ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

ʻO GMO Answers kahi hoʻolaha a me PR Campaign no nā Pesticide Company

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Kiʻi hou i nā:

ketchum gmo pane

Nā Pane GMO uku ʻia ma ke ʻano he kolamu kahi e hiki ai i nā mea kūʻai ke loaʻa pololei nā pane mai ka poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, a ʻo kekahi poʻe nūpepa e lawe ia mea me he kumu kaulike ʻole. Akā ʻo ka pūnaewele kahi pono ʻoihana kūʻai aku ʻoihana pono e wili i nā GMO i kahi kukui maikaʻi.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā pane a GMO kahi mea hana propaganda hoʻopilikia pilikia i nele i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Ua hana ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hoʻohuli ai i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu no GMOs. Ma hope koke iho o ka hahau ʻana o Monsanto a me kāna mau mea kōkua i ka hana balota 2012 e kapa inoa i nā GMO ma Kaleponi, ʻo Monsanto Ho'olaha i nā māla e hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu e hoʻoponopono hou i ka inoa o GMO. Ua hoʻolimalima lākou i ka ʻoihana pili aupuni ʻo FleishmanHillard (nona ʻo Omnicom) no kahi hoʻouka kaua ʻehiku.

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ka firm PR Ketchum (nona pū ʻo Omnicom) e ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto, BASF, Bayer, Dow, Dupont a me Syngenta - e hana iā GMOAnswers.com. Ua hoʻohiki ka pūnaewele i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leo i hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia o nā mea i kapa ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa."

Akā pehea ke kūʻokoʻa o kēlā poʻe loea?

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka pūnaewele i nā kikoʻī e kamaʻilio pono e haʻi i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a nānā ʻole paha i nā pilikia olakino a me ka nohona. ʻO kahi laʻana, ke nīnau ʻia inā e hāpai ana nā GMO i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides, hāʻawi ka pūnaewele i kahi no convolulate, ʻoiai me ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻike o nā hoa. ʻae, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo lākou nō.

"Hoʻomākaukau Roundup" Ua hoʻonui nā huahana GMO i ka glyphosate, a kino kanaka make paha, by haneli miliona mau paona. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kahi hoʻolālā GMO / pesticide hou e pili ana i ka dicamba i ka luku ʻia o nā mea kanu soybean a puni ka US, a ke hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo FDA i kēia makahiki no pākolu ʻia ka hoʻohana o 2,4-D, kahi lāʻau make make ʻona kahiko, ma muli o nā mea kanu GMO hou i ʻenekinia e kūʻē iā ia. ʻAʻohe mea e hopohopo ai kēia mau mea āpau, e like me nā pane a GMO.

Pane ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana me nā ʻōlelo wahaheʻe e like me "kēlā me kēia hui olakino alakaʻi i ka honua kū i hope o ka palekana o nā GMO." ʻAʻole i loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻōlelo i kau inoa ʻia e nā ʻepekema 300, nā kauka a me nā kālaiʻike e ʻōlelo nei aia he "ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO,”A ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā mākou nā pane i nā nīnau a mākou i kau ai e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo.

Ua hele mai nā hiʻohiʻona e ʻike i kēlā Ua kākau ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO ua kau inoa ʻia e "nā loea kūʻokoʻa."

Papa inoa ʻia no ka makana PR hoʻokele kūpilikiʻi

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻike hou aʻe he kaʻa wili ka pūnaewele: ma 2014, ʻO GMO Nā Pane papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management."

A ʻo ka firm PR i hana i nā GMO Answers i kaena aʻe e pili ana i ka mana o ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo. I loko o kahi wikiō i kau ʻia i ka pūnaewele CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum no ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke i pālua ka pāpaho ʻana o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, akā ʻo mākou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

No ke aha e hilinaʻi ai ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i kahi kaʻa kālepa i hoʻolālā ʻia e Ketchum ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. Ketchum, a hiki i ka 2016 ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia, ua hoʻopili ʻia i nā hana spionage kūʻē i nā nonprofits hopohopo e pili ana iā GMOs. ʻAʻole pololei kahi moʻolelo e hāʻawi iā ia iho e hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers kahi mea kūʻai aku i hoʻokumu ʻia a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā GMO, manaʻo mākou he pāʻani kūpono ke nīnau: ʻO ia anei nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" nāna i hōʻaiʻē i ka pūnaewele - ʻo kekahi o lākou e hana nei no nā kula nui a uku ʻia e nā ʻauhau. - kūʻokoʻa maoli a hana i ka pono o ka lehulehu? A i ʻole ke hana pū nei lākou i ka hui me nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu e kōkua i ke kūʻai aku i ka lehulehu i kahi moʻolelo wili?

I ka ʻimi ʻana i kēia mau pane, kuleana ʻo US e ʻike waiho i nā noi Freedom of Information Act e ʻimi nei i ka leka a nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu i kākau no GMOAnswers.com a i hana paha ma nā hana hoʻoikaika GMO ʻē aʻe. He noi ʻiʻī ka FOIA e uhi ʻole i ka ʻike pilikino a i ʻole ka ʻikepili, akā e ʻimi e hoʻomaopopo i nā pilina ma waena o nā polopeka, nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻai aku nei i nā GMO, kā lākou mau hui kālepa a me nā PR a me nā ʻoihana lobbying i hoʻolimalima ʻia e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a hakakā i ka lepili no laila mālama mākou i ka pouli e pili ana i ka mea a mākou e ʻai nei.

E hāhai i nā hopena o ka Pono ʻo US e ʻike hoʻokolokolo ma aneʻi.

E nānā i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā mea pāʻani i ka hana kemika i nā hana pili lehulehu.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kōkua i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke kuleana e ʻike ai i nā noiʻi e ke hana nei i kahi manawaleʻa ʻauhau hiki i kēia lā

UPDATED - Hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka ʻae ʻia o ka EPA o ka lāʻau make lāʻau Bayer dicamba; Wahi a regulator "ua hoʻokahuli i nā pilikia"

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(UPDATE me ka ʻōlelo mai BASF)

I loko o kahi ʻōlelo hōʻeuʻeu a ka Environmental Protection Agency, kahi ʻaha pekelala ma ka Pōʻakolu ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā herbicides i hoʻokumu ʻia me ka dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences. Hoʻoholo kūpono ʻole ke kānāwai i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika no ka Kaapuni ʻIiwa i ʻike ai ua "hoʻomāhuahua nui ka EPA i nā makaʻu" o nā lāʻau make dicamba a "ʻaʻole holoʻokoʻa e ʻike i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe."

"Ua hana hewa nui ka EPA i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa kūlana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo.

Ua noi ʻo Monsanto a me ka EPA i ka ʻaha, inā ua ʻaelike me nā mea hoʻopiʻi, ʻaʻole e hoʻokahuli koke i nā ʻae o nā huahana lūlū mauʻu. ʻ saidlelo wale ka ʻaha: "Hōʻole mākou e hana."

Ua lawe ʻia ka hoʻopiʻi e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Food Safe, Center for Biological Diversity, a me Pesticide Action Network ʻo ʻAmelika Hema.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka EPA no ka uhaʻi ʻana i ke kānāwai i ka loiloi ʻana i nā hopena o kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻolālā ʻia e Monsanto, i kūʻai ʻia e Bayer i ka makahiki 2018, i hoʻomaka i ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hua "pālahalaha" i nā kauwela i hala iho nei a ke hoʻomau nei i ka hoʻoweliweli i nā mahiʻai a puni ka ʻāina.

"He lanakila nui ka hoʻoholo o kēia lā no nā mahiʻai a me ke kaiapuni," i ʻōlelo ʻia e George Kailrell o ke Kikowaena no ka Meaʻai Meaʻai, alakaʻi alakaʻi i ka hihia. "Maikaʻi loa e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto a me ka Trump Administration ke pakele i ke kānāwai, keu hoʻi i kahi manawa pilikia e like me kēia. Ua hiki mai ko lākou lā helu. ”

Ua ʻike ka ʻaha i waena o nā pilikia ʻē aʻe, ua hōʻole ka EPA e koho i ka nui o nā poho dicamba, e hōʻike ana i nā mea i hōʻino ʻia e like me ka "hiki" a "i ʻōlelo ʻia," i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka dicamba i ka nui a me ka hōʻole ʻole ʻia.

Ua ʻike pū ka ʻaha ua hōʻole ʻole ka EPA i ka mea i hoʻokau ʻia i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba ʻaʻole e ukali ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻoia ka EPA i ka nui o ka pilikia e loaʻa i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa nā hopena waiwai anticompetitive i ka nā ʻohana soybean a me nā pulupulu. ”

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha, ua hōʻole ʻole ka EPA i ka makaʻu i ka hoʻohana hou ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Monsanto, BASF a me Corteva e "haehae i ka lole kaiāulu o nā kaiāulu mahiʻai."

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a ʻaʻole liʻuliʻu ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ke kemikala e neʻe mamao aku mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia kahi e hiki ai ke hōʻino i nā mea kanu, nā māla, nā māla, a me nā laʻalāʻau.

Ua kākoʻo ʻo Monsanto i kēlā kaohi i ka wā i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka hua soya a me ka pulupulu dicamba i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei, e paipai ana i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā formulated hou o ka dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini i loko o nā mahina e ulu ana i ka mahana.

ʻO kā Monsanto neʻe ʻana e hana i nā hua kanu dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini i hele mai ma hope o kāna mau mea kanu glyphosate-tolerant a hoʻolaha ākea i ka glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi maʻi ahulau kūʻē i ka ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai, nā ʻepekema mahiʻai a me nā loea ʻē aʻe i aʻo aku iā Monsanto a me ka EPA e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba-tolerant ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokumu i ke kūpaʻa lāʻau hou akā e alakaʻi ʻia i ka hōʻinoʻino i nā mea kanu i hana ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba.

Me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo naʻe, ʻo Monsanto, me BASF a me ʻO Corteva AgriScience ua ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau mai ka EPA e kūʻai aku i nā formulate hou o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba no kēia ʻano pālahalaha nui. Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka hōʻino ʻia dramba drift mai ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu dicamba-ahonui hou a me nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha.

E like me ka wanana, aia he mau kaukani damba no nā hōʻino hōʻino i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā mokuʻāina he nui. I kāna ʻōlelo hoʻoholo, ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha i ka makahiki 2018, mai ka 103 miliona mau eka o ka soya a me ka pulupulu i kanu ʻia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ma kahi o 56 miliona mau eka i kanu ʻia me nā ʻanoʻano me ke ʻano hoʻomanawanui dicam-tolerance a Monsanto, mai 27 miliona mau eka i ka makahiki ma mua i 2017.

I Pepeluali, ua hāʻawi kahi jure unanimous i kahi mahiʻai peach Missouri he $ 15 miliona i nā uku uku a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi e uku ʻia e Bayer a me BASF no ka hōʻino dicamba i kāna waiwai.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo Bayer i kahi ʻōlelo ma hope o ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e ʻōlelo kūʻē ʻole ana i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho.

"Hoʻoholo hou ka hoʻoholo a ka ʻepekema hoʻomaopopo o ka EPA he mea nui kēia mea hana no nā mea kanu a ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoweliweli i ka neʻe ʻana o ka pahuhopu ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me nā kuhikuhi lepili," wahi a ka hui. "Inā kū ke kānāwai, e hana wikiwiki mākou e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā hopena o kā mākou mea kūʻai aku i kēia kau."

Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Corteva e pono ana kāna lāʻau dicamba herbicides i nā pono hana mahiʻai a ke nānā nei i kāna mau koho.

Ua kāhea ʻo BASF i ke kauoha a ka ʻaha he "ʻano ʻole" a ua ʻōlelo ʻia "he hiki nō ke luku ʻia i nā haneli he haneli o nā mahiʻai."

Hiki i nā mahiʻai ke lilo i ka "loaʻa kālā koʻikoʻi" inā ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke pepehi i nā nāhelehele i kā lākou ʻāina soybean a me nā pulupulu me nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba, wahi a ka hui.

"E hoʻohana mākou i nā hoʻoponopono kū kānāwai āpau i loaʻa e hoʻopiʻi ai i kēia Kauoha," i ʻōlelo ʻo BASF.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ke nānā nei kēia ʻoihana i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha a "e neʻe koke e kamaʻilio i ka ʻaha a ka ʻAha."

Ua ʻae ka ʻaha he kumu kūʻai nui ka hoʻoholo no nā mahiʻai i kūʻai mua a i / a i kanu paha i nā ʻano hua ditabolo-tolerant no kēia kau a hoʻolālā e hoʻohana i nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba ma luna o lākou no ka mea ua hōʻole ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lāʻau make.

"Hoʻomaopopo mākou i nā pilikia a kēia mau mea mahiʻai i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā lāʻau make a maikaʻi a me ke kānāwai e pale aku ai i kā lākou (dicamba-ahonui) ..." nā mokuʻāina hoʻoholo. "Ua hoʻonoho ʻia lākou i kēia kūlana ma o ka ʻole o kā lākou hewa ponoʻī. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka loaʻa ʻole o nā hōʻike kūpono e kākoʻo ai i ka hoʻoholo a ka EPA e koi iā mākou e haʻalele i nā hoʻopaʻa inoa. "

Dicamba: makaʻu nā mahiʻai i kekahi kau o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā mea kanu; kali ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha

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Me ka huli ʻana o ka kalena a hiki i Iune, ua ʻākoakoa nā mea mahiʻai ma ka US Midwest i ke kanu ʻana i nā mea kanu soya hou a mālama i nā māla ulu o nā mea kanu kulina a me nā mea kanu mea kanu. Akā ke hoʻomākaukau nei hoʻi nā mea he nui e kū i kahi ʻenemi ʻike ʻole ʻia nāna i luku i ka ʻāina mahiʻai i nā kauwela i hala iho nei - ka dicamba killer mea weuweu kemika.

ʻO Jack Geiger, kahi mahiʻai mahiʻai i hōʻoia ʻia ma Robinson, Kansas, e wehewehe ana i nā kau e ulu nei i ke kauwela e like me ke ʻano o "chaos," a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hapa hapa kāna palapala hōʻoia no hoʻokahi māla o nā mea kanu meaola no ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia me ka dicamba i lūlū ʻia mai kahi mamao. I kēia manawa ke noi aku nei ʻo ia me nā hoalauna e pīpī i ka mea make mauʻu ma kā lākou kahua e ʻike pono i ka haʻalele ʻana o ka kemika i kāna waiwai.

"Aia ʻo dicamba ma nā wahi āpau," wahi a Geiger.

ʻO Geiger kahi wale nō o nā haneli mahiʻai a puni ka US Midwest a me kekahi mau mokuʻāina hema i hōʻike i nā pohō o nā hua a me nā pohō a lākou i ʻōlelo ai no ka dramba drifting i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Ke hoʻohana nei nā mahiʻai lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no nā makahiki he 50 a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻana i ka lāʻau make i nā mahina kau wela, a kākaʻikahi ka nui o ka ʻāina ma muli o ke ʻano kaulana o ka kemika e mamao loa mai nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia.

Ua hoʻohuli ʻia kēlā kaohi ma hope o ka hoʻouka ʻana o Monsanto i ka soybean toleramba dicamba a me nā hua pulupulu e paipai ai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā formulated hou o dicamba "ma luna o" kēia mau mea kanu ʻenekini. ʻO Monsanto, ka mea i kēia manawa e Bayer AG, me BASF a me ʻO Corteva AgriScience ua ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau mai ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e kūʻai aku i nā hana hou o nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba no ka pīpī ʻana ma luna o nā mea ulu o nā mea kanu dicamba-hoʻomanawanui e ulu ana. Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana.

Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka hōʻino ʻia dramba drift mai ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā mea kanu dicamba-ahonui hou a me nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka consortium o ka poʻe mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai aku i ka EPA no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba a ke kali nei i kahi hoʻoholo e ka ʻaha kaapuni ʻaha o nā hoʻopiʻi ma Kapalakiko e pili ana i kā lākou koi e hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka EPA ʻae ʻia o nā herbicides a nā hui ʻekolu. Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa waha i mālama ʻia ma ʻApelila.

Hoʻopiʻi ka poʻe kūʻai aku a me nā hui kaiapuni ua haki ka EPA i ke kānāwai ma ka hōʻole ʻana e kālailai i nā koina nui "socioeconomic and agronomic" nui i nā mahiʻai "e alakaʻi ana i nā pae" catastrophic "o nā hōʻino hua.

Wahi a nā hui i ka makemake o ka EPA ka pale ʻana i nā pono ʻoihana o Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka pale ʻana i nā mahiʻai.

ʻO nā loio no Monsanto, e pani ana i ka ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he hui o Bayer, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻohe manaʻo kūʻē i ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. Ua kōkua ka mea kanu lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou, ʻo XtendiMax, "i nā mea ulu i ke kamaʻilio ʻana i kahi pilikia kūpaʻa mauʻu a puni ka ʻāina, a ua hoʻokau nā hua soya a me nā pulupulu i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ma ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa i kēia wā o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana," e like me i kahi pōkole i waiho ʻia e nā loio o ka hui ma Mei 29.

"ʻO ka noi a nā mea noi i kahi kauoha e kāpae koke ana i nā kūʻai aku āpau a me ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka pesticide e kono i nā hewa kū kānāwai a me nā hopena pōʻino maoli o ka honua," wahi a ka hui.

Ke kali nei lākou i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha pekelala, ke lana nei ka manaʻo o nā mahiʻai e hoʻomalu nā mea hou i kau ʻia e kekahi mau mokuʻāina. Ka Oihana Mahiai o Ilinoi ua aʻo ʻia ʻAʻole hiki i nā mea noi ke kāpī ma hope o Iune 20, ʻaʻole pono e pīpī i nā huahana dicamba inā ʻoi aku ka mahana ma mua o 45 kekelē Fahrenheit, a e hoʻopili wale lākou i ka dicamba ke pā mai nei ka makani mai nā wahi "maʻalahi". ʻO Minnesota, Indiana, North Dakota a me South Dakota kekahi o nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe e kau ana i nā lā ʻoki no ka pīpī ʻana i ka dicamba.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Steve Smith, ka luna o ka mahiʻai ma Red Gold Inc, ka ʻōnaehana kōmato kēpau nui loa o ka honua, me nā kapu o ka mokuʻāina ʻo ia "hopohopo nui" e pili ana i ke kau e hiki mai ana. ʻOi aku ka nui o nā eka o ke kanu ʻana me nā soybeans ʻoluʻolu dicamba e hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto no laila e nui aku paha ka dicamba e pīpī ʻia, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

"Ua hana nui mākou e mālama i ka leka ma waho o ka pili kokoke iā mākou, akā ʻo kekahi, i kekahi manawa, e kuhihewa e hiki ke lilo i kā mākou ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Smith he lana kona manaʻo e hoʻokahuli ka ʻaha i ka ʻae a EPA a "kāpae i kēia pupule o kahi ʻōnaehana."

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai ka hopena dicamba hiki i nā mea kanu, ʻike hou i paʻi ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai i hōʻike ʻia i nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka dicamba e like me ka piʻi ʻana o ka makaʻu o ke ake a me nā ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hōʻike ʻia nā ʻike hou i kahi hui i ʻike mua ʻia i ka ʻikepili ma waena o dicamba a me nā akemāmā a me nā ʻākoʻakoʻa kolonā "ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia" me ka ʻike hou.

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Ka Ikepili Unappetizing mai ka FDA

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I ka mahina i hala ua paʻi ka Food & Drug Administration i kāna loiloi hou makahiki o nā pae o nā koena pesticide e hoʻohaumia i nā hua a me nā mea ʻai a me nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe a mākou ʻAmelika e kau maʻa mau ai i kā mākou papa ʻaina awakea. Hoʻohui ka ʻikepili hou i ka ulu ʻana o ka hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hopena o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai - a i ʻole ʻole - i nā maʻi, nā maʻi a me nā pilikia hānau.

Ma kahi o 55 ʻaoʻao o ka ʻikepili, nā pakuhi a me nā pakuhi, ka hōʻike a ka FDA “Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program” hōʻike i kahi hiʻohiʻona hiʻohiʻona ʻole o ke kekelē a nā mea mahiʻai US i hilinaʻi ai i nā insecticides synthetic, fungicides a me nā herbicides i ka ulu ʻana i kā mākou meaʻai.

ʻIke mākou, e laʻa, i ka heluhelu ʻana i ka hōʻike hou loa, ua loaʻa nā līlū o nā pesticides ma 84 pakeneka o nā huahana home o nā huaʻai, a me 53 pākēneka o nā mea kanu, a me 42 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a me 73 pākēneka o nā mea ʻai i helu wale ʻia ma ke ʻano " ʻē aʻe. ” Ua huki ʻia nā laʻana mai ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa, e laʻa me Kaleponi, Texas, Kansas, New York a me Wisconsin.

Ma kahi o ka 94 pākēneka o nā hua waina, ka wai hua waina a me nā hua puaʻa i hoʻāʻo maikaʻi no nā koena pesticide e like me 99 pakeneka o nā strawberry, 88 pakeneka o nā ʻāpala a me nā wai ʻāpala, a me 33 pākēneka o nā huahana laiki, e like me ka ʻike o ka FDA.

Ua hōʻike maoli nā huaʻai a me nā lau i lawe ʻia i ka heluna haʻahaʻa o nā pesticides, me 52 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a me 46 pākēneka o nā mea kanu mai nā ʻāina ʻē e hoʻāʻo maikaʻi ana i nā pesticides. Ua hele mai kēlā mau laʻana mai nā ʻāina he 40 a ʻoi, me Mekiko, Kina, ʻInia a me Kanada.

Ua aʻo pū mākou no ka laʻana hou ʻana i hōʻike ʻia, ma waena o nā haneli he nui o nā pesticides ʻokoʻa, ua loaʻa i ka FDA nā hiʻona o ka DDT insecticide lōʻihi loa ʻia i loko o nā laʻana meaʻai, a me chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D a me glyphosate. Pili ʻo DDT i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka umauma, infertility a me ka hāʻule ʻole ʻana, ʻoiai ʻo chlorpyrifos - kekahi insecticide - ua hōʻike ʻepekema ʻia e hana i nā pilikia neurodevelopmental i nā keiki ʻōpio.

He mea weliweli loa ʻo Chlorpyrifos i koi aku ai ka European Food Safety Authority i kahi pāpā o ʻEulopa e ʻike ai aia aia ʻaʻohe pae palekana. ʻO nā mea kanu lāʻau make 2,4-D a me glyphosate pili pū ʻia i nā maʻi ʻino a me nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe.

Thailand iho nei i ʻōlelo ʻia e pāpā ana glyphosate a me chlorpyrifos ma muli o nā pilikia ʻepekema i hoʻokumu ʻia o kēia mau pesticides.

ʻOiai ka laha o nā pesticides i loaʻa i nā meaʻai o US, ʻo ka FDA, me ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a me ka US Department of Agriculture (USDA), ke ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole he mea hopohopo nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai. Ma waena o ka lobbying kaumaha e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa ua kākoʻo maoli ka EPA i ka hoʻomau mau ʻana o ka glyphosate a me ka chlorpyrifos i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai.

Hoʻolālā nā luna hoʻomalu i nā huaʻōlelo a nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika ma ke koi ʻana i nā koena pesticide ʻaʻole ia he mea hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino o ke kanaka ke hāʻule nā ​​pae o kēlā me kēia ʻano koena ma lalo o kahi pae "ahonui" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka EPA.

I ke kālailai hou loa ʻana a ka FDA, he 3.8 pakeneka o nā meaʻai home wale nō i koe nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he kiʻekiʻe kū ʻole i ke kānāwai, a i ʻole "violative." No nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia mai, he 10.4 ka pākēneka o nā meaʻai i laana ʻia i hōʻino ʻia, e like me ka FDA.

ʻO ka mea a ka FDA i ʻōlelo ʻole ai, a he aha nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho e hōʻalo pinepine ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ka lehulehu, ʻo ka piʻi ʻana o nā pae hoʻomanawanui no kekahi mau pesticides ua piʻi aʻe i loko o nā makahiki e like me nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā pesticides e noi ana i nā palena kānāwai kiʻekiʻe a kiʻekiʻe. Ua ʻae ka EPA i kekahi mau hoʻonui i ʻae ʻia no nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, e like paha. Pēlā nō hoʻi, hoʻoholo pinepine ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻoholo e pono ʻole e hoʻokō i kahi koi kū kānāwai e ʻōlelo ana i ka EPA "e hoʻopili i kahi palena he ʻumi mau palekana o nā pēpē a me nā keiki" i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā pae kū kānāwai no nā koena pesticide. Ua hoʻokahuli ka EPA i kēlā koi i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā hoʻomanawanui pesticide he nui, e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole pono kēlā me kēia palena o ka palekana e pale ai i nā keiki.

Ke laina lalo: ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe o ka EPA i hoʻonohonoho i ka "hoʻomanawanui" i ʻae ʻia e like me ka palena o ke kānāwai, ʻo ka haʻahaʻa ka manawa e hōʻike ai nā luna hoʻomalu i nā koena "violative" i kā mākou meaʻai. ʻO ka hopena, ʻae mau ka US i nā kiʻekiʻe o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai ma mua o nā lāhui i hoʻomohala ʻia. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka palena kānāwai no ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele glyphosate ma ka ʻāpala he 0.2 mau ʻāpana no ka miliona (ppm) ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa akā ʻo ka hapalua wale nō o kēlā pae - 0.1 ppm - ʻae ʻia i ka ʻāpala i ka European Union. Pēlā nō, ʻae ka US i nā koena o glyphosate ma ke kulina ma 5 ppm, ʻoiai e ʻae ʻo EU i 1 ppm wale nō.

Ke piʻi nei nā palena o ke kānāwai no nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, hoʻonui nui nā ʻepekema i ka hoʻāla ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia o ka hoʻohana mau ʻana o nā koena, a me ka nele o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā hopena kumulative kūpono o ka ʻai ʻana i kahi lūlū a me nā mea hoʻomake mauʻu me kēlā me kēia pāʻina. .

He kime o ka ʻepekema ʻo Harvard ke kāhea nei no noiʻi hohonu e pili ana i nā loulou hiki i waena o ka maʻi a me ka ʻai ʻana o ka pesticide i ko lākou manaʻo he ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 pākēneka o ka poʻe ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā koena pesticide i ko lākou mimi a me ke koko ma muli o ka ʻai ʻana o nā meaʻai pesticide-laced. A like pili iā Harvard ua ʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻana o ka pesticide pesticide i loko o kahi pae "ʻano" me nā pilikia e hāpai ana nā wahine a me ka hānau ʻana i nā pēpē ola.

Ua loaʻa nā noiʻi hou i nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe i pili i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā papaʻai i nā pesticides, me ka glyphosate.  ʻO Glyphosate ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a ʻo ia ka mea hana i ka Monsanto's Roundup branded a me nā huahana hoʻomake nāhelehele ʻē aʻe.

ʻOihana Pesticide Push Back

Akā i ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo, ke hoʻihoʻi nei nā ʻaoʻao ʻoihana mahiʻai i hope. I kēia mahina he hui o ʻekolu mau kānaka noiʻi me nā pilina pili lōʻihi i nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā pesticides mahiʻai i hoʻokuʻu i kahi hōʻike e ʻoluʻolu i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku a hōʻemi i ka noiʻi ʻepekema.

ʻO ka hōʻike, i hoʻopuka ʻia ʻOkakopa 21, i ʻōlelo ʻia "ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema pololei a lāʻau lapaʻau paha e hōʻike ana i ka hōʻike maʻamau ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā koena pesticide e waiho ana i kahi olakino olakino. Hōʻike ka ʻikepili koena pesticide a me nā kuhi hōʻike e hōʻike ʻia nā mea kūʻai aku i nā pae o nā koena pesticide i nui nā kauoha o ka nui ma lalo o nā mea e pili ana i ka olakino olakino. "

ʻAʻole he mea kupanaha, pili paʻa nā mea kākau ʻekolu o ka hōʻike i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO Steve Savage kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka hōʻike, kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai Point a limahana DuPont mua. ʻO Carol Burns kekahi, he ʻepekema mua no Dow Chemical a me ke kākāʻōlelo no Cortevia Agriscience, kahi wili o DowDuPont. ʻO ke kolu o ka mea kākau ʻo Carl Winter, ka luna o ka ʻOihana ʻEpekema Meaʻai a me ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ma Davis. Ua loaʻa i ke kula nui $ 2 miliona o ka makahiki mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka mea noiʻi kulanui, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia ka pololei o kēlā kiʻi.

Ua lawe pololei nā mea kākau i kā lākou hōʻike i ka ʻahaʻōlelo, e paʻa ana ʻekolu mau hōʻike ʻokoʻa i Wakinekona, DC, i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻolaha i kā lākou leka o ka palekana pesticide no ka hoʻohana ʻana ma "nā moʻolelo palekana meaʻai pāpāho, a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai e pono ai nā mea kūʻai (a i ʻole pono ʻole) ke hoʻohana."

Ua mālama ʻia nā kau pesticide ma nā keʻena o nā keʻena no nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo a me he mea lā, ma ke keʻena nui no ʻO America CropLife, ka lobbyist no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. 

 

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

Mākaukau anei ʻoe no ka Wave Hou o nā Mea ʻEnekinia Genetically?

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Ua paʻi mua ʻia kahi mana o kēia ʻatikala i ʻO ka makasina honua maʻamau ʻo Malaki 2018 (Mana PDF).

Na Stacy Malkan

Makemake nā kānaka āpau i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Ua lohe paha ʻoe i kēia: ʻo nā meaʻai ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe i hoʻonui ʻia e ka ʻepekema e hānai i ka 9 biliona mau kānaka i manaʻo ʻia ma ka honua e 2050. ʻO nā meaʻai i hana ʻia i loko o nā labs a me nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona i hana ʻenekini ʻia e ulu wikiwiki a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hiki ai ke hānai i ka honua lehulehu, e like me nā moʻolelo i wili ma o kā mākou keʻena o ka pāpaho a me ka hoʻonaʻauao.

"6th nā haumāna papa lolo i nā manaʻo biotech nui i # Kaui9 Ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻia kahi leka hou i kau ʻia i ka ʻoihana kemika pūnaewele hoʻolaha Nā pane GMOA Ua komo ka manaʻo o ka haumāna i nā "kāloti e hoʻonui i nā huaora" a me "ka palaoa e ulu i nā wā hoʻoilo paʻakikī."

Kuhi nā mea āpau a hiki i kou nānā ʻana i nā mea maoli ma hope o ka haʻiʻōlelo.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, i kahi ʻāina e alakaʻi nei i ka honua i ka ulu ʻana i nā meaola i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically (GMO), miliona pōloli. Hoʻoemi kai ʻai, ke kamaʻilio ʻana i ka like ʻole a me ka hoʻololi ʻana i agroecological nā ʻano mahiʻai, ʻaʻole nā ​​GMO, nā kī o ka palekana meaʻai honua, e like me ka poʻe loea ma Nā Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically ma ka makeke i kēia lā ʻaʻohe pono o nā mea kūʻai aku. ʻenekini lākou e ola i nā pesticides, a ua hoʻonui wikiwiki i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides e like me Glyphosate, dicamba a koke 2,4D, ke hana nei i nā hui kaiaulu e kapa nei he weliweli wili lāʻau pesticide.

ʻOiai nā makahiki he nui o ka hype e pili ana i nā mea momona ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe a i ʻole nā ​​mea kanu GMO ʻoi aku ka nui, ua kūleʻa ʻole kēlā mau pono. Hoʻonui ʻia ka wikamina-A Laiki Laiki, no ka laʻana - "ka laiki e hiki ai ke hoʻopakele i hoʻokahi miliona mau keiki i ka makahiki," i hōʻike ʻia manawa puke 17 makahiki aku nei - ʻaʻole ma ka mākeke ʻoiai miliona i lilo i ka hoʻolālā. "Inā he panacea ka laiki gula, no ke aha e ulu wale ai ia i nā poʻo inoa, mamao loa mai nā māla mahiʻai kahi i manaʻo ʻia e ulu?" i nīnau aku ai ʻo Tom Philpott i loko ʻO Jones Jones ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, Ua kū ʻo WTF i ka Rice Gula?

"ʻO ka pane pōkole, ʻaʻole pono i nā mea kanu mea kanu ke hana i nā ʻano mea like ʻole e hana pono ana ma ke kula e like me nā ʻano laiki e kū nei. Ke hoʻopili ʻoe i hoʻokahi mea i loko o kahi genome, e like me ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka raiki i ka hiki ke hana i ka beta-carotene, ʻo ʻoe pilikia i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā mea ʻē aʻe, e like me ka wikiwiki o ka ulu ʻana. ”

Kūpilikiʻi ke kūlohelohe, i nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, a hiki i ka ʻenekini genetika ke hana i nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia.

E noʻonoʻo i ka hihia o ka Impossible Burger.

ʻO ka burger hoʻokumu mea kanu i "kahe" hiki ke hana ʻia e ka hū genetically e like me ka leghemoglobin, kahi mea i loaʻa i nā aʻa mea kanu soya. Mālama ka GMO soy leghemoglobin (SLH) i kahi protein i kapa ʻia ʻo "heme," e hāʻawi ana i nā ʻano mea like me ka burger - kona kalaʻulaʻula a me ke aniani ma ka pā - me ka ʻole o ka hopena a me ka hopena o ka hopena o kaʻiʻo. Akā haki pū ka GMO SLH i 46 mau protein ʻē aʻe i hele ʻole i ka papaʻai kanaka a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā pilikia palekana.

E like me The New York Times hoike, kā ka huna huna a ka burger “e hōʻike i nā pilikia o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana.” Hoʻokumu ʻia ka moʻolelo ma nā palapala i loaʻa iā ETC Group a me nā Hoa o ka Honua ma lalo o kahi noi Freedom of Information Act - nā palapala i manaʻo paha ka ʻoihana ʻaʻole lākou e ʻike i ke ao o ka lā. I ka wā i noi aku ai nā mea hiki ʻole i ka Food and Drug Administration e hōʻoia i kāna mea GMO "ʻike ʻia he palekana" (GRAS), ka manawa ua hōʻike, ua "hōʻike ka ʻoihana" i ka hopohopo no ka mea ʻaʻole i hoʻopau ʻia e nā kānaka a lilo paha ia i mea maʻi.

Nā luna o FDA i kākau i loko o nā memo e wehewehe ana kahi kāhea iā 2015 me ka hui, "Ua ʻōlelo ʻo FDA ʻo nā paio o kēia manawa ma ka lima, ʻokoʻa pākahi, ʻaʻole lawa e hoʻokumu i ka palekana o SLH no ka ʻai ʻana." Akā, e like me ka manawa Ua wehewehe ka moʻolelo, ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ka FDA he palekana ʻole ka leghemoglobin GMO, a ʻaʻole pono ka ʻoihana i ka ʻae o ka FDA e kūʻai aku i kāna burger.

ʻAʻole hoʻokumu nā paio i ka palekana - FDA

No laila ʻo Impossible Burger ma ka mākeke me ka hōʻoia o ka palekana o ka ʻoihana a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kūʻai i ka pouli e pili ana i nā mea i loko. ʻOiai e wehewehe ʻia ana ke kaʻina hana GMO ma ka pūnaewele ʻaʻole i kūʻai ʻia pēlā ma ke ala o ke kūʻai aku. Ma kahi kipa hou aku nei i kahi hale ʻaina Bay Bay e kūʻai aku nei i ka Impossible Burger, ua noi aku kahi mea kūʻai aku inā ua hoʻololi ʻia ka burger i ka genetically. Ua haʻi pololei ʻia iā ia, “ʻaʻole.”

ʻO ka nele o ke kiaʻi aupuni ʻana, nā pilikia olakino ʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā mea kūʻai aku i waiho ʻia i ka pouli - he mau kumuhana hou kēia i loko o ka moʻolelo e hōʻike nei e pili ana i ka Wild West o ka hoʻokolohua ʻenekinia genetics e lele nei i kahi hale kūʻai kokoke iā ʻoe.

He GMO e kekahi inoa ʻē aʻe…

ʻO Biology synthetic, CRISPR, hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā ʻāne, a me nā hanauna ʻole. wehewehe kēia mau huaʻōlelo i nā ʻano hou o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia, nā holoholona a me nā mea e holo wikiwiki nei nā ʻoihana e kiʻi i ka mākeke.

ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini, i kapa ʻia transgenics, pili i ka hoʻoili ʻana i nā genes mai kekahi ʻano i kekahi. Me nā ʻano ʻenehana ʻenekema hou - ka mea a kekahi mau hui kaiaulu i kapa aku ai iā GMO 2.0 - hana hewa nā ʻoihana i ke kūlohelohe i nā ala hou a weliweli paha. Hiki iā lākou ke holoi i nā genes, hoʻohuli a pio paha nā genes, a hana paha i nā kaʻina DNA hou ma kahi kamepiula. ʻO kēia mau ʻenehana āpau he GMO i ke ala a nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka US Patent Office e noʻonoʻo ai iā lākou - ua loli ʻo DNA i nā hale hana i nā ala e hiki ʻole ai ke kūlohelohe, a hoʻohana ʻia e hana i nā huahana i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia. Aia kekahi mau ʻano maʻamau o GMO 2.0.

ʻO nā GMO biology synthetic pili i ka hoʻololi a hana ʻana paha i ka DNA e synthesize synthesize i nā mea hoʻohui ma mua o ka lawe ʻana iā lākou mai nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. ʻO nā laʻana e pili ana i ka hū ʻenekini genetically a i ʻole nā ​​limu e hana i nā mea ʻono e like me vanillin, stevia a me citrus; aiʻole nā ​​mea ʻala e like me patchouli, aila rose a me ka clearwood - nā mea āpau āpau i loko o nā huahana.

Ke hoʻolaha nei kekahi mau ʻoihana i nā mea ulu i hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he hopena no ka hoʻomau ʻana. Akā aia ka diabolō i nā kikoʻī i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e nā ʻoihana. He aha nā mea hānai? Pili kekahi mau huahana biology synthetic i ke kō mai nā monocultures kemikino a i ʻole nā ​​mea ʻai haumia e like me fr gas. Aia kekahi hopohopo e hiki i nā limu hana ʻenekini ke pakele i ke kaiapuni a lilo i haumia i ke ola.

A he aha ka hopena i nā mahiʻai e hilinaʻi nei i nā mea ulu ulu kūpono? Ke hopohopo nei nā mahiʻai a puni ka honua no ka mea hiki i nā mea pani i ka lab-ulu, ke kūʻai hewa ʻia ʻia ma ke ʻano he "kūlohelohe," ke hoʻokuʻi iā lākou mai kā lākou ʻoihana. No nā hanauna, ua mahi nā mahiʻai ma Mekiko, Madagascar, ʻApelika a me Paraguay i ka vanilla kūlohelohe a me nā meaola, shea butter a stevia paha. Ma Haiti, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻana i ka mauʻu vetiver no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea ʻala kiʻekiʻe loa e kākoʻo i nā mea ulu liʻiliʻi he 60,000, e kōkua ana i ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka hoʻokele waiwai i luku ʻia e ke ōlaʻi a me nā ʻino.

Pono paha e neʻe i kēia mau ʻenekini hoʻokele waiwai i South San Francisco a hānai i ka kō i mahi ʻia i ka hale hana i ka hū i mea e hana ai i nā mea ʻala a me nā ʻono ʻono? ʻO wai ka mea e pōmaikaʻi ai, a ʻo wai ka mea e lilo, i ke kipi ulu kiʻekiʻe?

ʻO ka iʻa a me nā holoholona i hana ʻia me genetically: ʻo nā bipi dehorned, nā puaʻa castrated maoli, a me nā hua moa i hoʻolālā ʻia e loaʻa i kahi mea lapaʻau i loko o ka paipu hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua. ʻO kahi papahana "bipi kauō" kāne kāne kāne āpau - me ka inoa inoa "Keikikāne wale nō" - e manaʻo e hana i kahi bipi kāne nāna e hānau kāne wale nō nā kāne, a laila "e hoʻohuli i nā mea i ka maleness a e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻoihana (ʻiʻo)," hoike Hōʻike ʻ Technologylelo MIT.

He aha ka hewa e hiki ai?

Ke hana nei ka genististist i ka pipi terminator, ʻo Alison Van Eenennaam o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis, ke ʻimi nei i ka FDA e noʻonoʻo hou i kāna hoʻoholo 2017 e mālama i nā holoholona i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo CRISPR me he mea lā he lāʻau hou ia, no laila e koi ana i nā noiʻi palekana. ua haʻi ʻo ia i ka Nānā MIT ʻo ia ka mea e "kau i kahi kaohi hoʻokele nui i ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia hana hoʻoponopono gen i nā holoholona." Akā ʻaʻole pono nā koi no ke aʻo ʻana i ke olakino, palekana a me nā hopena o ka nohona genetically engineered, a me kahi pae no ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka hopena o ka pono, maikaʻi a me ka pilikanaka. Ke hoʻokeke ikaika nei nā ʻoihana no nā koi ʻole; i Ianuali, ua kamaʻilio ʻo Pelekikena Trump e pili ana i ka biotechnology no ka manawa mua i kona wā pelekikena a hana i kahi ʻōlelo maopopo ʻole e pili ana i “streamlining rules.”

ʻO ka holoholona GMO wale nō ma ka makeke i kēia manawa ʻo ka salmon AquaAdvantage i hoʻolālā ʻia me nā gen o kahi puhi e ulu wikiwiki. Ke kūʻai ʻia nei ka iʻa ma Kanada, akā ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana i hea, a mālama ʻia nā kūʻai aku a US ma muli o "lepili ʻana i nā pilikia.”Kūpono ka makemake no ka hūnā ʻana mai ke kuanaʻike kūʻai aku: 75% o nā mea pane i a 2013 New York Times piʻi ua ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lākou e ʻai i ka iʻa GMO, a ma kahi o ʻelua hapakolu i ʻōlelo ʻaʻole lākou e ʻai i ka ʻiʻo i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically.

Nā hana hoʻomāhie Gene e like me ka hoʻopiʻi RNA (RNAi) hiki ke hoʻopau i nā genes e hana i kekahi mau ʻano. Ua ʻenekini ʻia ka Apple Arctic non-browning me RNAi e hoʻohuli i ka hōʻike o nā genes i kumu e ʻeleʻele a palupalu nā ʻōpala. E like me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma kāna pūnaewele, "ke nahu ʻia ka ʻāpala, ʻoki ʻia, a i ʻole pēpē ʻia ... ʻaʻole ʻāpala ʻeleʻele yucky i waiho ʻia ma hope."

Ke noi nei paha nā mea kūʻai no kēia ʻano? Mākaukau paha ʻaʻole hele mai ia. ʻO ka GMO Arctic Apple mua, kahi Golden Delicious, i hoʻomaka i ke poʻo no nā mākeke hoʻāʻo i ka Midwest i ka mahina i hala. ʻAʻohe mea e ʻōlelo pololei ana i kahi e pae mai nā ʻāpala, akā ʻaʻole lākou e kapa ʻia me GMO. E nānā no ka māka ʻo “Arctic Apples” inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike inā e ʻai ana ʻoe i ka ʻāpala hana ʻenekia.

"Hilinaʻi wau e ʻike hou aku i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia e nā ʻohana i hāʻule i waho o ka mana hoʻomalu." 

Nā hana hoʻoponopono Gene e like me CRISPR, TALEN a i ʻole zinc manamana nukelea i hoʻohana ʻia e ʻokiʻoki iā DNA i mea e hoʻololi ai i ka genetic a i ʻole hoʻokomo i nā mea kūlohelohe. ʻOi aku ka wikiwiki a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia o kēia mau hana ma mua o ka hana kahiko transgenic. Akā ʻo ka nele o ka nānā aupuni ʻana e hāpai i nā hopohopo. "Aia hiki ke lilo i pahuhopu a me nā hopena i manaʻo ʻole ʻia," wehewehe ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻelemakule o Consumers Union. "Ke hoʻololi ʻoe i nā genetics o nā mea ola ʻaʻole lākou e hana maʻamau e like me kāu e manaʻo ai. ʻO kēia ke kumu e koʻikoʻi e hoʻopaʻa pono i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni, akā ʻaʻole koi ʻia kēia mau aʻo ʻana. ”

Kahi huaʻahi CRISPR non-browning pakele i ke kānāwai US, e like me Nature hoike i ka makahiki 2016. ʻO kahi aila CRISPR canola hou, ʻenekini e hoʻomanawanui i nā lāʻau make, aia i nā hale kūʻai i kēia manawa a kapa ʻia paha "non-GMO," wahi a Bloomberg, mai ka US Department of Agriculture ua "lawe i kahi pass" i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā mea kanu CRISPR. Ua haʻi ka moʻolelo i ka "hele wāwae ʻana o Monsanto, DuPont a me Dow Chemical" i loko o ka ʻole o ka hoʻokele "a hahau i nā hana laikini e hoʻohana i ka ʻenehana hoʻoponopono gen.

A hāpai aʻe i kahi hae ʻulaʻula me ka moʻolelo e hāʻawi ai nā GMO hou i nā pono mea kūʻai aku ʻaʻole i hana nā ʻano transgenic kahiko. "Ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa o nā ʻenehana ʻaʻole ia he ʻano e lilo nā ʻano," wahi a Kauka Hansen. "ʻO ka hana kahiko o ka hana ʻenekini i hoʻohana nui ʻia e hana i nā mea kanu e pale aku i nā lāʻau make a hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku i nā lāʻau make. E hoʻohana ʻia paha nā hana hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono hou i nā ala like, akā aia kekahi mau wili hou. "

ʻO nā makemake o ka Consumer Versus Pono Makemake

Kākoʻo ʻia ka piko “hoʻololi i ka meaʻai” a ka ʻAkelanika e DowDuPont. E ʻike i kā mākou ke hōʻike nei i kēlā moʻolelo.

ʻO nā ʻoihana mahi mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua ka hapanui o nā hua a me nā pesticides, a ke hoʻohui nei lākou i ka mana i nā lima o nā hui multinational he ʻekolu wale nō. Ke pani nei ʻo Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto i ka hui ʻana, a ua pau nā hui ʻana o ChemChina / Syngenta a me DowDuPont. Ua hoʻolaha wale ʻo DowDuPont i kāna ʻāpana agribusiness e hana ma lalo o ka inoa hou Corteva Agriscience, kahi huaʻōlelo o ka manaʻo "puʻuwai" a me "kūlohelohe."

He mea ʻole ka hana hou ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni a lākou e hoʻāʻo ai, he ʻano kūlohelohe kēia mau ʻoihana he mau moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka nānā ʻole ʻana i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana i nā pilikia o ke olakino o nā huahana weliweli a me ka waiho ʻana ma hope o nā mea ʻona - Bhopal, dioxin, PCBs, napalm, Agent Orange, teflon, chlorpyrifos, atrazine, dicamba, e inoa ai i kekahi mau mea hōʻino wale nō.

ʻO nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana ke nalo i sordid i hala a me ka ʻike o kēia manawa pehea e hoʻohana nei kēia mau ʻoihana i nā ʻenehana ʻenehana genetine i kēia mau lā, ʻo ka hapanui ma ke ʻano he mea hana no nā mea kanu e ola i nā sprays kemika. I mea e maopopo ai ke pāʻani nei kēia papahana ma ka honua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā wahi hoʻohana pesticide e ulu ana i ka GMO, heluhelu i nā hōʻike e pili ana hānau kīnā ma Hawaii, pūpū maʻi ʻaʻai ma Argentina, nā alawai wai haumia i Iowa a nā wahi i hōʻino ʻia ma waena o ka Midwest.

ʻO ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka meaʻai ma lalo o ka kaohi o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana kemika ʻaʻole paʻakikī e koho - ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e kūʻai aku iā mākou: nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻouka i nā kūʻai kemika a me nā holoholona meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia e ulu wikiwiki a kūpono maikaʻi i ka mahiʻai hale hana. nā kūlana, me nā lāʻau lapaʻau e kōkua. He hihiʻo nui ia no ka wā e hiki mai ana o nā loaʻa ʻoihana a me ka noʻonoʻo o ka waiwai a me ka mana, akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa ia no nā mahiʻai, ke olakino lehulehu, ke kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​mea kūʻai aku e koi nei i kahi meaʻai ʻē aʻe i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

Makemake ka nui o nā mea kūʻai aku maoli, ʻai maoli a me nā huahana. Makemake lākou e ʻike i ka mea i loko o kā lākou meaʻai, pehea i hana ʻia ai a no hea mai ia. No ka poʻe makemake e lilo i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka mea a lākou e ʻai nei, aia nō ke ala surefire e hōʻalo ai i nā GMO kahiko a me nā mea hou: kūʻai i meaola. Hōʻoia ka papahana Non-GMO i hōʻoia hōʻoia ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻoia ʻia nā huahana a hana ʻia paha me ka biology synthetic.

He mea nui ia no ka ʻoihana meaʻai maoli e paʻa i ka laina ma ka pono o kēia mau palapala hōʻoia e kūʻē i ka stampede ʻāhiu o nā GMO hou.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o US Right to Know a me ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Ka mālama ʻana i nā mea huna mai nā mea kūʻai aku: Labeling Law a Win for Industry-Academic Collaborations

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Ua lohe pinepine ʻoe i ka mantera - ʻaʻohe hopohopo palekana e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekini. ʻO kēlā pale, mele i ka pepeiao ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā biotech, mele ʻia pinepine ʻia e nā luna kānāwai o US i hala i kahi kānāwai aupuni e ʻae i nā ʻoihana e hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i nā pūʻulu meaʻai inā loaʻa nā huahana genetically engineered i kēlā mau huahana.

ʻO Sen. Pat Roberts, nāna i hānai i ke kānāwai ma o ka Senate, ua hoʻopau i nā hopohopo a me nā noiʻi ʻana i hānai i ka makaʻu e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino e pili ana i nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engine, i ka lobbying no ka bila.

"Ua hōʻoia hou ka ʻepekema i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka biotechnology mahiʻai he 100 pakeneka ka palekana," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ma ka papahele o ka Senate ma ka lā 7 Iulai ma mua o ka hala ʻana o ka bila. Apono ka hale i ke ana ma ka lā 14 o Iulai i ke koho balota 306-117.

Ma lalo o ke kānāwai hou, i kēia manawa e hele nei i ka pākaukau o Pelekikena Obama, ua hoʻopau ʻia nā kānāwai mokuʻāina e kauoha ana i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, a ʻaʻole pono nā ʻoihana meaʻai e haʻi maopopo aku i ka poʻe kūʻai inā loaʻa nā meaʻai i nā ʻenekini genetically; akā hiki iā lākou ke kau i nā code a i ʻole nā ​​helu pūnaewele i nā huahana e pono ai nā mea kūʻai aku e kiʻi no ka ʻike o ka mea hoʻohui. Hoʻonāukiuki iki ke kānāwai i ka paʻakikī i nā mea kūʻai aku e loaʻa ka ʻike. Wahi a nā luna kau kānāwai e like me Roberts, maikaʻi ke kapua i nā pilikia no nā mea kūʻai aku no ka mea palekana ʻo GMO.

Akā ua hakakā nā mea kūʻai aku he nui i mau makahiki no nā meaʻai e kapa inoa ʻia no ka ʻike GMO no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou e ʻae i nā kuleana palekana. ʻO nā hōʻike o ka hopena o nā ʻoihana ma luna o nā kaiāulu ʻepekema nāna i mālama i ka palekana o GMO i mea paʻakikī i nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike i ka mea e hilinaʻi ai a me nā mea e manaʻoʻiʻo ai e pili ana i nā GMO.

"Ua lilo ka 'ʻepekema" i politika a kālele nui ʻia i ka lawelawe ʻana i nā mākeke, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Pamm Larry, ka luna o ka hui mea kūʻai aku ʻo LabelGMO. "Mālama ka ʻoihana i ka moʻolelo, ma ka liʻiliʻi ma ka pae politika." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Larry a me nā hui lepili pro-label he nui nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana hiki i nā GMO ke loaʻa nā hopena weliweli.

Kēia pule, tʻo ia ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde ua hoʻohui hou i ke kumu no ka skepticism e pili ana i nā kuleana palekana GMO ke hōʻike ʻia nā kikoʻī o ke Kulanui o ʻO Kumu Nebraska ʻo Richard Goodman's hana e pale a hoʻolaha i nā mea kanu GMO ʻoiai e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Goodman mai ka mea hoʻomohala hua nui GMO honua nui ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā ʻoihana biotech a me nā hui kemika. ʻO nā kamaʻilio leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi o Freedom of information e hōʻike pinepine ana iā Goodman me Monsanto e pili ana i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻi i nā hana labo GMO koi a me ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hopohopo palekana GMO e like me kā Goodman i alakaʻi ai i ka "ʻike ʻepekema a me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka palekana GM" ma United States, Asia a me ka European Union. .

ʻO Goodman kekahi o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema lehulehu i komo i loko o ia hana. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hana like like e pili ana i nā ʻepekema lehulehu ma nā kula nui, e like me ke Kulanui o Florida a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlino. ʻO Cumulative, nā pilina e kuhikuhi i ka hana a Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i ka hopena ʻepekema o GMO a me nā pesticides e pahu i nā kiko e pale ai i kā lākou loaʻa kālā.

I kāna hoʻokolokolo ʻana i kēlā mau hopohopo, ka ʻatikala Le Monde hoʻomālamalama kahi kukui e pili ana iā Goodman, ka mea i hana ma Monsanto no ʻehiku mau makahiki ma mua o kona neʻe ʻana i ke kula nui i ka makahiki 2004, a ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai ʻepekema. Nā Mea ʻai a me nā Toxicology Kemika (FCT) e kiaʻi i nā hōʻike noiʻi pili i ka GMO. ʻO kā Goodman inoa ʻana i ka papa hoʻoponopono FCT i hele koke mai ma hope koke iho o ka manawa o ka nūpepa i huhū ai ʻo Monsanto me ka paʻi 2012 o kahi noi na ka biologist Palani ʻo Gilles-Eric Séralini i loaʻa nā GMO a me Monsanto's glyphosate herbicide hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā tumors i nā ʻiole. Ma hope o ke komo ʻana o Goodman i ka papa hoʻoponopono FCT ua hoʻihoʻi ka puke pai i ke aʻo ʻana i ka makahiki 2013. (ʻO ia hope hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.) Nā loiloi i kēlā manawa i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka hoʻi hou ʻana ua nakinaki ʻia i ke koho ʻia a Goodman i ka papa hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai. Ua hōʻole ʻo Goodman i ke komo ʻana i ka retraction, a haʻalele iā FCT i Ianuali 2015.

Hoike a Le Monde ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā kamaʻilio leka uila i loaʻa e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha o US US Right to Know (kahi aʻu e hana nei). ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e ka hui e hōʻike iā Goodman e kamaʻilio pū ana me Monsanto e pili ana i ka maikaʻi loa e hōʻino ai i ka noi Séralini ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana "paʻi mua" i Kepakemapa 2012. I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo 19 Kepakemapa 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Goodman iā Monsanto, ka mea ʻimi kino iā Bruce Hammond: "Ke loaʻa iā ʻolua kekahi mau kikoʻōlelo, a i ʻole ka loiloi poka, mahalo wau iā ia."

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o FCT ma Aliʻi Wallace Hayes i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Goodman i luna hoʻoponopono no FCT e ka lā 2 o Nowemapa 2012, i ka mahina like i paʻi ʻia ai ka noi Séralini ma ka paʻi, ʻoiai ʻo Goodman ua ʻōlelo ʻia ma hope e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole i noi ʻia iā ia e hui pū me FCT a Ianuali 2013. I kēlā leka uila, Ua noi ʻo Hayes iā Monsanto's Hammond e hana ma ke ʻano he loiloi no kekahi mau palapala i waiho ʻia i ka puke pai. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Hayes ʻo ke noi no ke kōkua o Hammond ʻo ia hoʻi ma “ka inoa o Professor Goodman.”

Hōʻike nā kamaʻilio leka uila i nā launa pū he nui ma waena o nā luna o Monsanto a me Goodman e like me kā Goodman hana ʻana e pale i nā loiloi like ʻole o GMO. Uhi nā leka uila i nā ʻano kumuhana, e like me ka noi a Goodman no ko Monsanto manaʻo e pili ana i kahi noiʻi Sri Lankan i waiho ʻia iā FCT; kona kūʻē ʻana i kahi noiʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole mai kahi kānana Monsanto GMO; a me ke kālā papahana mai Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana huaʻai biotech e hana ana i ka hapalua o ka uku o Goodman.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, kahi hoʻololi leka uila ʻOkakopa 2012 hōʻike e pili ana i ka manawa e kau inoa ana ʻo Goodman i ka puke pai FCT a e hōʻino ana i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana o Seralini, e hōʻike pū ana ʻo Goodman i kāna mea mālama kālā ʻoihana e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i kāna kahawai loaʻa ma ke ʻano he "polopeka kālā palupalu."

I ka ʻOkakopa 6, 2014 leka uila, Ua kākau ʻo Goodman iā Monsanto Food Safety Scientific Affairs Lead John Vicini e ʻōlelo e nānā ana ʻo ia i kahi "anti-paper" a lana ka manaʻo no kekahi alakaʻi. ʻO ka pepa i nīnau ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i kahi hōʻike 2014 mai Sri Lanka e pili ana i kahi "hiki ke hōʻike / hoʻopili a me kahi ʻano i manaʻo ʻia no ka hoʻoweliweli glyphosate e pili ana i nā maʻi puʻupaʻa." ʻO Glyphosate ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide a hoʻohana ʻia ma Roundup Ready i hoʻohua ʻia me nā genetically engineered. ʻO ka World Health Organization ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema noiʻi i pili iā ia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā mālama ʻo Monsanto i ka palekana o ka glyphosate.

I loko o ka leka uila iā Vicini, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Goodman ʻaʻohe ona mākaukau e pono ai a noi aku iā Monsanto e hāʻawi i "kekahi mau manaʻo ʻepekema maikaʻi no ke kumu a he kūpono ʻole paha kēia."

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ko Goodman makemake iā Monsanto. E like me kā Le Monde ʻatikala i kuhikuhi ai, i Mei 2012, ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kekahi mau ʻōlelo a Goodman i kahi ʻatikala ma kahi pūnaewele i pili me ka mea kaulana ʻo Oprah Winfrey, ʻo Goodman ka alo ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto no ka "waiho ʻana i kahi mea heluhelu e manaʻo nei ʻaʻole lawa kā mākou ʻike e pili ana i kēia huahana e ʻōlelo inā lākou" palekana. "Ua kākau ʻo Goodman i kekahi poʻe ma Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta, BASF a me Dow a me Bayer a me ua kala aku "iā ʻoe a me kāu mau hui āpau," saying ua kuhi hewa ʻia ʻo ia a kuhi hewa ʻia.

Ma hope i hoʻokahi Iulai 30, 2012 leka uila, Ua hoʻolaha aku ʻo Goodman i nā luna ma Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Syngenta a me BASF ua noi ʻia ʻo ia e hana i kahi nīnauele me National Radio Radio e pili ana inā he pilina paha ma waena o nā mea kanu GMO a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā meaʻai āpau. Ma ka pane Aug 1, 2012, ua hāʻawi aku kahi luna ma Bayer iā ia i ka "hoʻomaʻamaʻa media" manuahi ma mua o kāna nīnauele.

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kā Goodman hana hui pū ʻana me Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hoʻokahuli i nā hana lepili GMO. I hoʻokahi ʻOkakopa 25, 2014 leka uila iā Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua ʻO Eric Sachs lāua ʻo Vicini, hōʻike ʻo Goodman i kekahi mau "manaʻo a me nā manaʻo" no nā hoʻolaha e hiki ke aʻo i nā "mea kūʻai / koho balota." Ua kākau ʻo ia he mea nui e hōʻike i ka "paʻakikī o kā mākou lako meaʻai" a pehea e hoʻonui ai ka lepili koi i nā kumukūʻai inā pane nā ʻoihana e ka ʻimi ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku ʻole GMO. Ua kākau ʻo ia i ke koʻikoʻi o ka lawe ʻana i kēlā mau manaʻo i ka Senate a me ka Hale, a me kona manaʻolana "ua holo pono ʻole nā ​​hoʻolaha lepili ʻana."

Hoʻomaopopo pū nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi nui o Goodman i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Monsanto-i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai biotech ʻē aʻe e hāʻawi kālā no kahi “Ka hōkeo ʻikepili Allergen” kiaʻi ʻia e Goodman a holo ma waena o ka Polokalamu ʻImi ʻAi Pīʻai a me ka Polokalamu Kumuwaiwai ma ke Kulanui o Nebraska. Nānā i ka ʻaelike kākoʻo no ka hōkeo ʻikepili allergen no 2013 i hōʻike i kēlā me kēia o nā hui kākoʻo ʻeono e uku ma kahi o $ 51,000 no kahi hōʻuluʻulu kālā o $ 308,154 no kēlā makahiki. Hiki i kēlā me kēia mea kākoʻo ke "hāʻawi i kā lākou ʻike i kēia hana nui," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka ʻaelike. Mai ka 2004-2015, me Monsanto, nā hui kākoʻo me Dow AgroSciences, Syngenta, DuPont's Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Bayer CropScience a me BASF. Hoʻokahi invoice 2012 iā Monsanto no ka Database Allergen Meaʻai i noi ʻia e uku ʻia $ 38,666.50.

Kuhi ʻia ke kumu o ka waihona pūnaewele i ka "loiloi i ka palekana o nā protein i hoʻolauna ʻia i loko o nā meaʻai ma o ka hana ʻenehana a i ʻole ma o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai." ʻO ka hiki ke loaʻa nā mea pale ʻole i manaʻo ʻole ʻia i kekahi mau meaʻai ʻenekini genetically kekahi o nā makaʻu maʻamau i hōʻike ʻia e nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai a me kekahi poʻe loea olakino a olakino.

I nā manaʻo ma ka papahele o ka Hale, Ua haʻi ʻo Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.) ʻo ka QR code kahi makana i kahi ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻimi nei e hūnā i ka ʻike mai ka poʻe kūʻai aku. ʻAʻole ke kānāwai "he aha ka makemake o ka mea kūʻai ʻAmelika, akā he aha nā makemake kūikawā e makemake ai," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "He kuleana nui ko kēlā me kēia ʻAmelika e ʻike i nā mea i loko o ka meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai."

ʻO Goodman, Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana biotech ag hiki ke hoʻolauleʻa i kā lākou lanakila ma ka ʻAhaʻōlelo akā ʻo ke kānāwai lepili hou e hoʻonui wale i ka manaʻo kānalua o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMOs no ka mea hōʻole i ke ʻano o ka transparency e ʻimi nei nā mea kūʻai aku - he mau huaʻōlelo maʻalahi wale nō inā "hana ʻia kahi huahana me ka ʻenekinia."

ʻO ka hū ʻana ma hope o ka QR code ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoulu i ka hilinaʻi.