Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide

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ʻEhā mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa kaohi aku ma mua o 60% o ka hoʻolako honua o nā hua a me nā pesticides. ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou mau hana he mea nui ia no ka lako o ka meaʻai a palekana. Eia nō naʻe kēia mau hui āpau - Monsanto / Bayer, DowDuPont, Syngenta, BASF - lōʻihi nā moʻolelo o ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻino o kā lākou huahana. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hoʻonāukiuki kā lākou mau moʻolelo i ka hilinaʻi, hilinaʻi lākou i nā mea kōkua ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hoʻolaha a pale aku i kā lākou huahana.

ʻO nā pepa o lalo iho nei e hoʻomālamalama i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha huna. nā hui mua, nā kālaikū, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻokele e hana ma hope o nā hanana me nā ʻoihana pesticide e paipai a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. 

ʻO ka ʻike a mākou e hōʻike ai ma aneʻi e pili ana ia i ka US Right to Know investigation i loaʻa he ʻumi tausani mau ʻaoʻao o nā ʻoihana hui kūloko a me nā kānāwai hoʻomalu mai ka makahiki 2015. Wahi a Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto i ka makahiki 2019,  "E hoʻopili ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK i ka ʻoihana holoʻokoʻa." 

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana like i kēia mau pepa pono, a e hōʻailona maʻaneʻi e loaʻa i nā nūhou haʻihaʻi mai kā mākou mau noiʻi. 

Nānā Hou: ka hana ʻana i kahi hui mua o Monsanto

AgBioChatter: kahi i hoʻolālā ai nā ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike i ka hoʻolālā ma GMO a me nā pesticides

Alison Van Eenennaam: kī haʻi waha a me lobbyist no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me GMO

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino he hui hui mua

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: ʻO FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum PR

Biofortified kōkua i nā ʻoihana kemika PR & lobbying mau hana

Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoihana PR

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema he ka hoʻolaha lehulehu ma Cornell e hoʻolaha i nā GMO

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: ʻoihana pesticide PR pratives 

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻO ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

Mea Hoʻolālā Meaʻai GMO he kiʻi hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni, e ʻōlelo nā kālaiʻike he nui

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat: nā pilina i nā pūʻulu ʻoihana paka a me nā kemika

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Spin: ka hoʻokolo ʻana i nā kuleana e pili ana i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Nā Pane GMO he hoʻokele pilikia PR mea hana no GMOs & pesticides

ʻO Hank Campbell kā maze o nā blog ʻepekema aloha Monsanto

ʻO Henry I. Miller haule ʻia e Forbes no ka hana ʻino kākau kolohe na Monsanto

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Ke pale aku nei ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Koch i ka pesticide, ka aila, nā ʻoihana paka

ʻO ka ʻaha kūkā ʻikepili pili honua (IFIC): pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo Big Food i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

Ke Kula NuiʻOihana Ola Ola (ILSI) he hui lobby ʻoihana meaʻai, hōʻike nā palapala

ʻO Jay Byrne: e launa me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

ʻO Jon Entine, Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic: nā ʻelele nui no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana kemika

Keith Kloor: pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana

ʻO Kevin Folta's nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi

ʻO Mark Lynas o Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema hoʻolauna hoʻopunipuni a pololei ʻole hoʻi no ka papahana kālepa ʻoihana ahupuaʻa

Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i loko Hoʻolālā ʻo PR e kūʻē i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate (2015)

Nina Federoff Ua hoʻoneʻe i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e kākoʻo iā Monsanto

ʻO Pamela Ronald's nā pilina i nā hui mua o ka hana kemika

ʻO Peter Phillips a me kona ʻ secretlelo huna "kuleana ʻike" ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan

ʻO SciBabe 'ōlelo eʻai i kāu pesticides, akāʻo wai ke uku iā ia?

Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema

Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS wili ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana

ʻO Stuart Smyth's nā pilina ʻoihana mahiʻai a me ke kālā 

ʻO Tamar Haspel alakaʻi hewa i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post i kāna kolamu meaʻai

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻo BIO VP ma mua kahi hana nui no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Nā pepa ʻoi aʻe e pili ana i nā hui mua nui, nā hui kālepa a me nā mea kākau PR.

BIO: hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech

Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai

ʻO Crop Life International

Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International

ʻO Julie Kelly

Kavin Senapathy / MAMMyths

Ketchum PR

ʻO US Farmers a me Ranchers Alliance

ʻO nā kumuwaiwai hou aku mai US Pono e ʻike

Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia e US US haʻawina ʻepekema e US Right to Know 

Nā Pepa Monsanto: Pūnaewele palapala Roundup / Glyphosate 

Waihona waihona Dicamba

ʻO Roundup a me Dicamba Trial Tracker blog hōʻano hou 

Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Pepa ʻo Dicamba

Uhi kūkala nūhou ākea o Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hopena 

Inā makemake ʻoe i kā mākou hana, e ʻoluʻolu E hōʻike i kēia e kōkua iā mākou e hoʻohuli i ka wela ma nā noi a USRTK.

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Loaʻa ʻo Newsweek i ke kālā hoʻolaha mai Bayer, Prints Op-Eds Kōkua iā Bayer

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ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Newsweek i ka pili o ka hana kemika o nā mea kākau manaʻo ʻelua i hoʻopaʻapaʻa i kēia lā i kahi op-ed ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoponopono ʻia kēlā glyphosate. ʻO ka ʻōlelo a Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Stuart Smyth, nā mea ʻelua e pili ana iā Monsanto i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loko o ka ʻāpana, ua kū koke ma hope o ka hāʻawi ʻana o ke kiure pekelala iā Edwin Hardeman he $ 80 miliona hoʻoholo e kūʻē iā Monsanto (ʻo Bayer i kēia manawa), a ʻōlelo ʻo ka hui ʻo Glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka lāʻau herbupuply "he mea nui" i ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a Hardeman.

I ka makahiki i hala, ua ʻōhumu mākou i ka luna hoʻoponopono o Newsweek e pili ana i kahi op-ed Kauka Miller i kākau ai i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma muli o nā kumu kūʻai pesticide a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i ka pilina o Monsanto ʻo Miller. E ʻike i kā mākou pānaʻi leka uila ʻano ʻē me ka luna hoʻoponopono, ʻo Nicholas Wapshott, kahi i hōʻole ai e haʻi aku i ka poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi. ʻO Wapshott ʻo ia pau ma Newsweek, akā ʻo ka hoʻouka kaua meaola a Miller i kēia manawa ʻikeʻia ma laila, a i kēia lā ua hoʻopuni ʻia e nā hoʻolaha Bayer e hoʻolaha ana i ka glyphosate.

ʻO nā hoʻolaha Bayer e pili ana i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a Kauka Miller iā 2018 i nā meaʻai meaola - Malaki 28, 2019

ʻO kēia lā op-ed i Newsweek, kahi a Miller lāua ʻo Smyth i pale aku ai iā Monsanto a me Roundup, i hāʻawi i kēia mau bios: He polofesa ʻo Stuart J. Smyth ma ke Keʻena ʻOihana Hoʻomohala Waiwai a me ka ʻĀina ʻImi ʻImi ʻia e ka ʻĀina i Agri-Food Innovation ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan. ʻO Henry I. Miller, he kauka a me ka meaola bioloola, he hoa nui ma ka Pacific Research Institute. ʻO ia ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology ma ka US Food & Drug Administration.

Eia kā Newsweek i hōʻike ʻole aku ai i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i nā mea kākau.

Nā pilina a Henry Miller ʻo Monsanto:

Pili ʻo Stuart Smyth's Monsanto:

  • Hana pū ʻo Dr. Smyth me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ma nā papahana PR, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know a paʻi ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive.
  • Nā leka uila mai ka makahiki 2016 kuhikuhi e loaʻa iā Dr. Smyth "kākoʻo papahana" mai Monsanto. Ua noi aku ka leka uila mai ka Luna Hoʻokele a me nā ʻoihana ʻona ʻo Monsanto Kanada iā Dr. Smyth e hoʻouna i ka “invoice for this year hāʻawi.”

He kuleana ko Newsweek e haʻi aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana kemika o nā mea kākau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei ma Newsweek no ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Hōʻike ʻo Monsanto Exec i $ 17 Miliona Budget No ka Anti-IARC, Pro-Glyphosate Efforts

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Pehea ka makemake ʻole o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaho i ʻike i ka lāʻau make glyphosate o ka hui e lilo i carcinogen kanaka a paipai i kahi leka pane o ka palekana glyphosate ma kahi? ʻAʻole lawa e hoʻokaʻawale e pili ana i $ 17 miliona no ka nuʻukia, i hoʻokahi makahiki wale nōe like me nā hōʻike i loaʻa i nā loio e kū ana i nā maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻopiʻi ana iā Monsanto.

ʻO kēlā kikoʻī a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka hana kūloko o Monsanto nā hana pili lehulehu i ʻike ʻia i Ianuali 22 waiho wikiō o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey. ʻO kā Murphey hana ma Monsanto e pili pū ana i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i nā pilina o ka pāpaho o ka honua a me nā "kākoʻo hoʻoikaika i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi nui, nā mea pili i ke kulekele, a me nā ʻōlelo hoʻoweliweli kaulana" e pili ana i ka ʻoihana lāʻau make-glyphosate. A ʻo kekahi o nā hoʻoweliweli nui loa mai nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. Ke hana nei ʻo Murphey no Bayer ma hope o ke kūʻai ʻana o ka hui Kelemania iā Monsanto i ke kauwela i hala.

ʻAʻole i ʻae ka luna kānāwai o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻo Vince Chhabria i ka hōʻike a Murphey i ke kālā anti-IARC e lilo i hōʻike i ka hoʻokolokolo ma Hardeman V. Monsanto, i hele i ke kiure no ke kūkākūkā ʻana ma ka Poalua. Ua hoʻoholo mua nā jure i kēlā hihia o Kapalakiko i ka Roundup ma muli o Monsanto's glyphosate Roundup i hana ai iā Hardeman non-Hodgkin lymphoma, akā ke kaumaha nei i nā pohō.

Akā manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike Murphey ma ka Hoʻokolokolo ʻo Pilliod V. Monsanto i hoʻopau ai i ke koho ʻia ʻana o ke kiure ma ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo kiʻekiʻe ʻo Alameda County ma Oakland, Kaleponi i ka Pōʻalua. Ua koho nā ʻaoʻao i ke kiure he 12 mau lālā a he ʻelima hoʻi i koho ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā ʻōlelo wehe i kēlā hihia e manaʻo ʻia i ka Pōʻahā.

Ua hala ʻehā mau makahiki mai ka nānā ʻana o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i nā puke ʻepekema i paʻi ʻia a nānā ʻia e nā hoa e pili ana i ka glyphosate a ʻike ʻia he lāʻau carcinogenic paha ia me ka hui pū kekahi me ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. ʻO IARC kahi ʻāpana o ka World Health Organization a ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma luna o nā mea he 1,000 e pili ana i ko lākou maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi, maʻamau me ka nui ʻole o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa

Akā ʻokoʻa ka glyphosate. Ma hope o ka hoʻākāka ʻana o Malaki 2015, he mau haneli, a laila he mau kaukani, ka poʻe i ʻike ʻia me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē i ka pilikua agrochemical.

Ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC o glyphosate - a ke hoʻomau nei a hiki i kēia lā - ua lilo ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i kumuhana o ka hōʻino nui ʻia mai kahi hui o nā hui, nā kānaka a me kekahi poʻe kau kānāwai o US. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia lākou no ka hana ʻole ma ka ʻepekema kani akā ma ka ʻaoʻao o kahi papahana politika, ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā cherry, a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema junk, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Ua hoʻonui ʻia a hoʻonui ʻia nā loiloi a puni ka honua i nā ʻatikala nūhou, nā ʻāpana manaʻo, nā blog, nā hoʻolaha Google Pūnaewele a me nā mea hou aʻe.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka loaʻa ʻana no nā hoʻopiʻi he 11,000 i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē i ka ʻoihana i waena o nā hana ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻohana malū ʻo Monsanto i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no kāna leka anti-IARC no ka mea ua manaʻo nā luna o nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻohana pili lehulehu e ʻike hou ʻia ka ʻike. hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia mai nā hui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai Monsanto.

I kāna waiho ʻana, ua nīnau ʻia ʻo Murphey i ka nui o ka lilo o ka ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo i ka kānalua i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC.

Eia kahi wahi o ka hoʻololi:

ʻO ka loio Plaintiff Pedram Esfandiary: "No laila heʻoiaʻiʻo ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona miliona i ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, pololei?"

ʻO Murphey: "ʻO mākou - ua hoʻohana mākou i kahi nui o nā kumuwaiwai, i loko o kekahi mau makahiki i kēia manawa, e hoʻoponopono ana i nā ʻike hewa, a me ka haʻi ʻana i nā nīnau i ka lehulehu e pili ana - e pili ana i ka glyphosate."

ʻO Esfandiary: "Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona miliona e pane ana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC?"

Murphey: "ʻAe."

ʻO Esfandiary: "ʻIke paha ʻoe i ka nui o ka hāʻawi a Monsanto iā ia i ka 2016?"

ʻO Murphey: "Hiki iaʻu ke kamaʻilio i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o, ʻike ʻoe, nā hana o ka lehulehu, ʻike ʻoe, nā mea aʻu e pili pono ai. Akā i ka 2016, ʻike ʻoe, manaʻoʻiʻo wau no kekahi o nā papahana aʻu i komo ai , ma kahi o 16 a 17 paha miliona. "

Esfandiary: "$ 16 a i ʻole 17 miliona ... i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e pane i ka wehewehe IARC (stet)?

Murphey: "ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole kikoʻī a nānā wale ʻia i IARC. ʻO ia - e kia ana ia i ka pili a me nā pilina o ka pāpāho a me nā hana ʻē aʻe ma glyphosate, ʻoi aku ka nui. "

Nīnau akula ʻo Esfandiary iā Murphey i ka nui o ke kumukūʻai e hana ai ka ʻoihana i kahi hōʻike bioassay maʻi ʻaʻai lōʻihi o kāna huahana glyphosate i haku ʻia, kahi mea a ka hui i ʻae ai ʻaʻole i hana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey ʻaʻole ia i ʻike.

He manawa koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi ka makahiki 2016 no Monsanto no ka mea ma mua o ke kū ʻana i ka hihia, kū ka laikini glyphosate o ka hui no ka hoʻohou hou ʻana ma ʻEulopa, a ke nānā nei hoʻi ka US Environmental Protection Agency i kā Glyphosate hoʻopaʻa inoa.

Pehea ka lilo o ke kala?

I ka waiho ʻana, ua nīnau ʻia ʻo Murphey e pili ana i kahi palapala Monsanto kūloko o Iulai 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo "IARC Follow Up" i kuhikuhi i kahi pahuhopu e "hōʻole ʻole i ka pilina o IARC" a "pale i ke kūʻokoʻa e hana" (FTO). Ua nīnau ʻia ʻo ia e pili ana i nā hana he nui i hana ʻia e hōʻemi a hōʻino paha i ka hana a IARC i kau ʻia i loko o kēlā a me nā kamaʻilio kūloko o Monsanto. Hoʻololi hou ʻia nā ʻaoʻao he nui o ka waihona, no ke kauoha a ka ʻaha, no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke ʻike i nā mea āpau i ʻōlelo ʻia e Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana. Akā eia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o ka mea i kūkākūkā ʻia.

  • Ke hoʻonui nei i ka memo pro-glyphosate / Roundup ma o nā “ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu.” ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻaoʻao i waho e parrot iā Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana i nā manaʻo he ʻatikala i hōʻike ʻia ma ka papahana hāʻawi kōkua Forbes i kākau ʻia e Henry Miller, ʻo ia kekahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution ma ke Kulanui ʻo Stanford.  Nā palapala Monsanto kūloko e hōʻike i ka ʻāpana e hoʻopiʻi ana iā IARC i wae maoli ʻia e Monsanto a hoʻouna ʻia iā Miller me kahi noi nona e hoʻopuka i nā kumuwaiwai.
  • Nā maneuvers Op-Ed ʻē aʻe. Ma mua o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻana o ka IARC, ua kūkākūkā ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Dan Goldstein i ʻelima mau "mana koho Op Ops" ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua kākau ʻo ia no "nā lāʻau ʻimi lāʻau lapaʻau e hana mai" i hoʻopili ʻia me "nā paukū e pili ana i ka hoʻohewa iā IARC." E leka uila ana ʻo Goldstein i nā ʻatikala manaʻo manaʻo i nā kauka a me nā ʻepekema me ka lana o ka manaʻo e lawe lākou i nā kahakaha e like me kā lākou iho a e paʻi ʻia, hōʻike ʻia nā moʻolelo. Loaʻa ʻo Monsanto e "hoʻohui i nā mana Op Op" e like me ka mea e pono ai, i ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana.
  • "E haʻalele i kahi mea". Wahi a Murphey, ua komo ka papahana i ka "nānā pono ʻana i ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpāho" me ka nānā ʻana i ka European Union. "He nui nā mākeke i loaʻa iā mākou - ke hoʻonohonoho mua nei mākou," i ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey. Ua kāhea ka papahana no ka nānā ʻana i nā moʻolelo a me ka hoʻokalakupua ʻana a i ʻole ka hae ʻana i nā mea i loaʻa i ka mea a Monsanto i ʻike ai he ʻike kūpono ʻole a i ʻole ka hōʻike hewa e pili ana i ka ʻoihana a i kāna huahana, a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo i komo ʻole ka kuanaʻike a ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana. A laila e hoʻokau ʻia kekahi e alualu me kēlā poʻe nūpepa, "e kāhea ikaika ana i nā mea kūkala nūhou i kēlā mau manawa, e kaʻana like i kahi ʻōlelo, e hoʻolako i kahi pōʻaiapili hou aʻe, a e paipai i kēlā poʻe kūkala nūhou e kāhea iā mākou i ka wā e hiki mai ana," wahi a Murphey.
  • Ke hōʻoia nei i kahi mea haʻi moʻolelo Reuters e kākau i kahi moʻolelo e hoʻohaʻahaʻa ana i ka pono o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o IARC kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe o kā Murphey hana. Ua hōʻike nā leka uila mai loko mai o Monsanto ua hoʻouna ʻo Murphey i kahi paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio a me kahi moʻolelo i manaʻo ʻia i ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland e noi ana iā ia e kākau i kahi moʻolelo i hoʻopiʻi ai iā Aaron Blair, ʻo ia ka luna o ka hui hana IARC ma glyphosate, no ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻike e hoʻololi ai i ka hopena o ka IARC ma glyphosate. Ua haʻi ʻo Murphey iā Kelland i kahi leka uila o ʻApelila 2017 ʻo ia ka "ʻike koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi e pono e hōʻike." Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia iā ia e mālama i ka ʻike i hoʻouna ʻia iā ia ma ke ʻano he “background,” ʻo ia hoʻi ʻaʻole ʻo ia e ʻōlelo ua loaʻa iā ia ka manaʻo moʻolelo a me nā mea mai Monsanto. Kākau ʻo Kelland ka moʻolelo a Monsanto e makemake ai. Ua hōʻike kahi deposition o Aaron Blair i nā hoʻopiʻi i waiho ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo he wahaheʻe, akā ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i kahi kope o ka deposition me kāna moʻolelo. Ua hoʻolaha ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana kemika a me nā hoʻolaha Google a ua kiʻi ʻia a hana hou ʻia e nā pāpāho a puni ka honua. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana ʻaʻole ia i kau i ke kaomi nui ma luna o Kelland, a ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto he kūpono a koʻikoʻi ka moʻolelo. "I ka manawa i hāʻawi ai au i ka ʻike mua iā - iā Ms. Kelland, ua noa ʻo ia e hana me kēlā ʻike i ka mea āna i ʻike ai he kūpono," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "A ʻo ka hoʻoholo e nānā i kahi moʻolelo a i ka hopena - e paʻi ka hopena ʻo ia kāna hoʻoholo, a ʻo ka hoʻoholo a kāna mea hoʻoponopono ma Reuters."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey ʻaʻohe mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā hana a Monsanto i hana ai ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka manaʻo IARC. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e pili ana ka hoʻolālā o ka ʻoihana me ka "hana pū ʻana me nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hāʻawi i ka ʻike, kaʻana like i nā helu kamaʻilio, a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe" a me "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpāho, e hōʻoia i ke kaulike a me ka pololei, a me ka pōʻaiapili kūpono a me ke kuanaʻike i ka ʻepekema i - i kā lākou uhi o - o kā mākou huahana. "

"I ko mākou neʻe ʻana i mua, ma hope o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC, hou, ua kūleʻa nui mākou i loko
ke komo pū ʻana me nā hui mahiʻai, ke komo pū ʻana me nā mea kūkala nūhou, ke komo ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu, e kaʻana like - e kaʻana like i ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana, "wahi a Murphey i ka waiho kālā "ʻO mākou - ʻike ʻoe, ua mālama mākou i kā mākou - mālama mākou i nā hui mahiʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ʻike. Ua hauʻoli mākou i ka nui o lākou e hoʻomau i ka haʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka mea a lākou i ʻike ai he papa kūpono ʻole. Akā ʻo Monsanto mau loa, hou, e hele wale wau - pololei loa i ka kaʻana like ʻana i kā mākou mau manaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻohālikelike. "

ʻO Jay Byrne: E hālāwai me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

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ʻO ka Luna Hoʻokele mua o Monsanto o ka ʻOihana Kōlepa ʻo Jay Byrne, pelekikena o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu v-Kaaha, he mea hoʻokani kī i ka hūnā hoʻolaha a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, hōʻike i ke ʻano o nā hana hoʻopunipuni a Byrne a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana nei e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides GMO.

Hōʻike nā hiʻohiʻona ma aneʻi i kekahi o nā ala e neʻe nei nā ʻoihana i kā lākou leka uila i ke kahua ākea mai hope o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo kūpaʻa ʻole, nā mea kōkua aupuni a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me nā ʻoihana a i kā lākou mau kākāʻōlelo PR.

Nā mea kūʻai aku: ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe, mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau 

Na Byrne's papa inoa mea kūʻai aku ua hui pū me kahi laulā o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui ʻoihana, e like me ka American Chemistry Council, Syngenta, AstraZeneca, Monsanto, Pfizer, ka American Farm Bureau, National Corn Growers Association, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Rohm & Haas a me ka pesticide ʻoihana. hui kālepa CropLife.

ʻO ka International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ka mea e hoʻolaha ana i ka genetically engineered "Golden Rice," he mea kūʻai aku kekahi. ʻO Byrne ua hoʻokani i ka hana PR e hoʻouka iā Greenpeace a me nā mea hoʻohewa ʻē aʻe o ka laiki GMO. E ʻike pū i ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana UCSF no nā mea he nui nā palapala e pili ana iā IRRI.

ʻO ka hui mua mua i kālua ʻia e hoʻouka aku i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO kahi papahana nui o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times, ʻo ia ke kau i nā polopeka "pāpale keʻokeʻo" e hakakā i ka PR o ka ʻoihana a me nā hakakā lobbying ma hope o ka uhi o ka "gloss o ke kūlike ʻole a me ke kaupaona o ka mana i hele mai me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa."

I Malaki 2010, ʻo Byrne a me ke Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Bruce Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo "Academics Review" i hiki ke ʻumeʻume i nā makana mai nā ʻoihana ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo i ka Center for Consumer Freedom (kahi hui i mua e holo ʻia e ka mea kaulana ʻole ʻo propaganda kanaka ʻo Rick Berman), ka mea "i hoʻolilo kālā i kēia i ka loa; a manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā kāua. " Ua wehewehe ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" me nā pahuhopu "hiki iā lākou ke hele ma hope. Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Kauka Chassy:

ʻO kēlā mau hui āpau, nā poʻe a me nā kumuhana kumuhana "ke ʻano o ke kālā no ke ʻano o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi," i kākau ai ʻo Byrne. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he pelekikena hope ma mua no ka hui ʻoihana biotech BIO, hiki ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" no nā kālaiʻike.

Ma November 2010, Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy Eia hou, "He mea maikaʻi ia e kiʻi i ka pae hou o ka hana ma Academics Review e hele nei - loaʻa iā mākou kahi lohi o ka hapaha mua e piʻi mai ana i ka 2011 inā mau ka ʻoihana." Hāʻawi ʻo Byrne e “hoʻonohonoho i kekahi manawa no ka huli ʻana o ka ʻenekini pro bono” no kāna hui e kūʻē i ka mana o ka mea loiloi GMO ma ka pūnaewele. Ua hoʻopau ʻo Byrne i ka leka uila, "E like me nā manawa mau, makemake e ʻike i ke kumuhana aʻe (a me ke kākoʻo) e hoʻonui i kēia hiki ke hiki."

I ka 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he kālepa hoʻopunipuni; i loko o kāna mau mea kūʻai aku ponoʻī no ka hōʻike, ua koi ʻo Academics Review e kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

"Nā papahana US-GLP-Byrne US" e hoʻohuli i nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kā Byrne lobbying a me nā hana PR no ka GMO a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hoʻopili i nā helu he nui me ka hana o ʻO Jon Entine, kahi kī ʻē aʻe i nā hana pale pale ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Entine i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 2011 i ka wā a Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku o kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. (ʻO Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics i papa inoa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma kāna pūnaewele ma 2010, 2011, 2012 a hiki i Ianuali 2013, e like me nā waihona pūnaewele i loaʻa ma ka pūnaewele.)

I Dekemaba 2013, Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Max T. Holtzman, ʻo ia ka mea i lilo i hope ma lalo o ka ʻaoʻao ma lalo o ka US Department of Agriculture, e noi e hana pū i kahi moʻo o nā mea āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "US government-GLP-Byrne project" e paipai iā GMOs. Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Holtzman:

Noi a Entine i noi ʻiaʻO ke aupuni US-GLP-Byrne"I loko o nā papahana he" Boot Camp and Response Swat Team "e hoʻomākaukau i nā kānaka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no ka" hiki ʻana i ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ka lepili ʻana i ka [GMO] a me nā pilikia e pili pū ana, "kahi" conclave journalism "e hoʻoikaika i ka pāpāho e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai a" hāʻawi i ke aʻo i ka poʻe nūpepa ʻōpio, "kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i ka ʻae ʻana i ka biotechnology, a me nā ʻikepili pūnaewele lehulehu a me nā wahi mai nā kumuwaiwai hilinaʻi" e hoʻoikaika ana i nā poʻomanaʻo "me nā ʻāpana a me nā kiʻi i loaʻa ma nā pūnaewele aupuni o US, GLP a me nā anuu ʻē aʻe."

Pane maila ʻo Holtzman, “Mahalo iā Jon. Nui ka hui pū ʻana me ʻoe. Manaʻo wau e hāʻawi ana kāu outline ma lalo i nā kiko kuʻina maoli kahi e hoʻohana pono ai ka leka uila usda / USG a me kāu mau hoʻoikaika ʻana. Makemake wau e hana hou a hoʻopili i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ma usda ʻaʻole wale mai nā wahi loea / kālepa akā mai kā mākou hale kūʻai kamaʻilio pū kekahi. "

Kākoʻo kālā ʻia ka poʻe ʻauhau, nā wikiō kaulike a Monsanto e hāpai i nā GMO

Kākoʻo ʻia kahi pūʻulu ʻauhau ʻauhau Videos i hana ʻia ma 2012 e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ke kāohi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻenehana a me nā kula i ka leka uila. Ua kōkua ʻo Byrne's PR firm v-Fluence i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā wikiō i "hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻike ʻia i kahi waihona haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ka amateurish," e like me ka leka uila mai ke Kulanui o ʻInikia ʻo Professor Bruce Chassy.

ʻO Kauka Chassy Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā limahana o Monsanto ma ka lā 27 ʻApelila 2012:

Ua pane ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs:

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Sachs e kōkua me ka leka ʻana i nā wikiō e hiki mai ana ma o ka kaʻana like ʻana i nā hopena o nā hoʻokolohua pūʻulu e kia ana. Ua kono ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Sachs e hāʻawi i nā manaʻo no nā kumuhana wikiō e hiki mai ana a noi iā ia e hoʻouna pū i nā hopena o ka hui o Monsanto.

E hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua kōkua ʻo Byrne iā Jon Entine e hoʻonohonoho i ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai a hui pū ʻia e nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, ʻO ka Entine's Genetic Literacy Project a ʻO kā Bruce Chassy hōʻike loiloi. Ua kuhi hewa nā mea hoʻonohonoho i ka waihona kālā no nā hanana e like me ka mea i loaʻa mai i ka huikau o nā kumu kula, aupuni a me nā ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻo ke kumu waiwai o ke kālā wale nō i hiki ke huli ʻia, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker. ʻO ke kumu o nā kahua hoʻomoana, ʻo Thacker ka mea i hōʻike ʻia, "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

ʻO Byrne ma ka hui hoʻonohonoho, me Cami Ryan (e hana nei no Monsanto) a me Bruce Chassy (ke loaʻa nei kālā mai Monsanto ʻaʻole i hōʻike ākea ʻia), e like me nā leka uila mai Hoʻohui a Ryan.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Bonus Eventus: ke keʻena o ka pāhana pāʻina kaiāulu o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Hāʻawi kahi lawelawe nui a Byrne i nā hana hoʻoholomua ahupuaʻa ʻo kāna "Bonus Eventus kaiāulu" e hoʻolako i nā mea kālaiʻike a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe me nā wahi kamaʻilio a me nā manawa hoʻolaha. Kūloko palapala (ʻaoʻao 9) e wehewehe iā Bonus Eventus ma ke ʻano he "portal pūnaewele pilikino pilikino e lawelawe ana ma ke ʻano he kamaʻilio kamaʻilio no nā ʻepekema noʻonoʻo i ka mahiʻai, nā mea hana kulekele a me nā mea kuleana ʻē aʻe." Loaʻa i nā lālā nā nūpepa ʻo Byrne, a me ke komo ʻana i kāna waihona waihona kūmole o nā kumuhana agribusiness, "database stakeholder" o nā poʻe koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a me nā hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ke kākoʻo no ka hana kaiaulu.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā laʻana o ka nūpepa i kēia ahu hoʻokoe o nā leka uila mai Byrne a Peter Phillips, he Kulanui o Saskatchewan polopeka ʻo ia hoʻohewa ʻia e nā hoa hana no kona pili pili iā Monsanto. Ma ka nūpepa Nov. 7, 2016, ua koi aku ʻo Byrne iā Phillips a me nā mea loaʻa ʻē aʻe e kaʻana like i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā "hemahema a me nā haʻalele" i loko o kahi New York Times moʻolelo ka mea i hōʻike e pili ana i ka maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻonui i nā hua a hoʻemi i nā pesticides, a me nā nīnau e piʻi ana i mua i kahi hui ʻepekema o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nāna i hōʻike he glyphosate kahi kino kanaka kino paha - kākau leka e kūlike me ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. (E nānā pū i kā mākou pepa pono ma Peter Phillip's 'ōlelo huna "kuleana ʻike"

Ua koi aku ʻo Byrne i ke kaiāulu Bonus Eventus e kaʻana i ka ʻike ma kēia mau kumuhana mai nā mea kākau i pili i ka ʻoihana, e like me ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Kauka Henry Miller, Kavin Senapathy, ʻO Sci Babe a Lākana Hank o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto ka uku ʻana e kōkua i ka hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. I ka 2017, ua holoi ʻo Forbes i nā ʻatikala he nui e Dr. Miller - me nā mea i kākau pū ʻia me ia Kelly, Senapathy a ʻO Byrne - ma hope o ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times ua hoʻopuka ʻo Kauka Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto.

ʻO Gatekeeper no ka hoʻouka kaua ma Greenpeace

I ka wā i kāhea aku ai kahi hui laureates Nobel iā Greenpeace e hoʻōki i ke kūʻē ʻana i ka raiki ʻenekini, ua like ia me kahi hana kūʻokoʻa. Akā ma hope o ka pale o nā ʻike kupaianaha nā lima kōkua o ʻelua mau mea pāʻani nui i ka lobby PR ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo Jay Byrne a he lālā o ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project. ʻO Byrne kau ʻia ma ka puka ma kahi hanana ʻo 2016 Press Press Club e hoʻolaha ana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision. ʻO ka mana .com o kēlā pūnaewele i hoʻohuli ʻia i mau makahiki i ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua e holo nei me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka hōʻike ʻole i kēlā mau pilina. 

No laila ʻo wai i uku no ka hanana paʻi anti-Greenpeace? ʻO Sir Richard Roberts, kahi meaolaola nāna i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia i kahi leka laureate Nobel, ua wehewehe i ka backstory i kahi FAQ ma ka pūnaewele: ʻo ka "hoʻouka kaua he pipiʻi loa ia," i kākau ʻo ia, ʻo ia ka hapa nui o kāna uku i uku ʻia e kāna haku ʻo New England Biolabs a me "nā lilo o waho o ka ʻeke" i uku ʻia e Matt Winkler. ʻO Winkler, ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna o ka hui biotech ʻo Asuragen, he mea leʻaleʻa hoʻi ia ka lālā o ka papa o Genetic Literacy Project, e like me ka pūnaewele o ka hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo Roberts ua ʻimi ʻo Winkler i kahi hoa, ʻo Val Giddings, "(ka ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua) nāna "i ʻōlelo iā Jay Byrne" (ka luna kamaʻilio mua o Monsanto) nāna i hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo loiloi pro bono no ka hanana paʻi.

Ua kōkua pū ʻo Byrne lāua ʻo Giddings i ka orchestrate i ka loiloi ʻia e ka Academics Review, kahi hui mua a lākou i hoʻonohonoho ai e kūʻokoʻa i ka lawelawe ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e ʻumeʻume kālā kālā no ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā loiloi o nā huahana ag-biotech. nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. I nā leka uila, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Byrne i kapa ʻia ʻo Greenpeace ma ka ʻO ka papa inoa "target" āna e hōʻuluʻulu nei no Monsanto. ʻO kekahi o Byrne's nā mea mālama mai ʻo ia ka International Rice Research Institute, ka hui ʻoihana nui e hoʻāʻo nei e kālepa aku iā GMO Golden Rice, ʻo ia ka mea nui o ka faitio Greenpeace. Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi a Glenn Davis Stone o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ma St. nā haʻawina haʻahaʻa a me nā pilikia ʻenehana ua paʻa i ka Rice Gula, ʻaʻole ke kūʻē mai nā hui kaiapuni.

I loko o kāna FAQ, ua kāpae ʻo Kauka Roberts i kā Dr. Stone ʻimi noiʻi kūʻokoʻa ʻana ma ke ʻano he "ʻaʻole he hōʻike pololei no ka mokuʻāina o nā hihia," a kuhikuhi ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai PR e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kamaʻāina i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka nūpepa Bonus Eventus o Byrne. ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Henry Miller a Nānā ʻImi. Ua hana ʻia ka hanana paʻi ma kahi manawa politika koʻikoʻi, a ua kōkua i kahi kōkua moʻolelo i ka Wakinekona Post, hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka koho ʻana o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā i nā mokuʻāina mai ka lepili ʻana i nā GMO.

I Ianuali 2019, ua hoʻohuli ʻia ka mana .com o ke kākoʻo Precision Agriculture i ka Genetic Literacy Project. I loko o kāna FAQ, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ʻaʻohe ona pilina me GLP a ʻōlelo ʻo ia "he kanaka ʻike ʻole ʻia" i kūʻai i ka inoa like i loko o kahi "hoʻāʻo maopopo" e hoʻopili iā ia iā GLP. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he laʻana kēia "ʻo nā hana hoʻopunipuni a ka poʻe kūʻē he palena ʻole."
(Ua hoʻopau ʻole ʻia ka hoʻohuli i kekahi manawa ma hope o ke ola ʻana o kēia kūlana.)

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Weaponizing i ka pūnaewele me nā kānaka hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele

Ke hōʻike nei no Ke Kahu i 2002, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i kahi hana huna hūnā e hoʻohana ʻia ana e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR no nā makahiki he nui e paipai a pale aku i kā lākou huahana: ka hana ʻana i nā pilikino hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni e hoʻopau ai i nā mea loiloi a hoʻohuli i nā hopena huli pūnaewele.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot i nā "kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni" (ka poʻe ʻaʻole maoli) "e hoʻopahū nei i nā papa inoa pūnaewele me nā leka e hōʻino ana i nā ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hua GM" - a ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia nā kamaʻāina wahaheʻe i ko Monsanto PR PR Bivings.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Monbiot i kā Jay Byrne pili ʻana i nā Bivings:

"E noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papaʻaina ... e make paha kekahi."

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o ka hana ʻana, nā pae GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekia huli pūnaewele i mea hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ua kākoʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. ' ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele Wow 'hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo' i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana e loaʻa i nā pāʻani kūpono '. ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele kahi a [kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni] Smetacek i hoʻouka i kāna hoʻolālā. "

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Nā mea hou aʻe mai Jay Byrne

A Hōʻike Mana Mana 2013 hōʻike i ke kuleana a Byrne e pāʻani ai no kāna mea kūʻai aku ma ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau kumumanaʻo e pili ana i nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiaola, hoʻonohonoho i ko lākou mana ma ka pūnaewele a koi i nā ʻoihana e hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou kumuwaiwai e kūʻē iā lākou, i mea e hōʻalo ai i nā "kaohi a me nā kaohi o ka mākeke."

The 2006 buke "E ʻai lākou i ka mālama pono," i paʻi ʻia e ka Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a hoʻoponopono ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻO ka mea lawelawe PR ʻo Jon Entine, loaʻa kahi mokuna e Byrne i kapa ʻia, "Deconstructing the Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

He lālā ʻo Byrne o "AgBioChatter," a papa inoa leka uila pilikino ʻO nā limahana limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea aʻoaʻo a me nā kālaiʻike i hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know hōʻike iā Byrne e paipai nei i nā lālā o AgBioChatter e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka poʻe a me nā hui i kūhewa i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO kahi hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo AgBioChatter ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi Ua hoʻolālā ʻo "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Monsanto e komo e kōkua i ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i glyphosate.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻOihana kiʻekiʻe no ka Agrichemical ʻoihana

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ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he mea nui i ka hana ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻē i ka ʻike transparency a me ka palekana no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know a kau ʻia i ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika kuhikuhi ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua a hoʻokani i ke kī ma hope o nā hanana i nā hana ʻē aʻe e kāpae i ka papa hana deregulatory o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO Kauka Giddings kahi pelekikena pelekikena ma ka ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), kahi hui kālepa no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaola. I kēia manawa ke holo nei ʻo ia i ke keʻena kūkā ʻo PrometheusAB, a he hoa nui ʻo ia ma ka Technology Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

He pahu noʻonoʻo ʻo ITIF i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole, telecom, kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā ʻoihana biotech, i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia no ke kūʻē nei i ka “neutrality net"A ke hāpai nei i ka papahana o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. ʻO ka hui neʻe i ka biotechnology i ka 2011 me Dr. Giddings. ʻO nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e lawelawe nei ma ke ʻano he "noho noho hanohano" o ITIF, me US Reps Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Darrell Issa (R-CA) a me nā Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT) a ʻO Chris Coons (D-DE), ʻike ʻia ke kākoʻo a kōkua ʻana i nā hana paka i hoʻohana ʻia e Kauka Giddings e holomua i nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kuke ʻia i mua ka pūʻulu ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana he kuleana nui ʻo Dr. Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua i koi wahaheʻe he kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e lawe ana i nā kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai a e hoʻāʻo nei e hūnā i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā kī ʻē aʻe ʻO Jay Byrne, he luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui ma Monsanto; Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign; a ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ka luna o ke kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Monsanto.

Kuhi wahaheʻe nā kālaiʻike nā koi ma kāna pūnaewele ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i ke kālā ʻoihana a i ʻole noi i nā kālā no nā hana kikoʻī. akā e like me nā palapala ʻauhau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā no ka Review Academics mai ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua. BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont a me Syngenta / ChemChina.

Ka papa kuhikuhi o nā hanana nui no ka Nānā ʻInikino:

Malaki 11, 2010: ʻO Byrne lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Review Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻokumu i nā loiloi o GMO a me nā pesticides me ke kōkua mai a Dr. Giddings. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne hiki iā lāua a me Kauka Giddings ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana i ka papahana "i ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a pēlā ka waiwai) o nā mea hāʻawi / nā mea nona mua ..." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomohala ana ʻo ia no Monsanto kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻokau:

Malaki 24, 2010:  ʻO Kauka Chassy ee ka Pūnaewele Nānā Manaʻo me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo poʻokela ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia, me nā kāne ʻelua i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he puʻukū.

Nūpepa 23, 2010: Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui ʻoihana paha "pony i luna" no ka Academics Review e hōʻole he pepa nāna i hoʻohalahala i ka soy.

  • "Makemake wau e hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi kākoʻo mahalo iā ia," i kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Dr. Chassy.
  • Pane akula ʻo Chassy ma kahi ʻāpana, "Pili au i ka makemake o kā mākou mau hoaaloha ma Monsanto e kākau i ka mea hōʻole a uku mai iā mākou e kau."
  • Ua kākau ʻo Giddings, "manaʻo wau e mākaukau paha ka poʻe soybean e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i kahi ʻāpana e kākau inoa i kahi rebuttal ... Inā hana mākou i kēia kūpono hiki iā mākou ke leverage i ka Brand AcaRev ma aneʻi."

I hoʻokahi pule ma hope, Ua nīnau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs inā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i ka pepa soy, a haʻi iā Sachs: "E hoʻokipa ana ka Papa Soybean a US i kahi noi mai aʻu a me Graham Brookes e pane i ka ʻāpana." (Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha i kau ʻia a pane mai Chassy a me Brookes ma 2012 me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i nā mea kālā.)

Nūpepa 30, 2010: Ma ke kūkaʻi leka uila ʻana me Kauka Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto hiki iā ia ke kōkua i ka hoʻoikaika i ka pesticide a me GMO. nā hui kālepa ʻoihana e kākoʻo i ka Review Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Sachs.

ʻAukake 2011: Waiho mai o Kauka Giddings he noi i ka ʻO ka hui kālepa kālepa i hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻoihana mahiʻai CBI no ka papahana: "ʻo ka mea a mākou e hana ai i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, he hana pololei ia o ke kākoʻo a mākou e hāpai ai," i kākau ʻo ia i ka Luna Hoʻokele CBI ʻo Ariel Gruswich, i kahi leka uila i kope ʻia iā Dr. Chassy a me ka ʻohana. Ua koi aku ʻo Gruswich i nā kāne e hui pū i kā lākou kelepona ʻana me kāna hui: "Manaʻo maoli wau ʻo ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai iā ʻoukou āpau e hoʻonui ai i ka likelika o ke kākoʻo ma waena o nā ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka CBI i hāʻawi kālā ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Review Academics $ 650,000 mai 2014 i 2016 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻepekema."

ʻApelila 2014: Ua paʻi ʻia kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua nei i ka ʻoihana meaola ma ke ʻano he scam marketing, a i koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi. E nānā: “Ua loaʻa nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua a pau i ka meaʻai meaola, ” na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post

ʻO nā ʻepekema hoʻomaʻamaʻa i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana, nā mea nūpepa pehea e wili ai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides  

Ma kahi o $ 300,000 o ke kālā ʻoihana kemika i kōkua ai ʻo Dr. Giddings e hōʻiliʻili no ka Academics Review e uku no ʻelua mau ʻaha kūkā i kapa ʻia ʻo Nā kahua hoʻomoana "Biotech Literacy Project", i mālama ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida i 2014 a ʻO UC Davis i ka 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Nā kahua hoʻomoana - i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a me kahi hui o mua ʻoihana,  Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hoʻomaʻamaʻa nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e refame i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

E nānā: “Ke haki nei no nā GMO: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā Media maikaʻi - a me nā Crourism Discourages, "Na Paul Thacker, ʻO ka holomua

Deregulate GMOs: "puhi i ka mea āpau mea i luna"

I nā leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 2015, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings me kekahi mau kālaiʻike i kahi hoʻolālā e kākau ʻelima mau puke pai e paio nei no ka pono o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ʻoihana biotech. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings e pono e hopu i nā pepa, "ka mea aʻu e kapa aku ai iā Henry's" Blow the all damn thing up "hoʻopaʻapaʻa, kahi hihia aʻu e manaʻo nei e hana ʻia." Ua wehewehe ʻo Polopeka loio ʻo University of Arizona ʻo Gary Marchant, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka pānaʻi leka uila, "ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka pepa 1 ka mea e pohā ai ke kumuhana āpau."

ʻO Alan McHughen, he mea aʻo ʻāpana lehulehu ma UC Riverside a "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pāʻoihana marketing marketing Nā pane a GMO, hāʻawi ʻia e kākau i ka pepa 1. ʻO Henry Miller, MD, 'ōleloʻo ia hiki iā ia ke kōkua akā ua nui loa kāna papa i mea kākau mua. (I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua kau ʻo Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ia ka New York Times i hōʻikeʻia ma hope ua kau ʻia e Ghostanto.)

ʻO kekahi poʻe i kope ʻia ma ka leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa puke pai ʻO Drew Kershen o ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai; ʻO Guy Cardineau, ʻO Yvonne Stevens a ʻO Lauren Burkhart o ke Kulanui Moku'āina ʻo ʻAlikona; ʻO Steven Strauss o ke Kulanui ʻo Oregon State; ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida; ʻO Shane Morris o Nā Kūlana Kūlana Kanada; ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; ʻO Joanna Saksona o ke Kula Kanawai Komohana o Kaleponi; a ʻO Thomas Reddick o ka Global Environmental Ethics Council.

ʻO ka leka uila ʻepekema hoʻohui e kūʻē iā Seralini hoʻopaʻa

I Kepakemapa 2012, ʻo Kauka Giddings hoʻohui i kahi leka ʻepekema ʻepekema e koi ana iā Wallace Hayes, ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, e noʻonoʻo hou i kahi pepa Kepakemapa 2012 e ka mea noiʻi Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini nāna i hōʻike i nā tumors i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka papaʻai o ka palaoa GM kolamu Roundup-tolerant. Ua huki ʻia ka pepa i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope a paʻi hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.

I mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka hōʻailona ma ka leka, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Giddings iā AgBioChatter - kahi papa inoa pilikino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me kā lākou mau hana PR. hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO kekahi polofesa i kau inoa i ka leka, ʻo Chris Leaver, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia "e hana ana ma hope o nā hōʻike ma o Sense About Science" e pili ana i ka noi Séralini. ʻO Sense About Science kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi of ʻepekema wili no ka pono o nā pono ʻoihana.

Nā hōʻailona o ka palapala i Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino he ʻO Robert Wager, Alda Lerayer, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, Nīnau, ʻO Steve Strauss, ʻO Chris Leaver, ʻO Shanthu Shantharam, ʻO Ingo Potrykus, ʻO Marc Fellous, ʻO Moises Burachik, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, ʻO CS Prakash, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Kent Bradford, Selim Cetiner, Alan McHughen, ʻO Luis De Stefano-Beltrán, Bruce Chassy, Salbah Al-Momin, ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin, Klaus Ammann, Ronald Herring, Lucia de Souza.

Pili: “Nā leka uila i hoʻokumu ʻole ʻia: ua pili ʻo Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa GMO, " Retraction Watch

Kūkulu ʻia nā mea mahiʻai "mommy" maikaʻi e kau i nā GMO

I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me kahi lobbyist Monsanto e pili ana i ka pehea e lanakila ai i nā neʻe lepili ʻana o GMO ma Colorado a me Oregon i ka makahiki 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Giddings ʻo nā mea mahiʻai maikaʻi nā "mommy" maikaʻi nā ʻelele maikaʻi loa e hōʻalo i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia i nā genetically "ʻO ka mea e koi ai ke kūlana kahi lumi o nā kīwī kīwī e hōʻike nei i nā wahine ʻōpio maikaʻi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā mahiʻai mommy, e wehewehe nei no ke aha ʻo nā meaʻai biotech i ʻoi aku ka palekana & ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka mōʻaukala o ag a kūpono i ke kākoʻo, "ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Lisa Drake, ke alakaʻi a Monsanto no nā hana aupuni.

I Kepakemapa 2015 ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao New York Times moʻolelo, ʻekolu manawa lanakila ʻO Pulitzer Prize lanakila ʻO Eric Lipton i wehewehe i nā leka uila:

"In kēia hoʻolōʻihi leka uila, kekahi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻikei kiʻi ʻia e kōkua iā Monsanto e pahu i kāna nīnau no ka nīnau inā he ʻelele maikaʻi loa lākou. ʻ suggestlelo ʻelua e holo ʻo Monsanto i mau hoʻolaha kīwī e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai ma kahi. Pane ka loio loio Monsanto i ka hōʻike balota e hōʻike ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua holo mua ka ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha TV e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai wahine. ”

E nānā: “Ua kāinoa ʻoihana ʻoihana i nā mea kālaiʻike i ke kaua lepili GMO, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, ”Na Eric Lipton, Ka New York Times.

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

AgBioChatter: Kahi mau ʻoihana, Hoʻolālā Kālā Hoʻolālā i nā GMO, Pesticides

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ʻO AgBioChatter kahi papa inoa leka uila pilikino i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea kōkua e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO nā lālā papa inoa e pili ana i nā ʻenehana ʻoihana pro-ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu.

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi "Academics (AgBioChatter)" ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" ma ka papahana pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻokani pū kekahi mau kula ʻo AgBioChatter i nā kuleana nui i nā hui ʻē aʻe ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino i ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity, me Nā Pane GMO, Biofortified, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Nānā ʻImi a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

Ka Ike: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

ʻO nā leka uila AgBioChatter i hoʻopili ʻia ma lalo - me nā palapala ʻē aʻe i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike a ua hoʻokipa ʻia ma UCSF Pūnaewele ʻImiʻImi Mea Hana - hāʻawi i nā laʻana he nui e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana o nā pūʻulu ʻepekema a me nā hui ʻoihana i nā ala huna e kāpae i ka leka uila ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma waena o nā paepae like ʻole e hana i ka kānalua e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pilikia o ka pesticides a me GMO

Nā wahi pāpāho a puni ka honua ua hōʻike e pili ana i kēia mau hana ma hope o ke kahua e paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a kūʻē i nā kānāwai.

Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hana no ka transparency

Ua loaʻa iā US Right to Know kekahi mau leka uila AgBioChatter ma 2016 a me 2017 ma o kahi noi palapala lehulehu. I Iulai 2017, kuleana o US e ʻike hoʻopiʻi ʻia ke Kulanui o Florida no kāna hana ʻole e hoʻokuʻu i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu, e like me nā palapala mai ka AgBioChatter forum.

Ma Malaki 2018, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia kahi luna kānāwai o Florida i kēia hihia, e ʻōlelo ana ʻo nā leka uila ʻo AgBioChatter "he hana pilikino pilikino i hānau ʻia mai (Kevin Folta) ponoʻī ponoʻī" ʻaʻole ka ʻoihana kulanui lehulehu. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka ke alo o nā palapala.

Pākuʻi paʻi pili

  • ʻO ke keʻena o ka Press Foundation, "Pehea e hoʻopau ai nā ʻoihana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana iā lākou iho," na Camille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • Ka hua'ōlelo New York Times, "ʻOihana ʻĀina i Kākau ʻia i nā Haumāna i ke kaua inoa inoa ʻana o GMO, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton; a waihona leka uila, "Hana pū kekahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • Hoʻololi hou, "Ke hele nei kekahi mea iʻa ma waena o ke Kulanui o Florida a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai? He kuleana ko nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike, ”na Daniel Ross, Alternet (2/13/18)

ʻAoʻao papa inoa AgBioChatter

ka Loaʻa nā leka uila AgBioChatter ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina (142 ʻaoʻao) hōʻike i nā limahana ʻoihana a me nā limahana ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻohui i nā manaʻo e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā loiloi ʻoihana, a me ka pale ʻana i nā noi Freedom of Information Act no ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu.

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui o nā leka uila (a me ke kuleana o ka lālā papa inoa ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto) e ʻike i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻouka iā lākou. ʻO Mehmet Oz kekahi, Vandana Shiva, Don Huber, Consumers Union a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kekahi kumuhana ʻē aʻe i loko o nā leka uila AgBioChatter ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā noiʻi ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā GMO a me nā pesticides ma ke ʻano he "agenda-driven," ʻoiai nā noiʻi e hōʻike maikaʻi nei e pili ana i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai he "ʻepekema pro."

ʻOihana, ʻoihana hana pū kekahi 

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kēia lā ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu, nā kālaiʻike, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea kūkākūkā a me nā mea lawelawe PR i komo i ka papa inoa ʻo "Chatter".

ʻO nā mea i ʻike ʻia e helu ʻia ma lalo nei me kā lākou pili i kekahi Nā pūʻulu "hoa hana" inoa i loko o ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻokani i kahi ʻūlā kūʻē i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC. No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia mau pūʻulu, e ʻike i kā mākou pepa pono:

Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻia ma lalo nā pilina i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua e loaʻa kālā kālā i paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a hoʻouka i nā loiloi.

Hāʻawi nā loulou i ka waihona Genetic Literacy Project i kahi ʻano o ka leka maʻamau, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e kēia mau pūʻulu mua a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā loiloi, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka hana hewa a kūʻē i nā hana transparency.

Nā lālā papa inoa ʻo AgBioChatter 

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana aia nā poʻe aʻe ma ka papa inoa AgBioChatter e like me nā lā i nā leka uila.

Andrew Apel, ʻoihana ahupuaʻa kākāʻōlelo a me ka hoʻoponopono mua o ka nūhou ʻoihana biotech ʻo AgBiotech Reporter

ʻO Graham Brooks, ʻO ka Economist Economist, ʻo PG Economics Ltd, UK

ʻO Jay Byrne, ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto; pelekikena o v-Fluence Kūkaʻina ʻoihana pili lehulehu

Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, ʻO Professor Emeritus o ka palekana palekana a me nā ʻepekema Nutritional, Ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign

ʻO Jon Entine, Luna Hoʻokele o Genetic Literacy Project, Monsanto "hoa hana"

Kevin Folta, PhD, ʻO Polofesa a me Lunahoʻomalu, ʻOihana ʻepekema Hortikultural, University of Florida

ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, ʻoihana aʻoaʻo, ʻo VP mua o ka hui ʻoihana BIO

  • ʻ Seniorpio makua ma Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (kālā ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai)
  • Kōkua i ke kūkulu ʻana i ka Manaʻo ʻImiʻike e like me he hui mua o Monsanto
  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives

ʻO Andy Hedgecock, ʻO DuPont Pioneer ka luna mua o nā hana ʻepekema

ʻO Drew Kershen, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Kulanui o Oklahoma, Kulanui o ke Kānāwai

ʻO Marcel Kuntz, PhD, luna noiʻi ma CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, Palani 

  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives 

ʻO Chris Leaver, PhD, ʻO Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, Kulanui o Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻepekema a me nā kuleana hoʻoponopono

ʻO Robert McGregor, Luna Hoʻokele Kālā, ʻO Prince Edward ʻAilana, Kanada

ʻO Alan McHughen, PhD, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Kaleponi

ʻO Henry Miller, MD, hoa ma Hoover Institution, ke keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA ma mua

ʻO Vivian Moses, PhD, ʻO Diabetes a me Nutritional Science Division, King's College London

Piero Morandini, PhD, mea kōkua noiʻi, Kulanui o Milana

Wayne Parrott, PhD, ʻO Polofesa, Crop Breeding and Genetics, Kulanui o Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, Polofesa, Plant Genetics, Genomics a me Biotechnology College o nā mahi mahiʻai, nā hana kaiapuni a me nā meaʻai, Tuskegee University

ʻO Cami Ryan, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi ʻepekema ʻepekema, kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Kanada

ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi kaiapuni, pili kaiāulu a me ka hoʻokele waiwai

  • Nā Pane GMO Profile
  • Kōkua kau ʻia Nānā ʻImi ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi

ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, ʻO nā Genetics Animal a me Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis

Karl Haro von Mogel, PhD, ʻO Biofortified alakaʻi o ka ʻepekema a me ka media   

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.

Nānā Hou: ʻO ka hana ʻana i kahi hui ʻo Monsanto Front

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Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui 501 (c) nonprofit nonprofit i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 3, koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa akā ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know he hui mua ia i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto a me kāna hui pili lehulehu e hoʻouka i ka mahiʻai. ʻo nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e kūʻokoʻa ana.

e pili pū ana: Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kāna mau “ʻoihana ʻoihana, " Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project
"Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola, ”Na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2016)

ʻOihana kālā Covert Covert 

ʻO ka pūnaewele Review Review ho'ākāka i nā mea hoʻokumu iā "ʻElua polofesa kūʻokoʻa," Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign, a me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia. E like me Mei 2018, ka pūnaewele kuleana, "ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana."

Eia nō naʻe, hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Hoʻomaopopo Hou ʻana ʻo ia ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili ʻo Biotechnology, kahi hui kalepa ʻo ia kālā a holo ʻia e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa nui loa: BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta.

Wahi a nā moʻolelo ʻauhau CBI, ua hāʻawi ka pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka Academics Review he $ 650,000 i ka 2014 a 2015-2016. Hōʻike ʻauhau ʻauhau no AcademicsReview.org i nā lilo o $ 791,064 mai ka 2013-2016 (ʻike 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016). Hoʻolilo ʻia ke kālā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā ʻaha kūkā a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

ʻO Kauka Chassy kekahi mau makahiki e loaʻa kālā ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o kāna kulanui. ʻIke, “No ke aha i pono ʻole ai i kahi Kulanui o Ilinoi e hōʻike i kāna kālā GMO?”Na Monica Eng, WBEZ (Malaki 2016)

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ke kumu huna o ka hui mua o ka ʻike

Loaʻa nā leka uila e Pono ʻo US e ʻike ma o ka noi ʻana a ka mokuʻāina Freedom of information i hōʻike ʻia i ka hana o loko o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto, nā mea kōkua PR a me nā kālā kālā ʻoihana. Nā ʻike nui a me nā leka uila:

  • E like me ka 11 Malaki 2010 kaulahao leka uila, Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka loiloi Academics me ke kōkua o nā luna ʻo Monsanto me ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; a ʻO Val Giddings, VP mua o ka ʻoihana biotech hui kālepa BIO, ma ke ʻano he paepae e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs, he luna pili lehulehu ma Monsanto, e kōkua ʻo ia i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana o ka ʻenehana no ka Academics Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy ma Nowemapa 30, 2010.
  • Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo e like me ka like - akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o - kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo "Kauka ʻino»A ka "Mōʻī o nā hui mua ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i nā pono ʻoihana paka a me ka aila ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo ʻole. ʻO Berman's "'Center for Consumer Freedom' (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi aku i kēia i ka hopena loa; a ke manaʻo nei wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou, "kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy ma March 11, 2010.
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomōhala ana ʻo ia i "Papa inoa kūpono me nā pahuhopu" no Monsanto i loko o "nā hui pilikino, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana" i koʻikoʻi no ag-biotech e "manaʻo kālā no kahi hui o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi."
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Chassy ua makemake nui ʻo ia e hele ma hope o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. "Makemake au e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waena o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic," ua kākauʻo ia ma Malaki 2010. I ka 2014, hoʻouka kaua ʻo Academics Review i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika me a Hoike wahahee ka hana a nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ka inoa ʻo Review Academics ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana". 

ʻO ka loiloi ʻĀkekema he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" e like me ka pilikino Palapala Monsanto PR e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, hoʻolaha ʻo IARC ua loaʻa hoʻolaha ʻia glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "Carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka."

ʻO ka papa inoa palapala Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ka panel cancer. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Review Academics ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" me Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Biofortified, A me ka ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike papa inoa lawelawe.

ʻO kahi loiloi Academics Haawina i kākau ʻia ma Malaki 25, 2015 i koi ʻia ʻo "IARC glyphosate cancer cancer review failed on many front." Pili ka ʻatikala i ka ʻoihana i uku kālā ʻia Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na Henry Miller ʻo ia kau ʻia e Monsanto.

ʻO ka pilina o Bruce Chassy i ka ʻoihana a me nā hui mua

ʻO Professor Bruce Chassy, ​​ka mea hui pū o Academics Review a me ka pelekikena o ka papa, i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ka pāpāho ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa ma GMO, ʻoiai ʻo ia e loaʻa ana nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto.

Ua loaʻa iā Chassy $ 57,000 i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma kahi o ʻelua mau makahiki mai Monsanto e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO, e like me WBEZ. Ua hōʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo i hoʻouna aku ʻo Monsanto ma kahi o $ 5.1 miliona ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

ʻO Chassy ma ka "Papa ʻEpekema ʻepekema a me nā Kūkā aʻoaʻo" o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe nāna ka huahana i pale aku. ʻO Chassy kekahi “ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa"No Nā Pane GMO, kahi pūnaewele kālepa no GMO a me nā pesticides i kālā kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Nā ʻatikala e pili ana i ka pili ʻoihana ʻo Bruce Chassy:

  • New York Times, "Nā ʻenehana i komo i loko o GMO Lobbying War, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton (9/5/2015)
  • Waihona leka uila o New York Times, "He Kulanui o Ilinoi Kumu Hoʻohui i ka hakakā," (9/5/2015)
  • WBEZ, "No ke aha i pono ʻole ai i kahi Polofesa ʻo Illinois e hōʻike i ke kālā GMO," na Monica Eng (3/15/2016)
  • ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, "Ke ukali nei i kahi ala leka uila: Pehea kahi Polokalamu Kulanui o ke Kulanui i laulima ai ma kahi Campaign PR Corporate," na Carey Gillam (1/29/2016)

ʻO David Tribe / Review Academics / Biofortified

ʻO David Tribe ka mea hui pū o ka Academics Review, hope pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha, a he loiloi ma ka hōʻike hōʻike 2014 Academics Review e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ola. He lālā ʻo Tribe kekahi o ka papa hoʻokele o ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., a i ʻole Biofortified, kahi hui kōkua ʻole e kōkua i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me ka lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu.

ʻO nā papahana Boot Camps Biotech i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana: hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻolaha i nā GMO 

ʻO ka Biotech Literacy Project boot camps kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kekahi pūʻulu mua pili like kēlā me Monsanto ma nā papahana pili lehulehu ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. Ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kahua hoʻomoana i nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa pehea hoʻolaha i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, a loaʻa i nā pahuhopu koʻikoʻi e kāpae i ka lepili GMO a kākoʻo i ka hae kākoʻo no nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo wahaheʻe nā luna hoʻomoana Boot i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema i ke kālā no nā Biotech Literacy Project boot camps i hele mai ke aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai kumuwaiwai, a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā ʻo ke kumuwaiwai loaʻa wale nō i hiki ke loaʻa ʻia mai nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a hōʻole nā ​​kumuwaiwai ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā hanana, Paul Thacker hōʻike i ʻO ka holomua.

"Hāʻawi ʻia mai iaʻu kahi $ 2,000 hoʻohanohano, a me nā lilo. Ua kākau wau i hope a nīnau i ka mea e hāʻawi i ka honorarium a haʻi ʻia wau he hui kālā ia mai UC Davis, USDA, kālā mokuʻāina, a me ka ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO). " (Mea kākau moʻolelo Brooke Borel, ʻEpekema Kaulana)

"Pono wau e akāka i mua e pili ana kā mākou kākoʻo mai BIO, USDA, mokuʻāina-USAID a me kekahi kālā hoʻokumu no laila ʻo ka ʻoihana ke kākoʻo. 100% mōakāka e pili ana i ke kākoʻo. ” (ka mea hoʻonoho hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Bruce Chassy leka uila i nā ʻepekema)

ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kalepa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company i hoʻolilo ʻia ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā kahua hoʻomoana ʻelua i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis a me ke Kulanui o Florida, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

'ōlelo ma ka 2015 Biotech Literacy Project boot camp i komo pū me nā luna ʻoihana biotech a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu, e like me ke poʻo mua o ka kamaʻilio ʻana o Monsanto. ʻO Jay Byrne (nāna i kōkua e hoʻonohonoho ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana), ʻo Hank Campbell o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a me Yvette dʻEntremont ka "SciBabe"; me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida, Pamela RonaldʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; a me nā mea nūpepa pū kekahi Keith Kloor a ʻO Brooke Borel.

More 'ikepili:

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.