ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me GMO

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā pūʻulu o mua, nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Pale hana ma Hawaii

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

Nā limahana, nā kākāʻōlelo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO nā loiloi Gates Foundation  

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide

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ʻEhā mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa kaohi aku ma mua o 60% o ka hoʻolako honua o nā hua a me nā pesticides. ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou mau hana he mea nui ia no ka lako o ka meaʻai a palekana. Eia nō naʻe kēia mau hui āpau - Monsanto / Bayer, DowDuPont, Syngenta, BASF - lōʻihi nā moʻolelo o ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻino o kā lākou huahana. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hoʻonāukiuki kā lākou mau moʻolelo i ka hilinaʻi, hilinaʻi lākou i nā mea kōkua ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hoʻolaha a pale aku i kā lākou huahana.

ʻO nā pepa o lalo iho nei e hoʻomālamalama i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha huna. nā hui mua, nā kālaikū, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻokele e hana ma hope o nā hanana me nā ʻoihana pesticide e paipai a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. 

ʻO ka ʻike a mākou e hōʻike ai ma aneʻi e pili ana ia i ka US Right to Know investigation i loaʻa he ʻumi tausani mau ʻaoʻao o nā ʻoihana hui kūloko a me nā kānāwai hoʻomalu mai ka makahiki 2015. Wahi a Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto i ka makahiki 2019,  "E hoʻopili ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK i ka ʻoihana holoʻokoʻa." 

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana like i kēia mau pepa pono, a e hōʻailona maʻaneʻi e loaʻa i nā nūhou haʻihaʻi mai kā mākou mau noiʻi. 

Nānā Hou: ka hana ʻana i kahi hui mua o Monsanto

AgBioChatter: kahi i hoʻolālā ai nā ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike i ka hoʻolālā ma GMO a me nā pesticides

Alison Van Eenennaam: kī haʻi waha a me lobbyist no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me GMO

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino he hui hui mua

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: ʻO FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum PR

Biofortified kōkua i nā ʻoihana kemika PR & lobbying mau hana

Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoihana PR

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema he ka hoʻolaha lehulehu ma Cornell e hoʻolaha i nā GMO

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: ʻoihana pesticide PR pratives 

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻO ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

Mea Hoʻolālā Meaʻai GMO he kiʻi hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni, e ʻōlelo nā kālaiʻike he nui

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat: nā pilina i nā pūʻulu ʻoihana paka a me nā kemika

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Spin: ka hoʻokolo ʻana i nā kuleana e pili ana i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Nā Pane GMO he hoʻokele pilikia PR mea hana no GMOs & pesticides

ʻO Hank Campbell kā maze o nā blog ʻepekema aloha Monsanto

ʻO Henry I. Miller haule ʻia e Forbes no ka hana ʻino kākau kolohe na Monsanto

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Ke pale aku nei ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Koch i ka pesticide, ka aila, nā ʻoihana paka

ʻO ka ʻaha kūkā ʻikepili pili honua (IFIC): pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo Big Food i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

Ke Kula NuiʻOihana Ola Ola (ILSI) he hui lobby ʻoihana meaʻai, hōʻike nā palapala

ʻO Jay Byrne: e launa me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

ʻO Jon Entine, Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic: nā ʻelele nui no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana kemika

Keith Kloor: pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana

ʻO Kevin Folta's nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi

ʻO Mark Lynas o Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema hoʻolauna hoʻopunipuni a pololei ʻole hoʻi no ka papahana kālepa ʻoihana ahupuaʻa

Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i loko Hoʻolālā ʻo PR e kūʻē i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate (2015)

Nina Federoff Ua hoʻoneʻe i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e kākoʻo iā Monsanto

ʻO Pamela Ronald's nā pilina i nā hui mua o ka hana kemika

ʻO Peter Phillips a me kona ʻ secretlelo huna "kuleana ʻike" ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan

ʻO SciBabe 'ōlelo eʻai i kāu pesticides, akāʻo wai ke uku iā ia?

Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema

Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS wili ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana

ʻO Stuart Smyth's nā pilina ʻoihana mahiʻai a me ke kālā 

ʻO Tamar Haspel alakaʻi hewa i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post i kāna kolamu meaʻai

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻo BIO VP ma mua kahi hana nui no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

ʻO nā pepa ʻoi aʻe e pili ana i nā hui mua nui, nā hui kālepa a me nā mea kākau PR

BIO: hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech

Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai

ʻO Crop Life International

Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International

ʻO Julie Kelly

Kavin Senapathy / MAMMyths

Ketchum PR

ʻO US Farmers a me Ranchers Alliance

ʻO nā kumuwaiwai hou aku mai US Pono e ʻike

Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia e US US haʻawina ʻepekema e US Right to Know 

Nā Pepa Monsanto: Pūnaewele palapala Roundup / Glyphosate 

Waihona waihona Dicamba

ʻO Roundup a me Dicamba Trial Tracker blog hōʻano hou 

Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Pepa ʻo Dicamba

Uhi kūkala nūhou ākea o Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hopena 

Inā makemake ʻoe i kā mākou hana, e ʻoluʻolu E hōʻike i kēia e kōkua iā mākou e hoʻohuli i ka wela ma nā noi a USRTK.

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Ka heluhelu hou

Pehea ʻo Tamar Haspel e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post

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ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi mea kākau moʻolelo manuahi nāna e kākau nei i nā kolamu meaʻai no ka Wakinekona Post mai ka lā ʻOkakopa 2013. Hoʻolaha pinepine kāna mau kolamu a pale i nā huahana ʻoihana pesticide, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā uku e kamaʻilio ma nā hanana kūlike i ka ʻoihana, a i kekahi manawa mai nā hui ʻoihana. ʻO kēia hana a nā mea nūpepa e loaʻa nei nā uku mai nā hui ʻoihana, i ʻike ʻia ʻo "buckraking," e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka objectivity.

ʻO kahi loiloi o nā kolamu Haspel's Washington Post e hoʻohuli i nā hopohopo hou. I nā hanana he nui, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel a wehewehe piha paha i nā pili o kāna ʻoihana, i ka hilinaʻi i nā noi slanted, nā ʻike i wae ʻia e nā cherry e kākoʻo i nā kūlana o ka ʻoihana, a i ʻole i kuhikuhi i nā hoʻolaha kūwaho ʻole. E ʻike i kā mākou loiloi kumu no nā palapala. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hakakā kālā Agrichemical o ka hoihoi

"ʻ speaklelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai au," Haspel i kākau ma kahi kamaʻilio pūnaewele 2015 mālama ʻia e ka Wakinekona Post, i ka pane ʻana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Ua haʻi ʻo Haspel ua hōʻike ʻo ia i kāna mau ʻōlelo i kamaʻilio ʻia nona pūnaewele pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​hui e hoʻolako kālā iā ia, a he aha ka nui a lākou e hāʻawi ai.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua, Ua kākau ʻo Haspel, "No ka mea ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

E like me ka Nā kūlana a me nā loina o Wakinekona, ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe nūpepa ke ʻae i nā makana, nā huakaʻi manuahi, ka mālama makemake ʻana a i ʻole ke ʻae manuahi ʻana mai nā kumuwaiwai nūhou, a "pono ​​e hana i nā hana āpau e noho i ka lehulehu, e noho ma waho o ke kahua, e hōʻike i ka nūhou, ʻaʻole e hana i ka nūhou." ʻAʻole pili kēia mau lula i nā freelancer, akā waiho ka pepa iā ia i nā luna hoʻoponopono e hoʻoholo.

ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o Haspel ʻo Joe Yonan Ua'ōleloʻo ia ʻoluʻolu ʻo ia me kā Haspel hoʻokokoke ʻana i nā hana haʻi ʻōlelo i uku ʻia a loaʻa iā ia he "kaulike kūpono."

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Pākuʻi ʻo Pro GMO

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Haspel i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i March 2013 i ka Huffington Post ("E hele Frankenfish! No ke aha mākou e pono ai iā GM Salmon"). ʻO kāna hope loa moʻo o nā ʻatikala no Huffington Post kia nui ʻia ma nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i nā pilikia o Glyphosate a Hānai holoholona GMO, hoʻopaʻapaʻa kue i ka lepili GMO hoʻolaha, a hoʻolaha i ka ʻoihana pesticide-kālā kālā ʻia pūnaewele Nā Pane GMO. ʻO kēlā pūnaewele ʻāpana o kahi kālā miliona-miliona ka papahana pili i ka lehulehu e hakakā i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia i ka hopena o nā hoʻolaha e lepili i nā GMO.

HuffPo Iulai 2013: ʻO kahi laʻana o pehea Haspel i hoʻolaha ai i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana me ke ʻano ʻole. Nā laʻana hou aʻe ma lalo. 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna kolamu meaʻai "Unearthed" i kēlā me kēia mahina ma ka Wakinekona Post ma hope koke iho, ma ʻOkakopa 2013, me kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i "he aha ia a ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo”E pili ana i nā GMO. Ua hoʻohiki ʻo ia e "ʻeli hohonu e hoʻāʻo e ʻike i ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā mea ʻaʻole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kā mākou lako meaʻai." Ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mea heluhelu e noʻonoʻo "ʻo wai ka mea āu e hilinaʻi ai" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO a ʻike i kekahi mau hui i hala ʻole i kāna hōʻike kūlike ʻole; ʻo ka Union of Scientist hopohopo i waena o lākou.

ʻO kolamu aʻe a Haspel, “GMO kahi kū hoʻokahi: Ma kahi e ʻae ai nā mea kākoʻo a me nā mea kūʻē, ”hāʻawi i ka laulā o nā kuanaʻike mai ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Eia nō naʻe, i nā kolamu e hiki mai ana, kākaʻikahi ka Haspel ʻōlelo ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoihoi o ka lehulehu a hoʻoliʻiliʻi loa i kahi i nā kumuwaiwai olakino ma mua o nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana. 'Quoteslelo pinepineʻo ia i nā poʻe loea i ka "ʻike ʻike maka" e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā olakino a me nā pilikia palekana. I kekahi mau hanana, Haspel hoka e hōʻike a i ʻole wehewehe piha i nā pilina ʻoihana i nā kumuwaiwai i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā GMO, nā pesticides a i ʻole nā ​​meaʻai meaola.

ʻO ke kolamu 'neʻe' ʻai 'hana ʻenehana

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o ka bias ʻo Haspel's Ianuari 2016 kolamu, "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kupaianaha e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai." Kūkākūkā ʻo ia ʻo ka poʻe e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka ʻenekinia genetona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai - ka "neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai" - he ʻāpana palena ʻole ia o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i nīnau i nā nīnauele me nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino, kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​hui kaulike e manaʻo iā lākou iho he ʻāpana o ka neʻe o ka meaʻai

Ua kiʻi ʻo Haspel i ke kolamu me ʻelua mau pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a Ketchuma, ke keʻena pili lehulehu e holo i ka pūnaewele pesticide-funded website GMO Answers. ʻOiai ʻo ia e wehewehe iā Ketchum ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana PR e "hana nui me ka ʻoihana meaʻai," ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka hope: ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Ketchum e kahi hui kalepa e hoʻololi i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua haʻi pū kekahi ʻo ia i kā Ketchum moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ke lele nei no Rusia a alakaʻi ʻana i ke kiu kue i nā hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ke kolu o nā kumuwaiwai no kāna kolamu kahi ana kelepona makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki i alakaʻi ʻia e William Hallman, kahi loiloi manaʻo lehulehu mai Rutgers nāna i hōʻike mai mālama ʻole ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. I hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua, ua hui pū ʻo Hallman lāua ʻo Haspel ma kahi aupuni i kākoʻo ʻia panela e kūkākūkā i nā GMO me Eric Sachs o Monsanto.

Nā laulima me nā hui milo ʻoihana

ʻO ko Tamar Haspel pili aloha no, a me nā hana pū ʻana me, nā mea pāʻani nui o ka ʻoihana pili kaiaulu i nā hana pili lehulehu e hāpai i nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i kāna kumuhana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha ma luna aʻe ʻike ʻia ma ka homepage o STATS / Sense About Science, e wehewehe nei i nā STATS ma ke ʻano he "waiwai" i kāna hōʻike ʻana. Ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe iā STATS ma ke ʻano he pale-huahana “hoʻouka kaua disinformation”Hoʻohana nā hana paka i ka hana kānalua e pili ana i ka pilikia kemika. Ua hana nui nā STAT i ka “politika kinipōpō paʻakikī o ka hoʻoponopono kemika” a me nā hana a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka bisphenol-A, e like me ke hōʻike nei i ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

A 2016 moʻolelo ma The Intercept ua wehewehe ʻia ka pili paka o STATS a me Sense About Science, i hui ʻia i ka makahiki 2014, a me ke kuleana o kēia mau pūʻulu e hoʻokuʻi nei i nā manaʻo ʻoihana e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A 2015 lehulehu pili palapala hoʻolālā kapa ʻia ʻo Sense About Science i waena o nā “nā hoa hana ʻoihana ”Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna huakaʻi e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization e hōʻino i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o glyphosate.

ʻO nā hanana spinic ʻoihana Agrichemical

I Iune 2014, ʻo Haspel a Lālā “kumu” ma kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka hana kālā-ʻoihana pesticide i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui mua o ka ʻoihana i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma kāna Hoʻolālā 2015 PR.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project kahi ma mua papahana o STATS, a ʻo Academics Review ka hoʻonohonoho me ke kōkua o Monsanto i hōʻino i nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e mālama ʻana i ka ʻoihana hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Haspel i hele aku i manaʻo ʻia e "hōʻano hou i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO," e like me ka papahana Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker e pili ana i ka hanana i Ka Holomua, "Ua hāʻawi malū ʻoihana i kahi ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā mea ʻino o glyphosate ... ”

ʻO nā mākaukau i kamaʻilio ʻia me nā ʻōnaehana spin hui i loiloi i nā palapala hoʻomoana boot ma ke noi a Thacker. "He mau mea kaumaha kēia," wahi a Naomi Oreskes, polofesa o ka mōʻaukala ʻepekema ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard. "Ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe i nā hua o GMO he pono, pono, a ʻaʻole lawa ka makaʻu e hōʻoia i ka lepili ʻana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Marion Nestle, ke polofesa no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai, ke aʻo ʻana i ka meaʻai, a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York, "Inā hele ka poʻe nūpepa i nā ʻaha kūkā e uku ʻia lākou e hele, pono lākou e kānalua loa mai ka hoʻomaka.

ʻO Cami Ryan, kahi limahana hoʻomoana kīpaku nāna i hana ma hope no Monsanto, i kākau ʻia ma ka loiloi loiloi i makemake ai nā poʻe komo, "More Haspel-ish, Ropeik-ish kau." ʻO David Ropeik kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike maka pilikia nona ka komo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Bayer a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, a ʻo wai ʻo Haspel hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu i kahi kolamu āna i kākau ai e pili ana i ka glyphosate.

Nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio biotech i hoʻolako kālā

I Mei 2015, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel ma kahi “ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology”Ma ke Kulanui o Florida. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēia hanana e Kevin Folta, he polofesa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ka pilina o ke aupuni a hooikaika lobbying. Ua hoʻokomo pū ʻo Folta iā Haspel i kahi ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia kamaʻilio biotech." ʻO ka pilikia, wahi a Folta, ma muli o ke kāohi o nā activists i ka "kaohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ma ka ʻAoʻao 4, Ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Folta kahi hanana e hōʻike ʻia nā polofesa UF me "nā ʻelele ʻoihana, nā loea nūpepa no ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema (e like me Tamar Haskel [sic], Amy Harmon), a me nā loea i ka ʻike maka maka a me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me Dan Kahan)."

Monsanto kālā i ke noi, ke kāhea nei iā ia "kahi ala 3-ʻaoʻao maikaʻi loa e hoʻomohala i ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo e nānā nei mākou e hoʻomohala." (ʻO ke kālā ma hope hâʻawi wale i kahi hale waiho ʻai ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kumu kālā.)

I ʻApelila 2015, Folta i kākau aku ai iā Haspel me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka ʻana, "E uhi mākou i nā kumukūʻai a me kahi honorary, nā mea a pau e pono ai. ʻO nā mea ʻepekema, nā kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu. "

Ua pane ʻo Haspel, "Aia nō wau i loko," a ua hāʻawi hou ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo mai kekahi panela hou "kamaʻilio ʻepekema" i hoʻololi i ka manaʻo o kekahi e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He hiki nō ke hele i ke ala, akā ua maopopo iaʻu ma o nā kamaʻilio ʻana a kekahi me kekahi kanaka," i kākau ai ʻo Haspel iā Folta.

ka papahana mālama no ka lā kamaʻilio o Florida i helu ʻia nā mea ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he Haspel, Folta, ʻekolu mau kumu ʻē aʻe o ka UF, ka limahana ʻo Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe a me nā ʻelele mai Biofortified a Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono (ʻelua mau hui hou aku i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto nā hoa hana ʻoihana i kāna papahana PR e pale aku i ka glyphosate). I kekahi leka uila iā Folta, Ua hauʻoli ʻo Haspel e pili ana i ka hui ʻana me Crowe, “Ke nānā nei i mua i kēia. (Ua makemake wau e launa me Vance Crowe - hauʻoli loa wau e hiki ana ʻo ia i laila.) ”

Nā nīnau etika a me ka hōʻike

I Kepakemapa 2015, hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times Folta i kahi moʻolelo ʻaoʻao mua na Eric Lipton e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā pūʻulu ʻoihana i nā kālaiʻike e hakakā i ke kaua lepili GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kālā a Folta iā Monsanto, a e ʻōlelo ākea ana ʻo Folta ʻaʻohe ona pili me Monsanto.

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel iā Folta i kekahi mau mahina ma hope mai, "Minamina loa wau i ka mea āu i hele ai, a kaumaha loa ia i ka wā o ka naʻau ʻino, ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao i uhi i nā pilikia maoli - ma ka ʻepekema a me ka moakaka, nā mea nui ʻelua." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel e hana pū ana ʻo ia me ka National Press Foundation e hoʻomohala i nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoihoi no nā mea nūhou kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Haspel kahi 2015 hoa no ka National Press Foundation (kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana, me ʻO Bayer lāua ʻo DuPont). I loko o kahi ʻatikala ua kākau ʻo ia no NPF e pili ana nā loina no nā freelancers, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Haspel i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ʻana a wehewehe i kāna mau pae hoʻohālikelike no ke kamaʻilio ʻana i nā hanana inā pili wale nā ​​mea hoʻopukapuka ʻole ʻoihana a me nā manaʻo like ʻole - nā pae i kū ʻole ʻia e nā hanana biotech literacy. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hoʻolaha ma kona pūnaewele ʻaʻole hōʻike pololei i ka nā ʻaha kūkā a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā o ke kahua hoʻomoana literacy biotech 2014. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā hanana literacy biotech.

Loiloi kumu: hōʻike hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pesticides

ʻO kahi loiloi kumu o ʻekolu o nā kolamu Washington Post a Tamar Haspel e pili ana i ke kumuhana o nā pesticides i loaʻa he mau mea e pili ana i nā laʻana o nā kumuwaiwai pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻia, nā haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me nā hōʻike ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i lawelawe ʻia e kākoʻo i nā leka pesticide ʻoihana pesticides ʻaʻole hopohopo a ʻAʻole waiwai nui ke aloha. Uhi ka loiloi kumu i kēia mau kolamu ʻekolu:

  • "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka meaola no kou olakino? ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo, nā hua manu, nā huahana a me nā iʻa ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “ʻO ka kemiko ʻo Monsanto kaukaʻi. Pehea ka weliweli? ” ('Okakopa 2015)
  • "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides" (E 21, 2018)

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana; ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i nā pili ʻoihana

I nā kolamu ʻekolu a pau i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia loiloi kumu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka pili o ka pesticide ʻoihana o nā kumu waiwai nui i hoʻowahāwahā i ka pilikia o nā pesticides. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā pilina ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i kāna kolamu mai ʻAukake 2018 i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia loiloi.

I loko o kāna hōʻike 2018 e pili ana i ka "ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides," hāʻawi ʻo Haspel i nā mea heluhelu i "ka manaʻo o ka nui o ka makaʻu" mai nā hōʻike pesticide pino. he hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka makaʻu o ka ʻai ʻana i nā pesticides mai ka meaʻai a inu i ka waina. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel he ʻehā o nā mea kākau ʻelima o ke aʻo ʻana i hana ʻia e Bayer Crop Science, kekahi o nā mea hana pesticide nui loa o ka honua.

ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia i haʻi aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu i ke aʻo kumu i loaʻa i kahi kele hewa i hoʻoponopono hou ʻia (ʻoiai ʻo kāna kolamu e pili ana i nā aʻo kumu a me ka hoʻoponopono pololei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ka haʻawina i nā hōʻike pesticide mai ka meaʻai e like me ka inu ʻana i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia ʻehiku makahiki. Ua hoʻoponopono nā mea kākau i kēlā me kēia aniani o ka waina i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina. ʻO kēlā wale nō kekahi o nā hewa i loko o ka pepa, e like me ka a leka i ka puke pai mai nā ʻepekema nāna i wehewehe i ke aʻo ʻana he "simplistic loa a kuhi hewa hoʻi."

E hoʻokuʻu i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena synergistic o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides he nui, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i kekahi like mai kahi mea kākau pili ʻole ʻo Bayer wale nō o ka noiʻi hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka waina. A ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia “a 2008 moʻolelo"I hana i ka loiloi like." ʻO Alan Boobis lāua ʻo Angelo Moretto nā mea kākau o kēlā hōʻike 2008 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi hakakā hoʻowahāwahā i ka 2016 no ka mea ua alakaʻi lākou i kahi UN panel i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi i ka manawa like e like me kā lākou mau kūlana alakaʻi i ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui kōkua ʻole i loaʻa nui nā makana mai ka ʻoihana pesticide.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka makaʻu o glyphosate, ʻo ka "kemikala Monsanto kaukaʻi," ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai me nā pilina pesticide āna i hōʻike ʻole ai. ʻO nā kumuwaiwai ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i kākau i nā pepa e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto (aʻo wai ʻo Monsanto ke hoʻolaha nei ma ke ʻano he kumu); a ʻO David Ropeik, he kākāʻōlelo ʻike ʻike pilikia i loaʻa kahi ʻoihana PR nona ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow, DuPont a me Bayer.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana inā he koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi pilikia i ke olakino, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka kānalua e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā organophosphates, kahi papa o nā pesticides e pili ana poino neurological i nā keiki. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a manual ka mea i loaʻa "ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo nui nā noiʻi epidemiological i kekahi pesticide e like me ka mea e pili ana i nā hopena ulu neurological maikaʻi ʻole i nā pēpē a me nā keiki." ʻO ka mea kākau nui ka ʻO Carol Burns, he ʻepekema ma Dow Chemical Company, kekahi o nā mea hana nui o nā organophosphates o ka ʻāina; ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka pili.

Ua hoʻohana pū kēlā kolamu i ka ʻoihana ʻona helehelena i loko ʻo Carl Winter ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana no ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, e pili ana i nā loiloi pilikia o EPA. ʻO Monsanto nō ka paipai ʻana i kā Winter hana i kēlā manawa i nā helu kamaʻilio, a ʻo Winter hoʻi i lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka mea haʻaheo i loko o kahi blog post i kekahi mau mahina ma mua e pili ana i ka uhi nūhou anti-organic i ʻōlelo i kā lākou kāne, "Kauka aʻoaʻo ACSH ʻo Kauka Carl Winter."

Kuhi hewa ʻia me ka hōʻike ʻana ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana i ka meaʻai meaola, ua hoʻohana ʻo Haspel i kahi pepa 2012 e ka American Academy of Pediatrics ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili e hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna paio e hāʻawi ʻole ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola i nā pono olakino, a ʻaʻole ʻo ia i haʻi aku i ka poʻe heluhelu i ka piha o ka noiʻi a me kāna nā hopena. ʻO ka Pepa AAP ua hōʻike i ka laulā o nā ʻike ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ka hōʻeha i nā keiki mai nā hōʻike ākea a me nā maʻi mau i nā pesticides like ʻole. Ua hoʻopau ʻia, "Pono e kaupalena ʻia nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides i ka wā hiki." Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka "hōʻemi koke ʻana o ka urinary excretion of pesticide metabolites" i nā keiki e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai. Ua hoʻopuka pū kekahi ʻo AAP ʻōlelo paipai aʻoaʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā keiki i nā pesticides.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Haspel i kēlā ʻano pōʻaiapili āpau a hōʻike wale nō i ka hōʻike AAP, "ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka organophosphate a me nā pilikia neurological i loaʻa i loko o kekahi mau noiʻi akā ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" maopopo ʻole "ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola. pili. '”

I loko o kāna kolamu o ka makahiki 2018 e pili ana i nā huaʻai meaola, ua hōʻike hewa ʻo Haspel i ke ʻano o ka pesticide chlorpyrifos “he kumu ia o ke kaua ma waena o nā hui kaiaulu, makemake lākou e pāpā ʻia, a me ka EPA, ʻaʻole pēlā” - akā ʻaʻole naʻe ia i hoʻomaopopo i ka poʻe heluhelu i ke kī kuhikuhi: ʻo ka EPA ua paipai e pāpā chlorpyrifos ma muli o ke kau ʻana i nā hōʻike e hiki ai i ka prenatal hōʻike ke hiki loaʻa nā hopena mau loa i ka lolo o nā keiki. Ua hoʻohuli ke ʻoihana i ka papa ma hope wale nō o ka Hoʻopilikia ʻo Trump EPA.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna hana hoʻopunipuni "nā hui kaiaulu vs EPA" hoʻohālikelike me kahi loulou i kahi New York Times ʻaoʻao palapala ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i kahi pōʻaiapili e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo EPA, ma mua o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka moʻolelo NYT i hōʻike ʻia ma ka hopena o ka ʻoihana ma hope o ka hoʻoholo EPA e ʻae iā chlorpyrifos.

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻaelike kekahi i kekahi 

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Haspel i kāna paio e pili ana nā hōʻike pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi mea hopohopo ʻole me kahi ʻano hōʻike hoʻopunipuni āna i hoʻohana ai i nā manawa ʻē aʻe: e hōʻike ana i ka ʻaelike ma waena o nā kumuwaiwai i kapa ʻole ʻia nā inoa.

I kēia hihia, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā pae pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai "haʻahaʻa loa" a "ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hopohopo iā lākou," e like me nā keʻena aupuni o US "(me nā mea ʻona ʻino i kamaʻilio pū me aʻu i nā makahiki i hala aku nei." ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia "ʻaʻole manaʻo ka poʻe āpau" i kēlā mau hōʻike aupuni, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā kumu kūlike ʻole a nānā ʻole i ka Hōʻike ka American Academy of Pediatrics ua paipai i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides, āna i ʻōlelo ai ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i kāna kolamu 2014. Ma kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai manaʻo like, e hōʻike ana i kēlā me kēia "ʻepekema" āna i kamaʻilio pū ai me ia i ʻōlelo ʻia, a hiki i ka wā i kū mai ai nā nīnau hou, "ua ʻike ʻia ka glyphosate no kona palekana."

Ua nalowale nā ​​ʻikepili pili 

Ua hala ʻo Haspel i ka nui o nā ʻike pili i kāna "kiʻi i ka lalo o ia" e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o nā pesticides a me nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaola. ʻO nā ʻōlelo hou a nā hui olakino koʻikoʻi a me nā ʻepekema āna i nalo ai:

Nā manaʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kā Haspel hōʻike

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

ʻO ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic

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Paipai lākou i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, pale aku i nā kemikonaʻawahia a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, a hoʻouka kaua i ka poʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo e pili ana i kēlā huahana me he "anti-science." Akā ʻo Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth a me Henry Miller i kālā kālā ʻia e nā hui like e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau.

Na Stacy Malkan

He ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo kā ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot no kā mākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hopu i nā ʻoihana politika hou i ka US a me ke UK: "ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka manawa e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka hana ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele," kākau ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

Ua lohi paha ʻo Corporate America e hoʻomehana iā Donald Trump, akā i ka manawa i hoʻopaʻa ai ʻo Trump i ke koho ʻana, "ua hoʻomaka ke kālā nui e ʻike i kahi manawa kūpono ʻole ma mua," i kākau ʻo Monbiot. "ʻAʻole kuleana kāna incoherence, akā he wehe: hiki ke hoʻonohonoho ʻia kāna papa kuhikuhi. A ʻo ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele i hoʻomohala ʻia e kekahi mau hui ʻo ʻAmelika ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hana ia. ”

ʻO kēia pūnaewele, a i ʻole kālāʻeleʻele ATM e like me kā Mother Jones i wehewehe ai, pili i ka nui o ke kālā paʻakikī e loaʻa mai nā piliona piliona, e like me Charles a me David Koch a me nā mea kōkua, a me nā hui i nā hui i mua e hāpai ana i nā manaʻo mākeke manuahi loa - no ka laʻana, hakakā i nā kula lehulehu, nā ʻuniona, ka pale ʻana i ke kaiapuni, nā kulekele hoʻololi i ke aniau a me ka ʻepekema e hoʻoweliweli i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

"ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka wā e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka holo ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele."

Nā mea kākau noiʻi ʻO Jane Mayer, ʻO Naomi Oreskes, ʻo Erik Conway a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i hōʻike pehea "ka moʻolelo o ke kālā ʻeleʻele a me ka moʻolelo o ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i ka moʻolelo like: ʻelua ʻaoʻao o ke kālā like," e like me kā Senatoa US Sheldon Whitehouse i hōʻike ai i ka makahiki i hala. he'ōlelo.

ʻO nā kumumanaʻo o ka "alakaʻi ʻia e Koch, alakaʻi-kūʻai hana" - me nā hana propaganda e wili nei i ka ʻepekema me ka nānā ʻole i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo - "ʻo ia nō paha ke kumu nui i loaʻa ʻole ai iā mākou kahi bila aniani piha ma ka ʻAhaʻolelo," wahi a Whitehouse.

ʻOiai ua mākaukau maikaʻi ʻia kēia mau papa hana i loko o ke aniau, i hōʻike iki ʻole ʻia ʻo ka mea kālā ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i hōʻole pū kekahi i kahi pūnaewele o nā limahana PR i kūkulu i nā ʻoihana e wili nei i ka ʻepekema e hōʻole i nā pilikia olakino o nā lāʻau ʻona i loko o ka meaʻai a mākou ʻai a me nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai i kēlā me kēia lā.

He kiʻekiʻe nā pili no ke olakino o ko mākou lāhui. Uku o maʻi wā maʻi i kēia manawa 50% ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke "kaua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai" i mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a ʻo ka mea kaua maikaʻi loa kahi mea a mākou e paʻakikī nei e hoʻohana nei:

"Inā makemake mākou e lanakila i ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, pono mākou e hoʻomaka me nā kaukani kino a me nā ʻākena kemika i loiloi ʻia e like me ka hiki, a i ʻole ʻike ʻia nā kānaka make kino kanaka e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization" i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me ka mea kākau ʻo Devra. ʻO Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, i The Hill.

ʻO ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā ʻelele o ka ʻino i ʻike ʻia ua "ʻaʻole pili iki me ka ʻepekema, a me nā mea e pili ana i ka mana o nā ʻoihana waiwai nui e hilinaʻi nei i nā pilina lehulehu e pale aku i nā hōʻike ʻepekema o nā pilikia," wahi a Davis.

Ke pale nei i nā kemikona ʻino a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole 

Ke pilikia nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻai nui i nā pilikia me ka ʻepekema, ʻike ʻia kahi mea i kuhi ʻia o nā huapalapala a me nā hui ma ke kahua, e hoʻohana ana i nā hoʻolālā media i hoʻoluhi ʻia e hoʻopakele i nā ʻoihana e pono ai kahi PR hoʻonui.

ʻO ko lākou mau inoa a me nā hana a lākou e hoʻohana ai - nā ʻatikala lōʻihi lōʻihi, i hana pinepine ʻia e nā hōʻeha pilikino - e kamaʻāina i nā ʻepekema he nui, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana ʻawahia i nā makahiki he 15 i hala.

Noi nā moʻolelo lehulehu e Pono ʻo US e ʻike i ʻākoakoa i nā palapala he mau kaukani, me nā hōʻike hou o ka Uliuli malu,'O Ke kuʻi a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻomālamalama nei i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha.

ʻO nā mea pāʻani pū kekahi me Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth, Henry I. Miller a me nā hui e pili pū ana me lākou: STATS, Center for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science and the Hoover Institute.

ʻOiai nā moʻolelo i kākau maikaʻi ʻia e like me nā hana a PR, Entine, Butterworth a me Miller i hōʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema koʻikoʻi ma nā paepae pāpaho he nui, e ʻike ʻia ma ka Wall Street Pai, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, ʻO Philadelphia Enquirer, ʻO Harvard Pakihi Pūʻai a, loa pinepine, Forbes - me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia o kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā a i ʻole ka papahana e hoʻopau ai i nā ʻoihana hoʻohaumia e paipai iā lākou.

Kūlana kiʻekiʻe kā lākou mau ʻatikala ma Google e ʻimi nei i nā mea nui o ka ʻenehana kemika a me nā mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea maikaʻi ʻole - ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā moʻolelo e palekana nā GMO, nā pesticides, nā kemikolo ea, kō a me nā mea kō i kō, a ʻo kēlā me kēia mea ʻē aʻe he "anti-science."

I kekahi mau hihia, ke loaʻa nei ka mana i ke kūlike me nā hui hoʻokumu e like me ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Cornell University a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis.

Eia nō naʻe ke hoʻi nei kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā i nā ideologues "ultra free market" like mai ka aila, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā waiwai kemika e hōʻaiʻē nei i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema - Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom, Nā kumu kumu Scaife, John Templeton Foundation a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā mea hoʻolako kālā nui a kūpaʻa mau o nā hui hōʻole ʻepekema kaiāulu, e like me a 2013 like na Drexel University sociologist Robert Brulle, PhD.

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻimi nei e hoʻomaopopo i nā pahuhopu kulekele o ka ʻeleʻele kālā no ka hōʻoki ʻana i nā pale olakino no kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e nānā pono i kēia mau mea. nā mea hoʻolaha hou a me kā lākou leka uila ʻana.

ʻO Jon Entine - Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic / STATS

ʻO Jon Entine, he mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana koʻikoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Eia naʻe manaʻo nui He loea pili lehulehu ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i nā ʻoihana kemika i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me nā nīnau e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino.

I nā makahiki i hala, loaʻa iā Entine ua hooukaʻia ʻepekema, nā kauka, ka poʻe kālā, lawmakers a nā kānaka moʻolelo nāna i hāpai aʻe nā hopohopo e pili ana kūpilikiʻi, ka mana kīkī, pesticidesNine Inch hoʻohanaʻia ʻōmole pēpē a mea pāʻani a nā keiki. A 2012 Mother Jones moʻolelo by Tom Philpott describes Entine as a “apologist hana agribusiness, "A me Greenpeace mau kikoʻī i kāna moʻolelo ma kā lākou Pūnaewele Polluter Watch.

ʻO Entine ka luna o ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻenekini. Wahi a ka pūnaewele he kūlike ʻole, akā "ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hāpai i kahi kūlana pro-ʻoihana a ʻaʻole e hoʻāʻo e nānā kūleʻa i nā pilikia," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Consumers Union.

"ʻO ka leka ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻenekini a ʻo nā mea e kūʻē iā ia he ideologue weliweli ia, akā ʻaʻole ia he hōʻailona no kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema maoli."

Hoʻohui kuleana, ʻo kahi laʻana, ʻo ka "ʻepekema ʻikepili i ka palekana o GMO ʻoi aku ka ikaika ma mua o ka hoʻomehana honua" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i kūʻē ʻia e ka World Health Organization, e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana GMO, a na nā ʻepekema he haneli i ʻōlelo ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema ma ka palekana GMO.

ʻAʻole maopopo ka papahana Genetic Literacy e pili ana i kāna pili iā Monsanto. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua paʻi ka pūnaewele i kekahi mau pepa kula kākoʻo pro-GMO i hōʻike ʻia ma hope nā leka uila hāʻawi ʻia i nā polopeka e kahi luna Monsanto nāna i hāʻawi i nā helu kamaʻilio no nā pepa a hoʻohiki ʻia e pauma iā lākou a puni ka Pūnaewele.

ʻO kekahi laʻana: ʻO nā hoa hana papahana Genetic Literacy Project me ka Academics Review ma ka Papahana Heluhelu Biotechnology, ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio-ʻoihana e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e pili ana pehea e "hana maikaʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO me ka lehulehu kānalua."

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."

Nānā Kālā, nāna i paʻi a hoike i ka 2014 e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui kūʻokoʻa, akā hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o kahi luna o Monsanto nāna i hoʻohiki e loaʻa kālā "ʻoiai e mālama ana iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike." Nā Leka Uila ua hōʻike pūʻia e loaʻa ana i ka mea hoʻokumu hoʻokumu loiloi o Academics Review ʻo Bruce Chassy kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻImioka Foundation.

No laila ʻo wai e hāʻawi kālā i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine?

E like me ko lakou paena, ka hapa nui o ke kālā mai nā kumu ʻelua - Searle lāua ʻo Templeton - ʻike ʻia i ka Drexel hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole. Ua helu pū ka pūnaewele i ka waihona kālā mai ka Winkler Family Foundation a "hele i ke kākoʻo no ke Kulanui o Kaleponi-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" mai ka Academics Review Charities Association.

Hoʻopili pū kekahi nā kumuwaiwai kālā mua i nā mea kākoʻo hōʻole ʻepekema o ke aniau a me ka loaʻa kālā ʻole i hōʻike ʻia.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine i hana mua ma lalo o ka malu o nā Heluhelu ʻImi Heluhelu (STATS), kahi hui ma Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason, kahi i hui pū ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke kikowaena no ka Health and Risk Communication mai 2011-2014.

Ua kākoʻo kālā nui ʻia ʻo STATS e ka Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust ma waena o 2005 a me 2014, e like me kahi noiʻi Greenpeace o Kālā kālā STATS.

ʻO Kimberly Dennis, ka pelekikena a me CEO o Searle Freedom Trust, ʻo ia nō ka luna o ka papa o Donors Trust, ka mea kaulana loa. Kālā kālā ʻeleʻele pili Koch ʻaʻole hiki ke huli i nā mea hāʻawi. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Dennis, ua hoʻouna ʻo Searle a me Donors Trust i kahi hui $ 290,000 i STATS i ka makahiki 2010, ua hōʻike ʻo Greenpeace.

In 2012 a 2013, STATS i loaʻa nā hōʻaiʻē mai kāna hui kaikuahine, ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi loaa donations i loko o kēlā mau makahiki mai ka George Mason University Foundation, ka mea ʻaʻole hōʻike i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine i kekahi manawa e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia iho a me GLP mai kēia mau hui; akā naʻe, nā moʻolelo ʻauhau hōʻike Ua uku ʻia ʻo Entine i $ 173,100 e ka Center for Media and Public Affairs no ka makahiki e pau ana iā Iune 30, 2015.

Na 2014, Hōʻike nā leka uila, Ke hoʻāʻo nei ʻo Entine e loaʻa kahi home hou no ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a makemake e hoʻokumu i kahi "pilina kūpono" me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis, World Food Center. Ua lilo ʻo ia i Fellow Senior ma ke kula ʻo Ke Kula no ka Meaʻai a me ka Mahiai Mahiai a ua kuhikuhi ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoa mua. Aia ʻo GLP ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Science Literacy Project.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Entine ʻaʻole ia e pane i nā nīnau no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth - ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA / STATS

He hilinaʻi ʻo Trevor Butterworth ʻelele ʻenehana no nā makahiki he nui, ke pale aku nei i ka palekana o nā huahana pilikia āpau i mea nui i nā ʻoihana kemika a me nā mea ʻai, e like me nā phthalates, ʻO BPA, vinyl ea, huapalapala, nā soka sugary a nā mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni. He mea hāʻawi ma mua ʻo ia ma Newsweek a ua kākau i nā loiloi puke no ka Wall Street Pai.

Mai ka 2003 a i ka 2014, he luna hoʻoponopono ʻo Butterworth ma STATS, i kālā nui ʻia e Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust. I ka 2014, lilo ʻo ia i alakaʻi hoʻokumu o ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA a pelu ʻia nā STAT i loko o kēlā hui.

He hōʻike hou na Liza Gross ma ʻO ke kuʻina i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Sense About Science, kona alakaʻi ʻo Tracey Brown, Butterworth, STATS a me nā mea nāna i hoʻokumu i kēlā mau hui ma ke ʻano he "kahu ponoʻī no ka ʻepekema kani" nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "makemake e kōkua i ka lawehala hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu ma o nā ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi weliweli e pili ana i ke olakino a me ke kaiapuni" akā "he moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka poʻe loea i huli i ka pili i nā ʻoihana i hoʻoponopono ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo Gross.

"Ke nīnau pono nā mea nūpepa i ka mea nāna e kākoʻo i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pilikia o, e ʻōlelo, asbestos, a i ʻole kemikala synthetic, e aʻo maikaʻi ʻia lākou e nīnau i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

ʻO Sense About Science USA i kau ʻia kēia pane i ka ʻāpana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ma o ka leka uila ua "hoʻohoka ʻia ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala hoʻopunipuni a ka Intercept, ka mea i hoʻopili ʻia ka poʻe a me nā hui me ka pili ʻole o Sense About Science USA." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole lawe kālā kāna hui a kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa ia mai ka UK Sense About Science.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "ʻAʻole wau i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha leka ʻoihana - i kēlā me kēia hiki, uku ʻia a ʻaʻole."

Ua hoʻopau ʻē aʻe kekahi mau mea nūpepa. 

Ka poʻe hoʻopuka ma ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi Hōʻike ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea nui i ka hana PR ikaika a ka ʻoihana kemika e pale aku i ka BPA Nine.

I ka 2009, nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust lāua ʻo Meg Kissinger o ka Journal Sentinel i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he pale pale ʻo BPA "mea nui loa", a he laʻana o "nā ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu" ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili.

 "ʻO ka pale ʻoi loa o ka BPA ma nā blog mai Trevor Butterworth mai ia."

KANAKA, kākau lākou, "Koi he kiaʻi kiaʻi kūʻokoʻa" akā "uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana kulekele lehulehu e hāpai ana i ka hana hewa." ʻO kona hui kaikuahine, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, "he moʻolelo no ka hana ʻana no nā ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo nei e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana o kā lākou huahana." Ua haʻi ʻo Butterworth i kāna hōʻike ʻana ma BPA i hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kēlā manawa mai nā kumu mana, a ua kau ʻia e STATS nā pane maanei a maanei i ka hōʻike loiloi ʻana.

ʻO kahi laʻana hou loa e pili ana i ka hana a nā kākau a Butterworth i kuleana nui i ka hana lobby ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema pilikia hiki ke ʻike ʻia i kāna hana ma ka sucralose sweetener.

Ma 2012, ua kākau ʻo Butterworth i No ka mea Forbes ke hoʻohewa nei i kahi noiʻi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o sucralose. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā kānaka noiʻi, ʻo Kauka Morando Soffritti a me ka Ramazzini Institute, "he mea hoʻomākeʻaka."

I ka 2016, kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻatikala a Butterworth's 2012 a me "kahi mea hoʻomākeʻaka" loiloi i a nūʻike hoʻōla ke hoʻouka nei i kahi "panic study" Soffritti hou i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka sucralose. Nā mea hōʻike ma ke kūʻokoʻaʻO ka leka uilaThe Telegraph i ka desereta News ua huki i nā huaʻōlelo a Butterworth e hōʻino ana i nā mea noiʻi, a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea haʻi moʻolelo mai Forbes.

Pēlā nō, i ka makahiki 2011, he loea akamai ʻo Butterworth ma ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAha Sweeteners International, a koi ʻia i loko o kā lākou nūʻike hoʻōla ʻaʻohe "hōʻike o kahi pilikia i ke olakino" mai ka sucralose. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau moʻolelo e kōkua mau i ka Financial Times a me ka Wall Street Journal."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e USRTK hōʻike iā Coca Cola VP Rhona Applebaum i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth i nā alakaʻi o ka Global Energy Balance Network - a ʻO ka hui mua o Coca-Cola e hana ana i ka wili i ka ʻepekema i ka momona - as “mākou hoa aloha"A me kahi mea kākau moʻolelo"mākaukau a hiki”E hana pū me lākou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hana pū me kēlā hui.

Pili ʻo Butterworth i kēia manawa me ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell ma ke ʻano he kipa hoa ma ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona Gates Foundation i hāʻawi ʻia iā paipai i nā GMO. Ke hui pū nei ʻo Gates-funded group me Sense About Science USA ma kahi papa hana e aʻo ai i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio i "Kū i luna no ka ʻepekema. "

ʻO Sense About Science USA holo pū kekahi i ka lehulehu nā papa hana no nā ʻepekema ma nā wahi e like me ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke Kulanui o Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Ke Kulanui ʻo Rockefeller, Caltech a me Ke Kulanui o Massachusetts, ʻo Bosetona.

ʻO Henry I. Miller - Ke keʻena ʻo Hoover

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, he hoa ma ka Hoover Institution, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea pale nui loa o nā meaʻai genetically engineered a me nā mea kūʻē ikaika o ka lepili ʻana iā lākou. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā hōʻeha he nui i ka ʻoihana olakino, e like me "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "ʻAʻole hiki ke mahiʻai mahiʻai" (Wall Street Pai) a me "The Dirty Truth About Organic Produce" (Newsweek).

Ua kākau pū ʻo Miller i ka pale ʻana iā nā pesticides ʻinoʻino i ka nalo meli, kemika kemika a radiation mai nā mea kanu mana nukelea, a ua paio pinepine no ka hoʻolauna hou o DDT. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i pane i nā noi e haʻi manaʻo no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻAʻole like me Butterworth a me Entine, he ʻike ʻepekema kā Miller a me nā ʻike aupuni; He kauka lapaʻau ʻo ia a ʻo ia ka luna hoʻokumu o ka keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA.

E like me Butterworth a me Entine, hele mai ke kālā a Miller mai nā hui e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻepekema - ka Hoover Institute's luna hoʻolewa ʻo ia ka Sarah Scaife Foundation, a ua lawe pū ka pūʻulu i ke kālā mai ka Searle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation a me Donors Trust.

E like me nā mea hoʻokumu o Nā STATS a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Pili pū kekahi ʻo Miller i nā pāʻina PR ʻoihana ʻāpana paka. I kahi makahiki 1994 Memo hoʻolālā PR no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo Phillip Morris, Ua kapa ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he "kākoʻo nui" o ka hoʻoulu kaua honua e hakakā me nā kānāwai paka. I ka 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Miller ʻaʻole maikaʻi maikaʻi kēlā nikotine iā ʻoe i nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia e nā paka a nā huahana puhipaka ʻole. "

ʻO Miller kekahi lālā o ka "papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema" o ka Ke Kula ʻo George C. Marshall, ʻo ia ka mea i kaulana no kāna ʻoihana aila a me kinoea i kākoʻo kālā ʻia no ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i hoʻololi ʻia, a he kahu mua o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, "hilinaʻi nui i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana i loaʻa kahi kuleana kālā i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e manaʻo ana e hana," e like me ʻO Jones Jones.

Maliʻa paha ke hoʻomaopopo nei ʻaʻole nā ​​kāne pontificating i kumu waiwai maikaʻi loa e hoʻohuli ai i nā wahine e kūʻai ana i ka meaʻai, ke hāʻawi nei ʻo Miller i nā byline me nā wahine protege i hui pū me kāna hoʻouka kaua i nā mea kākoʻo olakino a me nā mahiʻai meaola.

ʻO nā laʻana me kahi ʻāpana i kākau ʻia me Kavin Senapathy, ka mea hui pū o he hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohaunaele i nā hanana haʻi ʻōlelo o nā loiloi GMO, poʻo inoa ʻia “Hoʻopili i nā mea hana; ” a hoʻokahi me ʻO Julie Kelly, he kumu aʻo kuke na kāna kāne he lobbyist no ka agribusiness nunui ADM, e wehewehe nei i ka mahiʻai meaola ma ke ʻano heka manaʻino. "

ʻO nā hana hou a Kelly e hoʻokomo ai i kahi ʻāpana ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā ke kānalua nei i nā noiʻi ʻepekema aniau, a me kahi ʻatikala i The Hill e kāhea ana i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e hoʻopōpō i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer, ka mea āna i hoʻopiʻi ai no ka "cancer collusion" a me "ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻepekema shoddy e hāpai i kahi papahana politika i hoʻoikaika ʻia."

I ko mākou komo ʻana i ka ʻelima mau makahiki o ka lilo ʻana o ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻoiai ka hoʻoweliweli o ke aniau i nā kaiaolaola a me kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai, ua hiki i ka manawa e wehe i ka pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema hōʻole e koi i ka ʻahuʻepekema a hōʻike iā lākou no nā mea lākou: nā mea hoʻolaha e hana ka hana pelapela o ka ʻoihana.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ʻO ʻEkōlani.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka pūʻulu kiaʻi lehulehu nonprofit ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," kahi mea hui pū o ka Campaign aupuni no Safe Cosmetics a me kahi mea paʻi nūpepa ma mua.

No ke aha ʻo Ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokipa nei i kahi GMO Propaganda Campaign?

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Ke kū nei i luna no ka ʻepekema - a i ʻole propaganda?

Ke kū nei i luna no ka ʻepekema - a i ʻole propaganda?

Ua hōʻike ʻia kēia ʻatikala na Stacy Malkan kumu i ʻO ʻEkōlani

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, ʻo Andrew D. White lāua ʻo Ezra Cornell, i moemoeā no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi kulanui maikaʻi i lawe i kahi ala i ka aʻo ʻana. ʻO ko lākou ʻuhane kipi, a me ka hoʻohiki e ʻimi i ka ʻike no ka pono ʻoi aku i'ōleloʻia ma ka puʻuwai o ke kula ʻo Ivy League i lilo ai kā lākou moemoeā.

He paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo pehea ka lawelawe ʻia ʻana o kēia mau manaʻo e kahi ʻāpana o Cornell e hana nei ma ke ʻano he lima pili i ka lehulehu no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Eia naʻe ka mea e hana ʻia ma ka Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS), kahi papahana ee i ka 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona hāʻawi mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me kahi pahuhopu e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i hoʻopiʻi ʻia" e pili ana i nā GMO.

Kuhi ʻia kahi loiloi o nā mea a me nā papahana o ka hui e hōʻike ana ma lalo o kāna hoʻohiki e "hoʻihoʻi i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻike ʻepekema i ka hoʻoholo ʻana," hoʻolaha ʻo CAS i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leka pono ʻole a me nā hana PR i hoʻomohala ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ke alakaʻi hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. .

Ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema a hoʻolaha paha?

ʻO CAS kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically (ʻo GMO kekahi) a puni ka honua. Hoʻomaopopo ʻia kēia i ka hui kiʻi wikiō.

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, wehewehe i kāna hui ma ke ʻano he "hui hoʻokumu nonprofit i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻepekema, nā mahiʻai, nā NGO, nā mea nūpepa a me nā kamaʻāina hopohopo" e hoʻohana ana i nā "papaho pūnaewele pūnaewele, nā kumuwaiwai multimedia a me nā papahana hoʻomaʻamaʻa kamaʻilio e kūkulu i kahi neʻe honua e kākoʻo no ke komo ʻana i ka biotechnology. . ”

Ma kēia ala, ʻōlelo lākou e kōkua lākou i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka momona a me ka pōloli i nā ʻāina kūkulu, e like me ka wikiō.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Evanega ʻaʻohe pili o kāna hui i ka ʻoihana a loaʻa ʻole kahi waiwai mai ka ʻoihana. "ʻAʻole mākou i kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo no a hoʻolaha paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia i loko o ka moʻomanaʻo mo'omana'o Pūnaewele me ke poʻo inoa "He Pono e ʻike ʻia (Pololei) kahi āna i pahu aku ai i nā kūʻē mai kaʻu hui, US Right to Know.

Eia nō naʻe nā papahana hae o CAS - kahi papa he 12 mau pule no Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua a ʻelua mau lā ikaika papa kamaʻilio - aʻo i nā mākau kamaʻilio i ka poʻe i "kūpaʻa i ke koi ʻana no ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke komo ʻana i ka biotechnology" kikoʻī i hiki ai iā lākou ke "alakaʻi i nā hana hoʻoikaika i kā lākou kūloko."

He hana maʻamau kā ka hui me nā mea nūpepa. He aha ka manaʻo, e like me ka hōʻike a ka wikiō CAS, ua "pani ʻia e" nā mea nūpepa?

Hāʻawi ʻo CAS launa pū nūpepas me nā makana kālā no nā mea nūpepa koho e "hoʻoulu i ka hōʻike hohonu hohonu" e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai, hana hua, biotechnology a me ka mahiʻai hoʻomau.

ʻO kēia mau mea nūpepa pū kekahi nā mea kākoʻo iā GMO? Pehea ke ʻano kūpono o nā mea nūpepa e pani i nā kūlana kulekele o kahi hui pro-mahiʻai-ʻoihana?

Ka leka uila ʻana no nā pono ʻoihana

Hoʻokahi mea i maopopo mai ka leka uila CAS i loaʻa i ka lehulehu: ʻo ka pōʻaiapili a lākou e hāʻawi ai ma ke kumuhana o nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered ʻaʻole ia i ka hohonu a me ka laulā akā koho nui ʻia a mākaukau ʻia i ka holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ke wikiō: Hoʻopiha me ka manaolana e pili ana i nā mea hiki i nā GMO ke hoʻoponopono i ka pōloli o ka honua i ka wā e hiki mai ana, nānā ʻole ʻia kahi kino nui o ka noiʻi ʻepekema i hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia e pili ana i nā GMO - i loaʻa i nā mea kanu GMO kipaku ʻia i luna ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka glyphosate, kahi lāʻau make pili i ka maʻi kanesa e nā loea o ka maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua; a hoʻonui ʻia pale ʻaʻ weana ma nā miliona o nā ʻeka o ka ʻāina mahiʻai o ʻAmelika, kahi e ʻoi aku ai ka paʻakikī o ka hana ʻana i nā mea mahiʻai, ʻaʻole maʻalahi.

ʻAʻohe mea e pili ana i ka holo pono ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO i hoʻolālā ʻia i pale aku i nā mea ʻinoʻino, a i ʻole ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo o nā kauka lapaʻau e pili ana i nā lauana o nā maʻi ma nā wahi like Hawaii a Argentina kahi e kaumaha ai nā hōʻike i nā kemika e pili ana i nā GMO.

ʻAʻohe ʻike i ka nui ʻepekema a ai alakaʻi Ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMOs ʻaʻole ia he mea nui no ka hānai ʻana i ka honua, kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa kahi kumu nui ʻaʻole i apo nui ʻia nā huaʻai GMO ma waho o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me Latin America.

Pili kēia mau mea āpau i ke kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana inā e ʻapo paha nā ʻāina e ulu nei i nā mea kanu ʻenekini a me nā meaʻai. Akā haʻalele ʻo CAS i kēia mau kikoʻī a hoʻonui i ka manaʻo wahaheʻe ua hoʻokau ʻia ka ʻepekema i ka palekana a me ka pono o GMO.

ʻO ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻike koho o kahi ʻano kolohe a kuhi hewa paha e hāpai i kahi papahana kikoʻī ua ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he hana propaganda.

Ke hana nei mai ka puke pāʻani PR ʻoihana

 ʻO ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ka mea i manaʻo ʻia keia "Kahi hihiʻo hou no nā kamaʻilio biotechnology," akā hilinaʻi ka hui i kahi hoʻonohonoho o nā leka a me nā hana kamaʻilio e kamaʻāina i nā poʻe e pili ana i nā hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana agribusiness.

ʻO ka hōʻike Nā kīʻaiʻai, aʻu i kākau pū ai me Kari Hamerschlag lāua ʻo Anna Lappé, nā palapala e pili ana i nā agribusiness a me nā ʻoihana mea kālā i loaʻa kālā e hoʻolilo nei he ʻumi miliona mau kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki e paipai nā leka hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā ʻoihana-ʻenehana, ka kemikiko-koʻikoʻi, mahiʻai genetically engineered.

ʻO nā ʻoihana e loaʻa pono ana ka waiwai mai kēia ʻōnaehana - Monsanto, Dow, DuPont a me nā kānaka nunui mahiʻai ʻē aʻe - ua hana hewa pinepine i ka hilinaʻi me ke alakaʻi hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā Gary Ruskin i hōʻike ai i kāna hōʻike. ʻOihana ʻoihana. No laila lākou i hilinaʻi ai nā pūʻulu mua a ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā polopeka e hoʻolaha i kā lākou leka uila na lākou.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo ʻoihana nui ʻo ia ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO. Nānā nā ʻelele Pro-ʻoihana i ka hoʻohana hiki ʻia o ka ʻenehana i ka wā e iho ana i lalo, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia. hana i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka pae o ka ʻaelike ʻepekema ma GMO; a hoʻouka i nā loiloi i hāpai i nā hopohopo e like me "anti-science."

E like me kahi laʻana, ua kākau ʻo Mark Lynas, ka luna politika o CAS, i kahi New York Times op-ed e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā ʻāina he 17 i ʻUulopa i pāpā aku ai i ka mahiʻai ʻana o GMO e "hoʻohuli i ka ʻepekema." Ua kapa ʻo ia iā lākou he "hui lōkahi o ka naʻaupō."

Kaumaha kēia ʻatikala ma ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka mālamalama o ka ʻepekema, ka palaki ʻana i ke kumuhana me ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i kahi ʻae palekana he nui nā ʻepekema i hoʻopaʻapaʻa.

E like me ka kākau ʻana o ka molekiola Belinda Martineau, PhD, i kākau ai i loko pane iā Lynas, "Ke koi nei i nā kuleana āpau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka hana ʻenekini.

ʻO ka Health Health Organization Hui Pūʻia, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana o nā meaʻai GM āpau."

Eia nō naʻe, ke koi nei e kū i luna no ka ʻepekema, hana pinepine ʻo CAS i nā ʻōlelo maʻamau - a ʻoi loa hoʻi - nā koi e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO.

Mai kā ka hui NPP:

  • "E loʻohia ʻoe e ka asteroid ma mua o ka ʻeha ʻia e ka meaʻai GE - a ʻaʻole ia he hoʻonui."
  • "ʻO nā mea kanu GE i kēia manawa i loaʻa i ka lehulehu no ka nui o nā pilikia olakino a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo nohona ma mua o kā lākou mau ʻenekini ʻole ʻenekinia. ʻAʻole kēia he manaʻo. ”

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, he propaganda.

Ke kaua ʻana i ka transparency i ka ʻepekema

I ka puna o 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i palapala hoopii ke hoʻouka nei i kaʻu hui US Right to Know no ka faila ʻana i ke Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e loaʻa nā leka uila o nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kā mākou ʻike i loko o nā meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kā lākou hana PR.

Ua kāhea ʻo CAS i kā FOIA noi ʻana i kahi "kilokilo kilokilo," eia naʻe nā palapala i loaʻa ma o kēia mau noi ʻana ʻo FOIA i nā moʻolelo nūhou i loko o kekahi mau papaho ʻoi loa e pili ana i nā kālaiʻike e hana nei me nā ʻoihana PR ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā pili i ka lehulehu.

Ua haki ka moʻolelo i kahi ʻaoʻao mua o New York Times Haawina e ka mea lanakila Pulitzer Prize ʻelua manawa ʻo Eric Lipton, nāna i wehewehe i ke ʻano o Monsanto, ke alo nei i ka manaʻo kānalua o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMOs, hele mai ia me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa. ”

I kekahi hihia, hoike na Laura Krantz i ka Boston Globe, ua haʻi aku kahi luna Monsanto i ke kumu ʻo Harvard ʻo Calestous Juma e kākau i kahi pepa e pili ana i ka pono o nā GMO e hānai iā ʻApelika.

"ʻAʻole wale ʻo Monsanto i hōʻike i ke kumuhana i ke polofesa ʻo Calestous Juma. Ua hele a hiki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o ka mea a ka pepa e ʻōlelo ai a me kahi poʻo manaʻo i manaʻo ʻia. Ua hoʻohui ka ʻoihana i ke polopeka me kahi ʻoihana kūʻai e pana iā ia ma waho o ka Pūnaewele ma ke ʻano he mahele o kā Monsanto hoʻolālā e lanakila ai i ka lehulehu a me nā luna kau kānāwai, ”i kākau ai ʻo Krantz.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Juma, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawe kālā mai Monsanto aku akā ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai ka Gates Foundation, ka mea i hana pū me Monsanto no nā makahiki he nui ma nā papahana pro-GMO ma hope. ʻO Rob Horsch, Ka luna poʻokela poʻokela poʻokela o Monsanto no ka hoʻomohala honua, ua komo i ka Foundation ma 2006. Horsch alakaʻi i kēia manawa ʻO ka hui noiʻi mahiʻai a Gates (A Hōʻike 2014 e ka hui noiʻi Grain loaʻa ma kahi o 90% o $ 3 biliona ka Gates Foundation i lilo e hānai i ka poʻe ʻilihune ma ʻApelika hele i nā lāhui waiwai, nā kula nui a me nā kikowaena noiʻi.)

He kuleana ko ka lehulehu inā ʻike ka hana ʻona ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa me nā ʻoihana a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR ma nā hoʻolaha leka uila i hoʻohui ʻia e pahu i kahi papahana ʻoihana.

Ua kū ʻo CAS i ke kūlana i loko o kāna palapala noi ʻaʻohe kuleana o ka lehulehu e ʻike e pili ana i ka pilina ma waena o nā ʻoihana PR ʻoihana a me nā ʻepekema lehulehu he 14 i kōkua i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o nā GMO.

Aia pū ka palapala noi a Cornell me kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e hōʻike nei iā Carl Sagan, ʻo Madame Curie, ʻo Albert Einstein a me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i hala ʻole i kau inoa i ka palapala noi, i haki ʻia me ka huaʻōlelo, "Ke kū nei wau me ka # Science14" - kahi wahi o PR flair i aniani ka hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni hoʻohana ʻia e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.

Ke kaulike ʻana me nā mea kākau PR ʻoihana

Ma kahi kula i makemake nui ʻia e like me Cornell, manaʻo paha ʻoe e ʻike i ka poʻe loea i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ka loina e aʻo nei i nā papa kamaʻilio e hoʻohiki e hoʻihoʻi i ka pono ʻepekema i nā kamaʻilio lehulehu. Ma kahi o, ma CAS, e ʻike ai ʻoe i ka poʻe loea i ka kamaʻilio hoʻokele pilikia ʻana i loea i ka kūʻē ʻana i nā rula olakino lehulehu.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo Trevor Butterworth, kahi hoa kipa ma Cornell a me ka luna o Sense About Science (kahi "non-partisan, non-profit organisation that advocates for sense about science!") aia me CAS e aʻo i nā haumāna a me nā ʻepekema pehea e kamaʻilio ai me nā mea nūhou e pili ana i nā GMO.

He moʻolelo lōʻihi ko Butterworth o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema no ka pono o nā ʻoihana e makemake nei e mālama ʻole i kā lākou huahana. ʻO ka 2009 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Haawina na Meg Kissinger lāua ʻo Susanne Rust e pili ana i ka hana lobbying ma bisphenol A (BPA) i hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau pilina ʻāpana kemikal."

Ma ke ʻano he hoʻoponopono o STATS ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason, he mea pale nui ʻo Butterworth no ka BPA nāna "e hoʻopili pinepine i ka Pūnaewele no nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka BPA a hāʻawi i nā manaʻo me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kāna pili i ka ʻoihana," i kākau ʻo Kissinger lāua ʻo Rust.

"Wahi a STATS he kūʻokoʻa a nonpartisan. Akā he loiloi i kāna hōʻike kālā e hōʻike ana he lālā ia o ka Center for Media and Public Affairs. Ua uku ʻia kēlā hui e ka ʻoihana paka e nānā i nā moʻolelo nūhou e pili ana i ka makaʻu o ka paka. " (ʻO ka ʻoihana paka, wahi a lākou, e lobbying ana me ka ʻenehana kemika e mālama ʻole i ka BPA.)

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Butterworth i nā kūlana ʻoihana e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka vinyl plastic a nā phthalates, kūpilikiʻi, fructose kiʻekiʻe huapalapala a nā soka sugary.

Ua hui pū ʻo ia me CAS e aʻo i nā haumāna pehea e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i nā GMO, a noho ʻo CAS ka luna kālaiʻāina ʻo Lynas ma ka papa aʻoaʻo o Sense About Science.

Hāpai hou ka hana a Lynas i nā nīnau hou aʻe: no ke aha e pono ai i kahi ʻepekema kahi alakaʻi politika? A no ke aha e koho ai ʻo CAS iā Lynas no ia kuleana? ʻAʻole ʻepekema ʻo Lynas akā he mea kākau i ke kaiapuni i kū i luna kaulana hikiwawe ma hope o ka ʻapo ʻana i nā GMO, a ua loiloi ʻia kona ʻepekema i ka lōʻihi ʻepekema, reporters a nā kauka.

Ke hoʻopau nei i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO?

Ua ʻike ʻia nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā leka uila ke holo ka pilikia i kā lākou huahana; nā hiʻohiʻona e hoʻopili me "DDT maikaʻi noʻu," "He nui nā kauka puhipuhi Kāmelo" a me ka paukū Dutch keiki e paipai i ka pena kēpau i nā keiki.

ʻO kahi kiko haʻahaʻa no ka hana ʻenehana kemikala kāna Pololako PR e pena iā "Silent Spring" ka mea kākau ʻo Rachel Carson (a me nā mea kaiapuni āpau) ma ke ʻano he poʻe pepehi kanaka miliona o nā keiki ma ʻApelika no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

Ke hoʻi nei kēlā ʻano leka uila i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO.

I Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻokipa ka CAS Speakers Series iā Owen Paterson, lālā o ka Parliament mai UK, no a o anakuhi me ke poʻo inoa, "E nānā i kāu kuleana ʻōmaʻomaʻo: ʻAʻole ʻoluʻolu i ke kaiapuni ke ʻae i nā miliona e make."

ʻO Paterson's olelo ua hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi hyperbolic e pili ana i nā GMO i nele i ke koʻikoʻi ʻepekema (GMO "ʻoiaʻiʻo lua pele ma mua o nā mea kanu i hānai ʻia… ʻo kekahi o nā holomua maikaʻi loa o ka nohona i ʻike ʻia ma kēia ao ... hiki ke hoʻopakele i nā ola he miliona i kēia lā i hoʻomāinoino ʻia e ka manaʻo o nā pūʻulu kaiāulu i kākoʻo nui ʻia. ")

Ua loaʻa ka haʻi ʻōlelo i nā mahalo mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi pūʻulu alo i ʻike nui ʻia, i ka moʻomanaʻo na Kauka Gil Ross i poʻo inoa ʻia, "Piliona Huahana Green Campaigns Kill i nā keiki maikaʻi ʻole."

Ua wehewehe ʻo Ross i loko o ka blog no ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka CAS Speakers Series, "e hoʻohana ai i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pale aku ai i ka ʻike ʻia o nā haumāna o ke koleke e ukali i ka mantra o ke kaiapuni me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻole ... ʻo ka manaʻo o ka makaʻu i ka ʻenekinia genetical e like me ka nānā ʻana ma lalo o kahi moe. no nā hobgoblins e like me Godzilla, i ala aʻe e nā hoʻāʻo atomic o ke Kaua Anuanu. "

ʻAʻole kōkua ʻo Paterson lāua ʻo Ross i ke kiʻi o ka pono ʻepekema e hoʻāʻo nei ʻo CAS e hoʻolālā. He lawehala i hewa ʻo Ross i hoʻohana ai manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid. ʻO Paterson, ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka nohona UK ma mua, ʻike ākea ʻia a skeptic hoʻololi i ke aniau nona ka manao o kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema.

Pehea e kōkua ai nā mea nūpepa ma Hawaii i ka hānai ʻana i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika?

 Me kona makahiki e ulu nei a puni, he pae hoʻāʻo nui ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻĀina no nā GMO. Pākuʻi ʻia lākou no ka nā mea pili e pili ana i nā pesticides e pili ana i nā GMO, a me ke kia nui o nā hoʻolaha propaganda pro-GMO ʻoihana a me nā mea kōkua e like me CAS.

ʻO Elif Bealle, ka luna hoʻokō o ka Hawaii Alliance no ka Holomua Holomua, ua ʻeleu i nā hana mauʻu no hōʻike pesticide, nā papa a nā wahi pale pale pesticide a puni nā mea kanu GMO. Ke kiai aku nei nō ʻo ia iā CAS, āna i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻuluʻulu ana i nā mea nūpepa kūloko a he mau hoa pū kekahi ma kekahi mau mokupuni.

"Hōʻike lākou iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he 'kamaʻāina kūloko wale nō' a i ʻole 'nūhou nūhou.' ʻAneʻane piha lākou i ka manawa piha e pili ana i nā ʻatikala nūpepa pūnaewele, ka waiho ʻana, Community Op-Eds, a pēlā aku. Lawe pinepine ʻia kā lākou mau pou moʻomanaʻo pūnaewele a hoʻolaha ʻia e ka pūnaewele hui kālepa biotech ma Hawaii, ka ʻAhahui Hoʻoholomua ʻo Crop Hawaii, "wahi a Bealle.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo Joni Kamiya, kahi CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua, hoʻohana kona blog, Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiʻai ʻo Hawaii, e hāpai i ka “palekana a me ka ʻepekema” o nā GMO me ka leka uila ʻana i nā glosses ma luna o ka ʻepekema a hoʻowahāwahā i nā loiloi GMO.

ʻO Kamiya kekahi "loea kūʻokoʻa" no nā pane GMO, a Pūnaewele GMO PR hana ʻia e Ketchum PR firm a kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kau ʻia kāna ʻatikala ʻO Jon Entine's ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi i kī ʻia e paʻi i nā pepa hoʻolaha GMO i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto a kākau ʻia e nā polopeka.

Ua kākau ʻia hoʻi kā Kamiya kākau ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao home o Hui Mahiʻai a Mahi Hui ʻo Kauaʻi, kahi hui me nā kālā ʻike ʻole e koi ana "e hōʻike i ka nui o nā kānaka a me nā hui i ko mākou kaiāulu" a paipai i nā ʻatikala e Monsanto, Genetic Literacy Project a me nā ʻoihana meaʻai ʻē aʻe. nā pūʻulu mua e like me ke kikowaena no ka Freedom Consumer.

ʻO nā mea kōkua CAS ʻē aʻe ma nā Mokupuni ʻo Lorie Farrell, a Pili CAS nāna i kākau no GMO Nā Pane a kōkua hoʻohui pū ke kūʻē ʻana i ka pāpā ʻana o ka mahiʻai GMO ma ka Big Island no ka poʻe mahiʻai a me Ranchers United; a ʻo Joan Conrow, he kūkā kūkā kāna aelike me Cornell a kākau i ka blog ʻaʻano hoʻokūkū Eclectic Kauai.

Ma muli o kā lākou leka ʻana i kahi kumu maʻamau: koi lākou i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a hoʻouka i ka poʻe e noi ana i ka transparency a me ka palekana ma ke ʻano he poʻe kūwaho e pepehi nei i ka "ʻuhane Aloha" o nā Mokupuni.

Ke kaua ʻana i ka hakakā

Ma kona Haawina, "The War on Genetically Modified Food Critics," ʻo Tufts Professor Timothy Wise i ka pāpāho i ka hana no ka hāʻule no nā hana PR ʻoihana a hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka ʻepekema ma GMO ma ke ʻano he "noho."

"ʻO ka mea a mākou e ʻike nei he hana hoʻokūkū ia e… pena i nā poʻe loiloi GMO ma ke ʻano he anti-ʻepekema ʻoiai ke hāʻawi ʻole nei i kahi kūkākūkā koʻikoʻi no ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e huhū mau nei," i kākau ʻo Wise.

ʻO kahi hōʻailona o kēlā hoʻolaha, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, ʻo ka makana Gates Foundation iā Cornell e "hoʻopau" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no nā meaʻai GM.

"Ke uku nei ka Gates Foundation i nā ʻepekema biotech a me nā mea kōkua ma Cornell e kōkua iā lākou e hōʻoia i ka poʻe naʻaupō a me ka lehulehu i holoi ʻia i ka lolo, ka mea" ʻaʻole paha e hoʻomaopopo maikaʻi ʻia, "he naʻaupō a holoi ʻia lākou i ka lolo. nā mea kaua hou aʻe, "i kākau ai ʻo Wise.

Ma kahi o ka mākaukau ʻana i nā kaua PR ma ka lawelawe ʻana i ka ʻoihana, pono ʻo Cornell University e kū i luna no ka ʻepekema ma ke kāhea ʻana i kahi kūkā kamaʻilio ʻoi aku e pili ana i nā GMO

ʻO kekahi e hōʻole i ka hoʻouka ʻana a ʻimi i kahi maʻamau me nā hui e noi ana i ka transparency a me ke olakino a me nā kūlana palekana.

Ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻo Kauka Evanega e puʻunaue kāna hui i nā waiwai maʻamau a puni ke kuleana e ʻike a hiki i ka ʻike, a hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia i ka manaʻo ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo CAS e hāpai i nā GMO.

"ʻO nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo" GMOs "ʻaʻole ia he mea monolithic," kākau ʻo Kauka Evanega i loko ona moʻomanaʻo. "Eia kekahi laʻana, ʻaʻohe kumu o ka hui pū ʻana i nā ʻenehana like ʻole e like me ka bacteria i hana ʻia e hana i ka insulin a me ka papaya i hoʻolālā ʻia e pale aku i kahi maʻi. Kākoʻo mākou i ke komo ʻana - i ka hana hou a me ka ʻike e kōkua ai i ka poʻe e hoʻoholo kūpono ma muli o ka ʻepekema a me nā hōʻike - ʻaʻole ka makaʻu, ka naʻau.

ʻOiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole nā ​​GMO kahi mea monolithic. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka pololei a pololei ʻole hoʻi o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻeha ʻia ka poʻe e kahi asteroid ma mua o ka hōʻino ʻia e nā GMO.

ʻO ke kuʻikahi ʻepekema e pili maoli ana i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana i ka pono i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomālamalama i kahi moʻohelu o ka noiʻi, ʻaʻole e like me nā kiko ʻōlelo o nā ʻoihana PR a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," (New Society Publishing, 2007). ʻO Stacy kahi mea hoʻopuka nūhou mua a me ka mea paʻi nūpepa a me ka mea kōkua lōʻihi no ke olakino olakino. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics i ka makahiki 2002 a ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kamaʻilio o ke ola mālama me ka ʻole o Harm no ʻewalu mau makahiki.