Hoʻopili ʻia ʻo Aspartame i ke kaupaona, hoʻonui i ka makemake a me ka momona

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ʻEpekema e pili ana i ke kaupaona loaʻa + nā pilikia pili i ka nui
ʻEpekema ʻenehana
ʻO ka "Diet" Ke Kūʻai hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni?
Nā Manaʻo ʻepekema

ʻO Aspartame, ka hulu kō a kaulana loa o ka honua, i loaʻa i loko o nā tausani o nā kō-kō, kō-kō a me nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo “diet” a me nā meaʻai. Eia naʻe nā hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa pepa e hoʻopili i ka aspartame i ke kaupaona, hoʻonui i ka makemake, diabetes, derabement metabolic a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka momona.

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana i kēia kumuwaiwai. E ʻike pū i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, Aspartame: Nā Makahiki Makahiki o ka ʻEpekema e hōʻike i nā olakino olakino koʻikoʻi, me ka ʻike e pili ana i nā loiloi i nānā ʻia e nā hoa e pili ana i ka aspartame i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, maʻi maʻi maʻi, maʻi Alzheimer, nā hahau, ka hopu ʻana i nā maʻi, a me nā poʻo hina.

Hoʻoponopono pololei

  • ʻO Aspartame - kālepa ʻia ʻo NutraSweet, Kaulike, Sugar Twin a me AminoSweet - ʻo ia ka mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni i hoʻohana ʻia e ka honua. Loaʻa ka kemika i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu he mau kaukani nā huahana, e like me Diet Coke a me Diet Pepsi, gum-sugar, candy, condiment a me nā wikamina.
  • Ua loaʻa iā FDA wahi a aspartame "palekana no ka heluna lehulehu ma lalo o kekahi mau ʻano." Ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema he nui ka Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻae ʻia o ka FDA ma luna o ka ʻikepili kānalua a pono e noʻonoʻo hou ʻia.
  • Ua mālama ʻia he mau hanana he nui i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o mau makahiki aspartame i nā pilikia olakino koʻikoʻi.

ʻO Aspartame, Kaumaha Loaʻa + Loaʻa e pili ana i nā pilikia 

ʻElima mau loiloi o ka ʻepekema moʻokalaleo e pili ana i nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino e hōʻike ʻaʻole hāʻawi lākou i ka lilo ʻana o ke kaupaona, a no ka mea paha he kumu ia e loaʻa ai ke kaumaha.

  • A 2017 meta analysis o ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i nā mea ʻono hana, i paʻi ʻia i loko o ka Ka PepaʻAiā Leka o ka Huilepaʻiʻo Canada, ʻaʻohe hōʻike maopopo e pili ana i nā pono pohō kaumaha no nā mea hoʻonaninani hoʻowalewale i nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia, a ua hōʻike ʻia e pili ana nā loiloi cohort i nā mea ʻono hana me ka "hoʻonui i ke kaupaona a me ka pūhaka, a me nā hanana kiʻekiʻe o ka momona, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes a me ka maʻi puʻuwai hanana. ”ike no hoi
    • "ʻAʻole kōkua nā mea hoʻonanea i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi kaumaha a alakaʻi ʻia i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā paona," na Catherine Caruso, STAT (7.17.2017)
    • "No ke aha i inu ai kahi mea maʻi puʻuwai i kāna sodaʻai hope loa," na Harlan Krumholz, Puka Puka Puka (9.14.2017)
    • "Makemake kēia cardiologist i kona ʻohana e ʻokiʻoki i ka sodaʻai. E pono anei i kāu? na David Becker, MD, Philly Enquirer (9.12.2017)
  • A 2013 Nā kuʻuna i ka Endocrinology a me Metabolism ʻike ka ʻatikala loiloi "hōʻiliʻili ʻia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i nā mea kūʻai pinepine pinepine i kēia mau mea kō i kū i ka nui o ka loaʻa o ke kaumaha, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, a me ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi," a ʻo "ka hoʻohana pinepine ʻana i nā meaʻono ikaika nui ke loaʻa ka hopena hopena o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic. ”2
  • A 2009 Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali ʻike ka ʻatikala loiloi i ka "hoʻohui o NNS [nonenutritive sweeteners] i nā papaʻai ʻaʻohe waiwai no ka pohō kaumaha a hoʻemi ʻia paha ka loaʻa o ke kaupaona me ka ʻole o ka palena o ka ikehu. Aia kekahi mau manaʻo hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana i ka hoʻokomo ʻia ʻana o NNS i ka papaʻai e paipai ai i ka lawe ʻana i ka ikehu a hāʻawi i ka momona. ”3
  • A 2010 ʻO Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ka hopena o ka loiloi ʻana i nā puke e pili ana i nā mea ʻono hoʻopunipuni i hoʻoholo ʻia, "ʻimi nā noiʻi noiʻi i hiki i nā mea ʻono hana kuʻi ke kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha."4
  • A 2010 Ka Nūpepa International o ka nui o nā keiki Kākoʻo ka ʻatikala loiloi, "ʻO ka ʻikepili mai ka nui, nā noiʻi epidemiologic e kākoʻo i ke ola o kahi hui ma waena o ka inu ʻana me ka mea inu a me ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha i nā keiki."5

Hōʻike nā hōʻike Epidemiological e hoʻopili ʻia nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono i ka loaʻa kaumaha. O kahi laʻana:

  • ka Ke aʻo naʻau o San Antonio "Ua nānā i kahi pilina maikaʻi, hopena pane-maikaʻi ma waena o AS [hana ʻono] me ka inu inu a me ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha kau lōʻihi." Eia kekahi, ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ka ʻai ʻana ma mua o 21 mau mea inu momona i hana ʻia i kēlā me kēia pule - hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka poʻe i pau ʻole, "pili pū ʻia me ka ʻaneʻane pālua ʻia ʻana o ka momona a ka momona paha."6
  • ʻO kahi aʻo ʻana i ka inu mea inu ma waena o nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio i piha i ka makahiki 6-19 i paʻi ʻia ma International Journal of Food Food and Nutrition ua loaʻa "pili maikaʻi ka BMI me ka ʻai ʻana o nā mea inu carbonated."7
  • ʻO kahi makahiki he ʻelua mau makahiki o 164 mau keiki i paʻi ʻia i loko o ka Ka Nupepa o ke Kulanuiʻo NutritionʻAmelika ʻike ʻo "Hoʻonui ka nui o ka ʻai soda ka nui o ka nui o ke kaupaona a me nā kumuhana i loaʻa ke kaupaona ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā kumuhana kaupaona maʻamau. ʻO ka baseline BMI Z-score a me ka makahiki 2 ka ʻai sodaʻai i wānana ʻia ma 83.1% o ka ʻokoʻa ma ka makahiki 2 BMI Z-helu. ” Ua ʻike pū ʻia ʻo ia ka "ʻai inu soda ka mea inu wale i pili me ka helu 2 BMI Z-helu, a ʻoi aku ka nui o ka ʻai ma nā kumuhana kaumaha a me nā kumuhana i loaʻa ka paona i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā kumuhana kaupaona maʻamau i ʻelua mau makahiki."8
  • ka Ke ulu nei ʻo US i kēia lā ke aʻo ʻana i nā keiki he 10,000 a ʻoi ka nui o 9-14 mau makahiki i loaʻa, no nā keikikāne, ʻo ka lawe ʻana i ka soda soda “e pili nui me nā hana kaupaona.”9
  • Ke aʻoʻo 2016 ma ka Ka Papa Kakauho o kaʻOihana ua hōʻike i ka loaʻa ʻana he ʻehiku mau mea like ʻole e hōʻike ana i nā hui nui me ka momona o ka ʻōpū i nā wahine, me ka lawe ʻana i ka aspartame.10
  • ʻO ka poʻe e ʻai mau i nā mea hoʻonaninani a me ka makaʻu i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka "loaʻa nui o ke kaupaona, ka maʻi metabolic, ʻano diabetes he 2, a me nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpio,"11 e like me ka loiloi 2013 Purdue ma luna o 40 mau makahiki i paʻi ʻia ma Nā hana i Endocrinology & Metabolism

Hōʻike like kekahi mau ʻano noiʻi ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole hāʻawi nā mea hoʻonanea i ka pohō kaumaha. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻaʻole kākoʻo nā noiʻi intervenal i ka manaʻo e hana nā mea hoʻonaninani hana i ka pohō kaumaha. Wahi a ka ʻO Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ka loiloi ʻana i nā puke ʻepekema, "ʻo ka ʻae mai nā noiʻi hoʻokolohua e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole kōkua nā mea hoʻonaninani hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi ke hoʻohana wale ʻia."12

Hōʻike pū kekahi mau noiʻi e hoʻonui nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka makemake, i hiki ke hāpai i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha. ʻO kahi laʻana, ka ʻO Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ua ʻike ʻia "ua ʻike ʻia nā hoʻokolohua Preload i ka ʻono o ka ʻono, i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kō a i ʻole nā ​​mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, hoʻonui i ka makemake o ke kanaka."13

Hōʻike nā haʻawina e pili ana i nā rodents i ka ʻai ʻana o nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono hiki ke alakaʻi i ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaʻai keu. Wahi a ka ʻO ka loiloi ʻo Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, "Hoʻohui like ʻole ma waena o ka ʻono momona a me ka ʻike caloric hiki ke alakaʻi i ka ʻai nui ʻana a me ke kaulike ikehu maikaʻi." Hoʻohui ʻia, e like me ka ʻatikala like, "nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono, kūpono no ka mea he mea ʻono ia, paipai i ka ʻono a me ka hilinaʻi i ke kō."14

Ke aʻoʻo 2014 ma ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Ola Nui ua loaʻa ʻo "ʻO nā mākua kaumaha a momona hoʻi o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e inu i nā mea inu papaʻai ma mua o ka poʻe mākua olakino olakino, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka nui o nā calorie mai nā meaʻai paʻa - ma nā pāʻina a me nā mea ʻai māmā - ma mua o nā mākua kaupaona a me nā momona i inu i ka SSB a ʻai i ka huina like o ka nui o nā calorie e like me ke kaumaha a me nā mākua ākea e inu SSBs. "15

A 2015 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina o nā mākua ma ka Ka Nupepa o ka Society Geriatric Society loaʻa "I loko o kahi pānaʻi pane pane-pane," ʻo ka "hoʻonui ʻana i ka DSI [kaʻai ʻana i ka soda] me ka piʻi ʻana o ka momona o ka ʻōpū ..."16

ʻO kahi noi nui 2014 i paʻi ʻia ma Nature ʻike i ka "ʻai ʻana o ka NAS i hoʻohana mau ʻia [non-calorical sweetener] hoʻomohala i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka glucose intolerance ma o ka hoʻokomo ʻana i nā loli a me nā hana i ka microbiota ʻōpū. pili ka hopena i kā mākou hopena NAS, ka dysbiosis a me nā pono ʻole o ka metabolic ... Hōʻike kā mākou mea i loaʻa iā NAS ua hāʻawi pololei paha i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ke ahulau kikoʻī a lākou i manaʻo ai e hakakā. ”17

Diabetes a me ka Metabolic Derangement

Wāwahi ʻo Aspartame i kekahi ʻāpana i ka phenylalanine, kahi mea hoʻopilikia i ka hana o ka enzyme ʻōpū alkaline phosphatase (IAP) i hōʻike mua ʻia e pale aku ai i ka maʻi metabolic, kahi hui o nā ʻōuli e pili ana i ka maʻi diabetes 2 a me ka maʻi maʻi maʻi. Wahi a kahi noi 2017 ma Pili ʻOihana Pilikino, Nutr a me Metabolism, nāʻiole e loaʻa ana i ka aspartame i kā lākou wai inu i loaʻa ka nui o ke kaumaha a hoʻomohala i nā ʻōuli ʻē aʻe o ka metabolic syndrome ma mua o nā holoholona i hānai ʻia i nā ʻanoʻai like ʻole nele i ka aspartame. Hoʻopau ke aʻo ʻana, "hiki ke kāohi ʻia nā hopena pale IAP e pili ana i ka maʻi metabolic e phenylalanine, kahi metabolite o aspartame, e wehewehe ana paha i ka hemahema o ke kaupaona ʻana i manaʻo ʻia a me nā hoʻomaikaʻi metabolic e pili ana i nā mea inu."18

  • E nānā i kekahi: Hoʻokuʻu kaomi lehulehu Mass ma ke aʻo ʻana, “E pale paha ʻo Aspartame, ʻaʻole e paipai, ka pohō ʻana o ke kaupaona ʻana ma ke ālai ʻana i ka hana a ka enzyme ʻōpū”

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻai mau ana i nā mea ʻono hana hoʻopunipuni i ka makaʻu nui o ka "loaʻa nui o ke kaupaona ʻana, ka maʻi metabolic, ʻano diabetes he 2, a me nā maʻi puʻuwai," e like me ka loiloi 2013 Purdue ma kahi o 40 mau makahiki i paʻi ʻia ma Nā hana i Endocrinology & Metabolism.19

I loko o kahi noiʻi i ukali ʻia ma hope o 66,118 mau wahine ma mua o 14 mau makahiki, ua hoʻohui ʻia nā mea inu ʻono a me nā mea inu ʻono i hana ʻia me ka pilikia o ka maʻi diabetes Type 2. "Ua ʻike ʻia kekahi mau hanana maikaʻi ikaika ma ka hopena ʻo T2D ma waena o ka quartile o ka inu no nā ʻano mea inu ʻelua ... ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi hui no 100% inu wai huaʻai," i hōʻike ʻia i ka noiʻi 2013 i paʻi ʻia ma Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali.20

ʻO Intestinal Dysbiosis, Metabolic Derangement a me ka momona

Hiki i nā mea hoʻonaninani hiki ke hoʻoulu i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o glucose ma o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiota ʻōpū, e like me a Ke aʻo 2014 ma ʻAno. Ua kākau nā kānaka noiʻi, "pili kā mākou hopena i ka ʻai ʻana o NAS [non-calorical sweetener] ʻai, dysbiosis a me nā mea pono ʻole o ka metabolic, no laila ke noi nei e hoʻoponopono hou ʻia ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o NAS ... Hōʻike kā mākou mea i loaʻa ua kōkua pololei ʻo NAS i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka maʻi kūpilikiʻi [momona] ua manaʻo ʻia lākou e hakakā. ”21

  • E nānā pū kekahi: "Hiki i nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻoniʻoni ke hoʻololi i kā mākou bacteria i nā ala weliweli," na Ellen Ruppel Shell, ʻAmelika ʻEpekema (4.1.2015)

Ke aʻo 'ia nei he 2016 Nā Nūhou Physiology i noi ʻia a me ka Metabolism ua hōʻike ʻia, "Ua hoʻohuli nui ka loaʻa ʻana o Aspartame i ka pilina ma waena o ka helu nui o ke kino (BMI) a me ke ahonui glucose ... ʻo ka ʻai ʻana o ka aspartame e pili pū me nā hōʻino e pili ana i ka momona ma ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana o ka glucose."22

Wahi a kahi moʻo ʻiole 2014 ma PLOS ONE, "Ua hoʻokiʻekiʻe ka aspartame i nā pae kō glucose a me kahi hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua i hōʻike iā aspartame e hōʻino i ka haʻalele ʻana o ka glucose stimulate i ka insulin ... Ua hōʻike ka nānā ʻana i ka fecal o ka haku mele bacteria i ka aspartame e hoʻonui i ka nui o nā koʻohune…"23

ʻEpekema ʻenehana

ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia nā loiloi hou i kahi loulou ma waena o nā mea hoʻonanea a me ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaumaha. ʻAʻole ʻelua mau noi kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia.

  • A 2014 Ka NupepaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali Ua hoʻopau ka meta-analysis "ʻO nā ʻike mai nā noiʻi nānā i hōʻike ʻole i kahi pilina ma waena o LCS [mea hoʻoliʻiliʻi calorie haʻahaʻa] i loaʻa a me ke kaumaha o ke kino a i ʻole ka momona momona a me kahi hui maikaʻi maikaʻi me BMI [body mass index]; Eia nō naʻe, nā ʻikepili mai nā RCT [ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka hoʻāʻo hoʻokolohua], e hāʻawi ana i ke kūlana kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa o ka hōʻike no ka nānā ʻana i nā hopena hopena o ka LCS e lawe ai, e hōʻike i ka pani ʻana i nā koho LCS no kā lākou mana calorie maʻamau nā hopena i kahi kaupaona hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa. mea hana papaʻai e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ke kūlike me ka pohō a me nā hoʻolālā mālama kaumaha. " "Ua loaʻa i nā mea kākau ke kālā e alakaʻi ai i kēia noiʻi mai ka North American Branch o ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI)."24

ʻO ka International Life Science Institute, kahi nonprofit e hana i ka ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana meaʻai, he mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa i waena o nā poʻe loea olakino lehulehu ma muli o ke kālā kālā ʻana mai nā hui kemika, nā meaʻai a me nā mea lapaʻau a me nā paio kūpono o ka hoihoi, e like me ka 2010 ʻatikala ma Kūlohelohe.25 E nānā pū kekahi: Pono ʻo US e ʻike pepa pono e pili ana i ka International Life Science Institute.

A moʻo o nā moʻolelo i paʻi ʻia ma UPI i ka makahiki 1987 e ka mea noiʻi noiʻi Greg Gordon wehewehe i ke komo ʻana o ILSI i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i ka noiʻi ʻana ma luna o ka aspartame i nā noiʻi e kākoʻo paha i ka palekana o ka mea ʻono.

  • Ke aʻoʻo 2014 ma ka puke pai ʻO Obesity ua hoʻāʻo ka wai e kūʻē i nā mea inu momona no ka papahana hoʻoliʻiliʻi kaumaha he 12 mau pule, ke loaʻa nei "ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka wai ma mua o nā wai inu NNS [non-nutritive sweetened] no ka pohō kaumaha i ka wā o ka papahana hoʻohaʻahaʻa kaumaha maʻamau āpau." Ua "uku piha ʻia ke aʻo ʻana e ka American Beverage Association,"26 ʻo ia ka pūʻulu lobbying nui no ka ʻoihana soda.

Aia kekahi hōʻike ikaika i ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o nā noi kālā kālā i nā noiʻi biomedical ma mua o ka mea i kālā kūʻokoʻa ʻia. A 2016 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma PLOS Hoʻokahi na Daniele Mandrioli, ʻo Cristin Kearns lāua ʻo Lisa Bero i nānā i ka pilina ma waena o nā hopena noiʻi a me ka makaʻu ʻole o ka hoʻowahāwahā, ke kākoʻo kākoʻo a me nā hakakā kālā a ka mea kākau o ka hoihoi i nā loiloi o nā hopena o nā mea inu momona i hana ʻia ma nā hopena kaupaona.27 Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi, "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o nā hopena i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana mea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni ma mua o nā loiloi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ... a me nā hopena maikaʻi." ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia nā hakakā kālā o ka hoihoi i 42% o nā loiloi, a me nā loiloi i hana ʻia e nā mea kākau me nā hakakā kālā o ka hoihoi me ka ʻoihana meaʻai (inā i hōʻike ʻia a ʻaʻole paha) i loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi loa no ka ʻoihana ma mua o nā loiloi i hana ʻia e nā mea kākau me ka ʻole nā hakakā kālā o ka hoihoi. 

A 2007 PLOS ʻImi lāʻau ma ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka noiʻi biomedical i ʻike ʻia “ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e pili ana i ka meaʻai e hiki ai ke hoʻokau i nā hopena ma ke ʻano o nā huahana kākoʻo, me nā hopena koʻikoʻi no ke olakino lehulehu… ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā manawa i nā pono kālā o nā mea kākoʻo ma mua o nā ʻatikala me ka ʻole kālā-pili kālā. ʻO kahi hoihoi nui, ʻaʻole kekahi o nā noi intervensi me nā kākoʻo ʻoihana āpau i hopena maikaʻi ʻole ... ”28

ʻO ka "Diet" Ke Kūʻai hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni?

I ʻApelila 2015, ua noi ʻo US Right to Know i ka FederalʻIliahi Komikina (FTC) a me ka ʻO kaʻai a me ka lāʻauʻai lāʻau (FDA) e noiʻi i ke kālepa ʻana a me nā hana hoʻolaha o nā huahana "ʻai" i loaʻa kahi kemika e pili ana i ka loaʻa kaumaha.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa mākou ʻo ka huaʻōlelo "ʻai" e like me ka hoʻopunipuni, wahaheʻe a alakaʻi hewa ʻole i ka ʻāpana 5 o ke Federal Commission Commission Act a me ka ʻāpana 403 o ka Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. Ua hōʻole nā ​​ʻoihana i kēia manawa e hana i ka haʻi ʻana i ka nele o nā kumuwaiwai a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe (e nānā FDA a FTC nā pane).

"Minamina ia ʻaʻole hana ka FTC e kāohi i nā hoʻopunipuni o ka ʻoihana soda" ʻai ". Loulou nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hoʻopili i nā mea ʻono hana i ke kaupaona, ʻaʻole i ka pohō, "wahi a Gary Ruskin, ka luna hui o US Right to Know "Ke manaʻoʻiʻo nei wau e iho ana ka soda 'diet' i ka mōʻaukala US ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopunipuni nui loa nā mea kūʻai aku."

Hōʻike hou:

Hoʻokuʻu a me nā pou kaomi ʻo USRTK:

Nā Manaʻo ʻepekema 

[1] Azad, Meghan B., et al. Nā meaʻono nonnutritive a me ke olakino cardiometabolic: kahi loiloi ʻōnaehana a me nā aniani-aniani o nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia a me nā noi cohort prospective. KEKAHI Lulai 17, 2017 mahuka ana. 189 ʻaʻole. 28 doi: 10.1503 / cmaj.161390 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[2] Swithers SE, "Hana nā mea hoʻonaninani i hana i ka hopena Counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā Metabolic Derangement." Nā Trends i Endocrinology a me Metabolism, Iulai 10, 2013. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431-41. PMID: 23850261. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[3] Mattes RD, Popkin BM, "Nonnutritive Sweetener Consump in Human: Effects on Appetite and Food Intake. A me kā lākou putative hana." Ka Nūpepa ʻAmelika o ka Nutrical Clinical, Kekemapa 3, 2008. 2009 Ian; 89 (1): 1-14. PMID: 19056571. (Haawina)

[4] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[5] Brown RJ, de Banate MA, Rother KI, "Sweeteners Artific: kahi loiloi ʻōnaehana o nā hopena Metabolic i ka wā ʻōpio." Ka Nūpepa' oflelo Hawaiʻi o nā keiki nui, 2010 Aug; 5 (4): 305-12. PMID: 20078374. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[6] Fowler SP, Williams K, Resendez RG, Hunt KJ, Hazuda HP, Stern MP. "Ke wahie nei i ka maʻi maʻi nui? Hoʻohana ʻia ka inu inu ʻona me ka loaʻa o ke kaupaona lōʻihi. ” Obesity, 2008 Aug; 16 (8): 1894-900. PMID: 18535548. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[7] Forshee RA, Storey ML, "Huina inu inu piha a me nā koho inu inu i waena o nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio." Ka Nūpepa'Āina o ka Science Science a me ka Nutr. 2003 Jul; 54 (4): 297-307. PMID: 12850891. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[8] Blum JW, Jacobsen DJ, Donnelly JE, "Nā kumu inu inu mea inu ma nā kula haʻahaʻa o ke kula haʻahaʻa i nā makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki." Pai o ka American College of Nutr, 2005 Apr; 24 (2): 93- 8. PMID: 15798075. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[9] Berkey CS, Rockett HR, Kahua AE, Gillman MW, Colditz GA. "Hoʻololi nā mea inu i hoʻohui ʻia me ke kō a me nā ʻōpio." ʻO Obes Res. 2004 Mei; 12 (5): 778-88. PMID: 15166298. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[10] W Wulaningsih, M Van Hemelrijck, KK Tsilidis, I Tzoulaki, C Patel a me S Rohrmann. "Ke noiʻi ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea ola e like me nā mea e hoʻoholo ai i ka momona o ka ʻōpū: kahi noiʻi ākea." Ka Nūpepa' Obiwi Nui o ka Nūhou (2017) 41, 340–347; doi: 10.1038 / ijo.2016.203; paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele 6 Kekemapa 2016 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[11] ʻO Susan E. Swithers, "Hana nā mea hoʻonaninani i nā hopena counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic." ʻO Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431–441.

[12] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[13] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[14] Yang Q, "Loaʻa ke kaupaona e ka 'hele ʻana i ka papaʻai?' ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni a me ka Neurobiology o ke kuko kō. ” Yale Pai no Biology a me Medicine, 2010 Jun; 83 (2): 101-8. PMID: 20589192. (Haawina)

[15] ʻO Bleich SN, ʻo Wolfson JA, ʻo Vine S, ʻo Wang YC, "Kaʻai ʻana i ka mea inu-inu a me ka ʻai ʻana o Caloric ma waena o nā mākua o ʻAmelika, ma ke ʻano a me ke kaupaona o ke kino." Ka Nūpepa ʻAmelika o ke olakino lehulehu, Ianuali 16, 2014. 2014 Malaki; 104 (3): e72-8. PMID: 24432876. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[16] ʻO Fowler S, ʻo Williams K, ʻo Hazuda H, "Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo Diet Soda Intake me nā piʻi lōʻihi i ke kaʻe o ka pūhaka ma kahi hui biethnic o nā ʻelemakule kahiko: Ke aʻo ʻana a San Antonio no ka ʻelemakule." Pai o ka American Geriatrics Society, Malaki 17, 2015. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[17] ʻO Suez J. et al., "Hoʻokalakupua nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka hoʻowalewale ʻia e ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka Microbiota Gut." Kūlohelohe, Kepakemapa 17, 2014. 2014 ʻOkakopa 9; 514 (7521): 181-6. PMID: 25231862 (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[18] Gul SS, Hamilton AR, Munoz AR, Phupitakphol T, Liu W, Hyoju SK, Economopoulos KP, Morrison S, Hu D, Zhang W, Gharedaghi MH, Huo H, Hamarneh SR, Hodin RA. "Hoʻohālikelike paha ka pāpā ʻana o ka ʻōpū ʻōpū ʻōpū i ka phalphasease alalona pehea e hāpai ai ka aspartame i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose a me ka momona i nāʻiole." ʻOihana Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017 Ian; 42 (1): 77-83. hana: 10.1139 / apnm-2016-0346. Epub 2016 Nov 18. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[19] ʻO Susan E. Swithers, "Hoʻokumu nā mea ʻono hana i ka hopena counterintuitive o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā derabolic metabolic." ʻO Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep; 24 (9): 431–441. (Haawina)

[20] ʻO Guy Fagherazzi, A Vilier, D Saes Sartorelli, M Lajous, B Balkau, F Clavel-Chapelon. "ʻO ka inu ʻana i nā mea inu ʻono a me ke kō a me nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole i ʻike ʻia ma ka Etude Epidémiologique auprès des femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de lʻEduction Nationale – ʻEulopa ʻosplelo Pelekikena Prospective Investigation i ka cohort maʻi ʻaʻai a me Nutr." ʻO Am J Clin Nutr. 2, Ian 2013; hana: 30 / ajcn.10.3945 ajcn.112.050997. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo/Haawina)

[21] ʻO Suez J et al. "Hoʻokomo nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose e ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiota ʻōpū." Kūlohelohe. 2014 ʻOkakopa 9; 514 (7521). PMID: 25231862. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[22] Kuk JL, Brown RE. "Pili ka lawe ʻana o ka aspartame me ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole o ka glucose i kēlā me kēia kanaka me ka momona." ʻOihana Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Jul; 41 (7): 795-8. hana: 10.1139 / apnm-2015-0675. Epub 2016 Mei 24. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo)

[23] Palmnäs MSA, Cowan TE, Bomhof MR, Su J, Reimer RA, Vogel HJ, et al. (2014) Ka Hana Haʻahaʻa Aspartame Hoʻohana ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa iā Gut Microbiota-Host Metabolic Interactions i ka Diet-Induced Obese Rat. PLoS ONE 9 (10): e109841. (Haawina)

[24] ʻO Miller PE, Perez V, "ʻO nā mea hoʻonanea haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ke kaumaha o ke kino a me ka haku mele: kahi Meta-Analysis o nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua kaulike ʻia a me nā noi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻōpio mua." Ka Nūpepa ʻAmelika o ka Nutrical Clinical, Iune 18, 2014. 2014 Sep; 100 (3): 765-77. PMID: 24944060. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[25] ʻO Declan Butler, "Hōʻole ka ʻĀina Meaʻai i ka ʻIla Kūʻē. Kūlohelohe, ʻOkakopa 5, 2010. (Haawina)

[26] Peters JC et al., "Nā hopena o ka wai a me nā mea inu ʻono ʻole Nutritive i ka lilo o ke kaupaona i loko o kahi Polokalamu Lapaʻau Līkaumaha 12-Week." ʻO Obesity, 2014 Jun; 22 (6): 1415-21. PMID: 24862170. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

[27] Mandrioli D, Kearns C, Bero L. "Ka pilina ma waena o nā hopena noiʻi a me ka hopena o ka bias, ke kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻana, a me nā mea hakakā kālā a ka mea kākau kālā o ka hoihoi i nā loiloi o nā hopena o nā mea inu ʻono i hana ʻia ma nā hopena kaupaona. ” PLOS Hoʻokahi, Kepakemapa 8, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162198

[28] Liʻiliʻi LI, Ebbeling CB, Goozner M, Wypij D, Ludwig DS. "Ka pilina ma waena o ke kumu kālā a me ka hopena ma waena o nā ʻatikala ʻepekema e pili ana i ka meaʻai." PLOS Lapaʻau, 2007 Ian; 4 (1): e5. PMID: 17214504. (Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo / Haawina)

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

Hoʻopiʻi kā CDC New CDC koho i nā pilina paʻa iā Coca Cola

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E nānā i kekahi:

  • New York Times, na Sheila Kaplan, 7/22/2017: "Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka hakakā ʻo Obesity"
  • Forbes, ʻĀpana 2 na Rob Waters, "ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena"

Na Rob Waters

Mahele 1 o nā moʻolelo 2 

No nā makahiki he nui, ua ʻimi ʻo The Coca-Cola Company, ka mea kūʻai aku i nā mea inu momona nui loa o ka honua, e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino a me ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilina me nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā luna, e like me ke keʻena olakino olakino lehulehu o ka ʻāina, nā Centers for Disease Control a me ka Kāohi (CDC).

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa i ke keʻena ʻo Trump ua koho ʻia i aliʻi CDC hou, ʻO Kauka Brenda Fitzgerald, ka mea, ma ke ʻano he komikina olakino lehulehu no Georgia no ʻeono mau makahiki i hala, i hana pū me Coke e holo i kahi papahana e kūʻē i ka momona o nā keiki. ʻO Coca-Cola KO + 0.00% hāʻawi he $ 1 miliona iā SOPA KUMU, ka mea e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino i nā kula akā hāmau e pili ana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka inu soda, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia e nā noiʻi he nui ke kō ʻana o ke kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ke ʻano wai, he mea kalaiwa ia no ka momona a me ka maʻi kō, a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai.

Ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou 2013, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Fitzgerald iā Coke no kāna “makana hāʻawi manawaleʻa. ” Ua kākau ʻo ia i commentary e pili ana i ke ahulau obesity no kā Coca-Cola pūnaewele e hōʻike nei i ka pono e "hoʻoneʻe i kā mākou haumāna." A i kahi nīnauele me a kahua kīwī kūloko, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau mea nui. ʻO Georgia SHAPE, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea āu e ʻai ai" -ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo iki e pili ana i ka mea pono ʻole.

E holo ʻē aʻe ke keʻena ʻo Fitzgerald i nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me Coca-Cola. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia mau pilina i loko o nā leka uila i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā luna o Coke, nā luna o ka CDC a me kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe mai nā kula nui a me nā ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana me Coke, Nestlé, Mars Inc. a me Mondelez, i ʻike ʻia ma mua ʻo Kraft. ʻO nā leka uila, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka CDC no ka pane ʻana i nā noi a nā lehulehu i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, he kamaʻilio, kekahi manawa maʻalahi, aloha pinepine a huhū a makemake pinepine hoʻi.

i ka ʻOkakopa 2015 leka uila, Barbara Bowman, kahi luna CDC i haʻalele mai ia manawa, hāʻawi i kāna mahalo i ka luna mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Alex Malaspina no kahi ʻaina ahiahi hou. "He manawa maikaʻi loa kā mākou i nā pō Pōʻaono, mahalo nui, e Alex, no kou hoʻokipa."

Ma kahi leka uila 2015 ʻē aʻe i kahi hui ʻepekema, ua loaʻa i nā poʻe āpau nā kālā noiʻi mai Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe i kākoʻo ʻia me nā ʻoihana, noi ʻo Malaspina no "nā manaʻo e pili ana pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale" i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ke kōmike o ka poʻe loea e aʻoaʻo nei i ke aupuni US. . Makemake ke kōmike i ke aupuni e koi aku i nā poʻe ʻAmelika e hōʻemi i kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me ka sodium. Ma kāna leka uila, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau manaʻo "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻepekema."

A iloko palapala ʻē aʻe, Kākau ʻo Coca-Cola Rhona Applebaum i kahi luna o ka CDC a me kahi kanaka noiʻi University of Louisiana State e alakaʻi nei i kahi noi nui e pili ana i ka momona o nā keiki. Ua aʻo wale ʻo ia e hōʻole ana ʻo Mekiko e komo i ke aʻo ʻana ma muli o ke kālā ʻana a Coke iā ia, a ua pee ʻo ia. "No laila inā lawe nā ʻepekema maikaʻi i $$$ mai Coke – he aha – ua hana hewa lākou?" kākau ʻo ia.

'No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio nei me CDC?'

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi ʻano o nā ala a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana ai i nā pilina me nā luna olakino a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i nā mea hana politika a me nā mea nūpepa. Loaʻa nā hana i ke kumu kūʻai o ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi i nīnau i ka pono o nā pilina ma waena o Coke a me CDC.

"No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio pū ana me CDC? No ke aha kekahi laina o ke kamaʻilio ʻana? ” i nīnau aku ai ʻo Robert Lustig, he endocrinologist pediatric ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ʻo Kapalakiko nāna i noiʻi i nā hopena o ke kō i nā keiki a me nā mākua. "Kūpono ʻole ka launa ʻana a maopopo ke hoʻāʻo nei lākou e hoʻohana ia mea e hoʻokau i ka mana ma luna o kahi keʻena aupuni."

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila ʻaʻole i kamaʻilio pololei ʻia i kekahi ma CDC, akā ua hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hoʻolohe i nā noi palapala lehulehu. Hōʻike kēia i kekahi mau luna o ka CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i bcc: nā kope makapō paha.

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi nānā i ka pūnaewele puni honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e Malaspina, kahi pelekikena hope poʻokela o nā ʻoihana kūwaho ma Coca-Cola. Aia i loko o ka pūnaewele:

  • ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), kahi hui honua nona nā lālā, e like me kona pūnaewele "ʻO nā hui mai ka meaʻai, nā mahiʻai, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana kākoʻo." ʻO Coca-Cola i waena o nā kumu waiwai kālā o ILSI a ʻo Malaspina kona pelekikena hoʻokumu. A palapala moʻohelu kālā i loaʻa e US Right to Know e ʻōlelo nei ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola iā ILSI $ 167,000 ma 2012 a me 2013.
  • ʻO ka International Food Information Council (IFIC), kahi pono ʻole ʻo Wakinekona i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kālepa e like me Coca-Cola, ka American Beverage Association, ka Hershey Company a me Cargill Inc. Wahi a kāna pūnaewele, hana ʻo IFIC e "kamaʻilio kūpono i ka ʻepekema. -ʻikepili pili "e pili ana i ka meaʻai a" kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā mea nūpepa e kākau e pili ana i ke olakino, meaʻai a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai. "
  • Kahi hui o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema me kahi mōʻaukala o ka mālama ʻana i nā noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a i ʻole ILSI.

ʻO Malaspina, ka mea i pili mau me Coca-Cola a me ILSI ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, puka i loko o nā leka uila ma ke ʻano he kumu nui e hoʻopili ana i ka pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka Nā'ōleloʻo 2015 o ke Kōmike aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo alakaʻi, mahalo ʻo ia i ka hana a ka ʻAha ʻAi Meaʻai e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e pili ana iā lākou.

'E hele mai ana no ka ʻoihana'

Ua kāhea wale aku ka ʻAha Kūkā me kahi mau nūpepa 40 e hōʻino i nā ʻōlelo a ke kōmike, a IFIC i nānā aku ai he "hoʻomāinoino" ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me kaʻuala. Ma hope o ke kāhea ʻana o ka pāpāho, ua kaena nā lunamakaʻāinana IFIC i kahi memo kūloko e pili ana i ka uhi ʻana o kekahi mau nūpepa. Loaʻa iā Malaspina kahi kope o ka memo a hāʻawi i mua i kāna mau hoapili ma Coke a me kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

"Ke hele mai nei ʻo IFIC no ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo Malaspina.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no ka CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i loko o kahi leka uila e hana pū ana kāna ʻoihana me nā ʻāpana pilikino no ka mea ʻo nā hui lehulehu-pilikino e holomua i ka misiona a CDC no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻAmelika. Mālama ʻo CDC, ke hana pū mākou me nā lālā pilikino, he puʻukū maikaʻi mākou no nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou a mālama i kā mākou ʻepekema kūpaʻa ma ke komo ʻana i kahi hakakā o ke kaʻina loiloi hoihoi manaʻo ʻia e ikaika a mālamalama hoʻi ia. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā pili kālā a me nā pilina kānalua ma waena o Coca-Cola, nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike a me ka CDC i nā hōʻike he nui i nā makahiki ʻelua i hala.

'Pūnaewele Balance Energy'

I ka 2015, ka New York Times a ma hope ka Associated Press ua hōʻike ʻo Rhona Applebaum, ka luna olakino a me ka ʻepekema nui o Coke, i hoʻonohonoho i nā hāʻawi i ke Kulanui o Colorado a me ke Kulanui o South Carolina e hoʻomaka i kahi hui nonprofit, ka Global Energy Balance Network, ka mea e "hoʻopili i ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kumu" i nā kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka momona.

ʻO ka pahuhopu ka pahu ʻana i ka manaʻo ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaupaona ka mea pili i ka lawa ʻole o ka hana kino a ka poʻe e like me kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō a me nā calorie. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā, ua hemo ka pūnaewele hoʻoliʻiliʻi ikehu a ua hoʻolaha ke Kulanui o Colorado e hoʻihoʻi ʻia he $ 1 miliona iā Coke. Ua hoʻomaha ʻo Applebaum ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Barbara Bowman kūkala i kona hoʻomaha loa mai ka CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana a US Right to Know ua aʻo ʻo ia iā Malaspina e pili ana i nā ala e hoʻohuli ai i ka World Health Organization a me kāna Luna Hoʻokele-General ʻo Margaret Chan. ʻO ka WHO i hoʻopuka aku nei kulekele ke koi nei i ka hōʻemi loa ʻana i ke kō, a ua manaʻo ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau mea he "hoʻoweliweli i kā mākou ʻoihana."

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Michael Pratt, he kākāʻōlelo no ka olakino honua ma ka CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotional, ua alakaʻi i ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a he kākāʻōlelo no ILSI.

'E ʻoi aku kā mākou hana'

I ʻAukake 2015, ʻelua mau pule ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times, ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Coca-Cola a me ka luna nui ʻo Muhtar Kent ʻae ʻia i loko o kahi Wall Street Journal op-ed i kapa ʻia ʻo "E Hana Maikaʻi ʻOi" ʻo kā ke kālā kālā kālā a ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema, i nā manawa he nui, "lawelawe wale ai e huikau a hilinaʻi ʻole hoʻi." Ua hōʻike ka hui ma hope mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 138 miliona i ke kālā ma waho o nā mea noiʻi a me nā papahana olakino a hana i kahi “mäliko”Ka papa inoa pūnaewele i nā mea e loaʻa ana i kāna kālā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola Kākoʻo ʻo ia i kēia manawa i nā ʻōlelo a ka WHO i makemake ai ʻo Malaspina e hōʻino - e kaupalena ka poʻe i kā lākou lawe ʻana i ke kō i 10% o nā calorie a lākou e ʻai ai i kēlā me kēia lā. "Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēlā pahuhopu ke hoʻomohala i kā mākou papa hana ʻoihana e lilo i hui inu inu piha," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Coca-Cola, ʻo Katherine Schermerhorn, i kahi leka uila.

Ua hoʻohiki ʻo Coca-Cola e hāʻawi i kahi ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o ke kumukūʻai o nā noiʻi ʻepekema. E hoʻololi paha kēlā i ka hopena o nā noi? Kūpono nā mea loiloi ʻo Coca-Cola, ke hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā haʻawina i mālama mua ʻia e Coke i hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole o nā kō a me nā mea inuʻai. E nānā pono ana au i ka lā ʻapōpō ma kekahi o nā haʻawina a Coke i kālā ai - a laila hāʻawi ʻia i kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

ʻO Rob Waters kahi mea kākau olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Berkeley, Kaleponi a me kahi mea noiʻi noiʻi no US Right to Know. Ua puka mua kēia moʻolelo i Forbes ma Iulai 10.

Pehea e hoʻokahe ʻole ai i ka wai puaʻa

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Pono e ʻakaʻaka nā kāne i nā C-suites i kēia lā. Ua huki lākou i kahi wikiwiki i ka lehulehu o ʻAmelika.

e like me ka pakuhi noho hoʻopihapiha aku no ke komo ʻana o ka puʻu e hiki mai ana, ua maopopo he ʻimi ʻo Team Trump e "e hoʻokahe i ka momona”Ma Wakinekona ma o ka hoʻokau ʻana i nā lobbyist ʻoihana o ka poho i ke kuleana.

ʻO ka manawa pāʻina kēia no ka poʻe ʻoihana ʻoihana e holo maoli i ko mākou lāhui.

ʻO nā leona ka leona.

ʻO Jeffrey Eisenach, ka mea i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā no ʻO Verizon a me kāna hui kalepa, ke holo nei i ka hoʻololi FCC, a e hoʻohana paha i kāna pou i eviscerate Internet freedoms a kanu i ka Neutrality Net.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka maʻi ahulau o ko mākou lāhui, he aha ka mea i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o ka kau ʻana i lobbyist no ka ʻAhahui Mea inu ʻAmelika, ʻO Michael Torrey, ke poʻo i ka hui hoʻololi o ka US Department of Agriculture o Trump. Nevermind ka 25,000 ʻAmelika e make i kēlā me kēia makahiki ma muli o ka inu nui ʻana o nā mea inu kō.

ʻO ka skeptic hoʻololi loli kūpilikiʻi ʻO Myron Ebell, ke alakai o ka Ke kikowaena no ka ikehu a me ke kaiapuni i ka hui ʻoihana hui ʻOihana Hoʻokūkū ʻoihana, ke alakaʻi nei i ka hui hoʻololi EPA o Trump, kahi paʻi i ka maka i nā ʻAmelika āpau e hoʻi hou i ke aniau, ke ea lepo a me ka wai ʻona.

ʻElua mau mea lanakila nui loa e lilo i piliona hana ʻo Charles a me David Koch, a me kā lākou paʻa Koch Industries. Ma ka liʻiliʻi he ʻelua o ko lākou poʻe lobbyist he mau wahi koʻikoʻi i ka Trump hoʻololi.

Mike Catanzaro, ʻo ia ka mea e inu no ka Chamber of Commerce US, ʻo ka American Chemistry Council a me Koch Industries, ka mea kani no Trump's "ka kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa”Papahana.

ʻO Mike McKenna, ʻo ia ka mea nāna e mālama i ka hoʻololi ma ke Keʻena ʻo Energy, nā lobbies no Dow Chemical a me Koch Industries.

Ke hana nei nā poʻe lobbyists o Team Trump i ka pehea e hoʻopau ai i nā mea hoʻokele kī, e laʻa me ka hoʻokō ʻana i kā Trump hoʻohiki e hōʻino i ka "Nā mākaʻi ʻai ʻo FDA, ”I manaʻo ʻia e mālama palekana i ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai o ko mākou lāhui no nā ʻAmelika āpau. E hoʻāʻo e haʻi i kēlā i ka hoʻokahi i ʻeono mau ʻAmelika ka mea ʻaelike i ka lāʻau make i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

Wahi a kekahi mau nūhou, ʻo Peter Thiel ka mea kapitalista holomua hui pū me ka hui hoʻololi o Trump. ʻO Thiel ka mea hui pū o Palantir Technologies, ka mea i hoʻokani nui i ka kiu ʻoihana hōʻino e pili ana Hoʻolālā ʻo Chamber of Commerce ʻo US e kiu i nā ʻuniona a me nā hui kamaʻāina.

Ka ʻōlelo hoʻohiki a Trump e “hoʻopau i kā mākou aupuni palaho”Ma ke kau ʻana i nā lobbyists ʻoihana i ka mālama he ʻakaʻaka. E like me ka manaʻo o e hoʻoikaika ana iā Newt Gingrich, ka mea i haʻalele i ka ʻahaʻōlelo me ka moʻohelu hoʻowahāwahā i ke kānāwai a me nā Rula o ka Hale e pili ana i ka loina a me ka palaho, ma hope o ka hoʻokau ʻia ʻana e uku a $ 300,000 maikaʻi no kāna hana kolohe.

E hōʻoia e, Hillary Clinton ʻaʻole he hoa aloha nui o nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino lehulehu a i ʻole nā ​​kiaʻi kiaʻi aupuni. Ua mālama pono ʻia ʻo Clinton i ka lawe ʻana i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui kālepa nāna i uku iā ia uku haʻi ʻōlelo mammoth a hoʻopiha i kāna waihona kālā. ʻO kāna lanakila ʻaʻole i lawe i nā neʻe o ke kamaʻāina i ka mana, e like me kā kā kāna kāne kāne i hana ai.
Hoʻokahi nīnau hāmama: Pehea e pane ai nā mea koho o Trump - ma kahi o ka hoʻokahe ʻana i ka wai wai - e hoʻokau ana i ke kūpale ma luna o ke kūpā.

Pono e huhū ka poʻe koho balota - kūʻai aku lākou.

ʻO Gary Ruskin ka luna hui o Pono ʻo US e ʻike, kahi hui kiaʻi ʻoihana meaʻai. No 14 mau makahiki, ua alakaʻi ʻo ia i ka Projectability Accountability Project, i kūʻē i ka palaho i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo. Hiki iā ʻoe ke ukali iā ia ma Twitter ma @kokokokokokokokokoko.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma The Hill.

ʻAhahui Mea inu ʻAmelika - nā mea nui

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hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo

* Ka ʻO ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa kahi hui kālepa no ka ʻoihana soda, mea inu ʻono a me nā mea ʻai maikaʻi ʻole

Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ABA ka National Drink Drink Association

Loaʻa i kekahi mau mea inu palupalu US ka BVO, kahi pale ahi; ʻ sayslelo ʻo ABA "pēlā nō ka wai!"

ʻOiai pale ʻo ABA i ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi pale ahi i loko o ka soda, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Coke a me Pepsi e hemo iā ia mai kā lākou huahana.

ʻIke ʻia nā pilikia o benzene i hōʻike ʻia i nā mea inu momona

Ua kuhikuhi ʻia i nā ʻatikala e hāpai ana i ka makaʻu o nā mea hoʻonanea ʻono ma ke ʻano he “kaʻao pūnaewele”

Ke aʻo haʻahaʻa ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka pilina ma waena o ka pena caramel a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, akā ua loli nā ʻoihana i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka inu ma hope koke o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana

* ʻO ka hapakolu o ko ʻAmelika he nui ka momona, akā makemake ka ABA e lawe i mau makahiki he ʻumi ma mua o ka ʻoki ʻana i nā calorie i kāna huahana

"ʻO ka Masterminds ma hope o ka Phony Anti-Soda Tax Coalitions"

Ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā mea hāʻawi i ka hoʻokūkū ʻauhau ʻauhau

Ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 30 miliona ma ka lobbying ma 2009 a me 2010

ʻIke ʻia ma mua ma ke ʻano he hui inu inu lahui

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka American Beverage Association ma 1919 ma ke ʻano he American bottlers of Carbonated Beverages, a ua kapa hou ʻia ka inoa ʻo ka National Soft Drink Association ma 1966.

Ua hoʻololi ka hui i kona inoa ma 2004. [http://www.ameribev.org/about-aba/history/]

Pale aku ʻo ABA i ka hoʻohana ʻana o BVO No ka mea ʻo ka wai kekahi mea pale ahi     

Wahi a Nūhou olakino kaiapuni, ka mea hoʻohana i ka ʻaila mea kanu brominated (BVO) i ka meaʻai i pāpā ʻia ma ʻEulopa a me Iapana.

Eia naʻe ma kāna pūnaewele, pale aku ʻo ABA i ka hoʻohana ʻana o BVO i nā mea inu momona, ʻoiai e hoʻomaopopo nei ʻoiai ʻo BVO kahi pale ahi, "pēlā nō ka wai!"

"Eia kekahi laʻana, ua lohe paha ʻoe, a ʻike a heluhelu paha i kahi pāpāho e pili ana i ka mea hoʻohui brominated aila mea ʻai, a i ʻole BVO no ka pōkole. Ua hōʻike kekahi he pale ahi ia (pēlā nō ka wai!), A palekana ʻole no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu. ʻĀ, ua makemake mākou e hōʻoia i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka mea heluhelu i kā mākou poʻe heluhelu: ʻo BVO kahi emulsifier i hoʻohana ʻia i loko o kekahi mau mea inu momona hua e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ke kūpaʻa o ka inu me ka pale ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui mai ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana. Hiki i nā poʻe heluhelu ke hilinaʻi i ka palekana o kā mākou huahana a pili pono kā mākou ʻoihana i nā lula aupuni āpau. ” [Pūnaewele ʻAmi inu ʻAmelika, ameribev.org, kau ʻia 8 / 18 / 14]

ʻOiai pale aku ʻo ABA i ka hoʻohana ʻana o BVO, Coke a me Pepsi i kū me ka hoʻohana ʻana iā ia

I ka Mei 2014, USA I kēia lā ua hōʻike ʻo "Coca-Cola lāua ʻo PepsiCo i ʻōlelo i ka Pōʻakahi ke hana nei lākou e wehe i kahi mea kontroversial mai kā lākou mea inu āpau, e like me Mountain Dew, Fanta a me Powerade."

"ʻO ka mea hana, i kapa ʻia he aila mea kanu brominated, ʻo ia ka pahuhopu o nā palapala noi ma Change.org e kahi ʻōpio ʻo Misisipi i makemake iā ia mai PepsiCo's Gatorade a me Coca-Cola's Powerade. I loko o kāna mau noi, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Sarah Kavanagh ua hoʻopili ʻia ka mea hana ma ke ʻano he pale ahi a ʻae ʻole ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana ma Iapana a me ka European Union. ” [USA I kēia lā, 5 / 5 / 14]

ʻO ABA Downplayed Presence o Benzene i ʻike ʻia i nā inu inu palupalu

I ka 1990, a ma 2006 hou, ua hōʻemi ka ABA i nā pilikia olakino mai ka benzene i loaʻa i nā mea inu momona i nā makahiki ʻelua.

"I ka wā i loaʻa ai nā liʻiliʻi o ka benzene, kahi kemikala i loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, i loko o kekahi mau mea inu momona 16 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻia e ka Food and Drug Administration i ka lehulehu. ʻO ia no ka mea ua haʻi aku ka ʻoihana inu i ke aupuni e hoʻoponopono i ka pilikia, a ua manaʻo ka FDA ua hoʻoponopono ʻia ka pilikia. He anahulu a me ka hapa ma hope, ua huli hou ka benzene. Ua loaʻa i ka FDA nā pae ma kekahi mau mea inu momona ma mua o ka mea i loaʻa ma 1990, a ʻelua a ʻehā mau manawa i ʻoi aku ma mua o ka mea i manaʻo ʻia he palekana no ka wai inu. Ua ʻōlelo nā FDA a me nā mea inu inu he liʻiliʻi ka nui a ʻaʻole i palahalaha ka pilikia. 'ʻAʻole pono e hoʻonāukiuki ka poʻe,' wahi a Kevin Keane, he waha ʻōlelo no ka ʻAhahui Mea inu ʻAmelika. 'He helu liʻiliʻi loa ia o nā huahana a ʻaʻole nā ​​mana nui.' ”[Philadelphia Inquirer, 3 / 4 / 06]

ʻO Benzene kahi kanaka ʻike ʻia he Kanaka Kanaka Kino

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻo Benzene ma ke ʻano he carcinogen ʻike ʻia e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i nā mākua i hōʻike i ka hoʻonui ʻia o nā ʻano leukemia i nā mākua i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. Ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Benzene he genotoxic (kumu e hōʻino ai iā DNA) i nā hoʻokolohua holoholona hoʻokolohua. ʻO nā pahuhopu kumu o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka benzene i loko o ke kanaka ka hematopoietic (ka hoʻokumu ʻana o ke koko) a me ka ʻōnaehana pale. [Ka US Protection Agency]

Ua hōʻole ʻia ʻo ABA i ka hōʻike e hoʻopili nei i nā mea kala o Caramel i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

I Malaki 2012, ua kāhea ka ABA i kahi hōʻike mai ka Center for Science i ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka pena ʻana o ka caramel nā mea inu momona i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

"Hiki i ka inu ʻana i ka soda ke kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai? ʻO kahi hōʻike i ka Pōʻakahi mai ka US watchdog mea kūʻai aku ʻO ka Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) i ʻōlelo ʻia he nui nā kemika i loaʻa i nā soda i hoʻohana ʻia e hāʻawi i ka cola i kāna kala karamel - a hiki i kēlā kemikū ke hoʻāla i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka poʻe inu soda. … Ua hōʻeha ka American Beverage Association i kā CSPI mau hopena. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi ʻōlelo, 'ʻAʻole kēia he mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o nā hana hoʻoweliweli CSPI, a he keu a kā lākou mau koi. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka ʻepekema ʻo 4-MEI i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu paha e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino kanaka. "WLTX, 3/6/12]

… A laila ua hoʻololi iki ʻo Coke lāua ʻo Pepsi i ka hana ma hope o ke aʻo ʻana

I loko nō naʻe o kā ABA wehewehe ʻana i kahi noiʻi e hoʻopili ana i ka waihoʻoluʻu caramel me ka maʻi ʻaʻā ma ke ʻano he "hoʻomākeʻaka," ʻo Coke lāua ʻo Pepsi i hoʻololi i kā lāua mea inu i ka wā ma hope o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia.

"Ke hoʻololi nei ʻo Coca-Cola a me PepsiCo (PEP) i ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana i ka pena caramel i loko o kā lāua mau soda ma ke ʻano he kānāwai Kaleponi e kauoha ana i nā mea inu i loaʻa kahi pae o nā carcinogens e kau i ka lepili hōʻailona maʻi ʻino. Ua ʻōlelo nā ʻoihana e hoʻonui ʻia nā loli i ka ʻāina āpau e streamline i kā lākou hana hana. Ua hana mua ʻia lākou no nā mea inu i kūʻai ʻia ma Kaleponi. ʻO ka American Beverage Association, ka mea e hōʻike ana i ka ʻoihana inu inu ākea, i ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻohana mau ana nā ʻoihana lālā i ka pena caramel i kekahi mau huahana akā ua hana ʻia nā hoʻoponopono e kū ai i ke kūlana hou o Kaleponi. ” [hui pu Press, 3 / 8 / 12]

Ke kamaʻilio nui ʻana me ka ʻōlelo ʻana i kekahi mea ʻole: Hoʻohiki ʻo ABA i ka 25 keneta keneta ʻokiʻoki ... na 2025

I ka 2014, ua hoʻohiki ka ʻAhahui Mea inu ʻAmelika e ʻoki i nā mea inu inu kō e 20 pakeneka i 10 mau makahiki ma o ka hoʻonaʻauao ʻana, kālepa ʻana a me ka hoʻopili ʻana. [Reuters, 9 / 23 / 14]

34.9% o nā ʻAmelika ma mua o 20 mau makahiki he nui ka nui, e like me ka Ka Nupepa o ka HuiʻAmelikaʻAmelika.

ʻAyslelo ʻo ABA ʻo nā moʻolelo e pili ana i nā pōʻino o nā mea ʻimi hoʻopunipuni he "Myths Internet" wale nō.

Ma kahi pūnaewele i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻopau i nā mea i ʻike ʻia he manaʻo kuhihewa e pili ana i kāna huahana, kuhikuhi ka ABA i nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka makaʻu o nā mea ʻono a me nā "kaʻao pūnaewele."

Hoʻohana nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu i nā ʻano mea hoʻonaninani haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa. ʻOiai ʻo kekahi o nā kaʻao pūnaewele e pau paha i kāu pahu pahu, palekana kēia mau mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa kalori liʻiliʻi. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua ʻae ʻia lākou e nā keʻena hoʻokele a puni ka honua, e like me ka World Health Organization, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) a me ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), e palekana no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu. " [ʻO ka ABA pūnaewele "E hoʻomaʻemaʻe ia", letsclearitup.org, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/20/14]

Kāhea ʻia ʻo Harvard Study e hoʻopili ana i nā mea inu Sugary i nā make e pili ana i ka momona "Sensationalism"

Ma Malaki 2013, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ABA he noi hou e pili ana i ka ʻai ʻana o nā mea inu kō a ʻoi aku ma mua o 180,000 o nā makahiki e pili ana i ka momona e pili ana i ka momona ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa i "sensationalism."

"Hoʻohui ʻia nā mea inu kō a momona ma mua o 180,000 o nā make e pili ana i ka momona ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, e like me ka noiʻi hou i hōʻike ʻia i kēia pule ma kahi ʻaha kūkā ʻAmelika Heart Association. … Ma waena o nā ʻāina nui he 35 o ka honua, ʻo Mekiko ka nui o nā make make mai nā mea inu kō, a ʻo Bangladesh ka mea haʻahaʻa, e like me ka noiʻi. ʻO ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ka pae ʻekolu. Eia naʻe, ua hoʻokuʻu ka American Beverage Association i ka noiʻi ma ke ʻano he 'ʻoi aku e pili ana i ka sensationalism ma mua o ka ʻepekema.' "[CNN, 3/19/13]

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ʻo Yale Study e hōʻike ana i kaʻai ʻana o Fructose (Hoʻohui pinepine ʻia i nā mea inu momona) Paipai ʻia ka ʻai nui

I Ianuali 2013, ua hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka ABA i nā hopena o kahi noi Yale e hōʻike ana i ke kōkua ʻana i ka fructose i mea e paipai ai i ka ʻai nui ʻana, e kāhea ana i nā mea i loaʻa.

"ʻO ke komo ʻana i ka fructose hiki ke alakaʻi i ka hana lolo e hāpai i ka ʻai nui, e like me kahi noiʻi i mālama ʻia e nā mea noiʻi ma ke Kula ʻo Medicine Yale. ʻO ka noiʻi, i paʻi ʻia ma Ianuali 2 i ka Ka Nūpepa o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, a i ʻole JAMA, e ʻōlelo nei e pili ana ka momona i ka ʻai ʻana o ka fructose, kahi kō maʻalahi i loaʻa i nā meaʻai i loaʻa i ka syrup kānake fructose kiʻekiʻe. … Ma muli o nā palena o ke aʻo ʻana, ua hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka American Beverage Association i ke koʻikoʻi o nā noiʻi i loaʻa, e like me ka leka uila a lākou i hoʻouna aku ai iā CBS News. 'Pono e mālama ʻia kēia mau ʻike i ka nānā,' i kākau ai ka ABA. 'Ua hāʻawi nā mea noiʻi i 20 mau mākua i kahi mea inu momona me ka fructose a i ʻole ka glucose - ʻaʻole i loaʻa hoʻokahi i kekahi o nā mea inu momona.' ”[ʻO Yale Daily News, 1 / 15 / 13]

"ʻO ka Masterminds ma hope o ka Phony Anti-Soda Tax Coalitions"

ʻO kahi kolamu 2012 i ka Huffington Post kuleana, "The Masterminds Behind the Phony Anti-Soda Tax Coalitions" i hōʻike i nā hui i mua he nui i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka American Beverage Association.

"ʻO ka American Beverage Association hohonu i ʻeke ʻia, i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, ʻo Kauka Pepper / Snapple a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kālele pono ana i ka hihia ʻauhau inu inu kō ma waena o ka lāhui me ke kōkua o nā hui hui astroturf i hoʻokumu ʻia e Goddard Claussen / ʻO Goddard Gunster. ” [Huffington Post, 7 / 3 / 12]

Ma waena o nā papahana i hōʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele ʻo Goddard Gunster.

NO MA KA NINAU 2: ALA ANA I NA HANA PAI
I kahi hoʻouka kaua hoʻokahi luna poʻokela o Massachusetts i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he "hana noʻeau," ua hāʻawi ʻo Goddard Gunster i kahi lanakila 73% ma luna o nā mea hoʻolaha hoʻolaha pā ʻōmole. E ʻike hou aʻe maanei.

NO ON E: HALE KULA I NĀ WAIWAI WAIWAI
I nā lā ma mua o ka Lā Koho 2014, ua kōkua mākou e hoʻomanaʻo i ka poʻe koho pāloka ʻo ka mea hope loa a lākou e makemake ai he ʻauhau i hoʻolilo iā Kapalakiko i wahi pipiʻi loa e noho a hana. E ʻike hou aʻe maanei.

NA MEA HOU NO NA KOHO inu
Me nā lālā ʻoi aku ma mua o 600,000 a kokoke i 4,000 ʻoihana, Ke kū nei nā New Yorkers no Beverage Choices no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai ke koho. E ʻike hou aʻe maanei.

NO ON “H” / NO ON “N” CALIFORNIA
I ka makahiki 2012, ua hāpai ʻia nā noi e ʻauhau i kahi ʻauhau penny-per-auneke no nā mea inu wai kō ma nā balota ma El Monte a me Richmond, Kaleponi. Akā i ke kiʻi ʻana i mua i nā kaiāulu Hispanic nui a me ʻAmelika ʻAmelika, ua kōkua mākou e hōʻoia i nā ana ʻelua e nā palena nui. E ʻike hou aʻe maanei.

KAUAHI I KA AUHAU INI TELLURIDE
Me ke kōkua o kā mākou mau hoa ʻoihana Telluride kūloko, ʻo Ballot Issue 2A, ka ʻauhau inu inu Telluride, ua eo ʻia e kahi 69% nui o nā balota.

KA HUI AMERIKA MEA HUI
Me ka poʻe politika e hoʻokau nei i ka ʻauhau inu a me nā pāpā ma loko o ka ʻāina, ua hiki i ka manawa e kū i ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai aku e koho ai a ʻōlelo, "Gimme a break!" Ua hoʻouna kā mākou papahana 2013 i kahi leka akāka i ke kuleana o ka poʻe ʻAmelika e koho i kā lākou koho ponoʻī a me nā mea inu. E nānā hou aʻe maanei.

[http://goddardgunster.com/work]

ʻO ABA Spearheaded Super Bowl Ad no ka Pūʻulu Mua

I ka 2011 ma ka Super Bowl, ua holo ka ABA i kahi hoʻolaha (ma o kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻAmelika e kūʻē ana i nā ʻauhau ʻai) i kūʻē i nā ʻauhau no nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu ʻona.

"Me nā pāʻoihana ʻo Doritos a me Bud Lite ma ka Lāpule Super Bowl, ua ʻike nā mea nānā ma ka Wakinekona i kahi hoʻolaha politika e kūʻē ana i nā ʻauhau no nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu ʻono. ʻO ka mea mua, kekahi mau moʻolelo ma ka hui e hoʻolaha nei i ka hoʻolaha, ʻAmelika i ka ʻauhau ʻai. ʻO ka hui e alakaʻi ʻia e ka American Beverage Association, kahi e hōʻike ai i nā mea hana i nā soda a me nā mea inu ʻē aʻe. Wahi a ka wā hoʻolaha, ua hoʻoholo ka American Beverage Association e hoʻokumu i ka hui ʻana i Iune 2009, ke manaʻo ʻia ka manaʻo o ka ʻauhau ʻana i ka sodas a me nā mea inu ʻono ʻē aʻe ma ke ʻano he kālā e mālama ai i ka bila mālama mālama ola Demokalaka. ʻO ka hoʻohuihui he nui o nā lālā, e like me 7-Eleven, Inc., Burger King Corp., Domino's Pizza, ka ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, McDonalds, ka National Association of Convenience Stores, Snack Food Association, ka US Chamber of Commerce a me ka Wendy's / Arby's Group, Inc. ” [ʻO Tampa Bay Times, 2 / 7 / 11]

Ua noi kūleʻa ʻo ABA Front e kāpae i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā mea kālā ma Kaleponi

I Kepakemapa 2012, ua ālai kahi luna kānāwai pekelala i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā mea hāʻawi o ka Community Coalition Against Beverage Taxes, kahi hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ABA i mea e pale aku ai i ka ʻauhau inu inu kō.

"Ua kāpae kahi luna kānāwai pekelala ma Kapalakiko i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ke kūlanakauhale e koi aku i kahi hui hoʻolaha kālā i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana inu e hoʻokō i nā rula o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka hoʻolaha ma kāna poʻe leka uila. ʻO ka Community Coalition Against Beverage Taxes, i kālā kālā ʻia e ka American Beverage Association, ua hoʻolilo ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 350,000 i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻokahuli i ke ana N, kahi balota balota o Nowemapa e hiki ai ke koi aku i nā ʻoihana kūloko e uku i kahi ʻauhau penny-a-ʻekeke no ke kūʻai aku ʻana o nā mea inu kō. Kūkākūkā kahi ana hoa i ke kūlanakauhale e hoʻolilo i $ 3 miliona i manaʻo ʻia i nā loaʻa makahiki no ka hoʻonanea a me nā polokalamu anti-obesity. " [ʻO Contra Costa Times, 9 / 7 / 12]

Hoʻolilo ʻaneʻane $ 10 Miliona e hakakā ana i nā ʻauhau inu mea inu ma Kaleponi ma 2014

Wahi a National Public Radio, ua hoʻolilo ka ABA ma kahi o $ 10 miliona e hakakā ana i nā referendum e hoʻokau i hoʻokahi a ʻelua paha keneta ʻauhau i nā wai inu kō ma kekahi mau kūlanakauhale Kaleponi.

"ʻO nā ana, e hoʻoholo ai ka poʻe koho balota ma ka lā 4 o Nowemapa, e hoʻokau ʻia ka ʻauhau penny-per-auneke no nā mea inu kō ma Berkeley a me ka ʻauhau ʻelua keneta keneta o San Francisco. … Ma nā alanui nui o Berkeley a me nā subway lalo honua ma aneʻi, nā hoʻolaha e puhi nei i ka ʻauhau soda i manaʻo ʻia ma nā wahi āpau. ʻO ka American Beverage Association, ka hui lobbying o ka ʻoihana soda, ua hoʻolilo he $ 1.7 miliona e hakakā ana i ke ana ma Berkeley a me $ 7.7 miliona ma Kapalakiko, e like me ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua. " [ʻO Radio Radio Public, 10/27/14]

Deluged Washington State me $ 16.7 Million i ka hoʻolilo ʻana e hoʻopau i ka ʻauhau Soda ma 2010

I ka makahiki 2010, ua hoʻolilo ka ABA i kahi $ 16.7 miliona i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e ka mokuʻāina e hoʻopau ai i ka ʻauhau soda ʻelua keneka o ka mokuʻāina.

"Ua ninini ka hui inu mea inu ʻAmelika i $ 16.7 miliona o nā kumuwaiwai o ka ʻoihana i loko o ka Initiative 1107 ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻopau ai i ka ʻauhau ʻelua mau keneka o Wakinekona no ka soda pop a me kekahi mau ʻauhau hou ʻē aʻe. … ʻAe ma ka haʻi ʻōlelo 1107 o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻo Kathryn Stenger i ʻōlelo ai no mau mahina e hoʻopau ka hana i nā ʻauhau i kau ʻia ma luna o ke 'hale kūʻai,' kahi a ka pāʻina e hū ai i ka home me ka hoʻomau ʻole i nā kahe o nā hoʻolaha. ʻO ka hoʻouka kaua, i hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 11.8 miliona, a ʻōlelo pū kekahi he huikau a ʻae wale nō ka ʻauhau kūʻai hou no ka candy, no ka mea, mālama ʻole ʻia kekahi mau huahana like. " [ʻO ka Olumepia, 10 / 23 / 10]

ʻO Referendum Waihona Waihona Fched ma Massachusetts

I ka makahiki 2014, hāʻawi ka ABA i $ 5 miliona iā "ʻAʻole ma ka Nīnau 2: Stop Forced Deposits," kahi hui ma Massachusetts e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻopio i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ke kānāwai waiho ʻōmole o ka mokuʻāina.

"ʻO kahi hui pū o nā mea kūʻē i kahi hana balota e hoʻonui ai i ke kānāwai waiho ʻōmole o ka mokuʻāina i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i kā lākou kīwī kīwī mua ma ka Pōʻakahi, i kālā ʻia e kahi kālā $ 5 miliona mai ka American Beverage Association. … ʻO ka hui kūʻē, 'ʻAʻole ma ka Nīnau 2: Stop Forced Deposits,' i kālā ʻia e ka mea inu a me nā hale kūʻai mai a ʻoi aku ka nui o ke kālā ma mua o ka poʻe kākoʻo i ka hana balota. Ua hāʻawi ka ʻAhahui Mea inu ʻAmelika i $ 5 miliona i ka hoʻouka kaua. Ua hāʻawi aku ʻo Stop and Shop i $ 300,000 hou. Ua hāʻawi ʻo Big Y Foods ma Springfield i $ 90,000. ” [Ka Lepupalika (Springfield, MA), 9/15/14]

ʻO nā miliona miliona e hoʻāʻo nei e hana i ka piʻi wāwae ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī ma Kaleponi

I ke koho balota 2010, hāʻawi ka ABA i $ 2,450,000 i ka paukū "ʻAʻole ma 25 ʻAe ma 26". [National Institute on Money in State Politics, followthemoney.org, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/20/14]

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Pass 25 i ka Passage Budget e ka hapa nui maʻalahi, Prop 26 Koi ʻia e ka Pono Koho i nā uku

E like me ka hui pu Press, ʻo ka paukū o Prop 25 e ʻae i ka waihona kālā o ka mokuʻāina e hala i kahi hapa nui maʻalahi, ʻoiai ʻo Prop 26 e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī e hāpai i nā uku.

"ʻImi ʻo Proposition 25 e hoʻopau i nā stalemates ma o ka ʻae ʻana i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e hoʻoholo i kahi moʻohelu kālā e kahi balota o ka hapanui maʻalahi, ma kahi o ka paepae ʻelua hapakolu o kēia manawa. … ʻO Proposition 26, ka mea e hoʻokeke ʻia nei e ka Chamber of Commerce a Kaleponi a me nā ʻoihana, e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī i nā mokuʻāina mokuʻāina a me nā kūloko e ʻauhau i nā uku. Ke ʻimi nei e pani i nā puka i ʻae ʻia nā aupuni e uhi hewa i nā ʻauhau ma ke ʻano he uku, makemake nā mea kākoʻo e uku i nā uku ma muli o nā lula like me nā ʻauhau: ʻelua hapakolu i ʻae ʻia e ka ʻAhaʻōlelo no nā uku mokuʻāina a me ka ʻae o ka poʻe koho balota no nā uku kūloko. " [hui pu Press, 10/1/08]

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo ABA i $ 18.9 Miliona ma Lobbying ma 2009 a me $ 9.9 Miliona ma 2010

Wahi a OpenSecrets.org, ua hoʻolilo ka ABA i $ 18,850,000 ma ka lobbying pekelala i ka makahiki 2009, a me $ 9,910,000 hou i ka makahiki 2010. Ua hoʻonui ʻia kēia ma mua o kāna mau kālā i hala aku nei, ʻaʻole ia i piʻi ma luna o $ 1 miliona mai ka 2003 a hiki i ka 2008.

I ka 2014, hoʻolilo ka Hui Mea inu ʻAmelika i $ 890,000 ma ka lobbying. [Kahi kikowaena no nā politika e pane ana, wehecrets.org, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/20/14]

Lobbying e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻauhau mea inu mai ka lilo ʻana i ʻano hana no ke kākoʻo kālā ʻana iā Obamacare

Wahi a Ka Manawa Kālā, ʻo ka hana lobbying a ka ABA i manaʻo ʻia e pale aku i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi ʻauhau pekelala no nā mea inu kō e ʻāpana hapa iā Obamacare.

"He makahiki kūleʻa a pipiʻi hoʻi ʻo 2009 no ka lumi inu inu, i lanakila i ka haki ʻana i nā noi pekelala e hoʻokau i kahi ʻauhau ʻauhau pekelala no nā mea inu momona ma ke ʻano he uku no kahi pūʻulu hoʻoponopono olakino. ʻO kēia hoʻolaha ākea ākea no The American Beverage Association, kahi e kū ai ʻo Coca-Cola Co., PepsiCo Inc. a me Dr. Pepper Snapple. Ua hoʻohana lākou ma kahi o $ 18 miliona ma ka lobbying a me nā miliona hou aku i nā makana hoʻouka kaua i ka makahiki 2009 i mea e pale aku ai i ke aupuni mai ka lilo ʻana i kahu hānai ʻai a ka lāhui. " [Ka Manawa Kālā, 3 / 15 / 10]