Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Print enamel Share Tweet

e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Hōʻike ʻo Monsanto Exec i $ 17 Miliona Budget No ka Anti-IARC, Pro-Glyphosate Efforts

Print enamel Share Tweet

Pehea ka makemake ʻole o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaho i ʻike i ka lāʻau make glyphosate o ka hui e lilo i carcinogen kanaka a paipai i kahi leka pane o ka palekana glyphosate ma kahi? ʻAʻole lawa e hoʻokaʻawale e pili ana i $ 17 miliona no ka nuʻukia, i hoʻokahi makahiki wale nōe like me nā hōʻike i loaʻa i nā loio e kū ana i nā maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻopiʻi ana iā Monsanto.

ʻO kēlā kikoʻī a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka hana kūloko o Monsanto nā hana pili lehulehu i ʻike ʻia i Ianuali 22 waiho wikiō o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey. ʻO kā Murphey hana ma Monsanto e pili pū ana i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i nā pilina o ka pāpaho o ka honua a me nā "kākoʻo hoʻoikaika i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi nui, nā mea pili i ke kulekele, a me nā ʻōlelo hoʻoweliweli kaulana" e pili ana i ka ʻoihana lāʻau make-glyphosate. A ʻo kekahi o nā hoʻoweliweli nui loa mai nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. Ke hana nei ʻo Murphey no Bayer ma hope o ke kūʻai ʻana o ka hui Kelemania iā Monsanto i ke kauwela i hala.

ʻAʻole i ʻae ka luna kānāwai o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻo Vince Chhabria i ka hōʻike a Murphey i ke kālā anti-IARC e lilo i hōʻike i ka hoʻokolokolo ma Hardeman V. Monsanto, i hele i ke kiure no ke kūkākūkā ʻana ma ka Poalua. Ua hoʻoholo mua nā jure i kēlā hihia o Kapalakiko i ka Roundup ma muli o Monsanto's glyphosate Roundup i hana ai iā Hardeman non-Hodgkin lymphoma, akā ke kaumaha nei i nā pohō.

Akā manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike Murphey ma ka Hoʻokolokolo ʻo Pilliod V. Monsanto i hoʻopau ai i ke koho ʻia ʻana o ke kiure ma ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo kiʻekiʻe ʻo Alameda County ma Oakland, Kaleponi i ka Pōʻalua. Ua koho nā ʻaoʻao i ke kiure he 12 mau lālā a he ʻelima hoʻi i koho ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā ʻōlelo wehe i kēlā hihia e manaʻo ʻia i ka Pōʻahā.

Ua hala ʻehā mau makahiki mai ka nānā ʻana o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i nā puke ʻepekema i paʻi ʻia a nānā ʻia e nā hoa e pili ana i ka glyphosate a ʻike ʻia he lāʻau carcinogenic paha ia me ka hui pū kekahi me ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. ʻO IARC kahi ʻāpana o ka World Health Organization a ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma luna o nā mea he 1,000 e pili ana i ko lākou maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi, maʻamau me ka nui ʻole o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa

Akā ʻokoʻa ka glyphosate. Ma hope o ka hoʻākāka ʻana o Malaki 2015, he mau haneli, a laila he mau kaukani, ka poʻe i ʻike ʻia me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē i ka pilikua agrochemical.

Ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC o glyphosate - a ke hoʻomau nei a hiki i kēia lā - ua lilo ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i kumuhana o ka hōʻino nui ʻia mai kahi hui o nā hui, nā kānaka a me kekahi poʻe kau kānāwai o US. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia lākou no ka hana ʻole ma ka ʻepekema kani akā ma ka ʻaoʻao o kahi papahana politika, ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā cherry, a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema junk, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Ua hoʻonui ʻia a hoʻonui ʻia nā loiloi a puni ka honua i nā ʻatikala nūhou, nā ʻāpana manaʻo, nā blog, nā hoʻolaha Google Pūnaewele a me nā mea hou aʻe.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka loaʻa ʻana no nā hoʻopiʻi he 11,000 i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē i ka ʻoihana i waena o nā hana ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻohana malū ʻo Monsanto i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no kāna leka anti-IARC no ka mea ua manaʻo nā luna o nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻohana pili lehulehu e ʻike hou ʻia ka ʻike. hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia mai nā hui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai Monsanto.

I kāna waiho ʻana, ua nīnau ʻia ʻo Murphey i ka nui o ka lilo o ka ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo i ka kānalua i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC.

Eia kahi wahi o ka hoʻololi:

ʻO ka loio Plaintiff Pedram Esfandiary: "No laila heʻoiaʻiʻo ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona miliona i ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, pololei?"

ʻO Murphey: "ʻO mākou - ua hoʻohana mākou i kahi nui o nā kumuwaiwai, i loko o kekahi mau makahiki i kēia manawa, e hoʻoponopono ana i nā ʻike hewa, a me ka haʻi ʻana i nā nīnau i ka lehulehu e pili ana - e pili ana i ka glyphosate."

ʻO Esfandiary: "Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona miliona e pane ana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC?"

Murphey: "ʻAe."

ʻO Esfandiary: "ʻIke paha ʻoe i ka nui o ka hāʻawi a Monsanto iā ia i ka 2016?"

ʻO Murphey: "Hiki iaʻu ke kamaʻilio i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o, ʻike ʻoe, nā hana o ka lehulehu, ʻike ʻoe, nā mea aʻu e pili pono ai. Akā i ka 2016, ʻike ʻoe, manaʻoʻiʻo wau no kekahi o nā papahana aʻu i komo ai , ma kahi o 16 a 17 paha miliona. "

Esfandiary: "$ 16 a i ʻole 17 miliona ... i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e pane i ka wehewehe IARC (stet)?

Murphey: "ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole kikoʻī a nānā wale ʻia i IARC. ʻO ia - e kia ana ia i ka pili a me nā pilina o ka pāpāho a me nā hana ʻē aʻe ma glyphosate, ʻoi aku ka nui. "

Nīnau akula ʻo Esfandiary iā Murphey i ka nui o ke kumukūʻai e hana ai ka ʻoihana i kahi hōʻike bioassay maʻi ʻaʻai lōʻihi o kāna huahana glyphosate i haku ʻia, kahi mea a ka hui i ʻae ai ʻaʻole i hana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey ʻaʻole ia i ʻike.

He manawa koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi ka makahiki 2016 no Monsanto no ka mea ma mua o ke kū ʻana i ka hihia, kū ka laikini glyphosate o ka hui no ka hoʻohou hou ʻana ma ʻEulopa, a ke nānā nei hoʻi ka US Environmental Protection Agency i kā Glyphosate hoʻopaʻa inoa.

Pehea ka lilo o ke kala?

I ka waiho ʻana, ua nīnau ʻia ʻo Murphey e pili ana i kahi palapala Monsanto kūloko o Iulai 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo "IARC Follow Up" i kuhikuhi i kahi pahuhopu e "hōʻole ʻole i ka pilina o IARC" a "pale i ke kūʻokoʻa e hana" (FTO). Ua nīnau ʻia ʻo ia e pili ana i nā hana he nui i hana ʻia e hōʻemi a hōʻino paha i ka hana a IARC i kau ʻia i loko o kēlā a me nā kamaʻilio kūloko o Monsanto. Hoʻololi hou ʻia nā ʻaoʻao he nui o ka waihona, no ke kauoha a ka ʻaha, no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke ʻike i nā mea āpau i ʻōlelo ʻia e Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana. Akā eia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o ka mea i kūkākūkā ʻia.

  • Ke hoʻonui nei i ka memo pro-glyphosate / Roundup ma o nā “ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu.” ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻaoʻao i waho e parrot iā Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana i nā manaʻo he ʻatikala i hōʻike ʻia ma ka papahana hāʻawi kōkua Forbes i kākau ʻia e Henry Miller, ʻo ia kekahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution ma ke Kulanui ʻo Stanford.  Nā palapala Monsanto kūloko e hōʻike i ka ʻāpana e hoʻopiʻi ana iā IARC i wae maoli ʻia e Monsanto a hoʻouna ʻia iā Miller me kahi noi nona e hoʻopuka i nā kumuwaiwai.
  • Nā maneuvers Op-Ed ʻē aʻe. Ma mua o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻana o ka IARC, ua kūkākūkā ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Dan Goldstein i ʻelima mau "mana koho Op Ops" ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua kākau ʻo ia no "nā lāʻau ʻimi lāʻau lapaʻau e hana mai" i hoʻopili ʻia me "nā paukū e pili ana i ka hoʻohewa iā IARC." E leka uila ana ʻo Goldstein i nā ʻatikala manaʻo manaʻo i nā kauka a me nā ʻepekema me ka lana o ka manaʻo e lawe lākou i nā kahakaha e like me kā lākou iho a e paʻi ʻia, hōʻike ʻia nā moʻolelo. Loaʻa ʻo Monsanto e "hoʻohui i nā mana Op Op" e like me ka mea e pono ai, i ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana.
  • "E haʻalele i kahi mea". Wahi a Murphey, ua komo ka papahana i ka "nānā pono ʻana i ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpāho" me ka nānā ʻana i ka European Union. "He nui nā mākeke i loaʻa iā mākou - ke hoʻonohonoho mua nei mākou," i ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey. Ua kāhea ka papahana no ka nānā ʻana i nā moʻolelo a me ka hoʻokalakupua ʻana a i ʻole ka hae ʻana i nā mea i loaʻa i ka mea a Monsanto i ʻike ai he ʻike kūpono ʻole a i ʻole ka hōʻike hewa e pili ana i ka ʻoihana a i kāna huahana, a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo i komo ʻole ka kuanaʻike a ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana. A laila e hoʻokau ʻia kekahi e alualu me kēlā poʻe nūpepa, "e kāhea ikaika ana i nā mea kūkala nūhou i kēlā mau manawa, e kaʻana like i kahi ʻōlelo, e hoʻolako i kahi pōʻaiapili hou aʻe, a e paipai i kēlā poʻe kūkala nūhou e kāhea iā mākou i ka wā e hiki mai ana," wahi a Murphey.
  • Ke hōʻoia nei i kahi mea haʻi moʻolelo Reuters e kākau i kahi moʻolelo e hoʻohaʻahaʻa ana i ka pono o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o IARC kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe o kā Murphey hana. Ua hōʻike nā leka uila mai loko mai o Monsanto ua hoʻouna ʻo Murphey i kahi paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio a me kahi moʻolelo i manaʻo ʻia i ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland e noi ana iā ia e kākau i kahi moʻolelo i hoʻopiʻi ai iā Aaron Blair, ʻo ia ka luna o ka hui hana IARC ma glyphosate, no ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻike e hoʻololi ai i ka hopena o ka IARC ma glyphosate. Ua haʻi ʻo Murphey iā Kelland i kahi leka uila o ʻApelila 2017 ʻo ia ka "ʻike koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi e pono e hōʻike." Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia iā ia e mālama i ka ʻike i hoʻouna ʻia iā ia ma ke ʻano he “background,” ʻo ia hoʻi ʻaʻole ʻo ia e ʻōlelo ua loaʻa iā ia ka manaʻo moʻolelo a me nā mea mai Monsanto. Kākau ʻo Kelland ka moʻolelo a Monsanto e makemake ai. Ua hōʻike kahi deposition o Aaron Blair i nā hoʻopiʻi i waiho ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo he wahaheʻe, akā ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i kahi kope o ka deposition me kāna moʻolelo. Ua hoʻolaha ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana kemika a me nā hoʻolaha Google a ua kiʻi ʻia a hana hou ʻia e nā pāpāho a puni ka honua. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana ʻaʻole ia i kau i ke kaomi nui ma luna o Kelland, a ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto he kūpono a koʻikoʻi ka moʻolelo. "I ka manawa i hāʻawi ai au i ka ʻike mua iā - iā Ms. Kelland, ua noa ʻo ia e hana me kēlā ʻike i ka mea āna i ʻike ai he kūpono," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "A ʻo ka hoʻoholo e nānā i kahi moʻolelo a i ka hopena - e paʻi ka hopena ʻo ia kāna hoʻoholo, a ʻo ka hoʻoholo a kāna mea hoʻoponopono ma Reuters."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey ʻaʻohe mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā hana a Monsanto i hana ai ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka manaʻo IARC. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e pili ana ka hoʻolālā o ka ʻoihana me ka "hana pū ʻana me nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hāʻawi i ka ʻike, kaʻana like i nā helu kamaʻilio, a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe" a me "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpāho, e hōʻoia i ke kaulike a me ka pololei, a me ka pōʻaiapili kūpono a me ke kuanaʻike i ka ʻepekema i - i kā lākou uhi o - o kā mākou huahana. "

"I ko mākou neʻe ʻana i mua, ma hope o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC, hou, ua kūleʻa nui mākou i loko
ke komo pū ʻana me nā hui mahiʻai, ke komo pū ʻana me nā mea kūkala nūhou, ke komo ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu, e kaʻana like - e kaʻana like i ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana, "wahi a Murphey i ka waiho kālā "ʻO mākou - ʻike ʻoe, ua mālama mākou i kā mākou - mālama mākou i nā hui mahiʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ʻike. Ua hauʻoli mākou i ka nui o lākou e hoʻomau i ka haʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka mea a lākou i ʻike ai he papa kūpono ʻole. Akā ʻo Monsanto mau loa, hou, e hele wale wau - pololei loa i ka kaʻana like ʻana i kā mākou mau manaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻohālikelike. "

Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu i ka mea kākau Reuters

Print enamel Share Tweet

Na Carey Gillam 

(Hoʻohou i ka lā 25 ʻApelila 2019) 

Ua ʻike mākou mai nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma mua e pili ana ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i pili nui no Monsanto i kāna hana e hoʻohaʻahaʻa a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i nā ʻepekema o ka World Health Organisation for Research on Cancer (IARC) nāna i wehewehe i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha i ka makahiki 2015. I kēia manawa loaʻa nā hōʻike hou aʻe o ka ʻoluʻolu o ka pilina.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Kelland i kākau i kahi moʻolelo 2017 a Monsanto i noi aku ai iā ia e kākau ma ke ʻano like me ke noi ʻana mai o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey iā ia e kākau, (me ka hōʻike ʻole aku i ka poʻe heluhelu ʻo Monsanto ke kumu,) akā i kēia manawa ʻike mākou i ka hōʻike o kahi kiko o kahi kaʻawale moʻolelo Kelland did about glyphosate was hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto  ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana, kahi hana maʻa mau ʻia e nā nūhou.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e Kelland i leka uila ʻia ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana iā Murphey me ka laina kumuhana "My draft, Confidential."

ʻO ka moʻolelo i kau ʻia ma ke poʻo inoa "ʻO ke aʻo hou ʻana ma Monsanto ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu e hānai ai i kahi koho balota nui a EU," e pili ana i nā ʻike mua o kahi noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kahi ʻepekema ʻItalia e hōʻike ana i nā ʻiole hoʻokolohua i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma nā pae e like me ka mea i ʻae ʻia i nā kānaka. hopena. ʻO ka mana hope loa ua paʻiʻia maʻApelila 13, 2017.

a kekahi leka uila hou i hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o ʻelua mau moʻolelo Kelland ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka leka uila o Malaki 1, 2016 e pili ana i ke komo ʻana o Monsanto ʻO ka hoʻāla ʻo "Red Flag"  i loko o kahi moʻolelo Reuters i hoʻopuka mua ʻia e kūʻē ana iā IARC a me ka makemake e hoʻohuli i kahi moʻolelo like ʻelua a Reuters e hoʻolālā nei. ʻO Red Flag kahi PR a me lobbying firm ma Dublin i hana e pale aku i ka palekana glyphosate a paipai i nā leka pro-glyphosate ma o nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e like me nā hui mahiʻai. Wahi a ka leka uila i hapa hapa ʻia, "ma hope o ke komo ʻana a Red Flag i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei, ua nui ka manaʻo o ka ʻāpana mua iā IARC." Hele aku ka leka uila: "E ʻike paha ʻoe e pili ana ka Red Flag me Reuters e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻelua o ke kaʻina…"

Ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo Reuters i kā Kelland poʻo moʻolelo "Hōʻike Kūʻokoʻa: Pehea e huikau ai ka ʻoihana olakino o ka World Health Organization i nā mea kūʻai aku." 

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kēia mau leka i ka hōʻike leka o ka leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ke kōkua ʻana o Kelland iā Monsanto e hoʻokele i kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair i kāna kuleana ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka hui hana IARC nāna i hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha. I loko opalapala leka uila ternal Monsanto i kākau ʻia ma ʻApelila 27, 2017 e hōʻike ana ua hoʻouna ʻo Monanto executive Sam Murphey i ka moʻolelo i makemake ʻia e ka hui iā Kelland me he paheʻe paheʻe o nā kiko kamaʻilio a me nā ʻāpana o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i faila ʻole ʻia i ka ʻaha. 

Ma Iune 14, 2017, Kelland i kākau he moʻolelo hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma muli o kāna mea i ʻōlelo ai he "palapala ʻaha," ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he mau palapala i hānai ʻia iā ia e Murphey. Ma muli o ka waiho ʻole ʻia o nā palapala a Kelland i hōʻike ai i ka hale hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole lākou i loaʻa ākea no ka nānā maʻalahi ʻana e ka poʻe heluhelu. Ma ka hāʻawi wahaheʻe ʻana i ka ʻikepili ma muli o nā palapala a ka ʻaha i hōʻalo ai ʻo ia i ka haʻi ʻana i kā Monsanto kuleana i ka hoʻokele ʻana i ka moʻolelo.

I ka wā i puka mai ai ka moʻolelo, ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Blair e hūnā nei i ka "ʻike nui" i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair "ua hoʻololi ka ʻikepili i kā ʻIARC kālailai ʻana" ʻoiai kahi loiloi o ka waihona maoli hōʻike mai ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ʻo Blair i kēlā.

ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna huakaʻi mai ka pololei.

Ua huki ʻia ka moʻolelo e ka poʻe pāpāho a puni ka honua, a paipai ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻenehana kemika. Ua kūʻai ʻia nā hoʻolaha Google e hoʻolaha ana i ka moʻolelo. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto e hoʻouka iā IARC ma nā mua he nui, e like me ka hoʻāʻo a Monsanto e kiʻi i ka ʻahaʻōlelo e wehe i ke kālā mai IARC.

ʻAʻohe mea hewa ʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā manaʻo moʻolelo e pōmaikaʻi ai nā ʻoihana mai nā ʻoihana ponoʻī. Hana ʻia i nā manawa āpau. Akā pono e ʻeleu ka poʻe nūpepa i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole i ka hoʻolaha pāʻoihana.

Ua pale aku ka luna hoʻoponopono o Reuters ʻo Mike Williams i kā Kelland hana a hōʻole e hoʻopuka i kahi wehewehe a hoʻoponopono paha ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Aaron Blair. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "He ʻāpana nui ia, a kū piha wau iā ia."

Kākoʻo ʻo Reuters i ka "etika hoʻoponopono" Kākoʻo ʻo Alix Freedman i kā Kelland Blair moʻolelo, ʻoiai ʻo ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka pili ʻana o Monsanto a me ka hōʻike ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka poʻe heluhelu. "Haʻaheo mākou iā ia a kū ma hope o ia," wahi a Freedman i kahi leka uila.

Ma kahi leka pilikino, ua hala wau he 17 mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he mea kākau nūhou ma Reuters e uhi ana iā Monsanto a makaʻu wau i kēia hana hewa i nā kūlana nūhou. He mea nui ia ʻo Alix Freedman ka mea like nāna i haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole wau i ʻae ʻia e kākau e pili ana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui o ka glyphosate a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻO ka mea liʻiliʻi loa, pono ʻo Kelland e hoʻopono me nā mea heluhelu a ʻae ʻo Monsanto kāna kumu - ma kēlā moʻolelo, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe paha. Loaʻa iā Reuters ka honua - a me IARC - kahi kala kala.

No ka mea hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, ʻike i kēia ʻatikala.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

Print enamel Share Tweet

UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

Hōʻike # 1

Hōʻike # 2

Hōʻike # 3

Hōʻike # 4

Hōʻike # 5

Hōʻike # 6

Hōʻike # 7

Hōʻike # 9

Hōʻike # 10

Hōʻike # 11

Hōʻike # 12

Hōʻike # 13

Hōʻike # 14

Hōʻike # 15

Hōʻike # 16

Hōʻike # 17

Hōʻike # 18

Hōʻike # 19A

Hōʻike # 19B

Hōʻike # 20

Hōʻike # 21

Hōʻike # 22

Hōʻike # 23

Hōʻike # 24

Hōʻike # 25

Hōʻike # 26

Hōʻike # 27

Hōʻike # 28

ʻO Monsanto Spin Doctors Target Target Scientist Ka maʻi maʻi i Flawed Reuters Story

Print enamel Share Tweet

I loko o kahi hoʻokahuli pāʻoihana i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia a hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā hoa aloha i kēia pule i kahi pōkā pahū ma luna o nā mea kūʻē e ʻimi nei e hōʻoia i ka mea aloha a ka hui ʻo Roundup herbicide ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

A moʻolelo i hoʻolaha ākea i paʻi ʻia i ka lā 14 o Iune i loko o ka nūhou o ka honua ʻO Reuters (kahi aʻu i hana ai ma mua) ua kau ʻia ka mea i ʻike ʻia he moʻolelo scandalos o ka ʻike huna a me kahi ʻepekema ʻūlū, nā hōʻike "kū hoʻokahi" i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka moʻolelo i hiki ke hoʻololi i kahi kūlana koʻikoʻi 2015 i pili. ʻO Monsanto's Roundup i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a nā nalu i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē iā Monsanto.

He blockbuster ia o kahi moʻolelo, a ua hana hou ʻia e nā hui nūhou a puni ka hona, i hoʻokau ʻia e nā hoʻolaha paʻi mai nā hui i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto a pu ʻia e nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e like me ka American Chemistry Council.

Ua hewa a kuhi hewa hoʻi i nā ʻano koʻikoʻi.

Kākau ʻia e ka mea kākau moʻolelo o Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland, nona ka moʻolelo o nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā pono ʻoihana mea mahiʻai, ua hoʻopiʻi ka ʻāpana i kahi epidemiologist kiʻekiʻe mai ka US National Cancer Institute no ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema "koʻikoʻi" me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e like me hana pū lākou āpau i ka loiloi ʻana i ka glyphosate lāʻau make no ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Ua loiloi kēlā hui i kahi hui ākea o ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate a hoʻoholo ʻia i Malaki o 2015 e hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka pesticide ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. Inā paha i ʻike ka hui i kēia ʻike nalowale, he ʻokoʻa paha ka hopena, e like me kā Reuters.

Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka moʻolelo i ka manawa kūpono glyphosate a me Roundup i waenakonu o ka hoʻopiʻi nui ʻana ma United States a ma lalo o ka loiloi ʻia e US a me nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa. Ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o IARC, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Monsanto e ka poʻe he nui aʻe ma mua o ka 1,000 ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa nāna i koi ʻo lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL) mai ka hōʻike ʻana i ka Roundup glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia a Monsanto a hiki i ka hui a me nā hihia ke hoʻomaka e hele hoʻokolokolo i kēia makahiki aʻe. ʻO Roundup ka mea kanu lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a lawe mai i mau piliona kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki no Monsanto. Koi ka hui i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia o ka IARC pono ʻole a hōʻoia ʻia e palekana ka kemika e nā makahiki he umi o ka noiʻi.

No laila, he moʻolelo nui ia i kuhi i nā helu nui no Monsanto i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka palekana glyphosate. Akā ʻo ka ʻeli ʻana i loko o ka sourcing a me ke ʻano wae o ka ʻāpana Reuters e akāka ai ʻaʻole wale ka hemahema o ka moʻolelo, akā he ʻāpana ia o kahi hana hoʻomau a hana pono ʻia e Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hōʻino i kā IARC hana.

Aia ma loko o ka moʻolelo i ʻelua mau hewa maoli i ʻike ʻia e hele i ka hilinaʻi o kāna kumuhana. ʻO ka moʻolelo i ʻōlelo ʻia he "palapala ʻaha" ma ke ʻano he kumu kumu inā ʻaʻole i waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha a no laila ʻaʻole i loaʻa ākea nā nūpepa a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o ka lehulehu e komo. ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i nā loulou i nā palapala āna i kuhikuhi ai akā akāka akāka ka ʻike nui ʻia o kāna ʻike ma luna o kahi waiho mai o Aaron Blair, ka epidemiologist National Cancer Institute i alakaʻi i ka hui hana ʻo IARC ma glyphosate, a me nā leka uila e pili ana a me nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe. Ua loaʻa iā Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ke kaʻina hana no ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup e kali nei i ka ʻaha pekelala ma Kapalakiko. Ma ka helu ʻana i nā palapala o ka ʻaha, ua hōʻalo ʻo Kelland i ka kamaʻilio ʻana inā paha ʻaʻole i hānai ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea kōkua iā ia i nā moʻolelo iā ia. A ma muli o ka hāʻawi ʻole o ka ʻatikala i kahi loulou i ka waiho ʻana o Blair, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike i ke kūkākūkā piha ʻana o ka noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​manaʻo he nui e Blair o kekahi mau noiʻi ʻē aʻe e hōʻike ana i nā loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ke hāʻawi nei au i ka waihona Eia, a e hōʻike ana ua noi wau a loaʻa iā ia mai nā loio i pili i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Kelland moʻolelo.

ʻO ka lua, pili ka moʻolelo i kekahi manaʻo anti-IARC o kahi ʻepekema ʻo Bob Tarone a kuhikuhi iā ia ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa", kekahi "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland iā Tarone me ka ʻōlelo ʻana he loiloi a piha ʻole ka loiloi a IARC o ka glyphosate. Koe, e like me ka ka ʻikepili i hāʻawi ʻia e IARC, Mamao loa ʻo Tarone mai ke kūʻokoʻa ʻana iā Monsanto; Ua ʻike ʻo Tarone i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he kūkākūkā uku ʻo ia iā Monsanto, a kahi ʻāpana i ʻōlelo ʻia e Reuters a kākau ʻia e Tarone i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ma kahi puke ʻepekema ʻEulopa e nānā hou ʻia nei e hōʻike i ka hakakā o Tarone o ka hoihoi, e like me ka IARC, i ʻōlelo ai e kamaʻilio pū ana me kēlā puke pai.

Akā ʻoi aku ka mea nui aʻe ma mua o nā hewa ʻo ke ʻano o ke koho ʻana i ka moʻolelo i ka huki ʻana mai ka waiho ʻana o Blair. ʻAʻole nānā ka moʻolelo i nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pilina glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua kau ʻia ma ka ʻike o Blair. hoʻokahi noiʻi noiʻi ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia ke holomua nei nō kēlā. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka moʻolelo i ka kuhi manaʻo inā paha ua hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻikepili a paʻi ʻia i ka manawa e loiloi ʻia e IARC a me nā manaʻo hou e Blair, i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kahi loio Monsanto, inā ua pau a inā ua paʻi ʻia hiki ke kōkua i ka pale nā ʻike ʻē aʻe IARC i ʻike ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā pilina maʻi ʻaʻai maikaʻi.

ʻO kēlā noiʻi, ʻāpana o kahi papahana hoʻomau nui e nā mea noiʻi aupuni o US i kapa ʻia ʻo Ke Ola Ola Ola, komo pū me nā haneli he nui o nā noiʻi a me nā makahiki o ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā hopena pesticide i nā mahiʻai. ʻO Blair, ka mea i hoʻomaha loa mai ka National Cancer Institute ma 2007, ʻaʻole ia i alakaʻi i kēlā noiʻi akā he ʻāpana o kahi kime ʻepekema i ka makahiki 2013 e kālailai ana i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka hoʻohana pesticide a me ka pilikia o ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka ʻikepili kikoʻī i ka glyphosate i ka pili i ka NHL akā i ka hana ʻana e paʻi i kahi pepa e pili ana i nā ʻikepili āpau a ka hui i hōʻiliʻili ai, ua hoʻoholo lākou e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka nānā ʻana i nā insecticides a ma 2014 ua hoʻopuka i kahi pepa ma ia hana. ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻia ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate a me NHL, a ʻōlelo kekahi mau ʻepekema kamaʻāina i ka hana ʻaʻole i alualu ʻia ka lōʻihi o ka manawa e ka poʻe akā hāʻawi ʻia ka NHL he 20 a ʻoi paha mau makahiki e hoʻomohala ai. ʻO kahi hōʻuluʻulu o ka ʻikepili ma mua e nā mea noiʻi AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i paʻiʻia ma 2005 a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC. Akā ma muli o ka paʻi ʻole ʻia o ka ʻike hou ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC.

Wahi a Blair, ʻo ka hoʻoholo e kaupalena i ka hana i paʻi ʻia i nā insecticides e hana i ka ʻikepili i hiki ke mālama ʻia a ua hana maikaʻi ʻia ma mua o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o IARC e nānā ana i glyphosate ma 2015.

"ʻO ke kānāwai ke nānā wale ʻoe i nā mea i paʻi ʻia," haʻi mai ʻo Blair iaʻu i kēia pule ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka moʻolelo Reuters. "He aha lā inā e hāwanawana ka poʻe āpau i nā mea a lākou i ʻike ai ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia a hoʻoholo ʻia e pili ana i kēlā?" Ua hōʻoia ʻo IARC ʻaʻole ia e noʻonoʻo i ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻole ʻia. I kāna waihona, ʻōlelo ʻo Blair ʻaʻohe mea i hoʻololi i kona manaʻo e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me ka NHL.

ʻO ka Epidemiologist a me ka ʻepekema o ke Kulanui o Toronto ʻo John McLaughlin, ka mea i noho ma ka hui hana glyphosate no IARC me Blair, i ʻōlelo mai iaʻu i loko o kahi leka i kēia pule i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā hana i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e Reuters i hoʻololi ʻole i kāna ʻike i ka pono o ka IARC. hopena ma glyphosate kekahi.

Waiho pū ʻia hoʻi ma waho o ka moʻolelo Reuters - ka waihona a me kahi kope kope o ka hoʻopaʻa noiʻi ʻana e hōʻike nei aia he mau hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena o ka AHS ma muli o nā pūʻulu "ʻano liʻiliʻi" o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia. A ʻo ka mea nui hoʻi, ua haʻalele ka hōʻike Reuters i kā Blair kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana no ka North American Pooled Project, kahi i komo ai, a aia pū kekahi ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me ka NHL akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi ia iā Monsanto. A sinopsis o kēlā papahana ua hōʻike ʻia i ka International Society for Environmental Epidemiology ma 2015 i hōʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate no ʻelima mau makahiki a hoʻonui i ka nui o ka loaʻa o ka NHL, a ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka makaʻikaʻi no nā poʻe i mālama i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau lā o ka makahiki. ʻO kēlā ʻikepili, e like me ka ʻikepili AHS hou, ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.

"I ka heluhelu ʻia ʻana o kā transcript palapala waiho kālā a Dr. Blair, hōʻike ia ʻaʻole i mālama hewa ʻia kahi mea mai IARC," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka loio o ka Plaintiffs ʻo Aimee Wagstaff. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻohana ana ʻo Monsanto i nā ʻāpana o ka waiho kālā e "hoʻonui i kāna papahana i ka pāpāho."

I ka epidemiologist ʻo Peter Infante, ka mea i lilo ma mua o 20 mau makahiki e alakaʻi ana i kahi ʻāpana ʻailakino ma ka ʻOihana Hoʻokele a me ka Health Administration a ua kālailai ʻia kahi kino o ka noiʻi epidemiology e pili ana i ka glyphosate i hōʻike no ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema Environmental Agency (EPA) i Kēkēmapa. unuhi ʻia i ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ko Monsanto kūlana i makemake nui ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻole.

"He mau noiʻi ʻē aʻe kāu e hōʻike ana i ka pane o ka lāʻau," ua haʻi ʻo ia iaʻu. "ʻAʻole kēia aʻo olakino mahiʻai i ka pae gula. No glyphosate a me NHL ʻaʻole lākou i ukali i ka manawa lōʻihi o ka poʻe. ʻOiai inā ua paʻi ʻia ka ʻikepili a noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC aia ia i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o nā hopena noiʻi ʻē aʻe. "

A ʻo ka mea hope loa, i kahi hoʻokae ʻē, ʻaʻole hōʻike ka moʻolelo e pili ana ʻo Kelland iā ia iho i ka pili paʻa loa iā Monsanto a me nā hoa aloha. Ua kōkua ʻo Kelland i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, kahi hui nona ka pahuhopu e hoʻopili i kekahi mau ʻepekema e like me Tarone me nā mea nūpepa e like me Kelland, a loaʻa ka poloka nui o nā kālā mai nā ʻoihana e hoʻopili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, ko Monsanto hoa hui pū me Bayer AG, DuPont a me ka lobbyist ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻo CropLife International. Kelland ʻike ʻia i he wikiō hoʻolaha no SMC e hoʻokani nei i ka hui a kākau i kahi moʻolelo e paʻi ana i ka SMC i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kahi Hōʻike hoʻolaha SMC.

Ma ke ʻano he mea nūhou ʻo Reuters no 17 mau makahiki (1998-2015) maopopo iaʻu ka waiwai o kahi "kū hoʻokahi." ʻO ka nui o nā scoops e loaʻa ai kahi mea kākau, ʻo nā helu bonus hou a mahalo kiʻekiʻe mai nā luna hoʻoponopono. He ʻōnaehana ia i ʻike ʻia i nā keʻena nūhou he nui a hana nui ia ke paipai ʻia i ka journalism investigative dogged. Akā ʻike ʻo nā ʻoihana ikaika e like me Monsanto i ka makemake o ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e pae i waho o ka ʻāina a ʻike i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka mea i makemake ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa me ka hoʻohiki o ka exclusivity hiki ke lawelawe maikaʻi i kā lākou pilina pili lehulehu. E hāhai i ka moʻolelo i hānai lima ʻia me kahi hoʻokuʻu nūhou mai kahi puka i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana a kāhea i kahi hoʻokolokolo mai ka hui ʻoihana American Chemistry Council a he gula gula kāu.

ʻO ka mea āu ʻole ka ʻoiaʻiʻo.