Ua noi aku ka mea hoʻoponopono nūpepa pili Kina i ke kōkua e hoʻohuli i ke kuhiakau o Covid-19

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ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o kahi puke pai ʻepekema me nā pilina me Kina i kauoha ʻia a commentary e hōʻole i ke kuhiakau i loaʻa mai ka moʻolelo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 mai kahi lab, e like me nā leka uila i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know.

Ua hoʻokūpaʻa ka ʻōlelo i ka moʻolelo ʻepekema o ka maopopo e pili ana i nā kumu kūlohelohe o SARS-CoV-2, ʻo ka maʻi hoʻomaʻamaʻa ke kumu o Covid-19, he mau pule wale nō ma hope o ka ua hōʻike mua ʻia ka ʻōhū ma Wuhan, Kina.

ʻO ka ʻae a ka puke pai i ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka no ka paʻi ʻana ma waena o 12 mau hola o kona waiho ʻana e hōʻike ana i kahi kaʻina loiloi kūlana kiʻekiʻe e ka paʻi ʻepekema e hana i kahi manaʻo politika.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka, i kākau ʻia e nā virologists o US, i paʻi ʻia a puni ka manawa like me ʻepekema nā hōʻike a a olelo mai nā kānaka ʻepekema 27 i paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke pai like ʻole i hōʻike ʻia he kumu maoli kā ka coronavirus hou.

ka hōʻike ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono, ʻo Shan Lu o ke Kula Lapaʻau o Ke Kulanui o Massachusetts, ua noi i ka ʻōlelo no ka puke pai Nā Microbes e kū mai ana (Emi) hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana inā aia ʻike ma waena o nā pono politika a me ʻepekema e kūlike me nā Ke kūlana aupuni o Kina ma kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa loa hoʻopuka.

ʻO ka puke pai hoʻoponopono is lawelawe ʻia na Shanghai Shangyixun Cultural Communication Co. ma Kina, i ka laulima ʻana me ka mea hoʻopuka ʻo Taylor & Francis, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ʻEnelani. He mau luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai a me nā lālā o ka papa aia ma Kina, me nā hui pū kekahi me ke aupuni Kina.

Emi ʻO nā lālā o ka papa ʻo Shibo Jiang ma ke Kula Lapaʻau o ke Kulanui ʻo Fudan a ʻo Yuelong Shu ma ke Kulanui ʻo Sun-Yat Sen i waena o ka hui o nā ʻepekema Kina ka mea i ʻimi e hoʻololi i ka inoa o ka coronavirus hou e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai Kina; ʻO Dong Xiaoping kahi luna aupuni ma ke Keʻena Kina no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi, ʻo ia ka loea helu ʻelua ma ka ʻaoʻao Kina o ka Pepeluali 2020 huakaʻi me ka World Health Organization e wehewehe i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

ʻO ke poʻo manaʻo o Pepeluali 2020 ke poʻo inoa "ʻAʻohe mea hōʻoiaʻiʻo e kākoʻo ana i nā koi o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana o SARS-CoV-2," a ua kākau ʻia e nā virologists ʻo Shan-Lu Liu lāua ʻo Linda Saif o ke Kulanui o Ohio State. ʻO Susan Weiss o ke Kulanui o Pennsylvania; a ʻo Lishan Su, ka mea i pili i kēlā manawa me ke Kulanui o North Carolina. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā mea kākau i kā lākou ʻatikala e kūʻē ana i ka hiki i ka SARS-CoV-2 i hoʻomaka ʻia mai kahi leak o kahi lab coronavirus i kapa ʻia Kahiwa13 ka mea, ua e noho ana ma loko o Kina Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV).

ʻO ka WIV ka hale noiʻi poʻokela coronavirus poʻokela loa a loaʻa he mau mile wale nō mai ka pūnaewele o ka hōʻike mua ʻia ma Wuhan, Kina. Ua hoʻokuʻu pū nā mea kākau i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā loli i pili i nā maʻi e pili ana i ka SARS hana na ka ʻepekema WIV i ka laulima ʻana me kahi keʻena nui o ke Kulanui o North Carolina i lilo i kumu no SARS-CoV-2.

I kēia lā, ʻepekema WIV a me nā luna aupuni aupuni Kina ʻaʻole hāʻawi komo nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa i ka Hōkeo ʻikepili ʻo WIV o nā coronaviruses ʻōpeʻapeʻa.

ʻAe wikiwiki

I hoʻokahi Pepeluali 11, 2020 mail, Ua kono ʻo Liu iā Saif e lilo i mea kākau kākau ma kahi kikoʻī "kokoke loa" o "kahi ʻōlelo e pili ana i ke kumu o ka 2019-nCoV a i ʻole SARSCoV-2 i mea e paio ai kekahi mau lono." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Liu i ka leka uila ua kākau ʻo ia i ka manaʻo me Su ma ke kono a ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā Microbes e kū mai ana.

ʻAe ʻo Saif e hui pū, ka hoʻohālikelike: "Ua hoʻoponopono wau i kēia mana a hoʻohui i koʻu inoa ʻoiai ke manaʻo nui nei wau e pili ana i ka hōʻino ʻana i kēia."

ʻO Saif kahi kaʻawale kahi mea kau inoa i ka olelo i paʻiʻia ʻO ka Lancet ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēlā mau leka uila e EcoHealth Alliance's Peter Daszak. ʻO EcoHealth Alliance kahi hui waiwai ʻole i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona of Luna ʻauhau US kālā i manipulate genetically nā maʻi maʻi, me nā ʻepekema hoʻi ma ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology.

Ma Pepeluali 12, 2020, ʻo Liu kekahi kono ʻO Professor Weiss kekahi mea kākau pū, a ua ʻae koke ʻo ia.

Liu i hoʻounaʻia ka palapala ma ke ahiahi o Pepeluali 12, a ma loko o 12 mau hola, ke keʻena hoʻoponopono o Shanghai me ka puke pai lawe maikai nei ka pepa, me hoʻokahi loiloi loiloi e hōʻike nei: "He ʻōlelo haʻi ʻōlelo kēia manawa. Kākau maikaʻi ʻia ... ʻ suggestlelo aku nei au e paʻi koke. ”

Ma Pepeluali 2020, Emi paʻi ʻelua mau manaʻo hou aʻe, nā mea āpau i ke kūlana o ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

  • a Pepeluali 4 commentary i kapa ʻia ʻo "HIV-1 ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka genome 2019-nCoV" e nā ʻepekema Kina i hoʻokumu ʻia e US me nā pili i nā kula Kina; a
  • a Pepeluali 28 commentary me ke poʻo inoa "No SAREA-CoV-2 mai ka hale hana? Kahi i hōʻole ʻia i ke kuleana o ka hoʻokumu ʻana ma o ka hoʻohui hou ʻana o ka hale hana,

Ke hoʻomau nei ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa Origins 

ʻO ka poʻe loea nāna i kākau ka Emi ʻaʻole manaʻo ka manaʻo ma nā hale WIV hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia ʻO nā coronaviruses pili pili i ka SARS, i hiki ke lawelawe ʻia ma ke ʻano he anakuhi no ke kumu lab o SARS-CoV-2, e like me i kekahi poʻe ʻepekema. I kēia lā, ke koe nei ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ke kumu o ka maʻi hamama, a aia no e ulu ana Kāhea e makaikai kūlohelohe a me nā hiʻohiʻona lab-origin.

ʻO Stanford Professor David Relman kakau iho la i ka PNAS ʻatikala e kūʻē ana i nā hanana ʻenekini kūkākūkā ʻia "ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i ka hiki ke ʻike ʻia he ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau kūpuna i hōʻike ʻole ʻia (ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻo nā kūpuna kokoke ma mua o RaTG13 a me RmYN02) a ua aʻo ʻia i loko o kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua - no ka laʻana, hoʻokahi me ka ʻO ka backbone o ka SARS-CoV-2 a me ka spike protein-binding domain, a ʻo kekahi me ka pūnaewele cleavage furbasage SARS-CoV-2 polybasic. He hana kūpono hou ia e noʻonoʻo ai e pili ana i nā waiwai o ka virus recombinant a laila hana ia i loko o ke keʻena hoʻokolohua. "

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

ʻO nā leka uila a ke Kulanui o Ohio State Professor Linda Saif, a US Right to Know i loaʻa ma o kahi noi moʻolelo lehulehu, hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila Saif pūʻulu # 1: Ke Kulanui o Ohio State (Nānā 303)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Ua ʻimi nā ʻepekema Kina e hoʻololi i ka inoa o ka coronavirus make e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai Kina

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I nā lā mua o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19, ua hoʻāʻo kahi hui o nā ʻepekema e pili ana me ke aupuni o Kina e hoʻokaʻawale i ka coronavirus mai Kina ma o ka hoʻohuli ʻana i kāna inoa inoa. ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia ua ʻike mua ʻia ka maʻi ma Wuhan, Kina, ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ua makaʻu lākou e ʻike ʻia ka maʻi ʻo "Wuhan coronavirus" a i ʻole "Wuhan pneumonia," nā leka uila i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike i ka hōʻike.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i mua i ke kaua ʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke aupuni Kina e hoʻokino i ka moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu o ka nūhou coronavirus.

ʻO ka inoa o ka maʻi "he mea nui i ka poʻe Kina" a me nā kuhikuhi e pili ana i ka maʻi i hōʻike iā Wuhan "stigmatize and insid" Wuhan mau kamaʻāina, nā leka mai nā lā ʻo Pepeluali 2020.

ʻO ka mea kikoʻī ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻepekema Kina i ka inoa loea kūhelu i hāʻawi ʻia i ka maʻi - "koʻikoʻi respiratory respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" - ʻaʻole wale "paʻakikī e hoʻomanaʻo a ʻike" akā "" hoʻopunipuni maoli nō "no ka mea pili ia ka mea hoʻomaʻi hou i ka maʻi SARS-CoV 2003 i hoʻomaka ma Kina.

Ua kapa ʻia ka maʻi e ka Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) o ke Kōmike Hoʻomalu e pili ana iā Virus Taxonomy (ICTV).

ʻO Wuhan Institute of Virology ʻepekema ʻo Zhengli Shi, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka inoa hou hana, i ho'ākāka ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila i ke Kulanui o North Carolina virologist ʻo Ralph Baric, "kahi kūkākūkā ikaika i waena o nā virologists Kina" ma luna o ka inoa SARS-CoV-2.

ʻO Deyin Guo, ka mea ma mua o ke Kula Nui o Biomedical Science o Wuhan University a me ka mea kākau o ka noi hoʻololi hoʻololi inoa, kakau iho la i nā lālā CSG ua hōʻole lākou i ke kūkākūkā ʻana i kā lākou koho inoa ʻana me "virologists me nā ʻike mua loa [ili] o ka maʻi maʻi a me nā mea wehewehe mua o ka maʻi ”mai Kina ʻāina nui.

"ʻAʻole kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana i hoʻokahi inoa virus ma muli o ka maʻi (e like me SARS-CoV) e inoa i nā maʻi kūlohelohe ʻē aʻe āpau o ka ʻano like akā he ʻokoʻa loa nā waiwai," kākau ʻo ia i ka leka i hoʻouna ʻia ma kona ʻaoʻao a ʻelima mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe o Kina.

Ua hoʻolālā ka hui i kahi inoa koho - "Transmissible respiratory respiratory coronavirus (TARS-CoV). ʻO kekahi koho ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻia, ʻo ia ka "Human acute respiratory coronavirus (HARS-CoV)."

Ua kākau ʻia ka pae leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka inoa iā CSG Chair John Ziebuhr.

Hōʻike nā leka i kūʻē ʻo Ziebuhr i ka manaʻo o ka hui Kina. Ua pane ʻo ia "ʻo ka inoa ʻo SARS-CoV-2 e hoʻopili ana i kēia maʻi i nā mea ʻino ʻē aʻe (i kapa ʻia ʻo SARS-CoVs a i ʻole SARSr-CoVs) i kēia ʻano e like me ka virus prototype o nā mea ulu ma mua o ka maʻi i hoʻouluulu i ka inoa o kēia prototype virus ma kahi o 20 mau makahiki i hala. Hoʻohana ʻia ka suffix -2 ma ke ʻano he mea ʻike kū hoʻokahi a hōʻike ʻia ʻo SARS-Co V-2 he ANOTHER (akā pili loa) i kēia maʻi. "

ʻO kā China hui kūʻāina nona ka mokuʻāina ʻo CGTN hoike hooikaika hou ana i Malaki 2020 e nā virologists Kina e kapa hou i ka inoa SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he coronavirus kanaka 2019 (HCoV-19), ʻaʻole pū kekahi i hui pū ʻia me ka CSG.

Ke kapa nei i ka maʻi hoʻomaʻamaʻa ahulau - ke kuleana o ka World Health Organization (WHO) - he pinepine ia hoʻopiʻi politika hoʻoikaika kino i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻauhau ʻana.

I ka wā i laha mua o ka H5N1 flu ʻo ka virus i kū aʻe ma Kina, ua hoʻokau ke aupuni Kina i ka WHO e hana i nomenclature e hoʻopaʻa ʻole i nā inoa virus i kā lākou mōʻaukala a i ʻole nā ​​wahi i hele mai ai.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Nā leka uila a ke Kulanui o North Carolina ʻo Professor Ralph Baric, kahi a US Right to Know i loaʻa mai ma o kahi noi moʻolelo lehulehu, hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: ʻO nā leka uila Baric # 2: Ke Kulanui o North Carolina (Nānā 332)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka poʻe ʻepekema i kūkākūkā e pili ana i kā lākou komo ʻana i ka palapala puke pai e pili ana i nā kumu o Covid

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ʻO ka pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak, ke poʻo o kahi hui i pili i ka noiʻi ʻana i genetically manipulate coronaviruses, ua kūkākūkā e hūnā i kāna kuleana i kahi ʻōlelo i paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki i hala i ʻO ka Lancet i hoʻohewa ʻia ma ke ʻano he "thepirates theories" hopohopo e pili ana ka maʻi virus COVID-19 i loko o kahi keʻena noiʻi, ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo Lancet, i pūlima ʻia e 27 ʻepekema koʻikoʻi, he mea nui i ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā manaʻo kānalua e kekahi poʻe ʻepekema e hiki i ka COVID-19 ke pili i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology o Kina, a he pili pili noiʻi kēia na ka EcoHealth Alliance.

Ua kākau ʻo Daszak i ka ʻōlelo a hoʻolaha iā ia i nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e kau inoa. Akā ʻo ka leka uila hōʻike iā Daszak a me ʻelua mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e pili ana iā EcoHealth i manaʻo ʻaʻole pono e kau inoa i ka ʻōlelo i mea e uhi ai i kā lākou komo pū i loko. Ke waiho nei i ko lākou inoa mai ka ʻōlelo e hāʻawi iā ia "kahi mamao mai iā mākou a no laila ʻaʻole holo i kahi ala counterproductive," kākau ʻo Daszak.

Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Daszak hiki iā ia ke "hoʻouna a puni" i nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e kau inoa. "E hoʻokuʻi mākou i kahi ala i ʻole e hoʻopili iā ia i kā mākou hana pū ʻana no laila e hoʻonui mākou i kahi leo kūʻokoʻa," i kākau ʻo ia.

Ua kākau nā ʻepekema ʻelua ʻo Daszak e pili ana i ka pono e hōʻike kūʻokoʻa ka pepa iā EcoHealth, he loea coronavirus ʻo Ralph Baric lāua ʻo Linfa Wang.

Ma nā leka uila, ua ʻae ʻo Baric me kā Daszak manaʻo e ʻaʻole pūlima ʻO ka Lancet ʻōlelo, kākau ʻana "Inā ʻaʻole ia e nānā pono iā ia iho, a lilo kā mākou hopena."

Ua kau inoa ʻo Daszak i ka ʻōlelo iā ia iho, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi alakaʻi a mea hoʻomalu paha o ka hana.

ʻO nā leka uila kahi ʻāpana o kahi tranche o nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana i ka hana ʻana ʻo Daszak mai ka wā ma mua o ka makahiki i hala e hōʻino ai ke kuhiakau i kulu paha ka SARS-CoV-2 mai ka Ke Kula ʻo Wuhan.

ʻO ka hōʻike mua ʻia o COVID-19 ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Wuhan.

Pono ʻo US e ʻike mamua ua hōʻike ua kākau ʻo Daszak i ka ʻōlelo no ʻO ka Lancet, a hoʻonohonoho ʻia ia i "ʻAʻole e ʻike ʻia e hele mai ana mai kekahi hui a kanaka paha" akā e ʻike ʻia ma "Kahi leka mai nā ʻepekema alakaʻi".

ʻO EcoHealth Alliance kahi hui nonprofit ma Nu Ioka i loaʻa he miliona miliona o ka ʻauhau ʻauhau US no ka genetically manipulate coronaviruses, me nā ʻepekema ma Wuhan Institute.

ʻO ka mea nui, ua puka mai ʻo Daszak ma ke ʻano he kikowaena kikoʻī i ka hoʻokolokolo kūhelu ʻana o kā SARS-CoV-2 kumu. He lālā ʻo ia o ka Pūnaewele o ka Honuake kime o ka poʻe loea e huli nei i ke kumu o ka coronavirus, a ʻO ka Lancet COVID 19 Komisina.

E ʻike i kā mākou hōʻike mua ʻana i kēia kumuhana: 

E kau inoa no kā mākou leka pepa manuahi e loaʻa ai nā lono hou i kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. 

Hāpai nā ʻikepili i loli i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā kī nui i nā kumu coronavirus

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ʻO nā loiloi i nā ʻikepili genomic e pili ana i nā ʻike nui ʻehā e pili ana i nā kumu coronavirus e hoʻohui i nā nīnau hou e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o kēia mau aʻo ʻana, e hāʻawi ana i ke kākoʻo kumu no ke kuhiakau. i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo SARS-CoV-2 i ka holoholona lōhiu. Nā haʻawina, Peng Zhou et al., Hong Zhou et al., Lam et al., a Xiao et al., ʻike ʻia nā coronavirus pili pili iā SARS-CoV-2 i nā opeapea lio a me nā pangolin Malayan.

Ua waiho nā mea kākau noiʻi i ka ʻikepili hōʻiliʻili DNA i kapa ʻia Heluhelu ke kaʻina, a lākou i hoʻohana ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā genome bat a me pangolin-coronavirus, ma ka National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) kaʻina heluhelu waihona (SRA). Ua hoʻokumu ʻo NCBI i ka waihona kikowaena lehulehu e kōkua i ka hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa o nā aniani genomic e pili ana i nā ʻenehana hoʻonohonoho kiʻekiʻe.

Ua kuleana ʻo US e ʻike i nā palapala i noi ʻia e nā moʻolelo lehulehu hōʻike i nā hoʻoponopono i kēia mau noiʻi SRA ʻikepili mahina ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana. ʻAno kēia mau loiloi no ka mea ua hana ʻia ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana, a me ka ʻole o ke kumu, ka wehewehe a me ka hōʻoia.

ʻo kahi laʻana, Peng Zhou et al. a Lam et al. hōʻano hou i kā lākou ʻikepili SRA ma nā lā ʻelua like. ʻAʻole wehewehe nā palapala i ke kumu a lākou i hoʻololi ai i kā lākou ʻikepili, akā ua hana ʻia kekahi mau hoʻololi. Xiao et al. ua hoʻololi he nui i kā lākou SRA ʻikepili, me ka holoi ʻia ʻana o ʻikepili ʻelua ma Malaki 10, ka hoʻohui o kahi hōkeo hou ma Iune 19, kahi 8 o Nowemapa i hoʻololi hou ʻia i ka ʻikepili i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻOkakopa 30, a me kahi hoʻololi hou o ka ʻikepili ma Nowemapa 13 - ʻelua lā ma hope Nature pākuʻi ʻia i kahi “palapala hopohopo” a ka Luna Hoʻoponopono. e pili ana i ke aʻo ʻana. Hong Zhou et al. e kaʻana like i ka huina SRA holoʻokoʻa e hiki ai i ka hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa. ʻOiai nā puke pai e like Nature koi i nā mea kākau e hana i nā ʻikepili āpau.loaʻa koke”I ka manawa o ka paʻi ʻana, hiki ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka ʻikepili SRA mahope iho o paipalapala; akā ʻano ʻokoʻa ka hana ʻana i nā hoʻololi i kēlā me kēia mahina ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana.

ʻO kēia mau hoʻololi ʻano ʻē o ka ʻikepili SRA ʻaʻole ia e hana maʻalahi i nā ʻehā mau aʻo a me kā lākou ʻikepili e pili pono ana. Eia nō naʻe, nā lohi, nā hemahema a me nā loli o ka ʻike SRA ua hoʻohoka i ka hui kūʻokoʻa a me ka hōʻoia o nā kaʻina genome i paʻi ʻia, a hoʻohui i ninau a nā mea pili e pili ana i ka kūpono o nā aʻo ʻehā, e like me:

  1. He aha nā hoʻoponopono hou ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana i ka ʻikepili SRA? No ke aha i hana ʻia ai? Pehea lākou i hoʻopili ai i nā anamanaʻo a me nā hopena genomic e pili ana?
  2. Ua hōʻoia ʻia kēia mau hoʻoponopono SRA? Inā pēlā, pehea? ʻO ka ʻO kā NCBI hōʻoia wale nō ke ana hoʻohālikelike no ka paʻi ʻana i kahi SRA BioProject– ma ʻō aku o ka ʻike kumu e like me "inoa meaola" - ʻaʻole hiki ke kope ʻia ia.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

ka National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) hiki ke loaʻa nā palapala ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila NCBI (Nānā 63)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

ʻAʻohe manaʻo loiloi o nā hoa no ka hoʻohui i ka ʻike kumu coronavirus koʻikoʻi?

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Ka mangalepa Nature ʻaʻole i loiloi i ka hilinaʻi o nā kuleana koʻikoʻi i hana ʻia i Nowemapa 17 hoʻohui a like ma nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa kumu o ka moʻolelo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, nā leka me Nature manaʻo nā limahana.

Ma Pepeluali 3, 2020, ua hōʻike ka ʻepekema Wuhan Institute of Virology i ka ʻike ʻana i kahi pili kokoke loa o ka SARS-CoV-2, kahi cor corona virus i kapa ʻia ʻo RaTG13. Kahiwa13 ua lilo i kikowaena i ke kuhiakau i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo SARS-CoV-2 i ka holoholona lōhiu.

ʻO nā helu ʻōlelo hoʻohui pane ʻole ʻia ninau e pili ana i ka hōʻoia o RaTG13. Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau, Zhou et al., Ua loaʻa iā RaTG13 ma 2012-2013 "i kahi mineshaft i haʻalele ʻia ma ka moku ʻo Mojiang, ka moku ʻo Yunnan," kahi ʻeono mau minia i ʻeha. huʻihuʻi respiratory respiratory syndrome ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia i nā f bat bathes, a ʻekolu i make. Nā noiʻi ʻana o ka hiki i nā hōʻailona o nā mea minia maʻi ke hāʻawi i nā hōʻailona koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Zhou et al. ua hōʻike i ka loaʻa ʻole o nā coronavirus e pili ana i ka SARS i nā laʻana serum i mālama ʻia o nā mea miners maʻi, akā ʻaʻole lākou i kākoʻo i kā lākou mau koi me nā ʻikepili a me nā ʻano e pili ana i kā lākou hoʻokolohua a me nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua.

Loaʻa ka ʻole o ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i ka addendum hāpai hou i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o ka Zhou et al. hoʻopaʻa haʻawina. Ma Nowemapa 27, Ua noi ʻo US Right to Know Nature ninau e pili ana i nā kuleana o ka addendum, a noi ʻia i kēlā Nature paʻi i nā ʻikepili kākoʻo āpau a Zhou et al. ua hāʻawi paha.

Ma Kekemapa 2, Nature Ke poʻo o nā kamaʻilio Bex Walton wahi a ʻo ia ke kumu Zhou et al. ua "pololei akā maopopo ʻole" ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana, a ua kūpono ka hoʻohui anuu hope-paʻi no ka wehewehe ʻana. Ua hoʻohui ʻo ia: "E pili ana i kāu mau nīnau, e kuhikuhi mākou iā ʻoe e hoʻokokoke i nā mea kākau o ka pepa no nā pane, e like me ʻaʻole pili kēia mau nīnau i ka noiʻi a mākou i paʻi ai akā i nā noiʻi ʻē aʻe i mālama ʻia e nā mea kākau, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo ”(koʻikoʻi iā mākou). ʻOiai ʻo kā mākou nīnau e pili ana i ka noiʻi i wehewehe ʻia i ka addendum, ka Nature Hōʻike ka ʻōlelo a ka lunamakaʻāinana ʻaʻole i loiloi ʻia kā addendum a Zhou et al. ma ke ʻano he noiʻi.

Ua nīnau mākou he nīnau nīnau ma Kēkēmapa 2: "ua kau ʻia kēia addendum i kekahi loiloi ʻia e nā hoa a me / a i ʻole ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono ʻana e Nature? ” ʻAʻole i pane pololei ʻo Ms. Walton; ʻo ia wahi a: "Ma ka laulā, e loiloi kā mākou mea hoʻoponopono i nā manaʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo i hāpai ʻia me mākou i ka manawa mua, e nīnau ana i nā mea kākau, a e ʻimi ana i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo mai nā loiloi hoa a me nā loea ʻē aʻe inā manaʻo mākou he pono. ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo i ka mālama pilikino ʻana i nā hihia pākahi.

No ka Nature manaʻo i ka hoʻohui he a ka hope-hoʻopuka hou, a ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokau i ka post post addenda i nā kūlana loiloi loiloi like e like me nā paʻi mua, me he mea lā ʻo Zhou et al. ʻAʻole i hoʻomoe ʻia e addendum.

ʻAʻole pane nā mea kākau ʻo Zhengli Shi lāua ʻo Peng Zhou iā ia mākou nīnau e pili ana i ko lakou Nature pākuʻi

Hōʻike nā leka uila hou i nā kūkākūkā ʻepekema e pili ana i ke kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana no ke kumu ʻo SARS-CoV-2 

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Hāʻawi i nā leka uila hou i nā ʻike i ka hoʻomohala ʻia ʻana o kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i nā kumu kūlohelohe o ka puke coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ʻoiai e waiho ana nā nīnau ʻepekema nui. ʻO nā kūkākūkā kūloko a me kahi ʻōkuhi mua o ka leka a ka ʻepekema e hōʻike ana i ka poʻe loea e kūkākūkā ana i nā hemahema o ka ʻike a me nā nīnau i pane ʻole ʻole ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu lab, ʻoiai e ʻimi ana kekahi e hōʻemi i nā manaʻo "fringe" e pili ana i ka hiki ʻana o ka maʻi virus mai kahi keʻena hana

Ua wehewehe nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā nūhou he nui i nā hōʻike e like me "nui loa”I hoʻomaka ʻia ka maʻi ma ka holoholona lōhiu, ʻaʻole mai kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua. Eia nō naʻe, hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope o ka hōʻike mua ʻia ʻana o nā hihia o SARS-CoV-2 ma ke kūlanakauhale Kina o Wuhan. ʻike iki ʻia pehea a ma hea ua hoʻomaka ka maʻi virus. ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi COVID-19, he mea nui paha ia e pale aku ai i ka maʻi maʻi e hiki mai ana.

Nā leka uila a ka loea coronavirus ʻO Professor Ralph Baric - i loaʻa ma o nā moʻolelo lehulehu i noi ʻia e US Right to Know - e hōʻike i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o nā ʻelele o National Academy of Science (NAS), a me nā loea i ka biosecurity a me nā maʻi lele mai nā kula nui o US. Hui ʻEcoHealth.

Ma Pepeluali 3, ke Keʻena Keʻokeʻo o ka ʻEpekema a me nā Kālā ʻEpekema Ua nīnau ʻo (OSTP) ka National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) e "hoʻākoakoa i ka hālāwai o ka poʻe loea ... e loiloi i ka ʻikepili, ka ʻike, a me nā laʻana e pono ai e kamaʻilio i nā mea ʻike ʻole ʻia, i mea e maopopo ai i nā kumu hoʻomohala o 2019-nCoV, a me ka pane maikaʻi aku. i ka maʻi ahulau a me nā hopena hewa e pili ana i ka hopena. "

ʻO Baric a me nā loea maʻi maʻi ʻē aʻe i pili i ka hoʻolālā ʻana ka pane. Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kūkākūkā kūloko o ka poʻe loea a me kahi ʻōkuhi mua hana ʻia Pepeluali 4.

Ua wehewehe ka ʻōkuhi mua i "nā manaʻo mua o ka poʻe loea" e "kūlike ka ʻike genomic me ka evolution kūlohelohe a ʻaʻohe hōʻike i kēia manawa e ʻenekini ʻia ka maʻi e hoʻolaha koke aku i waena o nā kānaka." Ua nīnau ʻia kēia huaʻōlelo kikoʻī i nā nīnau, i loko o nā panakū: "[noi aku i ka poʻe loea e hoʻohui i nā kikoʻī e hoʻopaʻa hou ana i nā pūnaewele?]" Ua komo pū kekahi ma ka palapala hemahema i loko o nā mākeke: evolution o nā coronaviruses e pili ana.]

In hoʻokahi leka uila, i ka lā 4 o Pepeluali, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Trevor Bedford, ka loea maʻi maʻi: "ʻAʻole wau e ʻōlelo i nā pūnaewele paʻa ma aneʻi. Inā ʻoe e hoʻomaka i ke kaupaona ʻana i nā hōʻike he nui nā mea e noʻonoʻo ai no nā hanana ʻelua. ” Na "nā hanana ʻelua," ʻike ʻia ʻo Bedford i nā hanana lab-origin a me nā kūmole kūlohelohe.

He mea nui ka nīnau no nā pūnaewele paʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Nā pūnaewele paʻa paʻa ma ka hāʻawi pūnaehana spike protein o SARS-CoV-2 "Kokoke-maikaʻi loa" ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana a me ke komo ʻana o ka maʻi i loko o nā huna kanaka, a hoʻonui i ka maʻi ʻo SARS-CoV-2 ma mua o ka SARS-CoV. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā kānaka ʻepekema ua hiki ke hoʻokumu ʻia nā pūnaewele paʻa paʻa o SARS-CoV-2 ma muli o kahi hopena o maoli hoʻoheheʻe wai i ka hihiu a i ʻole ʻike keʻena hoʻokolohua hoʻohui hou ʻana o kahi kūpuna kūlohelohe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o SARS-CoV-2.

ka leka hope loa i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 6 ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻia nā pūnaewele paʻa a i ʻole ka hiki ke loaʻa kahi kahua kahua. Hoʻomaopopo pono ia i ka nui o ka ʻike e pono ai e hoʻoholo i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Wahi a ka leka, "Ua haʻi mai ka poʻe loea iā mākou i ka ʻike hou ʻia ʻana o ka ʻikepili genomic mai ka hulihonua - a me ka manawa - pono nā laʻana viral like ʻole e hoʻoholo i ke kumu a me ka ulu ʻana o ka maʻi. ʻO nā laʻana i hōʻiliʻili ʻia e like me ka hiki ke hiki i ka W outbreak ma Wuhan a me nā laʻana mai nā holoholona l?

Hōʻike nā leka uila i kekahi mau loea e kūkākūkā ana i ka pono o ka ʻōlelo moakaka e pale ai i ka mea i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "the crackpot theories" o ke kumu lab. Kristian Andersen, mea kākau alakaʻi o an pepa Kauka Lapaʻau Manaʻo koʻikoʻi ke ʻōlelo nei i kahi kumu kūlohelohe o SARS-CoV-2, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke kumu he "maikaʻi loa ia, akā noʻonoʻo wau inā pono mākou e ʻoi aku ka paʻa i ka nīnau o ka ʻenehana." Ua hoʻomau ʻo ia, "Inā ʻo kekahi o nā kumu nui o kēia palapala ka mea e kūʻē ai i kēlā mau ʻaoʻao pili, manaʻo wau he mea nui e hana ikaika a ma ka ʻōlelo maʻamau ..."

In kana pane, Hoʻonohonoho ʻo Baric i ka lawe ʻana i kahi kumu ʻepekema no ko SARS-CoV-2 kūlohelohe. "Manaʻo wau pono mākou e ʻōlelo ʻo ka pili kokoke loa i kēia maʻi (96%) i ʻike ʻia mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa e kahe ana i kahi ana ma Yunnan, Kina. He ʻōlelo ikaika kēia no ke kumu o ka holoholona. ”

ʻO ka hope palapala mai nā pelekikena ʻo NASEM ʻaʻole e kū i kahi kūlana ma ke kumu o ka maʻi virus. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia, "Ua mālama ʻia nā noiʻi noiʻi e hoʻomaopopo pono i ke kumu o 2019-nCoV a pehea e pili ai i nā mea ʻino i loaʻa i nā opeapea a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka pili pili kokoke loa o 2019-nCoV ʻike ʻia he coronavirus i ʻike ʻia mai nā laʻana mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma Kina. " Ua kuhikuhi ʻia ka leka ʻelua haʻawina i alakaʻi ʻia e EcoHealth Alliance a me Wuhan Institute of Virology. ʻO nā mea ʻelua kahi kumu kūlohelohe no SARS-CoV-2.

I kekahi mau pule ma hope mai, ua ʻike ʻia ka leka a nā pelekikena NASEM ma ke ʻano he kumu mana no kekahi mea koʻikoʻi ʻōlelo a nā ʻepekema i paʻi ʻia i loko ʻO ka Lancet i hōʻike hou aku i ka maopopo e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Ua hōʻike ʻo USRTK ma mua ua kākau ʻo Pelekikena EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak i kēlā ʻōlelo, i ʻōlelo ʻo "ʻepekema mai nā ʻāina he nui ... ua hoʻoholo nui loa ʻia ua hoʻomaka kēia coronavirus i ka holoholona lōhiu." ʻO kēia kūlana, nā ʻōlelo i kākau ʻia, "kākoʻo hou ʻia e kahi leka mai nā pelekikena o ka US National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine."

ʻO nā mea i koho ʻia ma hope o Peter Daszak a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe ʻo EcoHealth i ʻO ke Komisina Lancet COVID19 a ʻo Daszak i ka ʻO nā noiʻi a ka World Health Organization o nā kumu kumu o SARS-CoV-2 ʻo ka hilinaʻi o kēia mau hana i hoʻohiolo ʻia e nā paio o ka hoihoi, a ma ka hiohiona ua hoʻokolokolo mua lākou i ka hihia ma ka lima.

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"Nā pilikia e pale paha mākou"

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila Baric i kahi lunamakaʻāinana NAS e'ōlelo ana i nā ʻepekema US pono lākou e "hōʻalo" i nā nīnau e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2 i nā hālāwai kūkā ʻelua a lākou e hoʻolālā nei me nā loea COVID-19 Kina. Ua kūkākūkā nā leka uila i Mei a me Iune 2020 i nā hoʻolālā no nā hālāwai. Ke komo nei i ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika, he hapa nui o lākou he lālā no ka NAS Komite kūpaʻa e pili ana i nā maʻi lele e kū nei a me nā hoʻoweliweli olakino kenekulia 21, me Ralph Baric, Peter Daszak, David Franz, James Le Duc, Stanley Perlman, David Relman, Linda Saif, a me Peiyong Shi.

ka komo ʻepekema ʻē aʻe ʻo George Gao, Zhengli Shi, a me Zhiming Yuan. ʻO George Gao ka luna o Kina CDC. Alakaʻi ʻo Zhengli Shi i ka noiʻi coronavirus ma Wuhan Institute of Virology, a ʻo Zhiming Yuan ka luna o WIV.

In email i ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika e pili ana i kahi kau hoʻolālā, ua wehewehe ʻo NAS Rusmeek Polokalamu Senior Program i ke kumu o ka hālāwai: "e hoʻopihapiha iā ʻoe ma ke kamaʻilio kamaʻilio, kūkā i nā kumuhana / nā nīnau (papa inoa i kāu leka kono a hoʻopili ʻia) a me nā pilikia a mākou paha e pale (nā nīnau kumu, nā politika)… ”

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Loulou i ke Kulanui o North Carolina ʻO kā Professor Ralph Baric mau leka uila hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila Baric (Nānā 83,416)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai mākou hoʻokolokolo biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Nā huahana mai nā leka uila a ka loea ʻo coralavirus ʻo Ralph Baric 

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Papa ʻia kēia ʻaoʻao i nā palapala i loko o nā leka uila a Professor Ralph Baric, i loaʻa iā US Right to Know i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala lehulehu. ʻO Kauka Baric He loea coronavirus ma ke Kulanui o North Carolina, Chapel Hill (UNC). Loaʻa iā ia hoʻomohala i nā ʻenehana i e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hiki ke ahulau o nā coronaviruses ʻōpeʻapeʻa e kū nei in hana pū ʻana me Dr. Zhengli Shi ma ka Wuhan Institute of Virology a me EcoHealth Alliance.

Hōʻike nā leka uila nā kūkākūkā kūloko a me kahi ʻōpala mua o kahi leka ʻepekema nui e pili ana i nā kumu coronavirus, a hoʻomālamalama i ka pilina ma waena o ka US a me ka poʻe loea Kina i ka biodefense a me nā maʻi lele, a me nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana e like me EcoHealth Alliance a me National Academy of Science (NAS).

E ʻoluʻolu e leka uila i nā mea hoihoi a mākou i ʻike ai sainath@usrtk.org, i hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohui iā lākou ma lalo.

Nā huahana mai nā leka uila Baric

  1. ʻO Tracy McNamara, Polofesa o Pathology ma ke Kulanui o Health Health ma Pomona, Kaleponi kakau iho la ma Malaki 25, 2020:: "Ua hoʻohana ke Aupuni Pekelala ma kahi o $ 1 biliona kālā no ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka Global Health Security Agenda e kōkua i nā lāhui e hoʻomōhala ana i ka hiki ke ʻike / hōʻike / pane i nā hoʻoweliweli pandemika. Hoʻohana ʻia he $ 200 miliona hou aʻe ma ka papahana PREDICT ma o USAID e ʻimi nei i nā mea hōʻeuʻeu e puka mai ana ma nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa, nā ʻiole a me nā mōʻī ma nā ʻāina ʻē A i kēia manawa makemake ka Global Virome Project i $ 1.5 biliona kālā e holo a puni ka honua e ʻimi nei i kēlā me kēia virus ma ka ʻili o ka honua. E loaʻa kālā paha kā lākou. Akā ʻaʻole kekahi o kēia mau papahana i palekana i ka poʻe ʻauhau ma aneʻi ma ka home. ” (ke koʻikoʻi i ka mea kumu)
  2. ʻO Kauka Jonathan Epstein, Hope Pelekikena no ʻEpekema a me waho ma EcoHealth Alliance, imi alakaʻi no kahi noi mai ka US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana me ka "ʻike maʻalahi i ka hoʻohana lua" (Malaki 2018).
  3. Hui ʻEcoHealth uku ia ʻO Kauka Baric kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he honorarium (Ianuali 2018).
  4. kono i ka US National Academy of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) a me ka Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science (CAAS) ʻO US Kūkākūkā Kūkākūkā a me Workshop e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā maʻi e kū mai ana, ka palekana Laboratory, ka palekana olakino ākea a me nā hana kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o Gene i ka noiʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi., Harbin, Kina, Ian 8-10, 2019 (Nowemapa 2018-Ianuali 2019). Mākaukau leka uila a me ka memo huakaʻi hōʻike i ka ʻike o ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika.
  5. Kono kono NAS i kahi hālāwai o ka US a me ka poʻe loea Kina e hana nei e pale i nā maʻi infectious a hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino honua (Nowemapa 2017). Ua hoʻākoakoa ʻia ka hālāwai e ka NAS a me ka Galveston National Laboratory. Ua mālama ʻia ma Ianuali 16-18, 2018, ma Galveston, Texas. A memo huakaʻi hōʻike i ka ʻike o ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika. Hope leka uila hōʻike i ka WIV's Kauka Zhengli Shi aia ma ka hālāwai.
  6. Ma Pepeluali 27, 2020, Baric kakau iho la, "I kēia manawa ʻo ke kumu o ke kumu he ʻōpeʻapeʻa ia, a ke hoʻomaopopo nei au he hewa ke kuhi ʻana he pono ka hoʻokipa waena."
  7. Ma Malaki 5, 2020, Baric kakau iho la, "ʻAʻole loa he hōʻike e pili ana kēia maʻi i ka bioengineered."

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i nā leka uila a Professor Ralph Baric ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila Baric (~ 83,416 ʻaoʻao)

Ke kau nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo EcoHealth Alliance i ka ʻōlelo ʻepekema nui e pili ana i ka “kumu kūlohelohe” o SARS-CoV-2

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Hoʻohou 2.15.21 - Ua leka hou ʻia ka leka uila Daszak: “ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e kau inoa i ka 'Statement' Ralph !!

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana i a ʻōlelo ma ʻO ka Lancet i kākau ʻia e 27 ʻepekema olakino olakino lehulehu e hoʻāhewa nei i nā "kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole he kumu kūlohelohe ʻo COVID-19" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e nā limahana o EcoHealth Alliance, kahi hui waiwai ʻole i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona of Luna ʻauhau US kālā i manipulate genetically aihua me nā ʻepekema i ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana ua koho ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Peter Daszak i ka Lancet olelo, a ua manao ia e "ʻAʻole e ʻike ʻia e hele mai ana mai kekahi hui a kanaka paha" akā e ʻike ʻia ma "Kahi leka mai nā ʻepekema alakaʻi". Ua kākau ʻo Daszak ua makemake ʻo ia “e hōʻalo ai i ke ʻano o kahi ʻōlelo politika".

Ua ʻike ʻia ka leka a ka poʻe ʻepekema i ʻO ka Lancet ma Pepeluali 18, hoʻokahi pule wale nō ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka World Health Organization e kapa ʻia ka maʻi i hōʻea ʻia e ka novel coronavirus COVID-19.

"Kuhi ikaika nā mea kākau 27 i nā manaʻo kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole he kumu kūlohelohe ʻo COVID-19," a ua hōʻike ʻia ua hana ʻepekema mai nā ʻāina he nui "ua hoʻomaka kēia coronavirus i ka holoholona lōhiu." ʻAʻole pili ka leka i nā ʻepekema e hōʻole i ke kumumanaʻo kumu o ka maʻi. Hoʻokahi ʻepekema, ʻo Linda Saif, i nīnau ʻia ma o ka leka uila inā he pono "E hoʻohui i hoʻokahi a i ʻole 2 mau ʻōlelo i kākoʻo i ke kumu o ka nCOV ʻaʻole kahi lab i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi virus a ke hana maʻamau nei? ʻIke he koʻikoʻi e hōʻole ʻepekema i kēlā mau koi! ” Pane ʻo Daszak, “Manaʻo wau e pili paha mākou i kahi ʻōlelo ākea. "

Ke heahea nei e noiʻi i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūpono o SARS-CoV-2 i alakaʻi ʻia i hoʻonui i ka loiloi o EcoHealth Alliance. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka hana a nā lālā o ka EcoHealth Alliance i ka hana mua ʻana i ka waiho ʻana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hiki ʻana o kahi lab o SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he "crackpot theories e pono e kamaʻilio ʻia," e like me ʻLelo ʻo Daszak ke Kahu.

ʻOiai ʻo ka huaʻōlelo "EcoHealth Alliance" hoʻokahi wale nō manawa i kū ai i loko ʻO ka Lancet ʻōlelo, i ka hui pū ʻana me ka mea kākau kākau ʻo Daszak, he mau pilina pili ʻē aʻe kekahi mau hoa kākau ʻē aʻe i ka hui i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi. ʻO Rita Colwell lāua ʻo James Hughes lala o ka Papa Hoʻokele o EcoHealth Alliance, ʻO William Karesh ʻo ia ka Pelekikena Hope Pelekikena o ka hui no ke olakino a me nā kulekele, a Kahua Hume ʻo ia ka ʻepekema a me ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo.

Ua ʻōlelo pū nā mea kākau o ka ʻōlelo, ʻo ka "hoʻokaʻawale wikiwiki ʻana, a me ka moakāka ʻole o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i kēia laha ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia nei e nā lono a me nā ʻike hewa e pili ana i kāna kumu. I kēia lā naʻe, ʻike iki ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2, a me nā noiʻi ʻana i ke kumu o ka Pūnaewele o ka Honua a ʻO ka Lancet Komisina COVID-19 ʻē uhi ʻia i ka hūnā a mired ʻia e nā paio o nā makemake.

ʻO Peter Daszak, ʻo Rita Colwell, a ʻO ka Lancet ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Lunahooponopono Richard Horton i mau manaʻo ma ka pane ʻana i kā mākou noi no kēia moʻolelo.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i ka pūʻulu holoʻokoʻa o nā leka uila EcoHealth Alliance ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila ʻo EcoHealth Alliance: Kulanui o Maryland (Nānā 466)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala i loaʻa ma o ke noi ākea kūʻokoʻa o ka lehulehu (FOI) kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards i kā mākou pou: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Pākuʻi pili

Ke kūpono o nā noi nui e pili ana i ke kumu o ka coronavirus me ke kānalua; nā puke pai ʻepekema e ʻimi nei

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Na Carey Gillam

Mai ka ka laha ʻana o COVID-19 i ke kūlanakauhale Kina o Wuhan i Kēkēmapa 2019, ua ʻimi nā ʻepekema no nā kuhi e pili ana i ke ala ʻana o kāna agena causative, ka puke coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. ʻO ka wehe ʻana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2 hiki ke lilo i mea koʻikoʻi no ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi e hiki mai ana.

Ho? Oponopono o ʻehā kiʻekiʻe Profile haʻawina i paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki i hāʻawi i ka ʻepekema hilinaʻi i ke kuhiakau i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo SARS-CoV-2 i loko o nā opeapea a laila lele i nā kānaka ma o kahi ʻano anteater i kapa ʻia he pangolin - i waena o nā holoholona hihiu i kālepa nui ʻia ma ka honua. ʻOiai kēlā kumumanaʻo kikoʻī pili pū ana i nā pangolins hoʻēmi nui ʻia, nā noiʻi ʻehā i kapa ʻia ʻo "nā pepa pangolin" e hoʻomau i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ke kākoʻo no ka manaʻo e pili kokoke ana nā coronavirus iā SARS-CoV-2 e hoʻopuni i ka nahelehele, ʻo ia hoʻi ka SARS-CoV-2 i hoʻokumu iā COVID-19 mai kahi kumu holoholona hihiu mai. 

ʻO ka nānā ʻana i kahi kumu holoholona hihiu, ke kumumanaʻo "zoonotic", ua lilo i mea nui i ke kūkākūkā honua e pili ana i ka maʻi, e kuhikuhi ana i ka lehulehu mai kahi ka hiki i hoʻomaka paha ka maʻi maʻi i loko o kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua aupuni Kina - ka ʻO Wuhan Institute of Virology.

Ua aʻo ʻo US Right to Know (USRTK), eia naʻe ʻelua o nā pepa ʻehā e hoʻokumu ana i ke kumumanaʻo zoonotic e kīnā ʻole ana, a ʻo nā mea hoʻoponopono i nā puke pai i paʻi ʻia ai nā pepa. Nā Polokalamu PLoS a Nature - ke ʻimi nei i ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi ma hope o nā noi a pehea e kālailai ʻia ai ka ʻikepili. Hōʻike like nā ʻē aʻe ʻelua i pilikia kīnā ʻole.

ʻO nā pilikia me nā pepa noiʻi e hāpai i nā "nīnau a me nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi" e pili ana i ka pono o ke kumumanaʻo zoonotic āpau, e like me ʻO Kauka Sainath Suryanarayanan, he biologist a me sociologist o ka ʻepekema, a me ka ʻepekema limahana o USRTK.  ʻAʻohe o ka ʻikepili i lawa ka hilinaʻi ʻia, nā ʻikepili i hōʻoia ʻia me kahi kaʻawale o ka loiloi a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o nā hoa, e like me kā Dr. Suryanarayanan. 

E ʻike i kāna mau leka uila me nā mea kākau kiʻekiʻe o nā pepa a me nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai, a me ka hoʻopili ʻana. ʻO ke kūlohelohe a me PLoS Pathogens ʻimi i ka ʻepekema ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā noi nui e hoʻopili ana i nā corolavirus pangolin i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Nā luna aupuni aupuni Kina paipai mua i ka manaʻo ʻo ke kumu o ka agena causal no COVID-19 i loko o kānaka i hele mai mai kahi holoholona hihiu i Kekemapa. Ua kākoʻo nā ʻepekema i kākoʻo ʻia e ke aupuni Kina i kēlā kumumanaʻo i ʻehā mau noiʻi ʻokoʻa i waiho ʻia i nā puke pai ma waena o Pepeluali 7 a me 18.

ʻO ka Hui Misiona Hui Hui Kina a ka World Health Organization e ʻimi nei i ka puka a hoʻolaha ʻana o COVID-19 ma Kina i ʻōlelo ʻia ma Pepeluali : "No ka loaʻa ʻana o ka maʻi genome o ka maʻi COVID-19 i ka 96% i ka cor Batavavirus like SARS a me 86% -92% i kahi corolavirus like SARS, he kumu holoholona no COVID-19." 

Ua kōkua ka Kina i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi kumu holoholona hihiu e hōʻoluʻolu Kāhea no ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology, kahi i mālama lōʻihi ʻia ai nā coronavirus holoholona a me nā genetically manipulated. Ma kahi o, nā kumuwaiwai a me nā hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiaulu hana honua hauʻoli i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā kumu e hoʻopili ana i ka pilina ma waena o nā kānaka a me nā holoholona lōhiu. 

ʻO nā pepa ʻehā i nīnau ʻia Liu et al., Xiao et al. , Lam et al. a Zhang et al. ʻO nā mea ʻelua e ʻimi ʻia nei e nā luna hoʻoponopono puke ʻo Liu et al lāua ʻo Xiao et al. I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me nā mea kākau a me nā luna hoʻoponopono o kēlā mau pepa ʻelua, ua aʻo ʻo USRTK i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi me ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kēlā mau aʻo ʻana, e like me kēia:    

  • Liu et al. ʻaʻole i paʻi a kaʻana like (ma ke noi ʻia ʻana) maka a / a i ʻole nalo i ka ʻikepili i ʻae ʻia nā poʻe loea e hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou aniani genomic.
  • Luna hoʻoponopono ma nā mea ʻelua Nature a Nā Polokalamu PLoS, a ʻo Professor Stanley Perlman, ka hoʻoponopono o Liu et al., i ʻae i nā kamaʻilio leka uila ua ʻike lākou i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi me kēia mau pepa a ke nānā nei nā puke pai iā lākou. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole lākou i hoʻolaha i ka lehulehu i nā pilikia kūpono me nā pepa.  

ʻO ka hāmau o nā puke pai e pili ana i kā lākou mau noiʻi e hoʻomau nei, ʻo ia hoʻi ka ʻike ʻole o nā kaiāulu ākea o nā ʻepekema, a me nā lehulehu i hoʻopilikia ʻia e COVID-19 i nā pilikia e pili ana i nā pepa noiʻi, wahi a Dr. 

"Manaʻoʻiʻo mākou he mea nui kēia mau pilikia, no ka mea hiki ke hoʻohālikelike i ka pane ʻana o nā ʻoihana i kahi maʻi ahulau kūpilikiʻi i hoʻopili nui i nā ola a me nā ola ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā loulou i kēia mau leka uila ma aneʻi: 

Ma Iulai 2020, Ua hoʻomaka ʻo US Right to Know e waiho i nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka ʻikepili mai nā hui lehulehu i ka hoʻāʻo e ʻike i nā mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o ka novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi Covid-19. Mai ka hoʻomaka o ka laha ma Wuhan, ua make ʻo SARS-CoV-2 ma kahi o hoʻokahi miliona mau kānaka, ʻoiai e maʻi ana he mau miliona i loko o ka maʻi ahulau e hoʻomau mau nei.

Ma Nowemapa 5, Ua waiho ʻo US Right to Know i kahi hoʻopiʻi kue i ka National Institutes of Health (NIH) no ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā ʻāpana o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information. Ke hoʻopiʻi, i waiho ʻia i ka ʻĀpana ʻApana ʻAmelika ma Wakinekona, DC, ʻimi i nā leka me a i ʻole e pili ana i nā ʻoihana e like me Wuhan Institute of Virology a me ka Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevent, a me ka EcoHealth Alliance, ka mea i hui pū me a kālā kālā ka Wuhan Institute o Virology.

ʻO US Right to Know kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi nonprofit e nānā ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu. Hiki iā 'oe kākoʻo i kā mākou noiʻi a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma o ka hāʻawi ʻana ma aneʻi. 

ʻO nā mea hana ʻai ʻōpala ka poʻe ʻeleʻele, Latino a me nā kaiāulu o ke kala, e hoʻonui ana i nā pōʻino mai COVID mai

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Ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻike ʻia ka nūhou coronavirus hoʻopili, haukapila a pepehi kanaka ʻeleʻele a ʻO Latinos at kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe weliweli, a me ʻikepili mai kekahi mau mokuʻāina e hōʻike nei i kēia kumumanaʻo. ʻO nā olakino olakino i ka meaʻai a me ka momona, e loaʻa pinepine ana mai ka hoʻokalakupua hanana, e pili pono me nā lāhui āpau a me nā lāhui e pili ana iā Covid-19. ʻIke, “ʻO Covid-19 a me nā mea like ʻole i ka meaʻai a me ka momona"I ka New England Journal of Medicine (Iulai 15, 2020).

Hāʻawi nā kūlike ʻole i loko o nā kaiāulu o US i kēia pilikia, me ke komo kaulike ʻole ʻana i nā meaʻai olakino hou, ke komo kaulike ʻole ʻana i ka mālama olakino, nā waiwai pili waiwai a me ʻoi aku ka hōʻike ʻana i nā kemika ʻino a me ke ea maikaʻi ʻole, e inoa i kekahi. No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka like ʻole o ke kūkulu ʻana i kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai, e ʻike i nā kumuwaiwai mai Ke Kula Nui Kaiapuni o ke Kula Nui ʻo Duke University a me ka Ke Kulanui ʻAi Mua no ka Hoʻolālā a me ke Kaupapa Kūʻai.

ʻO kekahi pilikia, ʻo ia nā ʻoihana meaʻai kikoʻī a hoʻokaʻaʻike ʻole i nā kaiāulu o ke kala me kā lākou kūʻai aku ʻana no nā huahana meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole. I kēia kūlana ke nānā nei mākou i ka nūhou a me nā noiʻi e pili ana i ka hoʻokae lāhui i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole. No nā ʻatikala hou e pili ana i nā pilina ma waena o nā maʻi e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me Covid-19, nā hopena i nā limahana mahiʻai a me nā limahana meaʻai, a me nā pilikia ʻōnaehana koʻikoʻi e pili ana i ka maʻi ahulau, e ʻike i kā mākou Kaʻi lono nūhou Coronavirus. E ʻike pū i kā mākou hōʻike ʻana i nā News Health Health, He aha ka pili o nā meaʻai maikaʻi i ka make ʻana o COVID-19? na Carey Gillam (4.28.20).

ʻIkepili e pili ana i ka pahuhopu disproportionate o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka meaʻai junk a me ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā kaiāulu o ke kala

ʻO ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka hoʻolaha meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻōpio Hispanic a me ka ʻEleʻele, Rudd Center no ka Polokalamu Meaʻai a me ka momona; ʻAha kūkā olakino olakino (Ianuali 2019)

ʻIʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha kīwī kīwī e nā kamaliʻi, nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio: nā mea kōkua i ka ʻokoʻa i ka hōʻike no nā ʻōpio ʻeleʻele a me keʻokeʻo i United States., Rudd kikowaena o ke kulekele ʻai a me ka momona (Mei 2016)

Hoʻolaha ʻia ka hoʻolaha meaʻai i ka ʻōpio Hispanic a me Black: Ke hāʻawi nei i nā like ʻole olakino, Rudd Center no ka Polokalamu ʻAi, AACORN, Salud America! (ʻAukake 2015)

E kaupalena i nā hoʻolaha meaʻai-maikaʻi ʻole e hāʻawi i ka momona o ke keiki, Nā ʻōlelo a ka ʻAhahui Lapaʻau ʻAmelika (2018)

Ke kaulike olakino & kālepa ʻana i ka meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole: e kamaʻilio ana e pili ana i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā keiki o ke kala, Pūʻulu ʻImi Media ʻo Berkeley (2017)

ʻIʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha kīwī kīwī e nā kamaliʻi, nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio: nā mea kōkua i ka ʻokoʻa i ka hōʻike no nā ʻōpio ʻeleʻele a me keʻokeʻo i United States., Ka nui o ke keiki (2016)

E koho (ʻaʻole) e ʻai olakino: nā nohona kaiāulu, hōʻoia pilikino, a me nā koho meaʻai, na Aarti Ivanic, Psychology a me ke kūʻai aku ʻana (Iulai 2016)

Nā Disparities i ka hoʻolaha e pili ana i ka nui o ka nui e ka Neighborhood Income a me ka lāhui, Ka Nupepa o ke Ola ʻĀina (2015)

Ke kūʻai aku ʻana a nā kamaliʻi i loko a ma waho hoʻi o nā hale ʻaina wikiwiki, Ka PepaʻAiʻAiʻAmelika o ka Medicine Preventive (2014)

ʻO nā lāhui / lāhui a me nā loaʻa kālā loaʻa ʻole i ke keiki a me ke ʻōpio e hōʻike ana i nā hoʻolaha kīwī o ka meaʻai a me nā mea inu ma waena o nā mākeke ʻo US Media., Wahi Ola (2014)

Ka hopena o ka inu ʻana i ka mea inu kō ma luna o ke olakino, ʻO Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (2011)

ʻO ka pōʻaiapili no ke koho: nā hopena olakino o ka meaʻai i manaʻo ʻia a me nā mea inu mea inu i ʻAmelika ʻAmelika, Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Ola Nui (2008)

ʻAi wikiwiki: Kaohi ma waena o nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻoleHoʻolilo Law Law California (2007)

Ka hopena olakino o ke kūʻai aku ʻana pahuhopu: He nīnauele me Sonya Grier, Nānā Hui Pūnaewele a me ke olakino (2010)

Related 

Ke kūʻai aku ʻana i māka ʻia i ka ʻai Junk i ka ʻōpio ʻōpio: Kaua hou ʻana me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo loio a me ka hana kaiāulu, ChangeLab Solutions (2012)

Hōʻike i ka pehea a McDonald's a me Burger King i hoʻokumu ai i nā ʻAmelika ʻAmelika i nā makahiki 1970, na Lenika Cruz, ka 'Akelanika' (6.7.15)