Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

Print enamel Share Tweet
  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Print enamel Share Tweet

e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Hoʻomaha ka lā hoʻokolokolo & Kiure

Print enamel Share Tweet

Ua haʻalele ka poʻe jure i ka lā i kēia lā akā ʻaʻole nā ​​loio. Ke mālama nei ʻo Chhabria i kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo me nā loio no nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua ma 12:30 pm manawa o ka Pākīpika e kūkākūkā i ka laulā o ka ʻāpana ʻelua, inā mālama ʻia kahi ʻāpana ʻelua.

Ma waena o nā pilikia e kūkākūkā ʻia, ke hoʻohou nei nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi i kā lākou noi e hiki ai iā lākou ke hōʻike i ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka ʻepekema Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini ma hope o ka paʻi o kāna mau ʻike noiʻi 2012 e pili ana i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka wai i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me Roundup. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo Monsanto kūloko i kahi hana i hoʻohui ʻia e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa Seralini, e like me kēia aho leka uila.

Ua haʻaheo loa nā limahana o Monsanto i ka mea a lākou i kapa ai he "hanana multimedia i hoʻolālā ʻia no ka hoʻolaha maikaʻi ʻole maikaʻi" kūʻē iā Seralini a lākou i koho ai he "hoʻokō" i kūpono e ʻike ʻia.

Hōʻike nā hōʻike "ʻo ka moʻolelo Séralini ke kikowaena o ko Monsanto hōʻole ʻole e hoʻāʻo a me kāna mau hana e hana i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu," hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā loio a Edwin Hardeman. Pēlā nō, ʻōlelo lākou i loko kā lākou ʻaha e waiho nei, "Hōʻike ka hōʻike ua pane ʻo Monsanto i ka noiʻi ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino a hōʻino iā Kauka Séralini, kahi hōʻike hou aʻe" ʻaʻole mālama nui ʻo Monsanto inā paha e hāʻawi ana kāna huahana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, "akā" [kālele] ma kahi o ka hana ʻana i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu a hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā mea e hāpai i nā hopohopo maoli a kūpono e pili ana i kēia pilikia. ” ”

"Kūpono ka moʻolelo Séralini i ka hana a Monsanto e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā Glyphosate," hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā loio a Hardeman.

Makemake nā loio no Hardeman i ka mea ʻike makaukau ʻo Charles Benbrook e ʻae ʻia e hōʻike e pili ana i kēia laʻana o ka hana ʻoihana ʻo Monsanto “post-use,” ʻo ia hoʻi nā hana a Monsanto i hana ai ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana o Hardeman i ka hoʻohana ʻana iā Roundup.

Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Judge Chhabria ma mua i ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā Seralini ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻolauna ʻia no ka mea ua hana ʻia ia mau hana ma hope o ka pau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana o Hardeman's Roundup a no laila ʻaʻole ka hopena iā ia.

Ma ka Pōʻakolu, Chhabria noho aliʻi pū kekahi ʻo kēlā hōʻike o ka hana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻana o ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha e kāpae ʻia ʻia mai kahi ʻelua o ka hoʻokolokolo no ka mea i hana ʻia ma hope o ka pau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana o Hardeman's Roundup.

ʻOiai e hoʻomākaukau nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua no ka ʻāpana ʻelua, ʻo ka nele o kahi hoʻoholo jure wikiwiki ʻaʻole maikaʻi no Hardeman. Ke lana nei kona mau loio no ka hooholo lokahi ana a na kiure no lakou. Kahi hoʻoholo a ka jure e lōkahi ai ʻae a i ʻole hiki ke hoʻokau ʻia ka hihia he mistrial.

ʻO Jay Byrne: E hālāwai me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

Print enamel Share Tweet

ʻO ka Luna Hoʻokele mua o Monsanto o ka ʻOihana Kōlepa ʻo Jay Byrne, pelekikena o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu v-Kaaha, he mea hoʻokani kī i ka hūnā hoʻolaha a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, hōʻike i ke ʻano o nā hana hoʻopunipuni a Byrne a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana nei e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides GMO.

Hōʻike nā hiʻohiʻona ma aneʻi i kekahi o nā ala e neʻe nei nā ʻoihana i kā lākou leka uila i ke kahua ākea mai hope o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo kūpaʻa ʻole, nā mea kōkua aupuni a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me nā ʻoihana a i kā lākou mau kākāʻōlelo PR.

Nā mea kūʻai aku: ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe, mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau 

Na Byrne's papa inoa mea kūʻai aku ua hui pū me kahi laulā o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui ʻoihana, e like me ka American Chemistry Council, Syngenta, AstraZeneca, Monsanto, Pfizer, ka American Farm Bureau, National Corn Growers Association, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Rohm & Haas a me ka pesticide ʻoihana. hui kālepa CropLife.

ʻO ka International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ka mea e hoʻolaha ana i ka genetically engineered "Golden Rice," he mea kūʻai aku kekahi. ʻO Byrne ua hoʻokani i ka hana PR e hoʻouka iā Greenpeace a me nā mea hoʻohewa ʻē aʻe o ka laiki GMO. E ʻike pū i ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana UCSF no nā mea he nui nā palapala e pili ana iā IRRI.

ʻO ka hui mua mua i kālua ʻia e hoʻouka aku i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO kahi papahana nui o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times, ʻo ia ke kau i nā polopeka "pāpale keʻokeʻo" e hakakā i ka PR o ka ʻoihana a me nā hakakā lobbying ma hope o ka uhi o ka "gloss o ke kūlike ʻole a me ke kaupaona o ka mana i hele mai me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa."

I Malaki 2010, ʻo Byrne a me ke Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Bruce Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo "Academics Review" i hiki ke ʻumeʻume i nā makana mai nā ʻoihana ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo i ka Center for Consumer Freedom (kahi hui i mua e holo ʻia e ka mea kaulana ʻole ʻo propaganda kanaka ʻo Rick Berman), ka mea "i hoʻolilo kālā i kēia i ka loa; a manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā kāua. " Ua wehewehe ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" me nā pahuhopu "hiki iā lākou ke hele ma hope. Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Kauka Chassy:

ʻO kēlā mau hui āpau, nā poʻe a me nā kumuhana kumuhana "ke ʻano o ke kālā no ke ʻano o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi," i kākau ai ʻo Byrne. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he pelekikena hope ma mua no ka hui ʻoihana biotech BIO, hiki ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" no nā kālaiʻike.

Ma November 2010, Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy Eia hou, "He mea maikaʻi ia e kiʻi i ka pae hou o ka hana ma Academics Review e hele nei - loaʻa iā mākou kahi lohi o ka hapaha mua e piʻi mai ana i ka 2011 inā mau ka ʻoihana." Hāʻawi ʻo Byrne e “hoʻonohonoho i kekahi manawa no ka huli ʻana o ka ʻenekini pro bono” no kāna hui e kūʻē i ka mana o ka mea loiloi GMO ma ka pūnaewele. Ua hoʻopau ʻo Byrne i ka leka uila, "E like me nā manawa mau, makemake e ʻike i ke kumuhana aʻe (a me ke kākoʻo) e hoʻonui i kēia hiki ke hiki."

I ka 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he kālepa hoʻopunipuni; i loko o kāna mau mea kūʻai aku ponoʻī no ka hōʻike, ua koi ʻo Academics Review e kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

"Nā papahana US-GLP-Byrne US" e hoʻohuli i nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kā Byrne lobbying a me nā hana PR no ka GMO a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hoʻopili i nā helu he nui me ka hana o ʻO Jon Entine, kahi kī ʻē aʻe i nā hana pale pale ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Entine i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 2011 i ka wā a Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku o kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. (ʻO Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics i papa inoa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma kāna pūnaewele ma 2010, 2011, 2012 a hiki i Ianuali 2013, e like me nā waihona pūnaewele i loaʻa ma ka pūnaewele.)

I Dekemaba 2013, Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Max T. Holtzman, ʻo ia ka mea i lilo i hope ma lalo o ka ʻaoʻao ma lalo o ka US Department of Agriculture, e noi e hana pū i kahi moʻo o nā mea āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "US government-GLP-Byrne project" e paipai iā GMOs. Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Holtzman:

Noi a Entine i noi ʻiaʻO ke aupuni US-GLP-Byrne"I loko o nā papahana he" Boot Camp and Response Swat Team "e hoʻomākaukau i nā kānaka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no ka" hiki ʻana i ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ka lepili ʻana i ka [GMO] a me nā pilikia e pili pū ana, "kahi" conclave journalism "e hoʻoikaika i ka pāpāho e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai a" hāʻawi i ke aʻo i ka poʻe nūpepa ʻōpio, "kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i ka ʻae ʻana i ka biotechnology, a me nā ʻikepili pūnaewele lehulehu a me nā wahi mai nā kumuwaiwai hilinaʻi" e hoʻoikaika ana i nā poʻomanaʻo "me nā ʻāpana a me nā kiʻi i loaʻa ma nā pūnaewele aupuni o US, GLP a me nā anuu ʻē aʻe."

Pane maila ʻo Holtzman, “Mahalo iā Jon. Nui ka hui pū ʻana me ʻoe. Manaʻo wau e hāʻawi ana kāu outline ma lalo i nā kiko kuʻina maoli kahi e hoʻohana pono ai ka leka uila usda / USG a me kāu mau hoʻoikaika ʻana. Makemake wau e hana hou a hoʻopili i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ma usda ʻaʻole wale mai nā wahi loea / kālepa akā mai kā mākou hale kūʻai kamaʻilio pū kekahi. "

Kākoʻo kālā ʻia ka poʻe ʻauhau, nā wikiō kaulike a Monsanto e hāpai i nā GMO

Kākoʻo ʻia kahi pūʻulu ʻauhau ʻauhau Videos i hana ʻia ma 2012 e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ke kāohi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻenehana a me nā kula i ka leka uila. Ua kōkua ʻo Byrne's PR firm v-Fluence i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā wikiō i "hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻike ʻia i kahi waihona haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ka amateurish," e like me ka leka uila mai ke Kulanui o ʻInikia ʻo Professor Bruce Chassy.

ʻO Kauka Chassy Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā limahana o Monsanto ma ka lā 27 ʻApelila 2012:

Ua pane ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs:

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Sachs e kōkua me ka leka ʻana i nā wikiō e hiki mai ana ma o ka kaʻana like ʻana i nā hopena o nā hoʻokolohua pūʻulu e kia ana. Ua kono ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Sachs e hāʻawi i nā manaʻo no nā kumuhana wikiō e hiki mai ana a noi iā ia e hoʻouna pū i nā hopena o ka hui o Monsanto.

E hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua kōkua ʻo Byrne iā Jon Entine e hoʻonohonoho i ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai a hui pū ʻia e nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, ʻO ka Entine's Genetic Literacy Project a ʻO kā Bruce Chassy hōʻike loiloi. Ua kuhi hewa nā mea hoʻonohonoho i ka waihona kālā no nā hanana e like me ka mea i loaʻa mai i ka huikau o nā kumu kula, aupuni a me nā ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻo ke kumu waiwai o ke kālā wale nō i hiki ke huli ʻia, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker. ʻO ke kumu o nā kahua hoʻomoana, ʻo Thacker ka mea i hōʻike ʻia, "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

ʻO Byrne ma ka hui hoʻonohonoho, me Cami Ryan (e hana nei no Monsanto) a me Bruce Chassy (ke loaʻa nei kālā mai Monsanto ʻaʻole i hōʻike ākea ʻia), e like me nā leka uila mai Hoʻohui a Ryan.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Bonus Eventus: ke keʻena o ka pāhana pāʻina kaiāulu o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Hāʻawi kahi lawelawe nui a Byrne i nā hana hoʻoholomua ahupuaʻa ʻo kāna "Bonus Eventus kaiāulu" e hoʻolako i nā mea kālaiʻike a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe me nā wahi kamaʻilio a me nā manawa hoʻolaha. Kūloko palapala (ʻaoʻao 9) e wehewehe iā Bonus Eventus ma ke ʻano he "portal pūnaewele pilikino pilikino e lawelawe ana ma ke ʻano he kamaʻilio kamaʻilio no nā ʻepekema noʻonoʻo i ka mahiʻai, nā mea hana kulekele a me nā mea kuleana ʻē aʻe." Loaʻa i nā lālā nā nūpepa ʻo Byrne, a me ke komo ʻana i kāna waihona waihona kūmole o nā kumuhana agribusiness, "database stakeholder" o nā poʻe koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a me nā hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ke kākoʻo no ka hana kaiaulu.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā laʻana o ka nūpepa i kēia ahu hoʻokoe o nā leka uila mai Byrne a Peter Phillips, he Kulanui o Saskatchewan polopeka ʻo ia hoʻohewa ʻia e nā hoa hana no kona pili pili iā Monsanto. Ma ka nūpepa Nov. 7, 2016, ua koi aku ʻo Byrne iā Phillips a me nā mea loaʻa ʻē aʻe e kaʻana like i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā "hemahema a me nā haʻalele" i loko o kahi New York Times moʻolelo ka mea i hōʻike e pili ana i ka maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻonui i nā hua a hoʻemi i nā pesticides, a me nā nīnau e piʻi ana i mua i kahi hui ʻepekema o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nāna i hōʻike he glyphosate kahi kino kanaka kino paha - kākau leka e kūlike me ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. (E nānā pū i kā mākou pepa pono ma Peter Phillip's 'ōlelo huna "kuleana ʻike"

Ua koi aku ʻo Byrne i ke kaiāulu Bonus Eventus e kaʻana i ka ʻike ma kēia mau kumuhana mai nā mea kākau i pili i ka ʻoihana, e like me ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Kauka Henry Miller, Kavin Senapathy, ʻO Sci Babe a Lākana Hank o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto ka uku ʻana e kōkua i ka hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. I ka 2017, ua holoi ʻo Forbes i nā ʻatikala he nui e Dr. Miller - me nā mea i kākau pū ʻia me ia Kelly, Senapathy a ʻO Byrne - ma hope o ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times ua hoʻopuka ʻo Kauka Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto.

ʻO Gatekeeper no ka hoʻouka kaua ma Greenpeace

I ka wā i kāhea aku ai kahi hui laureates Nobel iā Greenpeace e hoʻōki i ke kūʻē ʻana i ka raiki ʻenekini, ua like ia me kahi hana kūʻokoʻa. Akā ma hope o ka pale o nā ʻike kupaianaha nā lima kōkua o ʻelua mau mea pāʻani nui i ka lobby PR ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo Jay Byrne a he lālā o ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project. ʻO Byrne kau ʻia ma ka puka ma kahi hanana ʻo 2016 Press Press Club e hoʻolaha ana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision. ʻO ka mana .com o kēlā pūnaewele i hoʻohuli ʻia i mau makahiki i ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua e holo nei me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka hōʻike ʻole i kēlā mau pilina. 

No laila ʻo wai i uku no ka hanana paʻi anti-Greenpeace? ʻO Sir Richard Roberts, kahi meaolaola nāna i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia i kahi leka laureate Nobel, ua wehewehe i ka backstory i kahi FAQ ma ka pūnaewele: ʻo ka "hoʻouka kaua he pipiʻi loa ia," i kākau ʻo ia, ʻo ia ka hapa nui o kāna uku i uku ʻia e kāna haku ʻo New England Biolabs a me "nā lilo o waho o ka ʻeke" i uku ʻia e Matt Winkler. ʻO Winkler, ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna o ka hui biotech ʻo Asuragen, he mea leʻaleʻa hoʻi ia ka lālā o ka papa o Genetic Literacy Project, e like me ka pūnaewele o ka hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo Roberts ua ʻimi ʻo Winkler i kahi hoa, ʻo Val Giddings, "(ka ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua) nāna "i ʻōlelo iā Jay Byrne" (ka luna kamaʻilio mua o Monsanto) nāna i hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo loiloi pro bono no ka hanana paʻi.

Ua kōkua pū ʻo Byrne lāua ʻo Giddings i ka orchestrate i ka loiloi ʻia e ka Academics Review, kahi hui mua a lākou i hoʻonohonoho ai e kūʻokoʻa i ka lawelawe ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e ʻumeʻume kālā kālā no ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā loiloi o nā huahana ag-biotech. nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. I nā leka uila, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Byrne i kapa ʻia ʻo Greenpeace ma ka ʻO ka papa inoa "target" āna e hōʻuluʻulu nei no Monsanto. ʻO kekahi o Byrne's nā mea mālama mai ʻo ia ka International Rice Research Institute, ka hui ʻoihana nui e hoʻāʻo nei e kālepa aku iā GMO Golden Rice, ʻo ia ka mea nui o ka faitio Greenpeace. Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi a Glenn Davis Stone o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ma St. nā haʻawina haʻahaʻa a me nā pilikia ʻenehana ua paʻa i ka Rice Gula, ʻaʻole ke kūʻē mai nā hui kaiapuni.

I loko o kāna FAQ, ua kāpae ʻo Kauka Roberts i kā Dr. Stone ʻimi noiʻi kūʻokoʻa ʻana ma ke ʻano he "ʻaʻole he hōʻike pololei no ka mokuʻāina o nā hihia," a kuhikuhi ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai PR e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kamaʻāina i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka nūpepa Bonus Eventus o Byrne. ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Henry Miller a Nānā ʻImi. Ua hana ʻia ka hanana paʻi ma kahi manawa politika koʻikoʻi, a ua kōkua i kahi kōkua moʻolelo i ka Wakinekona Post, hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka koho ʻana o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā i nā mokuʻāina mai ka lepili ʻana i nā GMO.

I Ianuali 2019, ua hoʻohuli ʻia ka mana .com o ke kākoʻo Precision Agriculture i ka Genetic Literacy Project. I loko o kāna FAQ, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ʻaʻohe ona pilina me GLP a ʻōlelo ʻo ia "he kanaka ʻike ʻole ʻia" i kūʻai i ka inoa like i loko o kahi "hoʻāʻo maopopo" e hoʻopili iā ia iā GLP. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he laʻana kēia "ʻo nā hana hoʻopunipuni a ka poʻe kūʻē he palena ʻole."
(Ua hoʻopau ʻole ʻia ka hoʻohuli i kekahi manawa ma hope o ke ola ʻana o kēia kūlana.)

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Weaponizing i ka pūnaewele me nā kānaka hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele

Ke hōʻike nei no Ke Kahu i 2002, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i kahi hana huna hūnā e hoʻohana ʻia ana e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR no nā makahiki he nui e paipai a pale aku i kā lākou huahana: ka hana ʻana i nā pilikino hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni e hoʻopau ai i nā mea loiloi a hoʻohuli i nā hopena huli pūnaewele.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot i nā "kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni" (ka poʻe ʻaʻole maoli) "e hoʻopahū nei i nā papa inoa pūnaewele me nā leka e hōʻino ana i nā ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hua GM" - a ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia nā kamaʻāina wahaheʻe i ko Monsanto PR PR Bivings.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Monbiot i kā Jay Byrne pili ʻana i nā Bivings:

"E noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papaʻaina ... e make paha kekahi."

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o ka hana ʻana, nā pae GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekia huli pūnaewele i mea hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ua kākoʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. ' ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele Wow 'hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo' i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana e loaʻa i nā pāʻani kūpono '. ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele kahi a [kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni] Smetacek i hoʻouka i kāna hoʻolālā. "

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Nā mea hou aʻe mai Jay Byrne

A Hōʻike Mana Mana 2013 hōʻike i ke kuleana a Byrne e pāʻani ai no kāna mea kūʻai aku ma ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau kumumanaʻo e pili ana i nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiaola, hoʻonohonoho i ko lākou mana ma ka pūnaewele a koi i nā ʻoihana e hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou kumuwaiwai e kūʻē iā lākou, i mea e hōʻalo ai i nā "kaohi a me nā kaohi o ka mākeke."

The 2006 buke "E ʻai lākou i ka mālama pono," i paʻi ʻia e ka Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a hoʻoponopono ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻO ka mea lawelawe PR ʻo Jon Entine, loaʻa kahi mokuna e Byrne i kapa ʻia, "Deconstructing the Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

He lālā ʻo Byrne o "AgBioChatter," a papa inoa leka uila pilikino ʻO nā limahana limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea aʻoaʻo a me nā kālaiʻike i hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know hōʻike iā Byrne e paipai nei i nā lālā o AgBioChatter e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka poʻe a me nā hui i kūhewa i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO kahi hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo AgBioChatter ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi Ua hoʻolālā ʻo "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Monsanto e komo e kōkua i ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i glyphosate.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻOihana kiʻekiʻe no ka Agrichemical ʻoihana

Print enamel Share Tweet

ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he mea nui i ka hana ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻē i ka ʻike transparency a me ka palekana no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know a kau ʻia i ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika kuhikuhi ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua a hoʻokani i ke kī ma hope o nā hanana i nā hana ʻē aʻe e kāpae i ka papa hana deregulatory o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO Kauka Giddings kahi pelekikena pelekikena ma ka ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), kahi hui kālepa no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaola. I kēia manawa ke holo nei ʻo ia i ke keʻena kūkā ʻo PrometheusAB, a he hoa nui ʻo ia ma ka Technology Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

He pahu noʻonoʻo ʻo ITIF i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole, telecom, kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā ʻoihana biotech, i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia no ke kūʻē nei i ka “neutrality net"A ke hāpai nei i ka papahana o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. ʻO ka hui neʻe i ka biotechnology i ka 2011 me Dr. Giddings. ʻO nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e lawelawe nei ma ke ʻano he "noho noho hanohano" o ITIF, me US Reps Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Darrell Issa (R-CA) a me nā Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT) a ʻO Chris Coons (D-DE), ʻike ʻia ke kākoʻo a kōkua ʻana i nā hana paka i hoʻohana ʻia e Kauka Giddings e holomua i nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kuke ʻia i mua ka pūʻulu ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana he kuleana nui ʻo Dr. Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua i koi wahaheʻe he kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e lawe ana i nā kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai a e hoʻāʻo nei e hūnā i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā kī ʻē aʻe ʻO Jay Byrne, he luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui ma Monsanto; Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign; a ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ka luna o ke kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Monsanto.

Kuhi wahaheʻe nā kālaiʻike nā koi ma kāna pūnaewele ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i ke kālā ʻoihana a i ʻole noi i nā kālā no nā hana kikoʻī. akā e like me nā palapala ʻauhau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā no ka Review Academics mai ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua. BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont a me Syngenta / ChemChina.

Ka papa kuhikuhi o nā hanana nui no ka Nānā ʻInikino:

Malaki 11, 2010: ʻO Byrne lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Review Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻokumu i nā loiloi o GMO a me nā pesticides me ke kōkua mai a Dr. Giddings. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne hiki iā lāua a me Kauka Giddings ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana i ka papahana "i ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a pēlā ka waiwai) o nā mea hāʻawi / nā mea nona mua ..." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomohala ana ʻo ia no Monsanto kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻokau:

Malaki 24, 2010:  ʻO Kauka Chassy ee ka Pūnaewele Nānā Manaʻo me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo poʻokela ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia, me nā kāne ʻelua i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he puʻukū.

Nūpepa 23, 2010: Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui ʻoihana paha "pony i luna" no ka Academics Review e hōʻole he pepa nāna i hoʻohalahala i ka soy.

  • "Makemake wau e hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi kākoʻo mahalo iā ia," i kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Dr. Chassy.
  • Pane akula ʻo Chassy ma kahi ʻāpana, "Pili au i ka makemake o kā mākou mau hoaaloha ma Monsanto e kākau i ka mea hōʻole a uku mai iā mākou e kau."
  • Ua kākau ʻo Giddings, "manaʻo wau e mākaukau paha ka poʻe soybean e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i kahi ʻāpana e kākau inoa i kahi rebuttal ... Inā hana mākou i kēia kūpono hiki iā mākou ke leverage i ka Brand AcaRev ma aneʻi."

I hoʻokahi pule ma hope, Ua nīnau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs inā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i ka pepa soy, a haʻi iā Sachs: "E hoʻokipa ana ka Papa Soybean a US i kahi noi mai aʻu a me Graham Brookes e pane i ka ʻāpana." (Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha i kau ʻia a pane mai Chassy a me Brookes ma 2012 me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i nā mea kālā.)

Nūpepa 30, 2010: Ma ke kūkaʻi leka uila ʻana me Kauka Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto hiki iā ia ke kōkua i ka hoʻoikaika i ka pesticide a me GMO. nā hui kālepa ʻoihana e kākoʻo i ka Review Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Sachs.

ʻAukake 2011: Waiho mai o Kauka Giddings he noi i ka ʻO ka hui kālepa kālepa i hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻoihana mahiʻai CBI no ka papahana: "ʻo ka mea a mākou e hana ai i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, he hana pololei ia o ke kākoʻo a mākou e hāpai ai," i kākau ʻo ia i ka Luna Hoʻokele CBI ʻo Ariel Gruswich, i kahi leka uila i kope ʻia iā Dr. Chassy a me ka ʻohana. Ua koi aku ʻo Gruswich i nā kāne e hui pū i kā lākou kelepona ʻana me kāna hui: "Manaʻo maoli wau ʻo ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai iā ʻoukou āpau e hoʻonui ai i ka likelika o ke kākoʻo ma waena o nā ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka CBI i hāʻawi kālā ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Review Academics $ 650,000 mai 2014 i 2016 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻepekema."

ʻApelila 2014: Ua paʻi ʻia kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua nei i ka ʻoihana meaola ma ke ʻano he scam marketing, a i koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi. E nānā: “Ua loaʻa nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua a pau i ka meaʻai meaola, ” na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post

ʻO nā ʻepekema hoʻomaʻamaʻa i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana, nā mea nūpepa pehea e wili ai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides  

Ma kahi o $ 300,000 o ke kālā ʻoihana kemika i kōkua ai ʻo Dr. Giddings e hōʻiliʻili no ka Academics Review e uku no ʻelua mau ʻaha kūkā i kapa ʻia ʻo Nā kahua hoʻomoana "Biotech Literacy Project", i mālama ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida i 2014 a ʻO UC Davis i ka 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Nā kahua hoʻomoana - i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a me kahi hui o mua ʻoihana,  Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hoʻomaʻamaʻa nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e refame i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

E nānā: “Ke haki nei no nā GMO: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā Media maikaʻi - a me nā Crourism Discourages, "Na Paul Thacker, ʻO ka holomua

Deregulate GMOs: "puhi i ka mea āpau mea i luna"

I nā leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 2015, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings me kekahi mau kālaiʻike i kahi hoʻolālā e kākau ʻelima mau puke pai e paio nei no ka pono o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ʻoihana biotech. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings e pono e hopu i nā pepa, "ka mea aʻu e kapa aku ai iā Henry's" Blow the all damn thing up "hoʻopaʻapaʻa, kahi hihia aʻu e manaʻo nei e hana ʻia." Ua wehewehe ʻo Polopeka loio ʻo University of Arizona ʻo Gary Marchant, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka pānaʻi leka uila, "ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka pepa 1 ka mea e pohā ai ke kumuhana āpau."

ʻO Alan McHughen, he mea aʻo ʻāpana lehulehu ma UC Riverside a "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pāʻoihana marketing marketing Nā pane a GMO, hāʻawi ʻia e kākau i ka pepa 1. ʻO Henry Miller, MD, 'ōleloʻo ia hiki iā ia ke kōkua akā ua nui loa kāna papa i mea kākau mua. (I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua kau ʻo Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ia ka New York Times i hōʻikeʻia ma hope ua kau ʻia e Ghostanto.)

ʻO kekahi poʻe i kope ʻia ma ka leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa puke pai ʻO Drew Kershen o ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai; ʻO Guy Cardineau, ʻO Yvonne Stevens a ʻO Lauren Burkhart o ke Kulanui Moku'āina ʻo ʻAlikona; ʻO Steven Strauss o ke Kulanui ʻo Oregon State; ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida; ʻO Shane Morris o Nā Kūlana Kūlana Kanada; ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; ʻO Joanna Saksona o ke Kula Kanawai Komohana o Kaleponi; a ʻO Thomas Reddick o ka Global Environmental Ethics Council.

ʻO ka leka uila ʻepekema hoʻohui e kūʻē iā Seralini hoʻopaʻa

I Kepakemapa 2012, ʻo Kauka Giddings hoʻohui i kahi leka ʻepekema ʻepekema e koi ana iā Wallace Hayes, ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, e noʻonoʻo hou i kahi pepa Kepakemapa 2012 e ka mea noiʻi Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini nāna i hōʻike i nā tumors i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka papaʻai o ka palaoa GM kolamu Roundup-tolerant. Ua huki ʻia ka pepa i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope a paʻi hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.

I mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka hōʻailona ma ka leka, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Giddings iā AgBioChatter - kahi papa inoa pilikino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me kā lākou mau hana PR. hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO kekahi polofesa i kau inoa i ka leka, ʻo Chris Leaver, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia "e hana ana ma hope o nā hōʻike ma o Sense About Science" e pili ana i ka noi Séralini. ʻO Sense About Science kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi of ʻepekema wili no ka pono o nā pono ʻoihana.

Nā hōʻailona o ka palapala i Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino he ʻO Robert Wager, Alda Lerayer, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, Nīnau, ʻO Steve Strauss, ʻO Chris Leaver, ʻO Shanthu Shantharam, ʻO Ingo Potrykus, ʻO Marc Fellous, ʻO Moises Burachik, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, ʻO CS Prakash, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Kent Bradford, Selim Cetiner, Alan McHughen, ʻO Luis De Stefano-Beltrán, Bruce Chassy, Salbah Al-Momin, ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin, Klaus Ammann, Ronald Herring, Lucia de Souza.

Pili: “Nā leka uila i hoʻokumu ʻole ʻia: ua pili ʻo Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa GMO, " Retraction Watch

Kūkulu ʻia nā mea mahiʻai "mommy" maikaʻi e kau i nā GMO

I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me kahi lobbyist Monsanto e pili ana i ka pehea e lanakila ai i nā neʻe lepili ʻana o GMO ma Colorado a me Oregon i ka makahiki 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Giddings ʻo nā mea mahiʻai maikaʻi nā "mommy" maikaʻi nā ʻelele maikaʻi loa e hōʻalo i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia i nā genetically "ʻO ka mea e koi ai ke kūlana kahi lumi o nā kīwī kīwī e hōʻike nei i nā wahine ʻōpio maikaʻi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā mahiʻai mommy, e wehewehe nei no ke aha ʻo nā meaʻai biotech i ʻoi aku ka palekana & ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka mōʻaukala o ag a kūpono i ke kākoʻo, "ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Lisa Drake, ke alakaʻi a Monsanto no nā hana aupuni.

I Kepakemapa 2015 ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao New York Times moʻolelo, ʻekolu manawa lanakila ʻO Pulitzer Prize lanakila ʻO Eric Lipton i wehewehe i nā leka uila:

"In kēia hoʻolōʻihi leka uila, kekahi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻikei kiʻi ʻia e kōkua iā Monsanto e pahu i kāna nīnau no ka nīnau inā he ʻelele maikaʻi loa lākou. ʻ suggestlelo ʻelua e holo ʻo Monsanto i mau hoʻolaha kīwī e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai ma kahi. Pane ka loio loio Monsanto i ka hōʻike balota e hōʻike ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua holo mua ka ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha TV e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai wahine. ”

E nānā: “Ua kāinoa ʻoihana ʻoihana i nā mea kālaiʻike i ke kaua lepili GMO, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, ”Na Eric Lipton, Ka New York Times.

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

Print enamel Share Tweet

ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. Hōʻike ʻo Entine iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana mana i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo he PR lōʻihi ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO nā kumu hoʻomaka o ka papahana moʻokalaleo genetic: kahi paʻa ʻo Monsanto PR a me kahi nonprofit me nā pili paka

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kāinoa i ka inoa kikowaena GeneticLiteracyProject.org.

ʻO Entine i kēlā manawa e hana ʻia e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation" o ia "ʻike ʻia e kū i nā kūlana e ʻae i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha. ” Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO kahi hoʻokolokolo e Milwaukee Journal Sentinel ua ʻike ʻo STATS he “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A"A ʻo kāna hui makua, ʻo ke kikowaena no Media and Public Affairs (CMPA)," ʻo ia uku ʻia i loko o nā makahiki 1990 e Philip Morris, ka ʻoihana paka, e hōʻiliʻili i nā moʻolelo loiloi i ka puhipaka. ” He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA i ka makahiki makahiki 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

Pāhana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR / hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema 

Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻike a mai hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto e hōʻike i ka Entine a me ka Genetic Literacy Project hoa me Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, me ka hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou hana pū ʻana.

  • Kahi hoʻolālā 2015 Monsanto PR ʻike ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project kekahi o nā "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e "pale ai i ka kaulana" o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema ka mea i loaʻa ka glyphosate carcinogenic as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.
  • He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology, "a he hana nui i ko Monsanto mau hana" e luku i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o United Nations. ke koho e hiki ai. "
  • I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe.
  • Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Boston Globe, “ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Professor Harvard i ka pili o Monsanto. "
  • Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a e kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa.
  • ʻO ka firm PR CMA, ka mea i kapa hou ʻia ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot, a ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea nāna e holo ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto - a ʻo kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.
  • I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana pū ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua o Monsanto, e hoonohonoho ʻaha kūkā kālā-ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Florida a me UC Davis "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate," e like me Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Pili i Syngenta / ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana a Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Center for Media and Democracy e hoʻokumu ana e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine.

ʻO kā Philpott ʻatikala ma Mother Jones ua wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Entine puke, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa iā ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka e wehewehe ana i kā PR PR Syngenta e kiʻi ʻo nā hui ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hāʻawi - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala" - e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai pilikino" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, he hui mua i loaʻa i kāna kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hoʻolilo ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻike Biotechnology, i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company, ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka papa mua o ka Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015. Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana ma ke ʻano he "hoʻomaʻamaʻa mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki ʻia e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema i nā "mea hana a me nā kōkua e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he mau loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

Print enamel Share Tweet

Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Pehea ʻo Tamar Haspel e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post

Print enamel Share Tweet

ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi mea kākau nūhou manuahi nāna e kākau nei i nā kolamu meaʻai no ka Wakinekona Post mai ka lā ʻOkakopa 2013. Hāpai pinepine nā kolamu a Haspel i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā uku e ʻōlelo ai i nā hanana kūlike i ka ʻoihana, a i kekahi manawa mai nā hui ʻoihana - kahi hana i kapa ʻia ʻo "buckraking" e hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka objectivity.

ʻO kahi loiloi o nā kolamu ʻo Haspel's Washington Post e hoʻohuli i nā hopohopo hou: i nā manawa he nui, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel a wehewehe piha paha i nā pilina ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, i ka hilinaʻi i nā noiʻi slanted i hana ʻia, nā mea i koho ʻia e nā cherry i mea e kākoʻo ai i nā kūlana ʻoihana a i ʻole e kuhikuhi kūʻē ʻana i ka ʻoihana. . E nānā i ka loiloi kumu a me kekahi mau laʻana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

ʻO Buckraking ma luna o ka meaʻai kuʻi: he hakakā o ka hoihoi?

Ma kahi kūkākūkā pūnaewele 2015 e ka Wakinekona Post, e pane ana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, Haspel ua kākauʻo ia, "ʻ speaklelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai au." Hōʻike ʻo ia i kāna mau ʻōlelo pili iā ia pūnaewele pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i nā ʻoihana a i ʻole nā ​​hui kālepa e hoʻolako kālā iā ia a i nā kālā a lākou e hāʻawi ai.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua, Ua kākau ʻo Haspel, "No ka mea ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

E like me ka Nā kūlana a me nā loina o Wakinekona, ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe nūpepa ke ʻae i nā makana, nā huakaʻi manuahi, ka mālama makemake ʻana a i ʻole ke ʻae manuahi ʻana mai nā kumuwaiwai nūhou, a "pono ​​e hana i nā hana āpau e noho i ka lehulehu, e noho ma waho o ke kahua, e hōʻike i ka nūhou, ʻaʻole e hana i ka nūhou." ʻAʻole pili kēia mau lula i nā freelancer, akā waiho ka pepa iā ia i nā luna hoʻoponopono e hoʻoholo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Haspel i kāna pae hoʻohālikelike no ka ʻae ʻana i nā hana i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna ona pūnaewele pilikino: ʻo nā hanana he mau hoʻopaʻapaʻa kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai e pili ana i nā leo ma mua o nā ʻoihana loaʻa kālā. ʻAʻole kūpono nā hanana āpau ma kāna papa inoa i kēlā mau pae hoʻohālikelike (e ʻike i nā hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana "biotech literacy" i wehewehe ʻia ma lalo). ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o Haspel ʻo Joe Yonan Ua'ōleloʻo ia ʻoluʻolu ʻo ia me kā Haspel hoʻokokoke ʻana i nā hana haʻi ʻōlelo i uku ʻia a loaʻa iā ia he "kaulike kūpono." 

Hōʻike ʻia nā manaʻo hou aʻe mai Haspel a me Yonan ma aneʻi, "Ke kī ʻana i ka Beat Food: I ka manawa hea ia e hakakā ai ka hoihoi?" na Stacy Malkan (Ke kaulike a me ka pololei i ka hōʻike ʻana, 2015). E nānā pū, "ʻO kahi hōʻike pōkole e pili ana i nā mea nūpepa ʻekolu i haʻi ʻia i loko o kā mākou FOIA noi," na Gary Ruskin (Pono ʻo US e ʻike, 2015). No nā kuanaʻike mai ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā luna hoʻoponopono ma ke kuʻi ʻana, e ʻike i ka hōʻike a Ken Silverstein (ʻO Harper's, 2008).

Lawe i ka paʻi GMO

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Haspel i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i March 2013 i ka Huffington Post ("E hele Frankenfish! No ke aha mākou e pono ai iā GM Salmon"). Ua hoʻomaka ʻia kāna mau kākau e pili ana i nā kumuhana pili i ka meaʻai i ka Washington Post a me HuffPo ma 2011 a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe mai ka waena waena o 1990. ʻO kā Haspel hope loa moʻo o nā ʻatikala no Huffington Post hoʻomau ʻia ma ke kumuhana o nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, me nā blog e hoʻopuka nei i nā noiʻi e pili ana i nā mea e hiki ke loaʻa i nā pilikia Glyphosate a Hānai holoholona GMO, he paio kūʻē Nā hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO a he ʻāpana puff e pili ana i ka pūnaewele ʻoihana ʻoihana mahiʻai, Nā pane a GMO.

GMOAnswers.org he ʻāpana ia o kahi hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu lehulehu miliona ka Hoʻolaha ʻia ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i ka puna o 2013 e hakakā i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i ka hopena o nā hoʻolaha e lepili i nā GMO.

HuffPo Iulai 2013: ʻO kahi laʻana o pehea Haspel i hoʻolaha ai i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana me ke ʻano ʻole. Nā laʻana hou aʻe ma lalo. 

WaPo Unearthed kolamu: e ʻeli ana i nā kuanaʻike ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna kolamu meaʻai "Unearthed" i kēlā me kēia mahina ma ka Wakinekona Post ma 'Okakopa 2013  ("Nā meaʻai i hoʻololi maoli ʻia: He aha ka mea a ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo") me kahi hoʻohiki e "ʻeli hohonu e hoʻāʻo e ʻike i ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā mea ʻaʻole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kā mākou lako meaʻai." Ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mea heluhelu e noʻonoʻo "ʻo wai ka mea āu e hilinaʻi ai" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO a ʻike i kekahi mau hui i hala ʻole i kāna hōʻike kūlike ʻole (ka Union of Concerned Scientists i waena o lākou).

Nā Haspel November 2013 kolamu ("kahua maʻamau o GMO: Ma kahi e ʻae ai nā mea kākoʻo a me nā mea kūʻē mai") ​​i hāʻawi ʻia i ka laulā o nā kuanaʻike mai ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana; Eia nō naʻe, i nā kolamu e hiki mai ana, ʻaʻole ʻike pinepine ʻo Haspel i nā pūʻulu hoihoi o ka lehulehu a hāʻawi i kahi wahi liʻiliʻi loa i nā loea olakino lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻikepili ma mua o kāna hana i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana a i ʻole nā ​​loea i ka loiloi weliweli a i ʻole ka "ʻike ʻike maka" e hoʻowahāwahā i ke olakino a me ka palekana o ka lehulehu. nā hopohopo, a me nā ʻike ʻoihana echo. I kekahi mau hanana, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel e wehewehe a wehewehe piha paha i nā pilina ʻoihana i nā kumuwaiwai.

ʻO ke kolamu 'neʻe' ʻai 'hana ʻenehana

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i kekahi o kēia mau pilikia ʻo Haspel's Ianuari 2016 kolamu ("ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kupaianaha e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai"), kahi āna i hoʻopaʻapaʻa ai ʻo ka poʻe e mālama nei i ka ʻenekini a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai - ka "neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai" - he ʻāpana palena ʻole ia o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i nīnau i nā nīnauele me nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino, kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​hui kaulike e manaʻo iā lākou iho he ʻāpana o ka neʻe o ka meaʻai

Ua kiʻi ʻo Haspel i ke kolamu me ʻelua mau pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a Ketchuma, ka hui pili lehulehu e holo i nā pane GMO. ʻOiai ʻo ia e wehewehe iā Ketchum ma ke ʻano he PR firm e "hana nui me ka ʻoihana meaʻai," ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Ketchum e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻololi i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā meaʻai GMO (a ʻaʻole nō hoʻi ʻo ia i haʻi i ka mōʻaukala weliweli a Ketchum o ke lele nei no Rusia a alakaʻi ʻana i ke kiu kue i nā hui kaiapuni).

ʻO ke kolu o nā kumuwaiwai no kāna kolamu kahi ana kelepona makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki i alakaʻi ʻia e William Hallman, kahi loiloi manaʻo lehulehu mai Rutgers nāna i hōʻike mai mālama ʻole ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. (I hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Hallman lāua ʻo Haspel i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMO ma kahi aupuni i kākoʻo ʻia panela lākou i kaʻana like ai me Eric Sachs o Monsanto.)

Nā laulima me nā hui milo ʻoihana

ʻO kā Tamar Haspel aloha a me ka hana pū ʻana me nā mea pāʻani nui o ka ʻoihana pili i ka lehulehu i nā hana pili lehulehu e hāpai i nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i kāna kumuhana.

A ʻōlelo hoʻolaha mai Haspel ʻike ʻia ma ka homepage o STATS / Sense About Science, e wehewehe nei i nā STATS ma ke ʻano he "waiwai" i kāna hōʻike ʻana. Ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe iā STATS ma ke ʻano he pale-huahana “hoʻouka kaua disinformation”Hoʻohana nā hana paka i ka hana kānalua e pili ana i ka pōpilikia a me ke ʻano nui i ka “ʻoihana politika kinipōpō o ka hoʻoponopono kemika. ” A 2016 moʻolelo ma The Intercept ua wehewehe ʻia nā pili paka o STATS a me Sense About Science (i hui ʻia i ka 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi o Trevor Butterworth) a me ke kuleana a lākou e pāʻani ai i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā ʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

A 2015 lehulehu pili palapala hoʻolālā kapa ʻia ʻo Sense About Science i waena o nā “nā hoa hana ʻoihana ”Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna huakaʻi e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization e hōʻino i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o glyphosate.

ʻO nā hanana spinic ʻoihana Agrichemical

I Iune 2014, ʻo Haspel a Lālā “kumu” (ma kahi o kekahi mau ʻelele ʻoihana) ma kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project i kālā kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui mua o ka ʻoihana i hōʻike pū ʻia e Monsanto ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma kāna Hoʻolālā 2015 PR.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project kahi ma mua papahana o STATS, a ʻo Academics Review ka hoʻonohonoho me ke kōkua o Monsanto i hōʻino i nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e mālama ʻana i ka ʻoihana hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Haspel i hele aku i manaʻo ʻia e "hōʻano hou i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO," e like me ka papahana Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker e pili ana i ka hanana i Ka Holomua, "Ua hāʻawi malū ʻoihana i kahi ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā mea ʻino o glyphosate ... ”

ʻO nā mākaukau i kamaʻilio ʻia me nā ʻōnaehana spin hui i loiloi i nā palapala hoʻomoana boot ma ke noi a Thacker. "He mau mea kaumaha kēia," wahi a Naomi Oreskes, polofesa o ka mōʻaukala ʻepekema ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard. "Ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe i nā hua o GMO he pono, pono, a ʻaʻole lawa ka makaʻu e hōʻoia i ka lepili ʻana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Marion Nestle, ke polofesa no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai, ke aʻo ʻana i ka meaʻai, a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York, "Inā hele ka poʻe nūpepa i nā ʻaha kūkā e uku ʻia lākou e hele, pono lākou e kānalua loa mai ka hoʻomaka.

ʻO Cami Ryan, kahi limahana hoʻomoana kīpaku nāna i hana ma hope no Monsanto, i kākau ʻia ma ka loiloi loiloi i makemake ai nā poʻe komo, "More Haspel-ish, Ropeik-ish kau." ʻO David Ropeik kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike maka pilikia nona ka komo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Bayer a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, a ʻo wai ʻo Haspel hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu i kahi kolamu āna i kākau ai e pili ana i ka glyphosate.

ʻO 2015 lā heluhelu biotech me Kevin Folta 

I Mei 2015, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel ma kahi “ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology"Ma ke Kulanui o Florida i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Kevin Folta, he polofesa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ka pilina o ke aupuni a hooikaika lobbying. Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Folta iā Haspel i kahi ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia pili kamaʻilio biotech" i hopena ʻia mai ka "kāohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." ʻAoʻao 4 o ka olelo ua wehewehe i kahi hanana e hōʻike i nā polofesa UF "a me kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe i lawe ʻia mai waho me nā ʻelele o nā ʻoihana, nā loea kākau moʻolelo ma ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio (eg Tamar Haskel [sic], Amy Harmon), a me nā loea i ka ʻike maka maka a me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me Dan Kahan) . ”

Monsanto kākoʻo kālā a kā Folta noi, ke kāhea nei iā ia "kahi ala 3-ʻaoʻao maikaʻi loa e hoʻomohala i ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo a mākou e nānā nei e hoʻomohala." (ʻO ke kālā hâʻawi wale i kahi hale mālama meaʻai i ʻAukake 2015 ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kālā.)

I ʻApelila 2015, Folta i kākau aku ai iā Haspel me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka ʻana, "E uhi mākou i nā kumukūʻai a me kahi honorary, nā mea a pau e pono ai. ʻO nā mea ʻepekema, nā kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu. "

Ua pane ʻo Haspel, "Aia nō wau i loko," a ua hāʻawi hou ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo mai kekahi panela hou "kamaʻilio ʻepekema" i hoʻololi i ka manaʻo o kekahi e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He hiki nō ke hele i ke ala, akā ua maopopo iaʻu ma o nā kamaʻilio ʻana a kekahi me kekahi kanaka," i kākau ai ʻo Haspel iā Folta.

ka papahana mālama no ka lā kamaʻilio o Florida i helu ʻia nā mea ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he Haspel, Folta, ʻekolu mau kumu ʻē aʻe o ka UF, ka limahana ʻo Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe a me nā ʻelele mai Biofortified a Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono (ʻelua mau hui hou aku i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto nā hoa hana ʻoihana i kāna papahana PR e pale aku i ka glyphosate). I kekahi leka uila iā Folta, Ua hauʻoli ʻo Haspel e pili ana i ka hui ʻana me Crowe, “Ke nānā nei i mua i kēia. (Ua makemake wau e launa me Vance Crowe - hauʻoli loa wau e hiki ana ʻo ia i laila.) ”

Hōʻike Ethics a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana

I Kepakemapa 2015, hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times Folta i kahi moʻolelo ʻaoʻao mua na Eric Lipton e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā pūʻulu ʻoihana i nā kālaiʻike e hakakā i ke kaua lepili GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kālā a Folta iā Monsanto, a e ʻōlelo ākea ana ʻo Folta ʻaʻohe ona pili me Monsanto.

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel iā Folta i kekahi mau mahina ma hope mai, "Minamina loa wau i ka mea āu i hele ai, a kaumaha loa ia i ka wā o ka naʻau ʻino, ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao i uhi i nā pilikia maoli - ma ka ʻepekema a me ka moakaka, nā mea nui ʻelua." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel e hana pū ana ʻo ia me ka National Press Foundation e hoʻomohala i nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoihoi no nā mea nūhou kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Haspel kahi 2015 hoa no ka National Press Foundation (kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana, me ʻO Bayer lāua ʻo DuPont). I loko o kahi ʻatikala ua kākau ʻo ia no NPF e pili ana nā loina no nā freelancers, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Haspel i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ʻana a wehewehe i kāna mau pae hoʻohālikelike no ke kamaʻilio ʻana i nā hanana inā pili wale nā ​​mea hoʻopukapuka ʻole ʻoihana a me nā manaʻo like ʻole - nā pae i kū ʻole ʻia e nā hanana biotech literacy. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hoʻolaha ma kona pūnaewele ʻaʻole hōʻike pololei i ka nā ʻaha kūkā a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā o ke kahua hoʻomoana literacy biotech 2014. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā hanana literacy biotech.

Loiloi kumu: hōʻike hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pesticides

ʻO kahi loiloi kumu o ʻekolu o nā kolamu Washington Post a Tamar Haspel e pili ana i ke kumuhana o nā pesticides i loaʻa he mau mea e pili ana i nā laʻana o nā kumuwaiwai pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻia, nā haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me nā hōʻike ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i lawelawe ʻia e kākoʻo i nā leka pesticide ʻoihana pesticides ʻaʻole hopohopo a ʻAʻole waiwai nui ke aloha. Uhi ka loiloi kumu i kēia mau kolamu ʻekolu:

  • "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka meaola no kou olakino? ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo, nā hua manu, nā huahana a me nā iʻa ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “ʻO ka kemiko ʻo Monsanto kaukaʻi. Pehea ka weliweli? ” ('Okakopa 2015)
  • "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides" (E 21, 2018)

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana; ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana

I nā kolamu ʻekolu a pau i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia loiloi kumu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka pili o ka pesticide ʻoihana o nā kumu waiwai nui i hoʻowahāwahā i ka pilikia o nā pesticides. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā pilina ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i kāna kolamu mai ʻAukake 2018 i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia loiloi.

I loko o kāna hōʻike 2018 e pili ana i ka "ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides," hāʻawi ʻo Haspel i nā mea heluhelu i "ka manaʻo o ka nui o ka makaʻu" mai nā hōʻike pesticide pino. he hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka makaʻu o ka ʻai ʻana i nā pesticides mai ka meaʻai a inu i ka waina. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel he ʻehā o nā mea kākau ʻelima o kēlā noi i hoʻohana ʻia e Bayer Crop Science, kekahi o nā mea hana pesticide nui loa o ka honua. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻike i ka hōʻike mua ʻana i loko kahi kuhi hewa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ma hope (ʻoiai ua pili ʻo ia i ka loiloi kumu a me ka hoʻopaʻa pono ʻana). Ua hōʻike mua ka noiʻi i ka makaʻu e like me ka inu ʻana i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia makahikiʻehiku; ua hoʻoponopono ʻia i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina; Ua kuhi ʻia kēlā kuhi hewa a me kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe i loko leka i ka puke pai e kekahi mau ʻepekema nāna i wehewehe i ka hoʻopaʻa waina ʻana ma ke ʻano he "simplistic loa a kuhi hewa hoʻi."

E hoʻokuʻu i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena synergistic o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides he nui, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i kekahi like mai ka mea kākau pili ʻole ʻole Bayer wale nō o ke aʻo hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka waina, a "a 2008 moʻolelo"I hana i ka loiloi like." ʻO Alan Boobis lāua ʻo Angelo Moretto nā mea kākau o kēlā hōʻike 2008 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi hakakā hoʻowahāwahā i ka 2016 no ka mea ua alakaʻi lākou i kahi UN panel i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi i ka manawa like e like me kā lākou mau kūlana alakaʻi i ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui kōkua ʻole i loaʻa nui nā makana mai ka ʻoihana pesticide.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka maka o ka glyphosate, ka "kemikala Monsanto kaukaʻi," ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai me nā pilina pesticide āna i hōʻike ʻole ai: ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i kākau i nā pepa e pili ana i ka glyphosate. i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto (aʻo wai ʻo Monsanto ke hoʻolaha nei ma ke ʻano he kumu); a ʻo David Ropeik, he kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia e pili pū ana me Harvard a he paʻa paʻa PR kekahi nona ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow, DuPont a me Bayer. Ua kamaʻilio pū ʻo Haspel lāua ʻo Ropeik ma ka mahiʻai leka uila kālā-ʻoihana aʻo kahua hoʻomoana ma ke Kulanui o Florida ma 2014.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana inā he koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi pilikia i ke olakino, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka kānalua e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā organophosphates, kahi papa o nā pesticides e pili ana poino neurological i nā keiki, Me ka manual ka mea i loaʻa "ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo nui nā noiʻi epidemiological i kekahi pesticide e like me ka mea e pili ana i nā hopena ulu neurological maikaʻi ʻole i nā pēpē a me nā keiki." ʻO ka mea kākau nui ka ʻO Carol Burns, he ʻepekema ma Dow Chemical Company, kekahi o nā mea hana nui o nā organophosphates.

Ua hoʻohana pū kēlā kolamu i ka ʻoihana ʻona helehelena i loko o ka hoʻoilo kino ʻo Carl Winter ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana no ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai e pili ana i nā loiloi pilikia o EPA ʻO Monsanto nō ka paipai ʻana i kā Winter hana i kēlā manawa i nā helu kamaʻilio, a ʻo Winter hoʻi i lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka mea haʻaheo i loko o kahi blog post i kekahi mau mahina ma mua e pili ana i ka uhi nūhou anti-organic i ʻōlelo i kā lākou kāne, "Kauka aʻoaʻo ACSH ʻo Kauka Carl Winter."

Kuhi hewa ʻia me ka hōʻike ʻana ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili

Ma kāna kolamu 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Haspel i kahi pepa 2012 e ka American Academy of Pediatrics ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili e hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna paio e hāʻawi ʻole ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola i nā pono olakino, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hoʻomaopopo i ka poʻe heluhelu i ka piha o ka noiʻi a me kāna hopena. ʻO ka Pepa AAP hoʻopuka ʻia i kahi ākea o nā ʻike ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ka hōʻeha i nā keiki mai nā hōʻike ākea a me nā maʻi hoʻomau i nā pesticides like ʻole, a ua hoʻopau ʻia, "Pono e kaupalena ʻia nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides i hiki." Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka "hōʻemi koke ʻana o ka urinary excretion of pesticide metabolites" i nā keiki e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai. Ua hoʻopuka pū kekahi ʻo AAP ʻōlelo paipai aʻoaʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā keiki i nā pesticides.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Haspel i kēlā ʻano pōʻaiapili āpau a hōʻike wale nō i ka hōʻike AAP, "ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka organophosphate a me nā pilikia neurological i loaʻa i loko o kekahi mau noiʻi akā ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" maopopo ʻole "ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola. pili. '”

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hōʻike hewa ʻo Haspel i ke ʻano o ka pesticide chlorpyrifos "he kumu hakakā ma waena o nā hui kaiaulu, makemake lākou e pāpā ʻia, a me ka EPA, ʻaʻole" ka EPA ua paipai e pāpā chlorpyrifos ma muli o ke kau ʻana i nā hōʻike e hiki ai i ka prenatal hōʻike ke hiki loaʻa nā hopena mau loa i ka lolo o nā keiki. Ua hoʻohuli ke ʻoihana i ka papa ma hope wale nō o ka Hoʻopilikia ʻo Trump EPA. Ua loaʻa ʻo Haspel i kāna ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni "nā hui kaiaulu vs EPA" me kahi loulou i kahi New York Times ʻaoʻao palapala hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili liʻiliʻi e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo EPA, ma mua o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka moʻolelo NYT i wehewehe i ka ka pōʻaiapili politika o ka hopena ʻoihana.

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻaelike kekahi i kekahi 

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Haspel i kāna paio e pili ana nā hōʻike pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi mea hopohopo ʻole me kahi ʻano hōʻike hoʻopunipuni āna i hoʻohana ai i nā manawa ʻē aʻe: e hōʻike ana i ka ʻaelike ma waena o nā kumuwaiwai he nui āna i ʻike ai. I kēia hihia, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā pae pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai “haʻahaʻa loa” a “ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hopohopo iā lākou,” e like me ka “USDA a me ka Agency Protection Environmental (me nā mea ʻimi ʻona i kamaʻilio pū me aʻu mau makahiki). " ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka poʻe āpau i kēlā mau loiloi," ʻaʻole ʻo Haspel i ʻōlelo i nā kumu kūlike ʻole a nānā ʻole i ka Hōʻike ka American Academy of Pediatrics i paipai i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides, āna i ʻōlelo ai ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i kāna kolamu 2014. Ma kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka glyphosate ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai like manaʻo, e hōʻike ana i kēlā me kēia "ʻepekema" āna i kamaʻilio ai me "ua hoʻomaopopo a hiki i ka wā e ala ai nā nīnau, ua kaulana ʻo glyphosate no kona palekana."

Ua nalowale nā ​​ʻikepili pili 

Ua hala i ka ʻikepili ʻo Haspel i kāna hōʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia a i ʻole nā ​​pesticides a me nā pōmaikaʻi o nā mea ola i hoʻopili ʻia e nā hui olakino koʻikoʻi a me nā ʻepekema hou.

Nā manaʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kā Haspel hōʻike

ʻO ka American Council on Science and Health kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

Print enamel Share Tweet

Hoʻohou i Iulai 2019

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kāhea iā ia iho he "ʻahahui kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻohana-ʻepekema" a hoʻolaha pinepine nā hoʻolaha media i ka hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, nā palapala i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa hōʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ACSH kahi hui mua ʻoihana e noi kālā mai ka paka, kemika, cosmetic, pharmaceutical a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i pānaʻi no ka pale ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kā lākou huahana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna kālā.

Nā palapala nui:

Hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e pale aku i nā huahana Monsanto

Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻApelila 2019 Ua ʻae ʻo Monsanto e hoʻolako kālā iā ACSH ma 2015 a noi i ka hui e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research. ʻAe ʻo ACSH e hana pēlā, a ma hope hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke ʻano hehoʻopunipuni ʻepekema. ” Mālamalama nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi o ACSH i ke kālā ʻoihana a me nā hana e hōʻoluʻolu i kāna poʻe kālā. ʻO ka luna hoʻokele mua o ACSH ʻo Gil Ross (ʻo wai hoʻolimalima manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid) i kākau aku i kahi luna ʻo Monsanto, "I kēlā me kēia lā, hana nui mākou e hōʻoia i ko mākou waiwai i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto." Ua kākau ʻo Ross:

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kēlā Ua uku nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto iā ACSH ʻoiai ko lākou hōʻoluʻolu ʻole me ka hui. Ua alakaʻi ikaika ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein iā ACSH i kāna mau hoa hana, a hoʻouna iā lākou i nā loulou i nā ʻatikala 53 ACSH, ʻelua mau puke a me kahi loiloi pesticide āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL." Ua kākau ʻo Goldstein:

ʻO ka mea pāʻani nui i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha a Monsanto

He hoʻokolokolo lanakila lanakila na Le Monde i loko o Monsantokaua ma ka ʻepekema"E pale aku i ka glyphosate i kapa ʻia ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma waena o nā" pūnaewele hoʻolaha kaulana "i hana nui i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. I Mei 2017, hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi pōkole: "Hoʻomoe mālie ʻo Monsanto i ke kālā e 'manaʻo wai' e like me ka" Genetic Literacy Project "a me ka" American Council on Science and Health, "nā hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hoʻomālamalama i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua koho mua ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e paʻi i kahi papa o nā pepa pro-GMO i hāʻawi ʻia i nā polofesa e Monsanto a "kalepa ʻia" e kahi ʻo PR e paipai nui iā lākou ma ke ʻano kūʻokoʻa. Ua kākau ʻo Monsanto executive Eric Sachs i nā polopeka: "I mea e loaʻa ai ka hopena nui o nā pepa, ʻo ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hana pū nei me CMA Consulting e hoʻokele i kēia papahana. E hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i nā kulekele ma ka pūnaewele ACSH… E kūʻai aku nō hoʻi ʻo CMA a me ACSH i nā haʻiʻōlelo pili kulekele, e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pono kikoʻī o ka pāpāho, e like me nā op-ed, nā blog, nā haʻi ʻōlelo, nā hanana, nā webinar, a pēlā aku. ʻO ka ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa by Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic me ka hōʻike ʻole o kā Monsanto kuleana.

i ka Hoike mai ka Hale Ahaolelo o US, ua ʻimi nā kānaka noiʻi ʻahaʻōlelo i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto i nā "hui kālepa ʻoihana, e like me CropLife a me nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, e like me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo no nā haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

Hōʻike nā leka ACSH i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻolālā kālā hui-pale

A pū ʻia 2012 Hōʻuluʻulu kālā ACSH hoike e ʻO Jones Jones ua hōʻike ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ACSH mai kahi nui o nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana me kahi kālā kālā i ka leka ʻepekema ACSH e paipai - a ua hōʻike i ka noi ʻana o ACSH i nā hāʻawi kālā a nā hui no ka quid pro quo huahana-pale kaua. ʻO kahi laʻana, outlines ka palapala:

  • Nā hoʻolālā e hoʻokumu i ka Vinyl Institute nāna i "kākoʻo mua i ka hōʻike mālamalama a me ke olakino"
  • Hoʻolālā e hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana meaʻai no kahi hoʻolaha leka e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO
  • E hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana cosmetic e kūʻē i nā "pressulate pressures" mai ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
  • Nā hana i ka ʻaha paka a me nā ʻoihana e-uahi paka

Ua hōʻike ʻo Mother Jones, "ʻO nā mea hāʻawi a ACSH a me nā mea hiki ke kākoʻo ʻia e ka pūʻulu e ʻimi nei ʻo ia ka mea o wai ka ikehu, ka mahiʻai, nā mea hoʻonani, nā meaʻai, nā soda, nā mea kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā ʻoihana paka." Nā kikoʻī kālā:

  • ʻO nā mea hāʻawi ACSH i ka hapa lua o 2012 i komo pū me Chevron, Coca-Cola, ka Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation, Dr. Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropsains, Procter a me Gamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, a me Altria conglomerate paka. Ua alualu pū ka ACSH i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Pepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobako, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, ka Koch ʻohana Claude R. Lambe Foundation i mālama ʻia e ka ʻohana, ka Dow-pili Gerstacker Foundation, ka Bradley Foundation a me Searle Freedom. Hilinaʻi
  • ʻO Reynolds ʻAmelika a ʻo Phillip Morris International nā mea hāʻawi nui ʻelua i helu ʻia i nā palapala.

ʻO Syngenta kālā, pale Syngenta

Ma 2011, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kahi puke e pili ana i ka "chemophobia" i kākau ʻia e Jon Entine, ʻo ia ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻO ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kahi hui mua hana kēlā me Monsanto. Ua pale aku ka puke a ACSH o Entine i atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta, ka mea e loaʻa kālā ana iā ACSH.

A 2012 ʻAtikala ʻo Mother Jones wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka puke. ʻO ka ʻatikala na Tom Philpott, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e ka Center for Media and Democracy, e wehewehe ana Nā hana PR a Syngenta e kiʻi ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e wili i ka uhi media o atrazine.

I hoʻokahi leka uila mai 2009, Ua noi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hou aku - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki" - e hana i kahi pepa ʻoluʻolu atrazine a me ka "booklet friendly-book" e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻepekema.

ʻO ka leka uila mai ka limahana ASCH ʻo Gil Ross i Syngenta e pili ana i ka papahana atrazine i manaʻo ʻia.

I hoʻokahi makahiki a me ka hapa ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke me kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻano like ia me ka papahana a Ross i wehewehe ai i kāna noi leka uila iā Syngenta: "Ua ʻoluʻolu ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hoʻolaha i kahi puke hou a me ka hoa aloha, ka pepa kūlana pōkole" i ka pane ʻana i ka "makaʻu hilahila ʻole o nā kemika. Ua hōʻole ka mea kākau ʻo Jon Entine i ka pilina me Syngenta a haʻi iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Nā limahana ACSH

  • Ko ACSH mau lōʻihi “Luna Hoʻokele / Luna Hoʻokele" ʻO Kauka Gilbert Ross ua hoʻohewa ʻia i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻopunipuni i ka ʻōnaehana Medicaid ma mua o ka komo ʻana i ACSH. E ʻike i nā palapala o ka ʻaha e pili ana iā Dr. Ross 'mau manaʻo paʻa wahaheʻe a hoʻopaʻi, a me ka ʻatikala ma Mother Jones “ʻO Paging Kauka Ross”(2005). Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Ross he "kanaka hilinaʻi nui ʻole" e kahi luna kānāwai nāna i kākoʻo i ke kāpae ʻia ʻana o Kauka Ross mai Medicaid no 10 mau makahiki (e ʻike i ka mea hou Nā kūmole a pepa hoʻokolokolo).
  • I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2015, Lākana Hank lawe i ke alakaʻi ACSH mai kekahi hana naʻaupō peresidena (a hewahewa felon) Kauka Gilbert Ross. Campbell hana no nā ʻoihana hoʻomohala polokalamu ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka pūnaewele ʻEpekema 2.0 i ka makahiki 2006. I ka kāna puke 2012 me Alex Berezow, "Haʻalele ʻepekema ma hope: ʻike maikaʻi i nā fallacies a me ke ala ʻana o ka Anti Science hema," ua wehewehe ʻo Campbell i kāna moʻolelo: "ʻeono mau makahiki i hala aku nei ... ua hoʻoholo wau e makemake wau e kākau i ka ʻepekema ma ka Pūnaewele… me ka hoihoi ʻole a me ka manaʻo wale nō, ua hele au i ka honua nā poʻe kaulana e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana iaʻu i ka hana hou ʻana pehea e hana ʻia ai ka ʻepekema, a ua hana lākou no ka manuahi. " Ua haʻalele koke ʻo Campbell ma lalo o nā kūlana ʻike ʻole ʻia ma Kēkēmapa 2018. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana iā Campbell ma aneʻi.
  • ʻO ka mea kākau puke puke a Campbell, Alex Berezow, i keia manawa hope pelekikena o nā hihia ʻepekema ma ACSH. He hoʻoponopono hoʻokumu ʻo ia o Real Clear Science a aia ma ka papa hoʻoponopono o USA Today o nā mea kōkua akā ʻo USA Today ʻaʻole hōʻike i ka pili o ACSH o Berezow a i ʻole ke kālā hui ʻo ACSH me ka hoʻopiʻi pinepine (ʻike hou aʻe ma lalo).

Nā alakaʻi a me nā aʻoaʻo: ka pilina paka a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai  

ʻO ka ACSH papa kahuʻO Fred L. Smith Jr., hoʻokumu o ka hoʻokūkū ʻoihana Institute, he alakaʻi ka mea kākoʻo i ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai a kahi hui i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona mai Exxon Mobile a kaʻa kālā kālā pouli Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo.  ʻO Smith a me CEI kekahi moʻolelo o ka hakakā ʻana i nā kānāwai paka a me ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka, e like me nā palapala mai ka Pūʻulu ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. 

ʻO James Enstrom a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, ʻelua mau epidemiologists nāna i lawe ke kālā mai nā hui paka a kākau i nā noiʻi e pale ana i nā huahana paka, he mau pilina ACSH kekahi. He lālā ʻo Dr. Enstrom o ka ACSH papa kahu a lawelawe ʻo Kauka Kabat ma ka “papa olakino o nā aʻoaʻo ʻepekema". He ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ epehana ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ Pka ʻka ʻka ʻka ʻekepekika ʻelua e “kū lōkihi i ke kālā a me nā pilina hana me ka ʻoihana paka,” e like me a pepa ma ka BMJ Kāohi paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, he ukali kālailai ʻana i ka BMJ Kāohi Paka ua loaʻa i nā hoʻolaha a Enstrom a me Kabat "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi." Hoʻomaopopo ka pepa i nā pilina kālā ma waena o Enstrom a me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom.

Nā leka uila mai ka hiʻona 2014 e kūkākūkā ana ʻo Kauka Enstrom me ka manaʻo hoʻopale ʻepekema kaulana ʻo Fred Singer i hoʻouka a hōʻino i nā ʻepekema ʻelua i komo i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni “Nā mea kālepa o ke kanalua: Pehea ka lima o ka poʻe ʻepekema i hūnā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma nā pilikia mai ka uahi paka i ka hoʻomehana honua., "A inā e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōki i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kiʻi me ka hoʻopiʻi. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka blog DeSmog, “ʻO ka Paka Paka no ka Hire ʻO James Enstrom, Willie Soon a me nā Hōkū Deniers e hoʻouka nei i nā mea kālepa o ka kānalua.”(Malaki 2015).

ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi ma ka papa alakaʻi o ka hui makua o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna hana i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

Nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka ʻepekema 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino:

  • "ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i ka uahi lua me ka puʻuwai a i ʻole ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka naʻau." ʻO Winston-Salem Pai, 2012
  • "ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hoʻomehana honua." ACSH, 1998 (Greenpeace i ho'ākāka 'ia ACSH kahi "Koch Industries e hōʻole i ka hui mua")
  • "ʻAʻole i loaʻa kahi hihia o ke olakino e pili ana i ka hoʻohana ʻia, ʻae ʻia o nā pesticides i kēia ʻāina." Hale Waihona Puke Palapala Paka, UCSF, ka holomua o ka hui ʻepekema kani palapala palapala 9, 1995
  • "ʻAʻohe mea hōʻike e hōʻike ana ʻo BPA [bisphenol A] i nā huahana mea kūʻai mai o kēlā me kēia ʻano, e like me nā loaʻa kālā, hōʻino ʻia i ke olakino." ACSH, 2012
  • i ka mercury, he neurotoxin ikaika, "i ka iʻa iʻa iʻa ʻole e hōʻeha nā kānaka." ACSH, 2010.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka leka ʻana o ACSH ma ke kumuhana like, e hōʻole ana i ka makaʻu mai nā huahana i mea nui i ka kemika, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, a me ka hōʻeha pinepine ʻana i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai i ka hopohopo.

  • A 2016 "luna ʻepekema junk" lāʻau kū e ACSH hōʻole i ka hiki i nā kemika ke kumu i ka hoʻohaunaele endocrine; pale aku i ka e-kūka, ka vaping a me ka soda; a hoʻouka kaua i nā mea nūpepa a me ka Pai no ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika.

Hāʻawi ʻo USA I kēia lā iā ACSH i kahi anuu 

USA ke hoʻomau nei i ka paʻi kolamu e nā limahana o ACSH ʻo Hank Campbell lāua ʻo Alex Berezow me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kā lākou pili kālā i nā ʻoihana a lākou e pale ai i nā makemake. I Pepeluali 2017, 30 hui olakino, nohona, hana a me nā pono hoihoi o ka lehulehu ua kākau aku i nā luna hoʻoponopono o USA I kēia lā e noi ana i ka pepa e hoʻōki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi anuu o ka pono i ACSH a i ʻole ma ka liʻiliʻi e hāʻawi i nā hōʻike piha e pili ana i ka mea nāna e hoʻolilo kālā i ka hui.

Ua ʻōlelo ka leka:

  • "Ke kākau nei mākou e hōʻike i ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻomau ʻo USA Today i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā papahana ʻoihana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema nui. . ʻAʻole pono ʻo USA i kēia lā e kōkua i kēia hui e paipai i kāna ʻike wahaheʻe ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi, kūʻokoʻa hoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Pono i kāu poʻe heluhelu ka ʻike pololei e pili ana i ka mea a me wai kēia pūʻulu e kū nei, ʻoiai lākou e noʻonoʻo nei i ka ʻike o nā kolamu. "
  • “ʻAʻole kēia he mau ʻōlelo hōʻino. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā pūʻulu olakino i kākau inoa ʻia ma lalo, ke nānā aku nei i ka hana a ACSH i nā makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻopaʻa mākou i nā hanana a ka hui i hana ai hoʻonāwaliwali ʻepekema hoʻololi aniau, a hōʻole i nā hoʻoweliweli olakino e pili ana i nā huahana like ʻole, e like me uahi luakūpilikiʻipesticides a hanalima Nine Inch - nā mea āpau me ka ʻole o ka mōakāka e pili ana i nā kākoʻo ʻoihana. "
  • Hoʻomaopopo mākou i kēlā pili palapala i loaʻa e Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa kālā i ka ACSH mai ka paka, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā ʻoihana aila. Loaʻa i nā hui hoihoi o ka lehulehu hoike ua loaʻa iā ACSH ke kālā mai nā Koch Foundation ma waena o 2005-2011, a ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia palapala kūloko e hōʻike ana ua noi ʻo ACSH i $ 100,000 mai Syngenta i ka makahiki 2009 e kākau maikaʻi e pili ana i kāna huahana atrazine - kahi manawaleʻa e "kaʻawale a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala."
  • "I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou, manaʻo mākou he mea nui ia no nā paʻi e like me USA Today e hāhai i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe o nā loina nūhou a lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Nīnau aku mākou me ka mahalo iā ʻoe e hōʻole i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu hou aʻe i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a i ʻole ma ka mea liʻiliʻi e koi pono i kēlā me kēia mea e ʻike pono i ka hui ma ke ʻano he pūʻulu kākoʻo kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia. "

Ma Kēkēmapa 2017, USA I kēia lā ua hōʻole ʻo Bill Sternberg ka mea hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono e hōʻoki i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu ACSH a ua hāʻawi pinepine ka pepa i nā hōʻike kūpono ʻole ʻole no nā kolamu, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i ke kālā a ACSH mai nā ʻoihana a lākou e hoʻolaha ai ka papahana.

AgBioChatter: Kahi mau ʻoihana, Hoʻolālā Kālā Hoʻolālā i nā GMO, Pesticides

Print enamel Share Tweet

ʻO AgBioChatter kahi papa inoa leka uila pilikino i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea kōkua e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO nā lālā papa inoa e pili ana i nā ʻenehana ʻoihana pro-ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu.

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi "Academics (AgBioChatter)" ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" ma ka papahana pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻokani pū kekahi mau kula ʻo AgBioChatter i nā kuleana nui i nā hui ʻē aʻe ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino i ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity, me Nā Pane GMO, Biofortified, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Nānā ʻImi a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

Ka Ike: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

ʻO nā leka uila AgBioChatter i hoʻopili ʻia ma lalo - me nā palapala ʻē aʻe i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike a ua hoʻokipa ʻia ma UCSF Pūnaewele ʻImiʻImi Mea Hana - hāʻawi i nā laʻana he nui e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana o nā pūʻulu ʻepekema a me nā hui ʻoihana i nā ala huna e kāpae i ka leka uila ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma waena o nā paepae like ʻole e hana i ka kānalua e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pilikia o ka pesticides a me GMO

Nā wahi pāpāho a puni ka honua ua hōʻike e pili ana i kēia mau hana ma hope o ke kahua e paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a kūʻē i nā kānāwai.

Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hana no ka transparency

Ua loaʻa iā US Right to Know kekahi mau leka uila AgBioChatter ma 2016 a me 2017 ma o kahi noi palapala lehulehu. I Iulai 2017, kuleana o US e ʻike hoʻopiʻi ʻia ke Kulanui o Florida no kāna hana ʻole e hoʻokuʻu i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu, e like me nā palapala mai ka AgBioChatter forum.

Ma Malaki 2018, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia kahi luna kānāwai o Florida i kēia hihia, e ʻōlelo ana ʻo nā leka uila ʻo AgBioChatter "he hana pilikino pilikino i hānau ʻia mai (Kevin Folta) ponoʻī ponoʻī" ʻaʻole ka ʻoihana kulanui lehulehu. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka ke alo o nā palapala.

Pākuʻi paʻi pili

  • ʻO ke keʻena o ka Press Foundation, "Pehea e hoʻopau ai nā ʻoihana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana iā lākou iho," na Camille Fassett (2/27/18)
  • Ka hua'ōlelo New York Times, "ʻOihana ʻĀina i Kākau ʻia i nā Haumāna i ke kaua inoa inoa ʻana o GMO, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton; a waihona leka uila, "Hana pū kekahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech" (9/5/2015)
  • Hoʻololi hou, "Ke hele nei kekahi mea iʻa ma waena o ke Kulanui o Florida a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai? He kuleana ko nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike, ”na Daniel Ross, Alternet (2/13/18)

ʻAoʻao papa inoa AgBioChatter

ka Loaʻa nā leka uila AgBioChatter ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina (142 ʻaoʻao) hōʻike i nā limahana ʻoihana a me nā limahana ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻohui i nā manaʻo e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā loiloi ʻoihana, a me ka pale ʻana i nā noi Freedom of Information Act no ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu.

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui o nā leka uila (a me ke kuleana o ka lālā papa inoa ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto) e ʻike i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻouka iā lākou. ʻO Mehmet Oz kekahi, Vandana Shiva, Don Huber, Consumers Union a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kekahi kumuhana ʻē aʻe i loko o nā leka uila AgBioChatter ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā noiʻi ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā GMO a me nā pesticides ma ke ʻano he "agenda-driven," ʻoiai nā noiʻi e hōʻike maikaʻi nei e pili ana i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai he "ʻepekema pro."

ʻOihana, ʻoihana hana pū kekahi 

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kēia lā ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu, nā kālaiʻike, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea kūkākūkā a me nā mea lawelawe PR i komo i ka papa inoa ʻo "Chatter".

ʻO nā mea i ʻike ʻia e helu ʻia ma lalo nei me kā lākou pili i kekahi Nā pūʻulu "hoa hana" inoa i loko o ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻokani i kahi ʻūlā kūʻē i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC. No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia mau pūʻulu, e ʻike i kā mākou pepa pono:

Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻia ma lalo nā pilina i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua e loaʻa kālā kālā i paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema a hoʻouka i nā loiloi.

Hāʻawi nā loulou i ka waihona Genetic Literacy Project i kahi ʻano o ka leka maʻamau, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e kēia mau pūʻulu mua a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā loiloi, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka hana hewa a kūʻē i nā hana transparency.

Nā lālā papa inoa ʻo AgBioChatter 

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana aia nā poʻe aʻe ma ka papa inoa AgBioChatter e like me nā lā i nā leka uila.

Andrew Apel, ʻoihana ahupuaʻa kākāʻōlelo a me ka hoʻoponopono mua o ka nūhou ʻoihana biotech ʻo AgBiotech Reporter

ʻO Graham Brooks, ʻO ka Economist Economist, ʻo PG Economics Ltd, UK

ʻO Jay Byrne, ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto; pelekikena o v-Fluence Kūkaʻina ʻoihana pili lehulehu

Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, ʻO Professor Emeritus o ka palekana palekana a me nā ʻepekema Nutritional, Ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign

ʻO Jon Entine, Luna Hoʻokele o Genetic Literacy Project, Monsanto "hoa hana"

Kevin Folta, PhD, ʻO Polofesa a me Lunahoʻomalu, ʻOihana ʻepekema Hortikultural, University of Florida

ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, ʻoihana aʻoaʻo, ʻo VP mua o ka hui ʻoihana BIO

  • ʻ Seniorpio makua ma Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (kālā ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai)
  • Kōkua i ke kūkulu ʻana i ka Manaʻo ʻImiʻike e like me he hui mua o Monsanto
  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives

ʻO Andy Hedgecock, ʻO DuPont Pioneer ka luna mua o nā hana ʻepekema

ʻO Drew Kershen, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Kulanui o Oklahoma, Kulanui o ke Kānāwai

ʻO Marcel Kuntz, PhD, luna noiʻi ma CNRS, Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire Végétale, Grenoble, Palani 

  • Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic Archives 

ʻO Chris Leaver, PhD, ʻO Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, Kulanui o Oxford

Adrienne Massey, PhD, ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻepekema a me nā kuleana hoʻoponopono

ʻO Robert McGregor, Luna Hoʻokele Kālā, ʻO Prince Edward ʻAilana, Kanada

ʻO Alan McHughen, PhD, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Kaleponi

ʻO Henry Miller, MD, hoa ma Hoover Institution, ke keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA ma mua

ʻO Vivian Moses, PhD, ʻO Diabetes a me Nutritional Science Division, King's College London

Piero Morandini, PhD, mea kōkua noiʻi, Kulanui o Milana

Wayne Parrott, PhD, ʻO Polofesa, Crop Breeding and Genetics, Kulanui o Georgia

CS Prakash, PhD, Polofesa, Plant Genetics, Genomics a me Biotechnology College o nā mahi mahiʻai, nā hana kaiapuni a me nā meaʻai, Tuskegee University

ʻO Cami Ryan, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi ʻepekema ʻepekema, kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Kanada

ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ʻO Monsanto, alakaʻi kaiapuni, pili kaiāulu a me ka hoʻokele waiwai

  • Nā Pane GMO Profile
  • Kōkua kau ʻia Nānā ʻImi ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi

ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, ʻO nā Genetics Animal a me Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist, Ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis

Karl Haro von Mogel, PhD, ʻO Biofortified alakaʻi o ka ʻepekema a me ka media   

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.