ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

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ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. ʻO Entine kahi mea kākau nūpepa mua nāna e hōʻike iā ia iho he mana pahuhopu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia he PR lōʻihi lōʻihi me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO Origins ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto PR firm

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kakau i ka GeneticLiteracyProject.org kahua.

Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Entine i kēlā manawa e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a nā mea kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kaulike me nā kūlana ʻoihana o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hōʻino olakino. Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO STATS kahi “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A,”E like me ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. ʻO kāna hui makua, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA), ʻo ia uku ʻia e ka nunui paka ʻO Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 "e ʻokiʻoki i nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka puhipaka." He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA ma 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

ʻĪlio hoʻouka kaua a Monsanto 

Hoʻoweliweli pinepine ka papahana genetic literacy i nā ʻepekema, ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hōʻino iā Monsanto a i ʻole kāna huahana. Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻikema o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana hoʻokumu i nā hui ʻo Monsanto me Entine a me GLP ma nā papahana PR e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia kēia mau alu like ʻana.

A Hoʻolālā ʻo 2015 Monsanto PR inoa Genetic Literacy Project ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). ʻO kā Monsanto pahuhopu, e like me ka papahana PR: “pale i ka kaulana” o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma hope mai ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.

He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology. He kuleana nui ko Genetic Literacy Project i ko Monsanto mau hana "e luku i ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi i nā mea hiki," Le Monde i hōʻike.

I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

Nā pepa Pro GMO e nā polopeka

I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka. Ua hoʻokau a hoʻoponopono ʻo Monsanto i nā pepa, a hoʻonohonoho iā Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻolaha iā lākou. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa. ʻO ka firm PR CMA, i kapa hou ʻia i kēia manawa ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot. Holo pū ʻo ia i ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto, a ʻo ia pū kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.

Hoʻopili iā Syngenta a me ka hui mua o ka ʻoihana

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. Ke hōʻike nei e ʻO Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Kikowaena no Media a me ka Demokalaka hoʻokumu e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine. Ke ʻimi nei ʻo Syngenta i nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e kōkua i ka ʻoihana pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi kālā $ 100,000, "hoʻokaʻawale a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala aku nei," e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai ʻoluʻolu mea kūʻai" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, kahi hui mua i loaʻa ka hapa nui o kāna kālā mai ka pesticide ʻoihana hui kālepa, akā ua koi kūʻokoʻa lākou i ka ʻoihana.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hoʻolilo nā ʻoihana pesticide kiʻekiʻe ma luna o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka hui mua o Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015.

Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana e like me ka "hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema me nā "pono ​​hana a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

ʻO Jay Byrne: E hālāwai me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

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ʻO ka Luna Hoʻokele mua o Monsanto o ka ʻOihana Kōlepa ʻo Jay Byrne, pelekikena o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu v-Kaaha, he mea hoʻokani kī i ka hūnā hoʻolaha a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, hōʻike i ke ʻano o nā hana hoʻopunipuni a Byrne a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana nei e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides GMO.

Hōʻike nā hiʻohiʻona ma aneʻi i kekahi o nā ala e neʻe nei nā ʻoihana i kā lākou leka uila i ke kahua ākea mai hope o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo kūpaʻa ʻole, nā mea kōkua aupuni a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me nā ʻoihana a i kā lākou mau kākāʻōlelo PR.

Nā mea kūʻai aku: ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe, mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau 

Na Byrne's papa inoa mea kūʻai aku ua hui pū me kahi laulā o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui ʻoihana, e like me ka American Chemistry Council, Syngenta, AstraZeneca, Monsanto, Pfizer, ka American Farm Bureau, National Corn Growers Association, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Rohm & Haas a me ka pesticide ʻoihana. hui kālepa CropLife.

ʻO ka International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ka mea e hoʻolaha ana i ka genetically engineered "Golden Rice," he mea kūʻai aku kekahi. ʻO Byrne ua hoʻokani i ka hana PR e hoʻouka iā Greenpeace a me nā mea hoʻohewa ʻē aʻe o ka laiki GMO. E ʻike pū i ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana UCSF no nā mea he nui nā palapala e pili ana iā IRRI.

ʻO ka hui mua mua i kālua ʻia e hoʻouka aku i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO kahi papahana nui o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times, ʻo ia ke kau i nā polopeka "pāpale keʻokeʻo" e hakakā i ka PR o ka ʻoihana a me nā hakakā lobbying ma hope o ka uhi o ka "gloss o ke kūlike ʻole a me ke kaupaona o ka mana i hele mai me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa."

I Malaki 2010, ʻo Byrne a me ke Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Bruce Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo "Academics Review" i hiki ke ʻumeʻume i nā makana mai nā ʻoihana ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo i ka Center for Consumer Freedom (kahi hui i mua e holo ʻia e ka mea kaulana ʻole ʻo propaganda kanaka ʻo Rick Berman), ka mea "i hoʻolilo kālā i kēia i ka loa; a manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā kāua. " Ua wehewehe ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" me nā pahuhopu "hiki iā lākou ke hele ma hope. Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Kauka Chassy:

ʻO kēlā mau hui āpau, nā poʻe a me nā kumuhana kumuhana "ke ʻano o ke kālā no ke ʻano o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi," i kākau ai ʻo Byrne. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he pelekikena hope ma mua no ka hui ʻoihana biotech BIO, hiki ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" no nā kālaiʻike.

Ma November 2010, Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy Eia hou, "He mea maikaʻi ia e kiʻi i ka pae hou o ka hana ma Academics Review e hele nei - loaʻa iā mākou kahi lohi o ka hapaha mua e piʻi mai ana i ka 2011 inā mau ka ʻoihana." Hāʻawi ʻo Byrne e “hoʻonohonoho i kekahi manawa no ka huli ʻana o ka ʻenekini pro bono” no kāna hui e kūʻē i ka mana o ka mea loiloi GMO ma ka pūnaewele. Ua hoʻopau ʻo Byrne i ka leka uila, "E like me nā manawa mau, makemake e ʻike i ke kumuhana aʻe (a me ke kākoʻo) e hoʻonui i kēia hiki ke hiki."

I ka 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he kālepa hoʻopunipuni; i loko o kāna mau mea kūʻai aku ponoʻī no ka hōʻike, ua koi ʻo Academics Review e kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

"Nā papahana US-GLP-Byrne US" e hoʻohuli i nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kā Byrne lobbying a me nā hana PR no ka GMO a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hoʻopili i nā helu he nui me ka hana o ʻO Jon Entine, kahi kī ʻē aʻe i nā hana pale pale ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Entine i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 2011 i ka wā a Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku o kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. (ʻO Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics i papa inoa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma kāna pūnaewele ma 2010, 2011, 2012 a hiki i Ianuali 2013, e like me nā waihona pūnaewele i loaʻa ma ka pūnaewele.)

I Dekemaba 2013, Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Max T. Holtzman, ʻo ia ka mea i lilo i hope ma lalo o ka ʻaoʻao ma lalo o ka US Department of Agriculture, e noi e hana pū i kahi moʻo o nā mea āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "US government-GLP-Byrne project" e paipai iā GMOs. Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Holtzman:

Noi a Entine i noi ʻiaʻO ke aupuni US-GLP-Byrne"I loko o nā papahana he" Boot Camp and Response Swat Team "e hoʻomākaukau i nā kānaka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no ka" hiki ʻana i ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ka lepili ʻana i ka [GMO] a me nā pilikia e pili pū ana, "kahi" conclave journalism "e hoʻoikaika i ka pāpāho e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai a" hāʻawi i ke aʻo i ka poʻe nūpepa ʻōpio, "kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i ka ʻae ʻana i ka biotechnology, a me nā ʻikepili pūnaewele lehulehu a me nā wahi mai nā kumuwaiwai hilinaʻi" e hoʻoikaika ana i nā poʻomanaʻo "me nā ʻāpana a me nā kiʻi i loaʻa ma nā pūnaewele aupuni o US, GLP a me nā anuu ʻē aʻe."

Pane maila ʻo Holtzman, “Mahalo iā Jon. Nui ka hui pū ʻana me ʻoe. Manaʻo wau e hāʻawi ana kāu outline ma lalo i nā kiko kuʻina maoli kahi e hoʻohana pono ai ka leka uila usda / USG a me kāu mau hoʻoikaika ʻana. Makemake wau e hana hou a hoʻopili i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ma usda ʻaʻole wale mai nā wahi loea / kālepa akā mai kā mākou hale kūʻai kamaʻilio pū kekahi. "

Kākoʻo kālā ʻia ka poʻe ʻauhau, nā wikiō kaulike a Monsanto e hāpai i nā GMO

Kākoʻo ʻia kahi pūʻulu ʻauhau ʻauhau Videos i hana ʻia ma 2012 e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ke kāohi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻenehana a me nā kula i ka leka uila. Ua kōkua ʻo Byrne's PR firm v-Fluence i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā wikiō i "hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻike ʻia i kahi waihona haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ka amateurish," e like me ka leka uila mai ke Kulanui o ʻInikia ʻo Professor Bruce Chassy.

ʻO Kauka Chassy Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā limahana o Monsanto ma ka lā 27 ʻApelila 2012:

Ua pane ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs:

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Sachs e kōkua me ka leka ʻana i nā wikiō e hiki mai ana ma o ka kaʻana like ʻana i nā hopena o nā hoʻokolohua pūʻulu e kia ana. Ua kono ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Sachs e hāʻawi i nā manaʻo no nā kumuhana wikiō e hiki mai ana a noi iā ia e hoʻouna pū i nā hopena o ka hui o Monsanto.

E hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua kōkua ʻo Byrne iā Jon Entine e hoʻonohonoho i ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai a hui pū ʻia e nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, ʻO ka Entine's Genetic Literacy Project a ʻO kā Bruce Chassy hōʻike loiloi. Ua kuhi hewa nā mea hoʻonohonoho i ka waihona kālā no nā hanana e like me ka mea i loaʻa mai i ka huikau o nā kumu kula, aupuni a me nā ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻo ke kumu waiwai o ke kālā wale nō i hiki ke huli ʻia, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker. ʻO ke kumu o nā kahua hoʻomoana, ʻo Thacker ka mea i hōʻike ʻia, "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

ʻO Byrne ma ka hui hoʻonohonoho, me Cami Ryan (e hana nei no Monsanto) a me Bruce Chassy (ke loaʻa nei kālā mai Monsanto ʻaʻole i hōʻike ākea ʻia), e like me nā leka uila mai Hoʻohui a Ryan.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Bonus Eventus: ke keʻena o ka pāhana pāʻina kaiāulu o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Hāʻawi kahi lawelawe nui a Byrne i nā hana hoʻoholomua ahupuaʻa ʻo kāna "Bonus Eventus kaiāulu" e hoʻolako i nā mea kālaiʻike a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe me nā wahi kamaʻilio a me nā manawa hoʻolaha. Kūloko palapala (ʻaoʻao 9) e wehewehe iā Bonus Eventus ma ke ʻano he "portal pūnaewele pilikino pilikino e lawelawe ana ma ke ʻano he kamaʻilio kamaʻilio no nā ʻepekema noʻonoʻo i ka mahiʻai, nā mea hana kulekele a me nā mea kuleana ʻē aʻe." Loaʻa i nā lālā nā nūpepa ʻo Byrne, a me ke komo ʻana i kāna waihona waihona kūmole o nā kumuhana agribusiness, "database stakeholder" o nā poʻe koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a me nā hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ke kākoʻo no ka hana kaiaulu.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā laʻana o ka nūpepa i kēia ahu hoʻokoe o nā leka uila mai Byrne a Peter Phillips, he Kulanui o Saskatchewan polopeka ʻo ia hoʻohewa ʻia e nā hoa hana no kona pili pili iā Monsanto. Ma ka nūpepa Nov. 7, 2016, ua koi aku ʻo Byrne iā Phillips a me nā mea loaʻa ʻē aʻe e kaʻana like i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā "hemahema a me nā haʻalele" i loko o kahi New York Times moʻolelo ka mea i hōʻike e pili ana i ka maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻonui i nā hua a hoʻemi i nā pesticides, a me nā nīnau e piʻi ana i mua i kahi hui ʻepekema o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nāna i hōʻike he glyphosate kahi kino kanaka kino paha - kākau leka e kūlike me ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. (E nānā pū i kā mākou pepa pono ma Peter Phillip's 'ōlelo huna "kuleana ʻike"

Ua koi aku ʻo Byrne i ke kaiāulu Bonus Eventus e kaʻana i ka ʻike ma kēia mau kumuhana mai nā mea kākau i pili i ka ʻoihana, e like me ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Kauka Henry Miller, Kavin Senapathy, ʻO Sci Babe a Lākana Hank o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto ka uku ʻana e kōkua i ka hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. I ka 2017, ua holoi ʻo Forbes i nā ʻatikala he nui e Dr. Miller - me nā mea i kākau pū ʻia me ia Kelly, Senapathy a ʻO Byrne - ma hope o ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times ua hoʻopuka ʻo Kauka Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto.

ʻO Gatekeeper no ka hoʻouka kaua ma Greenpeace

I ka wā i kāhea aku ai kahi hui laureates Nobel iā Greenpeace e hoʻōki i ke kūʻē ʻana i ka raiki ʻenekini, ua like ia me kahi hana kūʻokoʻa. Akā ma hope o ka pale o nā ʻike kupaianaha nā lima kōkua o ʻelua mau mea pāʻani nui i ka lobby PR ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo Jay Byrne a he lālā o ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project. ʻO Byrne kau ʻia ma ka puka ma kahi hanana ʻo 2016 Press Press Club e hoʻolaha ana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision. ʻO ka mana .com o kēlā pūnaewele i hoʻohuli ʻia i mau makahiki i ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua e holo nei me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka hōʻike ʻole i kēlā mau pilina. 

No laila ʻo wai i uku no ka hanana paʻi anti-Greenpeace? ʻO Sir Richard Roberts, kahi meaolaola nāna i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia i kahi leka laureate Nobel, ua wehewehe i ka backstory i kahi FAQ ma ka pūnaewele: ʻo ka "hoʻouka kaua he pipiʻi loa ia," i kākau ʻo ia, ʻo ia ka hapa nui o kāna uku i uku ʻia e kāna haku ʻo New England Biolabs a me "nā lilo o waho o ka ʻeke" i uku ʻia e Matt Winkler. ʻO Winkler, ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna o ka hui biotech ʻo Asuragen, he mea leʻaleʻa hoʻi ia ka lālā o ka papa o Genetic Literacy Project, e like me ka pūnaewele o ka hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo Roberts ua ʻimi ʻo Winkler i kahi hoa, ʻo Val Giddings, "(ka ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua) nāna "i ʻōlelo iā Jay Byrne" (ka luna kamaʻilio mua o Monsanto) nāna i hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo loiloi pro bono no ka hanana paʻi.

Ua kōkua pū ʻo Byrne lāua ʻo Giddings i ka orchestrate i ka loiloi ʻia e ka Academics Review, kahi hui mua a lākou i hoʻonohonoho ai e kūʻokoʻa i ka lawelawe ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e ʻumeʻume kālā kālā no ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā loiloi o nā huahana ag-biotech. nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. I nā leka uila, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Byrne i kapa ʻia ʻo Greenpeace ma ka ʻO ka papa inoa "target" āna e hōʻuluʻulu nei no Monsanto. ʻO kekahi o Byrne's nā mea mālama mai ʻo ia ka International Rice Research Institute, ka hui ʻoihana nui e hoʻāʻo nei e kālepa aku iā GMO Golden Rice, ʻo ia ka mea nui o ka faitio Greenpeace. Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi a Glenn Davis Stone o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ma St. nā haʻawina haʻahaʻa a me nā pilikia ʻenehana ua paʻa i ka Rice Gula, ʻaʻole ke kūʻē mai nā hui kaiapuni.

I loko o kāna FAQ, ua kāpae ʻo Kauka Roberts i kā Dr. Stone ʻimi noiʻi kūʻokoʻa ʻana ma ke ʻano he "ʻaʻole he hōʻike pololei no ka mokuʻāina o nā hihia," a kuhikuhi ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai PR e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kamaʻāina i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka nūpepa Bonus Eventus o Byrne. ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Henry Miller a Nānā ʻImi. Ua hana ʻia ka hanana paʻi ma kahi manawa politika koʻikoʻi, a ua kōkua i kahi kōkua moʻolelo i ka Wakinekona Post, hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka koho ʻana o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā i nā mokuʻāina mai ka lepili ʻana i nā GMO.

I Ianuali 2019, ua hoʻohuli ʻia ka mana .com o ke kākoʻo Precision Agriculture i ka Genetic Literacy Project. I loko o kāna FAQ, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ʻaʻohe ona pilina me GLP a ʻōlelo ʻo ia "he kanaka ʻike ʻole ʻia" i kūʻai i ka inoa like i loko o kahi "hoʻāʻo maopopo" e hoʻopili iā ia iā GLP. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he laʻana kēia "ʻo nā hana hoʻopunipuni a ka poʻe kūʻē he palena ʻole."
(Ua hoʻopau ʻole ʻia ka hoʻohuli i kekahi manawa ma hope o ke ola ʻana o kēia kūlana.)

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Weaponizing i ka pūnaewele me nā kānaka hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele

Ke hōʻike nei no Ke Kahu i 2002, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i kahi hana huna hūnā e hoʻohana ʻia ana e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR no nā makahiki he nui e paipai a pale aku i kā lākou huahana: ka hana ʻana i nā pilikino hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni e hoʻopau ai i nā mea loiloi a hoʻohuli i nā hopena huli pūnaewele.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot i nā "kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni" (ka poʻe ʻaʻole maoli) "e hoʻopahū nei i nā papa inoa pūnaewele me nā leka e hōʻino ana i nā ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hua GM" - a ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia nā kamaʻāina wahaheʻe i ko Monsanto PR PR Bivings.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Monbiot i kā Jay Byrne pili ʻana i nā Bivings:

"E noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papaʻaina ... e make paha kekahi."

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o ka hana ʻana, nā pae GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekia huli pūnaewele i mea hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ua kākoʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. ' ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele Wow 'hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo' i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana e loaʻa i nā pāʻani kūpono '. ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele kahi a [kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni] Smetacek i hoʻouka i kāna hoʻolālā. "

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Nā mea hou aʻe mai Jay Byrne

A Hōʻike Mana Mana 2013 hōʻike i ke kuleana a Byrne e pāʻani ai no kāna mea kūʻai aku ma ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau kumumanaʻo e pili ana i nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiaola, hoʻonohonoho i ko lākou mana ma ka pūnaewele a koi i nā ʻoihana e hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou kumuwaiwai e kūʻē iā lākou, i mea e hōʻalo ai i nā "kaohi a me nā kaohi o ka mākeke."

The 2006 buke "E ʻai lākou i ka mālama pono," i paʻi ʻia e ka Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a hoʻoponopono ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻO ka mea lawelawe PR ʻo Jon Entine, loaʻa kahi mokuna e Byrne i kapa ʻia, "Deconstructing the Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

He lālā ʻo Byrne o "AgBioChatter," a papa inoa leka uila pilikino ʻO nā limahana limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea aʻoaʻo a me nā kālaiʻike i hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know hōʻike iā Byrne e paipai nei i nā lālā o AgBioChatter e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka poʻe a me nā hui i kūhewa i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO kahi hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo AgBioChatter ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi Ua hoʻolālā ʻo "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Monsanto e komo e kōkua i ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i glyphosate.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Ka heluhelu hou

Ke ukali nei i kahi ala leka uila: Pehea kahi Polokalamu Kulanui o ke Kulanui i laulima ai i kahi ʻOihana PR Huakaʻi

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Na Carey Gillam

ʻO ke Kumu ʻEpekema ʻepekema ʻai o ke Kulanui o ʻIlino ʻo Bruce Chassy ka mea i ʻike ʻia no kāna gravitas ʻoihana. I kēia manawa ua hoʻomaha ʻo ia ma kahi o ʻehā mau makahiki, kākau mau ʻo Chassy a kamaʻilio pinepine e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai, e hōʻike ana iā ia iho me ke kaumaha piha o nā makahiki he 2012 i loaʻa ma ke kulanui lehulehu a ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi ma National Institutes of Health. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy i ka poʻe i lohe ma mua o kona haʻalele ʻana i XNUMX, ua hana ʻo ia i "manawa holoʻokoʻa" e hana ana i ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ka mea a Chassy e kamaʻilio nui ʻole ai no nā hana ʻē aʻe āna i hana ai ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino - e paipai ana i nā makemake o Monsanto Co. ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia e kamaʻilio nui e pili ana i nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā a Monsanto i hāʻawi ai i ke kulanui ʻoiai ʻo Chassy e kōkua ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO, a i ʻole ko Monsanto kuleana hūnā i ke kōkua ʻana iā Chassy e hoʻokumu i kahi hui nonprofit a me ka pūnaewele e hōʻino ai i nā poʻe a me nā hui e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā GMO .

Akā nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act e hōʻike ana he lālā ʻeleu ʻo Chassy o kahi hui o nā kālaiʻike US i hana pū malū me Monsanto e pili ana i nā kumumanaʻo no ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi wale ʻana i nā huahana mea kanu biotech, akā ke kāpae nei hoʻi i ke kānāwai no kēia huahana a me ka pale ʻana. nā loiloi ʻoihana. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ke kālā e kahe ana i ke kula nui mai Monsanto ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e pale aku i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia (gen) (GMO)

ʻO kahi ʻatikala ʻo New York Times na Eric Lipton i paʻi ʻia i Kepakemapa i hala iho nei e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻouka kaua i hana ʻia e Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā kālaiʻike koʻikoʻi e pahu i ka papahana politika o ka ʻoihana. ʻO ka ʻatikala Times i nānā nui ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Florida kālaiʻike Kevin Folta, ka luna o ke Keʻena ʻepekema Hortikultural, a me ka hana a Folta ma luna o Monsanto. Akā ʻo ka ninaninau ʻana i nā hoʻololi leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma waena o Monsanto lāua ʻo Chassy e hōʻike ana i ka hohonu hou i nā hana ʻoihana.

Ua hele mai nā laulima i kahi manawa koʻikoʻi ma United States e pili ana i nā kulekele lehulehu GMO. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka lepili GMO Mandatory i Vermont ma Iulai 1; Ke hakakā nei ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ke kānāwai lepili pekelala no GMOs; a ke ʻimi nei kekahi mau mokuʻāina ʻē i kā lākou mau pane ponoʻī i ka piʻi ʻana o ka noi o ka poʻe kūʻai no ka transparency e pili ana i kēia kumuhana.

Makemake ka hapa nui o nā hui a me nā hui kaiapuni e ʻike i nā mea i kapu ʻia a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ma nā mea kanu GMO a me ka lāʻau hoʻomake glyphosate i ʻike ka poʻe he Roundup, i hoʻohana ʻia ma GMO. Akā hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku nei i nā mea kanu a me nā kemika i kā lākou huahana palekana a aia ka liʻiliʻi o ka rula, ʻaʻole nui aku. ʻO $ 15 biliona ka nui o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki a Monsanto ma kahi o ka ʻenehana GMO a me nā kemika e pili pono ana.

Ma waena o ka huhū, nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me nā ʻepekema o ke kula nui e hoʻolaha i nā GMO i hāpai i kahi paio hou e pili ana i ka nele o ka transparency i nā pilina ma waena o nā kālaiʻike a me ka ʻoihana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy ʻaʻole ia i hana i kekahi mea kūpono ʻole a kūpono ʻole paha i kāna hana e kākoʻo ana iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana huaʻai biotech. "Ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu, ua manaʻo ʻia… e hana pū wau me a noi i ka hana a ka poʻe e hana nei i kaʻu ʻoihana loea," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻaʻe i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o ka pale o ke kūʻokoʻa. akamai, a liʻiliʻi, inā loaʻa, ka hoʻolaha ākea o ka pili o hope.

NA HUAKAI HELE

  • I loko o kahi leka uila o Nowemapa 2010, Ua haʻi aku ʻo Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua a Eric Sachs iā Chassy ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Monsanto i kahi "makana o $ 10,000" i ke kulanui "no laila aia nā kālā ma laila." A laila haʻi aku ʻo ia iā Chassy e hana nei ʻo ia i kahi hoʻolālā no Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana agribusiness e kākoʻo i kahi pūnaewele "loiloi i ka ʻimi naʻauao" i hiki iā Chassy ke hoʻohana e pale i nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi i hāpai ʻia e nā poʻe loiloi o GMO. "Mai kuʻu manaʻo o ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana akamai a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane," kākau ʻo Sachs. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."
  • I kahi hoʻokaʻawale 2010 kūʻokoʻa, ʻo Jay Byrne, ka pelekikena o ka v-Fluence pilina pili lehulehu a me ke poʻo mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto, haʻi iā Chassy e hoʻāʻo nei e neʻe i ka papahana Review Academics. ʻLelo ʻo ia "hana mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau)." ʻ sayslelo ʻo Byrne he papa inoa kāna no nā loiloi GMO no ka Academics Review e māka. ʻLelo ʻo ia iā Chassy i nā kumuhana kumuhana "Ke kālā no ka hui o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi."
  • I hoʻokahi pānaʻi leka uila mai Kepakemapa 2011, Hōʻike ʻo Chassy pehea ka ʻoihana mea kanu biotech paha "wili" i kahi noiʻi aupuni i loaʻa nā pae koʻikoʻi o ka glyphosate kemika, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, i ka lewa a me nā wai.
  • I nā leka uila mai 2012, ʻO Chassy lāua ʻo Monsanto's Sachs a me Monsanto ʻo John Swarthout, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻokele pilikia," e kūkākūkā i kahi hōʻike e hiki mai ana e hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo Chassy e hana i Kina. Kūkākūkā lākou me kā Monsanto loiloi ʻana, a hoʻololi i ka hōʻike. Kauoha ʻo Monsanto Sachs iā Swarthout e hoʻouna i nā pāheʻe paheʻe iā Chassy ma ke ʻano he mea no kāna hōʻike.
  • I ʻApelila 2012, ua nīnau aku ʻo Monsanto, ka mea ʻona, Bruce Hammond, i kahi leka uila inā hiki ke hana ʻia i mau wikiō pōkole e pili ana i ka "palekana o nā hua GM." Wahi a Chassy ke noi nei ʻo ia no ke kālā mai ka Mokuʻāina Mokuʻāina a "ʻimi pū kekahi i nā kumuwaiwai kākoʻo ʻē aʻe" a hiki ke hoʻohana i nā pono o ke kulanui e hana i nā wikiō. Nīnau aku ʻo Chassy iā Monsanto's Hammond no kahi papa inoa o nā wikiō e “manaʻo ʻoe e lilo i mea kōkua. ” 'Tellslelo akuʻo Chassy iā Hammond i ka hui V-fluence a Byrne i kōkua i ka hana a hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā hanana wikiō.

Leka uila e pili ana i ke kālā 

Kūkākūkā pū nā leka uila i ke kālā.

  • I loko o kahi leka uila ʻOkakopa 2010, haʻi aku ʻo Chassy i nā hoa hana ma ke kula nui ua haʻi ʻo Monsanto iā ia e hana ana ia i “Hāʻawi nui” i kāna moʻokāki biotech ma ke kulanui.
  • I kahi kūkaʻi ʻo ʻOkakopa 2011, ua noi aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs e pili ana i kahi makana no ke kālā biotech kahua kulanui. Ua pane ka luna o Monsanto ʻo ia e "hāʻawi i kahi makana i ke kahua manawa koke" inā ʻaʻole i hana ʻia. Kauoha ʻo Chassy iā Monsanto e leka uila i ke poʻo o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema meaʻai o ke kulanui a e hoʻopili i kahi leka e ʻōlelo ana he "hāʻawi palena ʻole ia ke kākoʻo ... no ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo a Polofesa Bruce M. Chassy."
  • Ma Mei 2012 hoʻi, ua hana ʻo Monsanto he $ 250,000 hāʻawi i ke kula nui e kōkua i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi noho mahiʻai mahiʻai. ʻO kēlā makana he kulu wale nō ia o ka bakeke o nā makana mai Monsanto - ma kahi o $ 1.9 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala, e like me ke kulanui, - no nā papahana pili i ka mahiʻai.

KAUOHA PANI HOU

ʻO ka pilina pili loa ma waena o Monsanto lāua ʻo Chassy i hoʻomau i ka hoʻomaha loa o Chassy i Iune 2012 mai ke kulanui. Ma o 2013 a me 2014 hōʻike pinepine ʻia ʻo Chassy ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa" ma ka Pūnaewele Pane ʻo GMO, kahi pūnaewele pro-GMO i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā kānaka nunui agribusiness. I kēlā kuleana, pane ʻo ia i nā nīnau a me nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO.

Ua hoʻomau ʻo Chassy i ka hana Nānā ʻImi, ka hoʻopuka ʻana i nā ʻatikala koʻikoʻi e pili ana i kēlā me kēia a me nā hui, me nā ʻO ka poʻe loea o ka World Health Organization hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole i kēlā hōʻike hōʻike no ka ʻoihana huaʻai GMO. (ʻO wau ke kumuhana o ʻelua mau hoʻouka kaua like ma 2014. Ua kūʻē ʻo Chassy i kaʻu hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa palekana GMO ma hoʻokahi ʻatikala Reuters a kue ke taiʻole ʻatikala Reuters ʻelua i kikoʻī i nā hopena o kahi hōʻike USDA i loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi ʻelua akā pili pū kekahi i nā pili me nā GMO.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka launa pū ʻana me Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻohe mea kūpono ʻole me kāna "hana" ʻana me "nā loea ʻoihana lehulehu," a ʻo ia mau hana like ʻana e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka lehulehu i nā kumuhana nui. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ke kulanui ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia he hewa i nā pilina. Wahi a kekahi wahaʻōlelo o ke kulanui "he hilinaʻi ʻepekema ikaika kā Chassy." Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ke kula nui ma kahi o $ 1.9 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala.

Akā haʻi ʻē aʻe i kamaʻāina me nā pilikia he pilikia ka nele o ka transparency.

"He mea nui kēia mau hōʻike e pili ana i nā pilina," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo George Kailrell, ka loio kiʻekiʻe me ka Center for Food Safety, kahi hui hoʻolaha kōkua kūʻē ʻole. "ʻO ka hōʻike kumu i hōʻike ʻia e uku ʻia ai kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo kūlike ʻole ʻē aʻe i ka ʻaoʻao ākea / e hana pololei nei me nā ʻoihana kemika i ka lehulehu, no ka mea ke alakaʻi hewa ʻia lākou."

ʻO nā hōʻike e like me kēia mau mea e pili ana i ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO kā Kevin Folta pili pili iā Monsanto ua hoʻā ʻia kahi backlash lehulehu ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila iā Folta i loaʻa ka hāʻawi kālā palena ʻole $ 25,000 a haʻi iā Monsanto e "kākau i nā mea āu e makemake ai. ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Folta i kahi blog Ianuali 18 ʻaʻole ʻo ia e hana hou me Monsanto ma muli o ka wela i hoʻihoʻi ʻia.

ʻO Chassy lāua ʻo Folta ua kākau pinepine a ua ʻōlelo ʻia paha i nā ʻatikala nūhou i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ko lākou pili iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana GMO. I kahi laʻana hou, ua kākau pū ʻo Chassy a moʻo of waiwai e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei ʻo ka inoa GMO he "pōʻino i ke kali ʻana, "Hou me ka hōʻike ʻole o kāna hana pū ʻana me ka mea hoʻomohala GMO ʻo Monsanto. ʻO kāna hoa kākau ʻo Jon Entine, ka mea hoʻokumu o ka PR firm ESG MediaMetrics, nona ua hoʻokomo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Monsanto, pili ʻole Entine hoʻokomo i ka ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana iā Chassy, ​​Folta a me nā ʻano ʻatikala like ʻole, waiho i nā nīnau he nui e pili ana i ka mea e hilinaʻi ai, a pehea e hilinaʻi ai, ka ʻike koʻikoʻi e hoʻomaopopo ai i kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e ulu nei. Me nā pilikia lepili ʻana o ka meaʻai i ka mua o ka paio, ʻo ka manawa kēia no ka nui o ka transparency.

ʻO Carey Gillam ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa, mea noiʻi a me kahi mea kākau e loea ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai no nā makahiki he 20 a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea paʻi nīhou a me nā mahiʻai i luna o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, e lanakila ana i mau makana he nui no kāna uhi ʻana i ka ʻoihana. Ua haʻalele ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo no ka lawelawe nūhou honua ʻo Reuters e lilo i Luna Hoʻokele ma Pono ʻo US e ʻike, kahi hui hoihoi lehulehu e hana ana i e hoʻomaopopo i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai US a me kāna kuleana hūnā pinepine ʻia i ke kulekele lehulehu. 

He hōʻike pōkole e pili ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i loko o kā mākou FOIA Requests

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Hoi ike: ʻO Buckraking ma ka Beat Food: I ka manawa hea ka hakakā o ka hoihoi?  
Ua hele aku ʻo Wakinekona Post Columnist Meaʻai i Bat no Monsanto 

Ma Kepakemapa 23, Hawaii Post kolamu meaʻai ʻO Tamar Haspel ʻae ʻia i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka "nui" o ke kālā mai nā kumu waiwai ʻoi aku ka waiwai.

Ma hope o kona ʻae ʻia, ua manaʻo wau he mea pono paha e hōʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa - me Haspel - i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o nā palapala i loaʻa iā mākou mai nā noi palapala aupuni lehulehu.

Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i kahi ana o ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR a me nā hui i mua, a me nā polopeka e ʻōlelo nei no lākou.

I kēia manawa, ʻekolu mau mea kūkala nūhou i hele mai i nā ala hoihoi: ʻo Amy Harmon, Keith Kloor a me Tamar Haspel. Hōʻike kēia mau mea kūkala nūhou i ka pōʻaiapili o ʻO Jon Entine, ʻo wai paha ke alakaʻi? Mea hoʻohana PR ke hana nei e hoʻolaha i nā manaʻo o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna pesticides a me GMOs.

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a ka luna hoʻokele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, ka mea, me nā PR kūlana Ketchuma's Nā Pane GMO, ʻo ia nā hui mua ʻelua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a pelekikena hoʻi o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona ka Ua hoʻokomo nā mea kūʻai aku i ka pilikana Monsanto.

ʻO Amy Harmon

ʻO Amy Harmon he mea haʻi moʻolelo no ka New York Times. He ʻāpana ia o a manawa kime i lanakila i ka Pulitzer Prize ma 2001, a i ka 2008 ua lanakila 'o ia ʻO Pulitzer no ka hōʻike wehewehe ʻana.

Ma Kepakemapa 23, 2013 ma 7:44 pm, Ua leka uila ʻo Jon Entine iā Renee Kester: “FYI, manaʻo wau ua kamaʻilio wau iā Amy Harmon i ka hana ʻana i kahi moʻolelo ʻo Hawaiʻi Hawaii [sic]. . . a ua hāʻawi wau iā ia i kā ʻolua leka uila a me kā Kirby ʻikepili, no laila hiki iā ia ke kāhea i kekahi manawa inā e alualu ʻo ia i kēia. " ʻO Kirby Kester ʻo ia pelekikena o ka ʻAhahui Hoʻonui ʻIa o Hawaiʻi, kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

I Ianuali 4, 2014, ka New York Times paʻi ʻia kahi ʻaoʻao mua e Amy Harmon, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻO kahi ʻimi mehameha no nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā hua i hoʻololi ʻia. ” Ua ʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo mai Kona, Hawaii mai.

I ka 2014, ua lanakila ʻo Harmon i ka lua o ka wahi no ka Society of Environmental Journalists “ʻO ka makana ʻo Kevin Carmody no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka hohonu hohonu, mākeke nui"No"ʻO nā mea e pili ana iā GMO, "Kahi moʻo i hoʻokomo i ka ʻatikala"ʻO kahi ʻimi mehameha no nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā hua i hoʻololi ʻia. "

On September 30th, Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ʻo Harmon e ʻōlelo i ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, he hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka Pili a me Melinda Gates Foundation e paipai i nā GMO. ʻO ka hui e holo nei i kahi palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā US Right to Know Kānāwai Freedom of Information (FOIA) noi.

Keith Kloor

ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo manuahi nāna i kākau no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Slate a me nā puka ʻē aʻe. Ua kākau ʻo Kloor i nā ʻatikala pro-GMO he nui i hala i hōʻike ʻia e Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Kloor i nā wahi ʻelua i nā palapala FOIA.

I hoʻokahi leka uila, kuhikuhi ʻo Jon Entine iā Keith Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu".

I kekahi leka uila ʻē aʻe, ma ʻOkakopa 18, 2014, ʻo Kauka Channapatna Prakash, kahi mea kōkua a me ka makua kāne GMO ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee, leka uila ʻO Adrianne Massey o ka ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), me kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻouna i kahi leka mai ʻO Lorraine Thelian, lunahoomalu hope o ka ʻoihana PR ʻo Ketchum "ke hoʻolālā nei ke kaiāulu hacker Anonymous i kahi papa o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma nā pūnaewele biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana… ʻO nā hui kalepa a me nā pūnaewele ʻoihana o CBI [Council for Biotechnology Information] nā lālā i hoʻokumu ʻia i kēia hoʻouka kaua i hoʻolālā ʻia." Kākau ʻo Kauka Prakash, "Adrianne Ua kope au iā Kevin Folta, Karl von Mogel, David Tribe a me Keith Kloor hoʻi ma aneʻi.. "

Ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Prakash i ka leka uila iā Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy (ʻoihana mahiʻai ke kākā'ōlelo) ʻO Val Giddings (ʻo VP mua o BIO), ʻO Henry Miller (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai), Drew Kershen (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai), Klaus Ammann, ʻO Piet van der Meer, Martina Newell-McGloughlin (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai), Karl Haro von Mogel (lālā o ka papa alakaʻi o ʻO Biology i hoʻoikaika ʻia, kahi pūnaewele pro-GMO), Kevin Folta (mahiʻai mea kākoʻo ʻoihana), Keith Kloor lāua ʻo David Tribe (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai).

ʻO Keith Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i loaʻa i kēia leka uila.

Hōʻike ka leka uila e hana pū ʻo Kloor me nā mea kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kākau ʻo Kloor i ʻekolu mau ʻatikala e kūʻē ana iā US Right to Know's FOIA noi, i loko ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob a Nature.

Ma Malaki 23rd, 2015, Ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i kahi kamaʻilio no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, e hoʻokipa nei a palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā US Right to Know's FOIA.

ʻO Tamar Haspel

ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi kolamu ma ka Hawaii Post. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā kolamu he nui no ka Post ke pale a hoʻomaikaʻi nei paha i nā GMO i hala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

I ka 2015, Haspel ua lanakila i ka makana ʻo James Beard Foundation no ia Post kolamu.

I Iune 2014, Haspel 'ōlelo i kahi ʻaha kūkā-ʻoihana e pili ana i “Pehea e hiki ai i nā ʻepekema ke hana maikaʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO me kahi lehulehu kanalua? ” Ua hui ʻia ka ʻaha kūkā e Jon Entine lāua ʻo Cami Ryan, ka mea i kēia manawa Alakaʻi nā ʻepekema ʻepekema no Monsanto. Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka ʻaha kūkā e nā hui mua ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻo ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, me ke Kulanui o Florida, i loaʻa nā kālā nui mai nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa, e like me kaulana i ka 6 Kepakemapa Haawina i ka New York Times.

Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Haspel i kahi panel i hoʻonohonohoʻia ma ka Ke kikowaena ʻo Biotechnology North Carolina, "e hāʻawi ana i nā pōmaikaʻi hoʻokele wā lōʻihi a me nā kaiāulu i North Carolina ma o ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka noiʻi biotechnology, ʻoihana, aʻo a me nā kulekele kulekele holoʻokoʻa."

I kahi kamaʻilio Kepakemapa 23 i mālama ʻia e ka Hawaii Post, e pane ana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, ua kākau ʻo Ms. Haspel i kēlā, "ʻLelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai wau. ” Ma hope o kēlā lā, ua noi au iā Ms. Haspel ma Twitter i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua. Pane maila ʻo ia,ʻOiai ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo nei i kahi biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

Kūpono paha ia no a Hawaii Post kolamu e kākau i nā kolamu ʻālohilohi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e ʻike ʻia ana ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻoihana kākoʻo? He hakakā paha o ka hoihoi no Haspel e ʻae i ke kālā mai nā makemake o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e uhi ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kāna kuʻi ʻana ma ke ʻano he Post kolamu meaʻai? Ehia mau kālā i loaʻa iā Haspel mai nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai?

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau mea nūpepa i ka poʻe nūpepa no ka "buckraking" ma nā kaapuni haʻiʻōlelo. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma mua Hawaii Post Lunahooponopono Luna 'Benleloʻo Ben Bradlee, "Makemake wau e hele. ʻAʻole wau makemake ia. Manaʻo wau he mea hōʻino ia. Inā ʻo ka Insurance Institute of America, inā aia kekahi mea, uku iā ʻoe i $ 10,000 e hana ai i kahi haʻiʻōlelo, mai haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole ʻoe i hana ʻino. Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻōlelo ʻaʻole ʻoe a hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻōlelo e hoʻouka kaua i nā pilikia ʻinikua ma ke ala like, akā ʻaʻole ʻoe. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe. ”

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel i ka Hawaii Post e ʻōlelo wale ʻo ia i nā hanana iinā pili nā ʻoihana loaʻa kālā i ka hanana (ʻo ia pinepine lākou), ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke leo hoʻokahi. No laila, e kamaʻilio wau ma kahi ʻaha kūkā i kākoʻo pū ʻia e, e, ʻo Monsanto a me ka USDA a me ke Kulanui ʻo NC State, akā ʻaʻole kahi hanana i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto wale nō. " Eia nō naʻe, ma ka mahina ʻo Iune 2014, ka hālāwai kūkā a Haspel i ʻōlelo ai, ʻaʻohe mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku i hoʻohalahala ʻia e ʻōlelo, ʻo nā mea kākoʻo wale nō i ka ʻoihana kākoʻo.

On ʻOkakopa 16, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ʻo Haspel e ʻōlelo i ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hui pro-GMO ia ke hoʻokipa nei i kahi palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā US Right to Know's FOIA.

Ua loiloi ʻo Haspel i ka US Right to Know FOIA nā noi. Ma ʻAukake 17, ma Twitter, ua kākau ʻo ia: “Ua hoʻonele ke kālā / manawa / lolo i ka hana ʻino a me ka hoihoi a @ garyruskin ma luna o @kevinfolta! Hiki iā mākou ke neʻe i kahi mea pono?”ʻAʻole ʻae aku nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i kāna hoʻoholo nūhou. Ma Kepakemapa 6th, 'Elua manawa lanakila' o Pulitzer Prize i lanakila 'o Eric Lipton ua kākau i kahi ʻatikala i hoʻokumu nui ʻia i kā mākou FOIA noi - keu hoʻi o ke Kulanui o Florida Polofesa Kevin Folta - i holo i ka ʻaoʻao mua o ka Lāpule New York Times. Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala pehea ʻo Folta, ka mea i hōʻole pinepine i nā pilina iā Monsanto, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua loaʻa iā ia kahi $ 25,000 i hōʻike ʻole ʻia, a me nā hana kākau mai ka hui, a hana pū me ia a me kāna ʻoihana PR Ketchum, kahi ʻatikala i kākau nona a hoʻonohonoho i nā media. a me nā hālāwai lobbying nona.

ʻO US Right to Know kahi hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha mea kūʻai aku. Hoʻāʻo mākou e hōʻike i nā mea makemake ʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike mākou. Manaʻo mākou he mea pono no ka lehulehu e ʻike pehea e hana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai i kā lākou mau pilina lehulehu. ʻO ia kahi ala e hiki ai iā mākou ke kōkua i ka poʻe kūʻai e loiloi i nā kuleana a me ka ʻike i loaʻa iā lākou mai nā ʻoihana e pili ana i kā mākou hana meaʻai, kā lākou PR firm a me nā operatives, a me nā mea nūpepa e hana pū ana me lākou.