ʻO Cargill's GMO Stevia Hoodwinks Mea Kūʻai

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ʻO kā Cargill meaʻai āpau o ka honua hoʻonui i ka hana pālākiō ʻoihana o kāna mea hana ʻenekinia genetically, EverSweet, i kahi hale hana hou he $ 50 miliona i hoʻomaka i ka hana i kēia pule ma Blair, Nebraska. E "hoʻohua ana ka mea kanu i ka EverSweet e hoʻonanea ai i mau miliona o nā ʻōmole / kēpau o nā mea inu momona a i ʻole nā ​​lawelawe ʻana o ka yogurt i kēlā me kēia mahina," e like me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Cargill. 

ʻO kā Cargill mea kanu stevia GMO hou

Ke kūʻai aku nei ʻo Cargill i kāna stevia pani hou ma ke ʻano he “hana-ʻole. ” He aha kēlā manaʻo? Nā mea kūʻai mai i kaomi ma ka loulou ʻia i ka paʻi paʻi ʻaʻole e loaʻa kahi pane pololei. Wili ka ʻaoʻao pūnaewele iā ia iho i nā puhaka e hoʻāʻo nei e wehewehe i ke kaʻina hana hou, e pili ana i ka hū genetically engineering e hoʻolilo i nā mole kō i loko o kahi mea e mimike ai i ka ʻono o stevia, ma ke ʻano he "kenekulia makahiki" - me ka ʻōlelo ʻole o ka ʻenekinia a me ka genetika nā meaola (GMO) i hoʻohana ʻia e hana i ka huahana. 

Cargill haʻi ʻia i ka Star Tribune ʻaʻole ia e mākeke iā EverSweet ma ke ʻano he "kūlohelohe" - no laila "non-artipisyal" ia. ʻAʻole pau ka subterfuge ma laila. 

ʻO Cargill, ka mea i kapa ʻia e ka hui kaiaulu o mua ʻo Kongres Henry Waxman ka inoa “ʻoihana ʻoi loa o ka honua"I ka makahiki 2019 no (ma waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe) kona" koi pinepine ʻana i ke kū ʻana i ke ala o ka holomua o ka honua i ka hoʻomau ʻana, "nā mākeke EverSweet ma ke ʻano he" sustainable "i hana ʻia. ʻO kēlā koi, e like me kā mākou i hōʻike ai i 2017 Huffington Post ʻatikala, kuke ʻia e nā mea hoʻolālā PR i hāʻawi ʻia i ka hana pehea e hana ai i nā mea hana i hana ʻia me ka vat i mea maikaʻi i nā mea kūʻai e koi nei i nā meaʻai maoli, nā meaʻai maoli me nā lepili maʻalahi.

ʻO nā ʻoihana a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka me kā lākou mau hiʻohiʻona i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka stevia neʻe - a me nā waiwai nui ʻē aʻe nā mea kanu a me nā mea ʻala - ma nā mahiʻai a i loko o nā hale hōʻikeʻike i hui ʻia i a Kau kauā 2014 e kūkākūkā pehea e kūʻai aku ai i kēia manaʻo i nā mea kūʻai. Paipai nā mea hoʻolālā PR i ka hālāwai e hōʻalo i nā huaʻōlelo e like me ka "synthetic biology" a me ka "engineering engineering" (weliweli loa, hoʻi i ka backlash), a ua manaʻo e hele me nā ʻano kikoʻī e like me "fermentation i loaʻa" a me "kūlike kūlike."  Ua paipai lākou i ka nānā ʻana i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā moʻolelo o ka manaʻolana a me ka hoʻohiki, a me ka hana ʻana i nā mea hoʻoulu mea ʻai "me he mea lā ke hele nei mākou āpau ma lalo o ka hae hoʻokahi" no ka hoʻomau ʻana i ka meaʻai, ka mikiʻala a me ka mana kai.

ʻO nā ʻoihana a me nā mea kūʻai aku e mālama pono i kēlā mau manaʻo e kūpono ke nānā ma hope o ka hype. I ke kino o Cargill, “sustainable” ʻo Eversweet no ka mea hoʻoneʻe ia i ka hana mai ka ʻāina. Akā ʻaʻole maoli ia; o ka hui $ 50 miliona hou “kahi hale fermentation,” aia ma ka puʻuwai o Mākaukau GMO Roundup ʻāina kulina, e hilinaʻi ʻia ia mau hua kanu pesticide-sprayed - a i ʻole kekahi kumu kō i hoʻoulu ʻia ma ka ʻāina - e hānai i ka hū i kāna mau ipu e hana iā EverSweet. Hoʻohana kāna hoʻolaha paʻi i nā buzzwords o ka hoʻomau ʻana akā ʻaʻole hāʻawi i nā kikoʻī e kākoʻo i nā hoʻopiʻi. Ua kiʻi aku mākou i ka ʻoihana e noi no nā kikoʻī hou aʻe; ʻaʻohe pane akā e hoʻohui mākou i nā ʻōlelo i loaʻa iā mākou. 

I kēia manawa, ʻo ka mahiʻai ma nā ʻāina e like me Paraguay e hoʻomau nei i ka mahiʻai stevia no nā hanauna, a noho maikaʻi lākou i ka mahi ʻana i ka hua. hōʻike i ka hui ETC. ʻO ka Forum Economic Economic kaulana i kahi ana o nā pilikia kūpilikiʻi e pili ana i "ka hana hou ʻana o nā koho ʻē aʻe, synthetic i nā mea kūʻai aku waiwai nui… hiki ke hoʻopau koke i nā ʻoihana waiwai nāwaliwali e ka lawe ʻana i kahi kumu waiwai e hilinaʻi ai nā mahiʻai." Eia kekahi, ua paipai ikaika ʻia nā mahiʻai ʻilihuna e hoʻopukapuka ma stevia, no ka mea, ʻo ka mahi ʻana hiki ke kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i nā kaiaolaola palupalu a kū hoʻokahi. 

No nā mea kūʻai aku i ka US, ke paʻakikī nei e hōʻalo i nā mea ʻai ʻenekinia hou ke hele mālie nei i ko lākou ala i nā hale kūʻai me ka ʻole o ka lepili pono. ʻO nā mea ʻona a i ʻole GMO ʻole i hōʻoia ʻia e mau ana nā kūlana ʻelua i hana ʻia e hōʻalo i ka biology synthetic a me nā mea hana ʻenekini.

ʻO Cargill, ʻo ia ka ʻoihana pilikino nui ʻia ma ka US, ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o nā Koch Industries kaulana, a ke kīloi nei kona kapuwai a puni ka honua, e like me ka mea i haʻi mua ʻia e ka ʻahaʻolelo ʻo Waxman, ka luna o ke kaua Mighty Earth, i ko lākou Iulai. hōʻike hōʻike iā Cargill ka ʻoihana ʻoi loa o ka Honua. "ʻIke mākou he kuleana koʻikoʻi kēia. Auē, auwe, nā hui he nui i hiki ke hoʻokūkū i kēia hanohano kānalua. Akā hāʻawi kēia hōʻike i nā hōʻike ākea a me ka ikaika e kākoʻo iā ia ... Ua ʻike maka wau i ka hopena ʻino o nā ʻoihana i lawe ʻole i kā lākou loina me lākou e hana. Akā kū ʻo Cargill. ”

Pākuʻi hou aku: 

Mākaukau paha ʻoe no ka nalu hou o nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini? na Stacy Malkan, makasina CommonGround (3.16.2018)

E hui me ka Stevia Hou! Nā GMO 2.0 e kāhiko ʻia no ka kūleʻa, na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (6.15.2017)

ʻO kahi bet maikaʻi ʻole ma ka biology synthetic: Ke hoʻokūkū nei ʻo Cargill's Eversweet me nā mahiʻai a me nā mea kūʻai hewa hewa, Pūʻulu ETC (11.11.2015)  

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka ʻoihana Biotech i ka hoʻolālā PR e kiʻi iā mākou e ale i ka meaʻai biology synthetic, na Dana Perls, Nā Hoa o ka Honua (5.22.2014)

Mākaukau anei ʻoe no ka Wave Hou o nā Mea ʻEnekinia Genetically?

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Ua paʻi mua ʻia kahi mana o kēia ʻatikala i ʻO ka makasina honua maʻamau ʻo Malaki 2018 (Mana PDF).

Na Stacy Malkan

Makemake nā kānaka āpau i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Ua lohe paha ʻoe i kēia: ʻo nā meaʻai ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe i hoʻonui ʻia e ka ʻepekema e hānai i ka 9 biliona mau kānaka i manaʻo ʻia ma ka honua e 2050. ʻO nā meaʻai i hana ʻia i loko o nā labs a me nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona i hana ʻenekini ʻia e ulu wikiwiki a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hiki ai ke hānai i ka honua lehulehu, e like me nā moʻolelo i wili ma o kā mākou keʻena o ka pāpaho a me ka hoʻonaʻauao.

"6th nā haumāna papa lolo i nā manaʻo biotech nui i # Kaui9 Ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻia kahi leka hou i kau ʻia i ka ʻoihana kemika pūnaewele hoʻolaha Nā pane GMOA Ua komo ka manaʻo o ka haumāna i nā "kāloti e hoʻonui i nā huaora" a me "ka palaoa e ulu i nā wā hoʻoilo paʻakikī."

Kuhi nā mea āpau a hiki i kou nānā ʻana i nā mea maoli ma hope o ka haʻiʻōlelo.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, i kahi ʻāina e alakaʻi nei i ka honua i ka ulu ʻana i nā meaola i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically (GMO), miliona pōloli. Hoʻoemi kai ʻai, ke kamaʻilio ʻana i ka like ʻole a me ka hoʻololi ʻana i agroecological nā ʻano mahiʻai, ʻaʻole nā ​​GMO, nā kī o ka palekana meaʻai honua, e like me ka poʻe loea ma Nā Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically ma ka makeke i kēia lā ʻaʻohe pono o nā mea kūʻai aku. ʻenekini lākou e ola i nā pesticides, a ua hoʻonui wikiwiki i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides e like me Glyphosate, dicamba a koke 2,4D, ke hana nei i nā hui kaiaulu e kapa nei he weliweli wili lāʻau pesticide.

ʻOiai nā makahiki he nui o ka hype e pili ana i nā mea momona ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe a i ʻole nā ​​mea kanu GMO ʻoi aku ka nui, ua kūleʻa ʻole kēlā mau pono. Hoʻonui ʻia ka wikamina-A Laiki Laiki, no ka laʻana - "ka laiki e hiki ai ke hoʻopakele i hoʻokahi miliona mau keiki i ka makahiki," i hōʻike ʻia manawa puke 17 makahiki aku nei - ʻaʻole ma ka mākeke ʻoiai miliona i lilo i ka hoʻolālā. "Inā he panacea ka laiki gula, no ke aha e ulu wale ai ia i nā poʻo inoa, mamao loa mai nā māla mahiʻai kahi i manaʻo ʻia e ulu?" i nīnau aku ai ʻo Tom Philpott i loko ʻO Jones Jones ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, Ua kū ʻo WTF i ka Rice Gula?

"ʻO ka pane pōkole, ʻaʻole pono i nā mea kanu mea kanu ke hana i nā ʻano mea like ʻole e hana pono ana ma ke kula e like me nā ʻano laiki e kū nei. Ke hoʻopili ʻoe i hoʻokahi mea i loko o kahi genome, e like me ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka raiki i ka hiki ke hana i ka beta-carotene, ʻo ʻoe pilikia i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā mea ʻē aʻe, e like me ka wikiwiki o ka ulu ʻana. ”

Kūpilikiʻi ke kūlohelohe, i nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, a hiki i ka ʻenekini genetika ke hana i nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia.

E noʻonoʻo i ka hihia o ka Impossible Burger.

ʻO ka burger hoʻokumu mea kanu i "kahe" hiki ke hana ʻia e ka hū genetically e like me ka leghemoglobin, kahi mea i loaʻa i nā aʻa mea kanu soya. Mālama ka GMO soy leghemoglobin (SLH) i kahi protein i kapa ʻia ʻo "heme," e hāʻawi ana i nā ʻano mea like me ka burger - kona kalaʻulaʻula a me ke aniani ma ka pā - me ka ʻole o ka hopena a me ka hopena o ka hopena o kaʻiʻo. Akā haki pū ka GMO SLH i 46 mau protein ʻē aʻe i hele ʻole i ka papaʻai kanaka a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā pilikia palekana.

E like me The New York Times hoike, kā ka huna huna a ka burger “e hōʻike i nā pilikia o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana.” Hoʻokumu ʻia ka moʻolelo ma nā palapala i loaʻa iā ETC Group a me nā Hoa o ka Honua ma lalo o kahi noi Freedom of Information Act - nā palapala i manaʻo paha ka ʻoihana ʻaʻole lākou e ʻike i ke ao o ka lā. I ka wā i noi aku ai nā mea hiki ʻole i ka Food and Drug Administration e hōʻoia i kāna mea GMO "ʻike ʻia he palekana" (GRAS), ka manawa ua hōʻike, ua "hōʻike ka ʻoihana" i ka hopohopo no ka mea ʻaʻole i hoʻopau ʻia e nā kānaka a lilo paha ia i mea maʻi.

Nā luna o FDA i kākau i loko o nā memo e wehewehe ana kahi kāhea iā 2015 me ka hui, "Ua ʻōlelo ʻo FDA ʻo nā paio o kēia manawa ma ka lima, ʻokoʻa pākahi, ʻaʻole lawa e hoʻokumu i ka palekana o SLH no ka ʻai ʻana." Akā, e like me ka manawa Ua wehewehe ka moʻolelo, ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ka FDA he palekana ʻole ka leghemoglobin GMO, a ʻaʻole pono ka ʻoihana i ka ʻae o ka FDA e kūʻai aku i kāna burger.

ʻAʻole hoʻokumu nā paio i ka palekana - FDA

No laila ʻo Impossible Burger ma ka mākeke me ka hōʻoia o ka palekana o ka ʻoihana a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kūʻai i ka pouli e pili ana i nā mea i loko. ʻOiai e wehewehe ʻia ana ke kaʻina hana GMO ma ka pūnaewele ʻaʻole i kūʻai ʻia pēlā ma ke ala o ke kūʻai aku. Ma kahi kipa hou aku nei i kahi hale ʻaina Bay Bay e kūʻai aku nei i ka Impossible Burger, ua noi aku kahi mea kūʻai aku inā ua hoʻololi ʻia ka burger i ka genetically. Ua haʻi pololei ʻia iā ia, “ʻaʻole.”

ʻO ka nele o ke kiaʻi aupuni ʻana, nā pilikia olakino ʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā mea kūʻai aku i waiho ʻia i ka pouli - he mau kumuhana hou kēia i loko o ka moʻolelo e hōʻike nei e pili ana i ka Wild West o ka hoʻokolohua ʻenekinia genetics e lele nei i kahi hale kūʻai kokoke iā ʻoe.

He GMO e kekahi inoa ʻē aʻe…

ʻO Biology synthetic, CRISPR, hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā ʻāne, a me nā hanauna ʻole. wehewehe kēia mau huaʻōlelo i nā ʻano hou o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia, nā holoholona a me nā mea e holo wikiwiki nei nā ʻoihana e kiʻi i ka mākeke.

ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini, i kapa ʻia transgenics, pili i ka hoʻoili ʻana i nā genes mai kekahi ʻano i kekahi. Me nā ʻano ʻenehana ʻenekema hou - ka mea a kekahi mau hui kaiaulu i kapa aku ai iā GMO 2.0 - hana hewa nā ʻoihana i ke kūlohelohe i nā ala hou a weliweli paha. Hiki iā lākou ke holoi i nā genes, hoʻohuli a pio paha nā genes, a hana paha i nā kaʻina DNA hou ma kahi kamepiula. ʻO kēia mau ʻenehana āpau he GMO i ke ala a nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka US Patent Office e noʻonoʻo ai iā lākou - ua loli ʻo DNA i nā hale hana i nā ala e hiki ʻole ai ke kūlohelohe, a hoʻohana ʻia e hana i nā huahana i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia. Aia kekahi mau ʻano maʻamau o GMO 2.0.

ʻO nā GMO biology synthetic pili i ka hoʻololi a hana ʻana paha i ka DNA e synthesize synthesize i nā mea hoʻohui ma mua o ka lawe ʻana iā lākou mai nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. ʻO nā laʻana e pili ana i ka hū ʻenekini genetically a i ʻole nā ​​limu e hana i nā mea ʻono e like me vanillin, stevia a me citrus; aiʻole nā ​​mea ʻala e like me patchouli, aila rose a me ka clearwood - nā mea āpau āpau i loko o nā huahana.

Ke hoʻolaha nei kekahi mau ʻoihana i nā mea ulu i hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he hopena no ka hoʻomau ʻana. Akā aia ka diabolō i nā kikoʻī i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e nā ʻoihana. He aha nā mea hānai? Pili kekahi mau huahana biology synthetic i ke kō mai nā monocultures kemikino a i ʻole nā ​​mea ʻai haumia e like me fr gas. Aia kekahi hopohopo e hiki i nā limu hana ʻenekini ke pakele i ke kaiapuni a lilo i haumia i ke ola.

A he aha ka hopena i nā mahiʻai e hilinaʻi nei i nā mea ulu ulu kūpono? Ke hopohopo nei nā mahiʻai a puni ka honua no ka mea hiki i nā mea pani i ka lab-ulu, ke kūʻai hewa ʻia ʻia ma ke ʻano he "kūlohelohe," ke hoʻokuʻi iā lākou mai kā lākou ʻoihana. No nā hanauna, ua mahi nā mahiʻai ma Mekiko, Madagascar, ʻApelika a me Paraguay i ka vanilla kūlohelohe a me nā meaola, shea butter a stevia paha. Ma Haiti, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻana i ka mauʻu vetiver no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea ʻala kiʻekiʻe loa e kākoʻo i nā mea ulu liʻiliʻi he 60,000, e kōkua ana i ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka hoʻokele waiwai i luku ʻia e ke ōlaʻi a me nā ʻino.

Pono paha e neʻe i kēia mau ʻenekini hoʻokele waiwai i South San Francisco a hānai i ka kō i mahi ʻia i ka hale hana i ka hū i mea e hana ai i nā mea ʻala a me nā ʻono ʻono? ʻO wai ka mea e pōmaikaʻi ai, a ʻo wai ka mea e lilo, i ke kipi ulu kiʻekiʻe?

ʻO ka iʻa a me nā holoholona i hana ʻia me genetically: ʻo nā bipi dehorned, nā puaʻa castrated maoli, a me nā hua moa i hoʻolālā ʻia e loaʻa i kahi mea lapaʻau i loko o ka paipu hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua. ʻO kahi papahana "bipi kauō" kāne kāne kāne āpau - me ka inoa inoa "Keikikāne wale nō" - e manaʻo e hana i kahi bipi kāne nāna e hānau kāne wale nō nā kāne, a laila "e hoʻohuli i nā mea i ka maleness a e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻoihana (ʻiʻo)," hoike Hōʻike ʻ Technologylelo MIT.

He aha ka hewa e hiki ai?

Ke hana nei ka genististist i ka pipi terminator, ʻo Alison Van Eenennaam o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis, ke ʻimi nei i ka FDA e noʻonoʻo hou i kāna hoʻoholo 2017 e mālama i nā holoholona i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo CRISPR me he mea lā he lāʻau hou ia, no laila e koi ana i nā noiʻi palekana. ua haʻi ʻo ia i ka Nānā MIT ʻo ia ka mea e "kau i kahi kaohi hoʻokele nui i ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia hana hoʻoponopono gen i nā holoholona." Akā ʻaʻole pono nā koi no ke aʻo ʻana i ke olakino, palekana a me nā hopena o ka nohona genetically engineered, a me kahi pae no ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka hopena o ka pono, maikaʻi a me ka pilikanaka. Ke hoʻokeke ikaika nei nā ʻoihana no nā koi ʻole; i Ianuali, ua kamaʻilio ʻo Pelekikena Trump e pili ana i ka biotechnology no ka manawa mua i kona wā pelekikena a hana i kahi ʻōlelo maopopo ʻole e pili ana i “streamlining rules.”

ʻO ka holoholona GMO wale nō ma ka makeke i kēia manawa ʻo ka salmon AquaAdvantage i hoʻolālā ʻia me nā gen o kahi puhi e ulu wikiwiki. Ke kūʻai ʻia nei ka iʻa ma Kanada, akā ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana i hea, a mālama ʻia nā kūʻai aku a US ma muli o "lepili ʻana i nā pilikia.”Kūpono ka makemake no ka hūnā ʻana mai ke kuanaʻike kūʻai aku: 75% o nā mea pane i a 2013 New York Times piʻi ua ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lākou e ʻai i ka iʻa GMO, a ma kahi o ʻelua hapakolu i ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lākou e ʻai i ka ʻiʻo i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically.

Nā hana hoʻomāhie Gene e like me ka hoʻopiʻi RNA (RNAi) hiki ke hoʻopau i nā genes e hana i kekahi mau ʻano. Ua ʻenekini ʻia ka Apple Arctic non-browning me RNAi e hoʻohuli i ka hōʻike o nā genes i kumu e ʻeleʻele a palupalu nā ʻōpala. E like me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma kāna pūnaewele, "ke nahu ʻia ka ʻāpala, ʻoki ʻia, a i ʻole pēpē ʻia ... ʻaʻole ʻāpala ʻeleʻele yucky i waiho ʻia ma hope."

Ke noi nei paha nā mea kūʻai no kēia ʻano? Mākaukau paha ʻaʻole hele mai ia. ʻO ka GMO Arctic Apple mua, kahi Golden Delicious, i hoʻomaka i ke poʻo no nā mākeke hoʻāʻo i ka Midwest i ka mahina i hala. ʻAʻohe mea e ʻōlelo pololei ana i kahi e pae mai nā ʻāpala, akā ʻaʻole lākou e kapa ʻia me GMO. E nānā no ka māka ʻo “Arctic Apples” inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike inā e ʻai ana ʻoe i ka ʻāpala hana ʻenekia.

"Hilinaʻi wau e ʻike hou aku i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia e nā ʻohana i hāʻule i waho o ka mana hoʻomalu." 

Nā hana hoʻoponopono Gene e like me CRISPR, TALEN a i ʻole zinc manamana nukelea i hoʻohana ʻia e ʻokiʻoki iā DNA i mea e hoʻololi ai i ka genetic a i ʻole hoʻokomo i nā mea kūlohelohe. ʻOi aku ka wikiwiki a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia o kēia mau hana ma mua o ka hana kahiko transgenic. Akā ʻo ka nele o ka nānā aupuni ʻana e hāpai i nā hopohopo. "Aia hiki ke lilo i pahuhopu a me nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia," wehewehe ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻelemakule o Consumers Union. "Ke hoʻololi ʻoe i nā genetics o nā mea ola ʻaʻole lākou e hana maʻamau e like me kāu e manaʻo ai. ʻO kēia ke kumu e koʻikoʻi e hoʻopaʻa pono i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni, akā ʻaʻole koi ʻia kēia mau aʻo ʻana. ”

Kahi huaʻahi CRISPR non-browning pakele i ke kānāwai US, e like me Nature hoike i ka makahiki 2016. ʻO kahi aila CRISPR canola hou, ʻenekini e hoʻomanawanui i nā lāʻau make, aia i nā hale kūʻai i kēia manawa a kapa ʻia paha "non-GMO," wahi a Bloomberg, mai ka US Department of Agriculture ua "lawe i kahi pass" i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā mea kanu CRISPR. Ua haʻi ka moʻolelo i ka "hele wāwae ʻana o Monsanto, DuPont a me Dow Chemical" i loko o ka ʻole o ka hoʻokele "a hahau i nā hana laikini e hoʻohana i ka ʻenehana hoʻoponopono gen.

A hāpai aʻe i kahi hae ʻulaʻula me ka moʻolelo e hāʻawi ai nā GMO hou i nā pono mea kūʻai aku ʻaʻole i hana nā ʻano transgenic kahiko. "Ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa o nā ʻenehana ʻaʻole ia he ʻano e lilo nā ʻano," wahi a Kauka Hansen. "ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini i hoʻohana nui ʻia e hana i nā mea kanu e pale aku i nā lāʻau make a hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku i nā lāʻau make. E hoʻohana ʻia paha nā hana hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono hou i nā ala like, akā aia kekahi mau wili hou. "

ʻO nā makemake o ka Consumer Versus Pono Makemake

Kākoʻo ʻia ka piko “hoʻololi i ka meaʻai” a ka ʻAkelanika e DowDuPont. E ʻike i kā mākou ke hōʻike nei i kēlā moʻolelo.

ʻO nā ʻoihana mahi mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua ka hapanui o nā hua a me nā pesticides, a ke hoʻohui nei lākou i ka mana i nā lima o nā hui multinational he ʻekolu wale nō. Ke pani nei ʻo Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto i ka hui ʻana, a ua pau nā hui ʻana o ChemChina / Syngenta a me DowDuPont. Ua hoʻolaha wale ʻo DowDuPont i kāna ʻāpana agribusiness e hana ma lalo o ka inoa hou Corteva Agriscience, kahi huaʻōlelo o ka manaʻo "puʻuwai" a me "kūlohelohe."

He mea ʻole ka hana hou ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni a lākou e hoʻāʻo ai, he ʻano kūlohelohe kēia mau ʻoihana he mau moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka nānā ʻole ʻana i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana i nā pilikia o ke olakino o nā huahana weliweli a me ka waiho ʻana ma hope o nā mea ʻona - Bhopal, dioxin, PCBs, napalm, Agent Orange, teflon, chlorpyrifos, atrazine, dicamba, e inoa ai i kekahi mau mea hōʻino wale nō.

ʻO nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana ke nalo i sordid i hala a me ka ʻike o kēia manawa pehea e hoʻohana nei kēia mau ʻoihana i nā ʻenehana ʻenehana genetine i kēia mau lā, ʻo ka hapanui ma ke ʻano he mea hana no nā mea kanu e ola i nā sprays kemika. I mea e maopopo ai ke pāʻani nei kēia papahana ma ka honua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā wahi hoʻohana pesticide e ulu ana i ka GMO, heluhelu i nā hōʻike e pili ana hānau kīnā ma Hawaii, pūpū maʻi ʻaʻai ma Argentina, nā alawai wai haumia i Iowa a nā wahi i hōʻino ʻia ma waena o ka Midwest.

ʻO ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka meaʻai ma lalo o ka kaohi o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana kemika ʻaʻole paʻakikī e koho - ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e kūʻai aku iā mākou: nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻouka i nā kūʻai kemika a me nā holoholona meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia e ulu wikiwiki a kūpono maikaʻi i ka mahiʻai hale hana. nā kūlana, me nā lāʻau lapaʻau e kōkua. He hihiʻo nui ia no ka wā e hiki mai ana o nā loaʻa ʻoihana a me ka noʻonoʻo o ka waiwai a me ka mana, akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa ia no nā mahiʻai, ke olakino lehulehu, ke kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​mea kūʻai aku e koi nei i kahi meaʻai ʻē aʻe i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

Makemake ka nui o nā mea kūʻai aku maoli, ʻai maoli a me nā huahana. Makemake lākou e ʻike i ka mea i loko o kā lākou meaʻai, pehea i hana ʻia ai a no hea mai ia. No ka poʻe makemake e lilo i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka mea a lākou e ʻai nei, aia nō ke ala surefire e hōʻalo ai i nā GMO kahiko a me nā mea hou: kūʻai i meaola. Hōʻoia ka papahana Non-GMO i hōʻoia hōʻoia ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻoia ʻia nā huahana a hana ʻia paha me ka biology synthetic.

He mea nui ia no ka ʻoihana meaʻai maoli e paʻa i ka laina ma ka pono o kēia mau palapala hōʻoia e kūʻē i ka stampede ʻāhiu o nā GMO hou.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o US Right to Know a me ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

ʻO nā mea ʻai GMO 2.0 e hele mai ana i kāu ala: e kapa inoa ʻia lākou?

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E hāʻawi i kēia wahi e mālama i kā mākou hoʻokolokolo ʻana e kuke ana a kau inoa no ka Pono e ʻike Loiloi 

Na Stacy Malkan

Nā genes i hū ʻole ʻia, nā ʻāpana i hoʻoponopono ʻia, nā ʻeneki i hana ʻia e hana i nā mea hoʻohui e like me ka meaʻai: nā meaola hou i hoʻololi ʻia (geno) i hana ʻia me kēia mau hana hoʻokolohua ke hele nei i kāu papa ʻaina. ʻO ia ka nalu aʻe o ka hana ʻenekini, a i ʻole Nā GMO 2.0.

E ʻike anei mākou inā lākou i loko o kā mākou meaʻai?

ʻO Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema, Union Consumers

ʻO Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema, Union Consumers

ʻO ke kānāwai lepili GMO hou hooholoia e ka Ahaolelo a kau inoa ʻia e Pelekikena Obama nui kālai ʻia by nā hui kūʻai aku no ka mea ʻae ʻia nā ʻoihana e hoʻohana i nā code QR a i ʻole 800 mau helu ma kahi o ka ʻōlelo Pelekania maʻamau ma nā lepili.

Akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka nūhou no kā mākou kuleana e ʻike i nā mea i loko o kā mākou meaʻai: nā huaʻōlelo ʻole ma ke kānāwai hou e wehe i ka puka no ka ʻomi o ka ʻoihana ma ka US Department of Agriculture e hoʻokuʻu i nā mea he nui - ʻoi loa paha - nā GMO mai ka lepili ʻana.

E aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā GMO 2.0 a inā e kapa inoa ʻia kēia mau meaʻai, ua kamaʻilio pū wau ʻO Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Uniona Mea Kūʻai.

Q: Ua noho ʻo GMO i kā mākou meaʻai no 20 mau makahiki akā ua loli lākou i kēia manawa. Hiki iā ʻoe ke wehewehe he aha ka mea hou?

MH: He aha nā mea hou a lākou e hoʻohana nei i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa e ʻoki a hoʻololi ai i nā kaʻina gen. Aia he ʻelua mau ʻano maʻamau: nā ʻenehana hūnā gen e like me ka hoʻopili ʻana o RNA (RNAi) i hiki ke hoʻopau i nā ʻāpana kikoʻī; a me nā ʻenehana hoʻoponopono gen e like me CRISPR, TALEN a i ʻole kiniki manamana kiniki i hoʻohana ʻia e ʻokiʻoki iā DNA i mea e hoʻololi ai i nā genetiki liʻiliʻi a i ʻole hoʻokomo i nā mea kūpuna.

ʻOi aku ka pololei o kēia mau kiʻina hana ma mua o nā hana kahiko, akā hiki nō ke lilo i pahuhopu a me nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia. Ke hoʻololi ʻoe i nā genetics o nā mea ola ʻaʻole lākou e hana maʻamau e like me kāu e manaʻo ai. ʻO kēia ke kumu e koʻikoʻi e hoʻopaʻa pono i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni, akā ʻaʻole koi ʻia kēia mau aʻo ʻana.

Eia kekahi, no ka mea ʻokoʻa nā ʻenehana ʻaʻole ia he ʻano nā ʻano. ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini i hoʻohana ʻia i mea e pale aku ai i nā lāʻau make, a hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku i nā lāʻau make. E hoʻohana paha i nā ʻenehana hoʻoponopono hou i nā ʻano like, akā aia kekahi mau wili hou.

Q: He aha nā meaʻai GMO 2.0 ma ka mākeke i kēia manawa? 

Ke ulu nei nā ʻoma GMO ʻeleʻele ʻole i nā mahinaʻai i kēia manawa a aia paha i nā hale kūʻai i kēia makahiki e hiki mai ana. Aia kahi ʻuala GMO i nā hale kūʻai i kēia manawa akā ʻaʻole maopopo iā mākou ma hea. Ua ʻenekini ʻia kaʻuala me RNAi e huli ʻole i ke kala a ʻike ʻia ka ea a hana i nā pae haʻahaʻa o acrylamide (kahi carcinogen) ke palai ʻia a hoʻomoʻa ʻia paha.

Hoʻolālā ʻia ʻo Canola me CRISPR e ʻae i nā mea kanu i loko o nā aila canola. ʻO ka ʻono vanilla a me stevia biology synthetic kekahi i loko o nā huahana - hana ʻia kēia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka hū genetically engineered - a kūʻai ʻia ʻia paha lākou ma ke ʻano he "kūlohelohe."

ʻAʻole haʻi nā ʻoihana i nā mea kūʻai aku kēia huahana GMO; ke hoʻohana nei lākou i nā huaʻōlelo e like me "fermentation i loaʻa" e wehewehe i nā mea hana i hana ʻia me ka biology synthetic. Ke ʻike ʻoe i kēlā huaʻōlelo ma nā huahana, a i ʻole he ʻāpala ʻole ʻāpala a i ʻole kaʻuala, e manaʻo ʻoe ʻo ia ka ʻenekini genetically.

Ua hala aku nei ka ʻAhaʻōlelo i kahi kānāwai lepili GMO, akā ua kākau ʻia ka ʻōlelo ma kahi ʻano i hiki ke unuhi ʻia e hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā meaʻai GMO mai ka lepili ʻana. Hiki iā ʻoe ke wehewehe i ka pilikia? 

ʻO ka pilikia mua, ua ʻōlelo ke kānāwai he pono e hana ʻia nā DNA. ʻO ia ka mea e hoʻokuʻu ai ke kānāwai i nā meaʻai i hana nui ʻia e like me ka syrup kānana fructose kiʻekiʻe, ke kō beet GMO, nā aila hoʻomaʻemaʻe a me kekahi o nā ʻono hana ʻenekini i hana ʻia a me nā mea ʻala no ka mea ua hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻia a lawe ʻia paha ka DNA ʻenekini e ʻike ʻia. ʻAʻole e lepili ʻia nā papa holoʻokoʻa o nā mea inu momona inā loaʻa iā lākou nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka syrup kānana ʻenekini. ʻAʻohe mea i hiki ke hana e pili ana i kēlā manawa.

ʻO ka pilikia ʻelua hiki iā mākou ke hana i kekahi mea. Hoʻokuʻu ke kānāwai i nā meaʻai inā hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka moʻokūʻauhau ma o ka hānau ʻana maʻamau a i ʻike ʻia i ke kūlohelohe. E iho i lalo i ka wehewehe ʻana o ka US Department of Agriculture i ka "hoʻololi." Hiki ke wehewehe ʻia i ke ala me ka ʻole o kekahi mea, ʻoiai manaʻolana ʻaʻole ia e hiki mai no ka mea e nui ka haunaele.

Pono e wehewehe i ka hoʻololi ʻana e like me nā kaʻina genetical kikoʻī e hoʻololi ʻia. Inā wehewehe ʻo USDA i kēlā ala, pono e uhi ʻia kēia mau ʻenehana GMO 2.0 hou. Akā he kaua nui kēlā a hiki i ka hopena ke hāʻule ka nui o nā meaʻai GMO ma waena o nā māwae a ʻaʻole pono e kapa inoa ʻia.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao maikaʻi, USDA ua hooholo hiki ke kapa inoa ʻia ka ʻiʻo, nā moa a me nā hua manu me he GMO ʻole inā hele mai lākou mai nā holoholona i hānai ʻole ʻia me nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered, a waiho lākou ia i kahi kūlana ʻekolu ʻaoʻao kūʻokoʻa. Pono mākou e hōʻoia i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka hae ma ke aniani moakaka a kūlike me nā kūlana o ka honua.

ʻO ka hana aʻe e pono ai nā hui mea kūʻai e hoʻopiha i ka USDA me nā ʻōlelo. ʻO USDA ka kaʻae ʻana i nā manaʻo lehulehu a hiki i ʻOkakopa 23 a me nā Consumers Union e kau nei i kā mākou mau manaʻo i ka manawa koke e kōkua e hoʻomaopopo iā haʻi i nā pilikia i pili.

ʻO ka ʻenekini genetika ka wā e hiki mai ana o kā mākou meaʻai? 

ʻAʻole manaʻo wau pēlā. Ke nānā ʻoe i ka hanauna millennial, aia kahi hoʻololi kai i ka ʻike o ka poʻe i ka meaʻai. Ma mua i nīnau ka poʻe inā he kumukūʻai. I kēia manawa aia ka hoihoi nui i ka hana ʻia ʻana o ka meaʻai a me kahi e hele mai ai. Ke hoʻāʻo nei ka poʻe e kiʻi i ka meaʻai e like me ka mea hou a kūlohelohe hoʻi. Makemake lākou i nā mea ulu i ulu kūpono ʻia, ʻoi aku i kahi a ma nā ʻano ʻoihana hana liʻiliʻi.

ʻO kēia ke kumu a mākou e ʻike nei i ka nui o nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha nei ke haʻalele nei lākou antibioticsnā kala a me nā mea hanaNā GMO a me nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe i hana ʻia i nā ʻano hana. ʻO ia ke kumu i loaʻa ʻole ai i kēia ʻenehana GMO kahi wā e hiki mai maikaʻi loa; ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou i hoʻolālā ʻia no nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai ʻoihana.

Aia ka ʻaelike a puni ka honua ma ka Hoike Mahiai Honua ʻaʻole ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻenehana a me ka ʻenekini genetika ka pane no ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka meaʻai. ʻO ka pane ka ʻōnaehana mahiʻai rational ecologically.

Ke nānā nei ʻo Biotechnology e kona ʻano maoli i hoʻokahi a i ʻole kekahi mau ʻiʻo a i ʻole kekahi mau ʻano kikoʻī akā ʻo ka mahiʻai kūlohelohe maoli e kia ana i nā ʻōnaehana holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ia ke kuhikuhi a nā mea kūʻai mai a me kahi e pono ai mākou e hele no ke olakino a me ka hoʻomau.

Akā ʻo ka mahiʻai kaiaola ʻaʻole ia he mea e hiki ai i nā ʻoihana ke monetize maʻalahi, ʻaʻole kahi mea hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopili a lilo iā lākou iho. Ke hoʻokuke nei nā ʻoihana i nā GMO ma muli o ka palena waiwai.

He aha, i kou manaʻo, ke ala kūpono i mua no ka hana ʻenekini?

Me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe a me nā kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe, ua kau inoa wau i ka ʻōlelo “ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO, "E wehewehe nei i nā pilikia me ke ʻano o ka hoʻoponopono a me ka ʻepekema o kēia manawa. ʻO kā mākou manaʻo i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka hoʻomau a hoʻonui ʻana paha i nā mea kanu ʻenekini a me nā meaʻai e kākoʻo ʻia e nā hōʻike ʻepekema ikaika o ka palekana lōʻihi no ke olakino kanaka a me nā holoholona a me ke kaiapuni, i loaʻa i kahi ʻano kūpono, loina. ʻoʻoleʻa, kūʻokoʻa a aniani.

Hāʻawi ʻia i kahi kūlana maopopo ʻole o ka lepili ʻana, he aha ka mea e hiki i ka poʻe ke pale aku i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically? 

Koho i nā meaola a i ʻole nā ​​huahana i hōʻoia ʻia e ka Papahana Non GMO, ka mea i hōʻoia i nā kaukani mau meaʻai ʻaʻole loaʻa nā GMO a me nā meaola biology synthetic.

GMO 2.0: ʻO ke poʻo biology Synthetic ke poʻo i kahi meaʻai a mea inu paha e kokoke ana iā ʻoe?

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Stevia kula kahiko.

ʻO ke kanu stevia kula kahiko i hana ʻia e ka natura.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma Huffington Post.

Na Stacy Malkan

Hoʻopili ʻia kā mākou moʻomeheu me ka manaʻo e hiki i ka ʻenehana ke hoʻopakele iā mākou - a i ʻole e hana i nā manawa ʻoihana ʻoihana maikaʻi loa. Ke hana nei ʻo Cargill, no ka laʻana ʻenehana ʻenehana hou e hoʻohālike i ka stevia, kahi kō i kū aʻe mai nā lau o nā mea kanu, no ka "mākekeʻai haʻuki pahū."

ʻO kā Cargill huahana hou, ʻo EverSweet, hoʻohana i ka hū genetically engineered e hoʻololi i nā mole kō e mimic i nā waiwai o stevia, me ka pono ʻole o ka mea kanu ponoʻī.

Ua hoʻomohala ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka biology synthetic (a i ʻole "synbio" no ka pōkole), kahi ʻano hou o ka hana ʻenekinia e pili ana i ka hoʻololi ʻana a i ʻole ka hana ʻana i DNA e synthesize synthetic i nā mea hoʻohui ma mua o ka lawe ʻana iā lākou mai nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe - kahi hana i kapa ʻia he GMO 2.0.

Ma Iune 1, US Food and Drug Administration hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ke ala no EverSweet me kahi "ʻike ʻia he palekana" (GRAS) inoa. Ma ka hopena hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i "nā mea āpau mai ka waiū a i nā mea inu papaʻaina a me nā mea inu ʻona, akā ʻo nā mea inu haʻahaʻa a ʻole calorie ka mea momona," e like me Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai.

A pēlā nō e hoʻomaka ai ka neʻe hou ʻana o ka ʻenehana hou: e heihei ana nā ʻoihana e neʻe i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai mai ka ʻāina a i ka hale hana me ka ʻole o nā kānāwai a i ʻole nā ​​lula i kahi e koi ai i nā loiloi ʻepekema a me ka transparency.

Pehea lākou e kūʻai aku ai i ka biology synthetic i nā mea kūʻai?

ʻO kahi pahuhopu nui e kū ana i ka biology synthetic ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai o kēia lā i nā meaʻai maoli maoli me nā lepili hoʻomaʻemaʻe maʻalahi - he aha Nūhou Pāʻoihana ʻAi ua kapa ʻia ʻo "ke au o ka makahiki" i ka makahiki i hala.

"No ke aha mākou e makemake ai i nā meaʻai synbio?" Ua noi aku ʻo Eve Turrow Paul, kahi mea kākau a me kahi aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻoihana, i loko o Ka Huffington Post. "ʻĀ, kekahi mau kumu. ʻO ka helu ʻekahi o ka papa inoa ka loli. ”

ʻO ka hoʻololi i ke aniau ke kumu nui o ka biology synthetic? He aha e pili ana i ka hopu ʻana i ka mākekeʻai haʻuki pahū pahū?

Aia i laila ka wī a PR e kū nei i nā ʻenehana ʻai hou: pehea e hoʻonohonoho ai i nā huahana meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā ʻenehana labo kani-kani no nā kumu o nā patent a me nā loaʻa kālā ma ke ʻano he mea palekana maika nā mea kūʻai mai.

Ua hui pū nā hui agribusiness, meaʻai a me nā meaola synthetic nui loa ma Kapalakiko ma 2014 e kūkākūkā e pili ana i kēia pilikia PR.

ʻO Dana Perls o nā Hoa o ka Honua, i hele i ka hālāwai, ua wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he “ʻike weliweli i ke kaʻina hana biology synthetic o ka hana ʻana i kahi moʻolelo media i uhi ʻia me ke kō e huikau ai ka lehulehu, nānā ʻole i nā pōpilikia, a koi i ka ʻahu o ka 'hoʻomau' no ka loaʻa pono o nā huahana biology synthetic hou. "

Paipai nā mea hoʻolālā PR i ka hālāwai e hōʻalo i nā huaʻōlelo e like me ka "synthetic biology" a me ka "engineering engineering" (weliweli loa, hoʻi i ka backlash), a ua manaʻo e hele me nā ʻano kikoʻī e like me "fermentation i loaʻa" a me "kūlike kūlike."

Ua paipai lākou i ka nānā ʻana i ka pāpāho ma nā moʻolelo o ka manaʻolana a me ka hoʻohiki, e hopu ana i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu, a e hana ana i nā mea hoʻoulu ʻai "me he mea lā ke hele nei mākou ma lalo o ka hae like" no ka hoʻomau ʻana i ka meaʻai, ka maopopo a me ka mana o ka meaʻai.

Pahuhopu pahuhopu

Ke hoʻolohe mai nei kekahi. ʻO ka moʻolelo e pili ana iā Cargill's stevia manawa kūpono ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo i nā ʻenekini a me nā biology synthetic, akā wehewehe i ka "fermentation ma ke ʻano he ala." Ua pau me ka hoʻohiki ʻaʻohe mea a Cargill e hūnā ai e pili ana i ka hana ʻia ʻana o nā mea hoʻohui a e wehewehe pono a pololei ʻia nā huahana.

"Ua māka mākou i kēia wahi i ka aniani moakaka loa," mai la ʻO Steve Fabro, ʻo Cargill luna hoʻomalu papahana honua.

Kūlike ka mea hoʻohui hou me nā loli nui ma Cargill. Ma hope o ʻelua mau makahiki o ke emi ʻana o ka loaʻa kālā, ke hoʻonohonoho hou nei ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā ia iho "e māʻona ai nā mea kūʻai aku ma nā mākeke Komohana e ʻalalā nei mai nā mīkini meaʻai nui e hilinaʻi nei i nā kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa, hana ʻia i lilo i mea loea nui o nā ʻoihana e like me Cargill," ua hōʻike ʻo Jacob Bunge i ka Ka Wall Street Journal.

Makemake nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike i ka mea i loko o kā lākou meaʻai, nā wai i hana ia, he aha ke ʻano o ka hui, he kūpono lākou, pehea lākou e mālama ai i nā holoholona? " Ua haʻi aku ʻo Cargill Chief Executive David MacLennan iā Bunge.

Me nā meaola biology synthetic, hiki ke hōʻoia he paʻakikī.

Ke nīnau pololei ʻia pehea lākou e hoʻolālā ai e lepili iā EverSweet, ua alakaʻi ʻo Cargill i ke kamaʻilio ʻana iā Kelly Sheehan ma o ka leka uila. 

"E hiki i nā mea kūʻai ke haʻi i ka ʻokoʻa ma ka lepili ma waena o stevia mai ka lau a me nā steviol glycosides i hana ʻia ma o ka fermentation. ʻO Stevia mai ka lau i ka US i kapa ʻia i kēia manawa ʻo 'stevia leaf extract.' E kapa inoa ʻia ʻo EverSweet ma ka US ma ke ʻano he 'steviol glycosides' a i ʻole 'Reb M a me Reb D.' I ka EU ke manaʻo ʻo EverSweet e loaʻa i kahi helu E i hoʻololi ʻia e hoʻokaʻawale i nā huahana ʻelua. "

 Ua hoʻohui ʻo Sheehan, "ua kūpaʻa ʻo Cargill i ka transparency a kaʻana like ʻana i ka ʻike huahana ma ʻO Cargill.com mai ka 'stevia leaf extract' i ka 'non-GMO stevia leaf extract.' "

Huikau paha? Maliʻa paha, akā e waiho ʻia nā hoʻoholo ʻana i ka lepili i nā ʻoihana. E like me nā GMO hanauna mua, ʻaʻole koi ʻia ka lepili ʻana i ka US (ʻoiai e koi ʻo Vermont i ka lepili GMO e hoʻomaka ana i ka lā 1 o Iulai ke ʻole Komo mai ka ʻahaʻōlelo) a manuahi nā hui e kūʻai aku i kā lākou huahana ma ke ʻano he “kūlohelohe” (ʻoiai ʻo FDA loiloi i ka hoʻohana o kēlā huaʻōlelo). ʻAʻohe kūlana palekana a ʻaʻohe koi koi no nā meaʻai i hoʻomohala ʻia me ka biology synthetic.

ʻOluʻolu kēia ʻōnaehana lax i nā ʻoihana e makemake e patent i nā ʻenehana ʻai hou.

E like me ka wehewehe ʻana a Perls i ka hālāwai PR biology synthetic, "ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo ma ka hālāwai, ʻo ia ka ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā kānāwai o ke aupuni i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻoponopono pilikino ʻana. Aia kahi ʻae āpau i loko o ka lumi e hopohopo ʻole ka lehulehu no ka nele o ka ʻikepili i ka palekana; Eia nō naʻe, ʻo nā ʻike ʻoihana kūloko a me nā ʻoihana ponoʻī ke kuleana ʻia a ʻaʻole hiki ke kaʻanalike ʻia me ka lehulehu. "

Ma hea mākou i lohe ai i kēia moʻolelo ma mua?

ʻO nā ʻike kūpono, nā patent, ka nele o ka transparency a me ka ʻoihana ponoʻī pilikino nā hiʻohiʻona o nā GMO hanauna mua - a me ka wahie no ka ulu ʻole o ka hilinaʻi ʻole o nā mea kūʻai a me nā koi no ka transparency i hopu ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO nā hui i loaʻa kālā mai nā GMO kuʻuna - ʻo Monsanto, Dow a me nā hui hua kemika nunui - ua pane i ka hopena e like me ka hana pinepine ʻana o nā hui nui: ma ka hoʻolei ʻana i nā kālā he nui ma Nā hana PR e hoʻouka i nā loiloi a wili i kā lākou huahana e like me ka mea pono e hānai i ka honua.

Ua kūleʻa ʻole nā ​​hoʻohiki kūʻai. Ua loaʻa kahi hōʻike Mei 2016 e ka National Academy of Science ʻaʻohe hōʻike ua hoʻololi nā mea kanu GMO i ka helu o ka hoʻonui i nā hua, a ʻaʻohe pōmaikaʻi keu no nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻilihune i nā ʻāina kūkulu.

Eia nō naʻe, koi ka poʻe kākoʻo GMO, as Ua hana ʻo Bill Gates i loko o kahi ninaninau Wall Street Journal, e pōloli ko ʻApelika ke ʻole lākou e ʻapo i nā mea kanu o ka GMO e launa i ke aniau, me ka huaola. Ua mālama ʻole ʻo Gates i kēia mau mea kanu ʻaʻohe naʻe ma hope o 20 mau makahiki o nā hoʻokolokolo a me nā hoʻohiki.

Akā, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kanu ʻenekini nā mea kanu ahonui-ahulau ke hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana ola pilikia ua hoʻopili i Nine Inch nā hōʻike ākea. Ua hoʻonui ʻia kēia mau mea kanu ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā kemika ʻona e nā ʻoihana like ponoʻī nā palapala Sila Nui no nā hua GMO - kahi hoʻohālikelike waiwai maikaʻi loa, akā ʻo kahi e huli nei ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa no ke olakino a me ke kaiaola.

ʻO ka hoʻohiki o ka biology synthetic

ʻO nā ʻano ʻōlelo hoʻohiki like ʻole i hoʻokō ʻole i loko o 20 mau makahiki o nā mea kanu GMO ke hoʻoulu nei i ka buzz e pili ana i ka ʻenekini genetiano o ka hanauna hou.

ʻO nā ʻenehana biology synthetic "hiki ke hāʻawi i nā mea kanu momona i ulu pono me ka liʻiliʻi o ka wai, ka ʻāina, a me ka ikehu, a me ka hapa liʻiliʻi o nā mea kemika, i nā aniau loli a me nā ʻāina i kākoʻo ʻole i ka mahiʻai nui," i hōʻike ʻia e Josie Garthwaite ma ka 'Akelanika'.

ʻOiai ke kiaʻi nei ka poʻe kākoʻo i nā pono kūpono e hiki mai ana, ke hāpai nei nā poʻe skeptics i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia a me nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia. Me ka loaʻa ʻole o nā loiloi palekana palekana ma mua o ka mākeke no nā meaola biology synthetic, ʻike nui ʻole ʻia nā hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke olakino, akā ʻōlelo ka poʻe loiloi aia hoʻokahi wahi kahi i ʻike ʻia ai nā pilikia. pōʻino waiwai i nā mahiʻai ʻōiwi e like me ka hoʻololi ʻana o nā mea kanu i ulu ʻia i ka māla. ʻO nā mahiʻai ma Paraguay a me Kenya, no ka laʻana, hilinaʻi i nā hua stevia.

"Ma ka hoʻokūkū ʻana me nā mahiʻai ʻilihuna a me nā mea kūʻai hewa e pili ana i ke kumu o nā mea hana, EverSweet a me nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka biology synthetic e ulu nei i ka ʻawaʻawa ma nā wēlau o ke kaulahao huahana," i kākau ʻo Jim Thomas lāua ʻo Silvia Rabiero o ka ETC Group ma Polokalamu ʻlelo.

Ke ala i mua no ka biology synthetic

Ke huki ʻia nā laina kaua ma ka palena ʻāina hou, kū aʻe kekahi mau nīnau paʻakikī. Pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke hōʻoia i nā hana hou i ka mahiʻai e pōmaikaʻi ai ke kaiāulu a me nā mea kūʻai? Pehea e hoʻomohala ʻia ai nā ʻenehana ʻai hou e hopu i nā mākeke, nā patent a me nā loaʻa ʻoihana ʻoihana i mua o ka hoʻomau ʻana, ka palekana meaʻai a me nā hopena hoʻololi i ke aniau.

E lawe ana ia i mea ʻoi aku ma mua o nā huaʻōlelo kūʻai, a ke kiki nei ka uaki e ʻike iā ia i ka heihei ʻana o nā ʻenehana hou i mua.

E like me kā Adele Peters i hōʻike ai i Hui Kamaliʻi, kahi ʻenehana morphing gen hou i kapa ʻia ʻo CRISPR, ka mea e hiki ai "ke hoʻoponopono wikiwiki a maʻalahi hoʻi iā DNA," ke hele mai nei i kahi supermarket kokoke iā ʻoe.

"Inā he mau makahiki paha ka lōʻihi o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i hoʻokahi aukahi me nā ʻenehana kahiko, i kēia manawa hiki ke hana ʻia i kekahi mau lā me kahi haumāna papa hoʻokahi," i hōʻike aku ai ʻo Peters.

He aha ka hewa e hewa ai?

I ʻApelila, ua hoʻoholo ka US Department of Agriculture e holo kahi CRISPR mushroom ʻaʻole e pili i ke kānāwai.

Ma Iune 1, hoʻolaha nā ʻepekema i ka hoʻomaka o kahi papahana he 10 mau makahiki e manaʻo ana e synthetically e hana i kahi genome kanaka holoʻokoʻa. Kāhea ʻia kēia papahana ʻo Human Genome Project - Kākau, "no ka mea, ke kākau ʻia nei ka DNA o ke ola," i hōʻike ʻia e Andrew Pollack The New York Times.

Ma Iune 8, ka National Academy of Science ua hoʻokuʻu i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i "gen drive," kahi ʻano ʻenekini genetika hou i hiki ke hoʻolaha i nā loli i loko o ka lehulehu holoʻokoʻa o nā meaola, e hoʻololi mau ana i kahi ʻano.

ʻAʻole mākaukau nā kuke Gene "e hoʻokuʻu i ke kaiapuni," i ʻōlelo ʻo NAS i loko o kāna nūʻike hoʻōla ke kāhea nei no "ka noiʻi hou a me ka loiloi koʻikoʻi." Minamina, ʻaʻole hiki i ka hōʻike NAS ke haʻi aku i kahi papa hana hoʻomalu e pale ai i ka poʻe a me ke kaiapuni.

Hiki i nā biology synthetic, hoʻoponopono gen a me nā drive gen ke loaʻa nā pono no ke kaiāulu? ʻAe paha. Akā e hiki? A he aha nā pilikia?

Inā ʻae ʻia nā ʻoihana e hoʻohana i nā ʻenehana ʻenehana genetika no ka loaʻa kālā ʻana me ke aupuni ʻole, ʻaʻohe loiloi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa, a ʻaʻohe transparency, e waiho ʻia nā pōmaikaʻi i ke kaiāulu mai ka papa kuhikuhi a e pouli nā mea kūʻai e pili ana i ka mea a mākou e ʻai nei a hānai ai. ko mākou mau ʻohana.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o US Right to Know, kahi hui noiʻi ʻoihana mea ʻai pono ʻole. Hana pū ʻo ia i nā hana kūkākūkā me nā Hoa o ka Honua. E hāhai iā ia ma Twitter @StacyMalkan