Ke ʻimi nei i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu

ʻO ka hoʻolālā a Bayer no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi ʻōiwi Roundup i mua e kū kūʻē ʻia

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Dozens of U.S. law firms have formed a coalition to fight a new $2 billion settlement proposal by Monsanto owner Bayer AG that aims to contain the company’s ongoing liability related to claims that Roundup herbicides cause a type of cancer known as non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

The settlement is designed to compensate people who have been exposed to Roundup products and either already have NHL or may develop NHL in the future, but who have not yet taken steps to file a lawsuit.

The small group of lawyers who put the plan together with Bayer say it will “save lives” and provide substantial benefits to people who believe they developed cancer from exposure to the company’s herbicide products.

But many lawyers criticizing the plan say if it is approved it would set a dangerous precedent for other types of litigation involving large numbers of people injured by the products or practices of powerful corporations.

“This is not the direction we want the civil justice system to go,” said attorney Gerald Singleton, whose firm has joined with more than 60 other law firms to oppose Bayer’s plan. “There is no scenario under which this is good for plaintiffs.”

Bayer’s settlement plan was filed with the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California on Feb. 3, and must be approved by U.S. District Judge Vince Chhabria in order to become effective. A prior settlement plan submitted last year was scorned by Chhabria and then withdrawn. The judge has been overseeing the federal multidistrict Roundup litigation involving thousands of plaintiffs from around the United States.

Responses to the settlement plan are due March 3 and a hearing on the matter is set for March 31.

A key concern is that current Roundup users who may develop cancer and want to sue in the future will automatically be subject to terms of the class settlement unless they officially opt out of the settlement within a specific time period. One of the terms they would be subject to would bar them from seeking punitive damages in any future lawsuit.

Those terms and others laid out are wholly unfair to farm workers and others who are expected to develop cancer in the future from exposure to the company’s herbicide products, according to Singleton. The plan benefits Bayer and provides “blood money” to the four law firms that worked with Bayer to design the plan, he said.

Those firms working with Bayer to draft and administer the plan would receive a proposed $170 million if the plan takes effect.

Elizabeth Cabraser, one of the lawyers who crafted the new proposed settlement, said the criticism is not a fair description of the settlement. In truth, she said, the plan “provides significant and urgently-needed outreach, education, healthcare access, and compensation benefits” for people who have been exposed to Monsanto’s Roundup herbicides but have not yet developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

“We seek approval of this settlement because it will save lives and enhance quality of life through early diagnosis, assist people… inform them and raise public awareness about the link between Roundup and NHL…” she said.

A spokesman for Bayer did not respond to a request for comment.

The new proposed settlement is aimed at future cases and is separate from the $11 billion Bayer has earmarked to settle existing U.S. Roundup cancer claims. The people impacted by the class settlement proposal are only individuals who have been exposed to Roundup but are not yet in litigation and have taken no steps toward any litigation.

Ke hakakā nei ʻo Bayer e noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻopau ai i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup mai ke kūʻai ʻana iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018. Ua lilo ka hui i nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i mālama ʻia a hiki i kēia lā a ua nalo ke kaʻina o nā hoʻopiʻi i ʻimi e hoʻokahuli i nā nalo o ka hoʻokolokolo.

ʻO nā Kiure i kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole i loaʻa wale iā Monsanto nā ʻōpala lāʻau glyphosate kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai akā i lilo ʻo Monsanto i mau makahiki he nui e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

Though the proposed settlement states that it “addresses the four concerns the Court raised regarding the prior, withdrawn settlement,” Singleton and other lawyers involved in the opposition said the new settlement proposal is just as bad as the first.

In addition to the concerns that class members would not have the right to seek claims for punitive damages, the critics also object to the four-year “standstill” period blocking the filing of new lawsuits. The critics also say the plan for notifying people of the class settlement is not sufficient. Individuals would have 150 days following the notification to “opt out” of the class. If they do not opt out, they are automatically in the class.

Critics also object to the proposed formation of a science panel that would act as a “guidepost” for an “extension of compensation options into the future” and to provide evidence about the carcinogenicity – or not – of Bayer’s herbicides.  Given Monsanto’s documented history of manipulating scientific findings, the science panel work would be suspect, said Singleton.

The initial settlement period would run for at least four years and could be extended after that period.  If Bayer elects not to continue the compensation fund after the initial settlement period, it will pay an additional $200 million as an “end payment” into the compensation fund, the settlement summary states.

“Substantial compensation” offered

The law firms that drafted the agreement with Bayer said in their filing to the court that the settlement is structured to provide potential future plaintiffs with “what most serves their interests,” including an option for “substantial compensation” if they develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

The plan calls for the establishment of a compensation fund to make awards of between $10,000 and $200,000 per individual class member. “Accelerated Payment Awards” of $5,000 would be available on an expedited basis, requiring just a showing of exposure and diagnosis.

Those people first exposed to Roundup products at least 12 months prior to their diagnosis would be qualified for awards. Awards of  more than $200,000 could be made for “extraordinary circumstances.” Those qualified class members who were diagnosed with NHL before January 1, 2015, would not receive awards more than $10,000, according to the plan. 

The settlement would provide free legal advice and provide ”support to assist class members in navigating, registering, and applying for Settlement benefits.”

Additionally, the proposal states that the settlement will fund medical and scientific research into the diagnosis and treatment of NHL.

Notably, the plan states that no one will lose their right to sue unless they choose to accept compensation from the compensation fund, and no one needs to make that choice until that individual class member is diagnosed with NHL. They would not be able to seek punitive damages but could seek other compensation.

“Any class members who do not file a claim and accept individual compensation retain their right to sue Monsanto for compensatory damages on any legal theory, including personal injury, fraud, misrepresentation, negligence, fraudulent concealment, negligent misrepresentation, breach of warranty, false advertising, and violation of any consumer protection or unfair and deceptive acts or practices statute,” the plan states.

To alert people to the class action settlement, notices would be mailed/emailed to 266,000 farms, businesses and organizations and government entities where the company’s herbicides could have been used as well as to 41,000 people who have non-Hodgkin lymphoma and asked to receive information about their disease. Additionally posters would be mailed to 2,700 stores asking them to post notices of the class action settlement.

As part of the proposed settlement, Bayer said it would seek permission from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to add information on the labels of its glyphosate-based products such as Roundup that would provide links to access to scientific studies and other information about glyphosate safety. But critics say providing a website links is inadequate and Bayer needs to put a straightforward warning of cancer risk on the weed killing products.

The proposed class action settlement threatens to affect “hundreds of thousands or even millions” of people who have been exposed to Roundup and “raises ‘unique’ and profound questions” under the U.S. Constitution, according to he kahua hoʻokō in opposition to the Bayer plan made by plaintiffs’ lawyer Elizabeth Graham.

Graham told the court that if the plan is approved it could have a “dramatic effect not only on this litigation, but on the future of mass tort litigation.”

Black farmers

 The National Black Farmers Association (NBFA) weighed in on the issue on Wednesday, submitting a lengthy filing with Chhabria’s court that states a “substantial proportion” of its more than 100,000 members “have been exposed to and potentially injured by Roundup, and its active ingredient glyphosate.”

Many of the farmers have already developed non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma they blame on Roundup use, and “an even larger proportion fear that they will soon develop symptoms,” the NBFA filing states.

The NBFA wants to see Roundup products removed from commerce or other changes made to protect farmers, the filing states.

The concerns of the NBFA need to be addressed by the court, particularly as Bayer looks to “settle a class action with a set of attorneys who purport to be representing the future interests of all farmers who have been exposed to Roundup but are yet to develop the cancers it causes.”

Lawsuits in Australia

As Bayer works to bring an end to Roundup litigation in the United States, the company is also dealing with similar claims by farmers and others in Australia. A class action filed against Monsanto is underway, and the lead plaintiff John Fenton, who applied Roundup as part of farm work. Fenton was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 2008.

A series of key dates have been established: Monsanto has until March 1 to provide discovery documents to plaintiffs’ lawyers and June 4 is the deadline set for the exchange of expert evidence.  The parties are to enter into mediation by July 30 and if nothing is resolved the case would go to trial in March 2022.

Fenton said while he would “love the opportunity” to go to trial and tell his story, he hopes mediation will resolve the matter. “I think the consensus is starting to change thanks to what has been happening in the US. Farmers are more aware and I believe they do take more precautions than they used to.

Fenton said he hopes that Bayer ultimately will put a warning label on Monsanto’s glyphosate herbicides.

“At least with a warning the user can make up their own mind about what PPE (personal protective equipment) they choose to wear.”

Hoʻolālā ʻo Bayer i kahi hoʻolālā $ 2 biliona hou e poʻo i nā hoʻopiʻi o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup

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Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto nona ʻo Bayer AG i ka Pōʻakolu e hoʻāʻo hou ana e hoʻokele a hoʻonā i nā kuleana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup e hiki mai ana, ke waiho nei he ʻaelike $ 2 biliona me kahi hui o nā loio hoʻopiʻi e manaʻo ana ʻo Bayer e loaʻa ka ʻae ʻia mai kahi luna kānāwai pekelala nāna hōʻole i kahi hoʻolālā mua kauwela i hala.

ʻO ka mea nui, kāhea ke kuʻikahi iā Bayer e ʻae i ka ʻae mai ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e hoʻohui i ka ʻike ma nā lepili o kāna huahana glyphosate e like me Roundup e hāʻawi i nā loulou i ke komo ʻana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka palekana glyphosate.

Hoʻohui ʻia, e like me kā Bayer, kāhea ke kumumanaʻo no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi waihona kālā e uku ai i nā “kuleana koi kūpono” ma luna o kahi papahana ʻehā makahiki; ke hoʻonohonoho nei i kahi ʻepekema aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo nona nā ʻike i hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he hōʻike i nā hihia i ka wā e hiki mai ana. a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā papahana noiʻi a me nā diagnostics no ka noiʻi olakino a me / a i ʻole ʻepekema i ka ʻike a me ka mālama ʻana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.

Pono e ʻae ʻia ke kumumanaʻo e ka luna kānāwai ʻĀpana o US ʻo Vince Chhabria o ka ʻĀpana ʻĀpana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi. ʻO Chhabria ke kiaʻi nei i ka Roundup multidistrict litigation.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer e hiki ke koho ʻia i nā lālā papa i loko o nā makahiki ʻehā e hiki mai ana no ke kiʻekiʻe o nā makana uku ma muli o nā alakaʻi i hōʻike ʻia i loko o ka ʻaelike. ʻO ka "papa noho" e pili ana i ka poʻe i hōʻike i nā huahana Roundup akā ʻaʻole i waiho i kahi hoʻopiʻi e koi ana i ka ʻeha mai kēlā hōʻike.

E koho ʻia nā lālā papa noho no ka uku ma waena o $ 10,000 a $ 200,000, i ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer.
Wahi a ka ʻaelike, e haki ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka waihona hoʻoponopono penei:
* Kālā Puʻukū - Ma ka liʻiliʻi $ 1.325 biliona
* Polokalamu Hoʻolālā ʻAoʻao Diagnostic - $ 210 miliona
* Polokalamu Kālā ʻImi noiʻi - $ 40 miliona
* Nā Koina Hoʻonohonoho Noho, Nā Koina Panel ʻvislelo Aʻoaʻo, nā Koina Hoʻolaha Papa Hoʻonohonoho, ʻauhau,
a me nā uku Escrow Agent - Nā kālā a $ 55 miliona
Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke kumumanaʻo hoʻoholo no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka papa e hiki mai ana ka ʻaelike hoʻonā Ua hana ʻo Bayer me nā loio no nā tausani he nui o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i lawe mua i nā hoʻopiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka loaʻa ʻana iā Roundup a me nā mea hoʻomake mauʻu a Monsanto glyphosate i hoʻokumu iā lākou i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.
Ke hakakā nei ʻo Bayer e noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻopau ai i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup mai ke kūʻai ʻana iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018. Ua lilo ka hui i nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i mālama ʻia a hiki i kēia lā a ua nalo ke kaʻina o nā hoʻopiʻi i ʻimi e hoʻokahuli i nā nalo o ka hoʻokolokolo.
ʻO nā Kiure i kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole i loaʻa wale iā Monsanto nā ʻōpala lāʻau glyphosate kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai akā i lilo ʻo Monsanto i mau makahiki he nui e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

Nānā hou kahi noiʻi hou i ka hopena o ka lāʻau make a Roundup ma luna o nā meli

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Ua loaʻa i kahi hui o nā kānaka noiʻi Kina nā hōʻike e pili ana nā huahana lāʻau make-glyphosate-kumumea kūpilikiʻi i mea hōʻino i nā melemele ma a i ʻole ma lalo o nā mea i manaʻo ʻia.

I kahi pepa i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pūnaewele pūnaewele Hōʻike Pūnaewele, pili nā kānaka noiʻi me ka Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science ma Beijing a me ka Chinese Bureau of Landscape and Forestry, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi hopena o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā meli ke hōʻike nei i nā pi i Roundup - a Glyphosate-Kuai huahana i kūʻai ʻia aku e ka mea nona Monsanto Bayer AG.

ʻO ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana o nā meli i "hōʻino nui ʻia ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana iā Roundup" e hōʻike ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka meli meli i ka nāhelehele i ka make ʻana i ka lāʻau "hiki i ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻimi a me ka hōʻiliʻili o nā kumuwaiwai a me ka hoʻohui ʻana o nā hana ʻimi" na nā pi. .

A ʻo ka "piʻi ʻana o ka meli i ka meli ma hope o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana me ka manaʻo nui o Roundup," ua loaʻa i nā mea noiʻi.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi aia kahi pono no kahi "ʻoihana lāʻau make pono e pīpī ana i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻolaha mua" ma nā wahi kaiāulu o Kina no ka mea "ʻaʻole i hoʻomaopopo pinepine ʻia nā beekeepers ma mua o ka pīpī ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau make" a me nā hanana ʻino pinepine o nā meli.

ʻO ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu meaʻai nui a hilinaʻi nui i nā meli a me nā pi ʻāhiu no ka pollination, a ua hōʻole manaʻo i nā pi piʻo i hāpai i nā hopohopo a puni ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai.

ʻO kahi pepa mai ke Kulanui o Rutgers paʻi ʻia i ke kauwela i hala ua aʻo ʻia e "hoʻemi ʻia nā huaʻai no nā ʻāpala, nā cherry a me nā blueberry a puni ka United States e ka nele o nā pollinators."

ʻO kahi make a me kahi noho e like me ka hoʻomau ʻana o Bayer e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻopau i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup

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ʻEhiku mau mahina ma hope o Bayer AG Ho'olaha i nā māla no kahi hoʻonā ʻana o ka US Roundup cancer litigation, hoʻomau ka hana a ka mea Kelemania o Monsanto Co. e hoʻoponopono i nā tausani he mau koi i lawe ʻia e nā poʻe e loaʻa ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā huahana lūlū mauʻu a Monsanto. Ma ka Pōʻakolu, ua ʻike ʻia hoʻokahi hihia hou e ʻike i ka pani ʻana, ʻoiai ka mea hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole i ola e ʻike iā ia.

ʻO nā loio no Jaime Alvarez Calderon, i ʻae i kēia pule i kahi noho i hāʻawi ʻia e Bayer ma hope o ka Lunakanawai Apana o US ʻo Vince Chhabria i ka Pōʻakahi. hōʻole i ka hoʻokolokolo hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo e ʻae iā Monsanto, e ʻae ana i ka hihia e neʻe kokoke i kahi hoʻokolokolo.

E hele ka noho ʻana i nā keiki kāne ʻehā a Alvarez no ka mea ʻo ko lākou makuakāne he 65 mau makahiki, he limahana hana wāina lōʻihi ma Napa County, Kaleponi, i hala ma mua o hoʻokahi makahiki i hala mai ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma ua ʻāhewa ʻo ia i kāna hana ma ka pīpī ʻana iā Roundup a puni ka hale hoʻoulu waina no nā makahiki.

I loko o kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo i mālama ʻia i loko o ka hale pekelala nui i ka Pōʻakolu, ua haʻi aku ka loio ʻohana Alvarez ʻo David Diamond iā Judge Chhabria e hoʻopau ana ka hihia i kēia hihia.

Ma hope o ka hoʻolohe ʻana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Diamond e hana ana ʻo Alvarez i nā hale hana wāina no 33 mau makahiki, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka sprayer backpack e hoʻopili ai iā Monsanto's kahua paʻa glyphosate ʻo nā mea kanu lāʻau i nā ʻāpana ākea no ka Sutter Home hui o nā hale inu wāina. E hoʻi pinepine ʻo ia i ka home i nā ahiahi me ka lole i pulu me ka lāʻau make ma muli o ke kahe ʻana o ka lakohana a me ka mea luku weuweu i hāwanawana i ka makani. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia i ka makahiki 2014 me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma, e hele ana i nā kaila he nui o ka chemotherapy a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka make ʻana iā Kekemapa 2019.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Diamond ua hauʻoli ʻo ia e hoʻoponopono i kēia hihia akā he "400 plus" hou aku nā hihia Roundup ʻaʻole i hoʻonā ʻia.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo ia. Ma ka liʻiliʻi o ka hapalua kakini o nā ʻoihana loio ʻē aʻe o US he poʻe hoʻopiʻi Roundup ke ʻimi nei lākou i nā hoʻokolokolo no ka 2021 a ʻoi aku.

Mai ke kūʻai ʻana iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018, ua paʻakikī ʻo Bayer e ʻike pehea hoʻopau i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o 100,000 mau mea hoʻopiʻi ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. Ua nalowale ka hui i nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i mālama ʻia a hiki i kēia lā a ua lilo i nā pōʻai mua o nā hoʻopiʻi e ʻimi nei e hoʻokahuli i nā lilo o ka hoʻokolokolo. ʻO nā jure i kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo i loaʻa iā Monsanto's nā ʻōpala lāʻau glyphosate hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ua lilo ʻo Monsanto i mau makahiki he nui e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

Ma waho aʻe o nā hana e hoʻonā i nā hoʻopiʻi i kēia manawa e waiho nei, lana ka manaʻo ʻo Bayer e hana i kahi ʻano hana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā kuleana hiki ke alo ʻia mai nā poʻe hoʻohana Roundup e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin i ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻO kāna papahana mua no ka mālama ʻana i nā hihia i ka wā e hiki mai ana ua hooleia na Judge Chhabria a me ka hui e hoʻolaha hou i kahi hoʻolālā hou.

Koi ʻo Bayer e hoʻoponopono i nā hoʻopiʻi ʻana o ka US Roundup cancer e holomua nei

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Ke holomua nei ka mea nona ʻo Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG i kahi noho lehulehu o nā hoʻopiʻi he US he mau tausani o ka US i lawe ʻia mai e ka poʻe e ʻōlelo nei ua ulu lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma hope o ke kū ʻana i nā herbicides Roundup o Monsanto.

ʻO nā leka mai nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi i kā lākou mea kūʻai aku i hōʻike i kēlā holomua, e hōʻoia ana i ka hapa nui o nā mea hoʻopiʻi e koho nei e komo i ka hoʻoponopono, ʻoiai nā hoʻopiʻi e ka nui o nā mea hoʻopiʻi e kū nei lākou i nā noi uku liʻiliʻi.

Ma kekahi helu ʻana, ʻaʻole e uku ka uku kaulike, a i ʻole he mau kaukani kālā paha, no kēlā me kēia mea hoʻopiʻi ma hope o ka uku ʻia ʻana o nā uku a nā loio a uku ʻia kekahi mau kumukūʻai lapaʻau.

Eia nō naʻe, e like me kahi leka i hoʻouna ʻia i nā mea hoʻopiʻi i ka hopena o Nowemapa e kekahi o nā loio alakaʻi alakaʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana, ʻoi aku ma mua o 95 pākēneka o nā "kuleana kuleana" i hoʻoholo e komo i ka hoʻolālā hoʻonohonoho i kūkākūkā ʻia e ka firm me Bayer. He "luna hoʻoponopono" i kēia manawa he 30 mau lā e nānā ai i nā hihia a hōʻoia i ke kuleana o nā mea hoʻopiʻi e loaʻa nā kālā hoʻonā, e like me ka palapala.

Hiki i nā kānaka ke koho e haʻalele i ka hoʻonohonoho a lawe i kā lākou mau koi i ka mediation, a ukali ʻia e ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka ʻaha inā makemake a hoʻāʻo paha e loaʻa kahi loio hou nāna e hoʻokolokolo i kā lākou hihia. Hiki i kēlā mau mea hoʻopiʻi ke loaʻa kahi manawa paʻakikī i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi loio e kōkua iā lākou e lawe i kā lākou hihia i ka hoʻokolokolo no ka mea ua ʻae nā loio e ʻae i nā noho me Bayer e ʻaʻole e hoʻāʻo i nā hihia hou a kōkua paha i nā hoʻokolokolo hou.

ʻO kekahi mea hoʻopiʻi, ka mea i noi ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia i ka inoa ma muli o ka hūnā o ka hana o ka noho ʻana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho nei ʻo ia i ka hopena me ka lana o ka manaʻo e loaʻa kālā hou aʻe ma o ka mediation a i ʻole ka hoʻokolokolo ma hope. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e koi ana i nā hoʻokolohua mau a me nā mālama ʻana no kāna maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hoʻolālā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e waiho ʻole iā ia e uhi i kēlā mau kumukūʻai e hoʻomau nei.

"Makemake ʻo Bayer i kahi hoʻokuʻu e ka uku ʻana i ka mea liʻiliʻi me ka hele ʻole i ka hoʻokolokolo," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

ʻO ke kuhi hewa ma ka awelika o nā uku uku no kēlā me ka mea hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i $ 165,000, nā loio a me nā mea hoʻopiʻi i pili i nā kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana. Akā hiki i kekahi mau mea hoʻopiʻi ke loaʻa i nā mea hou aku, a ʻo kekahi mea ʻemi hoʻi, ke kaukaʻi ʻia i nā kikoʻī o kā lākou hihia. Nui nā pae hoʻohālikelike e hoʻoholo ana i ka mea hiki ke komo i ka hoʻoponopono a me ke kālā e loaʻa i kēlā kanaka.

I mea e koho ʻia ai, he kamaʻāina US ka mea hoʻohana Roundup, ua ʻike ʻia me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), a ua hōʻike ʻia iā Roundup no hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua o ka ʻike ʻia me ka NHL.

E pau ka ʻaelike hoʻoholo me Bayer ke hōʻoia ka luna hoʻomalu he ʻoi aku i ka 93 pākēneka o nā mea e koi ana i kūpono, e like me nā ʻōlelo o ka ʻaelike.

Inā loaʻa i ka luna hoʻomalu i kahi hoʻopiʻi ka pono ʻole, he 30 mau lā ka mea hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻoholo.

No nā mea hoʻopiʻi i kūpono i ka luna hoʻokolokolo e hāʻawi i kēlā me kēia hihia i nā helu he nui e pili ana i nā pae kikoʻī. ʻO ka nui o ke kālā e loaʻa i kēlā me kēia mea hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka helu o nā helu i helu ʻia no ko lākou kūlana.

Hoʻokumu ʻia nā helu kumu i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka makahiki o kēlā me kēia kanaka i ka manawa a lākou i ʻike ai me ka NHL a me ke kiʻekiʻe o ke koʻikoʻi o ka "ʻeha" e like me ka mea i hoʻoholo ʻia e ka pae o ka lapaʻau a me ka hopena. Holo nā pae i ka 1-5. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia kekahi i make mai NHL i nā helu kumu no ka pae 5, no ka laʻana. Hāʻawi ʻia nā helu hou i ka poʻe ʻōpio i loaʻa i nā pōpō he nui o ka mālama ʻana a / a i make paha.

Ma waho aʻe o nā kumu kumu, ʻae ʻia nā hoʻoponopono e hāʻawi i nā helu hou aku i nā mea hoʻopiʻi i ʻike nui ʻia i ka Roundup. Aia kekahi mau ʻae no nā helu hou aʻe no nā ʻano kikoʻī o ka NHL. Hoʻolālā nā mea hoʻopiʻi me kahi ʻano NHL i kapa ʻia ʻo Central Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma loaʻa kahi 10 pākēneka hoʻonui i kā lākou helu helu, no ka laʻana.

Hiki i nā kānaka ke hōʻemi i nā helu ma muli o kekahi mau kumu. Eia kekahi mau laʻana kikoʻī mai nā mākia helu i hoʻokumu ʻia no ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup:

  • Inā make ka mea hoʻohana Roundup ma mua o Ianuali 1, 2009, e hoʻēmi ʻia nā helu helu no ka hoʻopiʻi i lawe ʻia mai no ko lākou inoa e 50 pakeneka.
  • Inā ʻaʻohe wahine a keiki paha a ka mea hoʻopiʻi i make i ka manawa o ko lākou make aia he hōʻemi o 20 pākēneka.
  • Inā loaʻa i nā mea hoʻopiʻi i nā maʻi ʻaʻa koko ma mua o ka hoʻohana ʻana iā Roundup ua ʻoki ʻia kā lākou mau kiko e 30 pakeneka.
  • Inā ʻo ka lōʻihi o ka manawa ma waena o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o Roundup a me ka hōʻoia o ka NHL ma lalo o ʻelua mau makahiki ua ʻoki ʻia nā kiko 20 pākēneka.

Pono e hoʻomaka ke kahe ʻana o ke kālā i nā mea komo i ka pūnāwai me nā uku hope i manaʻo ʻia e ke kauwela, e like me nā loio i pili.

Hiki i nā mea hoʻopiʻi ke noi e lilo i ʻāpana o kahi "waihona hōʻeha kūpilikiʻi," i hoʻonohonoho ʻia no kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā mea hoʻopiʻi e ʻeha ana i nā hōʻeha e pili ana i ka NHL. Hiki ke koi ʻia no kahi kālā hōʻeha kūʻē inā make ka mea mai NHL ma hope o ʻekolu a ʻoi mau papa piha o ka chemotherapy a me nā hana hoʻomāinoino ʻē aʻe.

Mai ke kūʻai ʻana iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018, ua paʻakikī ʻo Bayer e noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻopau ai i ka hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopili ana ma mua o 100,000 mau hoʻopiʻi i ka United States. Ua nalowale ka hui i nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i mālama ʻia a hiki i kēia lā a ua lilo i nā pōʻai mua o nā hoʻopiʻi e ʻimi nei e hoʻokahuli i nā lilo o ka hoʻokolokolo. ʻO nā jure i kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo i loaʻa iā Monsanto's nā ʻōpala lāʻau glyphosate, e like me Roundup, hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ua lilo ʻo Monsanto i mau makahiki he nui e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

Ua ʻoi aku ka nui o nā makana kiure ma kahi o $ 2 biliona, ʻoiai ua kau ʻia nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e ka hoʻokolokolo a me nā luna kānāwai o ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi.

ʻO nā hana a ka hui e hoʻonā i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ua kapa ʻia kekahi ʻāpana e ka pahuhopu pehea e hōʻalo ai i nā ʻōlelo i hiki ke lawe ʻia i ka wā e hiki mai ana e nā poʻe e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma hope o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make o ka hui.

Hoʻomau nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi

ʻOiai ʻo Bayer e manaʻo e poʻo i nā hoʻokolokolo ma ka wā e hiki mai ana me nā kālā hoʻonā, hoʻomau ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻokahuli i nā hopena o nā hoʻāʻo ʻekolu i nalowale ka hui.

I ka nalo hoʻokolokolo mua loa - ka Hihia ʻo Johnson vs. Monsanto - Ua lilo nā hana a Bayer i hoʻokahuli ai i ke kiure no ka mea ua kuleana ʻo Monsanto no ka maʻi ʻaʻai o Johnson ma ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo, a ma ʻOkakopa, ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻi Kaleponi hōʻole e nānā ka hihia.

He 150 mau lā kā Bayer mai kēia hoʻoholo e noi no ka lawe ʻia ʻana o ka hihia e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻena ʻo US. ʻAʻole i hoʻoholo ka hui i kahi hoʻoholo hope loa e pili ana i kēlā neʻe, e like me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Bayer, akā ua hōʻike mua e manaʻo ana e hana i kēlā ʻano hana.

Inā ua noi ʻo Bayer i ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻena ʻo US, manaʻo ʻia nā loio a Johnson e hoʻopiʻi i kahi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi e noi ana i ka ʻaha e nānā i nā hana hoʻokolokolo i kāpae i ka makana kiure a Johnson mai $ 289 miliona a $ 20.5 miliona.

Nā hihia hoʻokolokolo Bayer / Monsanto ʻē aʻe

Ma waho o ke kuleana o Bayer alo mai ka Monsanto's Roundup cancer litigation, ke hakakā nei ka ʻoihana me nā kuleana o Monsanto i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka haumia PCB a me ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana no ka hōʻino o nā hua i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka Monsamba's dicamba herbicide-based crop system.

He luna kānāwai pekelala ma Los Angeles i ka pule i hala hōʻole i kahi noi e Bayer e uku i $ 648 miliona e hoʻoponopono ai i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka papa i lawe ʻia e nā mea hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopiʻi ana i ka hoʻohaunaele mai nā biphenyls polychlorinated, a i ʻole PCB, i hana ʻia e ka Monsanto.

I ka pule hope loa hoʻi, ka luna hoʻokolokolo ma ka hihia o Bader Farms, Inc. vs. Monsanto hōʻole i nā noi a Bayer no kahi hoʻokolokolo hou. Ua ʻoki ka luna kānāwai i nā uku hoʻopaʻi i hāʻawi ʻia e ka jure, akā naʻe, mai $ 250 miliona a i $ 60 miliona, e waiho ana i nā pohō uku no $ 15 miliona, no ka hōʻaiʻē $ 75 miliona.

Loaʻa nā palapala ma o ka loaʻa ʻana i ka hihia Bader i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a me ka pilikua BASF ʻike no nā makahiki ʻo kā lākou hoʻolālā e hoʻolauna i kahi dicamba herbicide-based mahiʻai mahiʻai a me ka ʻōnaehana kemika e alakaʻi i ka hōʻino ʻia ma nā mahiʻai he nui o US.

Kuhikuhi nā pepa glyphosate hou i ka "wikiwiki" no ka noiʻi hou ʻana i ka hopena kemika i ke olakino kanaka

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Hōʻike nā pepa ʻepekema hou i hōʻike ʻia i ke ʻano o ka nāhelehele e luku ana i ka glyphosate kemika a me kahi pono e hoʻomaopopo pono i ka hopena o ka hopena o ka pesticide kaulana i ke olakino kanaka, e like me ke olakino o ka ʻōpala microbiome.

In kekahi o nā pepa hou, nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Turku ma Pinilana i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻoholo, i kahi "conservative estimation," ma kahi o 54 pākēneka o nā ʻano i ke kumu o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i "hiki ke maʻalahi" i ka glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hoʻohana lākou i kahi hana bioinformatics hou e loaʻa ai ka loaʻa.

Me kahi "mahele nui" o nā koʻohune i loko o ka ʻōpū microbiome i maʻalahi ʻia i ka glyphosate, ʻo ka lawe ʻana o glyphosate "e loli loa i ka hana o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau i kā lākou pepa, i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina i ka Ka Nupepa o nā Pono Pono.

Aia nā microbes i loko o ka ʻōpū o ke kanaka i nā ʻano bacteria a me fungi a manaʻo ʻia he hopena ia i nā hana pale a me nā hana koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe. Manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia kekahi mau mea ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole e nā limahana o nā maʻi.

"ʻOiai ʻo ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā koena glyphosate i loko o nā ʻōnaehana ʻōpū kanaka e hemahema mau nei, hōʻike nā hopena e hōʻemi nā koena glyphosate i nā ʻano bacteria a hoʻololi i nā ʻano bacteria i loko o ka ʻōpū," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau. "E kuhi paha mākou i ka lōʻihi o ka loaʻa ʻana o ke koena glyphosate e alakaʻi ai i nā ʻano kūʻē i ke kaiaola bacteria."

ʻO nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome ʻōiwi mai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hana glyphosate e ke kuhikuhi ʻana i kahi ʻenemoni i ʻike ʻia ʻo 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS.) Kuhi kēia enemi i ka synthesizing o nā amino acid pono.

"No ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hopena maoli o ka glyphosate ma ka microbiota ʻōpū o ke kanaka a me nā meaola ʻē aʻe, pono i kahi noiʻi empirical hou e hōʻike i nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, e hoʻoholo ai i nā hopena o ka glyphosate maʻemaʻe a me nā hana kalepa ma microbiome a e nānā i ka nui o kā mākou EPSPS wānana nā māka amino acid i ka maʻalahi o ke koʻohune i glyphosate i loko o nā hanana vitro a me ka honua maoli, "pau nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou.

Ma waho aʻe o nā mea noiʻi ʻeono mai Pinilana, ua pili pū kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka pepa me ka ʻoihana o ka biochemistry a me ka biotechnology ma ke Kulanui o Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Catalonia, ma Sepania.

"ʻAʻole hoʻoholo ʻia nā hopena no ke olakino kanaka i kā mākou noi ʻana. Eia nō naʻe, ma muli o nā noiʻi i hala iho nei ... ʻike mākou he pili pili paha nā hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i kekahi mau maʻi, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka mea noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Turku ʻo Pere Puigbo i kahi nīnauele.

"Lana koʻu manaʻo e wehe kā mākou noiʻi noiʻi i ka puka i nā hoʻokolohua hou aku, in-vitro a me ke kula, a me nā noiʻi kūloko i ka lehulehu e helu i ka hopena o ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate i nā heluna kanaka a me nā meaola ʻē aʻe," i ʻōlelo ʻo Puigbo.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻia ma 1974

ʻO Glyphosate ʻo ia ka mea hana i nā lāʻau herbicides Roundup a me nā haneli he nui o nā huahana lūlū mauu i kūʻai aku ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻolauna ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomake nāhelehele na Monsanto i 1974 a ua ulu a lilo i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻolauna ʻia ʻana o Monsanto i nā makahiki 1990 o nā mea kanu i hoʻohua ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka kemika. Loaʻa nā koena o ka glyphosate i ka meaʻai a me ka wai. No laila, ʻike pinepine ʻia nā koena i ka mimi o ka poʻe i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma o ka papaʻai a me / a i ʻole ka noi.

Mālama ʻo US regulator a me Monsanto nona Bayer AG i ka mālama ʻana ʻaʻohe hopohopo olakino kanaka me ka hōʻike glyphosate ke hoʻohana ʻia nā huahana e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia, me nā koena i ka papaʻai.

Ke ulu nei ke kino o ka noiʻi e kūʻē ana i kēlā mau koi. ʻO ka noiʻi ʻana i nā hopena e hiki ke loaʻa i ka glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome ʻaʻole kokoke i ka ikaika e like me nā puke e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, akā he wahi ia. ke ʻimi nei nā ʻepekema he nui.

I kahi mea e pili ana pepa i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina, ua ʻōlelo ʻia kahi hui o nā kānaka noiʻi mai Wakinekona State University a me ke Kulanui ʻo Duke ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi pilina ma waena o nā pae o nā koʻohune a me nā fungi ma nā wahi gastrointestinal o nā keiki a me nā kemika i loaʻa i ko lākou mau home. ʻAʻole i nānā pono nā mea noiʻi i ka glyphosate kikoʻī, akā naʻe pīhoihoi i ka loaʻa ʻo nā keiki me nā kiʻekiʻe o nā kemika home maʻamau i kā lākou kahawai i hōʻike i ka hoʻemi ʻana i ka nui a me nā ʻano like ʻole o nā bacteria koʻikoʻi i loko o ko lākou ʻōpū.

ʻO Glyphosate i ka mimi

An pepa ʻepekema hou aku paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina ua kahakaha i ka pono no ka ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate a me nā keiki.

Ka pepa, paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai Ka Ola Ola e nā kānaka noiʻi mai ka Institute for Translational Epidemiology ma ke Kula Lapaʻau ʻo Icahn ma Mount Sinai ma New York, ʻo ia ka hopena o ka loiloi palapala no nā noiʻi he nui e hōʻike ana i nā waiwai maoli o ka glyphosate i ka poʻe.

Ua ʻōlelo nā mea kākau ua kālailai lākou i ʻelima mau noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i loko o nā makahiki ʻelua i hala aku nei e hōʻike nei i nā pae glyphosate i ana ʻia i ka poʻe, e like me hoʻokahi hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ana ʻia nā pae glyphosate urinary i nā keiki e noho ana ma kuaʻāina ʻo Mexico. Ma kahi o 192 mau keiki e noho ana ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Agua Caliente, 72.91 ka pākēneka i loaʻa i nā pae o ka glyphosate i loko o kā lākou mimi, a ʻo nā keiki he 89 a pau e noho ana ma Ahuacapán, Mekiko, ua ʻike ʻia nā pae pesticide i loko o kā lākou mimi.

ʻOiai ke hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o nā noi hou ʻana, ma ka hapanui, aia kahi ʻikepili liʻiliʻi e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate i ka poʻe. ʻO nā haʻawina ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa he 4,299 wale nō, me nā keiki 520, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

Ua hoʻoholo nā mea kākau ʻaʻole hiki i kēia manawa ke hoʻomaopopo i ka "pili kūpono" ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me nā maʻi, ʻoi aku i nā keiki, no ka mea, he palena ka hōʻiliʻili ʻike ma nā pae hōʻike i ka poʻe a ʻaʻole kaulike ʻia.

Ua hoʻomaopopo lākou ʻoiai ka nele o ka ʻikepili paʻa e pili ana i nā hopena o ka glyphosate i nā keiki, ʻo ka nui o nā koena glyphosate i ʻae ʻia e nā luna kānāwai o US i ka meaʻai i hoʻonui nui ʻia i nā makahiki.

"He mau hakahaka i loko o nā puke ma glyphosate, a pono e hoʻopiha ʻia kēia mau hakahaka me ka wikiwiki, no ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o kēia huahana a me kona kūlana a puni," wahi a ka mea kākau ʻo Emanuela Taioli.

Pilikia loa nā keiki i nā carcinogens ākea a me ka nānā ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā huahana e like me glyphosate i loko o nā keiki "kahi mea e pono ai ke olakino lehulehu," e like me nā mea kākau o ka pepa.

"E like me kekahi kemika, nui nā ʻanuʻu e pili ana i ka loiloi i ka makaʻu, kahi e ʻohi nei i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike kanaka, i hiki ai ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia nā pae e hana ʻeha ana i hoʻokahi lāhui a i ʻole nā ​​holoholona i nā pae hōʻike maʻamau."

"Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike mua mākou i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike kanaka i nā limahana a me ka lehulehu. Aia kekahi mau hakahaka ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēia huahana, no ka laʻana ʻo nā hopena ma kāna genotoxicity i loko o nā kānaka he palena. ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa mau e pili ana i nā hopena o ka hōʻike glyphosate e hoʻokumu i nā pae hōʻike i ka lehulehu ākea i kahi pilikia olakino lehulehu, keu hoʻi no ka poʻe nāwaliwali loa. "

Ua ʻōlelo nā mea kākau e mālama pono ʻia nā pae glyphosate urinary i ka heluna lehulehu.

"Ke hoʻomau nei mākou e ʻōlelo i ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he ana i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā noiʻi kūloko āpau e like me ka National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey e ʻae ai i ka ʻike maikaʻi o nā pilikia e hiki i ka glyphosate a ʻae i ka nānā maikaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe e hiki e wehe ʻia a ʻo ka poʻe i maʻalahi ke hōʻike ʻia, "i kākau ai lākou.

ʻO ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup kahi mea hoʻoweliweli iā Bayer, akā ke holomua nei nā kamaʻilio ʻana

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ʻO nā loio no Monsanto nona Bayer AG a no nā mea hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto i haʻi aku i kahi luna kānāwai pekelala i ka Pōʻalima e hoʻomau ana lākou i ka holomua i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka ʻāina āpau i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e koi ana i ka Roundup o Monsanto i hoʻokumu iā lākou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

I loko o kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo wikiō, ua haʻi aku ka loio Bayer ʻo William Hoffman i ka luna kānāwai o US iā Vince Chhabria ua hiki i ka ʻoihana i nā ʻaelike - a i ʻole kokoke paha i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā ʻaelike - e hoʻonā i nā hoʻopiʻi he 3,000 a ʻoi i hui pū ʻia i nā hoʻopiʻi multidistrict (MDL) i waiho ʻia i ka ʻĀpana Apana o US no. ka Apana ʻĀkau o Kaleponi.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻokoʻa ka ʻoihana i nā hihia he mau kaukani ma waho o ka MDL, nā hihia e holo nei ma o nā ʻaha mokuʻāina. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me ka paio ka mea i hāʻawi i ka hāʻawi ʻana o ka hoʻoponopono holoʻokoʻa, me nā hoʻopiʻi a kekahi mau ʻoihana hoʻopiʻi i haʻalele ʻo Bayer i nā ʻaelike i hala i nā mahina i hala aku nei, a me kekahi mau ʻoihana hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole makemake e ʻae i ka mea a lākou i manaʻo ai ʻaʻole kūpono nā hāʻawi mai Bayer.

ʻAʻohe kūkākūkā e pili ana i kēlā mau hoʻopiʻi akā naʻe, i ka hoʻolohe ʻana i ka Pōʻahā, me nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua e hōʻike ana i nā manaʻo optimistic.

"Ua neʻe ka hui a ua hoʻopau i kekahi mau ʻaelike me nā ʻoihana…. ke lana nei nō hoʻi kā mākou manaʻo e hoʻopau i nā ʻaelike hou aʻe i kekahi mau lā e hiki mai ana, ”i haʻi aku ʻo Hoffman i ka luna kānāwai.

"Ma hea mākou i kēia manawa ... ua kuhi kēia mau helu akā manaʻo wau ua pili pono lākou: aia ma kahi o 1,750 mau hihia i pili i nā ʻaelike ma waena o ka ʻoihana a me nā loio a me kekahi 1,850 a i 1,900 mau hihia i loko o nā ʻano kūkākūkā like ʻole. i kēia manawa, "wahi a Hoffman. "Ke hana nei mākou e hoʻokumu i kahi papahana e hōʻeleu i nā kūkākūkā a lana ka manaʻo e lawe i nā ʻaelike i hua me kēlā ʻoihana."

Ua haʻi aku ka loio o ka Plaintif Brent Wisner i ka luna kānāwai he mea nui e hoʻomaopopo aia ke koe nei he "mau hihia" ma loko o ka MDL ʻaʻole i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa. Akā, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia - "Kuhi mākou e kokoke koke lākou."

Ua haʻi ʻo Judge Chhabria i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka holomua e hoʻomau ʻo ia i ka noho ʻana o ka Roundup litigation a hiki i Nowemapa 2 akā e hoʻomaka ʻo ia e neʻe i nā hihia i ka hoʻokolokolo inā ʻaʻole hoʻoholo ʻia e kēlā helu.

Kuhi ʻia ʻo Bayer Bad

ʻO ke kani kūkaʻi i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻolohe ʻana i ka Pōʻahā he leo mamao loa ia mai ka hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo i mālama ʻia i ka mahina aku nei i ka wā a ka loio hoʻopiʻi no Aimee Wagstaff  haʻi aku i ka luna kānāwai Chhabria ʻaʻole hoʻohanohano ʻo Bayer i nā ʻaelike hoʻokele tentative i hana ʻia ma Malaki a manaʻo ʻia no ka hoʻopau ʻana i Iulai.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bayer i ka mahina ʻo Iune ua hōʻea i kahi $ 10 biliona i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me nā keʻena loio o US e hoʻonā i ka hapa nui o nā 100,000 mau maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup. Akā i kēlā manawa ʻo nā keʻena loio nui wale nō e alakaʻi i ka hihia i hoʻopaʻa inoa hope loa me Bayer ʻo The Miller Firm lāua ʻo Weitz & Luxenburg.

ʻO ka hana wale a ka Miller Firm he $ 849 miliona e uhi ai i nā kuleana o nā mea kūʻai aku he 5,000 a ʻo Roundup, e like me nā palapala hoʻonā.

ʻO Kaleponi Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman loio loio; ka Andrus Wagstaff kūpaʻa mai Colorado; a ʻo ka Pūʻulu Law Moore He hana kuʻikahi nā Kenikeni akā ʻaʻole nā ​​ʻaelike hope loa.

Wahi a kahi leka i kākau ʻia e Wagstaff i waiho ʻia me ka ʻaha, ua noi ʻo Bayer i nā hoʻolōʻihi hou ʻana a hiki i ka wā i hāʻule ai ka ʻaelike me kāna ʻoihana i ka waena o ʻAukake. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pilikia iā Judge Chhabria, ua hoʻomaka hou ke kamaʻilio ʻana a hoʻoholo hope loa me nā ʻoihana ʻekolu kēia mahina.

Kekahi mau kikoʻī o ka pehea nā noho ʻana e lawelawe ʻia ana ua waiho ʻia ma mua o kēia pule i loko o ka ʻaha ma Missouri. ʻO ka Garretson Resolution Group, Inc., e hana ana i nā ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he Epiq Mass Tort, e hana ma ke ʻano he
"Lien Resolution Administrator, ” ʻo kahi laʻana, no nā mea kūʻai aku o Andrus Wagstaff nona ka kālā hoʻonā e pono ai e hoʻohana ʻia i kahi ʻāpana paha e uku i nā lilo mālama maʻi maʻi maʻi i uku ʻia e Medicare.

Ua kūʻai ʻo Bayer iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018 e like me ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo mua ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup. Ua lilo aku ia mau mea ʻekolu o nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i mālama ʻia a hiki i kēia lā a ua nalowale i nā pōʻai mua o nā hoʻopiʻi e ʻimi nei e hoʻokahuli i nā lilo o ka hoʻokolokolo. Ua ʻike nā Kiure i loko o kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo i nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ua hala nā makahiki he nui iā Monsanto e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

Ua ʻoi aku ka nui o nā makana kiure ma kahi o $ 2 biliona, ʻoiai ua kau ʻia nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e ka hoʻokolokolo a me nā luna kānāwai o ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi.

Ua hoʻoweliweli ʻo Bayer e faila no ka panakalupa inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi noho aupuni. e like me nā kamaʻilio mai nā ʻoihana hoʻopiʻi i kā lākou mea kūʻai aku.

Hana pū ʻo Inker Bayer me ʻekolu mau keʻena kānāwai maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo Roundup ke holo nei ka hoʻonohonoho

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Ua hōʻea ʻo Bayer AG i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo hope loa me ʻekolu mau keʻena loio nui e kū ana i nā tausani o nā mea hoʻopiʻi e koi ana i ka pili ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto i hoʻokumu iā lākou i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.

Ua hana ʻia nāʻaelike hou me Kaleponi Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman loio loio; ka Andrus Wagstaff kūpaʻa mai Colorado; a ʻo ka Pūʻulu Law Moore o Kenetuke. Ua waiho nā hui i kēlā me kēia leka i nā hoʻolaha me nā ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi i ka Pōʻakahi

Ua hele mai nāʻaelike ma hope o nā hoʻopiʻi a nā ʻaha loio ʻekolu e haʻalele ana ʻo Bayer i nā ʻōlelo o nā ʻaelike i hana ʻia i nā mahina ma mua. Ua haʻi aku nā ʻoihana i ka aloaliʻi i ka hale i ka Pōʻakahi ua loaʻa iā lākou kēlā me kēia "palapala hoʻokō piha a me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana me Masteranto."

ʻO ka mea nui, hōʻailona nā kuʻikahi i kahi hana nui i ka lawe ʻana i ka pani ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi nui lehulehu ʻelima mau makahiki i kēia manawa i ʻoi aku ma mua o 100,000 mau koi i lawe ʻia mai e nā poʻe mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻohana i ka Roundup a me nā lāʻau hoʻomohala glyphosate i hana ʻia e Monsanto ma mua o lākou. ulu maʻi 'aʻai.

Ua kūʻai ʻo Bayer iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018 e like me ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo mua ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup. Ua lilo aku ia mau mea ʻekolu o nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i mālama ʻia a hiki i kēia lā a ua nalowale i nā pōʻai mua o nā hoʻopiʻi e ʻimi nei e hoʻokahuli i nā lilo o ka hoʻokolokolo. Ua ʻike nā Kiure i loko o kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo i nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ua hala nā makahiki he nui iā Monsanto e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

Ua ʻoi aku ka nui o nā makana kiure ma kahi o $ 2 biliona, ʻoiai ua kau ʻia nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e ka hoʻokolokolo a me nā luna kānāwai o ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi.

Ua hoʻoweliweli ʻo Bayer e faila no ka panakalupa inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi noho aupuni, e like me nā kamaʻilio ʻana mai nā ʻoihana hoʻopiʻi i kā lākou mea kūʻai aku.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bayer i ka mahina ʻo Iune ua hōʻea i kahi $ 10 biliona i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me nā keʻena loio o US e hoʻonā i ka hapa nui o nā 100,000 mau maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup. Akā i kēlā manawa ʻelua wale nō o nā ʻoihana loio nui i ka hoʻopiʻi sweeping i hoʻopaʻa hope i nā ʻaelike me Bayer - The Miller Firm a me Weitz & Luxenburg, e like me nā kumuwaiwai kokoke i nā kūkākūkā ʻana. ʻO kā Baum firm, ka Andrus Wagstaff firm a me ka firm Moore i loaʻa nā memo o ka hoʻomaopopo akā ʻaʻole nā ​​ʻaelike hope loa.

ʻO nā hana a ka hui e hoʻonā i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ua kapa ʻia kekahi ʻāpana e ka pahuhopu pehea e hōʻalo ai i nā hoʻopiʻi i hiki ke lawe ʻia i ka wā e hiki mai ana e nā poʻe e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma hope o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make o ka hui. Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Bayer e ʻae i ka ʻaha no kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻopaneʻe i ka faila ʻana o nā hihia maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup no ʻehā mau makahiki, a ua hoʻokumu ʻia i ʻelima lālā "panel ʻepekema" e hoʻoholo inā paha e hiki i Roundup ke hana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, a inā pēlā , ma nā pae hōʻike hōʻike liʻiliʻi. Inā hoʻoholo ka ʻaoʻao ʻaʻohe pili o ka pilina ma waena o Roundup a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma a laila pāpā ʻia nā lālā o ka papa mai ka wā e hiki mai ana i kēlā mau koi.

ʻO ka luna kānāwai ʻAmelika ʻo Vince Chhabria hōʻole i ka hoʻolālā,  e hoʻihoʻi iā Bayer i ka papa kaha kiʻi.

Ua loaʻa iā Bayer wahi a Poaha ke hana nei i ka holomua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi hoʻolālā "hoʻoponopono" e hoʻonā i ka hihia Roundup litigation i hiki mai. E hoʻopau ʻia nā kikoʻī o ka papa papa i hoʻoponopono ʻia i nā pule e hiki mai ana, e like me kā Bayer.

Ua hauʻoli ʻole kekahi mau hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻonā ʻana, e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole lākou e loaʻa kālā he nui loa me nā makahiki o ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai nui a me ka ʻeha mau a me ka ʻeha. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua make nā mea hoʻopiʻi he nui ke kali nei i kahi hoʻonā.

Ma Kepakemapa 9, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio no Marie Bernice Dinner a me kāna kāne ʻo Bruce Dinner i ka ʻaha i ka make ʻana o Marie he 73 makahiki i ka 2 Iune mai ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin ʻo ia a me kāna kāne i hoʻopiʻi ʻia ma muli o kona hōʻike ʻana i nā mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele a Monsanto. .

Ua noi aku nā loio no Bruce Dinner i ka ʻaha e ʻae iā lākou e hoʻoponopono i ka hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto e hoʻohui i kahi hoʻopiʻi no ka make hewa. Ua male lāua i ka 53 makahiki a loaʻa ʻelua keiki a ʻehā mau moʻopuna.

“He kanaka kupaianaha ʻo Marie Bernice. Ua pale ʻia kona make ʻana, "wahi a ka loio ʻo Beth Klein, ka mea e kū ana i ka ʻohana.

Hoʻonui ka nānā ʻana no ka olakino hoʻohua

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Ke ʻimi nei ʻo Bayer AG e hōʻemi i nā hopohopo no ka Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides i kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, he mau nīnau hou e hāpai nei i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hopena o ka kemika i ke olakino hānau.

Hōʻike kahi ʻano o nā noiʻi holoholona i kēia kauwela e hōʻike ana ka hōʻike glyphosate i nā mea hānau a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i ka momona. hoʻopau hoʻopau endocrine. Hoʻopili paha ka endocrine disrupting chemicals i mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau ʻana a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana immune immune.

i ka pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala in ʻO ka Molecular a me ka Cellular Endocrinology, ʻehā mau mea noiʻi mai Argentina ua ʻōlelo e kūʻē nā noiʻi i nā hōʻoiaʻiʻo a ka US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e palekana ana ka glyphosate.

Hele mai ka noiʻi hou e like me Bayer e hoʻāʻo nei e noho ʻoi aku ma mua o 100,000 mau hoʻopiʻi i lawe ʻia mai i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e nā poʻe e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka ʻike ʻana i ka Monsanto's Roundup a me nā huahana herbicide e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu iā lākou i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka lāhui holoʻokoʻa ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make.

Ua loaʻa iā Bayer ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup i ka wā kūʻai ʻo Monsanto i ka 2018, ma mua iki o ka mua o nā lanakila lanakila ʻekolu no nā mea hoʻopiʻi.

Ua hele mai nā haʻawina i ka wā e hana ai nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai aku e hoʻomaopopo pono pehea e hōʻemi ai i kā lākou hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate ma o ka papaʻai. A hoʻopaʻa haʻawina paʻi ʻia ʻAukake 11 ʻike ma hope o ka hoʻololi ʻana i kahi papaʻai meaola no kekahi mau lā wale nō, hiki i ka poʻe ke ʻoki i nā pae o ka glyphosate i loaʻa i ko lākou mimi ma mua o 70 pākēneka. No ka mea, ua loaʻa i nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo nā keiki i ke aʻo ʻana he kiʻekiʻe ko lākou kiʻekiʻe o ka glyphosate i kā lākou mimi ma mua o ka poʻe mākua. ʻIke nā mākua a me nā keiki ʻelua i nā kulu nui i mua o ka pesticide ma hope o ka loli o ka papaʻai.

ʻO Glyphosate, ka mea hana ma Roundup, ka mea hoʻohana nui i ka nāhelehele i ka honua. Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kanu ahonui-glyphosate-tolerant i nā makahiki 1990 e paipai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī pololei i nā glyphosate ma luna o nā māla holoʻokoʻa o nā mea kanu, e luku ana i nā nāhelehele akā ʻaʻole nā ​​mea kanu i loli ʻia. ʻO ka hoʻohana ākea o ka glyphosate, e nā mahiʻai a me nā mea hale, nā pono hana a me nā hui lehulehu, ua ulu nui ka hopohopo i nā makahiki ma muli o ka nui a me nā makaʻu e pili ana i ka mea e hiki ke hana i ke olakino a me ke olakino. ʻIke pinepine ʻia ka kemika i ka meaʻai a me ka wai a me ka mimi kanaka.

Wahi a nā kānaka ʻepekema Argentina, ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi o nā hopena i hōʻike ʻia o ka glyphosate i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā noi holoholona hou ma muli o ke kū ʻana i nā lāʻau kiʻekiʻe; akā aia he hōʻike hou e hōʻike ana hiki i ka hoʻowalewale ʻana o ka lāʻau liʻiliʻi hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka wahine reproductive tract, me nā hopena ma ka momona. Ke hōʻike ʻia nā holoholona i ka glyphosate ma mua o ka wā ʻōpio, ʻike ʻia nā loli i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā ovarian follicle a me ka uterus, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻepekema. Hoʻohui ʻia, ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau make i hana ʻia me ka glyphosate i ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana i hiki ke hoʻololi i ka ulu ʻana o nā keiki. Hoʻohui ʻia ia āpau e hōʻike i ka glyphosate a me ka glyphosate-based herbicides he endocrine disruptor, hoʻopau ka poʻe noiʻi.

ʻO ka ʻepekema mahiʻai ʻo Don Huber, polofesa emeritus mai ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue, i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonui ka noiʻi hou i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka palena papaha o ka poino e pili ana i nā glyphosate a me nā gicphosate-based herbicides a hāʻawi i kahi "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ākea i kā mākou moʻomeheu i kēia manawa. "

Ua ao aku ʻo Huber no nā makahiki he nui e hāʻawi ana paha ʻo Monsanto Roundup i nā pilikia momona i nā holoholona.

ʻekahi aʻo koʻikoʻi paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele i Iulai i ka puke pai Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, hoʻoholo i ka glyphosate a i ʻole glyphosate-based herbicides i hoʻohoka i nā "target hormonal a me uterine molekiola" i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻiole hāpai.

ʻO kahi aʻo ʻokoʻa i kēia manawa i paʻiʻia ma ka puke pai Noxicology a me Applac Pharmacology i hoʻopili ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui ʻo Iowa State i nānā i ka hōʻike glyphosate i nāʻiole. Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka hōʻike haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i ka glyphosate "e hoʻololi i ka proteine ​​ovarian" (kahi o nā protein i hōʻike ʻia i kahi ʻano cell a meaola paha) a "e hopena paha i ka hana ovarian. I kahi pepa pili mai nā mea noiʻi ʻelua o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Iowa a me hoʻokahi mea kākau ʻē aʻe, i paʻiʻia Toxicology hoʻohua, Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā lākou ka hopena endocrine i nā ʻiole i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate.  

Nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Georgia i hōʻike ʻia ma ka puke pai ʻEpekema holoholona a holoholona ʻO ka ʻai ʻana e nā holoholona o nā hua palaoa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā koena glyphosate i mea e hiki ai ke hōʻeha i nā holoholona, ​​e like me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Ma muli o ka loiloi moʻokalaleo, ʻike ʻia nā lāʻau herbicides glyphosate e like me "nā mea hoʻohua hānau, me ka nui o nā hopena ma nā ʻōnaehana hānau kāne a me nā wahine," i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

ʻO nā hopena weliweli ʻike ʻia i ka hipa. ʻO kahi noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai Ka Hoʻopilikia'Āina nānā i nā hopena o ka hōʻike glyphosate i ka ulu ʻana o ka uterus i nā keiki hipa wahine. Ua ʻike lākou i nā loli a lākou i ʻōlelo ai e hoʻopili i ka olakino hānau wahine o nā hipa a hōʻike i nā lāʻau ʻōpala glyphosate e hana nei ma ke ʻano he disruptor endocrine.

Hoʻopuka pū ʻia ma Ka Hoʻopilikia'Āina, nā ʻepekema mai Finelani a me Sepania i ʻōlelo i he pepa hou ua hana lākou i ka hoʻokolohua wā lōʻihi mua loa o nā hopena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka glyphosate "sub-toxic" ma nā manuʻai manu. Ua hoʻokolohua lākou e hōʻike i nā kohu wahine a me nā kāne i nā lāʻau make-glyphosate mai nā makahiki he 10 a hiki i ka 52 pule.

Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hiki i nā gicphosate herbicides ke "hoʻololi i nā ala physiological nui, ke kūlana antioxidant, testosterone, a me ka microbiome" akā ʻaʻole lākou i ʻike i nā hopena i ka hana hou. ʻ saidlelo lākou ʻaʻole paha e ʻike mau ʻia nā hopena o ka glyphosate me ka “kuʻuna, keu hoʻi i ka wā pōkole, ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻona, a ʻaʻole hiki i nā hoʻokolohua ke hopu pono i nā pilikia…”

ʻO Glyphosate a me Neonicotinoids

kekahi o nā aʻo hou loa ke nānā nei i nā hopena glyphosate i ke olakino i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina i ka Ka Nūpepa International o ka noiʻi kaiapuni a me ka olakino lehulehu.  Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka glyphosate a me nā insecticides thiacloprid a me imidacloprid, he mau mea hoʻopukapuka endocrine paha lākou.

ʻO nā insecticides kahi ʻāpana o ka neonicotinoid papa o nā kemika a aia i waena o nā insecticides i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua nānā lākou i ka hopena o ka glyphosate a me nā neonicotinoids ʻelua ma nā pahuhopu koʻikoʻi ʻelua o ka ʻōnaehana endocrine: ʻO Aromatase, ka ʻenemona kuleana no ka biosynthesis estrogen, a me ka alpha receptor alpha, ka protein nui e hāpai ana i ka hōʻailona ʻana o ka estrogen.

Ua huikau kā lākou hopena. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua kāohi ka mea pepehi mauʻu i ka hana aromatase akā ʻo ka pāpā he "hapa a nāwaliwali hoʻi." ʻO ka mea nui i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ka glyphosate i ka hana estrogen. Ua "kūlike" nā hopena me ka papahana loiloi e mālama ʻia e US Environmental Protection Agency, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia "ʻaʻole he hōʻike hōʻoiaʻiʻo o ka pilina kūpono me ke ala estrogen no glyphosate," wahi a lākou.

ʻIke nā kānaka noiʻi i ka hana estrogenic me ka imidacloprid a me thiacloprid, akā ma nā kiʻekiʻe i ʻoi aku ma mua o nā pae pesticide i ana ʻia i nā mea olaola kanaka. Ua hoʻoholo nā kānaka noiʻi "ʻaʻole pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia nā lāʻau haʻahaʻa o kēia mau pesticides i mea ʻole," akā, no ka mea, ʻo kēia mau pesticides, a me nā endocrine e hoʻopau ana i nā kemika, "e hoʻoulu ʻia i ka hopena estrogenic āpau."

Ua hiki mai nā ʻike like ʻole e like me ka nui o nā ʻāina a me nā wahi a puni ka honua e loiloi inā ʻaʻole e hoʻokiki a pāpā paha i ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides glyphosate.

He ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i Kaleponi noho aliʻi i ka mahina i hala aia he "nui" hōʻike e glyphosate, a me nā mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe i nā huahana Roundup, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Ua noi ʻo Bayer i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo e ʻoki hou i ka makana ʻino Roundup i hōʻaiʻē ʻia i ke kahu o Kaleponi me ka maʻi ʻaʻai

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Ke noi nei ʻo Bayer i ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i Kaleponi e ʻokiʻoki i $ 4 miliona mai ka nui o ke kālā e ʻaiʻē nei i ke kahu o ka pā o Kaleponi e hakakā nei e ola i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loaʻa i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ma muli o ka hōʻike ʻana o ke kāne i nā lāʻau make a Monsanto's Roundup.

I ka “palapala hoopii no ka hana hou"I waiho ʻia i ka Pōʻakahi me ka ʻAha Hoʻopiʻi no ka Apana Hoʻopiʻi Mua o Kaleponi, ua noi nā loio no Monsanto a me kāna mea Kelemania ʻo Bayer AG i ka ʻaha e ʻoki mai $ 20.5 miliona a i $ 16.5 miliona o nā poho i hāʻawi ʻia iā Dewayne" Lee "Johnson.

ʻO ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi ua "hōʻea i kahi hoʻoholo kuhi hewa i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke kuhi hewa ʻana o ke kānāwai," e like me ka waiho ʻana mai a Monsanto. Huli ka hihia i ka lōʻihi o ka manawa e manaʻo ʻia ai e ola ʻo Johnson. Ma muli o ka ʻike ʻia o ka hōʻike ma ka hoʻokolokolo ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Johnson e ola "ʻaʻole ʻoi aku i ʻelua mau makahiki," ʻaʻole pono iā ia ke loaʻa kālā no ka ʻeha o ka wā e hiki mai ana a me ka ʻeha i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia no ʻelua mau makahiki - ʻoiai ke hoʻomau nei ʻo ia e ola i nā wanana, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka hui.

Ma lalo o nā helu i noi ʻia e Monsanto, pono e ʻoki ka ʻaha mai $ 4 miliona a i $ 2 miliona o ka nui i kauoha ʻia no nā pohō pili waiwai ʻole o ka wā e hiki mai ana, (ʻeha a me nā ʻeha.) ʻO ia ka mea e hōʻemi ai i nā pohō uku āpau (i hala a me nā wā e hiki mai ana) i $ 8,253,209. ʻOiai e koi nei ʻaʻole pono e ʻaiʻē i nā uku hoʻopaʻi, inā hāʻawi ʻia nā uku hoʻopaʻi e hoʻonui ʻia lākou ma mua o ka lakio 1-a-1 e kūʻē i ka compensatory, e lawe ana i ka huina i $ 16,506,418, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo Monsanto i kāna faila.

Ua hāʻawi mua ʻia ʻo Johnson he $ 289 miliona e ke kiure i ʻAukake 2018, e hoʻolilo ana iā ia i ka mea hoʻopiʻi mua e lanakila ma ka pae hoʻokolokolo ma luna o nā ʻōlelo koi i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā lāʻau ʻona glyphosate ma Monsanto i kumu no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a ua hūnā ʻo Monsanto i nā pilikia. Ua hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka luna kānāwai hoʻokolokolo i ka makana i $ 78 miliona. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Monsanto e ʻimi ana i kahi hoʻokolokolo hou a i ʻole hoʻēmi ʻia ka makana. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Johnson i ke noi ʻana e hoʻihoʻi hou i kāna makana ʻino piha.

ʻO ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi noho aliʻi i ka mahina i hala aia he "nui" hōʻike e glyphosate, me nā mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe i nā huahana Roundup, i kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a Johnson. A ua ʻike ka ʻaha "he nui nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana ua ʻeha ʻo Johnson, a e hoʻomau ʻia ana e ʻeha no ke koena o kona ola, ka ʻeha nui a me ka ʻeha."

Akā ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha e pono e hōʻemi ʻia nā pohō i $ 20.5 miliona ma muli o ka pilikia o ka ola pōkole o Johnson.

Me kāna koi no ka hoʻēmi hou ʻana i nā pohō, ke noi nei ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi e hāʻawi i kahi hoʻokolokolo e "hoʻoponopono i kāna kālailai" a "e hoʻohuli paha i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo me nā ʻaoʻao e komo i ka hoʻokolokolo.
no Monsanto a i ʻole, hakahaka paha i ka makana o nā uku hoʻopaʻi. "

Ua uhi ʻia ka hoʻāʻo Johnson e nā nūhou e pili ana i ka honua a kau i kahi nānā i ka hana a Monsanto e hana i ka moʻoʻepekema ma glyphosate a me Roundup a me kāna mau hoʻāʻo e hoʻomaliʻi i nā loiloi a hoʻohuli i nā mea hoʻoponopono. Ua hōʻike aku nā loio no Johnson i nā jure me nā leka uila ʻoihana kūloko a me nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe e hōʻike ana i nā ʻepekema Monsanto e kūkākūkā ana i nā pepa ʻepekema e noi ana e kākoʻo i ka palekana o nā huahana o ka hui, me nā kamaʻilio kikoʻī ʻana i nā hoʻolālā e hōʻino i nā loiloi, a e hoʻopau hoʻi i ka loiloi aupuni o ka ʻino o ka glyphosate, ke kemika kī i nā huahana a Monsanto.

Ua waiho nā tausani mau hoʻopiʻi i nā hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā Monsanto e hoʻopiʻi nei e like me kā Johnson, a ʻelua mau hoʻokolokolo hou aʻe i hala mai ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana o Johnson. ʻO kēlā mau hoʻokolokolo ʻelua i hopena i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo nui kūʻē iā Monsanto. Hoʻopiʻi ʻia lāua ʻelua.

ʻO kā Bayer mau hana e ʻokiʻoki i nā makana hōʻino no ka lilo ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo iā Monsanto i ka wā e ʻimi nei ka ʻoihana e hoʻokokoke ma kahi o 100,000 mau hoʻopiʻi maʻi maʻi Roundup e kali nei a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā ʻaha like ʻole. ʻO kekahi mau mea hoʻopiʻi hauʻoli ʻole i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana mau ʻōlelo, a ke hoʻoweliweli nei e ʻae i ka ʻaelike.

Hana ma Pilliod Appeal 

I nā hana hoʻopiʻi apau e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup, nā loio o ka pule i hala no Alva a me Alberta Pilliod waiho i kahi pōkole e noi ana i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ma Kaleponi e kauoha i nā hōʻaiʻē no nā kāne i hui ʻia he $ 575 miliona. ʻO nā ʻelemākule - ua hōʻeha lāua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai hoʻonāwaliwali a lāua i hoʻopiʻi ai i ka hōʻike ʻana iā Roundup - ua lanakila ma mua o $ 2 biliona ma ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana, akā ua hoʻokolokolo ka luna kānāwai. a laila hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ka makana kiure i $ 87 miliona.

ʻO ka hōʻoki ʻana i ka makana hōʻino ka mea nui, e like me nā loio e kū ana i ka wahine, a ʻaʻole i lawa ka hoʻopaʻi iā Monsanto no kāna hana hewa.

"ʻO nā jure ʻekolu o Kaleponi, ʻehā mau luna hoʻokolokolo, a ʻekolu mau luna hoʻopiʻi i nānā pono ʻole i ka hana kolohe a Monsanto ua ʻae like lākou" he nui nā hōʻike i hana ʻo Monsanto me ka nānā ʻole a mālama ʻole i ka palekana o haʻi, "i ʻōlelo pōkole ai ʻo Pilliod. "ʻO ke koi ʻana a Monsanto ʻo ia ka mea i hōʻino ʻia no ka" pono ʻole "ma kēia hihia ke kani hollow i loko o ka nānā ʻana o kēia ʻike āpau.

Ke noi nei nā loio i ka ʻaha e hāʻawi i ka lakio 10-a-1 o ka uku hoʻopaʻi no ka pohō uku.

"ʻO ka poʻe i loaʻa maoli i ka pono ʻole i kēia hihia nā Pilliod, ka mea i loaʻa i ka maʻi weliweli a nāwaliwali hoʻi ma muli o ka palauāo o Monsanto," nā mokuʻāina pōkole. "ʻO ke kiure, i ka hoʻoholo ʻana ʻaʻole pono nā kamaʻāina kūpono e ʻae i ka hana kolohe a Monsanto, ua hoʻoholo pono ʻo ia wale nō kahi hōʻino nui hoʻopaʻi hiki ke hoʻopaʻi a kāpae iā Monsanto."

E hoʻomoe i kā mākou leka uila. E kiʻi i nā hoʻohou i kēlā me kēia pule i kāu pahu pahu komo.