Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety.

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ʻO US kuleana e ʻike ke ʻimi nei i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2, a me nā makaʻu o nā keʻena hoʻokolohua biosafety a me ka noiʻi loaʻa lanakila., ka mea e manaʻo ai e hoʻonui i ka infectivity a i ʻole ka make ʻana o nā maʻi maʻi pandemia. Kau mākou i nā mea hou a me nā ʻike hou ma mākou Blog Biohazards.

Hoʻopiʻi FOI ma ka hoʻokolokolo biohazards

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Ua waiho ʻo US Right to Know, kahi pūʻulu olakino noiʻi noiʻi nonprofit, i ʻehā mau hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē i nā keʻena pekelala no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā ʻōlelo o ke Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). ʻO nā hoʻopiʻi ka ʻāpana o kā mākou mau hoʻāʻo e wehe i ka mea i ʻike e pili ana i ke kumu o ka novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, nā kulu a i ʻole nā ​​pōpilikia ma nā labs biosafety, a me nā pilikia o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka infectivity a i ʻole ka make ʻana o nā maʻi maʻi ahulau kūpono paha.

Mai Iulai, ua faila mākou i nā palapala 62 mokuʻāina, pekelala, a me nā palapala ākea ākea e noi ana i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2, a me nā pilikia o nā labs biosafety a me ka noiʻi loaʻa lanakila.

E heluhelu hou e pili ana kā mākou ʻike i kēia manawa, no ke aha mākou e hana nei i kēia hoʻokolokolo, heluhelu paipai ʻia a nā palapala i loaʻa iā mākou.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hoʻopiʻi FOI

(1) Hoʻolālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me US: Ma Pepeluali 4, 2021, USRTK ua waiho i kahi hoʻokolokolo kūʻē i ka US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā ʻāpana o FOIA.  ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi, i waiho ʻia ma ka ʻĀpana ʻĀpana o US no ka ʻĀkau ʻĀkau o Kaleponi, e ʻimi nei i nā palapala a me nā leka e pili ana a e pili ana paha i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology o Kina, ka Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevent, a me ka EcoHealth Alliance, ka mea i hana pakanā me ke kālā ʻo Wuhan Institute. o Virology, i waena o nā kumuhana ʻē aʻe.

(2) Ke KeʻenaʻOihana Hoʻonaʻauao o US: Ma Kekemapa 17, 2020 USRTK ua waiho i kahi hoʻokolokolo kūʻē i ka US Department of Education no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā mea o FOIA. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi, i waiho ʻia i ka ʻĀpana ʻĀpana o US no ka ʻĀkau ʻĀkau o Kaleponi, e ʻimi nei i nā palapala a ke Keʻena ʻOihana Hoʻonaʻau i noi mai ke Kula Lapaʻau ʻo Ke Kulanui o Texas ma Galveston e pili ana i kāna ʻaelike kālā a me ka ʻepekema a me / a me ka hana noiʻi ʻana me Kina Wuhan Institute of Virology.

(3) Keʻena Moku'āinaʻo US: Ma Nowemapa 30, 2020 USRTK ua waiho i kahi hoʻokolokolo kūʻē i ka US Department of State no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā mea o FOIA. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi, i waiho ʻia ma ka ʻĀpana ʻĀpana o US no ka ʻĀkau ʻĀkau o Kaleponi, e ʻimi nei i nā palapala a me nā leka e pili ana a e pili ana paha i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology o Kina, ka Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevent, a me ka EcoHealth Alliance, ka mea i hui pū me a kālā kālā ʻo Wuhan Institute. o Virology, i waena o nā kumuhana ʻē aʻe. E ʻike hoʻokuʻu puke.

(4) Nā Kula Nui o ke Aupuni: Ma Nowemapa 5, 2020 Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo USRTK i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē iā National Institutes of Health (NIH) no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao o FOIA. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi, i waiho ʻia ma ka ʻĀpana ʻĀpana ʻo US ma Wakinekona, DC, e ʻimi nei i nā leka me a i ʻole e pili ana i nā hui e like me Wuhan Institute of Virology a me ka Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevent, a me ka EcoHealth Alliance, ka mea i hui pū me a kākoʻo kālā iā Wuhan. Ke Kula Nui o Virology. E ʻike hoʻokuʻu puke.

ʻO US Right to Know kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi e kia ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu. No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hoʻopiʻi FOI a mākou i faila ai e hōʻoia i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike, e ʻike i kā mākou ʻAoʻao hoʻopiʻi ʻo FOIA.

Ua ʻimi nā ʻepekema Kina e hoʻololi i ka inoa o ka coronavirus make e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai Kina

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I nā lā mua o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19, ua hoʻāʻo kahi hui o nā ʻepekema e pili ana me ke aupuni o Kina e hoʻokaʻawale i ka coronavirus mai Kina ma o ka hoʻohuli ʻana i kāna inoa inoa. ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia ua ʻike mua ʻia ka maʻi ma Wuhan, Kina, ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ua makaʻu lākou e ʻike ʻia ka maʻi ʻo "Wuhan coronavirus" a i ʻole "Wuhan pneumonia," nā leka uila i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike i ka hōʻike.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i mua i ke kaua ʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke aupuni Kina e hoʻokino i ka moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu o ka nūhou coronavirus.

ʻO ka inoa o ka maʻi "he mea nui i ka poʻe Kina" a me nā kuhikuhi e pili ana i ka maʻi i hōʻike iā Wuhan "stigmatize and insid" Wuhan mau kamaʻāina, nā leka mai nā lā ʻo Pepeluali 2020.

ʻO ka mea kikoʻī ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻepekema Kina i ka inoa loea kūhelu i hāʻawi ʻia i ka maʻi - "koʻikoʻi respiratory respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" - ʻaʻole wale "paʻakikī e hoʻomanaʻo a ʻike" akā "" hoʻopunipuni maoli nō "no ka mea pili ia ka mea hoʻomaʻi hou i ka maʻi SARS-CoV 2003 i hoʻomaka ma Kina.

Ua kapa ʻia ka maʻi e ka Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) o ke Kōmike Hoʻomalu e pili ana iā Virus Taxonomy (ICTV).

ʻO Wuhan Institute of Virology ʻepekema ʻo Zhengli Shi, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka inoa hou hana, i ho'ākāka ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila i ke Kulanui o North Carolina virologist ʻo Ralph Baric, "kahi kūkākūkā ikaika i waena o nā virologists Kina" ma luna o ka inoa SARS-CoV-2.

ʻO Deyin Guo, ka mea ma mua o ke Kula Nui o Biomedical Science o Wuhan University a me ka mea kākau o ka noi hoʻololi hoʻololi inoa, kakau iho la i nā lālā CSG ua hōʻole lākou i ke kūkākūkā ʻana i kā lākou koho inoa ʻana me "virologists me nā ʻike mua loa [ili] o ka maʻi maʻi a me nā mea wehewehe mua o ka maʻi ”mai Kina ʻāina nui.

"ʻAʻole kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana i hoʻokahi inoa virus ma muli o ka maʻi (e like me SARS-CoV) e inoa i nā maʻi kūlohelohe ʻē aʻe āpau o ka ʻano like akā he ʻokoʻa loa nā waiwai," kākau ʻo ia i ka leka i hoʻouna ʻia ma kona ʻaoʻao a ʻelima mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe o Kina.

Ua hoʻolālā ka hui i kahi inoa koho - "Transmissible respiratory respiratory coronavirus (TARS-CoV). ʻO kekahi koho ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻia, ʻo ia ka "Human acute respiratory coronavirus (HARS-CoV)."

Ua kākau ʻia ka pae leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka inoa iā CSG Chair John Ziebuhr.

Hōʻike nā leka i kūʻē ʻo Ziebuhr i ka manaʻo o ka hui Kina. Ua pane ʻo ia "ʻo ka inoa ʻo SARS-CoV-2 e hoʻopili ana i kēia maʻi i nā mea ʻino ʻē aʻe (i kapa ʻia ʻo SARS-CoVs a i ʻole SARSr-CoVs) i kēia ʻano e like me ka virus prototype o nā mea ulu ma mua o ka maʻi i hoʻouluulu i ka inoa o kēia prototype virus ma kahi o 20 mau makahiki i hala. Hoʻohana ʻia ka suffix -2 ma ke ʻano he mea ʻike kū hoʻokahi a hōʻike ʻia ʻo SARS-Co V-2 he ANOTHER (akā pili loa) i kēia maʻi. "

ʻO kā China hui kūʻāina nona ka mokuʻāina ʻo CGTN hoike hooikaika hou ana i Malaki 2020 e nā virologists Kina e kapa hou i ka inoa SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he coronavirus kanaka 2019 (HCoV-19), ʻaʻole pū kekahi i hui pū ʻia me ka CSG.

Ke kapa nei i ka maʻi hoʻomaʻamaʻa ahulau - ke kuleana o ka World Health Organization (WHO) - he pinepine ia hoʻopiʻi politika hoʻoikaika kino i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻauhau ʻana.

I ka wā i laha mua o ka H5N1 flu ʻo ka virus i kū aʻe ma Kina, ua hoʻokau ke aupuni Kina i ka WHO e hana i nomenclature e hoʻopaʻa ʻole i nā inoa virus i kā lākou mōʻaukala a i ʻole nā ​​wahi i hele mai ai.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Nā leka uila a ke Kulanui o North Carolina ʻo Professor Ralph Baric, kahi a US Right to Know i loaʻa mai ma o kahi noi moʻolelo lehulehu, hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: ʻO nā leka uila Baric # 2: Ke Kulanui o North Carolina (Nānā 332)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Nā huahana mai nā leka uila a ka loea ʻo coralavirus ʻo Ralph Baric 

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Papa ʻia kēia ʻaoʻao i nā palapala i loko o nā leka uila a Professor Ralph Baric, i loaʻa iā US Right to Know i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala lehulehu. ʻO Kauka Baric He loea coronavirus ma ke Kulanui o North Carolina, Chapel Hill (UNC). Loaʻa iā ia hoʻomohala i nā ʻenehana i e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hiki ke ahulau o nā coronaviruses ʻōpeʻapeʻa e kū nei in hana pū ʻana me Dr. Zhengli Shi ma ka Wuhan Institute of Virology a me EcoHealth Alliance.

Hōʻike nā leka uila nā kūkākūkā kūloko a me kahi ʻōpala mua o kahi leka ʻepekema nui e pili ana i nā kumu coronavirus, a hoʻomālamalama i ka pilina ma waena o ka US a me ka poʻe loea Kina i ka biodefense a me nā maʻi lele, a me nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana e like me EcoHealth Alliance a me National Academy of Science (NAS).

E ʻoluʻolu e leka uila i nā mea hoihoi a mākou i ʻike ai sainath@usrtk.org, i hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohui iā lākou ma lalo.

Nā huahana mai nā leka uila Baric

  1. ʻO Tracy McNamara, Polofesa o Pathology ma ke Kulanui o Health Health ma Pomona, Kaleponi kakau iho la ma Malaki 25, 2020:: "Ua hoʻohana ke Aupuni Pekelala ma kahi o $ 1 biliona kālā no ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka Global Health Security Agenda e kōkua i nā lāhui e hoʻomōhala ana i ka hiki ke ʻike / hōʻike / pane i nā hoʻoweliweli pandemika. Hoʻohana ʻia he $ 200 miliona hou aʻe ma ka papahana PREDICT ma o USAID e ʻimi nei i nā mea hōʻeuʻeu e puka mai ana ma nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa, nā ʻiole a me nā mōʻī ma nā ʻāina ʻē A i kēia manawa makemake ka Global Virome Project i $ 1.5 biliona kālā e holo a puni ka honua e ʻimi nei i kēlā me kēia virus ma ka ʻili o ka honua. E loaʻa kālā paha kā lākou. Akā ʻaʻole kekahi o kēia mau papahana i palekana i ka poʻe ʻauhau ma aneʻi ma ka home. ” (ke koʻikoʻi i ka mea kumu)
  2. ʻO Kauka Jonathan Epstein, Hope Pelekikena no ʻEpekema a me waho ma EcoHealth Alliance, imi alakaʻi no kahi noi mai ka US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana me ka "ʻike maʻalahi i ka hoʻohana lua" (Malaki 2018).
  3. Hui ʻEcoHealth uku ia ʻO Kauka Baric kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he honorarium (Ianuali 2018).
  4. kono i ka US National Academy of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) a me ka Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science (CAAS) ʻO US Kūkākūkā Kūkākūkā a me Workshop e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā maʻi e kū mai ana, ka palekana Laboratory, ka palekana olakino ākea a me nā hana kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o Gene i ka noiʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi., Harbin, Kina, Ian 8-10, 2019 (Nowemapa 2018-Ianuali 2019). Mākaukau leka uila a me ka memo huakaʻi hōʻike i ka ʻike o ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika.
  5. Kono kono NAS i kahi hālāwai o ka US a me ka poʻe loea Kina e hana nei e pale i nā maʻi infectious a hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino honua (Nowemapa 2017). Ua hoʻākoakoa ʻia ka hālāwai e ka NAS a me ka Galveston National Laboratory. Ua mālama ʻia ma Ianuali 16-18, 2018, ma Galveston, Texas. A memo huakaʻi hōʻike i ka ʻike o ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika. Hope leka uila hōʻike i ka WIV's Kauka Zhengli Shi aia ma ka hālāwai.
  6. Ma Pepeluali 27, 2020, Baric kakau iho la, "I kēia manawa ʻo ke kumu o ke kumu he ʻōpeʻapeʻa ia, a ke hoʻomaopopo nei au he hewa ke kuhi ʻana he pono ka hoʻokipa waena."
  7. Ma Malaki 5, 2020, Baric kakau iho la, "ʻAʻole loa he hōʻike e pili ana kēia maʻi i ka bioengineered."

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i nā leka uila a Professor Ralph Baric ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila Baric (~ 83,416 ʻaoʻao)

Ke kau nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻO ka ʻepekema me ka hakakā o ka hoihoi e alakaʻi ana iā Lancet COVID-19 Commission task force ma nā kumu virus

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I ka pule aku nei, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi ma The Lancet e nā ʻepekema olakino olakino lehulehu e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-27 i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e nā limahana o EcoHealth Alliance, kahi hui loaʻa kālā ʻole i loaʻa he miliona mau kālā o ka ʻauhau ʻauhau a US e hoʻohana maoli ai i nā coronavirus. me nā ʻepekema ma Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV). 

ka Pepeluali 18 ʻōlelo hoʻohewa ʻia nā "thepirates conspiracy" e hōʻike nei no COVID-19 i hele mai kahi keʻena hana, a ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema "hoʻopau nui" i hoʻomaka ʻia ka maʻi ma ka holoholona lōhiu. Loaʻa nā leka uila e USRTK Ua hōʻike ʻia ua kākau ʻo Pelekikena EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak i ka leka a hoʻonohonoho iā ia e "pale i ke ʻano o kahi ʻōlelo politika." 

ʻAʻole hiki i ka Lancet ke hōʻike aku he mau kūlana ʻehā ʻē aʻe o ka ʻōlelo me nā kūlana me EcoHealth Alliance, a he kuleana kālā kā lākou i ka pale ʻana i nā nīnau mai kahi hiki ke hoʻomaka ʻia ka maʻi ma kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua.

I kēia manawa, ke hāʻawi nei ka Lancet i nā mea hou aʻe i ka hui i loaʻa nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka nīnau olakino lehulehu o nā kumu pandemi. Ma Nowemapa 23, kapa ʻia ka Lancet a paneli hou he 12 mau lālā i ke Keʻena Lancet COVID 19 Komisina. ʻO ka luna hoʻomalu o ka pūʻulu hana hou e noiʻi i nā “Origins, Early Spread of the Pandemic, and One Health Solutions to Future Pandemic Threats” ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka EcoHealth Alliance's Peter Daszak. 

ʻO ka hapalua o nā lālā hana - e like me Daszak, Hume Field, Gerald Keusch, Sai Kit Lam, Stanley Perlman a me Linda Saif - he mau mea kau inoa pū kekahi i ka ʻōlelo i ka lā 18 Fep. Ua hoʻolaha ka ʻahahui e kapa ʻia ka maʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka novel coronavirus ʻo COVID-19. 

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, ma ka liʻiliʻi o ka hapalua o ka hana a ka Lancet's COVID Commission e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2 i mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo. Hoʻohaʻahaʻa kēia i ka hilinaʻi a me ka mana o ka pūʻali hana.

ʻO nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2 he mea pohihihi nō naʻe a ʻo ka hoʻokolokolo pono a hilinaʻi paha he mea nui ia e pale ai i ka maʻi ahulau e hiki mai ana. Kūpono ka lehulehu i kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole i poke ʻia e nā hakakā o ka hoihoi.

Hōʻano hou (Nowemapa 25, 2020): Ua koho ʻia ʻo Peter Daszak i ka ʻO ka hui 10-kanaka o ka World Health Organization Ke ʻimi nei i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo EcoHealth Alliance i ka ʻōlelo ʻepekema nui e pili ana i ka “kumu kūlohelohe” o SARS-CoV-2

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Hoʻohou 2.15.21 - Ua leka hou ʻia ka leka uila Daszak: “ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e kau inoa i ka 'Statement' Ralph !!

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana i a ʻōlelo ma ʻO ka Lancet i kākau ʻia e 27 ʻepekema olakino olakino lehulehu e hoʻāhewa nei i nā "kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole he kumu kūlohelohe ʻo COVID-19" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e nā limahana o EcoHealth Alliance, kahi hui waiwai ʻole i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona of Luna ʻauhau US kālā i manipulate genetically aihua me nā ʻepekema i ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana ua koho ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Peter Daszak i ka Lancet olelo, a ua manao ia e "ʻAʻole e ʻike ʻia e hele mai ana mai kekahi hui a kanaka paha" akā e ʻike ʻia ma "Kahi leka mai nā ʻepekema alakaʻi". Ua kākau ʻo Daszak ua makemake ʻo ia “e hōʻalo ai i ke ʻano o kahi ʻōlelo politika".

Ua ʻike ʻia ka leka a ka poʻe ʻepekema i ʻO ka Lancet ma Pepeluali 18, hoʻokahi pule wale nō ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka World Health Organization e kapa ʻia ka maʻi i hōʻea ʻia e ka novel coronavirus COVID-19.

"Kuhi ikaika nā mea kākau 27 i nā manaʻo kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole he kumu kūlohelohe ʻo COVID-19," a ua hōʻike ʻia ua hana ʻepekema mai nā ʻāina he nui "ua hoʻomaka kēia coronavirus i ka holoholona lōhiu." ʻAʻole pili ka leka i nā ʻepekema e hōʻole i ke kumumanaʻo kumu o ka maʻi. Hoʻokahi ʻepekema, ʻo Linda Saif, i nīnau ʻia ma o ka leka uila inā he pono "E hoʻohui i hoʻokahi a i ʻole 2 mau ʻōlelo i kākoʻo i ke kumu o ka nCOV ʻaʻole kahi lab i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi virus a ke hana maʻamau nei? ʻIke he koʻikoʻi e hōʻole ʻepekema i kēlā mau koi! ” Pane ʻo Daszak, “Manaʻo wau e pili paha mākou i kahi ʻōlelo ākea. "

Ke heahea nei e noiʻi i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūpono o SARS-CoV-2 i alakaʻi ʻia i hoʻonui i ka loiloi o EcoHealth Alliance. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka hana a nā lālā o ka EcoHealth Alliance i ka hana mua ʻana i ka waiho ʻana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hiki ʻana o kahi lab o SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he "crackpot theories e pono e kamaʻilio ʻia," e like me ʻLelo ʻo Daszak ke Kahu.

ʻOiai ʻo ka huaʻōlelo "EcoHealth Alliance" hoʻokahi wale nō manawa i kū ai i loko ʻO ka Lancet ʻōlelo, i ka hui pū ʻana me ka mea kākau kākau ʻo Daszak, he mau pilina pili ʻē aʻe kekahi mau hoa kākau ʻē aʻe i ka hui i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi. ʻO Rita Colwell lāua ʻo James Hughes lala o ka Papa Hoʻokele o EcoHealth Alliance, ʻO William Karesh ʻo ia ka Pelekikena Hope Pelekikena o ka hui no ke olakino a me nā kulekele, a Kahua Hume ʻo ia ka ʻepekema a me ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo.

Ua ʻōlelo pū nā mea kākau o ka ʻōlelo, ʻo ka "hoʻokaʻawale wikiwiki ʻana, a me ka moakāka ʻole o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i kēia laha ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia nei e nā lono a me nā ʻike hewa e pili ana i kāna kumu. I kēia lā naʻe, ʻike iki ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2, a me nā noiʻi ʻana i ke kumu o ka Pūnaewele o ka Honua a ʻO ka Lancet Komisina COVID-19 ʻē uhi ʻia i ka hūnā a mired ʻia e nā paio o nā makemake.

ʻO Peter Daszak, ʻo Rita Colwell, a ʻO ka Lancet ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Lunahooponopono Richard Horton i mau manaʻo ma ka pane ʻana i kā mākou noi no kēia moʻolelo.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i ka pūʻulu holoʻokoʻa o nā leka uila EcoHealth Alliance ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila ʻo EcoHealth Alliance: Kulanui o Maryland (Nānā 466)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala i loaʻa ma o ke noi ākea kūʻokoʻa o ka lehulehu (FOI) kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards i kā mākou pou: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Pākuʻi pili

Ke kūpono o nā noi nui e pili ana i ke kumu o ka coronavirus me ke kānalua; nā puke pai ʻepekema e ʻimi nei

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Na Carey Gillam

Mai ka ka laha ʻana o COVID-19 i ke kūlanakauhale Kina o Wuhan i Kēkēmapa 2019, ua ʻimi nā ʻepekema no nā kuhi e pili ana i ke ala ʻana o kāna agena causative, ka puke coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. ʻO ka wehe ʻana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2 hiki ke lilo i mea koʻikoʻi no ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi e hiki mai ana.

Ho? Oponopono o ʻehā kiʻekiʻe Profile haʻawina i paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki i hāʻawi i ka ʻepekema hilinaʻi i ke kuhiakau i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo SARS-CoV-2 i loko o nā opeapea a laila lele i nā kānaka ma o kahi ʻano anteater i kapa ʻia he pangolin - i waena o nā holoholona hihiu i kālepa nui ʻia ma ka honua. ʻOiai kēlā kumumanaʻo kikoʻī pili pū ana i nā pangolins hoʻēmi nui ʻia, nā noiʻi ʻehā i kapa ʻia ʻo "nā pepa pangolin" e hoʻomau i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ke kākoʻo no ka manaʻo e pili kokoke ana nā coronavirus iā SARS-CoV-2 e hoʻopuni i ka nahelehele, ʻo ia hoʻi ka SARS-CoV-2 i hoʻokumu iā COVID-19 mai kahi kumu holoholona hihiu mai. 

ʻO ka nānā ʻana i kahi kumu holoholona hihiu, ke kumumanaʻo "zoonotic", ua lilo i mea nui i ke kūkākūkā honua e pili ana i ka maʻi, e kuhikuhi ana i ka lehulehu mai kahi ka hiki i hoʻomaka paha ka maʻi maʻi i loko o kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua aupuni Kina - ka ʻO Wuhan Institute of Virology.

Ua aʻo ʻo US Right to Know (USRTK), eia naʻe ʻelua o nā pepa ʻehā e hoʻokumu ana i ke kumumanaʻo zoonotic e kīnā ʻole ana, a ʻo nā mea hoʻoponopono i nā puke pai i paʻi ʻia ai nā pepa. Nā Polokalamu PLoS a Nature - ke ʻimi nei i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi ma hope o nā noi a pehea e kālailai ʻia ai ka ʻikepili. Hōʻike like nā ʻē aʻe ʻelua i pilikia kīnā ʻole.

ʻO nā pilikia me nā pepa noiʻi e hāpai i nā "nīnau a me nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi" e pili ana i ka pono o ke kumumanaʻo zoonotic āpau, e like me ʻO Kauka Sainath Suryanarayanan, he biologist a me sociologist o ka ʻepekema, a me ka ʻepekema limahana o USRTK.  ʻAʻohe o ka ʻikepili i lawa ka hilinaʻi ʻia, nā ʻikepili i hōʻoia ʻia me kahi kaʻawale o ka loiloi a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o nā hoa, e like me kā Dr. Suryanarayanan. 

E ʻike i kāna mau leka uila me nā mea kākau kiʻekiʻe o nā pepa a me nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai, a me ka hoʻopili ʻana. ʻO ke kūlohelohe a me PLoS Pathogens ʻimi i ka ʻepekema ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā noi nui e hoʻopili ana i nā corolavirus pangolin i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Nā luna aupuni aupuni Kina paipai mua i ka manaʻo ʻo ke kumu o ka agena causal no COVID-19 i loko o kānaka i hele mai mai kahi holoholona hihiu i Kekemapa. Ua kākoʻo nā ʻepekema i kākoʻo ʻia e ke aupuni Kina i kēlā kumumanaʻo i ʻehā mau noiʻi ʻokoʻa i waiho ʻia i nā puke pai ma waena o Pepeluali 7 a me 18.

ʻO ka Hui Misiona Hui Hui Kina a ka World Health Organization e ʻimi nei i ka puka a hoʻolaha ʻana o COVID-19 ma Kina i ʻōlelo ʻia ma Pepeluali : "No ka loaʻa ʻana o ka maʻi genome o ka maʻi COVID-19 i ka 96% i ka cor Batavavirus like SARS a me 86% -92% i kahi corolavirus like SARS, he kumu holoholona no COVID-19." 

Ua kōkua ka Kina i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi kumu holoholona hihiu e hōʻoluʻolu Kāhea no ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology, kahi i mālama lōʻihi ʻia ai nā coronavirus holoholona a me nā genetically manipulated. Ma kahi o, nā kumuwaiwai a me nā hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiaulu hana honua hauʻoli i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā kumu e hoʻopili ana i ka pilina ma waena o nā kānaka a me nā holoholona lōhiu. 

ʻO nā pepa ʻehā i nīnau ʻia Liu et al., Xiao et al. , Lam et al. a Zhang et al. ʻO nā mea ʻelua e ʻimi ʻia nei e nā luna hoʻoponopono puke ʻo Liu et al lāua ʻo Xiao et al. I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me nā mea kākau a me nā luna hoʻoponopono o kēlā mau pepa ʻelua, ua aʻo ʻo USRTK i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi me ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kēlā mau aʻo ʻana, e like me kēia:    

  • Liu et al. ʻaʻole i paʻi a kaʻana like (ma ke noi ʻia ʻana) maka a / a i ʻole nalo i ka ʻikepili i ʻae ʻia nā poʻe loea e hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou aniani genomic.
  • Luna hoʻoponopono ma nā mea ʻelua Nature a Nā Polokalamu PLoS, a ʻo Professor Stanley Perlman, ka hoʻoponopono o Liu et al., i ʻae i nā kamaʻilio leka uila ua ʻike lākou i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi me kēia mau pepa a ke nānā nei nā puke pai iā lākou. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole lākou i hoʻolaha i ka lehulehu i nā pilikia kūpono me nā pepa.  

ʻO ka hāmau o nā puke pai e pili ana i kā lākou mau noiʻi e hoʻomau nei, ʻo ia hoʻi ka ʻike ʻole o nā kaiāulu ākea o nā ʻepekema, a me nā lehulehu i hoʻopilikia ʻia e COVID-19 i nā pilikia e pili ana i nā pepa noiʻi, wahi a Dr. 

"Manaʻoʻiʻo mākou he mea nui kēia mau pilikia, no ka mea hiki ke hoʻohālikelike i ka pane ʻana o nā ʻoihana i kahi maʻi ahulau kūpilikiʻi i hoʻopili nui i nā ola a me nā ola ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā loulou i kēia mau leka uila ma aneʻi: 

Ma Iulai 2020, Ua hoʻomaka ʻo US Right to Know e waiho i nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka ʻikepili mai nā hui lehulehu i ka hoʻāʻo e ʻike i nā mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o ka novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi Covid-19. Mai ka hoʻomaka o ka laha ma Wuhan, ua make ʻo SARS-CoV-2 ma kahi o hoʻokahi miliona mau kānaka, ʻoiai e maʻi ana he mau miliona i loko o ka maʻi ahulau e hoʻomau mau nei.

Ma Nowemapa 5, Ua waiho ʻo US Right to Know i kahi hoʻopiʻi kue i ka National Institutes of Health (NIH) no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā ʻāpana o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information. Ke hoʻopiʻi, i waiho ʻia i ka ʻĀpana ʻApana ʻAmelika ma Wakinekona, DC, ʻimi i nā leka me a i ʻole e pili ana i nā ʻoihana e like me Wuhan Institute of Virology a me ka Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevent, a me ka EcoHealth Alliance, ka mea i hui pū me a kālā kālā ka Wuhan Institute o Virology.

ʻO US Right to Know kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi nonprofit e nānā ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu. Hiki iā 'oe kākoʻo i kā mākou noiʻi a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma o ka hāʻawi ʻana ma aneʻi. 

No ke aha mākou e ʻimi nei i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2, nā labs biosafety a me ka noiʻi GOF

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E nānā i ka Blog Biohazards no nā mea hou i kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, a ke kau nei mākou palapala mai kā mākou hoʻokolokolo ʻana ma aneʻi. Kau inoa maanei e loaʻa i nā hoʻohou i kēlā me kēia pule. 

I Iulai 2020, ua hoʻomaka ʻo US Right to Know i ka waiho ʻana i nā palapala a ka lehulehu i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka ʻikepili mai nā keʻena lehulehu i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ʻike i nā mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o ka novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi Covid-19 Mai ka hoʻomaka o ka laha ma Wuhan, ua make ʻo SARS-CoV-2 ma kahi o hoʻokahi miliona mau kānaka, ʻoiai e maʻi ana he mau miliona i loko o ka maʻi ahulau e hoʻomau mau nei.

Ke ʻimi nei nō hoʻi mākou i nā ulia pōpilikia, nā kulu a me nā pōʻino ʻē aʻe ma nā keʻena hoʻokolohua kahi e mālama a hoʻoponopono ʻia ai nā pathogens o ka maʻi ahulau, a me nā pilikia o ka olakino lehulehu o ka noiʻi loaʻa (GOF), e pili ana i nā hoʻokolohua e hoʻonui i nā hiʻohiʻona o ka hana o nā pathogens make , e like me ka ukana viral, infectivity a me transmissibility.

He kuleana ko ka lehulehu a me ko ke kaiāulu ʻepekema honua e ʻike i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i kēia mau mea. E hōʻike mākou ma aneʻi i nā loaʻa kūpono e kū mai kā mākou noiʻi.

ʻO US Right to Know kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi e kia ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu.

No ke aha mākou e hana nei i kēia noiʻi?

Ke hopohopo nei mākou ʻaʻole hiki i nā ʻōnaehana palekana aupuni o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, Kina a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe, a me ke kula nui, nā ʻoihana a me nā hui aupuni a lākou e hana pū ai, ke hāʻawi i kahi kiʻi piha a ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2 a me nā pilikia. o ka noiʻi loaʻa lanakila.

Ma o kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, ʻimi mākou e pane i nā nīnau ʻekolu:

  • He aha ka mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2?
  • Aia paha kekahi mau pōʻino a i ʻole nā ​​pōʻino i hana ʻia ma kahi biosafety a i ʻole nā ​​wahi noiʻi GOF i hōʻike ʻole ʻia?
  • Aia paha kekahi hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana o nā keʻena hoʻokolohua biosafety a i ʻole noiʻi GOF i hōʻike ʻole ʻia?

He aha nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2?

I ka hopena o Kekemapa 2019, ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Wuhan, Kina, ua puka mai ka nūhou e pili ana i ka maʻi weliweli i kapa ʻia ʻo COVID-19, i hoʻokumu ʻia e SARS-CoV-2, kahi coronavirus hou i ʻike ʻole ʻia ma mua. ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Aia kekahi kuhiakau nui ʻelua.

Nā kānaka noiʻi i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana i pili me ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology (WIV) a Hui ʻEcoHealth, kahi US non-profitthat i ua loaʻa he mau miliona kālā mai nā hāʻawi kālā i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻauhau i hana pū me WIV ma ka noiʻi coronavirus, palapala ʻo ka virus mea hou hoʻomaka ʻia ma o ke koho kūlohelohe i na mea hookipa holoholona, ​​me kona waihona i loko o nā opeapea. keia Ke kumu "zoonotic" ua hoʻoikaika hou ʻia ke kuhiakau e kuleana ua hoʻomaka ka maʻi ahulau hou i a “Holoholona hihiu” mākeke ma Wuhan, ka Mākeke kai ʻo Huanan, kahi i kūʻai ʻia aku ai nā holoholona i hoʻopili ʻia. (Eia naʻe, ma ka liʻiliʻi hoʻokahi hapakolu o ka hui mua o nā mea maʻi maʻi, me ka hihia mua loa o ka maʻi i ʻike ʻia mai Kēkēmapa 1, 2019, ʻaʻohe pili a pili ʻole paha me nā poʻe kaiāulu a me nā holoholona o ka mākeke iʻa Huanan.)

ʻO ke kuhiakau zoonosis i kēia manawa ke kuhiakau o ke kumu. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka kumu zoonotic o SARS-CoV-2 i akā e hoʻokumu paʻa ʻia, a ua kuhikuhi kekahi o nā kānaka noiʻi ua kau ia ma luna kuee loina ia makemake hoʻokolokolo hou.

No ka heluhelu hou ʻana i kēia mau kumuhana, e ʻike i kā mākou papa inoa heluhelu: He aha nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2? He aha nā mea e makaʻu ai i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka noiʻi?

Ua kuhi kekahi ʻepekema i kahi kuhiakau ʻokoʻa o ke kumu; kuhi lākou ʻo ka SARS-CoV-2 ka hopena o kahi pilikia hoʻokuʻu o kahi ʻano hihiu a i ʻole hōʻano lab-i kānana o kahi pili pili Virus e like me SARS i mālama ʻia i nā wahi biosafety e mālama nei i ka noiʻi coronavirus ma Wuhan, e like me ka WIV a i ʻole nā ​​Wuhan Centres for Disease Control and Prevent.

ʻO ka mea nui, ʻaʻole kuhi ʻia kahi hanana ʻōnaehana lab-kumu i ke kuhiakau zoonosis no ka mea ʻo SARS-CoV-2 ka hopena o nā hoʻololi lab i mālama ʻia ma nā mana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o nā coronaviruses like like me SARS. mālama i WIV, a i ʻole ka hōʻiliʻili a mālama ʻana paha o ia mau coronavirus. Kū'ē o ke kuhiakau-kumu-kuhiakau ua kipaku aku i kēia mau manaʻo e like me nā manaʻo pohihihi ʻole a nā manaʻo kipi.

I kēia lā, aia nō aole lawa hoike e hōʻole definitively i kahi zoonotic kumu a me nā kuhiakau-kumu kuhiakau. ʻIke mākou, ma muli o nā ʻatikala noiʻi i paʻi ʻia a Hāʻawi ke aupuni pekelala US i ka EcoHealth Alliance no ke kākoʻo kālā ʻana i ka noiʻi coronavirus a WIV, kēlā WIV mālama haneli o ka weliweli SARS-like coronaviruses, a hana ʻia Nā hoʻokolohua GOF ma nā coronaviruses i ka hana pū ʻana me nā kula nui o US, a aia kekahi hopohopo biosafety me ʻO ka hale hana BSL-4 a WIV.

Akā i kēia manawa, ʻaʻohe loiloi kūʻokoʻa o nā moʻolelo hale hōʻikeʻike a WIV a me ka ʻikepili pūnaewele, a liʻiliʻi ka ʻike e pili ana i nā hana kūloko o ka WIV. Ua wehe ka WIV mai kāna ʻike pūnaewele e like me ʻo ka huakaʻi 2018 o ka diplomats ʻepekema US, a pani paʻa ʻia i ke kiʻi ʻana i kāna hōkeo ʻikepili a papa hana hale hōʻikeʻike o nā hoʻokolohua coronavirus e mālama ʻia e nā ʻepekema WIV.

ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2 he hopena koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi no ka olakino a me nā ʻōnaehana kai. Hoʻāla ʻia kahi kumu zoonotic SARS-CoV-2 kūpono ninau e pili ana i nā kulekele e hoʻolaha ana i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka mahiʻai ʻoihana a me nā hana holoholona, ​​i hiki ke lilo i mau hoʻokele nui ka puka ʻana o nā nūhou a me nā mea hoʻomaʻi pathogenic kiʻekiʻe, ka wao nahele, nalowale o nā mea ola a me nā wahi noho. ʻO ka hiki i kū mai paha ʻo SARS-CoV-2 mai kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua biodefense e ala aʻe nei ninau e pili ana i inā pono mākou e loaʻa kēia mau wahi, kahi e mālama a hoʻoponopono ʻia ai nā pathogens microbial i loaʻa i ka nahelehele ma o nā hoʻokolohua GOF.

ʻO nā noiʻi ʻana ma kahi o ka SARS-CoV-2 e hāpai i nā nīnau nui e pili ana i ka hemahema o ka transparency e pili ana i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pathogens pandemic kūpono, a me nā mea nui a me nā mea pāʻani e hana nei i nā wahi paʻa biosafety ākea ākea kahi e mālama ʻia ai nā mea ʻino weliweli a lilo i mea e make hou ai.

Loaʻa ka makaʻu i ka noiʻi loaʻa-o-ka hana?

Aia kekahi mea nui hoike he nui nā laboratories biosafety ulia, nā hāhā, a hāʻule paʻa, a o na nā pōmaikaʻi kūpono o ka noiʻi loaʻa-o-ka hana hiki ʻaʻole waiwai ka nā pilikia o ke kumu o nā pandemics hiki.

ʻO ka noiʻi GOF o ka hopohopo e hoʻololi a hoʻāʻo i nā pathogens weliweli e like me ka maʻi Ebola, H1N1 influenza virus, a me nā coronaviruses pili i ka SARS ma lalo o ka rubric o ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā hana kūʻē lapaʻau (e like me nā lāʻau lapaʻau). E like me ia, ʻaʻole hoihoi ia wale ʻenehana biotechnology a me ka ʻoihana lāʻau akā, i ʻoihana biodefense, e pili ana i ka hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia o ka noiʻi ʻo GOF no nā hana o ka biowarfare.

ʻO ka noiʻi GOF ma nā pathogens make he a nui maoli aupuni pili ola olakino. hoike o nā kulu kuhihewa a me nā haʻihaʻi biosafety ma nā wahi noiʻi GOF ʻaʻole mea maʻamau. Ma hope o kahi hui koʻikoʻi o nā virologists i paʻi i kahi koi ʻōlelo ʻaelike ma Iulai 14, 2014 e kāhea ana i kahi moratorium ma ka noiʻi GOF o ka hopohopo, ua hoʻokau ke aupuni US ma lalo o kā Pelekikena Barack Obama hoʻokele.  "Hoʻomaha kālā" ma nā hoʻokolohua GOF e pili ana i nā pathogens weliweli, me nā coronaviruses a me nā virus influenza.

ʻO ka hoʻomaha kālā kālā pekelala ma ka noiʻi GOF o ka hopohopo i hāpai ʻia i 2017 ma hope o kahi manawa a ke aupuni US i hana ai he moʻo kūkā e helu i ka nā pōmaikaʻi a me nā pilikia pili pū me nā noiʻi e pili ana i ka noiʻi GOF o ka hopohopo.

Ke ʻimi nei i ka transparency

Ke hopohopo nei mākou i ka ʻikepili i koʻikoʻi i ke kulekele olakino lehulehu e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2, a me nā makaʻu o nā keʻena hoʻokolohua biosafety a me ka noiʻi ʻana o ka loaʻa pono o ka hana, e hūnā ʻia ma loko o nā pūnaewele biodefense o nā pale pono aupuni o ka United. Nā Aupuni, Kina, a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe.

E hoʻāʻo mākou e hoʻomālamalama i kēia mau mea ma o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā noi palapala lehulehu. E kūleʻa paha kāua. Hiki iā mākou ke hāʻule maʻalahi. E hōʻike mākou i kekahi mea pono e loaʻa iā mākou.

ʻO Sainath Suryanarayanan, PhD, he ʻepekema limahana ma US Right to Know a me ka mea kākau o ka puke, "ʻO nā pi e nalo nei: ʻEpekema, politika a me ka olakino Honeybee”(Rutgers University Press, 2017).