā Johnson, ʻo ia ka mua o nā lilo he ʻekolu o ka hoʻokolokolo Roundup no ka ʻoihana, i loaʻa ʻia e Kelemania Bayer AG i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2018 e like me ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻāʻo ʻo Johnson.

ʻO ka jure ma ka hihia Johnson i loaʻa kikoʻī - me nā mea ʻē aʻe - ua mālama ʻo Monsanto i ka hōʻole ʻole e aʻo aku iā Johnson no ka maʻi ʻaʻai o kāna mau lāʻau make. Akā ua kūʻē ʻo Monsanto ua hewa ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo ma muli o ke kāpae ʻia ʻana o nā hōʻike nui a me nā mea a nā loio o ka hui i kapa ai he "distortion of science science".

Inā ʻaʻole kauoha ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻokolokolo hou, ua noi ʻo Monsanto i nā luna kānāwai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka ʻāpana o ke kiure no nā "pohō noneconomic" e hiki mai ana mai $ 33 miliona a $ 1.5 miliona a e kāpae loa i nā uku hoʻopaʻi.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā loio hoʻokolokolo o Johnson e loaʻa iā ia he $ 1 miliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki no ka ʻeha a me ka ʻeha ma luna o 33 mau makahiki hou aʻe e ola paha ʻo ia inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa ʻo ia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo nā loio a Monsanto e loaʻa iā Johnson he $ 1 miliona wale nō i kēlā me kēia makahiki no ka ʻeha a me ka ʻehaʻeha ʻana i ka wā o kona ola maoli a i ʻole $ 1.5 miliona no kahi mahina he 18 e manaʻo ʻia ana e hiki mai ana.

Ma ka Pōʻalua, ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo Axelrad i kēlā wahi: "He ʻoiaʻiʻo hiki i ka mea hoʻopiʻi ke ola hou i kona wā e ola ana no ka ʻeha a me ka ʻeha e loaʻa ʻia e ka ʻike ʻana he pōkole ke ola," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo. "Akā ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke ola hou no ka ʻeha a me ka ʻeha e hiki ʻole ai i nā makahiki i kahi e noho ʻole ai ʻoe aʻo ia ka mea i loaʻa i ka mea hoʻopiʻi i kēia hihia."

Ua haʻi ʻo Axelrad i nā luna kānāwai ua pena wahaheʻe ʻia ka hui e like me ke komo ʻana i kahi lawehala akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua ukali pono lākou i ka ʻepekema a me ke kānāwai. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, no ka laʻana, ʻoiai ua hoʻopiʻi ka loio a Johnson iā Monsanto no nā pepa ʻepekema kākau-ʻuhane, ua hana wale nā ​​ʻepekema ʻoihana i "nā manaʻo hoʻoponopono" no kekahi mau pepa i paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke ʻepekema.

"Inā paha e hiki hou aku ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻike ʻana i kona komo ʻana i loko o kēlā mau noi ʻana i ka hopena ʻo ia mau noiʻi ʻaʻole i hana i kahi ʻike wahaheʻe a hoʻopunipuni paha a ʻaʻohe mea hōʻike e hoʻololi paha kekahi o nā mea kākau o kēlā mau noiʻi i ko lākou manaʻo inā ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻia i ka manaʻo hoʻoponopono, "i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Axelrad ʻaʻohe hewa a ʻaʻohe kumu no ka uku hoʻopaʻi e hoʻouka ʻia iā Monsanto. ʻO ka pale ʻana o ka ʻoihana o kāna lāʻau hoʻomohala glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he "kūpono kūpono a me ka hilinaʻi maikaʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

"ʻAʻole loa he hōʻike e hāʻawi ana ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻikepili wahaheʻe, hoʻopunipuni a piha ʻole paha, ʻaʻohe hōʻike i kā kāna hana i kāohi ai i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka ʻike i nā keʻena hoʻokele e pono ai e loiloi i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe hōʻike e pili ana i kāna hana i hoʻohoka i ka hoʻoholo hope loa o ka hoʻokele. ua hōʻole ʻo Monsanto e hana i kahi hoʻokolohua a noiʻi paha i mea e hūnā ai i ka ʻike e pili ana i kahi pōʻino a i ʻole e pale i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻike hou e pili ana i ka ʻepekema o glyphosate, "i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ua haʻi ʻo ka loio Johnson ʻo Mike Miller e hoʻāʻo ana nā loio a Monsanto e kiʻi i ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi e hōʻike hou i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hihia, ʻaʻole ia ke kuleana.

"Kuhi hewa ʻo Monsanto i ka hana hoʻopiʻi. ʻAʻole ia e helu hou i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻO nā ʻike i hoʻopaʻapaʻa wale ʻia e kā Monsanto mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo, ua hōʻole loa ʻia e ke kiure a hōʻole ʻia e ka luna kānāwai hoʻokolokolo ... ”wahi a Miller.

E mālama ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i nā uku i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kiure, e like me nā uku hoʻopaʻi, no ka mea, he mea weliweli ka hana a Monsanto e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ka palekana o kāna mau glyphosate herbicides, "wahi a Miller.

ʻO nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana o Johnson ua hōʻike ʻo Monsanto i ka hana ghostwriting o nā pepa ʻepekema ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hiki ke hoʻāʻo pono i kāna mea kanu lāʻau glyphosate i haku ʻia no nā pilikia carcinogenicity. Ua hoʻokumu ka hui i nā hōʻeha "mua ʻole" i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai honua i hoʻonohonoho i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen kanaka paha i 2015, ua haʻi ʻo ia i ka papa hoʻokolokolo.

"I nā uku hoʻopaʻi, ʻoiai ʻoe e loiloi i ka reprehensibility o Monsanto pono ʻoe e hoʻopili i ka waiwai o Monsanto. A pono e hāʻawi ka makana i ka ʻū, "wahi a Miller. "Ma lalo o ke kānāwai Kaleponi ke ʻole ia e hoʻololi i ka hana inā ʻaʻole ia i kūpono i ke kumu o nā uku hoʻopaʻi."

He 90 mau lā o ka ʻaoʻao hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopuka i kahi ʻōlelo hoʻoholo.

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Ua noi aku nā ʻenehana, nā kauka a me nā hui mahiʻai i ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi e hoʻokahuli i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo iā Monsanto

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ʻO nā hui e pili ana i nā pono mahiʻai, olakino a me nā pono biotechnology ua waiho i nā ʻōlelo pōkole me ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kaleponi ma ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e hoʻokahuli i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ke jure o ke kauwela i hala i loaʻa ai ka Monsly's glyphosate-herbicides i kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ua hoʻoholo ka hui i hala i mau makahiki e uhi ana i nā pilikia. .

Ke koi nei nā hui i ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi e hoʻolei i ka lanakila a ke kiure o Kapalakiko i hāʻawi aku ai i ke kahu kula o ke kula ʻo Dewayne "Lee" Johnson i ʻAukake o 2018 a i ʻole e kāpae i kahi kauoha no Monsanto e uku i nā uku hoʻopaʻi iā Johnson. ʻO ka hoʻokolokolo ʻo Johnson ʻo ia ka mea mua e kūʻē iā Monsanto ma luna o nā koi e hiki i kāna mau gicphosate-based herbicides e like me Roundup ke hana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.

ʻO Johnson kekahi o nā mea hoʻopiʻi he 18,000 e hana nei i nā manaʻo like. Wahi a nā hoʻopiʻi ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto i ka noiʻi ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i kahi pilina ma waena o kāna lāʻau make a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai akā ma mua o ka hoʻolaha ʻana aku i nā mea kūʻai aku ua hana ka ʻoihana e kāohi i ka noiʻi a hoʻohana i nā palapala ʻepekema.

Ua hoʻoholo ka jure ma ka hihia Johnson e uku ʻo Monsanto i $ 289 miliona no nā pohō, me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi. Ua kāpae ka luna kānāwai hoʻokolokolo ma ka hihia i ka huina hōʻino hoʻopaʻi, e hoʻemi ana i ka makana i $ 78 miliona. Nā Kiure ʻē aʻe ʻelua i nā hoʻokolokolo ma hope ma luna o nā hoʻopiʻi like i loaʻa i ka ʻae o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi a kauoha i nā uku hoʻopaʻi nui e kūʻē iā Monsanto.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Monsanto ka olelo hooholo a Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Johnson i ka hoʻopiʻi, e ʻimi nei i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻia ʻana o $ 289 miliona piha. Manaʻo ʻia nā paio waha i kēia ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i kēia hāʻule me kahi hoʻoholo kūpono mai ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i mua o ka hopena o ka makahiki.

ʻO kekahi o nā ʻaoʻao e waiho nei i kahi pōkole e kākoʻo ana i ko Monsanto kūlana ʻo Genentech Inc., kahi hui biotech o Kapalakiko me kahi moʻolelo o ka hana noiʻi ʻana no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. I kāna hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka ʻaha, Kūkākūkā ʻo Genentech he akamai kona ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema hui" a ʻike i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a Johnson he mea hoʻoweliweli i ka holomua ʻepekema. "Pono nā ʻaha e hōʻoia i ka hoʻohana kūpono o ka ʻepekema i loko o ka lumi hoʻokolokolo i mea e ulu pono ai nā mea hou i ka mākeke ..." i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pōkole Genentech.

Genentech i hoʻolaha ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki kahi loiloi wikiwiki mai ka Food and Drug Administration no kahi lāʻau lapaʻau no nā poʻe me ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.

I ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Monsanto hoʻopiʻi, ua hoʻopuka hou ʻo Genentech i nā hoʻopiʻi a Monsanto no ka hōʻike pono ʻole ʻana o nā loio a Johnson i nā hōʻike ʻepekema loea. ”

Ua ʻaoʻao pū ka hui me Monsanto e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka hoʻopaʻi hoʻopaʻi, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana ʻaʻole pono nā ʻoihana e hoʻopaʻi inā hoʻopaʻi ʻia kā lākou huahana e kahi keʻena hoʻonohonoho e like me ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a ʻike ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia ia ola kino kanaka.

"ʻO ka ʻae ʻana i nā jure e hāʻawi i nā uku hoʻopaʻi no nā huahana i nānā pono ʻia a ʻae ʻia e nā keʻena hoʻokele e hana i kahi makaʻu nui o ka huikau no nā ʻoihana ʻepekema ola a hiki ke kāohi i ka holomua o ka ʻepekema," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pōkole Genentech. "Inā ʻae ʻia nā makana hoʻopaʻi hoʻopaʻi, kū nā ʻoihana i ka makaʻu o nā makana hoʻopaʻi hoʻopaʻi nui ke ʻole lākou e koho ʻelua i nā hoʻoholo palekana o nā mea hoʻokele."

Ma ka Poʻalua i hoʻopiʻi ʻia ai ke Kaleponi ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻo Kaleponi kāna pōkole ponoʻī kākoʻo iā Monsanto. ʻO ka keʻena mahiʻai, e ʻōlelo nei he 36,000 mau lālā, ua ʻōlelo he "hopohopo nui" kēia i nā mahiʻai a me nā mea mahiʻai i "hilinaʻi i nā pono hana pale no ka hoʻoulu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka fiber."

ʻOiai ʻaʻole pili ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a Johnson i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o nā lāʻau make glyphosate, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka keʻena mahiʻai i kāna pōkole e hopohopo ka ʻoihana i nā kaohi i ka kemika. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa pū ka hui mahiʻai i ka “hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo e hōʻole ʻole ai i ke kānāwai pekelala, a me ke kānāwai mokuʻāina…” no ka mea ua hakakā ia me ka loaʻa ʻana o ka EPA ʻaʻole hiki i ka glyphosate ke kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Eia kekahi, ʻo nā hui Kaleponi e hōʻike ana i nā kauka, nā kauka niho a me nā halemai kaupaona ma ka ʻaoʻao o Monsanto e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i ka hoʻoholo a ke kiure ma ka hihia Johnson he "kumuhana ia e pili ana i ka naʻau" ʻaʻole i kau ʻia ma ka ʻae ʻepekema.

"ʻO ka pane i ka nīnau ʻepekema paʻakikī e koi ʻia ana ka jure e hoʻoholo ai i kēia hihia e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema i ʻae ʻia a me nā manaʻo ʻepekema koʻikoʻi, ʻaʻole nā ​​koho kulekele a ke jure. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi, aia ke kumu no ka kānalua i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻia ʻana o ke kiure e pili ana i ka speculate a me ka manaʻo,

ʻO ka loio a Johnson, ʻo Mike Miller, ua manaʻo ʻo ia he "maikaʻi maoli" e pili ana i ka manawa o ka lanakila ma ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi a ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka ʻōlelo pōkole mai ka ʻAhahui Lapaʻau ʻo Kaleponi ma ke ʻano he "ʻolelo pōkole like ʻole a lākou i kūʻē ai i kēlā me kēia mea i hōʻino ʻia."

Hiki ke hoʻomaka i kahi hoʻokolokolo ma Missouri

I ka hana kaʻawale ma Missouri, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo kiʻekiʻe o ka mokuʻāina i ka Poalua a e hoʻomaka ana ka hoʻokolokolo ma ʻOkakopa 15 i ke kūlanakauhale o St. Louis hiki ke hele e like me ka hoʻolālā ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka mea hoʻopiʻi Walter Winston. Manaʻo ʻia e hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā mea hoʻopiʻi ʻē aʻe i komo i ka hoʻopiʻi a Winston e kūʻē iā Monsanto. e like me ka hoʻoholo e ka Aha Kiekie o Missouri. Ua noi ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻaha kiʻekiʻe e pāpā i ka hoʻokolokolo mai ka hana ʻana ma muli o ka noho ʻole ʻana o kekahi mau mea hoʻopiʻi ma ia wahi.

Ua kauoha ka 'Aha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻe iā St. Louis City Judge Michael Mullen "mai hana hou" i kēia manawa i nā hihia o nā mea hoʻopiʻi 13.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto e Bayer AG i Iune o 2018, a ua hāʻule nui nā kumukūʻai o Bayer ma hope o ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a Johnson a ua kaumaha mau. Ke kaomi nei nā mea hoʻopukapuka i kahi hoʻonohonoho honua e hoʻopau i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana.

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

He mea nui - hōʻole ʻo Professor e hoʻoponopono i nā hemahema ma ka pepa ʻepekema hou e loaʻa nei nā pilikia me Glyphosate.

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(UPDATED Iune 5 me ka manaʻo mai ka Scientific Reports)

ʻO nā mea kākau o a pepa hou i paʻi ʻia ke nānā nei i nā hopena o ka hopena i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua i hoʻolaha i kahi nūhou weliweli.

ka kime mai ka mokuʻāina ʻo Wakinekona Ua ʻike ke Kulanui i nā mamo a nā ʻiole i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate kemika i ulu i ka maʻi prostate, nā hakuʻala a me nā maʻi ovarian, ka momona a me nā hānau pono ʻole. ʻO nā mea i loaʻa, i paʻi ʻia ma ʻApelila i ka puke pai ʻepekema Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohui ʻia i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua e pili ana i ka palekana o glyphosate a me Monsanto's Roundup a me nā mea hoʻomake wao nahele glyphosate.

Akā paha ʻoi aku ka nani loa ma mua o kēlā nūhou, ua ʻōlelo pū ka pūʻulu noiʻi i loko o kā lākou pepa ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), he loea ʻepekema loea o ka World Health Organization, ua "retract" i kāna ʻike he glyphosate kahi kanaka kūpono paha. kalikogenikona.

ʻO ka hemahema kekahi o nā mea he nui i loko o ka pepa i hōʻike ʻia i nā mea kākau ma mua o hoʻokahi mahina i hala aku nei i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Akā ʻaʻohe paha, ʻoi aku ka ʻōlinolino ma mua o ka mea e pili ana iā IARC.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo IARC he pepa loihi i ka 2015 i hoʻopau ʻia e ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka 2A. ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC ka mea i hāpai i nā hoʻopiʻi he mau kaukani e kūʻē iā Monsanto, ka mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe lōʻihi o Roundup a me nā mea make ʻē aʻe glyphosate a hoʻoulu i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni ka honua. Ua kōkua ka hoʻonohonoho IARC i ka wikiwiki i nā ʻāina he nui o ʻEulopa e hoʻomaka i ka neʻe ʻana e hōʻemi a pāpā paha i ka hoʻohana glyphosate. Ua kāpae nā kūlanakauhale, nā ʻāpana kula a me nā mea kūʻai aku ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka hoʻohana ʻana a i ʻole ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā huahana glyphosate. Ua nalowale ka mea nona Kelemania ʻo Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG he 40 pākēneka o kāna waiwai o ka mea kuleana ma muli o ka hopohopo mau e pili ana i nā herbicides glyphosate a Monsanto.

Akā e like me ka hui WSU, ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia ka papa IARC nāna i hoʻokumu i ka makahiki 2016. Ua kākau lākou:

"Ma Malaki 2015 ka International Agency of Research on Cancer i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Grade 2 e pili ana i ka prevalence o nā ake a me nā puʻupaʻa i nā noiʻi hānai mau. Ma hope koke iho, ua huki ʻia kēia ʻōlelo ma 2016. "

He mea nui ka retraction na IARC o kāna mea i loaʻa ai. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto i ka 2015 i ka retraction akā ua pale aku ʻo IARC i kāna hana, e like me nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui mai nā ʻāina he nui. A ʻo ka mea nui, ʻaʻole i hoʻoneʻe hou ʻo IARC i kāna loaʻa ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha he 2A.

"ʻAʻole i loli ka hoʻohālikelike a paʻa mau," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo IARC ʻo Veronique Terrasse.

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka hui noiʻi o Wakinekona State e ʻO Michael Skinner, polofesa o ke Kula WSU o ka Biological Science. Me he mea lā maʻalahi ka hewa ke hoʻoponopono. Akā i ka manawa i hoʻopili ʻia ai e pili ana i ka hemahema, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Skinner ʻaʻohe ona manaʻo e hoʻoponopono i ka ʻōlelo no ka mea ʻaʻole pono ka hoʻoponopono. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua haʻi aku ʻo ia i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i ka pilikia me ia e kākau i kahi leka i ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai.

"ʻO ka wehewehe ʻana o ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana i" Draw and be draw back or back in "or" withdrawal or go back "or" reconsider or ditarik back ", no laila ke kumu i hoʻohana ʻia ai ka huaʻōlelo i kēia ʻano," wahi a Skinner i loko o kahi leka uila pane.

ʻO ka Scientific Reports kahi ʻāpana o ka Nature, kahi puke pai honua i kēlā me kēia pule e pili ana iā ia iho e like me "ka paʻi ʻana i ka noiʻi loiloi maikaʻi loa ʻia e nā hoa ma nā ʻepekema a me nā ʻenehana āpau ..."

He waha ʻōlelo no Nā Pūʻulu Huakaʻi, mai la: "Ke hāpai ʻia kekahi pilikia Hōʻike Pūnaewele e pili ana i nā pepa a mākou i paʻi ai, e nānā pono iā lākou a e hana mākou i kahi e kūpono ai. ”

Ua kuhikuhi ʻo ia i kēlā Hōʻike Pūnaewele He puke pai pūnaewele, puka ākea i loko o ka "ʻĀina ʻImi ʻImi o nā puke pai" akā kūʻokoʻa i ka hoʻoponopono ʻia o Nature.

Ua ʻike kekahi mau ʻepekema ma waho i nā hewa ʻē aʻe i loko o ka pepa, a ua ʻōlelo hoʻoweliweli lākou e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o nā hopena i ka nui.

"E kiʻi ʻia kēia e ka loiloi o nā hoa," wahi a ʻO Chuck Benbrook, he loea no ka mahiʻai mahiʻai a me ka loea glyphosate nona ka noiʻi ʻepekema ponoʻī i ʻōlelo hewa ʻia e ka hui ʻo Skinner i kā lākou pepa. Ua hoʻopili aku ʻo Benbrook iā Skinner i ʻApelila ma hope koke o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka pepa e waiho ana i nā hewa he pono e hoʻoponopono. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Benbrook ʻo nā pilikia āpau āna i ʻike ai aia i ka hoʻolauna ʻana i ka pepa a ʻaʻohe ona mea i pili i nā hopena ʻepekema.

"No ke aha ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono koke ʻole ai i nā hewa maoli ... paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo," i ʻōlelo ʻo Benbrook.

Ma waena o nā hewa maoli ʻē aʻe:

* Ua ʻōlelo ka pepa e pili ana nā moʻolelo glyphosate ma kahi o 72 pākēneka o ka hoʻohana pesticide honua, e kuhikuhi ana i kā Benbrook noiʻi. ʻAʻole ʻōlelo ʻia kahi noiʻi a Benbrook, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua noi ʻia he 72 pākēneka o ka glyphosate i pīpī ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa i nā makahiki he XNUMX i hala.

* Ua ʻōlelo ka pepa Skinner ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC o ka glyphosate ma muli o ka laha ʻana o nā ake a me nā puʻukū ma nā aʻo hānai mau. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC, e like me ka kikoʻī ma ka pepa a IARC, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka papa kuhikuhi ma luna o ka ʻikepili mai nā noiʻi holoholona, ​​nā noiʻi epidemiology, a me nā "hōʻike ikaika" o nā genotoxic ʻano hana.

* Pēlā nō hoʻi, ua hōʻike ka pepa i ka palapala wāwae i kahi pepa i kūʻē i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka glyphosate a IARC ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha ua hōʻike ʻia aneane ʻelua mau makahiki i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he hana ʻuhane a Monsanto nā mea ʻepekema. ʻAʻole kā pepa a Skinner i hoʻomaopopo i kēlā kēia pepa, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Genotoxicity Expert Panel review: ke kaupaona o ka loiloi loiloi o ka genotoxicity o glyphosate, nā formulated-glyphosate, a me ka aminomethylphosphonic acid," i pilikia loa no ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i ka pili o Monsanto i ka puke pai i hoʻopuka ʻia - Critical Reviews in Toxicology - hoʻopuka ʻia kahi “Hōʻike o ka hopohopo"A. A ʻōlelo hoʻopololei.

Ua kākoʻo ʻia ka noiʻi a Skinner e kahi haʻawina mai ka John Templeton Foundation. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia a me kāna mau hoa i nā ʻiole hāpai e glyphosate ma waena o ko lākou mau lā ʻewalu a me 14th o ka hānau ʻana. ʻO ka mahele lāʻau, a lākou i ʻōlelo ai he hapalua ia o ka nui i manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike ʻole i kahi hopena maikaʻi ʻole, ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hopena i nā mākua a i ka hanauna mua o kā lāua keiki. Akā ua ʻike ka poʻe noiʻi he piʻi nui i loko o "kekahi mau pathology e pili ana i ka lua a me ke kolu o nā hanauna," e like me kahi hoʻolaha paena hāpai i ka hoʻopaʻa haʻawina.

Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi ke nānā iki. Ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau nūhou e pili ana i ke aʻo ʻana, e ʻōlelo ana i ka ʻōlelo a Skinner. ʻO Bayer AG, ka hui Kelemania nāna i kūʻai iā Monsanto i ka makahiki i hala, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia kā Skinner aʻo ʻana. Akā ʻo Skinner ua pale aku i ka pololei o ke aʻo ʻana, e hōʻike ana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua loiloi ʻia e nā hoa a paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻepekema ʻae ʻia.

(Paukū i hōʻike mua ʻia ma KāKaiKai.)

ʻO Carey Gillam he mea kākau moʻolelo a mea kākau, a he mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu no ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, kahi hui noiʻi ʻoihana mea ʻai pono ʻole. E hāhai iā ia ma Twitter ma @ kamemeXNUMX.

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Check: Nānā i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka Herbicide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

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Ma waena o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua e pili ana i ka palekana o nā lāʻau make e pili ana i ka glyphosate e like me Monsanto's Roundup, ua nui nā ʻōlelo i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e pale aku i ka palekana o ka huahana. I ke ala o ʻelua mau ʻōlelo hoʻoholo juri ʻānō i ʻike ʻo Roundup i kumu nui i ka hana ʻana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ua nānā mākou i kekahi o kēia mau koi a hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā lākou no ka pololei.

Inā he mau hiʻohiʻona hou aʻe kāu o ka glyphosate spin āu e makemake ai iā mākou e nānā pono, e ʻoluʻolu e leka uila iā lākou iā stacy@usrtk.org a i ʻole tweet iā mākou @USRighttoKnow.

ʻO Mark Lynas, Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema paena (Nowemapa 2017)

Aia i loko o kēia ʻatikala na Mark Lynas nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi. E like me nā mea e hoʻolaha ana i nā huahana glyphosate, nānā nā kuleana ma aneʻi i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka mea i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen kanaka paha ma 2015.

KĀLAI: ʻO IARC kahi "ʻike liʻiliʻi a ʻoi iki hoʻi o ka flaky offshoot o ka World Health Organization" i "loaʻa ʻaneʻane nā mea āpau āpau"

KEKAHI: ʻO ka IARC kahi ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai kūikawā o WHO me nā panela loea i komo i loko o nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa mai nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o ka noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. I kāna 50-makahiki mōʻaukala, IARC i loiloi ʻia 1,013 mau mea a loaʻa iā 49% o kēlā mau mea "ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia e pili ana i kāna carcinogenicity i nā kānaka"; 20% ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like a ʻike ʻia a i ʻole carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

KĀLAI: "Ua hoʻololi nui ʻia nā kikoʻī mua o ka loiloi IARC ma kahi pae hope loa e kuhikuhi i kahi loaʻa carcinogenicity - ʻoiai ke ʻepekema a lākou e loiloi nei i kuhikuhi ʻia mai kēia"

KEKAHI: Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia kēia koi me kahi hōʻike Reuters hemahema na Kate Kelland kēlā waiho i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi, me ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hapa nui o ka ʻike ʻaʻole i lawe ʻia e IARC mai "nā kikoo mua" mai kahi ʻatikala loiloi i kākau ʻia e kahi ʻepekema Monsanto. ʻO ka ʻatikala loiloi "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka ʻike kūpono no ka loiloi kūʻokoʻa i nā hopena i loaʻa i ka ʻepekema Monsanto a me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe," ʻLelo ʻo IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland he mau moʻolelo loiloi i ka IARC; hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā palapala i ka 2019 hoʻokumu ʻo Monsanto i kahi lima malū i kekahi o kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kahi kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e kāpae i kāna mau koi e pili ana i ka hana hewa ma IARC: ʻO David Zaruk, kahi ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ka mea i hana mua no ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu Burson-Marsteller.

KĀLAI: ʻO Glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua"

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole pili kēia ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema. Loulou nā loulou iā glyphosate i a laulā o nā manaʻo olakino e komo pū ana me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ka maʻi endocrine, nā maʻi ate, nā wā hāpai pōkole, nā kīnā o ka hānau ʻana a me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā bacteria bacteria maikaʻi. Pili nā pili kaiapuni i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole ma 'āina, ka pi a nā leka uila.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Mark Lynas kahi ua huli ka mea kākau moʻolelo mua i mea kākoʻo hoʻolaha no nā huahana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia no ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR noho ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell i kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ACSH paena (ʻOkakopa 2017)

KĀLAI: ʻO ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity ma glyphosate kahi hihia o ka "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni"

KEKAHI: Hoʻokumu ʻo ACSH i kāna mau koi "hoʻopunipuni" ma nā kumuwaiwai like ʻelua ʻo Mark Lynas o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i hoʻokahi mahina ma hope e hoʻouka iā IARC ma ka pūnaewele Cornell: ka mea ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ʻO David Zaruk a me ka pololei ʻole 'atikala ma Reuters ia ukali i nā mea kamaʻilio ia Ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ka mea haʻi moʻolelo.

NO KA MEA: ʻO ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino kahi pūʻulu mua i loaʻa kālā mai kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka paka nā ʻoihana, a kau i kāna lawelawe i nā hui ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana, e like me pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko. Hoʻokumu nā leka uila mai 2015 i kēlā Ke hoʻolako kālā nei ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH a noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate IARC. Ua pane aku kahi limahana o ka ACSH ua pili mua lākou i loko o kahi "press full-court press: IARC" e pili ana i nā mahiʻai, phthalates a me nā pauahi diesel.

ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont, aka ka "Sci Babe"

Ka Puna Magazine Haawina (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KANAKA: "Me nā noiʻi he 800 ma luna ona, ʻaʻohe noiʻi i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻāpana o Roundup i kumu e loaʻa ai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

KEKAHI: Pili kekahi mau noiʻi ʻike hilinaʻi nui ʻo Roundup a i ʻole kāna glyphosate kī nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, me kahi noiʻi i waiho ʻia i ka EPA i nā makahiki 1980 i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā ʻepekema ʻo EPA i kēlā manawa no ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Nui a hewahewa nā papa noiʻi e papa inoa ai, akā hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā kaha puanaʻī ma ka 2015 ʻOihana International no ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka Monograp Cancer ma Glyphosate.

Pākuʻi, he ākea ʻikeʻikeʻepekema o ka hiki ke loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate herbicides i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 2019 i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻonui ka makaʻu o ka poʻe me nā hōʻike kiʻekiʻe i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai i kapa ʻia ʻo non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

NO KA MEA: He "mea kōkua kōkua" ʻo Yvette dʻEntremont i ka makasina iho me kahi kolamu i kapa ʻia ʻo "SciBabe Explains." ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ka makasina iho iā ia i kāna poʻe heluhelu ʻo SciBabe nā hoa me nā ʻoihana nāna i pale aku. I ka 2017, ʻo Splenda ka mea ʻono hoʻokalakupua hana pū ʻia me SciBabe e kōkua i ka "hoʻoikaika i nā mea pā o ka SPLENDA® Brand e hana i ka hana nui i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka sucralose." Ua kākoʻo nā ʻoihana kemika i kekahi o kāna mau ʻōlelo i nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻāina.

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, epidemiologist

Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic paena (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KĀLAI: Ua aʻo maikaʻi ʻia ʻo Glyphosate no ka mea ʻawahia a haʻahaʻa loa nā manaʻo i loaʻa i nā kānaka ʻaʻohe pono e noi hou ʻia ... ʻaʻohe mea i koe e hōʻoia i ka noiʻi hou aku. "

KEKAHI: I ka hoʻohiki hoʻohiki i ʻae ʻia i loko o nā hōʻike i ka hoʻopiʻi mau ʻana e kūʻē iā Monsanto a me ka mea nāna ʻo Bayer AG, ka luna nui ʻo Monsanto Ua ʻae ʻo Hugh Grant ʻaʻole i hana ka ʻoihana i kekahi noiʻi epidemiology o nā formulate waikiki e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kūʻai ʻia e ka hui. Ua ʻimi pū ka hui e ālai i kahi loiloi kino o nā formly glyphosate e ka ʻĀina no nā mea Toxic a me ke Kakau Disease.

Eia kekahi, ʻo kēia mau ʻōlelo, a Kauka Kabat i hāʻawi aku ai i kahi kumu inoa inoa ʻole, e nānā ʻole i nā ʻike nui ʻelua: pili nā noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i ka glyphosate i kahi ākea. nā pilikia olakino a me nā hopohopo pili kaiapuni, a me nā hōʻike mai ka waiho ʻana mai o ka ʻaha e hōʻike ana ua hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto i nā loiloi ʻepekema a me nā hoʻoponopono ʻana o glyphosate (e ʻike i nā laʻana a me nā kumuwaiwai. maanei, maanei, maanei, a maanei).

Wahi a ka luna kānāwai ʻo Vince Chhabria, ka mea i pelekikena i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala hou loa i hopena i $ 80 miliona o nā pohō i kūʻē iā Monsanto, ua hōʻike nā mea hoʻopiʻi i nā hōʻike he nui ʻaʻole i lawe ʻo Monsanto i kahi ala kūpono, kūpono i ka palekana o kāna huahana. " Ka luna kānāwai kakau no hoi:

E pili ana i nā koena pesticide i loko o ka poʻe, ke hāpai nei ka ʻepekema i kēia manawa no ka mālama ʻole o nā lula o kēia wā i nā pale olakino kūpono. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Carey Gillam, “Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Ke palekana ʻole paha ka 'palekana',”A me nā manaʻo ʻepekema maanei, maanei a maanei.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka Geoffrey Kabat nā pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa maikaʻi i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. Lawelawe ʻo ia ma ka papa o nā papa o ka hoʻonohonoho makua o Genetic Literacy Project, a hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. ʻO Kabat kekahi ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino.

Patrick Moore, kākāʻōlelo PR

Nīnauele wikiō me Canal + (Malaki 2015)

KĀLAI: "Hiki iā ʻoe ke inu i ka quart holoʻokoʻa o [glyphosate] a ʻaʻole ia e ʻeha iā ʻoe."

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate. Wahi a ka hui paena, "ʻAʻohe mea inu ka glyphosate a pono ʻole e ʻai ʻia - e like me ʻoe e inu ʻole ai i ka shampoo a i ʻole ka detergent pā. He mea nui mau ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana no kā lākou kumu i manaʻo ʻia ai kuhikuhi ʻia i ka lepili. ” (Hoʻomaopopo pū ka pou i Moore "ʻaʻole ia he loio Monsanto a i ʻole limahana.")

NO KA MEA: Ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Moore ma ke ʻano he hoa hui o Greenpeace nāna i "kāhea aku i kāna hui mua" iā ia e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei no ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā huahana ʻona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻoihana haumia. Wahi a Greenpeace, "I kekahi manawa, ʻO Kauka Patrick Moore kahi lālā mua o Greenpeace. I kēia manawa he kūkākūkā pili lehulehu no nā hui haumia a Greenpeace e hana ai e loli. ” I ka makahiki 2014, ʻo Moore ua hōʻike i kahi komite Senate US ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema e pili ana ka hana a ke kanaka i ka hoʻomehana honua.

Kevin Folta, PhD, polofesa ma ke Kulanui o Florida

Tweets 2015 a 2013

KĀLAI: "Ua inu wau [glyphosate] ma mua e hōʻike i ka hōʻino ʻole" ... "Ua hana wau ia ola a hana hou. Pono e hui w / coke a wai c-berry paha. ʻO ke kopa. ʻAʻohe buzz ”

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua hoʻopau paha ʻo Kauka Folta i ka glyphosate, he ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo maikaʻi ʻole kēia mai kahi kumu kūpono ʻole. E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma luna, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Loaʻa iā Professor Folta alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu i nā manawa he nui e pili ana i kāna mau ʻoihana ahupuaʻa. Ma 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Kauka Folta i ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻo Pulitzer-Prize ʻo Eric Lipton no ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO Folta mau hana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia me Monsanto e kōkua i ke eo ʻana i ka lepili GMO. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi ka hoʻokuʻuʻia.

ʻO Alison van Eenennaam, PhD, he genetistist holoholona, ​​UC Davis 

ninaninau wikiō ma ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Maoli (Mei 2015)

KĀLAI: "Manaʻo wau aia kekahi mau meta-anamanaʻo piha āpau i hana ʻia i hala koke aku nei e hōʻike ana ʻaʻohe hopena kūlohelohe a carcinogenicity paha e pili ana me ka hoʻohana ʻana o Roundup. Aia kahi Kelemania Federal Institute no ka nānā loiloi e nānā wale nei i nā haneli o nā noiʻi kumuwaiwai a kokoke i hoʻokahi kaukani mau hōʻike i paʻi ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻike data a me nā waiwai mutagentic o glyphosate, a i ʻole he mea ʻawaʻawa ka glyphosate i ka momona, hānau hou, a i ʻole embryonic hoʻomohala fetal i nā holoholona lab ... A ʻaʻole wau e kāhea iā Kelemānia he ʻāina kahi āu e manaʻo ai e hana ana lākou i kahi loiloi pōpilikia i nānā ʻole i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻikepili. "

KEKAHI: A 2019 moʻolelo ʻO ke komisina e nā lālā o ka Parliament i ka European Union ʻike ʻia ʻo kā Kelemania loiloi loiloi "keʻena a me nā palapala i kope ʻia mai nā noi ʻana o Monsanto." E ʻike i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ke Kahu e Arthur Neslen, “Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻae glyphosate a EU ma ka palapala Monsanto plagiarized, ua loaʻa ka hōʻike."

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka van Eenennaam kahi mea hoʻolaha nui o nā holoholona genetically engineered a me nā mea ulu, a me kahi mea koi ikaika no ka deregulation. Hōʻike nā palapala ua hoʻohui ʻo ia me nā hui mahiʻai a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana pili lehulehu ma PR a me ka leka ʻana.

Kiʻi paʻi kiʻi Food Evolution 

Paipai kēia pepa wikiō hiʻohiʻona 2017 i nā meaʻai me ka genetically engineered e like me ka hopena o ka pōloli o ka honua akā glosses i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui ma ke kikowaena o ka GMO hoʻopaʻapaʻa: inā ʻo Roundup, ka mea kanu lāʻau a ka hapanui o nā huaʻai GM i ʻenekini e pale aku, kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻAʻole hōʻike iki ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i ka hōʻike a ka IARC i loaʻa he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia, a hilinaʻi ʻia ma nā kumuwaiwai ʻelua wale nō e koi ai ʻaʻole hopohopo ka glyphosate.

KĀLAI: Hōʻike ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i nā kiʻi o Monsanto's Robb Fraley e hāʻawi nei i kahi haʻiʻōlelo; i ka wā i nīnau aku ai kahi lālā o ka poʻe e pili ana iā ia e pili ana i nā loulou e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a i ʻole nā ​​kīnā o ka hānau ʻana, ua hoʻoluli ʻo Fraley i kona lima me ka ʻokiʻoki a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia mau haʻawina āpau he "pseudoscience."

KEKAHI: Nā hōʻike mai ka hoʻopaʻa holoholona ʻana a me ka ʻikepili epidemiological paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke pai kaulana e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i kekahi mau hopena maikaʻi ʻole e like me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hānau hānau.

KĀLAI: Wahi a kahi mahiʻai i ka glyphosate "loa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa; malalo o ke kope, lalo o ka paʻakai. ”

KEKAHI: Ke hoʻohālikelike nei i ka ʻona o ka hōʻike wā pōkole o ka glyphosate i nā mea e like me ke kope a me ka paʻakai ka mea pili ʻole a kuhi hewa hoʻi; pili nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma nā hōʻike lōʻihi, wā lōʻihi i glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Evolution Hamilton Kennedy e ka meaʻai Evolution, haʻi ʻia e Neil deGrasse Tyson a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka Institute for Food Technologists, kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana. Ua kāhea nā kālaiʻike he nui a propaganda kiʻiʻoniʻoni, a he nui ka poʻe i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia a kaʻina hoʻohenehene sneaky a me ka hoʻopunipuni. ʻO NYU Polofesa Marion Nestle noi ʻia e lawe ʻia i waho o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, akā hōʻole ka luna hoʻokele.

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa

IMF paena (ʻAukake 2018)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka glyphosate ʻaʻole ia he carcinogenic."

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole hāʻawi kēia ʻatikala na Julie Gunlock i ke kākoʻo ʻepekema no kāna mau koi; ke alakaʻi nei nā loulou i nā blog IWF o mua e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hui kaiaulu o ka wahaheʻe a me nā "makaʻu makaʻu ʻole."

NO KA MEA: Ke Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa paipai i nā huahana paka, hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a me nā hoa me Monsanto i nā hanana e pale aku i nā pesticides. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia ʻo IWF e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hāpai ana i ka deregulation no nā ʻoihana haumia.

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻIke ʻImi Meaʻai Mea Kai

Āikio paena  (Ianuali 2016)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka hoʻoholo ʻana a IARC [kēlā glyphosate kahi kanaka kino kanesa paha] i loaʻa e nā poʻe loea he nui i kāpae ʻia i nā hanana he nui i ʻike ʻole ʻia he hōʻike carciogenic. Ua ʻike ka poʻe loea i ka loiloi ʻia o ka IARC e pili ana i ka ʻepekema kīnā ʻole a me ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia, a ʻo kekahi e hele nei a hiki i ka ʻōlelo ʻana he hewa loa ka hopena.

KEKAHI: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana no kēia mau koi, e pili ana i nā ʻatikala na Val Giddings, PhD, ua huli ka luna o ka hui kālepa mua Kūkākūkā PR no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai; a ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Monsanto e nānā i ka hōʻike IARC.

NO KA MEA: ka ʻAha ʻIkepili ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai, hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā hui kemika, paipai a pale aku i ke kō, nā mea hoʻonaninani, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā pesticides, nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia a me nā GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto PR IFIC ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi o nā "hoa hana" hiki ke kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO kēia kiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka ʻaoʻao glyphosate IFIC (a laila holoi ʻia ma hope o ko mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā ʻana) kahi laʻana o ke ʻano o ka leka ʻana a ka ʻoihana meaʻai e hoʻāʻo ai e hoʻohuli i nā wahine e hilinaʻi i kā lākou "loea." 

Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu i ka mea kākau Reuters

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Ua ʻike mākou mai nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma mua e pili ana ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i pili nui no Monsanto i kāna hana e hoʻohaʻahaʻa a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i nā ʻepekema o ka World Health Organisation for Research on Cancer (IARC) nāna i wehewehe i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha i ka makahiki 2015. I kēia manawa loaʻa nā hōʻike hou aʻe o ka ʻoluʻolu o ka pilina.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Kelland i kākau i kahi moʻolelo 2017 a Monsanto i noi aku ai iā ia e kākau ma ke ʻano like me ke noi ʻana mai o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey iā ia e kākau, (me ka hōʻike ʻole aku i ka poʻe heluhelu ʻo Monsanto ke kumu,) akā i kēia manawa ʻike mākou i ka hōʻike o kahi kiko o kahi kaʻawale moʻolelo Kelland did about glyphosate was hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto  ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana, kahi hana maʻa mau ʻia e nā nūhou.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e Kelland i leka uila ʻia iā Murphey me ka laina kumuhana "My draft, Confidential."

ʻO ka moʻolelo i kau ʻia ma ke poʻo inoa "ʻO ke aʻo hou ʻana ma Monsanto ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu e hānai ai i kahi koho balota nui a EU," e pili ana i nā ʻike mua o kahi noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kahi ʻepekema ʻItalia e hōʻike ana i nā ʻiole hoʻokolohua i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma nā pae e like me ka mea i ʻae ʻia i nā kānaka. hopena. ʻO ka mana hope loa ua paʻiʻia maʻApelila 13, 2017.

a kekahi leka uila hou i hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o ʻelua mau moʻolelo Kelland ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka leka uila o Malaki 1, 2016 e pili ana i ke komo ʻana o Monsanto ʻO ka hoʻāla ʻo "Red Flag"  i loko o kahi moʻolelo Reuters i hoʻopuka mua ʻia e kūʻē ana iā IARC a me ka makemake e hoʻohuli i kahi moʻolelo like ʻelua a Reuters e hoʻolālā nei. ʻO Red Flag kahi PR a me lobbying firm ma Dublin i hana e pale aku i ka palekana glyphosate a paipai i nā leka pro-glyphosate ma o nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e like me nā hui mahiʻai.

Wahi a ka leka uila i hapa hapa ʻia, "ma hope o ke komo ʻana a Red Flag i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei, ua nui ka manaʻo o ka ʻāpana mua iā IARC." Hele aku ka leka uila: "E ʻike paha ʻoe e pili ana ka Red Flag me Reuters e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻelua o ke kaʻina…"

Ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo Reuters i kā Kelland poʻo moʻolelo "Hōʻike Kūʻokoʻa: Pehea e huikau ai ka ʻoihana olakino o ka World Health Organization i nā mea kūʻai aku." 

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kēia mau leka i ka hōʻike leka o ka leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ke kōkua ʻana o Kelland iā Monsanto e hoʻokele i kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair i kāna kuleana ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka hui hana IARC nāna i hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha. I loko opalapala leka uila ternal Monsanto i kākau ʻia ma ʻApelila 27, 2017 e hōʻike ana ua hoʻouna ʻo Monanto executive Sam Murphey i ka moʻolelo i makemake ʻia e ka hui iā Kelland me he paheʻe paheʻe o nā kiko kamaʻilio a me nā ʻāpana o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i faila ʻole ʻia i ka ʻaha.

Ma Iune 14, 2017, Kelland i kākau he moʻolelo hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma muli o kāna mea i ʻōlelo ai he "palapala ʻaha," ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he mau palapala i hānai ʻia iā ia e Murphey. Ma muli o ka waiho ʻole ʻia o nā palapala a Kelland i hōʻike ai i ka hale hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole lākou i loaʻa ākea no ka nānā maʻalahi ʻana e ka poʻe heluhelu. Ma ka hāʻawi wahaheʻe ʻana i ka ʻikepili ma muli o nā palapala a ka ʻaha i hōʻalo ai ʻo ia i ka haʻi ʻana i kā Monsanto kuleana i ka hoʻokele ʻana i ka moʻolelo.

I ka wā i puka mai ai ka moʻolelo, ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Blair e hūnā nei i ka "ʻike nui" i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair "ua hoʻololi ka ʻikepili i kā ʻIARC kālailai ʻana" ʻoiai kahi loiloi o ka waihona maoli hōʻike mai ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ʻo Blair i kēlā.

ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna huakaʻi mai ka pololei.

Ua huki ʻia ka moʻolelo e ka poʻe pāpāho a puni ka honua, a paipai ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻenehana kemika. Ua kūʻai ʻia nā hoʻolaha Google e hoʻolaha ana i ka moʻolelo. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto e hoʻouka iā IARC ma nā mua he nui, e like me ka hoʻāʻo a Monsanto e kiʻi i ka ʻahaʻōlelo e wehe i ke kālā mai IARC.

ʻAʻohe mea hewa ʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā manaʻo moʻolelo e pōmaikaʻi ai nā ʻoihana mai nā ʻoihana ponoʻī. Hana ʻia i nā manawa āpau. Akā pono e ʻeleu ka poʻe nūpepa i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole i ka hoʻolaha pāʻoihana.

Ua pale aku ka luna hoʻoponopono o Reuters ʻo Mike Williams i kā Kelland hana a hōʻole e hoʻopuka i kahi wehewehe a hoʻoponopono paha ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Aaron Blair. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "He ʻāpana nui ia, a kū piha wau iā ia." Kākoʻo ʻo Reuters i ka "etika hoʻoponopono" Kākoʻo ʻo Alix Freedman i kā Kelland Blair moʻolelo, ʻoiai ʻo ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka pili ʻana o Monsanto a me ka hōʻike ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka poʻe heluhelu. "Haʻaheo mākou iā ia a kū ma hope o ia," wahi a Freedman i kahi leka uila.

Ma kahi leka pilikino, ua hala wau he 17 mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he mea kākau nūhou ma Reuters e uhi ana iā Monsanto a makaʻu wau i kēia hana hewa i nā kūlana nūhou. He mea nui ia ʻo Alix Freedman ka mea like nāna i haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole wau i ʻae ʻia e kākau e pili ana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui o ka glyphosate a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻO ka mea liʻiliʻi loa, pono ʻo Kelland e hoʻopono me nā mea heluhelu a ʻae ʻo Monsanto kāna kumu - ma kēlā moʻolelo, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe paha. Loaʻa iā Reuters ka honua - a me IARC - kahi kala kala.

No ka mea hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, ʻike i kēia ʻatikala.

 

E heluhelu i nā leka uila, nā ʻatikala e hōʻike ana i nā hana EPA e lohi i ka loiloi ATSDR glyphosate

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Hoʻohou: Ua paʻi ka ATSDR i kā lākou hoʻolālā kiʻi pilikino no ka glyphosate i ʻApelila 2019. E ʻike i ka uhi: Hōʻike ʻo ATSDR Hōʻoiaʻiʻo i nā Pilikia maʻi ʻaʻai Glyphosate, NRDC (4.11.2019); ʻO kekahi mau loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e hōʻike ʻia i ka hōʻike hōʻike o Pesticide Pesticide, Bloomberg (4.8.2019); Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Monsanto Cozy me Feds, Nūhou Hale Hoʻokolokolo (4.15.2019).

ʻO kēia ʻatikala na Carey Gillam ʻo ia i paʻi mua ʻia ma Huffington Post maʻAukake 2017:

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo i nā hana a EPA e lohi i ka loiloi Herbicide i hele mai i ka laulima me Monsanto

Hōʻike nā kamaʻilio leka uila o ke aupuni i ka hana hoʻomau a nā luna he nui i loko o ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e hoʻolohi i kahi loiloi palekana o ka ʻaoʻao pekelala kūʻokoʻa no ka lāʻau make make kiʻekiʻe a Monsanto ʻO ka mea nui, hōʻike nā moʻolelo i ka hiki ʻana o nā hana EPA ma ke kauoha a Monsanto, a ua kōkua nui nā luna o ka EPA e mālama i ka pilikua kemika i ko lākou holomua.

ʻO nā kamaʻilio, ka hapanui o nā mea i loaʻa ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o 2015 i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ka EPA a me Monsanto e hana i ka ʻahamele e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loiloi toekikolika i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i kahi hui i nā Centers for Disease Control and Prevent. (CDC) ke alakaʻi nei ma glyphosate, ke ki nui i loko o nā huahana hua ʻai huakaʻi Roundup herbicide ʻo Monsanto.   ʻO nā kikoʻī i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā palapala i ka wā a Monsanto e pale aku nei iā ia iho nā hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopiʻi nei ua hoʻāʻo ʻo ia e uhi i nā hōʻike o ka hōʻino me kāna mau lāʻau make.

ʻO ka Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), kahi keʻena olakino olakino pekelala i hui pū ʻia me ka CDC he ʻāpana o ka US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka loiloi ʻana i nā hopena maikaʻi o ke olakino kanaka mai nā hōʻike a nā mea weliweli i ke kaiapuni. No laila ua kūpono no ka ATSDR e nānā i ka glyphosate, i hoʻohana ākea ʻia ma nā mahiʻai US, nā lau nahele noho a me nā māla, nā kahua pāʻani o ke kula a me nā papa kolepa. Hoʻohana nui ʻia ʻo Glyphosate i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai a loaʻa nā koena glyphosate i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka mimi kanaka.

Ua hoʻolaha ka ATSDR i Pepeluali 2015 e hoʻolālā e hoʻolaha i kahi hōʻike kūpona o glyphosate e ʻOkakopa o kēlā makahiki. Akā ma ʻOkakopa, ua paʻa kēlā loiloi, a hiki i kēia lā ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia kahi loiloi e like me ia. (Hoʻohou: ka Ua paʻi hope ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi i ʻApelila 2019.) Hōʻike nā palapala ʻaʻole ia he pōpilikia, ʻaʻohe lohi o ke keʻena, akā ʻo ka hopena o kahi hana like ma waena o Monsanto a me kahi hui o nā luna kiʻekiʻe o ka EPA.

No Monsanto, hopohopo ka manawa o ka loiloi ATSDR. Ma Malaki 2015, ua hoʻolaha ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i ka glyphosate e lilo i kino kanaka make paha, a makaʻu ʻo Monsanto he hopohopo like paha kā ATSDR e pili ana i ka kemikali. Nā hōʻike i hala ua wehewehe pehea i kamaʻilio ai kekahi luna ʻEPA, ʻo Jess Rowland iā Monsanto i ʻApelila 2015 i kona makemake e hoʻāʻo e pepehi i ka loiloi ATSDR. ʻO Rowland, ka mea i hoʻomaha i ka 2016, ʻo ia ka luna hoʻomalu hope ma waena o ka ʻāpana hopena olakino o ka EPA Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP). ʻO nā ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi o ka collusion ma waena o Rowland a me Monsanto ua paipai ʻia kahi ʻimi na ke Keʻena Luna Nui o ka EPA.

Akā ʻo ka lepa o nā palapala i loaʻa mai nei mai loko mai o EPA a me HHS e hōʻike nei i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto ʻaʻole ia no Rowland wale nō akā mai nā luna ʻoi aku ka pae kiʻekiʻe o ka EPA. Ma mua o ka paipai ʻana a kōkua i ka loiloi ʻino o ka glyphosate, ua hoʻopiʻi pinepine nā luna o Monsanto a me EPA iā ATSDR a me HHS no kēlā ʻano loiloi he "duplicative" pono ʻole a pono e lawe i kahi noho hope i kahi loiloi EPA e hoʻomaka pū ana hoʻi.

Hōʻike ka papa manawa aʻe i ka wehe ʻana o nā hanana:

May 19, 2015 - ʻO Michael Dykes, ka mea i kēlā manawa ʻo Monsanto ka hope pelekikena lōʻihi o nā hihia aupuni, kākau pololei i ka EPA ʻo Jim Jones, ka Luna Hoʻokele no ke keʻena o ka palekana Chemical & Pollution Prevention. Ua mālama ʻo Jones i ka Keʻena ʻo EPA o nā Pesticide Programs (OPP) a he koho pelekikena ia i hāpai i ka lole nui. E mālamalama ana ke awakea i ka hiki ʻana mai o ka leka uila ma 3:28 pm Ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo Dykes iā Jones ua kūkākūkā hou lākou no ka loiloi glyphosate o ka HHS 'ATSDR ma kahi hālāwai.

"ʻAʻole ʻoe i ʻike i kā lākou loiloi. Ua aʻo anei ʻoe i kekahi mea hou aʻe e pili ana i kā lākou hana? " Nīnau ʻo Dykes.

ʻAʻole i hoʻonele ʻo Jones i ka manawa. Ma kahi o hoʻokahi hola ma hope ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka leka iā OPP Luna Hoʻokele Jack Housenger, palapala "Manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hana ana ʻo atsdr i kahi Nānā glyphosate. Hiki iā ʻoukou ke holo i lalo? ” Pane koke ka mea hale: "ʻAe. Ua nānā ʻo Jess me lākou…. Ua paʻakikī e loaʻa ka ʻike. ”

Ma loko o hoʻokahi hola ua kauoha ʻo Jones i kahi lālā o kāna limahana e kiʻi iā ia i ka ʻike pili no ke poʻo poʻo nona ke kuleana no ATSDR. Ua pane ʻo ia i ke kakahiaka aʻe ʻo Kauka Patrick Breysse ke kanaka kuhikuhi. Ua komo ʻo Breysse i ka CDC ma 2014 ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi o kona National Center for Environmental Health, e kiaʻi ana i ka ATSDR o ka NCEH.

E 20, 2015 Ma hope iki wale nō o ka 8:30 am akā ua haʻi aku ʻo Jones i ka limahana e kauoha i ka limahana e launa me Breysse, a i loko o ʻelua mau hola i kākau i kahi leka uila iā Breysse e wehewehe nei e kokoke ana i ka pau pono o ka loiloi hou ʻana o EPA / ka makaʻu ʻana i ka glyphosate, a e nīnau ana iā Breysse inā ʻoe "e noʻonoʻo paha i ka pono e hana i kāu loiloi." Ua haʻi aku ʻo Housenger iā Breysse ua hiki aku ʻo ia i kēlā me kēia kanaka i hāʻawi ʻia i ka loiloi ATSDR a ua hōʻike ʻo ia e "hoʻohui" ʻo ia me EPA, akā ʻaʻole lawa kēlā. ʻAʻole haʻi ʻo Housenger i kā Monsanto hoʻolaha ʻana i ka EPA e pili ana i ka pilikia, akā naʻe nīnau ʻia "he hoʻohana maikaʻi paha kēia o nā kumuwaiwai aupuni" no ATSDR e hoʻomau me kāna loiloi. Ua pane ʻo Breysse e "nānā i kēia" a mahalo aku ʻo Housenger iā ia no kāna pane wikiwiki. Ua kiʻi aku ʻo Breysse i kahi alakaʻi mahele o ATSDR ʻo James Stephens ka mea e hoʻonohonoho i kahi kūkā e pili ana i ka noi EPA.

E 21, 2015 ʻO James Stephens kākau hou i Ua manaʻo ʻo Patrick Breysse ʻo ka hui ATSDR ʻo ka hana a ka EPA “overlaps akā ʻaʻole ia he kope…” a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻaʻole i hiki i ka hui ASTDR ke ʻike i nā kope kope o kā EPA hana. "Manaʻo wau e ʻoluʻolu mākou āpau i kahi kūkā hou me EPA akā manaʻo wau e hoʻohana ia mea e kōkua iā mākou e ʻike hou e pili ana i kā lākou hana." Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā Breysse. Ma hope o ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai Stephens, Ua kākau ʻo Breysse i hope i ka ohua e ʻōlelo ana e pili ana nā limahana o ATSDR e kūkākūkā. Ua pane aku ʻo Housenger me kāna ʻōlelo hou ʻana e lilo ana ka loiloi ATSDR i kahi “hoʻoikaika aupuni duplicative"A e puka ana ke kikoo EPA i Iulai o 2015. (E like me kēia kākau ʻana, ʻaʻole i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi mua mua ʻana o ka EPA, ʻoiai ma 2016 ua hoʻokuʻu ka EPA i kahi hōʻike loiloi i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i haʻi ʻia ʻaʻole hiki i ka glyphosate ke kumu. maʻi ʻaʻai.)

June 4, 2015 Ke kaomi nei i ka pilikia, Ua kākau hou ka mea hale o EPA iā Breysee e ʻōlelo aku ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lohe i kekahi. Ua kākau ʻo ATSDR's Stephens i ka hoʻohiki ʻana e ʻike pono “hāʻawi kekahi iā ʻoe i ke apo.”  Nā leka uila o Monsanto kūloko e hōʻike i ka manawa like, ua hoʻokau ʻo Monsanto i ka moʻolelo "duplicative" me HHS, e hui ana ma Iune 4 me ka hope kōkua kākau ʻōlelo ʻo HHS no Global Health Mitchel Wolfe e noi iā ia e kōkua i ka hōʻole ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC a e ʻike i ka loiloi o glyphosate ʻo ia ka "ʻaʻole ke kuleana nui" no kāna ʻoihana. “ʻO Dr. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Wolfe e ukali ʻo ia i ka mea e hana nei me ATSDR a ua paipai ʻia ʻo ia e kūkākūkā me nā limahana o ka EPA, a ʻo ia kekahi,

June 9, 2015 ʻO Henry Abadin, he ʻepekema luna hoʻomalu o ATSDR, haʻi ʻia iā Stephens ua kamaʻilio ʻo ia me Housenger a wehewehe i ka manaʻo ʻole o ka ʻoihana he "hana pālua ia." Eia naʻe, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia iā EPA, "ʻaʻohe o mākou pilikia me ka waiho ʻana i ka ʻikepili glyphosate e kali ana, e kali ana i ka hōʻike hope a ka OPP."

June 19, 2015 I mea e hōʻoia hou ai i ka neʻe ʻole o ka loiloi ATSDR, ua kamaʻilio hou ʻo Monsanto's Dykes me HHS's Wolfe, e noi ana i kahi mea hou ma ATSDR. "Ua wehewehe au ... ʻo kā mākou nīnau e pili ana i ke kumu a me ka laulā o kahi hōʻike loiloi e ATSDR. Ua haʻi pū wau iā ia ua hopohopo mākou e puka ʻo ATSDR i kēlā me kēia lā me kahi hōʻike. Ua hoʻokūpaʻa hou wau ua hopohopo mākou e nānā nei lākou i ka glyphosate e like me ka poʻe a mākou e kamaʻilio pū ai me EPA, "kākau ʻo Dykes i nā hoa hana.

June 21, 2015 He Lāpule ia, akā ua hopohopo nui ʻo Monsanto's Dykes e pili ana i ka loiloi ATSDR e kope i nā hoa hana he nui ma kahi leka uila o ka pō e hōʻike ana ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e kaomi i ke kiko "duplicative" me ATSDR akā ua hopohopo e pili ana i kahi "loiloi glyphosate e hiki mai ana i kēlā me kēia lā."  In he leka uila i hoʻouna ʻia i kēlā lā nō, ua ʻike ka ʻepekema ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs i kekahi mea ʻona ʻona ma EPA i kapa ʻia ʻo Mary Manibusan e noi ana no nā mea pili ma ATSDR. "Ke hoʻāʻo nei mākou e hana i nā mea āpau e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale aku i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi IARC kūloko me kēia hui. pono paha i kāu kōkua, ”kākau ʻo Sachs. ʻO nā leka uila i waena o kekahi nā moʻolelo Monsanto kūloko i loaʻa e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai nāna e hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no ka ʻōlelo ʻo Roundup nā kumu o ko lākou maʻi.

June 23, 2015 Ma ka Poʻalua, he nūhou maikaʻi kā Monsanto's Jenkins: ua lohe ʻo ia mai Housenger ua kūleʻa ka luna o ka EPA i ka hoʻohiki ʻana mai ATSDR e waiho i kāna hōʻike "paʻa." ʻAʻole i make ka loiloi, akā naʻe ua kākauʻo ia: Kūkākūkā ʻo ATSDR "ʻike maopopo ʻia kā lākou kaʻina hana a ʻaʻole duplika. Nānā lākou i nā kikoʻī ʻokoʻa a haʻi iā EPA ʻaʻole lākou e "kāhea i ka maʻi ʻaʻai", akā manaʻo wau e hoʻomau mākou e akahele. "

Ma ka Iune 24, 2015 ʻO ka luna ʻepekema nui o Monsanto ʻo William Heydens pane mai: "'Distinguishable a ʻaʻole duplicative'? Serious? A e manaʻoʻiʻo wau i ka ʻole 'kāhea ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai' ʻāpana ke ʻike wau. Eia naʻe, ma ka liʻiliʻi ʻike lākou ke kiaʻi ʻia nei lākou, a lana ka manaʻo e mālama iā lākou mai ka hana lapuwale loa ... "Kākau hou ʻo Jenkins, me ka ʻae ʻana ua nui aku ka makaʻu o Monsanto mai ATSDR ma mua o ka EPA ʻoiai ua hōʻea nā keʻena ʻelua i nā" hopena like ʻole " ma nā pilikia ʻē aʻe. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia ua haʻi ʻia iā ATSDR "He conservative a he IARC e like me…"

By 'Okakopa 23, 2015 Loaʻa iā EPA lāua ʻo Monsanto ka ATSDR loiloi piha ʻia i ka paʻa. ʻO ka mea hale o EPA ua kākau e hoʻohou i kā Monsanto Jen Jen: "Ke kali nei lākou i kā mākou RA glyphosate RA. A ua ʻae lākou e kaʻana like i kā lākou hana. ”

I kēlā mahina nō, ua hāʻawi ʻia e ke Kōmike Hoʻoholo ʻIke ʻInikino ʻo EPA (CARC), ka mea i alakaʻi ʻia e Rowland, e hōʻike i kahi hōʻike kūloko e hōʻike ana he kūʻē i ka IARC, ua ʻike ka hōʻike a ka EPA o ka glyphosate iā ia.ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic i nā kānaka. "

ʻAʻole nō naʻe e hoʻopuka ka EPA i ka loiloi hou o ka pōpilikia hou i ʻōlelo ʻia e puka ana i ka makahiki 2015. Ua hāʻawi aku ka ʻoihana i nā manawa manawa loli mau no ka loiloi, akā i kēia manawa ke manaʻo nei e hoʻokuʻu i kahi loiloi loiloi pilikia i kekahi manawa o kēia makahiki. A laila e ukali ʻia e kahi manawa ʻōlelo he 60 mau lā. Ma hope o ka manawa ʻōlelo a ka lehulehu e hoʻoholo ka EPA inā makemake ʻia kahi hoʻokele pilikia. I kēia manawa, ua kuhikuhi ʻo Monsanto i ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka EPA i ka palekana glyphosate ma ke ʻano he repudiation o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka IARC ma ka ʻaha a me nā mea hoʻokele ma ʻEulopa e nānā nei hoʻi i nā pilikia palekana glyphosate.

ʻAʻole i pane ka EPA i kahi noi no ka manaʻo e pili ana i kāna mau hana e hoʻopaneʻe i ka hōʻike ATSDR a i ʻole kamaʻilio pū me Monsanto e pili ana i kēlā hana.

Akā ʻo Brent Wisner, kahi loio e kū ana i ka hapa nui o nā maʻi ʻaʻa e hoʻopiʻi ana iā Monsanto, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua hāʻawi nā palapala i ka hōʻike hōʻino no ka pili pono ʻole ma waena o ka EPA a me ka hui kemika. "Manaʻo wau he maopopo loa ... ua hana pū nā luna o ka EPA a me nā limahana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻokō i kahi pahuhopu o ka hoʻōki ʻana i kēlā ʻikepili ma ATSDR. Hoʻohui kēlā. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu he aha hou aʻe āu e kāhea ai i kēlā, "wahi a Wisner.

No kāna ʻāpana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ATSDR i kēia pule ua hoʻomaka ka loiloi i hoʻomaka ʻia ma 2015 "ʻaʻole i piha" akā ke manaʻo nei ia e hoʻopuka ʻia kahi kiʻi glyphosate kumumanaʻo no ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma ka hopena o kēia makahiki. Ua hōʻole kekahi haʻi ʻōlelo no ka ʻoihana e kūkākūkā i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka lohi o ka loiloi.

A ʻo Jones, ka hana a EPA i hoʻopau ai i ka wā i lilo ai ke aupuni Trump, ua pale aku ʻo ia i ka pane ʻana i ka hopohopo o Monsanto e pili ana i ka loiloi ATSDR, e ʻōlelo ana he pili wale nō ia me ka "hoʻohana maikaʻi ʻana o nā kumuwaiwai aupuni."

"Inā i kāhea mai kekahi ʻaoʻao iaʻu a haʻi mai iaʻu aia kekahi keʻena ʻē aʻe i loko o ka Administration e loiloi pū ana i kahi kemika e like me kaʻu ʻoihana, inā ua komo wau," wahi a Jones. "ʻAʻohe waiwai i ke aupuni like e hoʻopukapuka nei i nā kumuwaiwai i kaupalena ʻia e hana i ka pilikia like. E like me kāu e ʻike ai i nā kumuwaiwai ma ka pae pekelala a ʻaʻole lawa ka pilikia o ka hana hou ʻana. " Ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo Jones, "ke nānā ʻelua mau hui i ka kemika like, aia paha he mau ʻokoʻa i kā lākou loiloi.  ʻOiai ʻaʻole pili kēia mau ʻokoʻa mai ke kuanaʻike olakino lehulehu, lilo ka nui o ka ikehu i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻoponopono i kēia mau ʻokoʻa ”a ʻaʻole ia ma ka" hoihoi lehulehu. "

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.