Kuhikuhi nā pepa glyphosate hou i ka "wikiwiki" no ka noiʻi hou ʻana i ka hopena kemika i ke olakino kanaka

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Hōʻike nā pepa ʻepekema hou i hōʻike ʻia i ke ʻano o ka nāhelehele e luku ana i ka glyphosate kemika a me kahi pono e hoʻomaopopo pono i ka hopena o ka hopena o ka pesticide kaulana i ke olakino kanaka, e like me ke olakino o ka ʻōpala microbiome.

In kekahi o nā pepa hou, nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Turku ma Pinilana i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻoholo, i kahi "conservative estimation," ma kahi o 54 pākēneka o nā ʻano i ke kumu o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i "hiki ke maʻalahi" i ka glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hoʻohana lākou i kahi hana bioinformatics hou e loaʻa ai ka loaʻa.

Me kahi "mahele nui" o nā koʻohune i loko o ka ʻōpū microbiome i maʻalahi ʻia i ka glyphosate, ʻo ka lawe ʻana o glyphosate "e loli loa i ka hana o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau i kā lākou pepa, i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina i ka Ka Nupepa o nā Pono Pono.

Aia nā microbes i loko o ka ʻōpū o ke kanaka i nā ʻano bacteria a me fungi a manaʻo ʻia he hopena ia i nā hana pale a me nā hana koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe. Manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia kekahi mau mea ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole e nā limahana o nā maʻi.

"ʻOiai ʻo ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā koena glyphosate i loko o nā ʻōnaehana ʻōpū kanaka e hemahema mau nei, hōʻike nā hopena e hōʻemi nā koena glyphosate i nā ʻano bacteria a hoʻololi i nā ʻano bacteria i loko o ka ʻōpū," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau. "E kuhi paha mākou i ka lōʻihi o ka loaʻa ʻana o ke koena glyphosate e alakaʻi ai i nā ʻano kūʻē i ke kaiaola bacteria."

ʻO nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome ʻōiwi mai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hana glyphosate e ke kuhikuhi ʻana i kahi ʻenemoni i ʻike ʻia ʻo 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS.) Kuhi kēia enemi i ka synthesizing o nā amino acid pono.

"No ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hopena maoli o ka glyphosate ma ka microbiota ʻōpū o ke kanaka a me nā meaola ʻē aʻe, pono i kahi noiʻi empirical hou e hōʻike i nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, e hoʻoholo ai i nā hopena o ka glyphosate maʻemaʻe a me nā hana kalepa ma microbiome a e nānā i ka nui o kā mākou EPSPS wānana nā māka amino acid i ka maʻalahi o ke koʻohune i glyphosate i loko o nā hanana vitro a me ka honua maoli, "pau nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou.

Ma waho aʻe o nā mea noiʻi ʻeono mai Pinilana, ua pili pū kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka pepa me ka ʻoihana o ka biochemistry a me ka biotechnology ma ke Kulanui o Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Catalonia, ma Sepania.

"ʻAʻole hoʻoholo ʻia nā hopena no ke olakino kanaka i kā mākou noi ʻana. Eia nō naʻe, ma muli o nā noiʻi i hala iho nei ... ʻike mākou he pili pili paha nā hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i kekahi mau maʻi, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka mea noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Turku ʻo Pere Puigbo i kahi nīnauele.

"Lana koʻu manaʻo e wehe kā mākou noiʻi noiʻi i ka puka i nā hoʻokolohua hou aku, in-vitro a me ke kula, a me nā noiʻi kūloko i ka lehulehu e helu i ka hopena o ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate i nā heluna kanaka a me nā meaola ʻē aʻe," i ʻōlelo ʻo Puigbo.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻia ma 1974

ʻO Glyphosate ʻo ia ka mea hana i nā lāʻau herbicides Roundup a me nā haneli he nui o nā huahana lūlū mauu i kūʻai aku ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻolauna ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomake nāhelehele na Monsanto i 1974 a ua ulu a lilo i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻolauna ʻia ʻana o Monsanto i nā makahiki 1990 o nā mea kanu i hoʻohua ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka kemika. Loaʻa nā koena o ka glyphosate i ka meaʻai a me ka wai. No laila, ʻike pinepine ʻia nā koena i ka mimi o ka poʻe i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma o ka papaʻai a me / a i ʻole ka noi.

Mālama ʻo US regulator a me Monsanto nona Bayer AG i ka mālama ʻana ʻaʻohe hopohopo olakino kanaka me ka hōʻike glyphosate ke hoʻohana ʻia nā huahana e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia, me nā koena i ka papaʻai.

Ke ulu nei ke kino o ka noiʻi e kūʻē ana i kēlā mau koi. ʻO ka noiʻi ʻana i nā hopena e hiki ke loaʻa i ka glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome ʻaʻole kokoke i ka ikaika e like me nā puke e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, akā he wahi ia. ke ʻimi nei nā ʻepekema he nui.

I kahi mea e pili ana pepa i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina, ua ʻōlelo ʻia kahi hui o nā kānaka noiʻi mai Wakinekona State University a me ke Kulanui ʻo Duke ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi pilina ma waena o nā pae o nā koʻohune a me nā fungi ma nā wahi gastrointestinal o nā keiki a me nā kemika i loaʻa i ko lākou mau home. ʻAʻole i nānā pono nā mea noiʻi i ka glyphosate kikoʻī, akā naʻe pīhoihoi i ka loaʻa ʻo nā keiki me nā kiʻekiʻe o nā kemika home maʻamau i kā lākou kahawai i hōʻike i ka hoʻemi ʻana i ka nui a me nā ʻano like ʻole o nā bacteria koʻikoʻi i loko o ko lākou ʻōpū.

ʻO Glyphosate i ka mimi

An pepa ʻepekema hou aku paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina ua kahakaha i ka pono no ka ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate a me nā keiki.

Ka pepa, paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai Ka Ola Ola e nā kānaka noiʻi mai ka Institute for Translational Epidemiology ma ke Kula Lapaʻau ʻo Icahn ma Mount Sinai ma New York, ʻo ia ka hopena o ka loiloi palapala no nā noiʻi he nui e hōʻike ana i nā waiwai maoli o ka glyphosate i ka poʻe.

Ua ʻōlelo nā mea kākau ua kālailai lākou i ʻelima mau noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i loko o nā makahiki ʻelua i hala aku nei e hōʻike nei i nā pae glyphosate i ana ʻia i ka poʻe, e like me hoʻokahi hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ana ʻia nā pae glyphosate urinary i nā keiki e noho ana ma kuaʻāina ʻo Mexico. Ma kahi o 192 mau keiki e noho ana ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Agua Caliente, 72.91 ka pākēneka i loaʻa i nā pae o ka glyphosate i loko o kā lākou mimi, a ʻo nā keiki he 89 a pau e noho ana ma Ahuacapán, Mekiko, ua ʻike ʻia nā pae pesticide i loko o kā lākou mimi.

ʻOiai ke hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o nā noi hou ʻana, ma ka hapanui, aia kahi ʻikepili liʻiliʻi e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate i ka poʻe. ʻO nā haʻawina ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa he 4,299 wale nō, me nā keiki 520, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

Ua hoʻoholo nā mea kākau ʻaʻole hiki i kēia manawa ke hoʻomaopopo i ka "pili kūpono" ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me nā maʻi, ʻoi aku i nā keiki, no ka mea, he palena ka hōʻiliʻili ʻike ma nā pae hōʻike i ka poʻe a ʻaʻole kaulike ʻia.

Ua hoʻomaopopo lākou ʻoiai ka nele o ka ʻikepili paʻa e pili ana i nā hopena o ka glyphosate i nā keiki, ʻo ka nui o nā koena glyphosate i ʻae ʻia e nā luna kānāwai o US i ka meaʻai i hoʻonui nui ʻia i nā makahiki.

"He mau hakahaka i loko o nā puke ma glyphosate, a pono e hoʻopiha ʻia kēia mau hakahaka me ka wikiwiki, no ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o kēia huahana a me kona kūlana a puni," wahi a ka mea kākau ʻo Emanuela Taioli.

Pilikia loa nā keiki i nā carcinogens ākea a me ka nānā ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā huahana e like me glyphosate i loko o nā keiki "kahi mea e pono ai ke olakino lehulehu," e like me nā mea kākau o ka pepa.

"E like me kekahi kemika, nui nā ʻanuʻu e pili ana i ka loiloi i ka makaʻu, kahi e ʻohi nei i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike kanaka, i hiki ai ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia nā pae e hana ʻeha ana i hoʻokahi lāhui a i ʻole nā ​​holoholona i nā pae hōʻike maʻamau."

"Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike mua mākou i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike kanaka i nā limahana a me ka lehulehu. Aia kekahi mau hakahaka ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēia huahana, no ka laʻana ʻo nā hopena ma kāna genotoxicity i loko o nā kānaka he palena. ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa mau e pili ana i nā hopena o ka hōʻike glyphosate e hoʻokumu i nā pae hōʻike i ka lehulehu ākea i kahi pilikia olakino lehulehu, keu hoʻi no ka poʻe nāwaliwali loa. "

Ua ʻōlelo nā mea kākau e mālama pono ʻia nā pae glyphosate urinary i ka heluna lehulehu.

"Ke hoʻomau nei mākou e ʻōlelo i ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he ana i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā noiʻi kūloko āpau e like me ka National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey e ʻae ai i ka ʻike maikaʻi o nā pilikia e hiki i ka glyphosate a ʻae i ka nānā maikaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe e hiki e wehe ʻia a ʻo ka poʻe i maʻalahi ke hōʻike ʻia, "i kākau ai lākou.

ʻO Glyphosate i ka moa moa i hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka mea momona ke hōʻeha nei i ka hana ʻana o ka meaʻai, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi

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Ua lawe mai nā kānaka ʻepekema i ka nūhou hou aʻe i ka mālamalama e pili ana i ka glyphosate lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia, ʻo Roundup, i kahi pepa noiʻi hou i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina.

Nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Turku ma Pinilana i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kahi pepa i paʻiʻia ma ka puke pai  ʻEpekema o ka ʻĀpana holina hiki i kēlā manure mai ka moa i hoʻohana ʻia me ka mea momona ke hōʻemi i nā hua i ka wā he mau koena ka manure o nā lāʻau herbicides e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e like me Roundup. Pono nā mea hoʻomomona e hoʻonui i ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu, no laila ʻo nā hōʻike e hiki i nā koena glyphosate ke loaʻa ka hopena ʻē aʻe he mea nui.

ʻO ka ʻōpala moa, e like me ke kāhea ʻia ʻana o ka manure, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona, e like me ka mahiʻai meaola, no ka mea, manaʻo ʻia he waiwai ia i nā mea pono pono. Hoʻohana o ka moa manuahi e like me ka mea momona e ulu nei i ka mahiʻai a me ka mahiʻai a me nā māla home.

ʻOiai ke ulu nei ka hoʻohana, ʻo nā "pilikia kūpono e pili ana i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o nā agrochemicals i ka moa moa e nānā nui ʻole ʻia," i aʻo aku ai nā mea noiʻi o Pinilana.

Ke ulu nei ka poʻe mahiʻai meaola e hopohopo nui nei e pili ana i nā glyphosate i ka momona manure i ʻae ʻia i ka hana ʻana i nā meaola, akā nui ka poʻe i ka ʻoihana e makemake e hoʻolaha i ka pilikia.

Hoʻomaʻama pololei ka poʻe mahiʻai i nā glyphosate ma luna o nā mea kanu i ulu a puni ka honua, e like me ka soybeans, ka palaoa, ka pulupulu, ka canola a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe i hoʻolālā ʻia e kū i nā mālama glyphosate. Hoʻopīpī pinepine lākou i nā mea kanu e like me ka palaoa a me nā ʻoka, ʻaʻole hoʻolālā ʻia me nā genetically - ma mua koke o ka ʻohi ʻana e hoʻomaloʻo i nā mea kanu.

Hāʻawi ʻia i ka nui o nā herbicides ma muli o ka glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia e mālama i nā mea kanu i hoʻohana ʻia i ka hānai holoholona, ​​a me ka nui o ka manure i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona, "e makaʻala maoli mākou aia kēia ʻano pilikia," wahi a kekahi o nā mea kākau. o ke aʻo, Anne Muola.

"ʻAʻohe mea makemake e kamaʻilio nui e pili ana i ia." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Muola.

ʻO Monsanto - ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o nā gicphosate herbsicides pololei i nā mea kanu meaʻai - i kēia manawa kahi hui o Bayer AG - mai ka makahiki 1990, a hoʻohana ʻia ka glyphosate i nā wahi āpau i ʻike pinepine ʻia nā koena i ka meaʻai, ka wai a me nā ʻāpana ea.

Ma muli o ke koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai kanaka a me nā holoholona, ​​ʻike pinepine ʻia nā pae glyphosate e ʻike ʻia i ka mimi kanaka a me ka hoʻoulu holoholona.

ʻO kēia mau koena glyphosate i ka mea momona he pilikia ia no nā mea kanu no nā kumu he nui, e like me ka mea noiʻi o Pinilana.

"Ua ʻike mākou i ka manure moa hiki ke hōʻiliʻili i nā koena kiʻekiʻe o (nā gicphosate-based herbicides), hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu a me ka hana hou ʻana, a pēlā e kāohi ai i nā hopena ulu o ka manure ke hoʻopili ʻia me he mea hoʻomomona lā," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pepa. "Hōʻike kēia mau hopena i ka hala ʻana o ke koena i ke kaʻina hana digestive o nā manu, a ʻo ka mea nui loa, hoʻomau lākou i ka momona o ka manure i nā wā lōʻihi."

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi hiki i nā koena glyphosate ke hoʻomau i nā ʻōnaehana kaiaola, e hoʻololi ana i nā meaola non-target i loko o nā makahiki he nui.

ʻO nā hopena, ʻōlelo lākou, ʻo ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pono o ka manure ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona; ka hoʻowahāwahā lōʻihi o ka lāʻau glyphosate mau loa o nā pōʻai mahiʻai; "Hoʻowahāwahā" hoʻohaumia glyphosate o nā wahi kū ʻole; hoʻonui i ka hoʻoweliweli i "nā meaola non-target mākaukau," a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka hopena o nā kū kū kū i ke glyphosate.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi e pono e hana hou i nā noiʻi e hōʻike i ka nui o ka haumia glyphosate i loko o nā meaola a me pehea e hopena ai ka hoʻomau.

Hoʻohui ka noiʻi ʻo Pinilana i ka hōʻike o ka makaʻu o nā koena glyphosate i ka mea hoʻomomona, e like me nā loea mahiʻai.

"ʻO nā hopena o ke koena glyphosate i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i loko o nā moa manuahi kahi wahi i nānā nui ʻole ʻia o ka noiʻi," wahi a ka ʻepekema lepo ʻo Rodale Institute, ʻo Dr. "Akā he aha ka noiʻi e kū nei i hōʻike ʻia e hiki i kēlā mau koena ke hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea kanu, inā hoʻohana ʻia ka manure moa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā koena Glyphosate i nā mea momona i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea kanu, nā microbiome lepo, a me nā microbes e pili ana i nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona me nā kānaka ma o ka kaulahao meaʻai. Ke hoʻolaha ʻole ʻia kēia haumia ma o ka momona, waiho ia i kahi ʻino koʻikoʻi ma nā meaola a me nā kaiaola a me nā lawelawe. "

Ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa 9.4 miliona mau tona o glyphosate ua pīpī ʻia ma nā kahua - lawa no ka pīpī ʻana ma kahi o ka hapalua paona o Roundup ma kēlā ʻeka ʻeka ʻāina i mahi ʻia i ka honua.

I ka 2015, ka ʻOihana Ola Nui o ka World Health Organization no ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai (IARC) glyphosate ʻike ʻia e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka”Ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā makahiki o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema. Ua ʻike ka kime o nā ʻepekema kūwaho he hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

He ʻumi tausani mau kānaka ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e ʻeha nei i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin ua hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto, a i loko o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo i hoʻopaʻa ʻia a hiki i kēia lā, ua ʻike nā Kiure ua hewa nā hui ʻoihana glyphosate o ka hui no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā maʻi ʻaʻai.

Hoʻohui ʻia, an assortment o holoholona hoʻopaʻa haʻawina hoʻokuʻu i kēia kauwela hōʻike i ka hōʻike glyphosate ka hopena i nā mea hānau a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i ka momona, me ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā hōʻike hou he ʻenemi paha ka mea hana lū. hoʻopau hoʻopau endocrine. Hoʻopili paha ka endocrine disrupting chemicals i mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau ʻana a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana immune immune.