Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Nā Agrichemical Trade Groups: ʻOihana Hoʻohui Hoʻohui Biotechnology a me ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻike Biotechnology

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BIO - nā mea nui 

ʻO ka Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO), ʻo ia ka Biotechnology ʻoihana ʻOihana, kahi ʻahahui kālepa e kū nei ma luna o nā ʻoihana 1,000 a me nā hui ʻoihana e like me pesticide, pharmaceutics a me nā ʻoihana biotech. ʻO ka hui kanaka ʻo ka ʻenekini genetika ma ke ʻano he hopena e "hoʻōla i ka honua, wahie i ka honua, hānai i ka honua," a hoʻonohonoho ia i nā kōmike lobbying i 15 mau kulekele me nā meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai, nā kulekele mālama olakino, hoʻoili ʻenehana, kālā a me nā ʻauhau. He mea kūʻē ʻo BIO i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i hana ʻia i United States. I kāna hoʻoili ʻia nā ʻauhau no ka makahiki e pau ana iā Kekemapa 2016, ua hōʻike ʻo BIO i nā lilo makahiki ma mua o $ 79 miliona.

Pili pou:

ʻAha kūkā no ka ʻike Biotechnology - nā ʻike nui 

Hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2000, ʻo ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI), kahi hui kalepa i uku ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa (BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont, Syngenta) e hoʻolaha i ka biotechnology i ka mahiʻai. Māhele ʻo BIO a me CBI i kekahi mau limahana a me nā kālā, e like me ka faila ʻauhau. Ua hōʻike ʻo CBI ma mua o $ 4 miliona i nā lilo makahiki i kāna hoʻoili ʻauhau no ka makahiki e pau ana iā Kekemapa 2016. Mai ka 2013, ua lilo ʻo CBI ma mua o $ 11 miliona ma ʻO ka paʻa pili lehulehu holo Nā Pane GMO, kahi hoʻolaha pāʻoihana e hoʻolaha a pale i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

Pili pou:

ʻO CropLife International - nā mea nui

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hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo

ʻO International CropLife (CLI) kahi hui kalepa i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2001 e kū ana i nā mea hana o nā mea hana nui loa o ka honua i hoʻohua ʻia i nā hua a me nā pesticides. Hoʻopili pū nā lālā ʻO BASF, Bayer, Monsanto, Syngenta, Corteva (ʻo DowDuPont ma mua), Sumitomo Chemical a me FMC.

He 15 mau hui lālā o ka hui kālepa: AfricaBio; AgroBio Brazil; AgroBio Mexico; ArgenBio; ʻOihana Hoʻolālā Biotechnology, Food & Ag; CBI Iapana; CIB Brazil; ʻO CropLife ʻApelika Waena Hikina; ʻO ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa; ʻO CropLife ʻAsia, ʻo CropLife Kanada; ʻO CropLife Latin America; ʻAhahui ʻĀina ʻEulopa ʻEulopa (ECPA); EuropaBio; a ʻo Iapana Crop Protection Association.

Nā pou pili USRTK e pili ana:
31 Mei 2018,Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau hoa e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa"

Nā lālā CLI

Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola

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Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i ka Huffington Post.

Na Stacy Malkan

I ka wā i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ai kahi hui kaulana ʻole nonprofit i kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai meaola i ʻApelila 2014, ua hele a lōʻihi ka hui e hoʻokau i kona kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO 30-ʻaoʻao hoike by Nānā ʻImi, i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "waiwai ʻole e alakaʻi ʻia e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa i ka mahiʻai a me nā ʻepekema meaʻai," ʻike ʻia e hoʻopunipuni ʻia ana nā mea kūʻai aku i ka hoʻolilo kālā hou aku no nā meaʻai meaola ma muli o nā hana hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni a ka ʻoihanaola.

Pākuʻi ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo nūhou pāʻoihana: “Wehe ʻia nā meaola!” (Nūhou Brownfield) a me "ʻOihana Uihana e hoʻonui ʻia ana e ka hoʻopunipuni ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku" (Ka Nūhou ʻenehana palekana palekana meaʻai), ke kuhi nei i nā mea i loaʻa ʻia e nā loea kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia.

"Ua kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kūwaho o ka ʻepekema mahiʻai kūʻokoʻa, nā ʻepekema meaʻai, nā loea hoʻokele waiwai a me nā loio mai nā hui kūwaho i mahalo nui ʻia," e like me kā ka hui nūʻike hoʻōla.

Inā ʻaʻole maopopo ka kikoʻī e pili ana i ke kūʻokoʻa, pau ka hoʻolaha nūhou i kēia memo: "ʻAʻohe hakakā o ka nānā ʻana o ka Academics Review e pili ana i kēia paʻi, a me nā kumukūʻai pili āpau i uku ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kā mākou kālā laulā me ka ʻole o kekahi kikoʻī. mana a mea kuhikuhi paha.

ʻO ka mea i haʻi ʻole ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike, ka hoʻokuʻu nūhou a i ʻole ma ka pūnaewele: ʻO nā luna hoʻomalu no Monsanto Co., ka mea nāna e mālama i nā mahiʻai a me nā hua i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered genetically, a me nā mea kōkua nui ʻo Monsanto, e hana nei i ka ʻohi kālā ʻana no ka Review Academics, hana pū ʻia me ka hoʻolālā. a kūkākūkā pū nō hoʻi i nā hoʻolālā e hūnā i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know ma o nā noi a ke Aupuni Freedom of Information (FOIA).

Maopopo ke kumu o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻoihana meaola: pāpā ʻia nā hua a me nā kemika o Monsanto mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mahiʻai meaola, a ʻo kahi ʻāpana nui o ka leka ʻana a Monsanto ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna huahana ma mua o nā meaola i mea hana e hoʻonui ai i ka hanaʻai honua.

Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala i kā Message a Monsanto 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia a loiloi ʻia e "ʻelua polofesa kūʻokoʻa ... ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ka honua," Bruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino, a me David Tribe, Ph.D., haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne. . ʻO lākou koi ana ʻo ka hui "ʻae wale i nā makana palena ʻole mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole."

Eia naʻe ʻelua mau leka uila i ka makahiki 2010 e hōʻike ana i nā hoʻolālā e loaʻa kālā kālā no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

I ka 11 Malaki 2010 hoʻokaʻaʻike email me Chassy, ​​Jay Byrne, ke poʻo o ka kamaʻilio ma Monsanto e holo nei i kēia manawa PR a me ka hale noiʻi noiʻi mākeke, hāʻawi ʻia e hana ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā ʻoihana no ka Review Academics.

Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Chassy i kona hoihoi i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻokanika i loko o nā leka uila. "Makemake wau e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waenakonu o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic ..." kākau ʻo ia, "ʻAʻohe oʻu kālā."

Pane maila ʻo Byrne,

"ʻĀ, ʻōlelo wau e hana mua mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau) ma mua a me ka wikiwiki. Ua noi wau iā Val [Giddings, pelekikena hope o BIO, ka ʻahahui kālepa ʻoihana biotech] e hui ʻo ia a ʻoiai wau ma DC i kēia pule aʻe e hiki ai iā mākou (ʻaʻole ma o ka leka uila) ke kiʻi i kahi kiʻi maopopo o nā koho. no ka lawe ʻana i ka papahana Review Academic Review a me nā manawa kūpono i mua. ʻO ke "Center for Consumer Freedom" (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi i kēia kālā a hiki i ka ʻoi loa. "

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Center for Consumer Freedom e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo “Kauka ʻino"A me ka"mōʻī o nā hui mua a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā pono ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui leo ʻole.

"Manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou," i haʻi aku ʻo Byrne iā Chassy.

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa “manawa kūpono” o nā pahuhopu i komo i loko o ka poʻe, nā hui a me nā ʻike koʻikoʻi o GMO a me Monsanto: Vandana Shiva, Andrew Kailrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, kā Michael Pollan puke “In Defense of ʻO ka meaʻai, "nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni" ʻAi, Inc "a me" The World Wahi a Monsanto, "a me ke" kumuhana kea i nā wahi pōpilikia āpau o ag-biotech (i waho o ke keʻa / haumia, nā pi, nā pepeiao, palekana kanaka, a pēlā aku ...) . ”

"ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi, ua kākau ʻo Byrne, me ka hoʻohui pū ʻana:

ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi.

"Manaʻo wau hiki iā Val a hiki iaʻu ke ʻike a lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kūpono (ʻaʻole aʻo) nā kaʻa kalepa e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻohui i kēia mau mea me ka papahana ma ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a no laila waiwai) o nā mea kōkua nui / nā mea nona… Manaʻo wau hiki i kā mākou lumi kuke lumi kuke ma aneʻi ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kiaʻi puka (i kekahi mau manawa lawe i nā ʻauhau) no nā pane kūpono, hilinaʻi ʻia, nā inoculation a me nā hana proactive e hoʻohana nei i kēia papahana papahana ...

"Maikaʻi ke kani iaʻu," i pane aku ʻo Chassy. “Maopopo iaʻu e hōʻike mai ʻoe iaʻu i kāu mea e kūkākūkā ai.”

i ka hoʻololi leka uila me Chassy i kākau ʻia ma Nowemapa 30, 2010, ʻo Eric Sachs, kahi mea pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka hana no Monsanto, i kūkākūkā e ʻike i ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e "waiho ana iā Monsanto ma hope."

Ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy:

"ʻO ʻoe a me aʻu e pono e kamaʻilio hou e pili ana i ka" loiloi i kālaiʻike "pūnaewele a me ka manaʻo. Manaʻo wau aia kahi ala i kahi hana e pane maikaʻi ai i nā hopohopo ʻepekema a me nā hoʻopiʻi. Ua kaʻana like wau me Val i nehinei. Mai kuʻu kuanaʻike ʻo ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana loea a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane. Ua kūkākūkā ʻoe me ʻoe i kēia i ka wā ma mua. Ua wehewehe ʻo Val i ka ʻanuʻu ʻekahi e hoʻokumu ana i kahi kūlana 501 (c) 3 no ka loaʻa kālā ʻole e kōkua ai i ka hōʻiliʻili kālā. Maopopo kēlā akā he mea hou aku. Ua kūkākūkā wau me Jerry Steiner i kēia lā (Kālā Hoʻokele Monsanto) a hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻoulu ʻana iā CLI / BIO / CBI a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kākoʻo. E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike. "

E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike.

Pili ʻo CLI / BIO / CBI i ʻekolu mau hui kālepa ʻoihana - Crop Life International, ka Biotechnology Innovation Organization a me ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa.

Ua pane aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs, "ʻAe, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka loiloi ʻo Academics. Manaʻo wau aia mākou ma ka ʻaoʻao like. ”

Ke nīnau pololei ʻia e pili ana i ke kālā, ua pane ʻo Chassy ma o ka leka uila: "ʻAʻole noi a ʻae paha ka loiloi Academics i nā kālā mai kekahi kumu no ka noiʻi kikoʻī a i ʻole nā ​​hana ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā huahana, nā lawelawe a me nā ʻoihana. ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hoʻopili ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike ʻole i kahi loaʻa kālā ma 2012 a ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka palapala IRS 990s no 2013 a 2014 (ʻānō i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele). Hōʻike kēlā mau palapala i $ 419,830 i nā loaʻa kālā akā ʻaʻole i pili kahi ʻike e pili ana i nā mea hāʻawi. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Chassy i nā noi e hāʻawi i kēlā ʻike.

ʻO ka Press Press "Kūʻokoʻa" Attack on Organic

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi ʻana i ka Academics Marketing i loko o ʻApelila 2014 i kahi kolepa paʻa o ka pāheka ʻoihana kālepa e hōʻike nei i nā mea i loaʻa i nā "noiʻi kūʻokoʻa".

• "Ua komo ka ʻoihana ʻAi Meaola i loko o ka hōʻike hōʻike koi 'Multisade Decade Public Disinformation Campaign" (Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai)

• "Hōʻike: ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Loaʻa 25 mau makahiki o ka ulu wikiwiki ʻana ma o ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻopunipuni" (Nuhou Palekana Mea ʻai)

• "Kahi hoʻopiʻi weliweli o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola" (Hoard's Dairyman)

• "Ke hoʻohana nei i ka makaʻu ma ke ʻano he hokona" (Nūhou Pāʻoihana ʻAi)

I ka New York Post, Ua kūkulu ʻo Naomi Schaffer Riley i kahi hihia kūʻē iā "tyranny of the organic mommy mafia" ka mea i hoʻopunipuni ʻia e nā hana kalepa disingenuous o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. ʻO kāna mau kumuwaiwai ka hōʻike o ka Academics Review a me Julie Gunlock, ka mea kākau o kahi puke e pili ana i ka "moʻomeheu hoʻoweliweli."

ʻAʻole i haʻi aku ʻo Riley iā Gunlock, a ʻo Riley ponoʻī nō hoʻi luna mau hoa ma ka Independent Women Forum, kahi hui nā kālā nui na Donors Trust, ka mea i hoʻouka ʻoihana hui panakō ma nā ʻuniona, nā kula lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema aniau.

I ka Nā inoa o Des Moines, ʻO John R. Block, kahi mea kākau o ka mahiʻai ma mua o ʻAmelika e hana nei no kahi keʻena loio e lobbies no nā pono agribusiness, i hōʻike ʻia ma ka “blockbuster report” na Academics Review a me nā mea i loaʻa i ka ʻā huna a ka ʻenehana ke kūleʻa i ke kūleʻa ʻo “marketing black. ”

ka hui pūʻulu mua ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, ka mea loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a ma kahi a Chassy e lawelawe ai ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ʻepekema, ua hoʻokau i ke kumuhana "ʻeleʻele kūʻai" i nā ʻatikala na ka pelekikena o ACSH. Lākana Hank a ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa Hoover Institute i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he waha ʻōlelo i nā pāʻoihana no ka hoʻāʻo e pepehi i ka lepili GMO ma Kaleponi, a ʻo Monsanto ka kēpau kēpau.

Miller, ka mea i lōʻihi kona mōʻaukala o ka hana ʻana kūpono ʻole nā ​​koi ʻepekema i ke kākoʻo o nā pono ʻoihana, ua hoʻohana pū ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi ʻo Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kumu no ka hoʻouka kauaola i Newsweek a me ka ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, a koi ma ka Wall Street Pai ʻaʻole kūpaʻa kēlā mahiʻai ʻokanika.

Holo nā poʻomanaʻo anti-organic like me nā kahawai PR ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā Pane GMO, a pūnaewele puni honua kūʻai hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai nui ʻEono (a ma hea Chassy a Nā lāhui lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa"), paipai i nā manaʻo i nā meaola ʻaʻohe ʻoi aku ke olakinoʻaʻole maikaʻi no ke kaiapuni he polokalamu kālepa wale nō - ʻoiai, ʻo ka mea kupanaha, ua hoʻokumu ʻo PR firm e holo nei i nā pane GMO i kahi hui kūikawā ma Kapalakiko e hoʻāʻo ai kālā ma ka makeke kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka waha ʻōlelo kiʻekiʻe o Monsanto, ʻO Robb Fraleyno hoi pinepine trashes ka ke aloha hana on kona Twitter ʻai.

Hele ka lehulehu i ke kahe kālā; Hele mālie ka hōʻike loiloi 

Ma Malaki 2016, ua hōʻike ʻo Monica Eng no WBEZ ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana ua uku ʻo Monsanto iā Professor Bruce Chassy ma mua o $ 57,000 ma kahi o 23 mau mahina e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO - kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka lehulehu.

Wahi a ka noiʻi a Eng, ʻo ke kālā he ʻāpana o $ 5.1 miliona ma ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i hoʻouna ʻia e Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

"ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Chassy i kāna pili kālā me Monsanto e pili ana i nā mokuʻāina a i ʻole ke kula nui e ʻimi ana i nā hakakā kūlia paha," i hōʻike aku ai ʻo Eng.

"Hōʻike hou nā palapala i ke kuhikuhi ʻana o Chassy a me ke kula nui iā Monsanto e waiho i nā uku ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation, kahi kino nona nā moʻolelo i pale ʻia mai ka nānā lehulehu ʻana. He hiki nō i ke kahua ke lawe i kālā pilikino a hāʻawi aku iā ia i kekahi kanaka ma ke ʻano he 'uku kulanui' - hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai ka hōʻike ʻana.

I Ianuali 2016, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka luna noiʻi o US Right to Know, haʻi ʻia ma nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i kahe mai he mau haneli haneli mau kālā mai Monsanto a i ke Kulanui o ʻIlino “ʻoiai ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e kūʻē i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia i nā genetically (GMO) - ʻoiai lākou e kū ana ma ke ʻano he kula kūʻokoʻa no kahi ʻaha lehulehu. ”

"ʻO ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae ʻia i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻahuʻula i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o kahi pale o ka ʻike kūʻokoʻa, a liʻiliʻi, inā he mea, e hōʻike ākea i ka pili o hope." .

ka i ka leka hope ma ka Pūnaewele Nānā ʻImi, ma ka lā 2 Kepakemapa 2015, kahi blog e Chassy e wehewehe ana e hoʻolaha ʻia kekahi o kāna mau leka uila ma muli o nā noi a FOIA o US Right to Know, kahi āna i hōʻike ai he hōʻeha i kāna 40 mau makahiki o ʻepekema lehulehu, ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ke kākoʻo kālā mai ka ʻāpana pilikino no ka noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana he "kūpono, maʻa mau a pono e hoʻonui i ka pono o ka lehulehu," i kākau ʻo Chassy. "Pono ia kākoʻo, a ma kaʻu mau ʻike āpau a pau, aniani moakaka a hana ʻia ma lalo o nā kulekele kūpili koʻikoʻi o nā keʻena lehulehu e pōmaikaʻi nei mai nā ʻāpana pilikino a i ʻole nā ​​hāʻawi kālā pilikino."

I ʻekolu mau lā ma hope mai, ua hoʻolaha mua ʻia kekahi o nā leka uila a Chassy i kahi ʻaoʻao mua New York Times ʻatikala na ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻelua Pulitzer Prize ʻo Eric Lipton. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā Chassy i kahi kālā no kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma 2011 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo."

Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy iā Lipton ʻo ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai Monsanto "ua kōkua ʻo ia e hāpai i kona leo ma o ka huakaʻi ʻana, kahi pūnaewele āna i hana ai a me nā mea ʻē aʻe."

Ke kiʻi mau nei i ka Press ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa 

ʻOiai nā hōʻike i nā leka uila a me ka hōʻike ʻana o kā Chassy pili kālā iā Monsanto, ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Review a me kāna hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olaola i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me nā wehewehe āpau e koi ana i ke kūʻokoʻa.

A ʻoliʻoli mau ʻo Chassy i ka uhi kaomi ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa" ma GMO. I Mei 2016, ʻelua kaʻawale hui pu Press moʻolelo Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy e pili ana i kēlā kumuhana. ʻAʻole kekahi moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i kā Chassy pili pili kālā lehulehu i kēia manawa iā Monsanto.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai ʻo US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke lanakila, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society 2007).