ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum, Kūkākūkā FTI

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Hoʻouna mua ʻia Mei 2019; Hoʻohou Nowemapa 2020

Ma kēia kūlana, ke kiaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā hōʻino hoʻopunipuni lehulehu e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR i hilinaʻi nui ʻia e nā mea nunui mahiʻai Bayer AG a me Monsanto no kā lākou pale kaua pale huahana: ʻo FTI consulting, Ketchum PR a me FleishmanHillard. ʻO kēia mau ʻoihana he mau mōʻaukala lōʻihi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hāpai i nā papa politika o kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, e like me ka pesticide, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana pale pale ʻaila.

Nā hana hōʻino hou

Hōʻike ʻo NYT i nā ʻano hana malu a ka FTI Consulting firm no ka ʻoihana aila: i ka Nowemapa 11, 2020 New York Times ʻatikala, Hōʻike ʻo Hiroko Tabuchi i ke kōkua ʻana o FTI Consulting i ka hoʻolālā ʻana, nā limahana a me ka holo ʻana o nā ʻoihana a me nā pūnaewele i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana ikehu i hiki ke hōʻike i ke kākoʻo o ka mauʻu mauʻu no nā hanana wahie fossil. Ma muli o kāna mau ninaninau ʻana me ka ʻumikūmālua mau limahana FTI ma mua a me nā haneli o nā palapala kūloko, hōʻike ʻo Tabuchi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana o ka FTI i nā mea hana kaiapuni, holo i nā hoʻolaha politika astroturf, limahana i nā pūnaewele a me nā ʻike ʻelua a kākau i nā ʻatikala ʻoihana e pili ana i ka fracking, nā lawsuits a me nā mea wela -pili pihi me ke kuhikuhi mai Exxon Mobile.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto a me kāna mau ʻoihana PR i ka hana GOP e hoʻoweliweli i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi. ʻO Lee Fang i hōʻike ʻia no The Intercept i ka 2019 ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka Monsanto antagonized reg regulator a hoʻohana i ka kaomi e hoʻohālikelike i ka noiʻi o ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make, glyphosate. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i nā hana hoʻopunipuni PR hoʻopunipuni, e like me ke kākau ʻana o FTI Consulting i kahi leka e pili ana i ka ʻepekema glyphosate i kau inoa ʻia e kahi ʻelele nui o GOP.

Hōʻike nā palapala a Monsanto i nā ʻano hana e hōʻino ai i ka hoʻokolokolo hoihoi lehulehu. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ʻAukake 2019 i ka nui o nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana PR e hoʻokele i nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻohuli ʻē aʻe i hāpai i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā pesticides a me GMO, a hoʻāʻo e pale i kahi hoʻokolokolo i kā lākou hana e US Right to Know.

E ʻike pū hoʻi i nā pepa ʻo USRTK, i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā palapala i loaʻa mai kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, e hōʻike ana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i kōkua i ka pale ʻoihana pesticide: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide.

I ka Mei 2019, ua hōʻike mākou i nā hōʻino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR a Bayer:

Nā hōʻino a 'Monsanto File'

Mea kākau moʻolelo ma Ua hōʻike ʻo Le Monde iā Mei 9 ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Le Monde ua hoʻopiʻi me ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo o Palisa e ʻōlelo nei e pili ana ka palapala i ka hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i ka ʻikepili pilikino, e hoʻopiʻi ana i ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo i wehe i kahi ʻimi kalaima. "He mea nui loa kēia i ʻike ʻia no ka mea ke hōʻike ʻia aia he mau pahuhopu pahuhopu e hāmau i nā leo ikaika. ʻIke wau i kā lākou hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻokaʻawale iaʻu, ” ʻO ke Kuhina Kaiapuni mua o Farani ʻo Segolene Royal, ka mea ma ka papa inoa, haʻi iā Palani 24 TV.

"He mea nui kēia e ʻike ʻia no ka mea hōʻike ia aia kekahi mau kumumanaʻo kumumanaʻo e hoʻopau i nā leo ikaika."

ʻO Francois Veillerette, kahi mea mālama i ka nohona ma ka papa inoa hoʻi, i haʻi aku iā Palani 24 i loko o ia mea he kikoʻī pilikino pilikino, nā manaʻo a me ka pae o ka pili e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He haʻalulu nui kēia ma Palani," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo he mea maʻamau kēia." Ua ʻae ʻo Bayer ua huki ʻo FleishmanHillard "'papa inoa kiaʻi 'o nā pro-a anti-pesticides huahelu"I nā ʻāina ʻehiku ma waena o ʻEulopa, ua hōʻike ka AFP. Aia i loko o nā papa inoa nā ʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa, nā luna politika a me nā hui hoihoi ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka AFP ua waiho aku ʻo ia i kahi hoʻopiʻi me kahi keʻena hoʻokele Farani no ka mea aia kekahi o kāna mau mea nūpepa ma ka papa inoa i hōʻike ʻia ma Palani.

ʻO Bayer mihi a ʻōlelo ʻia ua kāpae i kāna pilina me nā ʻoihana e pili ana, me FleishmanHillard a me Publicis Consultants, e kali ana i kahi hoʻokolokolo. "ʻO ka mea nui a mākou e hoʻokumu i ka transparency," Wahi a Bayer. "ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae i ka lawena unethical i kā mākou hui." (Ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nā ʻoihana i ka hana hewa ʻole e ka loio loio i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Bayer.)

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Ke kau nei ma ke ʻano he mea haʻi moʻolelo ma ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana iā Monsanto 

Ke hoʻohui nei i nā pilikia PR a Bayer, ua hōʻike ʻo AFP ma Mei 18 i kahi limahana o kekahi "hoʻokele pilikia" PR paʻa i kēlā hana pū me Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto - FTI Consulting - ua hopu ʻia posing ma ke ʻano he freelance journalist i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala ma Kapalakiko i hoʻopau me ka $ 80 miliona hoʻoholo kūʻē iā Bayer no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka limahana FTI Consulting ʻo Sylvie Barak e kamaʻilio kūkākūkā ana e pili ana i nā manaʻo moʻolelo i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana no ka BBC a ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ua hana ʻo ia no kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo PR.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Holo ʻo Ketchum lāua ʻo FleishmanHillard i ka salto GMO PR

I ka makahiki 2013, ua kī ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa iā FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, nā ʻona na Omnicom, e poʻo i kahi Hoʻāhewa ʻo PR e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kiʻi o kāna GMO a me nā huahana pesticide. Ua koho ʻia ʻo Monsanto FleishmanHillard e "hōʻano hou" i kona kaulana ma waena o ka "kūʻēʻē nui" i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically, e like me ka Holmes Report. Ma ka manawa like, ua lilo ʻo FleishmanHillard ka ʻO ka ʻoihana PR moʻohelu no Bayer, a me ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) - kahi hui kālepa i ukuʻia e ʻO Bayer (Monsanto), Corteva (DowDuPont), Syngenta a me BASF - hoʻolimalima iā Ketchum firm pili aupuni e hoʻomaka i kahi ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka pāʻoihana marketing me nā GMO Nā Pane.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hana spin i hoʻohana ʻia e kēia ʻoihana.e aloha ana i nā mea kākau blog makuahine"A me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā leo o nā loea i manaʻo ʻia he" kūʻokoʻa "i"hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a me ka hilinaʻi ʻole”E pili ana i nā GMO. Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike e hoʻoponopono ana nā ʻoihana PR a kākau ʻia kekahi o nā loea "kūʻokoʻa". ʻO kahi laʻana, nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike i kēlā Palapala ʻia ʻo Ketchum nā pou no nā pane GMO i kau inoa ʻia e a Kumu Kulanui o Florida ka mea i koi kūʻokoʻa iā ia e hana ana ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. He pelekikena hope poʻokela ma FleishmanHillard hoʻoponopono i ka haʻiʻōlelo o a ʻO Polofesa ʻo UC Davis a ua aʻo iā ia pehea e "lanakila ai i ka poʻe i loko o ka lumi" ma an Kūkākūkā IQ2 e hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO. ʻO Ketchum kekahi hāʻawi i ke polopeka i nā manaʻo no ka ninaninau lekiō e pili ana i kahi noiʻi ʻepekema.

He ʻelele koʻikoʻi nā ʻatikala no ka hana lobbying ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, i hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times ma 2015. "He pāpale keʻokeʻo nui nā polopeka / mea noiʻi / ʻepekema i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me ke kākoʻo i kā lākou mokuʻāina, mai nā mea kālaiʻāina i nā mea hana," ʻo Bill Mashek, kahi pelekikena hope ma Ketchum, i kākau aku ai i ke Kulanui o Polopeka polofesa. “E hoʻomau!” Ua hoʻolilo aku ka hui kālepa ʻoihana CBI ma kahi o $ 11 miliona ma Ketchum's GMO Answers mai ka 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

GMO Pane i ka 'hoʻokele pilikia' kūleʻa

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona o kona kūleʻa ma ke ʻano he mīkini milo PR, ʻo GMO Answers ka papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka 2014 i ka mahele o "Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kēia wikiō no CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum e pili ana i ka aneane pālua o ka nānā ʻana o ka media i nā GMO a me "kaulike 80% o nā pilina" ma Twitter. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēlā mau pilina pūnaewele mai nā waihona i kū kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili i ka hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka wikiō Ketchum i koi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency" me ka ʻike mai ka poʻe loea me ka "ʻaʻohe mea i kānana ʻia a censored ʻia, a ʻaʻohe leo i hāmau ʻia," kahi papa hana ʻo Monsanto PR e hōʻike ana i ka hui i helu ʻia ma nā pane GMO e kōkua i ka wili ʻana i kāna huahana i kahi kukui maikaʻi. ʻO ka palapala mai 2015 papa inoa Nā pane GMO ma waena o nā "hoa hana" hiki iā ia ke pale aku iā Roundup mai ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. i loko o kahi ʻāpana "kumuwaiwai" ma ka ʻaoʻao 4, ua papa inoa ʻia ka papahana i nā loulou i nā pane GMO me nā palapala a Monsanto i hiki ke kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate he carcinogenic."

Ua kau ʻia kēia wikiō Ketchum i ka pūnaewele CLIO a hemo ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO Omnicom's FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum: nā moʻolelo o ka hoʻopunipuni

No ke aha e hoʻokau ai kekahi ʻoihana iā FleishmanHillard a i ʻole Ketchum i mua o nā hana e hoʻoulu ai i ka hilinaʻi he paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo, no ka mea ʻo kā lākou mōʻaukala o nā hoʻopunipuni i kākau ʻia. O kahi laʻana:

A hiki i ka 2016, ʻo Ketchum ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia a me Vladimir Putin. Wahi a nā palapala i loaʻa iā ProPublica, Ua hopu ʻia ʻo Ketchum e hoʻokau ana iā pro-Putin op-eds ma lalo o nā inoa o nā "ʻoihana kūʻokoʻa" me he mea lā i nā nūhou like ʻole. I ka 2015, ka ua hoʻolimalima ke aupuni Honduran iā Ketchum e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōla hou i kona kūlana maikaʻi ma hope o ka hoʻowahāwahā he miliona miliona.

Ua kī pū ʻia nā palapala iā Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua hana ʻo Ketchum me kahi ʻoihana pilikino pilikino "i kiu iā Greenpeace a me nā hui kaiaulu ʻē aʻe mai ka hopena o 1990s ma o ka liʻiliʻi 2000, e ʻimi ana i nā palapala mai nā ipu ʻōpala, e hoʻāʻo ana e kanu i nā mea hana hūnā ma waena o nā hui, nā waihona kālā, hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā moʻolelo kelepona o nā mea hoʻouluulu, a komo i loko o nā hālāwai kūkā. ” Ua hopu ʻia ʻo FleishmanHillard me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana spionage kūpono ʻole e kūʻē i ke olakino lehulehu a me nā mea kākoʻo i ka paka no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo RJ Reynolds, e like me kahi noiʻi a Ruth Malone i ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Aupuni. Ua audiotaped hoʻi ka firm PR i nā hālāwai kūkā paka a me nā ʻaha kūkā.

ʻO FleishmanHillard ʻo ia ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu no The Tobacco Institute, ʻo ka ʻoihana paka ʻoihana lobbying nui, no ʻehiku mau makahiki. I loko o kahi ʻatikala 1996 Washington Post, Morton Mintz haʻi moʻolelo o pehea i hoʻololi ai ʻo FleishmanHillard a me ka Tobacco Institute i ka Healthy Buildings Institute i hui i mua no ka ʻoihana paka i kāna hana e hoʻohuli i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka uahi lua. Ketchum ua hana pū no ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua hana nā ʻoihana ʻelua i kekahi manawa i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o kahi pilikia. ʻO FleishmanHillard i hala hoʻolimalima ʻia no nā pāʻālua puhipaka. I ka makahiki 2017, ua hemo ʻo Ketchum a firm-off firm i kapa ʻia ʻo Cultivate e loaʻa kālā ma ka mākeke ʻai mea ulu e ulu nei, ʻoiai ʻo Ketchum's GMO Answers i hōʻino i nā meaʻai meaola, e ʻōlelo ana ua uku ka poʻe kūʻai i kahi "uku nui" no nā meaʻai i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā meaʻai i ulu mau ʻia e ka ʻaha.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Kūkākūkā FTI: hoʻopunipuni i ke aniau a me nā pili paka hou aʻe

ʻO FTI Consulting, ka "hoʻokele pilikia" ʻO PR firm e hana pū ana me Bayer a ʻo ka mea nāna ka hana hopu ʻia e hoʻohālike ana i kahi mea kākau moʻolelo ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup ma Kapalakiko, kaʻana like i kekahi mau like me FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, nele i ka moakaka a me ka mōʻaukala o ka hana pū ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ke kūpaʻa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokani nui i kā ExxonMobil mau hana e pale ai i ke kuleana no ka loli. As Elana Schor lāua ʻo Andrew Restuccia i hōʻike ʻia ma Politico ma 2016:

"Ma waho o [Exxon] ponoʻī, ke kūʻē leo nui ʻana i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo mai FTI Consulting, kahi paʻa i hoʻopiha ʻia me nā mea kōkua Repubalika ma mua i kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka GOP i ka pale ʻana i nā wahie fossil. Ma lalo o ka hae o Energy ma Depth, kahi papahana e holo nei no ka Independent Petroleum Association of America, ua kīwī ʻo FTI i nā mea kūkala nūhou me nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i ka "collusion" ma waena o nā mea hana ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā AGs mokuʻāina, a ua hāpai ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hāʻawi kālā a InsideClimate's Rockefeller. "

Ua hopu ʻia nā limahana ʻo FTI Consulting e hoʻohālike ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua. Ua hōʻike ʻo Karen Savage ma Ianuali 2019 i ka Nūhou Liability News, "ʻElua mau mea hoʻolālā pili i ka lehulehu e kū nei no Exxon i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he nūpepa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ninaninau i kahi loio e kū ana i nā kaiāulu ʻo Colorado e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Exxon no nā pohō e pili ana i ka huliau. ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā — Michael Sandoval lāua ʻo Matt Dempsey — hana ʻia e FTI Consulting, kahi ʻoihana i pili lōʻihi me ka ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila. ” Wahi a ka Climate Liability News, ua helu ʻia nā kāne ʻelua ma ke ʻano he mea kākau no Western Wire, kahi pūnaewele i holo ʻia e nā makemake aila a me nā limahana me ka FTI Consulting, kahi e hāʻawi nei i nā limahana iā Energy In Depth, kahi wahie pro-fossil "noiʻi, aʻo a me hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻo Energy In Depth iā ia iho ma ke ʻano "mom and pop shop" e hōʻike ana i nā mea lawelawe ikehu liʻiliʻi akā ua hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila nui e lobby no deregulation, Ua hōʻike ʻia ka blog DeSmog ma 2011. Ua wehe ka hui Greenpeace i Memo ʻoihana 2009 e wehewehe nei ʻO ka Energy In Depth ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana hou ākea ākea ... e hakakā i nā lula hou o ke kaiapuni, keu hoʻi e pili ana i ka haki nehe" ʻaʻole hiki ke hana ʻia me ka ʻole o nā hoʻokō kālā mua "o nā pono nui o ka aila a me ke kinoea me BP, Halliburton, Chevron, Shell, XTO Energy (ʻona iā ExxonMobil).

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e laulā me kēia mau ʻoihana āpau ʻo kā lākou ʻoihana pili paka. ʻO FTI Consulting he "moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka," e like me ʻO ka Taka ʻAka paka. Ka hulina o ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF lawe mai i 2,400 palapala e pili ana iā FTI Consulting.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hōʻino PR a Bayer

ʻO Coverage ma Palani:

Ka uhi ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania:

Ua hilinaʻi nā mea hoʻokele US no nā makahiki i ka ʻike pesticide pesticide i hāʻawi ʻia e Dow Chemical

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No nā makahiki, ua hilinaʻi nā mea hoʻokele US i ka ʻikepili hoʻopunipuni i hāʻawi ʻia e Dow Chemical e ʻae ai i nā pae palekana ʻole o nā kemikolo chlorpyrifos i loko o nā hale ʻAmelika, e like me kahi hoʻoili hou mai nā kānaka noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Nānā hou ka loiloi i nā hana mai nā makahiki 1970 i kākoʻo ʻia e Dow a waiho ʻia i ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e alakaʻi i ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka mea a nā ʻepekema e kuhikuhi nei ma ke ʻano he "hopena-hopena-hopena-hopena" a NOAEL paha. Hoʻohana ʻia ia mau paepae e hoʻoholo ai i nā ʻano o ka hoʻohana a ma ka pae hea e hiki ai ke ʻae ʻia kahi kemikal a e manaʻo ʻia he "palekana."

Wahi a ka loiloi hou, paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele ma ka lā 3 Iulai i ka puke pai Ka Honua Kaiapuni, ʻo nā hopena pololei ʻole ka hopena o kahi noiʻi duke chlorpyrifos i mālama ʻia e ka mea noiʻi ʻo Frederick Coulston a me nā hoa hana mai ke Kulanui Lapaʻau ʻo Albany i nā 1970 mua no Dow.

Ke nānā hou nei nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i ka hana ma mua ʻo Lianne Sheppard, Seth McGrew lāua ʻo Richard Fenske o ka Oihana ʻepekema ʻOihana Kaiaulu a me ka ʻOihana Ola, Kula o ka Health Public ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

ʻOiai ka mea i kākau ʻia e ka hui Coulston, ua hoʻopau ʻia ke kālailai e kahi statistician Dow a ua hoʻoholo ʻia he 0.03 mg / kg-lā ka pae NOAEL mau no nā chlorpyrifos i loko o nā kānaka. Akā ʻo ka loiloi hou e ka poʻe noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ua ʻike ʻoi aku ka nui o ka palena o ka palekana. Inā ua kālailai pono ʻia ka ʻikepili he NOAEL haʻahaʻa o 0.014 mg / kg-lā e loaʻa, i ʻōlelo lākou.

ʻAʻole i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka loiloi ʻana o Coulston e nā hoa akā ua hoʻohana ʻia ia e ka EPA no nā loiloi weliweli ma loko o nā makahiki 1980 a me 1990, ua hōʻike ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Pau nā mea noiʻi: "I loko o kēlā manawa, ʻae ʻo EPA i nā chlorpyrifos e hoʻopaʻa inoa no nā hoʻohana he nui i hoʻopau ʻia e hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino hiki i nā keiki a me nā pēpē. Inā ua hoʻohana ʻia nā anamanaʻo kūpono i ka loiloi o kēia noi, malia paha ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia e ka EPA ka hapa nui o kēlā mau hoʻohana i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia o nā chlorpyrifos. Hōʻike kēia hana i ka hilinaʻi ʻia e nā mea hoʻoponopono pesticide i nā hopena noiʻi ʻaʻole i nānā pono ʻia e nā hoa a he mea pono ʻole ia e hoʻoweliweli i ka lehulehu. "

Hoʻohana nuiʻia

ʻO ka mea i ʻike pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana i ka inoa inoa ʻo Lorsban, hoʻolauna ʻia nā insecticides chlorpyrifos e Dow Chemical i ka makahiki 1965 a ua hoʻohana nui ʻia i nā wahi mahiʻai. ʻO ka mākeke mahiʻai nui loa no ka chlorpyrifos ka kulina akā hoʻohana ʻia ka pesticide e nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i ka soybeans, nā hua a me nā kumu nut, nā pua ʻo Brussels, nā cranberry, a me nā cauliflower, a me nā mea kanu lālani ʻē aʻe. Loaʻa nā koena o ka kemika i ka meaʻai. Hoʻohana nā mahi ʻole mahiʻai i nā papa kolepa, ka honu, nā hale ʻōmaʻomaʻo, a me nā pono hana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka ʻepekema i hāpai ʻia e Dow, ua hōʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka makaʻu o nā chlorpyrifos, ʻo ia hoʻi i nā keiki ʻōpio. Ua ʻike nā ʻepekema ʻo ka hōʻike prenatal i ka chlorpyrifos e pili ana me ka hānau hānau haʻahaʻa, hoʻemi ʻia ka IQ, ka nalowale o ka hoʻomanaʻo hoʻomanaʻo, nā maʻi noonoo, a me ka hoʻopaneʻe ʻana i ka hoʻomohala kaʻa.

ʻO ka American Academy for Pediatrics, ʻo ia ka mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o 66,000 pediatricians a me nā kaukōkō pediatric, ua aʻoaʻo ʻo ia ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kemika e hoʻomohala i nā fetus, nā pēpē, nā keiki a me nā wahine hāpai i ka makaʻu nui.

He mea weliweli loa ʻo Chlorpyrifos i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka Mana Maluhia o ʻEulopa Meaʻai aia nō ʻaʻohe pae palekana.

Ua ʻaelike ka EPA me Dow ma 2000 e kāpae i nā hoʻohana āpau o ka kemika ma muli o ka noiʻi e hōʻike ana he mea weliweli ka kemika i nā lolo e ulu ana o nā pēpē a me nā keiki liʻiliʻi. I ka makahiki 2012, ua pāpā ʻia ʻo chlorpyrifos mai ka hoʻohana ʻana a puni nā kula.

I Pepeluali 2020, ma hope o ke kaomi a ka mea kūʻai, nā hui olakino, nā ʻepekema a me ke alo o nā piʻo e ulu nei a puni ka honua, ʻo Corteva AgriScience, kahi ʻoihana pani i kahi hui o Dow a me DuPont. e hemo aku iecaianoaaiiuo o chlorpyrifos. Eia nō naʻe, ua kū i ke kānāwai ka kemika no nā hui ʻē aʻe e hana a kūʻai aku ai.

Kumuhana kanaka

ʻO ke aʻo ʻana ke kumuhana o ka pepa hou e nā kānaka noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona i kiaʻi ʻia ma 1971 e ka Albany Medical College's Institute of Experimental Pathology and Toxicology. Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka noiʻi me 16 mau kāne kāne makua olakino olakino mai kahi wai o nā mea manawaleʻa ma Clinton Correctional Facility, kahi hale paʻahao palekana ʻoi loa ma Dannemora, New York.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea manawaleʻa i ʻehā mau hui hoʻokolohua, me kahi hui kaohi, nona nā lālā i loaʻa i kahi placebo i kēlā me kēia lā. Ua loaʻa i nā lālā o nā hui ʻekolu ʻē aʻe i kēlā me kēia lā nā lāʻau chlorpyrifos i ʻekolu mau lāʻau ʻē aʻe. Ua mālama ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi o 63 mau lā.

Ua loaʻa i ke kālailai hou kekahi mau pilikia me ke aʻo ʻana, e like me ka haʻalele ʻana o ʻewalu ana ana o nā laina palena kūpono no kekahi o nā pūʻulu mālama ʻekolu.

"ʻO kēlā hemo ʻana o ka ʻikepili kūpono me ka ʻole o ka hoʻāpono ʻia kahi ʻano o ka hoʻopunipuni ʻikepili e hōʻeha i nā code maʻamau āpau o ka hana noiʻi ethical a hoʻohālikelike ʻia e like me ka lawehala noiʻi kūwaho ʻole," i hoʻopau ai nā mea noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hele ʻo chlorpyrifos i ke kaʻina hoʻoponopono me ka nui ʻole o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa, "ʻoiai aia he" mau hōʻike e ulu nei e lilo paha ia i kahi pōʻino olakino i nā wahi noho. "

"Ua alakaʻi hewa ka Study Coulston Study i nā mea hoʻokele ma ke kāpae ʻana i nā ʻike kūpono," a "ua hopena paha i ka hopena o ke olakino lehulehu" no kekahi mau makahiki, ua pau ka pepa o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona.

Nā Pepa Dicamba: Nā Palapala Nui a me ka ʻIkepili

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Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā haneli o nā mahiʻai a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka Monsanto Co. ma mua, i kūʻai ʻia i ka makahiki 2018 e Bayer AG, a me ka conglomerate BASF i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā ʻoihana no nā miliona o nā ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i koi ʻia e nā mahiʻai ma muli o ka hoʻohana ākea ʻana o ke kānāwai. ka ka mauʻu e luku nei i ka dicamba kemika, hoʻohana i paipai ʻia e nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka hihia mua e hele i ka hoʻokolokolo ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Bader Farms a Missouri e kūʻē i nā ʻoihana a ua hopena i kahi hoʻoholo $ 265 miliona e kūʻē i nā ʻoihana. ʻO ka ua hāʻawi ʻia ke kiure $ 15 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi.

Ua waiho ʻia kēia hihia ma ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀpana Hikina o Missouri, ʻĀkau Hema, ʻĀpana Kivila # 1: 16-cv-00299-SNLJ. Ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe nona nā Bader Farms ua kipi nā hui e hana i kahi "pōpilikia kaiaola" e hoʻowalewale i nā mahiʻai e kūʻai i nā ʻano dicamba-tolerant. Hiki ke loaʻa nā palapala nui mai ia hihia ma lalo.

Ke Keʻena ʻo EPA o ka Luna Nana (OIG) hoʻolālā e hoʻokolokolo ua ʻae nā ʻāpana i nā mea kanu lāʻau dicamba hou e hoʻoholo inā pili ka EPA i nā koi pekelala a me nā "ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻepekema" i ka wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou.

HANA FEDERAL

Ma kahi kaʻawale, i ka lā 3 o Iune, 2020. ua ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka ʻĀiwa Kaapuni ua hōʻeha ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i ke kānāwai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā lāʻau make dicamba a Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences a me ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā lāʻau herbicides hoʻokumu ʻia dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua ʻekolu. Ua pāpā ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo no ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

Akā ua hoʻopiʻi ka EPA i ka ʻaha i hoʻoholo ʻia, e hāʻawi ana i kahi leka hoʻomaopopo ma Iune 8 i ʻōlelo ʻia hiki i nā mea kanu ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31, ʻoiai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻaha i ʻōlelo kikoʻī ʻia i kāna kauoha ʻaʻole makemake ia e hoʻopaneʻe i ka waiho ʻana i kēlā mau ʻae ʻia. Ua hōʻike ka ʻaha i ka hōʻino i hana ʻia e dicamba e hoʻohana ai i nā kauwela i hala i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mea kanu, nā māla a me nā mea kanu i nā ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

Ma ka Iune 11, 2020, na mea hoopii i ka hihia waiho i kahi noi ulia pōpilikia e ʻimi nei e hoʻokō i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻaha a e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA. Ua hui pū kekahi mau hui mahiʻai me Corteva, Bayer a me BASF i ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e hoʻokō ʻole i ka pāpā. Loaʻa nā palapala ma lalo.

NĀ PALAPALA: Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Dicamba e nā mahiʻai mai ka 1960 akā me nā palena i noʻonoʻo ai i ka likelika o ka kemika e heʻe a volatilize- neʻe mamao aku mai kahi i pīpī ʻia. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Monsanto's glyphosate lau nahele mau mau mea luku i ka nāhelehele, e like me Roundup, i ka lilo ʻana o ka pono ma muli o ke kūpaʻa mau ʻana o ka mauʻu, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Monsanto e hoʻokumu i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba e like me kāna ʻōnaehana Roundup Ready i makemake nui ʻia, kahi i hoʻopili ʻia i nā ʻanoʻano ahonui me ka glyphosate. ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai e kūʻai ana i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini hou e hiki ke maʻalahi i ka mālama ʻana i nā nāhelehele paʻakikī e ka pīpī ʻana i nā māla holoʻokoʻa me ka dicamba, ʻoiai i nā mahina ulu mahana, me ka hōʻeha ʻole i kā lākou mea kanu. Monsanto kūkala i kahi laulima me BASF i ka makahiki 2011. Ua ʻōlelo nā hui e emi ana ka maʻalahi a me ka liʻiliʻi o ka neʻe ma mua o nā formulate kahiko o ka dicamba.

Ua ʻae ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto's dicamba herbicide "XtendiMax" ma 2016. Ua hoʻomohala ʻo BASF i kāna lāʻau kanu dicamba ponoʻī e kapa ʻia ʻo Engenia. ʻO XtendiMax lāua ʻo Engenia i kūʻai mua ʻia ma United States i 2017.

Hoʻomaka ʻo Monsanto e kūʻai aku i kāna mau ʻano dicamba-tolerant i ka makahiki 2016, a ʻo kahi koi nui e ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi ka kūʻai aku ʻana i nā hua ma mua o ka ʻae ʻana o ka rula hou o nā lāʻau herbabide dicamba i paipai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā māla me nā formamba dicamba ʻāwīwī loa. Wahi a ka hoʻopiʻi Bader: "ʻO ke kumu o ka luku ʻia ʻana i nā mea kanu a Plaintiff Bader Farms ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana a Defendant Monsanto i kahi ʻōnaehana kīnā hema - ʻo ia nō kona ʻano genetically Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans and Bollgard II Xtend cotton seed (" Xtend plants " ) - me ka hele pū ʻole ʻia, ʻāpono ʻia e EPA e ka laau make lāʻau dicamba. ”

Ua ʻōlelo nā mahiʻai ua ʻike a manaʻo ka poʻe i nā hua hou e hoʻoulu i ka hoʻohana nui ʻia ʻana o ka dicamba e hōʻino ana i nā māla o nā mahiʻai i kūʻai ʻole i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant. Wahi a nā mahiʻai, he ʻāpana kēia o kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini. Hoʻopiʻi ka hapa nui i nā formamba dicamba hou i kūʻai ʻia e nā ʻoihana e ʻauheʻe ana a hōʻino i nā hua e like me ka hana ʻana o nā mana kahiko.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka dicamba, e ʻoluʻolu e ʻike i kā mākou pepa ʻo dicamba.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā hui ʻo Big Ag ʻaʻole hiki i ka ʻaha ke haʻi iā EPA i ka wā e pāpā iā dicamba

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Ua haʻi aku ka mea kaumaha loa o Big Ag's hitters kaumaha i ka ʻaha pekelala ʻaʻole pono e hoʻāʻo e kāpae i nā mahiʻai pulupulu GMO a me nā mea kanu soya mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea pepehi lāʻau palu dicamba kū ʻole i ka hopena o Iulai, ʻoiai ke kauoha a ka ʻaha i ka mua o kēia mahina no ka pāpā koke ʻia.

ʻEono mau hui kalepa kūloko, a ʻo nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka pili kālā lōʻihi iā Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kūʻai aku ana i nā huahana dicamba i nīnau ʻia, ua waiho ʻia kahi ʻōlelo pōkole ma ka Pōʻakolu me ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka Apana ʻEiwa e koi ana i ka ʻaha e hoʻāʻo ʻole e hoʻopilikia me ka hoʻolaha a ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i hiki i nā mahiʻai ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31.

Ua noi lākou i ka ʻaha ʻaʻole e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA e like me ka mea i noi ʻia e nā hui i lanakila i ka Iune 3 kauoha ʻaha ka hoʻopuka ʻana i ka pāpā.

"E makaʻu nui ka poʻe soya a me nā mea kanu pulupulu i ka ʻino kālā inā pale ʻia mai ka hoʻohana ʻana iā Dicamba Products i kēia wā ulu," i ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi pōkole i waiho ʻia e ka American Farm Bureau Federation, American Soybean Association, National Cotton Council of America, National Association of Wheat Growers, National. ʻO ka hui ʻo Growers Growers, a me nā mea hoʻolaha ʻo Sorghum National.

Hoʻokaʻawale, ʻo CropLife ʻAmelika, kahi lobbyist mana no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, waiho i kahi pōkole  e ʻōlelo ana ua makemake ia e hāʻawi i ka “ʻIkepili Kōkua i ka ʻAha.” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo CropLife i ka faila ʻana ʻaʻohe mana o ka ʻaha ma kahi e holo ai ka EPA e hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana pesticide e like me nā mea make lāʻau dicamba.

ʻO nā neʻe wale nō ka mea hou loa i loko o kahi hanana nui o nā hanana i ukali ma hope o ke kaapuni ʻo Ninth Circuit, i ʻike ʻia ua hōʻeha ka EPA i ke kānāwai i ka wā i ʻae ai i nā huahana dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto - nona e Bayer AG, a me nā huahana i kūʻai ʻia e BASF, a ʻO DuPont, na Corteva Inc.

Ua kauoha ka ʻaha e pāpā koke ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēlā me kēia huahana a nā hui, i ka ʻike ʻana ua "hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui ka EPA" i kēlā mau huahana i kū i nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i nā mea kanu ma mua o ka pulupulu a me ka soy.

Ua ʻike ka EPA e hoʻokau i ke kauoha, eia naʻe, i ka wā haʻi i nā mahiʻai pulupulu a me ka soy hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka pīpī i nā lāʻau make i nīnau ʻia a Iulai 31.

ʻO ke kikowaena no ka palekana meaʻai (CFS) a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i lawe mua i ka EPA i ka ʻaha no kēia mea i hoʻi i ka ʻaha i ka pule i hala, e koi ana i ka 9th Circuit e hoʻowahāwahā i ka EPA. Noonoo ka aha i keia noi.

"Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo EPA a me nā ʻoihana pesticide e huikau i ka pilikia a hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻAha," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo George Kimbrell, ka luna loio a me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a CFS no nā mea noi. "Ua paʻa ka ʻaha i ka huahana me ke kānāwai kū ʻole i ke kānāwai a ʻaʻole hiki i nā manamana ʻana o EPA ke hoʻololi i kēlā."

ʻO ke kauoha e pāpā ana i nā huahana dicamba a ka hui i hoʻomaka i ka haunaele i ka ʻāina mahiʻai no ka mea he nui nā mea kanu soybean a me nā pulupulu i kanu i miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua kanu dicamba-tolerant e hoʻololi ʻia e Monsanto me ka manaʻo e mālama i nā nāhelehele i kēlā mau māla me nā lāʻau kanu dicamba i hana ʻia e ka ʻekolu hui. ʻAe nā mea kanu i ka dicamba ʻoiai e make ka mauʻu.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā hui lobby mahiʻai i loko o kā lākou pōkole he 64 miliona mau eka i kanu ʻia me nā ʻano dicamba-hoʻomanawanui i kēia kau. ʻLelo lākou inā ʻaʻole hiki i kēlā mau mahiʻai ke pīpī ma luna o kā lākou māla me nā huahana dicamba e "pale ʻole lākou i ka nāhelehele e kūʻē i nā mea lāʻau make ʻē aʻe,
hopena waiwai nui paha ka hopena o ka lilo. "

I ka wā a Monsanto, BASF a me DuPont / Corteva i ʻōwili ai i kā lākou lāʻau kanu lāʻau dicamba i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻōlelo lākou ʻaʻole e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nā huahana a neʻe aku i nā mahinaʻai e pili kokoke ana ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia nā mana kahiko o ka make ʻana i ka nāhelehele lāʻau dicamba. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoia i waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino.

Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau eka o nā mea kanu i ʻenekini ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻino ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha pekelala i kāna hoʻoholo ʻana.

"ʻO ka pahuhopu a ka EPA e pale aku i ke olakino kanaka a me ke kaiapuni ..." i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻohui Hui ʻohana ʻo Family Good Jim Jimman. "ʻAʻole hiki ke hōʻike akāka ʻia ko lākou hoʻowahāwahā ʻia no kēia mikiona ma mua o kā lākou mālama nui ʻole ʻana i ka ʻaha a ka Aha Hoʻokolokolo Kaapuni ʻeiwa e kāpae koke nei i nā noi kiʻekiʻe loa o ka dicamba e pale aku i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mahiʻai mai hoʻopau luku ʻia."

I Feberuari, a Kauoha ʻia ke jure o Missouri Bayer a me BASF e uku i kahi mahiʻai peach $ 15 miliona i nā uku pohō a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi no ka hōʻino dicamba i nā māla mahiʻai. Ua hoʻoholo ka jure e kipi ʻo Monsanto a me BASF i nā hana a lākou i ʻike ai e alakaʻi i ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hua no ka mea ua manaʻo lākou e hoʻonui ana i kā lākou pono ponoʻī.

Ke ʻimi nei nā pilikua pīhoihoi panaced i kahi kaʻawale i ka pāpā i pāpā ʻia ma luna o kā lākou mea pepehi kanaka mauʻu

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Ke noi nei i kahi "pilikia," ua noi aku nā pilikua nunui ʻo BASF a me DuPont i ka ʻaha pekelala e ʻae iā lākou e komo i kekahi hihia i kauoha ai ka ʻaha i kēia mahina e pāpā koke ʻia kā lākou lāʻau lāʻau dicamba me kahi huahana dicamba i hana ʻia e ka mea nona Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG. .

ʻO ka hana a nā hui kemika e ukali nei a Iune 3 e hoʻoholo ana e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka Circuit Ninth nāna i ʻōlelo ua hōʻino ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ke kānāwai ke ʻae ʻia nā huahana dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto / Bayer, BASF a me DuPont, na Corteva Inc.

Ua kauoha ka ʻaha e pāpā koke ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o kēlā me kēia huahana dicamba o ka hui, i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka EPA "ua hoʻokahakaha nui i nā makaʻu" o nā lāʻau make dicamba a "ʻaʻole i ʻike piha i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe."

ʻO ka EPA ua lana kēlā kauoha, akā naʻe, e haʻi ana i nā mahiʻai hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka pīpī ʻana i nā lāʻau make i nīnau ʻia a i ka hopena o Iulai.

ʻO ka consortium o ka mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai i waiho mua i ka hihia e kūʻē iā EPA i ka pule i hala aku nei, ke noi nei i kahi kauoha pilikia e hoʻowahāwahā nei i ka EPA. Ua hāʻawi ka ʻaha i ka EPA a hiki i ka hopena o ka lā Poalua, Iune 16, e pane.

Piʻi i ka ʻāina mahiʻai

ʻO ke kauoha e pāpā ana i nā huahana dicamba a nā hui i hoʻomaka i ka haunaele i ka ʻāina mahiʻai no ka mea he nui nā mea kanu soybean a me nā mea mahi pulupulu i kanu i miliona mau eka o nā hua kanu ahonui dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto me ka manaʻo e mālama i nā nāhelehele i kēlā mau māla me nā lāʻau kanu dicamba i hana ʻia e nā ʻekolu. nā hui.

Hāʻawi ka "ʻōnaehanaʻohi dicamba" i nā mahiʻai e kanu i kā lākou mau māla me nā mea kanu hoʻomanawanui dicamba, a laila hiki iā lākou ke pīpī i ka "over-the-top" me ka mea make mauʻu dicamba. Ua hoʻonui ka ʻenehana i nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā ʻanoʻano a me nā kemika a kōkua i nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i ka pulupulu dicamba-tolerant kūikawā a me ka hana soy me nā nāhelehele paʻakikī e kūʻē i nā huahana Roundup glyphosate.

Akā no ka nui o nā mahiʻai i kanu ʻole i nā hua kanu dicamba-ʻenekini genetically, ʻo ka hoʻohana ākea ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba ka mea i hōʻino ʻia a me nā pohō o nā mea kanu no ka mea ʻo ka dicamba e hoʻonui a neʻe i kahi mamao kahi e hiki ai ke pepehi i nā mea kanu, nā kumu lāʻau a me nā laʻalāʻau. ʻaʻole i loli ʻia e pale i ka kemika.

Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoia i waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha pekelala i kāna hoʻoholo ʻana.

Ua hoʻolauleʻa ka nui o nā mahiʻai i ka hoʻoholo ʻana o ka ʻaha a ua ʻoluʻolu lākou e mālama ʻia kā lākou mahiʻai a me nā māla i kēia kauwela mai ka hōʻino dicamba a lākou i ʻike ai i nā kauwela ma mua. Akā ua pōkole ke ola i ka wā a ka EPA i ʻōlelo ai ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokō koke i ka pāpā i kauoha ʻia e ka ʻaha.

I kahi faila i hana ʻia i ka Pōʻalima, Ua noi ʻo BASF me ka ʻaha ʻaʻole e hoʻokō i kahi pāpā koke a haʻi aku i ka ʻaha e pono e hoʻopau i kahi hale hana ma Beaumont, Texas, i kēia manawa "hana 24 mau hola i ka lā kokoke i ka makahiki" inā ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i kāna dicamba herbicide brand i kapa ʻia ʻO Engenia. Ua hoʻolilo ka BASF i $ 370 miliona i nā makahiki i hala iho nei e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i ka mea kanu a hoʻohana i nā poʻe he 170 ma laila, wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻomaopopo nei i nā "hoʻopukapuka koʻikoʻi" i kāna huahana, ua haʻi pū aku nō hoʻi ʻo BASF i ka ʻaha i ka lawa o kāna huahana i kēia manawa ma kāna "kalepa mea kūʻai" e mālama ai i ka 26.7 miliona mau ʻeka o ka soya a me ka pulupulu. Loaʻa iā BASF he $ 44 miliona hou aʻe o ka huahana Engenia dicamba i loaʻa iā ia, lawa i ka mālama ʻana i 6.6 miliona mau ʻeka o nā soya a me ka pulupulu, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa like ʻo DuPont / Corteva, e haʻi ana i ka ʻaha i kāna faila "hōʻino pololei" ka pāpā i ka ʻoihana "a me nā mahiʻai he nui a puni kēia ʻāina i waena o ka wā ulu." E hōʻino ia i ka "kūlana maikaʻi" o ka hui inā pāpā ʻia kāna lāʻau make, ua haʻi ka ʻoihana i ka ʻaha.

Eia kekahi, ke manaʻo nei ʻo DuPont / Corteva e hoʻokumu i nā "waiwai nui" mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i kāna lāʻau kanu lāʻau dicamba, i kapa ʻia ʻo FeXapan a e lilo ana kēlā kālā inā hoʻokō ʻia ka pāpā.

Ua hana ʻo Monsanto i ka hihia e kākoʻo ana i nā ʻae o ka EPA ma mua o ka hoʻoholo ʻana, akā ua hōʻike hewa nā BASF a me DuPont ua pili ka hihia o ka ʻaha i nā huahana a Monsanto wale nō a ʻaʻole i kā lākou. Ua akāka ka ʻaha, ua ʻae pono ʻole ka EPA i nā huahana i hana ʻia e nā ʻoihana ʻekolu.

Ua alakaʻi ʻia e ke kikowaena no ka palekana o ka meaʻai, ua lawe ʻia ka palapala noi e kūʻē i ka EPA e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Biological Diversity, a me Pesticide Action Network ʻo ʻAmelika Hema.

I ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e ʻike i ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia o ka EPA, ua aʻo ka consortium no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka hua e hiki mai inā ʻaʻole i pāpā koke ʻia nā huahana dicamba.

"ʻAʻole hiki i ka EPA ke hele aku me ka ʻae ʻana i ka pīpī ʻana o 16 miliona mau paona o ka dicamba a me ka hopena o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā miliona o nā ʻeka, a me nā pilikia nui i nā ʻano haneli he haneli," wahi a ka consortium i kāna faila. "ʻO kekahi mea ʻē aʻe paha e pili ana: ʻo ka lula o ke kānāwai. Pono ka ʻaha e hana e pale aku i ka pono ʻole a hoʻokūpaʻa i ka pono o ka hana hoʻokolokolo. A hāʻawi ʻia i ka blatant
hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ʻo EPA no ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha, koi nā mea noi i ka ʻaha e hoʻowahāwahā iā EPA. "

EPA manamana nui ihu ma ke kauoha a ka ʻaha, wahi a nā mahiʻai hiki ke hoʻohana i nā lāʻau lapaʻau dicamba kū ʻole i ke kānāwai

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(Nā Kiʻi hou me ka ʻōlelo mai BASF)

ʻO ka Agency Protection Environmental i ka Pōʻakahi hai aku ʻaʻole ia e hoʻohanohano koke i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha i hāʻawi ʻia i ka pule i hala aku nei e pāpā ana i kekahi mau lāʻau make i hana ʻia e ʻekolu o nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka neʻe ʻana o ka EPA i kahi makana manawaleʻa iā BASF, Bayer a me Corteva Agrisciences nona ka lāʻau ʻona dicamba i manaʻo ʻia e ka ʻaha i ʻae ʻia e ka EPA ma ke kānāwai. Ua ʻōlelo kikoʻī ka ʻaha i kāna kauoha hoʻopuka i ka pule i hala e makemake ana ʻaʻole e hoʻopaneʻe i ka haʻalele ʻana i kēlā mau ʻae ʻia. Ua hōʻike ka ʻaha i nā mea i hōʻino ʻia e dicamba e hoʻohana ai i nā kauwela i hala aku nei i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mea kanu, nā māla a me nā mālaʻai ma nā ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

Akā ua hoʻolaha ka EPA i ka Pōʻakahi e hoʻopuka ana i kahi "kauoha hoʻopau" e hāʻawi i nā mahiʻai a hiki i Iulai 31 e hoʻohana i nā waihona o Bayer's Xtendimax, Engenia o BASF, a me Corteva's FeXapan.

Ua loaʻa i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika no ka Kaapuni ʻIiwa i hewa ai ka EPA i ka ʻae ʻana i nā huahana dicamba a hele mai i pane i kahi palapala noi i lawe ʻia e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Food Safe, Center for Biological Diversity, a Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ka Center for Food Safe (CFS), nā loio i hoʻopaʻapaʻa i ka hihia no nā mea noi, i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi ʻōlelo he "disingenuous" ka hana a ka EPA a "nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike i hōʻike maikaʻi ʻia a me ka nui o ka hōʻeha nui i nā mahiʻai mai kekahi wā ʻinoʻino ʻino. . ” Hoʻolilo pū ʻia ka hana EPA i nā makaʻi i hōʻike ʻia e dicamba i nā haneli o nā ʻano mea aneane pau ʻole, i ʻōlelo ʻo CFS.

"Ke hōʻike hou nei ke aupuni Trump no ka mea ʻaʻohe ona nānā i ke kānāwai. ʻO nā mea hoʻohana āpau e hoʻomau ʻole e ʻimi i nā ala ʻē aʻe e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ke hoʻohana nei lākou i kahi huahana hōʻino, hemahema, a kū ʻole i ke kānāwai. Lawe mākou i ka hoʻokō ʻole o ka EPA i ka ʻaha a ka ʻaha i ka ʻaha i ka wikiwiki e hiki ai, ”i ʻōlelo ʻo CFS.

Ua noi aku ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻo US no ka mahiʻai ʻo Sonny Perdue i ka EPA e hana i kahi ala a puni ka ʻaha a ka ʻaha, e like me nā manaʻo a Bayer, BASF a me Corteva i kapa ʻia he lāʻau lāʻau dicamba he "mea hana" nui no nā mahiʻai e ulu nei i ka soybean a me ka pulupulu.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA i ka hoʻoholo ʻana e ʻae i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka dicamba a hiki i ka hopena o Iulai e pane ana ia i ka "nui o nā kelepona a me nā leka uila i noi ʻole ʻia" e haʻi ana i ka ʻoihana "aia kahi hopohopo maoli a me nā hiki no ka luku ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā mea soybean i hiki hopena i kahi pilikia no ka ʻoihana. "

ʻAʻole i hōʻike ka EPA i nā helu o nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka soybeans dicamba-tolerant a me ka pulupulu i ʻeha nā hua i ka dramba drift a makaʻu i kekahi kauwela o nā hua i hōʻino.

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a ʻaʻole liʻuliʻu ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ke kemikala e neʻe mamao aku mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia kahi e hiki ai ke hōʻino i nā mea kanu, nā māla, nā māla, a me nā laʻalāʻau.

ʻO Monsanto, i kūʻai ʻia e Bayer i ka makahiki 2018, ua hoʻoliʻiliʻi hou ia kaohi ʻana i ka wā i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka hua soybean a me ka hua pulupulu i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei, e paipai ana i ka poʻe mahiʻai e kāpīpī i nā mea hou o ka dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini i ka wā mahana e ulu ana nā mahina.

ʻO ka neʻe ʻana o Monsanto e hana i nā mea kanu dicamba-tolerant i hele mai ma hope o kāna mau glyphosate-tolerant mea kanu a hoʻolaha ākea i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu i kahi maʻi ahulau kūʻē ma ka ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai, nā ʻepekema mahiʻai a me nā loea ʻē aʻe i aʻo aku iā Monsanto a me ka EPA e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba-tolerant ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokumu i ke kūpaʻa lāʻau hou akā e alakaʻi ʻia i ka hōʻinoʻino i nā mea kanu i hana ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba.

Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole ʻia kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino i nā makahiki i hala iho nei. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau eka o nā hua kanu dicamba i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala i 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha.

I Pepeluali, ua hāʻawi kahi jure unanimous i kahi mahiʻai peach Missouri he $ 15 miliona i nā uku uku a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi e uku ʻia e Bayer a me BASF no ka hōʻino dicamba i kāna waiwai.

I loko o kahi ʻōlelo i hoʻopuka ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka EPA, ua ʻōlelo ʻo BASF ua kākoʻo ia i ka hoʻoholo a ka EPA e ʻae i ka hoʻomau ʻana o nā waihona o ka BASF's Engenia herbicide a hiki i Iulai 31, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia "koi hou a me ka maʻalahi." Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ua kāpae koke ʻia ke kūʻai aku a me ka hoʻouna ʻana aku i ka lāʻau make o Engenia ma hope o ka pule o ka pule i hala. 

Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana e hoʻomau i ka hoʻomau ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻa inoa hou ʻana o Engenia me ka EPA a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho e alualu i nā hoʻoponopono kū kānāwai e hoʻopiʻi ai i ke kauoha a ka ʻaha.

UPDATED -Court hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o EPA o ka lāʻau make lāʻau Bayer dicamba; Wahi a regulator "ua hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā pilikia"

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(UPDATE me ka ʻōlelo mai BASF)

I loko o kahi ʻōlelo hōʻeuʻeu a ka Environmental Protection Agency, kahi ʻaha pekelala ma ka Pōʻakolu ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā herbicides i hoʻokumu ʻia me ka dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences. Hoʻoholo kūpono ʻole ke kānāwai i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika no ka Kaapuni ʻIiwa i ʻike ai ua "hoʻomāhuahua nui ka EPA i nā makaʻu" o nā lāʻau make dicamba a "ʻaʻole holoʻokoʻa e ʻike i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe."

"Ua hana hewa nui ka EPA i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa kūlana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo.

Ua noi ʻo Monsanto a me ka EPA i ka ʻaha, inā ua ʻaelike me nā mea hoʻopiʻi, ʻaʻole e hoʻokahuli koke i nā ʻae o nā huahana lūlū mauʻu. ʻ saidlelo wale ka ʻaha: "Hōʻole mākou e hana."

Ua lawe ʻia ka hoʻopiʻi e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Food Safe, Center for Biological Diversity, a me Pesticide Action Network ʻo ʻAmelika Hema.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka EPA no ka uhaʻi ʻana i ke kānāwai i ka loiloi ʻana i nā hopena o kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻolālā ʻia e Monsanto, i kūʻai ʻia e Bayer i ka makahiki 2018, i hoʻomaka i ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hua "pālahalaha" i nā kauwela i hala iho nei a ke hoʻomau nei i ka hoʻoweliweli i nā mahiʻai a puni ka ʻāina.

"He lanakila nui ka hoʻoholo o kēia lā no nā mahiʻai a me ke kaiapuni," i ʻōlelo ʻia e George Kailrell o ke Kikowaena no ka Meaʻai Meaʻai, alakaʻi alakaʻi i ka hihia. "Maikaʻi loa e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto a me ka Trump Administration ke pakele i ke kānāwai, keu hoʻi i kahi manawa pilikia e like me kēia. Ua hiki mai ko lākou lā helu. ”

Ua ʻike ka ʻaha i waena o nā pilikia ʻē aʻe, ua hōʻole ka EPA e koho i ka nui o nā poho dicamba, e hōʻike ana i nā mea i hōʻino ʻia e like me ka "hiki" a "i ʻōlelo ʻia," i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka dicamba i ka nui a me ka hōʻole ʻole ʻia.

Ua ʻike pū ka ʻaha ua hōʻole ʻole ka EPA i ka mea i hoʻokau ʻia i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba ʻaʻole e ukali ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻoia ka EPA i ka nui o ka pilikia e loaʻa i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa nā hopena waiwai anticompetitive i ka nā ʻohana soybean a me nā pulupulu. ”

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha, ua hōʻole ʻole ka EPA i ka makaʻu i ka hoʻohana hou ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Monsanto, BASF a me Corteva e "haehae i ka lole kaiāulu o nā kaiāulu mahiʻai."

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a ʻaʻole liʻuliʻu ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ke kemikala e neʻe mamao aku mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia kahi e hiki ai ke hōʻino i nā mea kanu, nā māla, nā māla, a me nā laʻalāʻau.

Ua kākoʻo ʻo Monsanto i kēlā kaohi i ka wā i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka hua soya a me ka pulupulu dicamba i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei, e paipai ana i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā formulated hou o ka dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini i loko o nā mahina e ulu ana i ka mahana.

ʻO kā Monsanto neʻe ʻana e hana i nā hua kanu dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini i hele mai ma hope o kāna mau mea kanu glyphosate-tolerant a hoʻolaha ākea i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi maʻi ahulau kūʻē i ka ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai, nā ʻepekema mahiʻai a me nā loea ʻē aʻe i aʻo aku iā Monsanto a me ka EPA e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba-tolerant ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokumu i ke kūpaʻa lāʻau hou akā e alakaʻi ʻia i ka hōʻinoʻino i nā mea kanu i hana ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba.

Me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo naʻe, ʻo Monsanto, me BASF a me ʻO Corteva AgriScience ua ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau mai ka EPA e kūʻai aku i nā formulate hou o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba no kēia ʻano pālahalaha nui. Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka hōʻino ʻia dramba drift mai ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu dicamba-ahonui hou a me nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha.

E like me ka wanana, aia he mau kaukani damba no nā hōʻino hōʻino i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā mokuʻāina he nui. I kāna ʻōlelo hoʻoholo, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha i ka makahiki 2018, mai ka 103 miliona mau eka o ka soya a me ka pulupulu i kanu ʻia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ma kahi o 56 miliona mau eka i kanu ʻia me nā ʻanoʻano me ke ʻano hoʻomanawanui dicam-tolerance a Monsanto, mai 27 miliona mau eka i ka makahiki ma mua i 2017.

I Pepeluali, ua hāʻawi kahi jure unanimous i kahi mahiʻai peach Missouri he $ 15 miliona i nā uku uku a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi e uku ʻia e Bayer a me BASF no ka hōʻino dicamba i kāna waiwai.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo Bayer i kahi ʻōlelo ma hope o ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e ʻōlelo kūʻē ʻole ana i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho.

"Hoʻoholo hou ka hoʻoholo a ka ʻepekema hoʻomaopopo o ka EPA he mea nui kēia mea hana no nā mea kanu a ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoweliweli i ka neʻe ʻana o ka pahuhopu ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me nā kuhikuhi lepili," wahi a ka hui. "Inā kū ke kānāwai, e hana wikiwiki mākou e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā hopena o kā mākou mea kūʻai aku i kēia kau."

Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Corteva e pono ana kāna lāʻau dicamba herbicides i nā pono hana mahiʻai a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho.

Ua kāhea ʻo BASF i ke kauoha a ka ʻaha he "ʻano ʻole" a ua ʻōlelo ʻia "he hiki nō ke luku ʻia i nā haneli he haneli o nā mahiʻai."

Hiki i nā mahiʻai ke lilo i ka "loaʻa kālā koʻikoʻi" inā ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke pepehi i nā nāhelehele i kā lākou ʻāina soybean a me nā pulupulu me nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba, wahi a ka hui.

"E hoʻohana mākou i nā hoʻoponopono kū kānāwai āpau i loaʻa e hoʻopiʻi ai i kēia Kauoha," i ʻōlelo ʻo BASF.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ke nānā nei kēia ʻoihana i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha a "e neʻe koke e kamaʻilio i ka ʻaha a ka ʻAha."

Ua ʻae ka ʻaha he kumu kūʻai nui ka hoʻoholo no nā mahiʻai i kūʻai mua a i / a i kanu paha i nā ʻano hua ditabolo-tolerant no kēia kau a hoʻolālā e hoʻohana i nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba ma luna o lākou no ka mea ua hōʻole ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lāʻau make.

"Hoʻomaopopo mākou i nā pilikia a kēia mau mea mahiʻai i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā lāʻau make a maikaʻi a me ke kānāwai e pale aku ai i kā lākou (dicamba-ahonui) ..." nā mokuʻāina hoʻoholo. "Ua hoʻonoho ʻia lākou i kēia kūlana ma o ka ʻole o kā lākou hewa ponoʻī. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka loaʻa ʻole o nā hōʻike kūpono e kākoʻo ai i ka hoʻoholo a ka EPA e koi iā mākou e haʻalele i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa. "

Dicamba: makaʻu nā mahiʻai i kekahi kau o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā mea kanu; kali ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha

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Me ka huli ʻana o ka kalena a hiki i Iune, ua ʻākoakoa nā mea mahiʻai ma ka US Midwest i ke kanu ʻana i nā mea kanu soya hou a mālama i nā māla ulu o nā mea kanu kulina a me nā mea kanu mea kanu. Akā ke hoʻomākaukau nei hoʻi nā mea he nui e kū i kahi ʻenemi ʻike ʻole ʻia nāna i luku i ka ʻāina mahiʻai i nā kauwela i hala iho nei - ka dicamba killer mea weuweu kemika.

ʻO Jack Geiger, kahi mahiʻai mahiʻai i hōʻoia ʻia ma Robinson, Kansas, e wehewehe ana i nā kau e ulu nei i ke kauwela e like me ke ʻano o "chaos," a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hapa hapa kāna palapala hōʻoia no hoʻokahi māla o nā mea kanu meaola no ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia me ka dicamba i lūlū ʻia mai kahi mamao. I kēia manawa ke noi aku nei ʻo ia me nā hoalauna e pīpī i ka mea make mauʻu ma kā lākou kahua e ʻike pono i ka haʻalele ʻana o ka kemika i kāna waiwai.

"Aia ʻo dicamba ma nā wahi āpau," wahi a Geiger.

ʻO Geiger kahi wale nō o nā haneli mahiʻai a puni ka US Midwest a me kekahi mau mokuʻāina hema i hōʻike i nā pohō o nā hua a me nā pohō a lākou i ʻōlelo ai no ka dramba drifting i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a kākaʻikahi ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ka kemika e mamao loa mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia.

Ua hoʻohuli ʻia kēlā kaohi ma hope o ka hoʻouka ʻana o Monsanto i ka soybean toleramba dicamba a me nā hua pulupulu e paipai ai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā formulated hou o dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini. ʻO Monsanto, ka mea i kēia manawa e Bayer AG, me BASF a me ʻO Corteva AgriScience ua ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau mai ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e kūʻai aku i nā hana hou o nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no ka pīpī ʻana ma luna o nā mea ulu o nā mea kanu dicamba-hoʻomanawanui e ulu ana. Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana.

Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka hōʻino ʻia dramba drift mai ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu dicamba-ahonui hou a me nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka consortium o ka poʻe mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai aku i ka EPA no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba a ke kali nei i kahi hoʻoholo e ka ʻaha kaapuni ʻaha o nā hoʻopiʻi ma Kapalakiko e pili ana i kā lākou koi e hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka EPA ʻae ʻia o nā herbicides a nā hui ʻekolu. Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa waha i mālama ʻia ma ʻApelila.

Hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe kūʻai aku a me nā hui kaiapuni ua haki ka EPA i ke kānāwai ma ka hōʻole ʻana e kālailai i nā koina nui "socioeconomic and agronomic" nui i nā mahiʻai "e alakaʻi ana i nā pae" catastrophic "o nā hōʻino hua.

Wahi a nā hui i ka makemake o ka EPA ka pale ʻana i nā pono ʻoihana o Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka pale ʻana i nā mahiʻai.

ʻO nā loio no Monsanto, e pani ana i ka ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he hui o Bayer, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻohe manaʻo kūʻē i ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. Ua kōkua ka mea kanu lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou, ʻo XtendiMax, "i nā mea ulu i ke kamaʻilio ʻana i kahi pilikia kūpaʻa mauʻu a puni ka ʻāina, a ua hoʻokau nā hua soya a me nā pulupulu i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ma ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa i kēia wā o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana," e like me i kahi pōkole i waiho ʻia e nā loio o ka hui ma Mei 29.

"ʻO ka noi a nā mea noi i kahi kauoha e kāpae koke ana i nā kūʻai aku āpau a me ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka pesticide e kono i nā hewa kū kānāwai a me nā hopena pōʻino maoli o ka honua," wahi a ka hui.

Ke kali nei lākou i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha pekelala, ke lana nei ka manaʻo o nā mahiʻai e hoʻomalu nā mea hou i kau ʻia e kekahi mau mokuʻāina. Ka Oihana Mahiai o Ilinoi ua aʻo ʻia ʻAʻole hiki i nā mea noi ke kāpī ma hope o Iune 20, ʻaʻole pono e pīpī i nā huahana dicamba inā ʻoi aku ka mahana ma mua o 45 kekelē Fahrenheit, a e hoʻopili wale lākou i ka dicamba ke pā mai nei ka makani mai nā wahi "maʻalahi". ʻO Minnesota, Indiana, North Dakota a me South Dakota kekahi o nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe e kau ana i nā lā ʻoki no ka pīpī ʻana i ka dicamba.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Steve Smith, ka luna o ka mahiʻai ma Red Gold Inc, ka ʻōnaehana kōmato kēpau nui loa o ka honua, me nā kapu o ka mokuʻāina ʻo ia "hopohopo nui" e pili ana i ke kau e hiki mai ana. ʻOi aku ka nui o nā eka o ke kanu ʻana me nā soybeans ʻoluʻolu dicamba e hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto no laila e nui aku paha ka dicamba e pīpī ʻia, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

"Ua hana nui mākou e mālama i ka leka ma waho o ka pili kokoke iā mākou, akā ʻo kekahi, i kekahi manawa, e kuhihewa e hiki ke lilo i kā mākou ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Smith he lana kona manaʻo e hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka ʻae a EPA a "kāpae i kēia pupule o kahi ʻōnaehana."

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai ka hopena dicamba hiki i nā mea kanu, ʻike hou i paʻi ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai i hōʻike ʻia i nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka dicamba e like me ka piʻi ʻana o ka makaʻu o ke ake a me nā ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hōʻike ʻia nā ʻike hou i kahi hui i ʻike mua ʻia i ka ʻikepili ma waena o dicamba a me nā akemāmā a me nā ʻākoʻakoʻa kolonā "ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia" me ka ʻike hou.

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

ʻO CropLife International - nā mea nui

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ʻO International CropLife (CLI) kahi hui kalepa i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2001 e kū ana i nā mea hana o nā mea hana nui loa o ka honua i hoʻohua ʻia i nā hua a me nā pesticides. Hoʻopili pū nā lālā ʻO BASF, Bayer, Monsanto, Syngenta, Corteva (ʻo DowDuPont ma mua), Sumitomo Chemical a me FMC.

He 15 mau hui lālā o ka hui kālepa: AfricaBio; AgroBio Brazil; AgroBio Mexico; ArgenBio; ʻOihana Hoʻolālā Biotechnology, Food & Ag; CBI Iapana; CIB Brazil; ʻO CropLife ʻApelika Waena Hikina; ʻO ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa; ʻO CropLife ʻAsia, ʻo CropLife Kanada; ʻO CropLife Latin America; ʻAhahui ʻĀina ʻEulopa ʻEulopa (ECPA); EuropaBio; a ʻo Iapana Crop Protection Association.

Nā pou pili USRTK e pili ana:
31 Mei 2018,Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau hoa e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa"

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