ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum, Kūkākūkā FTI

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Hoʻouna mua ʻia Mei 2019; Hoʻohou Nowemapa 2020

Ma kēia kūlana, ke kiaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā hōʻino hoʻopunipuni lehulehu e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR i hilinaʻi nui ʻia e nā mea nunui mahiʻai Bayer AG a me Monsanto no kā lākou pale kaua pale huahana: ʻo FTI consulting, Ketchum PR a me FleishmanHillard. ʻO kēia mau ʻoihana he mau mōʻaukala lōʻihi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hāpai i nā papa politika o kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, e like me ka pesticide, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana pale pale ʻaila.

Nā hana hōʻino hou

Hōʻike ʻo NYT i nā ʻano hana malu a ka FTI Consulting firm no ka ʻoihana aila: i ka Nowemapa 11, 2020 New York Times ʻatikala, Hōʻike ʻo Hiroko Tabuchi i ke kōkua ʻana o FTI Consulting i ka hoʻolālā ʻana, nā limahana a me ka holo ʻana o nā ʻoihana a me nā pūnaewele i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana ikehu i hiki ke hōʻike i ke kākoʻo o ka mauʻu mauʻu no nā hanana wahie fossil. Ma muli o kāna mau ninaninau ʻana me ka ʻumikūmālua mau limahana FTI ma mua a me nā haneli o nā palapala kūloko, hōʻike ʻo Tabuchi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana o ka FTI i nā mea hana kaiapuni, holo i nā hoʻolaha politika astroturf, limahana i nā pūnaewele a me nā ʻike ʻelua a kākau i nā ʻatikala ʻoihana e pili ana i ka fracking, nā lawsuits a me nā mea wela -pili pihi me ke kuhikuhi mai Exxon Mobile.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto a me kāna mau ʻoihana PR i ka hana GOP e hoʻoweliweli i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi. ʻO Lee Fang i hōʻike ʻia no The Intercept i ka 2019 ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka Monsanto antagonized reg regulator a hoʻohana i ka kaomi e hoʻohālikelike i ka noiʻi o ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make, glyphosate. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i nā hana hoʻopunipuni PR hoʻopunipuni, e like me ke kākau ʻana o FTI Consulting i kahi leka e pili ana i ka ʻepekema glyphosate i kau inoa ʻia e kahi ʻelele nui o GOP.

Hōʻike nā palapala a Monsanto i nā ʻano hana e hōʻino ai i ka hoʻokolokolo hoihoi lehulehu. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ʻAukake 2019 i ka nui o nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana PR e hoʻokele i nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻohuli ʻē aʻe i hāpai i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā pesticides a me GMO, a hoʻāʻo e pale i kahi hoʻokolokolo i kā lākou hana e US Right to Know.

E ʻike i nā pepa pono a USRTK, ma muli o nā palapala i loaʻa mai kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, e hōʻike ana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i komo i ka pale ʻoihana pesticide: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide.

I ka Mei 2019, ua hōʻike mākou i nā hōʻino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR a Bayer:

Nā hōʻino a 'Monsanto File'

Mea kākau moʻolelo ma Ua hōʻike ʻo Le Monde iā Mei 9 ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Le Monde ua hoʻopiʻi me ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo o Palisa e ʻōlelo nei e pili ana ka palapala i ka hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i ka ʻikepili pilikino, e hoʻopiʻi ana i ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo i wehe i kahi ʻimi kalaima. "He mea nui loa kēia i ʻike ʻia no ka mea ke hōʻike ʻia aia he mau pahuhopu pahuhopu e hāmau i nā leo ikaika. ʻIke wau i kā lākou hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻokaʻawale iaʻu, ” ʻO ke Kuhina Kaiapuni mua o Farani ʻo Segolene Royal, ka mea ma ka papa inoa, haʻi iā Palani 24 TV.

"He mea nui kēia e ʻike ʻia no ka mea hōʻike ia aia kekahi mau kumumanaʻo kumumanaʻo e hoʻopau i nā leo ikaika."

ʻO Francois Veillerette, kahi mea mālama i ka nohona ma ka papa inoa hoʻi, i haʻi aku iā Palani 24 i loko o ia mea he kikoʻī pilikino pilikino, nā manaʻo a me ka pae o ka pili e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He haʻalulu nui kēia ma Palani," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo he mea maʻamau kēia." Ua ʻae ʻo Bayer ua huki ʻo FleishmanHillard "'papa inoa kiaʻi 'o nā pro-a anti-pesticides huahelu"I nā ʻāina ʻehiku ma waena o ʻEulopa, ua hōʻike ka AFP. Aia i loko o nā papa inoa nā ʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa, nā luna politika a me nā hui hoihoi ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka AFP ua waiho aku ʻo ia i kahi hoʻopiʻi me kahi keʻena hoʻokele Farani no ka mea aia kekahi o kāna mau mea nūpepa ma ka papa inoa i hōʻike ʻia ma Palani.

ʻO Bayer mihi a ʻōlelo ʻia ua kāpae i kāna pilina me nā ʻoihana e pili ana, me FleishmanHillard a me Publicis Consultants, e kali ana i kahi hoʻokolokolo. "ʻO ka mea nui a mākou e hoʻokumu i ka transparency," Wahi a Bayer. "ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae i ka lawena unethical i kā mākou hui." (Ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nā ʻoihana i ka hana hewa ʻole e ka loio loio i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Bayer.)

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Ke kau nei ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa ma ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Monsanto

Ke hoʻohui nei i nā pilikia PR a Bayer, ua hōʻike ʻo AFP ma Mei 18 i kahi limahana o kekahi "hoʻokele pilikia" PR paʻa i kēlā hana pū me Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto - FTI Consulting - ua hopu ʻia posing ma ke ʻano he freelance journalist i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala ma Kapalakiko i hoʻopau me ka $ 80 miliona hoʻoholo kūʻē iā Bayer no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka limahana FTI Consulting ʻo Sylvie Barak e kamaʻilio kūkākūkā ana e pili ana i nā manaʻo moʻolelo i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana no ka BBC a ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ua hana ʻo ia no kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo PR.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Holo ʻo Ketchum lāua ʻo FleishmanHillard i ka salto GMO PR

I ka makahiki 2013, ua kī ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa iā FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, nā ʻona na Omnicom, e poʻo i kahi Hoʻāhewa ʻo PR e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kiʻi o kāna GMO a me nā huahana pesticide. Ua koho ʻia ʻo Monsanto FleishmanHillard e "hōʻano hou" i kona kaulana ma waena o ka "kūʻēʻē nui" i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically, e like me ka Holmes Report. Ma ka manawa like, ua lilo ʻo FleishmanHillard ka ʻO ka ʻoihana PR moʻohelu no Bayer, a me ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) - kahi hui kālepa i ukuʻia e ʻO Bayer (Monsanto), Corteva (DowDuPont), Syngenta a me BASF - hoʻolimalima iā Ketchum firm pili aupuni e hoʻomaka i kahi ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka pāʻoihana marketing me nā GMO Nā Pane.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hana spin i hoʻohana ʻia e kēia ʻoihana.e aloha ana i nā mea kākau blog makuahine"A me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā leo o nā loea i manaʻo ʻia he" kūʻokoʻa "i"hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a me ka hilinaʻi ʻole”E pili ana i nā GMO. Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike e hoʻoponopono ana nā ʻoihana PR a kākau ʻia kekahi o nā loea "kūʻokoʻa". ʻO kahi laʻana, nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike i kēlā Palapala ʻia ʻo Ketchum nā pou no nā pane GMO i kau inoa ʻia e a Kumu Kulanui o Florida ka mea i koi kūʻokoʻa iā ia e hana ana ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. He pelekikena hope poʻokela ma FleishmanHillard hoʻoponopono i ka haʻiʻōlelo o a ʻO Polofesa ʻo UC Davis a ua aʻo iā ia pehea e "lanakila ai i ka poʻe i loko o ka lumi" ma an Kūkākūkā IQ2 e hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO. ʻO Ketchum kekahi hāʻawi i ke polopeka i nā manaʻo no ka ninaninau lekiō e pili ana i kahi noiʻi ʻepekema.

He ʻelele koʻikoʻi nā ʻatikala no ka hana lobbying ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, i hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times ma 2015. "He pāpale keʻokeʻo nui nā polopeka / mea noiʻi / ʻepekema i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me ke kākoʻo i kā lākou mokuʻāina, mai nā mea kālaiʻāina i nā mea hana," ʻo Bill Mashek, kahi pelekikena hope ma Ketchum, i kākau aku ai i ke Kulanui o Polopeka polofesa. “E hoʻomau!” Ua hoʻolilo aku ka hui kālepa ʻoihana CBI ma kahi o $ 11 miliona ma Ketchum's GMO Answers mai ka 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

GMO Pane i ka 'hoʻokele pilikia' kūleʻa

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona o kona kūleʻa ma ke ʻano he mīkini milo PR, ʻo GMO Answers ka papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka 2014 i ka mahele o "Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kēia wikiō no CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum e pili ana i ka aneane pālua o ka nānā ʻana o ka media i nā GMO a me "kaulike 80% o nā pilina" ma Twitter. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēlā mau pilina pūnaewele mai nā waihona i kū kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili i ka hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka wikiō Ketchum i koi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency" me ka ʻike mai ka poʻe loea me ka "ʻaʻohe mea i kānana ʻia a censored ʻia, a ʻaʻohe leo i hāmau ʻia," kahi papa hana ʻo Monsanto PR e hōʻike ana i ka hui i helu ʻia ma nā pane GMO e kōkua i ka wili ʻana i kāna huahana i kahi kukui maikaʻi. ʻO ka palapala mai 2015 papa inoa Nā pane GMO ma waena o nā "hoa hana" hiki iā ia ke pale aku iā Roundup mai ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. i loko o kahi ʻāpana "kumuwaiwai" ma ka ʻaoʻao 4, ua papa inoa ʻia ka papahana i nā loulou i nā pane GMO me nā palapala a Monsanto i hiki ke kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate he carcinogenic."

Ua kau ʻia kēia wikiō Ketchum i ka pūnaewele CLIO a hemo ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Nā moʻolelo o ka hoʻopunipuni: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum

No ke aha e hoʻokau ai kekahi ʻoihana iā FleishmanHillard a i ʻole Ketchum, nona ʻelua e ka PR conglomerate Omnicom, i mua o nā hana e hoʻoulu ai i ka hilinaʻi he paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. He mau moʻolelo lōʻihi ko nā ʻoihana ʻelua o ka hoʻopunipuni i kākau ʻia. O kahi laʻana:

A hiki i ka 2016, ʻo Ketchum ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia a me Vladimir Putin. Wahi a nā palapala i loaʻa iā ProPublica, Ua hopu ʻia ʻo Ketchum e hoʻokau ana iā pro-Putin op-eds ma lalo o nā inoa o nā "ʻoihana kūʻokoʻa" me he mea lā i nā nūhou like ʻole. I ka 2015, ka ua hoʻolimalima ke aupuni Honduran iā Ketchum e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōla hou i kona kūlana maikaʻi ma hope o ka hoʻowahāwahā he miliona miliona.

Ua kī pū ʻia nā palapala iā Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua hana ʻo Ketchum me kahi ʻoihana pilikino pilikino "i kiu iā Greenpeace a me nā hui kaiaulu ʻē aʻe mai ka hopena o 1990s ma o ka liʻiliʻi 2000, e ʻimi ana i nā palapala mai nā ipu ʻōpala, e hoʻāʻo ana e kanu i nā mea hana hūnā ma waena o nā hui, nā waihona kālā, hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā moʻolelo kelepona o nā mea hoʻouluulu, a komo i loko o nā hālāwai kūkā. ” Ua hopu ʻia ʻo FleishmanHillard me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana spionage kūpono ʻole e kūʻē i ke olakino lehulehu a me nā mea kākoʻo i ka paka no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo RJ Reynolds, e like me kahi noiʻi a Ruth Malone i ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Aupuni. Ua audiotaped hoʻi ka firm PR i nā hālāwai kūkā paka a me nā ʻaha kūkā.

ʻO FleishmanHillard ʻo ia ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu no The Tobacco Institute, ʻo ka ʻoihana paka ʻoihana lobbying nui, no ʻehiku mau makahiki. I loko o kahi ʻatikala 1996 Washington Post, Morton Mintz haʻi moʻolelo o pehea i hoʻololi ai ʻo FleishmanHillard a me ka Tobacco Institute i ka Healthy Buildings Institute i hui i mua no ka ʻoihana paka i kāna hana e hoʻohuli i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka uahi lua. Ketchum ua hana pū no ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua hana nā ʻoihana ʻelua i kekahi manawa i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o kahi pilikia. ʻO FleishmanHillard i hala hoʻolimalima ʻia no nā pāʻālua puhipaka. I ka makahiki 2017, ua hemo ʻo Ketchum a firm-off firm i kapa ʻia ʻo Cultivate e loaʻa kālā ma ka mākeke ʻai mea ulu e ulu nei, ʻoiai ʻo Ketchum's GMO Answers i hōʻino i nā meaʻai meaola, e ʻōlelo ana ua uku ka poʻe kūʻai i kahi "uku nui" no nā meaʻai i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā meaʻai i ulu mau ʻia e ka ʻaha.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Kūkākūkā FTI: ke hoʻopunipuni i ke aniau, nā pili paka

ʻO FTI Consulting, ka "hoʻokele pilikia" ʻO PR firm e hana pū ana me Bayer a ʻo ka mea nāna ka hana hopu ʻia e hoʻohālike ana i kahi mea kākau moʻolelo ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup ma Kapalakiko, kaʻana like i kekahi mau like me FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, nele i ka moakaka a me ka mōʻaukala o ka hana pū ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ke kūpaʻa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokani nui i kā ExxonMobil mau hana e pale ai i ke kuleana no ka loli. As Elana Schor lāua ʻo Andrew Restuccia i hōʻike ʻia ma Politico ma 2016:

"Ma waho o [Exxon] ponoʻī, ke kūʻē leo nui ʻana i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo mai FTI Consulting, kahi paʻa i hoʻopiha ʻia me nā mea kōkua Repubalika ma mua i kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka GOP i ka pale ʻana i nā wahie fossil. Ma lalo o ka hae o Energy ma Depth, kahi papahana e holo nei no ka Independent Petroleum Association of America, ua kīwī ʻo FTI i nā mea kūkala nūhou me nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i ka "collusion" ma waena o nā mea hana ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā AGs mokuʻāina, a ua hāpai ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hāʻawi kālā a InsideClimate's Rockefeller. "

Ua hopu ʻia nā limahana ʻo FTI Consulting e hoʻohālike ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua. Ua hōʻike ʻo Karen Savage ma Ianuali 2019 i ka Nūhou Liability News, "ʻElua mau mea hoʻolālā pili i ka lehulehu e kū nei no Exxon i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he nūpepa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ninaninau i kahi loio e kū ana i nā kaiāulu ʻo Colorado e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Exxon no nā pohō e pili ana i ka huliau. ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā — Michael Sandoval lāua ʻo Matt Dempsey — hana ʻia e FTI Consulting, kahi ʻoihana i pili lōʻihi me ka ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila. ” Wahi a ka Climate Liability News, ua helu ʻia nā kāne ʻelua ma ke ʻano he mea kākau no Western Wire, kahi pūnaewele i holo ʻia e nā makemake aila a me nā limahana me ka FTI Consulting, kahi e hāʻawi nei i nā limahana iā Energy In Depth, kahi wahie pro-fossil "noiʻi, aʻo a me hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻo Energy In Depth iā ia iho ma ke ʻano "mom and pop shop" e hōʻike ana i nā mea lawelawe ikehu liʻiliʻi akā ua hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila nui e lobby no deregulation, Ua hōʻike ʻia ka blog DeSmog ma 2011. Ua wehe ka hui Greenpeace i Memo ʻoihana 2009 e wehewehe nei ʻO ka Energy In Depth ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana hou ākea ākea ... e hakakā i nā lula hou o ke kaiapuni, keu hoʻi e pili ana i ka haki nehe" ʻaʻole hiki ke hana ʻia me ka ʻole o nā hoʻokō kālā mua "o nā pono nui o ka aila a me ke kinoea me BP, Halliburton, Chevron, Shell, XTO Energy (ʻona iā ExxonMobil).

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e laulā me kēia mau ʻoihana āpau ʻo kā lākou ʻoihana pili paka. ʻO FTI Consulting he "moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka," e like me ʻO ka Taka ʻAka paka. Ka hulina o ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF lawe mai i 2,400 palapala e pili ana iā FTI Consulting.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hōʻino PR a Bayer

ʻO Coverage ma Palani

ʻO Coverage ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me GMO

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā pūʻulu o mua, nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Pale hana ma Hawaii

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

Nā limahana, nā kākāʻōlelo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO nā loiloi Gates Foundation  

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

Pani ka ʻoihana pesticide ʻoihana PR CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife

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ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI), kahi hana nui pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia ʻelua mau makahiki i hala aku nei e ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, ua pani ʻia. Ua hoʻokūpaʻa ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo ma o ka leka uila ʻana ua hemo ʻo CBI i ka hopena o ka makahiki 2019, a me kāna mau waiwai, me ke kikowaena o nā pane GMO, ua hoʻoneʻe ʻia i CropLife International.

Ka hoʻolaha ma mua mai GMOAnswers.com

Ke hoʻolaha nei ʻo CBI i nā ʻike ʻoihana a me nā hui mua ma o kāna ʻaoʻao Facebook, kona papahana hae GMO Nā Pane, kahi hoʻolaha kālepa e hoʻonui ana i nā leo o nā kālaiʻike e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i kēia manawa e ʻōlelo ana kāna kālā mai CropLife, ka hui kalepa kūwaho no nā ʻoihana pesticide.

GMOAnswers.com Wehewehe pūnaewele i kēia manawa, "E like me ka 2020, he papahana ʻo GMO Answers o CropLife International." Hoʻomaopopo pū ka pūnaewele i ka mōʻaukala o ka hui "ma ke ʻano he huakaʻi i hana ʻia e The Council for Biotechnology Information, nona nā lālā i komo pū me BASF, Bayer, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont, Monsanto Company a me Syngenta."

E ʻike i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo hou me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā hana o ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology a me nā pane GMO

"Hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka haʻi waha"

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI ma kahi o $ 28 miliona ma kāna mau pale pale huahana mai 2014-2019, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. (Kau ʻia nā palapala ʻauhau a me nā palapala kākoʻo hou aku ma aneʻi.)

Hōʻike nā ʻauhau ʻauhau i ke kuleana koʻikoʻi ʻo nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu - ʻoiai nā kālaiʻike, nā mea lapaʻau a me nā mahiʻai - pāʻani i nā hana pale pale o nā pesticide a me nā hui hua nui loa o ka honua. Kahi laina i CBI's Palapala ʻauhau 2015 no $ 1.4 miliona i hoʻolilo ʻia ma ʻAkau ʻAmelika Hema: "Ua kiaʻi ʻo Kanada i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo a ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu (nā mahiʻai, nā kālaiʻike, nā mea ʻai) e aʻo i ka pāpāho a me ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā pono o ag biotech. Ma Mekiko, nā palapala palapala ʻauhau, CBI "mālama i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻaha kūkā no nā haumāna, nā mahiʻai, a me nā kālaiʻike" a "hana pū ʻia me nā hui grower, kālaiʻike, a me ke kaulahao meaʻai e hoʻonui ai i ka ʻae ʻia" o GMO Ua hoʻokumu ʻo CBI i nā ʻōlelo pōkole no ka regulʻĀina. ”

ʻO kā CBI koina kumukūʻai, ma mua o $ 14 miliona mai ka 2013, no ʻO ka paʻa pili lehulehu e holo i nā pane GMO, kahi e paipai ai i nā leo a me nā ʻike o ka poʻe loea "kūʻokoʻa", he nui nā mea pili i ka ʻoihana pesticide. ʻOiai hōʻike ʻo GMO Nā Pane i kāna kālā ʻoihana, kāna ua emi nā hana ma mua o ka aniani moakaka.

ʻO nā hui ʻē aʻe i kālā ʻia e CBI i komo pū me ka Global Farmer's Network a me Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui ʻole nāna i hoʻonohonoho i kahi moʻo o "Nā kahua hoʻomoana" ma nā kula nui loa e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻolaha a lobby no GMO a me nā pesticides.

CBI pū kekahi ua hana i kahi puke pena a nā keiki e hana ai ke hoʻolaha nei i nā manaʻo ʻoihana ma ka biotechnology. ʻO ka pili no ka puke, a me kahi pūnaewele WhyBiotech.com i hoʻokumu ʻia e CBI, i kēia manawa hoʻohuli i kahi hui kālepa no nā mea hana a me nā mea hāʻawi i nā cannabinoids i loaʻa i ka hemp.

Backstory: Ke hoʻololi nei i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma GMO

ka Ua wehewehe ʻia ka backstory o CBI i 2001 e ka mea loiloi ʻoihana pili lehulehu Paul Paul Holmes, mea hoʻokumu o PRovoke (ʻo ka Holmes Report ma mua): i ka makahiki 1999, ʻehiku mau hui pesticide / seed a me kā lākou mau hui kalepa "i hui like ma ke ʻano he hui hui a hoʻomohala i kahi papahana ʻike lehulehu i alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana" i "Hoʻohālikelike i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka biotechnology meaʻai." E hoʻomohala ʻo CBI i nā kuʻikahi ma waena o ka 'kaulahao' meaʻai āpau… e nānā i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā pono o ka biotechnology meaʻai, ”i hōʻike ʻo Holmes.

"E hoʻokūkū ana ka hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻino ʻole ʻia o nā meaʻai biotech, e ke koʻikoʻi ʻana i ka hoʻāʻo nui ʻana o nā meaʻai biotech," a "e kūkulu ʻia i mea e pane ai i nā nīnau a me nā hopohopo mai ka lehulehu a pane i nā hōʻike hewa a me nā" scare-tactics "e nā mea kūʻē biotechnology. , "Wahi a Holmes. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia e loaʻa ka ʻike i ka lehulehu “ʻaʻole ma ka ʻoihana biotechnology wale nō, akā ma o nā ʻano ʻenehana, ʻepekema, aupuni a kūʻokoʻa hoʻi, nā kumuwaiwai ʻaoʻao ʻekolu.”

Hoʻolaha pū ʻia ka evolution o ʻelua mau makahiki o CBI i ka hoʻohui ʻia o ka mana i ka pesticide / GMO ʻoihana. Hoʻokumu nā lālā o CBI ʻO BASF, Dow Chemical, DuPont, Monsanto, Novartis, nā huahana Zeneca Ag, ʻo Aventis CropScience, ʻo ka American Crop Protection Association (ʻo CropLife i kēia manawa) a me BIO.

Ua hui ʻia nā hui ʻehiku i ʻehā: Ua lawe ʻia ʻo Aventis a me Monsanto e ʻO Bayer; Ua lilo ʻo Dow Chemical a me DuPont i Dow / DuPont a wili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai i ʻO Corteva Agriscience; ʻO Novartis lāua ʻo Zenica (i hui pū ʻia me Astra) i hui pū ʻia ma lalo o ka hae o Syngenta (kahi i loaʻa iā ChemChina); ʻoiai BASF loaʻa nui nā waiwai mai Bayer.

Nāʻike hou

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo CBI

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo nā pane GMO

He pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e nānā ai i nā mākaukau

Nā pepa ʻoi aʻe mai US Pono e ʻike: Ke nānā nei i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

ʻO US Right to Know kahi pūʻulu noiʻi noiʻi noiʻi waiwai ʻole e hana ana i nā ʻimi noiʻi wāwahi e hōʻike ai i ka hopena o ka ikaika o ka meaʻai a me ka ʻoihana kemika i ka meaʻai a mākou e ʻai ai a hānai ai i kā mākou keiki. 

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: nā hana PR pesticide PR 

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ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia i ʻApelila 2000 e ʻehiku mau hui kemika / hua alakaʻi alakaʻi a me kā lākou mau hui kalepa e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hana i ka pane ʻana i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pōʻaiapuni o nā meaʻai genetically engineered, a i ʻōlelo ʻia kona manaʻo nui ke hoʻomohala nei i nā kuʻikahi ma waena o ke kaulahao meaʻai e paipai i nā mea kanu GMO ("ag biotech") he mea maikaʻi.

Ua pani ʻo CBI i ka hale kūʻai ma 2019 a ua loli i kāna mau waiwai - me ka paepae kālepa Nā pane GMO, holo ʻia e Ketchum PR firm - ma luna o CropLife International, ka hui kālepa kūwaho no nā ʻoihana pesticide. ʻIke, Hoʻopiʻi ka pūʻulu hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide key CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife, USRTK (2020)

Palapala ʻauhau CBI: kau ʻia i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI i $ 28 miliona ma mua o 2014-2019, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau (ʻike 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018) ma nā papahana e paipai ana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini. E like me i kākau ʻia ma kāna palapala ʻauhau 2015, CBI i ka nānā nui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā haʻi waha o ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu - ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai a me nā mea lapaʻau - e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO.

ʻO nā papahana i uku kālā ʻia e CBI i loko o nā pane GMO (ma o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu o Ketchum); Review Review, he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana; ʻO nā kahua hoʻomoana Biotech Literacy Project i mālama ʻia ma nā kula kiʻekiʻe (ma o Academics Review) a me ka Global Farmer Network.

Nā pane a GMO / Ketchum

Nā pane GMO a Paena pūnaewele a me ka hoʻouka kaua pili lehulehu e hoʻohana i nā leo o nā kālaiʻike a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI i $ 14.4 miliona ma ka pilina pili lehulehu ma Ketchum ma waena o 2014-2019 e holo i ka salvo PR, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau.

Hōʻike ʻo GMO Answers i kāna kālā ʻenehana ma kona pūnaewele a ʻōlelo e paipai ia i nā manaʻo o nā loea kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, ua ʻike ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona e kākau ʻia ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO i hāʻawi ʻia e nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" (e ʻike i ka uhi ma New York Times a Forbes). Hōʻike pū ʻia nā pane GMO i nā palapala Monsanto PR ma ke ʻano he hoa hana i ka hoʻāʻo o ka ʻoihana e pale aku i nā gicphosate-based Roundup herbicides mai nā manaʻo maʻi ʻaʻai, a i e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi noiʻi hoihoi o ka lehulehu ninaninau ʻia e US Right to know e wehe i nā pilina huna ma waena o nā ʻoihana pesticide a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai ana i nā huahana mahiʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana o ke kūkulu ʻana o GMO Answers i ka mana me nā mea kūkala nūhou nui, e ʻike e hōʻike nei ma Huffington Post e pili ana pehea Ketchum nā kaula i mahi ʻia me ka mea kākau puke ʻo Wakinekona Post ʻo Tamar Haspel. ʻO Haspel kahi ka mea hoʻolaha mua o nā pane GMO, a ma hope ua komo i ka CBI-kālā kālā Pāhana Biotech heluhelu hanana leka uila. A loiloi kumu o nā kolamu Haspel i alakaʻi ʻia e USRTK ua loaʻa he mau laʻana o nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā ʻike kuhi hewa i loko o kāna ʻatikala e pili ana i nā pesticides.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he holomua holomua ma 2014 i ka wā papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kahi wikiō i hana ʻia no ka makana, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum i ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke e pāpālua i ka lipine pālahalaha maikaʻi o nā GMO," a ua hoʻomanaʻo lākou "e nānā pono i ke kamaʻilio" ʻana ma Twitter kahi i "kaulike maikaʻi ʻia ai 80% o ka launa pū ʻana me nā mea hōʻemi." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, aka o makou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

Pili hōʻike:

Monsanto pepa i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2019 e hōʻike pehea i hui pū ai ʻo Monsanto me nā pane GMO.

Ke waiho ʻo USRTK iā FOIA e noiʻi i nā pilina ʻoihana me nā kālaiʻike, Ua hakakā ʻo Monsanto.

Nānā ʻImi

Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i $ 650,000 i ke kālā i Nānā ʻImi, kahi pono ʻole nāna i koi ua loaʻa ʻaʻohe kālā hui. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui e Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign, a ʻo David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know mōakāka ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o nā luna ʻo Monsanto a me ka luna o ke kamaʻilio mua o ka ʻoihana ʻO Jay Byrne. Ua kūkākūkā ka hui e hoʻohana ana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai, e loaʻa ana nā kōkua ʻoihana a hūnā i nā manamana lima o Monsanto.

Pili hōʻike: Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola, na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2017)

Hoʻolālā nā papahana Biotech Literacy Project i nā hanana

Ua hoʻonui ʻo CBI ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma ʻelua “Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project"I mālama ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis ma 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Ua hoʻolilo ʻia ke kālā ma o ka loiloi ʻia e Academics, nāna i hoʻonohonoho pū i nā ʻaha kūkā me nā Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui ʻē aʻe e kōkua iā Monsanto me nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa lākou.

ʻO ka lā ʻekolu hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā hanana hoʻomoana nā haumāna, nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa i ke kamaʻilio a me nā hana lobbying e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, a he mau pahuhopu kālaiʻāina e kāpae i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka US.

Pili hōʻike:  Flacking for GMOs: Pehea e kanu ai ka ʻoihana biotech i ka pāpaho maikaʻi - a hoʻonāwaliwali i nā loiloi, na Paul Thacker, The Progressive (2017)

Pale aku nā hui 'hui' o Monsanto iā Roundup

ʻOiai ʻo GMO Answers, Academics Review a me Genetic Literacy Project i ʻōlelo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa lākou i ka mana o ka ʻoihana, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hui ʻekolu i kahi Nā palapala ʻo Monsanto PR ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" i komo ka ʻoihana i kāna mau hana i pale aku i nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides mai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Palapala Monsanto PR kūkākūkā i nā hoʻolālā e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO ka puke kala no nā keiki no GMO

CBI pū kekahi ua hana i kahi puke pena a nā keiki e hana ai e paipai i nā GMO. ʻO ka pili no ka puke, a me ka pūnaewele WhyBiotech.com i hoʻokumu ʻia e CBI, i kēia manawa hoʻohuli i kahi hui kālepa no nā mea hana a me nā mea hāʻawi i nā cannabinoids i loaʻa i ka hemp.

Nā kuleana pili pono iā US e ʻike

ʻO GMO Answers kahi mea mālama PR pilikia no nā GMO a me nā pesticides (hōʻano 2020)

Hoʻopiʻi ka pūʻulu hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide key CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife (2020)

ʻO Monsanto ka hoʻokūkū kūʻē iā US Right to Know (2019)

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hōʻeha i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa (2019)

Nānā Hou: ʻO ka hana ʻana i kahi hui ʻo Monsanto Front (2018)

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika (2018)

Pehea e alakaʻi hewa ai ʻo Tamar Haspel i nā mea heluhelu o ka Washington Post a loiloi kumu o nā kolamu pesticide a Haspel (2018)

ʻO kā Russia paʻa ʻo PR ʻo Ketchum e holo i ka salvo ʻoihana PR ma GMO (2015)

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻOihana kiʻekiʻe no ka Agrichemical ʻoihana

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ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he mea nui i ka hana ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻē i ka ʻike transparency a me ka palekana no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know a kau ʻia i ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika kuhikuhi ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua a hoʻokani i ke kī ma hope o nā hanana i nā hana ʻē aʻe e kāpae i ka papa hana deregulatory o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO Kauka Giddings kahi pelekikena pelekikena ma ka ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), kahi hui kālepa no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaola. I kēia manawa ke holo nei ʻo ia i ke keʻena kūkā ʻo PrometheusAB, a he hoa nui ʻo ia ma ka Technology Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

He pahu noʻonoʻo ʻo ITIF i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole, telecom, kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā ʻoihana biotech, i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia no ke kūʻē nei i ka “neutrality net"A ke hāpai nei i ka papahana o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. ʻO ka hui neʻe i ka biotechnology i ka 2011 me Dr. Giddings. ʻO nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e lawelawe nei ma ke ʻano he "noho noho hanohano" o ITIF, me US Reps Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Darrell Issa (R-CA) a me nā Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT) a ʻO Chris Coons (D-DE), ʻike ʻia ke kākoʻo a kōkua ʻana i nā hana paka i hoʻohana ʻia e Kauka Giddings e holomua i nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kuke ʻia i mua ka pūʻulu ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana he kuleana nui ʻo Dr. Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua i koi wahaheʻe he kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e lawe ana i nā kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai a e hoʻāʻo nei e hūnā i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā kī ʻē aʻe ʻO Jay Byrne, he luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui ma Monsanto; Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign; a ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ka luna o ke kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Monsanto.

Kuhi wahaheʻe nā kālaiʻike nā koi ma kāna pūnaewele ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i ke kālā ʻoihana a i ʻole noi i nā kālā no nā hana kikoʻī. akā e like me nā palapala ʻauhau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā no ka Review Academics mai ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua. BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont a me Syngenta / ChemChina.

Ka papa kuhikuhi o nā hanana nui no ka Nānā ʻInikino:

Malaki 11, 2010: ʻO Byrne lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Review Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻokumu i nā loiloi o GMO a me nā pesticides me ke kōkua mai a Dr. Giddings. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne hiki iā lāua a me Kauka Giddings ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana i ka papahana "i ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a pēlā ka waiwai) o nā mea hāʻawi / nā mea nona mua ..." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomohala ana ʻo ia no Monsanto kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻokau:

Malaki 24, 2010:  ʻO Kauka Chassy ee ka Pūnaewele Nānā Manaʻo me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo poʻokela ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia, me nā kāne ʻelua i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he puʻukū.

Nūpepa 23, 2010: Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui ʻoihana paha "pony i luna" no ka Academics Review e hōʻole he pepa nāna i hoʻohalahala i ka soy.

  • "Makemake wau e hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi kākoʻo mahalo iā ia," i kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Dr. Chassy.
  • Pane akula ʻo Chassy ma kahi ʻāpana, "Pili au i ka makemake o kā mākou mau hoaaloha ma Monsanto e kākau i ka mea hōʻole a uku mai iā mākou e kau."
  • Ua kākau ʻo Giddings, "manaʻo wau e mākaukau paha ka poʻe soybean e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i kahi ʻāpana e kākau inoa i kahi rebuttal ... Inā hana mākou i kēia kūpono hiki iā mākou ke leverage i ka Brand AcaRev ma aneʻi."

I hoʻokahi pule ma hope, Ua nīnau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs inā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i ka pepa soy, a haʻi iā Sachs: "E hoʻokipa ana ka Papa Soybean a US i kahi noi mai aʻu a me Graham Brookes e pane i ka ʻāpana." (Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha i kau ʻia a pane mai Chassy a me Brookes ma 2012 me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i nā mea kālā.)

Nūpepa 30, 2010: Ma ke kūkaʻi leka uila ʻana me Kauka Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto hiki iā ia ke kōkua i ka hoʻoikaika i ka pesticide a me GMO. nā hui kālepa ʻoihana e kākoʻo i ka Review Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Sachs.

ʻAukake 2011: Waiho mai o Kauka Giddings he noi i ka ʻO ka hui kālepa kālepa i hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻoihana mahiʻai CBI no ka papahana: "ʻo ka mea a mākou e hana ai i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, he hana pololei ia o ke kākoʻo a mākou e hāpai ai," i kākau ʻo ia i ka Luna Hoʻokele CBI ʻo Ariel Gruswich, i kahi leka uila i kope ʻia iā Dr. Chassy a me ka ʻohana. Ua koi aku ʻo Gruswich i nā kāne e hui pū i kā lākou kelepona ʻana me kāna hui: "Manaʻo maoli wau ʻo ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai iā ʻoukou āpau e hoʻonui ai i ka likelika o ke kākoʻo ma waena o nā ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka CBI i hāʻawi kālā ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Review Academics $ 650,000 mai 2014 i 2016 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻepekema."

ʻApelila 2014: Ua paʻi ʻia kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua nei i ka ʻoihana meaola ma ke ʻano he scam marketing, a i koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi. E nānā: “Ua loaʻa nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua a pau i ka meaʻai meaola, ” na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post

ʻO nā ʻepekema hoʻomaʻamaʻa i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana, nā mea nūpepa pehea e wili ai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides  

Ma kahi o $ 300,000 o ke kālā ʻoihana kemika i kōkua ai ʻo Dr. Giddings e hōʻiliʻili no ka Academics Review e uku no ʻelua mau ʻaha kūkā i kapa ʻia ʻo Nā kahua hoʻomoana "Biotech Literacy Project", i mālama ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida i 2014 a ʻO UC Davis i ka 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Nā kahua hoʻomoana - i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a me kahi hui o mua ʻoihana,  Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hoʻomaʻamaʻa nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e refame i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

E nānā: “Ke haki nei no nā GMO: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā Media maikaʻi - a me nā Crourism Discourages, "Na Paul Thacker, ʻO ka holomua

Deregulate GMOs: "puhi i ka mea āpau mea i luna"

I nā leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 2015, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings me kekahi mau kālaiʻike i kahi hoʻolālā e kākau ʻelima mau puke pai e paio nei no ka pono o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ʻoihana biotech. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings e pono e hopu i nā pepa, "ka mea aʻu e kapa aku ai iā Henry's" Blow the all damn thing up "hoʻopaʻapaʻa, kahi hihia aʻu e manaʻo nei e hana ʻia." Ua wehewehe ʻo Polopeka loio ʻo University of Arizona ʻo Gary Marchant, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka pānaʻi leka uila, "ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka pepa 1 ka mea e pohā ai ke kumuhana āpau."

ʻO Alan McHughen, he mea aʻo ʻāpana lehulehu ma UC Riverside a "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pāʻoihana marketing marketing Nā pane a GMO, hāʻawi ʻia e kākau i ka pepa 1. ʻO Henry Miller, MD, 'ōleloʻo ia hiki iā ia ke kōkua akā ua nui loa kāna papa i mea kākau mua. (I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua kau ʻo Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ia ka New York Times i hōʻikeʻia ma hope ua kau ʻia e Ghostanto.)

ʻO kekahi poʻe i kope ʻia ma ka leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa puke pai ʻO Drew Kershen o ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai; ʻO Guy Cardineau, ʻO Yvonne Stevens a ʻO Lauren Burkhart o ke Kulanui Moku'āina ʻo ʻAlikona; ʻO Steven Strauss o ke Kulanui ʻo Oregon State; ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida; ʻO Shane Morris o Nā Kūlana Kūlana Kanada; ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; ʻO Joanna Saksona o ke Kula Kanawai Komohana o Kaleponi; a ʻO Thomas Reddick o ka Global Environmental Ethics Council.

ʻO ka leka uila ʻepekema hoʻohui e kūʻē iā Seralini hoʻopaʻa

I Kepakemapa 2012, ʻo Kauka Giddings hoʻohui i kahi leka ʻepekema ʻepekema e koi ana iā Wallace Hayes, ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, e noʻonoʻo hou i kahi pepa Kepakemapa 2012 e ka mea noiʻi Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini nāna i hōʻike i nā tumors i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka papaʻai o ka palaoa GM kolamu Roundup-tolerant. Ua huki ʻia ka pepa i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope a paʻi hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.

I mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka hōʻailona ma ka leka, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Giddings iā AgBioChatter - kahi papa inoa pilikino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me kā lākou mau hana PR. hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO kekahi polofesa i kau inoa i ka leka, ʻo Chris Leaver, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia "e hana ana ma hope o nā hōʻike ma o Sense About Science" e pili ana i ka noi Séralini. ʻO Sense About Science kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi of ʻepekema wili no ka pono o nā pono ʻoihana.

Nā hōʻailona o ka palapala i Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino he ʻO Robert Wager, Alda Lerayer, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, Nīnau, ʻO Steve Strauss, ʻO Chris Leaver, ʻO Shanthu Shantharam, ʻO Ingo Potrykus, ʻO Marc Fellous, ʻO Moises Burachik, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, ʻO CS Prakash, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Kent Bradford, Selim Cetiner, Alan McHughen, ʻO Luis De Stefano-Beltrán, Bruce Chassy, Salbah Al-Momin, ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin, Klaus Ammann, Ronald Herring, Lucia de Souza.

Pili: “Nā leka uila i hoʻokumu ʻole ʻia: ua pili ʻo Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa GMO, " Retraction Watch

Kūkulu ʻia nā mea mahiʻai "mommy" maikaʻi e kau i nā GMO

I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me kahi lobbyist Monsanto e pili ana i ka pehea e lanakila ai i nā neʻe lepili ʻana o GMO ma Colorado a me Oregon i ka makahiki 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Giddings ʻo nā mea mahiʻai maikaʻi nā "mommy" maikaʻi nā ʻelele maikaʻi loa e hōʻalo i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia i nā genetically "ʻO ka mea e koi ai ke kūlana kahi lumi o nā kīwī kīwī e hōʻike nei i nā wahine ʻōpio maikaʻi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā mahiʻai mommy, e wehewehe nei no ke aha ʻo nā meaʻai biotech i ʻoi aku ka palekana & ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka mōʻaukala o ag a kūpono i ke kākoʻo, "ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Lisa Drake, ke alakaʻi a Monsanto no nā hana aupuni.

I Kepakemapa 2015 ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao New York Times moʻolelo, ʻekolu manawa lanakila ʻO Pulitzer Prize lanakila ʻO Eric Lipton i wehewehe i nā leka uila:

"In kēia hoʻolōʻihi leka uila, kekahi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻikei kiʻi ʻia e kōkua iā Monsanto e pahu i kāna nīnau no ka nīnau inā he ʻelele maikaʻi loa lākou. ʻ suggestlelo ʻelua e holo ʻo Monsanto i mau hoʻolaha kīwī e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai ma kahi. Pane ka loio loio Monsanto i ka hōʻike balota e hōʻike ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua holo mua ka ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha TV e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai wahine. ”

E nānā: “Ua kāinoa ʻoihana ʻoihana i nā mea kālaiʻike i ke kaua lepili GMO, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, ”Na Eric Lipton, Ka New York Times.

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Ka heluhelu hou

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola

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Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i ka Huffington Post.

Na Stacy Malkan

I ka wā i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ai kahi hui kaulana ʻole nonprofit i kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai meaola i ʻApelila 2014, ua hele a lōʻihi ka hui e hoʻokau i kona kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO 30-ʻaoʻao hoike by Nānā ʻImi, i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "waiwai ʻole e alakaʻi ʻia e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa i ka mahiʻai a me nā ʻepekema meaʻai," ʻike ʻia e hoʻopunipuni ʻia ana nā mea kūʻai aku i ka hoʻolilo kālā hou aku no nā meaʻai meaola ma muli o nā hana hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni a ka ʻoihanaola.

Pākuʻi ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo nūhou pāʻoihana: “Wehe ʻia nā meaola!” (Nūhou Brownfield) a me "ʻOihana Uihana e hoʻonui ʻia ana e ka hoʻopunipuni ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku" (Ka Nūhou ʻenehana palekana palekana meaʻai), ke kuhi nei i nā mea i loaʻa ʻia e nā loea kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia.

"Ua kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kūwaho o ka ʻepekema mahiʻai kūʻokoʻa, nā ʻepekema meaʻai, nā loea hoʻokele waiwai a me nā loio mai nā hui kūwaho i mahalo nui ʻia," e like me kā ka hui nūʻike hoʻōla.

Inā ʻaʻole maopopo ka kikoʻī e pili ana i ke kūʻokoʻa, pau ka hoʻolaha nūhou i kēia memo: "ʻAʻohe hakakā o ka nānā ʻana o ka Academics Review e pili ana i kēia paʻi, a me nā kumukūʻai pili āpau i uku ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kā mākou kālā laulā me ka ʻole o kekahi kikoʻī. mana a mea kuhikuhi paha.

ʻO ka mea i haʻi ʻole ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike, ka hoʻokuʻu nūhou a i ʻole ma ka pūnaewele: ʻO nā luna hoʻomalu no Monsanto Co., ka mea nāna e mālama i nā mahiʻai a me nā hua i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered genetically, a me nā mea kōkua nui ʻo Monsanto, e hana nei i ka ʻohi kālā ʻana no ka Review Academics, hana pū ʻia me ka hoʻolālā. a kūkākūkā pū nō hoʻi i nā hoʻolālā e hūnā i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know ma o nā noi a ke Aupuni Freedom of Information (FOIA).

Maopopo ke kumu o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻoihana meaola: pāpā ʻia nā hua a me nā kemika o Monsanto mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mahiʻai meaola, a ʻo kahi ʻāpana nui o ka leka ʻana a Monsanto ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna huahana ma mua o nā meaola i mea hana e hoʻonui ai i ka hanaʻai honua.

Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala i kā Message a Monsanto 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia a loiloi ʻia e "ʻelua polofesa kūʻokoʻa ... ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ka honua," Bruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino, a me David Tribe, Ph.D., haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne. . ʻO lākou koi ana ʻo ka hui "ʻae wale i nā makana palena ʻole mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole."

Eia naʻe ʻelua mau leka uila i ka makahiki 2010 e hōʻike ana i nā hoʻolālā e loaʻa kālā kālā no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

I ka 11 Malaki 2010 hoʻokaʻaʻike email me Chassy, ​​Jay Byrne, ke poʻo o ka kamaʻilio ma Monsanto e holo nei i kēia manawa PR a me ka hale noiʻi noiʻi mākeke, hāʻawi ʻia e hana ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā ʻoihana no ka Review Academics.

Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Chassy i kona hoihoi i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻokanika i loko o nā leka uila. "Makemake wau e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waenakonu o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic ..." kākau ʻo ia, "ʻAʻohe oʻu kālā."

Pane maila ʻo Byrne,

"ʻĀ, ʻōlelo wau e hana mua mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau) ma mua a me ka wikiwiki. Ua noi wau iā Val [Giddings, pelekikena hope o BIO, ka ʻahahui kālepa ʻoihana biotech] e hui ʻo ia a ʻoiai wau ma DC i kēia pule aʻe e hiki ai iā mākou (ʻaʻole ma o ka leka uila) ke kiʻi i kahi kiʻi maopopo o nā koho. no ka lawe ʻana i ka papahana Review Academic Review a me nā manawa kūpono i mua. ʻO ke "Center for Consumer Freedom" (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi i kēia kālā a hiki i ka ʻoi loa. "

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Center for Consumer Freedom e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo “Kauka ʻino"A me ka"mōʻī o nā hui mua a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā pono ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui leo ʻole.

"Manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou," i haʻi aku ʻo Byrne iā Chassy.

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa “manawa kūpono” o nā pahuhopu i komo i loko o ka poʻe, nā hui a me nā ʻike koʻikoʻi o GMO a me Monsanto: Vandana Shiva, Andrew Kailrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, kā Michael Pollan puke “In Defense of ʻO ka meaʻai, "nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni" ʻAi, Inc "a me" The World Wahi a Monsanto, "a me ke" kumuhana kea i nā wahi pōpilikia āpau o ag-biotech (i waho o ke keʻa / haumia, nā pi, nā pepeiao, palekana kanaka, a pēlā aku ...) . ”

"ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi, ua kākau ʻo Byrne, me ka hoʻohui pū ʻana:

ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi.

"Manaʻo wau hiki iā Val a hiki iaʻu ke ʻike a lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kūpono (ʻaʻole aʻo) nā kaʻa kalepa e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻohui i kēia mau mea me ka papahana ma ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a no laila waiwai) o nā mea kōkua nui / nā mea nona… Manaʻo wau hiki i kā mākou lumi kuke lumi kuke ma aneʻi ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kiaʻi puka (i kekahi mau manawa lawe i nā ʻauhau) no nā pane kūpono, hilinaʻi ʻia, nā inoculation a me nā hana proactive e hoʻohana nei i kēia papahana papahana ...

"Maikaʻi ke kani iaʻu," i pane aku ʻo Chassy. “Maopopo iaʻu e hōʻike mai ʻoe iaʻu i kāu mea e kūkākūkā ai.”

i ka hoʻololi leka uila me Chassy i kākau ʻia ma Nowemapa 30, 2010, ʻo Eric Sachs, kahi mea pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka hana no Monsanto, i kūkākūkā e ʻike i ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e "waiho ana iā Monsanto ma hope."

Ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy:

"ʻO ʻoe a me aʻu e pono e kamaʻilio hou e pili ana i ka" loiloi i kālaiʻike "pūnaewele a me ka manaʻo. Manaʻo wau aia kahi ala i kahi hana e pane maikaʻi ai i nā hopohopo ʻepekema a me nā hoʻopiʻi. Ua kaʻana like wau me Val i nehinei. Mai kuʻu kuanaʻike ʻo ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana loea a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane. Ua kūkākūkā ʻoe me ʻoe i kēia i ka wā ma mua. Ua wehewehe ʻo Val i ka ʻanuʻu ʻekahi e hoʻokumu ana i kahi kūlana 501 (c) 3 no ka loaʻa kālā ʻole e kōkua ai i ka hōʻiliʻili kālā. Maopopo kēlā akā he mea hou aku. Ua kūkākūkā wau me Jerry Steiner i kēia lā (Kālā Hoʻokele Monsanto) a hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻoulu ʻana iā CLI / BIO / CBI a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kākoʻo. E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike. "

E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike.

Pili ʻo CLI / BIO / CBI i ʻekolu mau hui kālepa ʻoihana - Crop Life International, ka Biotechnology Innovation Organization a me ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa.

Ua pane aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs, "ʻAe, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka loiloi ʻo Academics. Manaʻo wau aia mākou ma ka ʻaoʻao like. ”

Ke nīnau pololei ʻia e pili ana i ke kālā, ua pane ʻo Chassy ma o ka leka uila: "ʻAʻole noi a ʻae paha ka loiloi Academics i nā kālā mai kekahi kumu no ka noiʻi kikoʻī a i ʻole nā ​​hana ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā huahana, nā lawelawe a me nā ʻoihana. ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hoʻopili ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike ʻole i kahi loaʻa kālā ma 2012 a ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka palapala IRS 990s no 2013 a 2014 (ʻānō i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele). Hōʻike kēlā mau palapala i $ 419,830 i nā loaʻa kālā akā ʻaʻole i pili kahi ʻike e pili ana i nā mea hāʻawi. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Chassy i nā noi e hāʻawi i kēlā ʻike.

ʻO ka Press Press "Kūʻokoʻa" Attack on Organic

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi ʻana i ka Academics Marketing i loko o ʻApelila 2014 i kahi kolepa paʻa o ka pāheka ʻoihana kālepa e hōʻike nei i nā mea i loaʻa i nā "noiʻi kūʻokoʻa".

• "Ua komo ka ʻoihana ʻAi Meaola i loko o ka hōʻike hōʻike koi 'Multisade Decade Public Disinformation Campaign" (Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai)

• "Hōʻike: ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Loaʻa 25 mau makahiki o ka ulu wikiwiki ʻana ma o ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻopunipuni" (Nuhou Palekana Mea ʻai)

• "Kahi hoʻopiʻi weliweli o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola" (Hoard's Dairyman)

• "Ke hoʻohana nei i ka makaʻu ma ke ʻano he hokona" (Nūhou Pāʻoihana ʻAi)

I ka New York Post, Ua kūkulu ʻo Naomi Schaffer Riley i kahi hihia kūʻē iā "tyranny of the organic mommy mafia" ka mea i hoʻopunipuni ʻia e nā hana kalepa disingenuous o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. ʻO kāna mau kumuwaiwai ka hōʻike o ka Academics Review a me Julie Gunlock, ka mea kākau o kahi puke e pili ana i ka "moʻomeheu hoʻoweliweli."

ʻAʻole i haʻi aku ʻo Riley iā Gunlock, a ʻo Riley ponoʻī nō hoʻi luna mau hoa ma ka Independent Women Forum, kahi hui nā kālā nui na Donors Trust, ka mea i hoʻouka ʻoihana hui panakō ma nā ʻuniona, nā kula lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema aniau.

I ka Nā inoa o Des Moines, ʻO John R. Block, kahi mea kākau o ka mahiʻai ma mua o ʻAmelika e hana nei no kahi keʻena loio e lobbies no nā pono agribusiness, i hōʻike ʻia ma ka “blockbuster report” na Academics Review a me nā mea i loaʻa i ka ʻā huna a ka ʻenehana ke kūleʻa i ke kūleʻa ʻo “marketing black. ”

ka hui pūʻulu mua ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, ka mea loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a ma kahi a Chassy e lawelawe ai ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ʻepekema, ua hoʻokau i ke kumuhana "ʻeleʻele kūʻai" i nā ʻatikala na ka pelekikena o ACSH. Lākana Hank a ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa Hoover Institute i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he waha ʻōlelo i nā pāʻoihana no ka hoʻāʻo e pepehi i ka lepili GMO ma Kaleponi, a ʻo Monsanto ka kēpau kēpau.

Miller, ka mea i lōʻihi kona mōʻaukala o ka hana ʻana kūpono ʻole nā ​​koi ʻepekema i ke kākoʻo o nā pono ʻoihana, ua hoʻohana pū ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi ʻo Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kumu no ka hoʻouka kauaola i Newsweek a me ka ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, a koi ma ka Wall Street Pai ʻaʻole kūpaʻa kēlā mahiʻai ʻokanika.

Holo nā poʻomanaʻo anti-organic like me nā kahawai PR ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā Pane GMO, a pūnaewele puni honua kūʻai hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai nui ʻEono (a ma hea Chassy a Nā lāhui lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa"), paipai i nā manaʻo i nā meaola ʻaʻohe ʻoi aku ke olakinoʻaʻole maikaʻi no ke kaiapuni he polokalamu kālepa wale nō - ʻoiai, ʻo ka mea kupanaha, ua hoʻokumu ʻo PR firm e holo nei i nā pane GMO i kahi hui kūikawā ma Kapalakiko e hoʻāʻo ai kālā ma ka makeke kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka waha ʻōlelo kiʻekiʻe o Monsanto, ʻO Robb Fraleyno hoi pinepine trashes ka ke aloha hana on kona Twitter ʻai.

Hele ka lehulehu i ke kahe kālā; Hele mālie ka hōʻike loiloi 

Ma Malaki 2016, ua hōʻike ʻo Monica Eng no WBEZ ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana ua uku ʻo Monsanto iā Professor Bruce Chassy ma mua o $ 57,000 ma kahi o 23 mau mahina e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO - kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka lehulehu.

Wahi a ka noiʻi a Eng, ʻo ke kālā he ʻāpana o $ 5.1 miliona ma ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i hoʻouna ʻia e Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

"ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Chassy i kāna pili kālā me Monsanto e pili ana i nā mokuʻāina a i ʻole ke kula nui e ʻimi ana i nā hakakā kūlia paha," i hōʻike aku ai ʻo Eng.

"Hōʻike hou nā palapala i ke kuhikuhi ʻana o Chassy a me ke kula nui iā Monsanto e waiho i nā uku ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation, kahi kino nona nā moʻolelo i pale ʻia mai ka nānā lehulehu ʻana. He hiki nō i ke kahua ke lawe i kālā pilikino a hāʻawi aku iā ia i kekahi kanaka ma ke ʻano he 'uku kulanui' - hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai ka hōʻike ʻana.

I Ianuali 2016, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka luna noiʻi o US Right to Know, haʻi ʻia ma nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i kahe mai he mau haneli haneli mau kālā mai Monsanto a i ke Kulanui o ʻIlino “ʻoiai ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e kūʻē i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia i nā genetically (GMO) - ʻoiai lākou e kū ana ma ke ʻano he kula kūʻokoʻa no kahi ʻaha lehulehu. ”

"ʻO ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae ʻia i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻahuʻula i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o kahi pale o ka ʻike kūʻokoʻa, a liʻiliʻi, inā he mea, e hōʻike ākea i ka pili o hope." .

ka i ka leka hope ma ka Pūnaewele Nānā ʻImi, ma ka lā 2 Kepakemapa 2015, kahi blog e Chassy e wehewehe ana e hoʻolaha ʻia kekahi o kāna mau leka uila ma muli o nā noi a FOIA o US Right to Know, kahi āna i hōʻike ai he hōʻeha i kāna 40 mau makahiki o ʻepekema lehulehu, ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ke kākoʻo kālā mai ka ʻāpana pilikino no ka noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana he "kūpono, maʻa mau a pono e hoʻonui i ka pono o ka lehulehu," i kākau ʻo Chassy. "Pono ia kākoʻo, a ma kaʻu mau ʻike āpau a pau, aniani moakaka a hana ʻia ma lalo o nā kulekele kūpili koʻikoʻi o nā keʻena lehulehu e pōmaikaʻi nei mai nā ʻāpana pilikino a i ʻole nā ​​hāʻawi kālā pilikino."

I ʻekolu mau lā ma hope mai, ua hoʻolaha mua ʻia kekahi o nā leka uila a Chassy i kahi ʻaoʻao mua New York Times ʻatikala na ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻelua Pulitzer Prize ʻo Eric Lipton. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā Chassy i kahi kālā no kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma 2011 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo."

Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy iā Lipton ʻo ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai Monsanto "ua kōkua ʻo ia e hāpai i kona leo ma o ka huakaʻi ʻana, kahi pūnaewele āna i hana ai a me nā mea ʻē aʻe."

Ke kiʻi mau nei i ka Press ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa 

ʻOiai nā hōʻike i nā leka uila a me ka hōʻike ʻana o kā Chassy pili kālā iā Monsanto, ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Review a me kāna hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olaola i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me nā wehewehe āpau e koi ana i ke kūʻokoʻa.

A ʻoliʻoli mau ʻo Chassy i ka uhi kaomi ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa" ma GMO. I Mei 2016, ʻelua kaʻawale hui pu Press moʻolelo Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy e pili ana i kēlā kumuhana. ʻAʻole kekahi moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i kā Chassy pili pili kālā lehulehu i kēia manawa iā Monsanto.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai ʻo US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke lanakila, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society 2007). 

He hōʻike pōkole e pili ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i loko o kā mākou FOIA Requests

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Hoi ike: ʻO Buckraking ma ka Beat Food: I ka manawa hea ka hakakā o ka hoihoi?  
Ua hele aku ʻo Wakinekona Post Columnist Meaʻai i Bat no Monsanto 

Ma Kepakemapa 23, Hawaii Post kolamu meaʻai ʻO Tamar Haspel ʻae ʻia i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka "nui" o ke kālā mai nā kumu waiwai ʻoi aku ka waiwai.

Ma hope o kona ʻae ʻia, ua manaʻo wau he mea pono paha e hōʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa - me Haspel - i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o nā palapala i loaʻa iā mākou mai nā noi palapala aupuni lehulehu.

Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i kahi ana o ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR a me nā hui i mua, a me nā polopeka e ʻōlelo nei no lākou.

I kēia manawa, ʻekolu mau mea kūkala nūhou i hele mai i nā ala hoihoi: ʻo Amy Harmon, Keith Kloor a me Tamar Haspel. Hōʻike kēia mau mea kūkala nūhou i ka pōʻaiapili o ʻO Jon Entine, ʻo wai paha ke alakaʻi? Mea hoʻohana PR ke hana nei e hoʻolaha i nā manaʻo o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna pesticides a me GMOs.

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a ka luna hoʻokele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, ka mea, me nā PR kūlana Ketchuma's Nā Pane GMO, ʻo ia nā hui mua ʻelua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a pelekikena hoʻi o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona ka Ua hoʻokomo nā mea kūʻai aku i ka pilikana Monsanto.

ʻO Amy Harmon

ʻO Amy Harmon he mea haʻi moʻolelo no ka New York Times. He ʻāpana ia o a manawa kime i lanakila i ka Pulitzer Prize ma 2001, a i ka 2008 ua lanakila 'o ia ʻO Pulitzer no ka hōʻike wehewehe ʻana.

Ma Kepakemapa 23, 2013 ma 7:44 pm, Ua leka uila ʻo Jon Entine iā Renee Kester: “FYI, manaʻo wau ua kamaʻilio wau iā Amy Harmon i ka hana ʻana i kahi moʻolelo ʻo Hawaiʻi Hawaii [sic]. . . a ua hāʻawi wau iā ia i kā ʻolua leka uila a me kā Kirby ʻikepili, no laila hiki iā ia ke kāhea i kekahi manawa inā e alualu ʻo ia i kēia. " ʻO Kirby Kester ʻo ia pelekikena o ka ʻAhahui Hoʻonui ʻIa o Hawaiʻi, kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

I Ianuali 4, 2014, ka New York Times paʻi ʻia kahi ʻaoʻao mua e Amy Harmon, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻO kahi ʻimi mehameha no nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā hua i hoʻololi ʻia. ” Ua ʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo mai Kona, Hawaii mai.

I ka 2014, ua lanakila ʻo Harmon i ka lua o ka wahi no ka Society of Environmental Journalists “ʻO ka makana ʻo Kevin Carmody no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka hohonu hohonu, mākeke nui"No"ʻO nā mea e pili ana iā GMO, "Kahi moʻo i hoʻokomo i ka ʻatikala"ʻO kahi ʻimi mehameha no nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā hua i hoʻololi ʻia. "

On September 30th, Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ʻo Harmon e ʻōlelo i ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, he hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka Pili a me Melinda Gates Foundation e paipai i nā GMO. ʻO ka hui e holo nei i kahi palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā US Right to Know Kānāwai Freedom of Information (FOIA) noi.

Keith Kloor

ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo manuahi nāna i kākau no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Slate a me nā puka ʻē aʻe. Ua kākau ʻo Kloor i nā ʻatikala pro-GMO he nui i hala i hōʻike ʻia e Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Kloor i nā wahi ʻelua i nā palapala FOIA.

I hoʻokahi leka uila, kuhikuhi ʻo Jon Entine iā Keith Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu".

I kekahi leka uila ʻē aʻe, ma ʻOkakopa 18, 2014, ʻo Kauka Channapatna Prakash, kahi mea kōkua a me ka makua kāne GMO ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee, leka uila ʻO Adrianne Massey o ka ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), me kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻouna i kahi leka mai ʻO Lorraine Thelian, lunahoomalu hope o ka ʻoihana PR ʻo Ketchum "ke hoʻolālā nei ke kaiāulu hacker Anonymous i kahi papa o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma nā pūnaewele biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana… ʻO nā hui kalepa a me nā pūnaewele ʻoihana o CBI [Council for Biotechnology Information] nā lālā i hoʻokumu ʻia i kēia hoʻouka kaua i hoʻolālā ʻia." Kākau ʻo Kauka Prakash, "Adrianne Ua kope au iā Kevin Folta, Karl von Mogel, David Tribe a me Keith Kloor hoʻi ma aneʻi.. "

Ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Prakash i ka leka uila iā Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy (ʻoihana mahiʻai ke kākā'ōlelo) ʻO Val Giddings (ʻo VP mua o BIO), ʻO Henry Miller (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai), Drew Kershen (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai), Klaus Ammann, ʻO Piet van der Meer, Martina Newell-McGloughlin (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai), Karl Haro von Mogel (lālā o ka papa alakaʻi o ʻO Biology i hoʻoikaika ʻia, kahi pūnaewele pro-GMO), Kevin Folta (mahiʻai mea kākoʻo ʻoihana), Keith Kloor lāua ʻo David Tribe (mea kākoʻo ʻoihana mahiʻai).

ʻO Keith Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i loaʻa i kēia leka uila.

Hōʻike ka leka uila e hana pū ʻo Kloor me nā mea kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kākau ʻo Kloor i ʻekolu mau ʻatikala e kūʻē ana iā US Right to Know's FOIA noi, i loko ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob a Nature.

Ma Malaki 23rd, 2015, Ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i kahi kamaʻilio no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, e hoʻokipa nei a palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā US Right to Know's FOIA.

ʻO Tamar Haspel

ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi kolamu ma ka Hawaii Post. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā kolamu he nui no ka Post ke pale a hoʻomaikaʻi nei paha i nā GMO i hala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project.

I ka 2015, Haspel ua lanakila i ka makana ʻo James Beard Foundation no ia Post kolamu.

I Iune 2014, Haspel 'ōlelo i kahi ʻaha kūkā-ʻoihana e pili ana i “Pehea e hiki ai i nā ʻepekema ke hana maikaʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO me kahi lehulehu kanalua? ” Ua hui ʻia ka ʻaha kūkā e Jon Entine lāua ʻo Cami Ryan, ka mea i kēia manawa Alakaʻi nā ʻepekema ʻepekema no Monsanto. Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka ʻaha kūkā e nā hui mua ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻo ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, me ke Kulanui o Florida, i loaʻa nā kālā nui mai nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa, e like me kaulana i ka 6 Kepakemapa Haawina i ka New York Times.

Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Haspel i kahi panel i hoʻonohonohoʻia ma ka Ke kikowaena ʻo Biotechnology North Carolina, "e hāʻawi ana i nā pōmaikaʻi hoʻokele wā lōʻihi a me nā kaiāulu i North Carolina ma o ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka noiʻi biotechnology, ʻoihana, aʻo a me nā kulekele kulekele holoʻokoʻa."

I kahi kamaʻilio Kepakemapa 23 i mālama ʻia e ka Hawaii Post, e pane ana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, ua kākau ʻo Ms. Haspel i kēlā, "ʻLelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai wau. ” Ma hope o kēlā lā, ua noi au iā Ms. Haspel ma Twitter i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua. Pane maila ʻo ia,ʻOiai ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo nei i kahi biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

Kūpono paha ia no a Hawaii Post kolamu e kākau i nā kolamu ʻālohilohi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e ʻike ʻia ana ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻoihana kākoʻo? He hakakā paha o ka hoihoi no Haspel e ʻae i ke kālā mai nā makemake o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e uhi ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kāna kuʻi ʻana ma ke ʻano he Post kolamu meaʻai? Ehia mau kālā i loaʻa iā Haspel mai nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai?

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau mea nūpepa i ka poʻe nūpepa no ka "buckraking" ma nā kaapuni haʻiʻōlelo. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma mua Hawaii Post Lunahooponopono Luna 'Benleloʻo Ben Bradlee, "Makemake wau e hele. ʻAʻole wau makemake ia. Manaʻo wau he mea hōʻino ia. Inā ʻo ka Insurance Institute of America, inā aia kekahi mea, uku iā ʻoe i $ 10,000 e hana ai i kahi haʻiʻōlelo, mai haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole ʻoe i hana ʻino. Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻōlelo ʻaʻole ʻoe a hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻōlelo e hoʻouka kaua i nā pilikia ʻinikua ma ke ala like, akā ʻaʻole ʻoe. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe. ”

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel i ka Hawaii Post e ʻōlelo wale ʻo ia i nā hanana iinā pili nā ʻoihana loaʻa kālā i ka hanana (ʻo ia pinepine lākou), ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke leo hoʻokahi. No laila, e kamaʻilio wau ma kahi ʻaha kūkā i kākoʻo pū ʻia e, e, ʻo Monsanto a me ka USDA a me ke Kulanui ʻo NC State, akā ʻaʻole kahi hanana i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto wale nō. " Eia nō naʻe, ma ka mahina ʻo Iune 2014, ka hālāwai kūkā a Haspel i ʻōlelo ai, ʻaʻohe mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku i hoʻohalahala ʻia e ʻōlelo, ʻo nā mea kākoʻo wale nō i ka ʻoihana kākoʻo.

On ʻOkakopa 16, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ʻo Haspel e ʻōlelo i ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hui pro-GMO ia ke hoʻokipa nei i kahi palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā US Right to Know's FOIA.

Ua loiloi ʻo Haspel i ka US Right to Know FOIA nā noi. Ma ʻAukake 17, ma Twitter, ua kākau ʻo ia: “Ua hoʻonele ke kālā / manawa / lolo i ka hana ʻino a me ka hoihoi a @ garyruskin ma luna o @kevinfolta! Hiki iā mākou ke neʻe i kahi mea pono?”ʻAʻole ʻae aku nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i kāna hoʻoholo nūhou. Ma Kepakemapa 6th, 'Elua manawa lanakila' o Pulitzer Prize i lanakila 'o Eric Lipton ua kākau i kahi ʻatikala i hoʻokumu nui ʻia i kā mākou FOIA noi - keu hoʻi o ke Kulanui o Florida Polofesa Kevin Folta - i holo i ka ʻaoʻao mua o ka Lāpule New York Times. Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala pehea ʻo Folta, ka mea i hōʻole pinepine i nā pilina iā Monsanto, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua loaʻa iā ia kahi $ 25,000 i hōʻike ʻole ʻia, a me nā hana kākau mai ka hui, a hana pū me ia a me kāna ʻoihana PR Ketchum, kahi ʻatikala i kākau nona a hoʻonohonoho i nā media. a me nā hālāwai lobbying nona.

ʻO US Right to Know kahi hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha mea kūʻai aku. Hoʻāʻo mākou e hōʻike i nā mea makemake ʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike mākou. Manaʻo mākou he mea pono no ka lehulehu e ʻike pehea e hana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai i kā lākou mau pilina lehulehu. ʻO ia kahi ala e hiki ai iā mākou ke kōkua i ka poʻe kūʻai e loiloi i nā kuleana a me ka ʻike i loaʻa iā lākou mai nā ʻoihana e pili ana i kā mākou hana meaʻai, kā lākou PR firm a me nā operatives, a me nā mea nūpepa e hana pū ana me lākou.

ʻO wai ka mea ma hope o ka hoʻouka kaua ma US Pono e ʻike?

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Ua hala kekahi mau hoʻouka kaua hou ma US Right to Know, no laila ua manaʻo wau he mea pono paha ke kiʻi aku i ka mea ma hope o lākou.

Ma Malaki 9 Haawina i ka Guardian ua hoʻohalahala iā mākou no ka hoʻouna ʻana Noi ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e wehe i nā pilina ma waena o nā polofeka uku ʻauhau a me ka mīkini PR ʻenehana genetically engineered engine. ʻO nā mea kākau ʻatikala ʻekolu nā pelekikena o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema. Akā ʻaʻole i hōʻike ka ʻatikala i kā lākou pili kālā.

ʻO ka mea kākau mua, ʻo Nina Federoff i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he "Professor Evan Pugh ma ke Kula Nui ʻo Penn State" akā haʻalele iā ia hana ma OFW Law, kahi o ka powerhouse meaʻai a me ka agribusiness lobbying firm. Ua hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ʻo OFW Law ma ke ʻano he lobbying no ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology a Syngenta.

Ua noi mākou i nā leka mai Syngenta a me CBI ʻelua - nona nā lālā me "BASF, Bayer CropScience, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont, Monsanto Company a me Syngenta"- no laila hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu e makemake ai ʻo Ms. Federoff e pale aku iā lākou me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku o kāna firm.

ʻO ka mea kākau ʻelua, ʻo Peter Raven, i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi ʻo Emeritus o ka Missouri Botanical Garden, i pili pū ʻia me Monsanto a loaʻa pū kekahi Kikowaena Monsanto a me ka ʻO Monsanto Hall. ʻO ka Waihona Puke ʻo Peter H. Raven ka ma ka Papa ʻEhā o ka Monsanto Center. A Hoʻokuʻu hoʻokuʻu 2012 Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "ʻO ka hui ʻo Monsanto a me Monsanto Fund kekahi o nā mea kōkua manawaleʻa o ka Missouri Botanical Garden i nā makahiki he 40 i hala aku nei, e hāʻawi ana ma kahi o $ 10 miliona no nā kapikala nui, nā ʻepekema a me nā papahana aʻo i loko o ia wā."

ʻO ke kolu o ka mea kākau, ʻo Phillip Sharp, e hana nei ma ka David H. Koch Institute ma MIT - ʻae, ʻo David Koch nō ia o nā Koch Brothers. I loko o kā lākou ʻatikala, hoʻohālikelike nā mea kākau iā mākou i ka poʻe hōʻole i ke aniau. No kekahi mea e pili ana i ka Koch Institute e hoʻohui iā mākou me nā mea hōʻole hoʻololi i ke aniau ma mua o ka hao. He pilina pili loa kā Kauka Sharp i ka ʻoihana biotech, ma ke ʻano he hoa hoʻokumu o ka ʻoihana Biogen.

ʻO ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua o ka ʻEpekema hana like ana ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o Monsanto. ʻO ia, he, he eo no ka ʻepekema, a no mākou āpau.

Eia kekahi, ʻo ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ka ke hoʻouka nei iā US Right to Know a ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi palapala noi kūʻē i kā mākou noi a FOIA e pili ana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR a me nā hoʻokūkū politika e pale aku i nā GMO.

Ua hoʻomaka ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ka makahiki i hala me a "$ 5.6 miliona kālā i hāʻawi ʻia mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ”Ke kahua nui loa o ka honua, a mea hoʻolaki o a mea hoʻopukapuka i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO ka CEO o ka Gates Foundation, ʻo Sue Desmond-Hellman, i hana no ʻumikumamāhā makahiki ma ka hui biotech Genentech.

ʻO ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e ʻōlelo i kā lākou "Pahuhopu" e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, "Akā ʻo ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i kā mākou pūʻulu mea kūʻai aku kahi ala ʻē aʻe ia e" depolarize "i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā meaʻai a me nā mea ulu.