ʻAʻole kūpono ʻo Mark Lynas ', hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni no ka papahana mahiʻai

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ʻO Mark Lynas he mea kākau moʻolelo mua i hoʻohuli i ka mea hoʻolaha hoʻolaha no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻino ʻia e haʻi pololei ʻole ai e pili ana i kēlā huahana mai kāna perch ma ka ʻO Cornates Alliance i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Gates Foundation. Kau ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell mai ka makahiki 2014, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha lehulehu e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo a hana i nā pūnaewele o ka mana, keu hoʻi i nā ʻāina ʻApelika, e paipai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai. 

ʻEpekema, ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka ʻai hewa ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻepekema

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema a me nā loea i nā kulekele ʻai iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a ʻepekema hoʻi i kāna mau hana e hāpai i nā pono agribusiness. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, hoʻomake ʻia nā kālaiʻike i Iulai 2020 Haawina Ua kākau ʻo Lynas no Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e koi ana i ka agroecology "pilikia e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." Ua wehewehe ka poʻe loiloi i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema"A me"kālailai hewa maoli"ʻO"hoʻopili hewa i ka mālama ag me agroecology a laila hana i nā hopena hihiu. "

ʻO ka agronomist Marc Corbeels, nona ka pepa a Lynas i manaʻo ai e wehewehe i loko o ka ʻatikala, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas i hana.kahili laulaha. ” Ua kāhea ʻo Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kulanui o Queen, no ka hoʻi hou ʻana; "ʻO ka mea kūpono e hana ai huki i kāu ʻāpana kīnā ʻole e huikau ai nā mea maʻamau o nā hoʻolālā mahiʻai, "i hoʻopaʻa aku ai ʻo Taylor iā Lynas. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala e like me "Ideology maʻemaʻe" a "kahi hilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi iā ia he 'ʻepekema'. "  

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe mai nā ʻepekema a me nā loea kulekele e pili ana i kā Lynas hana (hoʻoikaika iā mākou):

  • "Hiki iaʻu ke kīnā ʻole ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a me kēlā ʻo ka hapa nui o (Lynas ') mau ʻōlelo he wahaheʻe, ” kākau ʻo David Schubert, PhD, poʻo, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor ma The Salk Institute, i kahi leka i ka ʻO San Diego Union Tribune.
  • "Eia kekahi o nā kuhi hewa a kuhi hewa paha ʻO Lynas e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ke hoʻomohala ʻana o GE, "i kākau ai ʻo Doug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, he ʻepekema kahiko loa, Union o nā ʻepekema hopohopo. "Ma kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a kūkākūkā ʻana paha i ka ʻepekema maoli, hoʻolei ʻo Lynas i nā aspersions a nā hokele i ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka mana ma mua o ka ʻikepili a noiʻi paha. " 
  • ʻO kā Lynas mau koi e pili ana i ka maopopo o ka palekana o GMO “ʻaʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a naʻaupō, ” e like me kā Belinda Martineau, PhD, he ʻenekinia genetika nāna i kōkua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka meaʻai GMO mua loa (e nānā leka iā NYT a ʻO Salon Biotech).
  • Ma ka hōʻike he Puke a Lynas Nā ʻano ʻepekema, ua wehewehe ʻo ka anthropologist ʻo Glenn Davis Stone i ka puke ma ke ʻano he “rehash amateurish o nā kamaʻilio kamaʻilio maʻamau. " 
  • "The papa inoa holoi o ka mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO ʻelua a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e ke poʻo e kekahi o nā alakaʻi o ka honua nā mea kanu agroecologists a biologists,"I kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, ka luna mua ʻo Food First, ma ka Ka Post Huffington.
  • ʻO Mark Lynas he "hana 'oihana mai o ... demona," kakau ʻo Timothy A. Wise, ka luna o ka noiʻi ma mua ma ka Global Development and Environment Institute ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tufts.
  • "Hōʻike hewa ʻole kā Lynas moʻolelo,”E like me ka a Ho'ōkāka'ānō 2018 mai ka ʻApelika Waena Center no Biodiversity, kahi hui ma South-Africa. 
  • “Maka Hōʻike kā Lynas mau koi i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. E nānā ʻole ʻoe iā ia, ” ʻO tweet ʻo Pete Myers, PhD, poʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka ʻepekema ʻĀina Ola, ka mea hoʻopuka o EHN.org.

'Manipulative, misleading and unethical' tactics 

Wahi a nā hui ma ʻApelika, ua hōʻike hewa ʻole ʻo Lynas i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāpai i kahi papahana politika. Wahi a kahi hōʻike o Kekemapa 2018 na ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, ʻo Lynas a me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i nā kiʻi o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika me ka ʻole o kā lākou ʻike a me ka ʻae, hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi i nā ala kuhi hewa e koi ai i nā mahiʻai e pono iā GMO.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, i waho o ka pōʻaiapili a me ka ʻole o kāna ʻae.

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua kau ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, me ka ʻae ʻole a me ka ʻole o ka pōʻaiapili, e ʻōlelo ana ua ʻeha ʻo ia i ka "pono ​​kaulike honua." ʻO Mrs. R he mea mahiʻai kūleʻa nāna e hoʻokūkū i nā hana agroecological a ola maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ACBio. Ua noi ʻo ia iā Lynas e hemo kāna kiʻi, akā ʻo ia noho ma kāna hānai twitter. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ACBio i loko o kāna hōʻike i nā hana a Lynas "i hele i kekahi laina ʻulaʻula a pono e hoʻopau."  

ʻO ka pūʻulu koa meaʻai i'ōleloʻia ma kahi hoʻokuʻu pāʻani he "mōʻaukala kolohe" ko Lynas ma Tanzania "no ka hale loea ʻoihana biotech mahiʻai. "Ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia kāna mau kipa ʻana i ka ʻāina e ka lobby, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā paepae e like me nā hālāwai maʻamau o ka Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), kahi e noho ana nā nūhou e hōʻike i kāna mau kamaʻilio. Ua kuhikuhi nui ʻia kāna mau hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā kānāwai biosafety o ka ʻāina, e like me ke ʻano o ka makaʻala a me nā ʻāpana o ke kuleana koʻikoʻi. "

ʻO ka Alliance for Food Sovereignty (AFSA), kahi hui hui e kū ana i nā mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai ma 35 a puni ʻo ʻApelika, ua hoʻopiʻi pū ʻo ia iā Lynas e hoʻolaha nei "hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, hōʻike wahaheʻe, a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe. ” I loko o kahi ʻatikala 2018, ua wehewehe lākou iā Lynas ma ke ʻano he "lele-in pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, ʻaʻole hiki ke kuhihewa ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu."

Hoʻouna ʻia nā leka pesticide ma muli o nā kuhi ʻōlelo ʻoihana, ʻaʻole ka ʻepekema

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hōʻike pololei ʻole na Lynas nāna 2017 kikokikona no ka Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas ʻo ka hōʻike a ka ʻaha loea he "kilokilo kilokilo" a "ʻike hewa maoli ʻia i ka ʻepekema a me ka hoʻoponopono kūlohelohe," i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka poʻe i lanakila me ka "hysteria a me ka naʻau." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua." 

A ʻike maoli ʻia e US Right to Know ʻike ʻo ia ua hana like ʻo Lynas i nā manaʻo hoʻopunipuni like ʻole a hilinaʻi hoʻi i nā kumuwaiwai hemahema ʻelua e like me kahi blog i kau ʻia i hoʻokahi mahina ma mua e ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate a me nā huahana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe. 

I ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana kana hihia "hana ʻino nā hui ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema a me nā kulekele pili i ka hōʻike i ka glyphosate saga," ʻaʻole i hilinaʻi wale ʻo Lynas i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa o nā ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai, akā nānā ʻole i ka nui o nā hōʻike, i hōʻike ākea ʻia ma ka pāpāho, ua hoʻohana ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻepekema a me nā loiloi i ka glyphosate. no nā makahiki hoʻohana i nā hana huna hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ghostwriting a waiwai, hoʻomake aʻo ʻana, kaomi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, hoʻouka ʻepekema a nā keʻena hoʻokele ikaika-mākaukau i mea e pale aku ai i kāna loaʻa kālā mai nā huahana glyphosate. 

Paipai ʻia e, nakinaki ʻia i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

Paipai pinepine nā ʻoihana Agrichemical a me kā lākou mau mea pili i ka lehulehu iā Mark Lynas a me kāna hana. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana Pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto, nā tweets hoʻolaha he nui e ka ʻoihana pesticide nā hui kālepa, nā pūʻulu lobby, ʻoihana kākoʻo nā kālaiʻike a nā mea kākau, a likeʻole Monsanto limahana, a me nā ʻumi o nā ʻatikala a Lynas paipai ʻia e Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a pūʻulu propaganda pili like kēlā me Monsanto.

Hana pū ʻo Lynas a me Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me nā mea pāʻani ʻē aʻe i ka lobbying a me ka pūnaewele propaganda o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūkākūkā i ka hui hoa Monsanto Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

He hūnā Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ʻōlelo ʻia Pepeluali 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he hui i hiki ke kōkua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hana a ka ʻoihana i ka pāpāho e hōʻino i ka hōʻike maʻi maʻi WHO e pili ana i ka glyphosate. Ke lawelawe nei ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo o ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Ua hōʻike ʻo Intercept i ka makahiki 2016 "ʻaʻole e hōʻike mau ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ke loaʻa nā kumuwaiwai i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," a "ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana e kūleʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻae a i ʻole e hōʻoki i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha." ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema nā hoa me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e hāʻawi iā “kūkākūkā helu no nā mea nūpepa” ma o ka luna o ka hui ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu.

e pili pū ana: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Kūlike ʻia me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema skeptic e hoʻokumu i pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO "neʻe"

Ua kāhea ʻo Lynas iā ia iho he hoa hui o ka "neʻe" o ka "ecomodernism," kahi ʻano hui i hoʻopili ʻia o "environmentism" a ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot i wehewehe ai "ʻaʻole e lawe i kahi hana politika e pale aku i ka honua kūlohelohe." Paipai ka eco-modernists i ka fracking, ka mana nukelea a me nā huahana mahiʻai e like me nā hopena kaiaola. Wahi a nā alakaʻi eco-modernist ʻO Ted Nordhaus lāua ʻo Michael Shellenberger o ka Breakthrough Institute, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana i makemake ʻia e ka pilionaiona Koch mau hoahānau "ke hana nei i nā mea i ʻoi aku ka nui e hōʻemi ai i nā kinoea hoʻomehana hale hoʻomehana honua ma mua o nā mea i makemake ʻia e ka hema-apocalyptic Left." 

ma kekahi hanana hoʻokō ʻole i holomua no ka ecomodernism i Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻopili ʻo Lynas iā ia iho me Owen Paterson, kahi mea koʻikoʻi denianist ʻepekema aniau ma UK ʻo wai hōʻemi kālā no nā hana e hoʻomākaukau i ka ʻāina no ka hoʻomehana honua ʻoiai ʻo ia ke kākau ʻōlelo o ke kaiapuni. ʻO ka mahina like nō ia, ʻo Paterson ua kamaʻilio ma Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi i hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i kahi hyperbolic olelo hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia, a ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā kaiāulu e ʻae ana i nā keiki e make i ʻApelika. "ʻO nā pāʻani ʻōmaʻomaʻo biliona kālā e pepehi i nā keiki ʻilihune," i ʻōlelo ʻia a ke poʻo e hōʻike ana ma ka haʻi ʻōlelo a Paterson's Cornell mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a ʻo ka hui mua ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e pale aku i kāna huahana. 

ʻO Mark Lynas kāʻei kua

Ua kākau ʻo Lynas i kekahi mau puke e pili ana i ka huliau (ʻo kekahi o ia mau puke i ʻike ʻia e ka Royal Society) ma mua o kona ʻume ʻana me ka "Hoʻololi" mai kahi anti-GMO activist i kahi mea hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana me kahi hoʻolaha 2013 i hoʻolaha nui ʻia ma Oxford ia nā mea ho'ākāka i weheweheia me hoʻopunipuni. Ma hope o kēlā makahiki ua lilo ʻo Lynas i hoa ma Cornell University Office o International Programs ma ke Kulanui o ka mahiʻai a me ke ola ʻepekema, a hoʻomaka e hana ana no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻomohala ʻia ma 2014 e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me kālā mai ka Gates Foundation.

E nānā i: No ke aha ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokau nei i kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO?

Ua hōʻike ʻo Lynas iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "alakaʻi politika" no Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kahi 2015 New York Times op-ed. ʻAʻole wehewehe ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ke ʻano o kāna papahana politika, akā ʻo ka leka ʻana a ka hui a me nā pahuhopu e alualu pono i ka papa hana kalepa ʻoihana mahiʻai: e hoʻonui i ka ʻae ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides a puni ka honua, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ʻApelika.

Pahu aku iā Lynas PR Mysterious, a hoʻopuka aku i ka memo EuropaBio

ʻO ka hoʻolaha pālahalaha nui o ka hoʻololi ʻana o Lynas 'pro-GMO i ka makahiki 2013 i hāpai i kahi kānalua no ke kōkua ʻana o kahi pāʻoihana PR e hoʻokiʻekiʻe iā ia ma hope o nā hanana. A pūnāwai memo 2011 mai kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana PR - e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā e hōʻiliʻili i nā "ʻelele" kiʻekiʻe e lobby no ka ʻae ʻia o GMO - ua hoʻonui ʻia nā kānalua no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana no ka mea ʻo Lynas ka inoa i kuhikuhi ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i ka hui ʻaʻole i hoʻokokoke iā ia.

E like me ka Hoike kahu, EuropaBio, kahi hui kalepa nona nā lālā i hui pū ʻia me Monsanto lāua ʻo Bayer, i hoʻolālā e ʻimi i nā ʻelele PR e kōkua i nā mea hoʻoholo e "noʻonoʻo hou i ke kūlana o ʻEulopa ma nā mea kanu GM." ʻAʻole e uku pololei ʻia nā ʻelele akā e loaʻa nā lilo o ka huakaʻi a me ke "kākoʻo kūkaʻa hoʻolaʻa" mai ke kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka loio o ka PR firm e "loaʻa ka hoihoi mai" Lynas, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, i ka ʻelele. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lynas i ka launa ʻole ʻana me lākou. "ʻAʻole wau i noi ʻia e lilo i ʻelele, ʻaʻole hoʻi wau e ʻae i kēlā noi inā noi ʻia," i haʻi ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

ʻO Gates Foundation, GMOs & Monsanto

ʻO ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka mea hoʻolewa nui no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me Hāʻawi kālā $ 12 miliona, ua hoʻohewa ʻia no kāna mau hoʻolālā kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai e makemake i nā ʻāpana agribusiness ʻoihana. A ʻImi 2014 mai ka pūʻulu noiʻi GRAIN ʻike ua lilo ka Gates Foundation i ka hapa nui o kāna kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai "e hānai i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika" - kokoke $ 3 biliona i hoʻolilo ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he ʻumi - i waihona kālā ʻepekema a me nā mea noiʻi i nā lāhui waiwai. Kōkua pū ke kālā i ke kūʻai ʻana i ka mana politika ma waena o ʻApelika, hōʻike ʻo GRAIN. A Hōʻike 2016 e ka hui hoʻolaha Global Justice Now ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia nā papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai a ka Gates Foundation e "hoʻonui i ka like ʻole o ka honua a me ka hoʻokū ʻana i ka mana ʻoihana ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa."

Ua hoʻonui ākea ka Gates Foundation i kāna kālā no nā papahana mahiʻai ma kahi o XNUMX mau makahiki i hala aku nei iā Rob Horsch, ʻO ke poʻo mua o Monsanto o ka ulu ʻana o ka honua i hui pū me ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai o ke kahua ka hui alakaʻi. ʻO kā Lynas puke hou "Seeds of Science" e hoʻolilo ai i kahi mokuna ("The True History of Monsanto") e hoʻāʻo ana e wehewehe i kekahi o nā lawehala o ka hui a mahalo iā Rob Horsch i ka lōʻihi. Hoʻolilo ia i kahi mokuna ʻē aʻe ("ʻApelika: E ʻAi iā lākou e ʻai i ka ʻāpana pēpē Organic") me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pono i nā ʻApelika pono nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai e hānai iā lākou iho.

ʻO nā loiloi o ko ka Gates Foundation kolonial i ʻApelika

  • Nā hua o Neo-Colonialism: No ke aha i hewa ai nā mea hoʻolaha GMO e pili ana iā ʻApelika, ʻōlelo a ka Alliance no ke Aliʻi Mea ʻai ma ʻApelika, 5/7/2018
  • Ke hoʻohana nei ʻo Gates a me Rockefeller i ko lākou mana e hoʻonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi ma nā mokuʻāina ʻilihune?"Hoʻomaopopo ka noiʻi iā Bill a me Melinda Gates a me Rockefeller i nā kumu i waena o nā mea hāʻawi waiwai e kokoke ana i ke aupuni a e ʻimi ana paha i nā mea nui," na John Vidal, Tʻo ia kahu, 1/15/2016
  • Mana Philanthropic a me Hoʻolālā. Na wai e hoʻolālā i ka papa kuhikuhi? na Jens Martens lāua ʻo Karolin Seitz, Hōʻike 2015 (ʻaoʻao 48).
  • Philanthrocapitalism: ʻAʻole aloha nā papahana ʻApelika Waena, na Philip L Bereano, Polofesa Emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke ala hou ʻana o ka honua ʻekolu, 2017
  • Pehea ʻo Bill Gates e kōkua nei iā KFC e lawe iā ʻApelika, na Alex Park, Mother Jones, 1/10/2014
  • ʻO ka Gates Foundation Seed Agenda ma ʻApelika 'ʻO kekahi ʻano o ke koloneialista,' Warns Protestants, na Lauren McCauley, Nā Moemoeā Kaulike, 3/23/2015
  • Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hao waiwai neoliberal o ka mahiʻai ʻApelika, na Colin Todhunter, ʻO ka Ecologist, 1/21/2016
  • Pehea ka Gates Foundation e hoʻolilo ai i kāna kālā e hānai i ka honua?Hōʻike GRAIN, 2014
  • ʻO Bill Gates kahi mikiona e kūʻai aku i nā GMO i ʻApelika, akā ʻaʻole ia e haʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, na Stacy Malkan, Alternet, 3/24/2016

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Hōʻike ʻo Monsanto Exec i $ 17 Miliona Budget No ka Anti-IARC, Pro-Glyphosate Efforts

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Pehea ka makemake ʻole o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaho i ʻike i ka lāʻau make glyphosate o ka hui e lilo i carcinogen kanaka a paipai i kahi leka pane o ka palekana glyphosate ma kahi? ʻAʻole lawa e hoʻokaʻawale e pili ana i $ 17 miliona no ka nuʻukia, i hoʻokahi makahiki wale nōe like me nā hōʻike i loaʻa i nā loio e kū ana i nā maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻopiʻi ana iā Monsanto.

ʻO kēlā kikoʻī a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka hana kūloko o Monsanto nā hana pili lehulehu i ʻike ʻia i Ianuali 22 waiho wikiō o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey. ʻO kā Murphey hana ma Monsanto e pili pū ana i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i nā pilina o ka pāpaho o ka honua a me nā "kākoʻo hoʻoikaika i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi nui, nā mea pili i ke kulekele, a me nā ʻōlelo hoʻoweliweli kaulana" e pili ana i ka ʻoihana lāʻau make-glyphosate. A ʻo kekahi o nā hoʻoweliweli nui loa mai nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. Ke hana nei ʻo Murphey no Bayer ma hope o ke kūʻai ʻana o ka hui Kelemania iā Monsanto i ke kauwela i hala.

ʻAʻole i ʻae ka luna kānāwai o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻo Vince Chhabria i ka hōʻike a Murphey i ke kālā anti-IARC e lilo i hōʻike i ka hoʻokolokolo ma Hardeman V. Monsanto, i hele i ke kiure no ke kūkākūkā ʻana ma ka Poalua. Ua hoʻoholo mua nā jure i kēlā hihia o Kapalakiko i ka Roundup ma muli o Monsanto's glyphosate Roundup i hana ai iā Hardeman non-Hodgkin lymphoma, akā ke kaumaha nei i nā pohō.

Akā manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike Murphey ma ka Hoʻokolokolo ʻo Pilliod V. Monsanto i hoʻopau ai i ke koho ʻia ʻana o ke kiure ma ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo kiʻekiʻe ʻo Alameda County ma Oakland, Kaleponi i ka Pōʻalua. Ua koho nā ʻaoʻao i ke kiure he 12 mau lālā a he ʻelima hoʻi i koho ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā ʻōlelo wehe i kēlā hihia e manaʻo ʻia i ka Pōʻahā.

Ua hala ʻehā mau makahiki mai ka nānā ʻana o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i nā puke ʻepekema i paʻi ʻia a nānā ʻia e nā hoa e pili ana i ka glyphosate a ʻike ʻia he lāʻau carcinogenic paha ia me ka hui pū kekahi me ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. ʻO IARC kahi ʻāpana o ka World Health Organization a ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma luna o nā mea he 1,000 e pili ana i ko lākou maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi, maʻamau me ka nui ʻole o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa

Akā ʻokoʻa ka glyphosate. Ma hope o ka hoʻākāka ʻana o Malaki 2015, he mau haneli, a laila he mau kaukani, ka poʻe i ʻike ʻia me ka non-Hodgkin lymphoma ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē i ka pilikua agrochemical.

Ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC o glyphosate - a ke hoʻomau nei a hiki i kēia lā - ua lilo ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i kumuhana o ka hōʻino nui ʻia mai kahi hui o nā hui, nā kānaka a me kekahi poʻe kau kānāwai o US. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia lākou no ka hana ʻole ma ka ʻepekema kani akā ma ka ʻaoʻao o kahi papahana politika, ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā cherry, a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema junk, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Ua hoʻonui ʻia a hoʻonui ʻia nā loiloi a puni ka honua i nā ʻatikala nūhou, nā ʻāpana manaʻo, nā blog, nā hoʻolaha Google Pūnaewele a me nā mea hou aʻe.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka loaʻa ʻana no nā hoʻopiʻi he 11,000 i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e kūʻē i ka ʻoihana i waena o nā hana ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻohana malū ʻo Monsanto i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no kāna leka anti-IARC no ka mea ua manaʻo nā luna o nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻohana pili lehulehu e ʻike hou ʻia ka ʻike. hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia mai nā hui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai Monsanto.

I kāna waiho ʻana, ua nīnau ʻia ʻo Murphey i ka nui o ka lilo o ka ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo i ka kānalua i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC.

Eia kahi wahi o ka hoʻololi:

ʻO ka loio Plaintiff Pedram Esfandiary: "No laila heʻoiaʻiʻo ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona miliona i ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, pololei?"

ʻO Murphey: "ʻO mākou - ua hoʻohana mākou i kahi nui o nā kumuwaiwai, i loko o kekahi mau makahiki i kēia manawa, e hoʻoponopono ana i nā ʻike hewa, a me ka haʻi ʻana i nā nīnau i ka lehulehu e pili ana - e pili ana i ka glyphosate."

ʻO Esfandiary: "Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Monsanto i mau miliona miliona e pane ana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC?"

Murphey: "ʻAe."

ʻO Esfandiary: "ʻIke paha ʻoe i ka nui o ka hāʻawi a Monsanto iā ia i ka 2016?"

ʻO Murphey: "Hiki iaʻu ke kamaʻilio i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o, ʻike ʻoe, nā hana o ka lehulehu, ʻike ʻoe, nā mea aʻu e pili pono ai. Akā i ka 2016, ʻike ʻoe, manaʻoʻiʻo wau no kekahi o nā papahana aʻu i komo ai , ma kahi o 16 a 17 paha miliona. "

Esfandiary: "$ 16 a i ʻole 17 miliona ... i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e pane i ka wehewehe IARC (stet)?

Murphey: "ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole kikoʻī a nānā wale ʻia i IARC. ʻO ia - e kia ana ia i ka pili a me nā pilina o ka pāpāho a me nā hana ʻē aʻe ma glyphosate, ʻoi aku ka nui. "

Nīnau akula ʻo Esfandiary iā Murphey i ka nui o ke kumukūʻai e hana ai ka ʻoihana i kahi hōʻike bioassay maʻi ʻaʻai lōʻihi o kāna huahana glyphosate i haku ʻia, kahi mea a ka hui i ʻae ai ʻaʻole i hana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey ʻaʻole ia i ʻike.

He manawa koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi ka makahiki 2016 no Monsanto no ka mea ma mua o ke kū ʻana i ka hihia, kū ka laikini glyphosate o ka hui no ka hoʻohou hou ʻana ma ʻEulopa, a ke nānā nei hoʻi ka US Environmental Protection Agency i kā Glyphosate hoʻopaʻa inoa.

Pehea ka lilo o ke kala?

I ka waiho ʻana, ua nīnau ʻia ʻo Murphey e pili ana i kahi palapala Monsanto kūloko o Iulai 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo "IARC Follow Up" i kuhikuhi i kahi pahuhopu e "hōʻole ʻole i ka pilina o IARC" a "pale i ke kūʻokoʻa e hana" (FTO). Ua nīnau ʻia ʻo ia e pili ana i nā hana he nui i hana ʻia e hōʻemi a hōʻino paha i ka hana a IARC i kau ʻia i loko o kēlā a me nā kamaʻilio kūloko o Monsanto. Hoʻololi hou ʻia nā ʻaoʻao he nui o ka waihona, no ke kauoha a ka ʻaha, no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke ʻike i nā mea āpau i ʻōlelo ʻia e Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana. Akā eia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o ka mea i kūkākūkā ʻia.

  • Ke hoʻonui nei i ka memo pro-glyphosate / Roundup ma o nā “ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu.” ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻaoʻao i waho e parrot iā Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana i nā manaʻo he ʻatikala i hōʻike ʻia ma ka papahana hāʻawi kōkua Forbes i kākau ʻia e Henry Miller, ʻo ia kekahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution ma ke Kulanui ʻo Stanford.  Nā palapala Monsanto kūloko e hōʻike i ka ʻāpana e hoʻopiʻi ana iā IARC i wae maoli ʻia e Monsanto a hoʻouna ʻia iā Miller me kahi noi nona e hoʻopuka i nā kumuwaiwai.
  • Nā maneuvers Op-Ed ʻē aʻe. Ma mua o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻana o ka IARC, ua kūkākūkā ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Dan Goldstein i ʻelima mau "mana koho Op Ops" ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua kākau ʻo ia no "nā lāʻau ʻimi lāʻau lapaʻau e hana mai" i hoʻopili ʻia me "nā paukū e pili ana i ka hoʻohewa iā IARC." E leka uila ana ʻo Goldstein i nā ʻatikala manaʻo manaʻo i nā kauka a me nā ʻepekema me ka lana o ka manaʻo e lawe lākou i nā kahakaha e like me kā lākou iho a e paʻi ʻia, hōʻike ʻia nā moʻolelo. Loaʻa ʻo Monsanto e "hoʻohui i nā mana Op Op" e like me ka mea e pono ai, i ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana.
  • "E haʻalele i kahi mea". Wahi a Murphey, ua komo ka papahana i ka "nānā pono ʻana i ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpāho" me ka nānā ʻana i ka European Union. "He nui nā mākeke i loaʻa iā mākou - ke hoʻonohonoho mua nei mākou," i ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey. Ua kāhea ka papahana no ka nānā ʻana i nā moʻolelo a me ka hoʻokalakupua ʻana a i ʻole ka hae ʻana i nā mea i loaʻa i ka mea a Monsanto i ʻike ai he ʻike kūpono ʻole a i ʻole ka hōʻike hewa e pili ana i ka ʻoihana a i kāna huahana, a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo i komo ʻole ka kuanaʻike a ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana. A laila e hoʻokau ʻia kekahi e alualu me kēlā poʻe nūpepa, "e kāhea ikaika ana i nā mea kūkala nūhou i kēlā mau manawa, e kaʻana like i kahi ʻōlelo, e hoʻolako i kahi pōʻaiapili hou aʻe, a e paipai i kēlā poʻe kūkala nūhou e kāhea iā mākou i ka wā e hiki mai ana," wahi a Murphey.
  • Ke hōʻoia nei i kahi mea haʻi moʻolelo Reuters e kākau i kahi moʻolelo e hoʻohaʻahaʻa ana i ka pono o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o IARC kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe o kā Murphey hana. Ua hōʻike nā leka uila mai loko mai o Monsanto ua hoʻouna ʻo Murphey i kahi paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio a me kahi moʻolelo i manaʻo ʻia i ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland e noi ana iā ia e kākau i kahi moʻolelo i hoʻopiʻi ai iā Aaron Blair, ʻo ia ka luna o ka hui hana IARC ma glyphosate, no ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻike e hoʻololi ai i ka hopena o ka IARC ma glyphosate. Ua haʻi ʻo Murphey iā Kelland i kahi leka uila o ʻApelila 2017 ʻo ia ka "ʻike koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi e pono e hōʻike." Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia iā ia e mālama i ka ʻike i hoʻouna ʻia iā ia ma ke ʻano he “background,” ʻo ia hoʻi ʻaʻole ʻo ia e ʻōlelo ua loaʻa iā ia ka manaʻo moʻolelo a me nā mea mai Monsanto. Kākau ʻo Kelland ka moʻolelo a Monsanto e makemake ai. Ua hōʻike kahi deposition o Aaron Blair i nā hoʻopiʻi i waiho ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo he wahaheʻe, akā ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i kahi kope o ka deposition me kāna moʻolelo. Ua hoʻolaha ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana kemika a me nā hoʻolaha Google a ua kiʻi ʻia a hana hou ʻia e nā pāpāho a puni ka honua. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey i kāna waiho ʻana ʻaʻole ia i kau i ke kaomi nui ma luna o Kelland, a ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto he kūpono a koʻikoʻi ka moʻolelo. "I ka manawa i hāʻawi ai au i ka ʻike mua iā - iā Ms. Kelland, ua noa ʻo ia e hana me kēlā ʻike i ka mea āna i ʻike ai he kūpono," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "A ʻo ka hoʻoholo e nānā i kahi moʻolelo a i ka hopena - e paʻi ka hopena ʻo ia kāna hoʻoholo, a ʻo ka hoʻoholo a kāna mea hoʻoponopono ma Reuters."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Murphey ʻaʻohe mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā hana a Monsanto i hana ai ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka manaʻo IARC. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e pili ana ka hoʻolālā o ka ʻoihana me ka "hana pū ʻana me nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hāʻawi i ka ʻike, kaʻana like i nā helu kamaʻilio, a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe" a me "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpāho, e hōʻoia i ke kaulike a me ka pololei, a me ka pōʻaiapili kūpono a me ke kuanaʻike i ka ʻepekema i - i kā lākou uhi o - o kā mākou huahana. "

"I ko mākou neʻe ʻana i mua, ma hope o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC, hou, ua kūleʻa nui mākou i loko
ke komo pū ʻana me nā hui mahiʻai, ke komo pū ʻana me nā mea kūkala nūhou, ke komo ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu, e kaʻana like - e kaʻana like i ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana, "wahi a Murphey i ka waiho kālā "ʻO mākou - ʻike ʻoe, ua mālama mākou i kā mākou - mālama mākou i nā hui mahiʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ʻike. Ua hauʻoli mākou i ka nui o lākou e hoʻomau i ka haʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka mea a lākou i ʻike ai he papa kūpono ʻole. Akā ʻo Monsanto mau loa, hou, e hele wale wau - pololei loa i ka kaʻana like ʻana i kā mākou mau manaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻohālikelike. "

Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu i ka mea kākau Reuters

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Na Carey Gillam 

(Hoʻohou i ka lā 25 ʻApelila 2019) 

Ua ʻike mākou mai nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma mua e pili ana ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i pili nui no Monsanto i kāna hana e hoʻohaʻahaʻa a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i nā ʻepekema o ka World Health Organisation for Research on Cancer (IARC) nāna i wehewehe i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha i ka makahiki 2015. I kēia manawa loaʻa nā hōʻike hou aʻe o ka ʻoluʻolu o ka pilina.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Kelland i kākau i kahi moʻolelo 2017 a Monsanto i noi aku ai iā ia e kākau ma ke ʻano like me ke noi ʻana mai o ka luna hoʻomalu ʻo Monsanto Sam Murphey iā ia e kākau, (me ka hōʻike ʻole aku i ka poʻe heluhelu ʻo Monsanto ke kumu,) akā i kēia manawa ʻike mākou i ka hōʻike o kahi kiko o kahi kaʻawale moʻolelo Kelland did about glyphosate was hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto  ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana, kahi hana maʻa mau ʻia e nā nūhou.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e Kelland i leka uila ʻia ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana iā Murphey me ka laina kumuhana "My draft, Confidential."

ʻO ka moʻolelo i kau ʻia ma ke poʻo inoa "ʻO ke aʻo hou ʻana ma Monsanto ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu e hānai ai i kahi koho balota nui a EU," e pili ana i nā ʻike mua o kahi noi i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e kahi ʻepekema ʻItalia e hōʻike ana i nā ʻiole hoʻokolohua i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma nā pae e like me ka mea i ʻae ʻia i nā kānaka. hopena. ʻO ka mana hope loa ua paʻiʻia maʻApelila 13, 2017.

a kekahi leka uila hou i hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o ʻelua mau moʻolelo Kelland ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka leka uila o Malaki 1, 2016 e pili ana i ke komo ʻana o Monsanto ʻO ka hoʻāla ʻo "Red Flag"  i loko o kahi moʻolelo Reuters i hoʻopuka mua ʻia e kūʻē ana iā IARC a me ka makemake e hoʻohuli i kahi moʻolelo like ʻelua a Reuters e hoʻolālā nei. ʻO Red Flag kahi PR a me lobbying firm ma Dublin i hana e pale aku i ka palekana glyphosate a paipai i nā leka pro-glyphosate ma o nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e like me nā hui mahiʻai. Wahi a ka leka uila i hapa hapa ʻia, "ma hope o ke komo ʻana a Red Flag i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei, ua nui ka manaʻo o ka ʻāpana mua iā IARC." Hele aku ka leka uila: "E ʻike paha ʻoe e pili ana ka Red Flag me Reuters e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻelua o ke kaʻina…"

Ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo Reuters i kā Kelland poʻo moʻolelo "Hōʻike Kūʻokoʻa: Pehea e huikau ai ka ʻoihana olakino o ka World Health Organization i nā mea kūʻai aku." 

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kēia mau leka i ka hōʻike leka o ka leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ke kōkua ʻana o Kelland iā Monsanto e hoʻokele i kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair i kāna kuleana ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka hui hana IARC nāna i hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha. I loko opalapala leka uila ternal Monsanto i kākau ʻia ma ʻApelila 27, 2017 e hōʻike ana ua hoʻouna ʻo Monanto executive Sam Murphey i ka moʻolelo i makemake ʻia e ka hui iā Kelland me he paheʻe paheʻe o nā kiko kamaʻilio a me nā ʻāpana o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i faila ʻole ʻia i ka ʻaha. 

Ma Iune 14, 2017, Kelland i kākau he moʻolelo hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma muli o kāna mea i ʻōlelo ai he "palapala ʻaha," ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he mau palapala i hānai ʻia iā ia e Murphey. Ma muli o ka waiho ʻole ʻia o nā palapala a Kelland i hōʻike ai i ka hale hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole lākou i loaʻa ākea no ka nānā maʻalahi ʻana e ka poʻe heluhelu. Ma ka hāʻawi wahaheʻe ʻana i ka ʻikepili ma muli o nā palapala a ka ʻaha i hōʻalo ai ʻo ia i ka haʻi ʻana i kā Monsanto kuleana i ka hoʻokele ʻana i ka moʻolelo.

I ka wā i puka mai ai ka moʻolelo, ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Blair e hūnā nei i ka "ʻike nui" i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​loulou ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair "ua hoʻololi ka ʻikepili i kā ʻIARC kālailai ʻana" ʻoiai kahi loiloi o ka waihona maoli hōʻike mai ʻaʻole i ʻōlelo ʻo Blair i kēlā.

ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna huakaʻi mai ka pololei.

Ua huki ʻia ka moʻolelo e ka poʻe pāpāho a puni ka honua, a paipai ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻenehana kemika. Ua kūʻai ʻia nā hoʻolaha Google e hoʻolaha ana i ka moʻolelo. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia moʻolelo e Monsanto e hoʻouka iā IARC ma nā mua he nui, e like me ka hoʻāʻo a Monsanto e kiʻi i ka ʻahaʻōlelo e wehe i ke kālā mai IARC.

ʻAʻohe mea hewa ʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā manaʻo moʻolelo e pōmaikaʻi ai nā ʻoihana mai nā ʻoihana ponoʻī. Hana ʻia i nā manawa āpau. Akā pono e ʻeleu ka poʻe nūpepa i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole i ka hoʻolaha pāʻoihana.

Ua pale aku ka luna hoʻoponopono o Reuters ʻo Mike Williams i kā Kelland hana a hōʻole e hoʻopuka i kahi wehewehe a hoʻoponopono paha ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Aaron Blair. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "He ʻāpana nui ia, a kū piha wau iā ia."

Kākoʻo ʻo Reuters i ka "etika hoʻoponopono" Kākoʻo ʻo Alix Freedman i kā Kelland Blair moʻolelo, ʻoiai ʻo ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka pili ʻana o Monsanto a me ka hōʻike ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka poʻe heluhelu. "Haʻaheo mākou iā ia a kū ma hope o ia," wahi a Freedman i kahi leka uila.

Ma kahi leka pilikino, ua hala wau he 17 mau makahiki ma ke ʻano he mea kākau nūhou ma Reuters e uhi ana iā Monsanto a makaʻu wau i kēia hana hewa i nā kūlana nūhou. He mea nui ia ʻo Alix Freedman ka mea like nāna i haʻi iaʻu ʻaʻole wau i ʻae ʻia e kākau e pili ana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui o ka glyphosate a Monsanto e hōʻike nei i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻO ka mea liʻiliʻi loa, pono ʻo Kelland e hoʻopono me nā mea heluhelu a ʻae ʻo Monsanto kāna kumu - ma kēlā moʻolelo, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe paha. Loaʻa iā Reuters ka honua - a me IARC - kahi kala kala.

No ka mea hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, ʻike i kēia ʻatikala.

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Ka mana ʻoihana, ʻaʻole hoihoi i ka lehulehu, ma ke kumu o ka hoʻolohe ʻana o ke kōmike ʻepekema ma IARC

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(Paʻi mua 'ia ma Nūhou olakino kaiapuni)

Helu i kahi kiko ʻē aʻe no ka mana ʻoihana ma luna o ka pale o ka lehulehu.

ʻO US Rep Lamar Smith, ka luna o ka US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, & Technology, ua hoʻohoka ʻia kahi hoʻolohe ʻana o ke kōmike no ka lā 6 o Pepeluali me kahi papahana e kū pono ana i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i kekahi o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

Hāʻawi ʻia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ka maʻi ʻaʻai ka kumu alua o ka make maʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻike maopopo ʻia e kākoʻo ana kā mākou poʻe kau kānāwai i ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ma mua o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e kahakaha. Akā ua hana ʻo Smith ma hope o ka World Agency Organization for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) huhū ʻo Monsanto Co. i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pesticide glyphosate, kahi mea nui i nā huahana hoʻomake nāhelehele a Monsanto, e lilo i carcinogen paha.

ʻOiai ua kapa ʻia ka hoʻolohe ʻana “I ka pale ʻana i ka pono ʻepekema: Ke nānā nei i ka Polokalamu IARC Monograph a me ka loiloi ʻo Glyphosate, ” ʻaʻole nalowale ka mea hoʻohenehene o ka mea wehewehe. i ka poʻe e ukali nei i kā Smith mau hana e hoʻohoka a hōʻole i kēia ʻoihana noiʻi maʻi maʻi.

In nā leka i ke alakaʻi a IARC, Smith ua kau hou i no nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a me nā moʻolelo nūhou ʻole i kanu ʻia e Monsanto a me nā mea kōkua kemika, a ua kuhikuhi ʻia i ka "ʻano koʻikoʻi o kēia mau hopohopo e pili ana i nā lilo o nā kālā ʻauhau."

He mea pono e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumumanaʻo e kau i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer ma ka noho wela i hoʻoneʻe ʻia ma kahi o ʻekolu mau makahiki i hala aku nei i ka wānana ʻana o Monsanto e ʻike nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaha honua i kāna mea hoʻomake nāhelehele i loaʻa ka loaʻa o ka carcinogenic ʻO ka hui i ʻōlelo ʻia e like me ka nui i nā kamaʻilio kūloko i lawe ʻia i ka malamalama ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i kēia manawa.

Hōʻike pū nā palapala i ka lā ʻo Pepeluali 2015, hoʻokahi mahina ma mua o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o IARC, i ka wā i waiho aku ai nā luna o Monsanto kahi hoʻolālā hoʻolālā e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolālā ʻia ka hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry with IARC decision."

ʻO nā hana e hana i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC i hōʻiliʻili i ke kauwela i hala aku nei i ka manawa a Monsanto i kākoʻo ai i ka puna moʻolelo haʻi wahaheʻe i kahi mea kākau Reuters nāna i hana i kahi nūhou i kī ʻia a puni ka hona a ua lilo ia i mea kamaʻilio nui no ka hoʻouka kaua kūʻē iā IARC.

Ua hilinaʻi ka moʻolelo i ka waiho ʻana o kahi ʻepekema IARC i kapa ʻia ʻo Aaron Blair a hōʻike ʻia ua kāohi ʻo Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi e hiki ai ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻohālikelike glyphosate IARC. ʻAʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Reuters i kahi loulou i ka waihona, i kēlā manawa ʻaʻole i waiho ʻia i kekahi ʻaha a ʻaʻole i loaʻa ākea.

Ua holo ʻo Chairman Smith me ka moʻolelo, e ʻōlelo ana ua "ʻae ʻo Blair i ka ʻike ʻana ua hiki ke pale ʻia kēia noiʻi ʻana" ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha.

ʻO ka poʻe e lawe manawa ana e heluhelu maoli ka waiho ana, ka mea i hoʻolaha ʻia i kēia manawa, e ʻike ʻaʻole Blair i ʻōlelo i kekahi mea e like me ia, a ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua kūʻē i nā manawa he nui i ka nānā ʻole ʻia o ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia a no laila ʻaʻole kūpono e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e like me ka mea i koi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika a ua hoʻopiʻi hou ʻia e Smith i hoʻopiʻi iā IARC no ka hemo ʻana i nā loiloi i loaʻa ʻole ka pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai mai kāna hōʻike hope loa. ʻAʻole maopopo iā Smith a me ka hui a mālama ʻole paha i ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o IARC no Monsanto mau ʻōlelo i ka Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai hiki ʻole ke hōʻoia ʻia.

Nā luna IARC ua kikoʻī ua hoʻomau ʻia nā mea wahaheʻe iā lākou e ka ʻoihana kemika akā ua hāʻule ka pale ma nā pepeiao kuli.

Pono ʻo Monsanto e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai honua no ka mea ʻo ia ka IARC e loaʻa nei nā nalu i hāpai ʻia o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana kūʻē iā Monsanto, a ua hōʻeuʻeu i nā neʻe e pāpā i ka kemika i kekahi o nā ʻāina ʻEulopa.

Akā ʻoiai ʻo Monsanto a me nā pono ʻenehana ʻē aʻe e hopohopo nei e pili ana i nā piliona kālā i loaʻa loaʻa iā lākou i kēlā me kēia makahiki mai nā huahana glyphosate, ʻo ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i kēia pūʻulu ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa e pili ana iā mākou āpau.

Ma kahi o 39 pākēneka o nā kāne a me nā wahine e noho ana i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e manaʻo ʻia e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ko lākou ola, e like me ka National Cancer Institute.

No kēia makahiki wale nō, ua kuhi ka American Cancer Society e ʻoi aku ana ma mua o 1.68 miliona mau kānaka i hōʻoia hou ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a ʻoi aku ma mua o 600,000 i make i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, aia kekahi mau mea he 14 miliona mau maʻi ʻaʻai e kū nei i kēlā me kēia makahiki, a manaʻo ʻia e helu ʻia kēlā helu ma kahi o 22 miliona e 2030.

Ka maʻi ʻaʻai “pili i ke ola o kēlā me kēia kanaka, ma ka pololei a i ʻole ka ʻole,” a ma ʻō aku o ka nui o ke ola a me ke olakino ke kumu kūʻai ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ma mua o $ 200 biliona i loko o nā kumukūʻai lapaʻau a lilo ka hana, e like me ka US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) .

I mea e hōʻemi ai i nā make mai ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pono mākou e hoʻokau hou i ka pale ʻana iā ia ma mua, a me kahi ʻāpana nui o kēlā "pale mua" e like me ka hōʻike 2016 a ka HHS National Toxicology Program (NTP) "e ʻike i ka nā kinikini. ”

ʻIke loa, makemake nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā kemika i hoʻopili ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e ʻike i ka IARC defunded a hoʻopau ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo nui lākou ma o ka inoa disingenuous ʻAha Kūkā no ka pololei i ka noiʻi olakino lehulehu (CAPHR), kahi hui kōkua ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka American Chemistry Council i hoʻokahi makahiki i hala me ka pahuhopu kikoʻī o e paipai ana i ka “hoʻoponopono”O IARC.

Akā no ka ʻike nui ʻana i kā mākou poʻe kau kānāwai i ka hoihoi ʻana i nā pono ʻoihana i ka wā e pili ana nā pono palekana lehulehu i nā maka he haʻahaʻa hou paha ia i kā politika ʻAmelika. ʻO kēia ke ola maoli a me nā mea make.

Pono e mālama ʻia kā mākou mau kauā lehulehu, e kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema e hana nei e ʻike i nā carcinogens, a e hoʻi i hope i nā pono ʻoihana e makemake e hōʻino i ka ʻepekema e hoʻoweliweli nei i kāna loaʻa kālā.

ʻO ke ʻano pololei o ka ʻepekema.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Reuters ua hoʻoponopono ʻo IARC i nā mea i loaʻa he moʻolelo wahaheʻe ia

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Kiʻi hou i nā: Hōʻike nā palapala hou o Monsanto i ka pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Reuters Reporter, Roundup Trial Tracker (ʻApelila 25, 2019)
Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters, ʻōlelo e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (ʻOkakopa 24, 2017)

ʻO ka lā kumu o ka pou: ʻOkakopa 20, 2017

Ke hoʻomau nei iā ia moʻohelu o ka hōʻike hōʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ua hōʻea hou ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Reuters ʻo Kate Kelland i ke keʻena maʻi ʻaʻai me kahi ʻOkakopa 19, 2017 moʻolelo ke koi nei i nā ʻepekema ua hoʻoponopono i kahi palapala kikoʻī ma mua o ka hoʻopuka ʻana i kā lākou loiloi hope loa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha. ʻO ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, ka hui kālepa ʻoihana kemika, i hoʻopuka koke ʻia a nūʻike hoʻōla e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo, e koi ana iā ia e "hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate" a me ke koi ʻana i nā mea hana kulekele e "hana kūʻē iā IARC no ka hoʻohana hewa ʻana i ka ʻikepili."

Ua haʻi ʻia ka moʻolelo a Kelland i kahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto e ʻōlelo ana ua hoʻohana ʻia nā lālā IARC a kekeʻe i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema akā ʻaʻole hiki ke haʻi i ka nui o nā hōʻike i puka aʻe mai Nā palapala ponoʻī a Monsanto ma o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻaha i kauoha ʻia e hōʻike ai i nā ala a ka hui i hana ai e hana a hoʻololi i ka ʻikepili ma glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki he hala.

ʻAʻole hiki i ka moʻolelo ke haʻi aku i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi IARC i hōʻemi ʻia ka hana kālā a Monsanto i lawa ʻole ka ʻike maka e kū ai i nā kūlana o IARC. A ʻoiai ʻo Kelland i ʻōlelo i kahi noi iole me 1983 a me kahi hoʻopaʻa iole kahi a IARC i kū ʻole ai i ka manaʻo me nā kānaka noiʻi maoli, ua hōʻole ʻo ia i ka hōʻike ʻana he mau haʻawina kēia i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka ʻiole 1983, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lālā o ka lāʻau ʻona ʻEPA ʻaʻole i ʻae i nā mea noiʻi a Monsanto no ka mea, ʻo ka ikaika o ka hōʻike o ka maʻi kanesa, e like me nā palapala EPA. ʻLelo lākou i loko o nā memo he nui ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia ka manaʻo hoʻopaʻapaʻa a Monsanto a manaʻo ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo lākou i ka glyphosate e lilo i carcinogen.

Ma ka haʻalele ʻana i kēia mau ʻike koʻikoʻi, a me ka wili ʻana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe kokoke i loko, ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kahi ʻatikala e lawelawe maikaʻi ana iā Monsanto, akā ua alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e hilinaʻi nei i nā nūhou hilinaʻi ʻia no ka ʻike pololei. ʻO kahi mea hoʻoikaika wale e lawe ʻia mai kā Kelland moʻolelo ʻo ia kēia manawa ua ʻae ʻo ia iā Monsanto i hāʻawi iā ia i ka ʻike.

Nā moʻolelo e pili ana a me nā palapala:

Reuters vs. UN Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?

Na Stacy Malkan

Mai kā lākou hoʻolaha ʻo ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka," kahi kime o nā ʻepekema honua ma ka pūʻulu noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization. hoʻouka mae e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kāna mau mea pani.

i ka ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao moʻo i kapa ʻia ʻo "The Monsanto Papers," ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde (6/1/17) ua wehewehe ʻia ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaua ʻo ka pilikua pesticide ma luna o ka ʻepekema, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "To save glyphosate, the firm [Monsanto] undertook to harm the United Nations agency against cancer by all way."

Me ʻelua mau scoops i hānai ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me kahi hōʻike kūikawā, i hoʻoikaika ʻia e kāna hōʻike kuʻi maʻamau, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Kelland i kahi kahawai o ka hōʻike koʻikoʻi ma ka WHO Agency International for Research on Cancer (IARC), e hōʻike nei i ka hui a me nā ʻepekema ʻaʻole pili a kūpono ʻole, a pae i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi a kāohi ʻia i ka ʻike i kā lākou hoʻoholo ʻana. Hoʻokahi mea kaua i ka arsenal o ka ʻoihana ka hōʻike o ʻO Kate Kelland, he koa kūpuna Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo ma Lādana.

ʻAʻole mālama ka pūʻulu ʻepekema IARC i kahi noiʻi hou, akā ua loiloi i nā makahiki o ka noiʻi a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana he palena palena ʻole o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā kānaka mai nā hōʻike honua maoli i glyphosate a "lawa" hōʻike o ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o nā noiʻi ma holoholona. Ua hoʻopau ʻo IARC aia he hōʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity no glyphosate wale nō, a me glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia i nā formulated e like me ka Monsanto's Roundup brand o ka lāʻau make, nona ka hoʻohana i hoʻonui nui ʻia e like me kā Monsanto i kūʻai aku ai. ua hoʻololi ʻia nā laha ʻohi e "mākaukau Roundup."

Akā i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo IARC, ua nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i ka hapa nui o ka noiʻi i paʻi ʻia e kākoʻo ana i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, a ua kau i ka manaʻo ma nā ʻaoʻao e ʻōlelo ana i nā hana a me nā loiloi a ka ʻepekema i ka ʻimi ʻana e hōʻemi i kā lākou kālailai. Ua hilinaʻi nui kāna hōʻike ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana; loaʻa nā hewa i Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono; a hōʻike i ka ʻike cherry-i wae ʻia ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili mai nā palapala āna i hāʻawi ʻole ai i kāna poʻe heluhelu.

Ke hāpai nei i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna kumumanaʻo ma ke ʻano he mea ʻepekema reporter nā pilina o Kelland i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele (SMC), kahi hui PR nonprofit PR kontroversial ma UK e hoʻopili i nā ʻepekema me nā mea kūkala nūhou, a loaʻa iā ia poloka nui loa o ke kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana, me nā makemake o ka ʻoihana kemika.

SMC, i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema, "I hoʻouka ʻia i ka makahiki 2002 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e hōʻemi i nā moʻolelo nūhou e hoʻoulu ʻia e nā hui e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, e like me kāna hōʻike hoʻokumu. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo SMC no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā wahi a me nā pilikia olakino kanaka o kekahi mau huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea, e like me mea ʻimi noiʻi he nui nā mea i aʻo i ka hui.

Kelland's bias ma ke aloha i ka hui ua maopopo, e like me ia e hōʻike nei i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō a me ka SMC hōʻike hoʻolaha, hele mau Nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC, ʻōlelo ma Nā papa hana SMC a hui aku nā hālāwai ma India e kūkākūkā e kūkulu ana i kahi keʻena SMC ma aneʻi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland a me kāna mau hoʻoponopono ma Reuters e pane i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna pilina me SMC, a i ʻole i nā loiloi kikoʻī e pili ana i kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Fiona Fox, ka luna o SMC, ʻaʻole i hana pū kāna hui me Kelland ma kāna mau moʻolelo IARC a i ʻole hāʻawi i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻoi aku i nā mea i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha nūhou a SMC. Akaka, eia nō naʻe, ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate a me ka IARC aniani i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe loea SMC a me nā hui ʻoihana e pili ana i kēlā mau kumuhana.

Lawe ʻo Reuters i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema

Ma ka Iune 14, 2017, Reuters paʻiʻia hōʻike kūikawā e Kelland e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Aaron Blair, kahi epidemiologist mai ka US National Cancer Institute a me ka noho o ka IARC panela ma glyphosate, no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā ʻikepili koʻikoʻi mai kāna loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai.

Ua hele ka moʻolelo a Kelland a hiki i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka ʻike i manaʻo ʻia e hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hopena a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate carcinogenic paha. Eia naʻe ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia akā he wahi liʻiliʻi o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma o kahi papahana lōʻihi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Ke Ola Ola Ola (AHS). Ua paʻi ʻia kahi anamanaʻo o kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka glyphosate mai ka AHS a ua noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, akā ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia kahi loiloi hou o ka ʻike i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, no ka mea ke kāhea nei nā lula ʻo IARC i ka hilinaʻi wale i ka ʻike i paʻi ʻia.

ʻO kā Kelland palapala kākau a Blair i kāohi ai i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i kūlike ʻole me nā palapala kumu i hoʻokumu ai ʻo ia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hāʻawi aku i nā mea heluhelu i nā loulou i kekahi o kēlā mau palapala, no laila ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke hōʻoia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā hoʻopiʻi no lākou iho. Ua hoʻolaha ākea ʻia kāna mau ʻōlelo hoʻopahūpahū, ua hana hou ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma nā nūhou ʻē aʻe (e like me ʻO Jones Jones) a hoʻouna koke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana lobbying e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā palapala kumu maoli, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka mea ma mua Reuters mea kākau moʻolelo a me kēia manawa ke alakaʻi noiʻi o US Right to Know (ka hui nonprofit kahi aʻu e hana pū ai), waiho ʻia nā hewa a me nā hapa he nui i kā Kelland ʻāpana.

Hāʻawi ke kālailai i mau laʻana o nā kuleana nui i ka ʻatikala a Kelland, me kahi ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e Blair, ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao 300. ka waiho ʻana o Blair alakaʻi ʻia e nā loio o Monsanto, a i ʻole nā ​​palapala kumu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike hōʻike wae a ka waiho ʻana o Blair i nānā ʻole i ka mea i kūʻē i kāna palapala thesis — ʻo kahi laʻana, nā hōʻoia he nui a Blair e hōʻike ana i nā pili o glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me kā Gillam i kākau ai i loko o kahi Huffington Post 'atikala (6 / 18 / 17).

Ua wehewehe pololei ʻole ʻo Kelland i kā Blair waiho ʻana a me nā mea e pili ana ma ke ʻano he “palapala ʻaha,” e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa lākou i ka lehulehu; ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole lākou i waiho ʻia i ka ʻaha, a ua kiʻi ʻia paha mai nā loio a me nā hope. (Loaʻa nā palapala i nā loio i pili i ka hihia, a ua ʻōlelo nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi ʻaʻole lākou i hāʻawi iā Kelland.)

Reuters ua hōʻole e hoʻoponopono i nā hewa i loko o ka ʻāpana, e like me ka hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe e pili ana i ke kumu o nā palapala kumu a me kahi wehewehe kūpono ʻole o kahi kumu nui, statistician Bob Tarone, ma ke ʻano "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua loaʻa iā Tarone loaʻa i kahi uku kūkākūkā mai Monsanto no kāna mau hana e hōʻino i ka IARC.

I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi a USRTK e hoʻoponopono a haʻalele paha i ka ʻatikala Kelland, Reuters Ua kākau ʻo Mike Williams ka luna hoʻoponopono honua ma kahi leka uila ʻo Iune 23:

Ua nānā mākou i ka ʻatikala a me ka hōʻike ʻana i hoʻokumu ʻia ai. ʻO kēlā hōʻike i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka waihona āu e kuhikuhi ai, akā ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia. ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Kate Kelland, ua launa pū me nā poʻe āpau i haʻi ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, a ua aʻo i nā palapala ʻē aʻe. I ka mālamalama o kēlā loiloi, ʻaʻole mākou e noʻonoʻo he pololei ʻole ka ʻatikala a i ʻole e hōʻoia i ka haʻalele ʻana.

Ua hōʻole ʻo Williams e haʻi i ka haʻi wahaheʻe ʻana i nā "palapala ʻaha" a i ʻole ka wehewehe kūpono ʻole o Tarone ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa.

Mai ia manawa, ka mea hana lobbying Reuters ua hāʻawi ʻia iā Monsanto ua ulu nā wāwae a holo ʻāhiu. He 24 Iune ho'oponopono ma ka ʻO St. Louis Post Dispatch hoʻohui hewa ma luna o ka hōʻike hoʻopunipuni ʻē. Ma ke kau waena o Iulai, e hoʻohana ana nā blog nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau i ka Reuters moʻolelo e hoʻopiʻi ai iā IARC o hoʻopunipuni i nā ʻauhau ʻauhau US, ke wānana nei nā pūnaewele nūhou pro-ʻoihana ka moʻolelo.ke kui hope loa i ka pahu kupapaʻu”O nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa e pili ana i glyphosate, a pūʻulu nūhou ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni e hoʻolaha ana i kā Kelland moʻolelo ma Facebook me kahi poʻo poʻomanaʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻo IARC ua ʻae nā ʻepekema i kahi uhi.

Hoʻouka Bacon

ʻAʻole kēia ʻo ka manawa mua a Kelland i hilinaʻi ai iā Bob Tarone ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna mau pili ʻoihana, i kahi ʻatikala e kūʻē nei iā IARC.

Ma ʻApelila 2016 hoʻokolokolo kūikawā na Kelland, "ʻO wai e ʻōlelo he maikaʻi ʻole ʻo Bacon?," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he hui huikau i maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻepekema. Kūkulu nui ʻia ka ʻāpana ma luna o nā ʻōlelo mai Tarone, ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai pro-ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia nā pili o ka ʻoihana, a hoʻokahi mea nānā inoa ʻole.

"ʻIke maikaʻi ʻole ʻia nā ʻano hana o ka IARC," "ʻaʻole lawelawe maikaʻi i ka lehulehu," nele i ka ʻepekema koʻikoʻi i kekahi manawa, "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no ka ʻepekema," "ʻaʻole maikaʻi no nā keʻena hoʻokele" a hana ka lehulehu "kahi hana hewa," i ʻōlelo nā loiloi.

ʻO ke ʻoihana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Tarone, "naif, inā ʻaʻole ʻepekema" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i hoʻonui ʻia me nā huapalapala nui i kahi poʻo inoa.

Hana ʻo Tarone no ka ʻoihana kākoʻo Ke KeʻenaʻOihana Epidemiology International, a ua pili pū me a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kelepona paʻalima, kālā kālā ʻia ma ka ʻāpana e ka ʻoihana kelepona paʻalima, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i nā kelepona paʻalima, kūlike ʻole ʻimi kālā kālā kūʻokoʻa o ka pukana like.

ʻO nā loiloi ʻē aʻe i ka moʻolelo bacon a Kelland ʻo Paulo Boffetta, kahi mea ʻepekema ex-IARC i hoʻopaʻapaʻa nāna i kākau i kahi pepa e pale ana i ka asbestos ʻoiai pū kekahi. ka loaʻa kālā ʻana e pale aku ai ka ʻoihana asbestos i ka ʻaha; lāua ʻo Geoffrey Kabat, ka mea hoʻokahi hoʻokaʻawaleʻia me kahi ʻepekema ʻimi kālā-ʻoihana paka e kākau he pepa pale ʻana i ka uahi lua.

Hoʻokau pū ʻo Kabat ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), a hui pūʻulu mua. ʻO ka lā ka Reuters Kaulana ka moʻolelo, Kau ʻo ACSH i kahi mea blog (4 / 16 / 17) kaena ʻana ua hoʻohana ʻo Kelland i kāna kākāʻōlelo ʻo Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻino ai iā IARC.

[E nānā i ka pilina pili ma Malaki 2019: ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

ʻO ka pilina o ka ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, a me kā lākou mōʻaukala o ke kū ʻana i nā kūlana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema mainstream, me he mea lā, no ka mea ua hui pū ʻia ka hōʻike bacon IARC me kahi Kelland. 'atikala e pili ana i glyphosate ka mea i ahewa ʻia ʻo ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo IARC ʻo Chris Portier no ka pili ma muli o kona pili ʻana me kahi hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ka mōʻī hoʻopaʻapaʻa o ka hoihoi i lawelawe i mea e hōʻino ai i kahi leka, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Portier a kau inoa ʻia e 94 ʻepekema, i ho'ākāka 'ia nā "kīnā koʻikoʻi" i ka loiloi' ana i nā pilikia o ka European Union i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻo Portier, a me ka ʻepekema maikaʻi / ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole, ʻū aʻe i loko ʻoihana olakino Nā kahawai PR i ka lā hoʻokahi i hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻatikala Kelland.

Pahu aku ʻo IARC i hope

I ʻOkakopa 2016, i kekahi scoop kū hoʻokahi, Hōʻike ʻo Kelland iā IARC ma ke ʻano he hui malū i noi aku i kona poʻe ʻepekema e kāohi i nā palapala e pili ana i ka loiloi glyphosate. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma nā leka i hāʻawi ʻia iā Kelland e a hui kānāwai pro-ʻoihana.

I ka pane, ua lawe ʻo IARC i ke kapuwai ʻokoʻa o ke kau ʻana i nā nīnau a Kelland a me nā nā pane a lākou i hoʻouna aku ai iā ia, nāna i hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili i waiho ʻia ma waho o ka Reuters moʻolelo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo IARC ua noi aku nā loio a Monsanto i nā ʻepekema e huli i nā palapala kikoʻī a me nā palapala kūkā, a i ka nānā ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē nei iā Monsanto, "ua ʻoluʻolu ʻole ka ʻepekema e hoʻokuʻu ana i kēia mau mea, a manaʻo kekahi ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia lākou." Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana ua kū like lākou i ka kaomi like i ka wā i hala e hoʻokuʻu i nā palapala kope e kākoʻo i nā hana kū kānāwai e pili ana i ka asbestos a me ka paka, a aia kahi hoʻāʻo e huki i nā palapala IARC i loko o ka hoʻopiʻi PCB.

ʻAʻole haʻi ka moʻolelo i kēlā mau laʻana, a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo e pili ana i nā palapala ʻepekema kikoʻī e pau ana i nā hoʻopiʻi, akā ua kaumaha kēia ʻāpana i nā loiloi a IARC, e wehewehe nei ma ke ʻano he hui "i kūlike ʻole me nā ʻepekema o ka honua," ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa "me nā loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai e" hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā olakino pono ʻole. "

He "Agendas malu" ʻo IARC a he "hoʻomakeʻaka" kāna mau hana, e like me ka ʻōlelo a kekahi luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o ka moʻolelo.

Ua kākau ʻo IARC i ka pane (ke koʻikoʻi i ke kumu):

ʻO ka ʻatikala na Reuters ukali i kahi ʻano o nā hōʻike kūlike akā kuhi hewa hoʻi e pili ana i ka Polokalamu IARC Monographs ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o ka pāpāho e hoʻomaka ana ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

ʻO IARC kekahi kaomi ʻia i hope ʻO kā Kelland hōʻike e pili ana iā Blair, e hōʻike ana i ka hakakā o ka hoihoi me kāna kumuwaiwai ʻo Tarone a me ka wehewehe ʻana ʻaʻole manaʻo ka papahana loiloi maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC i nā ʻike i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia, a "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu i kāna loiloi i nā manaʻo i hōʻike ʻia i nā hōʻike pāpāho," akā ma ka "ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana a me ka loiloi o nā noiʻi ʻepekema kūpono āpau e pili ana i ka lehulehu, e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa, kūʻokoʻa i nā kuleana pono. ”

Haʻiʻolelo agena PR

Ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻEpekema — kahi a Kelland Ua'ōleloʻo ia ua hoʻohuli i kāna hōʻike ʻana - ua hāʻawi ʻia i nā hoihoi, a ua hoʻohewa ʻia no ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā keʻena aupuni, nā kumu a me nā kula nui.

Ma nā helu āpau, pili ka mana o SMC i ke ʻano o ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho i kekahi mau moʻolelo ʻepekema, e kiʻi pinepine nei iā ia manaʻo loea mau ʻōlelo i nā moʻolelo pāpāho a me ka uhi kaʻa me kāna nūpepa paʻi.

E like me kā Kelland i wehewehe ai i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō, "Ma ka hopena o kahi ʻōlelo pōkole, maopopo ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka moʻolelo a me ke kumu o ka nui."

ʻO ia ke kiko o ka hana SMC: e hōʻailona i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i nā moʻolelo a i ʻole nā ​​haʻawina e pono ai ka nānā ʻana, a pehea lākou e pono ai.

I kekahi manawa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa ka poʻe loea SMC i ka makaʻu a hāʻawi i nā hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā huahana kontroversial a i ʻole ʻenehana. ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe noiʻi i kā SMC mau hana media ma kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a nā mea hana ʻenekinia.

ʻAi ʻia nā hoʻouka SMC i kekahi manawa i ka hana lobbying. A 2013 Nature 'atikala (7 / 10 / 13) ho'ākāka pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo SMC i ke kai eʻe i ka uhi pāpāho o nā embryo holoholona / kanaka hybrid mai nā hopohopo pili pono a i ko lākou mea nui ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi noiʻi - a pēlā i hoʻopau ai i nā lula aupuni.

ʻO ka mea noiʻi pāpāho i hoʻolimalima ʻia e SMC e kālailai i ka pono o kēlā hoʻouka kaua, ʻo Andy Williams o ke Kulanui ʻo Cardiff, i hele mai e ʻike i ke ʻano SMC me he mea lā pilikia, hopohopo paha ia. hoʻopaʻapaʻa hoʻopaʻapaʻa. ʻO Williams ho'ākāka ʻia nā haʻi'ōlelo SMC e like me ka mālama paʻa ʻana i nā hanana e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo hoʻohuli.

Ma ke kumuhana o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate, hāʻawi ʻo SMC i kahi moʻolelo moakāka i kāna mau nūpepa.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC, e like me Nā loea SMC, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokomo i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi," i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka "loiloi ʻiʻihi koho" a me nā hōʻike e "ʻike ʻia he lahilahi" a "ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka nui i kēlā ʻano kūlana kiʻekiʻe." Monsanto a me kekahi hana pūʻulu paipai i nā puanaʻī.

Ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike o ka poʻe loea SMC o nā loiloi weliweli i mālama ʻia e ka European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) a me ka European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), ka mea i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka glyphosate o nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai kanaka.

Ka hopena a EFSA ua "ʻoi aku ka ʻepekema, pragmatic a kaulike" ma mua o ko IARC, a ʻo ka Hoike a ECHA he pahuhopu, kūʻokoʻa, ākea a "ʻepekema kūpono."

Ke hōʻike nei ʻo Kelland i Reuters ʻū aʻe i nā poʻomanaʻo ʻoihana kākoʻo, a i kekahi manawa hoʻohana i nā loea like, e like me a Nowemapa 2015 moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu i hāʻawi aku ai nā ʻoihana ʻĀulopa i nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate. Ua haʻi pololei kāna moʻolelo i nā loea ʻelua mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu SMC, a laila hōʻuluʻulu lākou i ko lākou mau manaʻo:

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hana ʻia ʻo IARC me ke kahakaha ʻana i kekahi mea i kekahi mau ʻano, akā ʻo ka mea kakaikahi, hiki ke hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ka poʻe. ʻO EFSA, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, hopohopo me nā pōʻino o ke ola maoli a inā, i ka hihia o glyphosate, aia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ai ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā kūlana maʻamau, hāʻawi ka pesticide i kahi pilikia kūpono ʻole i ke olakino kanaka a i ʻole ke kaiapuni.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Kelland i ʻelua mau pane pōkole mai nā mea hoʻokele kaiāulu: ua kapa ʻo Greenpeace i ka loiloi EFSA "whitewash," a ʻo Jennifer Sass mai ka ʻAoʻao Kūʻai Kūʻai Kūlohelohe i ʻōlelo ʻo IARC "he ʻoi aku ka ikaika, ka ʻepekema pale a me nā kaʻina lehulehu e pili ana i kahi kōmike kūwaho o nā loea ʻoihana ʻole. . ” (An ʻLelo NRDC ma glyphosate kau ia i kēia ala: "Ua Pololei ʻo IARC, Loaʻa iā EFSA mai Monsanto.")

Ua ukali ka moʻolelo o Kelland i nā ʻōlelo a ka hui kaiapuni me "nā mea loiloi o IARC… e ʻōlelo nei he mea lapuwale ke ʻano o ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana no nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻaʻa nei e hoʻohana i kāna ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i ke ola maoli," a ua hoʻopau ʻia me nā huaʻōlelo a kahi ʻepekema nāna "e hōʻike i ka hoihoi he hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā no Monsanto. ”

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hoʻopiʻi pro-ʻoihana o ka SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Hoʻolohe pono mākou i nā loiloi a pau mai nā kaiāulu ʻepekema a i ʻole nā ​​mea nūhou nūhou e hana ana no ka pāpāho UK, akā ʻaʻole mākou e loaʻa ka hōʻino no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hōʻole mākou i ka uku no ka hoʻowahāwahā pro-ʻoihana, a ke hōʻike nei kā mākou hana i nā hōʻike a me nā ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema kaulana o 3,000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema kontroversial loa, ke manaʻo piha nei mākou i ka hōʻino mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream.

Nā hakakā hakakā a ka poʻe loea

ʻAʻole hōʻike mau ka poʻe loea ʻepekema i kā lākou hakakā hakakā o ka hoihoi i nā nūhou i hoʻopuka ʻia e SMC, a i ʻole i ko lākou kūlana kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai e like me glyphosate.

Hāʻawi ka loea SMC pinepine ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau biokimia ma Imperial College London, i nā manaʻo ma SMC i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma aspartame ("ʻAʻole hopohopo"), glyphosate i ka mimi (ʻaʻohe hopohopo), insecticides a me nā kīnā hānau ("Premature to draw concensions"), waiʻona, ʻO ka palaoa GMO, nā metala, papaʻai rodentʻai a oi.

ka Hoʻoholo a ECHA ʻaʻole kēlā carly gosphosate i kahi carcinogen "e hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia," e like me Boobis, a ʻo ka Hoʻoholo ʻo IARC ʻo ia paha he carcinogenic "ʻaʻole ia he kumu no ka pīhoihoi nui," no ka mea ʻaʻole ia i noʻonoʻo pehea e hoʻohana ai nā pesticides i ka honua maoli.

ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ʻo Boobis i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka hoʻokuʻu IARC a i ʻole kekahi o nā hoʻokuʻu SMC mua e hāpai ana i kāna mau ʻōlelo. Akā ua hoʻonāukiuki ʻo ia i hoʻohenehene hakakā-o-ka hoihoi i ka wā i haki ai ka nūhou ua paʻa ʻo ia i nā kūlana alakaʻi me ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), a pūʻulu kākoʻo ʻoihana, i ka manawa like hui pū ʻo ia me ka hui o ka UN i loaʻa ka glyphosate ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokau i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. (ʻO Boobis i kēia manawa noho o ka Papa Kahu ILSI, a hope pelekikena ad interim o ILSI / ʻEulopa.)

Ua loaʻa iā ILSI nā hāʻawi kālā ʻeono mai Monsanto a me CropLife International, ka hui kālepa pesticide. ʻO Professor Angelo Moretto, ʻo ia ka mea i alakaʻi i ka hui UN ma glyphosate me Boobis, i mālama pū ʻia kūlana alakaʻi ma ILSI. Akā ka panela hai aku ʻaʻohe hakakā o ka hoihoi.

ʻAʻole ʻo Kelland i hōʻike e pili ana i kēlā mau paio, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia kākau e pili ana nā hopena o nā "loea UN" nāna i kala i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ua hoʻohana hou ʻo ia i kahi ʻōlelo Boobis mai kahi Hoʻokuʻu kaomi SMC no kahi ʻatikala e pili ana ʻiʻo puaʻa ʻIlani. (Ua haʻahaʻa ka makaʻu i nā mea kūʻai.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka SMC hakakā o ke kulekele hoʻolaha hōʻike hoihoi, a no ke aha i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ai ka pili o Boobis 'ISLI i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o SMC, ua pane ʻo Fox:

Nīnau aku mākou i nā mea noiʻi a pau a mākou e hoʻohana ai e hoʻolako i kā lākou COI a hoʻomohana e hana i kēlā mau mea i ka poʻe nūpepa. E kūlike me nā kulekele COI ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokolokolo i kēlā me kēia COI, ʻoiai mākou e hoʻokipa nei i ka poʻe nūpepa e hana pēlā.

ʻAʻole hiki ke kiʻi ʻia ʻo Boobis no ka ʻōlelo, akā haʻi akuʻo ia kahu, "ʻO kaʻu kuleana ma ILSI (a ʻelua o kāna mau lālā) he lālā lālā o ka lehulehu a he poʻo hoʻi no kā lākou mau papa o nā kahu, nā kūlana i uku ʻole ʻia."

Akā ʻo ka hakakā "ua hoʻonāukiuki i ka hoʻohewa huhū mai nā MEP ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā NGO," ka kahu ua hōʻike ʻia, "ua hoʻonui ʻia e ka hōʻike a ka [UN panel] hoʻokuʻu i ʻelua mau lā ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o EU i ka balota ma glyphosate, a he piliona kālā ia i ka ʻoihana."

A pēlā pū me ka pūnaewele ulana o ka mana e pili ana i nā ʻoihana, nā loea ʻepekema, ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpaho a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ke pāʻani nei ma ke kahua honua ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto. alo i nā hoʻopiʻi ma luna o ka kemika ma muli o ke koi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻimi e hoʻopau i kahi Hana ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer.

I kēia manawa, i ka US, e like me Bloomberg hoike i ka lā 13 o Iulai: “ʻO ke Killer Weed Nui o ka Honua ke Kumu Ka maʻi ʻaʻai? E hoʻoholo ʻo EPA o Trump. ”

Nā ʻelele Reuters e hoʻouna ʻia ma o kēia pūnaewele (aiʻole ma Twitter: @Raiuiona). E ʻoluʻolu e hoʻomanaʻo i ka kamaʻilio mahalo ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kate Kelland o Reuters i nā moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana iā IARC a me Aaron Blair

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UPDATE Ianuali 2019: Waiho ʻia nā palapala i ka ʻaha hōʻike iā Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Kate Kelland me nā palapala no kāna moʻolelo ʻo Iune 2017 e pili ana iā Aaron Blair a hāʻawi iā ia i paheʻe paheʻe o nā helu kamaʻilio makemake ka hui e uhi ʻia. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike ʻO Carey Gillam's Roundup Trial Tracker post.

Ua hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka ʻanike aʻe e Carey Gillam a kau ʻia Iune 28, 2017:

A Iune 14, 2017 Reuters Haawina kākau ʻia e Kate Kelland, poʻo poʻokela "ʻO ke keʻena maʻi maʻi maʻi o WHO i waiho i ka pouli ma luna o nā hōʻike glyphosate," hoʻopiʻi hewa i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema no ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi i ka loiloi palekana o glyphosate i mālama ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Aia nā moʻolelo o Kelland i nā hewa maoli a hōʻike i nā hopena i kūʻē ʻia e ka heluhelu piha ʻana i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai. ʻIke ʻia ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo Kelland i kahi loulou i nā palapala āna i hōʻike ai, ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea heluhelu ke ʻike pono iā lākou iho i ka lōʻihi o kāna haʻalele ʻana mai ka pololei i ka unuhi ʻana iā lākou. ʻO ka palapala kumu mua kūʻē ʻē i ka manaʻo o kā Kelland moʻolelo. ʻO nā palapala hou aʻe i kuhikuhi ʻia i kāna moʻolelo, akā ʻaʻole ia i loulou ʻia, hiki ke loaʻa ma ka hopena o kēia pou.

Ka Ike: ʻO ka moʻolelo Reuters kekahi ma kahi o nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i paʻi ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkala nūhou e pili ana iā IARC a Kelland i kākau ai ma hope o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha i Malaki 2015. ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau hoʻomake kemika makepono i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup weed pepehi kanaka huahana, a me nā huahana he haneli ʻē aʻe i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu ka papa IARC i ka hoʻopiʻi lehulehu i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe e hoʻopiʻi ana i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai e ka Roundup, a ua hoʻonāukiuki i nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US e hoʻonui i kā lākou loiloi o ka kemika. I ka pane ʻana i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC, a ma ke ʻano he pale aku iā ia iho i ka hihia a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kākoʻo hoʻokele, ua waiho ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he nui e pili ana iā IARC e ʻimi nei e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o IARC. ʻO ka moʻolelo ʻo Iune 14 Kelland, ka mea i hoʻopuka i kahi luna kiʻekiʻe "rautaki" Monsanto, i hoʻonui i kēlā mau hana hoʻolālā a ua hoʻokau ʻia e Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika i mea e hōʻoia ai ua hewa ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC.

E noʻonoʻo:

  • ʻO kahi waiho o ka ʻepekema ʻo Aaron Blair, kahi kahakaha kiʻi a me ka leka uila a Kelland i kuhikuhi ai i kāna moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he "palapala ʻaha" ʻaʻole ia he palapala ʻaha akā he mau palapala i hana ʻia a loaʻa ʻia ma ke ʻano he loaʻa i loko o nā hihia multidistrict i lawe ʻia e nā mea maʻi ʻaʻai. hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Ua mālama ʻia nā palapala i ka paʻa ʻana o ka hui loio o Monsanto a me ka hui loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. E ʻike i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo ʻĀpana ʻo US no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, kēpau hihia 3: 16-md-02741-VC. Inā hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto a mea pani paha i nā palapala iā Kelland, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ia ʻano sourcing. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā palapala ma o ka ʻaha, e like me kā Kelland moʻolelo i hōʻike ai, me he mea lā ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​mea pani e kanu i ka moʻolelo a hāʻawi iā Kelland me nā palapala, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i wae ʻia o nā palapala, a me kāna hōʻike.
  • Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala a Kelland i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka waiho ʻana mai Bob Tarone, ka mea a Kelland i hōʻike ai he "kūʻokoʻa iā Monsanto." Eia naʻe ka ʻike hāʻawi ʻia e IARC hoʻokumu iā Tarone i hana ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā uku iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i IARC.
  • Ua hoʻohenehene ʻo Reuters i ka moʻolelo me kēia ʻōlelo: "ʻO ka ʻepekema e alakaʻi nei i kēlā loiloi ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻike hou e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe loulou maʻi ʻaʻai - akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻōlelo a ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ka ʻoihana." Ua hōʻike ʻo Kelland e hūnā hewa ʻo Kauka Blair i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi. Eia naʻe ka hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻike ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili i nīnau ʻia ʻaʻole "mākaukau" e waiho i kahi puke pai no ka paʻi ʻana a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia e ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i pau a paʻi ʻia. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi US Health Health Study ākea a ua hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mau makahiki o ka ʻike i paʻi mua ʻia mai ka AHS i hōʻike ʻole i ka hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ua nīnau kekahi loio Monsanto iā Blair no ke aha i paʻi ʻole ʻia ai ka ʻikepili i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, e ʻōlelo ana: "Ua hoʻoholo ʻoe, no nā kumu āpau, ʻaʻole e paʻi ʻia kēlā ʻikepili i kēlā manawa, a no laila ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻia e IARC, pololei? ” Pane maila ʻo Blair: “ʻAʻole. Hoʻowahāwahā hou ʻoe i ke kaʻina hana. " "ʻO ka mea a mākou i hoʻoholo ai ʻo ka hana a mākou e hana nei i kēia mau ʻano haʻawina ʻē aʻe - ʻaʻole mākaukau e waiho i nā puke pai. ʻOiai ma hope o kou hoʻoholo ʻana e waiho iā lākou i nā puke pai no ka loiloi, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka wā e paʻi ʻia ai. " (Blair deposition transcript ʻaoʻao 259) Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Blair i ka loio Monsanto: "ʻO ka mea kuleana ʻole e holo wikiwiki i kahi mea i nānā ʻole ʻia a noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia" (ʻaoʻao 204).
  • Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i kekahi mau ʻikepili mai ka AHS i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia, ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia he "ʻaʻole helu helu" (ʻaoʻao 173 o ka waiho ʻana). Ua hōʻike pū ʻo Blair i loko o kēlā waihona e pili ana i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i nā pilina ikaika ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka IARC no ka mea ʻaʻole i paʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Blair ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau ʻikepili mai kahi noiʻi ma kahi ʻĀkau o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hui ikaika loa me ka NHL a me ka glyphosate, me ka pālua a me ka pākolu o ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide i ʻike ʻia i ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka glyphosate ma mua o ʻelua mau manawa o ka makahiki. E like me ka ʻikepili AHS, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻia kēia ʻikepili a hāʻawi ʻia iā IARC (ʻaoʻao 274-283 o ka waiho ʻana o Blair).
  • Ua ʻōlelo pū hoʻi ka ʻatikala a Kelland: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā ana o ka ʻoihana no ka papa ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he carcinogenic paha. '"ʻAʻole kākoʻo kēlā hōʻike (ma nā ʻaoʻao 177-189 o ka waiho ʻana) i kēlā mau ʻōlelo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Blair "paha" i ka nīnau mai ka loio a Monsanto e nīnau ana inā ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS i loko o kahi meta-analysis o ka ʻikepili epidemiology i manaʻo ʻia e IARC, inā "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka maka-pili kamepiula no glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻoi aku ka mamao… ”Haʻalele pū kā Kelland moʻolelo i ka manaʻo i kēia ʻikepili epidemiology i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia mai kahi noiʻi i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia e lilo i mea hoʻololi pāʻani no IARC. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e heluhelu piha ana i ka waihona, a hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hōʻike a IARC e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e hōʻike ana i ka wahaheʻe a me ke kuhi hewa o kēlā manaʻo. Ua hōʻike wale ʻo Blair i ka ʻikepili epidemiology a ua manaʻo mua ʻo IARC i nā hōʻike epidemiology i ʻike ʻia he "palena." ʻO kāna hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka glyphosate i ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻikepili holoholona (mea ʻona) i nānā ʻia, e manaʻo ana ua "lawa."
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā ʻāpana nui o ka waiho ʻana o Blair i kikoʻī ʻia i kahi noiʻi 2003 i paʻi ʻia i loaʻa "aia ma kahi o ka pāpālua o ka hopena o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin no nā poʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate" (ʻaoʻao 54-55 o ka waihona).
  • Nānā ʻole ʻo Kelland i nā hōʻike i loko o ka waiho ʻana o Blair e pili ana i ka “300 pākēneka i hoʻonui ʻia i ka makaʻu” no ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka noiʻi Suetena (ʻaoʻao 60 o ka waiho ʻana).
  • ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i loko o ka waihona holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻo Blair e like me nā laʻana he nui o nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana i kahi hui maikaʻi ma waena o glyphosate a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai, nā mea āpau a Kelland i nānā ʻole ai.
  • Ua kākau ʻo Kelland i kāna hōʻike kānāwai, ua wehewehe pū ʻo Blair i ka AHS ma ke ʻano he "ikaika" a ʻae ʻia ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia ka ʻike i ka loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia e pili ana i ka ʻike kikoʻī i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ma ka makahiki 2013 ma NHL a me ka glyphosate kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa mai ka AHS, ʻoiai ka hōʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia i ka nui o ka hoʻomalu AHS o ka hana, ka mea e ʻimi nei i nā ʻohana mahiʻai. a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā ʻikepili ma nā pesticides he nui i mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea a Blair i ʻōlelo maoli ai no ka laulā ʻo AHS ʻo ia kēia: ““ He - he haʻawina ikaika ia. A he maikaʻi kona. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e ʻōlelo wau ʻo ia ka mea mana loa, akā he aʻo ikaika ia. ” (ʻaoʻao 286 o ka haʻalele ʻana)
    • Eia kekahi, i ke kamaʻilio pololei ʻana i ka ʻikepili 2013 AHS ma glyphosate a me NHL, ua hōʻoia ʻo Blair e pono ana ka ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pono ai ka "unuhi akahele" i ka nui o nā hihia i hōʻike ʻia i nā subgroup he "liʻiliʻi" (ʻaoʻao 289).
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kelland "Ua haʻi aku ʻo IARC iā Reuters, ʻoiai ke kū nei o nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua pili ia me kāna mau mea i loaʻa," e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano cavalier. Kuhi hewa loa kēlā ʻōlelo. He aha IARC i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo mai la ʻaʻole ia e hana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia a hiki iā ia ke loiloi hou i nā mea ke paʻi ʻia kahi kino nui o ka ʻike hou i nā palapala.

Pili pili:

Nā Palapala e pili ana

Hoʻonohonoho wikiō ʻia o Aaron Earl Blair, Ph.D., Malaki 20, 2017

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Paipai ka Science Media Center i nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema

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ʻO ka Science Media Center (SMC) kahi hui PR nonprofit PR i hoʻomaka ʻia ma UK i loaʻa i kāna poloka nui loa o kālā mai ka ʻoihana nā hui. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, Monsanto, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā hui media, nā keʻena aupuni, nā hoʻokumu a me nā kula nui. Ke hoʻolaha nei ka hiʻohiʻona SMC a puni ka honua a ua nui ka mana i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho o ka ʻepekema, i kekahi manawa i nā ala e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā makaʻi o nā huahana kontroversial a ʻenehana paha. Hōʻike kēia pepa pono i ka mōʻaukala SMC, ke akeakamai, ke ana hoʻohālike kālā, nā hana a me nā hōʻike mai ka poʻe loiloi i ʻōlelo ʻo SMC ke hāʻawi nei i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana, hōʻole kahi ʻano SMC.

e pili pū ana:

Mea nui nui

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Science Media Center ma 2002 i ka pane ʻana i ka "frenzies media ma luna o MMR, nā mea kanu GM a me nā noiʻi holoholona" e kōkua i nā nūhou e hōʻike pono i ka ʻepekema mainstream, e like me ka pepa pono o ka hui.

i kona hōʻike hoʻokumu, Wehewehe ʻo Science Media Center i ka pehea i haku ʻia ai e kamaʻilio:

  • e ulu ana ka "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka manaʻo o ka ʻepekema i ka lehulehu
  • kahi hāʻule o ka mahalo i ka luna a me ka loea
  • kahi kaiāulu kūpilikiʻi kūwaho a me ka uhi pāpāho alarmist a
  • ʻo nā "papa hana pāpāho ʻoi loa" i hoʻohana ʻia e nā kaiaulu NGO e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua.

SMC kūʻokoʻa i kaʻana like i ka palapala hoʻohui like ʻoiai ke hana mua ʻia nei ma Kanada, Australia, New Zealand, Kelemania a me Iapana, a ke hoʻolālā ʻia nei ʻo SMCs ma Palukela a me ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona SMC ka mea nui i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A nāʻike media o nā nūpepa UK ma 2011 a me 2012 i ʻike ka hapanui o nā mea nūpepa nāna i hoʻohana i nā lawelawe SMC ʻaʻole ʻimi i nā kuanaʻike hou aku no kā lākou mau moʻolelo. Hāpai ka hui i ka mana politika. I ka makahiki 2007, ua hoʻōki ʻo SMC i kahi pāpā i hāpai ʻia no nā embryo hybrid kanaka / holoholona me kāna pāʻoihana media e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻana mai nā hopohopo pili i nā pono o nā embryos ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea noiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻokikina ʻana nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema, a no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā pilikia o ke kaiapuni a me ke olakino kanaka o nā huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea. Ua hōʻike nā hōʻike i ka hana a SMC e pahu i ka leka uila ʻoihana kākoʻo a kāpae i nā manaʻo kūʻē i nā kumuhana e like me kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a Nā GMO.

I loko o kahi leka uila, ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele SMC ʻo Fiona Fox ʻaʻole kūlike kāna hui no ka ʻoihana: mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hoʻowahāwahā mākou i ka uku no ka ʻohana ʻoihana pro a hōʻike kā mākou hana i ka hōʻike a me ka ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema koʻikoʻi 3000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema loa kontroversial manaʻo nui mākou i ka hoʻohewa mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream. "

Nā ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka Pūnaewele ʻApekema ʻEpekema

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā mea noiʻi e pili ana i ka mana a me ka laha ʻole o ka Pūnaewele ʻAilana ʻEpekema (hoʻohui ʻia i hoʻonui ʻia i nā huaʻōlelo ma lalo):

  • "Nā Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema ... ua lilo mea koʻikoʻi, akā nā mea pāʻani kontroversial i ka honua o ka journalism. ʻOiai manaʻo kekahi mau mea nūhou he mea kōkua lākou, manaʻo kekahi poʻe he līkū lākou i ke aupuni a me nā ʻepekema ʻoihana. " Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia
  • "Ke hilinaʻi nei i ka mea āu e noi ai, (Luna Hoʻokele SMC) Ke mālama nei paha ʻo Fiona Fox i ka puke pai ʻepekema a i ʻole ke luku ʻana iā ia." ʻO Ewen Callway, Nature
  • "ʻO kahi hōʻemi hōʻemi o nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema UK i kaomi manawa ʻole e hele hou i ke kula a ʻeli no nā moʻolelo. Hele lākou i nā haʻi ʻōlelo i hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ma ka SMC… ʻO ka ua ʻeha ka maikaʻi o ka hōʻike ʻepekema a me ka pololei o ka ʻike i loaʻa i ka lehulehu, e hoʻohuli i ka hiki i ka lehulehu ke hoʻoholo i nā pilikia. ” ʻO Connie St. Louis, Ke Kulanui o Lādana ma Lādana, ma CJR
  • "ʻAʻole ka pilikia e hoʻolaha lākou i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā lākou e ʻōlelo nei, akā ʻo lākou paipai i ka ʻepekema kākoʻo pāʻoihana. " ʻO David Miller, Ke Kulanui o Bath, ma SciDev
  • "No ka poʻe i makapō ʻole ʻia e ka SMA's aura makaʻu, ʻike ʻia ʻo kāna hana hūnā e hōʻoia i ka poʻe nūpepa a me ka pāpāho e hōʻike i nā mea ʻepekema a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau wale nō i kahi ala kūlike i ke 'kulekele' a ke aupuni a me ka ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i nīnau ʻia. " Malcolm Hooper, Kulanui o Sunderland, pepa ma CFS / ME
  • «Maopopo lea ka ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e hoʻolaulaha i ka ʻenehana Biotec a me ke kelepona ʻana. ” ʻO ka pepa Don Maisch ma nā kelepona paʻalima
  • "The ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā haiki o, ma ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. " Paul Mobbs, Nā ʻimi noiʻi kaiāulu ʻo Mobbs
  • "ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, naif politika mau, ʻike ʻole ʻole ʻia e ʻae ʻia i kāna mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi kāhuna politika ʻano ʻē a kolohe hoʻi. " ʻO George Monbiot, ke kahu

ʻO ke kālā kālā ʻepekema Pūnaewele ʻo Science

ʻO kā SMC hapa nui o ke kālā, ma kahi o 30%, hele mai nā hui a me nā hui kālepa. ʻO nā mea kālā e like me ʻAukake 2016 i hui pū ʻia me ka laulā o ke kemika, biotechnology, nukelea, ʻai, lāʻau lapaʻau, kelekaʻaʻike a me nā pono hana hoʻonaninani. ʻO nā mea kālā ʻoihana Agrichemical i hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, BASF, CropLife International, BioIndustry Association a me ka Chemical Industries Association. Mea kālā mua ua hoʻokomo iā Monsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola a me Kraft. Loaʻa iā SMC ke kālā kālā mai kekahi mau pūʻulu, aupuni a me nā hui aʻo.

SMC wahi a ia nā makana pāpale mai kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole ke kula i 5% o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e "pale mai ka mana kūpono ʻole" - hana ʻia nā hoʻokoe no nā makana nui aʻe mai ka Wellcome Trust a me ke aupuni UK. Keʻena no ka ʻoihana, ikaika a me nā ʻoihana papahana.

Mōʻaukala SMC: “Ke Kuhina Nui ʻoiaʻiʻo o Pelekane”

Ma ka hopena o 1990, ua pili ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻepekema a me ka media i kahi wāwahi, wehewehe i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō. "Ma kahi o ka manawa o ka BSE, MMR, nā mea kanu GM, aia he manaʻo maoli o kēia awawa ma waena o nā ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fox i loko o ka wikiō. Ua hana ʻia ʻo SMC "e kōkua i ka hoʻohou hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema e ka hana ʻana e paipai i ke kaʻina kaulike, pololei a kūpono hoʻi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa," e like me kāna kūkākūkā kūkākūkā.

Aia nā palapala hoʻokumu SMC i:

  • Pepeluali 2000 Hoike komite o na Haku Haku ho'ākāka i kahi "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka pilina o ke kaiāulu me ka ʻepekema, a paipai i kahi hana hou i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho.
  • Kepakemapa 2000 “Code o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa / alakaʻi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Na ka Royal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) e paipai i nā alakaʻi no ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema e kūʻē i" ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea i ʻike ʻia he "moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli" kūpono ʻole a me nā mea e hāʻawi nei i nā manaʻolana wahaheʻe i nā maʻi nui. "
  • 2002 Hōʻike Kūkākūkā SMC wehewehe i ke kaʻina ninaninau me nā mea kuleana mai ke aupuni, ʻoihana a me nā pāpāho nāna i hoʻomaopopo pehea e "lawe ai ʻo SMC i ke ala i kiola ʻia e nā Haku… o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻepekema i ka nūhou."

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa koke ka hana SMC. Ua wānana ka mea kākau ʻo Tom Wakeford i ka makahiki 2001 e lilo ʻo SMC i “Kuhina ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo Britain no ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e haʻaheo ai ko George Orwell mau aliʻi hana wahaheʻe.” Ua kākau ʻo ia i loko Ka Luna, "Ua hoʻoholo ka poʻe kiʻekiʻe o ke Aupuni, Royal Society a me Royal Institution i ko lākou waiwai waiwai nui e pono ai ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke Kaʻina Hana: "Kuhi ka Code i nā mea nūpepa e kūkākūkā me nā loea i ʻae ʻia, kahi papa kuhikuhi malū e hāʻawi ʻia i nā" mea kākau inoa i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia me nā palapala hōʻoiaʻiʻo. "

ʻO kā SMC papahana mua - kahi hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni BBC i hōʻike ʻia i nā hua i hana ʻia i loko o kahi kukui maikaʻi ʻole. Ua wehewehe nā ʻatikala iā SMC ma ke ʻano he “pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui kemika nui ”e hana nei "Kahi ʻano o ka hui rebuttal wikiwiki a Mandelsonian"A hoʻohana" kekahi o nā ʻenehana wili clumsiest o New Labor i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino (ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni) ma mua. ”

ʻO Dick Taverne a me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - kahi hana lobby e hoʻololi hou i nā ʻike o ka ʻepekema - i hoʻokumu ʻia ma UK ma 2002 me ka SMC ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Lord Dick Taverne a me nā mea e pili ana i ka SMC. ʻO Lord Taverne kahi SMC Lālā lālā aʻoaʻo a me ia hana pū ʻia ke Kaʻina Hoʻohana SIRC.

He moʻolelo 2016 i Ka-puni na Liza Gross i wehewehe iā Sense About Science a me kāna mau alakaʻi ma ke ʻano he “kahu ponoʻī no ka 'epekema kani'” nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana. Ua wehewehe ʻo Gross i kā Taverne mau ʻoihana paka a me nā hana PR ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ka hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobacco. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana pono ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana a "e ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe." I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema nāna e ʻōlelo kūʻē i nā lula i nele i ka mea haʻi waha ʻole ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994.

Ma waena o kāna papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

Ua wehe ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana o ka wā lōʻihi hui hana kemika ʻo Trevor Butterworth, a me nā hoapili me ka Cornates Alliance i uku kālā ʻia e Gates, a Pūʻulu hoʻolaha GMO.

Nā aʻa Komunista Revolutionary

ʻO nā luna hoʻokumu a me nā luna o ka Science Media Center a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - Luna Hoʻokele SMC Fiona Fox a me SAS Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Tracey Brown - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēlā mau pūʻulu, ua pili pili ʻia ma o ka Revolutionary Communist Party, kahi hui splinter Trotskyist i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka hopena o 1970s ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a ka sociologist. ʻO Frank Ferudi, e like me ka mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Jonathan Matthews, ʻO Zac Goldsmith a ʻO Don Maisch.

ʻO ka hui splinter o Ferudi RCP i komo i loko Noho Marxism, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea i ʻapo i ke kapitalism, individualism a hoʻolahalaha i kahi ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i ka poʻe kaiāulu. e like me kā Monbiot. (Ferudi pane i kēia ʻāpana.) A Ka'ōlelo hoʻopuka e pili ana i kahi hanana LM i ka makahiki 1999 i wehewehe ʻia i ka pūnaewele me he "kūʻē kūʻē i ka hema" (i nā huaʻōlelo a Furedi) me ka manaʻo honua e manaʻo ana ka ʻaoʻao hema "ʻaʻole ia he kumu politika" a ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe i ka mākeke.

"ʻO kekahi o nā ʻāpana ʻē o ka politika kā kēia au ka mana o nā ʻēheu hema hema i holo aku i ka ʻākau," kākau ʻo Monbiot i loko o kahi 2003 kikokikona e wehewehe nei i nā pilina ma waena o Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center, nā poʻe i pili me kēlā mau hana a me nā loulou i ka pūnaewele LM:

"He kuhi wale paha kēia a pau? Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole pēlā. Akā ʻaʻole maʻalahi e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu o kēia hanana. Ke nānā nei mākou i kahi hui e makemake ana i ka mana nona iho, a i ʻole kekahi ma hope o kahi hoʻolālā politika, kahi o kēia keʻehi waena. ʻO ka mea e hiki ai iaʻu ke ʻōlelo aʻe, ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naif politika mau ia, me ka ʻike ʻole ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau pono e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi pūnaewele politika ʻano ʻē a moʻomeheu hoʻi. Ma mua loa o ke kūkulu hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema a me ka lāʻau lapaʻau, hiki i ka ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni o kēia hui ke hoʻopau hope loa iā ia. ”

Tactics

ʻO ka SMC ma UK wahi āna kahi waihona pūnaewele me 2700 mau loea a ʻoi aku ma mua o 1200 mau luna paʻi, a me nā papa inoa leka me nā mea kākau moʻolelo he 300 e kū ana i kēlā me kēia puka nūhou nui o UK. Hoʻohana ʻo SMC i ʻekolu mau hana nui e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻepekema, e like me kāna kiʻi wikiō:

  1. ʻO ka pane wikiwiki i ka wāwahi ʻana i nā nūhou me nā ʻōlelo manaʻo: Ke haki ka moʻolelo ʻepekema, "i loko o nā minuke he mau leka uila SMC i loko o nā pahu leta o kēlā me kēia mea kamaʻilio aupuni e hāʻawi nei i ka poʻe loea," wahi a Fox.
  2. Ke kiʻi mua ʻana i nā mea kūkala nūhou me ka noiʻi hou. Ua loaʻa iā SMC "ke kuleana kūpono e pili ana i 10-15 mau puke pai ʻepekema ma mua o ka hāpai ʻana o ka embargo" i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomākaukau i nā ʻōlelo mua mai nā poʻe loea ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hōʻailona ana inā he kūpono nā noi hou a pehea lākou e pono ai.
  3. Ke hoʻonohonoho nei ma kahi o 100 kaomi puʻupuʻu kahi makahiki i "hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi" ma ka nui o nā kumuhana ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa e like me ka nukelea neoneo, biotechnology a me nā maʻi e kū nei.

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻohuli a me ka hoʻokalakiko

Ua hōʻike kekahi mau mea noiʻi a me nā kālaiʻike i ka mea a lākou e ʻōlelo nei ʻo ka hoʻokūkū pro-ʻoihana o SMC i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa, a me ka nui o ka hilinaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe nūpepa i ka manaʻo loea o SMC e hoʻopaʻa i nā moʻolelo ʻepekema.

Ka nele i nā kuanaʻike like ʻole

Ua loiloi ʻo Professor Connie St. Louis o ke Kulanui o City, Lākana, i ka hopena o SMC i ka hōʻike ʻepekema ma nā nūpepa ʻāina he 12 ma 2011 a me 2012, a loaʻa:

  • ʻAʻole hoʻohana ʻo 60% o nā ʻatikala e uhi ana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
  • 54% o nā "hōʻike manaʻo loea" i hāʻawi ʻia e SMC i ka haʻihaʻi nūhou i loko o ka manawa i uhi ʻia i loko o ka nūhou
    • I kēia mau moʻolelo, ʻaʻole hoʻohana ʻo 23% i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
    • ʻO kēlā mau mea i hana, 32% wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai kūwahi i hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo kūʻē i ka mea i hāʻawi ʻia e ka loea i ka hopena SMC.

"He nui aku nā mea nūpepa ma mua o ka pono e hoʻohana wale nei i nā loea mai ka SMC a ʻaʻole e nīnau i nā kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa," hoʻopau ʻo St.

ʻAʻole ʻepekema mau ka poʻe loea

Ua kālailai ʻo David Miller, polopeka o ka sociology mai ke Kulanui o Bath, UK, i ka ʻikepili SMC ma ka pūnaewele a ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act, a hōʻike ʻia:

  • ʻAʻole kekahi o ka 20 o ka poʻe akamai he nui loa i haʻi ʻia ma SMC ʻaʻole he ʻepekema, e like me ka wehewehe ʻana ma ka loaʻa ʻana i kahi PhD a me ka hana ʻana ma kahi keʻena noiʻi a i ʻole kahi kaiāulu ʻike kiʻekiʻe, akā he poʻe lobbyist no a me nā CEO o nā hui ʻoihana.
  • ʻAʻole i hōʻike piha loa ʻia nā kumuwaiwai kālā ma ka pūnaewele.
  • ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia no ka makemake o SMC i kahi mea leʻaleʻa, akā ua makemake ia i nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a me nā kumuhana i uhi ʻia "e hōʻike i nā mea nui a kā lākou mea kālā."

"Inā ʻōlelo ʻoe e ʻōlelo i nā ʻepekema a hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lobbyist a me nā NGO, eia ka nīnau: pehea ʻoe e koho ai i nā lobbyists a i ʻole nā ​​NGO e loaʻa? No ke aha ʻoe i loaʻa ʻole ai i nā lobbyist e kūʻē nei i ka hoʻokolohua kūlohelohe a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o Greenpeace e hōʻike nei i ko lākou manaʻo ma mua o ke kūlana bioindustry? Hōʻike maoli kēlā i nā ʻano bias e hana nei, "wahi a Miller.

Lanakila ka wili rautaki ma luna o nā embryos hybrid kanaka / holoholona

I ka 2006, i ka wā a ke aupuni UK i manaʻo ai e pāpā ana i nā ʻepekema mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā embryos hybrid kanaka-holoholona, ​​ua hoʻohui like ka SMC i nā hana e hoʻohuli i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho mai nā hopohopo a me ka mea nui o nā embryos hybrid ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū SMC "he lanakila lanakila ma nā pilina pāpāho" a "kuleana nui no ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ke kai eʻe o nā embryo hybrid kanaka," e like me kā Andy Williams, he mea noiʻi nūhou ma ke Kulanui o Cardiff, UK, nāna i alakaʻi i kālailai ma ka ʻaoʻao o SMC a me nā mea kākoʻo kaiāulu.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Williams:

  • Ma mua o 60% o nā kumuwaiwai i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me nā mea kūkala olakino - nā mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC - i kākoʻo i ka noiʻi, a hoʻokahi hapahā wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai i kūʻē iā ia.
  • Ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, ua kamaʻilio ka poʻe nūpepa ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC i nā ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻemi a ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea kūʻē.

"Ua hopohopo ʻo Williams i kēia manawa no ka hana a SMC i alakaʻi ai i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e hāʻawi i ka mahalo nui i nā ʻepekema, a na ia mea i kāohi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa," Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala kūlohelohe. He nīnauele me Williams i ʻO SciDevNet hōʻike pūʻulu:

"ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e wehewehe ai i nā ʻōlelo pōkole [SMC media briefing] koʻikoʻi he manawa kūpono ia na ka ʻepekema e wehewehe i ka ʻepekema i kā lākou ʻōlelo ponoʻī, akā - koʻikoʻi - ma ke ala kūlike ʻole a waiwai ʻole hoʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. Akā nānā kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia mau hanana i mālama nui ʻia e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo persuasive, ua hoʻohui ʻo ia, a ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia lākou e hoʻopaʻa i ka hopena o ka pāpāho no nā ʻepekema e pili ana. Ua hānai ʻia nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema loea i ka "kōkua kālā ʻike" e ka SMC a ʻoi aku paha ka nui o ka manaʻo ma mua o nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo i nā kumu pro-hybridisation, i ʻōlelo ʻo Williams.

Paipai i ka ʻike ʻoihana ma fracking

E like me ka Pepeluali 2015 ka nānā ʻana pāpāho alakaʻi ʻia e Paul Mobbs o Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, ua hāʻawi ʻo SMC i nā ʻōlelo loea he nui e pili ana i ka fracking ma waena o 2012-2015, akā ʻo ka lima o nā ʻepekema i hoʻomalu i ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka mai nā kula me nā pilina kālā me ka ʻoihana wahie fossil a i ʻole nā ​​papahana noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

"Ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā ʻololī o, i ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ke kūlana ʻoihana o ka poʻe e pili ana, a ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia me nā kūmole i nā hōʻike e hōʻoia i ko lākou pono. A ʻo kēia, ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ka pāpāho me ka nīnau ʻole. ”

"I ka hihia o ka shale gas, ʻaʻole hāʻawi ka SMC i kahi ʻike kaulike o nā hōʻike i loaʻa, a me nā kānalua ʻole, i nā hopena o ka aila a me ka ʻaila kū ʻole. Ke hāʻawi nei ia i nā ʻōlelo mai nā mea ʻepekema e hōʻike nui ana i kahi manaʻo o 'UK hoʻokumu', e nānā ʻole i ke kino holoʻokoʻa o nā hōʻike i loaʻa i kēia pilikia mai USA, ʻAukekulia a me Kanada. "

Ke hōʻino nei i ka maʻi luhi maʻi maʻi 

A Kōpana 2013 na Malcolm Hooper, Polofesa Emeritus o Medicinal Chemistry, University of Sunderland, UK, i hoʻopiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā manaʻo o kekahi mau kauka lapaʻau, me ka hōʻole ʻole e hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema biomedical a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka "ideology a me ka propaganda o nā hui hoihoi" i loko o kāna pāpāho. hana i ka maʻi luhi mau loa / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Hōʻike ka pepa a Hooper e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o ka SMC a me nā mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa CFS / ME me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana ʻinikua, a hāʻawi i nā hōʻike o ka mea a Hooper i hōʻike ai e like me ka hoʻouka kaua a SMC e hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe me CFS / ME, a me kāna mau hana e hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka PACE nā hopena hoʻokolokolo i ka pāpāho. Pau ʻo ia, "ʻO kahi hui e hana i nā ʻano ʻepekema ākea loa ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa i kahi kuleana kūpono e hōʻike i ka ʻepekema."

No nā ʻike SMC, ʻike Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo 2018 ma CFS / ME "ka maʻi a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa."

ʻO ka palekana kelepona paʻalima a me nā mea kōkua telecom

A Kōpana 2006 na Don Maisch, PhD, "hāpai i nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi no ke kūlike ʻole o ke kuhi SMC i ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema ke hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe loea e pili ana i nā pilikia hakakā inā he kuleana kekahi o ka SMC." Nānā ka pepa Maisch i nā kamaʻilio SMC e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka uila uila a me ka palekana kelepona paʻalima, a hāʻawi i ka mea āna i kapa ai he "moʻolelo uncensored o ke ʻano SMC o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema."

"ʻIke ʻia ka papahana o ka SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e paipai i ka ʻenehana ʻo Biotec a me nā telecommunications. Hōʻike paha kēia i ke kumu e hiki ai i ka poʻe me ka ʻole o ka māka maoli i ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema e kiʻi i nā kūlana i lilo i maka lehulehu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema Pelekane. Hoʻomaopopo pū ia ke kumu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema a me ka hoʻokumu olakino o UK, e ʻike nei i kahi ʻāpana nui o ke kālā ʻepekema e loaʻa mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, he mau hoa makemake e ʻae i nā ʻoihana PR me kahi papahana i hoʻoholo mua ʻia e kamaʻilio no lākou a lanakila i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni no ka pono o ka lehulehu. . ”

Ke pale nei iā GMO

E like me ka mea i iho mai ma luna, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻaoʻao ʻepekema ʻelua a me kāna hui kaikuahine ʻo Sense About Science me nā papahana e pale ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Hāʻawi pinepine ʻo SMC i ka poʻe loea e loiloi i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. ʻO nā laʻana me:

I ka 2016, ua hoʻoneʻe ka ʻepekema i nā kūʻē loea o SMC a lākou i kuhi hewa ai i kā lākou hana ma GMO ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i alakaʻi ʻia e Michael Antoniou, PhD, poʻo o ka Gene Expression and Therapy Group, King's College London School of Medicine, a paʻi ʻia ma Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohana 'ana i ka pelekikena mole e hoʻohālikelike i ka mānoanoa o GMO i kona ʻaoʻao non-GM a hōʻike ʻia ʻo ka huaʻōla GM a me GM ʻole "ʻaʻole like iki." Ua hoʻopuka ʻo SMC i kahi nā hopena loea hoʻowahāwahā i ke aʻo ʻana, a ʻaʻole e ʻae i nā mea kākau e pane a hoʻoponopono paha i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o SMC, e like me nā mea kākau noiʻi.

"ʻAʻole pololei kēia mau manaʻo [i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka hoʻokuʻu SMC] a no laila hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i kā mākou pepa. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia mākou ʻaʻole ia ka kulekele o ka Science Media Center e kau ai i nā pane, e like me kā mākou, i nā ʻōlelo a ke komisina / kau ma kā lākou pūnaewele, "wahi a Antoniou. Nā mea kākau hoʻopaʻa haʻawina Kau ʻia kā lākou pane ma aneʻi.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Rebeka Wilce ka mea kākau moʻolelo i PR Nānā i ka 2014 ma kekahi mau laʻana o ka pro-GMO bias ma nā kamaʻilio SMC. Ua kākau ʻo ia:

Kāhea ʻo SMC iā ia iho i wahi kikowaena haʻiʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa no nā pilikia ʻepekema. Eia nō naʻe, nīnau ka poʻe loiloi i kona kūʻokoʻa mai ka ʻoihana GMO - me ka ʻōlelo a ka hui e hāʻawi wale ana kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole nā ​​mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe i ʻelima pākēneka o ka loaʻa kālā o ka hui. e hoʻolako i nā wili GMO hou aʻe ma aneʻi.

ʻO SMC alakaʻi ʻia ka pane i kahi noi 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā tumors i nā holoholona lab i hānai ʻia nā GMO i kahi noiʻi hānai wā lōʻihi. Ua hōʻino ākea ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma ka nūpepa, ua unuhi ʻia e ka puke pai mua a hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻē aʻe.

ʻO Media Coverage

ʻO Columbia Journalism Review ʻekolu ʻāpana moʻo, Iune 2013, "Nā Pūnaewele ʻApekema Pūnaewele a me ka Press"

Nature, na Ewen Callaway, Iulai 2013, "Pūnaewele ʻepekema: Ke kikowaena o ka nānā; Hoʻoholo ʻo Fiona Fox a me kāna Science Media Center e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka paʻi paʻi o Britain. Ke hoʻolaha nei ke k aroundkohu a puni ka honua ”

Nature, na Colin Macilwain, "ʻElua mau lāhui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e kahi kumu maʻamau: ʻO nā hoʻolālā e hoʻohālikelike i ko Britain Media Science Center ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiha ʻia me ka makaʻu"

Maikaʻi, na Stacy Malkan, Iulai 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?"

ʻO SciDevNet, na Mićo Tatalović, Mei 2014, "ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka UK Media Science Center no ka hoʻokuke ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana" Center lamb

Nānā PR, na Rebekah Wilke, ʻApelila 2014, "Hoʻolaha ka Science Media Center Pro-GMO Line"

Ma ka hui pili Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema:

ʻO ke kuʻina, na Liza Gross, Nowemapa 2016, "Kanalua kanalua: Pehea nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'epekema kani' e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana."

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema-USA Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Trevor Butterworth Spins ʻEpekema no ka ʻOihana

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hoʻouka aku i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa