ʻO Glyphosate Spin Check: Nānā i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka Herbicide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

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Ma waena o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua e pili ana i ka palekana o nā lāʻau make e pili ana i ka glyphosate e like me Monsanto's Roundup, ua nui nā ʻōlelo i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e pale aku i ka palekana o ka huahana. I ke ala o ʻelua mau ʻōlelo hoʻoholo juri ʻānō i ʻike ʻo Roundup i kumu nui i ka hana ʻana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ua nānā mākou i kekahi o kēia mau koi a hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā lākou no ka pololei.

Inā he mau hiʻohiʻona hou aʻe kāu o ka glyphosate spin āu e makemake ai iā mākou e nānā pono, e ʻoluʻolu e leka uila iā lākou iā stacy@usrtk.org a i ʻole tweet iā mākou @USRighttoKnow.

ʻO Mark Lynas, Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema paena (Nowemapa 2017)

Aia i loko o kēia ʻatikala na Mark Lynas nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi. E like me nā mea e hoʻolaha ana i nā huahana glyphosate, nānā nā kuleana ma aneʻi i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka mea i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen kanaka paha ma 2015.

KĀLAI: ʻO IARC kahi "ʻike liʻiliʻi a ʻoi iki hoʻi o ka flaky offshoot o ka World Health Organization" i "loaʻa ʻaneʻane nā mea āpau āpau"

KEKAHI: ʻO ka IARC kahi ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai kūikawā o WHO me nā panela loea i komo i loko o nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa mai nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o ka noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. I kāna 50-makahiki mōʻaukala, IARC i loiloi ʻia 1,013 mau mea a loaʻa iā 49% o kēlā mau mea "ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia e pili ana i kāna carcinogenicity i nā kānaka"; 20% ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like a ʻike ʻia a i ʻole carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

KĀLAI: "Ua hoʻololi nui ʻia nā kikoʻī mua o ka loiloi IARC ma kahi pae hope loa e kuhikuhi i kahi loaʻa carcinogenicity - ʻoiai ke ʻepekema a lākou e loiloi nei i kuhikuhi ʻia mai kēia"

KEKAHI: Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia kēia koi me kahi hōʻike Reuters hemahema na Kate Kelland kēlā waiho i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi, me ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hapa nui o ka ʻike ʻaʻole i lawe ʻia e IARC mai "nā kikoo mua" mai kahi ʻatikala loiloi i kākau ʻia e kahi ʻepekema Monsanto. ʻO ka ʻatikala loiloi "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka ʻike kūpono no ka loiloi kūʻokoʻa i nā hopena i loaʻa i ka ʻepekema Monsanto a me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe," ʻLelo ʻo IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland he mau moʻolelo loiloi i ka IARC; hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā palapala i ka 2019 hoʻokumu ʻo Monsanto i kahi lima malū i kekahi o kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kahi kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e kāpae i kāna mau koi e pili ana i ka hana hewa ma IARC: ʻO David Zaruk, kahi ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ka mea i hana mua no ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu Burson-Marsteller.

KĀLAI: ʻO Glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua"

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole pili kēia ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema. Loulou nā loulou iā glyphosate i a laulā o nā manaʻo olakino e komo pū ana me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ka maʻi endocrine, nā maʻi ate, nā wā hāpai pōkole, nā kīnā o ka hānau ʻana a me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā bacteria bacteria maikaʻi. Pili nā pili kaiapuni i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole ma 'āina, ka pi a nā leka uila.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Mark Lynas kahi ua huli ka mea kākau moʻolelo mua i mea kākoʻo hoʻolaha no nā huahana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia no ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR noho ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell i kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ACSH paena (ʻOkakopa 2017)

KĀLAI: ʻO ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity ma glyphosate kahi hihia o ka "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni"

KEKAHI: Hoʻokumu ʻo ACSH i kāna mau koi "hoʻopunipuni" ma nā kumuwaiwai like ʻelua ʻo Mark Lynas o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i hoʻokahi mahina ma hope e hoʻouka iā IARC ma ka pūnaewele Cornell: ka mea ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ʻO David Zaruk a me ka pololei ʻole 'atikala ma Reuters ia ukali i nā mea kamaʻilio ia Ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ka mea haʻi moʻolelo.

NO KA MEA: ʻO ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino kahi pūʻulu mua i loaʻa kālā mai kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka paka nā ʻoihana, a kau i kāna lawelawe i nā hui ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana, e like me pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko. Hoʻokumu nā leka uila mai 2015 i kēlā Ke hoʻolako kālā nei ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH a noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate IARC. Ua pane aku kahi limahana o ka ACSH ua pili mua lākou i loko o kahi "press full-court press: IARC" e pili ana i nā mahiʻai, phthalates a me nā pauahi diesel.

ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont, aka ka "Sci Babe"

Ka Puna Magazine Haawina (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KANAKA: "Me nā noiʻi he 800 ma luna ona, ʻaʻohe noiʻi i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻāpana o Roundup i kumu e loaʻa ai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

KEKAHI: Pili kekahi mau noiʻi ʻike hilinaʻi nui ʻo Roundup a i ʻole kāna glyphosate kī nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, me kahi noiʻi i waiho ʻia i ka EPA i nā makahiki 1980 i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā ʻepekema ʻo EPA i kēlā manawa no ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Nui a hewahewa nā papa noiʻi e papa inoa ai, akā hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā kaha puanaʻī ma ka 2015 ʻOihana International no ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka Monograp Cancer ma Glyphosate.

Pākuʻi, he ākea ʻikeʻikeʻepekema o ka hiki ke loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate herbicides i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 2019 i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻonui ka makaʻu o ka poʻe me nā hōʻike kiʻekiʻe i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai i kapa ʻia ʻo non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

NO KA MEA: He "mea kōkua kōkua" ʻo Yvette dʻEntremont i ka makasina iho me kahi kolamu i kapa ʻia ʻo "SciBabe Explains." ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ka makasina iho iā ia i kāna poʻe heluhelu ʻo SciBabe nā hoa me nā ʻoihana nāna i pale aku. I ka 2017, ʻo Splenda ka mea ʻono hoʻokalakupua hana pū ʻia me SciBabe e kōkua i ka "hoʻoikaika i nā mea pā o ka SPLENDA® Brand e hana i ka hana nui i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka sucralose." Ua kākoʻo nā ʻoihana kemika i kekahi o kāna mau ʻōlelo i nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻāina.

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, epidemiologist

Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic paena (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KĀLAI: Ua aʻo maikaʻi ʻia ʻo Glyphosate no ka mea ʻawahia a haʻahaʻa loa nā manaʻo i loaʻa i nā kānaka ʻaʻohe pono e noi hou ʻia ... ʻaʻohe mea i koe e hōʻoia i ka noiʻi hou aku. "

KEKAHI: I ka hoʻohiki hoʻohiki i ʻae ʻia i loko o nā hōʻike i ka hoʻopiʻi mau ʻana e kūʻē iā Monsanto a me ka mea nāna ʻo Bayer AG, ka luna nui ʻo Monsanto Ua ʻae ʻo Hugh Grant ʻaʻole i hana ka ʻoihana i kekahi noiʻi epidemiology o nā formulate waikiki e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kūʻai ʻia e ka hui. Ua ʻimi pū ka hui e ālai i kahi loiloi kino o nā formly glyphosate e ka ʻĀina no nā mea Toxic a me ke Kakau Disease.

Eia kekahi, ʻo kēia mau ʻōlelo, a Kauka Kabat i hāʻawi aku ai i kahi kumu inoa inoa ʻole, e nānā ʻole i nā ʻike nui ʻelua: pili nā noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i ka glyphosate i kahi ākea. nā pilikia olakino a me nā hopohopo pili kaiapuni, a me nā hōʻike mai ka waiho ʻana mai o ka ʻaha e hōʻike ana ua hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto i nā loiloi ʻepekema a me nā hoʻoponopono ʻana o glyphosate (e ʻike i nā laʻana a me nā kumuwaiwai. maanei, maanei, maanei, a maanei).

Wahi a ka luna kānāwai ʻo Vince Chhabria, ka mea i pelekikena i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala hou loa i hopena i $ 80 miliona o nā pohō i kūʻē iā Monsanto, ua hōʻike nā mea hoʻopiʻi i nā hōʻike he nui ʻaʻole i lawe ʻo Monsanto i kahi ala kūpono, kūpono i ka palekana o kāna huahana. " Ka luna kānāwai kakau no hoi:

E pili ana i nā koena pesticide i loko o ka poʻe, ke hāpai nei ka ʻepekema i kēia manawa no ka mālama ʻole o nā lula o kēia wā i nā pale olakino kūpono. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Carey Gillam, “Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Ke palekana ʻole paha ka 'palekana',”A me nā manaʻo ʻepekema maanei, maanei a maanei.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka Geoffrey Kabat nā pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa maikaʻi i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. Lawelawe ʻo ia ma ka papa o nā papa o ka hoʻonohonoho makua o Genetic Literacy Project, a hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. ʻO Kabat kekahi ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino.

Patrick Moore, kākāʻōlelo PR

Nīnauele wikiō me Canal + (Malaki 2015)

KĀLAI: "Hiki iā ʻoe ke inu i ka quart holoʻokoʻa o [glyphosate] a ʻaʻole ia e ʻeha iā ʻoe."

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate. Wahi a ka hui paena, "ʻAʻohe mea inu ka glyphosate a pono ʻole e ʻai ʻia - e like me ʻoe e inu ʻole ai i ka shampoo a i ʻole ka detergent pā. He mea nui mau ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana no kā lākou kumu i manaʻo ʻia ai kuhikuhi ʻia i ka lepili. ” (Hoʻomaopopo pū ka pou i Moore "ʻaʻole ia he loio Monsanto a i ʻole limahana.")

NO KA MEA: Ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Moore ma ke ʻano he hoa hui o Greenpeace nāna i "kāhea aku i kāna hui mua" iā ia e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei no ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā huahana ʻona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻoihana haumia. Wahi a Greenpeace, "I kekahi manawa, ʻO Kauka Patrick Moore kahi lālā mua o Greenpeace. I kēia manawa he kūkākūkā pili lehulehu no nā hui haumia a Greenpeace e hana ai e loli. ” I ka makahiki 2014, ʻo Moore ua hōʻike i kahi komite Senate US ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema e pili ana ka hana a ke kanaka i ka hoʻomehana honua.

Kevin Folta, PhD, polofesa ma ke Kulanui o Florida

Tweets 2015 a 2013

KĀLAI: "Ua inu wau [glyphosate] ma mua e hōʻike i ka hōʻino ʻole" ... "Ua hana wau ia ola a hana hou. Pono e hui w / coke a wai c-berry paha. ʻO ke kopa. ʻAʻohe buzz ”

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua hoʻopau paha ʻo Kauka Folta i ka glyphosate, he ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo maikaʻi ʻole kēia mai kahi kumu kūpono ʻole. E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma luna, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Loaʻa iā Professor Folta alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu i nā manawa he nui e pili ana i kāna mau ʻoihana ahupuaʻa. Ma 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Kauka Folta i ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻo Pulitzer-Prize ʻo Eric Lipton no ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO Folta mau hana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia me Monsanto e kōkua i ke eo ʻana i ka lepili GMO. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi ka hoʻokuʻuʻia.

ʻO Alison van Eenennaam, PhD, he genetistist holoholona, ​​UC Davis 

ninaninau wikiō ma ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Maoli (Mei 2015)

KĀLAI: "Manaʻo wau aia kekahi mau meta-anamanaʻo piha āpau i hana ʻia i hala koke aku nei e hōʻike ana ʻaʻohe hopena kūlohelohe a carcinogenicity paha e pili ana me ka hoʻohana ʻana o Roundup. Aia kahi Kelemania Federal Institute no ka nānā loiloi e nānā wale nei i nā haneli o nā noiʻi kumuwaiwai a kokoke i hoʻokahi kaukani mau hōʻike i paʻi ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻike data a me nā waiwai mutagentic o glyphosate, a i ʻole he mea ʻawaʻawa ka glyphosate i ka momona, hānau hou, a i ʻole embryonic hoʻomohala fetal i nā holoholona lab ... A ʻaʻole wau e kāhea iā Kelemānia he ʻāina kahi āu e manaʻo ai e hana ana lākou i kahi loiloi pōpilikia i nānā ʻole i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻikepili. "

KEKAHI: A 2019 moʻolelo ʻO ke komisina e nā lālā o ka Parliament i ka European Union ʻike ʻia ʻo kā Kelemania loiloi loiloi "keʻena a me nā palapala i kope ʻia mai nā noi ʻana o Monsanto." E ʻike i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ke Kahu e Arthur Neslen, “Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻae glyphosate a EU ma ka palapala Monsanto plagiarized, ua loaʻa ka hōʻike."

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka van Eenennaam kahi mea hoʻolaha nui o nā holoholona genetically engineered a me nā mea ulu, a me kahi mea koi ikaika no ka deregulation. Hōʻike nā palapala ua hoʻohui ʻo ia me nā hui mahiʻai a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana pili lehulehu ma PR a me ka leka ʻana.

Kiʻi paʻi kiʻi Food Evolution 

Paipai kēia pepa wikiō hiʻohiʻona 2017 i nā meaʻai me ka genetically engineered e like me ka hopena o ka pōloli o ka honua akā glosses i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui ma ke kikowaena o ka GMO hoʻopaʻapaʻa: inā ʻo Roundup, ka mea kanu lāʻau a ka hapanui o nā huaʻai GM i ʻenekini e pale aku, kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻAʻole hōʻike iki ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i ka hōʻike a ka IARC i loaʻa he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia, a hilinaʻi ʻia ma nā kumuwaiwai ʻelua wale nō e koi ai ʻaʻole hopohopo ka glyphosate.

KĀLAI: Hōʻike ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i nā kiʻi o Monsanto's Robb Fraley e hāʻawi nei i kahi haʻiʻōlelo; i ka wā i nīnau aku ai kahi lālā o ka poʻe e pili ana iā ia e pili ana i nā loulou e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a i ʻole nā ​​kīnā o ka hānau ʻana, ua hoʻoluli ʻo Fraley i kona lima me ka ʻokiʻoki a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia mau haʻawina āpau he "pseudoscience."

KEKAHI: Nā hōʻike mai ka hoʻopaʻa holoholona ʻana a me ka ʻikepili epidemiological paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke pai kaulana e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i kekahi mau hopena maikaʻi ʻole e like me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hānau hānau.

KĀLAI: Wahi a kahi mahiʻai i ka glyphosate "loa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa; malalo o ke kope, lalo o ka paʻakai. ”

KEKAHI: Ke hoʻohālikelike nei i ka ʻona o ka hōʻike wā pōkole o ka glyphosate i nā mea e like me ke kope a me ka paʻakai ka mea pili ʻole a kuhi hewa hoʻi; pili nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma nā hōʻike lōʻihi, wā lōʻihi i glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Evolution Hamilton Kennedy e ka meaʻai Evolution, haʻi ʻia e Neil deGrasse Tyson a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka Institute for Food Technologists, kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana. Ua kāhea nā kālaiʻike he nui a propaganda kiʻiʻoniʻoni, a he nui ka poʻe i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia a kaʻina hoʻohenehene sneaky a me ka hoʻopunipuni. ʻO NYU Polofesa Marion Nestle noi ʻia e lawe ʻia i waho o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, akā hōʻole ka luna hoʻokele.

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa

IMF paena (ʻAukake 2018)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka glyphosate ʻaʻole ia he carcinogenic."

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole hāʻawi kēia ʻatikala na Julie Gunlock i ke kākoʻo ʻepekema no kāna mau koi; ke alakaʻi nei nā loulou i nā blog IWF o mua e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hui kaiaulu o ka wahaheʻe a me nā "makaʻu makaʻu ʻole."

NO KA MEA: Ke Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa paipai i nā huahana paka, hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a me nā hoa me Monsanto i nā hanana e pale aku i nā pesticides. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia ʻo IWF e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hāpai ana i ka deregulation no nā ʻoihana haumia.

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻIke ʻImi Meaʻai Mea Kai

Āikio paena  (Ianuali 2016)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka hoʻoholo ʻana a IARC [kēlā glyphosate kahi kanaka kino kanesa paha] i loaʻa e nā poʻe loea he nui i kāpae ʻia i nā hanana he nui i ʻike ʻole ʻia he hōʻike carciogenic. Ua ʻike ka poʻe loea i ka loiloi ʻia o ka IARC e pili ana i ka ʻepekema kīnā ʻole a me ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia, a ʻo kekahi e hele nei a hiki i ka ʻōlelo ʻana he hewa loa ka hopena.

KEKAHI: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana no kēia mau koi, e pili ana i nā ʻatikala na Val Giddings, PhD, ua huli ka luna o ka hui kālepa mua Kūkākūkā PR no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai; a ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Monsanto e nānā i ka hōʻike IARC.

NO KA MEA: ka ʻAha ʻIkepili ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai, hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā hui kemika, paipai a pale aku i ke kō, nā mea hoʻonaninani, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā pesticides, nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia a me nā GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto PR IFIC ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi o nā "hoa hana" hiki ke kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO kēia kiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka ʻaoʻao glyphosate IFIC (a laila holoi ʻia ma hope o ko mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā ʻana) kahi laʻana o ke ʻano o ka leka ʻana a ka ʻoihana meaʻai e hoʻāʻo ai e hoʻohuli i nā wahine e hilinaʻi i kā lākou "loea." 

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

Pehea ʻo Tamar Haspel e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post

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ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi mea kākau moʻolelo manuahi nāna e kākau nei i nā kolamu meaʻai no ka Wakinekona Post mai ka lā ʻOkakopa 2013. Hoʻolaha pinepine kāna mau kolamu a pale i nā huahana ʻoihana pesticide, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā uku e kamaʻilio ma nā hanana kūlike i ka ʻoihana, a i kekahi manawa mai nā hui ʻoihana. ʻO kēia hana a nā mea nūpepa e loaʻa nei nā uku mai nā hui ʻoihana, i ʻike ʻia ʻo "buckraking," e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka objectivity.

ʻO kahi loiloi o nā kolamu Haspel's Washington Post e hoʻohuli i nā hopohopo hou. I nā hanana he nui, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel a wehewehe piha paha i nā pili o kāna ʻoihana, i ka hilinaʻi i nā noi slanted, nā ʻike i wae ʻia e nā cherry e kākoʻo i nā kūlana o ka ʻoihana, a i ʻole i kuhikuhi i nā hoʻolaha kūwaho ʻole. E ʻike i kā mākou loiloi kumu no nā palapala. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hakakā kālā Agrichemical o ka hoihoi

"ʻ speaklelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai au," Haspel i kākau ma kahi kamaʻilio pūnaewele 2015 mālama ʻia e ka Wakinekona Post, i ka pane ʻana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Ua haʻi ʻo Haspel ua hōʻike ʻo ia i kāna mau ʻōlelo i kamaʻilio ʻia nona pūnaewele pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​hui e hoʻolako kālā iā ia, a he aha ka nui a lākou e hāʻawi ai.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua, Ua kākau ʻo Haspel, "No ka mea ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

E like me ka Nā kūlana a me nā loina o Wakinekona, ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe nūpepa ke ʻae i nā makana, nā huakaʻi manuahi, ka mālama makemake ʻana a i ʻole ke ʻae manuahi ʻana mai nā kumuwaiwai nūhou, a "pono ​​e hana i nā hana āpau e noho i ka lehulehu, e noho ma waho o ke kahua, e hōʻike i ka nūhou, ʻaʻole e hana i ka nūhou." ʻAʻole pili kēia mau lula i nā freelancer, akā waiho ka pepa iā ia i nā luna hoʻoponopono e hoʻoholo.

ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o Haspel ʻo Joe Yonan Ua'ōleloʻo ia ʻoluʻolu ʻo ia me kā Haspel hoʻokokoke ʻana i nā hana haʻi ʻōlelo i uku ʻia a loaʻa iā ia he "kaulike kūpono."

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Pākuʻi ʻo Pro GMO

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Haspel i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i March 2013 i ka Huffington Post ("E hele Frankenfish! No ke aha mākou e pono ai iā GM Salmon"). ʻO kāna hope loa moʻo o nā ʻatikala no Huffington Post kia nui ʻia ma nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i nā pilikia o Glyphosate a Hānai holoholona GMO, hoʻopaʻapaʻa kue i ka lepili GMO hoʻolaha, a hoʻolaha i ka ʻoihana pesticide-kālā kālā ʻia pūnaewele Nā Pane GMO. ʻO kēlā pūnaewele ʻāpana o kahi kālā miliona-miliona ka papahana pili i ka lehulehu e hakakā i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia i ka hopena o nā hoʻolaha e lepili i nā GMO.

HuffPo Iulai 2013: ʻO kahi laʻana o pehea Haspel i hoʻolaha ai i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana me ke ʻano ʻole. Nā laʻana hou aʻe ma lalo. 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna kolamu meaʻai "Unearthed" i kēlā me kēia mahina ma ka Wakinekona Post ma hope koke iho, ma ʻOkakopa 2013, me kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i "he aha ia a ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo”E pili ana i nā GMO. Ua hoʻohiki ʻo ia e "ʻeli hohonu e hoʻāʻo e ʻike i ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā mea ʻaʻole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kā mākou lako meaʻai." Ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mea heluhelu e noʻonoʻo "ʻo wai ka mea āu e hilinaʻi ai" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO a ʻike i kekahi mau hui i hala ʻole i kāna hōʻike kūlike ʻole; ʻo ka Union of Scientist hopohopo i waena o lākou.

ʻO kolamu aʻe a Haspel, “GMO kahi kū hoʻokahi: Ma kahi e ʻae ai nā mea kākoʻo a me nā mea kūʻē, ”hāʻawi i ka laulā o nā kuanaʻike mai ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Eia nō naʻe, i nā kolamu e hiki mai ana, kākaʻikahi ka Haspel ʻōlelo ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoihoi o ka lehulehu a hoʻoliʻiliʻi loa i kahi i nā kumuwaiwai olakino ma mua o nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana. 'Quoteslelo pinepineʻo ia i nā poʻe loea i ka "ʻike ʻike maka" e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā olakino a me nā pilikia palekana. I kekahi mau hanana, Haspel hoka e hōʻike a i ʻole wehewehe piha i nā pilina ʻoihana i nā kumuwaiwai i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā GMO, nā pesticides a i ʻole nā ​​meaʻai meaola.

ʻO ke kolamu 'neʻe' ʻai 'hana ʻenehana

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o ka bias ʻo Haspel's Ianuari 2016 kolamu, "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kupaianaha e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai." Kūkākūkā ʻo ia ʻo ka poʻe e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka ʻenekinia genetona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai - ka "neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai" - he ʻāpana palena ʻole ia o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i nīnau i nā nīnauele me nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino, kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​hui kaulike e manaʻo iā lākou iho he ʻāpana o ka neʻe o ka meaʻai

Ua kiʻi ʻo Haspel i ke kolamu me ʻelua mau pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a Ketchuma, ke keʻena pili lehulehu e holo i ka pūnaewele pesticide-funded website GMO Answers. ʻOiai ʻo ia e wehewehe iā Ketchum ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana PR e "hana nui me ka ʻoihana meaʻai," ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka hope: ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Ketchum e kahi hui kalepa e hoʻololi i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua haʻi pū kekahi ʻo ia i kā Ketchum moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ke lele nei no Rusia a alakaʻi ʻana i ke kiu kue i nā hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ke kolu o nā kumuwaiwai no kāna kolamu kahi ana kelepona makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki i alakaʻi ʻia e William Hallman, kahi loiloi manaʻo lehulehu mai Rutgers nāna i hōʻike mai mālama ʻole ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. I hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua, ua hui pū ʻo Hallman lāua ʻo Haspel ma kahi aupuni i kākoʻo ʻia panela e kūkākūkā i nā GMO me Eric Sachs o Monsanto.

Nā laulima me nā hui milo ʻoihana

ʻO ko Tamar Haspel pili aloha no, a me nā hana pū ʻana me, nā mea pāʻani nui o ka ʻoihana pili kaiaulu i nā hana pili lehulehu e hāpai i nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i kāna kumuhana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha ma luna aʻe ʻike ʻia ma ka homepage o STATS / Sense About Science, e wehewehe nei i nā STATS ma ke ʻano he "waiwai" i kāna hōʻike ʻana. Ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe iā STATS ma ke ʻano he pale-huahana “hoʻouka kaua disinformation”Hoʻohana nā hana paka i ka hana kānalua e pili ana i ka pilikia kemika. Ua hana nui nā STAT i ka “politika kinipōpō paʻakikī o ka hoʻoponopono kemika” a me nā hana a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka bisphenol-A, e like me ke hōʻike nei i ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

A 2016 moʻolelo ma The Intercept ua wehewehe ʻia ka pili paka o STATS a me Sense About Science, i hui ʻia i ka makahiki 2014, a me ke kuleana o kēia mau pūʻulu e hoʻokuʻi nei i nā manaʻo ʻoihana e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A 2015 lehulehu pili palapala hoʻolālā kapa ʻia ʻo Sense About Science i waena o nā “nā hoa hana ʻoihana ”Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna huakaʻi e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization e hōʻino i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o glyphosate.

ʻO nā hanana spinic ʻoihana Agrichemical

I Iune 2014, ʻo Haspel a Lālā “kumu” ma kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka hana kālā-ʻoihana pesticide i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui mua o ka ʻoihana i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma kāna Hoʻolālā 2015 PR.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project kahi ma mua papahana o STATS, a ʻo Academics Review ka hoʻonohonoho me ke kōkua o Monsanto i hōʻino i nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e mālama ʻana i ka ʻoihana hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Haspel i hele aku i manaʻo ʻia e "hōʻano hou i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO," e like me ka papahana Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker e pili ana i ka hanana i Ka Holomua, "Ua hāʻawi malū ʻoihana i kahi ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā mea ʻino o glyphosate ... ”

ʻO nā mākaukau i kamaʻilio ʻia me nā ʻōnaehana spin hui i loiloi i nā palapala hoʻomoana boot ma ke noi a Thacker. "He mau mea kaumaha kēia," wahi a Naomi Oreskes, polofesa o ka mōʻaukala ʻepekema ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard. "Ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe i nā hua o GMO he pono, pono, a ʻaʻole lawa ka makaʻu e hōʻoia i ka lepili ʻana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Marion Nestle, ke polofesa no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai, ke aʻo ʻana i ka meaʻai, a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York, "Inā hele ka poʻe nūpepa i nā ʻaha kūkā e uku ʻia lākou e hele, pono lākou e kānalua loa mai ka hoʻomaka.

ʻO Cami Ryan, kahi limahana hoʻomoana kīpaku nāna i hana ma hope no Monsanto, i kākau ʻia ma ka loiloi loiloi i makemake ai nā poʻe komo, "More Haspel-ish, Ropeik-ish kau." ʻO David Ropeik kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike maka pilikia nona ka komo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Bayer a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, a ʻo wai ʻo Haspel hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu i kahi kolamu āna i kākau ai e pili ana i ka glyphosate.

Nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio biotech i hoʻolako kālā

I Mei 2015, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel ma kahi “ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology”Ma ke Kulanui o Florida. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēia hanana e Kevin Folta, he polofesa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ka pilina o ke aupuni a hooikaika lobbying. Ua hoʻokomo pū ʻo Folta iā Haspel i kahi ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia kamaʻilio biotech." ʻO ka pilikia, wahi a Folta, ma muli o ke kāohi o nā activists i ka "kaohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ma ka ʻAoʻao 4, Ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Folta kahi hanana e hōʻike ʻia nā polofesa UF me "nā ʻelele ʻoihana, nā loea nūpepa no ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema (e like me Tamar Haskel [sic], Amy Harmon), a me nā loea i ka ʻike maka maka a me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me Dan Kahan)."

Monsanto kālā i ke noi, ke kāhea nei iā ia "kahi ala 3-ʻaoʻao maikaʻi loa e hoʻomohala i ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo e nānā nei mākou e hoʻomohala." (ʻO ke kālā ma hope hâʻawi wale i kahi hale waiho ʻai ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kumu kālā.)

I ʻApelila 2015, Folta i kākau aku ai iā Haspel me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka ʻana, "E uhi mākou i nā kumukūʻai a me kahi honorary, nā mea a pau e pono ai. ʻO nā mea ʻepekema, nā kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu. "

Ua pane ʻo Haspel, "Aia nō wau i loko," a ua hāʻawi hou ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo mai kekahi panela hou "kamaʻilio ʻepekema" i hoʻololi i ka manaʻo o kekahi e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He hiki nō ke hele i ke ala, akā ua maopopo iaʻu ma o nā kamaʻilio ʻana a kekahi me kekahi kanaka," i kākau ai ʻo Haspel iā Folta.

ka papahana mālama no ka lā kamaʻilio o Florida i helu ʻia nā mea ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he Haspel, Folta, ʻekolu mau kumu ʻē aʻe o ka UF, ka limahana ʻo Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe a me nā ʻelele mai Biofortified a Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono (ʻelua mau hui hou aku i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto nā hoa hana ʻoihana i kāna papahana PR e pale aku i ka glyphosate). I kekahi leka uila iā Folta, Ua hauʻoli ʻo Haspel e pili ana i ka hui ʻana me Crowe, “Ke nānā nei i mua i kēia. (Ua makemake wau e launa me Vance Crowe - hauʻoli loa wau e hiki ana ʻo ia i laila.) ”

Nā nīnau etika a me ka hōʻike

I Kepakemapa 2015, hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times Folta i kahi moʻolelo ʻaoʻao mua na Eric Lipton e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā pūʻulu ʻoihana i nā kālaiʻike e hakakā i ke kaua lepili GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kālā a Folta iā Monsanto, a e ʻōlelo ākea ana ʻo Folta ʻaʻohe ona pili me Monsanto.

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel iā Folta i kekahi mau mahina ma hope mai, "Minamina loa wau i ka mea āu i hele ai, a kaumaha loa ia i ka wā o ka naʻau ʻino, ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao i uhi i nā pilikia maoli - ma ka ʻepekema a me ka moakaka, nā mea nui ʻelua." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel e hana pū ana ʻo ia me ka National Press Foundation e hoʻomohala i nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoihoi no nā mea nūhou kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Haspel kahi 2015 hoa no ka National Press Foundation (kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana, me ʻO Bayer lāua ʻo DuPont). I loko o kahi ʻatikala ua kākau ʻo ia no NPF e pili ana nā loina no nā freelancers, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Haspel i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ʻana a wehewehe i kāna mau pae hoʻohālikelike no ke kamaʻilio ʻana i nā hanana inā pili wale nā ​​mea hoʻopukapuka ʻole ʻoihana a me nā manaʻo like ʻole - nā pae i kū ʻole ʻia e nā hanana biotech literacy. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hoʻolaha ma kona pūnaewele ʻaʻole hōʻike pololei i ka nā ʻaha kūkā a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā o ke kahua hoʻomoana literacy biotech 2014. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā hanana literacy biotech.

Loiloi kumu: hōʻike hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pesticides

ʻO kahi loiloi kumu o ʻekolu o nā kolamu Washington Post a Tamar Haspel e pili ana i ke kumuhana o nā pesticides i loaʻa he mau mea e pili ana i nā laʻana o nā kumuwaiwai pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻia, nā haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me nā hōʻike ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i lawelawe ʻia e kākoʻo i nā leka pesticide ʻoihana pesticides ʻaʻole hopohopo a ʻAʻole waiwai nui ke aloha. Uhi ka loiloi kumu i kēia mau kolamu ʻekolu:

  • "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka meaola no kou olakino? ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo, nā hua manu, nā huahana a me nā iʻa ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “ʻO ka kemiko ʻo Monsanto kaukaʻi. Pehea ka weliweli? ” ('Okakopa 2015)
  • "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides" (E 21, 2018)

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana; ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i nā pili ʻoihana

I nā kolamu ʻekolu a pau i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia loiloi kumu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka pili o ka pesticide ʻoihana o nā kumu waiwai nui i hoʻowahāwahā i ka pilikia o nā pesticides. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā pilina ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i kāna kolamu mai ʻAukake 2018 i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia loiloi.

I loko o kāna hōʻike 2018 e pili ana i ka "ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides," hāʻawi ʻo Haspel i nā mea heluhelu i "ka manaʻo o ka nui o ka makaʻu" mai nā hōʻike pesticide pino. he hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka makaʻu o ka ʻai ʻana i nā pesticides mai ka meaʻai a inu i ka waina. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel he ʻehā o nā mea kākau ʻelima o ke aʻo ʻana i hana ʻia e Bayer Crop Science, kekahi o nā mea hana pesticide nui loa o ka honua.

ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia i haʻi aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu i ke aʻo kumu i loaʻa i kahi kele hewa i hoʻoponopono hou ʻia (ʻoiai ʻo kāna kolamu e pili ana i nā aʻo kumu a me ka hoʻoponopono pololei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ka haʻawina i nā hōʻike pesticide mai ka meaʻai e like me ka inu ʻana i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia ʻehiku makahiki. Ua hoʻoponopono nā mea kākau i kēlā me kēia aniani o ka waina i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina. ʻO kēlā wale nō kekahi o nā hewa i loko o ka pepa, e like me ka a leka i ka puke pai mai nā ʻepekema nāna i wehewehe i ke aʻo ʻana he "simplistic loa a kuhi hewa hoʻi."

E hoʻokuʻu i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena synergistic o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides he nui, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i kekahi like mai kahi mea kākau pili ʻole ʻo Bayer wale nō o ka noiʻi hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka waina. A ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia “a 2008 moʻolelo"I hana i ka loiloi like." ʻO Alan Boobis lāua ʻo Angelo Moretto nā mea kākau o kēlā hōʻike 2008 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi hakakā hoʻowahāwahā i ka 2016 no ka mea ua alakaʻi lākou i kahi UN panel i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi i ka manawa like e like me kā lākou mau kūlana alakaʻi i ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui kōkua ʻole i loaʻa nui nā makana mai ka ʻoihana pesticide.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka makaʻu o glyphosate, ʻo ka "kemikala Monsanto kaukaʻi," ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai me nā pilina pesticide āna i hōʻike ʻole ai. ʻO nā kumuwaiwai ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i kākau i nā pepa e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto (aʻo wai ʻo Monsanto ke hoʻolaha nei ma ke ʻano he kumu); a ʻO David Ropeik, he kākāʻōlelo ʻike ʻike pilikia i loaʻa kahi ʻoihana PR nona ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow, DuPont a me Bayer.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana inā he koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi pilikia i ke olakino, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka kānalua e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā organophosphates, kahi papa o nā pesticides e pili ana poino neurological i nā keiki. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a manual ka mea i loaʻa "ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo nui nā noiʻi epidemiological i kekahi pesticide e like me ka mea e pili ana i nā hopena ulu neurological maikaʻi ʻole i nā pēpē a me nā keiki." ʻO ka mea kākau nui ka ʻO Carol Burns, he ʻepekema ma Dow Chemical Company, kekahi o nā mea hana nui o nā organophosphates o ka ʻāina; ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka pili.

Ua hoʻohana pū kēlā kolamu i ka ʻoihana ʻona helehelena i loko ʻo Carl Winter ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana no ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, e pili ana i nā loiloi pilikia o EPA. ʻO Monsanto nō ka paipai ʻana i kā Winter hana i kēlā manawa i nā helu kamaʻilio, a ʻo Winter hoʻi i lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka mea haʻaheo i loko o kahi blog post i kekahi mau mahina ma mua e pili ana i ka uhi nūhou anti-organic i ʻōlelo i kā lākou kāne, "Kauka aʻoaʻo ACSH ʻo Kauka Carl Winter."

Kuhi hewa ʻia me ka hōʻike ʻana ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana i ka meaʻai meaola, ua hoʻohana ʻo Haspel i kahi pepa 2012 e ka American Academy of Pediatrics ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili e hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna paio e hāʻawi ʻole ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola i nā pono olakino, a ʻaʻole ʻo ia i haʻi aku i ka poʻe heluhelu i ka piha o ka noiʻi a me kāna nā hopena. ʻO ka Pepa AAP ua hōʻike i ka laulā o nā ʻike ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ka hōʻeha i nā keiki mai nā hōʻike ākea a me nā maʻi mau i nā pesticides like ʻole. Ua hoʻopau ʻia, "Pono e kaupalena ʻia nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides i ka wā hiki." Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka "hōʻemi koke ʻana o ka urinary excretion of pesticide metabolites" i nā keiki e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai. Ua hoʻopuka pū kekahi ʻo AAP ʻōlelo paipai aʻoaʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā keiki i nā pesticides.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Haspel i kēlā ʻano pōʻaiapili āpau a hōʻike wale nō i ka hōʻike AAP, "ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka organophosphate a me nā pilikia neurological i loaʻa i loko o kekahi mau noiʻi akā ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" maopopo ʻole "ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola. pili. '”

I loko o kāna kolamu o ka makahiki 2018 e pili ana i nā huaʻai meaola, ua hōʻike hewa ʻo Haspel i ke ʻano o ka pesticide chlorpyrifos “he kumu ia o ke kaua ma waena o nā hui kaiaulu, makemake lākou e pāpā ʻia, a me ka EPA, ʻaʻole pēlā” - akā ʻaʻole naʻe ia i hoʻomaopopo i ka poʻe heluhelu i ke kī kuhikuhi: ʻo ka EPA ua paipai e pāpā chlorpyrifos ma muli o ke kau ʻana i nā hōʻike e hiki ai i ka prenatal hōʻike ke hiki loaʻa nā hopena mau loa i ka lolo o nā keiki. Ua hoʻohuli ke ʻoihana i ka papa ma hope wale nō o ka Hoʻopilikia ʻo Trump EPA.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna hana hoʻopunipuni "nā hui kaiaulu vs EPA" hoʻohālikelike me kahi loulou i kahi New York Times ʻaoʻao palapala ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i kahi pōʻaiapili e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo EPA, ma mua o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka moʻolelo NYT i hōʻike ʻia ma ka hopena o ka ʻoihana ma hope o ka hoʻoholo EPA e ʻae iā chlorpyrifos.

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻaelike kekahi i kekahi 

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Haspel i kāna paio e pili ana nā hōʻike pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi mea hopohopo ʻole me kahi ʻano hōʻike hoʻopunipuni āna i hoʻohana ai i nā manawa ʻē aʻe: e hōʻike ana i ka ʻaelike ma waena o nā kumuwaiwai i kapa ʻole ʻia nā inoa.

I kēia hihia, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā pae pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai "haʻahaʻa loa" a "ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hopohopo iā lākou," e like me nā keʻena aupuni o US "(me nā mea ʻona ʻino i kamaʻilio pū me aʻu i nā makahiki i hala aku nei." ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia "ʻaʻole manaʻo ka poʻe āpau" i kēlā mau hōʻike aupuni, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā kumu kūlike ʻole a nānā ʻole i ka Hōʻike ka American Academy of Pediatrics ua paipai i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides, āna i ʻōlelo ai ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i kāna kolamu 2014. Ma kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai manaʻo like, e hōʻike ana i kēlā me kēia "ʻepekema" āna i kamaʻilio pū ai me ia i ʻōlelo ʻia, a hiki i ka wā i kū mai ai nā nīnau hou, "ua ʻike ʻia ka glyphosate no kona palekana."

Ua nalowale nā ​​ʻikepili pili 

Ua hala ʻo Haspel i ka nui o nā ʻike pili i kāna "kiʻi i ka lalo o ia" e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o nā pesticides a me nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaola. ʻO nā ʻōlelo hou a nā hui olakino koʻikoʻi a me nā ʻepekema āna i nalo ai:

Nā manaʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kā Haspel hōʻike

Ke kikowaena no nā hoa pili pono meaʻai me Monsanto

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ʻO ka Center for Food Integrity (CFI), ʻo ia ka Grow America Project, kahi hui nonprofit 501 (c) (4) i hoʻolako ʻia e hana i ka noiʻi, lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu e "loaʻa ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai" no nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai, Including ʻO DowDuPont, Monsanto, Cargill, Costco, ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Hershey, Kroger a me nā hui kālepa no ka ʻiʻo, ka waiū a me ka soybeans.

I nā makahiki ʻelima mai 2012-2016, Ua hoʻohana ʻo CFI i $ 23,225,098 ma ke ʻano kūʻai aku a me ka leka uila like ʻole nā papahana e paipai i ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā ʻoihana e kūkulu i ka hilinaʻi i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, pesticides, additives meaʻai a me nā antibiotic i kaʻiʻo.

ʻO ka lima 501 (c) (3) o CFI, ka Foundation no ka Pono Pono, noiʻi kālā e hoʻomaopopo i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā leka e hoʻāʻo i ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai aku, me kahi kālā hoʻolilo o $ 823,167 mai 2012-2016. Nā mea kākoʻo ma 2012 hui pū ʻia ʻo Monsanto Company, CropLife America a me ka US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance.

"ʻOihana hoa hana" i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a Monsanto ma ka paneli maʻi ʻo IARC

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi i ka Center for Food Integrity ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Papa inoa ka papa hana Monsanto ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu. Ua helu ʻia ʻo CFI ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i loaʻa kālā i ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a me ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai.

Wahi a ka palapala, he ʻāpana kēia o nā hui "Stakeholder Engagement" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" e hāʻawi i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate a "e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema me nā manaʻo kuhi ʻia e ka papa kuhikuhi" o ka maʻi ʻaʻai kūʻokoʻa. panela.

E nānā i ka launa pū ʻana o East / CMA me Monsanto a me ka papahana Genetic Literacy

ʻO ka CEO o ka Center for Food Integrity, ʻo Charlie Arnot, ʻo ia nō hoʻi ʻo CEO o E nana Hikina (CMA ma mua), kahi PR a me ke keʻena kamaʻilio no ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai. ʻAelike ʻo CFI me Look East no nā lawelawe hoʻokele papahana, e like me nā ʻano ʻauhau.

Hana pū ʻo Arnot's PR firm me Monsanto, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike. Ma 2014, ua kī ʻo Monsanto iā CMA i "Kālepa" a hoʻolaha kahi mahele o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo pro-GMO i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto i nā polopeka a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e paʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project - me ka hōʻike ʻole o ka hana a Monsanto ma hope o nā hōʻike, ma ke ʻano he Ua hōʻike ʻo Boston Globe.

ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino iā IARC, a loaʻa iā ia ke kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, e like me kā GLP Mea 'Ano hou a pololei ʻole ka “ʻaoʻao transparency.”

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

Hoʻopiʻi kā CDC New CDC koho i nā pilina paʻa iā Coca Cola

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E nānā i kekahi:

  • New York Times, na Sheila Kaplan, 7/22/2017: "Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka hakakā ʻo Obesity"
  • Forbes, ʻĀpana 2 na Rob Waters, "ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena"

Na Rob Waters

Mahele 1 o nā moʻolelo 2 

No nā makahiki he nui, ua ʻimi ʻo The Coca-Cola Company, ka mea kūʻai aku i nā mea inu momona nui loa o ka honua, e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino a me ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilina me nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā luna, e like me ke keʻena olakino olakino lehulehu o ka ʻāina, nā Centers for Disease Control a me ka Kāohi (CDC).

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa i ke keʻena ʻo Trump ua koho ʻia i aliʻi CDC hou, ʻO Kauka Brenda Fitzgerald, ka mea, ma ke ʻano he komikina olakino lehulehu no Georgia no ʻeono mau makahiki i hala, i hana pū me Coke e holo i kahi papahana e kūʻē i ka momona o nā keiki. ʻO Coca-Cola KO + 0.00% hāʻawi he $ 1 miliona iā SOPA KUMU, ka mea e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino i nā kula akā hāmau e pili ana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka inu soda, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia e nā noiʻi he nui ke kō ʻana o ke kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ke ʻano wai, he mea kalaiwa ia no ka momona a me ka maʻi kō, a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai.

Ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou 2013, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Fitzgerald iā Coke no kāna “makana hāʻawi manawaleʻa. ” Ua kākau ʻo ia i commentary e pili ana i ke ahulau obesity no kā Coca-Cola pūnaewele e hōʻike nei i ka pono e "hoʻoneʻe i kā mākou haumāna." A i kahi nīnauele me a kahua kīwī kūloko, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau mea nui. ʻO Georgia SHAPE, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea āu e ʻai ai" -ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo iki e pili ana i ka mea pono ʻole.

E holo ʻē aʻe ke keʻena ʻo Fitzgerald i nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me Coca-Cola. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia mau pilina i loko o nā leka uila i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā luna o Coke, nā luna o ka CDC a me kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe mai nā kula nui a me nā ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana me Coke, Nestlé, Mars Inc. a me Mondelez, i ʻike ʻia ma mua ʻo Kraft. ʻO nā leka uila, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka CDC no ka pane ʻana i nā noi a nā lehulehu i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, he kamaʻilio, kekahi manawa maʻalahi, aloha pinepine a huhū a makemake pinepine hoʻi.

i ka ʻOkakopa 2015 leka uila, Barbara Bowman, kahi luna CDC i haʻalele mai ia manawa, hāʻawi i kāna mahalo i ka luna mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Alex Malaspina no kahi ʻaina ahiahi hou. "He manawa maikaʻi loa kā mākou i nā pō Pōʻaono, mahalo nui, e Alex, no kou hoʻokipa."

Ma kahi leka uila 2015 ʻē aʻe i kahi hui ʻepekema, ua loaʻa i nā poʻe āpau nā kālā noiʻi mai Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe i kākoʻo ʻia me nā ʻoihana, noi ʻo Malaspina no "nā manaʻo e pili ana pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale" i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ke kōmike o ka poʻe loea e aʻoaʻo nei i ke aupuni US. . Makemake ke kōmike i ke aupuni e koi aku i nā poʻe ʻAmelika e hōʻemi i kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me ka sodium. Ma kāna leka uila, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau manaʻo "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻepekema."

A iloko palapala ʻē aʻe, Kākau ʻo Coca-Cola Rhona Applebaum i kahi luna o ka CDC a me kahi kanaka noiʻi University of Louisiana State e alakaʻi nei i kahi noi nui e pili ana i ka momona o nā keiki. Ua aʻo wale ʻo ia e hōʻole ana ʻo Mekiko e komo i ke aʻo ʻana ma muli o ke kālā ʻana a Coke iā ia, a ua pee ʻo ia. "No laila inā lawe nā ʻepekema maikaʻi i $$$ mai Coke – he aha – ua hana hewa lākou?" kākau ʻo ia.

'No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio nei me CDC?'

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi ʻano o nā ala a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana ai i nā pilina me nā luna olakino a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i nā mea hana politika a me nā mea nūpepa. Loaʻa nā hana i ke kumu kūʻai o ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi i nīnau i ka pono o nā pilina ma waena o Coke a me CDC.

"No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio pū ana me CDC? No ke aha kekahi laina o ke kamaʻilio ʻana? ” i nīnau aku ai ʻo Robert Lustig, he endocrinologist pediatric ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ʻo Kapalakiko nāna i noiʻi i nā hopena o ke kō i nā keiki a me nā mākua. "Kūpono ʻole ka launa ʻana a maopopo ke hoʻāʻo nei lākou e hoʻohana ia mea e hoʻokau i ka mana ma luna o kahi keʻena aupuni."

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila ʻaʻole i kamaʻilio pololei ʻia i kekahi ma CDC, akā ua hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hoʻolohe i nā noi palapala lehulehu. Hōʻike kēia i kekahi mau luna o ka CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i bcc: nā kope makapō paha.

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi nānā i ka pūnaewele puni honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e Malaspina, kahi pelekikena hope poʻokela o nā ʻoihana kūwaho ma Coca-Cola. Aia i loko o ka pūnaewele:

  • ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), kahi hui honua nona nā lālā, e like me kona pūnaewele "ʻO nā hui mai ka meaʻai, nā mahiʻai, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana kākoʻo." ʻO Coca-Cola i waena o nā kumu waiwai kālā o ILSI a ʻo Malaspina kona pelekikena hoʻokumu. A palapala moʻohelu kālā i loaʻa e US Right to Know e ʻōlelo nei ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola iā ILSI $ 167,000 ma 2012 a me 2013.
  • ʻO ka International Food Information Council (IFIC), kahi pono ʻole ʻo Wakinekona i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kālepa e like me Coca-Cola, ka American Beverage Association, ka Hershey Company a me Cargill Inc. Wahi a kāna pūnaewele, hana ʻo IFIC e "kamaʻilio kūpono i ka ʻepekema. -ʻikepili pili "e pili ana i ka meaʻai a" kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā mea nūpepa e kākau e pili ana i ke olakino, meaʻai a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai. "
  • Kahi hui o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema me kahi mōʻaukala o ka mālama ʻana i nā noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a i ʻole ILSI.

ʻO Malaspina, ka mea i pili mau me Coca-Cola a me ILSI ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, puka i loko o nā leka uila ma ke ʻano he kumu nui e hoʻopili ana i ka pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka Nā'ōleloʻo 2015 o ke Kōmike aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo alakaʻi, mahalo ʻo ia i ka hana a ka ʻAha ʻAi Meaʻai e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e pili ana iā lākou.

'E hele mai ana no ka ʻoihana'

Ua kāhea wale aku ka ʻAha Kūkā me kahi mau nūpepa 40 e hōʻino i nā ʻōlelo a ke kōmike, a IFIC i nānā aku ai he "hoʻomāinoino" ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me kaʻuala. Ma hope o ke kāhea ʻana o ka pāpāho, ua kaena nā lunamakaʻāinana IFIC i kahi memo kūloko e pili ana i ka uhi ʻana o kekahi mau nūpepa. Loaʻa iā Malaspina kahi kope o ka memo a hāʻawi i mua i kāna mau hoapili ma Coke a me kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

"Ke hele mai nei ʻo IFIC no ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo Malaspina.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no ka CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i loko o kahi leka uila e hana pū ana kāna ʻoihana me nā ʻāpana pilikino no ka mea ʻo nā hui lehulehu-pilikino e holomua i ka misiona a CDC no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻAmelika. Mālama ʻo CDC, ke hana pū mākou me nā lālā pilikino, he puʻukū maikaʻi mākou no nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou a mālama i kā mākou ʻepekema kūpaʻa ma ke komo ʻana i kahi hakakā o ke kaʻina loiloi hoihoi manaʻo ʻia e ikaika a mālamalama hoʻi ia. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā pili kālā a me nā pilina kānalua ma waena o Coca-Cola, nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike a me ka CDC i nā hōʻike he nui i nā makahiki ʻelua i hala.

'Pūnaewele Balance Energy'

I ka 2015, ka New York Times a ma hope ka Associated Press ua hōʻike ʻo Rhona Applebaum, ka luna olakino a me ka ʻepekema nui o Coke, i hoʻonohonoho i nā hāʻawi i ke Kulanui o Colorado a me ke Kulanui o South Carolina e hoʻomaka i kahi hui nonprofit, ka Global Energy Balance Network, ka mea e "hoʻopili i ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kumu" i nā kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka momona.

ʻO ka pahuhopu ka pahu ʻana i ka manaʻo ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaupaona ka mea pili i ka lawa ʻole o ka hana kino a ka poʻe e like me kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō a me nā calorie. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā, ua hemo ka pūnaewele hoʻoliʻiliʻi ikehu a ua hoʻolaha ke Kulanui o Colorado e hoʻihoʻi ʻia he $ 1 miliona iā Coke. Ua hoʻomaha ʻo Applebaum ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Barbara Bowman kūkala i kona hoʻomaha loa mai ka CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana a US Right to Know ua aʻo ʻo ia iā Malaspina e pili ana i nā ala e hoʻohuli ai i ka World Health Organization a me kāna Luna Hoʻokele-General ʻo Margaret Chan. ʻO ka WHO i hoʻopuka aku nei kulekele ke koi nei i ka hōʻemi loa ʻana i ke kō, a ua manaʻo ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau mea he "hoʻoweliweli i kā mākou ʻoihana."

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Michael Pratt, he kākāʻōlelo no ka olakino honua ma ka CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotional, ua alakaʻi i ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a he kākāʻōlelo no ILSI.

'E ʻoi aku kā mākou hana'

I ʻAukake 2015, ʻelua mau pule ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times, ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Coca-Cola a me ka luna nui ʻo Muhtar Kent ʻae ʻia i loko o kahi Wall Street Journal op-ed i kapa ʻia ʻo "E Hana Maikaʻi ʻOi" ʻo kā ke kālā kālā kālā a ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema, i nā manawa he nui, "lawelawe wale ai e huikau a hilinaʻi ʻole hoʻi." Ua hōʻike ka hui ma hope mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 138 miliona i ke kālā ma waho o nā mea noiʻi a me nā papahana olakino a hana i kahi “mäliko”Ka papa inoa pūnaewele i nā mea e loaʻa ana i kāna kālā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola Kākoʻo ʻo ia i kēia manawa i nā ʻōlelo a ka WHO i makemake ai ʻo Malaspina e hōʻino - e kaupalena ka poʻe i kā lākou lawe ʻana i ke kō i 10% o nā calorie a lākou e ʻai ai i kēlā me kēia lā. "Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēlā pahuhopu ke hoʻomohala i kā mākou papa hana ʻoihana e lilo i hui inu inu piha," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Coca-Cola, ʻo Katherine Schermerhorn, i kahi leka uila.

Ua hoʻohiki ʻo Coca-Cola e hāʻawi i kahi ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o ke kumukūʻai o nā noiʻi ʻepekema. E hoʻololi paha kēlā i ka hopena o nā noi? Kūpono nā mea loiloi ʻo Coca-Cola, ke hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā haʻawina i mālama mua ʻia e Coke i hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole o nā kō a me nā mea inuʻai. E nānā pono ana au i ka lā ʻapōpō ma kekahi o nā haʻawina a Coke i kālā ai - a laila hāʻawi ʻia i kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

ʻO Rob Waters kahi mea kākau olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Berkeley, Kaleponi a me kahi mea noiʻi noiʻi no US Right to Know. Ua puka mua kēia moʻolelo i Forbes ma Iulai 10.