Ke ʻimi nei i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu

Hepatitis C a me… ʻO Hugh Grant?

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(E ʻike i ka hoʻohou wikiō ma aneʻi)

(Ka palapala mai ka hana o kēia lās)

ʻO ka hui loio o Monsanto i ka Pōʻakahi i hōʻike hōʻike mai iā Kauka Alexandra Levine, kahi hematologist / oncologist me City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, e ʻimi nei e hōʻoia i ke kiure i ke kū ʻole ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻohe glyphosate, ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai o Hardeman, a ʻoi aku paha ka hopena. ʻo ke kumuhana ka hepatitis C Hardeman i mau makahiki. Ua hōʻike ʻo Levine ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka "nui a lehulehu, nā kaukukū me ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin," a ʻo ia nō ka mea i manaʻo ʻia he loea i kēlā maʻi kikoʻī.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Judge Chhabria i ka pule i hala e makemake ana ʻo ia e ʻike i kēia wā mua o ka hoʻokolokolo i wahī ʻia i ka wanaʻao o kēia pule, ʻo ia hoʻi e pili koke ana kēia hihia i ke kiure. Koi ʻia kahi ʻōlelo hoʻoholo i ka ʻae ʻana o nā jure ʻeono e lōkahi i kā lākou ʻike e pili ana inā ʻaʻole paha i ʻike ʻo Hardeman i ka Roundup "he mea nui" i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i kāna maʻi ʻaʻai. E wehewehe ka luna kānāwai no nā jure i ke ʻano o kēlā. (E nānā i ka komo ʻana o ka Pōʻalima no nā kikoʻī hou aʻe.)

Inā ʻaʻole hoʻoholo lōkahi ke kiure no Hardeman a i ʻole Monsanto a laila hihia ka hihia. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Chhabria inā kū kēlā e noʻonoʻo ana ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo hou iā Mei.

Inā loaʻa i ke kiure no Hardeman ma ke kumu, e neʻe koke ka hoʻokolokolo i loko o ka Phase II me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke kiure like. A ma laila e hoʻomaka ai nā mea e hoihoi. Loio o Hardeman hoʻolālā e kāhea kekahi mau luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto no ka hōʻike hōʻike, e like me ka Luna Nui a me Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto Hugh Grant. Ua hala ʻo Grant i 35 mau makahiki ma ka ʻoihana a ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo CEO ma 2003. Ua alakaʻi ʻo ia i ka ʻoihana a hiki i ka loaʻa ʻana iā ia e Bayer AG i ke kauwela i hala.

Hoʻohui pū kekahi, nā loio no Hardeman e hoʻolālā e kāhea iā Roger McClellan, ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai ʻepekema Nā loiloi koʻikoʻi ma Toxicology (CRT), nāna i paʻi i kahi mau pepa i ka mahina ʻo Kepakemapa 2016 i pāpā i ka loaʻa ʻana e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) e ʻike nei he glyphosate paha kahi carcinogen kanaka paha. ʻO nā pepa i manaʻo ʻia e kākau ʻia e nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa i ʻike i ke kaupaona o nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ʻaʻole hiki i ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele ke hoʻoweliweli i kekahi kanaka.

Akā naʻe, nā palapala Monsanto kūloko e hōʻike i ka manaʻo o nā pepa mai ka hoʻomaka ʻana ma ke ʻano he kumumanaʻo e Monsanto e hōʻino ai iā IARC. ʻO kekahi o nā ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻaʻole wale loiloi i nā palapala akā he lima kou i ka hoʻolālā ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana iā lākou, ʻaʻole naʻe i hōʻike ʻia e CRT.

Ua ʻōlelo hou nā loio o Hardeman ua hoʻolālā lākou e kāhea ʻO Doreen Manchester, o CropLife ʻAmelika, ka ʻoihana lobbying o ka agrochemical ʻoihana. Ke kōkua nei ko Manchester kuleana ma CropLife i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hihia pekelala a me ka mokuʻāina e kākoʻo i nā pilikia hoʻokele pesticide.

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Ke kikowaena no nā hoa pili pono meaʻai me Monsanto

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ʻO ka Center for Food Integrity (CFI), ʻo ia ka Grow America Project, kahi hui nonprofit 501 (c) (4) i hoʻolako ʻia e hana i ka noiʻi, lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu e "loaʻa ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai" no nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai, Including ʻO DowDuPont, Monsanto, Cargill, Costco, ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Hershey, Kroger a me nā hui kālepa no ka ʻiʻo, ka waiū a me ka soybeans.

I nā makahiki ʻelima mai 2012-2016, Ua hoʻohana ʻo CFI i $ 23,225,098 ma ke ʻano kūʻai aku a me ka leka uila like ʻole nā papahana e paipai i ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā ʻoihana e kūkulu i ka hilinaʻi i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, pesticides, additives meaʻai a me nā antibiotic i kaʻiʻo.

ʻO ka lima 501 (c) (3) o CFI, ka Foundation no ka Pono Pono, noiʻi kālā e hoʻomaopopo i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā leka e hoʻāʻo i ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai aku, me kahi kālā hoʻolilo o $ 823,167 mai 2012-2016. Nā mea kākoʻo ma 2012 hui pū ʻia ʻo Monsanto Company, CropLife America a me ka US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance.

"ʻOihana hoa hana" i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a Monsanto ma ka paneli maʻi ʻo IARC

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi i ka Center for Food Integrity ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Papa inoa ka papa hana Monsanto ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu. Ua helu ʻia ʻo CFI ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i loaʻa kālā i ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a me ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai.

Wahi a ka palapala, he ʻāpana kēia o nā hui "Stakeholder Engagement" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" e hāʻawi i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate a "e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema me nā manaʻo kuhi ʻia e ka papa kuhikuhi" o ka maʻi ʻaʻai kūʻokoʻa. panela.

E nānā i ka launa pū ʻana o East / CMA me Monsanto a me ka papahana Genetic Literacy

ʻO ka CEO o ka Center for Food Integrity, ʻo Charlie Arnot, ʻo ia nō hoʻi ʻo CEO o E nana Hikina (CMA ma mua), kahi PR a me ke keʻena kamaʻilio no ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai. ʻAelike ʻo CFI me Look East no nā lawelawe hoʻokele papahana, e like me nā ʻano ʻauhau.

Hana pū ʻo Arnot's PR firm me Monsanto, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike. Ma 2014, ua kī ʻo Monsanto iā CMA i "Kālepa" a hoʻolaha kahi mahele o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo pro-GMO i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto i nā polopeka a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e paʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project - me ka hōʻike ʻole o ka hana a Monsanto ma hope o nā hōʻike, ma ke ʻano he Ua hōʻike ʻo Boston Globe.

ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino iā IARC, a loaʻa iā ia ke kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, e like me kā GLP Mea 'Ano hou a pololei ʻole ka “ʻaoʻao transparency.”

Wahi a Monsanto, palekana kāna pesticides. I kēia manawa, makemake kahi ʻaha e ʻike i ka hōʻoia

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ʻO nā hanana o kēia pule e hōʻailona i ka manawa mua e hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻepekema e hōʻoia i kekahi mau pesticides ma lalo o ka hoʻohiki no nā mea āpau e ʻike.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ke Kahu.

Na Carey Gillam

Ma ka Lāhina, kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo hoʻokolokolo ma Kapalakiko e hoʻohuli i kahi kukui ākea i ka ʻepekema e hoʻopuni ana i ka palekana o kekahi o nā pesticides i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kahi kemika weedkilling i kapa ʻia ʻo glyphosate i pili i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ʻike pinepine ʻia i kā mākou meaʻai a me ka wai, ʻoiai i kā mākou nā wai o ke kino ponoʻī. Hāʻawi ʻia i ke olakino ākea a me nā hopena pili i pili i ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēia pesticide, e lawelawe maikaʻi ʻia mākou e hoʻolohe.

Ma ke ʻano he mea hana i ka Roundup branded a Monsanto a me nā haneli he nui o nā lāʻau ʻino, hōʻike ʻia ka glyphosate Billia mau dala i nā loaʻa makahiki no Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe, a hoʻohana nui ʻia e nā mahiʻai i mea kōkua i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. Makemake pū ʻia ia e nā kūlanakauhale no ka mālama ʻana i nā pāka lehulehu a me nā kahua pāʻani me ka nāhelehele ʻole, a e nā mea hale e makemake i kahi lau nahele maikaʻi. Akā ua manaʻo ʻia ka kemika a kino kanaka make paha e ka poʻe loea o ka World Health Organization i nā maʻi ʻaʻai i 2015 i kahi ʻike i hoʻomaka ʻia nalu o ka hoʻopiʻi kuleana kūʻē iā Monsanto.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ka palekana - a i ʻole nele paha - o kēia pesticide kaulana i ʻike ʻia ma ka honua a hāpai i ke kaua propaganda me kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo nei ua hōʻike hewa nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo ʻepekema. Wahi a ka poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻaʻi iā Monsanto "ʻUhane" i kākau ʻia nā loiloi noiʻi, hoʻohuli hewa i nā mea hoʻokele a hana i nā hui mua e koi wahaheʻe i ka palekana glyphosate. ʻO Monsanto, i kēia manawa, ʻāpono i nā noiʻi he nui e nā ʻepekema honua kīnā ʻole a me ka hoʻoulu politika, a ke ʻōlelo nei nā noiʻi ʻoihana e hōʻike palekana i ka huahana ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia.

ʻO nā hanana o kēia pule e hōʻailona i ka manawa mua e ʻike ʻia ke kino o ka noiʻi, kekahi e ʻohiʻohi lepo ana i loko o nā puke ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​faila hui pilikino.

ʻAʻole ia he hana palaualelo. Pili ke ola maoli i kēia a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ākea e pili ana i nā pōʻino pesticide i ko mākou olakino. Hoʻokahi i loko o kēlā me kēia kāne ʻelua a hoʻokahi ma kēlā me kēia wahine ʻekolu i kēia manawa e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ko lākou ola a ke piʻi aʻe nei nā maʻi ʻaʻai kamaliʻi.

I nā keiki, hoʻopili ʻia ka hōʻike pesticide ʻaʻole wale i maʻi maʻi pediatric, akā e hoʻēmi i ka hana noʻonoʻo, a me nā pilikia o ka lawena. I nā mākua, pili nā pesticides i non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, leukemia, lolo, prostate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai ʻē aʻe. Ma mua o 3,000 mau mea hoʻopiʻi e hoʻopiʻi ana iā Monsanto e hōʻike i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka Roundly glyphosate-based Roundup i hoʻokumu iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o ko lākou ʻohana e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Monsanto e hoʻohuli i ka luna kānāwai o US iā Vince Chhabria e hoʻolei i ka hoʻopiʻi, a ua ʻimi ʻo ia e hūnā i nā palapala kūloko i koi ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka loaʻa ʻana. Akā ua kauoha ʻo Chhabria e hoʻolohe i kēia hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo hoʻopaʻa wikiō ʻia a kaʻana like i ka lehulehu ma ka pūnaewele. A iā ia ʻae ʻia ka ʻae no nā mea hoʻopiʻi e ʻimi i loko o ka hale hāmama e like me nā mea e like me ka palapala ʻuhane o ka ʻepekema a me a controversial 1983 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hōʻike nā ʻepekema ʻo EPA i kēlā manawa i ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa o glyphosate.

Ua kāhea ka ʻaha i nā hanana 5-9 Malaki ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema hebedoma" no ka mea ʻo nā hōʻike wale nō e hōʻike ʻia ai nā loea i ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā epidemiologists, nā mea ʻawahia a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ua kāhea ʻia e kālailai i ka noiʻi kūpono. ʻAʻole e kanikau nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai e huki i nā aho o ka puʻuwai; nā ʻaoʻao kūʻē wale e hōʻike nei i ka ʻepekema i kahi luna kānāwai nāna e hoʻoholo inā hiki i nā hoʻopiʻi ke neʻe i mua.

E hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna pale, ka hui a me nā ʻenehana ʻenehana kemika i e hana ana e hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hōʻike nei i ka pilikia. Ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā hana i ka wā i komo ai nā lālā o ke Kōmike no ka ʻepekema, kahi a me ka ʻenehana i mālama ʻia i Wakinekona i ka lā 6 Pepeluali e hoʻolele i nā hoʻopiʻi a Monsanto e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer's (IARC) i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen, a e hoʻoweliweli hoʻi i ka lawe ʻana i ke kālā mai ke kino ʻepekema.

ʻO ka hana a ke kōmike - ke hoʻololi pono nei i ke kaua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kaua i ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai mahalo ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Monsanto, me ka lobbyist CropLife ʻAmelika a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Kaleponi e hoʻōki i nā mea hoʻoponopono kaiapuni mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kanesa no nā huahana glyphosate, a ma ka 26 Pepeluali lākou lanakila i ke kanawai ke ālai nei i kēlā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo.

ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o glyphosate kahi hiʻohiʻona hope loa o ka hana pinepine ʻana o ka ʻoihana e nānā pono ʻole i ka ʻike ʻepekema o ka hōʻino, akā i ka hōʻino ʻana i ka ʻepekema hōʻeha. I ka makahiki i hala aku nei, no ka laʻana, ua kūleʻa maikaʻi ʻo Dow Chemical i ke alakaʻi o ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i kāpae i nā ʻōlelo aʻo mai kona akeakamai ponoʻī (a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) e pili ana i ka noiʻi nui e hoʻopaʻa ana i kahi pesticide Dow pono i kapa ʻia ʻo chlorpyrifos i nā pilikia ulu lolo i nā keiki.

ʻO ka hāʻawi lehulehu ʻana i ka hōʻike mākaukau ma Kapalakiko e pili ana i ka pesticide palahalaha a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i kahi manawa kūpono e hoʻokaʻawale i ka ʻepekema mai ka milo. E nānā ana paha mākou āpau.

ʻO CropLife International - nā mea nui

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hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo

ʻO International CropLife (CLI) kahi hui kalepa i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2001 e kū ana i nā mea hana o nā mea hana nui loa o ka honua i hoʻohua ʻia i nā hua a me nā pesticides. Hoʻopili pū nā lālā ʻO BASF, Bayer, Monsanto, Syngenta, Corteva (ʻo DowDuPont ma mua), Sumitomo Chemical a me FMC.

He 15 mau hui lālā o ka hui kālepa: AfricaBio; AgroBio Brazil; AgroBio Mexico; ArgenBio; ʻOihana Hoʻolālā Biotechnology, Food & Ag; CBI Iapana; CIB Brazil; ʻO CropLife ʻApelika Waena Hikina; ʻO ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa; ʻO CropLife ʻAsia, ʻo CropLife Kanada; ʻO CropLife Latin America; ʻAhahui ʻĀina ʻEulopa ʻEulopa (ECPA); EuropaBio; a ʻo Iapana Crop Protection Association.

Nā pou pili USRTK e pili ana:
31 Mei 2018,Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau hoa e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa"

Nā lālā CLI

Mālama ʻia ka Mea Hoʻolālā Meaʻai Meaʻai ʻO GMO Film Agenda

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Ua hōʻano hou ʻia kēia pou me nā loiloi o Food Evolution: 

Na Stacy Malkan, 6/19/2017 

ʻO kekahi o nā hana leka ʻana i nā ʻoihana he kaumaha nui loa a hoʻopau lākou i ke kahakaha ʻana i kā lākou PR tactics ma mua o ka leka a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻike. ʻO ia ka pilikia me Hoʻolālā Meaʻai, kahi pepa moʻolelo hou na Academy Award-i koho ʻia ʻo Scott Hamilton Kennedy a haʻi ʻia e Neil deGrasse Tyson.

ʻO ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, e wehe ana i nā hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni ʻo Iune 23, koi e hāʻawi i kahi nānā pahuhopu i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, akā me kāna hōʻike ʻepekema o ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻikepili, hele mai ia me he mea lā e like me kahi puke puke o ka propaganda ʻoihana no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mea kanu GMO.

ʻO ka manaʻo o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kaʻa leka uila ʻoihana-ʻaʻohe mea hūnā. ʻO ka Food Evolution ka i hoʻolālā ʻia ma 2014 a kālā ʻia e ka Institute for Food Technologists, kahi hui kalepa, e hoʻopau i kahi hana leka uila he mau makahiki.

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo IFT e nā hui meaʻai nui, a me ka hui pelekikena i kēlā manawa ʻO Janet Collins, kahi luna DuPont ma mua a me Monsanto luna nāna hana kēia manawa no ʻO CropLife ʻAmelika, ka hui kalepa pesticide. Koho Peresidena o IFT ʻO Cindy Stewart hana no DuPont.

Ua koho ʻo IFT iā Kennedy e alakaʻi i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, akā ʻo ia a me ka mea hana ʻO Trace Sheehan 'ōlelo lākou ua loaʻa iā lākou ka mana piha ma luna o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni a lākou e wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he noiʻi kūʻokoʻa piha i ke kumuhana o GMO me nā manaʻo āpau.

Pilikia ka hilinaʻi o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i kā lākou koho e ʻapo wale i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e pili pū me nā mea hana ʻoihana kemika e loaʻa kālā mai nā GMO a me nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma luna o lākou, me ka nānā ʻole i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻikepili i kūpono ʻole i kēlā papahana.

ʻO ka lapaʻau ʻepekema Monsanto

ʻO ka laʻana maopopo loa o ka pono ʻole ʻepekema i ka Food Evolution ke ala e hana ai ke kiʻi me glyphosate. ʻO ka kemikena mea pepehi kanaka ka naʻau o ka moʻolelo GMO, mai 80-90% o nā hua GMO ʻenehana ʻenekinia e hoʻomanawanui i ka glyphosate.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Food Evolution ua hōʻike ʻia ka hoʻonui i ka hoʻohana glyphosate ma muli o nā GMO ʻaʻole pilikia, no ka mea palekana ka glyphosate. Hoʻokumu nā kumuwaiwai ʻelua i kēia koi i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni: ʻōlelo kahi mahiʻai i ka glyphosate he "haʻahaʻa, haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa ia; ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa ma mua o ke kope, ma lalo o ka paʻakai, ”a me Monsanto's Robb Fraley - i ka pane ʻana i kahi wahine i kahi anaina e nīnau iā ia e pili ana i ka ʻepekema e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i nā hānau hānau a me ke kanesa - haʻi iā ia ʻo ia ka ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole," he pseudoscience ia. "

ʻO nā ʻepekema āpau e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka glyphosate "pseudoscience," wahi a Monsanto.

ʻAʻohe mea e pili ana i nā manaʻo carcinogenicity e hoʻopuni nei iā Monsanto i kahi lahui nauka Temepela, a i ʻole nā ​​mahiʻai he nui i ke hoʻopiʻi nei iā Monsanto ke kuhi nei ua loaʻa lākou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide.

ʻAʻohe mea e pili ana i ka hōʻike 2015 e ka World Health Organization's cancer agency i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha, a Ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a Kaleponi e hoʻohui i ka glyphosate i ka papa inoa Prop 65 o nā kemika i ʻike ʻia e hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a i ʻole nā ​​loiloi loiloi ʻia e nā hoa i pili nā hopena olakino like ʻole e glyphosate a me Roundup.

Ma kahi o ka nānā pahuhopu i nā hōʻike, hāʻawi ʻo Food Evolution i nā mea nānā i ka hoʻomana ʻepekema Monsanto piha: ʻo nā ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā huahana mahiʻai e pono e nānā ʻole ʻia, ʻoiai ʻo nā noiʻi e kau i kēlā mau huahana i kahi kukui maikaʻi wale nō ka ʻepekema. pono kūkā.

Pālua Koina i ka ʻEpekema a me ka Mākala

ʻO ka mālama kaulike ʻana i nā kumuhana nīnauele me nā manaʻo like ʻole e kōkua i ka hilinaʻi o ka Food Evolution. Akā, pena ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i nā mea hoʻopiʻi GMO i hōʻike ʻia e like me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole a i ʻole e hōʻoki i ka ʻoihanaola, ʻoiai e waiho ana i nā kikoʻī nui e pili ana i kāna kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana.

I hoʻokahi hiʻohiʻona, ke ʻano nui o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, ke kumu aʻoaʻo o UC Davis ʻo Alison van Eenennaam, nā frets e kū nei ma ke kahua me kahi luna o Monsanto i kahi paio hiki ke hoʻonāukiuki i kona kūlana kūʻokoʻa. ʻAʻole ʻike ka poʻe ʻike maʻa mau iā ia hana no Monsanto, a i ʻole ʻo ia e paʻa ana nā palapala Sila GE e hōʻike nei i kahi hoihoi kālā i ke kumuhana i kēia manawa.

ʻO ka ʻepekema Pro-ʻoihana Pamela Ronald, kahi kumu ʻepekema ʻē aʻe, loaʻa i ka lāʻau meʻe me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻole ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia ʻelua o kāna aʻo ʻana. Akā naʻe, ua haki ʻia ka poʻe nānā i ka nūhou e noiʻi ʻia e ka ʻepekema Palani ʻo Gilles-Eric Séralini - i loaʻa nā pilikia o nā puʻupaʻa a me nā tumors i nā ʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka palaoa GMO - "retract, retraced, retraced!"

Haʻalele ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ke aʻo ʻana a laila hoʻopuka hou ʻia, a ua huki hou ʻia i ka mea mua ma hope o kahi limahana Monsanto mua i kahi kūlana hoʻoponopono me ka puke pai kahi i paʻi mua ʻia ai.

ʻO ka moʻolelo "Pono ʻApelika i nā GMO" Nararrative

I loko o kekahi moʻolelo i hoʻomākaukau maikaʻi ʻia, lawe ʻo Food Evolution i nā mea nānā i kahi huakaʻi manaʻo i ka honua e ulu nei, a me kahi ala leka uila ʻoihana punahele: ma mua o ka nānā ʻana i ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o ka hana ʻenekini i kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai i kēia manawa - no ka lawe ʻana i ka hoʻomanawanui i ka lāʻau make - pono mākou kālele ana i ka pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai paha i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

Me ka nui o ka manawa lewa a me ka pīhoihoi nui, nānā ke kiʻiʻoniʻoni i ka pilikia o ka lau maiʻa, kahi maʻi e luku nei i nā mea kanu nui i ʻApelika, a alakaʻi i nā mea nānā e manaʻoʻiʻo e hoʻopakele ka hana ʻenekini i ka hua, nā mahiʻai a me ke kaiāulu.

Maliʻa paha. Akā hoʻowahāwahā ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i ka ʻōlelo ʻana ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa ka ʻenehana ʻo ka mea hoʻopakele GE a ʻaʻole paha e holo. Wahi a kahi pepa i Palapala Pai Biotechnology Plant, kūpale ke kūpaʻa i hōʻike ʻia i ka lab akā ʻaʻole e kūpaʻa i nā māla hāmama.

ʻO ke kiʻi ʻino ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole.

I kēia manawa, ke holo pono nei kahi ʻenehana ʻenehana haʻahaʻa a like me he mea lā hiki ke hoʻohana i kahi hoʻopukapuka. Wahi a kahi pepa 2012 i ka Ka Nūpepa o ka Hoʻomohala ʻana a me nā ʻoihana ʻEnehana, nā kula mahiʻai mahiʻai, nā mea e kōkua ai i ka poʻe mahiʻai e loaʻa ka ʻike lima i nā ʻenehana e pale aku ai i ka maiʻa maiʻa, i alakaʻi ʻia ai i nā helu o ka maʻi a me ka hoʻāla hou ʻana o nā mea kanu i Uganda. Nā hualoaʻa mai nā kula mahiʻai mahiʻai "kupaianaha," e like me ka UN.

ʻAʻole koi ka hopena i kahi ʻōlelo ma Food Evolution.

"He mea pono ʻole maoli ia i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni e kiʻi i kahi hopena GE ʻaʻole paha e holo, e like me ka ʻepekema e hoʻomaopopo ai," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Michael Hansen, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Consumers Union, "ʻoiai e hōʻike ana i kahi ala ʻē aʻe e kāohi ai i ka pilikia e holo pono ana. maikaʻi, akā ʻaʻole pili i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i kahi huahana e loaʻa kālā. ”

Ua pili paha ʻo Monsanto i ka mea e pili ana i ka Food Evolution?

Kūkākūkā ʻo Monsanto a me nā mea kōkua i nā hoʻolālā no kahi pepa i ka hopena o 2013, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike. ʻAʻohe i loko o nā leka uila nā hōʻike e pili ana i kēlā mau kūkākūkā ʻana me ka Food Evolution, akā hoʻokūpaʻa lākou i ko Monsanto makemake no kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni e like me ka like loa me kā Kennedy i hana ai.

ʻO Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs i kākau ʻia ma Dec. 2013 i kahi hui o nā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo PR, "maopopo leʻa ka nui o ka hoihoi e alualu i kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi. ʻO ka mea nui, ua ʻae ʻia ka ʻae a ko Monsanto komo ʻana, ʻo ia hoʻi i ka papa hoʻolālā. "

Ua paipai ʻo ia i kahi kāhea hoʻolālā Ianuali 2014. ʻO Jon Entine o ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic piʻi i luna e alakaʻi, a ʻōlelo ʻia ua "loaʻa iā ia kahi hoʻohiki pilikino o $ 100,000 mai kahi kanaka pilikino inā hiki iā mākou ke kiʻi" (oki ke koena o ka laina). He pilina pū kekahi ʻo Entine i ka Institute for Food Technologists; ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e pili ana ika hoʻāʻo anti-ʻai”Ma ka hui makahiki ʻo IFT's 2012.

ʻO kekahi kanaka i haʻi ʻia i loko o nā leka uila ʻo Monsanto, Karl Haro von Mogel - nāna i kūkākūkā me Sachs "ʻO nā ʻaoʻao i lalo o kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i uku kālā ʻia e ka 'Big 6'" a ʻōlelo "ʻo ka mea e ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o kā lākou kālā ke komo" - ua ninaninau ʻia i ka Food Evolution, a ua komo pū kekahi i ke kiʻi ʻana i hoʻokahi hanana, e hōʻike ana i kekahi ma hope o nā hanana. ka laulima me nā mea hana kiʻiʻoniʻoni.

I ka pane ʻana i nā leka uila, ua kākau ʻo Kennedy ma Twitter: "Ua loaʻa iā @foodevomovie ka ZERO $ a i ʻole INPUT mai #Monetona. Kūleʻa piha mākou & hauʻoli 2 i kahi kamaʻilio kūʻiʻo i hoʻokumu ʻia. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i loko o kahi nīnauele, "ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ka pānaʻi leka uila me kā mākou papahana ʻoiai ... ʻaʻole mākou i hana i ka hana ʻana i ke kiʻi me IFT i kēlā lā i ka makahiki 2013."

ʻAʻole pili ka poʻe i ka hoʻololi leka uila i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni a i ʻole ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ʻana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, a ʻo Karl Haro von Mogel "he kumuhana i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni a ʻaʻohe o lākou pili a i ʻole ka hoʻohuli i nā hoʻoholo a me nā hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono ʻana ma ke kiʻi i kēlā me kēia manawa o ka hana. . Maikaʻi paha e kuhi aku i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka leka uila āu i kuhikuhi ai i hala ma mua o ka ʻike o Karl a i ʻole kekahi o kēia poʻe. ”

Sneak Peek ma hope o nā hiʻohiʻona

ʻO kahi hoʻololi leka uila hou aʻe i loaʻa e US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi peek ma hope o nā hanana i ka hoʻomohala moʻolelo i ka Food Evolution. Hōʻike ka pānaʻi i kā Kennedy ʻimi ʻana i mau laʻana e hōʻike no "mākou / e hoʻomohala i ka honua e pono iā GMO."

"Pono kekahi 'ʻē aʻe / e hoʻomohala honua nei iā GMO' hiki iā ʻoe ke hāʻawi iaʻu i mau inoa ʻē aʻe mai nā ʻalani? Lettuce Shintakus? " Nīnau ʻo Kennedy. Ua pane aku ka mea hana ʻo Trace Sheehan me kahi papa inoa o nā huahana GMO e like me ka laiki-hoʻomanawanui i ka maloʻo, nā pī ʻaihue ʻaʻohe allergy, ʻuala manuahi carcinogen ... "a laila pihi me ka Rice Gula."

I ka wā i pahu aku ai ʻo Kennedy no "nā mea kanu GMO kiʻekiʻe e hoʻohana ʻia nei, a he aha nā ʻāina," ʻo Mark Lynas o ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema Ua kākau ʻo ia, "ʻO Bt brinjal maoli ma Bangladesh wale nō kahi GMO maoli a ke hana nui ʻia nei."

Hoʻowahāwahā ka hōʻike o ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i kēlā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka nele o nā ʻōnaehana GMO hana, a ʻaʻole e haʻi i ke ʻano o ka laʻana kokoke, ka wikamina-A i hoʻonui ʻia ʻo Golden Rice, ʻaʻole loaʻa ʻoiai nā hoʻopukapuka nui a me nā makahiki o nā hoʻokolokolo, no ka mea ʻaʻole holo pono ia ma ke kula e like me nā līlī e kū nei.

He aha ka propaganda?

Ma kahi hanana i manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike i ka hilinaʻi ʻepekema, ua hoʻāla ka Food Evolution i ka lepili o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino i kēia manawa ʻo Neil deGrasse Tyson e ʻōlelo nei aia he ʻae kūkākūkā honua no ka palekana o GMO. He paheʻe kūpono ia. ʻO ASCH kahi hui pūʻulu mua pili pono me Monsanto.

Hōʻike ʻia ka hiʻohiʻona logo ACSH ma hope o kēia 2 mau minuke pahu mai kahi paio hou o ka Climate One, e like me kā Kennedy pahu ʻana i hope e kūʻē ana i ka manaʻo o kāna kiʻi ʻoniʻoni he propaganda.

"Pehea mākou e hoʻoholo ai i ka mea o ka propaganda?" Nīnau ʻo Kennedy. "Ke ʻōlelo nei wau ʻo kekahi o nā ala a mākou e hana ai (no ka nīnau), noi ʻia nā hopena, a i ʻole nā ​​hopena i hoʻohiki ʻia? ʻAʻole wau i nīnau ʻia no nā hopena a ʻaʻole wau i hoʻohiki i nā hopena. Inā pilikia ʻoe i kēia kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, aia iaʻu ka pilikia. ”

Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia loiloi ma Huffington Post a ua paʻi hou ʻia ma Alternet. 

E nānā pū kekahi: ʻO ka ʻatikala ukali a Stacy Malkan, ʻO Neil deGrasse Tyson Owes Fans i kahi kamaʻilio ʻoi aku ka ʻoi loa e pili ana i nā GMO ma mua o ka Food Evolution. "Nīnauele me kekahi mau loiloi GMO ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻia i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, a i ʻole noi ʻia e komo i loko o ia kiʻi, e hōʻoia i ke kiʻi o kahi hana ʻano ʻē e pili ana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni sneakying, ka hoʻoponopono pono ʻana, ka hōʻike wahaheʻe ʻole ʻana a me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i ke kālā a ke kiʻiʻoniʻoni.

He aha ka mea i Roundup? Hōʻike nā Palapala EPA Kūloko i ka Scramble no ka ʻikepili

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Na Carey Gillam

E like me ka pilikua agrochemical Lehulehu ke alo nei i kahi nalu e ulu ana o nā hoʻopiʻi a US ma luna o kāna kūʻai aku kiʻekiʻe Hōʻuluʻulu ʻo ka laina lāʻau make, ma waena o kāna mau manaʻo pale nui ʻo ia ka US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i kākoʻo lōʻihi i ka palekana o nā huahana lūlū mauʻu.

A ʻoiai, he kākoʻo kūpaʻa ka EPA o ko Monsanto Co. mau koi no ka palekana, e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i ka lehulehu ʻaʻohe mea e makaʻu ai i ka cocktail o nā kemika o ka hui. Akā palapala agena kūloko, hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka pane ʻana i kahi Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) hoopii, e hōʻike e like me ka makahiki i hala iho nei, he mau puka ko ka ʻoihana i kāna faila faila i ka wā e pili ana i nā formup Roundup maoli i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mea kūʻai, nā mahiʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe a puni ka honua. Hāpai pū kekahi nā palapala i nā nīnau e pili ana pehea a no ke aha i makemake ʻole ai nā mea hoʻokele no nā makahiki e koi ikaika i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana mea pepehi kanaka laha loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka EPA palapala e hōʻike he hoʻokahi wale nō makahiki i hala aku nei, i Malaki a me ʻApelila o 2016, e hakakā ana nā luna o ka EPA e ʻohiʻohi i nā ʻikepili e pili ana i nā mea i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e Monsanto e hana i kāna huahana herbicide. ʻO Glyphosate ʻo ia ka mea hana i nā brand Roundup a me nā haneli he nui o nā mea lāʻau ʻē aʻe, a he waihona hohonu kā ka ʻoihana i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto e pili ana i kēlā kemikino kikoʻī. Akā i loko o nā moʻolelo EPA mai 2016, ʻike ʻia ka ʻoihana e noi wikiwiki ana iā Monsanto no nā noi ʻana hiki iā ia ke hāʻawi i ke kālailai ʻana i ka palekana o kāna huahana i hoʻopihapiha piha ʻia a e ʻimi nei e hoʻomaopopo i ka make-up o nā formulated i hoʻohana ʻia no nā makahiki. ʻOiai ʻo Monsanto ke kūʻai aku nei i nā lāʻau make i Roundup no nā makahiki he 40 a ʻoi, ke hōʻike nei nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko i ka ʻikepili wale nō e pili ana i kēlā ʻano hana.

Ua hele mai ka hoihoi o ka EPA i ka nānā pono ʻana i nā formulate ma hope o ka mākaukau o ka ʻoihana e hoʻopuka i kahi hōʻike loiloi maikaʻi maikaʻi loa o glyphosate i ka makahiki 2015. Ua hoʻopaneʻe ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻopau ʻana i kēlā hōʻike ma hope o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). hōʻike ʻia ma 2015 ua lawa ka loiloi hou ʻia e nā hoa, ua paʻi ʻia ka noiʻi e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen kanaka paha. Ua hōʻike pū ʻo IARC i kāna hōʻike e loaʻa ana kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i nā pōpilikia me nā formulate.

E like me ka pāʻani ʻana o ka EPA ma Malaki o ka makahiki i hala aku nei i ka manawa i noi ai nā luna o ka ʻoihana i ka ʻikepili mai Monsanto e pili ana i nā mea inert i loko o ka US kaulana a me nā Europa formulate o glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia ii kēia lā a hoʻi mai ka makahiki 80. ” Ua hoihoi nui ʻo EPA i ka “ʻike e pili ana i ka loli ʻana o ka form glyphosate i ka manawa i nā makahiki he 20-30 i hala.”

"Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA e hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ke kākau ʻana i nā ʻike āpau e palapala i nā loli o nā formly glyphosate ma luna o ka manawa a ma ka hone o ka honua." 4/5/16

Hōʻike pū nā moʻolelo EPA i kekahi pae o ke kamaʻilio pālua ʻana e pili ana i ka nele o ka ʻike. ʻOiai ke hana nei ka ʻoihana e ʻohiʻohi i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka formup Roundup, ua ʻoihana pū kekahi i ka manawa like e hōʻoia ana i ka lehulehu ʻaʻohe kumu e hopohopo ai no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻike i ka EPA e ana i ka palekana o kēlā mau formulated.

noonoo kēia pane mai ka ʻoihana:

"ʻO ka manawa pinepine, loaʻa nā huahana glyphosate i ka wai, nā kala, a me / a i ʻole nā ​​surfactants e kōkua ai i ka neʻe ʻana o ka glyphosate i loko o ka mea kanu ..." Ua kākau ʻo EPA Chemical Review Manager Khue Nguyen i Ianuali 2016 i kahi mea nona ka home he 83 ona makahiki i heluhelu e pili ana i ka Roundup hopohopo a i kākau ʻia i ka ʻoihana e ʻimi nei i nā pane. "ʻOiai ʻaʻole hōʻike mau nā mea hana i nā huahana pesticide i nā 'mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe āpau' ma kā lākou lepili ... koi ʻia lākou e hōʻike i kēlā mau mea hana iā EPA. ʻAʻole hopohopo nā mea hoʻokomo i loko o kahi huahana e like me Roundup i ka mea kūʻai ke hoʻohana ʻia nā huahana pesticide e like me ka lepili.

E hoʻohālikelike i kēlā mau hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻike o ka EPA o nā mea Roundup me kahi kūkākūkā kūloko i kākau ʻia e Nguyen ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope. I loko o kahi leka uila i hana ʻia ʻApelila 6, 2016, Hoʻomaopopo ʻo Nguyen i ʻelima mau luna o Monsanto e loaʻa i ka EPA kahi noi ʻike "manawa maʻalahi" - pono i ka ʻikepili, a nā memo i hoʻopili ʻia i ka leka uila hōʻike i kahi pono no ka ʻikepili ma ka form glyphosate:

"I ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻoponopono i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hoʻoweliweli o glyphosate, nā formly glyphosate, a me nā co-formulants (nā mea hana ʻole a me nā surfactants), ua hoihoi ʻo EPA i kekahi ʻikepili a i ʻole ka ʻikepili a Monsanto e pili ana i ka ʻokoʻa paha o nā formulate mai ka ʻikepili ma ka hana pono a me nā surfactants kūʻokoʻa kekahi i kekahi, ”nā memo i hoʻopili ʻia i ko Nguyen leka uila mokuʻāina. Ke hele nei nā memo e nīnau no ka ʻike e pili ana i nā loli o ka hoʻokalakupua ʻana o Monsanto Roundup “i loko o nā makahiki.”

Ua hōʻike nā memo "Hōʻike ʻo Monsanto a hiki i ka 2000, kokoke i nā huahana glyphosate āpau ma ka mākeke ʻo ia kāna Roundup formulate i hoʻohana i kekahi ʻano amine kiʻekiʻe e like me ka surfactant. Ma hope, ua hoʻololi ʻia nā waiwai o nā surfactants a me ka lakio o ka surfactant i nā mea hana i loko o ka hapanui o nā formulated… ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA e hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ke kākau ʻana i kekahi ʻike e palapala i nā loli o nā formly glyphosate i ka manawa a puni ka honua. "

Ma hope o kēlā hālāwai, ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kekahi ʻikepili, a i ka ukali mail i hana ʻia ma ʻApelila 18, 2016, ua ʻimi kekahi ʻepekema ʻEPA i ka wehewehe e pili ana i ka mea e nānā ai. "Maopopo wale i kā mākou papahana ma aneʻi, makemake mākou e ʻike i kahi o kēia mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou a i ʻole ʻole, a makemake pū mākou e ʻike inā aia kekahi mau hana hoʻomohala e kōkua i kā mākou kālailai. Kūpono paha kēlā? ”

He mea puʻuwai ke hoʻomaka nei ʻo EPA e nānā i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka Formup formulate, akā ʻo ia mau loiloi ua lōʻihi loa a me nā hōʻoia o ka lehulehu i ka palekana ʻoiai ka nele o ka ʻikepili he "ʻano hoʻokamani kēlā," wahi a Michael Hansen, ka ʻepekema limahana kiʻekiʻe. me ka Uniona Mea Kūʻai. "A ʻae ʻia he pilikia nui kēia."

ʻO kēia mau hoʻohuihui, a i ʻole nā ​​formulated, i hāpai i nā hopohopo me kekahi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa e ʻōlelo nei e hōʻike ana nā noiʻi hale hōʻikeʻike i nā hui o glyphosate me nā mea ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia i Roundup. ʻoi aku ka ʻawahia e glyphosate wale nō, a hiki paha ke kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a i nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe. Ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau noiʻi ʻana hiki i nā formulate ke hana hoʻonoho endocrine, ʻo ia hoʻi ka hiki iā lākou ke hoʻoulu i nā maʻi koʻikoʻi e like me nā kanesa, nā pilikia hānau a me nā ulu ulu ʻana, a me nā kīnā hānau.

Ka ʻike o ka EPA — a i ʻole nele paha iā ia — e pili ana i nā huahana Roundup formulated he mea nui nō paha ia ke kali nei ʻo litigation iā Monsanto. Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka hui kemika, me ka ʻōlelo ʻana ʻaʻole wale ʻo Roundup ka hopena i loaʻa iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, akā ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto he mea ʻino ka Roundup formulate akā uhi ʻia ka hōʻike. Ua ʻōlelo pū kekahi ua hui pū kekahi mau luna ʻEPA me Monsanto i ka lawelawe ʻana i nā loiloi palekana, a me ka Office of the Inspector General (OIG) o ka EPA. ua hoʻokūpaʻa ʻo ia ke hoʻāʻo nei i kēlā mau hopohopo.

Hoʻokahi mea hana maʻamau i hoʻohana ʻia i Roundup ka mea nui o ka nānā pono ʻana e like me ka hōʻike ʻana o kekahi noiʻi i kēia mea hoʻohui i hoʻohui ʻia, polyethoxylated tallow amine (POEA), hiki ke hōʻino loa i nā hunaola kanaka. ʻO POEA kahi heʻenalu e kōkua i ka glyphosate e hoʻopili i nā lau o nā mea kanu. Ua hopohopo nui nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa me POEA ma 2016 lākou ʻaelike e pāpā mai ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he co-formulant i nā lāʻau hoʻohua glyphosate-based ma hope o ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), i kahi hōʻike 2015, ua ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lawa ka ʻikepili i loaʻa e hana ai i kahi loiloi pōpilikia ma POEA. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EFSA: "ʻO kāna genotoxicity, ka lōʻihi o ka toxicity / carcinogenicity, reproductive / developmental toxicity a me endocrine disrupting Loaʻa paha e wehewehe hou ʻia."

Ma kahi o ka lālani leka uila 18 ʻApelila 2016 me ka EPA, ua hoʻokūpaʻa ʻia kahi luna Monsanto ka hoʻohana ākea o ka POEA i kāna huahana, e haʻi ana i ka EPA "ka ʻōnaehana heʻe nalu i hoʻohana wale ʻia i loko o ka Roundup mahiʻai mea kanu lāʻau hoʻomake puni honua i loko o kēia mau makahiki he ʻelua (ʻo nā 1980 a me nā makahiki 1990) i loko o kahi surfactant amine polyethoxylated

Monsanto 'ōleloʻo ia ma kona pūnaewele ʻo nā huahana kiʻekiʻe -amine "mai pilikia i ka olakino kanaka ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me nā ʻōlelo aʻo" a kuhikuhi i ka makahiki 2009 hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka EPA ka mea heʻe nalu mai nā palena palena o ke kānāwai i nā koena o ka meaʻai, no ka mea aia "he manaʻo kūpono ʻaʻole e loaʻa ka pōʻino i ka lehulehu…"

Eia nō naʻe, ua ʻae ka ʻoihana ponoʻī i ka nele o nā hōʻoia palekana nui ma kāna huahana i hoʻokumu ʻia. I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Monsanto i loko mai Kēkēmapa 2010, ua hoʻomaopopo kahi luna hoʻomalu hoʻokele kemika o Monsanto e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o kā mākou formulated ʻaʻohe o mākou hoʻokolohua kūpono ʻana iā lākou… "Kekahi hoʻokolohua hoʻowahāwahā nui" ma ka surfactant a pono e hiki ke kamaʻilio i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o kāna formulated "i kahi ʻano hilinaʻi." ʻO kēlā leka uila a me nā haneli haneli ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i nā mea hoʻopiʻi ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka loaʻa ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi kūʻē iā Monsanto.

i ka 2002 leka uila ua loaʻa pū kekahi ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i ka hihia o ka ʻaha, ua kākau kahi ʻepekema Monsanto i kahi hoa hana, "ʻano maikaʻi loa mākou me ka glyphosate akā maʻalahi me nā surfactants. ʻO ka mea aʻu e hoʻolohe nei iā ʻoe ke hoʻomau nei kēia i kēia hihia me kēia mau haʻawina - maikaʻi ʻo Glyphosate akā ʻo ka huahana i haku ʻia (a pēlā ka surfactant) hana i ka ʻino. " I loko o 2002 leka uila hou ma waena o nā hoa like o Monsanto, ua kākau ka ʻepekema, "ʻOiai ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ʻia nā koina hoʻokolohua no kekahi mau makahiki i kēia manawa, ʻaʻole hele wale kēia ʻōpala endocrine, ʻoiaʻiʻo."

i kahi leka uila 2003, kākau ʻo Monsanto toxicologist, "ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻōlelo ʻo Roundup ʻaʻole ia he carcinogen ... ʻaʻole mākou i hana i nā hoʻokolohua kūpono e pili ana i ka formulate e hana ai i kēlā ʻōlelo. ʻAʻole ma kahi kokoke ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā formulate ma kahi kokoke i ka pae o ka mea hana. Hiki iā mākou ke hana i kēlā ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka glyphosate a hiki iā mākou ke kuhi ʻaʻohe kumu e manaʻoʻiʻo ai ʻo Roundup ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ”

Ua hoʻokūpaʻa kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo EPA i ka ʻoihana ʻaʻole "e koi pinepine i nā aʻo ʻana o ka wā lōʻihi no nā huahana huahana pesticide" e like me nā mea hana e like me glyphosate. Eia nō naʻe, ua hoʻohui ʻo ia i nā mea inert āpau i nā huahana pesticide, pono e ʻae ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻia e EPA a "pono ​​e kākoʻo ʻia kēlā me kēia ʻāpana o kahi hui inert e kahi paukū o ka ʻikepili hoʻowalewale a pono e ʻae ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻia e EPA."

Eia hou, ua ʻōlelo ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo EPA, "Inā he ʻikepili e hōʻike i ka makaʻu no kahi hoʻohuihui formulated, EPA e loiloi i nā hopena i hiki i kā mākou loiloi loiloi. He mālama ʻia ke kaʻina hana loiloi olakino olakino kanaka ... no laila e hōʻoia ana ke hoʻohana ʻia kahi pesticide e like me ka lepili, palekana ka poʻe. ”

ʻIke ʻia ka hoihoi hou o ka EPA i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā huahana glyphosate formulated i Kepakemapa 2016, i ka manawa i ʻōlelo ai ka ʻoihana e hana pū nei me ka ʻO ke National Toxicology Program (NTP) Māhele o ka National Institute of Environmental Health Science e hoʻomohala i kahi papahana noiʻi e loiloi ai i "ke kuleana o ka glyphosate i nā huahana huahana a me nā ʻokoʻa o ka hoʻoweliweli." Ua ʻae ke keʻena i kēia manawa "i kēia manawa, ua kaupalena ʻia ka ʻike ākea e pili ana i nā hopena non-cancer no nā formly glyphosate a me glyphosate."

ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia ke kūlana o ke komo ʻana o EPA i kēlā hui pū ʻana akā ʻo ka Hōʻoia ʻo NTP ma kāna pūnaewele ke "hana nei i kahi noiʻi hou aʻe e noiʻi i ke kūpikipiki genetic a me mechanistic o glyphosate a me glyphosate formulated."

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo CropLife ʻAmelika, ka hui lobbying no Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana agrochemical ʻē aʻe, ua hōʻike akāka ʻaʻole hoʻokipa ʻia kahi nīnau. I kahi leka kakau ʻia ʻOkakopa 2016, Ua nīnau ʻo CropLife "no ke aha e hui pū ai ʻo EPA a hoʻomohala i kahi papahana noiʻi me ka National Toxicology Program (NTP) me ka ʻole o ka hoʻokomo o ka mea kākau inoa." ʻO kēlā mea kākau inoa, ʻo Monsanto, "ʻo ia ke kumu kūpono" no ka ʻikepili e pono ai ʻo EPA, ua kākau ʻo CropLife.

Ua hoʻopuka mua ʻia kēia moʻolelo e nā EcoWatch.

Hoʻolālā ʻo USDA Drops e hoʻāʻo no Monsanto Weed Killer i ka meaʻai

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Na Carey Gillam

Ua hoʻokuʻu mālie ka US Department of Agriculture i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻomaka i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā meaʻai no nā koena o ka glyphosate, ka mea pepehi kanaka weed a ka honua i hoʻohana nui ʻia a me ke ʻano nui o ka Monsanto Co.'s Roundup herbicides.

Ua hoʻolilo ka ʻoihana i ka makahiki i hala aku nei e laulima me ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a me ka Food and Drug Administration (FDA) i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana e hoʻomaka e hoʻāʻo i nā laʻana o ka syrup kānana no nā koena glyphosate ma ka lā ʻApelila 1, e like me nā palapala a nā keʻena kūloko i loaʻa ma o Freedom of Information Noi kanawai. Hōʻike nā palapala ma ka liʻiliʻi mai Ianuali 2016 a Ianuali o kēia makahiki, ke neʻe nei ka hoʻolālā hoʻokolohua glyphosate. Akā i ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ke kumumanaʻo i kēia pule, ua ʻōlelo kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo USDA ʻaʻole e hana ʻia nā hōʻike residual glyphosate e USDA i kēia makahiki.

Ua kāhea ka hoʻolālā a ka USDA no ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o 315 mau laʻana o ka syrup kānana mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa mai ʻApelila a ʻAukake, e like me nā palapala. Ua manaʻo ʻia nā mea noiʻi e hoʻāʻo no ka metabolite AMPA, ka mokuʻāina palapala. AMPA (aminomethylphosphonic acid) hana ʻia e like me ka haki ʻana o glyphosate. ʻO ke ana ʻana i nā koena i hoʻopili ʻia me kēlā mau mea mai AMPA he mea nui ia no ka mea ʻaʻole ʻo AMPA kahi huahana maikaʻi akā lawe i kāna ʻano palekana ponoʻī, manaʻoʻiʻo nā ʻepekema.

Ma Ianuali 11, ua kākau ʻo USDA ʻo Diana Haynes i nā hoa i loko o USDA: "Ma muli o nā kamaʻilio hou ʻana me EPA, e hoʻomaka mākou i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka syrup kānana no glyphosate a me kāna metabolite AMPA ʻApelila 1, 2017 me ka hōʻiliʻili e pau ana i ʻAukake 31, 2017. E hoʻololi kēia papahana pono e hoʻolaha ʻia ma ka Pepeluila PDP Conference Call. ” ʻO Haynes ka luna o kahi mahele ʻoihana Hoʻolālā Hoʻolālā ʻo USDA e alakaʻi i kēlā me kēia makahiki i ka Polokalamu ʻIkepili Pesticide (PDP), e hoʻāʻo nei i nā kaukani mau meaʻai no nā koena pesticide ʻokoʻa.

ʻO ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo USDA, ka mea i makemake ʻole e kapa ʻia kona inoa, ua ʻae ʻo ia aia kahi papahana hoʻāʻo glyphosate akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua loli hou ia: "ʻO ka hoʻoholo hope loa no ka papahana papahana o kēia makahiki, ma ke ʻano he hoʻohana kūpono o nā kumuwaiwai, ʻo ia ka laʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo. ʻO ka meli e uhi ana ma luna o 100 mau pesticides. ” Koi ʻia ke koena Glyphosate residue i kahi ʻano hana ʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole ia he ʻāpana o kēlā kānana i ka meli, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

ʻAʻole hoʻāʻo pinepine ka USDA no ka glyphosate e like me ia no nā pesticides ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. Akā ua hana kēlā kūlana i ka USDA i kumuhana o ka hoʻohewa ma ke ʻano he hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka palekana glyphosate i kau ʻia i nā makahiki i hala iho nei. Ua hele mai nā kūkākūkā o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i kēia makahiki e hakakā ana nā mea hoʻokele US a me ʻEulopa me nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka kemikino, a ʻo Monsanto, ka mea i loaʻa he mau piliona kālā mai kāna mau lāʻau hoʻomohala glyphosate, ke hoʻopiʻi ʻia nei e nā kānaka he haneli ka mea e koi i nā hōʻike i Roundup i hana iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e ʻeha mai ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Nā palapala Monsanto kūloko i loaʻa e nā loio hoʻopiʻi i kēlā mau hihia e hōʻike ana ua hana paha ʻo Monsanto i nā mea hoʻoponopono noiʻi i hilinaʻi ʻia e kiʻi i nā loiloi palekana maikaʻi, a i ka pule i hala. Ua kāhea ʻo Congressman Ted Lieu no kahi ʻimi na ka 'Oihana Hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i kā Monsanto hana.

Me ka USDA, ho'āʻo pū ka Food and Drug Administration i kēlā me kēia makahiki i mau tausani mau laʻana meaʻai no nā koena pesticide. Ua hana pēlā nā ʻoihana ʻelua i loko o nā makahiki he mau mea e hōʻoia ai i nā līlū o nā mea hoʻomake mauʻu, nā mea kolo, nā fungicides a me nā kemika ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia i ka mahiʻai ʻana ʻaʻole hoʻomau i nā pae palekana o nā huahana meaʻai e ʻai mau ʻia e nā ʻohana ʻAmelika. Inā loaʻa iā lākou nā koena ma luna aʻe o ka "maximum residue level" (MRL) i ʻae ʻia no kēlā pesticide a me kēlā meaʻai, manaʻo nā keʻena e hōʻike i ka EPA, a hiki i nā hana ke kūʻē i ka mea hoʻolako. ʻO ka EPA ka mea hoʻokele i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā MRL, i kapa ʻia ʻo "tolerances," no nā ʻano pesticides like ʻole i nā meaʻai, a hoʻonohonoho pū ka ʻoihana me USDA a me FDA ma nā papahana hoʻāʻo pesticide.

Akā me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka glyphosate i ka 20 mau makahiki i hala aku nei ma ka ʻaoʻao o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā mea kanu ahonui-glyphosate, ua hōʻole nā ​​USDA a me FDA e hoʻāʻo no nā koena glyphosate ma kahi o hoʻokahi manawa i ka makahiki 2011 i ka wā i hoʻāʻo ai ka USDA he 300 mau huakaʻi soybean no glyphosate a Nā koena AMPA. I kēlā manawa ua loaʻa i ka ʻoihana 271 mau laʻana i loaʻa ka glyphosate, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia nā pae ma lalo o ka MRL - ​​haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa ʻaʻole e hopohopo. ʻO ke Keʻena Wae Wae Aupuni lawe i nā ʻoihana ʻelua i ka hana i ka 2014 no ka hōʻole ʻole e hoʻāʻo pinepine no ka glyphosate.

ʻEulopa a aia ʻo Kanada ma mua o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ke hiki mai i ka hoʻāʻo glyphosate i ka meaʻai. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka ʻOihana ʻImi ʻImi ʻAmelika (CFIA) ke hoʻomākaukau nei e hoʻokuʻu i kāna mau ʻike ponoʻī mai ka hoʻokolohua glyphosate hou. Ua haʻalele pinepine ʻo CFIA i ka glyphosate i ke koena pesticide residue no nā makahiki. Akā ua hoʻomaka ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i ka ʻikepili ma 2015, e neʻe nei e hōʻike i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka kemikela i hōʻike ʻia i ka wā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma Malaki 2015.

ʻO ka mea hana a me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi Kanada ʻO Tony Mitra ua loaʻa ma mua o 7,000 nā moʻolelo mai CFIA e pili ana i kāna hoʻokolohua glyphosate i ka makahiki i hala, a ke koi nei he mea weliweli nā hopena, e hōʻike ana i ka glyphosate laha i nā meaʻai he nui. ʻAʻole pane ʻo CFIA i nā noi no ka manaʻo e pili ana i kāna hoʻokolohua glyphosate.

ʻO kekahi o kā USDA mau wehewehe ʻana no ka hoʻāʻo ʻole ʻana no ka glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he kumu kūʻai - ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana he pipiʻi a kūpono ʻole ke nānā no nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai e hele ana i nā papa ʻaina ʻAmelika. A no ka mea he palekana loa ka glyphosate, lilo ka hoʻāʻo i kahi manawa o ka manawa, ua ʻōlelo ka USDA. Hoʻohālikelike kēlā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i kā Monsanto ponoʻī - ka ʻoihana, ka mea nāna i hoʻohiki i ka glyphosate i ka makahiki 1974 a ua lilo ia i mea hāʻawi nui i ka glyphosate mai ia manawa mai, wahi a inā ua ʻimi ka USDA e hoʻāʻo no nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai he "Hoʻohana pono ʻole i nā kumuwaiwai waiwai."

KAUOHA ʻO FDA TIA MA LIMBO

Ua hoʻomaka ka FDA i kāna papahana hoʻāʻo ponoʻī no nā koena glyphosate - ka mea i kapa ʻia he "hana kūikawā" - i ka makahiki i hala. Akā ua hoʻopiha ʻia ka hana me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me nā pilikia kūloko a me ka papahana ua kāpae ʻia i ka hāʻule hope loa. Ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana, hoʻokahi chemist ʻākena loaʻa nā pae weliweli o glyphosate i nā laʻana he nui o ka meli US, nā pae i kū ʻole i ke ʻenehana no ka mea ʻaʻohe ʻae i hoʻokumu ʻia no ka meli e ka EPA. ʻO kēlā hōʻike ka mea i kū ai ka huhū ma ka ʻohana hānai pipi a ma ka liʻiliʻi hoʻokahi ʻoihana hui meli nui i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e nā ʻoihana kūʻai ma luna o ka haumia glyphosate. Ua loaʻa ka chemist like i nā pae glyphosate i nā laʻana he nui o ʻoummeal, me ka palaoa ʻoka oat. ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ka FDA i kēlā mau hopena, akā ua hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo kūloko i loaʻa ma o kahi noi a FOIA.

ʻO ka ʻimi, ʻimi wale ka FDA i nā koena glyphosate i ke kō, ka soy, nā hua a me ka waiū i ka hana hoʻāʻo o ka makahiki i hala, ʻoiai ua kūkākūkā nā moʻolelo o loko i nā hoʻokolohua e pili ana i nā beets kō, popcorn, palaoa a me nā meaʻai a i ʻole nā ​​mea kanu. Hōʻike nā palapala FDA i loaʻa hou i ka hana i kēia manawa i kahi "glyphosate alu like" i hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻoia i ka hana hoʻokolohua e hoʻohana ʻia e nā hale hana nui o FDA.

"Ke hoʻopau a ʻae ʻia ka pae mua o kēia laulima e nā loiloi kaohi maikaʻi, hiki ke hoʻomaka hou i ka hana kūikawā," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo FDA ʻo Megan McSeveney.

ʻO America CropLife, kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana e hōʻike ana i ka makemake o Monsanto a me nā hui mahiʻai ʻē aʻe, e nānā pono i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ke koena pesticide o ke aupuni. I ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻimi ka hui e hoʻolaha i nā pilikia kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me nā pesticides ʻē aʻe i ka meli ma ke noi ʻana iā EPA e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hoʻomanawanui e uhi i ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻole ʻia o ka meli e nā pesticides. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo i nā mea hoʻokele i loaʻa he 26 mau pesticides ʻokoʻa i nā laʻana meli i nā hoʻokolohua i hala.

Ua hoʻopiʻi pū kekahi ʻo CropLife iā USDA e hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻikepili mai kāna papahana hoʻāʻo e nā mea kākoʻo o ka mahiʻai meaola e hoʻolaha i nā meaola ma luna o nā meaʻai maʻamau. ʻO ka hui hope loa Hoʻouna ka makahiki iā USDA i kahi nīnau e pili ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana, a nīnau iā USDA: "He aha ka mea e hiki ai iā mākou ke hana e kōkua iā ʻoe i ke kaua ʻana i kēia ʻano hana scaremongering?"

Na USDA hōʻike hou loa i paʻi ʻia ma nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i loaʻa no ka hoʻāʻo 2015, 15 wale nō pakeneka o ka 10,187 ua noa nā laʻana i hōʻike ʻia mai nā koena pesticide i hiki ke ʻike ʻia. He ʻokoʻa ia i ʻike ʻia mai ka makahiki 2014, i ka manawa a ka USDA i ʻike ai ma mua o ka 41 pākēneka o nā laʻana he "maʻemaʻe" a i ʻole hōʻike i kahi koena pesticide i hiki ke ʻike ʻia. Akā ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ʻo ka mea nui ka hapa nui o nā laʻana, ma kahi o 99 pākēneka, he koena ma lalo o ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana o ka EPA a aia ma nā pae e "ʻaʻole e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino o nā mea kūʻai aku a palekana."

Nui nā ʻepekema e hoʻopilikia i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā MRL ma ke ʻano he kūlana e pili ana i ka palekana, ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei ua hoʻokumu ʻia lākou i ka ʻikepili ʻoihana pesticide a kaukaʻi i nā anamanaʻo hewa. ʻOi aku ka nui o ka noiʻi e pono ai e ʻike i ka hopena o ke olakino kanaka o ka hōʻike mau ʻana o ka papaʻai i nā pesticides, i ʻōlelo nā mea he nui.

(ʻIke mua ʻia i Ka Huffington Post.)

Pono ka loiloi koʻikoʻi e like me ka ʻimi ʻana o EPA i nā pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i Monsanto herbicide

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Na Carey Gillam

Ke ʻākoakoa nei nā geeks glyphosate ma Wakinekona i kēia pule. Ma hope o ka lohi o ʻelua mau mahina, mālama ʻo ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ʻehā mau lā o nā hālāwai e pili ana i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā hōʻike e paʻa a i ʻole nākiʻi ʻole i ka lāʻau hoʻomake nui loa - glyphosate - i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO nā kānaka ʻepekema, nā mea hoʻouluulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻoihana mahiʻai e manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike a pale aku a hōʻeha paha i nā kemika e kū nei i waenakonu o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kūwaho. Ma mua o 250,000 mau manaʻo lehulehu i waiho ʻia me ka EPA ma mua na halawai Dec. 13-16, a ke kāʻei nei ke ʻoihana i 10 mau hola o ka hoʻolaha pilikino ʻana i ka lehulehu ma mua o ka iho ʻana o ka papa ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema i koho ʻia e hana.

ʻO ka papa kuhikuhi: No ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i ka EPA e loiloi ai a wehewehe i ka ʻikepili pili a pehea e unuhi ai nā mea āpau i ka EPA “carcinogen risk” classification for glyphosate.

Hoʻolālā ka hana ma ka hoʻolālā, akā paʻakikī ka ikaika o ka hoʻokele waiwai i ka hana me ka manaʻo e hoʻohuli i ka hopena. ʻO Glyphosate ka biliona-kālā-pēpē, ke poʻo nui o ka Monsanto Co.'s Roundup herbicide a me nā haneli he nui o nā lāʻau make i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. ʻO ia nō hoʻi ka lynchpin i ko Monsanto kūʻai aku kiʻekiʻe, glyphosate-tolerant, nā mea hana ʻenekini.

ʻO kahi kuʻi luna hoʻomalu i ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai ka mea weliweli i ka laina o Monsanto, ʻaʻole e haʻi ʻia i hoʻolālā ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer AG, a me nā hui mahiʻai ʻē aʻe e kūʻai aku i nā huahana glyphosate. Ke kū nei ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he ʻekolu a ʻoi paha no ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate a pono iā EPA e kākoʻo i nā hana a ka ʻaha.

ʻAʻole nā ​​nīnau e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me nā pilikia olakino. Ua hāpai ka nui o nā noiʻi ʻepekema i nā makahiki he nui i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate weliweli. Kūʻē mau ʻo Monsanto me kāna mau noiʻi ponoʻī a me ka ʻāpana o nā ʻepekema kākoʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole glyphosate i ke kino kino a ʻo ia kekahi o nā pesticides palekana loa i lawe ʻia mai i ka mākeke.

I ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua wela ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma hope o ka hui o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaho e hana pū ana me ka World Health Organization (WHO) ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawa nā hōʻike i ke kino o ka noiʻi e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he he kino kanaka make paha. Ua hopohopo nui kēlā nūhou i nā mea kūʻai aku no ka mea hoʻohana nui ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā palapala noiʻi a ke aupuni i palapala i ka kemikela e like me "laha i ke kaiapuni, ”Loaʻa i loko o nā meaʻai maʻamau e like me ka meli a oatmeal. Ua loaʻa nō i nā laʻana mimi o nā mahiʻai a me nā poʻe noho kūlanakauhale.

Ua hoʻolohi ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i ka hoʻoholo hou ʻana i nā hoʻoholo ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa wale nō, akā ma ʻEulopa hoʻi. Ua kāhea aku kekahi mau ʻāina ʻEulopa, e like me ʻItalia a me Palani, e pāpā loa i ka glyphosate ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā koena glyphosate i nā meaʻai he nui ma laila. ʻO nā koena i loaʻa i nā huahana berena i hōʻeuʻeu i kahi hoʻolaha "ʻAʻole i kā mākou berena" ma Pelekane.

Ua hāpai ka nui o nā noiʻi ʻepekema i nā makahiki he nui i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate weliweli.

Akā ʻoiai ʻo ka angst o ka mea kūʻai ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka ʻAtelanika, ua maopopo ka EPA ua ʻae nui ia me ka leka a Monsanto e hewa nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai honua. ʻO ka ʻoihana ua hoʻopukaʻia kahi hōʻike i Kepakemapa e waiho ana i nā kumu i manaʻo ai e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano "ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic i nā kānaka."

No ka loaʻa ʻana i kēlā ʻike, ua hoʻowahāwahā pono ʻole ka ʻoihana i nā hopena o ka nui o nā noiʻi kanaka a me nā holoholona e hōʻike ana i nā pilina o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me ka nui o nā ʻepekema e noi nei i ka EPA e noʻonoʻo hou i kona kūlana.

"Nui nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o" Maliʻa paha e carcinogenic i nā kānaka "no ka mea he nui nā hopena maikaʻi i nā holoholona ... "Maarten Bosland, ke polofesa o nā pathology ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Kikako, i kākau ai i nā manaʻo i waiho ʻia i ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Bosland kekahi o nā ʻepekema ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 nāna i hoʻopuka kahi hōʻike kikoʻī ke hoʻomaopopo nei i ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Wahi a lākou i loaʻa nā hōʻike kanaka e hōʻike i kahi pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma; ʻoiai e ʻike ʻia nā hopena carcinogenic koʻikoʻi i loko o nā holoholona laboratory no nā puʻupaʻa laha ʻole a me nā ʻano tumors ʻē aʻe.

Ua hāʻawi mai ka mōʻaukala iā mākou i nā laʻana he nui o nā kemika i ʻōlelo ʻia palekana no nā makahiki he iwakālua wale nō e hōʻoia ʻia weliweli ma hope o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa lōʻihi e like me kā mākou e ʻike nei ma luna o glyphosate. He hana maʻa mau ia no nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e loaʻa kālā i nā ʻākena kemika e hakakā i ka niho a me ke kui no kā lākou hoʻohana mau ʻana e like me ke aʻo ʻana ma hope o ke aʻo ʻana i kūkulu i kahi hihia o nā kumukūʻai olakino a me ke olakino kanaka i kekahi manawa. A ua like ka maʻamau o nā mea hoʻoponopono nāwaliwali-kneed e hana e like me nā ʻōlelo a ka ʻoihana.

ʻO ia ke ala i ukali ʻia e EPA me ka glyphosate. Mai ka manawa i hoʻolaha ai ka ʻoihana i Iulai i hala e mālama ʻia kēia mau hālāwai, ke hana nei ka hui kālepa ʻo CropLife ʻAmelika e hōʻoia i ka hōʻole ʻana o ka EPA i nā pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua ʻōlelo mua ʻo CropLife e hoʻopau ʻo EPA i nā hālāwai āpau, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana ʻaʻole "Hoʻāpono ʻepekema" faiʻole kahi loiloi. Ua kuhikuhi ka hui i nā pae hoʻohālikelike no ka EPA e hoʻohana ai i ke koho ʻana i nā ʻepekema e lawelawe paha ma ka panela. A ma hope o ka paʻa ʻana o ka panela, haʻi ʻo CropLife i ka EPA iā ia pono e wehe i ka epidemiologist ʻo Kauka Peter Infante. Ua manaʻo ʻo CropLife iā ia e kūʻē i ka ʻoihana. Ua pane ka EPA ma o ka hemo ʻana iā Infante e like me kā CropLife i noi ai, a laila hōʻole e wehewehe i kāna hoʻoholo i ka lehulehu, e hāʻawi ana i kahi 'no comment ”i ka poʻe i nīnau e pili ana i kā Infante lawe ʻia ʻana.

ʻO Infante, ka mea i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kākāʻōlelo loea i ka epidemiology no ka EPA a me kekahi mau kino honua, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he kūpono ʻole ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana no ka bias, a ke hoʻolālā nei nō ʻo ia e hele akā i kahi kūlana ʻokoʻa. Ma hope o ka kipaku ʻia ʻana o ka EPA iā ia mai ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo, ua ʻae ka ʻoihana e hāʻawi iā ia i kekahi mau minuke e kamaʻilio ai i ka papa i ka manawa o ka ʻōlelo a ka lehulehu. Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo ia e ʻōlelo i ke kakahiaka Poʻahā.

I kahi hōʻailona ʻē aʻe i ka punahele ʻoihana, ma mua o kēia makahiki, ka Ua hoʻolaha ʻia ʻo EPA "me ka ʻike ʻole" kahi loiloi glyphosate kūloko ma kāna pūnaewele i hana i kahi hihia no ka palekana o glyphosate. Ua lōʻihi ka lōʻihi o ka palapala iā Monsanto e hoʻopuka i kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻoluʻolu e nānā i nā mea i loaʻa i nā palapala a hāʻawi i kahi loulou i kahi kope o ka palapala ma mua o ka huki ʻana o ka ʻoihana i lalo, e wehewehe ana ʻaʻole ia he hopena.

Ua haʻalele nā ​​hana a ka ʻoihana i nā hana kūlohelohe a me nā mea kūʻai aku a kanalua ʻole e hoʻolohe ana ka EPA i kekahi nānā kūʻokoʻa koʻikoʻi o ka palekana glyphosate.

"He mea weliweli kā lākou mele mele," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Patty Lovera, ka luna kōkua o ka pūʻulu kākoʻo Food & Water Watch. “ʻAʻole mākou makemake e hoʻolei i ke kāwele holoʻokoʻa. Makemake mākou e hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa iā lākou i kā lākou nuʻukia. Akā aia ka hōʻike maopopo o ka hopena o ka ʻoihana. ʻAʻole lākou e hana i kekahi mea e hoʻonāukiuki ai i ka hilinaʻi ke nānā pono nei lākou i kēia. ”

Kūpono nā mea kūʻai aku i ka EPA e hoʻonoho i mua o kā lākou mau pono ma mua o nā pono ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻopoina ka EPA i ia, e like me ka waiho manaʻo lehulehu na Pamela Koch, luna hoʻomalu o ka Laurie M. Tisch Center no ka Meaʻai, Hoʻonaʻauao a me Kaupapa ma Ke Kula Kaiapuni, Kula Nui ʻo Columbia.

"Koi aku mākou iā EPA e noi i ke ʻano palekana i kēia loiloi ..." Ua kākau ʻo Koch. "Manaʻo mākou ʻo ka mālama ʻana i ke olakino lehulehu ka mea nui loa a pono i nā rula e pale ai i nā limahana mahiʻai, nā limahana e noi ana i ka glyphosate i nā wahi mahiʻai ʻole, a me ka lehulehu."

Ua kū mua kēia ʻatikala The Hill

ʻO Carey Gillam kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kahiko, me Reuters, ka mea nāna e alakaʻi i ka noiʻi no US Right to Know, kahi hui aʻo mea hoʻohana ʻole hoʻopōmaikaʻi e kia ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me nā mea pili politika. hahai @CareyGillam ma Twitter 

Pale aku nā ʻepekema IARC iā Glyphosate Cancer Link; Kāhāhā ʻia e ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa

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Mai hoʻopilikia me Monsanto Co. ʻO ia ka leka e hāʻawi ʻia nei i kēia manawa e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa ke hana nei i kahi hōʻeha holoʻokoʻa i ka hui o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai honua i ʻaʻa e haʻi aku i nā pilina maʻi maʻi i ka lāʻau make i kapa ʻia he glyphosate, ka poʻokela poʻokela ma ka mīkini ʻo Roundup ʻo Monsanto.

Ke hōʻike piha ʻia nei ʻoihana swagger ma Wakinekona kahi a Monsanto a me kona mau hoaaloha ma CropLife ʻAmelika e hoʻokau nei i nā hana e hōʻoki i kā US kālā no ka 'Oihana Hoʻolālā'Āina o ka World Health Organization no Research on Cancer (IARC) ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā ʻepekema IARC i glyphosate kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. Ke koi nei nō hoʻi ka ʻoihana i ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe e hōʻole loa i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC a me ka hoʻomālamalama mau ʻana o ka lāʻau herbicides glyphosate, e kiʻina i nā piliona kālā i ke kūʻai aku i kēlā me kēia makahiki iā Monsanto a me nā hoahānau mahiʻai.

Ke loiloi nei ka EPA i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ke kaʻina loiloi hou ʻana no nā makahiki he ʻelima a ʻoi aku ka manaʻo e hoʻopau i kēlā loiloi i ka makahiki i hala. A laila ʻōlelo ʻo EPA e hoʻopau i ka loiloi ma ka hopena o 2016, a i kēia manawa e ʻōlelo ana ʻo ia ka 2017 ma mua o ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi hōʻike hope loa. Ua huki ʻia ka hana e like me ka hakakā ʻana o ka EPA me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻana o ka IARC, ka mea pili i ke kānāwai a me ka hoʻokele waiwai no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua hoʻolālā ka EPA e mālama i ʻehā mau lā o nā hālāwai lehulehu - ma luna o nā ʻoihana kūʻē- e nānā i ka ʻepekema noiʻi ma glyphosate. Akā ʻo ka ʻoihana, ka mea i manaʻo ʻia he "kūpono ʻole" a "kūpono ʻole" nā hālāwai.  hoʻopio maikaʻi ʻia   kēlā mau hālāwai kūkā lehulehu o ʻOkakopa 18-21 e ka ʻaʻa ʻana i kekahi poʻe ʻepekema i koho ʻia e EPA i kahi ʻaha aʻoaʻo. Ua "hoʻopaneʻe" ka EPA i nā hālāwai a ʻaʻole naʻe e hoʻoponopono hou.

I kēia manawa, pili ka ʻohana ʻo US Rep. Lamar Smith i nā luna o ka EPA no ka hana pū ʻana me IARC e pili ana i nā hopohopo glyphosate, e koi ana iā EPA e hilinaʻi ma ka "science science" a ka ʻoihana e paipai nei. Smith, Lunahoomalu o ke Kōmike o ka Hale ma ʻEpekema, Wahi a me ʻenehana, hoʻopiʻi iā IARC i ke pāʻani ʻana i kahi "kuleana activist" a me nā luna o ka EPA, i ke kōkua ʻana i kēlā hana. I kahi leka 25 ʻOkakopa i ka Luna Hoʻokele EPA ʻo Gina McCarthy, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Smith no ka "hoʻopaneʻe mau ʻana" e EPA i ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻa inoa hou ʻana o glyphosate, a koi aku i nā luna o ka EPA i mua o kāna kōmike e wehewehe iā lākou iho. ʻO Monsanto, ka mea e pale aku nei i nā hoʻopiʻi e ka poʻe i koi ʻo Roundup i hāʻawi iā lākou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ua koi pū kekahi i nā lālā o ka IARC e hoʻohuli i nā palapala e pili ana i kā lākou hana. Ua kapa ka hui i nā ʻike IARC ma ke ʻano “ʻEpekema junk, "A koi i nā lālā IARC he ʻāpana o kahi"kino ʻole, koho ʻole ʻia, kino haole. ” 

He mea nui loa ia no nā lālā o ka hui hana IARC, ka poʻe i maʻa ʻole i ka hoʻouka kaua i ko lākou ʻano. Ma hope o nā mea āpau, ua ʻākoakoa kēia mau ʻepekema no ka loiloi glyphosate i waena o ka poʻe kiʻekiʻe, ʻike pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa, huki ʻia mai nā ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe a puni ka honua. ʻO Frank Le Curieux, he luna ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma ka European Chemicals Agency ma Helsinki, Pinilana, a he loea i ka lāʻau ʻona, kekahi o ka hui. Pēlā nō ka ʻepekema Pelekane ʻo Isabelle Baldi, ka mea e paʻa ana i kahi Ph.D i ka epidemiology me kahi loea loea i ka noiʻi kūlohelohe i ke kaiapuni, a hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he polofesa kōkua i ka epidemiology hana a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui ʻo Bordeaux. Ua hele mai kekahi poʻe loea mai Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Netherlands, a me Nicaragua. Ua hele mai kekahi mau mea mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, a me ʻO Matthew Martin, kahi biologist me ka EPA National Center no Computational Toxicology nāna i loaʻa nā makana no kāna hana me ka ʻikepili hoʻoweliweli.  Aaron Blair, he ʻepekema emeritus ma ka National Cancer Institute, lawelawe ʻia ma ke ʻano he luna hoʻomalu o ka hui IARC. He ʻike loea kā Blair i ka noiʻi e kia ana i ka loiloi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā pilikia ʻino ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā hōʻike ahupuaʻa, a me nā kemika i ka wahi hana a me ka nohona maʻamau. Ua loaʻa iā ia nā makana he nui ma luna o kāna ʻoihana a ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma nā pūʻulu loiloi ʻepekema a lahui hoʻi, e like me ka EPA. Ua kākau ʻoi aku ʻo ia ma mua o ka 450 mau puke paʻi e pili ana i nā hana a me nā wahi o ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka ʻoiai ʻo Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hiki mai ana ma hope o lākou ua haʻalele lākou iā lākou. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo IARC i kahi ʻōlelo i ka pule i hala aku nei e ʻōlelo ana kekahi ua "hoʻoweliweli" i nā hana ʻoihana

"ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo i kēia hopena ikaika a me ka mea i hana ʻia," i ʻōlelo ʻo Francesco Forastiere, ke poʻo o ka epidemiology ʻoihana hana ma ka Lazio Regional Health Service ma Italia i komo i ka hui hana glyphosate no IARC. "Ke hana nei mākou i kā mākou hana. Ua maopopo iā mākou aia kekahi mau pilikia ʻē aʻe ... nā hopena waiwai. Akā ʻaʻohe o mākou i loaʻa kahi papahana politika. Ua hana maʻalahi mākou ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema, e loiloi ana i ke kino o nā hōʻike, e like me nā ana IARC. "

ʻO kekahi lālā o ka hui e hana ana, ʻo ka epidemiologist Austrian ʻo Lin Fritschi, ka mea i ʻāpana o nā papa IARC ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo he paʻa ka hana a ka ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi o ka hui i kūpono ʻole.

"ʻAʻole au i manaʻo iki i kekahi mea," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fritschi, ka mea loea i ka ʻoihana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a loaʻa iā ia ke poʻo inoa "polofesa hanohano" ma ke Kulanui Curtin ma Australia. "Kūʻokoʻa mākou a nānā wale i ka ʻepekema. He mau kānāwai koʻikoʻi kā mākou i ka mea i ʻae ʻia a ua hōʻea ʻia i kahi hopena e pili ana i kēlā hōʻike. Ua hoʻoholo pono mākou e pili ana i nā hōʻike. "

ʻAʻole i koi ʻia ka hui e hana i kahi noiʻi hou, akā me ka nānā ʻana i ka noiʻi i mālama ʻia, e hoʻāʻo ana e hoʻoholo pehea i hoʻohui ʻia ai nā mea like ʻole. Ua kālailai nā lālā i ka noiʻi kahiko a me nā noiʻi hou loa, kaupaona ʻia nā kiʻina hana i hoʻohana ʻia, ke kūlike o nā hopena a me nā pae o ka paʻa ʻana i nā pae noiʻi. Nui a lehulehu nā ʻano holoholona e wīwī ai, akā ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka nānā ʻana i nā pili glyphosate i nā pilikia olakino i kānaka. ʻO nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā kānaka mai nā aʻo ʻana o nā hōʻike, ka hapa nui i nā wahi mahiʻai. Ua hoʻoholo ka hui i ka noiʻi maikaʻi loa i hōʻike i kahi hui kūlike ma waena o ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) a me ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻomaopopo pū ka kime aia kekahi pilina e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka myeloma he nui, akā ʻaʻole ikaika ka hōʻike no ia maʻi e like me ka hōʻike e hoʻopaʻa ana i ka glyphosate iā NHL, ua hoʻoholo ka hui.

Ua loiloi pū ka hui i kekahi mau noiʻi e hōʻike ana i nā holoholona i hoʻomohala i nā tumora puʻupuʻu laha ʻole a me nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana. Hoʻohui ʻia kēlā mau noiʻi ʻana e hoʻolako i nā “hōʻike lawa” o ka glyphosate's carcinogenicity i loko o nā holoholona keʻena hoʻokolohua, i loaʻa i ka hui IARC. Ma luna o kēlā, ua hoʻoholo ka hui IARC aia he hōʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity a me ke koʻikoʻi oxidative mai glyphosate, me nā hopena o ka hōʻino ʻia o DNA i ke koko ākea o nā kānaka i hōʻike ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo pū ka hui he mea nui ia i loko o hoʻokahi noiʻi, ua hōʻike ka poʻe i ka hōʻino chromosomal ma hope o ka pīpī ʻana o nā formly glyphosate ma kahi kokoke.

Ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC aia he "hōʻike palena palena" e hiki i ka glyphosate ke hana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a me nā "hōʻike hōʻoia" e hiki ai i ka glyphosate ke hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā holoholona laboratory. ʻO ka hopena no ka "lawa" hōʻike o nā pilikia maʻi ʻaʻai no nā kānaka, akā no hoʻokahi noi nui US i holo ʻia e ke aupuni pekelala i hōʻike ʻole i ka pilina ma waena o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me glyphosate, i ʻōlelo ʻo Forastiere.

Ua hoʻoholo hope loa ke kime i ke kaupaona o nā hōʻike ʻaʻole lawa ka ikaika e ʻōlelo ai he glyphosate definitively carcinogenic, akā aia he nui aku ma mua o ka lawa o nā hōʻike no ka caatogen "carcinogenic" paha.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair, Forastiere a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ma hope o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua ʻoluʻolu lākou me ka hana o ka hui IARC a haʻaheo i ka piha o ka hana paʻakikī.

"Pono mākou āpau e hōʻemi i kā mākou hoʻohana i ka mea hiki," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fritschi, "ʻO ka poʻe i makaʻu i ka makaʻu ka poʻe e hoʻohana nui i ka glyphosate, e like me nā mahiʻai a me nā māla, a ʻo lākou ka mea e hoʻāʻo a hoʻēmi i kā lākou hoʻohana," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

ʻAʻole hiki iā Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ke uku no kēlā ʻano ʻōlelo e aʻa ke aʻa; ʻo ia ke kumu e ʻike nei mākou i kēia mau hana koʻikoʻi e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema a kāpae iā EPA e nānā ʻole i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.  Hoʻokahi leka ma ka kikoʻī waiho ʻia e CropLife America i ka EPA i kēia mahina e hōʻike nei i ka hohonu o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana e hoʻopiʻi hou i ka ʻimi a EPA o glyphosate. Ua haʻi ʻo CropLife i ka EPA ma waho o ka laina no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kahi pono no ka noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i nā huahana glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia - e like me Roundup. ʻO ka ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i Kepakemapa ke hana pū nei me ka National Toxicology Program o ka National Institute of Environmental Health Science e hoʻomohala i kahi hoʻolālā noiʻi e loiloi i ke kuleana o ka glyphosate i nā huahana huahana a me nā ʻokoʻa i ka hoʻoweliweli. Akā naʻe, ua mālama ʻole ʻia e loaʻa ka ʻae ʻoihana.

"Nīnau pū mākou no ke aha e hui pū ai ʻo EPA a hoʻomohala i kahi papahana noiʻi me ka National Toxicology Program me ka ʻole o ka hoʻokomo o ka mea kākau inoa," i kākau ʻo CropLife. "Inā koi ʻia ka ʻikepili e hoʻoponopono i nā nīnau kikoʻī e pili ana i ke kau inoa ʻana a i ʻole ke kau inoa hou ʻana o kahi huahana, ʻo ka mea kākau inoa ke kumu kūpono o kēlā mau ʻikepili."

Nui a maopopo ka leka o ka ʻoihana iā EPA: ʻaʻole pono ka noiʻi kūʻokoʻa a me nā ʻike ʻepekema honua ma mua o ka pale ʻana o kahi luna piliona piliona e like me glyphosate. Hiki i ka lehulehu ke nānā wale, kali a lana ka manaʻo ʻaʻole hoʻolohe ka EPA.

(Paukū i hōʻike mua ʻia ma Ka Huffington Post)

E hoʻomoe i kā mākou leka uila. E kiʻi i nā hoʻohou i kēlā me kēia pule i kāu pahu pahu komo.