ʻO GMO Answers kahi hoʻolaha a me PR Campaign no nā Pesticide Company

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ketchum gmo pane

Nā Pane GMO uku ʻia ma ke ʻano he kolamu kahi e hiki ai i nā mea kūʻai ke loaʻa pololei nā pane mai ka poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, a ʻo kekahi poʻe nūpepa e lawe ia mea me he kumu kaulike ʻole. Akā ʻo ka pūnaewele kahi pono ʻoihana kūʻai aku ʻoihana pono e wili i nā GMO i kahi kukui maikaʻi.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā pane a GMO kahi mea hana propaganda hoʻopilikia pilikia i nele i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Ua hana ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hoʻohuli ai i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu no GMOs. Ma hope koke iho o ka hahau ʻana o Monsanto a me kāna mau mea kōkua i ka hana balota 2012 e kapa inoa i nā GMO ma Kaleponi, ʻo Monsanto Ho'olaha i nā māla e hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu e hoʻoponopono hou i ka inoa o GMO. Ua hoʻolimalima lākou i ka ʻoihana pili aupuni ʻo FleishmanHillard (nona ʻo Omnicom) no kahi hoʻouka kaua ʻehiku.

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ka firm PR Ketchum (nona pū ʻo Omnicom) e ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto, BASF, Bayer, Dow, Dupont a me Syngenta - e hana iā GMOAnswers.com. Ua hoʻohiki ka pūnaewele i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leo i hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia o nā mea i kapa ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa."

Akā pehea ke kūʻokoʻa o kēlā poʻe loea?

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka pūnaewele i nā kikoʻī e kamaʻilio pono e haʻi i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a nānā ʻole paha i nā pilikia olakino a me ka nohona. ʻO kahi laʻana, ke nīnau ʻia inā e hāpai ana nā GMO i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides, hāʻawi ka pūnaewele i kahi no convolulate, ʻoiai me ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻike o nā hoa. ʻae, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo lākou nō.

"Hoʻomākaukau Roundup" Ua hoʻonui nā huahana GMO i ka glyphosate, a kino kanaka make paha, by haneli miliona mau paona. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kahi hoʻolālā GMO / pesticide hou e pili ana i ka dicamba i ka luku ʻia o nā mea kanu soybean a puni ka US, a ke hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo FDA i kēia makahiki no pākolu ʻia ka hoʻohana o 2,4-D, kahi lāʻau make make ʻona kahiko, ma muli o nā mea kanu GMO hou i ʻenekinia e kūʻē iā ia. ʻAʻohe mea e hopohopo ai kēia mau mea āpau, e like me nā pane a GMO.

Pane ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana me nā ʻōlelo wahaheʻe e like me "kēlā me kēia hui olakino alakaʻi i ka honua kū i hope o ka palekana o nā GMO." ʻAʻole i loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻōlelo i kau inoa ʻia e nā ʻepekema 300, nā kauka a me nā kālaiʻike e ʻōlelo nei aia he "ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO,”A ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā mākou nā pane i nā nīnau a mākou i kau ai e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo.

Ua hele mai nā hiʻohiʻona e ʻike i kēlā Ua kākau ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO ua kau inoa ʻia e "nā loea kūʻokoʻa."

Papa inoa ʻia no ka makana PR hoʻokele kūpilikiʻi

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻike hou aʻe he kaʻa wili ka pūnaewele: ma 2014, ʻO GMO Nā Pane papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management."

A ʻo ka firm PR i hana i nā GMO Answers i kaena aʻe e pili ana i ka mana o ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo. I loko o kahi wikiō i kau ʻia i ka pūnaewele CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum no ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke i pālua ka pāpaho ʻana o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, akā ʻo mākou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

No ke aha e hilinaʻi ai ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i kahi kaʻa kālepa i hoʻolālā ʻia e Ketchum ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. Ketchum, a hiki i ka 2016 ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia, ua hoʻopili ʻia i nā hana spionage kūʻē i nā nonprofits hopohopo e pili ana iā GMOs. ʻAʻole pololei kahi moʻolelo e hāʻawi iā ia iho e hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers kahi mea kūʻai aku i hoʻokumu ʻia a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā GMO, manaʻo mākou he pāʻani kūpono ke nīnau: ʻO ia anei nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" nāna i hōʻaiʻē i ka pūnaewele - ʻo kekahi o lākou e hana nei no nā kula nui a uku ʻia e nā ʻauhau. - kūʻokoʻa maoli a hana i ka pono o ka lehulehu? A i ʻole ke hana pū nei lākou i ka hui me nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu e kōkua i ke kūʻai aku i ka lehulehu i kahi moʻolelo wili?

I ka ʻimi ʻana i kēia mau pane, kuleana ʻo US e ʻike waiho i nā noi Freedom of Information Act e ʻimi nei i ka leka a nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu i kākau no GMOAnswers.com a i hana paha ma nā hana hoʻoikaika GMO ʻē aʻe. He noi ʻiʻī ka FOIA e uhi ʻole i ka ʻike pilikino a i ʻole ka ʻikepili, akā e ʻimi e hoʻomaopopo i nā pilina ma waena o nā polopeka, nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻai aku nei i nā GMO, kā lākou mau hui kālepa a me nā PR a me nā ʻoihana lobbying i hoʻolimalima ʻia e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a hakakā i ka lepili no laila mālama mākou i ka pouli e pili ana i ka mea a mākou e ʻai nei.

E hāhai i nā hopena o ka Pono ʻo US e ʻike hoʻokolokolo ma aneʻi.

E nānā i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā mea pāʻani i ka hana kemika i nā hana pili lehulehu.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kōkua i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke kuleana e ʻike ai i nā noiʻi e ke hana nei i kahi manawaleʻa ʻauhau hiki i kēia lā

Ua hilinaʻi nā mea hoʻokele US no nā makahiki i ka ʻike pesticide pesticide i hāʻawi ʻia e Dow Chemical

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No nā makahiki, ua hilinaʻi nā mea hoʻokele US i ka ʻikepili hoʻopunipuni i hāʻawi ʻia e Dow Chemical e ʻae ai i nā pae palekana ʻole o nā kemikolo chlorpyrifos i loko o nā hale ʻAmelika, e like me kahi hoʻoili hou mai nā kānaka noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Nānā hou ka loiloi i nā hana mai nā makahiki 1970 i kākoʻo ʻia e Dow a waiho ʻia i ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e alakaʻi i ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka mea a nā ʻepekema e kuhikuhi nei ma ke ʻano he "hopena-hopena-hopena-hopena" a NOAEL paha. Hoʻohana ʻia ia mau paepae e hoʻoholo ai i nā ʻano o ka hoʻohana a ma ka pae hea e hiki ai ke ʻae ʻia kahi kemikal a e manaʻo ʻia he "palekana."

Wahi a ka loiloi hou, paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele ma ka lā 3 Iulai i ka puke pai Ka Honua Kaiapuni, ʻo nā hopena pololei ʻole ka hopena o kahi noiʻi duke chlorpyrifos i mālama ʻia e ka mea noiʻi ʻo Frederick Coulston a me nā hoa hana mai ke Kulanui Lapaʻau ʻo Albany i nā 1970 mua no Dow.

Ke nānā hou nei nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i ka hana ma mua ʻo Lianne Sheppard, Seth McGrew lāua ʻo Richard Fenske o ka Oihana ʻepekema ʻOihana Kaiaulu a me ka ʻOihana Ola, Kula o ka Health Public ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

ʻOiai ka mea i kākau ʻia e ka hui Coulston, ua hoʻopau ʻia ke kālailai e kahi statistician Dow a ua hoʻoholo ʻia he 0.03 mg / kg-lā ka pae NOAEL mau no nā chlorpyrifos i loko o nā kānaka. Akā ʻo ka loiloi hou e ka poʻe noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ua ʻike ʻoi aku ka nui o ka palena o ka palekana. Inā ua kālailai pono ʻia ka ʻikepili he NOAEL haʻahaʻa o 0.014 mg / kg-lā e loaʻa, i ʻōlelo lākou.

ʻAʻole i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka loiloi ʻana o Coulston e nā hoa akā ua hoʻohana ʻia ia e ka EPA no nā loiloi weliweli ma loko o nā makahiki 1980 a me 1990, ua hōʻike ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Pau nā mea noiʻi: "I loko o kēlā manawa, ʻae ʻo EPA i nā chlorpyrifos e hoʻopaʻa inoa no nā hoʻohana he nui i hoʻopau ʻia e hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino hiki i nā keiki a me nā pēpē. Inā ua hoʻohana ʻia nā anamanaʻo kūpono i ka loiloi o kēia noi, malia paha ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia e ka EPA ka hapa nui o kēlā mau hoʻohana i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia o nā chlorpyrifos. Hōʻike kēia hana i ka hilinaʻi ʻia e nā mea hoʻoponopono pesticide i nā hopena noiʻi ʻaʻole i nānā pono ʻia e nā hoa a he mea pono ʻole ia e hoʻoweliweli i ka lehulehu. "

Hoʻohana nuiʻia

ʻO ka mea i ʻike pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana i ka inoa inoa ʻo Lorsban, hoʻolauna ʻia nā insecticides chlorpyrifos e Dow Chemical i ka makahiki 1965 a ua hoʻohana nui ʻia i nā wahi mahiʻai. ʻO ka mākeke mahiʻai nui loa no ka chlorpyrifos ka kulina akā hoʻohana ʻia ka pesticide e nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i ka soybeans, nā hua a me nā kumu nut, nā pua ʻo Brussels, nā cranberry, a me nā cauliflower, a me nā mea kanu lālani ʻē aʻe. Loaʻa nā koena o ka kemika i ka meaʻai. Hoʻohana nā mahi ʻole mahiʻai i nā papa kolepa, ka honu, nā hale ʻōmaʻomaʻo, a me nā pono hana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka ʻepekema i hāpai ʻia e Dow, ua hōʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka makaʻu o nā chlorpyrifos, ʻo ia hoʻi i nā keiki ʻōpio. Ua ʻike nā ʻepekema ʻo ka hōʻike prenatal i ka chlorpyrifos e pili ana me ka hānau hānau haʻahaʻa, hoʻemi ʻia ka IQ, ka nalowale o ka hoʻomanaʻo hoʻomanaʻo, nā maʻi noonoo, a me ka hoʻopaneʻe ʻana i ka hoʻomohala kaʻa.

ʻO ka American Academy for Pediatrics, ʻo ia ka mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o 66,000 pediatricians a me nā kaukōkō pediatric, ua aʻoaʻo ʻo ia ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kemika e hoʻomohala i nā fetus, nā pēpē, nā keiki a me nā wahine hāpai i ka makaʻu nui.

He mea weliweli loa ʻo Chlorpyrifos i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka Mana Maluhia o ʻEulopa Meaʻai aia nō ʻaʻohe pae palekana.

Ua ʻaelike ka EPA me Dow ma 2000 e kāpae i nā hoʻohana āpau o ka kemika ma muli o ka noiʻi e hōʻike ana he mea weliweli ka kemika i nā lolo e ulu ana o nā pēpē a me nā keiki liʻiliʻi. I ka makahiki 2012, ua pāpā ʻia ʻo chlorpyrifos mai ka hoʻohana ʻana a puni nā kula.

I Pepeluali 2020, ma hope o ke kaomi a ka mea kūʻai, nā hui olakino, nā ʻepekema a me ke alo o nā piʻo e ulu nei a puni ka honua, ʻo Corteva AgriScience, kahi ʻoihana pani i kahi hui o Dow a me DuPont. e hemo aku iecaianoaaiiuo o chlorpyrifos. Eia nō naʻe, ua kū i ke kānāwai ka kemika no nā hui ʻē aʻe e hana a kūʻai aku ai.

Kumuhana kanaka

ʻO ke aʻo ʻana ke kumuhana o ka pepa hou e nā kānaka noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona i kiaʻi ʻia ma 1971 e ka Albany Medical College's Institute of Experimental Pathology and Toxicology. Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka noiʻi me 16 mau kāne kāne makua olakino olakino mai kahi wai o nā mea manawaleʻa ma Clinton Correctional Facility, kahi hale paʻahao palekana ʻoi loa ma Dannemora, New York.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea manawaleʻa i ʻehā mau hui hoʻokolohua, me kahi hui kaohi, nona nā lālā i loaʻa i kahi placebo i kēlā me kēia lā. Ua loaʻa i nā lālā o nā hui ʻekolu ʻē aʻe i kēlā me kēia lā nā lāʻau chlorpyrifos i ʻekolu mau lāʻau ʻē aʻe. Ua mālama ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi o 63 mau lā.

Ua loaʻa i ke kālailai hou kekahi mau pilikia me ke aʻo ʻana, e like me ka haʻalele ʻana o ʻewalu ana ana o nā laina palena kūpono no kekahi o nā pūʻulu mālama ʻekolu.

"ʻO kēlā hemo ʻana o ka ʻikepili kūpono me ka ʻole o ka hoʻāpono ʻia kahi ʻano o ka hoʻopunipuni ʻikepili e hōʻeha i nā code maʻamau āpau o ka hana noiʻi ethical a hoʻohālikelike ʻia e like me ka lawehala noiʻi kūwaho ʻole," i hoʻopau ai nā mea noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hele ʻo chlorpyrifos i ke kaʻina hoʻoponopono me ka nui ʻole o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa, "ʻoiai aia he" mau hōʻike e ulu nei e lilo paha ia i kahi pōʻino olakino i nā wahi noho. "

"Ua alakaʻi hewa ka Study Coulston Study i nā mea hoʻokele ma ke kāpae ʻana i nā ʻike kūpono," a "ua hopena paha i ka hopena o ke olakino lehulehu" no kekahi mau makahiki, ua pau ka pepa o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Nā Pepa Dicamba: Nā Palapala Nui a me ka ʻIkepili

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Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā haneli o nā mahiʻai a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka Monsanto Co. ma mua, i kūʻai ʻia i ka makahiki 2018 e Bayer AG, a me ka conglomerate BASF i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā ʻoihana no nā miliona o nā ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i koi ʻia e nā mahiʻai ma muli o ka hoʻohana ākea ʻana o ke kānāwai. ka ka mauʻu e luku nei i ka dicamba kemika, hoʻohana i paipai ʻia e nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka hihia mua e hele i ka hoʻokolokolo ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Bader Farms a Missouri e kūʻē i nā ʻoihana a ua hopena i kahi hoʻoholo $ 265 miliona e kūʻē i nā ʻoihana. ʻO ka ua hāʻawi ʻia ke kiure $ 15 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi.

Ua waiho ʻia kēia hihia ma ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀpana Hikina o Missouri, ʻĀkau Hema, ʻĀpana Kivila # 1: 16-cv-00299-SNLJ. Ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe nona nā Bader Farms ua kipi nā hui e hana i kahi "pōpilikia kaiaola" e hoʻowalewale i nā mahiʻai e kūʻai i nā ʻano dicamba-tolerant. Hiki ke loaʻa nā palapala nui mai ia hihia ma lalo.

Ke Keʻena ʻo EPA o ka Luna Nana (OIG) hoʻolālā e hoʻokolokolo ua ʻae nā ʻāpana i nā mea kanu lāʻau dicamba hou e hoʻoholo inā pili ka EPA i nā koi pekelala a me nā "ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻepekema" i ka wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou.

Hana Pekelala

Ma kahi kaʻawale, i ka lā 3 o Iune, 2020. ua ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka ʻĀiwa Kaapuni ua hōʻeha ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i ke kānāwai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā lāʻau make dicamba a Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences a me ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā lāʻau herbicides hoʻokumu ʻia dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua ʻekolu. Ua pāpā ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo no ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

Akā ua hoʻopiʻi ka EPA i ka ʻaha i hoʻoholo ʻia, e hāʻawi ana i kahi leka hoʻomaopopo ma Iune 8 i ʻōlelo ʻia hiki i nā mea kanu ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31, ʻoiai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻaha i ʻōlelo kikoʻī ʻia i kāna kauoha ʻaʻole makemake ia e hoʻopaneʻe i ka waiho ʻana i kēlā mau ʻae ʻia. Ua hōʻike ka ʻaha i ka hōʻino i hana ʻia e dicamba e hoʻohana ai i nā kauwela i hala i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mea kanu, nā māla a me nā mea kanu i nā ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

Ma ka Iune 11, 2020, na mea hoopii i ka hihia waiho i kahi noi ulia pōpilikia e ʻimi nei e hoʻokō i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻaha a e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA. Ua hui pū kekahi mau hui mahiʻai me Corteva, Bayer a me BASF i ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e hoʻokō ʻole i ka pāpā. Loaʻa nā palapala ma lalo.

kāʻei kua

Hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Dicamba e nā mahiʻai mai nā makahiki 1960 akā me nā palena i noʻonoʻo ai i ka makemake o ke kemika e heʻe a volatilize- neʻe mamao aku kahi i pīpī ʻia. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Monsanto's glyphosate lau nahele mau mau mea luku i nā mea kanu, e like me Roundup, i ka lilo ʻana o ka pono ma muli o ke kūpaʻa mau ʻana o ka mauʻu, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Monsanto e hoʻokumu i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba e like me kāna ʻōnaehana Roundup Ready i makemake nui ʻia, ka mea i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻano ahonui me ka glyphosate. ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai e kūʻai ana i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini hou e hiki ke maʻalahi i ka mālama ʻana i nā nāhelehele paʻakikī e ka pīpī ʻana i nā māla holoʻokoʻa me ka dicamba, ʻoiai i nā mahina ulu mahana, me ka hōʻeha ʻole i kā lākou mea kanu. Monsanto kūkala i kahi laulima me BASF i ka makahiki 2011. Ua ʻōlelo nā hui e emi ana ka maʻalahi a me ka liʻiliʻi o ka neʻe ma mua o nā formulate kahiko o ka dicamba.

Ua ʻae ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto's dicamba herbicide "XtendiMax" ma 2016. Ua hoʻomohala ʻo BASF i kāna lāʻau kanu dicamba ponoʻī e kapa ʻia ʻo Engenia. ʻO XtendiMax lāua ʻo Engenia i kūʻai mua ʻia ma United States i 2017.

Hoʻomaka ʻo Monsanto e kūʻai aku i kāna mau ʻano dicamba-tolerant i ka makahiki 2016, a ʻo kahi koi nui e ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi ka kūʻai aku ʻana i nā hua ma mua o ka ʻae ʻana o ka rula hou o nā lāʻau herbabide dicamba i paipai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā māla me nā formamba dicamba ʻāwīwī loa. Wahi a ka hoʻopiʻi Bader: "ʻO ke kumu o ka luku ʻia ʻana i nā mea kanu a Plaintiff Bader Farms ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana a Defendant Monsanto i kahi ʻōnaehana kīnā hema - ʻo ia nō kona ʻano genetically Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans and Bollgard II Xtend cotton seed (" Xtend plants " ) - me ka hele pū ʻole ʻia, ʻāpono ʻia e EPA e ka laau make lāʻau dicamba. ”

Ua ʻōlelo nā mahiʻai ua ʻike a manaʻo ka poʻe i nā hua hou e hoʻoulu i ka hoʻohana nui ʻia ʻana o ka dicamba e hōʻino ana i nā māla o nā mahiʻai i kūʻai ʻole i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant. Wahi a nā mahiʻai, he ʻāpana kēia o kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini. Hoʻopiʻi ka hapa nui i nā formamba dicamba hou i kūʻai ʻia e nā ʻoihana e ʻauheʻe ana a hōʻino i nā hua e like me ka hana ʻana o nā mana kahiko.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka dicamba, e ʻoluʻolu e ʻike i kā mākou pepa ʻo dicamba.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā hui ʻo Big Ag ʻaʻole hiki i ka ʻaha ke haʻi iā EPA i ka wā e pāpā iā dicamba

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Ua haʻi aku ka mea kaumaha loa o Big Ag's hitters kaumaha i ka ʻaha pekelala ʻaʻole pono e hoʻāʻo e kāpae i nā mahiʻai pulupulu GMO a me nā mea kanu soya mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea pepehi lāʻau palu dicamba kū ʻole i ka hopena o Iulai, ʻoiai ke kauoha a ka ʻaha i ka mua o kēia mahina no ka pāpā koke ʻia.

ʻEono mau hui kalepa kūloko, a ʻo nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka pili kālā lōʻihi iā Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kūʻai aku ana i nā huahana dicamba i nīnau ʻia, ua waiho ʻia kahi ʻōlelo pōkole ma ka Pōʻakolu me ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka Apana ʻEiwa e koi ana i ka ʻaha e hoʻāʻo ʻole e hoʻopilikia me ka hoʻolaha a ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i hiki i nā mahiʻai ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31.

Ua noi lākou i ka ʻaha ʻaʻole e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA e like me ka mea i noi ʻia e nā hui i lanakila i ka Iune 3 kauoha ʻaha ka hoʻopuka ʻana i ka pāpā.

"E makaʻu nui ka poʻe soya a me nā mea kanu pulupulu i ka ʻino kālā inā pale ʻia mai ka hoʻohana ʻana iā Dicamba Products i kēia wā ulu," i ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi pōkole i waiho ʻia e ka American Farm Bureau Federation, American Soybean Association, National Cotton Council of America, National Association of Wheat Growers, National. ʻO ka hui ʻo Growers Growers, a me nā mea hoʻolaha ʻo Sorghum National.

Hoʻokaʻawale, ʻo CropLife ʻAmelika, kahi lobbyist mana no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, waiho i kahi pōkole  e ʻōlelo ana ua makemake ia e hāʻawi i ka “ʻIkepili Kōkua i ka ʻAha.” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo CropLife i ka faila ʻana ʻaʻohe mana o ka ʻaha ma kahi e holo ai ka EPA e hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana pesticide e like me nā mea make lāʻau dicamba.

ʻO nā neʻe wale nō ka mea hou loa i loko o kahi hanana nui o nā hanana i ukali ma hope o ke kaapuni ʻo Ninth Circuit, i ʻike ʻia ua hōʻeha ka EPA i ke kānāwai i ka wā i ʻae ai i nā huahana dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto - nona e Bayer AG, a me nā huahana i kūʻai ʻia e BASF, a ʻO DuPont, na Corteva Inc.

Ua kauoha ka ʻaha e pāpā koke ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēlā me kēia huahana a nā hui, i ka ʻike ʻana ua "hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui ka EPA" i kēlā mau huahana i kū i nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i nā mea kanu ma mua o ka pulupulu a me ka soy.

Ua ʻike ka EPA e hoʻokau i ke kauoha, eia naʻe, i ka wā haʻi i nā mahiʻai pulupulu a me ka soy hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka pīpī i nā lāʻau make i nīnau ʻia a Iulai 31.

ʻO ke kikowaena no ka palekana meaʻai (CFS) a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i lawe mua i ka EPA i ka ʻaha no kēia mea i hoʻi i ka ʻaha i ka pule i hala, e koi ana i ka 9th Circuit e hoʻowahāwahā i ka EPA. Noonoo ka aha i keia noi.

"Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo EPA a me nā ʻoihana pesticide e huikau i ka pilikia a hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻAha," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo George Kimbrell, ka luna loio a me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a CFS no nā mea noi. "Ua paʻa ka ʻaha i ka huahana me ke kānāwai kū ʻole i ke kānāwai a ʻaʻole hiki i nā manamana ʻana o EPA ke hoʻololi i kēlā."

ʻO ke kauoha e pāpā ana i nā huahana dicamba a ka hui i hoʻomaka i ka haunaele i ka ʻāina mahiʻai no ka mea he nui nā mea kanu soybean a me nā pulupulu i kanu i miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua kanu dicamba-tolerant e hoʻololi ʻia e Monsanto me ka manaʻo e mālama i nā nāhelehele i kēlā mau māla me nā lāʻau kanu dicamba i hana ʻia e ka ʻekolu hui. ʻAe nā mea kanu i ka dicamba ʻoiai e make ka mauʻu.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā hui lobby mahiʻai i loko o kā lākou pōkole he 64 miliona mau eka i kanu ʻia me nā ʻano dicamba-hoʻomanawanui i kēia kau. ʻLelo lākou inā ʻaʻole hiki i kēlā mau mahiʻai ke pīpī ma luna o kā lākou māla me nā huahana dicamba e "pale ʻole lākou i ka nāhelehele e kūʻē i nā mea lāʻau make ʻē aʻe,
hopena waiwai nui paha ka hopena o ka lilo. "

I ka wā a Monsanto, BASF a me DuPont / Corteva i ʻōwili ai i kā lākou lāʻau kanu lāʻau dicamba i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻōlelo lākou ʻaʻole e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nā huahana a neʻe aku i nā mahinaʻai e pili kokoke ana ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia nā mana kahiko o ka make ʻana i ka nāhelehele lāʻau dicamba. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoia i waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino.

Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau eka o nā mea kanu i ʻenekini ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻino ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha pekelala i kāna hoʻoholo ʻana.

"ʻO ka pahuhopu a ka EPA e pale aku i ke olakino kanaka a me ke kaiapuni ..." i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻohui Hui ʻohana ʻo Family Good Jim Jimman. "ʻAʻole hiki ke hōʻike akāka ʻia ko lākou hoʻowahāwahā ʻia no kēia mikiona ma mua o kā lākou mālama nui ʻole ʻana i ka ʻaha a ka Aha Hoʻokolokolo Kaapuni ʻeiwa e kāpae koke nei i nā noi kiʻekiʻe loa o ka dicamba e pale aku i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mahiʻai mai hoʻopau luku ʻia."

I Feberuari, a Kauoha ʻia ke jure o Missouri Bayer a me BASF e uku i kahi mahiʻai peach $ 15 miliona i nā uku pohō a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi no ka hōʻino dicamba i nā māla mahiʻai. Ua hoʻoholo ka jure e kipi ʻo Monsanto a me BASF i nā hana a lākou i ʻike ai e alakaʻi i ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hua no ka mea ua manaʻo lākou e hoʻonui ana i kā lākou pono ponoʻī.

Ke ʻimi nei nā pilikua pīhoihoi panaced i kahi kaʻawale i ka pāpā i pāpā ʻia ma luna o kā lākou mea pepehi kanaka mauʻu

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Ke noi nei i kahi "pilikia," ua noi aku nā pilikua nunui ʻo BASF a me DuPont i ka ʻaha pekelala e ʻae iā lākou e komo i kekahi hihia i kauoha ai ka ʻaha i kēia mahina e pāpā koke ʻia kā lākou lāʻau lāʻau dicamba me kahi huahana dicamba i hana ʻia e ka mea nona Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG. .

ʻO ka hana a nā hui kemika e ukali nei a Iune 3 e hoʻoholo ana e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka Circuit Ninth nāna i ʻōlelo ua hōʻino ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ke kānāwai ke ʻae ʻia nā huahana dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto / Bayer, BASF a me DuPont, na Corteva Inc.

Ua kauoha ka ʻaha e pāpā koke ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o kēlā me kēia huahana dicamba o ka hui, i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka EPA "ua hoʻokahakaha nui i nā makaʻu" o nā lāʻau make dicamba a "ʻaʻole i ʻike piha i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe."

ʻO ka EPA ua lana kēlā kauoha, akā naʻe, e haʻi ana i nā mahiʻai hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka pīpī ʻana i nā lāʻau make i nīnau ʻia a i ka hopena o Iulai.

ʻO ka consortium o ka mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai i waiho mua i ka hihia e kūʻē iā EPA i ka pule i hala aku nei, ke noi nei i kahi kauoha pilikia e hoʻowahāwahā nei i ka EPA. Ua hāʻawi ka ʻaha i ka EPA a hiki i ka hopena o ka lā Poalua, Iune 16, e pane.

Piʻi i ka ʻāina mahiʻai

ʻO ke kauoha e pāpā ana i nā huahana dicamba a nā hui i hoʻomaka i ka haunaele i ka ʻāina mahiʻai no ka mea he nui nā mea kanu soybean a me nā mea mahi pulupulu i kanu i miliona mau eka o nā hua kanu ahonui dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto me ka manaʻo e mālama i nā nāhelehele i kēlā mau māla me nā lāʻau kanu dicamba i hana ʻia e nā ʻekolu. nā hui.

Hāʻawi ka "ʻōnaehanaʻohi dicamba" i nā mahiʻai e kanu i kā lākou mau māla me nā mea kanu hoʻomanawanui dicamba, a laila hiki iā lākou ke pīpī i ka "over-the-top" me ka mea make mauʻu dicamba. Ua hoʻonui ka ʻenehana i nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā ʻanoʻano a me nā kemika a kōkua i nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i ka pulupulu dicamba-tolerant kūikawā a me ka hana soy me nā nāhelehele paʻakikī e kūʻē i nā huahana Roundup glyphosate.

Akā no ka nui o nā mahiʻai i kanu ʻole i nā hua kanu dicamba-ʻenekini genetically, ʻo ka hoʻohana ākea ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba ka mea i hōʻino ʻia a me nā pohō o nā mea kanu no ka mea ʻo ka dicamba e hoʻonui a neʻe i kahi mamao kahi e hiki ai ke pepehi i nā mea kanu, nā kumu lāʻau a me nā laʻalāʻau. ʻaʻole i loli ʻia e pale i ka kemika.

Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoia i waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha pekelala i kāna hoʻoholo ʻana.

Ua hoʻolauleʻa ka nui o nā mahiʻai i ka hoʻoholo ʻana o ka ʻaha a ua ʻoluʻolu lākou e mālama ʻia kā lākou mahiʻai a me nā māla i kēia kauwela mai ka hōʻino dicamba a lākou i ʻike ai i nā kauwela ma mua. Akā ua pōkole ke ola i ka wā a ka EPA i ʻōlelo ai ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokō koke i ka pāpā i kauoha ʻia e ka ʻaha.

I kahi faila i hana ʻia i ka Pōʻalima, Ua noi ʻo BASF me ka ʻaha ʻaʻole e hoʻokō i kahi pāpā koke a haʻi aku i ka ʻaha e pono e hoʻopau i kahi hale hana ma Beaumont, Texas, i kēia manawa "hana 24 mau hola i ka lā kokoke i ka makahiki" inā ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i kāna dicamba herbicide brand i kapa ʻia ʻO Engenia. Ua hoʻolilo ka BASF i $ 370 miliona i nā makahiki i hala iho nei e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i ka mea kanu a hoʻohana i nā poʻe he 170 ma laila, wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻomaopopo nei i nā "hoʻopukapuka koʻikoʻi" i kāna huahana, ua haʻi pū aku nō hoʻi ʻo BASF i ka ʻaha i ka lawa o kāna huahana i kēia manawa ma kāna "kalepa mea kūʻai" e mālama ai i ka 26.7 miliona mau ʻeka o ka soya a me ka pulupulu. Loaʻa iā BASF he $ 44 miliona hou aʻe o ka huahana Engenia dicamba i loaʻa iā ia, lawa i ka mālama ʻana i 6.6 miliona mau ʻeka o nā soya a me ka pulupulu, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa like ʻo DuPont / Corteva, e haʻi ana i ka ʻaha i kāna faila "hōʻino pololei" ka pāpā i ka ʻoihana "a me nā mahiʻai he nui a puni kēia ʻāina i waena o ka wā ulu." E hōʻino ia i ka "kūlana maikaʻi" o ka hui inā pāpā ʻia kāna lāʻau make, ua haʻi ka ʻoihana i ka ʻaha.

Eia kekahi, ke manaʻo nei ʻo DuPont / Corteva e hoʻokumu i nā "waiwai nui" mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i kāna lāʻau kanu lāʻau dicamba, i kapa ʻia ʻo FeXapan a e lilo ana kēlā kālā inā hoʻokō ʻia ka pāpā.

Ua hana ʻo Monsanto i ka hihia e kākoʻo ana i nā ʻae o ka EPA ma mua o ka hoʻoholo ʻana, akā ua hōʻike hewa nā BASF a me DuPont ua pili ka hihia o ka ʻaha i nā huahana a Monsanto wale nō a ʻaʻole i kā lākou. Ua akāka ka ʻaha, ua ʻae pono ʻole ka EPA i nā huahana i hana ʻia e nā ʻoihana ʻekolu.

Ua alakaʻi ʻia e ke kikowaena no ka palekana o ka meaʻai, ua lawe ʻia ka palapala noi e kūʻē i ka EPA e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Biological Diversity, a me Pesticide Action Network ʻo ʻAmelika Hema.

I ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e ʻike i ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia o ka EPA, ua aʻo ka consortium no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka hua e hiki mai inā ʻaʻole i pāpā koke ʻia nā huahana dicamba.

"ʻAʻole hiki i ka EPA ke hele aku me ka ʻae ʻana i ka pīpī ʻana o 16 miliona mau paona o dicamba a loaʻa ka hopena i nā miliona o nā ʻeka, a me nā pilikia nui i nā ʻano haneli he haneli," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka consortium i kāna faila. "ʻO kekahi mea ʻē aʻe paha e pili ana: ʻo ka lula o ke kānāwai. Pono ka ʻaha e hana e pale aku i ka pono ʻole a hoʻokūpaʻa i ka pono o ka hana hoʻokolokolo. A no ka hōʻike hewa loa ʻana o ka EPA i hōʻike ʻia no ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha, ua noi aku nā mea noi i ka ʻaha e hoʻowahāwahā iā EPA. "

UPDATED - Hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka ʻae ʻia o ka EPA o ka lāʻau make lāʻau Bayer dicamba; Wahi a regulator "ua hoʻokahuli i nā pilikia"

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(UPDATE me ka ʻōlelo mai BASF)

I loko o kahi ʻōlelo hōʻeuʻeu a ka Environmental Protection Agency, kahi ʻaha pekelala ma ka Pōʻakolu ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā herbicides i hoʻokumu ʻia me ka dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences. Hoʻoholo kūpono ʻole ke kānāwai i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika no ka Kaapuni ʻIiwa i ʻike ai ua "hoʻomāhuahua nui ka EPA i nā makaʻu" o nā lāʻau make dicamba a "ʻaʻole holoʻokoʻa e ʻike i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe."

"Ua hana hewa nui ka EPA i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa kūlana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo.

Ua noi ʻo Monsanto a me ka EPA i ka ʻaha, inā ua ʻaelike me nā mea hoʻopiʻi, ʻaʻole e hoʻokahuli koke i nā ʻae o nā huahana lūlū mauʻu. ʻ saidlelo wale ka ʻaha: "Hōʻole mākou e hana."

Ua lawe ʻia ka hoʻopiʻi e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Food Safe, Center for Biological Diversity, a me Pesticide Action Network ʻo ʻAmelika Hema.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka EPA no ka uhaʻi ʻana i ke kānāwai i ka loiloi ʻana i nā hopena o kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻolālā ʻia e Monsanto, i kūʻai ʻia e Bayer i ka makahiki 2018, i hoʻomaka i ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hua "pālahalaha" i nā kauwela i hala iho nei a ke hoʻomau nei i ka hoʻoweliweli i nā mahiʻai a puni ka ʻāina.

"He lanakila nui ka hoʻoholo o kēia lā no nā mahiʻai a me ke kaiapuni," i ʻōlelo ʻia e George Kailrell o ke Kikowaena no ka Meaʻai Meaʻai, alakaʻi alakaʻi i ka hihia. "Maikaʻi loa e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto a me ka Trump Administration ke pakele i ke kānāwai, keu hoʻi i kahi manawa pilikia e like me kēia. Ua hiki mai ko lākou lā helu. ”

Ua ʻike ka ʻaha i waena o nā pilikia ʻē aʻe, ua hōʻole ka EPA e koho i ka nui o nā poho dicamba, e hōʻike ana i nā mea i hōʻino ʻia e like me ka "hiki" a "i ʻōlelo ʻia," i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka dicamba i ka nui a me ka hōʻole ʻole ʻia.

Ua ʻike pū ka ʻaha ua hōʻole ʻole ka EPA i ka mea i hoʻokau ʻia i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba ʻaʻole e ukali ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻoia ka EPA i ka nui o ka pilikia e loaʻa i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa nā hopena waiwai anticompetitive i ka nā ʻohana soybean a me nā pulupulu. ”

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha, ua hōʻole ʻole ka EPA i ka makaʻu i ka hoʻohana hou ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Monsanto, BASF a me Corteva e "haehae i ka lole kaiāulu o nā kaiāulu mahiʻai."

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a ʻaʻole liʻuliʻu ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ke kemikala e neʻe mamao aku mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia kahi e hiki ai ke hōʻino i nā mea kanu, nā māla, nā māla, a me nā laʻalāʻau.

Ua kākoʻo ʻo Monsanto i kēlā kaohi i ka wā i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka hua soya a me ka pulupulu dicamba i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei, e paipai ana i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā formulated hou o ka dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini i loko o nā mahina e ulu ana i ka mahana.

ʻO kā Monsanto neʻe ʻana e hana i nā hua kanu dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini i hele mai ma hope o kāna mau mea kanu glyphosate-tolerant a hoʻolaha ākea i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi maʻi ahulau kūʻē i ka ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai, nā ʻepekema mahiʻai a me nā loea ʻē aʻe i aʻo aku iā Monsanto a me ka EPA e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba-tolerant ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokumu i ke kūpaʻa lāʻau hou akā e alakaʻi ʻia i ka hōʻinoʻino i nā mea kanu i hana ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba.

Me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo naʻe, ʻo Monsanto, me BASF a me ʻO Corteva AgriScience ua ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau mai ka EPA e kūʻai aku i nā formulate hou o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba no kēia ʻano pālahalaha nui. Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka hōʻino ʻia dramba drift mai ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu dicamba-ahonui hou a me nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha.

E like me ka wanana, aia he mau kaukani damba no nā hōʻino hōʻino i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā mokuʻāina he nui. I kāna ʻōlelo hoʻoholo, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha i ka makahiki 2018, mai ka 103 miliona mau eka o ka soya a me ka pulupulu i kanu ʻia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ma kahi o 56 miliona mau eka i kanu ʻia me nā ʻanoʻano me ke ʻano hoʻomanawanui dicam-tolerance a Monsanto, mai 27 miliona mau eka i ka makahiki ma mua i 2017.

I Pepeluali, ua hāʻawi kahi jure unanimous i kahi mahiʻai peach Missouri he $ 15 miliona i nā uku uku a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi e uku ʻia e Bayer a me BASF no ka hōʻino dicamba i kāna waiwai.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo Bayer i kahi ʻōlelo ma hope o ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e ʻōlelo kūʻē ʻole ana i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho.

"Hoʻoholo hou ka hoʻoholo a ka ʻepekema hoʻomaopopo o ka EPA he mea nui kēia mea hana no nā mea kanu a ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoweliweli i ka neʻe ʻana o ka pahuhopu ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me nā kuhikuhi lepili," wahi a ka hui. "Inā kū ke kānāwai, e hana wikiwiki mākou e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā hopena o kā mākou mea kūʻai aku i kēia kau."

Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Corteva e pono ana kāna lāʻau dicamba herbicides i nā pono hana mahiʻai a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho.

Ua kāhea ʻo BASF i ke kauoha a ka ʻaha he "ʻano ʻole" a ua ʻōlelo ʻia "he hiki nō ke luku ʻia i nā haneli he haneli o nā mahiʻai."

Hiki i nā mahiʻai ke lilo i ka "loaʻa kālā koʻikoʻi" inā ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke pepehi i nā nāhelehele i kā lākou ʻāina soybean a me nā pulupulu me nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba, wahi a ka hui.

"E hoʻohana mākou i nā hoʻoponopono kū kānāwai āpau i loaʻa e hoʻopiʻi ai i kēia Kauoha," i ʻōlelo ʻo BASF.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ke nānā nei kēia ʻoihana i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha a "e neʻe koke e kamaʻilio i ka ʻaha a ka ʻAha."

Ua ʻae ka ʻaha he kumu kūʻai nui ka hoʻoholo no nā mahiʻai i kūʻai mua a i / a i kanu paha i nā ʻano hua ditabolo-tolerant no kēia kau a hoʻolālā e hoʻohana i nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba ma luna o lākou no ka mea ua hōʻole ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lāʻau make.

"Hoʻomaopopo mākou i nā pilikia a kēia mau mea mahiʻai i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā lāʻau make a maikaʻi a me ke kānāwai e pale aku ai i kā lākou (dicamba-ahonui) ..." nā mokuʻāina hoʻoholo. "Ua hoʻonoho ʻia lākou i kēia kūlana ma o ka ʻole o kā lākou hewa ponoʻī. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka loaʻa ʻole o nā hōʻike kūpono e kākoʻo ai i ka hoʻoholo a ka EPA e koi iā mākou e haʻalele i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa. "

Dicamba: makaʻu nā mahiʻai i kekahi kau o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā mea kanu; kali ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha

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Me ka huli ʻana o ka kalena a hiki i Iune, ua ʻākoakoa nā mea mahiʻai ma ka US Midwest i ke kanu ʻana i nā mea kanu soya hou a mālama i nā māla ulu o nā mea kanu kulina a me nā mea kanu mea kanu. Akā ke hoʻomākaukau nei hoʻi nā mea he nui e kū i kahi ʻenemi ʻike ʻole ʻia nāna i luku i ka ʻāina mahiʻai i nā kauwela i hala iho nei - ka dicamba killer mea weuweu kemika.

ʻO Jack Geiger, kahi mahiʻai mahiʻai i hōʻoia ʻia ma Robinson, Kansas, e wehewehe ana i nā kau e ulu nei i ke kauwela e like me ke ʻano o "chaos," a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hapa hapa kāna palapala hōʻoia no hoʻokahi māla o nā mea kanu meaola no ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia me ka dicamba i lūlū ʻia mai kahi mamao. I kēia manawa ke noi aku nei ʻo ia me nā hoalauna e pīpī i ka mea make mauʻu ma kā lākou kahua e ʻike pono i ka haʻalele ʻana o ka kemika i kāna waiwai.

"Aia ʻo dicamba ma nā wahi āpau," wahi a Geiger.

ʻO Geiger kahi wale nō o nā haneli mahiʻai a puni ka US Midwest a me kekahi mau mokuʻāina hema i hōʻike i nā pohō o nā hua a me nā pohō a lākou i ʻōlelo ai no ka dramba drifting i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a kākaʻikahi ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ka kemika e mamao loa mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia.

Ua hoʻohuli ʻia kēlā kaohi ma hope o ka hoʻouka ʻana o Monsanto i ka soybean toleramba dicamba a me nā hua pulupulu e paipai ai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā formulated hou o dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini. ʻO Monsanto, ka mea i kēia manawa e Bayer AG, me BASF a me ʻO Corteva AgriScience ua ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau mai ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e kūʻai aku i nā hana hou o nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no ka pīpī ʻana ma luna o nā mea ulu o nā mea kanu dicamba-hoʻomanawanui e ulu ana. Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana.

Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka hōʻino ʻia dramba drift mai ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu dicamba-ahonui hou a me nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka consortium o ka poʻe mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai aku i ka EPA no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba a ke kali nei i kahi hoʻoholo e ka ʻaha kaapuni ʻaha o nā hoʻopiʻi ma Kapalakiko e pili ana i kā lākou koi e hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka EPA ʻae ʻia o nā herbicides a nā hui ʻekolu. Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa waha i mālama ʻia ma ʻApelila.

Hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe kūʻai aku a me nā hui kaiapuni ua haki ka EPA i ke kānāwai ma ka hōʻole ʻana e kālailai i nā koina nui "socioeconomic and agronomic" nui i nā mahiʻai "e alakaʻi ana i nā pae" catastrophic "o nā hōʻino hua.

Wahi a nā hui i ka makemake o ka EPA ka pale ʻana i nā pono ʻoihana o Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka pale ʻana i nā mahiʻai.

ʻO nā loio no Monsanto, e pani ana i ka ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he hui o Bayer, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻohe manaʻo kūʻē i ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. Ua kōkua ka mea kanu lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou, ʻo XtendiMax, "i nā mea ulu i ke kamaʻilio ʻana i kahi pilikia kūpaʻa mauʻu a puni ka ʻāina, a ua hoʻokau nā hua soya a me nā pulupulu i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ma ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa i kēia wā o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana," e like me i kahi pōkole i waiho ʻia e nā loio o ka hui ma Mei 29.

"ʻO ka noi a nā mea noi i kahi kauoha e kāpae koke ana i nā kūʻai aku āpau a me ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka pesticide e kono i nā hewa kū kānāwai a me nā hopena pōʻino maoli o ka honua," wahi a ka hui.

Ke kali nei lākou i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha pekelala, ke lana nei ka manaʻo o nā mahiʻai e hoʻomalu nā mea hou i kau ʻia e kekahi mau mokuʻāina. Ka Oihana Mahiai o Ilinoi ua aʻo ʻia ʻAʻole hiki i nā mea noi ke kāpī ma hope o Iune 20, ʻaʻole pono e pīpī i nā huahana dicamba inā ʻoi aku ka mahana ma mua o 45 kekelē Fahrenheit, a e hoʻopili wale lākou i ka dicamba ke pā mai nei ka makani mai nā wahi "maʻalahi". ʻO Minnesota, Indiana, North Dakota a me South Dakota kekahi o nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe e kau ana i nā lā ʻoki no ka pīpī ʻana i ka dicamba.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Steve Smith, ka luna o ka mahiʻai ma Red Gold Inc, ka ʻōnaehana kōmato kēpau nui loa o ka honua, me nā kapu o ka mokuʻāina ʻo ia "hopohopo nui" e pili ana i ke kau e hiki mai ana. ʻOi aku ka nui o nā eka o ke kanu ʻana me nā soybeans ʻoluʻolu dicamba e hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto no laila e nui aku paha ka dicamba e pīpī ʻia, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

"Ua hana nui mākou e mālama i ka leka ma waho o ka pili kokoke iā mākou, akā ʻo kekahi, i kekahi manawa, e kuhihewa e hiki ke lilo i kā mākou ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Smith he lana kona manaʻo e hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka ʻae a EPA a "kāpae i kēia pupule o kahi ʻōnaehana."

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai ka hopena dicamba hiki i nā mea kanu, ʻike hou i paʻi ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai i hōʻike ʻia i nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka dicamba e like me ka piʻi ʻana o ka makaʻu o ke ake a me nā ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hōʻike ʻia nā ʻike hou i kahi hui i ʻike mua ʻia i ka ʻikepili ma waena o dicamba a me nā akemāmā a me nā ʻākoʻakoʻa kolonā "ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia" me ka ʻike hou.

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Ka Ikepili Unappetizing mai ka FDA

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I ka mahina i hala ua paʻi ka Food & Drug Administration i kāna loiloi hou makahiki o nā pae o nā koena pesticide e hoʻohaumia i nā hua a me nā mea ʻai a me nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe a mākou ʻAmelika e kau maʻa mau ai i kā mākou papa ʻaina awakea. Hoʻohui ka ʻikepili hou i ka ulu ʻana o ka hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hopena o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai - a i ʻole ʻole - i nā maʻi, nā maʻi a me nā pilikia hānau.

Ma kahi o 55 ʻaoʻao o ka ʻikepili, nā pakuhi a me nā pakuhi, ka hōʻike a ka FDA “Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program” hōʻike i kahi hiʻohiʻona hiʻohiʻona ʻole o ke kekelē a nā mea mahiʻai US i hilinaʻi ai i nā insecticides synthetic, fungicides a me nā herbicides i ka ulu ʻana i kā mākou meaʻai.

ʻIke mākou, e laʻa, i ka heluhelu ʻana i ka hōʻike hou loa, ua loaʻa nā līlū o nā pesticides ma 84 pakeneka o nā huahana home o nā huaʻai, a me 53 pākēneka o nā mea kanu, a me 42 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a me 73 pākēneka o nā mea ʻai i helu wale ʻia ma ke ʻano " ʻē aʻe. ” Ua huki ʻia nā laʻana mai ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa, e laʻa me Kaleponi, Texas, Kansas, New York a me Wisconsin.

Ma kahi o ka 94 pākēneka o nā hua waina, ka wai hua waina a me nā hua puaʻa i hoʻāʻo maikaʻi no nā koena pesticide e like me 99 pakeneka o nā strawberry, 88 pakeneka o nā ʻāpala a me nā wai ʻāpala, a me 33 pākēneka o nā huahana laiki, e like me ka ʻike o ka FDA.

Ua hōʻike maoli nā huaʻai a me nā lau i lawe ʻia i ka heluna haʻahaʻa o nā pesticides, me 52 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a me 46 pākēneka o nā mea kanu mai nā ʻāina ʻē e hoʻāʻo maikaʻi ana i nā pesticides. Ua hele mai kēlā mau laʻana mai nā ʻāina he 40 a ʻoi, me Mekiko, Kina, ʻInia a me Kanada.

Ua aʻo pū mākou no ka laʻana hou ʻana i hōʻike ʻia, ma waena o nā haneli he nui o nā pesticides ʻokoʻa, ua loaʻa i ka FDA nā hiʻona o ka DDT insecticide lōʻihi loa ʻia i loko o nā laʻana meaʻai, a me chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D a me glyphosate. Pili ʻo DDT i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka umauma, infertility a me ka hāʻule ʻole ʻana, ʻoiai ʻo chlorpyrifos - kekahi insecticide - ua hōʻike ʻepekema ʻia e hana i nā pilikia neurodevelopmental i nā keiki ʻōpio.

He mea weliweli loa ʻo Chlorpyrifos i koi aku ai ka European Food Safety Authority i kahi pāpā o ʻEulopa e ʻike ai aia aia ʻaʻohe pae palekana. ʻO nā mea kanu lāʻau make 2,4-D a me glyphosate pili pū ʻia i nā maʻi ʻino a me nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe.

Thailand iho nei i ʻōlelo ʻia e pāpā ana glyphosate a me chlorpyrifos ma muli o nā pilikia ʻepekema i hoʻokumu ʻia o kēia mau pesticides.

ʻOiai ka laha o nā pesticides i loaʻa i nā meaʻai o US, ʻo ka FDA, me ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a me ka US Department of Agriculture (USDA), ke ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole he mea hopohopo nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai. Ma waena o ka lobbying kaumaha e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa ua kākoʻo maoli ka EPA i ka hoʻomau mau ʻana o ka glyphosate a me ka chlorpyrifos i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai.

Hoʻolālā nā luna hoʻomalu i nā huaʻōlelo a nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika ma ke koi ʻana i nā koena pesticide ʻaʻole ia he mea hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino o ke kanaka ke hāʻule nā ​​pae o kēlā me kēia ʻano koena ma lalo o kahi pae "ahonui" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka EPA.

I ke kālailai hou loa ʻana a ka FDA, he 3.8 pakeneka o nā meaʻai home wale nō i koe nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he kiʻekiʻe kū ʻole i ke kānāwai, a i ʻole "violative." No nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia mai, he 10.4 ka pākēneka o nā meaʻai i laana ʻia i hōʻino ʻia, e like me ka FDA.

ʻO ka mea a ka FDA i ʻōlelo ʻole ai, a he aha nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho e hōʻalo pinepine ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ka lehulehu, ʻo ka piʻi ʻana o nā pae hoʻomanawanui no kekahi mau pesticides ua piʻi aʻe i loko o nā makahiki e like me nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā pesticides e noi ana i nā palena kānāwai kiʻekiʻe a kiʻekiʻe. Ua ʻae ka EPA i kekahi mau hoʻonui i ʻae ʻia no nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, e like paha. Pēlā nō hoʻi, hoʻoholo pinepine ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻoholo e pono ʻole e hoʻokō i kahi koi kū kānāwai e ʻōlelo ana i ka EPA "e hoʻopili i kahi palena he ʻumi mau palekana o nā pēpē a me nā keiki" i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā pae kū kānāwai no nā koena pesticide. Ua hoʻokahuli ka EPA i kēlā koi i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā hoʻomanawanui pesticide he nui, e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole pono kēlā me kēia palena o ka palekana e pale ai i nā keiki.

Ke laina lalo: ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe o ka EPA i hoʻonohonoho i ka "hoʻomanawanui" i ʻae ʻia e like me ka palena o ke kānāwai, ʻo ka haʻahaʻa ka manawa e hōʻike ai nā luna hoʻomalu i nā koena "violative" i kā mākou meaʻai. ʻO ka hopena, ʻae mau ka US i nā kiʻekiʻe o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai ma mua o nā lāhui i hoʻomohala ʻia. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka palena kānāwai no ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele glyphosate ma ka ʻāpala he 0.2 mau ʻāpana no ka miliona (ppm) ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa akā ʻo ka hapalua wale nō o kēlā pae - 0.1 ppm - ʻae ʻia i ka ʻāpala i ka European Union. Pēlā nō, ʻae ka US i nā koena o glyphosate ma ke kulina ma 5 ppm, ʻoiai e ʻae ʻo EU i 1 ppm wale nō.

Ke piʻi nei nā palena o ke kānāwai no nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, hoʻonui nui nā ʻepekema i ka hoʻāla ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia o ka hoʻohana mau ʻana o nā koena, a me ka nele o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā hopena kumulative kūpono o ka ʻai ʻana i kahi lūlū a me nā mea hoʻomake mauʻu me kēlā me kēia pāʻina. .

He kime o ka ʻepekema ʻo Harvard ke kāhea nei no noiʻi hohonu e pili ana i nā loulou hiki i waena o ka maʻi a me ka ʻai ʻana o ka pesticide i ko lākou manaʻo he ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 pākēneka o ka poʻe ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā koena pesticide i ko lākou mimi a me ke koko ma muli o ka ʻai ʻana o nā meaʻai pesticide-laced. A like pili iā Harvard ua ʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻana o ka pesticide pesticide i loko o kahi pae "ʻano" me nā pilikia e hāpai ana nā wahine a me ka hānau ʻana i nā pēpē ola.

Ua loaʻa nā noiʻi hou i nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe i pili i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā papaʻai i nā pesticides, me ka glyphosate.  ʻO Glyphosate ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a ʻo ia ka mea hana i ka Monsanto's Roundup branded a me nā huahana hoʻomake nāhelehele ʻē aʻe.

ʻOihana Pesticide Push Back

Akā i ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo, ke hoʻihoʻi nei nā ʻaoʻao ʻoihana mahiʻai i hope. I kēia mahina he hui o ʻekolu mau kānaka noiʻi me nā pilina pili lōʻihi i nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā pesticides mahiʻai i hoʻokuʻu i kahi hōʻike e ʻoluʻolu i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku a hōʻemi i ka noiʻi ʻepekema.

ʻO ka hōʻike, i hoʻopuka ʻia ʻOkakopa 21, i ʻōlelo ʻia "ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema pololei a lāʻau lapaʻau paha e hōʻike ana i ka hōʻike maʻamau ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā koena pesticide e waiho ana i kahi olakino olakino. Hōʻike ka ʻikepili koena pesticide a me nā kuhi hōʻike e hōʻike ʻia nā mea kūʻai aku i nā pae o nā koena pesticide i nui nā kauoha o ka nui ma lalo o nā mea e pili ana i ka olakino olakino. "

ʻAʻole he mea kupanaha, pili paʻa nā mea kākau ʻekolu o ka hōʻike i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO Steve Savage kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka hōʻike, kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai Point a limahana DuPont mua. ʻO Carol Burns kekahi, he ʻepekema mua no Dow Chemical a me ke kākāʻōlelo no Cortevia Agriscience, kahi wili o DowDuPont. ʻO ke kolu o ka mea kākau ʻo Carl Winter, ka luna o ka ʻOihana ʻEpekema Meaʻai a me ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ma Davis. Ua loaʻa i ke kula nui $ 2 miliona o ka makahiki mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka mea noiʻi kulanui, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia ka pololei o kēlā kiʻi.

Ua lawe pololei nā mea kākau i kā lākou hōʻike i ka ʻahaʻōlelo, e paʻa ana ʻekolu mau hōʻike ʻokoʻa i Wakinekona, DC, i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻolaha i kā lākou leka o ka palekana pesticide no ka hoʻohana ʻana ma "nā moʻolelo palekana meaʻai pāpāho, a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai e pono ai nā mea kūʻai (a i ʻole pono ʻole) ke hoʻohana."

Ua mālama ʻia nā kau pesticide ma nā keʻena o nā keʻena no nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo a me he mea lā, ma ke keʻena nui no ʻO America CropLife, ka lobbyist no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. 

 

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.